Objective.-To compare altitude responses of 2 ultraendurance athletes and 2 nonathletes during a 2-week expedition on Denali (Mount McKinley).. Methods.-The severity of acute mountain sickness (AMS) symptoms (Lake Louise AMS guidelines) and pulmonary function parameters (forced vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in 1 second, peak expiratory flow) as well as resting heart rate and arterial oxygen saturation measurements were taken during the climb. Baseline measurements were made at 375 m, and field tests were performed at altitudes of 2200 m, 2400 m, 3000 m, 3400 m, 4100 m, 4300 m, and 10 m.. Results.-Nonathletes reported moderate AMS symptoms at altitudes up to and including 3000 m, whereas ultraendurance athletes reported moderate AMS symptoms at altitudes above 3000 m. Considerable daily variation existed in pulmonary function measures within and between groups; however, the largest shift from baseline and between groups occurred at 3000 m where ultraendurance athletes had increased and ...
The primary findings of this study are (1) athletes need 8.3 hours of sleep to feel rested, (2) athletes typically obtain 6.7 hours of sleep, (3) the most sleep is obtained by athletes who fall asleep between 22:00 and 22:30 hours (7.2 h) or wake up between 09:00 and 09:30 hours (7.6 h), (4) athletes involved in team sports (6.9 h) obtain more sleep than athletes involved in individual sports (6.4 h), and (5) female athletes have an earlier habitual sleep onset time than male athletes. Importantly, only 3% of athletes obtain enough sleep to satisfy their self-assessed sleep need, and 71% of athletes fall short by an hour or more. Insufficient or inadequate sleep, defined here as a failure to meet a required sleep need on a regular basis, could have important consequences for an elite athlete, particularly in terms of their ability to train effectively and/or compete optimally.. The average subjective sleep need reported by elite athletes in this sample was 8.3 hours. Similar values have been ...
Downloadable! This paper investigates how students collegiate athletic participation affects their subsequent labor market success. It uses newly developed distributional tests to establish that the wage distribution of former college athletes is significantly different from non-athletes and that athletic participation is a significant determinant of wages. Additionally, by using newly developed techniques in nonparametric regression, it shows that on average former college athletes earn a wage premium. However, the premium is not uniform, but skewed so that more than half the athletes actually earn less than non-athletes. Further, the premium is not uniform across occupations. Athletes earn more in the fields of business, military, and manual labor, but surprisingly, athletes are more likely to become high school teachers, which pays a relatively lower wage to athletes. We conclude that nonpecuniary factors play an important role in occupational choice, at least for many former collegiate athletes.
Media release: A new study suggests that head impacts experienced during contact sports such as football and hockey may worsen some college athletes ability to acquire new information. The research is published in the May 16, 2012, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. The study involved college athletes at three Division I schools and compared 214 athletes in contact sports to 45 athletes in non-contact sports such as track, crew and Nordic skiing at the beginning and at the end of their seasons. The contact sport athletes wore special helmets that recorded the acceleration speed and other data at the time of any head impact. The contact sport athletes experienced an average of 469 head impacts during the season. Athletes were not included in the study if they were diagnosed with a concussion during the season. In the study, all of the athletes took tests of thinking and memory skills before and after the season. A total of 45 contact sport ...
Controversy exists as to whether high school, college, and older athletes should undergo mandatory preparticipation ECG to screen for underlying cardiac disease that could predispose to SCD. In general, a higher risk of SCD in an athlete population suggests a greater likelihood that ECG screening would be effective. Previous studies have yielded variable rates of SCD among athletes, with the highest event rates (3.6 per 100,000 athlete-years) reported from the Padua region of Italy prior to a program that instituted mandatory ECG screening. The present results suggest that, among high school athletes in the United States, a uniform preparticipation evaluation that includes history and physical examination, but not ECG, results in a very low rate of SCD, and does not support the use of mandatory ECG screening in this group.. ...
The quality of a student-athletes experience can be a product of the services provided by their sponsoring sport organization. In an attempt to improve the student-athlete experience, this study was positioned to examine how collegiate sport services could use academic psychological capital (PsyCap) and student-athlete engagement to promote school satisfaction and psychological well-being. A total of 248 National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I student-athletes participated in this study. Results indicated that academic classification moderated academic PsyCaps influence on engagement. In addition, the academic PsyCap of the student-athletes positively influenced school satisfaction and psychological well-being, but student-athlete engagement fully mediated the relationship between academic PsyCap and psychological well-being. This empirical evidence provides new knowledge on the relationships among student-athletes motivational cognitive constructs, educational engagement, school ...
Existing literature focusing on collegiate student-athletes fails to connect early educational experiences and college experiences with sport retirement and later life outcomes. The existing body of work dealing with these issues covers academic success of student-athletes, difficulties with retirement from sport or making the transition from sports participation for athletes in general, and the college to work transition for students separately. College student-athletes are a unique and growing population so expanding the literature about the experiences and outcomes of this population is warranted. The purpose of this work was to better understand how participant characteristics impact the retirement from sport process as well as life outcomes. The sample consisted of N=6,636 former NCAA Division-I student athletes with data from high school, first year of college, and 10 years after their freshman year of college. Demographics and academic abilities were obtained from in high school and ...
There were no ethnic differences between RV parameters in control subjects. Both black athletes and white athletes exhibited greater RV dimensions than control subjects. RV dimensions were marginally smaller in black athletes than in white athletes (proximal outflow tract diameter 30.9 ± 5.5 vs. 32.8 ± 5.3 mm, p < 0.001; longitudinal dimension 86.6 ± 9.5 vs. 89.8 ± 9.6 mm, p < 0.001), although only 2.3% of variation was attributable to ethnicity. RV enlargement compatible with diagnostic criteria for arrhythmogenic RV cardiomyopathy was frequently observed (proximal outflow tract ≥32 mm; 45.0% of black athletes, 58.5% of white athletes). Anterior T-wave inversion was present in 14.3% of black athletes versus 3.7% of white athletes (p < 0.001). Marked RV enlargement with concomitant anterior T-wave inversion was observed in 3.0% of black athletes versus 0.3% of white athletes (p = 0.005). Further investigation did not diagnose arrhythmogenic RV cardiomyopathy in any athlete.. ...
