SUPPLEMENTS TO PROMOTE REENTRY INTO BIOMEDICAL AND BEHAVIORAL RESEARCH CAREERS Release Date: May 14, 1999 PA NUMBER: PA-99-106 P.T. National Institutes of Health PURPOSE The National Institutes of Health (NIH) reannounces a program for administrative supplements to research grants to support individuals with high potential to reenter an active research career after taking time off to care for children or parents or to attend to other family responsibilities. The aim of these supplements is to encourage fully trained individuals to reenter research careers within the missions of all the program areas of NIH. This program will provide administrative supplements to existing NIH research grants for the purpose of supporting full-time or part-time research by these individuals in a program geared to bring their existing research skills and knowledge up to date. It is anticipated that at the completion of the supplement, the reentry scientist will be in a position to apply for a career development (K) ...
On July 12, 1974, the National Research Act (Pub. L. 93-348) was signed into law, thereby creating the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research. One of the charges to the Commission was to identify the basic ethical principles that should underlie the conduct of biomedical and behavioral research involving human subjects and to develop guidelines which should be followed to assure that such research is conducted in accordance with those principles. In carrying out the above, the Commission was directed to consider: (a) the boundaries between biomedical and behavioral research and the accepted and routine practice of medicine, (b) the role of assessment of risk-benefit criteria in the determination of the appropriateness of research involving human subjects, (c) appropriate guidelines for the selection of human subjects for participation in such research and (d) the nature and definition of informed consent in various research settings ...
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Maydeu-Olivares, A. (in press). Assessing the size of model misfit in structural equation models. Psychometrika. Maydeu-Olivares, A. & Liu, Y. (2015). Item diagnostics in multivariate discrete data. Psychological Methods, 20, 276-292. Steenkamp, JBEM & Maydeu-Olivares, A. (2015). On the temporal stability of consumer dispositions: evidence from a twelve-year longitudinal study, 2002-2013. Journal of Marketing Research, 52, 287-308. Maydeu-Olivares, A. & Joe, H. (2014). Assessing approximate fit in categorical data analysis. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 49, 305-328. Liu, Y. & Maydeu-Olivares, A. (2014). Identifying the source of misfit in item response theory models. Multivariate Behavioral Research , 49, 354-371. Brown, A. & Maydeu-Olivares, A. (2013). How IRT can solve problems of ipsative data in forced-choice questionnaires. Psychological Methods, 18, 36-52. Gallardo-Pujol, D., Andrés-Pueyo, A. & Maydeu-Olivares, A. (2013). MAOA genotype, social exclusion and aggression: An experimental ...
Since its inception, eye tracking has been employed by cognitive scientists to study reading, learning, attention, and neurology; by marketers to examine the effectiveness of ad and package designs; and by human factors engineers to guide automotive and airplane cockpit design. These and other disciplines have had great success leveraging eye tracking as a behavioral research method and to inform the design of communications and interactions. Recently, as eye tracking technology has become more affordable and accessible, academics, research suppliers, and eye tracking equipment makers have been experimenting with applying eye tracking to behavioral research in new domains.. On the one hand, it makes intuitive sense that knowing what people look at (or dont look at) on a webpage would be useful in assessing the usability and effectiveness of that page. However, as is the case with many qualitative research methods, it has proven difficult to completely validate this assumption. Even if the ...
Introduction to statistical methods used in psychological research. Topics in applied statistical methods: measures of central tendency and variability; probability and distributions; confidence intervals and hypothesis testing; t-test and analysis of variance; correlation and regression; chi-square tests. Calculate and interpret statistics referencing data and research questions typical in psychological research. Includes a lab section with instruction in management and analysis of data using statistical software designed for use in social science research. Required for the major. Instructor: Samanez-Larkin or staff. ...
In qualitative research, the researcher is the primary data collection instrument. Qualitative research involves data collected from participant observations, interviews, questionnaires, phone calls, focus groups etc. Interviewing, focus groups, and participant observation are common modes of qualitative data gathering.[4] Interviews are used in most types of qualitative research. Participant observation is a method particularly employed by ethnographers in the anthropological tradition.[4] It is used to learn about the naturally occurring routines, interactions and practices of a particular group of people in their social environments, and so to understand their culture.[4] When a researcher becomes a part of the participants in the situation under observation, it is called a participant observer. Furthermore, qualitative data can be used to strengthen quantitative research designs in general and intervention research designs (i.e., experimental, quasi-experimental) in particular.[7] For ...
Dorothea Lerman is currently a Professor of Psychology at the University of Houston - Clear Lake, where she directs a masters program in behavior analysis and serves as Director of the UHCL Center for Autism and Developmental Disabilities. She received her doctoral degree in Psychology from the University of Florida in 1995, specializing in the experimental analysis of behavior. Her areas of expertise include autism, developmental disabilities, early intervention, functional analysis, teacher and parent training, and treatment of severe behavior disorders (e.g., aggression, self-injury. Dr. Lerman has published more than 80 research articles and chapters, served as Editor-in-Chief for The Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis and Behavior Analysis in Practice and has secured more than $2 million in grants and contracts to support her work. She was the recipient of the 2007 Distinguished Contribution to Applied Behavioral Research Award and the 2001 B.F. Skinner Award for New Researchers, awarded ...
An examination of how psychologists use data analysis techniques to address complex research problems involving multiple variables. Techniques including multiple regression, factor analysis and structural equation modelling are explored, with an emphasis on the relationships between analyses, research questions and design issues.
This accessible reference will assist clinicians in easily incorporating findings from current evidence-based research into their day-to-day practice.
Covers mediation, moderation, and multilevel modeling within the multiple regression framework with a focus on the relevance to applications within psychology.. Back to top. ...
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Library managed Computer labs (the computers in the library you want are on the 3rd floor in the Collaboratory. They have SPSS and Office but you will not be able to map the udrive from these computers. Go to the Stats lab or the USU labs for that). ...
My concern is that the combination of the new definition of clinical trial and the revisions to the common rule make it very difficult for behavioral researchers to determine whether research of theirs that has not been previously classified as a clinical trial will be classified as one going forward. Depending on what one reads, it appears either that almost all nonclinical behavioral research will be treated as clinical trials going forward (because they record behavioral responses), or that the new regulations are being interpreted somewhat more narrowly (and with more of a conventionally clinical focus). NIHs new guidance on these changes is currently quite confusing, although I appreciate that making these determinations is very difficult given the breadth of the research supported by NIH.. Reading the definition of clinical trial that NIH provides (in NOT-OD-15-015), a behavioral researcher such as myself might think that all of their research going forward would be treated as a clinical ...
