Methods of inhibiting bacterial adhesion to medical implants and reducing device-associated infection are effectuated by administering an effective amount of apo-transferrin to an individual with such an implant. Preferably the apo-transferrin is administered by controlled release at or near the implant.
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As a member of the wwPDB, the RCSB PDB curates and annotates PDB data according to agreed upon standards. The RCSB PDB also provides a variety of tools and resources. Users can perform simple and advanced searches based on annotations relating to sequence, structure and function. These molecules are visualized, downloaded, and analyzed by users who range from students to specialized scientists.
Article: We report studies of the interaction of Alzheimers amyloid beta protein (Aβ) with normal human plasma high density lipoprotein (HDL), aiming to clarify to which lipoprotein (LP) structural constituent (apolipoprotein or lipid) soluble Aβ is primarily bound. Purified HDLs were incubated wit...
F. Hammett, S. Saltissi, S. Rao, N. Miller, J. Coltart, B. Lewis; Plasma Lipoprotein Subclasses and Apoproteins as Predictors of Coronary Atherosclerosis in Man. Clin Sci (Lond) 1 February 1980; 58 (2): 31P. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/cs058031Pa. Download citation file:. ...
The protein encoded by this gene is a G-protein coupled receptor involved in the regulation of feeding behavior. The encoded protein binds the hypothalamic neuropeptides
E coli CcmH protein: a component of the putative CcmFH heme lyase complex involved in transfer of heme from CcmE to apocytochrome c; has been sequenced
The effect of iron on the exocytosis of transferrin by K562 cells was studied by first allowing the cells to endocytose apotransferrin or diferric transferrin. Subsequent release of the apotransferrin was very rapid with a t 1/2 of 3.01 min, compared with 5.5 min for diferric transferrin. Release of apotransferrin was slowed by the weak base methylamine, t 1/2 8.0 min, but the effect of this agent was substantially greater when iron-transferrin was used, t 1/2 18.65 min, suggesting that methylamine affects both iron removal and receptor recycling. Release of iron-transferrin could be accelerated to a rate comparable with that of apotransferrin by addition of the permeant iron-chelator desferrioxamine. The difference in the rates of release of different forms of the protein could be explained by the re-endocytosis of the iron-rich protein, a process detected by the accelerated release of transferrin when the cells were washed in medium at pH 5.5 containing an iron-chelator or treated with a ...
Apo Transferrin vs Human transferrin - posted in Cell Biology Products: Greetings, What is the difference between apo-transferrin and human transferrin? I got their definition of apo-transferrin is free from iron binding while transferrin based on Sigma product is already half-saturated with iron. Once saturated with iron, i.e forming holo-transferrin it will bring iron into cell by receptor binding of the cell. I am confused why Sigma need to have two different products which in th...
Erratum: PspA protects Streptococcus pneumoniae from killing by apolactoferrin, and antibody to PspA enhances killing of pneumococci by apolactoferrin (Infection and Immunity (2004) 72, 9 (5031-5040 ...
Protein structures provide a valuable resource for rational drug design. For a protein with no known ligand, computational tools can predict surface pockets that are of suitable size and shape to accommodate a complementary small-molecule drug. However, pocket prediction against single static structures may miss features of pockets that arise from proteins dynamic behaviour. In particular, ligand-binding conformations can be observed as transiently populated states of the apo protein, so it is possible to gain insight into ligand-bound forms by considering conformational variation in apo proteins. This variation can be explored by considering sets of related structures: computationally generated conformers, solution NMR ensembles, multiple crystal structures, homologues or homology models. It is non-trivial to compare pockets, either from different programs or across sets of structures. For a single structure, difficulties arise in defining particular pockets boundaries. For a set of conformationally
The interaction between Np(V) and human aposerumtransferrin (apoTf) was studied in vitro under simulated physiological conditions (37°C, pH 7.4, [NaCl] = 0.15 M, [HEPES] = 5 × 10-2 M) by UV-visible and near-IR absorption spectrophotometry and by ultrafiltration. It was found that Np(V) was bound in small fraction (, 12%) to apoTf, and that the role of carbonate and citrate anions in binding is more competitive than synergistic. The complexes NpO2CO3- and NpO2Cit2- tend to form rather than the Np(V)-apoTf complex. Np(V) binding on apotransferrin appears to be pH-dependent and reversible. Displacement experiments with FeIIINTA showed non-specific binding, suggesting a weak interaction between Np(V) and apotransferrin different from the reactions involving transferrin-specific sites with other metallic ions, such as Fe(III). The low overall charge, the size and the geometry of the linear di-oxocation NpO2+ could account for the weak interaction between Np(V) and human transferrin ...
