Subject: Re: neural coorelates of auditory selective attention (development)? From: Rick ,[email protected], Date: Sun, 26 Oct 2008 14:03:59 -0500 List-Archive: I think only a couple or one of these addresses the question directly, but their bibliographies might lead somewhere r =============== Woldorff, M. G., Gallen, C. C., Hampson, S. A., Hillyard, S. A., Pantev, C., Sobel, D. & Bloom, F. E. (1993) Modulation of Early Sensory Processing in Human Auditory Cortex During Auditory Selective Attention. PNAS, 90, 8722-8726. Y. S. Sininger &Cone-Wesson, B. (2004) Asymmetric Cochlear Processing Mimics Hemispheric Specialization. Science, 305, 1581. Van-orden, G. C. (2002) Intentional contents and self-control. Ecological Psychology.; 14, 87-109. Rauschecker, J. P. (1995) Compensatory plasticity and sensory substitution in the cerebral cortex. Trends in Neurosciences, 18, 36-43. On 10/26/08, Gaab, Nadine ,[email protected], wrote: , Hello List! ...
Authors: Petit, Laurent , Simon, Grégory , Joliot, Marc , Andersson, Frédéric , Bertin, Thomas , Zago, Laure , Mellet, Emmanuel , Tzourio-Mazoyer, Nathalie Article Type: Research Article Abstract: Purpose : Previous neuroimaging studies of oddball tasks and other paradigms measuring attention processes support right hemisphere dominance for attentional processes. Using an auditory selective attention task, we studied the functional asymmetry of the human brain in response to attended or unattended deviant tones. Secondly, we examined whether a congruency or a discrepancy between audio-spatial and visuo-spatial cued attentional resources may influence the activity elicited by an auditory selective attention task. Methods : We used event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to study healthy adults as they performed an auditory oddball task in which a spatial-cued instruction indicated the …ear to attend a monaural deviant tone. We addressed the question of ...
Previous studies have shown that the perceptual organization of the visual scene constrains the deployment of attention. Here we investigated how the organization of multiple elements into larger configurations alters their attentional weight, depending on the pertinence or behavioral importance of the elements features. We assessed object-based effects on distinct aspects of the attentional priority map: top-down control, reflecting the tendency to encode targets rather than distracters, and the spatial distribution of attention weights across the visual scene, reflecting the tendency to report elements belonging to the same rather than different objects. In 2 experiments participants had to report the letters in briefly presented displays containing 8 letters and digits, in which pairs of characters could be connected with a line. Quantitative estimates of top-down control were obtained using Bundesens Theory of Visual Attention (1990). The spatial distribution of attention weights was assessed
The primary commodity in the world is attention. This is the resource whose scarcity matters most-every day, and as it adds up, in your life, in the lives of everyone you know, in the history of the world, in the world itself. The question then becomes: what should you focus your attention on? What issues or problems or features of the world are most worth your attention? You should train yourself to only pay attention to things that matter and things where your attention will pay off and things where your attention will luxuriate and amplify and be drawn to other things that you now realize matter.. We should teach this to children. To pay attention to how you pay attention and what it feels like. Teach them and ourselves how to decide what things are worth paying attention to.. Maybe some people are lucky enough to already be paying attention to only those things and other people need training in how to find those things interesting-because the eventual goal is to narrow the focus of your ...
Functional MRI was used to examine cerebral activations in 12 subjects while they performed a spatial attention task. This study applied more stringent behavioural and cognitive controls than previously used for similar experiments: (i) subjects were included only if they showed evidence of attentional shifts while performing the task in the magnet; (ii) the experimental task and baseline condition were designed to eliminate the contributions of motor output, visual fixation, inhibition of eye movements, working memory and the conditional (no-go) component of responding. Activations were seen in all three hypothesized cortical epicentres forming a network for spatial attention: the lateral premotor cortex (frontal eye fields), the posterior parietal cortex and the cingulate cortex. Subcortical activations were seen in the basal ganglia and the thalamus. Although the task required attention to be equally shifted to the left and to the right, eight of 10 subjects showed a greater area of activation in the
Although, after reviewing Posners research, it may seem logical to conclude that covert and overt attention shifts utilize different neural mechanisms, other more recent studies have shown more overlap than not. Multiple studies have shown activity evident in the frontal cortex, concentrating in the precentral sulcus, the parietal cortex, specifically in the intraparietal sulcus, and in the lateral occipital cortex for both overt and covert attention shifts.[18] This is in support of the premotor theory of attention. While these studies may agree on the areas, they are not always in agreement on whether an overt or covert attentional shift causes more activation. Utilizing functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) technology, Corbetta et al., found that overt and covert attention shift tasks showed activation within the same areas, namely, the frontal, parietal and temporal lobes. Additionally, this study reported that covert shifts of attention showed greater activity levels than in the ...
In several markets, firms compete not for consumer expenditure but instead for consumer attention. We model and characterize how households allocate their scarce attention in arguably the largest market for attention: the Internet. Our characterization of household attention allocation operates along three dimensions: how much attention is allocated, where that attention is allocated, and how that attention is allocated. Using click-stream data for thousands of U.S. households, we assess if and how attention allocation on each dimension changed between 2008 and 2013, a time of large increases in online offerings. We identify vast and expected changes in where households allocate their attention (away from chat and news towards video and social media), and yet we simultaneously identify remarkable stability in how much attention is allocated and how it is allocated. Specifically, we identify (i) persistence in the elasticity of attention according to income and (ii) complete stability in the ...
Michael Harper for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new study published this week in the journal PLoS ONE explains that active and healthy people are more likely to have better attention spans than those with sedentary lifestyles.. Researchers from the University of Granada carried out the study and found that physical activity, such as running or playing sports, can improve the functions of the central nervous system (CNS) and autonomic nervous system (ANS). In addition to a longer attention span, active people were also found to have better cognitive abilities than their less active peers. To reach this conclusion, the University of Granada researchers compared cognitive performance by testing the sustained attention, time oriented attention and time perception of their subjects.. A group of 28 young males comprised the study´s subjects, many of them University of Granada students. These students, aged 17 to 23, showed a "low level of physical aptitude" and represented the less active ...
