In February, 2009, tragedy strikes, and the worlds attention turns to the issue of private ownership of chimpanzees. On a cold afternoon in Stamford Connecticut, Travis the Chimpanzee attacks a long time friend of owner Sandra Herold named Charla Nash in Herolds driveway. Travis is shot and killed by a patrol officer as the 14 year old, 200 pound male chimpanzee; tries to pry open the door of his patrol car as he responded to the tragedy. Nash is rushed to the hospital, and remains in a coma for months.. Weeks later, in early March, the US House of Representatives passes the Captive Primate Safety Act, banning sales of all primates across state lines. The bill moves on to the senate, where it still sits, not being acted on, to this day.. In late November, 2008, neighbors turned in a couple in Houston, Texas for a chimpanzee living in a garage in a suburban neighborhood. Fred Henry, now known simply as Henry, was over fifteen years old and had been living in the garage in a cage for 15 years. ...
In February, 2009, tragedy strikes, and the worlds attention turns to the issue of private ownership of chimpanzees. On a cold afternoon in Stamford Connecticut, Travis the Chimpanzee attacks a long time friend of owner Sandra Herold named Charla Nash in Herolds driveway. Travis is shot and killed by a patrol officer as the 14 year old, 200 pound male chimpanzee; tries to pry open the door of his patrol car as he responded to the tragedy. Nash is rushed to the hospital, and remains in a coma for months.. Weeks later, in early March, the US House of Representatives passes the Captive Primate Safety Act, banning sales of all primates across state lines. The bill moves on to the senate, where it still sits, not being acted on, to this day.. In late November, 2008, neighbors turned in a couple in Houston, Texas for a chimpanzee living in a garage in a suburban neighborhood. Fred Henry, now known simply as Henry, was over fifteen years old and had been living in the garage in a cage for 15 years. ...
Doctoral thesis (2015). According to the IUCN, the western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla Savage & Wyman) is a critically endangered species. This species would play an important role in tropical forest dynamics ... [more ▼]. According to the IUCN, the western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla Savage & Wyman) is a critically endangered species. This species would play an important role in tropical forest dynamics. Indeed, its highly frugivorous diet and its large body mass would result in the implication of gorilla in the seed dispersal of many plant species. Moreover, by building its nest sites in open canopy forest, it would deposit the majority of seeds in habitats displaying potentially suitable light condition for their germination and for the subsequent seedling development. However, given the expansion of timber exploitation in Central Africa, ecological services dispensed by gorilla could be threatened. The objective of this thesis is to characterize the impacts of ...
Trypanosoma cruzi is an intracellular protozoan parasite that causes Chagas disease. The parasite life cycle involves hematophagous reduviid bugs as vectors. Once parasites enter the host body, they invade diverse host cells including cardiomyocytes. Establishment of infection depends on various parasite molecules such as cruzipain, oligopeptidase B, and trans-sialidase that activate Ca2+ signaling. Internalized parasites escape from the parasitophorous vacuole using secreted pore-forming TcTOX molecule and replicate in the cytosol. Multiplied parasites eventually lyse infected host cells and are released in the circulation. During these events, the parasites manipulate host innate immunity and elicit cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. T lymphocyte responses are also disturbed ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
Ebola outbreak is nearing possible end in Nigeria. Strong emergency operations center, polio eradication experience keys to success. The Ebola outbreak in Nigeria appears to be nearing a possible end thanks to a rapid response coordinated by Nigerias Emergency Operations Center with assistance from international partners, including the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The official end to an Ebola outbreak comes when two of the 21-day incubation periods for Ebola virus have elapsed without any new cases.. During the outbreak there were 19 laboratory-confirmed and one probable Ebola cases in two Nigerian states. Nearly 900 patient contacts were identified and followed; all but three have completed 21 days of follow-up without Ebola symptoms. There have been no new cases since August 31 and the last three patient contacts will exit their 21-day follow-up on October 2 - strongly suggesting the outbreak in Nigeria has been contained. A report on Nigerias response to the ...
Gorillas are great apes and one of our closest living relatives. The Smithsonian Institutions Division of Mammals ( http://vertebrates.si.edu/mammals/ ) houses many gorillas in its scientific collections. This specimen, USNM 588746 ( http://collections.mnh.si.edu/search/mammals/?irn=7585817 ), is a female western lowland gorilla ( Gorilla gorilla ).
