Ethnographic research is useful in recognizing ethnographic resources. Ethnographic resources are defined by the National Park Service as "…a site, structure, object, landscape or natural resource assigned traditional legendary, religious, subsistence, or other significance in the cultural system of a group traditionally associated with it" (DO-28: Appendix A, 181). Through ethnographic research the meaning of these resources with respect to community members can be interpreted. With the aid of communities traditionally associated or connected with the resources within and surrounding parks, the importance of the preservation of these resources can be communicated to visitors and employees of the National Parks. Communication established between the community, visitors and park employees help to better ensure the management of ethnographic resources. To learn more about the preservation of ethnographic resources, see El Santuario de Chimayo-Ethnographic Resource. ...
OSEA is interested to know about your unique individual skills, experiences, strengths and weaknesses. The questions below help us to better understand who you are and how you will fit into the program of cultural immersion, language learning, and field research. It makes little difference whether you have extensive or no experience traveling abroad, or whether you have skills that derive from non-academic employment or not. OSEA welcomes a diversity of applicants and accepts students with a WIDE range of life experiences, skills and motivations. We benefit from knowing about your unique attributes in order to create a learning, training, and personal experience that is more attuned to your individual needs and life histories. The questions below are intended as a means for you to help us create a more vibrant and relevant program. Please address the questions below to the extent that you wish. ...
Announcing: The Toronto launch and indeed, the premiere launch of the exciting new book Psychiatry: Interrogated: An Institutional Ethnography Anthology, ed. Bonnie Burstow. This much anticipated book launch is taking place Friday Feb 24 at 5:30 in the Nexus Lounge (12th Floor) at OISE. The book itself is the worlds very first anthology of institutional ethnography investigations into psychiatry and hopefully, it will pave the way for others. Cosponsors include: Leadership Higher and Adult Education at OISE/UT, Coalition Against Psychiatric Assault, Centre for Womens Studies in Education, and the Transformative Learning Centre for Community Activism. Scheduled speakers are: Editor and contributor Dr. Bonnie Burstow, Dr.
Vol 14: Going home An ethnographic study of assessment of capacity and best interests in people with dementia being discharged from hospital.. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Ethnography, the study of culture, has its origins in anthropology, wherein the researcher observes, from an embedded position, over months or even years.
The authors experience in developing a manual based on ethnographic methods for collecting, analyzing and using information about the cultural context of diarrhea is presented. The goal of the process outlined in the manual is to recommend programmatic strategies and educational messages that are likely to be effective in achieving the adoption of appropriate diarrhea case management behaviors by mothers. The implications of manuals of this type for the role of anthropologists, and for social science capacity building in developing country programs are discussed. While recognizing that this approach risks limiting the anthropologists role to a technical one, the authors suggest that appropriate application of program specific manuals can encourage anthropological input into formulating program policies and strategies.. ...
This hospital ethnography focused on the relationship between culture and emergency physician habitus. The habitus of these physicians was defined as those routine, patterned forms of behaviors and practices performed by the physicians while in the emergency department and while interacting with the patient during the physician-patient interaction. Pierre Bourdieus practice theory was used to address how culture was related to the habitus of the emergency physician. The researcher found that culture was not only related to the habitus of these physicians, but it reproduced, and at times created, aspects of the habitus through the practices performed while in the emergency department and while interacting with patients.
1690(1965) Descrição histórica dos três reinos do Congo, Matamba e Angola, pelo P.e João António Cavazzi de Montecúccolo. Tradução, notas e índices pelo P.e Graciano Maria de Leguzzano. Introdução biobibliográfica por F. Leite de Faria. Lisboa, Junta de Investigações do Ultramar, 1965. Cavazzi 1690 [modern reprint of Cavazzi, in Portuguese with notes, edited by Graciano Maria de Leguzzano] {Library of Congress Call Number DT.C3817} Cited by Jerome S. Handler and Michael L. Tuite Jr. Slave Life in the Americas: A Visual Record, Slave Sales and Auctions, Image reference B021.jpeg ...
Curatorial Designs in the Poetics and Politics of Ethnography Today: a Conversation between Tarek Elhaik and George E. Marcus
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Background: This article explores how children use fantasy, play, and coping (imaginal coping) in order to handle chronic illness. Imaginal coping, as a theoretical construct, is defined as the use of imagination to deal with the hardships of illness. The overarching aim has been to investigate the various ways in which categories of staff members (doctors, nurses, play therapists, and hospital clowns) and parents support children in their coping. Focus has thus been on collaborative or interactive aspects of playful coping.. Method: A large proportion of the data collected consists of 93 h of video-recorded interactions between children, parents and staff. The collection of data involved fieldwork carried out with the use of a video ethnographic method, making it possible thereby to analyse and work with data in greater detail. For more than one year, five children with leukaemia were followed as each made their regular visits to a childrens cancer clinic in a childrens hospital in ...
