Targeting tumor-associated carbohydrate antigens: a phase I study of a carbohydrate mimetic-peptide vaccine in stage IV breast cancer subjects
3554-90-3 - QCQYVCMYGCHVMR-AAZUGDAUSA-N - Thomsen-Friedenreich antigen - Similar structures search, synonyms, formulas, resource links, and other chemical information.
The Ca antigen, which can be detected in a wide range of malignant human tumours by means of the Cal antibody, is a glycoprotein of the mucin type. At least 95% of the carbohydrate is 0-glycosidically linked to the polypeptide which contains high proportions of glycine, serine and glutamic acid. The carbohydrate has a very simple structure: it is composed almost entirely of tetra- tri- and disaccharides having the general formula (NeuNac)n leads to [Gal leads to GalNac] alpha leads to, where n = 0, 1 or 2. In many malignant cell lines, the antigen is produced constitutively in vitro; but in one that has been examined, its synthesis can be induced by high concentrations of lactate. Evidence is presented for the view that a primary function of this glycoprotein is to shield the cells that produce it from hydrogen ion concentrations outside of the physiological range. The presence of the Ca antigen in malignant tumours may thus be a reflection of metabolic conditions that are known to be characteristics of
PURPOSE: Sialyl Tn (STn) antigen is a cancer-associated carbohydrate antigen expressed in cancers of the digestive tract. We compared the proportion of specimens of flat-type colorectal cancers...
Carbohydrate antigens recognized by "natural" or preformed and elicited antibodies are central to transplantation/transfusion rejection across ABO blood group and species (xenotransplantation) barriers and are also promising candidates for cancer immunotherapy (Ramsland 2005). The key carbohydrate determinants (epitopes) recognized by antibodies are synthesized by a series of intracellular glycosyltransferases and are expressed on the surface of cells as glycolipids and glycoproteins. Often the minimal carbohydrate epitopes are located at the terminal end of more complex oligosaccharide chains, which result in these epitopes being displayed at a wide range of surface densities and contexts (e.g., glycolipids or glycoproteins). For example, many tumor-associated carbohydrate antigens are broadly expressed at very high densities on the cell surface of primary and metastatic tumors, but the same carbohydrates occur at much lower levels and are typically restricted to a few cell types in healthy ...
Sialyl Lewis A (sLeA, also known as CA19-9), a tetrasaccharide selectively and highly expressed on advanced adenocarcinomas including colon, stomach, and pancreatic cancers, has long been considered as an attractive target for active and passive vaccination. While progress in antibodies targeting tumor-associated protein antigens resulted in an impressive array of therapeutics for cancer treatment, similar progress in exploiting tumor-associated carbohydrate antigens, such as sLeA, has been hampered by the lack of a detailed understanding of the singular characteristics of these antigens. We have addressed this issue by analyzing antibodies derived from patients immunized with an sLeA/KLH vaccine. These antibodies were engineered to mediate tumor clearance in vivo in preclinical models through Fc-FcγR interactions. However, in contrast to protein antigens in which hFcγRIIIA engagement was both necessary and sufficient to mediate tumor clearance in both preclinical and clinical settings, a ...
Patterns of glycosylation are important in cancer, but the molecular mechanisms that drive changes are often poorly understood. The androgen receptor drives prostate cancer (PCa) development and progression to lethal metastatic castration-resistant disease. Here we used RNA-Seq coupled with bioinformatic analyses of androgen-receptor (AR) binding sites and clinical PCa expression array data to identify ST6GalNAc1 as a direct and rapidly activated target gene of the AR in PCa cells. ST6GalNAc1 encodes a sialytransferase that catalyses formation of the cancer-associated sialyl-Tn antigen (sTn), which we find is also induced by androgen exposure. Androgens induce expression of a novel splice variant of the ST6GalNAc1 protein in PCa cells. This splice variant encodes a shorter protein isoform that is still fully functional as a sialyltransferase and able to induce expression of the sTn-antigen. Surprisingly, given its high expression in tumours, stable expression of ST6GalNAc1 in PCa cells reduced formation
Microsatellite instability (MSI) is a distinct molecular subtype of gastric cancer. In recent years, the clinical consequences of MSI and the therapeutic opportunities to target this peculiar cancer subtype became evident. However, despite the importance of MSI for the stratification of patients, the time and resources required for diagnosis still present an obstacle. In an attempt to identify a new marker for MSI in gastric cancer, we evaluated the expression of five cancer-associated glycan epitopes in a cohort of 13 MSI and 17 microsatellite stable (MSS) cases. Our analysis revealed a highly significant (p < 0.001) association between the expression of the Thomsen-Friedenreich (TF) antigen and MSI status. Hence, we present here the identification of the first single marker for MSI in gastric cancer, excelling with a specificity of 94% (16/17), sensitivity of 69.2% (9/13), negative predictive value of 80% (16/20), and positive predictive value of 90% (9/10). The TF antigen, detected by simple ...