Different accounts of the ventral and orbital prefrontal cortex (PFv+o) have emphasized either its role in learning conditional rules for action selection or the attentional selection of behaviorally relevant stimuli. Although the accounts are not mutually exclusive, it is possible that the involvement of PFv+o in conditional action selection is a consequence of its role in selecting relevant stimuli or that its involvement in attentional selection is a consequence of the conditional rules present in many attentional paradigms. Five macaques learned a conditional action-selection task in which the difficulty of identifying the stimulus relevant for guiding action selection was varied in a simple manner by either altering its distance from the action or presenting additional distracting stimuli. Simply increasing the spatial separation between the instructing stimulus led to slower responses. Experiment 1 showed that bilateral PFv+o lesions impaired conditional action selection even when attentional
Behavioral data. RT data for each of the attentional tasks performed before scanning and during PET scanning were analyzed by repeated measures ANOVAs. The value of informative cues was assessed in an ANOVA that compared the four task conditions (ST, S, T, N), of which N provided noninformative cues, whereas all other conditions provided valid cue information for 80% of the trials. The relative advantage and disadvantage for valid and invalid cues was assessed with an ANOVA on data from the two attention conditions in which cueing information was provided along one dimension only (i.e., S and T). The ANOVA tested for the effect of task condition (S, T), cue validity (valid, invalid), target side (left, right), and interval duration (short, long). A final ANOVA looked at data from the attention condition that used both spatially and temporally informative cues simultaneously (ST) and tested the effects of cue validity, target side, and interval duration.. PET and fMRI data. All functional images ...
The study examined whether test anxiety (TA) is related to impaired attentional networks under emotional distraction. High and low test-anxious students completed a modified version of the attention network test (ANT) in which emotional distracters, specifically threat-related or neutral words, were embedded in centrally presented hollow arrows in Experiment 1. Results showed a significant reduction in efficiency of the executive attention in test-anxious students compared to controls when the fillers were threat/test-related words. To evaluate the effect of the test adaptation, the original ANT, which utilized no emotional distracter, was employed as a control task in Experiment 2. We then consolidated the data on efficiency of attentional networks, which were derived from both tasks. Contrasting the two tasks showed that TA reduced executive attention in the revised task only, suggesting an enhanced sensitivity provided by the adaptation from the original task. Taken together, these findings indicate
Traditionally, in selective visual attention tasks, participants search for a relevant visual target that occurs unpredictably at one of several locations (Posner, 1980). The classic finding is that participants attention can be cued to a certain location, resulting in shorter reaction times (RTs) and fewer errors if a cue is a valid indicator of the upcoming targets location (Posner, 1980) and its visual properties (Folk, Remington, & Johnston, 1992). Based on these methods, we recently developed an experimental setup in which a relevant target movie is presented next to an irrelevant distractor movie, and, with every cut, the positions of the two movies can switch or stay the same (Valuch & Ansorge, 2015; Valuch, Ansorge, Buchinger, Patrone, & Scherzer, 2014). The participants attentively viewed the target movie and avoided looking at the distractor movie. Whenever the movies switched locations, participants needed to make a saccadic eye movement to the new location of the target movie. ...
In this chapter we review psychological and physiological experiments on selective attention to touch stimuli. We explore the role of selective attention in tactile target detection and search, determining those tasks that benefit from attention and those which can be effectively performed pre-attentively. We also try to determine the stage at which attentional selection occurs. We review electrophysiological and human brain imaging (PET, fMRI, MEG, SEP) studies to assess how early in the somatosensory processing pathway attentional modulation occurs. There is some evidence that the primary somatosensory cortex (S1) can show attentional effects. However, a number of studies have suggested that there is a hierarchy to attentional modulation in the somatosensory system, with the greatest effects being observed in secondary and association areas.
Currently, the No. 1 way to get attention at a music festival is to wear no pants. Which is fine, but if its now the norm, doesnt that mean wearing pants is now cooler? ...
Currently, the No. 1 way to get attention at a music festival is to wear no pants. Which is fine, but if its now the norm, doesnt that mean wearing pants is now cooler? ...
Studies have shown that there is a high probability that those who suffer from low attentional control also experience other mental conditions. Low attentional control is more common among those with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD),"a disorder with persistent age-inappropriate symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity that are sufficient to cause impairment in major life activities".[24] Also low attentional control is common in individuals with Schizophrenia and [25] Alzheimers disease,[26] those with social anxiety, trait anxiety, and depression,[27] and attention difficulties following a stroke.[25] Individuals also respond quicker, and have better overall executive control when they have low levels of anxiety and depression.[28] Low levels of attentional control are also thought to increase chances of developing a psychopathology because the ability to shift ones focus away from threat information is important in processing emotions.[29] More researchers are ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Occipital-parietal interactions during shifts of exogenous visuospatial attention. T2 - Trial-dependent changes of effective connectivity. AU - Indovina, Iole. AU - Macaluso, Emiliano. PY - 2004/12. Y1 - 2004/12. N2 - We studied neural interactions between brain areas involved in exogenous (stimulus-driven) control of visuospatial attention. With event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we investigated changes of connectivity during shifts of spatial attention from an attended location to a previously unattended target location. Using a 3-T scanner, fMRI data were acquired from three healthy volunteers. According to a central visual cue, participants directed endogenous spatial attention to the left or the right visual hemifield for blocks of 56 s. Peripheral visual targets were presented unpredictably in either the attended hemifield (valid trials, 80%) or in the unattended hemifield (invalid trials, 20%) and participants performed a two-alternative ...
We investigated the nature of intrinsic fluctuations in sustained attention by examining distractor processing as a function of attentional state during a continuous performance task. We found evidence that periods of successful attentional performance were associated with greater depth of distractor processing, which was akin to states of low perceptual load. Specifically, we observed enhanced neural sensitivity to irrelevant distractors, as measured by repetition attenuation and error precursors, during periods of superior performance (in the zone epochs).. We also observed unique neural signatures of attentional states across large-scale networks, finding that more erratic, error prone performance (i.e., being out of the zone) is associated with greater engagement of classic TPN regions, whereas relatively stable, in the zone performance is associated with greater activity in TNN/DMN regions. The finding that DMN activity is associated with increased stability replicates our prior work ...