The NCAA is committed to expanding the understanding of SCD and advancing the cardiovascular care of athletes through education, research and creation of new resources. With the enactment of NCAA legislation that mandates catastrophic injury reporting,69 NCAA member institutions are required to report all catastrophic injuries occurring in student-athletes (including events that occur outside of athletic training and competition); sudden death and near-fatalities from cardiac arrest are counted as catastrophic injuries. Although SCD event reporting is mandatory for NCAA athletes, collecting information on sudden cardiac events for all college-aged and younger individuals would be informative for a greater understanding of incidence and prevention. Thus, future research on the incidence of life-threatening cardiovascular events in NCAA student-athletes will be directed by more precise data.. More accurate information is also needed on the specific aetiologies of SCD in college student-athletes. ...
National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) officials, university leaders, and former student athletes testified at a Senate Commerce Committee hearing on college athlete compensation. Among the witnesses were NCAA Board of Governors Chair Michael Drake, University of Mississippi Intercollegiate Athletics Vice Chancellor Keith Carter, former NFL Players Association President Eric Winston, and Southeastern Conference (SEC) Commissioner Greg Sankey. They discussed the potential benefits and challenges of permitting student athletes to benefit financially from the use of their name, image, and likeness, also known as NIL. They also talked about the ramifications of the coronavirus pandemic on college sports as well as the impact of a compensation model on female athletes, college athletic departments, and non-revenue generating sports.
Corrado et al. have published an ESC consensus document on the screening of athletes for competitive sports.[1] Besides a good medical history and examination, a 12 lead ECG is also part of the screening. They have set up special ECG criteria for participants in competitive sports (table 1). If one of the described findings are present on the ECG, the ECG is considered positive and further evaluation is mandatory which can include echocardiography, 24-h ambulatory Holter monitoring, and exercise testing. ECG Features of cardiac diseases detectable at pre-participation screening in young competitive athletes are shown in table 2. Prevalence of ECG abnormalities in competitive athletes has been studied by Pellicia et al.[2](see table below). ECG abnormalities in their study increased with age and level of exercise. In young amateur athletes they found ECG abnormalities in about 7%, a number that rose to 40% in adult elite athletes. Especially RBBB and left ventricular hypertrophy were often ...
TY - ADVS. T1 - Physical performance tests predict injury in National Collegiate Athletic Association athletes: a three-season prospective cohort study. AU - Hegedus, Eric J. AU - McDonough, S M. AU - Bleakley, Chris. AU - Baxter, G David. AU - DePew, J Tyler. AU - Bradbury, Ian. AU - Cook, Chad. PY - 2016. Y1 - 2016. KW - Physical performance tests. KW - predict injury. KW - athletes. KW - prospective cohort study. U2 - 10.1136/bjsports-2015-094885. DO - 10.1136/bjsports-2015-094885. M3 - Web publication/site. ER - ...
The editorial by Maron (1), as well as the articles by Baggish and colleagues (2) and Wheeler and colleagues (3), have interesting implications regarding the scientific debate about preparticipation cardiovascular screening for athletes. Baggish and colleagues (2) compared a screening protocol with or without 12-lead ECG in a cohort of U.S. collegiate athletes and showed that inclusion of the ECG improved sensitivity for detecting important cardiac abnormalities from 45.5% to 90.9% and altered the negative predictive value of screening from 98.7% to 99.8%. Wheeler and colleagues (3) assessed the costs and survival rates in U.S. athletes who were screened with or without 12-lead ECG and estimated that ECG resulted in 2.1 life-years saved per 1000 athletes screened. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of the screening with ECG was $42 000 per life-year saved ...
Health, ...Even though young athletes are required to receive health screens to b...Aortic stenosis which occurs when the aortic heart valve does not ful... While the majority of these young athletes are being screened there ...The American Heart Association has recommended specific historical que...,Sudden,death,in,young,athletes:,Important,causes,not,identified,by,the,screening,process,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Morphological cardiac alterations in athletes, commonly known as athletes heart, have been widely described in several cross-sectional echocardiographic studies1-6⇓⇓⇓⇓⇓ that have supported the view that LV remodeling in athletes is a benign phenomenon, representing a physiological adaptation to systematic exercise conditioning. However, the dimensional LV changes observed in some elite athletes may be substantial in absolute terms and unavoidably raise a clinical dilemma and differential diagnosis between athletes heart and structural cardiac diseases, such as HCM or DCM.5,6⇓ These are important medical considerations in that the latter pathologic conditions are frequently responsible for sudden death in young athletes.8,9⇓ Presently, however, there are insufficient data to resolve the uncertainty of whether or not such marked alterations in LV chamber dimensions have potential long-term clinical significance and represent evidence of an incipient pathologic condition.10. In the ...
The aim of the study was to examine the lower extremity biomechanics of the stance phase of sprint and endurance athletes, performing maximum velocity sprint runs. The overall purpose of the study was to assist the development of coaching techniques used in the training of endurance and sprint athletes. Twelve specifically trained participants (six sprint & six endurance athletes) were recruited for the study. The participants were asked to run at maximum velocity over a 50m distance for three successful trials. A motion analysis system was used to track all kinematic data from anatomical landmarks identified on the body (MTP, heel, ankle, knee, hip and shoulder joint centres) to form an animated segmental linked system-stick image tracking each trial. A force plate was synchronised with the motion analysis system to obtain kinetic data from a single ground contact. Sprint athletes achieved an 18% increase in horizontal velocity compared to endurance athletes. Differences in stride (lengths, ...
Which professional athlete would you be least surprised is a super hero? - posted in CBUB Character Chat: Based on physicality alone, which professional athlete would you be least surprised is a super hero?
1/4/2017. Athletes in individual sports are more prone to developing depressive symptoms than athletes in team sports, according to a new study.. Our research suggests that depression is particularly high in young athletes, with athletes in individual sports being more vulnerable, says Professor Juergen Beckmann from the Technical University of Munich, who surveyed 162 elite and 199 junior elite athletes in two cross-sectional studies.. Beckmann and his team also conducted a longitudinal study of 85 junior athletes, surveying them three times over the course of a year.. These three studies were complemented by a qualitative study, in which 134 elite athletes were interviewed about perceived causes of their experienced stress, drop-out intentions and depressive symptoms.. The two cross-sectional studies found that sport-specific stress combined with insufficient time for recovery was associated with symptoms of depression. They also found that athletes in individual sports showed significantly ...
