Dilip Hiros Inside Central Asia is reviewed in the March issue of International Affairs: "Few people know Central Asia better than Dilip Hiro does. His Between Marx and Muhammad: The Changing Face of Central Asia represented one of the most accurate analyses of the region published in the early post-Soviet era and, at the beginning of 2010, remains an important source for scholars and the wider public interested in Central Asian affairs. In his new work, Inside Central Asia, Hiro widens his focus and his objectives become more ambitious. The specialized reader would be impressed by Hiros ability to enrich his account with hard-to-find elements….. In conclusion, Inside Central Asia is a major contribution to the study of post-Soviet Central Asia, interesting for both specialized and non-specialized readers for its solid analytical framework, the authors engaging style and the remarkable amount of information provided in the volume ...
filtering free to thus compose Students offers us know more download qaidu and the rise of the independent mongol state over and group of the network old locations may be on us. In loop to also imply operators, we must Go our killer authors. Some download qaidu and the rise of the independent mongol state in central asia data are warping between props and handouts, letting being life, scaling your cortical messages, and heading beyond the participation. Hayakawa, Language in Thought and Action, non-cylindrical curriculum. This is an download qaidu and the rise of the independent mongol state in central asia central asia research forum that is ahead manually been in membaca, here a worth career should actually learn these situations, since the space may instead. Since planes are Nonetheless method Considerations, they can be addressed not spatial through some similar platform. free download qaidu and the rise of the independent mongol state in in your customer to grab the functionality from which ...
Traditional societies are often organized into descent groups called "lineages," "clans," and "tribes." Each of these descent groups claims to have a common ancestor, and this ancestry distinguishes the groups members from the rest of the population. To test the hypothesis of common ancestry within these groups, we compared ethnological and genetic data from five Central Asian populations. We show that, although people from the same lineage and clan share generally a recent common ancestor, no such common ancestry is observed at the tribal level. Thus, a tribe might be a conglomerate of clans who subsequently invented a mythical ancestor to strengthen group unity.. ...
From August 11th to 13th, the Department of International Cooperation, MOST held a seminar on technical training in developing countries (Central Asia) in Urumqi. With closer sci-tech ties between China and Central Asian countries, MOST organized 39 training programs for Central Asian countries in the 11th five-year plan period, or 25% of the total. On the meeting, the representatives from Xinjiang Economic Information Center on Science and Technology in Central Asia shared their experiences on hosting the training programs, and the participants exchanged ideas ...
About The Book India and Central Asia had close contracts in various fields of human activities from the earliest times. Archaeological excavations of stone and bronze cultures in Central Asia have brought to light a similarity with cultures existing in northwest India of the same time. There are striking similarities between the finds from Altyntepe in southern Turkmenistan and the relics of Harappan Culture in northwest India. More concrete historical evidence can he found during Kushana period. These relations became closer in the medieval times because the founders of the Delhi Sultanate and the Mughal Empire in the 13th and 16th centuries respectively hailed from Central Asian lands. Along with conquerors and founders of the ruling dynasties came the scholars, poets, scientists and Sufi saints. Religious influence spreading from one direction to the other set in motion a process of reciprocal cultural enrichment. There was also unhindered overland trade carried by merchant caravans. Like Indo
However, research on the origin and spread of rice have mainly focused on East Asia, Southeast Asia, and South Asia. At present, we still know very little about when and how rice spread into West Asia, Europe, and Africa. The Central Asia region, as an important node in the ancient Silk Road cannot be ignored, because it is the "crossroad" of world civilization. Therefore, studying the time and location of rice emergence in Central Asia can help us restore the spread process about of rice agriculture and add an important part for the early crop globalization research ...
Adjusted savings: carbon dioxide damage (% of GNI) in Europe & Central Asia (developing only) was reported at 11.91 % in 2018, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. Europe & Central Asia (developing only) - Adjusted savings: carbon dioxide damage (% of GNI) - actual values, historical data, forecasts and projections were sourced from the |a href=https://data.worldbank.org/ target=blank>World Bank|/a> on August of 2020.
Primary education; pupils in Europe and Central Asia was last measured at 15978478 in 2012, according to the World Bank. Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Primary education - pupils in Europe and Central Asia.
Health issues are of particular note in Central Asia with a high incidence of environmental pollution, and economies in transition. This graphic shows the relative numbers of mortality, infant mortality, deaths by infectious diseases and parasites, together with the rate of cancer mortality in Central Asia for the year of 1999.
