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Generations of readers have learned social psychology from this book-it provides balanced, up-to-date, and accurate coverage of basic topics, research, and theories. Balancing cutting-edge findings and classic work in the field, the user-friendly Social Psychology shows how its methods and theories can be applied to everyday experiences and current social issues. Interesting and easy to read and understand, the topics covered are broad in scope but not overwhelming; these include: perception of people and events; attitudes and influence; social interactions and relationships; helping and hurting others; social psychology and health; and social psychology and the law. Teachers, health professionals, lawyers, business leaders, and people in many different professions will find Social Psychology to be a valuable reference and handbook.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Is pancreatitis a complication of endoscopic ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration of the pancreas?. AU - Gress, F.. AU - Ikenberry, S.. AU - Ciaccia, D.. AU - Kiel, J.. AU - Lehman, Glen. PY - 1997. Y1 - 1997. N2 - Introduction: Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) of the pancreas is increasingly being utilized to diagnose pancreatic masses. We have previously reported 2 cases of clinical pancreatitis following EUS guided FNA of the pancreas. Aim of Study: To determine the frequency of chemical and clinical pancreatitis following EUS guided FNA of the pancreas. Methods: All patients having EUS guided FNA biopsy of the pancreas were eligible. Exclusion criteria included: All patients with acute pancreatitis or having ERCP within 48 hours of the EUS FNA. Serum amylase and lipase levels were measured immediately prior to and 2 hours post EUS FNA. Patients were called 24-72 hours after FNA to follow up for increased pain, nausea, or vomiting suggesting ...
Aspiration pneumonia is a leading cause of death among the elderly. However, a new study in the September issue of JAMDA suggests that the long-term prognosis for this condition is poor due to underlying morbidity, rather than because of the aspiration pneumonia itself.. In Long-Term Mortality and Prognostic Factors in Aspiration Pneumonia, the authors studied 550 aspiration pneumonia patients; only half of these individuals survived one year after their first aspiration event. Risk factors for one-year mortality included low body mass index, admission from another department, hypotension, cerebral infarction (as an underlying disease), bedridden status, use of inotropes or vasopressors, leukocytosis, hypoalbuminemia, and mechanical ventilatory care.. Nearly one-fourth (24.2%) of the patients studied had recurrent aspiration pneumonia, and these were more likely to be male, admitted from home, and have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or a tracheostomy. There were no significant ...
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The CPIP uniquely integrates complementary training experiences at the Psychiatry Departments Vermont Center for Children, Youth, and Families (VCCYF) and the Psychology Departments Behavior Therapy and Psychotherapy Center (BTPC). At the VCCYF, interns receive advanced training in the application of evidence-based interventions from the family perspective, directly addressing both child and parent emotional and behavioral strengths and difficulties. In the framework of the Vermont Family Based Approach, interns apply health promotion, prevention, and intervention to help the well families remain well, prevent at-risk children from developing emotional and behavioral problems, and intervene comprehensively with children and families challenged by psychopathology. At the VCCYF, interns collaborate with professionals in psychiatry, psychology, social work, nursing, and genetics. At the BTPC, interns receive advanced training in culturally competent, evidence-based treatment of torture survivors ...
A 63-year-old man was admitted to our clinic with left hilar lymphadenopathy on his chest radiography. Fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography showed multiple regions of high metabolic activity on the left pleura and left interlobar lymph nodes. Histopathological examination of the lymph node material obtained by endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) revealed malignant mesothelioma. This case report demonstrates the usefulness of EBUS-TBNA in the diagnosis of metastatic mesothelioma.. Keywords: endobronchial ultrasonography (EBUS), mediastinal lymph node, ...
We present two cases of Japanese patients with PSP who experienced recurrent aspiration pneumonia and bronchopneumonia regardless of receipt of total enteral feeding and conventional therapy. Patient one experienced recurrence twice at intervals of two months and patient two experienced recurrence nine times at almost monthly intervals. The respiratory infection developed only once, at 5.5 months (patient one) and six months (patient two) after the administration of qing fei tang.. After administration of qing fei tang, the incidence of aspiration pneumonia and bronchopneumonia fell in both of our patients, and the interval until onset of respiratory infection was prolonged. No adverse effects induced by qing fei tang were found in either of our patients.. Aspiration pneumonia and bronchopneumonia is the leading cause of death in patients with Parkinsons syndrome, including dementia with diffuse Lewy bodies, corticobasal degeneration, PSP, and multiple system atrophy [3]. Onset of dysphagia ...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the role of endotracheal suction on the occurrence of meconium aspiration syndrome in depressed meconium stained babies. Meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) is believed to result from aspiration of meconium and consequent chemical pneumonitis. Meconium can be aspirated into the lungs in the womb as well. Meconium in the distal airways is not accessible to endotracheal (ET) suction which clears only the windpipe. Furthermore there is growing evidence in support of asphyxia-hypoxia-acidosis in the causation of lung disease. Moreover, in the absence of a clear role of ET suction in depressed meconium stained newborns, critical time could be lost in assessment, intubation and ET suction (range: 30 seconds to 1 min) which might delay the definitive step of ventilation for resuscitation of such babies that can potentially affect the outcome adversely.The utility or futility of endotracheal suction in preventing MAS in depressed meconium stained neonates has not ...
The objective of this article is to report our first experience of CT guided percutaneous thoracic biopsy and to demonstrate the accuracy and safety of this procedure. This was a retrospective study of 28 CT-Guided Percutaneous Needle Biopsies of the Chest performed on 24 patients between November 2014 and April 2015. Diagnosis was achieved in 18 patients (75%), negative results were found in 3 patients (12,5%). Biopsy was repeated in these cases with two positive results. Complications were seen in 7 patients (29%), Hemoptysis in 5 patients (20%), Pneumothorax in 1 patient (4,1%) and vaso-vagal shock in 1 patient (4,1%). CT Guided Percutaneous Needle Biopsy of the Chest is a safe, minimally invasive procedure with high sensitivity, specificity and accuracy for diagnosis of lung lesions.
Chronic aspiration pneumonia is a form of aspiration pneumonia according time of onset. This can include changes caused by microaspiration or macroaspiration of oro-gastric content through time. Pathology This results from repeated passage of f...
Characterization of the innate immune response to chronic aspiration in a novel rodent model.s profile, publications, research topics, and co-authors
Local resource for applied behavior analysis therapists in Glendale. Includes detailed information on local businesses that provide access to applied behavior analysis therapy, applied behavior analysis clinics, applied behavior analysis specialists, autism therapy, autism treatments, autism clinics, and applied behavior analysis support, as well as advice and content on autism support groups and autism societies.
I received my B.A. and M.A. in sociology from the Miami University of Ohio. My Ph.D. in sociology is from Duke University (1975) and my postdoctoral training, in aging, was performed at Duke University School of Medicine. I am a sociologist interested in social psychology, aging and adult development, medical sociology, and family relationships. I have performed extensive research in these areas. My most recent work examines social precursors of depression, the effects of stress on health, and the relationships between religion and health. I enjoy teaching Social Psychology (SOC 106/PSY 116),and graduate seminars in medical sociology and life course and aging. In 1991, I won the Trinity College Distinguished Teaching Award for my outstanding work in the classroom. I collect murder mysteries ...
