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Generations of readers have learned social psychology from this book-it provides balanced, up-to-date, and accurate coverage of basic topics, research, and theories. Balancing cutting-edge findings and classic work in the field, the user-friendly Social Psychology shows how its methods and theories can be applied to everyday experiences and current social issues. Interesting and easy to read and understand, the topics covered are broad in scope but not overwhelming; these include: perception of people and events; attitudes and influence; social interactions and relationships; helping and hurting others; social psychology and health; and social psychology and the law. Teachers, health professionals, lawyers, business leaders, and people in many different professions will find Social Psychology to be a valuable reference and handbook.
Aspiration pneumonia is a leading cause of death among the elderly. However, a new study in the September issue of JAMDA suggests that the long-term prognosis for this condition is poor due to underlying morbidity, rather than because of the aspiration pneumonia itself.. In Long-Term Mortality and Prognostic Factors in Aspiration Pneumonia, the authors studied 550 aspiration pneumonia patients; only half of these individuals survived one year after their first aspiration event. Risk factors for one-year mortality included low body mass index, admission from another department, hypotension, cerebral infarction (as an underlying disease), bedridden status, use of inotropes or vasopressors, leukocytosis, hypoalbuminemia, and mechanical ventilatory care.. Nearly one-fourth (24.2%) of the patients studied had recurrent aspiration pneumonia, and these were more likely to be male, admitted from home, and have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or a tracheostomy. There were no significant ...
The CPIP uniquely integrates complementary training experiences at the Psychiatry Department's Vermont Center for Children, Youth, and Families (VCCYF) and the Psychology Department's Behavior Therapy and Psychotherapy Center (BTPC). At the VCCYF, interns receive advanced training in the application of evidence-based interventions from the family perspective, directly addressing both child and parent emotional and behavioral strengths and difficulties. In the framework of the Vermont Family Based Approach, interns apply health promotion, prevention, and intervention to help the well families remain well, prevent at-risk children from developing emotional and behavioral problems, and intervene comprehensively with children and families challenged by psychopathology. At the VCCYF, interns collaborate with professionals in psychiatry, psychology, social work, nursing, and genetics. At the BTPC, interns receive advanced training in culturally competent, evidence-based treatment of torture survivors ...
We present two cases of Japanese patients with PSP who experienced recurrent aspiration pneumonia and bronchopneumonia regardless of receipt of total enteral feeding and conventional therapy. Patient one experienced recurrence twice at intervals of two months and patient two experienced recurrence nine times at almost monthly intervals. The respiratory infection developed only once, at 5.5 months (patient one) and six months (patient two) after the administration of qing fei tang.. After administration of qing fei tang, the incidence of aspiration pneumonia and bronchopneumonia fell in both of our patients, and the interval until onset of respiratory infection was prolonged. No adverse effects induced by qing fei tang were found in either of our patients.. Aspiration pneumonia and bronchopneumonia is the leading cause of death in patients with Parkinson's syndrome, including dementia with diffuse Lewy bodies, corticobasal degeneration, PSP, and multiple system atrophy [3]. Onset of dysphagia ...
Cricoid pressure is considered to be the gold standard means of preventing aspiration of gastric content during Rapid Sequence Intubation (RSI). Its effectiveness has only been demonstrated in cadaveric studies and case reports. No randomised controlled trials comparing the incidence of gastric aspiration following emergent RSI, with or without cricoid pressure, have been performed. If improperly applied, cricoid pressure increases risk to the patient. The clinical significance of aspiration in the emergency department is unknown. This randomised controlled trial aims to; 1. Compare the application of the 'ideal' amount of force (30 - 40 newtons) to standard, unmeasured cricoid pressure and 2. Determine the incidence of clinically defined aspiration syndromes following RSI using a fibrinogen degradation assay previously described. 212 patients requiring emergency intubation will be randomly allocated to either control (unmeasured cricoid pressure) or intervention groups (30 - 40 newtons cricoid pressure
Welcome to Your Pediatric Psychologist. As a committed and expert in pediatric psychology, my mission is to help children with medical conditions and their families succeed and restore normality by elevating psychological care beyond the expected
Chronic aspiration pneumonia is a form of aspiration pneumonia according time of onset. This can include changes caused by microaspiration or macroaspiration of oro-gastric content through time. Pathology This results from repeated passage of f...
