Maternal anthropometry and pregnancy outcomes: a WHO collaborative study , Maternal anthropometry and pregnancy outcomes: a WHO collaborative study , کتابخانه دیجیتال دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان
Sensitivity Test Of Mid-arm Muscle Area And Upper Arm Circumference To Assess Nutritional Status In Patient With Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (all) Induction Phase,GJRA - Global Journal For Research Analysis(GJRA) GJRA is a double reviewed monthly print journal that accepts research works. 36572+ Manuscript submission, 9855+ Research Paper Published, 100+ Articles from over 100 Countries
Methods As part of EPIPorto population-based study among adults, 147 men aged between 40 and 65 years were assessed. Age, height, weight, body mass index and several body circumferences were recorded by trained observers. DXA whole-body scans were performed for BMD assessment. For the calibration of OST and MORES, new regression parameters were estimated for each risk factor included accounting for their prevalence and also for the prevalence of low BMD in our population. For EPIPOST development, the different anthropometric variables were tested using logistic regression models to predict low BMD. EPIPOST validation was done by the leave-one-out cross-validation method. The overall fit and discriminatory capacity of the different models were assessed by direct comparison of the observed and expected prevalences of low BMD by quartiles of each score, Hosmer-Lemeshow "goodness-of-fit" test and area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Finally, likelihood ratios (LR) were ...
Background: The study of the relationship between anthropometry and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) is of great interest because VAT is associated with many risk factors for noncommunicable diseases and anthropometry is easy to perform in clinical practice. The studies hitherto available for children have, however, been performed on small sample sizes. Design: Pooling of the data of studies published from 1992 to 2004 as indexed on Medline. Aims: To assess the relationship between anthropometry and VAT and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) as measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in children and to analyze the effect of age, gender, pubertal status and ethnicity. Subjects and methods: Eligible subjects were 7-16 year-old, with availability of VAT and SAT, gender, ethnicity, body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC). A total of 497 subjects were collected from seven different investigators and 407 of them (178 Caucasians and 229 Hispanics) were analyzed. Results: Despite ethnic ...
Im looking to apply to do the pilots course in the near future. However, I know that you have to fall within certain body dimensions to enable you to...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Az elhízásról - A gyakorló orvos szemszögébol. AU - Juhász, Attila. AU - Katona, Evelin. AU - Csongrádi, Éva. AU - Paragh, György. PY - 2006/4/2. Y1 - 2006/4/2. N2 - Overweight and obesity are worldwide problems, its health and psychosocial burden on the individual and on society are tromendous. Diagnosing obesity is rather easy, and is based on simple anthropometric measurements, such as body weight, height and waist circumference. The different classes of obesity are determined by body mass index, which, together with waist circumference and comorbid conditions and other risk factors determine the individual risk for mortality and morbidity. Obesity is due to genetic and environmental factors, mainly is the consequence of excess calorie intake and sedentary lifestyle. The fat mass of the body is under neuroendocrine control, the central controller is the hypothalamus. Leptin, produced by adipocytes in proportion to fat mass, is the afferent signal to the hypothalamus. ...
A non-pharmacological diagnostic approach to study correlation between anthropometric indices and lipid profile in adult females-A review-IJCAAP-Print ISSN No:-2581-5555 Online ISSN No:-2456-9542Article DOI No:-10.18231/2456-9542.2018.0019,IP International Journal of Comprehensive and Advanced Pharmacology-IP Innovativ
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Studies have indicated that variations in anthropometry vary not only from region to region but within the region as well which must be considered while designing of furn..
Wells, M, Goldstein, L N and Bentley, A Development and validation of a method to estimate body weight in critically ill children using length and mid-arm circumference measurements: The PAWPER XL-MAC system. SAMJ, S. Afr. med. j., Nov 2017, vol.107, no.11, p.1015-1021. ISSN 0256- ...
Study of the structure and function of the human body (and mind), encompassing the subjects of morphology, anthropometry, human variation, biolinguistics, auxology, behavioral neuroscience, etc.