1 Table of Contents. 1 Table of Contents 2. 1.1 List of Tables 3. 1.2 List of Figures 3. 2 Introduction 4. 2.1 What Is This Report About? 4. 2.2 Biopsy Procedures, Segmentation 4. 2.3 Definitions of Procedures Covered in the Report 5. 3 Biopsy Procedures, Canada 7. 3.1 Biopsy Procedures, Canada, 2009-2016 7. 3.2 Biopsy Procedures, Canada, 2016-2023 9. 3.2.1 Breast Biopsy Procedures, Canada, 2009-2016 11. 3.2.2 Colorectal Biopsy Procedures, Canada, 2009-2016 13. 3.2.3 Leukemia Biopsy Procedures, Canada, 2009-2016 15. 3.2.4 Liver Biopsy Procedures, Canada, 2009-2016 16. 3.2.5 Lung Biopsy Procedures, Canada, 2009-2016 18. 3.2.6 Other Indications Biopsy Procedures, Canada, 2009-2016 19. 3.2.7 Prostate Biopsy Procedures, Canada, 2009-2016 21. 3.2.8 Thyroid Biopsy Procedures, Canada, 2009-2016 23. 3.2.9 Breast Biopsy Procedures, Canada, 2016-2023 24. 3.2.10 Colorectal Biopsy Procedures, Canada, 2016-2023 26. 3.2.11 Leukemia Biopsy Procedures, Canada, 2016-2023 28. 3.2.12 Liver Biopsy Procedures, ...
An American Psychological Association (APA) Presidential Citation was awarded to Don Dewsbury, Professor Emeritus. Don was a student of Frank A. Beach and was himself a mentor to countless students. In making the citation, President Anthony Puente stated: Don is "a beacon and benchmark for psychology. A review of his vita provides an illustration of what was important to him. These include 250+ publications in animal behavior, 100+publications in history of science as well as of psychology, 18 books edited or written ranging from textbooks to reference books, president of three divisions of APA and the Animal Behavior Society, Animal Behavior Society Exemplar Award winner, historian or archivist for several scientific organizations, and 25 years of continuous support from the National Science Foundation.. His contribution to the history of psychology is even more unusual considering that his contribution to animal and comparative psychology were exemplary and make him arguably the premier ...
Dr. Hess is a clinical pediatric psychologist, working in the areas of Child, Adolescent & Family Therapy/Development Delays. An expert in her field, Dr. Hess has over 24 years of experience. The practice is divided into two categories.
The Yerkes National Primate Research Center in Atlanta, Georgia, is one of seven national primate research centers funded by the National Institutes of Health. It is known for its biomedical and behavioral studies with nonhuman primates. Its 25-acre (10 ha) Main Station contains most of the centers biomedical research laboratories. The center also includes the 117-acre (47 ha) Yerkes Field Station near Lawrenceville, Georgia. The center was established in 1930 by Robert Yerkes, in Orange Park, Florida, associated then with Yale University. Yerkes was a pioneering primatologist who specialized in comparative psychology. In 1965, it relocated to its present location on the campus of Emory University. The Field Station houses 3,400 animals, specializes in behavioral studies of primate social groups, and is located 30 miles (48 km) northeast of Atlanta, on 117 acres (47 ha) of wooded land. The Living Links Center is a part of the Yerkes National Primate Research Center run by primatologist Frans De ...
We argue that cognitive empathy and other instances of mental state attribution are a byproduct of self-awareness. Evidence is brought to bear on this proposition from comparative psychology, early child development, ...
Evaluation of the effectivity of the new thyroid fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) apparatus of which patented from Turkish Patent Institute.
ISSN: (Print)/ (Online) Tuberc Respir Dis 2013;74:74-78 CopyrightC2013. The Korean Academy of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases. All rights
Free download. Book file PDF easily for everyone and every device. You can download and read online Oxford Handbook of Human Action (Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience) file PDF Book only if you are registered here. And also you can download or read online all Book PDF file that related with Oxford Handbook of Human Action (Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience) book. Happy reading Oxford Handbook of Human Action (Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience) Bookeveryone. Download file Free Book PDF Oxford Handbook of Human Action (Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience) at Complete PDF Library. This Book have some digital formats such us :paperbook, ebook, kindle, epub, fb2 and another formats. Here is The CompletePDF Book Library. Its free to register here to get Book file PDF Oxford Handbook of Human Action (Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience) Pocket Guide ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration versus core needle biopsy. T2 - comparison of post-biopsy hematoma rates and risk factors. AU - Chae, In Hye. AU - Kim, Eun Kyung. AU - Moon, Hee Jung. AU - Yoon, Jung Hyun. AU - Park, Vivian Y.. AU - Kwak, Jin Young. PY - 2017/7/1. Y1 - 2017/7/1. N2 - Purpose: To compare post-biopsy hematoma rates between ultrasound guided-fine needle aspiration and ultrasound guided-core needle biopsy, and to investigate risk factors for post-biopsy hematoma. Methods: A total of 5304 thyroid nodules which underwent ultrasound guided biopsy were included in this retrospective study. We compared clinical and US features between patients with and without post-biopsy hematoma. Associations between these features and post-biopsy hematoma were analyzed. Results: Post-biopsy hematoma rate was 0.8% (43/5121) for ultrasound guided-fine needle aspiration and 4.9% (9/183) for ultrasound guided-core needle biopsy (P , 0.001). For ultrasound guided-fine needle ...
Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes case reports and case series focusing on gastroenterology, hepatology, pancreas and biliary, and related cancers.
Background:. Antibiotics are used routinely in postoperative tissue expander based breast reconstruction (TE) and autologous flap (AF) breast reconstruction procedures. Closed suction drains are also used routinely in immediate breast reconstruction to prevent fluid accumulation and seroma formation at the surgical sites. Antibiotics are most often prescribed as a precaution because drains may serve as an open channel to outside contaminants. Plastic surgery patients without closed suction drainage devices are usually not placed on prolonged postoperative antibiotics. Current preoperative surgical antibiotic prophylaxis is recommended for up to 24 hours only. These recommendations do not take into account the increased risk of indwelling closed suction drains.. Current plastic surgery literature does not provide recommendations or consensus for antibiotic discontinuation following immediate breast reconstruction. A recent survey conducted of 650 plastic surgeons showed that 98% of respondents ...
This would be made widespread when more becomes concerned with hythlodays educational psychology research paper to the paragraph, and the environment that he would like hythloday to read it over and correct any insights that appear in the sex. Awards can be played even especially as 20 cultures a educational psychology research paper.
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Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy feeding is widely used as a route for enteral feeding for patients with impaired swallowing ability, particularly in older patients. Hepatic portal venous gas is a condition that may arise from several causes. Hepatic portal venous gas that develops after an endoscopic procedure is generally reported to be nonfatal, yet there is little information available concerning the characteristics of hepatic portal venous gas as a chronic complication of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy feeding. We experienced a case of hepatic portal venous gas that happened to be detected in an 81-year-old Japanese man with long-term percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy use who was admitted to our hospital with aspiration pneumonia. While aspiration pneumonia was treated with antibiotics and suspension of tube feedings, he recovered from hepatic portal venous gas without any treatment. The presence of a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube may have induced hepatic portal venous gas
Behavior analysts provide services to individuals, families, group homes, schools, mental health agencies, hospitals, industrial and business settings, and other agencies working with individuals who require intensive behavioral training and/or consultation. Special populations such as individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder and other developmental disabilities have been shown to benefit greatly from Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) services. Applied Behavior Analysis is also frequently used in the field of education for both neuro-typical students and students with disabilities. Behavior analyst professionals are strongly encouraged by the Behavior Analyst Certification Board (BACB) to pursue Board Certified Behavior Analyst (BCBA) or Board Certified Assistant Behavior Analyst (BCaBA) certification. BCBA and BCaBA certifications are considered the industry standard in this field and are nationally and internationally recognized. The Applied Behavior Analysis Certificate of Advanced Study ...
Have you ever felt insecure in your career … A Threat from Within," Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 28(3), 395-408. Hogan, Robert, Clinton B. …. Career Assessment Tests & Quizzes. A career assessment test helps to determine the best career option for an individual based on skills, aptitude, interest …. "Hes a big personality who is an extremely successful basketball … thats the …. you need to take a job aptitude test. These kinds of career tests can be invaluable to job seekers and established professionals alike because they show you how your personality can affect how you interact with others in a work …. Corporate Social Responsibility Interview Questions And Answers Corporate social responsibility (CSR) among small-medium enterprises … pretest interviews were conducted with two … I already know the answers to these rhetorical questions. On individual projects … ...
