Beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV), vectored by Polymyxa betae, causes rhizomania in sugar beet. For disease control, the cultivation of hybrids carrying Rz1 resistance is crucial, but is compromised by resistance-breaking (RB) strains with specific mutations in the P25 protein at amino acids 67-70 (tetrad). To obtain evidence for P25 variability from soil-borne populations, where the virus persists for decades, populations with wild-type (WT) and RB properties were analysed by P25 deep sequencing. The level of P25 variation in the populations analysed did not correlate with RB properties. Remarkably, one WT population contained P25 with RB mutations at a frequency of 11%. To demonstrate selection by Rz1 and the influence of RB mutations on relative fitness, competition experiments between strains were performed. Following a mixture of strains with four RNAs, a shift in tetrad variants was observed, suggesting that strains did not mix or transreplicate. The plant genotype exerted a clear ...
Rhizomania is an extremely severe sugarbeet disease caused by the complex Polymyxa betae/Beet Necrotic Yellow Vein Virus (BNYVV). A relatively small number of recently introduced sugarbeet cultivars...
Beetroot Juice - Know more about organic beetroot juice, beetroot juice ingredients, benefits of beetroot juice, beetroot juice suppliers, exporters and manufacturers from India.
Two members of the Benyviridae family, Beet soil borne mosaic virus (BSBMV) and Beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV), possess identical genome organisation, host range and high sequence similarity. To understand functional differences in molecular biology, pathogenicity mechanisms, symptom expression as well as interaction with the host and between viral species, a reverse genetic system represents a prerequisite. Infectious cDNA full length clones of both viruses were constructed by isothermal in vitro recombination. Artificial formation of BNYVV and BSBMV RNA1+2 reassortants were viable and spread long distance in N. benthamiana. Small genomic RNAs were exchangeable and systemically infected B. macrocarpa. Moreover, fluorescence labelled full length clones were achieved by replacing a part of the RNA2 encoded coat protein read through domain. Co infection experiments with labelled BSBMV and BNYVV showed that both viruses remained spatially separated after N. benthamiana agroinoculation. In ...
Die Futterr be (Dickr be), die Zuckerr be und sogar Rote Beete sind Kulturformen derselben Art Beta vulgaris var. vulgaris, die aus der Wilden R be Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima gez chtet wurde. Fodder Beet, Sugar Beet, and even Beetroot are culture types of the same species Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris, which has been bred from the Sea Beet Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima. ...
The temperature-inducible expression vector containing the beet necrotic yellow vein virus(BNYVV)isolate NM coat protein gene was constructed and transferred into E. coli DH5 α. High-level expression of the specific protein was achieved by temperature induction. The results of SDSPAGE and Western blotting show that the expression product which accumulates 19.5% of the total cellular proteins estimated by Shimadzu CS-910 scanning is 21kd BNYVV coat protein.