Using the meta-ethnographic approach demands consideration of the suitability of the method and the rationale for using it. We believe it is important for the review question to drive the synthesis method and that meta-ethnography is probably best-suited to generating models or higher order theories of behaviour or experiences. The most important step in the process is formulating a focused question that will set the boundaries for the scope and depth of the synthesis.. We found having a multidisciplinary team useful, particularly in developing the focus for the synthesis, interpreting the steps of meta-ethnography, and in translating and interpreting meaning in the results of the synthesis. The members of the team had both clinical and social science backgrounds, which brought different perspectives to the review, ensured rigour and transparency in methods and helped the results of the review to be more relevant to planners developing treatment policies. One of the reviewers was an author of ...
Use this link for searching within Journal of Ethnobiology. You will not have access to full text articles here. Note the citation information, then go to Journal Stacks, call no. SB 351 .H5 H57.. SEARCH TIP: To search within this journal, click on the link above, then choose Advanced Search (upper right of screen). Enter search terms, then go to Refine By -- Select Title(s) (left of screen) and choose the journal title from the list. ...
We approached four practices in deprived parts of the north west of England to participate in our study. Two agreed to take part: one had a registered list of 12 000 patients and the other 8000 patients. Both had longstanding local reputations for providing high quality care and achieved high scores in the first year of the quality incentive scheme. We had no prior hypotheses that might inform a sampling strategy and since gaining access was the most important criterion these practices were chosen because they agreed to grant us access.. The research was aimed at exploring individual and group attitudes and patterns of behaviour. We therefore used observation of staff within their milieu, together with interviews and some analysis of documentation (for example, clinical incident reports, letters of complaint, job descriptions). We observed the clinics, general practitioner and nurse consultations, working patterns in the office and reception area, and practice meetings. We also carried out ...
We approached four practices in deprived parts of the north west of England to participate in our study. Two agreed to take part: one had a registered list of 12 000 patients and the other 8000 patients. Both had longstanding local reputations for providing high quality care and achieved high scores in the first year of the quality incentive scheme. We had no prior hypotheses that might inform a sampling strategy and since gaining access was the most important criterion these practices were chosen because they agreed to grant us access.. The research was aimed at exploring individual and group attitudes and patterns of behaviour. We therefore used observation of staff within their milieu, together with interviews and some analysis of documentation (for example, clinical incident reports, letters of complaint, job descriptions). We observed the clinics, general practitioner and nurse consultations, working patterns in the office and reception area, and practice meetings. We also carried out ...
1 Mikkonen, Sini Its you experiencing yourself An ethnographic study of an arts project promoting participation among young people with mental health issues Kasvatustieteen pro gradu-tutkielma KASVATUSTIETEIDEN TIEDEKUNTA Kasvatustieteiden ja opettajankoulutuksen yksikkö Intercultural Teacher Education 2013. 2 Kasvatustieteiden tiedekunta Luokanopettajankoulutus Tiivistelmä opinnäytetyöstä Tekijä Mikkonen Sini Työn nimi It s you experiencing yourself An ethnographic study of an arts project promoting participation among young people with mental health issues Pääaine Kasvatustiede Työn laji Pro gradu -tutkielma Aika Syyskuu 2013 Sivumäärä 67 Tämän etnografisen tutkimuksen tarkoitus on kuvailla syrjäytymässä oleville nuorille suunnattua taideprojektia ja selvittää mikä merkitys tällaisella projektilla on näille nuorille. Osa nuorista ei pysty vastaamaan yhteiskunnan heille asettamiin haasteisiin luvun lama rikkoi yhteiskuntarakenteita vaikuttaen nuorten elinoloihin. ...
Confidence interval(CI): quantifies the uncertainty in measurement; usually reported as 95% CI, which is the range of values within which we can be 95% sure that the true value for the whole population lies.. Constant comparison1: a procedure used in qualitative research wherein newly collected data are compared in an ongoing fashion with data obtained earlier, to refine theoretically relevant categories.. Data saturation (saturation, redundancy)1: process of collecting data in a qualitative research study to the point where no new themes are generated.. Ethnography (ethnographic study)1: an approach to inquiry that focuses on the culture or subculture of a group of people, with an effort to understand the world view of those under study.. Fixed effects model2: gives a summary estimate of the magnitude of effect in meta-analysis. It takes into account within-study variation but not between-study variation and hence is usually not used if there is significant heterogeneity.. Hazard ratio3: the ...
Re-riting Woman Dianic Wicca and the Feminine Divine (Book) : Coleman, Kristy S. : Re-riting Woman presents the first in-depth ethnographic study of Dianic Wicca. Its subject, Circle of Aradia, is a branch of the religion based in the Los Angeles area. This religion-of, by, and for women-conceives the Divine as exclusively female and has infused feminism into Wicca worldwide. Kristy S. Coleman combines ethnography with theory to present a full account of what Dianic Witches lived practice looks like and what it means. Book jacket.