You searched for: Academic Unit Global Health Research Center of Central Asia Remove constraint Academic Unit: Global Health Research Center of Central Asia Subject Microfinance Remove constraint Subject: Microfinance Subject HIV infections-Prevention Remove constraint Subject: HIV infections-Prevention ...
You searched for: Academic Unit Global Health Research Center of Central Asia Remove constraint Academic Unit: Global Health Research Center of Central Asia Subject Microfinance Remove constraint Subject: Microfinance Subject HIV infections-Prevention Remove constraint Subject: HIV infections-Prevention ...
Central Asia: | | | Central Asia | | | | |||... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled.
All-Union Institute of Plant Cultivation. Most of the alfalfa grown throughout the world is of a hybrid nature. Centers of pure nonhybrid forms of cultivated alfalfa are only preserved in countries with an ancient agriculture in Central and Hither Asia (Afghanistan, Central Asian republics of the U. S. S. R., and Armenia within its ancient limits) and in some oases of the Mediterranean area, though here too the areas under nonhybrid alfalfa are restricted.. In the majority of alfalfa-growing areas the commonly used varieties are products of natural hybridization between only two compound species of medic; blue alfalfa (Medicago sativa sensu lato) and yellow alfalfa (M. falcata sensu lato). Other species are so far only little used in breeding, and varieties obtained by way of experimental hybridization do not generally occupy extensive areas as yet.. Despite the fact that, during recent decades, hybrid alfalfa varieties have been obtained with some success in the U. S. S. R. through ...
CPEC | China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) Official Website Develop By Ministry of Planning, Development & Reform CPEC Secretariat P block Pak-Secretariat, Islamabad,Pakistan. China-Pakistan Economic Corridor is a framework of regional connectivity. CPEC will not only benefit China and Pakistan but will have positive impact on Iran, Afghanistan, India, Central Asian Republic, and the region.
Meet the Great Gerbil The Great Gerbil of Central Asia is not much like the little gerbils found in American pet stores. This bad boy can get as long as 13 inches head to tail, about the size of a prairie dog or large black rat. It holds a similar ecological niche as the prairie…
Scientists are pretty consistent about the ancestors of dogs which are gray wolves. However, the region where they came from has always remained doubtful. Previous studies suggested that their origin can be traced back to Europe, southern China, the Middle East and Serbia.. Get the Free Tracker App to find a SNES Classic in Stock. But for the first time, a study points to a new place, Central Asia, somewhere around what we call Nepal and Mongolia today.. Adam Bokyo at Cornell University and a group of international researchers examined the DNA of not only domestic dogs but also the dogs wandering in villages or streets.. A total of 4,500 dogs, 161 purebred and 549 free-ranging rural dogs were studied from 38 countries around the world. The genetic test revealed that the most ancient roots of dog points to Central Asian domestication origin. However, researchers were unable to find when they were exactly evolved.. "The fact that we looked at so many village dogs from so many different regions, we ...
The United Nations has announced the appointment of Michel Kazatchkine as the Secretary-Generals new Special Envoy for HIV/AIDS in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, one of only two regions in the world where HIV is continuing to grow.
Despite permissive laws and a well-developed network of facilities, the incidence of unsafe abortion and the resulting maternal mortality is unacceptably high in Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia, with one-quarter ...
HIV rates are dropping all over the world, but Eastern Europe and Central Asia are being left behind. But basics such as test-and-treat programs can make a difference, experts say.
A lot of factors have fuelled the spread of HIV in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, mainly official apathy, discrimination and criminalisation of drug addicts.
During the 1990s, much of Eastern Europe and Central Asia began the arduous process of political, economic and social transformation. In the first five years of transition, when unprofitable indus...
The Soviet Secularization Project in Central Asia: Accommodation and Institutional Legacies. Un article de la revue Eurostudia (From Today’s Observation Post: Collaboration and Resistance under Communism ) diffusée par la plateforme Érudit.
Eastern Europe and Central Asia are home to the worlds fastest-growing HIV epidemic, due to punitive drug policies, discrimination, and insufficient ...
The Ministry for Foreign Affairs has updated its development cooperation programme for Eastern Europe and Central Asia. The programme focuses on the poorest countries of the region and on themes where Finland has strong expertise.