Read "Distribution of various types and P25 subtypes of Beet necrotic yellow vein virus in Germany and other European countries, Archives of Virology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
... -Latin Name: Beta vulgaris rubraCommon Names: Beet root Beet Root, or Beta vulgaris rubra, is a vegetable. However the Beet Root was once considered an herb. So the beet root we know now is only about 300 years old. Th
The consumption of beetroot juice on a low nitrate diet may lower blood pressure (BP) and therefore reduce the risk of cardiovascular events. However, it is unknown if its inclusion as part of a normal diet has a similar effect on BP. The aim of the study was to conduct a randomized controlled trial with free-living adults to investigate if consuming beetroot juice in addition to a normal diet produces a measureable reduction in BP. Fifteen women and fifteen men participated in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover study. Volunteers were randomized to receive 500 g of beetroot and apple juice (BJ) or a placebo juice (PL). Volunteers had BP measured at baseline and at least hourly for 24-h following juice consumption using an ambulatory blood pressure monitor (ABPM). Volunteers remained at the clinic for 1-h before resuming normal non-strenuous daily activities. The identical procedure was repeated 2-wk later with the drink (BJ or PL) not consumed on the first visit. Overall, there
JIMENEZ ISLAS, Donaji et al. Fermentable sugar production throug acid hydrolysis of Beta vulgaris L.. Rev. Int. Contam. Ambient [online]. 2012, vol.28, n.2, pp.151-158. ISSN 0188-4999.. With the purpose of increasing the amount of sugars that benefit the yield of ethanol in fermentation, it was performed hydrolysis of Beta vulgaris L. with H2SO4. The following parameters were used to evaluate the degree of hydrolysis of substrate: stirring, acid concentration, mass, and temperature. The mass was tested in the range of 5 to 40 g and stirring from 100 to 250 rpm. The temperature and reaction time were evaluated in the range of 30 to 90 °C and 2 to 6 h, respectively. The tested particle size was 0.5 mm and a reaction volume of 50 mL was used for all cases. The rate of 150 rpm had a better effect over hydrolysis. By comparison of means it was determined that concentrations higher than 0.5 N of H2SO4 showed no significant effect (p,0.05) on the release of total sugars. The highest yield of ...
Beetroot For Skin Tone. Beetroot is one of the best juices to apply on your face to improve skin tone. Apply as a face mask mixed with one portion of milk. Leave in the juice for half an hour before rinsing.. Beetroot For Skin Whitening. To become fair overnight, try this tip. Mix one tbsp of beetroot juice along with 1 tsp of lemon juice. The mixture is then applied on your face and left in for 15 minutes. Wash with cold water before going to bed.. Beetroot For Acne. Acne can be treated with the help of beetroot juice. Mix 2 tbsp of beet juice along with a tbsp of curd. This mixture helps to dry the acne in no time, leaving behind no scars.. Beetroot For Black Heads. Black heads can be removed from your face with the help of a beetroot scrub. Into 1 tbsp of juice add sugar to make a scrub. Use the scrub to remove the black heads.. Beetroot For Dark Circles. Dark circles can be lightened with beetroot juice. The properties present in the juice will soothe your puffy eyes.. Beetroot For Pink ...
Citation: Panella, L.W., Lewellen, R.T. 2004. Notice of release of fc201 monogerm, 0-type sugarbeet germplasm with resistance to rhizomania and other diseases.. Germplasm Release. Interpretive Summary: This is a Germplasm Release, no Interpretive Summary required. Technical Abstract: FC201 is a segregating population of sugarbeet (Beta vulgaris L.) with a high frequency of the Rz allele conferring resistance to rhizomania caused by Beet necrotic yellow vein virus. It is segregating for resistance to root-rotting strains (AG-2-2) of Rhizoctonia solani Kühn and to the sugar beet root aphid (Pemphigus sp.), has moderate resistance to cercospora leaf spot caused by Cercospora beticola Sacc., to black root caused by Aphanomyces cochlioides Drechsl., and the Beet curly top virus. FC201 is a heterogeneous population from which to select disease resistant monogerm, O-type parents to infuse multiple disease resistance on the female side of hybrids. There is no CMS equivalent. FC201 is released from ...
Since making beetroot juice with your juice extractor is a messy affair, we decided to offer an easier option by taking raw beetroot juice, freeze drying it (so no active compound is harmed or damaged) and thereby make taking a glass of beetroot juice easy. All you need to do is to add a teaspoon of the freeze-dried powder to water and to drink it.. It does not really have a very strong taste and is pleasant to drink - it has a sweet and earthy taste. Our director Duane Milne takes a glass of beetroot juice daily and also adds a teaspoon of barley grass to the juice to create an invigorating easy-to-make raw vegetable drink ...
