Grade 4. 2015. 16 pages. Plant and Animal Structures encourages students to think about form and function related to plants and animals, and how form and function enable these organisms to grow, survive, and reproduce. Topics include: Animal Structures; Plant Structures; the Science and Engineering ...
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This course is an introduction to principles underlying how animals are designed. Topics to be covered include: tree thinking (how to place animals and their parts into a phyolgenetic context), scaling (mechanical and physiological consequences of body size), an introduction to fluid dynamics (life at low and high Reynolds number, surface tension, cavitation, particle feeding, waves), an introduction to biomechanics (materials, structures, adhesion, cost-benefit analysis, safety factors). Examples (drawn primarily from marine invertebrates) of how animals are designed will include: hydrostatic and rigid skeletons, various modes of aquatic locomotion (burrowing, crawling, swimming), vision, bioluminescence and buoyancy. Laboratory exercises will include hands-on experience to illustrate principles covered in lectures as well as team-projects to study how live marine invertebrates actually work.. Boat Use: You will be given the opportunity to drive boats if you choose to do so. Boat driving ...
Animal organs and organ systems constantly adjust to internal and external changes through a process called homeostasis (steady state). These changes might be in the level of glucose or calcium in blood or in external temperatures. Homeostasis means to maintain dynamic equilibrium in the body. It is dynamic because it is constantly adjusting to the changes that the bodys systems encounter. It is equilibrium because body functions are kept within specific ranges. Even an animal that is apparently inactive is maintaining this homeostatic equilibrium.. ...
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This course follows on from Structure and Function I in BVSc1 to increase the depth of understanding of animal structure and function using the dog as a model.
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Effect of CIAP treatment of lipid A on its ability to induce juvenile light organ apoptosis. (A) Fluorescence micrographs of light organs that had been incubate
These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain. These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above. ...
Nudibranchs (/ˈnjuːdɪbræŋk/) are a group of soft-bodied, marine gastropod molluscs which shed their shells after their larval stage. They are noted for their often extraordinary colours and striking forms, and they have been given colourful nicknames to match, such as Clown, Marigold, Splendid, Dancer and Dragon. Currently, about 2,300 valid species of nudibranchs are known. The word nudibranch comes from the Latin nudus, naked, and the Greek βραγχια, brankhia, gills. Nudibranchs are often casually called sea slugs, as they are a family of Opistobranchs (sea slugs), with the phylum Mollusca (molluscs) but many sea slugs belong to several taxonomic groups which are not closely related to nudibranchs. A number of these other sea slugs, such as the photosynthetic Sacoglossa and the colourful Aglajidae, are often confused with nudibranchs. Nudibranchs occur in seas worldwide, including in the tropics and the Southern Ocean. Nudibranchs live at virtually all depths of salt ...
Nudibranchs are gastropods that have naked branches (gills) hanging off their backs (hence the nudi), many with outlandish color schemes that appear to be a defense mechanism. But their alien characteristics are not just that they look stranger than anything that sci-fi has yet to produce. Some nudibranchs are Borg-like, assimilating weaponry and technology of other species into their own toxic arsenals. Many nudibranchs eat critters that have toxic weapons (stingers, nematocysts, poisons) then secrete the previously digested arsenal when attacked ...
A dorsal fin is classified as a medial, unpaired fin that is located on the midline of the backs of some aquatic vertebrates. In development of the embryo in teleost fish, the dorsal fin arises from sections of the skin that from a caudal fin fold.[4] The larval development and formation of the skeleton that support the median fins in adults result in pterygiophores. The skeletal elements of the pterygiophore includes basals and radials. The basals are located at the base of the dorsal fin, and are closest to the body. The radials extend outward from the body to support the rest of the fin.[4] These elements serve as attachment sites for epaxial muscles.[5] The muscles contract and pull against the basals of the pterygiophores along one side of the body, which helps the fish move through water by providing greater stability.[5] In these types of fish, the fins are made of 2 main components.[5] The first component is the dermal fin rays known as lepidotrichia, and the endoskeletal base with ...
Barbel that is attached to the distal end of the maxilla and that originates on the side of the mouth. Maxillary barbel is paired. Maxillary barbel has considerable range of motion, with contraction and protraction motivated by maxillary blood sinus. The maxillary barbel integument has taste buds. Capable of regeneration. (1 ...