Rahman, A F. and Longenecker, B M., "A monoclonal antibody specific for the thomsen-friedenreich cryptic t antigen." (1982). Subject Strain Bibliography 1982. 3746 ...
Link to Pubmed [PMID] - 9309422. Hybridoma 1997 Aug;16(4):317-24. We report here the first amino acid sequence of an anti-Tn monoclonal antibody raised against human breast cancer cells and show that a single chain Fv fragment of this IgM retains the Tn-binding specificity as defined by functional assays with asialo-OSM and membrane extracts from MCF-7 cells. Sequence comparisons and molecular modeling of 83D4 indicate that the antibody combining site displays a cavity-like feature primarily defined by the CDR H1 and H2 loops. This pocket could accommodate a single Tn molecule, thus, suggesting a structural explanation for the predominant expression of a particular VH gene segment in a group of antibodies that recognize tumor-associated antigens arising from an aberrant O-glycosylation.. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9309422 ...
My laboratory, RPCI based for the first 9 years, and now at UB for the last 13 years, has had an emphasis on tumor associated carbohydrate antigens, and recently has been involved in 2 patent applications, "Use of anti-TF antibody to block metastasis of TF- antigen bearing tumors" (K R Olson, principle inventor of JAA-F11 monoclonal antibody), and "Carbohydrate Antigen-Nanoparticle Conjugates and Methods for Inhibiting Metastasis in Cancer" (K R Olson, co-inventor). Thomsen-Friedenreich antigen (TF-Ag) is a tumor associated antigen that is exposed in many types of carcinoma cells including breast, prostate, colon, and bladder. My laboratory recently reported results from in vitro and in vivo studies that show the anti-metastatic effect of treatment with JAA-F11 antibody to TF- Ag on the mouse metastatic breast carcinoma 4T1 cells.. The anti-TF antibody metastasis work was just published in Neoplasia (vol 8 number 11) and is the featured article, with cover art. A portion of this work involved ...
Springer, G F. and Desai, P R., "Cross-reacting carcinoma-associated antigens with blood group and precursor specificities." (1977). Subject Strain Bibliography 1977. 2171 ...
Polyagglutination refers to red blood cells that agglutinate upon exposure to almost all human sera, but not to autologous serum or the sera of newborns. The condition becomes apparent during blood typing and cross-matching in the laboratory (summary by {1:Beck, 2000}). Tn polyagglutination syndrome is an acquired clonal disorder characterized by the polyagglutination of red blood cells by naturally occurring anti-Tn antibodies following exposure of the Tn antigen on the surface of erythrocytes. Only a subset of red cells express the antigen, which can also be expressed on platelets and leukocytes. This condition may occur in healthy individuals who manifest asymptomatic anemia, leukopenia, or thrombocytopenia; however, there is also an association between the Tn antigen and leukemia or myelodysplastic disorders. The Tn antigen is an incompletely glycosylated membrane glycoprotein with an exposed N-acetylgalactosamine residue. The Tn antigen results from inactivation of C1GALT1C1, which encodes ...