Confidence interval(CI): quantifies the uncertainty in measurement; usually reported as 95% CI, which is the range of values within which we can be 95% sure that the true value for the whole population lies.. Ethnography (ethnographic study)1: an approach to inquiry that focuses on the culture or subculture of a group of people, with an effort to understand the world view of those under study.. Fixed effects model2: gives a summary estimate of the magnitude of effect in meta-analysis. It takes into account within-study variation but not between-study variation and hence is usually not used if there is significant heterogeneity.. Hazard ratio3: the weighted relative risk over the entire study period; often reported in the context of survival analysis.. Intention to treat analysis(ITT): all patients are analysed in the groups to which they were randomised, even if they failed to complete the intervention or received the wrong intervention.. Number needed to harm (NNH)4: number of patients who, if ...
This is how theory and ethnography merge analytically. Tsing and Uma Adang created a new event (space) for themselves from these bits and pieces, and this space made them see things, themselves and each other, quite differently. It was a new position. Tsing gives us ethnography in vignettes. Fragmentation, even of the Representing the anthropologists predicament 21 ories, becomes an important part of her theoretical perspective: rather than succumb to the goal of grand theory building by pursuing the coherence of a single approach, her theoretical fragmentation mimics the fragmentation of peoples experiences and their response to their marginality. When she explains the Meratus it is on the basis of her observation of their actions, not as a result of any special empathy. Yet a question remains. Since Tsing does not wish to overhomogenise, we cannot assume that Uma Adang, Induan Hilling and the other eccentrics she brings to us are representative of the Meratus. If this is so, we cannot know ...
Based upon two years of fieldwork in a mental health service for migrants in Lisbon, this article underlines how the psychiatric interpretation of the emotional experience of displacement, homelessness and (non) belonging in migrants can be influenced by colonial legacies. These legacies - incorporated, despite the best of intentions, as a constitutive element of diagnosis and treatment into the therapeutic practices of psychiatric counselling - pathologize experiences and behaviours of marginalized people of non-Western origins, reproducing discriminative attitudes and institutional racism. You came to me, Hippocrates, to give me the hellebore, giving credit to foolish men by whom my job is considered madness. I was writing about the harmony of the cosmos, the description of the pole and about the stars […] If you, convinced that I was insane, had made me drink this medicine, my wisdom would have become madness and your art would have been blamed as responsible of creating folly [Letter of Democritus
This thesis explores how newly arrived students experience conditions for learning and inclusion in their lived transitions within the Swedish school system. The thesis deploys an ethnographic approach combining interviews with participant observation. The data comprise interviews with 22 students at three points in time and three cycles of participant observation over the course of 15 months (in three municipalities of different sizes).. Deploying the concept of post-migration ecology, Study I maps the structural conditions that the educational landscape offers newly arrived students after migration to Sweden. The findings point to the emergence of a parallel school system through which the newly arrived students individual needs risk being overlooked. Study II uses a sociocultural perspective to compare the pedagogical and social resources offered in introductory and regular classes, concluding that introductory classes are characterised by weak challenges and strong support, whereas the ...
Changing practice in a hospital setting can be difficult - fraught with a list of barriers. A new research methodology, PRECESS, developed by a team of researchers from the US Healthy Children Project, Inc., and piloted by Healthy Children Project, Inc. (USA), Karolinska Intitutet (Sweden), Karolinska Hospital (Sweden), and the Egyptian Lactation Consultant Association (Egypt), uses ethnographic methods combined with hands-on expertise to drive lasting change. PRECESS stands for Practice, Reflection, Education and training, Combined with Ethnography for Sustainable Success. The PRECESS methodology expects sustainable change in a short period of time, only five days. The PRECESS methodology provides an opportunity for clinicians who are experts in the new technique to work in a practical manner side-by-side with the staff of the changing hospital for a limited amount of time. The hospital staff at the changing hospital then have the responsibility to continue the new process. During the time ...
The purpose of the study is to contribute to our understanding of innovation processes. The overarching research question has been: How do innovation processes evolve over time, and, in particular, how are knowledge and technology developed and commercialised? Through an ethnographic case study of innovation in between the biomarine and agricultural industries, I have traced and observed an innovation process from idea to commercialisation. Thus, the rich descriptions of this complex phenomenon are a central contribution from this study. Starting out with the development of a couple of novel technologies for processing fish, and establishing a collaboration between Tine (dairy/agriculture cooperative) and Bremnes Seashore (fish farm), the process ended up with what is now well known in Norwegian supermarkets and restaurants as Salma. This innovation process was related to industrial change within both the aqua- and agriculture industries, stimulated by the research policy on blue-green ...