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Two pore segment channel 2 (TPC2) is a human protein encoded by the TPCN2 is a protein which in humans is encoded by the TPCN2 gene. TPC2 is an ion channel, however, in contrast to other calcium and sodium channels which have four homologous domains, each containing 6 transmembrane segments (S1 to S6), TPCN1 only contains two domain (each containing segments S1 to S6). TPC2 is homologous to TPC1, the best characterized member of the TPC family. The structure of a TPC1 ortholog from Arabidopsis thaliana has been solved by two laboratories. The structures were solved using X-ray crystallography and contained the fold of a voltage-gated ion channel and EF hands. Genetic knockout and pharmacological inhibition experiments demonstrate that Two-pore Channels, TPC1 and TPC2, are required for infection by Filoviruses Ebola and Marburg in mice. Two-pore channel GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000162341 - Ensembl, May 2017 GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ENSMUSG00000048677 - Ensembl, May 2017 Human PubMed ...
Identifying Features:. Dendronotus rufus have rectangular bodies with cerata that branch out at the edges. Their bodies are generally white and often have colors on the ends of the cerata. They are usually red, dark brown, or a light pink. They are sometimes known as the Giant Red Sea Slug, because of their size.. Habitat:. The Red Dendronotid is usually found in the South Alaskan waters down to north Washington. They are mostly found in sub-tidal waters.. Prey:. All known nudibranchs are carnivorous. Nudibranchs usually eat live prey such as soft corals, sea pens, and gorgonians, and will often starve to death in captivity without the appropriate foods.. Predators: There is no documented information on what hunts the Red Dendronotid, but generally certain fish, turtles, sea stars, and a few species of crabs prey on these animals.. Reproduction: Nudibranchs are hermaphrodites, and can mate with any member of their species. When mating, two nudibranchs come together side by side and pass sperm ...
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Dorsal spines (total): 14-16; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-10; Anal spines: 1-1; Anal soft rays: 17-20. Diagnosis: Dorsal fins III + XI-XIII + 8-10 (usually III + XII + 10); anal fin I,17-20 (usually 19); pectoral fin 14: 1-3, 4-6, 6-8 (usually 2, 5, 7). LL, pored scales 13-16, notched scales 21-25, starting at 2 scale rows below the end of the pored series; transverse scales 2/6; nape and abdomen scaleless, first dorsal fin base also without scales. Body depth 4.8-5.2 in SL. Head 3.4-4.0 in SL; eyes large, diameter 3.0-3.7 in head length; orbital cirrus moderate, lobate; supratemporal sensory canal U-shaped and embraces 1st dorsal spine; dentary pores 3+1+3. Male first dorsal fin slightly higher than second; slightly lower in females. Key features are: overall olive green; anal fins black and white barred. Males head black; first dorsal fin, lower pectoral-fin rays and proximal portion of the pelvic-fin rays yellow females (Ref. 57774, 88983 ...
Dorsal spines (total): 10 - 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 22-24; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 6 - 7. Tubed lateral line scales 55-57; outer row of teeth in jaws slightly enlarged, movable; swim bladder with 3 short anterior projections; third or fourth dorsal spine longest, 1.8-1.9 in head; first dorsal spine 1.7-2.3 in length of second; interspinous membrane of dorsal fin not incised; pelvic fins reaching vent or slightly beyond, 1.2-1.3 in head; body light yellow dorsally, shading to pale silvery grey on sides and ventrally, with numerous small dark brown spots, which are smaller and form oblique rows on body below lateral line; head light purplish grey with numerous small dark brown spots, opercular membrane black; dorsal fin and upper 3/4 of caudal fin with small dark spots; lower 1/4 of caudal fin black; anal and pelvic fins mainly black (Ref. 44143); dorsal and caudal fins mainly yellow, caudal fin with broad black lower edge margin, caudal fin may be slightly emarginate to truncate; ...
Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 7 - 9; Vertebrae: 39 - 44. Couesius plumbeus is distinguished by having the following characters: barbel at corner of large, barely subterminal mouth; moderately pointed snout; large eye; head flattened above and below; dorsal fin origin over or slightly behind pelvic fin origin; complete lateral line, 53-70 lateral scales; 8 anal rays, and pharyngeal teeth 2,4-4,2 (Ref. 86798). Spineless fins, normal jaws, and tiny barbel at the corner of the mouth (Ref. 27547). Body moderately compressed and slender, coloration include brown to green above, dark stripe along silver gray side, darkest on young and large male, sometimes black specks on side and belly, dusky caudal spot. Large male may have red at pectoral and pelvic fin origins, corners of mouth (Ref. 86797). In some populations, breeding males develop bright orange-red patches on sides of head and at bases of pectoral fins, but the presence of this color ...
