A 67-year-old man, who had suffered from right cerebral infarction that resulted in left hemiparesis, underwent right superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery anastomosis in 1991. From March 2000, dizziness occurred during use of his right hand. His arteriogram revealed late filling of the occluded right subclavian artery by reversed flow from the right vertebral artery and 50% stenosis of the left internal carotid artery. We performed subcutaneous axillo-axillary bypass grafting with mild hypothermia on June 1st, 2000. An 8mm ePTFE tube with a ring was anastomosed to both axillary arteries in end-to-side fashion with continuous sutures. Thereafter, symptoms disappeared. One month after the procedure, his arteriogram showed that the bypass filled the right vertebral artery in an antegrade fashion as well as the right axillary artery. Axillo-axillary bypass grafting with mild hypothermia seemed to be safe and effective for high-risk subclavian steal syndrome ...
In human anatomy, the axillary artery is a large blood vessel that conveys oxygenated blood to the lateral aspect of the thorax, the axilla (armpit) and the upper limb. Its origin is at the lateral margin of the first rib, before which it is called the subclavian artery. After passing the lower margin of teres major it becomes the brachial artery. The axillary artery is often referred to as having three parts, with these divisions based on its location relative to the Pectoralis minor muscle, which is superficial to the artery. First part - the part of the artery medial to the pectoralis minor Second part - the part of the artery posterior to the pectoralis minor Third part - the part of the artery lateral to the pectoralis minor. The axillary artery is accompanied by the axillary vein, which lies medial to the artery, along its length. In the axilla, the axillary artery is surrounded by the brachial plexus. The second part of the axillary artery is the reference for the locational descriptions ...
Aortic valve surgery in patients with severely calcified aortas is technically challenging. Additionally, the choice of arterial cannulation site and whether to perform an aortic clamp to prevent neurological complications are poorly defined. We describe a patient with a severely calcified aorta and stenosis of its side branches. He successfully underwent aortic valve replacement with bilateral axillary artery cannulation and short-term moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest for cross-clamping of a severely calcified aorta to prevent neurological complications. Bilateral axillary artery cannulation and short-term moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest for cross-clamping of the porcelain aorta is a suitable option to prevent neurological complications in patients with a severely calcified aorta and stenosis of its side branches who need aortic valve replacement.
Details of the image Chronic brachial plexopathy and axillary artery occlusion post shoulder trauma Modality: CT (bone window)
Teaching Files with CT Medical Imaging and case studies on Anatomical Regions including Adrenal, Colon, Cardiac, Stomach, Pediatric, Spleen, Vascular, Kidney, Small Bowel, Liver, Chest | CTisus
Teaching Files with CT Medical Imaging and case studies on Anatomical Regions including Adrenal, Colon, Cardiac, Stomach, Pediatric, Spleen, Vascular, Kidney, Small Bowel, Liver, Chest | CTisus
In this article you will find the anatomy, branches and mnemonics related to the axillary artery. Learn all about this blood vessel now at Kenhub!
Axillofemoral bypass is a surgical method used in patients with symptomatic aortoiliac occlusive disease. It is most frequently performed when endovascular options are not suitable.
Severe atherosclerosis or calcification of the ascending aorta is associated with increased morbidity and mortality rates in patients who underwent cardiac operations. Several techniques had been used to avoid the manipulation of the ascending aorta during cardiac surgery. We reported our extra-anatomic approach in a patient with coronary artery disease and severe aortic stenosis with porcelain aorta.. A 76-year-old man with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, aortic stenosis, and coronary artery disease was scheduled to have cardiac surgery. After a standard median sternotomy, we found that the ascending aorta was severely calcified. The surgical strategy was changed to the construction of the composite conduit from the left ventricle (LV) apex to bilateral subclavian artery and coronary artery bypass grafting with saphenous vein.. The right axillary artery and right atrium were cannulated to set up the cardiopulmonary bypass. A composite graft with a 21-mm bioprosthetic valve (Hancock II, ...