The two anthropometric indicators of acute malnutrition in children under 5 years, i.e. a Mid-Upper Arm Circumference | 125 mm (MUAC125) or a Weight-for-Height Z-score|−2 (WHZ−2), correlate poorly. We aimed at assessing the contribution of age, sex, stunting (Height-for-Age HAZ|−2), and low sitting-standing height ratio Z-score (SSRZ in the 1st tertile of the study population, called hereafter longer legs) to this diagnosis discrepancy. Data from 16 cross-sectional nutritional surveys carried out by Action Against Hunger International in South Sudan, the Philippines, Chad, and Bangladesh fed multilevel, multivariate regression models, with either WHZ−2 or MUAC125 as the dependent variable and age, sex, stunting, and longer legs as the independent ones. We also compared how the performance of MUAC125 and WHZ−2 to detect slim children, i.e. children with a low Weight-for-Age (WAZ|−2) but no linear growth retardation (HAZ≥−2), was modified by the contributors. Overall 23.1 % of the 14
Diet is a modifiable factor that can contribute to the health of pregnant women. In a sample of 577 HIV-positive pregnant women who completed baseline interviews for the Breastfeeding, Antiretrovirals, and Nutrition Study in Lilongwe, Malawi, cluster analysis was used to derive dietary patterns. Multiple regression analysis was used to identify associations between the dietary patterns and mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), arm muscle area (AMA), arm fat area (AFA), and hemoglobin at baseline. Three key dietary patterns were identified: animal-based, plant-based, and grain-based. Women with relatively greater wealth were more likely to consume the animal-based diet, which had the highest intake of energy, protein, and fat and was associated with higher hemoglobin levels compared to the other diets. Women with the lowest wealth were more likely to consume the grain-based diet with the lowest intake of energy, protein, fat, and iron and were more likely to have lower AFA than women on the animal-based
Diet is a modifiable factor that can contribute to the health of pregnant women. In a sample of 577 HIV-positive pregnant women who completed baseline interviews for the Breastfeeding, Antiretrovirals, and Nutrition Study in Lilongwe, Malawi, cluster analysis was used to derive dietary patterns. Multiple regression analysis was used to identify associations between the dietary patterns and mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), arm muscle area (AMA), arm fat area (AFA), and hemoglobin at baseline. Three key dietary patterns were identified: animal-based, plant-based, and grain-based. Women with relatively greater wealth were more likely to consume the animal-based diet, which had the highest intake of energy, protein, and fat and was associated with higher hemoglobin levels compared to the other diets. Women with the lowest wealth were more likely to consume the grain-based diet with the lowest intake of energy, protein, fat, and iron and were more likely to have lower AFA than women on the ...
The anthropometry of the upper arm is a set of measurements of the shape of the upper arms. The principal anthropometry measures are the upper arm length, the triceps skin fold (TSF), and the (mid-)upper arm circumference ((M)UAC). The derived measures include the (mid-)upper arm muscle area ((M)UAMA), the (mid-)upper arm fat area ((M)UAFA), and the arm fat index. Although they are not directly convertible into measures of overall body fat weight and density, and research has questioned the connection between skinfold fat and deep body fat measurements, these measures are and have been used as rough indicators of body fat. Factors influencing the bone, fat, and muscle composition of the upper arm include age, sex, nutritional status, fitness training level, and race. The anthropometric measures of the upper arm are divided into principal measures, which are measured directly, and derived measures, which are derived from the principal measures using specific formulae and empirically-derived ...
INTRODUCTION: sports anaemia is a physiological activity that occurs amongst footballers and may be due to poor diet, over-training, as well as an increase in plasma volume in endurance training activities. High plasma volume leads to changes in haematological parameters that may impact on endurance of footballers. The objective of the study was to determine the correlation between haematological and an-thropometric indices and their role in sports anaemia in a tropical setting. METHODS: venous blood was taken into EDTA for 12 soccer players of KNUST soccer team before train-ing and after training for the first (W1) and fifth (W5) weeks of training sessions. Complete blood count analysis was done for each blood sample and anthropometric parameters such as height, weight, body mass index, body fat percent and lean body mass were also measured. Cross-tabulations with mean and standard deviation or median and range were computed. Paired t-test & and Mann-Whitney test for pa-rametric and non-parametric data
INTRODUCTION: sports anaemia is a physiological activity that occurs amongst footballers and may be due to poor diet, over-training, as well as an increase in plasma volume in endurance training activities. High plasma volume leads to changes in haematological parameters that may impact on endurance of footballers. The objective of the study was to determine the correlation between haematological and an-thropometric indices and their role in sports anaemia in a tropical setting. METHODS: venous blood was taken into EDTA for 12 soccer players of KNUST soccer team before train-ing and after training for the first (W1) and fifth (W5) weeks of training sessions. Complete blood count analysis was done for each blood sample and anthropometric parameters such as height, weight, body mass index, body fat percent and lean body mass were also measured. Cross-tabulations with mean and standard deviation or median and range were computed. Paired t-test & and Mann-Whitney test for pa-rametric and non-parametric data
Key Points Evaluation of patients for obesity should include a complete history and physical examination Body mass index (BMI) cutpoints vary with race and ethnicity Waist circumference
Nationwide age references for sitting height, leg length, and sitting height/height ratio, and their diagnostic value for disproportionate growth disorders ...
