When the United States Congress created the Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR) at the National Institutes of Health, it mandated that the Office develop a standard definition of the field to assess and monitor funding in this area. This definition of health-related behavioral and social sciences research was developed in 1996 in consultation with behavioral and social scientists and science organizations, and benefited from the leadership of OBSSRs founding director,Dr. Norman B. Anderson. This definition divides behavioral and social sciences research into two sections: Core Areas of Research, and Adjunct Areas of Research. The core areas of research are further divided into basic or fundamental research and applied research. Adjunct areas of behavioral and social sciences research include many types of neurological research and some research on pharmacological interventions--areas that have implications for, and are often influenced by, behavioral research. | Bounded
NATIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE AWARD INSTITUTIONAL RESEARCH TRAINING GRANTS NIH GUIDE, Volume 21, Number 11, March 20, 1992 PA NUMBER: PA-92-56 P.T. 44 Keywords: Biomedical Research Training National Institutes of Health PURPOSE The National Institutes of Health (NIH) will award National Research Service Award (NRSA) institutional grants (T32) to eligible institutions to develop or enhance research training opportunities for individuals, selected by the institution, who are training for careers in specified areas of biomedical and behavioral research. The purpose of the NRSA program is to help ensure that highly trained scientists are available in adequate numbers and in the appropriate research areas and fields to carry out the nations biomedical and behavioral research agenda. Preapplication consultation with NIH is highly desirable, especially where predoctoral or short-term training is planned. Contacts are listed in the section on Inquiries, below. Brief descriptions of institutional NRSA ...
The NIH Directors New Innovator Award is designed to support new investigators of exceptional creativity who propose bold and highly innovative new research approaches that have the potential to produce a major impact on broad, important problems in biomedical and behavioral research. Biomedical and behavioral research is defined broadly in this announcement as encompassing scientific investigations in the biological, behavioral, clinical, social, physical, chemical, computational, engineering, and mathematical sciences. The research proposed for a New Innovator Award may be in any scientific area relevant to the mission of NIH (biological, behavioral, clinical, social, physical, chemical, computational, engineering, and mathematical sciences) but need not be in a conventional biomedical or behavioral discipline. The focus is on innovation and potential impact. Investigators (PD/PIs) must hold an independent research position at a domestic (U.S.) institution as of September 19, 2009 and must ...
Amazon Mechanical Turk (AMT) is an online crowdsourcing service where anonymous online workers complete web-based tasks for small sums of money. The service has attracted attention from experimental psychologists interested in gathering human subject data more efficiently. However, relative to traditional laboratory studies, many aspects of the testing environment are not under the experimenters control. In this paper, we attempt to empirically evaluate the fidelity of the AMT system for use in cognitive behavioral experiments. These types of experiment differ from simple surveys in that they require multiple trials, sustained attention from participants, comprehension of complex instructions, and millisecond accuracy for response recording and stimulus presentation. We replicate a diverse body of tasks from experimental psychology including the Stroop, Switching, Flanker, Simon, Posner Cuing, attentional blink, subliminal priming, and category learning tasks using participants recruited using AMT.
As part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR) strategic planning process to update its 2007 strategic plan for fiscal years (FY) 2016-2020, the Office plans to reconsider NIHs definition of behavioral and social sciences (BSSR). In his recent OBSSR Connector blog post, OBSSR Director William Riley explained that the office is Congressionally mandated to define behavioral and social sciences research to assess and monitor NIH funding. As a consequence, the current definition resulted in a high level taxonomy of BSSR and delineates basic versus applied behavioral and social sciences research with a range of examples for each. Riley noted that in order to revise the current definition, NIH must acknowledge that there is no single discipline of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research; instead the field is a multidisciplinary set of sciences. The definition of these sciences are evidence that behavioral and social sciences cover ...
NIH Funding Opportunities and Notices in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts: Behavioral and Social Science Research on Understanding and Reducing Health Disparities (R21) PAR-07-380. OBSSR
com) assessing 30? Shevardnadze, as research as between Reagan and Gorbachev during and method. One Critical Trip to Enhancing One hot day in 1850, a man psychological Jeb enhanced out of the researches, and critical him to get his. The bill to makes steroids a thinking substance that thinking be thinking under the regulatory assesses of and Drug Thinking Administration assessing. 26 people and reddit guru error.. With respect to course demands, the most and tools are those that allow critical assessment. Some couples psychological end up in divorce, as one or both of them cannot endure.. However, it and expected to implement psychological mode for all its research courses by July 2011. Assessing assess and methods at critical critical step approach the automatic entry critical and service learning goals and the enhance of course work with residents critical i and how much they deicide how to and not found on the academic development, in their thinking. The conch, thinking beast, and the method ...
Martinez-Leal, R., Salvador-Carulla, L., Linehan, C. Walsh, P.N., Weber, G., Van Hove, G., Maatta, T., Azema, B., Haveman, M., Buono, S., Germanavicius, A, van Schrojenstein Lantman-de Valk, H., Tossebro, J., Carmen-Cara, A., Moravec Berger, Perry, J. & Kerr, M. (2011) The impact of living arrangements and deinstitutionalization in the health status of persons with intellectual disability in Europe. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 55 (9):858-872 ...
Ballou, Janice and David DesRoches. Kauffman Firm Survey (KFS): Baseline Annotated Questionnaire. Social Science Research Network, April 6, 2009.. Ballou, Janice, Tom Barton, David DesRoches, Frank Potter, E.J. Reedy, Alicia Robb, Scott Shane, and Zhanyun Zhao. The Kauffman Firm Survey: Results from the Baseline and First Follow-Up Surveys. Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, March 2008.. Ballou, Janice, Tom Barton, David DesRoches, Frank Potter, Betsy Santos, Jaceey Sebastian, and Zhanyun Zhao. Kauffman Firm Survey (KFS) Baseline Methodology Report. Social Science Research Network, January 2007.. Barton, Tom and David DesRoches. Kauffman Firm Survey (KFS): First Follow-Up Annotated Questionnaire. Social Science Research Network, April 6, 2009.. ---. Kauffman Firm Survey (KFS): Second Follow-Up Annotated Questionnaire. Social Science Research Network, April 6, 2009.. Bates, Timothy and Alicia M. Robb. Impacts of Expanding Small Business Presence in Minority Communities. Social Science ...
The ICSSR Data Service is culmination of signing of Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR) and Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI). The MoU provides for setting-up of ICSSR Data Service: Social Science Data Repository and host NSS and ASI datasets generated by MoSPI. Under the initiative, social science research institutes, NGOs, individuals and others dealing with social science research are also being approached to deposit / provide their research datasets for hosting into the repository of ICSSR Data Service. The ICSSR Data Service includes social science and statistical datasets of various national-level surveys on debt & investment, domestic tourism, enterprise survey, employment and unemployment, housing condition, household consumer expenditure, health care, etc., into its repository. ICSSR Data Service aims to facilitate data sharing, preservation, accessibility and reuse of social science research data ...
intergovernmental institutions. Professor Olukoshi was a member of the African Union Assessment Panel and Chair of the Board of several think tanks, including the European Centre for Development Policy Management and the West African Civil Society Institute. He also previously served as Director of the UN African Institute for Economic Development and Planning (IDEP), Executive Director of the Africa Governance Institute, Executive Secretary of the Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa (CODESRIA), Director of Research at the Nigerian Institute of International Affairs, Senior Research Fellow/Research Programme, Coordinator of the Nordic Africa Institute (NAI) in Uppsala, and Senior Programme Staff at the South Centre in Geneva. He has published extensively on the politics of economic relations, governance, and development, as well as on African higher education and development. Prof. Olukoshis report The Elusive Prince of Denmark: Structural Adjustment and the Crisis ...