Many current models of working memory (WM) emphasize a close relationship between WM and attention. Recently it was demonstrated that attention can be dynamically and voluntarily oriented to items held in WM, and it was suggested that directed attention can modulate the maintenance of specific WM representations. Here we used event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging to test the effects of orienting attention to a category of stimuli when participants maintained a variable number of faces and scenes in WM. Retro-cues that indicated the relevant stimulus type for the subsequent WM test modulated maintenance-related activity in extrastriate areas preferentially responsive to face or scene stimuli - fusiform and parahippocampal gyri respectively - in a categorical way. After the retro-cue, the activity level in these areas was larger for the cued category in a load-independent way, suggesting the modulation may also reflect anticipation of the probe stimulus. Activity in associative parietal and
Evidence from visual probe detection tasks suggests that anxious individuals exhibit biased (enhanced) selective attention to threat stimuli, such as angry and fearful faces. Attentional bias to threatening stimuli has been characterized by (1) facilitated attention to stimuli (vigilance), (2) difficulty disengaging attention away from stimuli, or (3) attentional avoidance of stimuli. The current study used event-related potentials (ERP) and behavioural performance measures to examine the effects of attentional bias towards ecologically threatening stimuli (emotional faces) in 18 post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) patients and 18 healthy controls during a dot probe task. Behavioural measures of target detection and the amplitude and latency of early (P100, N100) and late (P200, P300) ERPs were assessed during presentation of face pair displays and target probes. Processing of threat-face pairs did not reveal evidence of attentional bias in PTSD patients. Perceptual (P100) and cognitive ...
It is controversial whether the effects of aging on various cognitive functions have the same common cause or several different causes. To investigate this issue, we scanned younger and older adults with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) while performing three different tasks: working memory, visual attention and episodic retrieval. There were three main results. First, in all three tasks, older adults showed weaker occipital activity and stronger prefrontal and parietal activity than younger adults. The occipital reduction is consistent with the view that sensory processing decline is a common cause in cognitive aging, and the prefrontal increase may reflect functional compensation. Secondly, older adults showed more bilateral patterns of prefrontal activity than younger adults during working memory and visual attention tasks. These findings are consistent with the Hemispheric Asymmetry Reduction in Older Adults (HAROLD) model. Finally, compared to younger adults, older adults showed ...
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Analyzing a scene requires shifting attention from object to object. Although several studies have attempted to determine the speed of these attentional shifts, there are large discrepancies in their estimates. Here, we adapt a method pioneered by Carlson et al (2006) that directly measures pure attentional shift times. We also test if attentional shifts can be handled in parallel by the independent resources available in the two cortical hemispheres. We present 10 clocks, with single revolving hands, in a ring around fixation. Observers are asked to report the hand position on one of the clocks at the onset of a transient cue. The delay between the reported time and the veridical time at cue onset can be used to infer processing and attentional shift times. With this setup, we use a novel subtraction method that utilizes different combinations of exogenous and endogenous cues to determine shift times for both types of attention. In one experiment, subjects shift attention to an exogenously ...
I have an extremely active son. Hes two-and-a-half. Hes been active since I began feeling him move around inside me when I was five months pregnant. Like, non-stop. Did this fetus ever sleep? He certainly didnt sleep when I tried to sleep, and he was especially roused by my everyday activities, such as drinking water, walking and playing music. Olin wanted to run before he could walk. And he got bruises on his head trying. He is, by his very nature, an active kid.. Short Attention Spans in Toddlers are Normal. Being active is really different from having a short attention span. Having a long attention span is a function of age and training. Even toddlers who dont run around all the time like Olin does tend to have really short attention spans. Thats because the neurons in the brain that allow us to pay attention for long periods of time are still developing, according to Lise Eliot in Whats Going On In There: How the Brain and Mind Develop in the First Five Years of Life. In other words, ...
Background: Catheterization is the most common cause of pain and distress in children, which causes physical and psychological dysfunctions and disrupts the treatment. Therefore, the control of this type of pain should be considered as a priority for nursing care. The audio-visual distraction can be used to reduce the intensity of pain. Aim: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of audio-visual distraction on catheterization pain among school-age children. Methods: This randomized clinical trial included 64 school-age children assigned into intervention and control group in Qods Hospital during 2016. Oucher face pain intensity scale was utilized to evaluate the intensity level of pain. Catheterization duration was also recorded in this study. Data were analysed in SPSS software (Version.18) through descriptive statistics, t-test, Mann-Whitney U test, and Spearman correlation analyses. Results: The mean ages of the intervention and control groups were 7.8±1.4 and 7.7±1.6, respectively.
Traditionally, scientists have believed that separate areas of the brain controlled these two processes, with bottom-up attention occurring in the posterior parietal cortex and top-down attention occurring in the prefrontal cortex.. "This has implications for conditions such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which affects millions of people worldwide. People with ADHD have difficulty filtering information and focusing attention.". In the Wake Forest Baptist study, two monkeys were trained to detect images on a computer screen while activity in both areas of the brain was recorded. The visual display was designed to let one image "pop out" due to its color difference from the background, such as a red circle surrounded by green. To trigger bottom-up attention, neither the identity nor the location of the pop-out image could be predicted before it appeared. The monkeys indicated that they detected the pop-out image by pushing a lever.. The neural activity associated with ...
A new study from Microsoft Corp. a human attention span is 8 seconds, showing the affect of increasingly digitalized lifestyle on the brain
Orienting spatial attention to locations in the extrapersonal world has been intensively investigated during the past decades. Recently, it was demonstrated that it is also possible to shift attention to locations within mental representations held in working memory. This is an important issue, since the allocation of our attention is not only guided by external stimuli, but also by their internal representations and the expectations we build upon them. The present experiment used behavioural measures and event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate whether spatial orienting to mental representations can modulate the search and retrieval of information from working memory, and to identify the neural systems involved, respectively. Participants viewed an array of coloured crosses. Seconds after its disappearance, they were cued to locations in the array with valid or neutral cues. Subsequently, they decided whether a probe stimulus was presented in the array. The behavioural results
The objective of this research was to measure the effects of energising drinks containing caffeine and glucose, upon mental activity during sustained selective attention. Non-invasive electrophysiological brain recordings were made during a behavioural study of selective attention in which participants received either energising or placebo drinks. We tested specifically whether energising drinks have significant effects upon behavioural measures of performance during a task requiring sustained visual selective attention, as well as on accompanying components of the event-related potential (ERPs) related to information processing in the brain. Forty healthy volunteers were blindly assigned to receive either the energising drink or a similar-tasting placebo drink. The behavioural task involved identifying predefined target stimulus among rapidly presented streams of peripheral visual stimuli, and making speeded motor responses to this stimulus. During task performance, accuracy, reaction times and ongoing
Visual attention is a voluntary mechanism allows human to allocate our sensory and computational resources to the most valuable information embedded in the vast amount of incoming visual data. Neuromorphic prosthetics with high-level cognitive function can be used to complete increasingly sophisticated tasks. Inspired by recent developments in the field of attention modulation, we propose a biological neural attention model for online visual attention and implement this model on Xilinx ZYNQ 7000 System-on-chip system. ...