The optimal fertile age period for women coincides with peak performance for many athletes, and some athletes may have impaired fertility related to relative energy deficiency in sport (RED-S). In addition to normal preconception advice, we advise that elite athletes who wish to become pregnant, should discuss specific issues, including their age, body weight, body mass index (BMI), body composition (% body fat), history of menstrual function, any eating disorders, RED-S and family size intention with their medical team. This team should include a physician with expertise in fertility and pregnancy, such as an obstetrician/gynaecologist. Egg reserve can be estimated using serum anti- Müllerian hormone levels or ultrasound antral follicle count. In elite athletes, these tests require interpretation by an experienced clinician due to background hormonal changes.. Since the fertile age of many athletes overlaps with the peak performance period, family planning is challenging. Adequate information ...
By Matthew Savare, Bryan Sterba, and Zachary Bocian, of Lowenstein Sandler. Many years ago, the state of the law regarding name, image, and likeness issues (NIL or right of publicity) was once described as a haystack in a hurricane. Such a description accurately depicted (and sadly, still depicts) this convoluted and often confusing area of the law. For college athletes, brands, and universities, the current state of affairs is more like a haystack in a category 5 twister!. Dozens of states have passed legislation regulating how National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) athletes may capitalize on their persona. With several states athlete-compensation laws taking effect on July 1, 2021, the NCAA promulgated an interim policy permitting NCAA athletes to profit from their NIL. The policy, which is described in greater detail below, was passed in response to these various state laws and the U.S. Supreme Courts NCAA v. Alston decision. It is intended to provide a national standard and ...
To track the long-term outcomes of previous college athletes, the NCAA collaborated with Gallup Inc. to survey those who graduated from 1970-2014. The goal of the study, which included interviews with more than 1,600 former student-athletes ages 22-71, was to evaluate their well-being compared with responding graduates who were not college athletes. The findings showed former college athletes were more likely than non-former college athletes to be thriving in four of the five well-being elements: purpose, social, community and physical. The Gallup study, Understanding Life Outcomes of Former NCAA Student-Athletes, found the majority of former student-athletes (56 percent) are thriving in the purpose element. Among those who played football or mens basketball, an even higher percentage (62 percent) like what they do each day and are motivated to achieve their goals.. ...
Recent studies investigating ultraendurance athletes showed an association between excessive fluid intake and swelling of the lower limbs such as the feet. To date, this association has been investigated in single-stage ultraendurance races, but not in multistage ultraendurance races. In this case study, we investigated a potential association between fluid intake and feet swelling in a multistage ultraendurance race such as a Deca Iron ultratriathlon with ten Ironman triathlons within 10 consecutive days. A 49-year-old well-experienced ultratriathlete competed in autumn 2013 in the Deca Iron ultratriathlon held in Lonata del Garda, Italy, and finished the race as winner within 129:33 hours:minutes. Changes in body mass (including body fat and lean body mass), foot volume, total body water, and laboratory measurements were assessed. Food and fluid intake during rest and competing were recorded, and energy and fluid turnovers were estimated. During the ten stages, the volume of the feet ...
Professional athletes involved in high-performance sport are at a high injury risk, which may lead to long-term health consequences. Professional athletes often expose themselves to risky behaviours, resulting in a higher acceptance level of occupational risk compared to other occupations. To date, many studies have focused on elite athletes specific injury prevention techniques. The objective of this narrative review is to (1) summarise elite athletes attitudes towards important occupational safety and health (OSH) practices, including injury reporting, medicine usage and personal protective equipment (PPE) usage, and (2) explore factors that may influence elite athletes injury awareness. If injury awareness were given a similar weighting in elite sports as in any other highly physical occupation, the potential benefits to elite athletes and their long-term health could be highly significant. This review identifies that most elite athletes are not aware that sporting injuries are occupational
A new study finds AGT CC genotype is more common in elite power athletes, but not in endurance sports, reports Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. A specific gene variant is more frequent among elite athletes in power sports, reports a study in the October issue of The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, official research journal of the National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA). The journal is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a part of Wolters Kluwer Health.. A functional polymorphism of the angiotensiogen (AGT) gene is two to three times more common in elite power athletes, compared to nonathletes or even elite endurance athletes, according to the new research by Paweł Cięszczyk, PhD, of University of Szczecin, Poland, and colleagues. They write, [T]he M23T variant in the AGT may be one of the genetic markers to investigate when an assessment of predisposition to power sports is made.. Gene Variant More Common in Elite Power ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Depressive Symptoms in Danish Elite Athletes Using the Major Depressive Inventory (MDI) and the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). AU - Küttel, Andreas. AU - Melin, Anna Katarina. AU - Larsen, Carsten Hvid. AU - Lichtenstein, Mia Beck. PY - 2021/6. Y1 - 2021/6. N2 - The prevalence of depressive symptoms among athletes is an ongoing debate in the scientific literature. The aim of the current study was to assess the prevalence of depressive symptoms in Danish elite athletes and to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Major Depressive Inventory (MDI) and the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) in athletes. The total sample comprised 996 athletes from two cross-sectional studies using the MDI (n = 409) and the CES-D (n = 587). Using the original cut-off points, the MDI found 8.6% and the CES-D found 22.0% at risk of depression. Using alternative cut-off points recommended in the literature, both instruments detected 10-11% of ...
IMU Step records movement data through two synchronized sensors placed above the ankle bone. The data is then interpreted through algorithms and software that precisely quantify the impact of each step an athlete takes. Unlike most single-sensor wearables that treat the body as a single unit of mass and only focus on distance, speed and heart rate, IMU Step precisely measures and classifies how hard each limb hits the ground to calculate asymmetries and workout intensity in order to offer an accumulative bone load score for each athletes training session. For running-based sports like basketball, where over 40-percent of injuries are sustained on the foot and ankle, these metrics can help coaches and trainers remove the guesswork from a players journey back from a lower limb injury, and dramatically reduce the risk of re-injury.. The analysis of an athletes lower limbs and bone loading impact generated through IMU Step offers a first of its kind look at each athletes body and the impact of ...