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Of these tribes, the Eldest Chief in the Thunder tribe is the most powerful. While the nation resided on the borders of the bay, they had but one village, which extended from the Banks to the river rouge, a distance of nine miles; and these indians assert that the remains of their villages are still visible. The chief of the Thunder tribe exercised an immediate and complete control over that village and his government was so strict that a single family could not leave the village for a hunting excursion without his permission. (90) At this day the Thunder is considered the superior of the tribes who have received their names from birds, and the Bear & Wolf have the greatest power in the other tribes. The latter are consulted on all points relating to their lands or civil negotiations with other tribes, and if these three persons should oppose the passage of any resolution in council, all others would submit without a murmur. War &c.. When any of the chiefs feel disposed to make war upon their ...
The scenarios suggest varied outcomes depending on land use choices made by households and the land use rules adopted at community level. It is important to note that the simulations produce aggregate results, while actual results for different households would vary depending on many factors. As we have seen above, there is considerable stratification in this population and that would influence the effects of land use changes. In general, however, if the pastoral economy is privileged, then access to grazing land will be retained - for example by adopting the reciprocal access to grazing land rule. In this case, grazing orbits will not be reduced and livestock numbers will not decline (at least, not for this reason). In this scenario, however, land devoted to crop production will face limits since there is a trade-off between retaining pasture and growing crops - both cannot be done simultaneously on the same piece of land. Thus, the baseline scenario retains access for grazing but puts limits ...
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This collection of eight documents is about the Western Woods Cree who lived aboriginally in the boreal forests from Hudson and James Bays westward to the Peace River in Canada. In the early twenty-first century they are found primarily in the region between Lake Superior and Hudson Bay. Mason provides an overview of the Western Woods Cree ethnography; Smith (1981) presents a brief summary of some of the major features of their ethnography dating from the seventeenth to the late twentieth centuries, with an emphasis on the western Swampy and Rocky Cree populations. Two of the studies in this collection by Smith (1976, 1987) discuss and analyze the ethnological myth dealing with the movement of the Western Woods Cree to the southwest areas at the time of the initial Euro-American contact. According to this belief French and English guns gave the Cree technological superiority over their neighbors to the west and southwest and permitted them to move easily into the conquered lands. Evidence for ...
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For a little over three decades, the relationship between diet and cancer has been thoroughly researched through quantitative studies, by medical experts in nutrition and cancer. However, the narratives and experiences of cancer patients with respect to food and the emotional climates that surround the nutritional process - understood as an entirely social fact - are understudied. The subordination of this perspective reflects short-sightedness towards these narratives. This paper proposes an ethnographic approach to the dietary experience of a group of patients suffering from laryngeal cancer in Spain. Herein we will analyze the senses and meanings they give to the loss of
Diabetes, a disease that constitutes a syndrome, is growing more quickly in societies with precarious living and working conditions. Daily care practices are fundamental in preventing it from progressing. This work shows the heuristic and interpretative value and the explanatory potential of an ethnographic approach and a gender perspective in the analysis of care practices in a group of elder adults living with type 2 diabetes. The research was carried out with diabetes group participants and health professionals in a primary healthcare center in José León Suárez, municipality of San Martín, province of Buenos Aires, during the period 2013-2016 ...
The Department of Human Behavior, Ecology and Culture investigates the role of culture in human evolution and adaptation. The evolution of fancy social learning in humans accounts for both the nature of human adaptation and the extraordinary scale and variety of human societies. The integration of ethnographic fieldwork with mathematical models and advanced quantitative methods is the departments methodological focus.
The Department of Human Behavior, Ecology and Culture investigates the role of culture in human evolution and adaptation. The evolution of fancy social learning in humans accounts for both the nature of human adaptation and the extraordinary scale and variety of human societies. The integration of ethnographic fieldwork with mathematical models and advanced quantitative methods is the departments methodological focus.
A practical and collective reflexivity is indispensable to the type of embedded, ethnographic fieldwork so many of us are now undertaking in the field of IR.
Perhaps the most important variable influencing the estimation of the dietary macronutrient ratio in hunter-gatherer populations, when indirect procedures are used, is the validity of ethnographic data. Other ethnographers who compiled hunter-gatherer data from the Ethnographic Atlas noted that the scores Murdock assigned to the 5 basic subsistence economies are not precise, but rather are approximations (11, 36, 37) generally based on raw weights of the dietary items (36). Although estimations of energy by weight of wild plant and animal foods may sometimes yield results similar to actual values, there is considerable room for error. The present analysis indicates that if the mean plant-food energy density for 829 wild plant foods (6.99 kJ/g) is contrasted with the energy density (7.24 kJ/g) of an average white-tailed deer with 10% body fat, there would only be a 4% difference between actual energy values and those estimated by weight. However, if the mean energy density of wild fruit (3.97 ...
by Anthony B. Bradley. Americas immigration debate will never be adequately addressed until we think clearly about the economic incentives that encourage Mexican citizens to risk their lives to cross the border. In fact, if we care about human dignity we must think comprehensively about the conditions for human flourishing so that the effective policies promote the common good. Sadly, U.S. government farm subsidies create the conditions for the oppression and poor health care of Mexican migrant workers in ways that make those subsidies nothing less than immoral.. Dr. Seth M. Holmes, a professor of Health and Social Behavior at the University of California - Berkeley, identified the source of the problem in his watershed 2006 paper, "An Ethnographic Study of the Social Context of Migrant Health in the United States." In the study we learn that 95 percent of agricultural workers in the United States were born in Mexico and 52 percent are undocumented. Most researchers agree that inequalities in ...