Mary Anna Dunn, Ed.D.. Originally posted on blogger.com., October 2012.. Among the concerns I have heard raised by enrichment providers, problems with distractibility and impulsiveness are certainly among the most common. Though it may be tempting to assume children with these issues all have ADHD, not every child who has issues with distractibility and impulse control has ADHD. Some are simply on the high end of active for any number of possible reasons.. Given that the relationship between the enrichment provider and the child is often very short term, it may not be necessary to know whether or not the child has ADHD or is struggling because of other, possibly temporary issues (such as adjusting to the unfamiliar environment of your program). What is important is this: if a childs distractibility or impulse control challenges are interfering with her own or her peers opportunities to thrive in your program, she needs your help.. Keep in mind that you are not going to "fix" this child. You ...
Recent high-profile security lapses embarrass authorities, highlight policing for upcoming summer games with fear of different threat
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The widening outbreak of infections linked to a potentially tainted steroid produced by a Framingham compounding pharmacy has abruptly thrust a niche area of drug preparation into public view. But even as scrutiny has focused on the oversight and operations of such businesses, much about how compounding pharmacies normally function has remained obscure. Compounders say the business is predominantly made up of shops that serve a limited geographic region, who fill individual prescriptions for patients.
Well, I was just about to ask you if tech is destroying your attention span, but then I got distracted…. Thanks to our Super Gnomies for making this all possible! Curious about what becoming a Super Gnomie means for you? Check out the details here! ...
The purpose of this research is to study joint attention. Joint attention plays a critical role in social and language development in children with and without autism. Joint attention is the shared attention between a child and another person. This study seeks to set a standard benchmark of frequency scores for joint attention. Finding a rate of engaging in joint attention behavior would offer a benchmark for all researchers and practitioners working with learners with and without autism ...
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When objects disappear from view, we can still bring them to mind, at least for brief periods of time, because we can represent those objects in visual short-term memory (VSTM) (Sperling, 1960; Cowan, 2001). A defining characteristic of this representation is that it is topographic, that is, it preserves a spatial organization based on the original visual percept (Vogel and Machizawa, 2004; Astle et al., 2009; Kuo et al., 2009). Recent research has also shown that features or locations of visual items that match those being maintained in conscious VSTM automatically capture our attention (Awh and Jonides, 2001; Olivers et al., 2006; Soto et al., 2008). But do objects leave some trace that can guide spatial attention, even without participants intentionally remembering them? Furthermore, could subliminally presented objects leave a topographically arranged representation that can capture attention? We presented objects either supraliminally or subliminally and then 1 s later re-presented one of those
Were not that great at paying attention. And while the ADAA estimates that about 4 percent of the adult population is dealing with ADHD, one survey from video conference provider Highfive confirmed that about 47 percent of employees say their main problem with meetings is that people dont pay attention. Are we too connected to our devices? Are meetings just that boring and inefficient? Whatever the truth may be, there are a couple of ways you can keep your boss from banning cellphones at your next meeting ...
Your wife or your friends will be far more patient with you than strangers, who will just cut you off with a remark or a glare. Your post suggests you dont want to bother them? Well, just pay attention to if they look bored or impatient. Give them chances for a call-and-response in your explanation with filler bits like "yknow?" "you see whats going to happen?" or "like that time you..." Shared experience and recollection is the mortar of social interaction, and your relationships are stronger when you show that youve been paying attention. (To the level appropriate to your relationship, of course...). Pay attention to what they pay attention to. If they have to cut you short because of something else, pay attention to whether they bring it up again on their own, forget about it, or avoid letting it come up again. If the bad responses start to happen too often and the relationship should be closer than that, bring it up in a curious and helpful but not wounded way.. As a general rule, you go ...
Picking out a face in the crowd is a complicated task: Your brain has to retrieve the memory of the face youre seeking, then hold it in place while scanning the crowd, paying special attention to finding a match.. A new study by MIT neuroscientists reveals how the brain achieves this type of focused attention on faces or other objects: A part of the prefrontal cortex known as the inferior frontal junction (IFJ) controls visual processing areas that are tuned to recognize a specific category of objects, the researchers report in the April 10 online edition of Science.. Scientists know much less about this type of attention, known as object-based attention, than spatial attention, which involves focusing on whats happening in a particular location. However, the new findings suggest that these two types of attention have similar mechanisms involving related brain regions, says Robert Desimone, the Doris and Don Berkey Professor of Neuroscience, director of MITs McGovern Institute for Brain ...
Hemi-spatial neglect, a severe and common form of inattention that can be caused by brain damage following a stroke, is one of the most debilitating symptoms, frequently preventing patients from living independently. When the right side of the brain has suffered damage, the patient may have little awareness of their left-hand side and have poor memory of objects that they have seen, leaving them inattentive and forgetful. Currently there are few treatment options.. The randomised control trial took 16 patients who had suffered a stroke on the right-hand side of their brain and assessed to see whether giving the drug rotigotine improved their ability to concentrate on their left-hand side. The results showed that even with treatment for just over a week, patients who received the drug performed significantly better on attention tests than when they received the placebo treatment.. Rotigotine acts by stimulating receptors on nerve cells for dopamine, a chemical normally produced within the ...
Many students find it difficult to be around elderly people and especially the disabled elderly we find in nursing homes. A valuable thing to do when you visit is to be involved in helping people eat or helping them to move around the facility. Pay attention to the reality that interaction often is not cognitively lucid but that there still is a strong emotional connection you may have with residents. Pay attention to the sources of your own discomfort being with the elderly. Think about what it is like to live in a place like this. We focus on negative aspects like people shouting out or people sitting in chairs, disconnected mentally from their surroundings. Pay attention to the variety of people who live and work in a home. Pay attention also to the character and quality of relationships residents have with each other and with staff. Be mindful that those relationships often are not placid, without conflict, or minus political aspects. This is a rich and intimate setting that one can ...
Dear teachers, I have two quesitons to ask: No.1 Thats enough time to give the young reader a chance to settle down, ________ and enjoy. a. focus b. pay attention The key is a. No problem. Could you please explain why b isnt correct? No.2
I was having a discussion with my brother yesterday, and he was telling me that he really doesnt pay attention much to the raid game anymore. Back in Everquest...