Recent etho-archaeological studies of stone-tool use by wild chimpanzees have contributed valuable data towards elucidating the variables that influenced the emergence and development of the first lithic industries among Plio-Pleistocene hominins. Such data help to identify potential behaviours entailed in the first percussive technologies that are invisible in archaeological records. The long-term research site of Bossou in Guinea features a unique chimpanzee community whose members systematically use portable stones as hammers and anvils to crack open nuts in natural as well as in field experimental settings. Here we present the first analysis of repeated reuse of the same tool-composites in wild chimpanzees. Data collected over 5 years of experimental nut-cracking sessions at an outdoor laboratory site were assessed for the existence of systematic patterns in the selection of tool-composites, at group and at individual levels. Chimpanzees combined certain stones as hammer and anvil more often than
The FWS decision awaits a 60-day public comment period. Once finalized, captive chimpanzees new endangered status will place them alongside their free-living relatives in Africa. As such, research not benefiting the survival of the species would be prohibited, adding yet another barrier to wanton, unnecessary, and non-productive research purportedly to benefit human health. By listing all chimpanzees as endangered, the FWS findings will more consistently promote the conservation of the species as intended by the ESA. "Chimpanzees in U.S. labs will be one step closer to being prohibited from indiscriminate use in human-directed research once appropriately listed as endangered," says NEAVS President Theodora Capaldo, EdD. "NEAVS Project R&R: Release and Restitution for Chimpanzees in U.S. Labs campaign has focused on several routes to end the use of chimpanzees and all great apes in U.S. research. While we would like to have seen a one-punch knockout to research on chimpanzees, an institution ...
August 27 2004 (Torino Italy) Scientists fear that emerging evidenc...Congos Odzala National Park a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve contains ... We have not confirmed this as an outbreak of Ebola yet but there ...Fewer than 100000 western lowland gorillas remain on Earth. A stud...Ebola outbreaks have already occurred in this general area. In the ...,Scientists,fear,new,Ebola,outbreak,may,,explain,sudden,gorilla,disappearance,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
mdsolar (1045926) writes with news that, with the Ebola outbreak growing out of control, the WHO has declared an international health emergency. From the article: With cases rapidly mounting in four West African countries, the World Health Organization (WHO) today declared the Ebola outbreak a Publ...
Todays genuinely shocking WHO update has resonated at ScienceInsider: Nigerias Ebola outbreak spreads. Excerpt: The hopes that Nigerias Ebola outbreak could be quickly stamped out have evaporated. The World Health Organization (WHO) this afternoon issued its first detailed report of...
General Information: This strain probably caused lethal anthrax in chimpanzee Leo in the rainforest of the Tai National Park, Cote dIvoire. It belongs to a collection of genetically closely related bacteria, isolated in 2001 and 2002 from deceased wild chimpanzees living in this rain forest area. An autopsy showed symptoms typical of anthrax, but the bacterium isolated was motile, unlike B.anthracis. This organism is a soil-dwelling opportunistic pathogen that causes food poisoning in infected individuals. The rapid onset is characterized by nausea and vomiting while the late onset is characterized by diarrhea and abdominal pain. The emetic disease is caused by a small stable dodecadepsipeptide cerulide whereas the diarrheal disease is caused by a heat labile enterotoxin. Some strains produce a potent cytotoxin that forms a pore in the membrane of eukaryotic cells and causes necrotic enteritis (death of intestinal epithelial cells) while the unique tripartite membrane lytic toxin hemolysin BL ...
Gorillas are great apes and one of our closest living relatives. The Smithsonian Institutions Division of Mammals ( http://vertebrates.si.edu/mammals/ ) houses many gorillas in its scientific collections. This specimen, USNM 588746 ( http://collections.mnh.si.edu/search/mammals/?irn=7585817 ), is a female western lowland gorilla ( Gorilla gorilla ).
McGuire, M., Vonk, J., Fuller, G., & Allard, S. (2017). Using an ambiguous cue paradigm to assess cognitive bias in gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) during a browse manipulation. Animal Behavior and Cognition, 4 ...
This study demonstrates that detections on autonomous recording devices, for two types of long-distance acoustic signals produced by chimpanzees, reflected direct and indirect indices of chimpanzee presence collected by field workers. Specifically, we found that the number of hours Taï chimpanzees were observed ranging in a given grid cell strongly predicted the probability of detecting a chimpanzee drum on an ARU located up to 1 km away (Fig. 1). At a second field site in the Issa valley, we also found that ad libitum, indirect observations of chimpanzees predicted detections of pant hoots and screams on SPATUs already within a 500 m radius (Fig. 4). These results are all the more promising since both datasets suffered from technical problems during data collection (typical for innovative solutions to field challenges) that resulted in discontinuous recording effort in their respective study periods. Additionally, the latter dataset came from unhabituated chimpanzees thereby further validating ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
The cognitive and social needs of chimpanzees, our closest genetic relatives, are indisputable. Chimpanzees such as Tom (pictured here / photo: M. Seres) were captured from the wild and used in research now acknowledged to have limited if any ends for human health. Tom was housed alone in a 5x5x7 cage prior to his rescue to sanctuary. His research history included being terrifyingly "knocked down" (shot with dart guns to be anesthetized) more than 369 times over his 30 years in several different laboratories. He endured chronic psychological and physical stress while in the labs, with multiple symptoms remaining to plague him even long after his rescue. The stress Tom and other chimpanzees endured impacted not only their well-being, but also impaired their physiological suitability for further research.. Chimpanzees endured and continue to endure enormous suffering even though their use in research was and is unnecessary, limited, or misleading. Chimpanzees even turned out to be an unsuitable ...