Read "Alternative splicing of the maize Ac transposase transcript in transgenic sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.), Plant Molecular Biology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
The consumption of beetroot juice on a low nitrate diet may lower blood pressure (BP) and therefore reduce the risk of cardiovascular events. However, it is unknown if its inclusion as part of a normal diet has a similar effect on BP. The aim of the study was to conduct a randomized controlled trial with free-living adults to investigate if consuming beetroot juice in addition to a normal diet produces a measureable reduction in BP. Fifteen women and fifteen men participated in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover study. Volunteers were randomized to receive 500 g of beetroot and apple juice (BJ) or a placebo juice (PL). Volunteers had BP measured at baseline and at least hourly for 24-h following juice consumption using an ambulatory blood pressure monitor (ABPM). Volunteers remained at the clinic for 1-h before resuming normal non-strenuous daily activities. The identical procedure was repeated 2-wk later with the drink (BJ or PL) not consumed on the first visit. Overall, there
Sugar beet is a plant whose root contains a high concentration of sucrose and which is grown commercially for sugar production. In plant breeding it is known as the Altissima cultivar group of the common beet (Beta vulgaris). Together with other beet cultivars, such as beetroot and chard, it belongs to the subspecies Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris. Its closest wild relative is the Sea beet (Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima). In 2013, Russia, France, the United States, Germany, and Turkey were the worlds five largest sugar beet producers. In 2010-2011, North America and Europe did not produce enough sugar from sugar beets to meet overall demand for sugar and were all net importers of sugar. The US harvested 1,004,600 acres (406,547 ha) of sugar beets in 2008. In 2009, sugar beets accounted for 20% of the worlds sugar production. The sugar beet has a conical, white, fleshy root (a taproot) with a flat crown. The plant consists of the root and a rosette of leaves. Sugar is formed by photosynthesis in ...
beet root powder are expectorant, blood purifier, tonic. beta vulgaris improve blood flow, low blood pressure. beet herbal powder supplier, traders in India
Dietary nitrate supplementation, in the form of beetroot juice, has a number of potentially advantageous effects in COPD. These include improving the response to pulmonary rehabilitation programme, making muscle contraction more efficient so it uses less oxygen, and improving how far people with low oxygen levels because of their lung disease can walk. Although COPD is a lung disease, people with the condition are at a higher risk of heart disease and stroke. There is also some evidence that beetroot juice can reduce blood pressure, but studies so far have been short term. A nutritional treatment that could produce a lasting reduction in blood pressure would be appealing, especially if it also improves peoples ability to exercise. The aim of this study is to investigate the prolonged treatment effects of daily beetroot juice on blood pressure in people with COPD. The researchers will also look at how far people can walk, make measurements of how well blood vessels function, and take blood ...
The excitement around beetroot juice as the newest sports supplement comes from its particularly high content of nitrate and ability to be turned into juice. Beetroot juice can be made at home with a juicer but specially produced concentrated "shots" of juice (e.g. Beet ItTM shots) are often a more convenient and palatable option owing to the significantly lower volume required for the same amount of nitrate than DIY juices (70ml vs. ~500ml DIY beetroot juice).. ...
September 19, 2006. How sweet it is! Scientists with the Agricultural Research Service in Sidney, Mont., may have found a natural alternative to the copious pesticides that sugar beet growers must spray on fields to fend off their biggest enemy: the sugar beet root maggot.. Stefan Jaronski, an insect pathologist who works at the ARS Northern Plains Agricultural Research Laboratory in Sidney, has discovered that a strain of the biocontrol fungus Metarhizium anisopliae is not only effective at killing the maggot, but is also a vigorous colonizer that can adapt quickly to its new environment. Jaronskis research builds on initial biocontrol efforts by ARS scientists at Fargo, N.D., during the 1990s.. Even though the fungus is a newcomer to sugar beet soils, its quite capable of holding its own among the hundreds of other microbes already established there. The maggot is certainly worthy of a unique control strategy. This subterranean pest gnaws on young sugar beet roots, inflicting deep wounds ...