David Yue and colleagues report in the the current issue of Cell a surprising role for Ca2+-unbound apopcalmodulin in regulating calcium and sodium channel activities. The Ca2+-free form of calmodulin (apoCaM) often appears inert, modulating target molecules only upon conversion to its Ca2+-bound form. This schema has appeared to govern voltage-gated Ca2+ channels, where apoCaM has been considered a dormant Ca2+ sensor, associated with channels but awaiting the binding of Ca2+ ions before inhibiting channel opening to provide vital feedback inhibition. Using single-molecule measurements of channels and chemical dimerization to elevate apoCaM, we find that apoCaM binding on its own markedly upregulates opening, rivaling the strongest forms of modulation. Upon Ca2+ binding to this CaM, inhibition may simply reverse the initial upregulation. As RNA-edited and -spliced channel variants show different affinities for apoCaM, the apoCaM-dependent control mechanisms may underlie the functional diversity ...
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Population fI of the molten globule state of apomyoglobin mutants.Dependency of the population fI of the molten globule state versus urea concentration for apom
Hi folks Iv just phoned to get some results of blood samples taken and iv been told my iron saturation is low, can anybody explain this to me and would it be contributing to my rls which is crazy...
Prevagen has been touted as a dietary supplement that helps to improve memory. Does Prevagen work?. Prevagen is a dietary supplement made by Quincy Bioscience, a company based in Wisconsin. It contains apoaequorin, a protein derived from a jellyfish. Evidence cited by Quincy Bioscience that Prevagen is effective is reported in a study in 2016. This study was not published in any journal.. The goal of the study was to determine whether the active ingredient of Prevagen, apoaequorin, improves cognitive function in older adults who have normal or near normal memory function. In this study, healthy adults ages 40-91 with memory concerns were examined by cognitive tests over a period of 90 days. People with neurological diseases and other conditions were excluded from the study population.. The authors reported that there were significant improvements in cognitive function in people treated with the study chemical compared to those who were not.. Limitations of this study include:. The study duration ...
SABUN TEMULAWAK TIMBUL | WIDYA ORIGINAL HOLO HOLO BERBEDA2 SESUAI STOCK DARI SUPPLIER menghilangkan bintik hitam, jerawat dan kisut kisut pada kulit. kulit yang kasar dan hitam dapat berubah menjadi putih, bersih
In this study we show that the rhoptry-derived protein ROP2, the founding member of a family of rhoptry proteins exposed to the host cell cytosol (Beckers et al., 1994), mediates PVM-organelle association. This is achieved by the host cytoplasm-exposed domain, ROP2hc, inserting into organelle membranes and establishing a stable association. Despite possessing an NH2-terminal signal (Fig. 3 A; Beckers et al., 1994) with features on a matrix targeting signal (Neupert, 1997), ROP2hc insertion and translocation into the MOM (Fig. 3) does not occur by the conventional import pathway (Fig. 4). By what alternative mechanism is ROP2hc translocated across the MOM? ROP2hc import, presumably exposing its NH2 terminus to the intermembrane space (IMS), has features reminiscent of apocytochrome c import (Stuart and Neupert, 1990; Jordi et al., 1992; Dumont, 1996). ROP2hc shares some potentially important physical features with the IMS-localized cytochrome c and its receptor cytochrome c heme lyase (CCHL) ...
Safety assessment of Apoaequorin, a protein preparation: subchronic toxicity study in rats. - Daniel L Moran, Palma Ann Marone, Mark R Bauter, Madhu G Soni
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Prevagen has been touted as a dietary supplement that helps to improve memory. Does Prevagen work?. Prevagen is a dietary supplement made by Quincy Bioscience, a company based in Wisconsin. It contains apoaequorin, a protein derived from a jellyfish. Evidence cited by Quincy Bioscience that Prevagen is effective is reported in a study in 2016. This study was not published in any journal.. The goal of the study was to determine whether the active ingredient of Prevagen, apoaequorin, improves cognitive function in older adults who have normal or near normal memory function. In this study, healthy adults ages 40-91 with memory concerns were examined by cognitive tests over a period of 90 days. People with neurological diseases and other conditions were excluded from the study population.. The authors reported that there were significant improvements in cognitive function in people treated with the study chemical compared to those who were not.. Limitations of this study include:. The study duration ...
1LKJ: The solution structure of apocalmodulin from Saccharomyces cerevisiae implies a mechanism for its unique Ca2+ binding property.
AequoScreen parental cells stably expressing the mitochondrially targeted apoaequorin and the G-protein Ga16 for flash-luminescence assay. Recombinant, in CHO-K1 host cell. GPCRs of your choice can be transiently / stably transfected into this cell line. Following GPCR stimulation, increases in intracellular calcium enable measurement of the resulting flash luminescence signal. Two vials of cryopreserved cells are shipped per order. Terms and conditions apply. Please inquire at your local sales office for more information.. ...