Find album reviews, stream songs, credits and award information for Pay Attention - The Mighty Mighty Bosstones on AllMusic - 2000 - The Mighty Mighty Bosstones newfound willingness…
Holiday Inn Express Liverpool-Albert Dock: PAY ATTENTION TO THE CAR PARKING arrangements, To... - See 1,579 traveller reviews, 399 candid photos, and great deals for Holiday Inn Express Liverpool-Albert Dock at TripAdvisor.
One of the most exciting research developments of the past five years has been the increasing ability of clinical researchers and cognitive neuroscientists to identify the early symptoms of autism in children between the ages of 6-12 months - both by childrens reduced attention to social stimuli and the activities and structure of the brain networks that underlie the very early stages of social attention and perception. The way this has been accomplished has been to focus attention on high-risk infants, those who have an older sibling with autism, and studying very closely and repeatedly their development over the first few years of life. While many of the younger siblings of children with ASDs have normal development, it turns out that about 20 percent have at least some symptoms of ASDs. The first distinctive behavioral manifestations of ASDs in high-risk infants, turns out to be in their social attention. This is not surprising since from the very earliest recognition of autism, social ...
Matrix (i.e grid pattern) arrays from visual search studies (e.g. Flykt, in press) were presented before the probe in two dot-probe experiments. This was done to investigate to what extent probe reaction times (RTs) would reflect the RTs to targets in visual search tasks. The participants were instructed to try to ignore the arrays and to focus on fast and accurate responses to the dot-probe. The results suggest two different processing stages, at 45 and 90 ms array exposure respectively. These processing stages were interpreted as one that orients attention towards a deviant item in the array and another, latter stage, that is dependent on what overarching categories of the deviant items and the remaining items in the array belongs to. It is further suggested that caution should be taken when making inference about the mechanism behind RTs in relation to emotional stimuli.. ...
Stanford law professor Pamela Karlan took the stand in Wednesdays impeachment hearing to share her legal expertise on the process.
Attention is required for most, if not all, perceptual processes. There is a converging body of evidence from single-cell recording studies in monkeys and neuroimaging, behavioral, and clinical studies in humans showing that the processing of attended information is enhanced relative to the processing of unattended information.. What is the source of this attentional modulation? Because neuroimaging studies have demonstrated that multiple cortical regions are recruited during tasks involving selective attention, it has proven difficult thus far to determine the differential contributions of each region. A central goal of the proposed research is to characterize the contributions of prefrontal cortex and parietal cortex and test the hypothesis that these regions exert top-down modulatory influences over visual processing areas. Specifically, we wish to investigate the interaction between areas involved in attentional control and visual areas modulated by attention.. We propose to study patients ...
SIZE: 13" to 15" at the withers is ideal. Average weight is eight to twelve pounds. Somewhat larger specimens are quite common and make excellent companion dogs.. INDOOR/OUTDOOR REQUIREMENTS: Definitely an "inside dog". Enjoys some outdoor play and activities like walks on warm days, but this is not a breed that can be left alone to fend for itself in the back yard.. PROTECTION LEVEL: Most IGs will bark an alert warning when someone or something strange approaches. It is not common for them to do more than bark and behave in an agitated manner in the face of danger or threat of danger to their owner or themselves.. ENERGY LEVEL: Quite high for healthy puppies and young dogs. Mature IGs are highly adaptive and responsive to the energy level of their owners.. ATTENTION SPAN: This is a true sighthound in miniature, and the attention span can be short if the dog feels bored. If the owner/trainer can hold the IGs interest, the attention span can be very good.. LIFE EXPECTANCY: 13 to 15 years is ...
On TV And Video" is a column exploring opportunities and challenges in advanced TV and video.. Todays column is written by Joan FitzGerald, an independent consultant.. In our entertainment-overloaded, attention-starved digital age, every teacher knows they need to balance the long and thoughtful with the short and punchy, or else theyll lose the attention of the class.. This has never been truer than in video advertising. Building ad formats and ad environments where attention can thrive is the new mandate as consumers have more control over their viewing environment. We need to rethink our metrics to focus on attention - and fast.. Impressions, or exposure to an advertisement, is the foundational advertising metric that the media industry has relied upon for decades. It is coming under more scrutiny now than ever. The impression metric is grounded in the assumption that consumers pay attention. Unfortunately, attention, especially among younger consumers, may have been inalterably diverted ...
In visual search, observers can successfully ignore temporally separated distractors that are presented as a preview before onset of the search display. Previous behavioral studies have demonstrated the involvement of top-down selection mechanisms in preview search, biasing attention against the old set in favor of the more relevant new set. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we replicate and extend findings showing the involvement of superior and inferior parietal areas in the preview task when compared to both a relatively easy single-set search task and a more effortful full-set search task. In contrast, the effortful full-set search showed activation in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex when compared to the single-set search, suggesting that this area is involved in rejecting additional distractors that could not be separated in time.
The color "greenery" brings many images to mind: lush forests, fruits and vegetables, fields of grass, and wild jungles. Being in spaces of green, or viewing them from inside, brings about psychological and physiological changes in our bodies. It slows our breathing, reduces stress, and encourages us to take in what is around us. Why does "greenery" impact us the way it does? There are countless reasons why we feel calm, restored, and connected while in nature. Largely, it is because we are connected to it as human beings. The Biophilia theory, formulated by evolutionary biologist E.O. Wilson, teaches us that because our survival has been linked with nature (water, shelter, food), our love of it is built into our DNA. Being in green space allows us to rest our minds. More specifically, it allows our directed attention a chance to restore. Directed attention is what we use to concentrate on the day-to-day tasks-sending emails, conducting meetings, taking exams, etc. Our directed attention can ...
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No parent wants to unknowingly harm their child, but something is changing our kids. "DOCK 2" host and educator Tracy Levinson has been intrigued by the declining attention spans of her students. According to a study by Microsoft Corporation, the average human attention span has dropped from 12 seco...
CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): This paper discusses the concept of joint attention and the di#erent skills underlying its development. We argue that joint attention is much more than gaze following or simultaneous looking because it implies a shared intentional relation to the world. The current state-of-the-art in robotic and computational models of the di#erent prerequisites of joint attention is discussed in relation with a developmental timeline drawn from results in child studies.