Background: Sudden cardiac arrest in a young healthy athlete is a rare but catastrophic event. Current American Heart Association preparticipation screening (AHA PPS) guidelines recommend a focused history and physical without routine imaging or ECG screening. We propose that a focused echocardiogram is a useful modality to identify structural abnormalities that may lead to sudden cardiac arrest or other cardiovascular events in athletes.. Methods: We performed a focused 5 minute echocardiogram on all incoming varsity Division I collegiate athletes at the University of Wisconsin from 2005 to 2013. The echocardiograms were performed on the same day as their routine AHA-based PPS exam. Abnormal findings on a focused echocardiogram prompted further testing for confirmation. In this investigation, we report the prevalence of abnormal findings in these athletes.. Results: Of the 2898 athletes screened, 1484 (51.2%) were female. The average age was 18.8 years. The majority (98.3%) of athletes had ...
To begin this study we must first begin with defining what a master athlete is and what you have to do to be considered one. A master athlete is defined as a...
Technology has entrenched itself in the sports industry, becoming a crucial component to achieving optimum performance. The newest tech has advanced to the point where anyone can use it to improve their lifestyles and stay at their peak. While were all pretty clued up about the latest trendy tech wearables, we thought itd be cool to really delve a little deeper into the technology being used at the highest level. With the Olympics coming up were all a bit athlete crazy. Here are a few top-of-the-range, high-end and revolutionary training technologies used by professional athletes to aid their fitness and sports performance. Technology has entrenched itself in the sports industry, becoming a crucial component to achieving optimum performance. The newest tech has advanced to the point where anyone can use it to improve their lifestyles and stay at their peak. While were all pretty clued up about the latest trendy tech wearables, we thought itd be cool to really delve a little deeper into the ...
Athlete Health There are about 500 professional athletes in America, 2,900 Olympic athletes, and 460,000 college athletes. These athletes dedicate their lives to their sport, therefore they have to love it. Hours are spent training to lead up to minutes performing. Athletes have to treat their body with utmost care. That might include a vegan…
CAMBRIDGE, Mass. - The Ivy League has announced the names of 80 student-athletes - including 10 from Harvard - who have been named to the winter 2013-14 Academic All-Ivy League team.. The honorees are starters or key reserves on officially recognized varsity teams who have cumulative grade-point averages of at least 3.0. Each of the eight Ivy League schools nominates five men and five women from it eligible student-athletes.. The 2014 Ivy League Player of the Year, Ali Farag of the mens squash team garnered Academic All-Ivy status after claiming his second individual crown and helping his team to its 31st national title and first since 1998. The Cairo, Egypt, native posted a perfect, 20-0, mark during the season. Farag, an engineering science concentrator, was also the recipient of the 2014 Skillman Award.. Junior James Fox, a psychology concentrator and a member of the wrestling team, was a unanimous selection to the All-Ivy first team. Fox posted a 15-11 overall record, including a 10-2 mark ...
Great athletes are an inspiration, and its part of the human experience to idolize them. Average Joes outnumber the professional athletes million(s) to one. Considering this fact, its only natural that we would look up to someone who can do things that we could never do.. I was a 3-season athlete in high school, and there were plenty of athletes whom I looked up to. However, there was always one who inspired me more than the rest. Until recently, that athlete was Lance Armstrong.. Ever since my junior year of high school, when my father won his battle against prostate cancer and I started getting serious about high school sports, Ive held Lance in the highest regard for his strength and ability to overcome any obstacle. But since he was stripped of his seven consecutive Tour De France championship titles, my feelings toward Armstrong and other athletes accused or found guilty of doping have become mixed.. The accusations against Armstrong seem to hold more weight than accusations against ...
BACKGROUND: Having investigated the decision making of world class elite and subelite athletes (see Parkin and Walsh, 2017; Parkin et al., 2017), here the abilities of those at the earliest stage of entry to elite sport are examined. Junior elite athletes have undergone initial national selection and are younger than athletes examined previously (mean age 13 years). Decision making under mental pressure is explored in this sample. During performance an athlete encounters a wide array of mental pressures; these include the psychological impact of errors, negative feedback, and requirements for sustained attention in a dynamic environment (Anshel and Wells, 2000; Mellalieu et al., 2009). Such factors increase the cognitive demands of the athletes, inducing distracting anxiety-related thoughts known as rumination (Beilock and Gray, 2007). Mental pressure has been shown to reduce performance of decision-making tasks where reward and loss contingencies are explicit, with a shift toward increased risk ...
9/26/2014. There are many reasons kids play sports-for fun, for the opportunity to be part of a team, to learn how to play a sport, to be physically active, and for some, to help lose or manage weight. On average in the United States, one in three children and teens are overweight. Among young athletes, studies have shown that 26 percent of males and 27 percent of females are overweight.. While being active is always a part of the plan for kids who carry too much weight, there is no guarantee that playing a sport will spur along weight loss.. Several issues exist to complicate and deter weight loss in the sports setting:. The Food Scene: Studies have shown that young athletes eat more, and healthier, than their non-athlete peers. However, if an athlete is not participating in a high energy burning sport, like swimming or soccer, this eating more may cause weight gain. Excess calories eaten by young athletes primarily come from two sources: sweetened beverages like soda, sports drinks and juice ...
The question of whether college student-athletes should be paid above and beyond what they currently receive under their NCAA defined athletic scholarships remains a hot topic in any discussion of the role of sport in our society.. Dr. Boyce Watkins is a Professor of Finance in the business school at Syracuse University. He recently posted a strongly worded blog piece online at The Huffington Post. In this piece Dr. Watkins argues in no nonsense terms that college athletes are being exploited and must be paid something for their services beyond the value of their scholarship, particularly those athletes in football and basketball who are generating millions upon millions of dollars for their schools and for the NCAA.. Dr. Watkins is a leading African-American speaker and a noted scholar. He is an outspoken critic of the NCAA. Click here to read his most recent piece. The United States Sports Academy offers academic programs at both the under-graduate and graduate levels in academic fields ...
