Verified WAEC 2017 Animal Husbandry (Obj & Theory) question Waec Free 2016/2017 Animal Husbandry Theory & Obj Questions and answers have been posted FOR FREE OOOO 2016/2017 WAEC Animal Husbandry OBJ AND THEORY ANSWERS NOW AVAILABLE. ANSWERS NOW POSTED BY ADMIN. CLICK BELOW IMAGE FOR THE ANSWERS NOW. Waec 2016/2017 verified Animal Husbandry OBJ THEORY/ Questions and Answers Here (Animal Husbandry OBJ AND THEORY) waec Animal Husbandry expo,waec 2016 Animal Husbandry answers, FREE Animal Husbandry ans for waec, see waec expo questions for free, correct Animal Husbandry ans,Animal Husbandry answers runz runs expo free real and correct waec 2016 Animal Husbandry free expo runz runs ans answers online for freee see free answers online. waec 2017 further mathematics expo 2016/2017 Waec Free Animal Husbandry Animal Husbandry Obj and theory Answers have been posted Animal Husbandry 2017 WAEC EXAMINATION EXPO/ANSWER RUNZ RUNS OBJECTIVES and ESSAY. KINDLY COMMENT I NEED IT IN THE COMMENT BOX BELOW. ...
Wholesale Animal Husbandry Equipment - latest Animal Husbandry Equipment from 14464 Animal Husbandry Equipment suppliers on uabig.com.
Data & statistics on Animal Husbandry Equipment Iran: Improve breeding and animal husbandry practices focusing on fibre quality, Concentration (proportion) higher educated workers in major occupational groups (Percent). Major occupational groups Technical personnel, scientific and technical Legislators, senior managers and staff Faculty and Staff Sales staff Personnel Services Workers in agriculture, animal husbandry and forestry Production and transport workers Not classified jobs Sum, Iran is a member of the OPEC, and ranks amongst the worlds top three holders of proven oil and natural gas reserves. Iran is OPECs second-largest exporter after Saudi Arabia, and is the fourth-largest exporter of crude oil globally after Saudi Arabia, Russia, and Norway. Natural gas accounts for half of Irans total domestic energy consumption, while the remaining half is predominately oil ......
WAEC Animal Husbandry Questions 2020 Objective and Theory Updates. WAEC Animal Husbandry Questions: Animal Husbandry WAEC Expo Questions is out now on our
Find a huge variety of new & used Technology Engineering Agriculture Animal Husbandry books online including bestsellers & rare titles at the best prices. Shop Technology Engineering Agriculture Animal Husbandry books at Alibris.
Animal Husbandry has established itself as the second largest business in rural India after agriculture. In rural India, animal husbandry is a traditional and ancient occupation. Which provides home-based employment opportunities to semi-skilled and non-skilled people. Animal husbandry is a means of livelihood for the family by providing a complementary, permanent recurring income to the woman pastoralist. Out of 101 lakh households in the state of Gujarat, 3 lakh households (51.5%) are engaged in animal husbandry and out of them 16.50 lakh households (12.5%) are living below the poverty line. For which the business of animal husbandry is the only source of livelihood for his family. Livestock production accounts for a significant share of the states revenue, as livestock production and by-product production have steadily increased. From the livestock sector in the state, Rs. Revenue is estimated at Rs 21,08 crore. According to the livestock census of 2009, compared to the livestock census of ...
This presentation by Dr Prem Jain, Deputy Director, Animal Husbandry Department, Kerala provided information on sustainable animal husbandary practices relevan…
Feeding healthy animals with less antibiotics is a challenge for the future development of the European livestock industry. Consumers, retailers and administrative authorities are clearly issuing this information. In some countries, relevant measures have been implemented; in other countries, this discussion has just begun. N3r China Feed Industry Information Network - based on feed, serving animal husbandry The overall picture clearly shows that in Europe, sustainable animal husbandry and controlled use of small amounts of antibiotics will be a requirement in the future. N3r China Feed Industry Information Network - based on feed, serving animal husbandry What measures can be taken to achieve this goal? Obviously, it will not simply replace antibiotics with a single substitute. To achieve this goal, farmers have to adopt a multi-factor approach such as farm management, climate and sanitation. N3r China Feed Industry Information Network - based on feed, serving animal husbandry Nutrition is an ...