They have a flexible membrane, that frees them up to move around and eat plants and stuff. As we research animals homes, we will clear up any misconceptions we may have and verify the facts we think we know. Unlock Content Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects Search for animal cell in these categories. Which is … We are beginning to take a closer look at the structures that animals build for their habitat. Animals evolved from unicellular eukaryotes. Your access has now expired. All others are called secondary sex organs, divided between the external sex organs-the genitals or genitalia, visible at birth in both sexes-and … Wosucolumbus. Identify parenchyma and sclerenchyma tissues in plants from the prepared slides. Molluscs is the largest marine phylum, comprising about 23% of all the named marine organisms. Identify striated (striped) muscle fibres and nerve cells in animals from the prepared slides. The _____ … Explain Name_____ Date_____ #____ 1. Mystery Science offers an ...
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Dorsal spines (total): 15 - 17; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-11; Anal spines: 1; Anal soft rays: 17 - 21; Vertebrae: 35 - 36. Diagnosis: Dorsal fin III + XIII+ 10, 2nd fin twice height of 1st; anal fin I + 16-18; pectoral rays 15 (3+6+6); pelvic fin I, 2, spine short and hidden, segmented rays simple, partially united by membrane. Vertebrae 10 + 25-26. LL total lateral scales 36-38; tubed 13-21 (16-17) scales, ends below 3rd dorsal fin; nape, belly, 1st dorsal fin and anterior anal-fin base scaleless, caudal-fin base with 2 rows of scales. Mandibular pores 3+2-1+3. Labial folds and orbital cirrus absent. Head length 3.4 in SL; eye 2.4, maxilla 2.3 in HL. Males overall reddish with bluish dots and streaks on head, forming stripes anteriorly on body, ventrally light grey, fins pigmented; females paler, without spots and stripes, ventrally white, fins transluscent (Ref. 75031). ...
Dorsal spines (total): 7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-11; Anal spines: 1; Anal soft rays: 8 - 10; Vertebrae: 25 - 26. First dorsal fin distally rounded without filamentous spines. Posterior margin of caudal fin rounded. Scales small, 39-55 scales in a longitudinal row and 19-25 scales in transverse row. Color of specimens before fixation: nuchal crest with transversely alternating reddish-brown and light greenish-brown areas; body light greenish brown reticulated with brown on upper anterior part and having iridescent bluish or greenish spots surrounded by reticulation; first dorsal fin with red upper margin, submarginal row of contiguous yellow spots, grayish-red band on middle part, greenish gray on lower part, and large blackish spot with blue spots between fifth spine and fin terminus; second dorsal fin red with two or three irregular longitudinal yellow stripes on middle part, and greenish gray on basal part; anal fin proximally red and distally dark gray; pectoral fin with a red area on ...
Dorsal spines (total): 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 8. This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: D XII,10; pectoral fin rays usually 15 and rarely 16; small orbit diameterl, 2.66-3.87, mean 3.32, in head length; snout angle blunt, 82°-88°, mean 83°. Colour of the body: red dorsally, becoming pale red ventrally with a yellowish gold sheen, snout vivid yellow, 3 large fluorescent yellow blotches dorsally beneath dorsal fin base and a black iris sized yellow spot on base of posteriormost soft dorsal fin ray, clearly visible from oblique dorsal view; eye uniformly prominent reddish-gold; prominent yellow blotch on anterior nostril and snout region; dorsal fin membrane and rays orange-yellow to pale red but with a longitudinal hyaline stripe beneath fin base, and soft membrane and rays saffron-yellow (Ref. 75039). ...
While we are on the subject of cats again. Id like an opinion on Infectious Endogenous Retroviruses in Cats and Emergence of Recombinant Viruses.
I do not see it there. It only shows Gag, Pro and Pol. At viralzone http://viralzone.expasy.org/all_by_species/67.html I see a gammaretro gnome is...