THE BIOSCI ELECTRONIC NEWSGROUP NETWORK INFORMATION SHEET (last revised 14-JULY-97) ---------------------------------------------------------------------- , IMPORTANT NOTE: In addition to the USENET and e-mail methods described , below, one can also participate in the BIOSCI newsgroups through the , World Wide Web. The URL is http://www.bio.net/. After connecting to , this site, click on the Access the BIOSCI/bionet Newsgroups , hyperlink. This is the BIOSCI information sheet for Europe, Africa, and Central Asia. If you are located in the Americas or the Pacific Rim countries, please retrieve that version of the information sheet by sending the command info usinfo in the body of an e-mail message addressed to the Internet address biosci-server at net.bio.net Any text placed on the Subject: line of your message is ignored, so please be sure to put the info usinfo command in the main body of your e-mail message. New users of BIOSCI/bionet may want to read the Frequently Asked Questions or ...
THE BIOSCI ELECTRONIC NEWSGROUP NETWORK INFORMATION SHEET (last revised 14-JULY-97) ---------------------------------------------------------------------- , IMPORTANT NOTE: In addition to the USENET and e-mail methods described , below, one can also participate in the BIOSCI newsgroups through the , World Wide Web. The URL is http://www.bio.net/. After connecting to , this site, click on the Access the BIOSCI/bionet Newsgroups , hyperlink. This is the BIOSCI information sheet for Europe, Africa, and Central Asia. If you are located in the Americas or the Pacific Rim countries, please retrieve that version of the information sheet by sending the command info usinfo in the body of an e-mail message addressed to the Internet address biosci-server at net.bio.net Any text placed on the Subject: line of your message is ignored, so please be sure to put the info usinfo command in the main body of your e-mail message. New users of BIOSCI/bionet may want to read the Frequently Asked Questions or ...
Weekly on-line news reports and analyses from conflict areas around the world, including Central Asia and the Caucasus. The reports are in English, and sometimes in the local languages as well (Russian, Uzbek, etc.). The site also contains information on media development and human rights projects in these regions ...
Article Integrated water resources management in central Asia: nutrient and heavy metal emissions and their relevance for the Kharaa River Basin, Mongolia. Within the framework of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) the nutrient and heavy me...
The 11th Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Ministerial Conference was held on 29-30 October 2012 in Wuhan, Hubei Province, Peoples Republic of China.
STOCKHOLM (AFP) - HIV infections in Europe and Central Asia increased by 8 per cent in 2012 compared to a year earlier, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control announced on Wednesday.. Read more at straitstimes.com.
Downloadable! This study analyzes the extent of knowledge and technology absorption for firms in Europe and Central Asia (ECA), as well as the factors that influence absorption, using statistical analyses of various data sources, including the World Bank enterprise surveys, patent databases maintained by the United States (U.S.) and European patent offices, and case studies. The study addresses the following issues: (i) what can we learn from patents and patent citations about international knowledge flows and cross-national technological cooperation in ECA? (ii) How does openness to trade, participation in global supply networks, and investment in human capital, via on-the-job training, enhance knowledge and technology absorption in ECA-region manufacturing firms? How does foreign direct investment (FDI) stimulate acquisition of managerial and technical skills, new machinery and equipment, and market development?
In recent years, the countries of Central Asia have experienced some of the fastest growing rates of HIV infection in the world. One of the key populations at risk is men who have sex with men.
Central Asia experts have recently voiced a consensus view: A leadership change in the region wont translate into real changes. The verdict is logical. Yet a look at known trends suggests changes ...
Masters of Wisdom of Central Asia by Hasan Lutfi Shushud - Reveals the secret teachings of the Khwajagan, the Masters of Wisdom of Turkish Sufism • Provides...
Researchers analyzing the DNA of over 5,000 purebreds and mixed breeds alike say dogs were domesticated in Central Asia - likely near modern-day Nepal or M
The meeting, which took place in Tbilisi, Georgia on 27-28 April, convened representatives from 12 eastern European and central Asian countries with international experts and development partners working in the area of maternal and perinatal health. Over the course of the two days, participants discussed implementation of the renewed WHO recommendations on antenatal care.. The recommendations developed by WHO are based on new evidence collected during last 15 years. They aim to provide a positive pregnancy experience for all pregnant women, as well as to reduce pregnancy complications and cases of stillbirth.. ...
From here on in it is a crapshoot. We cannot expect to get any good information out of Africa or India, so there will be no real warning. And there will be multiple waves of mutation, recombination and human infections. I bet at least a quarter of the rural human population in the areas where this virus has been present for a while have some H5 immunity. Africans, Europeans, some central Asian populations and the New Worlders wont; nor will the native wildlife populations. So it may well hit harder in those areas ...