Stephen E. Lankenau, PhD, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 722 W. 168th St., Suite 1040, New York, NY 10032, 212-305-5736, [email protected] Parochially known as "Special K," "Vitamin K," or simply "K," ketamine is a conger of phencyclidine (PCP). Used for many years as an anesthetic in emergency and veterinary medicine, ketamine has recently emerged in a non-clinical context as one of several synthetic substances classified as "club drugs." Like other so-called "club drugs," such as MDMA, GHB, and Methamphetamine, most available information about ketamine stems from studies focused on "club drug" environments and populations, notably MSM venues. Much of this data has presumed non-injected modes of administrating ketamine, and HIV risk has been assessed in relation to increased risk for sexual transmission. Recent ethnographic data from New York indicates the previously unrecognized use of injection as a mode of administration ketamine - a practice that is prevalent among ...
The primary outcome examined in the proposed study is engagement in care, operationalized as the number of clinical visits attended. Clinic visits will be monitored on a weekly basis. Secondary outcomes of interest include medication adherence, sexual risk behaviors, and substance use. For the quantitative study, formal psychological testing will be conducted with index adolescent females, and biological specimens will be collected to validate self-reported drug use. CD-4 counts and viral load will be monitored every three months via chart review.. Index adolescents will be interviewed every six months (with phone interviews focused on service utilization at each six month interval midpoint) for eighteen months while network members will be interviewed at baseline and one year.. Qualitative interviews in the Ethnographic Study will be conducted with a small sub-sample of index and identified network participants from each site at least monthly for a period of at least 18 months. Qualitative ...
The primary outcome examined in the proposed study is engagement in care, operationalized as the number of clinical visits attended. Clinic visits will be monitored on a weekly basis. Secondary outcomes of interest include medication adherence, sexual risk behaviors, and substance use. For the quantitative study, formal psychological testing will be conducted with index adolescent females, and biological specimens will be collected to validate self-reported drug use. CD-4 counts and viral load will be monitored every three months via chart review.. Index adolescents will be interviewed every six months (with phone interviews focused on service utilization at each six month interval midpoint) for eighteen months while network members will be interviewed at baseline and one year.. Qualitative interviews in the Ethnographic Study will be conducted with a small sub-sample of index and identified network participants from each site at least monthly for a period of at least 18 months. Qualitative ...
How can an organization help participants increase their social capital? Using data from an ethnographic study of Launch, an organization that prepares low-income students of color to attend elite boarding schools, I analyze how the organizations structures not only generate social ties among students but also stratify those ties horizontally and vertically, thereby connecting students to a set of social contacts who occupy a range of hierarchical positions and who are able to provide access to resources that are beneficial in different contexts and at different times. ...
As the steering and principal technical partner of ANF4W (implemented by the German Development Cooperation), Sight and Life aided the development of the Obaasima seal, which was developed as a private-public partnership between the Ghana Standards Authority (GSA) and the Association of Ghana Industries (AGI). Sight and Life supported a focused ethnographic study to serve as the foundation for the ANF4W project. The study assessed womens eating habits and beliefs around food. Using these insights, we shortlisted four product concepts and identified why these products would find high acceptability among women. We presented these data, as well as a business case, to local food processing businesses in order to generate interest in a voluntary fortification scheme.. For more information, read this article - which appeared initially in News Ghana and reports on the launch of the branded marketing campaign. Need a recap on ANF4W? The previous edition of Sight and Life provides one in the article ...
Van Heuvelen, J.S. (2019). Isolation or Interaction: Healthcare Provider Experience of Design Change. Sociology of Health & Illness, 41(4), 692-708. While the role of the built environment is often overlooked in sociology, van Heuvelen examined the role of the environment as a mediator of organizational culture. This ethnographic study draws on sociology and an "inhabited institutionalist" theoretical framework to assess the staff experience of adjusting to the move from an open-bay to a single family room NICU. Findings show moving to the new SFR unit resulted in less time for discussion and personal support, resulting in a higher reliance on individual assessment skills. This was felt to undermine the culture of collaboration, but in other instances, the prior collaborative culture was transposed ...
Van Heuvelen, J.S. (2019). Isolation or Interaction: Healthcare Provider Experience of Design Change. Sociology of Health & Illness, 41(4), 692-708. While the role of the built environment is often overlooked in sociology, van Heuvelen examined the role of the environment as a mediator of organizational culture. This ethnographic study draws on sociology and an "inhabited institutionalist" theoretical framework to assess the staff experience of adjusting to the move from an open-bay to a single family room NICU. Findings show moving to the new SFR unit resulted in less time for discussion and personal support, resulting in a higher reliance on individual assessment skills. This was felt to undermine the culture of collaboration, but in other instances, the prior collaborative culture was transposed ...