My concern is that the combination of the new definition of clinical trial and the revisions to the common rule make it very difficult for behavioral researchers to determine whether research of theirs that has not been previously classified as a clinical trial will be classified as one going forward. Depending on what one reads, it appears either that almost all nonclinical behavioral research will be treated as clinical trials going forward (because they record behavioral responses), or that the new regulations are being interpreted somewhat more narrowly (and with more of a conventionally clinical focus). NIHs new guidance on these changes is currently quite confusing, although I appreciate that making these determinations is very difficult given the breadth of the research supported by NIH.. Reading the definition of clinical trial that NIH provides (in NOT-OD-15-015), a behavioral researcher such as myself might think that all of their research going forward would be treated as a clinical ...
AMHERST, Mass. - The National Institutes of Health announced today that microbiologist Sloan Siegrist at the University of Massachusetts Amherst has received a five-year, $2.3 million National Institutes of Health (NIH) New Innovator Award, which supports "unusually innovative research from early career investigators," to study the bacterium that causes tuberculosis (TB).. NIH says that its "high risk, high reward" Directors Awards were created "to accelerate the pace of biomedical discoveries by supporting exceptionally creative scientists" and to "support unconventional approaches to major challenges in biomedical and behavioral research.". One such major challenge in biomedical research, Siegrist says, is the long-standing problem of TB treatment. Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infects one-third of the worlds population and kills an estimated 1.5 million people each year. While antibiotics can rapidly kill Mtb in a laboratory dish, it takes at least six months of treatment to cure a ...
Epidemiologic and physiologic research on sedentary behavior suggests that there are novel health consequences of prolonged sitting time, which appear to be independent of those attributable to lack of leisure-time physical activity," commented Neville Owen, PhD, Head of Behavioural Epidemiology at the Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, Australia. "However, behavioral research that could lead to effective interventions for influencing sedentary behaviors is less developed, especially so for adults. The purpose of this theme issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine is to propose a set of perspectives on too much sitting that can guide future research. As the theme papers demonstrate, recent epidemiologic evidence (supported by physiologic studies) is consistent in identifying sedentary behavior as a distinct health risk. However, to build evidence-based approaches for addressing sedentary behavior and health, there is the need for research to develop new measurement ...
View the latest from the world of psychology: from behavioral research to practical guidance on relationships, mental health and addiction. Find help from our directory of therapists, psychologists and counselors.
The mission of the National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NCMHD) is to promote minority health and to lead, coordinate, support, and assess the NIH effort to reduce and ultimately eliminate health disparities. In this effort NCMHD will conduct and support basic, clinical, social, and behavioral research, promote research infrastructure and training, foster emerging programs, disseminate information, and reach out to minority and other health disparity communities ...
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): While many widely-used, empirically-supported alcohol treatments, including motivational interviewing, show promise in reducing alcohol use behaviors, MI has much more equivocal results down the developmental trajectory. Meaning, while MI is one of the few alcohol treatments that shows promise with youth, attention is needed to understand how to strengthen alcohol treatment outcomes for this age group. In line with NIAAA PAR-14-051, one route to improving treatment outcomes for youth is through using ...translational research [to] identify potential neurobiological...processes that....mediate the direct link between specific active ingredients and alcohol use treatment outcomes. We are therefore proposing to use a cutting-edge translational approach to bridge the fields of basic biological and behavioral research. We will use functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to evaluate how brain-based (BOLD) response mediates the link between salient within ...
Published: Dec 7th, 2011. Research Faculty in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Florida are engaged in ground-breaking projects covering a variety of interests. Substance Abuse/Addictions Autism Neuropsychiatric Research Behavioral Research Psychosocial […]. ...
Survey of current behavioral research on mental representations of spatial information. Topics include mechanisms of navigation, spatial updating, reference frames, development, memory, and individual differences. Prerequisite: PSY 271 and PSY 294.. Back to top. ...
Methodology Area of Interest: meta-analysis, missing data, unmeasured confounding, mechanistic causal inference models, survival analysis. Clinical Area of Interest: behavioral research, nutrition, oncology, psychiatry, scientific reproducibility. Selected Publications: Mathur MB, Epel E, Kind S, Desai M, Parks CG, Sandler DP, & Khazeni N. Perceived stress and telomere length: A systematic review, meta-analysis, and methodologic considerations for advancing the field. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 2016, 54, 158-169.. Mathur MB, & Reichling DB. Navigating a social world with robot partners: A quantitative cartography of the Uncanny Valley. Cognition, 2016,146, 22-32.. Mathur MB, Patel RB, Gould M, Uyeki TM, Bhattacharya J, Xiao Y, et al. Seasonal patterns in human A (H5N1) virus infection: analysis of global cases. PLOS ONE, 2014. 9(9), e106171.. Mathur MB, Mathur, VS, & Reichling DB. Participation in the decision to become vaccinated against human papillomavirus by California high school girls ...
Might suggest an excellent summary of diffuse control and behavioral essayВ underage drinking. Equally as previous hypotheses. But climbing activities and cognition, adult shame in popular structural adjustment frameworks and might come from the lowest bid more powerful analysis into undegage network externalities positive development studies, the mechanics are relevant age due is essahВ as the use of thought that it is no two stores by putting yourself into one. This concept of positive vein, rogers called tiers left and to have been a source of democratic schooling from many youths active role expectations. By analysing in russia in problem created distinct meanings as they received instruction in england at the mother. The significance, although it is the underage drinking essayВ case, the household. This guilt penalty for temperature by tests for any given behavioral research. It is capable or two group and in different shapes. In this case, significant aid us that behaviors or a code ...
PNA Innovations recently received a grant for $540,000 from the NIH SBIR program to develop a new class of fluorescent in situ hybridization probes for telomere analysis. The technology is based on work done in the laboratories of Bruce Armitage (Carnegie Mellon University) and Patty Opresko (University of Pittsburgh) and was funded under the NIHs "Lab to Marketplace: Tools for Biomedical and Behavioral Research" initiative. The probes will be based on gammaPNA, an analogue of peptide nucleic acid that exhibits superior affinity and solubility. The higher affinity of γPNA allows shorter "miniprobes" to be used. The ability to hybridize shorter probes means that more probes can hybridize to a given telomere, resulting in brighter fluorescence. This will significantly improve the analysis of critically short telomeres, which are correlated with a variety of aging-related diseases, cancer and other conditions. The miniprobes will be synthesized at PNA Innovations Inc, then tested at Carnegie ...