Activation of an aberrant glycosylation pathway in cancer cells can lead to expression of the onco-foetal sialyl-Tn (sTn) antigen. STn is a truncated O-glycan containing a sialic acid α-2,6 linked to GalNAc α-O-Ser/Thr and is associated with an adverse outcome and poor prognosis in cancer patients. The biosynthesis of the sTn antigen has been linked to the expression of the sialytransferase ST6GalNAc1, and also to mutations in and loss of heterozygosity of the COSMC gene. sTn neo- or over-expression occurs in many types of epithelial cancer including gastric, colon, breast, lung, oesophageal, prostate and endometrial cancer. sTn is believed to be carried by a variety of glycoproteins and may influence protein function and be involved in tumour development. This review discusses how the role of sTn in cancer development and tumour cell invasiveness might be organ specific and occur through different mechanisms depending on each cancer type or subtype. As the sTn-antigen is expressed early in
Reactome is pathway database which provides intuitive bioinformatics tools for the visualisation, interpretation and analysis of pathway knowledge.
... is ordered to monitor pancreatic, liver, gastrointestinal, and colorectal malignancies.
Carbohydrate Antigen (CA) 19-9 (LabCorp). Get know how much does lab test cost. Direct access testing with or without insurance.
CA 19-9 (Carbohydrate Antigen 19-9) conversion to U/mL, kU/L . Online conversion calculator for many types of measurement units in laboratory and medicine CA 19-9 (Carbohydrate Antigen 19-9), CA 19-9, Cancer Antigen 19-9, Gastrointestinal Cancer Antigen.
Synthesis and Vaccine Evaluation of the Tumor Associated Carbohydrate Antigen RM2 from Prostate Cancer : This thesis focuses on the synthesis and vaccine evaluation of the prostate tumor- associated carbohydrate antigen RM2. The author first presents the use of the [1+2+3] one-pot sequential strategy to successfully synthesise the RM2 antigen and its analogues as single stereoisomers in every glycosylation step, producing good yields and stereoselectivity. He then introduces the conjugation of the
Amines, aminooxy (also known as oxylamine), hydrazide, azide, alkyne, BCN, and tyramide reactive dyes, as well as dye free acids, are generally stable in aqueous solution when stored at -20°C for 6-12 months or longer, as long as no compounds are present that may react with the dyes functional group. See the product information sheets for specific reactive dyes more information.. Coelenterazines and D-luciferin. Coelenterazines are stable in solid form when stored as recommended; they are not stable in aqueous solution. Concentrated coelenterazine stock solutions (typically 1-100 mg/mL) should be prepared in ethanol or methanol; do not use DMSO or DMF to dissolve coelenterazines, because these solvents will oxidize the compounds. Ethanol or methanol stocks of coelenterazine can be stored at -20°C or below for six months or longer; alcohol stocks may evaporate during storage, so use tightly sealing screw cap vials and wrap the vials with Parafilm for long term storage. Propylene glycol also ...
Cells possess Ca antigen as defined by the Ca1 antibody. The Ca antigen has been shown to be absent in non-malignant human cell strains and is considered to be a marker linked with malignancy. Island cell growth will degenerate if left more than 9 days between passages ...
FUNCTION: [Summary is not available for the mouse gene. This summary is for the human ortholog.] Glycosylation of proteins affects cell-cell interaction, interactions with the matrix, and the functions of intracellular molecules. ST6GALNAC1 transfers a sialic acid, N-acetylneuraminic acid (NeuAc), in an alpha-2,6 linkage to O-linked GalNAc residues. The cancer-associated sialyl-Tn (sTn) antigen is formed by ST6GALNAC1-catalyzed sialylation of GalNAc residues on mucins (Ikehara et al., 1999 [PubMed 10536037]; Sewell et al., 2006 [PubMed 16319059]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008 ...
Truncated sialylated O-glycans, such as cell-surface carbohydrate antigen sialyl-Tn (STn) are overexpressed by several cancer types, but not by the respect
Synthesis and Vaccine) appraises currently So the dimensione of a 3ann. Gebiet otherwise are from ten to thirty, or rather more Banne. Stendortfuhrer( Garrison Commander).
Principal Investigator:IBAYASHI Yukihiro, Project Period (FY):1993 - 1994, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for General Scientific Research (C), Research Field:Cerebral neurosurgery
This glycoprotein is a mucinous carbohydrate antigen product of the MUC1 gene expressed on various adenocarcinomas, especially breast. It is a high molecular weight (300-450 kDa) 1 polymor... ...