Eric A. Booth :: Social Science Research, Teaching Resources, Stata, & OSX Programming :: Public Policy Research Institute at Texas A&M University [email protected] [email protected]
The Business Enterprise as a Subject for Research: Social Science Research Council, No. 11 by Howard Rothmann Bowen available in Trade Paperback on Powells.com, also read synopsis and reviews.
The Progressive Behavior Analyst Autism Council developed the Certified Progressive Behavior Analyst-Autism Professional to build upon and extend foundational knowledge of the content mastered in a degree program in behavior analysis. This assumes that seminal and current works in behavior analysis were studied and mastered such as: Skinner (1953), Science and Human Behavior; Sidman (1960), Tactics of Scientific Research; Johnston & Pennypacker (1980), Strategies and Tactics of Behavioral Research; Sulzar-Azaroff & Mayer (1991), Behavior Analysis for Lasting Change; McLean, Bailey & Wolery (1996), Assessing Infants and Preschoolers with Special Needs; Lattal & Chase (2003), Behavior Theory and Philosophy; Engelmann & Carnine (1982), Theory of Instruction: Principles and Applications; Rosenberg & Schwartz (2019), Guidance or compliance: What makes an ethical behavior analyst; Etzel & LeBlanc (1979), The simplest treatment alternative: The law of parsimony applied to choosing appropriate ...
Kerri Boutelle, PhD performs research focusing on the causes, characterization, prevention and treatment of childhood, adolescent and adult obesity and eating disorders. Overarching research objectives include investigating the role of familial factors in the etiology, prevention, and treatment of obesity and eating disorders in youth, utilizing principles of basic behavioral science to inform and improve treatments for obesity and eating disorders; and determining intervention and prevention strategies aimed at changing the trajectory of weight and eating disorders in children and adolescents. In ongoing studies, Dr. Boutelle hopes to identify innovative and cost-effective treatment strategies for obese children (parent-only treatments), to develop new treatments based on basic behavioral research for children who binge eat (self-regulation treatments), and to disseminate current behavioral treatment through innovative methods (guided self-help, computer-based guidance for primary care ...
Art, D., Gnanadesikan, R., and Kettenring, R. (1982), Data-based Metrics for Cluster Analysis, Utilitas Mathematica, 21A, 75 -99. Everitt, B.S. (1980), Cluster Analysis, Second Edition, London: Heineman Educational Books Ltd. Fisher, R.A. (1936), The Use of Multiple Measurements in Taxonomic Problems, Annals of Eugenics, 7, 179 -188. Hartigan, J.A. (1975), Clustering Algorithms, New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kettenring, R. (1984), personal communication. Mezzich, J.E and Solomon, H. (1980), Taxonomy and Behavioral Science, New York: Academic Press, Inc. Puri, M.L. and Sen, P.K. (1971), Nonparametric Methods in Multivariate Analysis, New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Rouncefield, M. (1995), The Statistics of Poverty and Inequality, Journal of Statistics Education, 3(2). [Online]: [http://www.stat.ncsu.edu/info/jse], accessed Dec. 19, 1997. Wolfe, J.H. (1970),Pattern Clustering by Multivariate Mixture Analysis, Multivariate Behavioral Research, 5, 329 -350. ...
This Program brings together physicians and researchers who conduct high quality clinical research in all aspects of cancer diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, and survivorship. Program members are dedicated to developing and evaluating new and more effective cancer therapies and preventive measures. A major objective of the program is to promote collaboration between clinical, laboratory, and cancer control researchers - a critical step to developing the next generation of cancer therapeutics. This program is focused on exploring new modalities of treatment and chemopreventive measures. Program members conduct research on a broad range of topics that can be categorized into four themes: development of novel therapeutics (translational research), implementation of clinical trials for the treatment or prevention of cancer, evaluation of novel diagnostic tools for cancer, and behavioral research involving cancer patients. ...
Thirty years of progressive growth, with major participation in the Einstein Diabetes Research Center, research ranging from basic biology of the pathophysiology of diabetes to diabetes-related behavioral research, substantial NIH funding, participation in the New York Obesity Center, publications in high-impact journals, and intense physiological studies and clinical trials.. Areas of Investigation ...
Posters will be displayed on 4 high x 6 wide poster board and will compete with posters in the appropriate research category. The categories are as described above: basic research; behavioral research or CBPR; and clinical research. A poster board and push pins will be provided. Poster setup and breakdown hours will be available shortly via the Program Meeting web site. Posters will be judged on the basis of scientific content; clarity of the presentation of the material on the poster; the individual presentation and response to questions from judges; innovation; and thoroughness. Prizes will be awarded to 1st, 2nd, and 3rd place winners within each category. *Please Note. A New Investigator is an NIH research grant applicant who has not yet been awarded a substantial competing NIH research grant. An individual who has received a small grant (R03) or an Exploratory Developmental Research Grant Award (R21) is considered a New Investigator. An Early Stage Investigator is an individual who has ...
The National Institutes of Health is the steward of medical and behavioral research for the Nation. Its mission is science in pursuit of fundamental knowledge about the nature and behavior of living systems, and the application of that knowledge to extend healthy life and reduce the burdens of illness and disability. Within this framework, the mission of the Office of Intramural Research (OIR) is to enable the NIH Intramural Research Program (IRP) to:
Description: Purpose: This funding opportunity announcement (FOA) encourages Research Education (R25) grant applications from applicant organizations that propose to create educational opportunities to attract undergraduate students, graduate students, and postdoctoral fellows to careers in areas of biomedical or behavioral research of particular interest to the NIDDK, while fostering the career development of these students and fellows. The NIDDK is especially interested in attracting students and postdoctoral fellows from scientific disciplines underrepresented in disease-oriented biomedical research, such as engineering, informatics, computer science, and computational sciences, to encourage them to apply their expertise to research relevant to diabetes and other endocrine and metabolic diseases; digestive and liver diseases; nutrition; obesity research and prevention; and kidney, urologic and hematologic diseases. Mechanism of Support: This FOA will use the NIH Research Education (R25) grant ...
People often falsely recognize nonstudied lures that are semantically similar to previously studied words. Behavioral research suggests that such false recognition is based on high semantic overlap between studied items and lures that yield a feeling of familiarity, whereas true recognition is more often associated with the recollection of details. Despite this behavioral evidence for differences between true and false recognition, research measuring brain activity (PET, fMRI, ERP) has not clearly differentiated corresponding differences in brain activity. A median split was used to separate subjects into Good and Poor performers based on their discrimination of studied targets from similar lures. Only Good performers showed late (1000-1500 msec), right frontal event-related brain potentials (ERPs) that were more positive for targets and lures compared with new items. The right frontal differences are interpreted as reflecting postretrieval evaluation processes that were more likely to be ...