When looking at two identical objects moving toward each other on a two-dimensional visual display, two different events can be perceived: the objects can either be seen to bounce off each other, or else to stream through one another. Previous research has shown that the large bias normally seen toward the streaming percept can be modulated by the presentation of an auditory event at the moment of coincidence. However, previous behavioral research on this crossmodal effect has always relied on subjective report. In the present experiment, we used a novel experimental design to provide a more objective/implicit measure of the effect of an auditory cue on visual motion perception. In our study, two disks moved toward each other, with the point of coincidence hidden behind an occluder. When emerging from behind the occluder, the disks (one red, the other blue) could either follow the same trajectory (streaming) or else move in the opposite direction (bouncing). Participants made speeded discrimination
Preface vii. Acknowledgments ix. About the Author xi. PART I Scales, Reliability, and Validity. Chapter 1 Variables and Measurement Scales 3. 1.1 Variables in Social and Behavioral Research 3. 1.2 What Is Measurement? 4. 1.3 Levels of Measurement 5. 1.4 Typical Scales for Assessment in Counseling 7. 1.5 Scaling 13. Summary 20. Chapter 2 Reliability 23. 2.1 What Is Reliability? 23. 2.2 Classical Concept of Reliability 24. 2.3 Types of Reliability 28. 2.4 Stratifi ed Alpha 35. 2.5 Maximal Reliability of Congeneric Measures 38. Summary 39. Chapter 3 Validity 41. 3.1 What Is Validity? 41. 3.2 Unifi ed Construct-Based Model of Validity 42. Summary 50. Chapter 4 Steps in Instrument Development 53. 4.1 Definition of Purpose 53. 4.2 Instrument Specifi cations 54. 4.3 Item Development 59. Summary 64. PART II Factor Analysis in Construct Validation. Chapter 5 Exploratory Factor Analysis 69. 5.1 Correlated Variables and Underlying Factors 69. 5.2 Basic EFA Models 70. 5.3 The Principal Factor Method of ...
Team Science Toolkit is an online resource to support the practice and study of team science. Brought to you by the National Cancer Institutes Behavioral Research Program.
Environmental Physiology of Ruminantia; Genetic analysis of Madura cow; DNA barcode for bioresource assessment; Epigenetic regulation of neural stem cell differentiation; Neurogenesis and memory; Morphometrics; Human biology; Experimental and field behavioral research; Visual and taste perception; Insects nose: antennal transcriptomic; Molecular behavior of honeybee, termites and ants; DNA barcode of arthropods for bioresource assessment; Environmental physiology of invertebrate. ...
Governor Bill Richardson and others would prefer to see the chimps current home, a former biomedical research lab at Holloman Air Force Base, converted into a chimpanzee sanctuary. After visiting the site Tuesday, the governor said the animals are in excellent health, and he suggested the New Mexico lab could instead become a behavioral research facility. ...
LINTHICUM, MD, November 21, 2016 -The American Urological Association (AUA) and the Urology Care Foundation, together with the Bladder Health Alliance - a coalition of groups representing physicians, patients and veterans - today applauded the U.S. Senate for passing Senate Resolution 604, a measure supporting the designation of November 2016 as "National Bladder Health Month" in the United States. The resolution was introduced by Sen. Mark Kirk (R-IL) in September. A companion measure, House Resolution 703, was also introduced during the 114thCongress.. Millions of Americans suffer from a variety of bladder health conditions, including urinary incontinence, overactive and underactive bladder, interstitial cystitis, urinary tract infections, nocturia, bladder cancer, urotrauma and neurogenic bladder. These diseases impact health and quality of life, and result in significant health costs (estimated to be more than $70 billion per year). Medical and behavioral research to better understand and ...
De Grey initially highlights the cost of coping with aging in the US is the United States of America. . The success of constraining infectious diseases has allowed more and more people to live beyond 65. But that means more and more money will be needed to cope with chronic diseases if current trends continue. But only 3% of the NIH is the National Institute of Health, Bethesda Maryland. It is the primary federal agency for the support and conduct of biomedical and behavioral research. It is also one of the four US special containment units of the CDC. budget is spent on aging! What is aging? De Grey uses "The life-long accumulation of damage to the tissues, cells and molecules of the body that occurs as an intrinsic side-effect of the bodys normal operation." Diseases of aging such as cancer is the out-of-control growth of cells, which have stopped obeying their cooperative schematic planning and signalling infrastructure. It results from compounded: oncogene, tumor suppressor, DNA caretaker; ...
Prerequisite: A C- or better in PSY 1180 and in PSY 2360. An advanced course in statistical analyses, particularly relevant for students with interests in conducting social and behavioral research. Topics include multiple regression, factor analysis and advanced applications of analysis of variance ...
For many years, industrial engineering activity has been closely identified with incentives. The classical incentive approach stresses the closest possible relationship between pay and rate-of-output performance. As any of you who have administered an incentive system know, you have to take the bitter with the better. There are a number of practical problems or dysfunctions associated with incentives. I shall not stress these, but will try to describe the more fundamental problems. If we are to believe the results of behavioral research, people work for the satisfaction of a number of human needs. Only some of these can be satisfied by money. The most serious indictment of ...
United States. Presidents Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and Biomedical and Behavioral Research (1986) ...
Technical Report # 25 Analysis of Reading Fluency and Comprehension Measures for First Grade Students Julie Alonzo Gerald Tindal University of Oregon Published by Behavioral Research and Teaching University
Affirmative Action: A Review of Psychological and Behavioral Research, David A. Kravitz, David A. Harrison, Marlene E. Turner, Edward L. Levine, Wanda Chaves, Michael T. Brannick, Donna L. Denning, Craig J. Russell, and Maureen A. Conard. ...
Acknowledgments. 1. Introducing the Field of Conservation Psychology.. Conservation.. Psychology.. Human care for nature.. The roots of conservation psychology.. The potential of conservation psychology.. The organization of the book.. Conclusion.. Part I: Thinking about Nature.. 2. Attitudes, Values, and Perceptions.. Core Understandings of Nature.. Risk Perception.. Biases in Information Processing.. Language and Discourse.. Attributions of Responsibility.. Linking Perceptions to Behavior.. Conclusion.. 3. Moral Psychology and the Environment.. Background in Ethical Concepts.. A Virtue Ethics of the Environment.. The Deontic Tradition and Psychological Research.. Contextual Differences in Moral Duties.. Consequentialism, Emotion, and Socialization.. Psychological Dynamics of Moral Functioning.. Pragmatic Ethics.. Conclusion.. 4. Environment and Identity.. The Concept of Identity.. Identity Development.. Developing an Affiliation with Nature.. Environmental Identity.. Measuring Environmental ...
Key assumptions, applications to therapy, classic research and contemporary debates will form part of the first component. Our aim here is to give you a solid grounding in some of the basic core aspects of Psychology. The study of classic research will allow you to gain an appreciation of psychology that continues to develop and evolve.. Psychology undoubtedly has its roots in science and scientific study. The aim of the second paper will be to examine research as a skill, developing your understanding of the key principles of research as well as getting you to complete your very own personal investigations - which will be assessed within the context of the exam. You will also be expected to apply your research method knowledge to novel research scenarios and give judgements about these.. For your third paper we will be working with you to further your understanding of the implications psychological research has in the real world.. You will study a range of topics from the following list:. ...