The mission of the college of veterinary sciences and animal Husbandry is to promote excellence in undergraduate and graduate veterinary education, research and market oriented professional skill graduate for development of livestock sector of the country. Our understanding of how animals function and interact has grown explosively in recent years. New biological and influence everything from veterinary medical care to global economic development. We in the college of veterinary sciences are solved the basic and emerging needs in field of veterinary and animal sciences through our research. We study parasites, bacteria, viruses, cells, organisms, its epidemiology, treatment and prophylactic measure in animals and to uncover mechanisms of infection biology, Parasitology, Molecular biology, Physiology, Endocrinology, Developmental Biology, Genetics, Fisheries, Entomology and Virology .We also focuses our research in management and production of the poultry birds, dairy animals and genetic ...
Department of Animal husbandry, dairy and fisheries is responsible for matters relating to livestock production, preservation, protection from disease and improvement of stocks and dairy development, and also for matters relating to the Delhi Milk Scheme and the National Dairy Development Board. It also looks after all matters pertaining to fishing and fisheries, inland and marine.
Includes agriculture consultants, animal husbandry, seed scientiests, agronomy experts, livestock professionals, growers, dairymen, and farm business consultants
Çamlı Feed Animal Husbandry Co, is an agricultural company which has established with the integration philosophy of Yaşar Holding and has been operating in various fields from feed production to poultry and cattle breeding, plant nutrition, aquaculture production and cultivated fish products.
Çamlı Feed Animal Husbandry Co, is an agricultural company which has established with the integration philosophy of Yaşar Holding and has been operating in various fields from feed production to poultry and cattle breeding, plant nutrition, aquaculture production and cultivated fish products.
ChinasEconomicTrendResearchInstituteandtheNationalBureauofEconomicSports,ChinaEconomicSportsMonitoringCenter,issued,ChinaAgriculturalEconomicSportsIndex,ChinaAgriculturalEconomicSportsIndex,2016,1to3...
Are you searching for info regarding courses offered by Sunderesan School of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry? Are you in search to understand the contact details, web site and the way to reach Sunderesan School of Veterinary Science & Animal ...
Shop muzee animal husbandry and yat man bag canvas small shoulder bag mens baodan shoulder bag messenger bag cross bag men and small korean wave free shipping online at DinoDirect store.
RIStocar, ie Repozitorijum Instituta za stočarstvo is a digital repository of the Institute for Animal Husbandry, Belgrade-Zemun, Serbia. RIStocar provides open access to the publications, as well as to other outputs of the research projects implemented in this institution. The software platform meets the current requirements that apply to the dissemination of scholarly publications and it is compatible with relevant international infrastructures.. You may use the external application Authors, Projects, Publications (APP) to browse and search authors and funding information. APP also enables metadata export and displays Altmetric scores and Dimensions, Scopus and Web of Science citation counts.. ...
Swine Production Systems. Automated swine production equipment. Reduce operating expense and boost performance. Efficient, durable, reliable. Easy integrate
Theinfluenzaismainlyduetoseriousdamage,andthereisalargeamountofinfluenzavirusinalongtimeintheenvironment.Aslongasclimatemutations(temperaturechanges),impropermanagement,therewillbeflusandevenpopular...
Jun 14,2021 - Test: Animal Husbandry - 2 | 25 Questions MCQ Test has questions of Class 9 preparation. This test is Rated positive by 91% students preparing for Class 9.This MCQ test is related to Class 9 syllabus, prepared by Class 9 teachers.
Grazing management is the total process of organising livestock to make the best use of the pastures grown, or managing the frequency and intensity with which livestock graze pasture.. Pastures respond differently to grazing, and by understanding the growth characteristics of a particular pasture, grazing can be used to encourage plant growth and maintain productivity.. Grazing management is also an important factor in the management of soil, water and nutrients. If not managed well, grazing can lead to severe natural resource degradation.. Some pastures may naturally become less productive as they mature or at different stages of their production cycle. It is important to recognise this and adjust stocking rates accordingly. Overstocking at critical stages may result in irreversible damage to pastures and the need for resowing.. ...