Resources for Enhancing Alzheimers Caregiver Health (REACH) was established in 1995 to conduct social and behavioral research on interventions designed to enhance family caregiving, particularly in minority families, for persons with Alzheimers Disease and related disorders. Data were collected through randomized clinical trials at six sites: University of Alabama--Birmingham, the Research and Training Institute of the Hebrew Rehabilitation Center for Aged in Boston, University of Tennessee--Memphis, University of Miami, Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System and Stanford University, and Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia. Interventions studied included psychoeducational support groups, behavioral skills training programs, family-based systems interventions, environmental modifications, and technological computer-based information and communication services. Although interventions varied by site, all sites collected the same data at the same time intervals. The impact of the ...
Resources for Enhancing Alzheimers Caregiver Health (REACH) was established in 1995 to conduct social and behavioral research on interventions designed to enhance family caregiving, particularly in minority families, for persons with Alzheimers Disease and related disorders. Baseline data (ICPSR 3253) were collected through randomized clinical trials at six sites: University of Alabama-Birmingham, The Research and Training Institute of the Hebrew Rehabilitation Center for Aged in Boston, University of Tennessee-Memphis, University of Miami, Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System and Stanford University, and Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia. Interventions such as psychoeducational support groups, behavioral skills training programs, family-based systems interventions, environmental modifications, and technological computer-based information and communication services varied by site. This collection contains baseline data along with follow-up data at 6-, 12-, and 18-month ...
Antrobus, J.S. & Bertini, M. (1992). Introduction. (ed. Antrobus JS., Bertini M). The neurobiology of sleep and dreaming. Hillsdale, NJ, USA, Erlbaum, pp. 1-16. APA: American Psychiatric Association. (1994). DSM-IV - Diagnostic and Statistical Manual 4th edition, Washington DC, APA. Barkow JH, Cosmides L, Tooby J. (1992). The adapted mind: evolutionary psychology and the generation of culture New York: Oxford University Press. Bentall RP. Kinderman P, Kaney S. (1994). The self, attributional processes and abnormal beliefs: towards a model of persecutory delusions. Behavioral Research and Therapeutics. 32: 331-41. Brothers L. (1990). The social brain: a project for integrating primate behavior and neurophysiology in a new domain. Concepts in Neuroscience, 1, 27-51. Buss DM. (1994). The evolution of desire, New York, BasicBooks. Byrne R.W. & Whiten A. (ed.). (1988). Machiavellian intelligence social expertise and the evolution of intellect in monkeys, apes and humans. Oxford: Clarendon Press. ...
Henrich et al. (3) noted that social and behavioral research overwhelmingly relies on WEIRD (Western, educated, industrialized, rich, and democratic) samples, samples that they argue are quite literally weird in that they are especially unrepresentative of the world at large. A heat map showing the locations of major research universities and who gets studied by them, we hypothesize, would reveal steep mountains and broad, flat plains as the primary contours. The underrepresented groups include communities that have traditionally been minoritized or absent in WEIRD geocultural spaces, including Native Americans, African American peoples, Latin American peoples, Middle Eastern communities, communities without traditions of Western schooling, the rural poor, and the urban poor. For that matter, the samples drawn from WEIRD populations are not at all representative even of WEIRD people. Instead, they favor select age, educational, income, geographical, and occupational groups. (Note that the W ...
Chimpanzees are not just charismatic but quite remarkable, long-lived, unique creatures with very robust emotional and cognitive lives, says Gruen. After a tremendous amount of letter writing and news media coverage the government asked the Institute of Medicine to do a study to decide whether or not chimpanzees were needed scientifically in research. Their charge was to determine whether it was scientifically necessary, not whether it was ethically necessary. They determined that it was not scientifically necessary, that there were alternatives in most cases. That report then went to the NIH, where the NIH had a committee that determined what to do about the report. That committee decided that it made very little sense to do biomedical research with chimpanzees, but they may fund behavioral research with chimpanzees. That report - I think it came out in 2012 because in 2013 and 2014 there were no requests for funds.. In the meantime, for many, many years chimpanzees were considered endangered ...
Read chapter 1 Introduction: Chimpanzees in biomedical and behavioral research constitute a national resource that has been valuable in addressing nationa...
Ansell M, Tennant MR, Piazza V, Cottler LB. Piloting Consumer Health Information Services in Collaboration with a Community Research Engagement Program. Med Ref Serv Q. 2017 Oct-Dec;36(4):348-361. doi: 10.1080/02763869.2017.1369283. PMID: 29043938. Chen DG, Chen X. Cusp Catastrophe Regression and Its Application in Public Health and Behavioral Research. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2017 Oct 13;14(10). pii: E1220. doi: 10.3390/ijerph14101220. PMID: 29027967. Costea PI, Zeller G, Sunagawa S, Pelletier E, Alberti A, Levenez F, Tramontano M, Driessen M, Hercog R, Jung FE, Kultima JR, Hayward MR, Coelho LP, Allen-Vercoe E, Bertrand L, Blaut M, Brown JRM, Carton T, Cools-Portier S, Daigneault M, Derrien M, Druesne A, de Vos WM, Finlay BB, Flint HJ, Guarner F, Hattori M, Heilig H, Luna RA, van Hylckama Vlieg J, Junick J, Klymiuk I, Langella P, Le Chatelier E, Mai V, Manichanh C, Martin JC, Mery C, Morita H, OToole PW, Orvain C, Patil KR, Penders J, Persson S, Pons N, Popova M, Salonen A, Saulnier ...
We assume happiness is stable, an endpoint to achieve our goal to chase. Its not. Recent behavioral research suggests that the meaning of happiness changes every 5-10 years, raising the question: how might we build organizations and lives that cultivate happiness? Research suggests it is better to aim for meaning. In Rethinking Purpose, we explore how to rethink purpose in work and life. Students will hear from guests and take a field trip to see how Google has reconsidered purpose. Building on the principles for Solve for X ( www.solveforx.com), a platform encouraging moonshot thinking to solve huge problems in the world, well harness design thinking principles to create personal moonshots and a path to continue to find those moonshots over the life course. Lastly, well map out how to use time in ways that would help build innovative teams, products, and ultimately lives that have positive, meaningful, lasting impact in the world ...
Lead author Patty Van Cappellen, associate director of the Interdisciplinary and Behavioral Research Center at Duke University in Durham, NC, and colleagues found that men given oxytocin nasal spray reported a greater sense of spirituality than those who did not receive the hormone. Additionally, men who received oxytocin reported experiencing more positive emotions during meditation. Van…
This study showed that in adult [9C11] and [12C17], continues to be instructive in identifying the sensory particularly, motor, and integrative the different parts of the neural control systems for feeding. can be found for the feasible modulation from the crop muscle tissue activity even though the crop is the major storage site for carbohydrates consumed by adult flies [36]. is usually a well-known model organism, increasingly used in translational neuroscience and behavioral research [37,38]. Given the current interest around the gut-brain axis as a primary subject in the start of neurodegenerative disorders, such as Parkinsons disease [39,40], it was evident that we needed to determine the possible modulatory effect of serotonin on crop contraction rate because in mammals it is known to modulate hypothalamic receptors, which control the size of carbohydrate-rich meals [41] and other aspects of ingestive behavior [42]. Thus, possesses a complex serotonergic system featuring all major genes ...