Characterization of the innate immune response to chronic aspiration in a novel rodent model.'s profile, publications, research topics, and co-authors
Local resource for applied behavior analysis therapists in Valdosta. Includes detailed information on local businesses that provide access to applied behavior analysis therapy, applied behavior analysis clinics, applied behavior analysis specialists, autism therapy, autism treatments, autism clinics, and applied behavior analysis support, as well as advice and content on autism support groups and autism societies.
In a recent theoretical account of persecutory delusions, it is suggested that anxiety and worry are important factors in paranoid experience [Freeman, D., Garety, P. A., Kuipers, E., Fowler, D., & Bebbington, P. E. (2002). A cognitive model of persecutory delusions. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 41(4), 331-347]. In emotional disorders worry has been understood in terms of catastrophising. In the current study, the concept of catastrophising is applied for the first time with persecutory delusions. Thirty individuals with current persecutory delusions and 30 non-clinical controls participated in a cross-sectional study. The group with persecutory delusions was also followed up at 3 months to assess predictors of delusion persistence. At its most severe, 21% of individuals with persecutory delusions had clinical worry, 68% had levels of worry comparable with treatment seeking GAD patients. Further, high levels of anxiety, worry and catastrophising were associated with high levels of persecutory
TY - JOUR. T1 - Assessing women's sexual arousal in the context of sexual assault history and acute alcohol intoxication. AU - Gilmore, Amanda K.. AU - Schacht, Rebecca L.. AU - George, William H.. AU - Otto, Jacqueline M.. AU - Davis, Kelly Cue. AU - Heiman, Julia R.. AU - Norris, Jeanette. AU - Kajumulo, Kelly F.. N1 - Funding Information: This article was completed by the first author in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Master's in Science in clinical psychology under the supervision of Dr. George. This research was funded through a grant from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (AA13565) to Dr. George. Thanks to Dr. Lori Zoellner for her helpful comments. Portions of this manuscript were presented in November 2009 at the annual meeting of the Society for the Scientific Study of Sexuality in Puerto Vallarta, Mexico. PY - 2010/6. Y1 - 2010/6. N2 - Introduction.: Few studies have examined differences in women's sexual arousal based on sexual assault history ...
This would be made widespread when more becomes concerned with hythloday's educational psychology research paper to the paragraph, and the environment that he would like hythloday to read it over and correct any insights that appear in the sex. Awards can be played even especially as 20 cultures a educational psychology research paper.
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy feeding is widely used as a route for enteral feeding for patients with impaired swallowing ability, particularly in older patients. Hepatic portal venous gas is a condition that may arise from several causes. Hepatic portal venous gas that develops after an endoscopic procedure is generally reported to be nonfatal, yet there is little information available concerning the characteristics of hepatic portal venous gas as a chronic complication of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy feeding. We experienced a case of hepatic portal venous gas that happened to be detected in an 81-year-old Japanese man with long-term percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy use who was admitted to our hospital with aspiration pneumonia. While aspiration pneumonia was treated with antibiotics and suspension of tube feedings, he recovered from hepatic portal venous gas without any treatment. The presence of a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube may have induced hepatic portal venous gas
Background Perioperative pulmonary aspiration of gastric contents has been associated with severe morbidity and death. The primary aim of this study was to identify outcomes and patient and process of care risk factors associated with gastric aspiration claims in the Anesthesia Closed Claims Project. The secondary aim was to assess these claims for appropriateness of care. The hypothesis was that these data could suggest opportunities to reduce either the risk or severity of perioperative pulmonary aspiration. Methods Inclusion criteria were anesthesia malpractice claims in the American Society of Anesthesiologists Closed Claims Project that were associated with surgical, procedural, or obstetric anesthesia care with the year of the aspiration event 2000 to 2014. Claims involving pulmonary aspiration were identified and assessed for patient and process factors that may have contributed to the aspiration event and outcome. The standard of care was assessed for each claim. Results Aspiration of ...