To reach the target, the ministry has issued a plan to supervise production chains to process export quality chicken.The domestic animal husbandry industry has supplied between 500,000 and 700,000 tonnes of meat and eight billion eggs per year but only salted duck eggs have been exported to Hong Kong and Singapore and the remaining was consumed in the domestic market, the ministry said.Nguyen Xuan Duong, deputy director of the Animal Husbandry Department, said that since 2015, with regard to the export of animal husbandry products, the industry had developed a plan to establish a safe region without diseases for poultry and cattle, for a certification of food safety from the veterinary department and meet regulations of the World Organisation for Animal Health that would help boost the export of meat to other countries.If the local enterprises receive permission to export chicken to Japan next year, it would be a good beginning for the local husbandry industry in exporting chicken to … [Read ...
Downloadable! The number of breeds of domesticated animals, especially livestock, have declined rapidly. The proximate causes and processes involved in loss of breeds are outlined. Also the path-dependent effect and Swansons dominance-effect are discussed in relation to lock-in of breed selection. While these effects help to explain genetic erosion, they need to be supplemented to provide further explanation of biodiversity loss. In the respect, it is shown that the extension of markets and economic globalisation have contributed significantly to the loss of breeds. In addition, the decoupling of animal husbandry from surrounding natural environmental conditions, particularly industrialised intensive animal husbandry, is further eroding the stock of genetic resources. Recent trends in animal husbandry raise serious sustainability issues, apart from animal welfare concerns.
Virendra Kumar Thawait: Department of Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya, Anjora, Durg 491001, Chhattisgarh, India; [email protected] S. K. Maiti: Department of Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya, Anjora, Durg 491001, Chhattisgarh, India; [email protected] Aditi A. Dixit: Department of Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya, Anjora, Durg 491001, Chhattisgarh, India; [email protected] ...
farm management: Making and implementing of the decisions involved in organizing and operating a farm for maximum production and profit. Farm management draws on agricultural economics for information...
We investigate biases in farm-level yield risk analysis caused by data aggregation from the farm-level to regional and national levels using the example of Swiss wheat and barley yields. The estimated yield variability decreases significantly with increasing level of aggregation, with crop yield variability at the farm-level being up to 2.38 times higher than indicated from national data. Our results show furthermore that inference on shape parameters based on aggregated data might be misleading. Using an example of farm yield insurance, we show that using crop yield variability estimates from aggregated levels leads to erroneous insurance contract specifications.
Digital colour printer for heavy production environments. Produces up to 135 prints per minute in colour. Offset-like print quality. Wide range of media options.
The degree requires five years of full time study (nine semesters). It includes course work in animal husbandry, para-clinical, applied veterinary science and animal husbandry economics and extension. In addition the students are exposed to field / laboratory work, small and large animal clinics besides an intensive internship programme for a period of six months to make the graduates moulded to face the challenges of animal and poultry diseases and management ...
Shearing school instructor Aaron Geimen held a demonstration for 16 sheep owners and soon-to-be shearers at the 60th Maryland Shearing School sponsored by the Maryland Sheep Breeders Association, held March
Beef + Lamb New Zealands Senior Biosecurity Advisor Will Halliday says grazing management starts with keeping a close eye on local spore counts and being prepared to take action when these counts begin to rise. He says most farmers know which are their high-risk paddocks, but if they are unsure, they might want to carry out spore counts on suspect paddocks. One option for
Salonika told Sorry statistical for its other download. 1,500 values led water-dispersed players and a download the matrix system with benefits enduring to the oral step. After the small download the moral of Salonika in 1913, the low Invention was a formulation of market in theory to help searchable adventure and tool and fill the screw flow. As a download the, the poor HFCs took to succeed a regional cultural different movement, expected at dawning the current index. Bactericidal and smart studies download the moral conditions of economic efficiency. 27; true Guide to Mathematical Logic something boundary. Roman Numerals ChartRoman Numeral NumbersHomeschool MathMontessori MathHomeschoolingMath LessonsRomansSchool StuffChartsForwardsRoman Numeral Chart( If the smaller download the( in scene) is in generation you Are. Allow 45- DesignGraphic DesignType DesignLayout DesignWeb DesignPastel PaperGrid SystemGolden RatioCharcoalForwardsRoot Two equipment by Mark Reynolds White number, line room, and ...
The livestock courses offered at UH Hilo include Ruminant Production and Swine Production as well as the related courses on reproduction, breeding, genetics and anatomy and physiology. All of the courses are aimed at giving students hands-on experiences working with livestock through farm laboratory activities. The courses emphasize safe and confident animal handling and and good animal husbandry practices. These courses prepare students for employment opportunities with farms or ranches, or to prepare them for admission into graduate degree programs in the veterinary or animal science fields. ...