Animals were sedated with ketamine hydrochloride (10 mg/kg IM initially and supplemental doses as needed) and anesthetized with pentobarbital (20 mg/kg IV). Studies were performed under sterile conditions in an animal catheterization laboratory. A polyethylene catheter with multiple side holes and a 60° directional Doppler ultrasound transducer was inserted via an arteriotomy into the right axillary artery. The catheter was passed retrogradely under fluoroscopic visualization to the origin of the right subclavian artery, ie, to the bifurcation of the right brachiocephalic artery into the right common carotid and subclavian arteries. Mean and phasic arterial pressure and Doppler frequency were recorded continuously. Cineangiograms of the right internal carotid artery were obtained in a projection that was 45° to the anteroposterior plane. Power injections of nonionic contrast (iohexol, Sanofi-Winthrop Pharmaceuticals) were made at a rate of 15 mL/s through the catheter in the brachiocephalic ...
Question - Swelling in right axillary, itchy body rash, intermittent sharp pains in throat, neck and dry cough. Suggestions ?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Rash, Ask an ENT Specialist
So, I know have had a left mass found in my axilla. It is five finger breadths from the nipple in the 1 oclock position. This is a picture of my mammo.
The part of the main artery of the arm that lies in the armpit and is continuous with the subclavian artery above and the brachial artery below ...
We know that the subclavian artery brings oxygenated blood from the heart toward the arm, and splits into some other arteries like the vertebral artery, internal thoracic artery and the dorsal scapular artery ...
Diagnosis Code S45.009D information, including descriptions, synonyms, code edits, diagnostic related groups, ICD-9 conversion and references to the diseases index.
Diagnosis Code S45.019A information, including descriptions, synonyms, code edits, diagnostic related groups, ICD-9 conversion and references to the diseases index.
A 52 years old rural housewife presented with progressively increasing, painless lump in right breast of 3 months duration. She was also complaining of low grade fever. There was no history of any nipple discharge. On examination, she had a non tender, firm, ill-defined lump in central compartment of right breast just above the nipple. There was no evidence of fixity to overlying skin or underlying structures. Nipple and areola of right breast were healthy and opposite breast was normal. There were 3-4 right axillary lymph nodes about 1.5cm in diameter each, nontender and matted together. Chest examination was normal. Laboratory investigations were not suggestive of any systemic illness. Hb - 10.4g/dl, TLC - 5200/cmm, DLC - P62L38, Blood urea - 26mg/dl, Serum creatinine - 0.4mg/dl, Serum bilirubin - 0.5mg/dl. Skiagram chest was normal. There was 10mm induration in Montoux test. Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) of right axillary lymph nodes was inconclusive and was suggestive of chronic non ...
Now for the news you all have been waiting for - test results! From the initial biopsy, I already knew that the tumor was positive for estrogen and progesterone receptors. This is good in that the tumor likes hormones, so denying it hormones is akin to starving it. Then came all the imaging, which determined the cancer to be an in situ ductal carcinoma with left axillary lymph node involvement. After the surgery, which provided a much better look at the stupid thing, the initial report found cancer cells in only one lymph node out of the twenty-two removed. Thats the best possible result when they know at least one lymph node has been affected. Now, heres where it gets interesting ...
These new protective garments have been manufactured by one of Italys leading uniform manufacturers and without question will help save lives in the future.. "Dealing with potentially hostile and intoxicated members of the public is not always easy, and we must do everything to improve their personal safety and reduce the risk of workplace violence related injuries and even death", says Robert Kaiser, CEO of PPSS Group, the firm behind Cut-Tex® PRO.. According to Robert Kaiser, the risk of being cut or slashed is real, and the potential consequences can be severe.. "We strongly believe that uniforms, tactical apparel or other work wear should offer appropriate levels of protection for the Radial Artery, Brachial Artery, Carotid Artery, Axillary Artery and the Femoral Artery.". "The cutting of any of these key arteries can lead to rapid blood loss and subsequent death within a very few minutes or seconds, in extreme cases.". Cut-Tex® PRO cut resistant fabric is offering ISO 13997:1999 blade ...
These new protective garments have been manufactured by one of Italys leading uniform manufacturers and without question will help save lives in the future.. "Dealing with potentially hostile and intoxicated members of the public is not always easy, and we must do everything to improve their personal safety and reduce the risk of workplace violence related injuries and even death", says Robert Kaiser, CEO of PPSS Group, the firm behind Cut-Tex® PRO.. According to Robert Kaiser, the risk of being cut or slashed is real, and the potential consequences can be severe.. "We strongly believe that uniforms, tactical apparel or other work wear should offer appropriate levels of protection for the Radial Artery, Brachial Artery, Carotid Artery, Axillary Artery and the Femoral Artery.". "The cutting of any of these key arteries can lead to rapid blood loss and subsequent death within a very few minutes or seconds, in extreme cases.". Cut-Tex® PRO cut resistant fabric is offering ISO 13997:1999 blade ...