About the Author:. Dr. David Stein is a pediatric psychologist specializing in neuropsychological testing, assessment of neurodevelopmental disorders, and behavioral and cognitive behavioral therapy. Dr. Stein is the founder of New England Neurodevelopment, LLC, in Concord, MA. He was on the faculty of Boston Children's Hospital and an Instructor at Harvard Medical School from 2010 to 2016. Dr. Stein has spoken nationally and internationally regarding neurodevelopment and related disorders. He is the author of several scholarly articles, chapters, and this book.. Dr. Stein is a graduate of Tufts University and William James College. He completed his APA Internship in Child Psychology at Harvard Medical School/The Cambridge Hospital and his post-doctoral fellowship in Pediatric Psychology at Boston Children's Hospital & Harvard Medical School.. ...
Through the Loyola Clinical Centers (LCC), psychology students in the master's and doctoral program are able to hone their skills while providing services to those who couldn't typically afford it.
Recent data have emphasised the role of GOR in the pathogenesis and potential management of IPF patients [9-13], but, although it is recognised that GOR is increased in IPF patients, its prevalence, characteristics and association with pulmonary aspiration of gastric contents have been poorly defined. In the current study, we investigated oesophageal motility, acid and weakly acidic reflux, proximal migration of refluxate, markers of gastric aspiration and their correlation with GOR and radiologic fibrosis, as well as the correlation between GOR and lung fibrosis in patients with IPF. We compared the results with those obtained from patients with ILD other than IPF and normal subjects. To our knowledge, this study is the first investigating the association of weakly acidic GOR with pulmonary findings in patients with IPF. We observed a higher frequency of GOR episodes (both acid and weakly acidic) and reflux episodes reaching the proximal oesophagus in patients with IPF compared to non-IPF ...
The professional practice of behavior analysis is one domain of behavior analysis: the others being radical behaviorism, experimental analysis of behavior and applied behavior analysis. The professional practice of behavior analysis is the delivery of interventions to consumers that are guided by the principles of behaviorism and the research of both the experimental analysis of behavior and applied behavior analysis. Professional practice seeks maximum precision to change behavior most effectively in specific instances. Behavior analysts are mental health professionals and, in some states, may hold a license, certificate or registration as a behavior analyst. In other states, there are no laws governing their practice and, as such, the practice may be prohibited as falling under the practice definition of other mental health professionals. This is rapidly changing as Behavior Analysts are becoming more and more common. The professional practice of behavior analysis is a hybrid discipline with ...
Patients at the NJ Craniofacial Center of Morristown benefit from the multidisciplinary expertise of surgical and medical pediatric specialists who share a commitment to using new technology and medical advances for patients and education and support for their families. We offer specialized programs in patients with moderate to severe craniofacial disorders and also mild craniofacial disorders, plagiocephaly and/ or torticollis.. At our Comprehensive Team Meeting, all members of the craniofacial team meet to evaluate a child with moderate to severe craniofacial disorders. We are proud to have a Pediatric Psychologist as part of our team. The craniofacial team's psychologist will assess your child's development and will offer support and treatment to both you and your child. As your child ages, craniofacial disorders will have a varying impact on his or her life as well as the life of your family. For younger children, our psychologist will assess your child's developmental level, refer you for ...
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NEW YORK - Children and adolescents with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), anxiety or tic disorders are being treated in a new specialized outpatient clinic at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center - one of the only programs of its kind in the New York metro area.. In addition to a clinic in Manhattan, the Pediatric OCD, Anxiety and Tic Disorders (POCAT) program will offer a unique, day camp-style intensive summer treatment program situated in White Plains, N.Y., at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Westchester Division. The POCAT program is co-led by pediatric psychologist Dr. Shannon M. Bennett and psychiatrist Dr. Justin Mohatt.. "Anxiety is a normal part of growing up, but when it interferes with school, friendships or family life, we recommend parents seek treatment for their child. If a family is going to extreme measures to accommodate their child's anxiety, or if their child has a problem with involuntary movements or vocalizations, we can offer help," says Dr. ...
Looking for online definition of Aspiration syndromes in the Medical Dictionary? Aspiration syndromes explanation free. What is Aspiration syndromes? Meaning of Aspiration syndromes medical term. What does Aspiration syndromes mean?