Studies of visual attention in monkeys typically measure neuronal activity when the stimulus event to be detected occurs at a cued location versus when it occurs at an uncued location. But this approach does not address how neuronal activity changes relative to conditions where attention is unconstrained by cueing. Human psychophysical studies have used neutral cueing conditions and found that neutrally cued behavioral performance is generally intermediate to that of cued and uncued conditions (Posner et al., 1978; Mangun and Hillyard, 1990; Montagna et al., 2009). To determine whether the neuronal correlates of visual attention during neutral cueing are similarly intermediate, we trained macaque monkeys to detect changes in stimulus orientation that were more likely to occur at one location (cued) than another (uncued), or were equally likely to occur at either stimulus location (neutral). Consistent with human studies, performance was best when the location was cued, intermediate when both ...
3) Text Around Ad. Another important element to pay attention to is the text that is around your ad. For example, if you have your ad at the top of the page next to your first paragraph of text and in the intro paragraph you talk about your summer vacation before getting into the meat of your post then there is a high likelihood that your AdSense unit will show ads related to your summer vacation and not the rest of the text.. Make sure that the text surrounding your ad is highly relevant to the rest of the article and is what you want Googles AdSense filter to pay attention to.. 4) Section Targeting. A final tip is to use the section targeting option that Google gives you. Section targeting allows you to tell Google what you feel is important in your article that you want them to pay attention to. For example, if you have a site structure that includes a header, sidebar, and footer you might want to exclude those from the AdSense filter so that Google is only seeing your article text when ...
In our past work using stationary eye tracking, we have shown that older adults with good attentional abilities can successfully use attentional deployment to r...
Most Alzheimers research has focused on memory problems. Greenwood hypothesizes that studying specific components of attention rather than the complete task may be a more effective way to detect changes linked to genes. "We are interested in the underpinnings of cognitive change and thought it would be useful to look at something that underlies memory," says Greenwood.. Forming a memory of something visual involves the processing component of visual attention. And aspects of visual attention can be evaluated with relative precision: The cognitive changes in this study occurred only in the presence of the e4 variant and were specific to two tests of visual attention. No decline was detected in a third test of visual attention, memory or general cognition. The result surprised the researchers. "When we started the study two or three years ago, we did not expect to see effects in the first study," says Raja Parasuraman. Adds Greenwood, "It was a gamble to look for changes in people who are in ...
A study involving 218 participants aged 18-88 has looked at the effects of age on the brain activity of participants viewing an edited version of a 1961 Hitchcock TV episode (given that participants viewed the movie while in a MRI machine, the 25 minute episode was condensed to 8 minutes).. While many studies have looked at how age changes brain function, the stimuli used have typically been quite simple. This thriller-type story provides more complex and naturalistic stimuli.. Younger adults brains responded to the TV program in a very uniform way, while older adults showed much more idiosyncratic responses. The TV program ("Bang! Youre dead") has previously been shown to induce widespread synchronization of brain responses (such movies are, after all, designed to focus attention on specific people and objects; following along with the director is, in a manner of speaking, how we follow the plot). The synchronization seen here among younger adults may reflect the optimal response, attention ...
Clinical lecturer UWA, Lundbeck teaching fellow ... as: alogia, avolition, anhedonia, attentional impairment, affective bluntening) ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: f0fd1-ZDYxY
The original, world-famous awareness test from Daniel Simons and Christopher Chabris. Check out our book and website for more information (www.theinvisiblego...
By focusing on our experiences in the now, from moment to moment, we come to realize that we are free to choose which thoughts and feelings to pay attention to, and which thoughts and feelings not to focus on. This doesnt mean that were trying to stop thinking or feeling. It means that were just making a conscious choice on how much attention to focus on those thoughts or feelings.. The past only exists in our memories. The future is only a projection of the past. Anxiety about future events is the result of playing the odds based on past experiences and expecting similar occurrences to happen in the future. Mindfulness is a way of using the present moment to choose what to believe about the past and the future. We can choose which memories to pay attention to, and which projections about the future to focus our attention on. Mindfulness isnt about trying to make anxious or depressing thoughts and feelings go away. It is about choosing whether or not to dwell on such thoughts and ...
By focusing on our experiences in the now, from moment to moment, we come to realize that we are free to choose which thoughts and feelings to pay attention to, and which thoughts and feelings not to focus on. This doesnt mean that were trying to stop thinking or feeling. It means that were just making a conscious choice on how much attention to focus on those thoughts or feelings.. The past only exists in our memories. The future is only a projection of the past. Anxiety about future events is the result of playing the odds based on past experiences and expecting similar occurrences to happen in the future. Mindfulness is a way of using the present moment to choose what to believe about the past and the future. We can choose which memories to pay attention to, and which projections about the future to focus our attention on. Mindfulness isnt about trying to make anxious or depressing thoughts and feelings go away. It is about choosing whether or not to dwell on such thoughts and ...
The book is an extended essay on implicit learning, a topic that emerged in recent years as an important but previously overlooked process. Implicit learning is learning that takes place independent ... More. The book is an extended essay on implicit learning, a topic that emerged in recent years as an important but previously overlooked process. Implicit learning is learning that takes place independent of both the process and products of learning. It occurs without the intention to learn and largely without awareness of the nature of what has been learned. The process is "bottom-up"; information is acquired automatically when individuals focus attention on complex displays; and the knowledge base is "tacit" and largely opaque to introspection. Examples abound in everyday life, notably natural language learning and the acquisition of the mores of social behavior. A core assumption is that this implicit acquisitional mechanism is a fundamental "root" process that is based on evolutionarily old ...
Dopamine neurons play a key role in normal and pathological cognitive processes as well as in the effects of certain drugs of addiction. Models of the synapses of such neurons include transporter mechanisms and reaction dynamics. We focus attention on the fundamental reaction which converts tyrosine to DOPA, which involves a cofactor. The Michaelis-Menten formula for the rate of an enzymatic reaction is modified by the presence of cofactors, which may be either essential or non-essential. In the essential case, the reaction rate is found to depend on the relative magnitudes of the concentrations of the primary enzyme and the cofactor. The case of a non-essential cofactor is more complex and it is shown for the first time how this leads to reaction rate formulas which depend explicitly on the concentrations of the enzyme and cofactor. The extended Michaelis-Menten formulas are applied to the above-mentioned reaction with tyrosine hydroxylase as enzyme and biopterin as cofactor. The results are ...