Its one thing to announce youll start conducting lean user research and another thing to do it. How do you start when youre a tiny four-person team juggling three unique lines of business?. We poured our energy into drafting a research roadmap. It was ambitious and read like a thick, spiral-bound menu from the Cheesecake Factory. A buffet of enticing research techniques. Mental models, ethnographic studies, journey maps, interviews, surveys and Big Data. But face it: small businesses like ours dont have the resources to apply them all. So Lou and Elaine suggested we tap our deep bench of consultants for advice. Cut out the cheesecake, go straight to the meat.. We asked our experts a question: how can we glean insights without investing a lot of time or money? Here are quick takeaways I gained from the six who answered the call.. ...
After reading Natasha Myerss new book, the world begins to dance in new ways. Rendering Life Molecular: Models, Modelers, and Excitable Matter (Duke University Press, 2015) is a sensory ethnography of protein crystallographers that is based on five years of fieldwork conducted between 2003-2008 at a research university on the East Coast of the US. Protein modelers are…
Directions (Q. 141 - 144): The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the best answer for each question.. PASSAGE - I. Given overwhelming evidence for the primacy of sociocultural factors in determining both drinking patterns and their consequences, it is clear that ethnographic research findings on the social and cultural roles of alcohol may have important implications for policy-makers - particularly in areas such as Europe where economic and political convergence could have significant impact on drinking-cultures and their associated lifestyles.. In this context, it is essential for those concerned with policy and legislation on alcohol to have a clear understanding of the sociocultural functions and meanings of drinking. This passage outlines the principal conclusions that can be drawn from the available cross-cultural material regarding the symbolic uses of alcoholic beverages, the social functions of drinking-places and the roles of alcohol in transitional and ...
Case study research has the advantage of investigating issues that are embedded within the context of the case. A novel approach to investigation of the implementation of service innovation process has been adopted through a longitudinal ethnographic case study. This approach was found useful, as the outcome of the study was intended to be an in-depth understanding of firms current innovation practices and its consequences with the implementation of a novel business process. In this applied research, an array of longitudinal data was generated chiefly through the technique of participant-observation. Participant-observation as a qualitative or naturalistic method has its roots in ethnographic research. Participant-observation involves "participating in the social world, in whatever role, and reflecting on the products of that participation" (Hammersley & Atkinson, 1983, p.16). This method offers a degree of understanding of the context under study that can come only from personal experience. In ...
Vihara is a user centered driven social impact enterprise. Our work involves working on some of the most pressing challenges in Public Health such as Immunization, Quality of care, Maternal & Child health. Vihara works along the complete cycle of innovation - from using ethnographic research to gather behavioural insights, designing innovative solutions to address complex systemic challenges, to working with relevant partners to create implementation pathways for ideas to become real and aid uptake of innovations.. Viharas has a strong theory of impact oriented towards improving quality of care in public health, especially in the fields of maternal health, Child health & Immunization. We are an extremely agile organization, with roles and functions that cut across disciplines, and are looking for people who are comfortable handling multiple responsibilities, have a managerial bent of mind, and most importantly who are as dedicated as us in achieving meaningful social impact.. ...
Jason Li is a designer, illustrator and consultant currently based in Hong Kong. Once upon a time, he studied engineering and ran a news site about fan translations of video games.. Tricia Wang observes how technology makes us human. Her ethnographic research follows youth and migrants as they process information and desire, remaking cities and rural areas.. Jin Ge aka Jingle is a writer, documentary filmmaker, and NGO organizer based in Shanghai. Jin does sociological research and produces multi-media content on the subjects of Internet subcultures and grass-root organizations in China. He is currently a senior design researcher at IDEO.. An Xiao Mina is a design strategist, new media artist and digital community builder in the Pearl River Delta. She uses technology to build and empower communities through design and artistic expression.. Graham Webster is a Beijing-based writer and analyst working at the intersection of politics, history, and information technology in China and East Asia. He ...
Ethnographic Research Inc. is conducting a study of people living with advanced HER2+ breast cancer. They want to ask us about our daily impacts, treatment routines, challenges and triumphs, in order...
The central goal of my research is to identify and address the social and cultural causes of racial inequities in health. My work is grounded in a biocultural approach to health and human development, drawing on methods from the social and biological sciences.. My current primary project focuses on the health effects of racism among African Americans in Tallahassee, FL. Using a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach, the project integrates conventional ethnographic methods, formal social network analysis, and epidemiologic methods. The project is funded by the National Science Foundation. Visit the research and teaching pages to learn more about my past and current work, or meet some of our students.. ...