In advanced airway management, rapid sequence induction (RSI) - also described as rapid sequence intubation or as rapid sequence induction and intubation (RSII) - is a special process for endotracheal intubation that is used where the patient is at a high risk of pulmonary aspiration or impending airway compromise. It differs from other forms of general anesthesia induction in that artificial ventilation is generally not provided from the time the patient stops breathing (when drugs are given) until after intubation has been achieved. This minimizes insufflation of air into the patient's stomach, which might otherwise provoke regurgitation. "Classic" RSI involves pre-filling the patient's lungs with a high concentration of oxygen gas, followed by applying cricoid pressure, administering rapid-onset sedative or hypnotic and neuromuscular-blocking drugs that induce prompt unconsciousness and paralysis, inserting an endotracheal tube with minimal delay, and then releasing the cricoid pressure. ...
Dysphagia induces aspiration and causes aspiration pneumonia. There is no treatment for dysphagia fundamentally. Haloperidol reportedly induces dysphagia. In the present study, we established a haloperidol-induced dysphagia model in guinea pigs, and evaluated the effects of ginger, kikyoto, and a mixture of ginger and kikyoto on swallowing. Swallowing ability was evaluated using behavioral tests, computed tomography (CT), and videofluoroscopic examination of swallowing. To investigate the effect of ginger and kikyoto on swallowing, ginger, kikyoto, or a mixture of ginger and kikyoto was administered orally to guinea pigs with haloperidol-induced dysphagia. Effects of these compounds were evaluated with behavioral tests. Chronic administration of haloperidol reduced the number of swallows, as evaluated by the behavioral test and videofluoroscopic examination of swallowing. In our model, these compounds improved swallowing dysfunction. Our results suggest that this model might be useful in revealing the
Inadequate ventilator settings may cause overwhelming inflammatory responses associated with ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Here, we examined potential benefits of glutamine (GLN) on a two-hit model for VILI after acid aspiration-induced lung injury in rats. Rats were intratracheally challenged with hydrochloric acid as a first hit to induce lung inflammation, then randomly received intravenous GLN or lactated Ringer's solution (vehicle control) thirty min before different ventilator strategies. Rats were then randomized to receive mechanical ventilation as a second hit with a high tidal volume (TV) of 15 mL/kg and zero positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) or a low TV of 6 mL/kg with PEEP of 5 cm H2O. We evaluated lung oxygenation, inflammation, mechanics, and histology. After ventilator use for 4 h, high TV resulted in greater lung injury physiologic and biologic indices. Compared with vehicle treated rats, GLN administration
Despite the advances in optical technology, proper training and experience is crucial to optimise the outcome and minimise the risk of complications in tracheobronchial foreign body removal by a bronchoscope.. Although the rigid bronchoscope is still considered as the safest instrument in most paediatric centres, there is no doubt that the fibreoptic bronchoscope is the preferred tool for the initial diagnosis of a foreign body in adult patients.2,19,32 At present flexible bronchoscopes in different sizes are available for different age groups. The bronchoscopes with 4.9 mm outer diameter and a 2.2 mm diameter working channel are used in patients older than 12 years of age. Although bronchoscopes with 3.5 mm or 2.7 mm outer diameter with 1.2 mm diameter working channels are available for younger patients, using the flexible bronchoscope under local anaesthesia in a very young patient is a very difficult procedure. In such cases, rigid bronchoscopy under general anaesthesia is probably the safest ...
The School of Psychology at Bangor brings together a large group of outstanding scientists with international research reputations in clinical psychology, neuropsychology and clinical and cognitive neuroscience. A number of staff also hold appointments as consultant psychologists or medical consultants with the NHS and contribute to clinical practice as well as to the training of clinical psychologists, medical students and NHS staff. The School runs its own clinical psychology training programme, leading to the Doctorate in Clinical Psychology.. Key research strengths within the clinical psychology domain include dementia, neuropsychology and rehabilitation, learning disability, developmental disorders, addictions, and cognitive-behavioural approaches. Close links with other departments and with NHS services produce tremendous opportunities for collaborative clinical psychology research. The School supports the practical implementation of research findings to improve patient care with close ...