The beetroot is the taproot portion of the beet plant, usually known in North America as the beet, also table beet, garden beet, red beet, or golden beet. It is one of several of the cultivated varieties of Beta vulgaris grown for their edible taproots and their leaves (called beet greens). These varieties have been classified as B. vulgaris subsp. vulgaris Conditiva Group.. Other than as a food, beets have use as a food colouring and as a medicinal plant. Many beet products are made from other Beta vulgaris varieties, particularly sugar beet.. Usually the deep purple roots of beetroot are eaten boiled, roasted or raw, and either alone or combined with any salad vegetable. A large proportion of the commercial production is processed into boiled and sterilized beets or into pickles. In Eastern Europe, beet soup, such as borscht, is a popular dish. In Indian cuisine, chopped, cooked, spiced beet is a common side dish. Yellow-coloured beetroots are grown on a very small scale for home ...
We describe discovery in |i|Beta vulgaris|/i| L. of |i|Coe1|/i|, a DNA transposase gene within putative long terminal repeats (LTRs), and other retrotransposon-like features including both a retroviral-like hypothetical gene and an Rvt2-domain reverse transcriptase pseudogene. The central DNA transposase gene encodes, in eight exons, a predicted |?bhlt ?|160-KDa|?ehlt ?| protein producing BLAST alignments with |i|En/Spm|/i|-type transposons. Except for a stop signal, another ORF encodes a |i|Ty1-copia|/i|-like reverse transcriptase with amino acid sequence domain YVDDIIL. Outside apparent LTRs, an 8-mer nucleotide sequence motif CACTATAA, near or within inverted repeat sequences, is hypothetical extreme termini. A genome scan of |i|Arabidopsis thaliana|/i| found another example of a |i|Tnp2|/i|-domain transposase gene within an apparent LTR-retrotransposon on chromosome 4.
The Use of Natural Dyes from Beetroot Skin Extract (Beta Vulgaris) as Teaching Material on Cell Division for Senior High School Students
110 days. Plant produces good yields of large 3 lb sugar beets. Roots have a sugar flavor. Shred the beets and add to other vegetables. Also used to make molasses and wine. A fun thing to grow
Objective: Medicinal plants have attracted global attention due to their safety as well as their considerable antioxidant content that helps to prevent or ameliorate various disorders including memory impairments. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of beet root (Beta vulgaris) leaf extract on scopolamine-induced spatial memory impairments in male Wistar rats. Materials and Methods: Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 5 groups (n=10): Control (C), scopolamine 1 mg/kg/day (S), scopolamine+50 mg/kg B. vulgaris leaf extract (S+B 50), scopolamine+100 mg/kg B. vulgaris leaf extract (S+B 100) and scopolamine+200 mg/kg B. vulgaris leaf extract (S+B 200). Morris water maze task was used to assess spatial memory. Serum antioxidant capacity and malondialdehyde (MDA) level were also measured. Results: Group S spent significantly less time in the target quadrant compared to the control group, and the administration of B. vulgaris leaf extract (100 and 200 mg/kg) significantly increased this
Gene flow from sugar beets to sea beets occurs in the seed propagation areas in southern Europe. Some seed propagation also takes place in Denmark, but here the crop-wild gene flow has not been investigated. Hence, we studied gene flow to sea beet populations from sugar beet lines used in Danish seed propagation areas. A set of 12 Danish, two Swedish, one French, one Italian, one Dutch, and one Irish populations of sea beets, and four lines of sugar beet were analysed. To evaluate the genetic variation and gene flow, eight microsatellite loci were screened. This analysis revealed hybridization with cultivated beet in one of the sea beet populations from the centre of the Danish seed propagation area. Triploid hybrids found in this population were verified with flow cytometry. Possible hybrids or introgressed plants were also found in the French and Italian populations. However, individual assignment test using a Bayesian method provided 100% assignment success of diploid individuals into their ...