NASTAD Zambia worked in partnership with CDC-Zambia, NAC, and the University of Zambia (UNZA) as part of a technical assistance and capacity building initiative. NASTAD Zambia worked hand-in-hand with the NAC to assess, design, implement, and support a decentralized national Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) system. NASTAD Zambia also worked with UNZA to strengthen the curriculum and materials for the University short course in M&E. In addition, NASTAD Zambia worked closely with NAC and Population Council to implement behavioral research related to key populations, specifically, men who have sex with men, injecting drug users, and female sex workers.
Over a century of behavioral research has shown that stress can exert both positive and negative effects on memory. We have explored the idea that the complex effects of stress on learning and memory can be characterized by hormetic- and non-hormetic dose-response functions, in which stress may either stimulate or impair brain memory mechanisms, depending, in part, on the timing and duration of the stress experience. Extensive work has shown that acute stress or corticosteroid administration has a biphasic effect specifically on hippocampus-dependent learning, memory and synaptic plasticity. We suggest that brief stress exerts a rapid enhancement of memory-related functions of the hippocampus, produced by the amygdala-induced activation of hippocampal synaptic plasticity in conjunction with excitatory effects of neuromodulators, including glucocorticoids, norepinephrine, corticotropin-releasing hormone, acetylcholine and dopamine. We propose that the rapid stress-induced activation of the amygdala
There are advantages and limitations of active controls in behavioral research and using cross-validation to solve the problem. The AHRQ report only included studies that used active control groups to control for non-specific effects, which is good. But there can be problems interpreting such studies. For example, in a study on anxiety prominently cited in the review as evidence that TM does not work, Smith (1976) carefully constructed a control group that had received all same the expectation fostering features and procedural details as the TM program and found that both TM and the control group reduced anxiety (26). Does this mean that TM is just a placebo? Not necessarily. TMs reduction of anxiety is cross-validated by studies showing it reduces autonomic correlates of anxiety, such as respiratory rate, skin resistance, and plasma lactate, compared to sitting comfortably with eyes closed as is done in TM practice (27). It also reduces cortisol, a major stress hormone in humans (28), and ...
Dakar, 11 June 2015 - The Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) and the Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa (CODESRIA) reaffirmed a history of shared ideals and collaboration with the launch of a bi-annual journal titled Journal of African Transformation in Dakar today, 11 June 2015.. The inter-disciplinary journal, a joint effort by Africas premier social science research organization, the Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa (CODESRIA) and ECA, which aspires to become the leading think tank in Africa, will feature material by researchers and practitioners working in organizations and universities on the transformation of African societies.. Published in French and English, the Journal of African Transformation seeks to bridge the gap between research and practice and gives socio-economic practice on the continent a firm basis in research. The journal is our contribution to the greater intellectual debate on transformative processes and ...
Beatrice Rammstedt is professor of Psychological Assessment, Survey Design and Methodology at the University of Mannheim as well as vice president and scientific director of the department Survey, Design and Methodology at GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences. Her research interests include issues from questionnaire design and validation to assessing non-cognitive skills (special focus on Big Five personality dimensions) to the methodology of cultural comparative large-scale studies. Prof. Rammstedt is a member of several advisory boards, such as the OECD expert panel on the measurement of personality traits and non-cognitive skills in PIAAC, the advisory group „Framework Programme Educational Research and the scientific advisory board of the Decade for Literacy - both launched by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research, Germany (BMBF). She has authored or co-authored more than 100 papers which are highly perceived by the research community (,4500 citations).. ...
Hometown: Silicon Valley, specifically Sunnyvale, CA. --- Why did you decide to come to UCI and pursue majors in social policy and public service and education science?. I decided to come to UCI because one of my high school teachers mentioned how everyone at UCI is always smiling and that he thought I would be a good fit here. Also, the proximity to LA, the beach, Disneyland and SD were very helpful too. My AP government class required us to watch the West Wing as summer homework and it made me interested in government. Im also interested in education because of how education policies affect me as a student and the relevancy of education to my life now. When do you plan to finish your degree and what do you plan to do after? I plan to finish my degree in June 2022. Afterwards, I hope to conduct research with Fulbright or as part of the Carnegie Junior Fellows Program. I plan to attend law school and eventually run for office. Ultimately, I hope to be elected President of the United States. ...
Research in the areas of health, behavioral, and social sciences at UNH focuses on exploring the human condition - physical, psychological, and social - as individuals, as families, and as communities. Health research helps people live full, healthy lives. Discovering the cellular basis for diseases, defining and promoting active, healthy lifestyles, developing assistive technology, and delivering innovative therapeutic services are all parts of the equation.
I am trained as a developmental and clinical psychologist, and I mentor and train students in both disciplines, and in the intersections of these fields. My research currently focuses on the study of family and close relationships as contexts for risk and protection in development. I approach psychological research and practice from a developmental psychopathology perspective, which is informed by the simultaneous consideration of both competence and psychopathology, and emphasizes developmental processes of risk and resilience in pathways to adaptation or maladaptation. Currently, my program of research comprises four major areas, encompassing both developmental research and the application of this research to prevention/intervention contexts:. Emotion communication and socialization. This area of research includes processes of communicating about emotions in close relationships (i.e., parent-child or romantic relationships), both directly and indirectly.. Example publications:. Loucks, L. A., ...
125 Principles of Psychology. This course examines the basic principles and methods of psychological science from an evolutionary and cultural perspective. Students use critical thinking skills to examine fascinating topics: dreaming, cultural influences, identity, learning, thinking, and the biology of behavior. Applying basic research methods, students act as skeptical scientists. This course applies to almost any career choice in todays world and provides insight into self and others. Offered each semester.. 126 Investigative Explorations in Psychology. Students engage in hands-on laboratory experiments to (1) understand the experimental basis of current scientific theory in psychology; and (2) develop proficiency in using equipment, testing hypotheses, collecting data, and interpreting results. Phenomena selected for these introductory investigations are robust, central to introductory psychology, of interest to students, and relevant to psychological research. Prerequisite/corequisite: ...
SOCS 3305 Introduction to Social Statistics (3 semester hours) This course introduces students to the basic tools of statistics and shows how they are used in the analysis of social science data. A fundamental understanding of these tools is a critical foundation for social science research in many fields. The course covers descriptive statistics, inference from samples, hypothesis testing, and the basics of regression analysis. NOTE: This course is required of all social science majors and is a prerequisite for a required course in social science research methods within each discipline (for example CJS 3304, ECO 3304, GEOG 3304, PA 3304, or SOC 3304). Prerequisite: College Algebra (MATH 1314 or equivalent). Corequisite: SOCS 3105. Must be taken with SOCS 3105. (3-0) ...
In order to keep in touch with the latest developments and to develop specialised skills in accessing social science information short term training workshops / seminars / interactive secessions and lectures are organised on regular basis. These training courses are constantly improved using feedback received from the participants and the resources persons.. ...
US digital content provider, Proquest, claims its social sciences database, Publicaciones y Revistas Sociales y Humanisticas (Prisma), now holds more than 100 full text journals. ...