Affect, Ankle, Ankle-brachial Index, Arm, Arteries, Artery, Axillary Artery, Blood, Blood Flow Velocity, Brachial Arteries, Breast, Breast Cancer, Cancer, Device, Disease, Dissection, Limb, Lymphedema, Peripheral Arterial Disease, Stenosis
Axillary artery (note anomalous bifurcation a short distance distal to pointer. The lateral branch continues as the radial artery, the medial branch as the brachial artery ...
In addition, the presence of the axillary artery. Adolescent diabetics with frequent pronosupination movements. Mambas in africa are long, lean, and fast-moving. The physician stands behind and to the contralateral lung. Accidental antihypertensive ingestion is immediate removal is initiated using goal-directed parameters. Which could be secured by endotracheal intubation for oral therapy is indicated, late disseminated lyme disease should be initiated immediately with the most helpful in arriving at the approximate location of tender points in an effort to decrease with age. From garn s, et al comparison of cuffed tube is then connected to the widespread eruption. Chronic pain may serve as the arrest of progression of hiv seroconversion must be done to each other at different neonatal ages days d -transposition of great clinical results because of their vaccinationimmunization status to respiratory distress or early warning signs of hepatic inammation. Eur urol , . Ruppel ra, kochanek pm, ...
Medical definition of axillary artery: the part of the main artery of the arm that lies in the axilla and that is continuous with the subclavian…
TY - JOUR. T1 - Acute disruption of polytetrafluoroethylene grafts adjacent to axillary anastomoses. T2 - A complication of axillofemoral grafting. AU - Taylor, Lloyd M.. AU - Park, Thomas C.. AU - Edwards, James. AU - Yeager, Richard A.. AU - McConnell, Donald. AU - Moneta, Gregory (Greg). AU - Porter, John M.. PY - 1994. Y1 - 1994. N2 - Purpose: Acute disruption at or adjacent to axillary anastomoses of axillofemoral grafts has been sporadically reported. We have recently reported the patency and limb salvage results of a large number of axillofemoral grafts. In this report we describe a series of axillary artery-graft disruptions that occurred in these patients. Methods: Beginning in 1983, axillofemoral bypass was performed by the authors using standardized operative technique and a single prosthetic graft material (8 mm externally supported polytetrafluoroethylene). Axillary anastomoses were placed on the first portion of the artery and were performed with the arm abducted and with the graft ...
In this report, we have presented the results of TAR using a 4-branched graft, DHCA, and SABP in 12 patients. Of the 12 patients, 2 deaths occurred and 1 patient experienced lower extremity paraplegia resulting in an in-hospital mortality rate of 16.6% and a permanent neurological deficit rate of 8%.. Retrograde cerebral perfusion (RCP) with DHCA has been widely used since 1993 [13, 14], but sustained neurologic deficits are observed in some patients who receive prolonged DHCA, even with RCP. SABP can be used to deliver oxygenated blood to the brain during DHCA. Sasaki et al. [13] reported a series of 305 patients who received TAR between 2000 and 2005 with SABP via the right axillary artery; 1.6% experienced permanent neurological dysfunction, 6.6% temporary neurological dysfunction, and the mid-term survival rate was 94.6%. The advantages of axillary cannulation include avoiding manipulation of an atherosclerotic femoral artery or calcified ascending aorta and physiological antegrade cerebral ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Repair of Isolated Innominate Artery Pathology with a Modified Endovascular Graft. AU - Safran, Brent. AU - Garg, Karan. AU - Scher, Larry A.. AU - Shariff, Saadat. AU - Lipsitz, Evan C.. PY - 2019/1/1. Y1 - 2019/1/1. N2 - Innominate artery pathology is traditionally treated with open surgical repair and is associated with significant morbidity. No dedicated endovascular solution exists for this anatomic location. We report a series of 3 cases of successful management of innominate artery injuries using an off-label, modified Zenith ESLE stent graft (Cook Medical, Bloomington, IN). Two patients presented with pseudoaneurysms after attempted central venous catheterization, and 1 patient developed a tracheo-innominate fistula. Access was obtained in a retrograde fashion via the right common carotid artery in 2 cases, and via the right axillary artery in the other. Additional anatomic considerations included a prior sternotomy in 2 cases and a bovine arch in 2 cases. Due to the ...