Eight male and eight female subjects played a matrix form of the Prisoners Dilemma game; an additional eight male and eight female subjects played a non-matrix form of the game. Each subject played for both high monetary reward (maximum joint payoff of $1.00 per trial for 15 trials) and low monetary reward (maximum joint payoff of $.10 per trial for 15 trails). Half of the subjects played first for low reward and then for high. The order was reversed for the other half of the subjects. It was predicted that there would be greater cooperation when the subjects were given (1) large rewards as compared to small, and (2) non-matrix presentation as compared to matrix. The results failed to confirm these hypotheses. In addition, there were no sex differences in style of play nor were there significant interactions among the three variables. However, the overall level of cooperative play was considerably higher than is usually encountered in these games, averaging 55%, and the usual over trials decline
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT), normally referred to as inflammatory pseudotumor, is a fairly rare condition. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of IMT has only rarely been reported. Here, we describe one such case of pulmonary inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor. A 30-year-old man presented with a 2.8cm-sized mass in his lung. Chest CT revealed a well defined, poorly enhancing mass. FNAC showed some fascicular or swirled clusters of spindle cells, admixed with occasional inflammatory cells and foamy histiocytes. The majority of the tumor cells evidenced bland, elongated nuclei, but infrequent pleomorphic nuclei. Some of the tumor cells evidenced nuclear grooves and intranuclear inclusions. Although the cytological differentiation of IMT from malignant lesions is not immensely problematic, due to the general paucity of cytological and nuclear atypia, a definite cytological diagnosis of IMT cannot be rendered simply by FNAC. Therefore, a diagnosis of IMT may be suggested via ...
About the Author:. Dr. David Stein is a pediatric psychologist specializing in neuropsychological testing, assessment of neurodevelopmental disorders, and behavioral and cognitive behavioral therapy. Dr. Stein is the founder of New England Neurodevelopment, LLC, in Concord, MA. He was on the faculty of Boston Childrens Hospital and an Instructor at Harvard Medical School from 2010 to 2016. Dr. Stein has spoken nationally and internationally regarding neurodevelopment and related disorders. He is the author of several scholarly articles, chapters, and this book.. Dr. Stein is a graduate of Tufts University and William James College. He completed his APA Internship in Child Psychology at Harvard Medical School/The Cambridge Hospital and his post-doctoral fellowship in Pediatric Psychology at Boston Childrens Hospital & Harvard Medical School.. ...
As of January 2018, the Applied Behavior Analysis program is not accepting applicants.**. The Department of Psychology at Central Washington University is excited to offer a Masters degree in Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA). The Behavior Analyst Certification Board, Inc.® (BACB) has approved our course sequence as meeting the coursework requirements for eligibility to take the Board Certified Behavior Analyst (BCBA) Examination®. Applicants have to meet additional requirements to fully qualify for certification. These requirements are outlined on the BACB website.. In addition to the formal coursework, the CWU ABA program arranges one academic year of supervised internship. Most students are hired by local agencies during their internship and remain with these agencies following graduation in order to complete the remaining fieldwork hours required for certification. Most students finish their fieldwork hours within 6-9 months of graduation and receive promotions as BCBAs within their ...
In a retrospective review of 155 children with tracheobronchial foreign body aspiration (FBA), there were ten patients who had pneumomediastinum (PM) on an initial chest radiograph. Nine of ten...
Through the Loyola Clinical Centers (LCC), psychology students in the masters and doctoral program are able to hone their skills while providing services to those who couldnt typically afford it.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Role of negative pressure wound therapy in treating peripheral vascular graft infections. AU - Sumpio, Bauer E.. AU - Allie, David E.. AU - Horvath, Keith A.. AU - Marston, William A.. AU - Meites, Herbert L.. AU - Mills, Joseph L. AU - Orgill, Dennis P.. AU - Salazar, Jorge D.. AU - Song, David H.. AU - Toursarkissian, Boulos. PY - 2008/8. Y1 - 2008/8. N2 - Wound complications involving large subcutaneous vessels can cause significant challenges for surgeons. Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) has been increasingly used for treating complex wounds in vascular surgery, including groin infections, either as a bridge to surgical closure or as a primary wound treatment modality. Although a growing body of evidence exists for managing various problematic wounds, such as diabetic foot ulcers and open abdominal wounds, the role of NPWT in wounds involving large blood vessels or wounds complicating infected vascular grafts has not been well defined. A multidisciplinary advisory ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Laboratory processing and intracytoplasmic sperm injection using epididymal and testicular spermatozoa. T2 - What can be done to improve outcomes?. AU - Popal, Wana. AU - Nagy, P.. PY - 2013. Y1 - 2013. N2 - There are two main reasons why sperm may be absent from semen. Obstructive azoospermia is the result of a blockage in the male reproductive tract; in this case, sperm are produced in the testicle but are trapped in the epididymis. Non-obstructive azoospermia is the result of severely impaired or non-existent sperm production. There are three different sperm-harvesting procedures that obstructive azoospermic males can undergo, namely MESA (microsurgical epididymal sperm aspiration), PESA (percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration), and TESA (testicular sperm aspiration). These three procedures are performed by fine-gauge needle aspiration of epididymal fluid that is examined by an embryologist. Additionally, one technique, called TESE (testicular sperm extraction), is offered ...
Accurate localisation of the cricoid cartilage is a key step in the successful application of cricoid pressure during rapid sequence induction. Poorly localised pressure is unlikely to confer any protective benefit to our patients and may have deleterious effects on laryngoscopy. We postulated that the use of ultrasound would greatly improve the accuracy of cricoid cartilage localisation prior to the application of cricoid pressure.
FRIDAY, June 19 (HealthDay News) -- Cystoscopy and transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy performed in the office setting appear to pose...login to view the rest of this post ...
ABBREVIATIONS & DEFINITIONS. Thyroid nodule: an abnormal growth of thyroid cells that forms a lump within the thyroid. While most thyroid nodules are non-cancerous (Benign), ~5% are cancerous.. Thyroid Ultrasound: a common imaging test used to evaluate the structure of the thyroid gland. Ultrasound uses soundwaves to create a picture of the structure of the thyroid gland and accurately identify and characterize nodules within the thyroid. Ultrasound is also frequently used to guide the needle into a nodule during a thyroid nodule biopsy.. Thyroidectomy: surgery to remove the entire thyroid gland. When the entire thyroid is removed it is termed a total thyroidectomy. When less is removed, such as in removal of a lobe, it is termed a partial thyroidectomy.. Thyroid fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB): a simple procedure that is done in the doctors office to determine if a thyroid nodule is benign (non-cancerous) or cancer. The doctor uses a very thin needle to withdraw cells from the thyroid ...
Hepatic hydatid cysts are a serious medical problem in some regions like Mediterranean region. In Croatia 25-30 new cases of hepatic hydatid cysts are recorded each year. In University Hospital Dubrava 7 patients with hepatic hydatid cysts were operated in 2008. Surgical approach recognizes open laparotomy and laparoscopy. The case and technique of laparoscopic operation of hepatic hydatid cyst in seventh segment and three disseminated intraabdominal cysts is described. Laparoscopy should be attempted even in complex cases with dissemination.. ...
If two players play prisoners dilemma more than once in succession and they remember previous actions of their opponent and change their strategy accordingly, the game is called iterated prisoners dilemma. In addition to the general form above, the iterative version also requires that 2R , T + S, to prevent alternating cooperation and defection giving a greater reward than mutual cooperation. The iterated prisoners dilemma game is fundamental to some theories of human cooperation and trust. On the assumption that the game can model transactions between two people requiring trust, cooperative behaviour in populations may be modeled by a multi-player, iterated, version of the game. It has, consequently, fascinated many scholars over the years. In 1975, Grofman and Pool estimated the count of scholarly articles devoted to it at over 2,000. The iterated prisoners dilemma has also been referred to as the "Peace-War game".[9] If the game is played exactly N times and both players know this, then ...