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Discussion. Anthropometric profiles were observed to differ between older adults in the same age range (71-81 years), born in different periods. Individuals in the more recent birth cohort (1927-1937) showed greater weight gain both in mean BMI and in prevalence of overweight as compared with individuals born in the older cohort (1916-1926). The effects of both birth cohort and age on anthropometric profile seem to have been greater among men than among women.. Despite the scarcity of international and Brazilian studies examining the evolution of body composition over time 5,6,7,21,22, particularly in the elderly population 23, some comparisons can be made. The findings of this study are consistent with the literature as regards the greater prevalence of overweight and obesity among women. In both 1997 and 2008, prevalence of overweight (BMI , 27kg/m2) was greater among women (37.3% in 1997 and 38.9% in 2008) than among men in the same years (respectively, 16% and 32.7%). Comparable prevalences ...
The International Dietary Energy Consultative Group, sponsored by the World Health Organization (WHO), has done most of the research conducted in the field of adult malnutrition in the late 1980s. These studies were carried out mainly in populations suffering from chronic malnutrition, and led to the current WHO recommendations for the diagnosis and classification of adult malnutrition. Body Mass Index (BMI) is the gold standard to be used in adults, with the following cut-off points identified: 16.0, 17.0 and 18.5. The good correlation observed between BMI and Middle Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC) led to the determination of corresponding cut-off points. However, the very few field studies available in the literature are in favor of a lowering of the BMI cut-off points during nutritional emergencies. Several questions need to be answered through field research, mainly concerning the type of indicator best predicting the risk of death, and the type of indicator to be used in adolescents, ...
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Studies on cardiovascular risks in relation to anthropometric factors are limited in Sub-Sahara Africa. The aims of this study were to examine the relationship between anthropometric parameters and blood pressure; and to evaluate body mass index (BMI
Introduction: Breast cancer remains the most common malignancy in women and the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in this gender. The disease in the indigenous African woman is associated with an inherent aggressive biology and worst clinical outcome. As the malignancy is a heterogeneous entity, each case must be individually categorized for efficient therapy. Current clinical practice employs the use of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), as biomarkers to appropriately select patients that would benefit from targeted therapy against these major molecular pathways of the disease. This study aims at establishing the ER, PR, and HER2 status of breast cancer in women visiting the Jos University Teaching Hospital. Materials and Methods: All histologically confirmed cases of breast cancer at the Jos University Teaching Hospital, between January 1, 2010, and December 31, 2012, with sufficient clinical records, were subjected ...
Background: For years stone quarrying and crushing have been known as highly hazardous work, whereby workers are affected by many debilitating occupational health hazards and diseases. In Nigeria, the majority of quarry workers comprise people who are employed for manual labor, often under-educated and hence are not well grounded in the knowledge of the occupational safety measures required for the job. Aim: The aim was to determine the level of awareness and compliance with use of safety protective devices and the patterns of injury among quarry workers in Sabon-Gari Local Government Area. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out among 74 quarry workers who were randomly selected using the cluster-sampling technique in Sabon-Gari Local Government Area. A pretested semistructured interviewer-administered questionnaire was used as the tool for data collection. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 19.0 and Epi-info 6.0. Results: All the 74 respondents interviewed ...
LOMAGLIO, Delia et al. Perfil antropométrico en adultos del Noroeste Argentino. Rev Arg Antrop Biol [online]. 2015, vol.17, n.1, pp.7-18. ISSN 1514-7991.. From a bioanthropological point of view anthropometric measurements in adults are extensively used in the morphological evaluation of extinct Argentine populations. Most anthropometric studies in contemporary Argentine adults are limited to the assessment of height, weight and BMI. The aim of this study was to describe other anthropometric variables in northwestern Argentine (NWA) adults and to compare them with an international reference. Data on weight, height, circumferences (arm, thigh, leg, waist), and skinfolds (triceps, subscapular) come from 881 (526 women, 355 men) 20-60 year-old healthy individuals from different localities of Jujuy and Catamarca. Descriptive statistics (mean and SD) were calculated by sex and two age groups: 20-39 and 40-60 years. Comparisons were made with adults of Mexican origin from the United States (Centers ...