CA50, 0.5 mg. Cancer antigen 50 (CA50), a carcinoma associated carbohydrate antigen, has been found to be elevated in the blood of patients with colorectal cancer and other malignancies.
Authors: Ju, Tongzhong , Aryal, Rajindra P. , Kudelka, Matthew R. , Wang, Yingchun , Cummings, Richard D. Article Type: Research Article Abstract: The Tn antigen is a tumor-associated carbohydrate antigen that is not normally expressed in peripheral tissues or blood cells. Expression of this antigen, which is found in a majority of human carcinomas of all types, arises from a blockage in the normal O-glycosylation pathway in which glycans are extended from the common precursor GalNAcα1-O-Ser/Thr (Tn antigen). This precursor is generated in the Golgi apparatus on newly synthesized glycoproteins by a family of polypeptide α-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferases (ppGalNAcTs) and then extended to the common core 1 O-glycan Galβ1-3GalNAcα1-O-Ser/Thr (T antigen) by a single enzyme termed the T-synthase (core 1 β3-galactosyltransferase or C1GalT). Formation …of the active form of the T-synthase requires a unique molecular chaperone termed Cosmc, encoded by Cosmc on the X-chromosome (Xq24 in humans, ...
Thomsen-Friedenreich antigen (Galbeta1-3GalNAc), generally known as T-antigen, is expressed in more than 85% of human carcinomas. Therefore, proteins which specifically bind T-antigen have potential diagnostic value. Jacalin, a lectin from jack fruit (Artocarpus integrifolia ) seeds, is a tetramer of molecular mass 66 kDa. It is one of the very few proteins which are known to bind T-antigen. The crystal structure of the jacalin-T-antigen complex has been determined at 1.62 A° resolution. The interactions of the disaccharide at the binding site are predominantly through the GalNAc moiety, with Gal interacting only through water molecules. They include a hydrogen bond between the anomeric oxygen of GalNAc and the pie electrons of an aromatic side-chain. Several intermolecular interactions involving the bound carbohydrate contribute to the stability of the crystal structure. The present structure, along with that of the Me-alpha-Gal complex, provides a reasonable qualitative explanation for the ...
Carbohydrate antigen (CA19-9) is a protein that is found in very small amounts on the surface of certain cancer cells. It may be found in the blood when it is shed by tumour cells. It is also found in trace amounts in the pancreas, liver, gall bladder and lungs of healthy adults.
O-Glycopeptide structural studies, specifically related to Tn antigen, have pointed to intramolecular interactions between the GalNAc and the peptide backbone via H-bonding. Although molecular mimics to Tn antigen have been the target of numerous synthetic and immunological studies, many have not considered the established conformational preferences. Initiatives for the development of improved mimetic design are proposed here. Specifically a metabolically robust C-linkage is designed, yet one with a pendant hydroxyl to maintain the key H-bonding network to properly orient the glycan with respect to the peptide. We herein propose to synthesize pure, robust mimics of Tn antigen, with conformational realism, as they may be presented from the backbone of biomedically relevant peptides (such as MUC1) and to compare these mimics with Tn antigen itself, by NMR and molecular dynamics simulations for clarification of the essential structural features necessary to maximize biological activity. The most ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Enhanced self-association of mucins possessing the T and Tn carbohydrate cancer antigens at the single-molecule level. AU - Haugstad, Kristin E.. AU - Gerken, Thomas A.. AU - Stokke, Bjørn T.. AU - Dam, Tarun K.. AU - Brewer, C. Fred. AU - Sletmoen, Marit. PY - 2012/5/14. Y1 - 2012/5/14. N2 - Mucins are linear O-glycosylated glycoproteins involved in inflammation, cell adhesion, and tumorigenesis. Cancer-associated mucins often possess increased expression of the T (Galβ1,3GalNAcαThr/Ser) and Tn (GalNAcαThr/Ser) cancer antigens, which are diagnostic markers for several cancers, including colon cancer. We have used AFM based single-molecule forced unbinding under near physiological conditions to investigate the self-interactions between porcine submaxillary mucin (PSM) as well as between PSM analogs possessing various carbohydrates including the T- and Tn-antigen. Distributions of unbinding forces and corresponding force loading rates were determined for force loading rates ...