Individuals with cold sensitivity have low peripheral skin blood flow and skin temperature possibly due to reduced nitric oxide (NO•) bioavailability. Beetroot has a high concentration of inorganic nitrate and may increase NO-mediated vasodilation. Using a placebo-controlled, double blind, randomised, crossover design, this study tested the hypotheses that acute beetroot supplementation would increase the rate of cutaneous rewarming following a local cold challenge and augment endothelium-dependent vasodilation in cold sensitive individuals. Thirteen cold sensitive participants completed foot and hand cooling (separately, in 15 °C water for 2 minutes) with spontaneous rewarming in 30°C air whilst skin temperature and cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC) were measured (Baseline). On two further separate visits, participants consumed 140 ml of either concentrated beetroot juice (nitrate supplementation) or nitrate-depleted beetroot juice (Placebo) 90 minutes before resting seated blood ...
The beet leaves (Beta vulgaris) is a plant in the Chenopodiaceae family. It is best known in its numerous cultivated varieties, the most well known of which is the purple root vegetable known as the beetroot or garden beet. However, other cultivated varieties include the leaf vegetables chard and spinach beet, as well as the root vegetables sugar…
Beets (Beta vulgaris) are hardy biennials in the Chenopodiaceae family, which also includes spinach, chard, orach and quinoa. HEIRLOOM Dark red-purple leaves used in salad mixes for a spectacular contrast. Roots may be harvested early as baby beets. Color intensifies as plants mature. Tolerant to heat and cold.; even moisture. Keep well weeded ...
Chromoviruses are one of the three genera of Ty3-gypsy long terminal repeat (LTR) retrotransposons, and are present in high copy numbers in plant genomes. They are widely distributed within the plant kingdom, with representatives even in lower plants such as green and red algae. Their hallmark is the presence of a chromodomain at the C-terminus of the integrase. The chromodomain exhibits structural characteristics similar to proteins of the heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1) family, which mediate the binding of each chromovirus type to specific histone variants. A specific integration via the chromodomain has been shown for only a few chromoviruses. However, a detailed study of different chromoviral clades populating a single plant genome has not yet been carried out. We conducted a comprehensive survey of chromoviruses within the Beta vulgaris (sugar beet) genome, and found a highly diverse chromovirus population, with significant differences in element size, primarily caused by their flanking LTRs. In
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Mangold Beta vulgaris or Swiss chard, silverbeet, spinach beet, bright lights. Hand drawn botanical vector illustration. Download a Free Preview or High Quality Adobe Illustrator Ai, EPS, PDF and High Resolution JPEG versions. ID #13965964.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Changes in the proteomic and metabolic profiles of Beta vulgaris root tips in response to iron deficiency and resupply. AU - Rellán-Álvarez, Rubén. AU - Andaluz, Sofía. AU - Rodríguez-Celma, Jorge. AU - Wohlgemuth, Gert. AU - Zocchi, Graziano. AU - Álvarez-Fernández, Ana. AU - Fiehn, Oliver. AU - López-Millán, Ana F.. AU - Abadía, Javier. PY - 2010/6/21. Y1 - 2010/6/21. N2 - Background: Plants grown under iron deficiency show different morphological, biochemical and physiological changes. These changes include, among others, the elicitation of different strategies to improve the acquisition of Fe from the rhizosphere, the adjustment of Fe homeostasis processes and a reorganization of carbohydrate metabolism. The application of modern techniques that allow the simultaneous and untargeted analysis of multiple proteins and metabolites can provide insight into multiple processes taking place in plants under Fe deficiency. The objective of this study was to characterize the ...
Introduction. Beetroot plasma membrane investigation 14/2/2011 The main objective of this investigation is to focus on the effect of ethanol (C2H5OH) on the plasma membrane of a beetroot. The colour of Beetroots is due to the presence of a red pigment in the cell sap. The purpose of this experiment is to use different concentrations of ethanol in order to find out what is its effect on the plasma membrane of the beetroot. Aim - To examine the effect of ethanol on the plasma membrane of beetroots by light transmission percentage. Hypothesis - Ethanol is an excellent solvent for substances as it is quite polar. Membranes are made of phospholipid bilayers. Ethanol dissolves these phospholipids in the membranes of the beetroot cells. This creates gaps in the phospholipid-bilayer of a beetroot cell. The plasma membrane becomes damaged and more fluid can move more easily. The red pigment, responsible for the beetroots colour, then leaks out.1 I believe a higher concentration of ethanol will cause ...