Download A4 | US Letter PDF 132Kb About : a participant eNotebook for conference delegates to record and share their experiences at Enter Conference, Cambridge, April 2007 made by Proboscis as part of the Public Authoring Zone. Published April 2007 Proboscis is an artist-led creative studio based in London, UK.
Pola, M. et al. 2014: Going further on an intricate and challenging group of nudibranchs: description of five novel species and a more complete molecular phylogeny of the subfamily Nembrothinae (Polyceridae). Cladistics, 30(6): 607-634. doi: 10.1111/cla.12097 reference page ...
Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 173-208; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 133 - 143; Vertebrae: 136 - 141. Edge of unpaired fins dark, pectoral fins light, branchial chamber in the region of the operculum dark. Dorsal fin originates slightly anterior to base of the pectorals. ...
Proboscis lateralis is a rare congenital malformation of nose. A case has been reported with tubular process arising just above the inner canthus of left e
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Test. Other animals have camouflage to help … Lhenzy America. For example, geckos have an amazing ability to climb due to structures in their feet so scientists have been inspired to invent really strong tape that uses similar structures. Symbiosis (Interactions Between Organisms), Wave Reflection, Absorption & Transmittance, Food Webs: Cycling of Matter & Flow of Energy, How To Be A Scientist (College & Careers). Exploring Nature Science Education Resource - Life Science, Earth Science, and Physical Science Resources for Students and Teachers K-12. Otherwise you will pay just $10 CAD/month for the service as long as your account is open. LESSON OBJECTIVES Students will Compare and contrast the basic structure and function between plants and animals. Geckos have the ability to stick to almost any surface. Heparin, also known as unfractionated heparin (UFH), is a medication and naturally occurring glycosaminoglycan. Animal Structures 3rd Grade - Displaying top 8 worksheets found for this ...
The Dlx5 and Dlx6 genes encode homeodomain transcription factors essential for the proper development of limbs in mammalian species. However, the role of their teleost counterparts in fin development has received little attention. Here, we show that dlx5a is an early marker of apical ectodermal cells of the pectoral fin buds and of the median fin fold, but also of cleithrum precursor cells during pectoral girdle development. We propose that early median fin fold establishment results from the medial convergence of dlx5a-expressing cells at the lateral edges of the neural keel. Expression analysis also shows involvement of dlx5a during appendage skeletogenesis. Using morpholino-mediated knock down, we demonstrate that disrupted dlx5a/6a function results in pectoral fin agenesis associated with misexpression of bmp4, fgf8a, and1 and msx genes. In contrast, the median fin fold presents defects in mesenchymal cell migration and actinotrichia formation, whereas the initial specification seems to occur
Fish keep their dorsal fins clamped down when they are stressed. This can usually be rectified with up to 30% water change including gravel vacuuming. The ammonia level has probably risen to a dangerous level in the tank. Cut down on the amount of food given. Goldfish do not have a digestive system. Much waste is created. Less food is less waste ...
It looks like simple mounds of earth from ground level, but when archaeologist Robert Benfer looked at Google Earth images of Peru, he discovered that they look like orcas, condors, and even a duck. Archaeological evidence at the sites pegged the mounds at more than 4,000 years old - making them the oldest animal-shaped structures made by man: Benfer discovered the mounds while looking at satellite photos of a site about which hed long held suspicions. The feature seemed shaped like a condor, he said, b...
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There are species of Red Bubble-eye with Dorsal Fin, Red and White Bubble-eye with Dorsal Fin, Black Bubble-eye with Dorsal Fin and Calico Bubble-eye with Dorsal Fin ...
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Dorsal spines (total): 8 - 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 17-18; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 20 - 21. Diagnosis: body deep and strongly compressed, its anterior profile very steep up to dorsal-fin origin, and strongly compressed; head small; snout short; mouth small, terminal, strongly protrusible, with fleshy lips; teeth slender and pointed, set in bands in upper jaw; roof of mouth toothless; dorsal fin deeply notched; 1st dorsal fin spine small, forward-pointing and visible only in young individuals; pectorals falcate, very long, their tips almost reaching to caudal-fin base; hind margin of caudal fin slightly rounded; pelvic fins thoracic; scales finely ctenoid, covering body, bases of dorsal and anal fins and head, except snout and preopercle; preopercular margin denticulate; lateral line strongly arched (Ref. 81287). Coloration: silvery grey, darker on back, almost white on belly; sides with a series of 8 brown, more or less faded vertical bars, always more distinct in young individuals ...