We describe the individual and combined use of vocalizations and gestures in wild chimpanzees. The rate of gesturing peaked in infancy and, with the exception of the alpha male, decreased again in old
How Much Should People Worry About The Unprecedented Ebola Outbreak In Guinea? Guinea is battling to contain an outbreak of Ebola, which currently includes 122 suspected cases and 78 deaths, not all of which are confirmed to be the deadly virus. [...] more cases will be confirmed as additional testing is done, W. Ian Lipkin, MD, the director of the Center for Infection and Immunity at Columbias Mailman School of Public Health, told Business Insider. Ebola is usually contained within a small, rural area, but in the Guinea outbreak, it took six weeks to identify the virus. The symptoms of Ebola often include uncontrollable bleeding, and the deadliest strains of the virus kill up to 90% of people infected. Nobody can say for sure, but people and wild animals dont respect geographic boundaries, Lipkin noted, proposing three potential explanations for the spread into Guinea: a human was infected elsewhere and traveled to Guinea, infected bushmeat was acquired elsewhere and brought into Guinea, or
How Much Should People Worry About The Unprecedented Ebola Outbreak In Guinea? Guinea is battling to contain an outbreak of Ebola, which currently includes 122 suspected cases and 78 deaths, not all of which are confirmed to be the deadly virus. [...] more cases will be confirmed as additional testing is done, W. Ian Lipkin, MD, the director of the Center for Infection and Immunity at Columbias Mailman School of Public Health, told Business Insider. Ebola is usually contained within a small, rural area, but in the Guinea outbreak, it took six weeks to identify the virus. The symptoms of Ebola often include uncontrollable bleeding, and the deadliest strains of the virus kill up to 90% of people infected. Nobody can say for sure, but people and wild animals dont respect geographic boundaries, Lipkin noted, proposing three potential explanations for the spread into Guinea: a human was infected elsewhere and traveled to Guinea, infected bushmeat was acquired elsewhere and brought into Guinea, or
Via The Daily Nation in Kenya, a good survey the situation as of Sunday: Ebola outbreak in Guinea sparks health fears in West Africa. Saturday`s confirmation of the Ebola virus as source of a mystery illness in Guinea has raised...
First and foremost, I want the American people to know that our experts, here at the CDC and across our government, agree that the chances of an Ebola outbreak here in the United States are extremely low. Weve been taking the necessary precautions, including working with countries in West Africa to increase screening at airports so that someone with the virus doesnt get on a plane for the United States. In the unlikely event that someone with Ebola does reach our shores, weve taken new measures so that were prepared here at home. Were working to help flight crews identify people who are sick, and more labs across our country now have the capacity to quickly test for the virus. Were working with hospitals to make sure that they are prepared, and to ensure that our doctors, our nurses and our medical staff are trained, are ready, and are able to deal with a possible case safely ...
An Ebola outbreak blamed for 135 deaths in West Africa in the past month was not imported from Central Africa but caused by a new strain of the disease, a study in a U.S. medical journal said, raising the spectre of further regional epidemics.
The Committee emphasized the importance of continued support by WHO and other national and international partners towards the effective implementation and monitoring of these recommendations. Based on this advice, the reports made by affected States Parties and the currently available information, the Director-General accepted the Committees assessment and on 8 August 2014 declared the Ebola outbreak in West Africa a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC). The Director-General endorsed the Committees advice and issued them as Temporary Recommendations under IHR (2005) to reduce the international spread of Ebola, effective 8 August 2014. The Director-General thanked the Committee Members and Advisors for their advice and requested their reassessment of this situation within 3 months.. 1 IHR Emergency Committee Members and Advisers. ...
Its nine months into the biggest Ebola outbreak in history, and the situation is only going from bad to worse. The outbreak simmered slowly in West Af ...
The death toll from an Ebola outbreak in West Africa has spiked to 603 since February, with at least 68 deaths reported in the last week alone, the World Health Organization said on Tuesday.