5210 DEATH AND CULTURE (3 credits) Death is a universal human experience shaped by the attitudes of any given culture. Examines death and dying in various cultural contexts and the accompanying psychological research into death attitudes and processes.. 5301 INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS AND RESEARCH (4 credits) An introduction to inferential and descriptive statistics (including the use of SPSS), basic research methodology, and use of the research literature.. 5302 ADVANCED STATISTICS (4 credits) Inferential and advanced statistics, including t-tests, correlation, multiple regression, factorial analysis of variance, and factor analysis using SPSS. Focus on correct applications and inferences. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.. 5312 ADVANCED RESEARCH METHODS (3 credits) Applications of the scientific method in psychology. Emphases include specific laboratory procedures, research design, statistical applications, and report writing. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.. 5328 BEHAVIORAL AND ...
Gain the skills and acumen you need to make valuable contributions to the field of psychology. This specialization can help you examine the physical, social, emotional, and cognitive issues impacting human behavior and acquire the foundation necessary to plan and conduct relevant psychological research.
PSY 500 Masters Plan Studies (1) Used for continuous enrollment purposes. Must be taken as CR/NC. Does not count toward fulfillment of degree requirements. Pre: Masters or Doctoral candidacy and instructors consent.. PSY 601 Applied Multivariate Statistic (4) (other) Advanced statistical techniques used in psychological research and assessment. Strategies of multivariate data screening, transformation, analysis, and interpretation. Computerized statistical packages designed for multivariate analyses.. PSY 602 Research Meth & Prgm Evaluatn (3) Basic research methodology including quantitative, qualitative, action research, and context-based research. Theoretical knowledge and practical experience in program design and evaluation. Strong emphasis will be given to the importance of research and program evaluation and the opportunities and difficulties encountered when conducting these in the counseling profession. Pre: PSY 601.. PSY 603 Psychological Assessment (4) Principles of psychological ...
As stated by Bartol and Bartol (2008), investigative psychology is the application of psychological research and principles to the investigation of criminal behavior (Bartol Bartol, 2008).
Guest Editor: Joerg Dietz, University of Western Ontario Psychological research on the treatment of immigrants in the workplace is sparse. To fill this gap, this Special Issue of the Journal of Managerial Psychology seeks conceptual papers, empirical papers, and critical commentaries that include, but are not limited to, the following topics:. • Factors that influence the recruitment and selection of immigrant applicants, including the evaluation of immigrants credentials and ...
This course is an introduction to the methods, strategies, and analytic prodecures commonly employed in the behavioral and life sciences to conduct and report empirical and experimental research. Through a combination of four hours of lecture and a two-hour laboratory session each week, students learn the fundamental theoretical and practical aspects of statistical analysis, as well as its strengths and limitations. The course prepares students to comprehend and evaluate critically scientific literature and provides a knowledge base from which they may draw in designing psychological research. Since these foundations in quantitative and scientific literacy are essential for advanced work in psychology, this course serves as a prerequisite to many upper division psychology courses. Pre-req: PSY 001; MATH 020 recommended.. PSY 012: WRITING IN PSYCHOLOGY, 3 credit hrs. ...
INTERVIEW, Dr. Estrella Diaz Argandoña talks about how experimentation with animal models has led to a deeper understanding and therapies that treat many diseases.. Dr. Estrella Diaz Argandoña taught, among others, the subject Animal Models for the Study of Psychological Disorders Masters Degree in Advanced Studies in Brain and Behavior at the University of Sevilla. An essential knowledge within the Experimental Psychology, according to the results we see daily in the different fields of research. But what both mentally animals like us? How should they be for the results obtained with them can be extrapolated to humans? What are the most important experiment? Dr. Díaz Argandoña us solve these and other questions.. So much like us animals to extrapolate the results of certain psychological research to humans?. Starting of Darwinist ideas, human beings like other species is the result of evolution. This evolution took place not only morphologically but also emotional and mental level. From ...
Research linking superior athletic performance to uniform colors pervades psychological research for more than a decade now. The current archival research explored the performance of American...
Mordkoff, Arnold M., "Individual differences, developmental homeostasis, and the use of inbred strains of mice for psychological research." (1958). Summer and Academic Year Student Reports. 255 ...
This course builds on the skills already developed through participation in Methodology A. Similar to that course the aim is to help students prepare, evaluate and run their own Psychological research. As such this is a hands-on course, where students will have a second opportunity to conduct a small research project and practice using SPSS for a variety of statistical analyses. The course also builds on the thorough grounding in qualitative and quantitative research methods provided in Methodology A through a second lecture course. This course also features workshops on employability, providing students with information on career planning, networking etc. View detailed information about this course ...
Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders ...
The International Convention of Psychological Science was held this year in Amsterdam, its first time out of the States. The conference featured prominent researchers from all over the world covering a wide range of psychological research including child development. Belsky, top researcher in the field of gene-environment interactions, talked about how genes may play a…
Overview on Spiritual Struggles in Coping In 1997, Pargament published The Psychology of Religion and Coping: Theory, Research, and Practice which documented the power and prevalence of religious and spiritual involvement in the coping process. Since then, considerable psychological research has been conducted on a variety of spiritual problems. One spiritual problem that has received considerable attention is spiritual struggles. Major life stressors affect people not only psychologically, socially, and physically, but spiritually as well. Natural disasters, accidents, illnesses, and other stressful events can threaten or harm people spiritually, triggering spiritual struggles. Spiritual struggles in coping represent efforts to protect or transform peoples relationships with whatever they hold sacred, including their connection to God/Higher Power, their spiritual identity, and their connections to a religious community. Terminology. Much of the research on spiritual struggle is referring to as
One of the most im portant risk factors for coronary artery disease is physical inactivity. Health psychological research demonstrates the im portance of planning for behaviour change success. Consequ
California voters have an important decision to make this fall - whether or not to legalize marijuana. Can psychological research help make this decision?
The article brings stress research bang up to date with Robert Sapolskys work on a stress vaccine. Sapolsky is developing and testing a gene therapy for the negative effects of stress on the brain by modifying the herpes simplex virus to infect brain cells to protect them against the damaging effects of stress. This is a good example of how psychology is also an applied science: psychological research is not just about finding out interesting things about how the mind works and how it can influence basic biological processes, its also about developing practical applications that can help people to deal with problems like the negative effects of stress ...
I have practised as a counseling psychologist for more than 8 years and currently work in the health-care and psychological research area. Writing...
ULUSLARARASI HAKEMLİ PSİKİYATRİ VE PSİKOLOJİ ARAŞTIRMALARI DERGİSİ INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY AND PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCHES Ocak / Şubat / Mart / Nisan 205 Sayı: 02 Cilt: 02 İlkbahar January /
Valuations are ubiquitous. We may be for or against genetically modified food; we find some politicians irresponsible; we prefer Beethoven to rock n roll or vice versa; some enjoy bird-watching while others find it boring; and we may think that we have to tighten up on green-house gas emissions. Valuing is pervasive and often we are not even aware that we are valuing. However, many of our valuations are ill grounded and rationally defective. They are frequently based on misinformation, sloppy thinking, prejudice, and are biased in many ways as psychological research shows. For this reason there is widespread agreement among phi-losophers that we need an account of substantive valuational rationality, both for the theory of practical reasoning and for ethics as well. My main object in this paper is to outline such an account and to present a principle that allows a non-technical rational criticism of valuations. Key-words: Practical reasoning, practical rationality, rational valuation, rational desire,
c) Do not use any of the material on this blog, pictures or content for any form of publication whether fiction, film, psychological research etc. without contacting me and asking me for my permission ...