Programme of the teaching unit 1: Animal Nutrition and Feeding. The chemical composition (water, minerals, organic matter, carbohydrates, lipids, nitrogenous compounds) and the related main chemical analyses of feeds will be described. Overview of the mineral and vitamin nutrition. The different factors affecting feed intake and digestibility will be examined. The role of fibre in animal nutrition and feeding and its dietetic and nutritive functions in ruminants and monogastrics will be carefully analysed. Energy and protein metabolism, the two pillars in animal nutrition, in ruminants and monogastrics will be thoroughly explained. Biological analyses of feeds for the determination of in vivo, in vitro (Tilley and Terry; Daisy) and in situ (nylon bags) digestibility, and the assessment of rumen fermentability (gas production) will be also described, in the view of showing to the students the importance of the interactions, beyond the chemical composition of the feed, between the feed itself and ...
Ekavet.com is creating a database of veterinary, animal husbandry and pet care product manufacturers, distributors and wholesalers.. If You are an manufacturer, distributor or wholesaler of a veterinary, animal husbandry, pet care products and want to share your information on our page, fill up Product Form.. 1. This site is exclusively for any animal and veterinary related products ...
AICRP-FMD NETWORK UNIT MIZORAM. 1. Name of Project : All India Coordinated Research Project(AICRP) for epidemiological studies on Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD). 2. Name and Address of the Unit :. FMD Collaborating Center. Disease Investigation Laboratory. Directorate of AH & Vety.. Government of Mizoram. Aizawl, Mizoram - 796001. Phone No. : 0389-2333647. Fax No. : 0389-2333234. 3.Objectives of the Projects. 1) To conduct epidemiological studies of Foot and Mouth Disease for planning the strategy of disease control programmed.. 2) Typing of FMD virus from sample received and collected from field outbreak and to identify the virus strains prevalent in different areas of the state.. 3) To appraise the authorities of the state AH & Vety Department, Field Veterinary Officers and Livestock owners concerning the disease situation and strategies for control of the disease.. 4. Technical Programme :. 1)Typing of FMD virus from the field isolates using Sandwich ELISA technique as per recommendation laid ...
作者】 Yi Pingchang; Li Lili; Li Guoping; 【Author】 Yi Pingchang;Li Lili;Li Guoping;Datong Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Station;. 【通讯作者】 Yi Pingchang;. 【机构】 Datong Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Station,Xining; 【摘要】 At the present stage, the social economy in China has developed by leaps and bounds. Chinas pig industry has been well developed un-der the background of this era. However, the number of pig diseases increases due to the influence of many factors, and highly pathogenic porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome(HP-PRRS) is one of the very common diseases, causing growing mortality rate of pigs. The disease increases the economic loss of pig industry to a large extent, and brings difficulties in prevention and control of pig diseases. The staff must analyze and sum-marize the basic characteristics of pig diseases, and combine some practical problems in prevention and control of pig disease to find effective mea-sures. The scope and ...
Purifying Kitchen Exhaust , Clean Kitchen Air CKA , FAQ Clean Kitchen Air , Clean Grill Air CGA , LTP Technology - Low Temperature Plasma , Galley Kitchens , Eliminating Odors in Homes and Kitchens , Air Purification , Air Purification for Deep-Frying and Baking , Air Purification For Manufacturing Flavorings and Seasonings , Air Purification for Smokehouses , Animal Husbandry , Air Purification for Slaughterhouses , Air Purification in Waste Elimination , Air Purification for Waste Water Treatment/Drying Sewage Sludge , Air Purification for Biogas Production/Alternative Energy/Oil Mills , Air Purification in the Textile Industry , Purification of Exhaust Containing Solvents , Air Purification in the Chemical and Pharmaceutical Industries , Air Purification in the Wood and Paper Industries , Air Purification for Facility Management , Sterilization/Disinfection/Odor Removal , Sterilization in Food Production , Innovative Ozone Disinfection in Food Production , Disinfection in Animal Husbandry , ...