Barker-Collo and colleagues (2009) evaluated the effectiveness of Attention Process Training (APT) in improving attention and broader outcomes in stroke survivors 6 months after stroke. In this single-blinded clinical trial, 78 stroke survivors were randomized to receive either APT or standard rehabilitative care. The participants were evaluated in four aspects of attention: sustained, selective, divided, and alternating, as well as the auditory and visual aspects of attention. The study participants were randomly assigned to receive standard care plus up to 30 hours of APT or standard care alone. At 6 months the participants who had APT had an average improvement of 2.49 standard deviations higher than the standard care participants on "full-scale attention scores." The researchers acknowledged that APT appears to be a viable and effective means of improving attention deficits in stoke victims, but cautioned that further studies with larger samples and longer follow-up periods are needed to ...
A synthetic theoretical model built on both deprivation and resources mobilization arguments is constructed to explain ethnopolitical rebellion for the 1980s and to provide risk assessments for the 1990s. The principal investigators hypothesize that ethnopolitial groups that produce residuals below the regression line will likely exhibit rebellious behavior in the early 1990s. They use a three-stage least squares estimator, analyze the coefficients and standard errors, and also examine the residuals. The PIs find broad support for the theoretical synthesis, but focus attention on the risk assessments. In addition to identifying ethnopolitical groups that did resort to greater violence in the early 1990s, the theoretical model helps to explain why a number of groups that the analysis suggested would rebel in the early 1990s have not, in fact, done so.. ...
Vulnerability among cardiac patients is multifactorial and may arise from myocardial interstitial disease (e.g., fibrosis or amyloidosis) or other derangements such as valve dysfunction, pulmonary hypertension, atherosclerosis, or dysrhythmia. The multitude of pathways suggests a need to employ cardiovascular imaging to identify and characterize any lesions. This information then enables the clinician to target the "correct" therapy to the patient. This paradigm has been termed "precision medicine.". Early observations regarding the significance of interstitial fibrosis, including those by Weber and Brilla (1) in animal models, along with clinical advances in human cardiac imaging, have combined to focus attention on the entire range of myocardial fibrosis from focal to diffuse. Fibrosis associates with capillary rarefaction, re-entrant arrhythmia, systolic and diastolic dysfunction, and decreased perfusion reserve (2,3). The latter 2 entities reverse with regression of myocardial fibrosis ...
This new study also focuses attention on the mother-bound spindle pole body (M-SPB) as a potential location for interactions that control Tem1 activity, whatever they may be. Several previous observations implicate the daughter-bound SPB (D-SPB) as potentially important. Passage of the D-SPB through the neck appears to be a critical event that sets the cellular clock ticking on the course for mitotic exit (Molk et al., 2004). During the course of a normal cell cycle, Tem1 accumulates on the D-SPB, along with active MEN components (Molk et al., 2004). Bub2/Bfa1 first accumulates and then is lost from the D-SPB, as one might expect an inhibitor to behave.. In this new work, Fraschini et al. (2006) found that a Myc-tagged version of Bub2 was anomalously localized to both SPBs throughout the cell cycle, in contrast to the normal behavior of untagged Bub2 or HA-tagged Bub2, which disappear from the M-SPB over time. Expression of this Myc-tagged Bub2 produced inhibition of mitotic exit, in an ...
It is gene expression that defines a cells identity. Science, Sciences Science of Aging Knowledge Environment (SAGE KE), and Sciences STKE focus attention on the highly dynamic nature of gene expression. Mechanisms governing selective gene expression in multigene families, as well as those by which cis- and trans-acting factors contribute to regulation of gene expression, are topics under discussion. In addition, new methodologies allow researchers to gain insight into gene expression at the level of single cells and provide a glimpse at the real-time interactions among proteins and DNA.. ...
The president is hoping to focus attention on anything but the economy. If voters were to look at his record, it would be a tough slog to a second term.
Grab a friend or two and have fun with these simple experiments. No experience necessary. Perfect for student projects, classrooms, friends and families. Your participation is greatly appreciated! ...
Sam had barely entered the reception hall when her mother latched onto her arm. "Where were you?" she hissed. Sam swallowed nervously. "Helping put the triplets to bed.". "You do not leave your own wedding, Samantha. That was an insult to your guest." Sam rolled her eyes. She hated etiquette and she wanted to tell her mother to take a hike.. "Ill remember that next time I get married," she muttered under her breath.. Her mother shot daggers at her. "What?". Sam put on her brightest smile. "Im going to go find Danny." She wrenched her arm away from her mom. She rolled her eyes. Couldnt her mom just pretend to like her, just for one day?. She looked around not seeing Danny, Tucker, or Todd anywhere. Sarah , Tuckers steady girlfriend, brushed past her. Sam caught the girls elbow. "Whered the guys go?". Sarah giggled. "You mean you missed it? Danny was getting really out of it and saying some weird things about being a ghost," she laughed. "Talk about strange. I guess hes just like his dad ...
Hey, at least its short, in both senses. And its funny. If there arent too many major guffaws, theres a steady supply of rib-ticklers. Youve...
Steve Kelman argues that Chinese spying through the popular video-sharing app is less of a threat than TikToks impact on young users brains.
Hi Dr. Hubbard, Attentional control is important to cultivate as a tool to help habituate. But how to do this? Should you practice mindfulness, or...
Good health is a gift. Two of the most important aspects to maintaining wellness are knowing your body and paying attention to the signals it sends. Wh...
Attention bias and avoidance by neutral, happy and fearful faces in the invisible condition.Female participants exhibited attentional bias to fearful faces, whi
A Refined Neuronal Population Measure of Visual Attention. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
A vehicle (30), such as an automobile, has an indicia controller (31) that can determine, via one or more direction-of-visual-attention sensors (32) a likely direction of visual attention for a given occupant of the vehicle such as, for example, the driver or another passenger. When a predetermined condition is sensed by one or more condition sensors (34, 35) (such as, for example, a predetermined hazard or other unsafe operating condition), the indicia controller can determine whether the monitored person is likely looking in a direction that likely includes the condition of concern. A particular condition indicia (36) as corresponds to the detected condition can then be provided as a function, at least in part, of whether the driver or other monitored person is already likely looking at, and is hence aware of, the detecting condition.