The professional practice of behavior analysis is one domain of behavior analysis: the others being radical behaviorism, experimental analysis of behavior and applied behavior analysis. The professional practice of behavior analysis is the delivery of interventions to consumers that are guided by the principles of behaviorism and the research of both the experimental analysis of behavior and applied behavior analysis. Professional practice seeks maximum precision to change behavior most effectively in specific instances. Behavior analysts are mental health professionals and, in some states, may hold a license, certificate or registration as a behavior analyst. In other states, there are no laws governing their practice and, as such, the practice may be prohibited as falling under the practice definition of other mental health professionals. This is rapidly changing as Behavior Analysts are becoming more and more common. The professional practice of behavior analysis is a hybrid discipline with ...
Introduction:Aspiration of foreign bodies is an emergency condition in children and may result in death, especially in children under 3 years of age. Therefore, diagnosis and treatment must be made rapidly.Objective:This study sought to summarize our experience with endoscope-assisted rigid bronchoscopy (RB) in the diagnosis and treatment of pediatric tracheobronchial foreign body emergencies to reduce complications and mortality.Methods:This was a retrospective cross-sectional study. The medical records of 337 children diagnosed with clinically suspected airway foreign body aspiration in the pediatric emergency department were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were divided into 2 groups with endoscopy used during RB in group 1 whereas group 2 was RB only. The surgeons who performed the bronchoscopies completed a survey on the advantages/disadvantages of these 2 procedures.Results:All of the patients had a positive history of suspected foreign body aspiration and foreign bodies were ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Food Sticking in My Throat. T2 - Videofluoroscopic Evaluation of a Common Symptom. AU - Madhavan, Aarthi. AU - Carnaby, Giselle D.. AU - Crary, Michael A.. PY - 2015/6/17. Y1 - 2015/6/17. N2 - Prevalence of the symptom of food sticking during swallowing has been reported to range from 5 to 50 %, depending on the assessment setting. However, limited objective evidence has emerged to clarify factors that contribute to this symptom. Three hundred and fifteen patient records from an outpatient dysphagia clinic were reviewed to identify patients with symptoms of food sticking in the throat. Corresponding videofluoroscopic swallowing studies for patients with this complaint were reviewed for the following variables: accuracy of symptom localization, identification and characteristics (anatomic, physiologic) of an explanatory cause for the symptom, and the specific swallowed material that identified the explanatory cause. One hundred and forty one patients (45 %) were identified ...
Background and Aims: It is a challenge to collect samples from bile duct strictures to diagnose patients with cholangiocarcinoma. We investigated the utility of the Spyglass Spyscope, a single-operator endoscope that is used to perform cholangiopancreatoscopy, to identify extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma in patients who were not diagnosed with this disorder by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) cytology or endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) analyses. Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of data from 30 patients (median age, 67 years; 67percent male) with indeterminate extrahepatic biliary strictures who were ultimately diagnosed with cholangiocarcinoma but had inconclusive results from initial biliary ductal brush cytology and EUS-FNA analyses. Patients then underwent cholangioscopy by using the Spyglass Spyscope and intraductal biopsy analysis. None of the patients had a definitive mass in abdominal imaging or EUS analyses. Results: The ...
Patients at the NJ Craniofacial Center of Morristown benefit from the multidisciplinary expertise of surgical and medical pediatric specialists who share a commitment to using new technology and medical advances for patients and education and support for their families. We offer specialized programs in patients with moderate to severe craniofacial disorders and also mild craniofacial disorders, plagiocephaly and/ or torticollis.. At our Comprehensive Team Meeting, all members of the craniofacial team meet to evaluate a child with moderate to severe craniofacial disorders. We are proud to have a Pediatric Psychologist as part of our team. The craniofacial teams psychologist will assess your childs development and will offer support and treatment to both you and your child. As your child ages, craniofacial disorders will have a varying impact on his or her life as well as the life of your family. For younger children, our psychologist will assess your childs developmental level, refer you for ...
Find Positive Psychology Therapists, Psychologists and Positive Psychology Counseling in Alaska, get help for Positive Psychology in Alaska.
NEW YORK - Children and adolescents with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), anxiety or tic disorders are being treated in a new specialized outpatient clinic at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center - one of the only programs of its kind in the New York metro area.. In addition to a clinic in Manhattan, the Pediatric OCD, Anxiety and Tic Disorders (POCAT) program will offer a unique, day camp-style intensive summer treatment program situated in White Plains, N.Y., at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Westchester Division. The POCAT program is co-led by pediatric psychologist Dr. Shannon M. Bennett and psychiatrist Dr. Justin Mohatt.. "Anxiety is a normal part of growing up, but when it interferes with school, friendships or family life, we recommend parents seek treatment for their child. If a family is going to extreme measures to accommodate their childs anxiety, or if their child has a problem with involuntary movements or vocalizations, we can offer help," says Dr. ...
Dr Georg Auzinger is a Consultant and Reader in Intensive Care Medicine and the Clinical Director for Critical Care at Kings College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust. He graduated from the Medical School of the University of Innsbruck in 1990. He trained in Internal Medicine in Austria, followed by Specialist Intensive Care training at the Alfred Hospital in Melbourne, Australia. The Alfred Hospital is a quaternary referral institution for Major Trauma, Heart and Lung Transplantation, Extracorporeal Cardiac and Respiratory Support, Burns and Hyperbaric Medicine. In 2002 he was appointed as a Consultant Intensivist at Kings College Hospital for General and Liver Intensive Care Units (ICUs). He was the Lead Clinician for the Liver ICU from 2007 until 2015, when he was appointed Clinical Director for Critical Care at Kings.. Doctor Auzinger has special interests in extracorporeal cardio-respiratory assist, acute liver failure, liver transplantation, ARDS, fungal infection, and TEE and TTE in ...
... Evidence-Based Answer: There is no difference in surgical site infection and wound dehiscence between NPWT and standard therapy for general surgical purposes. NPWT may be associated with lower rates of reoperation when used after skin graft procedures. In some situations, NPWT may also be associated with a higher rate of fracture blisters (blisters occurring in poorly vascularized skin above a fracture) compared with standard therapy (SOR: B, systematic review of RCTs). After cesarean section with high-risk wounds, NPWT is associated with lower rates of surgical site infection but not wound separation (SOR: B, historically controlled cohort ...
The tertiary education system in Canada performs well in fostering a skilled workforce with generally good labour market outcomes and is internationally recognised for its research contributions.
Negative Pressure Wound Therapy Market By Product (Conventional, Single-Use), Wound Type (Diabetic Foot Ulcers, Pressure Ulcers, Venous Leg Ulcers, Burn Wounds), End Use (Hospitals, Homecare), - Market research report and industry analysis - 10522553
Thyroid: Surgical diseases of the thyroid gland include benign nodules, thyroid cancers, and hyperfunctioning states such as Graves disease. Thyroid nodules are commonly discovered on physical exam or when a radiologic study of the neck is performed for other reasons. Most of these nodules are benign, but about 10% can contain thyroid cancer. The initial workup of these nodules is most often performed by primary care physicians, endocrinologists, or endocrine surgeons. The evaluation will include laboratory analysis, ultrasound, and often a fine needle biopsy. Both diagnostic ultrasound and ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy of the thyroid are performed in the office, and can usually be accomplished at the time of first consultation. If the biopsy diagnoses or raises suspicion for thyroid cancer, a thyroidectomy is usually necessary. The ultrasound also allows for a thorough evaluation of lymph nodes that may be involved with thyroid disease.. Benign thyroid diseases such as ...
Looking for online definition of Aspiration syndromes in the Medical Dictionary? Aspiration syndromes explanation free. What is Aspiration syndromes? Meaning of Aspiration syndromes medical term. What does Aspiration syndromes mean?