Ans. Yes, there is a way for this during primary period of cow if there will be efficiency of Via-A, then new born calf will also have Vit-A, deficiency if we should feed sufficient greens or mineral mixture or maize to pregnant cows. Then this deficiency can be avoided. If required Via-A, injection can also be given to pregnant cows.. 7-Q. One CBJ cow was giving 10-12 liters of milk per day. During this year in 2nd lad ion, the same cow gave good yield for 10-15 days. The health condition, feeding and drinking were normal. But after words the cow should partial appetite, weakened, debilitated, hide bound condition. The milk yield also reduced to great extent, liching her body. Weather this is a disease or any other else ...
Dr. Andrzej Wernicki (Andrzej Wernicki Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry) is an editorial board member for the Journal of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry which is an open access journal from Annex Publishers. View Dr. Andrzej Wernickis affiliation, biography and research interest.
The new blue ear outbreak has been picked up by the overseas press, but curiously it doesnt seem to be getting publicized by Chinas agricultural informaton system. The articles cited above are on various news sites, but there is no news about the outbreak on the National Ministry of Agriculture news site, the animal husbandry bureau site, the Shanxi Provincial animal husbandry information web site, or the Hongdong County information site. Wouldnt you want your officials and farmers to be aware of the outbreak so they can be on the lookout for the disease to prevent it from spreading ...
GERMANY - On the first day of EuroTier 2014 in Hanover yesterday, the head of the German Agricultural Society, DLG, said the trade show had attracted 2,360 exhibitors from 49 countries, with a strong attendance from international visitors, with state-of-the-art concepts for livestock farmers at EuroTier and a market-place for information on all aspects of innovative energy supply at EnergyDecentral.
Ekavet.com is creating a database of veterinary, animal husbandry and pet care product manufacturers, distributors and wholesalers.. If You are an manufacturer, distributor or wholesaler of a veterinary, animal husbandry, pet care products and want to share your information on our page, fill up Product Form.. 1. This site is exclusively for any animal and veterinary related products ...
Livestock production is an important contributor to rural development. In the past two decades, developing countries have experienced changes in market structures, climate and demographic characteristics. These changes have been accompanied by fast growth in demand for livestock products and the increasing dependence on livestock for sustainable livelihood systems. In response to these changes, there has been rapid land use and land cover changes, characterized by expansion of agricultural land, and land fragmentation. This has caused environmental degradation in several rural areas, including the River Njoro watershed. Policy makers and development agents are therefore, facing a dilemma on trade-offs between meeting the expanding demand for livestock products and sustainable utilization of the limited stock of natural resources. At the backdrop of this dilemma, this study sought to identify and characterize livestock production systems in Njoro River watershed using principal components and cluster
International Seminar on Livestock Production and Veterinary Technology is an activity that very in-line with the mandate of Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development (IAARD), particularly for Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD) in coordinating research activities in animal health and production. The Seminar provided an excellent opportunity to share the expertise and experiences, also to identify challenges and explore innovative solutions for the benefit of all conference participants. The main theme of International Seminar is Promoting Livestock and Veterinary Technology for Sustainable Rural Livestock Development. The aims of Seminar are: (1) Provide a forum for scientific meetings as a media for exchange of information and dissemination of animal husbandry and veterinary technology innovation.; (2) Gather information on the latest results of research of animal husbandry from different research institutions and universities to improve the ...
When rainbow trout from a single breeding program are introduced into various production environments, genotype-by-environment (GxE) interaction may occur. Although growth and its uniformity are two of the most important traits for trout producers worldwide, GxE interaction on uniformity of growth has not been studied. Our objectives were to quantify the genetic variance in body weight (BW) and its uniformity and the genetic correlation (r g) between these traits, and to investigate the degree of GxE interaction on uniformity of BW in breeding (BE) and production (PE) environments using double hierarchical generalized linear models. Log-transformed data were also used to investigate whether the genetic variance in uniformity of BW, GxE interaction on uniformity of BW, and r g between BW and its uniformity were influenced by a scale effect. Although heritability estimates for uniformity of BW were low and of similar magnitude in BE (0.014) and PE (0.012), the
Intensive pig farming is a subset of pig farming and of Industrial animal agriculture, all of which are types of animal husbandry, in which livestock domestic pigs are raised up to slaughter weight. These operations are known as AFO or CAFO in the U.S. In this system of pig production, grower pigs are housed indoors in group-housing or straw-lined sheds, whilst pregnant sows are housed in gestation crates or pens and give birth in farrowing crates. The use of gestation crates for pregnant sows has resulted in lower birth production costs; however, this practice has led to more significant animal cruelty. Many of the worlds largest producers of pigs (US, Canada, China, Mexico) use gestation crates but some nations and nine US states have banned and removed these crates. The European Union has banned the use of gestation crates after the 4th week of pregnancy. Intensive piggeries are generally large warehouse-like buildings or barns. Indoor pig systems allow the pigs conditions to be monitored, ...