In these population based data from central and eastern Europe, we found that all indicators of alcohol intake and problematic drinking were associated with effort-reward imbalance but not with job control. The association with effort-reward imbalance was independent of deprivation and education but some of it was related to depressive symptoms.. Alcohol accounts for a substantial burden of ill health in the region, especially in the former Soviet Union.20,35 The social and health impact of alcohol in the region is at least partly related to the pattern of binge drinking.21,36 It is therefore important to understand the distribution of drinking and alcohol related problems in the population. Alcohol intake has previously been found to be associated with education and marital status in Russia37 and with education in the Czech Republic38 and Poland (unpublished data). Psychosocial factors are often thought to be at least partly responsible for the association between socioeconomic position and ...
The aim of this module is to provide the student with tangible experience of applying psychology theory to practice. Rather than focus on psychopathology, the module focuses on utilising established positive psychology approaches in supporting psychological growth, well-being and resilience. During the first half of the module, students will study the theoretical underpinnings of positive psychology and will work in small groups to design a positive psychology well-being intervention. During the final half of the module, the well-being intervention will be delivered to fellow undergraduate student across all years. Skills gained in this module will support future applications for assistant psychology posts in addition to other support roles with the aim of pursuing a career as a psychologist. Skills gained in this module are also applicable to other established careers such as social work, nursing, occupational therapy or further academic study (e.g. PhD). The module is a unique opportunity to ...
International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences (IJRPS) is quarterly publishing online peer-reviewed scientific journal sponsored by JK Welfare & Pharmascope Foundation. The journal publishes research articles, review articles, short communications, case studies and reports in Pharmaceutical Sciences.. Coverage Area: Pharmaceutics, Novel Drug Delivery Systems, Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Drug Design, Pharmaceutical Analysis and Quality Assurance, Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology, Pharmacology and Toxicology, Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy, Clinical Research, Clinical Report, Case Studies, Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Chemistry, Medical Biochemistry, Natural Products, Medicinal Chemistry, Molecular Biology, Microbiology and Biotechnology, Alternative Medicine, Polymer Science, Industrial Pharmacy, Drug Regulatory Affair, Intellectual Property Rights (IPR), Molecular Modeling, Herbal Medicines, Dental Medicines, Paramedical and Lifesciences.. ...
Our research looks at what studying strategies undergraduate students with disabilities use to learn, why they use some strategies over others, and what metacognitive awareness is involved in these decisions. Previous research has shown that, while practicing information retrieval through self-testing is extremely beneficial to learning, many students tend to use the strategy of repeated reading, which does little in the way of learning more after the initial reading, and the importance of engaging in metacognitive awareness becomes apparent (Karpicke, Butler, & Roediger, 2009).We are looking for a deeper understanding of the connections between metacognitive awareness of learning, working memory, and learning for undergraduate students with disabilities, and how metacognitive strategies can possibly be applied. The participants are undergraduate students at the University of North Florida who are registered with the campus' Disability Resource Center (N=400), with students who are a part of the Access
Dr. Derek Reed is a Licensed Behavior Analyst in the State of Kansas and an Associate Professor in the Department of Applied Behavioral Science at the University of Kansas where he directs the Applied Behavioral Economics Laboratory. Derek received his Bachelor's degree in Psychology from Illinois State University and his Masters and Ph.D. in School Psychology from Syracuse University. He has served as Associate Editor for Behavior Analysis in Practice and The Psychological Record, and guest Associate Editor for The Behavior Analyst, Journal of Behavioral Education, and Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis. He serves as a reviewer on the editorial boards of The Behavior Analyst, Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, and Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior. Derek has published over 90 peer reviewed papers and book chapters, coauthored three edited books, and was the 2016 recipient of the American Psychological Association Division 25 B. F. Skinner Foundation New Applied Researcher ...
A. All the time, and a lot of them get relief from it. The one I send them to most often happens to be a doctor who got into acupuncture later. There's a large Asian population in the Berkeley area, so there are many acupuncturists to choose from. But the results are variable. Some people get really good results from acupuncture or acupressure, and others find it's a waste of time. So it's something to have in your therapeutic armamentarium. Particularly if nothing else is working, give it a try!. Q. What about the "psychosocial factors" involved in low back pain?. A. That's a tough one, because as soon as doctors say "psychosocial factors," patients wonder, "do you think this is all in my head, doc?" But it is nonetheless true that pain and psychosocial factors are hard to uncouple. For example, I see a lot of patients who have repetitive strain injuries, and any time you have a chronic injury, there's the possibility that it will be linked with either depression or stress. And what caused what ...