In advanced airway management, rapid sequence induction (RSI) - also described as rapid sequence intubation or as rapid sequence induction and intubation (RSII) - is a special process for endotracheal intubation that is used where the patient is at a high risk of pulmonary aspiration or impending airway compromise. It differs from other forms of general anesthesia induction in that artificial ventilation is generally not provided from the time the patient stops breathing (when drugs are given) until after intubation has been achieved. This minimizes insufflation of air into the patients stomach, which might otherwise provoke regurgitation. "Classic" RSI involves pre-filling the patients lungs with a high concentration of oxygen gas, followed by applying cricoid pressure, administering rapid-onset sedative or hypnotic and neuromuscular-blocking drugs that induce prompt unconsciousness and paralysis, inserting an endotracheal tube with minimal delay, and then releasing the cricoid pressure. ...
Dysphagia induces aspiration and causes aspiration pneumonia. There is no treatment for dysphagia fundamentally. Haloperidol reportedly induces dysphagia. In the present study, we established a haloperidol-induced dysphagia model in guinea pigs, and evaluated the effects of ginger, kikyoto, and a mixture of ginger and kikyoto on swallowing. Swallowing ability was evaluated using behavioral tests, computed tomography (CT), and videofluoroscopic examination of swallowing. To investigate the effect of ginger and kikyoto on swallowing, ginger, kikyoto, or a mixture of ginger and kikyoto was administered orally to guinea pigs with haloperidol-induced dysphagia. Effects of these compounds were evaluated with behavioral tests. Chronic administration of haloperidol reduced the number of swallows, as evaluated by the behavioral test and videofluoroscopic examination of swallowing. In our model, these compounds improved swallowing dysfunction. Our results suggest that this model might be useful in revealing the
Thyroid carcinoma is a common endocrine malignancy worldwide, accounting for approximately 1% of all diagnosed cancers and about 91.5% of the malignancies of head and neck. However, differentiating malignant thyroid nodules from benign ones remains a diagnostic challenge. Thus, novel molecular markers that enable non-invasive diagnostics for malignant thyroid nodules are urgently needed. In the present study, a metabonomic investigation based on liquid chromatography-LTQ Orbitrap mass spectrometry was employed for serum metabolic profiling of 30 cases of papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTC), 80 cases of nodular goiters (benign thyroid nodules) and 30 cases of healthy controls. According to the results of multivariate statistical data analysis, the significantly changed metabolites among these three groups were defined. It was found that most of these metabolites decreased in the sera of both malignant and benign thyroid cases due to the increased metabolic rate, which is in accordance with ...
An 86 year-old male was admitted to the neurosurgery service for elective lumbar laminectomy to correct a foot drop that had been present for 18 months. Pre-operatively, the patient was found to have a normal cardiac evaluation with MIBI and normal pulmonary function tests (consisting of spirometry). His operative procedure was uneventful, and post-operatively he was admitted to the ward. He subsequently developed confusion, dyspnea, difficulty clearing copious amounts of secretions, and increasing oxygen requirements that resulted in transfer to the medical ICU. The presumptive diagnosis at that time was an aspiration pneumonia with possible swallowing dysfunction and the patient was kept NPO and treated with antibiotics and frequent naso-tracheal suctioning. On ICU day 2, the patient manifested respiratory deterioration with inspiratory stridor. Racemic epinepherine was administered acutely with minimal benefit. He then underwent bronchoscopic evaluation with intubation, which demonstrated ...
In these population based data from central and eastern Europe, we found that all indicators of alcohol intake and problematic drinking were associated with effort-reward imbalance but not with job control. The association with effort-reward imbalance was independent of deprivation and education but some of it was related to depressive symptoms.. Alcohol accounts for a substantial burden of ill health in the region, especially in the former Soviet Union.20,35 The social and health impact of alcohol in the region is at least partly related to the pattern of binge drinking.21,36 It is therefore important to understand the distribution of drinking and alcohol related problems in the population. Alcohol intake has previously been found to be associated with education and marital status in Russia37 and with education in the Czech Republic38 and Poland (unpublished data). Psychosocial factors are often thought to be at least partly responsible for the association between socioeconomic position and ...
The aim of this module is to provide the student with tangible experience of applying psychology theory to practice. Rather than focus on psychopathology, the module focuses on utilising established positive psychology approaches in supporting psychological growth, well-being and resilience. During the first half of the module, students will study the theoretical underpinnings of positive psychology and will work in small groups to design a positive psychology well-being intervention. During the final half of the module, the well-being intervention will be delivered to fellow undergraduate student across all years. Skills gained in this module will support future applications for assistant psychology posts in addition to other support roles with the aim of pursuing a career as a psychologist. Skills gained in this module are also applicable to other established careers such as social work, nursing, occupational therapy or further academic study (e.g. PhD). The module is a unique opportunity to ...
Development of disease-specific health-related quality-of-life instruments for children with immune thrombocytopenic purpura and their parents Academic Article Article ...
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Recommendation: The clinical presentation is consistent with a cold thyroid gland nodule. The possibility of malignancy is not excluded based on normal thyroid gland function. The workup of such thyroid gland nodules evolved over the past decade. Currently, an ultrasound-guided fine needle biopsy is recommended. The results of the cytology can guide the treatment: observation is recommended for a macrofollicular pattern or clear benign colloid pattern, while surgery is recommended for microfollicular pattern or clear evidence of carcinoma.. The extent of surgery is dictated by the histology as well: a hemithyroidectomy is reasonable if the needle biopsy was not diagnostic of carcinoma but showed a microfollicular pattern. In such a case, it is recommended to perform frozen section histopathology examination of the surgical specimen and proceed to total or subtotal thyroidectomy if cancer was found on the frozen section diagnosis. On the other hand, a total or subtotal thyroidectomy is ...
Our research looks at what studying strategies undergraduate students with disabilities use to learn, why they use some strategies over others, and what metacognitive awareness is involved in these decisions. Previous research has shown that, while practicing information retrieval through self-testing is extremely beneficial to learning, many students tend to use the strategy of repeated reading, which does little in the way of learning more after the initial reading, and the importance of engaging in metacognitive awareness becomes apparent (Karpicke, Butler, & Roediger, 2009).We are looking for a deeper understanding of the connections between metacognitive awareness of learning, working memory, and learning for undergraduate students with disabilities, and how metacognitive strategies can possibly be applied. The participants are undergraduate students at the University of North Florida who are registered with the campus Disability Resource Center (N=400), with students who are a part of the Access
Dr. Derek Reed is a Licensed Behavior Analyst in the State of Kansas and an Associate Professor in the Department of Applied Behavioral Science at the University of Kansas where he directs the Applied Behavioral Economics Laboratory. Derek received his Bachelors degree in Psychology from Illinois State University and his Masters and Ph.D. in School Psychology from Syracuse University. He has served as Associate Editor for Behavior Analysis in Practice and The Psychological Record, and guest Associate Editor for The Behavior Analyst, Journal of Behavioral Education, and Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis. He serves as a reviewer on the editorial boards of The Behavior Analyst, Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, and Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior. Derek has published over 90 peer reviewed papers and book chapters, coauthored three edited books, and was the 2016 recipient of the American Psychological Association Division 25 B. F. Skinner Foundation New Applied Researcher ...
A. All the time, and a lot of them get relief from it. The one I send them to most often happens to be a doctor who got into acupuncture later. Theres a large Asian population in the Berkeley area, so there are many acupuncturists to choose from. But the results are variable. Some people get really good results from acupuncture or acupressure, and others find its a waste of time. So its something to have in your therapeutic armamentarium. Particularly if nothing else is working, give it a try!. Q. What about the "psychosocial factors" involved in low back pain?. A. Thats a tough one, because as soon as doctors say "psychosocial factors," patients wonder, "do you think this is all in my head, doc?" But it is nonetheless true that pain and psychosocial factors are hard to uncouple. For example, I see a lot of patients who have repetitive strain injuries, and any time you have a chronic injury, theres the possibility that it will be linked with either depression or stress. And what caused what ...