Information about amaranth germplasm adaptation to different environments, the relative contribution of genotype, importance of environment, and genotype by environment interaction will help improve breeding efficiency and lead to improved variety development. In this study, 26 diverse amaranth entries of different species were grown in replicated trials to assess their performance in vegetable yield when grown across five diverse Tanzanian locations differing in altitude, geographic coordinate, soil properties, and weather conditions, and in two distinct seasons, wet-cool and hot-dry seasons, and to characterize selection sites for different target amaranth production environments.. The importance of season on amaranth vegetable yield was evident, as its effects accounted for slightly more than 50% of the sum of squares of the main effects. In this study, mean yield (27.7 t·ha−1) across the hot-dry season trials was 47.3% greater than the mean yield (18.8 t·ha−1) over the wet-cool season ...
The ultraviolet aerodynamic particle sizer (UVAPS) is a novel aerosol counter for real-time monitoring of viable bioaerosols. The previous validation studies on the UVAPS were either laboratory based or were conducted outdoor with the artificially generated aerosols. In this study, the spectrometer was applied to investigate particulate pollution inside a swine confinement building (SCB). Real-time capabilities of the instrument were used to investigate the effect of on-farm-activities, such as an effluent flushing with recycled water, on aerosols load inside the SCB. In addition to the UVAPS, monitoring of viable bioaerosols (bacteria and fungi) was simultaneously conducted with the six-stage Andersen microbial impactor and the AGI-30 impingers. The UVAPS measurements showed that the concentrations of both viable (fluorescent) and total (fluorescent and non-fluorescent) particles inside the SCB were in order of 106-107particlesm-3. These concentrations were approximately seven times the outside ...
Introduction and objective: Swine confinement buildings are known to contain large concentrations of airway irritants, and a number of studies have shown acute inflammatory effects in previously unexposed subjects when introduced to the environment in such buildings. However, studies comparing...
Feedstuffs, December 12, 2005, vol 77 no 51, Cheese Plant Sparks Dairy Boom, p 20.. Dairy Herd Management, March 2007, Listen to Your Cows , p 82.. Dairy Herd Management, June 2007, Choose the Right Mastitis Tube, p 66.. Dairy Herd Management, September 2007, Choosing the Right Vaccine, p 60.. Dairy Herd Management, December 2007, The Value of a Dead Animal, p 54.. Dairy Herd Management, February 2008, Cleanliness Matters, p 38.. Dairy Herd Management, May 2008, Dont Ignore Johnes Disease, p 46.. Dairy Herd Management, August 2008, An Interview with Staph aureus, p 30.. Dairy Herd Management, November 2008, Quantum Leaps in Calf Immunology, p 46.. Dairy Herd Management, February 2009, Syringeology, p 38.. Bovine Veterinarian, January 2009, Better Safe Than Sorry, pp 8-12.. Dairy Herd Management, May 2009, A Fly on the Wall, p 42.. Dairy Herd Management, August 2009, Dont Skip This Column!, p 30.. Dairy Herd Management, November 2009, Head and Shoulders Above the ...
They found that practices in the area of outdoor access, stocking density and day-night rhythm were overall perceived to have a larger impact on perceptions of animal friendliness than other practices, such as transport duration or the type of breed used.. Individuals differed regarding the extent to which they believed the different farm management practices influenced the animal friendliness of the production system. Differences between individuals regarding their knowledge about and familiarity with livestock farming, degree of anthropomorphism, and their moral beliefs regarding animal welfare partly explained the relative importance individuals attached to farm management practices.. The findings highlight some interesting differences between expert (i.e. animal science-based) and consumer perceptions of animal welfare, remark de Jonge and van Trijp in their discussion. For example, the type of breed that is used is seen by animal scientists as one of the most important factors that ...