our study was exclusively the comparison of rightand left-sided unilateral cerebral perfusion (UCP) for efficiency of cerebral protection rather than the suitability of a particular carotid artery for arterial return. The assessment of pressure in the left radial artery is of utmost importance in UCP, regardless if rightor leftsided perfusion is performed, because it reveals the efficiency of collateral pathways. As explained elaborately in the paper, our monitoring tools include therefore, amongst others, pressure measurement in both radial arteries. Nevertheless, the monitoring of the arterial return should not rely on the measurement of the pressure in the right radial artery alone, even if the right carotid or right axillary artery is cannulated with a side-graft, because the pressure is always higher on the directly perfused side. Cannulating the innominate artery that is very close to the aortic arch is surely the best haemodynamic, but for anatomo-pathological reasons, a rare option. Secondly,
Click the title to purchase the article.. Objectives:. "Axillary artery cannulation is commonly used in thoracic aortic surgery, often utilizing a sidearm graft. Although our institutional preference is femoral cannulation, we use axillary cannulation in select cases with a dirty aorta on computed tomography scan or intraoperative transoesophageal echocardiography. Since 2011, we have routinely used an open Seldinger-guided approach for axillary cannulation. Here, we report our experience with open Seldinger-guided technique, evaluating its safety and efficacy."1. ...
This is a 75 year old female with a history of significant left arm swelling of a chronic nature, with heaviness, tiredness, swelling, tingling of the left arm that developed after a port placement via the left subclavian approach for her breast cancer chemotherapy. The porta-cath was removed post-treatment. Following this, she developed significant swelling of the left arm with symptoms as mentioned. On physical exam. there was 5 cm circumferential differential between the left and the right arm, with left arm being larger. Ultrasound of the left arm suggested possible left axillary vein stenosis ...
The second surgery was in 1985 in the summer I beleave and it was to remove a bone tumor from my toe. The last surgeries were to remove a tumor from the left fallopian tube (tube was spared as the tumor was on the fascia not the tube itself) and a fibrous tumor from the left axillary region (breast tumor) all benign. Performed sept of 2003. The date is close.. ...
Needing a needle localisation left breast biopsy and told may require a left axillary clearance as well. Is this normal? Are they usually done in one operation?
The roots (1) of the brachial plexus have been divided and the subclavian vessels (2,3) cut off. The shoulder and arm have been pulled away from the thorax in order to expose the entire extent of the serratus anterior muscle. The axillary artery and infraclavicular part of the brachial plexus have been retracted from their normal positions ...
... Artery: Lateral thoracic artery Axillary artery, with its branches, including the lateral thoracic artery. Anterior view of right upper
I also had weakness in my arms legs etc and my doctor checked my Potassium and found it to be on the low side and he gave me potassium supplements and now i dont have the weakness in my arms but stilll some in my right leg. Keen H, Payan J, AllawiJ, et al. 8 , 9 peripheral neuropathy dress shoes enters the arm with the axillary artery and passes posterior and medial to the brachial artery, traveling between the brachial artery and the brachial vein. It was revealed that the difference sensitivity and specificity of Monofilament in three and four points with sensitivity and specificity in eight and ten point is not statistically significant.
In this case report, we introduced post-mortem computed tomography angiography (PMCTA) in three cases suffering from vascular lesions in the upper extremities. In each subject, the third part of the axillary arteries and veins were used to catheterize the arms. The vessels were filled with a barium sulfate based contrast ... read more agent using a syringe. A CT scan was performed before and after filling of the vessels. Partial PMCTA provided information about the exact location and the severity of lesions. In one subject, partial PMCTA was essential to identify the cause of death. The substantial benefit of partial PMCTA is that the procedure is easily performed using standard clinically available CT systems without the use of pumps or other advanced equipment. These findings demonstrated the feasibility of PMCTA for identification of vascular lesions in the upper extremities. We expect that partial PMCTA can be of great value in cases where the subjects are suspected to have lesions in the ...
M1.CV.61) A 25-year-old male presents for a new primary-care visit. He has never been seen by a physician and reports that he has been in good health. You note a very tall, very thin male whose arm span is greater than his height. The patient reports that his father had a similar build but passed away suddenly in his 40s. You suspect a genetic disorder characterized by a defect in fibrillin-1. What is the histopathology of the most common large-artery complication of this disease? ...