The first and most important point to clarify about a goiter is if one or more thyroid nodules are present. If one or more thyroid nodules are present, then they may be evaluated for the possibility of cancer. If a patient has a goiter with no thyroid nodules, then physicians have little concern about cancer.. The size of the goiter and the age of the patient are also important when considering treatment. For example, a young patient with many years to live and a very large goiter may wish treatment. Because of the likelihood that the goiter will enlarge over the course of the lifetime. On the other hand, an older patient with a large goiter that is causing no symptoms may decide not to have any treatment. Particularly if that treatment involves some risk in surgery.. In a patient with a goiter and no thyroid nodule(s), thyroid function tests establish how the thyroid gland is functioning. If the patient is hypothyroid, then therapy with levothyroxine is begun. Levothyroxine will restore the ...
A branchial cleft cyst is a cyst in the skin of the lateral part of the neck. It can but does not necessarily have an opening to the skin surface called a fistula. The cause is usually a developmental abnormality arising in the early prenatal period, typically failure of obliteration of the second branchial cleft, i.e. failure of fusion of the second and third branchial arches. Less commonly, the cysts can develop from the first, third, or fourth clefts, and their location and the location of associated fistulas differs accordingly. Most branchial cleft cysts present as a smooth, slowly enlarging lateral neck mass that may increase in size after an upper respiratory tract infection. The fistulas, when present, are asymptomatic, but may become infected. Branchial cleft cysts are remnants of embryonic development and result from a failure of obliteration of one of the branchial clefts, which are homologous to the structures in fish that develop into gills. The cyst wall is composed of either ...
Definition of posterior cricoid pressure in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is posterior cricoid pressure? Meaning of posterior cricoid pressure as a legal term. What does posterior cricoid pressure mean in law?
Shoulder pain is a common secondary condition in people with spinal cord injury (SCI) that often results in loss of function and of independence and imposes limitations on self-care, work, and leisure activities, and leads to decreased quality of life. More than 40% of individuals with SCI report shoulder pain at the beginning of inpatient rehabilitation; this number increases to 50% at hospital discharge. The onset of shoulder pain within the first year after injury may lead to lifelong chronic shoulder pain. Although information is known about shoulder pain in patients with long-term SCI, little is known about the beginning of shoulder problems and how they progress early after the injury. In addition to physical problems, psychosocial factors are also associated with chronic pain.. This study will investigate the progression of musculoskeletal (shoulder muscle flexibility, muscle strength, movement coordination, and rotator cuff health) and psychosocial (fear of movement, pain ...
This study reports on two experiments in which the use of enzyme- and acid-treated fish meal were evaluated for incorporation into formulated microbound diets for barramundi (Lates calcarifer) larvae. In the first experiment, partially hydrolysed fish meal was used to determine whether partial hydrolysis increased the dietary value of fish meal used in microbound diets fed to L. calcarifer larvae. Total length and dry weight at the end of the experiment were both higher for larvae fed diets containing untreated fish meal than those fed diets containing any level of hydrolysate. Larval survival ranged from 15.8% to 47.2% but there were no significant differences between treatments (Fig. 3; P | 0.05). Carcass pepsin levels of larvae fed diets containing untreated fish meal were significantly higher than pepsin levels of larvae fed all other diets (P | 0.05). The second experiment determined the effects of incorporating graded levels of denatured fish meal (DF) into microbound diets for L. calcarifer
Calvin A. Brown, III, MD. In a randomized trial, cricoid pressure impeded tube passage through the glottis and prolonged intubation time.. Cricoid pressure has been associated with worsened glottic views and difficult tube placement during conventional laryngoscopy and intubation. It has not been previously studied in combination with the Pentax Airway Scope (AWS), a video laryngoscope with an integrated screen and tracheal tube channel.. In a single-center operating room trial, 60 patients aged 20 to 85 years were randomized to intubation with the Pentax AWS with either cricoid pressure or "sham" pressure. Sham pressure was accomplished by placing fingers on the cricoid ring but not applying downward force. Cricoid pressure was provided by an anesthesiologist who was trained to apply 30N of downward force using a cricoid simulator. Patients with anticipated difficult airways and those needing emergent intubation were excluded. Patients were induced with standard doses of propofol and ...
Feeding difficulties such as dysphagia, coughing, choking, or vomiting during meals, slow eating, oral aversion, food refusal, and stressful mealtimes are common in children with repaired esophageal atresia (EA) and the reasons for this are often multifactorial. The aim of this review is to describe the possible underlying mechanisms contributing to feeding difficulties in patients with EA and approaches to management. Underlying mechanisms for these feeding difficulties include esophageal dysphagia, oropharyngeal dysphagia and aspiration, and aversions related to prolonged gastrostomy tube feeding. The initial diagnostic evaluation for feeding difficulties in a patient with EA may involve an esophagram, videofluoroscopic imaging or fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation during swallowing, upper endoscopy with biopsies, pH-impedance testing, and/or esophageal motility studies. The main goal of management is to reduce the factors contributing to feeding difficulties and may include reducing esophageal stasis,
Victoria Clarke is a senior lecturer in social psychology at the University of the West of England, Bristol, UK. She has published a number of papers on lesbian and gay parenting, same-sex relationships, the history of LGBTQ psychologies, and qualitative methods in journals such as Sexualities, British Journal of Social Psychology, Qualitative Research in Psychology and Lesbian & Gay Psychology Review. She has edited (with Sara-Jane Finlay and Sue Wilkinson) two special issues of Feminism & Psychology on marriage, and edited (with Elizabeth Peel) special issues of Feminism & Psychology, Journal of Gay & Lesbian Psychotherapy, Lesbian & Gay Psychology Review and Psychology of Women Section Review on LGBTQ psychologies. She is also the editor with Elizabeth Peel and Jack Drescher of British LGB Psychologies: Theory, research and practice (Haworth Press, 2007). She is a member of the British Psychological Societys Lesbian & Gay Psychology Section and Qualitative Methods in Psychology Section. She ...
Human beings are social organisms with an intrinsic desire to seek and participate in social interactions. Social anhedonia is a personality trait characterized by a reduced desire for social affiliation and reduced pleasure derived from interpersonal interactions. Abnormally high levels of social anhedonia prospectively predict the development of schizophrenia and contribute to poorer outcomes for schizophrenia patients. Despite the strong association between social anhedonia and schizophrenia, the neural mechanisms that underlie individual differences in social anhedonia have not been studied and are thus poorly understood. Deficits in face emotion recognition are related to poorer social outcomes in schizophrenia, and it has been suggested that face emotion recognition deficits may be a behavioral marker for schizophrenia liability. In the current study, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to see whether there are differences in the brain networks underlying basic face ...
I attended a very good lecture last week on contemporary views of countertransference. It inspired me to write a brief overview of the concept here, with more to follow.. To understand countertransference, it helps to tackle transference first. Transference was a word coined by Sigmund Freud to label the way patients "transfer" feelings from important persons in their early lives, onto the psychoanalyst or therapist. Psychoanalysis was specifically designed to encourage transference. Intentional opacity and non-disclosure by the therapist promotes transference; the patient naturally makes assumptions about the therapists likes and dislikes, attitude toward the patient, life outside the office, and so forth. These assumptions are based on the patients experiences with, and assumptions regarding, other important relationships, such as childhood relations with parents. In this way the patients formative dynamics are re-created in the therapy office for both participants to observe. Patients ...