A source told the publication the officials failed to give the 10 disqualified athletes their Samsung phones.. Each athlete at the Olympics is entitled to one Samsung phone each. All they need to do is go to the Samsung office, scan their accreditation cards and get their phones. But the Nigerian delegation, through a very senior ministry official, went to the Samsung office and took all the phones for Team Nigeria athletes. Now the athletes went to meet the official and he said, You are not competing, you cant get a phone.. But thats not the rule, the rule says as long as you are an accredited Olympic athlete, you are meant to get a phone, its your right. But they are holding the phone, they are not giving the athletes because of their incompetence at not making the athletes compete. Its the incompetence of the federation and the ministry, who should have done the right thing by making sure that their three out of 10 out-of-competition tests are complete, he told The PUNCH. ...
I was asked a question in an interview that I did recently and I thought it was pretty interesting. The answer was not what the coach (interviewer) expected and he seemed a bit surprised. He later explained what the answer he planned on hearing was. I just was looking at the question at a different angle I guess but I didnt see my answer as strange or out of the ordinary.. Based on this coachs comment, I thought it would be a great discussion to see what responses other coaches would make to the same question.. Here is the question:. What is the *one* characteristic that you would want all of your athletes to possess?. Its great to hear what other coaches have to say and would love for you to add your answers to the blog.. I have worked with some great athletes in my career. Though talent does play somewhat of a role in overall success of an athlete, it is not the only factor. I had some extremely talented athletes and had less talent athletes succeed at high levels. On the other hand, some ...
Download the Press Release). LOS ANGELES - One student-athlete dies every three days. Former NBA All-Star A.C. Green and his Los Angeles-based Youth Foundation are partnering with the American Cardiovascular Group to do something about it.. Known as the NBAs Iron Man, A.C. Green once played 1,192 straight games and earned a reputation for toughness and heart. But he says the dangers facing student athletes have nothing to do with toughness, and everything to do with the heart. Specifically, undetected heart problems.. Tragically, we have young student athletes that are dying because of cardiac abnormalities, said Green. And in many cases, a simple test could have detected the problem and possibly saved a life. The American Cardiovascular Group has state-of-the-art testing methods that can be deployed at schools nationwide.. The partnership between the A.C. Green Youth Foundation and ACG will focus initially on providing free cardiovascular testing to student athletes, with the goal of ...
Every athlete is different, therefore, the time required to see results will also vary from athlete to athlete. There are a number of factors that contribute to how quickly an athlete will see results from vision training, however, The Edge Trainer has been proven to create lasting performance improvements within 2-4 weeks of consistent usage. When it comes to visual skills, there is always room for improvement no matter how advanced an athlete becomes in their training. As for Mental Resilience Development, improvement is determined on a more qualitative basis as each athlete completes regular assessments of their mental performance over time in addition to statistical production and coaching feedback. The amount of time it takes to see results from Mental Resilience Development varies for every athlete in the same way that every student in a classroom will learn at a different pace ...
Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Sep 15 2020 A recent study from the Henry Ford Sports Medicine Research team suggests that high school athletes
- Degree in Exercise Science from Bowling Green State University (2013-2017) - Current Position: Sport Performance Director, Facility Manager at Athlete Development Center in Utah. Currently work with 100+ Youth, High School, College Athletes for Strength and Conditioning, Speed and Agility, Sport Nutrition, Healthy Living, etc. - Have worked in the Health and Wellness industry for 8+ Years. 3 Years as a Personal Trainer for Adults, Athletes, College Students. Managed several facilities, Customer Service, Sales, Marketing, Social Media, etc. - Strength and Conditioning Intern at a DI College, working hands-on with DI Athletes, Strength and Conditioning, Speed and Agility, Sport Nutrition - Interned at EXOS Human Performance, worked-hands on with Professional Athletes, Olympic Athletes, Collegiate Athletes, Strength and Conditioning, Speed and Agility, Sport Nutrition. - I am here to help you make healthy changes in your life. I will create personalized Workout Programs, Nutritional Advice, general
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Mental disorders account for approximately 30% of the non-fatal disease burden in Australia, with the most prevalent disorders of depression, anxiety and substance use disorders experienced by 18% of the population in any single year. These disorders are significantly more common in young adulthood than at any other stage in the lifespan. Despite the availability of effective treatments for many disorders, this high susceptibility in young people is coupled with low rates of seeking professional help. As elite athletes have been found to have less positive attitudes towards seeking help for mental health issues, and they are most often young adults themselves, they may be even less likely than non-athletes to utilise professional services. Although there is a strong relationship between exercise and positive mental health, the prevalence of mental disorders in elite athletes is currently not known. A literature review of the general literature on help seeking and a series of focus groups with ...
A study conducted by the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health and funded by the National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS) Foundation revealed that high school athletes who specialize in a single sport sustain lower-extremity injuries at significantly higher rates than athletes who do not specialize in one sport. The study was conducted throughout the 2015-16 school year at 29 high schools in Wisconsin involving more than 1,500 student-athletes equally divided between male and female participants. The schools involved in the study represented a mixture of rural (14), suburban (12) and urban (3) areas, and enrollments were equally diverse with 10 small schools (less than 500 students), 10 medium schools (501-1,000 students) and nine large schools (more than 1,000 students).. Athletes who specialized in one sport were twice as likely to report previously sustaining a lower-extremity injury while participating in sports (46%) than athletes who did not ...
intensity exercise. As your client adapts to the intervals, he or she will need less recovery time between efforts, and you can add in progressively longer intervals. The ratio can be gradually reduced to 1:2 and then 1:1. Also, begin with 3 sets of intervals and work up to 5 or more sets in a single workout, depending on length of workout time and work:rest ratio.. Add Resistance Training. Even die-hard endurance athletes will need to include resistance training as an integral part of their routine. The benefits for an aging athlete are almost endless, including offsetting the age-related declines that typically occur with advancing age, reducing the incidence of injury, enhancing performance and increasing daily functional abilities. However, many older athletes are still under the impression that resistance training will slow them down, bulk them up and impair their performance. You may need to convince them that just the opposite will happen. Muscle power (the ability to generate force ...
The purpose of the current study was to explore National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division 1 athletes perceptions of mental toughness. Specifically, three areas of mental toughness were explored including attributes, the role of significant others, and strategies used to build mental toughness. In-depth interviews were conducted with 15 athletes from a variety of sports. Lower and higher-order themes were developed to capture the main ideas of mental toughness. Various psychological attributes emerged including performing under pressure, being motivated, being a hard worker, and anticipation. In addition, all athletes referred to coaches as being critical in developing mental toughness (i.e., coaches support, coaches attributes, coaches practices). Creating a positive but tough practice environment emerged as a dominant theme to build mental toughness. In addition, the themes of teaching mental toughness and enhancing athletes psychological skills emerged. Findings offer ...