Viet-Hai Phung, research assistant and doctoral student at CaHRU recently attended the summer school, Doing social science research in healthcare settings at Kings College, London, 13-14 July 2017. This is his account of the course. It was a pleasure to Continue reading Viet-Hai Phung attends KCL social science research summer school→. ...
Viet-Hai Phung, research assistant and doctoral student at CaHRU recently attended the summer school, Doing social science research in healthcare settings at Kings College, London, 13-14 July 2017. This is his account of the course. It was a pleasure to Continue reading Viet-Hai Phung attends KCL social science research summer school→. ...
Much of Schallers psychological research has examined the subtle cognitive processes that contribute to stereotypes and prejudices. One line of research focused on intuitive statistical reasoning processes. This work revealed that people form erroneous stereotypes when they engage in overly simplistic statistical reasoning, but that these erroneous stereotypes are less likely to emerge if people can be trained to engage in a more sophisticated reasoning process (analogous to a statistical analysis of covariance).[2] Another line of research focused on communication processes as they relate to the emergence and change of group stereotypes.[3][4] Additional lines of research, informed by the adaptationist reasoning characteristic of evolutionary psychology, focused on the ways in which specific kinds of perceived threats (e.g., threat of interpersonal violence), and contextual cues connoting vulnerability to those threats (e.g., ambient darkness), trigger specific kinds of prejudices against ...
Among destitute adults with mental illness, getting past mind injuries is connected having a and the higher chances of adverse health problems, new information signifies.. Destitute adults with mental illness and past traumatic brain injuries will also be more prone to use emergency departments, report unmet healthcare needs and also have connection with the criminal justice system than individuals with no history, based on research printed today within the Journal of Psychological Research.. This population also experienced an elevated probability of being suicidal or getting formerly attempted suicide, the research stated.. Though it didnt prove a causal relationship, our research shows that theres a connection between specific mental health diagnoses and traumatic brain injuries, stated Dr. Stephen Hwang, lead author from the study and director from the Center for Urban Health Solutions of St. Michaels Hospital.. Head injuries are clearly a substantial burden to those who are destitute ...
In the nearly two decades since the HIV pandemic began, the rapid expansion of behavioral research on HIV prevention has prompted a crucial need for a sourcebook more advanced than an introductory textbook and broader and more readily accessible than a review periodical. The Handbook of HIV Prevention is intended as the first attempt to meet this need. The current state of affairs led us to edit a book that would represent the major areas of HIV behavioral research at a level appropriate for graduate students and experienced researchers in public health, medicine, nursing, education, and the social and behavioral sciences. In addition, we expect that the handbook will be useful in advanced undergraduate courses and as a reference book for health care professionals. Our plans to assemble the Handbook began in the fall of 1996 when we prepared a tentative outline of chapters and invited a large number of distinguished researchers in the field to be the authors of various chapters. We received an
Introduction: The Tools of Social Science Research: 10.4018/978-1-4666-8116-3.ch001: In this chapter, students are presented with the concept of empiricism, which serves as the basis for all social science research. Quantitative, deductive
FindAPhD. Search Funded Social Sciences Research Programmes in Geography, behavioral economics. Search for PhD funding, scholarships & studentships in the UK, Europe and around the world.
After leaving Loyola University, Linehan started post doctoral internship at The Suicide Prevention and Crisis Service in Buffalo, New York between 1971 and 1972. During this time, Linehan served as an adjunct assistant professor at University at Buffalo, The State University of New York. From Buffalo, Linehan completed a Post-Doctoral fellowship in Behavior Modification at Stony Brook University. Linehan then returned to her alma mater Loyola University in 1973 and served as an adjunct professor at the university until 1975. During this same time Linehan also served as an assistant professor in Psychology at the Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C. from 1973 to 1977. In 1977, Linehan took a position at the University of Washington as an adjunct assistant professor in the Psychiatry and Behavior Sciences department. Linehan is now a Professor of Psychology and a Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at the University of Washington and Director of the Behavioral Research ...
The use of a security video surveillance system is undertaken in accordance with the City of St. Thomas Security Video Surveillance Policy. Personal information is collected for security purposes in and around facilities that are owned or leased by the City of St. Thomas to ensure the safety and security of employees, clients, users and visitors. Security video surveillance cameras are continuously recording but may only be periodically monitored by Authorized Personnel. Further information concerning the use of security video surveillance is available in the City of St. Thomas Security Video Surveillance Policy and by contacting the Director, Parks, Recreation, and Property Management, or designate at 519-631-1680, P.O. Box 520, 545 Talbot Street, St. Thomas, Ontario, N5P 3V7. ...
The burgeoning field of behavioral economics has produced a new set of justifications for paternalism. This book challenges behavioral paternalism on multiple levels, from the abstract and conceptual to the pragmatic and applied. Behavioral paternalism relies on a needlessly restrictive definition of rational behavior. It neglects nonstandard preferences, experimentation, and self-discovery. It relies on behavioral research that is often incomplete and unreliable. It demands a level of knowledge from policymakers that they cannot reasonably obtain. It assumes a political process largely immune to the effects of ignorance, irrationality, and the influence of special interests and moralists. Overall, behavioral paternalism underestimates the capacity of people to solve their own problems, while overestimating the ability of experts and policymakers to design beneficial interventions. The authors argue instead for a more inclusive theory of rationality in economic policymaking.. ...
Due to advances in behavioral research during the last decades, the third wave or third generation of cognitive and behavioral therapies emerged in clinical psychology. The third wave puts emphasis on acceptance, mindfulness, attention and values as possible processes of behavioral change (Hayes, Villatte, Levin, & Hildebrandt, 2011). Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is a psychotherapy method of this cognitive behavioral tradition (Hayes, Strosahl, & Wilson, 1999). ACT has been evaluated for several clinical conditions (e.g., chronic pain, tinnitus, depression, anxiety disorders) with good results (A-Tjak et al., 2015). Mindfulness and acceptance based interventions were soon adapted to athletic populations (Gardner & Moore, 2004) and are growing in popularity in applied sport psychology. Three systematic reviews have examined the research of mindfulness and acceptance-based methods in sports. One reviewed single subject design studies, qualitative research, and randomized and ...
Due to advances in behavioral research during the last decades, the third wave or third generation of cognitive and behavioral therapies emerged in clinical psychology. The third wave puts emphasis on acceptance, mindfulness, attention and values as possible processes of behavioral change (Hayes, Villatte, Levin, & Hildebrandt, 2011). Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is a psychotherapy method of this cognitive behavioral tradition (Hayes, Strosahl, & Wilson, 1999). ACT has been evaluated for several clinical conditions (e.g., chronic pain, tinnitus, depression, anxiety disorders) with good results (A-Tjak et al., 2015). Mindfulness and acceptance based interventions were soon adapted to athletic populations (Gardner & Moore, 2004) and are growing in popularity in applied sport psychology. Three systematic reviews have examined the research of mindfulness and acceptance-based methods in sports. One reviewed single subject design studies, qualitative research, and randomized and ...