Bhowmik B, Munir SB, Ahmed KR, Siddiquee T, Diep LM, Wright E, Hassan Z, Debnath PR, Mahtab H, Azad Khan AK, Hussain A. Anthropometric indices of obesity and type 2 diabetes in Bangladeshi population: Chandra Rural Diabetes Study (CRDS). Obes Res Clin Pract. 2014; 8(3): e201-98 ...
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GONI, L. et al. Parity implications for anthropometrical variables, lifestyle behaviors and dietary habits in pregnant women. Anales Sis San Navarra [online]. 2014, vol.37, n.3, pp.349-362. ISSN 1137-6627. http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S1137-66272014000300005.. Background: Maintaining an adequate health status and appropriate lifestyles during pregnancy is of great importance to prevent adverse outcomes for both mother and baby. The present study aimed to assess the nutritional status, socio-demographic features, lifestyle behaviors and dietary habits of pregnant women in Spain, and to identify the influence of parity on these profiles. Methods: This cross-sectional study included pregnant women from regions all over Spain. The information was collected through a 40 item questionnaire, previously validated, by community health professionals. Results: The 5,087 pregnant women analyzed had an average age of 31.9 years with an adequate nutritional status. The distribution of the sample was 56% ...
Inorganic semi-conductors have a simple construction and have made high-performance computers possible. In contrast, organic semi-conductors are complex but enable production of innovative electronic circuits, as vividly demonstrated by the first prototypes for roll-up screens. Yet these benefits of organic semi-conductors can only be fully harnessed when the response of their organic molecular layer - whose thinness is crucial in functional terms - is better understood. The national research network (NRN) "Interface controlled and functionalised organic thin films" of the Austrian Science Fund FWF is contributing to precisely this understanding.. MICROSCOPIC HEIGHT MEASUREMENT. In the latest issue of SCIENCE, a team from the NRN has now been able to show that organic molecules spread out on a carrier material in a previously unknown form to create thin electrically conductive films. As Prof. Christian Teichert from the Institute of Physics at the University of Leoben explains: "Totally ...
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Purpose.: To investigate the relationship between anthropometric parameters and diabetic retinopathy (DR) in adults with diabetes. Methods.: Five hundred participants with diabetes were recruited prospectively from ophthalmology clinics in Melbourne, Australia. Each underwent an eye examination, anthropometric measurements, and standardized interview-administered questionnaires, and fasting blood glucose and serum lipids were analyzed. Two-field fundus photographs were taken and graded for DR. Height; weight; body mass index (BMI); waist, hip, neck, and head circumferences; and skinfold measurements were recorded. Results.: A total of 492 patients (325 men, 66.1%) aged between 26 and 90 years (median, 65) were included in the analysis: 171 (34.8%), 187 (38.0%), and 134 (27.2%) with no DR, nonproliferative DR (NPDR), and proliferative DR (PDR), respectively. After multiple adjustments, higher BMI (odds ratio [OR], 1.06; 95% confidence interval [CI],1.01-1.11; P = 0.02) was significantly ...
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Poor growth in childhood is a marker for a variety of psychosocial and medical problems. For this reason growth monitoring is a component of child health surveillance programmes worldwide. In general, weight gain is used as the measure for identifying babies and young children who are failing to thrive, and it is generally assumed that the more severely underweight, the worse the prognosis. Less commonly length is utilised in interpreting the significance of a childs weight.. Like Wright and colleagues,2 we found that the three methods they studied varied widely in categorising children, with some identified as moderately or severely failing to thrive by one method, and normal or mild in another. This is not really surprising as a short child with appropriate weight according to Gomez would be identified as failing to thrive, whereas the same child would be considered adequately nourished by the methods of Waterlow, by BMI, and possibly McLaren Read too.. The value of any index of failure to ...
Background The CUN-BAE (Clínica Universidad de Navarra-Body adiposity estimator) index is an anthropometric index based on age, sex and body mass index (BMI) for a refined prediction of body fatness...
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