One of the most significant impediments to the current goals of genomic research is the limited availability of high quality biological samples. Despite efforts to increase both the quality and quantity of samples collected, access to such samples remains limited. This may be due, at least in part, to a general reluctance of biobanking professionals, clinicians, and researchers to share biological specimens with others. Ethnographic methods were used in a biobank setting to explore professionals perspectives toward and practices of sharing samples. Several motivations and barriers to sharing that may influence research practice were identified. Contrary to existing literature that suggests that professionals are unlikely to share samples with one another, the participants of this study were open to and supportive of sharing samples for research. However, clear communication and effective infrastructure are needed to support the distribution of biobank materials.
One of the most significant impediments to the current goals of genomic research is the limited availability of high quality biological samples. Despite efforts to increase both the quality and quantity of samples collected, access to such samples remains limited. This may be due, at least in part, to a general reluctance of biobanking professionals, clinicians, and researchers to share biological specimens with others. Ethnographic methods were used in a biobank setting to explore professionals perspectives toward and practices of sharing samples. Several motivations and barriers to sharing that may influence research practice were identified. Contrary to existing literature that suggests that professionals are unlikely to share samples with one another, the participants of this study were open to and supportive of sharing samples for research. However, clear communication and effective infrastructure are needed to support the distribution of biobank materials.
Larsen, J., 2017, Physical Culture, Ethnography and the body: Theory, Method and Praxis. D. Giardina, M. & Donelly, M. (red.). Abingdon, Oxon, New York: Routledge, s. 230-244 (Qualitative Research in Sport and Physical Activity; Nr. 2, Bind 1).. Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport › Bidrag til bog/antologi › Forskning › peer review ...
A genealogical reconstruction of any language is geared towards the formulation of a protolanguage. The reconstruction of a target language is largely dependent on the current use of its presumed varieties or dialects. In this case, the genealogical reconstruction of the ProtoLuluhyia language was possible through consideration of its dialects. The existing literature shows that genealogical reconstruction of a proto-language for all Luluhyia dialects had not been done. It was, therefore, necessary for a study to be undertaken to genealogically reconstruct Proto-Luluhyia language for all dialects under it. The study was guided by three objectives: establish the genealogical relatedness of the Luluhyia dialects, genealogically reconstruct Proto-Luluhyia language and determine phonological, semantic and morphological variations of Luluhyia dialects. The study was guided by the genetic hypothesis theory. The study employed qualitative method in which ethnography design was applicable. The ...
LATS-L 103 Introduction to Latino Cultures Section # 26830 M/W 2:30-3:45 (3 credits) (Carries both S&H and Culture Studies credit) Room and Instructor TBA This course introduces students to the cultural diversity, histories, and experiences of Latinos and Hispanics in the United States. As an introductory survey course, we both map the general issues that pertain to these communities and briefly explore: Mexican/Mexican American, Cuban, Guatemalan American and Puerto Rican cultures and communities. Specifically we are concerned with issues of culture and identity and how these are represented to the in-group, to other Hispanics, to non-Latinos and by non-Hispanics. What relations of power, knowledge, and value are correlated to such types and modes of representation? We are concerned with racial, class, sex/gender, and cultural differences, communities, styles and for that constitute Latino cultures and literatures. We will consider different kinds of media including ethnographies, essays, ...
Joyce Lee, MD, MPH, is an Endocrinologist and Professor at the University of Michigan Medical School and School of Public Health. She is a researcher and designer who is passionate about the notion that human centered design thinking can and will transform the delivery of clinical care and the biomedical research enterprise. Her research focuses on the use of emerging technologies (mobile technology, data visualization, participatory game design, social media) and the creation of learning health systems (incorporating health systems design and design/ethnography) for improving outcomes in type 1 diabetes. She co-leads an interdisciplinary collaborative called HealthDesignBy.Us, which supports patients as experts and makers in the creation of tools, technologies, and systems for their own health.. Dr Lee attended Brown University for her undergraduate education and the University of Pennsylvania for her medical degree, where she was elected to the Alpha Omega Alpha Honors Society. She completed ...
An American Journal of Nursing 1991 Book of the Year Debates about counting and coding data, ethical issues of interviewing, improving the use of self, examining ones own culture--these are but a few of the troublesome issues nursing researchers face on a daily basis. Written for nursing researchers and graduate students, Qualitative Nursing Research addresses many of the problematic issues described above. Leading qualitative methodologists with backgrounds in phenomenology, grounded theory, and ethnography contribute specific chapters on their favorite sticky issues--which in turn form the basis for the informative dialogues at the beginning of each chapter. These stimulating dialogues reflect the active disagreements and different solutions presented, thus accurately indicating the state of the science in nursing today. In addition, contributors also examine the importance of funding, institutional review, and peer reviews. Qualitative Nursing Research is a vital resource for all nursing ...