Distinguished by the following characteristics: head, body, dorsal and caudal fins pale brown, with numerous dark brown spots; ventral parts of head and body lacking spots; juveniles, many of the spots merge to form double spots; prominent dark brown streak along the upper edge of maxillary groove; margin of interspinous dorsal fin membranes yellow or gold; soft dorsal and anal fin dusky distally, with prominent white edge; upper and lower edges of posterior part of caudal fin white edged; pectoral fins yellowish or reddish orange; body depth less than head length, 2.6-3.0 times in SL; head length 2.3-2.5 times in SL; angular preopercle, 2-3 enlarged serrae at the angle; upper edge of operculum straight or convex; naked maxilla, without a step on ventral edge; caudal fin truncate, corners rounded in adults, posterior edge convex in juveniles; lateral body scales ctenoid, with few auxiliary scales in adults (Ref. 089707).. ...
Distinctive Characters: Dorsal fin with 10 spines and 10 (rarely 11) rays. Anal fin with 3 spines and 8 (rarely 9) rays. Pectoral fin with 16 rays. Body depth 2.6-3.1 in standard length. Body moderately deep, fusiform. Large eyes. Interorbital space convex. Maxilla with or without scales. Dorsal and anal fins scaleless. Pectoral fins long, reaching level of anus. Caudal fin deeply forked ...
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Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 18 - 19; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 11-12; Duri dubur 3; Sirip dubur lunak: 10 - 11; vertebrata, bertulang belakang: 34 - 36. Diagnosis: more elongated, more slender and somewhat more depressed than Gobiocichla wonderi (Ref. 52307), with a shallower caudal peduncle and smaller eyes (Ref. 53766). Scales reduced; dorsal fin never with tilapiine spot (Ref. 53784, Ref. 53766, Ref. 31256, Ref. 7378). Upper jaw relatively non-protrusible; groove between upper jaw and snout greatly reduced, insignificant or absent near snout-tip; mouth slightly narrower and more subterminal; snout tip visible from below; body horizontally oval in cross-section; 18-19 dorsal fin spines and 11-12 soft rays; 3 anal fin spines and 10-11 branched rays (Ref. 53766). ...
Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14-16; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 23 - 25. Diagnosis: Thrattidion noctivagus is distinguished from its congeners by the following characters: posterior supra-maxilla absent, belly rounded; prepelvic scutes 4 to 7, with lateral arms, but without keels; pelvic scute with 2 or 3 lateral arms; postpelvic scutes keeled and with arms; lower gillrakers 10 or 11; pelvic insertion well before dorsal fin, with 7 or 8 finrays; anal fin beginning under dorsal fin base (Ref. 188, 81631). The presence of scutes distinguishes it from Congothrissa gossei and the absence of a second supra-maxilla distinguishes it from all other West or central African pellonulines (Ref. 188). ...
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Another cool gene all my strains carry is the double tail gene, my all time favorite. A Double Tail betta (dt) has two tail lobes instead of one. It also has twice (sometimes more) as many rays in the dorsal fin (top fin) as a regular Single Tail (ST) betta, resulting in a dorsal fin that is twice (or more) larger than a ST betta. Yes, you get twice as much for the price of one! hehehehe. The ideal Double Tail betta is one with two large even lobes (such as the yellow betta to the left, born in my fishroom and with which I started my Gorgeous Yellow line). Notice how even both lobes are, and how the entire finnage looks like a perfect circle. This is an outstanding Double Tail. DT is recessive, but ST bettas that carry the DT gene have better finnage and larger dorsals then bettas who dont carry DT. Pretty much all my ST bettas carry the DT gene. (indicated by the symbol: ST/dt). ...
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MacFarlands long and intensive study of the nudibranchs brought him world-wide recognition as an authority on the life and habits of these animals.
Dorsal spines (total): 7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal spines: 1; Anal soft rays: 10. Scales in lateral series 52-59; cheek scaled; opercle scaled; pectoral base scaled; breast scaled; belly anteriorly scaled next to pelvic base; predorsal midline usually with naked patches, seldom fully scaled; four blackish crescentic bars between second dorsal and anal fins, and two blackish crescentic bars below first dorsal fin, these markings extend to ventral surface (Ref. 34009). ...