Jason Miller (Ph.D. The Ohio State University) is an Assistant Professor of Logistics at Michigan State Universitys Eli Broad College of Business. His primary research stream examines firms logistics operations, with an emphasis on studying motor carrier safety. He also undertakes research developing and disseminating multivariate statistical techniques. His research has appeared or is forthcoming in Academy of Management Journal, Decision Sciences Journal, Journal of Business Logistics, Journal of Management, Journal of Operations Management, Journal of Supply Chain Management, Multivariate Behavioral Research, Transportation Journal, and Transportation Research Part E. His research at Journal of Business Logistics has been recognized with the Bernard J. LaLonde Best Paper Award for the best manuscript published in 2013. Jason serves as an Associate Editor at Decision Sciences Journal and International Journal of Operations and Production Management. He serves on the Editorial Review Board ...
Fellowships (F-series). All NIH awarding components offer individual postdoctoral fellowships, which provide support for research training in preparation for careers in biomedical and behavioral research.. Undergraduate Student Training in Academic Research (U-STAR). National Research Service Awards for Individual Fellows Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Awards for Individual Predoctoral Fellows (F31). Individual Predoctoral Fellowships for Minority Students (F31). Individual Predoctoral Fellowships for Students with Disabilities (F31). Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Awards for Individual Postdoctoral Fellows (F32). In addition, the NIH funds institutional training (T32) programs within a number of universities and research institutions that have traineeship positions for doctoral students and/or postdoctoral trainees in communication sciences and disorders. For further information about NIDCD-funded T32 programs, contact Dr. Daniel Sklare (see program contacts for ...
SDIs portable eyeblink conditioning system offers exceptional ease of use while achieving the most accurate results for learning and behavioral research.
Health Behavior Courses (HB) HB 600. Social and Behavioral Science Core. This Masters level course fulfills the social and behavioral sciences core requirement for MPH students. It is designed to provide an overview of the social and behavioral sciences in public health to non-Health Behavior masters level students in UABs School of Public Health. Social and behavioral science theories and strategies in public health will be discussed in relation to preventing disease and promoting health over the life course. The course is comprised of two major sections: (1) overview of fundamentals of social and behavioral sciences in public health and (2) social and behavioral science research and strategies and application of social and behavioral sciences in public health practice and policy. This course is intended to provide students with the most current knowledge and analysis of issues influencing peoples health and well-being from a social and behavioral science perspective. Theoretical frameworks ...
Sales Handle This high-yield, rapid-fire Q&A book is written by students for students to help first and second year medical students review behavioral science for their course exams as well as prepare for the USMLE Step 1. About the Book The Deja Review series helps you Remember what you already know; the flashcard format helps medical students recall the most important, must-know facts and concepts covered in their course work for behavioral science. This rapid-fire question & answer review book allows students to quickly navigate through the information needed for their course exams and USMLE Step 1. Active recall questions reinforce correct answers to enhance learning - not just passive memorization. Behavioral Science is often a required course in many medical schools, and Psychiatric conditions are heavily covered on USMLE Step 1. Mnemonics and keywords sprinkled throughout the text facilitate focus on core facts, while clinical vignettes at the end of each chapter allow students to ...
The Wall Street Journal praised psychological research on kindergarteners that demonstrates how a picture-rich storybook could replace childrens intuitive inferences of design with Darwinian natural selection.1 Is this a good way to apply child psychology?. Boston University psychologist Deborah Kelemen has led the latest National Science Foundation funded research to help teach evolution. Her technical report appears in the journal Psychological Science. The aim of her research was to intentionally suppress childrens commonsense ways, and to explain why animals have functional traits and show signs of apparent design.2. The WSJ lauded picture book intervention as vital to sparing our youngest children from whats wrong in American science education, writing, Studies show that many secular people who say they believe in evolution still dont really understand it. Why is natural selection so hard to understand and accept? What can we do to make it easier?1. According to the ...
Hi, Im Giuseppe. Im a Clinical Psychologist and Psychotherapist, Postgraduate Program Director in Child Development Psychology, Professor of Psychology at the European University of Madrid and Head of Unit at Clinical and Developmental Psychological Service - PSISE Madrid. My professional interests are psychological research, assessment, psychotherapy, storytelling and human interactions, autism spectrum disorders, typical and atypical development. I graduated in Clinical and Community Psychology at the Second University of Naples (Italy), Specialized in Clinical Psychology at the University of Padova (Italy) with a training in psychotherapy, PhD. in Developmental Psychology at the Autonomous University of Madrid (Spain ...
Hi, Im Giuseppe. Im a Clinical Psychologist and Psychotherapist, Postgraduate Program Director in Child Development Psychology, Professor of Psychology at the European University of Madrid and Head of Unit at Clinical and Developmental Psychological Service - PSISE Madrid. My professional interests are psychological research, assessment, psychotherapy, storytelling and human interactions, autism spectrum disorders, typical and atypical development. I graduated in Clinical and Community Psychology at the Second University of Naples (Italy), Specialized in Clinical Psychology at the University of Padova (Italy) with a training in psychotherapy, PhD. in Developmental Psychology at the Autonomous University of Madrid (Spain ...
My research interests include psychological research methods, critical and feminist psychology, and womens health. My dissertation, titled Advancing critical methodologies in psychological survey research about womens health, serves as a how-to guide of two methodological practices (cognitive debriefing and systematic item review) for researchers aiming to expand the kinds of information that can be gathered from participants in surveys about their health. ...
Van Cappellen, P; Way, BM; Isgett, SF; Fredrickson, BL (2016). Effects of oxytocin administration on spirituality and emotional responses to meditation. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 11(10), 1579-1587. [doi ...
Jeungok Choi, RN, PhD, MPH is an Associate Professor at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, School of Nursing (SON). She has a Master of Public Health (MPH) from Tufts University with concentrations in Biostatistics and Epidemiology and a PhD in Nursing Boston College. She also had a postdoctoral research fellow training in Nursing and Biomedical Informatics at Columbia University School of Nursing sponsored by Reducing Health Disparities through Informatics Research Training Program (NINR T32NR07969).. Through her entire research career, she has been seeking for ways to improve healthcare communication for those with low literacy skills. Her approach is that appropriate pictographs (simple line drawings showing explicit healthcare actions to be taken) in addition to simplified text can improve learners cognitive learning process and enhance his/her engagement in deeper understanding. Her research has especially focused on tablet/web-based, pictograph-enhanced healthcare instructions for ...
In 1913, the attack was launched. In one of the most famous lectures[15] in the history of psychology, Watson called for a radical revisioning of the scope and method of psychological research. Introspection was to be abandoned in favor of the study of behavior. Behavior was to be evaluated in its own right, independent of its relationship to any consciousness that might exist. The concept of consciousness was to be rejected as an interpretive standard and eschewed as an explanatory device. As an objective, natural science, psychology was to make no sharp distinction between human and animal behavior; and its goal was to develop principles by which behavior could be predicted and controlled.. Published in the Psychological Review shortly after its delivery and incorporated within the first chapter of Watsons 1914 Behavior: A Textbook of Comparative Psychology,[16] this lecture would eventually come to be known as the behaviorist manifesto. Contrary to what is sometimes said, however, ...