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Shop organic, non-GMO beet root powder at Mountain Rose Herbs. Beta vulgaris is ground into a powder for ease of use in smoothies, juices, and culinary dishes. Available in retail and bulk sizes.
Die Universität zu Köln ist eine Exzellenzuniversität mit dem klassischen Fächerspektrum einer Volluniversität. Als eine der größen Hochschulen Europas arbeitet sie in Forschung und Lehre auch international auf höchstem Niveau.
Professor Ahluwalia and her team found that in healthy volunteers blood pressure was reduced within just 1 hour of ingesting beetroot juice, with a peak drop occurring 3-4 hours after ingestion. Some degree of reduction continued to be observed until up to 24 hours after ingestion. Researchers showed that the decrease in blood pressure was due to the chemical formation of nitrite from the dietary nitrate in the juice. The nitrate in the juice is converted in saliva, by bacteria on the tongue, into nitrite. This nitrite-containing saliva is swallowed, and in the acidic environment of the stomach is either converted into nitric oxide or re-enters the circulation as nitrite. The peak time of reduction in blood pressure correlated with the appearance and peak levels of nitrite in the circulation, an effect that was absent in a second group of volunteers who refrained from swallowing their saliva during, and for 3 hours following, beetroot ingestion. More than 25 per cent of the worlds adult ...
Induce Systemic Resistance against Root Rot and Wilt Diseases in Fodder Beet (Beta vulgaris L. var. rapacea Koch.) by Using Potassium Salts Abstract.
SUPERBEETS NITRIC OXIDE BOOSTER: Concentrated beet Root Juice Powder from non-GMO beets grown in the U.S., SuperBeets uses only the highest quality beets that consistently exhibit high levels of dietary nitrates and other supporting nutrients to help increase Nitric Oxide production in the body. HEART GREENS NITRATE BUILDING GREEN SUPERFOOD: Heart Greens provides Functional levels of dietary nitrates from kale and spinach, which help your body produce the necessary Nitric Oxide to Help promote cardiovascular health and healthy blood pressure levels. HEALTHY CIRCULATION & IMPROVED NATURAL ENERGY: SuperBeets combined with heart greens helps promote healthy circulation, improved natural ene
Obviously, beets have been around since the beginning of time. But did you know that their history does not just take place on the dinner plate? Beets are everywhere; even places you wont expect! Spoiler alert- beets are priceless, especially when it comes to health and natural cosmetics. Originally, beets evolved from the wild sea beet, which has the native lands of Europe, Northern Africa, and Southern Asia. Sea beets are considered to be the granddad of all beets. The closest common vegetable in resemblance to the sea beet would be that of the carrot. This is due to the elongated fat root, which ironically, was rarely consumed in early days.. Beets go by many names. Their official classification name is Beta Vulgaris. They however, are abundant in names such as beets, beetroots, garden beet, chard, Swiss chard, sugar beet, red beet, Blood Turnip. This list is endless.. Beets in History:. The first civilization to actually grow and harvest the beet was the Ancient Romans. The Ancient Romans ...
You could say sugar-beet sugar runs through the blood of Luke Adams.. "I grew up a sugar beet farmer," Adams said. "My parents grew sugar beets, so Im second generation sugar beet farmer, third generation farmer here in Idaho.. He said he has seen the changes in growing firsthand, from irrigation to GPS harvesting. Its all helped his job get easier.. But nothing has helped quite like the genetically modified seed. Adams said growers are spraying less herbicides, using less water and diesel, and they have better soil.. On top of all that they have a lot more beets. Before genetically modified seeds, growers would yield anywhere from 25 to 30 tons of beets per acre. Now its closer to 45 tons per acre.. "Still with real high sugar content," Adams said.. This technology hasnt just changed life for the grower but for the researcher.. Don Morishita is another expert on sugar beets, or rather an expert on their number one threat. Hes a weed scientist at the University of Idaho, and he was brought ...