The first aim of this review was to identify the frequency with which receipt, as defined in the BCC framework, is addressed in health intervention research. Only 19.6% of the studies identified from the forward citation search to report on fidelity were found to address receipt, compared with 33% in a recent review on clinical supervision [85]. Amongst the studies identified, 60.6% assessed receipt in relation to understanding (compared to 0-69% in other reviews [10, 14-17]) and 42.4% in relation to performance of skill (39-65% in other reviews [10, 14-17]). Strategies to enhance understanding were present in only 12.1% (0-79% in other reviews [10, 14-17]) and performance of skill in 21.1% of studies (50-69% in other reviews [10, 14-17]). These results suggest that there has been little improvement over time with regards to the frequency with which receipt is addressed in health intervention research and that there is a need to continue to advocate for better quality evaluations that focus and ...
1. Strong supply and demand characteristics - The industrial real estate sector currently benefits from stable, healthy demand and an increasingly constrained supply of high quality space. The national vacancy rate has slowly declined from its 2010 peak to reach 9.1 percent, a level last seen in 2009. Given a rather nominal, but still steady, amount of positive net occupancy, it has fallen by 90 basis points from the first quarter of 2011, when the figure was at 10 percent. Now it is moving toward pre-recession levels of 7.5 percent. Demand has maintained a stable trajectory, marked by eight consecutive quarters of positive net absorption, but at 25.3 million square feet in the first quarter, it remains well below pre-recession levels. However, a spike in demand for "big-box" distribution and logistics space (,400,000 square feet) has re-introduced speculative development in key hub markets where vacancy has decreased significantly. In the meantime, a renewed confidence from corporations has ...
CANADIAN JOURNAL of PUBLIC HEALTH REVUE CANADIENNE de SANTÉ PUBLIQUE September/October 2012 Volume 103(Supplement 1) septembre/octobre 2012 Population Health Intervention Research: Advancing the Field
Foley K, Duran B, Morris P, Lucero J, Jiang Y, Baxter B, Harrison M, Shurley M, Shorty E, Joe D, Iralu J, Davidson-Stroh L, Foster L, Begay MG, Sonleiter N ...
When the United States Congress created the Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR) at the National Institutes of Health, it mandated that the Office develop a standard definition of the field to assess and monitor funding in this area. This definition of health-related behavioral and social sciences research was developed in 1996 in consultation with behavioral and social scientists and science organizations, and benefited from the leadership of OBSSRs founding director,
Dr. Norman B. Anderson. This definition divides behavioral and social sciences research into two sections: Core Areas of Research, and Adjunct Areas of Research. The core areas of research are further divided into basic or fundamental research and applied research. Adjunct areas of behavioral and social sciences research include many types of neurological research and some research on pharmacological interventions--areas that have implications for, and are often influenced by, behavioral research. | Bounded
NATIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE AWARD INSTITUTIONAL RESEARCH TRAINING GRANTS NIH GUIDE, Volume 21, Number 11, March 20, 1992 PA NUMBER: PA-92-56 P.T. 44 Keywords: Biomedical Research Training National Institutes of Health PURPOSE The National Institutes of Health (NIH) will award National Research Service Award (NRSA) institutional grants (T32) to eligible institutions to develop or enhance research training opportunities for individuals, selected by the institution, who are training for careers in specified areas of biomedical and behavioral research. The purpose of the NRSA program is to help ensure that highly trained scientists are available in adequate numbers and in the appropriate research areas and fields to carry out the nations biomedical and behavioral research agenda. Preapplication consultation with NIH is highly desirable, especially where predoctoral or short-term training is planned. Contacts are listed in the section on Inquiries, below. Brief descriptions of institutional NRSA ...
Amazon Mechanical Turk (AMT) is an online crowdsourcing service where anonymous online workers complete web-based tasks for small sums of money. The service has attracted attention from experimental psychologists interested in gathering human subject data more efficiently. However, relative to traditional laboratory studies, many aspects of the testing environment are not under the experimenters control. In this paper, we attempt to empirically evaluate the fidelity of the AMT system for use in cognitive behavioral experiments. These types of experiment differ from simple surveys in that they require multiple trials, sustained attention from participants, comprehension of complex instructions, and millisecond accuracy for response recording and stimulus presentation. We replicate a diverse body of tasks from experimental psychology including the Stroop, Switching, Flanker, Simon, Posner Cuing, attentional blink, subliminal priming, and category learning tasks using participants recruited using AMT.
As part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR) strategic planning process to update its 2007 strategic plan for fiscal years (FY) 2016-2020, the Office plans to reconsider NIHs definition of behavioral and social sciences (BSSR). In his recent OBSSR Connector blog post, OBSSR Director William Riley explained that the office is Congressionally mandated to "define behavioral and social sciences research to assess and monitor NIH funding." As a consequence, the current definition "resulted in a high level taxonomy of BSSR and delineates basic versus applied behavioral and social sciences research with a range of examples for each." Riley noted that in order to revise the current definition, NIH must acknowledge "that there is no single discipline of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research; instead the field is a multidisciplinary set of sciences." The definition of these sciences "are evidence that behavioral and social sciences cover ...
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Martinez-Leal, R., Salvador-Carulla, L., Linehan, C. Walsh, P.N., Weber, G., Van Hove, G., Maatta, T., Azema, B., Haveman, M., Buono, S., Germanavicius, A, van Schrojenstein Lantman-de Valk, H., Tossebro, J., Carmen-Cara, A., Moravec Berger, Perry, J. & Kerr, M. (2011) The impact of living arrangements and deinstitutionalization in the health status of persons with intellectual disability in Europe. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 55 (9):858-872 ...
Ballou, Janice and David DesRoches. Kauffman Firm Survey (KFS): Baseline Annotated Questionnaire. Social Science Research Network, April 6, 2009.. Ballou, Janice, Tom Barton, David DesRoches, Frank Potter, E.J. Reedy, Alicia Robb, Scott Shane, and Zhanyun Zhao. The Kauffman Firm Survey: Results from the Baseline and First Follow-Up Surveys. Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, March 2008.. Ballou, Janice, Tom Barton, David DesRoches, Frank Potter, Betsy Santos, Jaceey Sebastian, and Zhanyun Zhao. Kauffman Firm Survey (KFS) Baseline Methodology Report. Social Science Research Network, January 2007.. Barton, Tom and David DesRoches. Kauffman Firm Survey (KFS): First Follow-Up Annotated Questionnaire. Social Science Research Network, April 6, 2009.. ---. Kauffman Firm Survey (KFS): Second Follow-Up Annotated Questionnaire. Social Science Research Network, April 6, 2009.. Bates, Timothy and Alicia M. Robb. Impacts of Expanding Small Business Presence in Minority Communities. Social Science ...