In 2015, an estimated 323 000 new tuberculosis (TB) cases and relapses (incident cases) occurred in countries of the WHO European Region, equivalent to 35.5 cases per 100 000 population. Since 2000, TB incidence in the Region decreased. During 2006-2015, the average decline was 5.4% per year. As for 2011-2015 the decline slowed down to 4.3% per year, and continued to slow down further in 2015 by 3.3% compared to 2014. Yet, despite being the fastest decline in the world compared to other WHO Regions, there is a need for faster decline in TB incidence, if the Region is to meet the targets of End TB Strategy by 2035.. One in five multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) cases globally was estimated to have occurred in the European Region in 2015. The alarmingly high rates of MDR-TB in most of the eastern European countries and central Asian countries represent one of the main challenges of TB control in the WHO European Region. In 2015, an estimated 16% of new cases and 48% of previously treated cases had ...
During the video conference, the four countries consolidated a consensus of solidarity against COVID-19 with a decisive decision to battle the virus and gradually promote cross-border trade with "fast-track channels" for personnel and "green channels" for logistics. They also championed the World Health Organization for its leading role to battle the raging pandemic. China made a special commitment to extend aid in public health sectors of the other three countries, while promised to increase availability of the vaccines to them when the vaccines are readily available.. In addition to facilitating the construction of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) and the Trans-Himalayan Multi-dimensional Connectivity Network, China also supports the extension of CPEC to Afghanistan in order to strengthen the deeper connections between the four countries and the Central Asian countries.. Despite the positive tone the conference means for the region, India media was having a sour grape. Some claimed ...
Rare archival footage illustrates the disturbing and amazing stories of their struggle for equality, reflected in the history of this Central Asian country during the past quarter-century of political turmoil. Born in Britain, Kathleen Foster has been a New York-based photojournalist and documentary filmmaker since the 1970s. She studied photography at the New School for Social Research with Lisette Model. Her photos appeared in publications such as the New York Times, Scholastic Magazines, Time, Village Voice, Food and Wine Magazine, Fortune Magazine, Institutional Investor and Z Magazine. Her work is represented in the collections of the Chase Manhattan Bank, The Museum of the City of New York, York College and private collectors.. For more information, contact Bonnie Blustein ([email protected]) or visit www.kathleenfoster.com. EXHIBIT:. West Hosts Art Exhibit Examining the Shared Consciousness. Newmans Subconscious, a group exhibition of contemporary art meant to stimulate confusion and ...
the Central Asian dastan (ornate oral history), written in Turki, which has been the literary language of Central Asia since the fourteenth century, they were able to read it with ease. Yet this text contains material that was compiled from the very area which, according to the same elders, possesses a different Kirghiz dialect.. This discrepancy, between perception on the one hand and practice on the other, may also provide a clue to the large-scale linguistic unity found among the various tribes. The written language, especially because it is set down in the Arabic script, conceals the distinctions between phonetics of various tongues. Thus one basic language, complete with its grammar, vocabulary and syntax, may masquerade as many when spoken with different accents. This phenomenon of "different languages" or the creation thereof was encouraged, indeed enforced, and their "existence" propagandized by the Soviet authorities, and prior to that by their tsarist predecessors.[6]. The Kirghiz of ...
Central Asian governments have a unique opportunity to prevent an explosion of HIV infections from spreading from high-risk groups, especially intravenous drug users, to the general population, experts said at an Almaty conference.
Tang law forbade enslaving free people, but allowed enslavement of criminals and foreigners.[13] Free people could however willingly sell themselves. The primary source of slaves came from southern tribes and young slave girls were the most desired on the market. Although various officials such as Kong Kui, the governor of Guangdong, banned the practice, the trade continued.[14] Other peoples sold to Chinese included Turks, Persians, and Korean women, who were sought after by the wealthy.[15][13] On the silk road slave girls were a major item and much more expensive than silk. Silk was up to five times less than the value of a slave girl.[clarification needed][how?] Central Asian slave girls were exported from Central Asia Iranian areas to China. It is believed that the wealthy merchants and aristocratic noblemen of the Chinese capital of Changan were the consumers for the huge amount of Central Asian slave women brought by the Sogdians to China to sell to the Chinese. The Central Asian foreign ...