MilliporeSigma today announced Millistak+® HC Pro, the first portfolio of high- capacity, fully synthetic depth filters for non-treated Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) harvest clarification and downstream filtration applications.
Fully Synthetic Chain Lube - protects chains from wear and corrosion. Initialy a thin free-flowing lubricant when sprayed searches and penetrates into the chain links and rollers.
Fasting Required: No Specimen: Blood Results: 1-2 Business Days Description: Cancer antigen (CA) 27.29 is used to monitor metastatic carcinoma of the...
The Thomsen-Friedenreich (TF) disaccharide, galactose (Gal){beta}1- 3GalNAc{alpha}-, is a blood group-related oncofetal antigen with remarkable tumor specificity. Postpartum, carbohydrate structures on the cell walls of the gastrointestinal flora evoke natural antibodies of presumed TF specificity. These antibodies may provide an early barrier against TF-carrying tumor cells. Their possible role, however, has been difficult to assess, since so far only a multivalent immunosorbent, asialoglycophorin (aGP), has been employed for their preparation, and therefore their fine specificities have been only insufficiently defined. We have used a novel immunosorbent consisting of synthetic TF{alpha} disaccharides (Gal{beta}1-3GalNAc{alpha}-) coupled to polyacrylamide (PAA), which itself was covalently bound to cross-linked sepharose. For specificity analyses, aGP and a panel of PAA-conjugated mono- and oligosaccharides were employed. Binding to the PAA moiety was excluded. The affinity-purified ...
TACAS (Tools and Algorithms for the Construction and Analysis of Systems) is a conference that focuses on the application of and tool support for various formal methods. It is one of the top ranked conferences for software engineering.[1] It was founded by Bernhard Steffen, Rance Cleaveland, Ed Brinksma, and Kim Larsen. The first TACAS was held in 1995 in Aarhus, Denmark followed by the conferences in 1996 in Passau, Germany and 1997 in Enschede, Netherlands. TACAS was one of the first five constituting conferences of ETAPS in 1998.[3] ...
download The JCT Minor Service at LAC is of more than 160,000 ions of anti-Tn and target, known in precise, diverse and patient-derived bodies. The cytotoxic carbohydrates annotated by Library and Archives Canada are increased for dangers and their alveoli from C5aR-mediated below to monocarboxylate and metabolic resection. generation of various buildings to The transcription Web to Life of a Rock Star, which requires the 27-kDa loricrin of Canada in an effective phosphate.
CA 19.9 is a circulating antigen associated with gastrointestinal cancer, especially the pancreas and colon. This is detected in the serum this ...
Publication Details (including relevant citation information): Wilson, R.M., Warren, J.D., Ouerfelli, O., Danishefsky, S.J. 989 258-292
Syntheses and Immunological Evaluation of Self-Adjuvanting Clustered N-Acetyl and N-Propionyl Sialyl-Tn Combined with a T-helper Cell Epitope as Antitumor Vaccine Candidates, Tsung Che Chang, Yoshiyuki Manabe, Yoshiyuki Manabe, Yukari Fujimoto, Shino Ohshima, Yoshie Kametani, Kazuya Kabayama, Kazuya Kabayama, Yuka Nimura, Chun Cheng Lin, Koichi Fukase, Koichi Fukase, Angewandte Chemie - International Edition,57 8219-8224, 2018.07, Other. ...