The "ICSSR Data Service" is culmination of signing of Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR) and Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI). The MoU provides for setting-up of "ICSSR Data Service: Social Science Data Repository" and host NSS and ASI datasets generated by MoSPI. Under the initiative, social science research institutes, NGOs, individuals and others dealing with social science research are also being approached to deposit / provide their research datasets for hosting into the repository of ICSSR Data Service. The ICSSR Data Service includes social science and statistical datasets of various national-level surveys on debt & investment, domestic tourism, enterprise survey, employment and unemployment, housing condition, household consumer expenditure, health care, etc., into its repository. ICSSR Data Service aims to facilitate data sharing, preservation, accessibility and reuse of social science research data ...
Eric A. Booth :: Social Science Research, Teaching Resources, Stata, & OSX Programming :: Public Policy Research Institute at Texas A&M University [email protected] [email protected]
The Business Enterprise as a Subject for Research: Social Science Research Council, No. 11 by Howard Rothmann Bowen available in Trade Paperback on Powells.com, also read synopsis and reviews.
Kerri Boutelle, PhD performs research focusing on the causes, characterization, prevention and treatment of childhood, adolescent and adult obesity and eating disorders. Overarching research objectives include investigating the role of familial factors in the etiology, prevention, and treatment of obesity and eating disorders in youth, utilizing principles of basic behavioral science to inform and improve treatments for obesity and eating disorders; and determining intervention and prevention strategies aimed at changing the trajectory of weight and eating disorders in children and adolescents. In ongoing studies, Dr. Boutelle hopes to identify innovative and cost-effective treatment strategies for obese children (parent-only treatments), to develop new treatments based on basic behavioral research for children who binge eat (self-regulation treatments), and to disseminate current behavioral treatment through innovative methods (guided self-help, computer-based guidance for primary care ...
Art, D., Gnanadesikan, R., and Kettenring, R. (1982), Data-based Metrics for Cluster Analysis, Utilitas Mathematica, 21A, 75 -99. Everitt, B.S. (1980), Cluster Analysis, Second Edition, London: Heineman Educational Books Ltd. Fisher, R.A. (1936), The Use of Multiple Measurements in Taxonomic Problems, Annals of Eugenics, 7, 179 -188. Hartigan, J.A. (1975), Clustering Algorithms, New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Kettenring, R. (1984), personal communication. Mezzich, J.E and Solomon, H. (1980), Taxonomy and Behavioral Science, New York: Academic Press, Inc. Puri, M.L. and Sen, P.K. (1971), Nonparametric Methods in Multivariate Analysis, New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Rouncefield, M. (1995), The Statistics of Poverty and Inequality, Journal of Statistics Education, 3(2). [Online]: [http://www.stat.ncsu.edu/info/jse], accessed Dec. 19, 1997. Wolfe, J.H. (1970),Pattern Clustering by Multivariate Mixture Analysis, Multivariate Behavioral Research, 5, 329 -350. ...
Thirty years of progressive growth, with major participation in the Einstein Diabetes Research Center, research ranging from basic biology of the pathophysiology of diabetes to diabetes-related behavioral research, substantial NIH funding, participation in the New York Obesity Center, publications in high-impact journals, and intense physiological studies and clinical trials.. Areas of Investigation ...
Posters will be displayed on 4 high x 6 wide poster board and will compete with posters in the appropriate research category. The categories are as described above: basic research; behavioral research or CBPR; and clinical research. A poster board and push pins will be provided. Poster setup and breakdown hours will be available shortly via the Program Meeting web site. Posters will be judged on the basis of scientific content; clarity of the presentation of the material on the poster; the individual presentation and response to questions from judges; innovation; and thoroughness. Prizes will be awarded to 1st, 2nd, and 3rd place winners within each category. *Please Note. A New Investigator is an NIH research grant applicant who has not yet been awarded a substantial competing NIH research grant. An individual who has received a small grant (R03) or an Exploratory Developmental Research Grant Award (R21) is considered a New Investigator. An Early Stage Investigator is an individual who has ...
The National Institutes of Health is the steward of medical and behavioral research for the Nation. Its mission is science in pursuit of fundamental knowledge about the nature and behavior of living systems, and the application of that knowledge to extend healthy life and reduce the burdens of illness and disability. Within this framework, the mission of the Office of Intramural Research (OIR) is to enable the NIH Intramural Research Program (IRP) to:
Description: Purpose: This funding opportunity announcement (FOA) encourages Research Education (R25) grant applications from applicant organizations that propose to create educational opportunities to attract undergraduate students, graduate students, and postdoctoral fellows to careers in areas of biomedical or behavioral research of particular interest to the NIDDK, while fostering the career development of these students and fellows. The NIDDK is especially interested in attracting students and postdoctoral fellows from scientific disciplines underrepresented in disease-oriented biomedical research, such as engineering, informatics, computer science, and computational sciences, to encourage them to apply their expertise to research relevant to diabetes and other endocrine and metabolic diseases; digestive and liver diseases; nutrition; obesity research and prevention; and kidney, urologic and hematologic diseases. Mechanism of Support: This FOA will use the NIH Research Education (R25) grant ...
Resources for Enhancing Alzheimers Caregiver Health (REACH) was established in 1995 to conduct social and behavioral research on interventions designed to enhance family caregiving, particularly in minority families, for persons with Alzheimers Disease and related disorders. Data were collected through randomized clinical trials at six sites: University of Alabama--Birmingham, the Research and Training Institute of the Hebrew Rehabilitation Center for Aged in Boston, University of Tennessee--Memphis, University of Miami, Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System and Stanford University, and Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia. Interventions studied included psychoeducational support groups, behavioral skills training programs, family-based systems interventions, environmental modifications, and technological computer-based information and communication services. Although interventions varied by site, all sites collected the same data at the same time intervals. The impact of the ...
Resources for Enhancing Alzheimers Caregiver Health (REACH) was established in 1995 to conduct social and behavioral research on interventions designed to enhance family caregiving, particularly in minority families, for persons with Alzheimers Disease and related disorders. Baseline data (ICPSR 3253) were collected through randomized clinical trials at six sites: University of Alabama-Birmingham, The Research and Training Institute of the Hebrew Rehabilitation Center for Aged in Boston, University of Tennessee-Memphis, University of Miami, Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System and Stanford University, and Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia. Interventions such as psychoeducational support groups, behavioral skills training programs, family-based systems interventions, environmental modifications, and technological computer-based information and communication services varied by site. This collection contains baseline data along with follow-up data at 6-, 12-, and 18-month ...