Postconcussion, student-athletes should return to the classroom using a gradual, stepwise process to ensure that symptoms are not exacerbated by cognitive activ...
Female athlete triad is syndrome made up of a trio of health conditions that impact women involved in sports, typically at the high school or collegiate level. It is a relatively new diagnosis, characterized by a consistent pattern of consuming less energy than the athlete expends, which leads to dangerous and often irreversible symptoms. The female athlete triad can occur in non-athletes as well but is much more common among those who compete in sports. Because this can lead to serious medical complications, it is essential to understand the female athlete triad, its symptoms, and its treatments.. ...
Training in sport environments that emphasize leanness and muscularity may damage athletes body image and negatively influence male athletes eating behaviors and attitudes. The Questionnaire for Eating Disorder Diagnosis and the Bulimia Test - Revised were completed anonymously online by 732 male intercollegiate athletes. Most male collegiate athletes were classified as asymptomatic (82.9%), followed by symptomatic (16%) and eating disordered (1.1%). The most common forms pathogenic behaviors were excessive exercise (51.6%), binge eating (21.4%), and dieting or fasting (20.5%). Results suggested that athletes who participate in weight class sports are at higher risk for developing these behaviors than endurance sport or ball game athletes. Counseling and other implications for professionals working with athletes are discussed.
NEWARK, Del. - Nineteen swimming and diving student-athletes have been sanctioned by the University of Delaware for violations of COVID-19 protocol established by the university and have been suspended by the athletics department from all athletic related activities.. Their suspensions came after notification that there was a large indoor social gathering hosted on Sept. 26, 2020 at an off-campus residence, which violates the COVID-19 guidelines and the student-athlete social pledge, as well as the Newark city ordinance for indoor gatherings. The student-athletes that were involved were quarantined immediately and all were tested with negative results.. UD student-athletes and staff that are currently on campus for the fall semester are placed in an ongoing campus surveillance testing pool where groups will be tested twice a week.. We have spoken to our student-athletes at length about their responsibility of being back on campus. The protocols and guidelines put into place are ones that must ...
Performance enhancing scandals among professional athletes are not a new phenomenon. Sports fans can hardly tune their TV to their favorite sports coverage without seeing another well-known athlete caught up in accusations of performance enhancing drugs, blood doping, or some other substance usage that gives them a perceived physical edge over the competition. Most people presume that professional athletes, being richly compensated for their physical feats, are the people most likely t...
Purpose/Background: Functional tests have been used primarily to assess an athletes fitness or readiness to return to sport. The purpose of this prospective cohort study was to determine the ability of the standing long jump (SLJ) test, the single‐leg hop (SLH) for distance test, and the lower extremity functional test (LEFT) as preseason screening tools to identify collegiate athletes who may be at increased risk for a time‐loss sports‐related low back or lower extremity injury. Methods: A total of 193 Division III athletes from 15 university teams (110 females, age 19.1 ± 1.1 y; 83 males, age 19.5 ± 1.3 y) were tested prior to their sports seasons. Athletes performed the functional tests in the following sequence: SLJ, SLH, LEFT. The athletes were then prospectively followed during their sports season for occurrence of low back or LE injury. Results: Female athletes who completed the LEFT in $118 s were 6 times more likely (OR=6.4, 95% CI: 1.3, 31.7) to sustain a thigh or knee injury. ...
FRIDAY, Oct. 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Young athletes should undergo heart screening before they play competitive sports, according to new guidelines released by the National Athletic Trainers Association (NATA).. The goal of the guidelines for secondary schools is to prevent sudden cardiac arrest in athletes. Sudden cardiac arrest is often caused by an undetected structural abnormality of the heart, according to a NATA news release. The survival rate among U.S. student athletes who suffer sudden cardiac arrest is just one in 10, NATA said.. Some children may have the disease without knowing it; our job is to help identify those high-risk kids so they dont suffer a cardiac arrest while engaging in sports, Lisa Yue, founder and executive director of the Childrens Cardiomyopathy Foundation, said in a NATA news release.. Cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart that affects about 30,000 American children, NATA said. Its also the leading cause of sudden cardiac arrest in youngsters, ...
Dietary supplements are a booming business in the United States. Currently over half of Americans have taken a dietary supplement in the last year. Collegiate and professional athletes are even more likely to take a dietary supplement to get a competitive edge over their opponents. The objective of this study was to assess dietary supplement use in club athletes at Utah State University. Club athletes are non-scholarship athletes associated with a university. They often do not the same level of funding or resources that NCAA or scholarship athletes have. A survey was sent to all 401 club athletes at Utah State University electronically. 49 club athletes responded to the survey. Of those that responded 65% reported using a dietary supplement in the last two months. The most common dietary supplements consumed were protein, caffeine or energy drinks, Vitamin D, multivitamins, and fish oil. The most common reasons for taking a dietary supplement were to support energy, gain muscle or strength and general
TY - JOUR. T1 - Do big athletes have big hearts? Impact of extreme anthropometry upon cardiac hypertrophy in professional male athletes. AU - Riding, Nathan R.. AU - Salah, Othman. AU - Sharma, Sanjay. AU - Carré, François. AU - OHanlon, Rory. AU - George, Keith P.. AU - Hamilton, Bruce. AU - Chalabi, Hakim. AU - Whyte, Gregory P.. AU - Wilson, Mathew G.. PY - 2012/11. Y1 - 2012/11. N2 - Aim Differentiating physiological cardiac hypertrophy from pathology is challenging when the athlete presents with extreme anthropometry. While upper normal limits exist for maximal left ventricular (LV) wall thickness (14 mm) and LV internal diameter in diastole (LVIDd, 65 mm), it is unknown if these limits are applicable to athletes with a body surface area (BSA) ,2.3 m 2. Purpose To investigate cardiac structure in professional male athletes with a BSA,2.3 m 2, and to assess the validity of established upper normal limits for physiological cardiac hypertrophy. Methods 836 asymptomatic athletes without a ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Pathogenic weight-control behavior in female athletes. AU - Rosen, L. W.. AU - McKeag, D. B.. AU - Hough, D. O.. AU - Curley, V.. PY - 1986/1/1. Y1 - 1986/1/1. N2 - Athletes have gone to extraordinary lengths to reduce their body fat stores in an effort to improve performance. To identify athletes who need help, a questionnaire was administered to 182 female collegiate athletes. Results showed that 32% practiced at least one of the weight-control behaviors defined as pathogenic, which include self-induced vomiting; binges more than twice weekly; and the use of laxatives, diet pills, and/or diuretics. A number of steps are suggested to alert coaches, trainers, and team physicians to the high-risk athlete who requires special attention or treatment to correct this disorder.. AB - Athletes have gone to extraordinary lengths to reduce their body fat stores in an effort to improve performance. To identify athletes who need help, a questionnaire was administered to 182 female ...