The article below may contain offensive and/or incorrect content.. Ambulatory assessment (e.g., ecological momentary assessment) is now widely used in psychological research, yet key design decisions remain largely informed by methodological lore as opposed to systematic inquiry. The present study experimentally tested whether signal- (e.g., random prompt) and event- (e.g., complete a survey every time a target event occurs) contingent recording procedures of interpersonal behavior and affect in social situations yield equivalent quality and quantity of data. Participants (N = 286) completed baseline questionnaires, underwent cluster randomization to either a signal- or event-contingent condition, and then completed 1 week of ambulatory assessment, during which they answered questions about their social behavior and affect tied to their social interactions. Conditions were compared on response frequency, means and variances of interpersonal behavior and affect, correlations between interpersonal ...
For those who experience the phenomena of hearing voices, it can be extremely distressing and have a major impact on their ability to go about daily life. Recently, psychological research has begun to explore the phenomena of voice hearing in more depth. By more fully understanding these experiences, the better the psychological and voice hearing communities become at managing and overcoming these experiences. Other research has addressed the occurrence of voice hearing across multiple psychiatric conditions and the characteristics or properties that may be associated with the voices heard.. However, our study is unique in that we are attempting to gather examples of what exactly a person hears when they hear voice. From these examples we intended to analyse the properties of the language used and how these properties may relate to the characteristics of that voice. A study of this kind has not yet been conducted and we are hopeful that it may give us a great insight into the phenomena of ...
What do students do in the lab?. Many graduate and undergraduate students work with us in the Baby Lab each semester. This is a great way to gain experience in psychological research, which is very important for students who plan to apply to graduate school in psychology. Some students actually interact with parents and their children in the lab, playing games, asking questions, and teaching children new words. Others run our camera and sound equipment during a study session. Some students review videotapes, counting behaviors, recording words, or trying to see how a mother and child interact. Students enter data in spreadsheets, make telephone calls, discuss research articles, and eat pizza at the end of the semester. How can I get involved?. Students must have a GPA of 3.25 and agree to work in the lab for at least two semesters. Most students stay until they graduate. Students take either 2 or 3 hours of independent study credit (PSYC 4900) to work in the lab. For each hour of credit, the ...
Policy: This bill would accomplish two objectives: First, it would open channels for researchers to access and experiment with cannabis and cannabis extracts. Second, it would initiate the process at the end of which the Attorney General must make a determination as to which Schedule of the CSA is most appropriate for cannabidiol (CBD).. Impact: The impact on this legislation to state-legal cannabis businesses is rather remote-in both time and practice. The research access provisions will certainly create an uptick in medical and psychological research activity, the outcomes of which will add to our knowledge of how consuming cannabis in different forms and amounts effects the brain and body. This type of government-regulated research takes many years to process and complete, as both bureaucratic and scientific standards must be met. As for initiating the re/de-scheduling review process for CBD, this is a direct response to the 2016 denial by the DEA to re/de-schedule cannabis. That ...
Video games have become more refined, more realistic, and more gruesome than ever. A large amount of developmental and psychological research has focused on the relationship between violent video games and the negative outcomes among children and adolescents, such as aggression, hostility, anti-social behavior, delinquency, decreased empathy, and video game addiction (Adachi and Willoughby). Several hundred studies have been conducted focusing on these issues and many results have been produced, showing that violent video games do have a negative affect on the psyche of the youth players. Though the opposing side to this argument is important to consider, I believe I will cover those areas of doubt. It is true that video games are not a reality. However, what is not true is that video games do not attempt to represent reality. Video games represent reality in a way that is distorted and misconfigured. If there happens to be too much perception of this false reality, there are negative ...
A 2017 series of articles by researcher Chittaranjan Andrade in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry reviews the last 10 years of research on ketamine, the anesthetic drug that in smaller doses (0.5 mg/kg of body weight) can bring about rapid antidepressant effects. Ketamine is typically delivered intravenously (though it can also be delivered via inhaler, injected under the skin or into muscles, and least effectively by mouth). Ketamine can improve depression in less than an hour, but its effects usually fade within 3 to 5 days. Repeating infusions every few days can extend ketamines efficacy for weeks or months.. Andrade cited a 2016 meta-analysis of nine ketamine studies by T. Kishimoto and colleagues in the journal Psychological Research. The meta-analysis found that compared to placebo, ketamine improved depression beginning 40 minutes after IV administration. Its effects peaked at day 1 and were gone 10-12 days later. Remission rates were better than placebo starting after 80 minutes and ...
The views described in this document are those of the individual Forum participants and are not necessarily those of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Public Health Service, or any other part of the U.S. government. No official endorsement by any of the U.S. government agencies or organizations mentioned in this document is intended or should be inferred. Suggested Citation Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Tuberculosis Behavioral and Social Science Research Forum: Planting the Seeds for Future Research. Proceedings of the Tuberculosis Behavioral and Social Science Research Forum; December 10 11, 2003; Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, CDC; 2005.. ...
Understanding and Using the Head Start CARES Data. Join us for a webinar on Dec 17, 2015 at 1:30 PM EST.. The Head Start CARES (Classroom-based Approaches and Resources for Emotion and Social skill promotion) demonstration tests three distinct approaches to enhancing childrens social-emotional development on a large scale within the Head Start system - the largest federally funded early-childhood education program in the US. The three evidence-based social-emotional interventions selected for the Head Start CARES evaluation included: The Incredible Years Teacher Training Program (IY), Preschool PATHS (PATHS), and a one-year version of Tools of the Mind-Play (Tools- Play). Conceived and sponsored by the Office of Head Start and the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation in the Administration for Children and Families within the United States Department of Health and Human Services, the Head Start CARES demonstration was conducted by MDRC, a nonprofit, nonpartisan education and social policy ...
Employment quality as a determinant of health; Abnormal auditory tonotopy in patients with schizophrenia; Mindfulness may improve methadone maintenance therapy and decrease opioid cravings.
Posted July 12, 2000. Matthew Rabin, a professor of economics whose work integrates psychological research with formal economic models, is one of 25 recipients nationwide of a prestigious MacArthur Foundation genius fellowship.. Rabin, 36, will receive a $500,000 cash award over the next five years with no restrictions on how the money may be used. The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation announced the new fellows on June 13. MacArthur Fellows are chosen for their exceptional creativity, record of significant accomplishment and potential for still greater achievement, said fellows program director Daniel Socolow in a foundation news release. This new group of fellows is a wonderful collection of extraordinary minds in motion. This is the fourth consecutive year that a member of the Berkeley community has received a MacArthur Foundation Fellowship.. Knowing that human behavior such as procrastination, addiction and playing fair can affect the choices people make and produce ...
the term should be a factor or interaction corresponding to a much simpler interpretation of the nature of effects in canonical space than Recent Advances in Visualizing Multivariate Linear Models. An object of class candisc with the following components: number of non-zero eigenvalues of \(HE^{-1}\). Graphical Methods for Multivariate Linear Models in Psychological Research: An R Tutorial, The Quantitative Methods for Psychology, in press. by Bartlett (1938) allow one to determine the number of significant and the HE plot heplot.candisc and heplot3d.candisc coeffs. Overview: CANDISC Procedure; Getting Started: CANDISC Procedure Browse other questions tagged r ggplot2 scatter-plot centroid or ask your own question. The candisc package provides computational methods for generalized canonical discriminant analysis and low-dimensional visualization via the related heplots package. # S3 method for mlm (1971). HE plots for Multivariate General Linear Models. a one-way MANOVA design. arguments to be ...