1) Enzyme repression is the mode by which the synthesis of an enzyme is prevented by repressor molecules. In many cases, the end product of a synthesis chain (e.g., an amino acid) acts as a feed-back corepressor by combining with an intracellular aporepressor protein, so that this complex is able to block the function of an operator. As a result, the whole operation is prevented from being transcribed into mRNA, and the expression of all enzymes necessary for the synthesis of the end product enzyme is abolished.. ...
The appeal that Prevagen is making to consumers is a very old one: basically, they want you to think that if a protein is used in your brain, then eating that protein will make your brain healthier (even though apoaequorin is not a human protein). By this argument, I could package up hundreds of different proteins (perhaps thousands-the brain is a complex organ) and sell them as "brain food" This simplistic principle has been used for centuries in folk medicine: its the reason why some people think that eating the body parts of bears and tigers will make them more virile. But eating tiger organs doesnt make you more like a tiger. Its a form of magical thinking, and theres simply no science to support it. In short, its just wrong ...
The appeal that Prevagen is making to consumers is a very old one: basically, they want you to think that if a protein is used in your brain, then eating that protein will make your brain healthier (even though apoaequorin is not a human protein). By this argument, I could package up hundreds of different proteins (perhaps thousands-the brain is a complex organ) and sell them as "brain food" This simplistic principle has been used for centuries in folk medicine: its the reason why some people think that eating the body parts of bears and tigers will make them more virile. But eating tiger organs doesnt make you more like a tiger. Its a form of magical thinking, and theres simply no science to support it. In short, its just wrong ...
If you noticed the symptoms of illness in your dog, then never wait for regular check-ups. You should immediately visit your trusted veterinarian to find out the exact problem and the treatment of that problem. Regular Check-ups will assist in giving the vaccinations against rabies virus, corona virus, parvovirus, canine distemper, hepatitis virus, and many more.. During regular check-ups, the booster vaccinations will often be carried out immediately without delaying as it assists to enhance the dogs immunity power against the severe diseases. Check-ups in regular basis are the necessary ones with the proper examination of stools. Thus, the de-worming can also be carried out with the drug such as albendazole, fenbendazole, etc.. It is possible to remove the abnormalities such as signs of pain throughout such check-ups. If the regular check-ups are not conducted then your dog can be affected by the helminthiasis and it may result in loose motion and other several digestive upsets and anemia as ...
1. According to the Fletcher-Huehns hypothesis there exists a functional difference between the two iron-binding sites of transferrin.. 2. The aim of the study presented was to evaluate this hypothesis in a homogeneous system, with human bone marrow cells and pure human monoferric transferrins A and B.. 3. For this reason normal human bone marrow cells were incubated with human monoferric transferrin. The monoferric transferrins A and B were obtained by selective labelling at different pH of apotransferrin followed by preparative isoelectric focusing in granulated gels. The uptake of iron by the cell suspensions from monoferric transferrins A and B was equal.. 4. In a heterogeneous but more active system for the removal of iron from human transferrin in vitro the two human monoferric transferrins did not show any significant functional differences.. 5. No support for the Fletcher-Huehns hypothesis could be obtained. ...
Aequorin is a protein that contains coelenterazine as a luminescent compound and can be used for intracellular calcium ion detection. When three Ca2+ ions bind to the aequorin complex consisting of the 22 KD apoaequorin protein (APO), molecular oxygen and the luminophore coelenterazine, the latter is oxidized to coelenteramide with a concomitant release of CO2 and blue light. Since the intensity of bioluminescence emitted by aequorin upon calcium binding correlates with the Ca2+ concentration, a sensitive measurement of Ca2+ concentrations with a broad detection range (~0.1 µM to ,100 µM) is possible. Unlike fluorescent Ca2+ indicators, Ca2+-bound aequorin can be detected without illuminating the sample, thereby eliminating interference from autofluorescence ...
Complete information for HCCS gene (Protein Coding), Holocytochrome C Synthase, including: function, proteins, disorders, pathways, orthologs, and expression. GeneCards - The Human Gene Compendium
... 3.65 (p,0.001) for 16, 24, and 32 weeks, respectively, compared to the 0 weeks
The interstitial lung diseases of childhood, so called chILD, until fairly recently were classified based upon histologic appearance and clinical outcomes and although these metrics are still useful; identification of the genetic causes of many of these diseases is making classification more precise and helping to identify potential therapeutic targets. Moreover, in the case of surfactant metabolism disorders of the neonate and infant, what were once considered histologically distinctly disorders, e.g. pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP), nonspecific interstitial pneumonitis, diffuse interstitial pneumonitis, and chronic pneumonitis of infancy are now recognized to have related underlying genetic mechanisms making it possible to identify some patients with these disorders by genetic testing rather than by lung biopsy [8].. Using PAP as an example, it is now recognized that the severe, neonatal form is caused by deficiency in the hydrophobic surfactant apoprotein (Sp)B. Abnormalities in the ...