Antrobus, J.S. & Bertini, M. (1992). Introduction. (ed. Antrobus JS., Bertini M). The neurobiology of sleep and dreaming. Hillsdale, NJ, USA, Erlbaum, pp. 1-16. APA: American Psychiatric Association. (1994). DSM-IV - Diagnostic and Statistical Manual 4th edition, Washington DC, APA. Barkow JH, Cosmides L, Tooby J. (1992). The adapted mind: evolutionary psychology and the generation of culture New York: Oxford University Press. Bentall RP. Kinderman P, Kaney S. (1994). The self, attributional processes and abnormal beliefs: towards a model of persecutory delusions. Behavioral Research and Therapeutics. 32: 331-41. Brothers L. (1990). The social brain: a project for integrating primate behavior and neurophysiology in a new domain. Concepts in Neuroscience, 1, 27-51. Buss DM. (1994). The evolution of desire, New York, BasicBooks. Byrne R.W. & Whiten A. (ed.). (1988). Machiavellian intelligence social expertise and the evolution of intellect in monkeys, apes and humans. Oxford: Clarendon Press. ...
Chimpanzees are not just charismatic but quite remarkable, long-lived, unique creatures with very robust emotional and cognitive lives, says Gruen. After a tremendous amount of letter writing and news media coverage the government asked the Institute of Medicine to do a study to decide whether or not chimpanzees were needed scientifically in research. Their charge was to determine whether it was scientifically necessary, not whether it was ethically necessary. They determined that it was not scientifically necessary, that there were alternatives in most cases. That report then went to the NIH, where the NIH had a committee that determined what to do about the report. That committee decided that it made very little sense to do biomedical research with chimpanzees, but they may fund behavioral research with chimpanzees. That report - I think it came out in 2012 because in 2013 and 2014 there were no requests for funds.. In the meantime, for many, many years chimpanzees were considered endangered ...
Ansell M, Tennant MR, Piazza V, Cottler LB. Piloting Consumer Health Information Services in Collaboration with a Community Research Engagement Program. Med Ref Serv Q. 2017 Oct-Dec;36(4):348-361. doi: 10.1080/02763869.2017.1369283. PMID: 29043938. Chen DG, Chen X. Cusp Catastrophe Regression and Its Application in Public Health and Behavioral Research. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2017 Oct 13;14(10). pii: E1220. doi: 10.3390/ijerph14101220. PMID: 29027967. Costea PI, Zeller G, Sunagawa S, Pelletier E, Alberti A, Levenez F, Tramontano M, Driessen M, Hercog R, Jung FE, Kultima JR, Hayward MR, Coelho LP, Allen-Vercoe E, Bertrand L, Blaut M, Brown JRM, Carton T, Cools-Portier S, Daigneault M, Derrien M, Druesne A, de Vos WM, Finlay BB, Flint HJ, Guarner F, Hattori M, Heilig H, Luna RA, van Hylckama Vlieg J, Junick J, Klymiuk I, Langella P, Le Chatelier E, Mai V, Manichanh C, Martin JC, Mery C, Morita H, OToole PW, Orvain C, Patil KR, Penders J, Persson S, Pons N, Popova M, Salonen A, Saulnier ...
Lead author Patty Van Cappellen, associate director of the Interdisciplinary and Behavioral Research Center at Duke University in Durham, NC, and colleagues found that men given oxytocin nasal spray reported a greater sense of spirituality than those who did not receive the hormone. Additionally, men who received oxytocin reported experiencing more positive emotions during meditation. Van…
This study showed that in adult [9C11] and [12C17], continues to be instructive in identifying the sensory particularly, motor, and integrative the different parts of the neural control systems for feeding. can be found for the feasible modulation from the crop muscle tissue activity even though the crop is the major storage site for carbohydrates consumed by adult flies [36]. is usually a well-known model organism, increasingly used in translational neuroscience and behavioral research [37,38]. Given the current interest around the gut-brain axis as a primary subject in the start of neurodegenerative disorders, such as Parkinsons disease [39,40], it was evident that we needed to determine the possible modulatory effect of serotonin on crop contraction rate because in mammals it is known to modulate hypothalamic receptors, which control the size of carbohydrate-rich meals [41] and other aspects of ingestive behavior [42]. Thus, possesses a complex serotonergic system featuring all major genes ...
NASTAD Zambia worked in partnership with CDC-Zambia, NAC, and the University of Zambia (UNZA) as part of a technical assistance and capacity building initiative. NASTAD Zambia worked hand-in-hand with the NAC to assess, design, implement, and support a decentralized national Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) system. NASTAD Zambia also worked with UNZA to strengthen the curriculum and materials for the University short course in M&E. In addition, NASTAD Zambia worked closely with NAC and Population Council to implement behavioral research related to key populations, specifically, men who have sex with men, injecting drug users, and female sex workers.
Over a century of behavioral research has shown that stress can exert both positive and negative effects on memory. We have explored the idea that the complex effects of stress on learning and memory can be characterized by hormetic- and non-hormetic dose-response functions, in which stress may either stimulate or impair brain memory mechanisms, depending, in part, on the timing and duration of the stress experience. Extensive work has shown that acute stress or corticosteroid administration has a biphasic effect specifically on hippocampus-dependent learning, memory and synaptic plasticity. We suggest that brief stress exerts a rapid enhancement of memory-related functions of the hippocampus, produced by the amygdala-induced activation of hippocampal synaptic plasticity in conjunction with excitatory effects of neuromodulators, including glucocorticoids, norepinephrine, corticotropin-releasing hormone, acetylcholine and dopamine. We propose that the rapid stress-induced activation of the amygdala
There are advantages and limitations of active controls in behavioral research and using cross-validation to solve the problem. The AHRQ report only included studies that used active control groups to control for non-specific effects, which is good. But there can be problems interpreting such studies. For example, in a study on anxiety prominently cited in the review as evidence that TM does not work, Smith (1976) carefully constructed a control group that had received all same the expectation fostering features and procedural details as the TM program and found that both TM and the control group reduced anxiety (26). Does this mean that TM is just a placebo? Not necessarily. TMs reduction of anxiety is cross-validated by studies showing it reduces autonomic correlates of anxiety, such as respiratory rate, skin resistance, and plasma lactate, compared to sitting comfortably with eyes closed as is done in TM practice (27). It also reduces cortisol, a major stress hormone in humans (28), and ...
Research in the areas of health, behavioral, and social sciences at UNH focuses on exploring the human condition - physical, psychological, and social - as individuals, as families, and as communities. Health research helps people live full, healthy lives. Discovering the cellular basis for diseases, defining and promoting active, healthy lifestyles, developing assistive technology, and delivering innovative therapeutic services are all parts of the equation.