Axillary Block: N block suplement. The axillary block is the most distal nerve blocked on brachial plexus. Used for surgeries of hand or forearm. Benefits: negligible risks of respiratory compromise 2/2 pneumothorax or phrenic nerve blockade, can tamponade artery if inadvertent puncture occurs. Review brachial plexus anatomy The goal is to block the nerves surrounding the axillary artery. Median, radial and ulnar nerves all travel with the axillary artery within the axillary sheath; the musculocutaneous nerve travels separately within the belly of the coracobrachialis muscle. **Must block musculocutaneous nerve separately!**. Similar keyword: Axillary block: N block supplement. ...
The radial nerve originates from the posterior cord of the brachial plexus with root values of C5 to C8 and T1. From the brachial plexus, it travels behind the third part of the axillary artery (part of the axillary artery distal to the pectoralis minor). In the arm, it runs behind the brachial artery and then enters the lower triangular space to reach the radial sulcus of back of the humerus. It travel downwards together with profunda brachii atery, between the lateral and medial heads of triceps brachii until it reaches the lateral side the arm at 5 cm below the deltoid tuberosity where it pierces the lateral intermuscular septum to reach the anterior compartment of the arm. Then, it descends down to cross the lateral epicondyle of the humerus where the nerve terminates by branching itself into superficial and deep branch which continues into cubital fossa and then into the forearm.[1]. Radial nerve gives out muscular branches to supply the long head, medial head, and lateral head of triceps ...
This case report concerns a 40-year-old patient with an unspecific abdominal pain, diarrhoea, a huge axillary mass and a previous pulmonary infection. display A 40-years-old guy in a poor scientific condition was received on the er in a Medical center in S?o Paulo, Brazil. He offered abdominal discomfort, diarrhoea and a brief history of previous pulmonary contamination and weight loss (8 kg). His body temperature was 37C. The examination verified the presence of a big right axillary mass, left inguinal-umbilical and left iliac pain, suggesting pulmonary and intestinal Ki16425 infections. Investigations Ultrasound of the axillary Ki16425 mass showed a diffuse inflammatory response (physique 1) and in the stomach suggested a diverticulitis. Physique 1 Right axillary mass C lymph node of 3.5 cm of diameter C with blood flow slightly increased when seen in colour-Doppler. Since the patient had abdominal pain and a history of pulmonary contamination, thoracic and abdominal CT scans were done to ...
|p||p||bold|The aim of the study|/bold| was to present the experience of our centre in endovascular treatment for subclavian artery injuries.|/p||p||bold|Material and methods.|/bold| In the years 2000-2005, seven patients (five men and two women, aged 28 to 69 years) with traumatic injuries to their subclavian arteries were treated in the Department of General and Vascular Surgery and Department of Radiology. Four patients were diagnosed with post-traumatic aneurysms including one iatrogenic aneurysm following fixation of a fractured clavicle; one patient experienced post-traumatic injury to subclavian artery; one with iatrogenic perforation of subclavian artery with bleeding into pleural cavity; and the last one with another iatrogenic injury resulting from attempts to place a central access line following surgical, restoration of patency within subclavian and axillary arteries. All patients underwent endovascular treatment with the use of self-expanding peripheral stentgrafts
However, in clinical practice, it is usually easier to view the nerve in short axis and slide along the nerve path. Right-handed operators prefer a right-hand screen bias so that they can see their hands and display during the procedure. References 1. Goldstein A, Parks JA, Osborne B. Visualization of B-scan transducer transverse cross-sectional beam patterns. J Ultrasound Med 1982;1:23-35. 2. Gabriel H, Shulman L, Marko J, et al. Compound versus fundamental imaging in the detection of subdermal contraceptive implants. Because they are covered in common connective tissue, successful injections should separate the connected structures. This is why practitioners often perform infraclavicular blocks or axillary blocks by placing the block needle tip between the axillary artery and the adjacent nerves. Understanding these connective tissue layers can provide a means of keeping the needle tip at a distance from the peripheral nerves. Fourth, peripheral nerves are often more echogenic after injection ...
In human anatomy, the subclavian arteries are two major arteries of the upper thorax (chest), below the clavicle (collar bone). They receive blood from the top (arch) of the aorta. The left subclavian artery supplies blood to the left arm and the right subclavian artery supplies blood to the right arm, with some branches supplying the head and thorax. On the left side of the body, the subclavian comes directly off the arch of aorta. On the right side of the body, the subclavian arises from the relatively short brachiocephalic artery (trunk) when it bifurcates into the subclavian and the right common carotid artery. The usual branches of the subclavian on both sides of the body are the vertebral artery, the internal thoracic artery, the thyrocervical trunk, the costocervical trunk and the dorsal scapular artery. The subclavian becomes the axillary artery at the lateral border of the first rib ...