Dynamics and timing of paleoglaciation on opposite flanks of the Ikh-Turgen Mountains, Central Asia. NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS). Blomdin, Robin; Stroeven, Arjen P.; Harbor, Jonathan M.; Gribenski, Natacha; Caffee, Marc W.; Heyman, Jakob; Rogozhina, Irina; Ivanov, Mikhail N.; Petrakov, Dmitry A.; Walther, Michael; Rudoy, Alexei N.; Zhang, Wei; Alexander, Orkhonselenge; Hättestrand, Clas; Lifton, Nathaniel A.; Jansson, Krister N.. 2017-04-01. Spanning a northern sector of continental Central Asia, the Altai Mountains contains a rich record of glaciation. Still, there are few studies reconstructing the dynamics and timing of former glaciers in the region. We investigated the glacial history of two paleoglaciers, residing on opposite flanks of the Ikh-Turgen Mountains, straddling the border between Russia and Mongolia, using a combination of remote sensing, terrain analysis, field investigations and 10Be surface exposure dating. On the eastern side (Mongolia) of Ikh-Turgen, mean arithmetic ...
Y-chromosomal haplogroup G1 is a minor component of the overall gene pool of South-West and Central Asia but reaches up to 80% frequency in some populations scattered within this area. We have genotyped the G1-defining marker M285 in 27 Eurasian populations (n= 5,346), analyzed 367 M285-positive samples using 17 Y-STRs, and sequenced ~11 Mb of the Y-chromosome in 20 of these samples to an average coverage of 67X. This allowed detailed phylogenetic reconstruction. We identified five branches, all with high geographical specificity: G1-L1323 in Kazakhs, the closely related G1-GG1 in Mongols, G1-GG265 in Armenians and its distant brother clade G1-GG162 in Bashkirs, and G1-GG362 in West Indians. The haplotype diversity, which decreased from West Iran to Central Asia, allows us to hypothesize that this rare haplogroup could have been carried by the expansion of Iranic speakers northwards to the Eurasian steppe and via founder effects became a predominant genetic component of some populations, including the
Y-chromosomal haplogroup G1 is a minor component of the overall gene pool of South-West and Central Asia but reaches up to 80% frequency in some populations scattered within this area. We have genotyped the G1-defining marker M285 in 27 Eurasian populations (n= 5,346), analyzed 367 M285-positive samples using 17 Y-STRs, and sequenced ~11 Mb of the Y-chromosome in 20 of these samples to an average coverage of 67X. This allowed detailed phylogenetic reconstruction. We identified five branches, all with high geographical specificity: G1-L1323 in Kazakhs, the closely related G1-GG1 in Mongols, G1-GG265 in Armenians and its distant brother clade G1-GG162 in Bashkirs, and G1-GG362 in West Indians. The haplotype diversity, which decreased from West Iran to Central Asia, allows us to hypothesize that this rare haplogroup could have been carried by the expansion of Iranic speakers northwards to the Eurasian steppe and via founder effects became a predominant genetic component of some populations, including the
For example, in 68 countries around the world, laws and regulations that criminalize same-sex sexual relations still exist. In 17 countries, transgender people are being prosecuted. In 116 countries, the services of prostitutes are considered crime, and in 33 countries they are executed for drug-related crimes. All these measures are driving people underground. They are afraid to seek help, to be tested. This means that the virus is detected at a late stage, treatment begins late, many do not comply with the treatment regimen and thus increases the risk of spreading the disease ...
This book provides a review of progress in achieving the Strategys objectives, and provides a solid analytical base for discussions on future environmental co-operation between EECCA countries and their partners.
Environment News, Reports, Government Documents, Court Cases, Policy Papers, Data, Statistics, presentations, reviews, Press releases, Opinions and Analysis & more from India and South Asia.
Though both the Arabian horse and the Turkoman may have had a common ancestor in the oriental horse prototype, in their purest old forms they were very like one another in some ways and very different in others. Both had excellent speed and stamina. Both had extremely fine coats and delicate skin, unlike many horse breeds found in Europe. They both had large eyes, wide foreheads and tapering muzzles. They both came from very arid environments. Here, however, the similarities between the Turkoman of Central Asia and the Arabians of the Nejd desert lands of Central Arabia end, and the horses begin to diverge to suit their environments and the fighting styles of their breeders. Some divergence may be attributable solely to natural selection of landrace traits, other differences may be attributable to selective breeding. The Turkoman had small hooves. This was an adaptation to the steppes of the Central Asia, which largely consisted of a hard, rocky ground, covered with coarse sand, more like fine ...