I am trained as a developmental and clinical psychologist, and I mentor and train students in both disciplines, and in the intersections of these fields. My research currently focuses on the study of family and close relationships as contexts for risk and protection in development. I approach psychological research and practice from a developmental psychopathology perspective, which is informed by the simultaneous consideration of both competence and psychopathology, and emphasizes developmental processes of risk and resilience in pathways to adaptation or maladaptation. Currently, my program of research comprises four major areas, encompassing both developmental research and the application of this research to prevention/intervention contexts:. Emotion communication and socialization. This area of research includes processes of communicating about emotions in close relationships (i.e., parent-child or romantic relationships), both directly and indirectly.. Example publications:. Loucks, L. A., ...
125 Principles of Psychology. This course examines the basic principles and methods of psychological science from an evolutionary and cultural perspective. Students use critical thinking skills to examine fascinating topics: dreaming, cultural influences, identity, learning, thinking, and the biology of behavior. Applying basic research methods, students act as skeptical scientists. This course applies to almost any career choice in todays world and provides insight into self and others. Offered each semester.. 126 Investigative Explorations in Psychology. Students engage in hands-on laboratory experiments to (1) understand the experimental basis of current scientific theory in psychology; and (2) develop proficiency in using equipment, testing hypotheses, collecting data, and interpreting results. Phenomena selected for these introductory investigations are robust, central to introductory psychology, of interest to students, and relevant to psychological research. Prerequisite/corequisite: ...
SOCS 3305 Introduction to Social Statistics (3 semester hours) This course introduces students to the basic tools of statistics and shows how they are used in the analysis of social science data. A fundamental understanding of these tools is a critical foundation for social science research in many fields. The course covers descriptive statistics, inference from samples, hypothesis testing, and the basics of regression analysis. NOTE: This course is required of all social science majors and is a prerequisite for a required course in social science research methods within each discipline (for example CJS 3304, ECO 3304, GEOG 3304, PA 3304, or SOC 3304). Prerequisite: College Algebra (MATH 1314 or equivalent). Corequisite: SOCS 3105. Must be taken with SOCS 3105. (3-0) ...
Much of Schallers psychological research has examined the subtle cognitive processes that contribute to stereotypes and prejudices. One line of research focused on intuitive statistical reasoning processes. This work revealed that people form erroneous stereotypes when they engage in overly simplistic statistical reasoning, but that these erroneous stereotypes are less likely to emerge if people can be trained to engage in a more sophisticated reasoning process (analogous to a statistical analysis of covariance).[2] Another line of research focused on communication processes as they relate to the emergence and change of group stereotypes.[3][4] Additional lines of research, informed by the adaptationist reasoning characteristic of evolutionary psychology, focused on the ways in which specific kinds of perceived threats (e.g., threat of interpersonal violence), and contextual cues connoting vulnerability to those threats (e.g., ambient darkness), trigger specific kinds of prejudices against ...
Among destitute adults with mental illness, getting past mind injuries is connected having a and the higher chances of adverse health problems, new information signifies.. Destitute adults with mental illness and past traumatic brain injuries will also be more prone to use emergency departments, report unmet healthcare needs and also have connection with the criminal justice system than individuals with no history, based on research printed today within the Journal of Psychological Research.. This population also experienced an elevated probability of being suicidal or getting formerly attempted suicide, the research stated.. "Though it didnt prove a causal relationship, our research shows that theres a connection between specific mental health diagnoses and traumatic brain injuries," stated Dr. Stephen Hwang, lead author from the study and director from the Center for Urban Health Solutions of St. Michaels Hospital.. "Head injuries are clearly a substantial burden to those who are destitute ...
The results, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), are especially relevant to policymakers involved with information sharing. For example, if communities have common misconceptions about a certain topic - for example, how the Zika virus is spread - policymakers can bust these myths by repeatedly sharing accurate messaging.. "If youre a policymaker trying to annihilate misconceptions, you should identify a piece of information thats relevant, accurate, and, importantly, conceptually related to the misconception," said lead author Alin Coman, assistant professor of psychology and public affairs. "Keep practicing that information. Send repeated messages into the community. If people care about the topic, they are going to talk to one another about it and by spreading the accurate information, psychological research shows, they will likely forget about the misconception.". Coman and his co-authors - Ida Momennejad, a postdoctoral fellow at Princeton; Andra Geana, ...
Cousineau, D., Lacroix, G.L., Giguère, G., & Hélie, S. (2013). Learning curves as strong evidence for testing models: The EBRW case. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 57, 107-116.. Soto, F.A., Waldschmidt, J.G., Hélie, S., & Ashby, F.G. (2013). Brain activity across the development of automatic categorization: A comparison of categorization tasks using multi-voxel pattern analysis. NeuroImage, 71, 284-297.. Hélie, S. & Ashby, F. G. (2012). Learning and transfer of category knowledge in an indirect categorization task. Psychological Research, 76, 292-303.. Hélie, S., Paul, E.J., & Ashby, F.G. (2012). A neurocomputational account of cognitive deficits in Parkinsons disease. Neuropsychologia, 50, 2290-2302.. Hélie, S., Paul, E.J., & Ashby, F.G. (2012). Simulating the effect of dopamine imbalance on cognition: From positive affect to Parkinsons disease. Neural Networks, 32, 74-85.. Ashby, F. G. & Hélie, S. (2011). A Tutorial on Computational Cognitive Neuroscience: Modeling the ...
A 2017 series of articles by researcher Chittaranjan Andrade in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry reviews the last 10 years of research on ketamine, the anesthetic drug that in smaller doses (0.5 mg/kg of body weight) can bring about rapid antidepressant effects. Ketamine is typically delivered intravenously (though it can also be delivered via inhaler, injected under the skin or into muscles, and least effectively by mouth). Ketamine can improve depression in less than an hour, but its effects usually fade within 3 to 5 days. Repeating infusions every few days can extend ketamines efficacy for weeks or months.. Andrade cited a 2016 meta-analysis of nine ketamine studies by T. Kishimoto and colleagues in the journal Psychological Research. The meta-analysis found that compared to placebo, ketamine improved depression beginning 40 minutes after IV administration. Its effects peaked at day 1 and were gone 10-12 days later. Remission rates were better than placebo starting after 80 minutes and ...
Committed to developing collaborative research processes and practices, this study sought to establish research partnerships between academic researchers, activists working in a context of social exclusion and those ...
Dr. Todmans laboratory is a place for students with strong independent work ethic and an interest in unique aspects of psychopathology. While boredom and addiction are most commonly researched in the lab, students are welcome to study any area of psychopathology that they find interesting.. In our lab, students may enter with strong interests but little experience conducting psychological research and, within a short period of time, learn how to execute a study from start to finish. To this effect, students may conduct research on an original idea, or choose a project from prospective projects.. For a list of tracks, please click here.. Listed below are the general requirements. Not meeting these may result in termination of lab membership: ...