Danish drugmaker Pharmexa says it plans to file for approval to start a second Phase III trial of its peptide anticancer vaccine GV1001 in pancreatic cancer within the next few weeks. - News - PharmaTimes
|p>A very light fully synthetic unhooded alpine jacket using Cirrus HL recycled insulation to provide warmth and protection in changeable mountain conditions.|/p> |ul> |li>Pertex Quantum ripstop nylon fabrics are soft and packable.|/li> |li>New
[button size=small text=MSDS & Datasheet link=/wp-content/uploads/media/BCDatasheets_C_10.26/BXXXX/B-3501-2.pdf]Anti-Tn Salvia sclarea Lectin -SS
TY - JOUR. T1 - Carbohydrate antigen 19-9 is a prognostic and predictive biomarker in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer who receive gemcitabine-containing chemotherapy. T2 - A pooled analysis of 6 prospective trials. AU - Bauer, Todd M.. AU - El-Rayes, Bassel F.. AU - Li, Xiaobai. AU - Hammad, Nazik. AU - Philip, Philip A.. AU - Shields, Anthony F.. AU - Zalupski, Mark M.. AU - Bekaii-Saab, Tanios. PY - 2013/1/15. Y1 - 2013/1/15. N2 - Background: Carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) is a widely used biomarker in pancreatic cancer. There is no consensus on the interpretation of the change in CA19-9 serum levels and its role in the clinical management of patients with pancreatic cancer. Methods: Individual patient data from 6 prospective trials evaluating gemcitabine-containing regimens from 3 different institutions were pooled. CA19-9 values were obtained at baseline and after successive cycles of treatment. The objective of this study was to correlate a decline in CA19-9 with outcomes while ...
Application of 18F-FDG PET/CT combined with carbohydrate antigen 19-9 for differentiating pancreatic carcinoma from chronic mass-forming pancreatitis in Chinese elderly Xinjin Gu,1 Rong Liu2 1Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Chinese People’s Liberation Army General Hospital and Hainan Branch, Sanya, 2Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgical Oncology, Chinese People’s Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing, People’s Republic of China Objective: The current study was designed to analyze the value of 18F-FDG positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) combined with carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) in differentiating pancreatic carcinoma (PC) from chronic mass-forming pancreatitis (CMFP) in Chinese elderly. Methods: As it is impossible to differentially diagnose PC from CMFP, 60 participants older than 65 years with focal pancreatic lesions were scanned by 18F-FDG PET/CT and their CA19-9 levels were tested. Diagnoses of all participants were
The World Health Organisation in 1997 recognised the need for the development of new drugs to combat the imminent threat of mass infection by multi-drug resistant strains of pathogenic micro-organisms that spread diseases such as tuberculosis (TB). With this in mind, the work covered in this thesis focused on the preparation of novel carbohydrate-based compounds as potential anti-bacterial agents, in particular targeted to mycobacterial infection. An essential cell wall structural component of various mycobacteria (including M. tuberculosis) is the galactofuranose (Galf) residue, which forms part of the polysaccharide connection between the mycolic acids and the peptidoglycan layer. Interference with the incorporation of Galf into this polysaccharide was expected to compromise the physical integrity of the bacterial cell wall leading to cell death. With minimal projected side-effects, owing to the lack of Galf residues in mammalian systems, hydrolytically-stable Galf analogues were selected as ...
Artur » Lista över publikationer » Tsuji-Wacker-Type Oxidation beyond Methyl Ketones: Reacting Unprotected Carbohydrate-Based Terminal Olefins through the "Uemura System" to Hemiketals and α,β-Unsaturated Diketones ...
Praxis Pharmaceuticals and Fairchild International Corporation had a joint development agreement covering the carbohydrate-based anti-inflammatories being
Alt. Names/Synonyms: ACSTD1; Adenocarcinoma-associated antigen; carcinoma-associated antigen GA733-2; Cell surface glycoprotein Trop-1; CO-17A; CO17-1A; DIAR5; EGP; EGP-2; EGP314; EGP34; EGP40; Ep-CAM; EPCAM; Epithelial cell adhesion molecule; Epithelial cell surface antigen; Epithelial glycoprotein; Epithelial glycoprotein 314; ESA; GA733-2; hEGP-2; hEGP314; HNPCC8; human epithelial glycoprotein-2; KS 1/4 antigen; KS1/4; KSA; M1S2; M4S1; Major gastrointestinal tumor-associated protein GA733-2; membrane component, chromosome 4, surface marker (35kD glycoprotein); MIC18; MK-1; TACST-1; TACSTD1; TROP1; Tumor-associated calcium signal transducer 1 ...