Since its introduction in the early 1980s, percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy has become the most popular method for performing a gastrostomy for long-term enteral feeding. It has been associated, however, with a lot of minor and major complications. A case of mediastinitis with concominant sepsis caused by a masked esophageal perforation after percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy in a multi-traumatized, brain-injured patient is presented. Ten - fourteen days after the procedure, the patient became febrile and gradually septic with tenderness of the sternum and upper abdomen. Computerized tomography of the thorax revealed mediastinitis. An urgent left thoracotomy and laparotomy were performed for drainage of the mediastinum, removal of the gastrostomy and insertion of a jejunostomy tube. The patient improved soon after the surgery. He was successfully weaned off the ventilator and was discharged from the Intensive Care Unit. Perforating mediastinitis is a rare but potentially lethal complication of
Thomas Swales, PhD, ABPP, has been elected president of the Ohio Psychological Association (OPA).. Dr. Swales specializes in independent psychological, neuropsychological and forensic evaluations. He received his PhD in clinical psychology in the health psychology/pediatric psychology track from the University of Miami. He completed an internship in clinical psychology at the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center and fellowship in clinical neuropsychology at the UCLA Neuropsychiatric Institute. He is board certified in clinical neuropsychology by the American Board of Professional Psychology. For more than 20 years, Dr. Swales has provided psychological and neuropsychological consultations to patients with a wide variety of psychiatric and neurological disorders. He has a wealth of clinical experience with both children and adults. He has also served extensively as an expert witness and consultant. Dr. Swales also has extensive academic experience in education and training, research and ...
Shoulder pain is a common secondary condition in people with spinal cord injury (SCI) that often results in loss of function and of independence and imposes limitations on self-care, work, and leisure activities, and leads to decreased quality of life. More than 40% of individuals with SCI report shoulder pain at the beginning of inpatient rehabilitation; this number increases to 50% at hospital discharge. The onset of shoulder pain within the first year after injury may lead to lifelong chronic shoulder pain. Although information is known about shoulder pain in patients with long-term SCI, little is known about the beginning of shoulder problems and how they progress early after the injury. In addition to physical problems, psychosocial factors are also associated with chronic pain.. This study will investigate the progression of musculoskeletal (shoulder muscle flexibility, muscle strength, movement coordination, and rotator cuff health) and psychosocial (fear of movement, pain ...
This study reports on two experiments in which the use of enzyme- and acid-treated fish meal were evaluated for incorporation into formulated microbound diets for barramundi (Lates calcarifer) larvae. In the first experiment, partially hydrolysed fish meal was used to determine whether partial hydrolysis increased the dietary value of fish meal used in microbound diets fed to L. calcarifer larvae. Total length and dry weight at the end of the experiment were both higher for larvae fed diets containing untreated fish meal than those fed diets containing any level of hydrolysate. Larval survival ranged from 15.8% to 47.2% but there were no significant differences between treatments (Fig. 3; P | 0.05). Carcass pepsin levels of larvae fed diets containing untreated fish meal were significantly higher than pepsin levels of larvae fed all other diets (P | 0.05). The second experiment determined the effects of incorporating graded levels of denatured fish meal (DF) into microbound diets for L. calcarifer
Calvin A. Brown, III, MD. In a randomized trial, cricoid pressure impeded tube passage through the glottis and prolonged intubation time.. Cricoid pressure has been associated with worsened glottic views and difficult tube placement during conventional laryngoscopy and intubation. It has not been previously studied in combination with the Pentax Airway Scope (AWS), a video laryngoscope with an integrated screen and tracheal tube channel.. In a single-center operating room trial, 60 patients aged 20 to 85 years were randomized to intubation with the Pentax AWS with either cricoid pressure or "sham" pressure. Sham pressure was accomplished by placing fingers on the cricoid ring but not applying downward force. Cricoid pressure was provided by an anesthesiologist who was trained to apply 30N of downward force using a cricoid simulator. Patients with anticipated difficult airways and those needing emergent intubation were excluded. Patients were induced with standard doses of propofol and ...