A 67-year old woman presented with worsening dyspnea, productive cough, and fever. She denied oral intake, and her symptoms were worse with tube feeds. Her medical history was significant for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, gastric esophageal reflux disease (GERD), and severe oropharyngeal dysphagia status post percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube with jejunal extension placement one year prior. Physical exam was notable for bilateral end expiratory wheezes with right-sided basilar rales on auscultation of the lungs. PEG insertion site looked clean with no signs of infection or abnormal drainage. Chest x-ray showed right lower-lobe consolidation. Blood and sputum cultures were obtained and broad-spectrum empiric antibiotic coverage was initiated for a diagnosis of aspiration pneumonia.. The patient had multiple witnessed tube feed-related aspiration events during the hospital stay. An esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed Los Angeles grade D esophagitis with a jejunal extension of ...
Douglas Weiss, Ph.D. is an author, speaker, licensed psychologist, and marriage counselor who specializes in sexual issues. He is also the founder and president of the American Association for Sex Addiction Therapy, as well as the clinical director of the Heart to Heart Counseling Center in Colorado Springs, Colorado. He has written over forty books on self-help and sexual and marital issues, including sexual anorexia. Weiss received a Bachelor of Arts in Pastoral Ministries from United Wesleyan College, a dual masters degree in Divinity and in Marriage and Family Counseling from Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, as well as a doctorate in Psychology from North Central University. He has been married to his wife Lisa, his business partner and co-worker at the Heart to Heart Counseling Center, for over twenty-five years and they have two children. Weiss has stated that he suffered from sexual addiction throughout his teenage years and young adulthood and has identified his past as the ...
The webinar will be available to members of Pharmacist Society and Generation NP, two online social media communities created by Skipta, the premier closed-loop social networking platform for medical professionals. This webinar, the latest in an on-going series, is part of CRNs initiative to help ensure that healthcare practitioners have access to science-based information on dietary supplements and the supplement industry. The webinar will be held Dec. 10, from 2-3 p.m., EST, and will be co-presented by Taylor Wallace, senior director, scientific and regulatory affairs, CRN, and Andrea Singer, associate professor, Medicine and Obstetrics & Gynecology at Georgetown University Medical Center and clinical director of the National Osteoporosis Foundation. The webinar will review updated recommendations for calcium and vitamin D intake and explore the role of calcium in bone health as well as other non-skeletal benefits. Wallace and Singer will examine research on the two nutrients, including ...
Introduction. Behaviourism originated with the work of John B. Watson from 1913. Behaviourism is based on the following sets of claims: (1) Psychology is the study of behaviour. Psychology is not the science of mind. This statement also forms a type of behaviourism: Methodological behaviourism claims that psychology should concern itself with the behaviour of organisms (human and non-human). Psychology should not concern itself with mental states or events or with constructing internal information processing accounts of behaviour. In its historical foundations, methodological behaviourism shares with analytical behaviourism the influence of positivism. One of the goals of positivism was to unify psychology with natural science. Methodological behaviourism is a dominant theme in the writings of John Watson. John Broadus Watson was one of the most prominent psychologist scientists of his era, writing on applied psychology for academic journals, business publications, and popular magazines and is ...
Dr Salisbury qualified from University College London in 1980 and trained as a pathologist at University College Hospital London and Kings College Hospital London. He was appointed as Clinical Senior Lecturer to Kings College School of Medicine & Dentistry and Honorary Consultant Histopathologist to Kings College Hospital in 1987 and promoted to Reader in Histopathology in 1997. He was Clinical Director of Histopathology from 1997 to 2004 and was appointed Head of the Clinical Service in 2011.. Dr Salisbury is the joint lead of the Clinical Academic Department of Cellular Pathology and a member of the Cancer Clinical Academic Group Executive Board of Kings Health Partners.. Dr Salisburys specialist interests are in haematopathology, dermatopathology, autopsy pathology and osteoarticular pathology. He has written two books (on bone and joint diseases and on molecular pathology), several book chapters and over 140 articles in academic journals.. ...
Expert: Dr. Brian Iwata received his Ph.D. in psychology from Florida State University and subsequently held positions at Western Michigan University and the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. He is Distinguished Professor in Psychology and Psychiatry at the University of Florida, where he also has directed the Florida Center on Self-Injury and the Prader-Willi Syndrome Program. Brian is the former chief editor of the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis and former president of the Association for Behavior Analysis, the Society for the Advancement of Behavior Analysis, the Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, Division 33 of the American Psychological Association, and the Florida Association for Behavior Analysis. His primary areas of interest are disorders of learning and behavior and research methodology. He has published over 240 articles and chapters on these topics, and he has received $7 million in research grants to support that work. Much of Dr. Iwatas research ...
This study investigated the psychological wellbeing and body perception among young Italian people. Drinking, eating, and sexual behaviors have been examined in relation to body mass index (BMI) and psychological well-being by EPOCH framework. This was a cross-sectional observational study conducted on Italian adolescent and young adult population through an online survey. Qualitative and quantitative data on lifestyle, BMI classes, and psychological characteristics of wellness in youth were obtained from a sample of 1221 Italian participants using a self-report questionnaire on body perception and habits, a socio-demographics inventory, and the EPOCH measure. Findings suggest that being underweight or overweight is associated with various factors, including gender, self-control regarding food, perception of ones body, and the happiness domain. EPOCH framework revealed the psychological wellness of girls and young women did not seem strongly affected by BMI, though Perseverance and Happiness ...
Thanks to the ever larger penetration of the Internet and especially with the advent of Web 2.0 and social media, hoaxes, rumours and urban legends have become an almost everyday occurrence. While social psychology research contends that rumors can negatively impact on the public by generating distress, intense fear, anxiety, possibly resulting in herd behaviour and violence [1], there is evidence that disease-related rumours may alter health-related behaviors and interfere with medical decision-making [2]. Medical misinformation is most frequently associated with collective emergency situations (e.g., Ebola infected patients refused to be hospitalized because of rumours that international health care workers intentionally brought the virus with them [3]; people from around Kenema, Sierra Leone attacked the hospital after hearing rumours of conspiracy [4]; during the 2011 Fukushima nuclear disaster in Japan, rumours that ingestion of iodized salt could prevent radiation damage lead to a shortage ...
The Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test: A Portuguese version of the adults test. O Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test: Uma versão portuguesa do teste para adultos. José Pestana*1, Sofia Menéres*2, Maria João Gouveia2, Rui Filipe Oliveira3. 1ISPA - Instituto Universitário, Lisboa, Portugal. 2ISPA - Instituto Universitário, APPsyCI-Applied Psychology Research Center Capabilities & Inclusion, Lisboa, Portugal. 3Departamento de Biociências, ISPA - Instituto Universitário, Lisboa, Portugal / Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência, Lisboa, Portugal / Champalimaud Center for the Unknown, Neurosciences, Lisboa, Portugal. Correspondência. ABSTRACT. The Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (RMET) is a Theory of Mind task that assesses the ability to understand others mental states in both healthy and clinical populations. The goal of the present study was to translate the revised version of the adults RMET to the Portuguese (European) language, investigate item validity for this version and differences ...
He spent a great deal of time thinking about thinking (meta-cognition). He encouraged me to pursue a PhD and was very proud of the work I have been doing when I last visited with him. He lamented his own choice of not pursuing a higher academic degree for himself. His professional work involved designing and managing very complex systems. He liked video games, music, and poetry as hobbies. He spent time thinking very deeply about people and how the world works. He pursued knowledge and argued vehemently against "belief". He strongly felt that what was real, what was verifiable, was most important. He was a good father, but maybe not so good of a husband or boyfriend. Many people who knew him thought he was a genius. He was my brother and Im having a hard time dealing with his passing ...
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Experimental psychology emerged as a modern academic discipline in the 19th century when Wilhelm Wundt introduced a mathematical and experimental approach to the field.Introduction to Experimental Psychology Consciousness (Chapter 3 in Myers) Consciousness as a process: The study of consciousness has a frustratingly long history in.Introduction to Educational Psychology What is Educational Psychology.Experimental psychology is an approach to psychology that treats it as one of the natural sciences, and therefore assumes that it is susceptible to the experimental.. The birth of experimental psychology as a discipline in its own right is often dated from the appearance of Wilhelm Wundts great handbook, the Grundzüge der...Introduction to the basic topics of psychology, including learning, motivation, cognition, development, abnormal, physiological, social, and personality ...