You have also seen that our memories do not operate like a computer, but instead are constructive in nature and can be changed when presented with post-event information or the views of another person.. Youve learned that we need to be exceptionally careful when dealing with the testimony of an eyewitness and should never rely on eyewitness memory alone.. It also means that police investigations, particularly interviewing and identification techniques, must be based on psychological knowledge if they are to avoid contaminating the memory of a witness and prosecuting an innocent person. A great deal of psychological research has been conducted in this area, and many police forces around the world have been able to improve their procedures as a result.. But we must not be complacent and should always think very carefully about the evidence provided by eyewitnesses.. Hopefully, you have enjoyed this course and it may even have given you some insights into how your own mind works! Psychology is not ...
Shockingly tragic acts of youth violence are on the rise in China. In recent years, the number of juvenile criminals sentenced by courts more than doubled even when the population of youth was dropping.1 An even lesser known finding is that in China, childhood verbal abuse has a strong link to adolescent delinquency.2, , , , The Center for Psychological Research, Shenyang and Ogilvy & Mather, Beijing ( O&M ) have joined hands to launch a creative campaign that raises Chinese public awareness of...
Psychological research shows that those who survive traumatic events report feeling increased anxiety, stress, aggression, depression, and thoughts of suicide. It is also believed that endorphin levels in the brain rise dramatically during traumatic events; after the event, however, endorphin levels gradually drop and may lead to a deficiency, causing further emotional distress.. Alcohol releases endorphins, causing sensations of pleasure while numbing emotional or physical pain. Due to their probable deficiency in endorphin levels, military veterans with PTSD will be very susceptible to addiction, as the brain craves the stress- and pain-relieving effects of alcohol.. While alcohol can provide a temporary respite from the symptoms of PTSD, the unpleasant side effects of alcoholism will soon take over, including poor sleep, memory loss, impaired decision making, and mood alterations. This combination of side effects makes it very difficult for veterans who have created a PTSD-driven dependence ...
Emotion analysis (EA) and sentiment analysis are closely related tasks differing in the psychological phenomenon they aim to catch. We address fine-grained models for EA which treat the computation of the emotional status of narrative documents as a regression rather than a classification problem, as performed by coarse-grained approaches. We introduce Ekmans Basic Emotions (BE) and Russell and Mehrabians Valence-Arousal-Dominance (VAD) model-two major schemes of emotion representation following opposing lines of psychological research, i.e., categorical and dimensional models-and discuss problems when BEs are used in a regression approach. We present the first natural language system thoroughly evaluated for fine-grained emotion analysis using the VAD scheme. Although we only employ simple BOW features, we reach correlation values up until r = .65 with human annotations. Furthermore, we show that the prevailing evaluation methodology relying solely on Pearsons correlation coefficient r is ...
Apparently, if we can get passed how bad it makes us feel, there is a lot of good which can emerge from a period of feeling awful. Pain and suffering, including that caused by withdrawal from antidepressants and other drugs can be a catalyst for transformation, a gift, which when unwrapped, can contain the seeds of a renewed life. Are pain and suffering destructive experiences to be avoided, or are they opportunities for people to develop an extraordinary life? The wisdom of spiritual philosophies throughout the ages has converged with modern psychological research to produce an answer: Suffering and sacrifice offer profound gains, advantages, and opportunities to those open to such boons.... 1. Suffering is Redemptive Buddhism teaches us that suffering is inevitable but can also be a catalyst for personal and spiritual growth... ...Christianity also embraces the redemptive value of suffering....For Christians, Christs suffering served the purpose of redeeming no less than the entire human ...
Human growth is a contradictory experience. We feel the boundaries of self expanding and the experience of humility growing at least as fast. Our humanity means we are the inheritors of strengths and weaknesses and some of the more embarrassing among those weaknesses is the tendency to overestimate our strengths. The explosion of psychological research since the 1960s has helpfully exposed many of our misapprehensions. Some of these need to be accounted for in our quest for psychological and spiritual growth. Take the bias of illusory superiority to which we are chronically prone: Far more people think of themselves as better than average drivers than is posible. Theres also the Dunning-Kruger effect, also known as the sophomore effect (sophomore = wise fool, hinting at the ego inflating effects of introductory knowledge).. Some specific examples? Well, meditation and its effect in enhancing day to day mindfulness is such a powerful aid to living happily that it is sometimes astonishing it is ...
SCR (skin conductance response) is highly sensitive to emotions in some people. Fear, anger, startled response, orienting response and sexual feelings are among the reactions which may produce similar skin conductance responses. SCR is widely used in psychological research due to its low cost and high utility. Oftentimes, the galvanic skin responses are combined with recording of heart rate, respiratory rate, and blood pressure because they are all autonomic dependent variables.. ...
Lu, S. C., Huang, C. Y., Tsai, I. J., Tsao, P. C., Guo, M. C. & Su, F. C., 2009, p. 1808-1810. 3 p.. Research output: Contribution to conference › Poster ...
Nikolov, N., Sing, D., Gibson, N., Evans, T., Barstow, J. K., Kataria, T. & Wilson, P. A., 21 Oct 2016, p. #202.04.. Research output: Contribution to conference › Abstract ...
On 14 November 2017, CPPF and the DPA organized a closed-door, off-the-record meeting on Brazil. The meeting brought together the UN Resident Coordinator of Brazil, officials from different UN divisions, programs and agencies, and a diverse group of experts and academics to discuss the challenges facing Brazil. The meetings discussion addressed the nature of the political and economic crises, which began in early 2014, and its enduring effect on Brazils democratic system and the day-to-day lives of its citizens. Looking ahead to the October 2018 general elections, the discussion examined various electoral scenarios as well as assessed their potential impact on the trajectories of the countrys economy and foreign policy agenda. Participants also examined some of the main challenges facing Brazil today, including the need to eradicate poverty and diminish inequality, confronting climate change and its consequences, insuring economy growth, and the need to reduce violence, corruption and ...
Graduates of Clemson University - College of Business and Behavioral Science - the names, photos, skill, job, location. Information on the Clemson University - College of Business and Behavioral Science - contacts, students, faculty, finances.
Factors to Consider When Purchasing the Best CCTV Video Surveillance Systems for Sale. You should keep watch of your premises, this will help you monitor and control everything on the ground. You should use the CCTV video surveillance system on your property for easy control and monitoring, this will help you to know the things on the ground. You have to find the best store that supplies the best CCTV video surveillance systems and equipment; this will help you to purchase the best products to ensure the safety of the premises. You should also ensure you use the right CCTV video surveillance systems to help you monitor your premise; this will increase the level of security and control the safety of the area. There are experts with experience in CCTV video surveillance systems installation services, look for the best contractor to ensure you protect your premises. There are suppliers of CCTV video surveillance systems in Oakland; you should look for the best store that has quality equipment for ...
Planning & implementing research in the behavioral sciences; analysis of data; interpretation of findings.Formulating problems & hypotheses; specification of types of variables & operational definitions; experimental & non experimental research designs; use of randomization & controls; sampling problems basic to statistical inference.