The article discusses questions concerning the cultural public sphere in relation to empirical material from a media ethnography of young menąs use of extremely violent action and horror films on video, and how the young mens cultural practices, including media reception and film swapping, relates to their cultural production in the form of fanzines and amateur video films. The aim is to analyse this practice of film swapping, fanzine writing and amateur video making, in terms of cultural publicness, in order to shed light on those micro processes of communication that result in the formation of public spheres of various kinds. In the first part of the article some theoretical implications of the concepts cultural and political public spheres are discussed. Then follows a discussion on the internal communicative patterns within this alternative cultural public sphere, organised informally around fanzines and amateur video festivals. The dynamic relation between this alternative public sphere ...
I am skeptical of any human universals, at least in the absolutist, 100% sense that most people take universal to mean. Most things are normally distributed in populations of living things. If they arent, the scientists have to figure out why. As to time spent working among our ancestors, nearly all hunter/gatherer societies that still existed when ethnography began in earnest in the early 20th C shocked the hell out of the ethnographers by how little time they had to spend foraging for food. Western people just assumed that life for primitive man must be nasty, brutish and short. Not so, show the actual facts. We work many times harder today, and our agriculturalist ancestors suffered horrific health problems that h/gs never had to contend with. Any osteologist who has examined the transition from the h/g lifestyle to agriculture will tell you that the bones of our more primitive ancestors showed that they had very healthy diets and lifestyles, while the bones of agriculturalists - ...
This is the story of a man, a cow, and a question: What am I eating?. After realizing he knows more about the television on his wall than the food on his plate, award-winning TV producer and amateur chef Jared Stone buys 420 pounds of beef directly from a rancher and embarks on a hilarious and inspiring culinary adventure. With the help of an incredibly supportive wife and a cadre of highly amused friends, Stone offers a glimpse at one mans family as they try to learn about their food and ask themselves whats really for dinner.. Year of the Cow follows the trials and tribulations of a home cook as he begins to form a deeper relationship with food and the environment. From meeting the rancher who raised his cow to learning how to successfully pack a freezer with cow parts, Stone gets to know his bovine and delves into our diets and eating habits, examining the ethnography of cattle, how previous generations ate, why environmentalists and real food aficionados are mad for grass-fed beef, why ...
This is the story of a man, a cow, and a question: What am I eating?. After realizing he knows more about the television on his wall than the food on his plate, award-winning TV producer and amateur chef Jared Stone buys 420 pounds of beef directly from a rancher and embarks on a hilarious and inspiring culinary adventure. With the help of an incredibly supportive wife and a cadre of highly amused friends, Stone offers a glimpse at one mans family as they try to learn about their food and ask themselves whats really for dinner.. Year of the Cow follows the trials and tribulations of a home cook as he begins to form a deeper relationship with food and the environment. From meeting the rancher who raised his cow to learning how to successfully pack a freezer with cow parts, Stone gets to know his bovine and delves into our diets and eating habits, examining the ethnography of cattle, how previous generations ate, why environmentalists and real food aficionados are mad for grass-fed beef, why ...
By Cheryl Parsons. Originally published in 1978, Schools in an Urban Community is an ethnography of the Carbrook and Hill Top area of the Attercliffe district of Sheffield before it was cleared for redevelopment. The book provides an in depth look at the community and schools of the area and provides a valued…. Paperback - 2019-12-03 ...
Practicing open innovation, PARC, a Xerox company, provides custom R&D services, technology, expertise, and IP to Fortune 500 and Global 1000 companies, startups, and government agencies. Incorporated in 2002, PARC (formerly Xerox PARC) has pioneered many technology platforms, including: Ethernet, distributed computing, and Internet standards; laser printing and optoelectronics; GUI and WYSIWYG; ubiquitous computing and collaborative filtering; corporate ethnography; printed electronics and flexible electronics; and much more.
Practicing open innovation, PARC, a Xerox company, provides custom R&D services, technology, expertise, and IP to Fortune 500 and Global 1000 companies, startups, and government agencies. Incorporated in 2002, PARC (formerly Xerox PARC) has pioneered many technology platforms, including: Ethernet, distributed computing, and Internet standards; laser printing and optoelectronics; GUI and WYSIWYG; ubiquitous computing and collaborative filtering; corporate ethnography; printed electronics and flexible electronics; and much more.
CHECKLIST: Observations Identify two general strengths and two weaknesses of observations Describe what is meant by participant observation Identify a strength and weakness of participant observations Describe what is meant by naturalistic observation Identify a strength and weakness of naturalistic observations Describe what is meant by controlled observation Identify a strength and weakness of controlled observations Describe what is meant by structured observation Identify a strength and weakness of structured observation Describe what a coding scheme is Outline a coding scheme you could use for a given observation Describe what is meant by time sampling Identify a strength and weakness of time sampling Describe what is meant by event sampling
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Data Collection Notes: Fieldwork and data preparation and cleaning were done by Opinion Research Corp., Princeton, NJ.. This data collection includes unprocessed, as-is data recovered from obsolete media. Please refer to the user guide for details on working with these files.. ...
Growing up in Britain in the 1950s, during a time when my native country was hungry for inspiration, I learned about the heroes of what...