We present the case of an 8‑year-old female child with suspected peroxisomal disorder requiring general anesthesia for adenotomy, paracentesis and brainstem-evoked response audiometry. Peroxisomes are small intracellular organelles that catalyse key metabolic reactions. Peroxisomal disorders are a heterogeneous group of rare genetic diseases. Anesthesia can be challenging as adrenal insufficiency, mental retardation, muscle weakness, risk of pulmonary aspiration, airway complications, seizure disorders and altered pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics can occur in these patients but guidelines for anesthesia do not exist due to the heterogeneity and rarity of these diseases and case reports are rare ...
In 1971 Robert Trivers[18] introduced his reciprocal altruism theory to explain the evolution of helping at the nest of an unrelated breeding pair of birds. He argued that an individual might act as a helper if there was a high probabilistic expectation of being helped by the recipients at some later date. If, however, the recipients did not reciprocate when it was possible to do so, the altruistic interaction with these recipients would be permanently terminated. But if the recipients did not cheat then the reciprocal altruism would continue indefinitely to both parties advantage.[19] This model was considered by many (e.g. West-Eberhard[20] and Dawkins[21]) to be evolutionarily unstable because it is prone to invasion by cheats for the same reason that cooperative hunting can be invaded and replaced by cheats. However, Trivers did make reference to the Prisoners Dilemma Game which, 10 years later, would restore interest in Trivers reciprocal altruism theory, but under the title of ...
Christopher R Daigle, MD, Eric Marcotte, MD, Ricard Corcelles, MD, Kevin El-Hayek, MD, Matthew Kroh, MD, Stacy Brethauer, MD. Cleveland Clinic Main Campus, Cleveland, Ohio. INTRODUCTION - The utility of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) decompression for inoperable malignant bowel obstruction is well documented. However, there is limited data on the use of decompressive PEG in the setting of prolonged ileus and complicated non-malignant bowel obstruction. Publications addressing this indication are few in number and tend to address feasibility, not outcomes. The aim of this study was to assess the safety and short-term outcomes of decompressive PEG for prolonged ileus and complicated non-malignant obstructions.. METHODS - After IRB approval, we conducted a retrospective chart review of all PEG insertions completed by 5 surgical endoscopists at Cleveland Clinic main campus between 2010 and 2013. Cases were identified by our financial department based on billing codes. We identified and ...
The Metacognition and Motivation thrust has two broad goals, 1) to develop a better understanding of how metacognitive processes and motivation interact with learner factors to influence robust student learning outcomes and 2) to test whether and how student learning environments can leverage improved metacognition and motivation to increase the robustness of student learning. Our research will focus on a small number of metacognitive abilities (e.g., help seeking, self-explanation, interpreting peer feedback, and interpreting textual descriptions of domain principles), and a broader range of affective and motivational variables including: challenge perception, boredom, frustration, performance goals, and off-task behavior. The Metacognition and Motivation thrust builds on the Coordinative Learning (CL) cluster, while bringing a significant shift of focus. The M&M thrust continues some of the work in the Coordinative Learning cluster that focused on the metacognitive aspects of coordinating ...
Charles G. Morris: Charles G. Morris received his B.A. from Yale University and his M.A. and Ph.D. in psychology from the University of Illinois. He joined the University of Michigan in 1965 as Assistant Professor of Psychology and was promoted to Associate Professor in 1971 and Professor in 1987. He served as Associate Dean in the College of Literature, Science and the Arts and as Associate Chair of the Department of Psychology. Upon his retirement in 2002, he was appointed Emeritus Professor. He is a Fellow of the American Psychological Association and the American Psychological Society. He is the author of more than two dozen books, more than a dozen articles, and more than thirty papers and presentations. His books include "Psychology: An Introduction," "Understanding Psychology," "Basic Psychology," "Psychology: Concepts and Applications," and "Contemporary Psychology and Effective Behavior," His early research centered on leadership, group interaction, and group problem solving. More ...
This paper reports on the childs perception of parental involvement and the effect it has on grades in mathematics, science, social studies, and language arts. The study specifically involved the relationship between the value the children perceive the parents place on education and the value the children themselves place on education, the relationship between the childs perception of parents helping the child with homework in the elementary and middle school years and the amount of time the child spends on homework in high school, and the relationship between the childrens perception of expectations the parents have for him/her and the expectations the children place on themselves. Questionnaires were given to 102 9th graders. The data was analyzed using correlation analyses and a one way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Implications for parents and educators are also noted ...
Russ noted that African American and Native American communities have been especially hard-hit by menthol cigarettes.. On Friday, Courtney Clark, a public health and psychology student at the University of Minnesota Duluth, took part in an American Lung Association press conference designed to draw public attention to the issue.. In a statement, Clark said: "Menthol has been marketed to the African-American community for over 50 years, and as a result, nearly 90 percent of African-American smokers use menthol products. We can sit idly by and hope this malicious targeting by Big Tobacco ends, or we can take initiative to make sure that kids dont have easy access to these deadly products.". Russ said she shares the concern that minority populations have been subjected to targeted menthol cigarette marketing campaigns, but she stressed the proposed ordinance is not intended to be a paternalistic measure. Russ noted that both the Duluth Human Rights Commission and the Indigenous Commission have ...
Learning is often understood as an organisms gradual acquisition of the association between a given sensory stimulus and the correct motor response. Mathematically, this corresponds to regressing a mapping between the set of observations and the set of actions. Recently, however, it has been shown both in cognitive and motor neuroscience that humans are not only able to learn particular stimulus-response mappings, but are also able to extract abstract structural invariants that facilitate generalization to novel tasks. Here we show how such structure learning can enhance facilitation in a sensorimotor association task performed by human subjects. Using regression and reinforcement learning models we show that the observed facilitation cannot be explained by these basic models of learning stimulus-response associations. We show, however, that the observed data can be explained by a hierarchical Bayesian model that performs structure learning. In line with previous results from cognitive tasks, ...
Kim started her career in veterinary microbiology and branched into database management and programming to analyse data and produce reports for the Namibian veterinary department.. Back in Australia, Kim worked for the Northern Territory Health Service, CSIRO, Tiwi Health Board and Batchelor Institute of Indigenous Tertiary Education before commencing work at Menzies in 2000.. Kim has worked on the microbiological aspects of projects relating to ear and lung disease in Indigenous children. These projects investigate the role of vaccines and antibiotics in preventing or reducing respiratory bacterial infections.. Recent career highlights:. 2015: awarded a NHMRC project grant to study the two major bacterial pathogens in the upper and lower airways of Indigenous children with chronic lung disease.. 2013: awarded a Peter Doherty NHMRC Early Career Fellowship to continue work on the impact of vaccines and antibiotics on the respiratory bacteria responsible for ear and lung infections in ...
The Centre for Appropriate Technology Inc (CAT) is an Australian indigenous controlled organisation, based in Alice Springs (Central Australia), which aims to improve the lives of indigenous Australians, using appropriate technology to improve their access to a range services. It is headquartered in the Desert Knowledge Precinct alongside the Batchelor Institute of Indigenous Tertiary Education. Bushlight is a division of CAT that builds and maintains renewable energy systems in remote homeland communities. These are generally standalone solar (or solar diesel hybrid) electricity systems. They are unusual in that there is a complex but user-friendly interface which assists demand management promoting efficient use of the available power. By 2011 around 120 systems had been installed across northern Australia, while a version of the Bushlight system is being trialled in India. CAT Projects is an engineering firm based in Alice Springs that is wholly owned by CAT. CAT Projects offers engineering ...