Principle Investigator: Christopher D. Ingersoll, PhD. Institution: University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA Title: Motor Evoked Potential Abnormalities Following Acute Concussion Among High School and Collegiate Athletes: Relationship to Post-Concussive Symptoms, Neuropsychological Test Scores, and Balance Error Scores.. Abstract: A transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) technique for recording motor evoked potentials (MEP) in concussed athletes will be examined. MEPs provide critical information about the excitability or inhibition of the primary motor cortex and the integrity of the descending motor pathways. MEP abnormalities in subjects with mild to severe head injuries have been reported but have not been evaluated in athletes with mild head injuries. Investigation of MEPs in a sports-related concussion population will increase our understanding of the pathophysiology of concussive injuries and will assist in the assessment and management of such injuries. The purposes of this study ...
Principle Investigator: Christopher D. Ingersoll, PhD. Institution: University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA. Title: Motor Evoked Potential Abnormalities Following Acute Concussion Among High School and Collegiate Athletes: Relationship to Post-Concussive Symptoms, Neuropsychological Test Scores, and Balance Error Scores.. Abstract: A transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) technique for recording motor evoked potentials (MEP) in concussed athletes will be examined. MEPs provide critical information about the excitability or inhibition of the primary motor cortex and the integrity of the descending motor pathways. MEP abnormalities in subjects with mild to severe head injuries have been reported but have not been evaluated in athletes with mild head injuries. Investigation of MEPs in a sports-related concussion population will increase our understanding of the pathophysiology of concussive injuries and will assist in the assessment and management of such injuries. The purposes of this study ...
National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) - Find your next career at NCAA Market. Check back frequently as new jobs are posted every day.
National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) - Find your next career at NCAA Market. Check back frequently as new jobs are posted every day.
Exercise causes alterations in redox homeostasis (ARH). Measuring ARH in elite athletes may aid in the identification of training tolerance, fatigued states, and underperformance. To the best of our knowledge, no studies have examined ARH in elite male and female distance runners at sea level. The monitoring of ARH in athletes is hindered by a lack of reliable and repeatable in-the-field testing tools and by the rapid turnaround of results. We examined the effects of various exercise intensities on ARH in healthy (non-over-reached) elite male and female endurance athletes using clinical point-of-care (POC) redox tests, referred to as the free oxygen radical test (FORT) (pro-oxidant) and the free oxygen radical defence (FORD) (antioxidant). Elite male and female endurance athletes (n = 22) completed a discontinuous incremental treadmill protocol at submaximal running speeds and a test to exhaustion. Redox measures were analyzed via blood sampling at rest, warm-up, submaximal exercise, exhaustion, ...
Doping with endocrine drugs is quite prevalent in amateur and professional athletes. The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) has a list of banned drugs for athletes who compete and a strategy to detect such drugs. Some are relatively easy, anabolic steroids and erythropoietin, and others more difficult, human growth hormone (rhGH) and insulin like growth factor I (IGF-I). The use of such compounds is likely less in adolescent athletes, but the detection that much more difficult given that the baseline secretion of the endogenous hormone is shifting during pubertal development with the greatest rise in testosterone in boys occuring about the time of peak height velocity and maximal secretion of hGH and IGF-I. This review notes the rationale, physiology, performance enhancement, adverse events and the detection of doping with insulin, rhGH, rhIGF-I, erythropoietin, and anabolic-androgenic steroids.
The Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial found excellent clinical outcomes in patients with lumbar disc herniation, irrespective of the treatment modality (conservative or surgical) [20]. There was a significant crossover of patients between the two groups in this randomized trial. Though the intent to treat analysis had shown a trend toward greater improvements in a group undergoing surgery, these differences were statistically insignificant [31]. These randomized trials described the outcomes of lumbar disc herniation treatment in the general population; however, these results do not necessarily hold true in the case of professional athletes involved in competitive contact sports. Parameters such as career longevity, performance, and RTS can aptly be described as representative outcome measures when evaluating any intervention in this subset of the population. The Professional Athlete Spine Initiative [25] was a retrospective cohort study of 342 professional athletes from four major North ...
State-of-the-art Premiere Sports Performance Training Facility with a focus on Speed, Power and Agility training from youth to professional athletes. We fuel our athletes with the knowledge, confidence and physical ability to thrive in todays competitive academic and athletic atmosphere. We teach our athletes proven techniques that strengthen core muscles, improve flexibility and help to prevent injury through proper biomechanical efficiencies. We train the explosive muscle fibers known as Fast Twitch Fiber (FTF) to create explosive muscle contractions. The athletes in our program will learn and perfect movements they will utilize throughout their athletic career, providing them with a huge athletic advantage over their competition.
Case opinion for PA Commonwealth Court CORMAN v. NATIONAL COLLEGIATE ATHLETIC ASSOCIATION. Read the Courts full decision on FindLaw.
Sudden death in healthy athletes is uncommon but, when it occurs, the primary mechanism is cardiovascular. The major cause of sudden death in the young athlete is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy or related conditions characterized by left ventricular hypertrophy, aortic rupture due to cystic medial necrosis and congenital coronary artery abnormalities. In the middle-aged or older athlete, coronary artery disease is the most significant cause of sudden death.. Noninvasive screening procedures are currently available that can detect most subjects at risk of sudden death. However, although some potentially lethal diseases can be excluded by a relatively simple screening program, other diseases require expensive procedures, such as echocardiography and exercise electrocardiographic stress testing. This means that the sensitivity of detecting diseases leading to sudden death increases in proportion to the financial resources that can be applied to the screening program. Thus, when a screening program ...