One of the most fundamental questions in crossmodal attention research concerns the extent to which people can selectively direct their attention toward a particular sensory modality such as, for example, audition, at the expense of the processing of stimuli presented in the other modalities. Spence and his colleagues have conducted a number of studies showing that voluntarily (i.e., endogenously) attending to one sensory modality can result in the facilitation of peoples (speeded) spatial discrimination responses to stimuli presented in that modality when compared to situations in which their attention has been directed to another modality instead (Spence et al., 2000a, 2001a, 2002; see also Ashkenazi & Marks, 2004). The presentation of a non-predictive cue stimulus in a particular modality has also been shown to result in the short-lasting exogenous orienting of attention toward the modality in which the cue was presented (see Spence et al., 2001 a; Turatto et al., 2002, 2004). Interestingly, ...
1. Familiarity with the set of forms, postures clearly executed:. The so-called set of forms (tao lu) indicates the complete set of forms. The so-called postures (zi shi) indicates the structure of movements in each form (jia shi). In the beginning, the main thing is to place emphasis on being familiar with practice of the set of forms and that the positions and directions are correct. At the same time, it is appropriate to pay attention to the standards concerning the postures. After practicing Taijiquan for a short while, when you are thoroughly familiar with the set, at this time you must place emphasis on the correct performance of the postures; in this way you will be able to produce internal energy (nei qi) and bring into play the health and barehanded combat effects. Presently, we will look at it from two aspects and discuss the training techniques and the items to pay attention to at this level... 1) In quietude there is motion; in motion there is quietude. In practicing Chen style ...
Most people take their trip to the dentist for granted. They go in with the hope that they will hear they have no cavities and they will walk away with a new toothbrush and an appointment to return in 6 months.. They do not really pay attention to what we are doing during the exam and the rest of their appointment. It is not a bad thing to learn about if you want to improve your oral health.. Before the Exam. While most people think that the most important work we do is during the actual exam, the work we do before that is just as important. We start out by looking at the history we have for our patients. This includes looking for any issues that could signal potential problems with oral health. We look at the risk factors to know what to pay attention to during the exam.. We also want to look at the x-rays and notes from previous exams. We are going to look to see if there are any changes that signal a potential issue.. During the Exam. During the exam we are looking for more than changes. We ...
Since the government has used the Federal Priority Act in the health care setting to recover sums owed to the government after a health care organization or physician group becomes insolvent, health care organizations should be familiar with the exposure they may face under the FPA.
NBC and Toyota have struck an advertising deal that calls for the networks shows to meet not only ratings guarantees but also measures of audience attentiveness.
Derm Exclusive TV Offer There really is no skin care product that is perfect for everyone because our skin is all so different. So, if you have seen one of the few Derm Exclusive complaints that are online, it is important to keep in mind that they are few and far between. In fact, the…
At the close of a November meeting several years ago, a lady asked for permission to address the group. Her message was direct and pointed. She said, I have no desire to attend any funerals over the next several months. I want you all to swear off of shoveling snow, pushing cars that have slipped off of the road, jogging in below-freezing weather, and other activities that put your heart in stress. Last winter I attended three funerals of longtime friends, all of whom died shoveling,
14. Reservations - As soon as youre booked, pay attention to the dates of when your particular cabin will have access to the reservation system. Then plan and book activities aboard the ship. Concerge guests, and veteran cruisers, generally get to have an earlier window. If you want to enjoy the Sunday brunch at Palo, that needs to be on your list to reserve. Its lovely. Also, a dinner there is nice too. Meals at Palo are an extra charge (use that on board credit). If your kids want Bibbidi Bobbidi reservations for the pirate night or just for fun, pay attention to the dates and times, they fill up fast. If you want to snorkel or do anything special at Castaway Cay, reserve it ahead of time. We did the sting-ray snorkel.. 15. Castaway Cay 5k- I wanted to run my first 5k at Castaway Cay, but unfortunately the blood clot made it impossible for me to do so. You should do it for me! The 5k happens the morning the ship docks at Castaway Cay - check your navigator to know what time and where to ...
by Alex Maunder & Lucie Therrien Originally published in "Focusing Connection", publ. Ann Weiser Cornell (Vol XXIX No 5, Sept 2012). Have you always wished you could see into the brain of a person who is Focusing? Have you wished that someone would apply modern brain scanning technology to have a look at a persons brain before, during, and after Focusing? Alex Maunder and Lucie Therrien have done just that, with a person doing WholeBody Focusing. What a great thing to do! Were publishing a shorter, less technical version of their article, and you can see the full study with the full-color brain scan images on their website: www.wholebodyfocusing.org. What I find especially interesting is their discussion of the ideas from Kevin McEvenue and Karen Whalen about holding two different objects of attention at the same time.. WholeBody Focusing is an empowering method for allowing the whole body to bring presence and healing to hurts and stoppages in body and emotional process. In WholeBody ...
Emily Yoffe, aka Dear Prudence, is online weekly to chat live with readers. An edited transcript of the chat is below. (Sign up here to get Dear Pruden ...
14. Reservations - As soon as youre booked, pay attention to the dates of when your particular cabin will have access to the reservation system. Then plan and book activities aboard the ship. Concerge guests, and veteran cruisers, generally get to have an earlier window. If you want to enjoy the Sunday brunch at Palo, that needs to be on your list to reserve. Its lovely. Also, a dinner there is nice too. Meals at Palo are an extra charge (use that on board credit). If your kids want Bibbidi Bobbidi reservations for the pirate night or just for fun, pay attention to the dates and times, they fill up fast. If you want to snorkel or do anything special at Castaway Cay, reserve it ahead of time. We did the sting-ray snorkel.. 15. Castaway Cay 5k- I wanted to run my first 5k at Castaway Cay, but unfortunately the blood clot made it impossible for me to do so. You should do it for me! The 5k happens the morning the ship docks at Castaway Cay - check your navigator to know what time and where to ...
At the close of a November meeting several years ago, a lady asked for permission to address the group. Her message was direct and pointed. She said,
The load theory of visual attention proposes that efficient selective perceptual processing of task-relevant information during search is determined automatically by the perceptual demands of the display. If the perceptual demands required to process task-relevant information are not enough to consume all available capacity, then the remaining capacity automatically and exhaustively
Technology can play a significant role in mental health, but has been largely overlooked by both initiatives and funding. However, things are about to change
Nutrimento & nutriMENTE - Testata giornalistica e Web TV - Notizie e Approfondimenti su agroalimentare, enogastronomia, ristorazione, ospitalità, turismo, salute&benessere, wellness - Tecnologia Alimentare, Attualità, Video: interviste, Reportage, Fiere ed Eventi in Italia ed estero
Pilot season is officially in full swing, if you have no idea which shows to DVR here are 35 new TV shows that are a must watch for fall!