Scientists suspect the current Ebola outbreak started with bats that lived in a hollow tree in Guinea. The outbreaks first victim, a two-year-old boy, often played in the tree.
At least 1,552 people have died in West Africa as the deadliest Ebola outbreak in history continues to accelerate, the World Health Organization has said.
More than 100 people have died in Guineas ebola outbreak, that includes 14 health workers. The virus has no cure and you can get infected with just one microscopic droplet of saliva or blood hitting a break in the skin.
(CNN) - President Barack Obama on Tuesday announced a major increase in the U.S. response to the Ebola outbreak in West Africa. Obama said experts know how to fight this disease, but international leaders need to move fast, as the cases continue to multiply rapidly.
Aid organisation Doctors Without Borders said Monday an Ebola outbreak suspected of killing at least 78 people in Guinea was an unprecedented epidemic that had spread across the west African nation. Duration: 00:39
[[embed:16934]]For those that have been living under a rock, ABC News reported today that the World Health Organization has officially declared the Ebola Outbreak a Pu...
A mathematical model replicating Ebola outbreaks can no longer be used to predict the eventual scale of the current epidemic, finds research conducted by the University of Warwick.
The World Health Organization says the ongoing Ebola outbreak may be worse than their official numbers show and notes that it’s still considering the use of several experimental therapies.
Ebola outbreak continues in North Kivu and Ituri provinces with 1009 cases and 629 deaths as of late March; continued spread of the disease likely in the coming weeks
This SAS Visual Analytics report lets you analyze public data that outlines the economic impact associated with the Ebola outbreak.
Synonyms for Troglodytes aedon in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Troglodytes aedon. 1 synonym for Troglodytes aedon: house wren. What are synonyms for Troglodytes aedon?
The UAB investigators went on to molecularly clone and sequence the complete viral genomes from four individual chimpanzees. According to UAB post-doctoral researcher Brandon Keele, Ph.D., lead author of the report, this allowed for unprecedented genetic comparisons to be done between HIV-1 and its closest simian virus counterpart. He went on to say that finding this cluster of naturally infected chimpanzees will allow us to explore the natural history and behavior of SIVcpz in its natural host and help us begin to unravel how and why SIVcpz made the jump to humans ...
Where We Stand Field workers-scientists of animal (including human!) behavior in nature-have long been fascinated by wild chimpanzees. A person who once has studied wild chimpanzees will be eager to o
A novel observation of a female chimpanzee cleaning a corpses teeth raises many fascinating questions. This discovery forces us to consider what other animals know about death.
Unprofessional - I know - but couldnt resist…. But in all seriousnessness (or at least in relative seriousness), check out this article on PLoS One;. Wild Chimpanzees Exchange Meat for Sex on a Long-Term Basis. From the Abstract. "Humans and chimpanzees are unusual among primates in that they frequently perform group hunts of mammalian prey and share meat with conspecifics. Especially interesting are cases in which males give meat to unrelated females. The meat-for-sex hypothesis aims at explaining these cases by proposing that males and females exchange meat for sex, which would result in males increasing their mating success and females increasing their caloric intake without suffering the energetic costs and potential risk of injury related to hunting. Although chimpanzees have been shown to share meat extensively with females, there has not been much direct evidence in this species to support the meat-for-sex hypothesis. Here we show that female wild chimpanzees copulate more frequently ...
Shares of Canadas Tekmira PharmaceuticalsCorp , which hopes to produce the firsttreatment for the deadly Ebola virus, have skyrocketed as theworst-ever outbreak of the virus intensified in West Africa.
Shares of Canadas Tekmira Pharmaceutical Corp TKMR.O TKM.TO, which has ambitions of producing the first treatment for the deadly Ebola virus, have skyrocketed as the worst-ever outbreak of the virus intensified in West Africa.
A premise of my August 10, 2014 blog entry was that public fear of Ebola in the United States has been disproportionate to the actual threat that the virus poses here (1). The piece also discussed the factors that shape the publics reaction to particular viral diseases. The viruses discussed were Ebola, influenza, polio, and…
The Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond says he will work with infectious disease experts to do whatever it takes to protect the UK from the largest ever outbreak of the Ebola virus, which is currently sweeping West Africa
Bats could be responsible for outbreaks of the deadly Ebola virus, which kills up to 90 per cent of people it infects, say researchers.
Four monkeys survived the Ebola virus after being injected with Immunovaccine Inc.s experimental vaccine, the tiny Canadian company says.
GENEVA (AFP) - West Africas Ebola unprecedented outbreak is among the most challenging for health workers since the deadly disease emerged elsewhere in Africa four decades ago, the WHO said Tuesday.. Read more at straitstimes.com.