Preparation of CYP3A4 Apo-Protein. Removal of the heme from CYP3A4 and preparation of the apo-protein was performed by treatment with H2O2 (Uvarov et al., 1990; Pikuleva et al., 1992). We implemented very mild conditions of treatment to prevent any peroxidative damage of the protein. In brief, CYP3A4 was diluted to 50 μM in 100 mM sodium phosphate buffer, pH 7.2, 20% glycerol (buffer A). Catalase was added directly to this solution to a final concentration of 1.7 units/ml. The sample was then dialyzed in a Spectra/Por Type I molecular weight cut-off 6000-8000, 10-cm flat width dialysis bag (Spectrum Laboratories, Rancho Dominguez, CA) against 50 volumes of buffer A containing 100 mM H2O2. Dialysis was performed at 4°C with continuous stirring for 24 h. The sample was removed and was further dialyzed against 50 volumes of 100 mM 4-morpholinepropanesulfonic acid, pH 7.4, 10% glycerol, 1 mM EDTA, 0.2 mM dithiothreitol. Protein concentration was determined using the Bradford protein assay kit ...
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An increased plasma transferrin level is often seen in patients suffering from iron deficiency anemia, during pregnancy, and with the use of oral contraceptives, reflecting an increase in transferrin protein expression. When plasma transferrin levels rise, there is a reciprocal decrease in percent transferrin iron saturation, and a corresponding increase in total iron binding capacity in iron deficient states[14] A decreased plasma transferrin can occur in iron overload diseases and protein malnutrition. An absence of transferrin results from a rare genetic disorder known as atransferrinemia, a condition characterized by anemia and hemosiderosis in the heart and liver that leads to heart failure and many other complications. Transferrin and its receptor have been shown to diminish tumour cells when the receptor is used to attract antibodies.[9] ...
In molecular genetics, a repressor is a DNA- or RNA-binding protein that inhibits the expression of one or more genes by binding to the operator or associated silencers. A DNA-binding repressor blocks the attachment of RNA polymerase to the promoter, thus preventing transcription of the genes into messenger RNA. An RNA-binding repressor binds to the mRNA and prevents translation of the mRNA into protein. This blocking of expression is called repression. If an inducer, a molecule that initiates the gene expression, is present, then it can interact with the repressor protein and detach it from the operator. RNA polymerase then can transcribe the message (expressing the gene). A corepressor is a molecule that can bind to repressor and make it bind to the operator tightly, which decreases transcription. A repressor that binds with a corepressor is termed an aporepressor or inactive repressor. One type of aporepressor is the trp repressor, an important metabolic protein in bacteria. The above ...
The differentiation of myelin-forming Schwann cells (SC) is completed with the appearance of myelin proteins MBP and P(0) and a concomitant downregulation of markers GFAP and p75NTR, which are expressed by immature and adult non-myelin-forming SC. We have previously demonstrated that holotransferrin (hTf) can prevent SC dedifferentiation in culture (Salis et al., 2002), while apotransferrin (aTf) cannot. As a consequence, we used pure cultured SC and submitted them to serum deprivation in order to promote dedifferentiation and evaluate the prodifferentiating ability of ferric ammonium citrate (FAC) through the expression of MBP, P(0), p75NTR and c-myc. The levels of cAMP, CREB and p-CREB were also measured ...
The protein encoded by this gene is an enzyme that covalently links a heme group to the apoprotein of cytochrome c. Defects in this gene are a cause of microphthalmia syndromic type 7 (MCOPS7). Three transcript variants encoding the same protein have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2010 ...
|strong|Sheep anti Human transferrin antibody|/strong| recognizes human transferrin, also known as beta-1 metal-binding globulin siderophilin or serotransferrin. Transferrin is 647 amino acid ~7…
This is one of the new holo multichromes by I Love Nail Polish. Its got a blue-indigo-purple-red-gold shift which is just amazing. The holo adds a nice sparkle just at the colour shift in low light and is intensively, well, holographic in all colours in full light. The colour shift is so noticeable that even…
Acpp - Acpp (untagged ORF) - Rat acid phosphatase, prostate (Acpp), transcript variant 1, (10 ug) available for purchase from OriGene - Your Gene Company.