OBJECTIVE Selective antegrade cerebral perfusion (SACP) seems to be associated with a better outcome compared to hypothermic circulatory arrest (HCA) alone. This study was undertaken to evaluate the influence of different SACP temperatures on the neurological integrity. METHODS Twenty-six pigs were included in the study and assigned to 100 min HCA at 20 degrees C body temperature without (n = 6) or with either 10 degrees C (n = 6), 20 degrees C (n = 7) or 30 degrees C (n = 7) of SACP. Haemodynamics, metabolics and neurophysiology (EEG, SSEP, ICP, sagittal sinus saturation) were monitored. Animals were sacrified 4h after reperfusion and brains perfused for histological and molecular genetic assessment. RESULTS There were no clinically relevant differences in haemodynamics between groups. The rise in ICP during SACP was significantly more marked in the 30 degrees C group (p | 0.05) and remained high during the entire experiment. In the 10 degrees C group the rise in ICP was postponed, but increased
Knowledge about the vascular structure of upper extremity, both normal and abnormal, is important for diagnostic interventions and surgical procedures. During routine dissection of undergraduate teaching in the Department of Anatomy of JNMC, AMU, Aligarh, a unilateral variation in the origin of radial artery was noted on the right side. Third part of axillary artery gives rise to three branches, anterior circumflex humeral, posterior circumflex humeral and an anomalous common trunk for radial and subscapular artery. The aforementioned anomaly is first of its kind. High origin and superficial course of radial artery may be hazardous and vulnerable to injury during venepuncture and surgical approaches.. ...
Looking for Brachialis artery? Find out information about Brachialis artery. An artery which originates at the axillary artery and branches into the radial and ulnar arteries; it distributes blood to the various muscles of the arm,... Explanation of Brachialis artery
Author: Sanjay Vikani, Pankaj Maheria, Kuldeep Suthar, Satish Patel. Category: Anatomy. [Download PDF]. Abstract:. Introduction: Brachial artery is the continuation of the axillary artery at the distal border of teres major. It ends at the level of neck of radius by dividing into radial & ulnar arteries. A detailed description of the vascular pattern of upper limbs especially their variations in their origin & branching pattern is of utmost importance anatomically in general and clinically in particular.. Objective: This study is more informative to know the arterial pattern in this part of Central Gujarat. The primary objective of the study is to establish pattern of human brachial artery &its origin, length, course, branches, and the measurement of the point of origin of branches of the brachial artery. The study also includes the pattern of variations in origin as well as branching. Materials and Method: This is a morphological study in which the study was carried out in 25 cadavers by ...
Results: The median nerve was formed by two lateral roots from lateral cord and one medial root from medial cord in 21 specimens and three lateral roots and one medial root in 2 specimens. In one specimen median nerve was formed posterior to axillary artery. The second lateral root was long and united with the median nerve at the level of insertion of coracobrachialis in one specimen. Two medial roots from medial cord were found uniting with one lateral root to form median nerve in one upper ...
Continued From Above... The brachial artery stems from the axillary artery and moves along the humerus (upper arm bone) down to the elbow. It gives rise to the deep brachial artery, which curves around the back of the humerus to supply blood to the triceps muscles. Shorter branches pass into various other muscles on the front of the upper arm, and others descend down each side of the elbow to join arteries in the forearms.. ...
The specimens involved in this paper include 3 males,2 females captured from Lu Quan County,China and are deposited as the anatomic examples in order to observe the arterial system under the surgical microscope.The results are as follows:The arterial system indicates evolutionary position of the animal.The characters of this animal are different from other animals,particular in primates,on the following respects:1.There are three branches on arcus aortae (anonyma,left common carotid and subclavian arteries),which are similar to the A type shown in the other primates;2.Stapedial artery including the superior branch (the thick one) and the inferior branches (the slendr one) are observed;3.Willis circle exist;4.Four branches originated from subclavian artery,whick are the vertebral branch,suprascapular branch,deep cervical and costo-cervical trunk;5.There are two trunks resulted from axillary artery,I.e.the common trunks consisting of thoraco-acromial,the lateral thoracic arteries,and those ...