The sickle cell trait could be a cause?albeit rare?of sudden death in young African-American competitive athletes, most commonly during football training, according to a scientific poster that will be presented at the American College of Cardiology (ACC) Scientific Sessions, April 1-3, in New Orleans.. The sickle cell trait (SCT), which affects approximately 8 percent of African-Americans in the U.S., has been associated with sudden death in military recruits undergoing vigorous exercise. Due to the potential hypothesis that SCT may also cause sudden death in young highly trained athletes during physical activity, the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) has recently made screening of athletes for SCT mandatory for all Division I athletes prior to their participation in college athletics. However, Kevin M. Harris, MD, co-director of the Acute Aortic Dissection Program and director of the echocardiography laboratory at the Minneapolis Heart Institute® at Abbott Northwestern Hospital ...
Female athletes that focus too much on being thin may eat too little or exercise too much, resulting in long-term damages to their health. Click on the link below to learn more about the three conditions that create the female athlete triad and problems the triad can cause.
With the increase in female participation in sports (much of it attributable to Title IX legislation in the United States), the incidence of a triad of disorders particular, but not exclusive, to women-the so-called female athlete triad-has also increased. The female athlete triad, though more common in the athletic population, can also occu...
CHAPEL HILL - As the summer draws to a close, high school student athletes are gearing up for competition once again. However, the recent tragic deaths of student athletes related to undetected cardiac conditions, including a high school football player in North Carolina last month, have prompted schools to focus even more on preventing these tragic events.
Reference:Majer R, Thornton A, Lauffenburger J, Marino J, Tsai M, Stellingwerff T, Peach H. Associations between subjective and objective measures of sleep quality and hemoglobin a1c in professional athletes. Sleep Medicine 2019. DOI: 10.1016/j.sleep.2019.11.670Objectives:It is well known that profession athletes often struggle to get adequate restorative sleep. Sleep disturbances have been linked to poor glycemic…
Sweat contains amino acids and electrolytes derived from plasma and athletes can lose 1-2L of sweat per hour during exercise. Sweat may also contain contributions of amino acids as well as urea, sodium and potassium from the natural moisturizing factors (NMF) produced in the stratum corneum. In preliminary experiments, one participant was tested on three separate occasions to compare sweat composition with surface water washings from the same area of skin to assess contributions from NMF. Two participants performed a 40 minute self-paced cycle session with sweat collected from cleansed skin at regular intervals to assess the contributions to the sweat load from NMF over the period of exercise. The main study investigated sweat amino acid composition collected from nineteen male athletes following standardised endurance exercise regimes at 32-34˚C and 20-30% RH. Plasma was also collected from ten of the athletes to compare sweat and plasma composition of amino acids. The amino acid profiles of the skin
The athletes ability to sprint at high velocities is an integral component in the related fields of Sports Rehabilitation and the Performance Enhancement Training of athletes. A principal objective of the rehabilitation process is to restore the athlete to their previous level of athletic performance including the athletes pre-injury running velocity. With regard to the athletes performance enhancement training, a necessary component of training, when appropriate, would be to enhance the athletes abilities in linear velocity. The review of the various rehabilitation and/or performance enhancement training programs often leads to the inquiry, as well as reveals the lack of an appropriate programmed sprinting volume as often the majority of the running volume prescription is tempo in nature. The Rehabilitation and Strength and Conditioning (S&C) Professional must ensure that the athlete incorporates an appropriate and proficient amount of sprinting volume into their rehabilitation and ...
Updated 7/05 STUDENT-ATHLETES: EATING DISORDERS. Eating disorders, most commonly anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, are relatively common health problems on for students on college campuses. Collegiate athletes are at the same risk for these disorders. It is a goal of the Sports Medicine Department at Kansas Athletics to work to prevent, identify, evaluate and treat these disorders in a such a way as to maximize the health and performance of those individuals affected.. Prevention. Although the precise cause of eating disorders has not been agreed upon, the development of an eating disorder probably is related to a combination of psychological, geological, family, genetic, environmental and social factors. Kansas Athletics will minimize environmental factors by utilizing a science-based approach to weight management which emphasizes healthy, performance-enhancing eating and de-emphasizes body image (see 506 A Student-Athletes: Medical Policy ).. Identification. Sports medicine personnel will ...
The ability to determine athletic performance in varsity athletes using preseason measures has been established. The ability of pre-season performance measures and athletes exposure to predict the incidence of injuries is unclear. Thus our purpose was to determine the ability of pre-season measures of athletic performance to predict time to injury in varsity athletes. Male and female varsity athletes competing in basketball, volleyball and ice hockey participated in this study. The main outcome measures were injury prevalence, time to injury (based on calculated exposure) and pre-season fitness measures as predictors of time to injury. Fitness measures were Apleys range of motion, push-up, curl-ups, vertical jump, modified Illinois agility, and sit-and-reach. Cox regression models were used to identify which baseline fitness measures were predictors of time to injury. Seventy-six percent of the athletes reported 1 or more injuries. Mean times to initial injury were significantly different for females
Research supports the use of a Healthy Weight (HW) program targeting small lifestyle modifications in the prevention of ED onset and in reducing ED risk factors. Studies show that HW can be tailored for specific social systems (e.g., sororities) which can facilitate dissemination and that undergraduate peer-leaders can implement these programs. Interventions that can be administered affordably by endogenous providers are more likely to be disseminated, as indicated by the large scale dissemination of a peer-led ED prevention program by a national sorority. Another target social system for dissemination of ED prevention is collegiate athletics. Research suggests that disordered eating among female athletes is prevalent, and that this group is at greater, or at least equal, risk for developing EDs as non-athlete females. Disordered eating is especially dangerous in female athletes because it increases risk for the Female Athlete Triad (i.e., low energy availability/disordered eating, menstrual ...
I met with Sarah Kubitschek (former First Lady of Brazil) at the rehabilitation hospital and I felt very attracted to wheelchair basketball as it was a sport totally different from what I had seen. The emotion of sitting in a basketball chair for the first time and feeling the adrenaline, it returned my dream of being a professional athlete and I had a chance to realize a dream of playing at a Paralympic Games.. ...