Sugar beet wastes are estimated as 1.22 times sugar production, since the total dry matter of processing wastes and field wastes exceed the weight of sugar in the ratio of 55:45. Some or all of this may be used for fodder. In Britain, following cereal harvest, Palz and Chartier (1980) estimate an additional 3 MT/ha dry biomass could be obtained by planting fodder beet. Taking the average sugar beet yield of ca 6 MT sugar per hectare, about 13.5 MT DM will usually be obtained; the cost is likely to be close to $73.9/MT or $4.2 per GJ. At this figure, assuming 70% of the beet solids is sucrose, 62% of the total dry weight is root and 90% of theoretical conversion of beet sucrose to recovered alcohol, the feedstock costs alone to a sugar beet alcohol plant will be some $303/MT of alcohol produced and onto this the cost of transport to the plant and the processing costs (which, with present technology, involve heavy energy expenditure), must be added. These costs may be reduced if all residues are ...
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The effects of the management of genetically modified herbicide-tolerant (GMHT) crops on the abundances of aerial and epigeal arthropods were assessed in 66 beet, 68 maize and 67 spring oilseed rape sites as part of the Farm Scale Evaluations of GMHT crops. Most higher taxa were insensitive to diffe …
Knowledge of those traits that vary with latitude should be helpful in predicting how they may evolve locally under climate change. In the sea beet Beta vulgaris ssp. maritima, seed dormancy largely controls the timing of germination, is highly herit
Introduction:. Beetroot juice has been studied extensively as a supplement and ergogenic aid due to its natural high content of nitrate(Khatri, Mills, Maskell, Odongerel, & Webb, 2016). Nitrate (NO3) is reduced to nitrite (NO2-) which is further reduced to nitric oxide (NO)(Khatri et al., 2016). NO acts a chemical mediator for many different processes within the body, some of which have a beneficial effect on exercise performance. Some of these effects include reduced blood pressure, decreased VO2 at submaximal exercise, increased resistance to fatigue, and increased energy production (Bailey et al., 2010a; Fulford et al., 2013; Khatri et al., 2016; K.E. Lansley et al., 2011; Mills, Khatri, Maskell, Odongerel, & Webb, 2016). The purpose of this review is to explore the literature regarding beetroot juice and its effects on exercise performance. Specifically, we will be looking at the acute and chronic effects of beetroot juice on plasma nitrate/nitrite levels, aerobic exercise, anaerobic ...
You know that the SuppVersity is all about self-education (hence "-versity" as in University), so what would be better than using the publication of the latest paper on the purported ergogonic effects of nitrates as an incentive to "inform" you about the current state of the research? Sounds good? I would think so. Lets take a look, then. Whats this nitrate business all about? Contrary to the argument many supplement vendors have been bringing forward to make muscleheads buy their products, the idea is not to use the vasodilating effects for cosmetic pumps that will make you feel - as Arnold said it - better than you felt last night with your significant other (or whom ever else you may have picked up). Its rather their purported effect on the VO2max, which is the maximal oxygen consumption during a workout and the downstream performance effects that puts scientists on -- scientists like Lee J. Wylie and colleagues from the department of Sport and Health Sciences at the University of Exeter, ...
Betanin, the pigment that gives beetroot juice its red colour, could reduce the rate of misfolding beta-amyloid protein - thought to be a critical step in the progression of Alzheimers Disease (AD).
Beetroot juice might be the answer for patients with heart failure, suggests a new study whose findings have been published in the journal Circulation: Heart