Victoria Clarke is a senior lecturer in social psychology at the University of the West of England, Bristol, UK. She has published a number of papers on lesbian and gay parenting, same-sex relationships, the history of LGBTQ psychologies, and qualitative methods in journals such as Sexualities, British Journal of Social Psychology, Qualitative Research in Psychology and Lesbian & Gay Psychology Review. She has edited (with Sara-Jane Finlay and Sue Wilkinson) two special issues of Feminism & Psychology on marriage, and edited (with Elizabeth Peel) special issues of Feminism & Psychology, Journal of Gay & Lesbian Psychotherapy, Lesbian & Gay Psychology Review and Psychology of Women Section Review on LGBTQ psychologies. She is also the editor with Elizabeth Peel and Jack Drescher of British LGB Psychologies: Theory, research and practice (Haworth Press, 2007). She is a member of the British Psychological Society's Lesbian & Gay Psychology Section and Qualitative Methods in Psychology Section. She ...
I attended a very good lecture last week on contemporary views of countertransference. It inspired me to write a brief overview of the concept here, with more to follow.. To understand countertransference, it helps to tackle transference first. Transference was a word coined by Sigmund Freud to label the way patients "transfer" feelings from important persons in their early lives, onto the psychoanalyst or therapist. Psychoanalysis was specifically designed to encourage transference. Intentional opacity and non-disclosure by the therapist promotes transference; the patient naturally makes assumptions about the therapist's likes and dislikes, attitude toward the patient, life outside the office, and so forth. These assumptions are based on the patient's experiences with, and assumptions regarding, other important relationships, such as childhood relations with parents. In this way the patient's formative dynamics are re-created in the therapy office for both participants to observe. Patients ...
A 67-year old woman presented with worsening dyspnea, productive cough, and fever. She denied oral intake, and her symptoms were worse with tube feeds. Her medical history was significant for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, gastric esophageal reflux disease (GERD), and severe oropharyngeal dysphagia status post percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube with jejunal extension placement one year prior. Physical exam was notable for bilateral end expiratory wheezes with right-sided basilar rales on auscultation of the lungs. PEG insertion site looked clean with no signs of infection or abnormal drainage. Chest x-ray showed right lower-lobe consolidation. Blood and sputum cultures were obtained and broad-spectrum empiric antibiotic coverage was initiated for a diagnosis of aspiration pneumonia.. The patient had multiple witnessed tube feed-related aspiration events during the hospital stay. An esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed Los Angeles grade D esophagitis with a jejunal extension of ...
Introduction. Behaviourism originated with the work of John B. Watson from 1913. Behaviourism is based on the following sets of claims: (1) Psychology is the study of behaviour. Psychology is not the science of mind. This statement also forms a type of behaviourism: 'Methodological' behaviourism claims that psychology should concern itself with the behaviour of organisms (human and non-human). Psychology should not concern itself with mental states or events or with constructing internal information processing accounts of behaviour. In its historical foundations, methodological behaviourism shares with analytical behaviourism the influence of positivism. One of the goals of positivism was to unify psychology with natural science. Methodological behaviourism is a dominant theme in the writings of John Watson. John Broadus Watson was one of the most prominent psychologist scientists of his era, writing on applied psychology for academic journals, business publications, and popular magazines and is ...
Expert: Dr. Brian Iwata received his Ph.D. in psychology from Florida State University and subsequently held positions at Western Michigan University and the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. He is Distinguished Professor in Psychology and Psychiatry at the University of Florida, where he also has directed the Florida Center on Self-Injury and the Prader-Willi Syndrome Program. Brian is the former chief editor of the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis and former president of the Association for Behavior Analysis, the Society for the Advancement of Behavior Analysis, the Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, Division 33 of the American Psychological Association, and the Florida Association for Behavior Analysis. His primary areas of interest are disorders of learning and behavior and research methodology. He has published over 240 articles and chapters on these topics, and he has received $7 million in research grants to support that work. Much of Dr. Iwata's research ...
The Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test: A Portuguese version of the adults' test. O Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test: Uma versão portuguesa do teste para adultos. José Pestana*1, Sofia Menéres*2, Maria João Gouveia2, Rui Filipe Oliveira3. 1ISPA - Instituto Universitário, Lisboa, Portugal. 2ISPA - Instituto Universitário, APPsyCI-Applied Psychology Research Center Capabilities & Inclusion, Lisboa, Portugal. 3Departamento de Biociências, ISPA - Instituto Universitário, Lisboa, Portugal / Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência, Lisboa, Portugal / Champalimaud Center for the Unknown, Neurosciences, Lisboa, Portugal. Correspondência. ABSTRACT. The Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (RMET) is a Theory of Mind task that assesses the ability to understand others' mental states in both healthy and clinical populations. The goal of the present study was to translate the revised version of the adults' RMET to the Portuguese (European) language, investigate item validity for this version and differences ...
In SMA type 1, also known as acute SMA, or Werdnig-Hoffman disease, children cough and have a weak cry. They usually lose their ability to swallow before they reach the age of one. The weakness in their trunk and limbs spreads to intercostal muscles, preventing the development of a normal respiratory cycle.2 Those who have SMA type 1 are likely to develop a host of respiratory issues before respiratory failure leads to death by the age of two. Among these complications are hypoventilation, dysphagia, pulmonary aspiration, and recurrent lower respiratory tract infections.4 For those with SMA type 2, respiratory insufficiency is the primary cause of morbidity and mortality. Ineffective cough with decreased airway clearance, insufficient development of the lungs and chest, nocturnal hypoventilation, and heightened risk for pulmonary infection are among the most common respiratory complications in this group of patients.5 Patients with SMA type 3 are less likely than those with SMA type 2 to have ...
Experimental psychology emerged as a modern academic discipline in the 19th century when Wilhelm Wundt introduced a mathematical and experimental approach to the field.Introduction to Experimental Psychology Consciousness (Chapter 3 in Myers) Consciousness as a process: The study of consciousness has a frustratingly long history in.Introduction to Educational Psychology What is Educational Psychology.Experimental psychology is an approach to psychology that treats it as one of the natural sciences, and therefore assumes that it is susceptible to the experimental.. The birth of experimental psychology as a discipline in its own right is often dated from the appearance of Wilhelm Wundt's great handbook, the Grundzüge der...Introduction to the basic topics of psychology, including learning, motivation, cognition, development, abnormal, physiological, social, and personality ...
Background: Researchers and practitioners have developed numerous online interventions that encourage people to reduce their drinking, increase their exercise, and better manage their weight. Motivations to develop eHealth interventions may be driven by the Internet’s reach, interactivity, cost-effectiveness, and studies that show online interventions work. However, when designing online interventions suitable for public campaigns, there are few evidence-based guidelines, taxonomies are difficult to apply, many studies lack impact data, and prior meta-analyses are not applicable to large-scale public campaigns targeting voluntary behavioral change. Objectives: This meta-analysis assessed online intervention design features in order to inform the development of online campaigns, such as those employed by social marketers, that seek to encourage voluntary health behavior change. A further objective was to increase understanding of the relationships between intervention adherence, study adherence,
This paper reports on the child's perception of parental involvement and the effect it has on grades in mathematics, science, social studies, and language arts. The study specifically involved the relationship between the value the children perceive the parents place on education and the value the children themselves place on education, the relationship between the child's perception of parents helping the child with homework in the elementary and middle school years and the amount of time the child spends on homework in high school, and the relationship between the children's perception of expectations the parents have for him/her and the expectations the children place on themselves. Questionnaires were given to 102 9th graders. The data was analyzed using correlation analyses and a one way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Implications for parents and educators are also noted ...
Russ noted that African American and Native American communities have been especially hard-hit by menthol cigarettes.. On Friday, Courtney Clark, a public health and psychology student at the University of Minnesota Duluth, took part in an American Lung Association press conference designed to draw public attention to the issue.. In a statement, Clark said: "Menthol has been marketed to the African-American community for over 50 years, and as a result, nearly 90 percent of African-American smokers use menthol products. We can sit idly by and hope this malicious targeting by Big Tobacco ends, or we can take initiative to make sure that kids don't have easy access to these deadly products.". Russ said she shares the concern that minority populations have been subjected to targeted menthol cigarette marketing campaigns, but she stressed the proposed ordinance is not intended to be a paternalistic measure. Russ noted that both the Duluth Human Rights Commission and the Indigenous Commission have ...