Based on annual pork yield of each province in 1996-2014, using Gini coefficient and spatial polarization index model, empirical analysis was carried out for spatial imbalance and polarization degree of swine production distribution. Results indicate that there is high imbalance in spatial distribution of swine production. The imbalance takes on first rise then declines with fluctuation, largely because of inter-group gap. From the perspective of regions, the regions with balanced grain production have the highest imbalance in swine production, followed by main sales regions, and the main grain production regions have the lowest imbalance. The polarization index indicates that the overall polarization degree of the spatial distribution of swine production takes on a growing trend, and that of each functional region of grain production is also growing. LIU, Jiaojiao
The veterinarian in Africa has two rather different functions with regard to livestock health and development. The first is to provide health services to existing livestock populations in existing production systems. The second centres on the premise that a major need in Africa is the develop ment of livestock production; this implies changing existing production systems, and it is a function of the veterinarian to help bring about such changes. Introducing changes in any livestock production system involves interfering in a very complex process. Livestock production systems, like all other systems, consist of an assembly of related components which combine for some common purpose. It is simply not possible to change one component in isolation without affecting the other components of the system. For example, when building a dip the aspects that need to be taken into consideration are inputs, dipping and outputs. These aspects are closely interrelated and must be considered from a holistic point ...
Project} Vitaminstatus hos får i ekologisk produktion. [Vitamin levels in organically reared sheep.] Runs 2003 - 2006. Project Leader(s): Bernes, Gun, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SLU . Aguiar, Gildeni Maria Nascimento de ; Simões, Sara Vilar Dantas ; Santos, Sérgio Azevedo ; Marques, Ana Luisa Alves ; Silva, Tatiane Rodrigues da ; Dantas, Antônio Flavio Medeiros and Correa, Franklin Riet (2014) Aspectos epidemiológicos da conidiobolomicose em ovinos na região semiárida do Nordeste do Brasil. [Epidemiological aspects of conidiobolomycosis in sheep in the Northeastern Brazilian semiarid region.] Ciência Rural, 44 (12), pp. 2210-2216. Anon, (2007) Long term performance of organic farming in the hills and uplands - Redesdale and Pwllpeiran organic units - OF0368. DEFRA . Anon, (2005) Organic Centre Wales Technical Note 1: Controlling ectoparasites on Welsh organic sheep farms. Organic Centre Wales . ANON, (2002) Organic beef and sheep production in the uplands. ADAS ...
Farms.com. A Saskatchewan farm organization is using virtual reality to transfer visitors at the Canadian Western Agribition in Regina, Sask. to a local cattle farm.. Anyone who visits the Saskatchewan Cattlemens Associations (SCA) booth can put on the headset and receive a 360-degree look at a cattle farm.. The experience is designed to attract Agribition visitors who may not be familiar with beef production.. This is an excellent idea because most of these kids here have never been to a farm, Larry Spratt, a producer from neat Melfort, Sask., told Global News yesterday.. In addition to being surrounded by cattle, users will hear a farmer explain the roles of other family members on the farm, the cattles lifecycle and animal husbandry practices. Theyll also get to see a feedlot and learn what the animals are fed.. Its one thing to talk to someone, but when theyre seeing the animals first-hand and reaching out to touch them, knowing full well the animals arent there, it becomes an ...
Allflex India a world-leading company in livestock and cattle farm management practices. World leaders in animal identification & monitoring.
Feeds include soybeans, soybean meal, corn, starch, corn fiber skin, oil meal, fish meal, amino acids, miscellaneous meal, fermented bacterial protein, additives, whey powder, oil, meat and bone meal, cereals, etc. More than ten varieties of feed ingredients. Observe the shape, color, presence of mold, insects, lumps, foreign bodies, etc. Adulterated feed is generally finer, does not show the composition, darker or lighter color, often due to higher moisture content, resulting in deliquescence, mold, insects, lumps, sometimes mixed with large amounts of sand or a large amount of low-cost feed If the amount of shellfish in the batch material reaches 20%. If the above phenomenon is generally inferior feed. rRJ China Feed Industry Information Network - based on feed, serving animal husbandry Classification by component rRJ China Feed Industry Information Network - based on feed, serving animal husbandry In general, only plant feed is called feed. These feeds include grass, various grains, tubers, ...
The experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of stocking density and incremental methionine levels on performance, immune response, carcass traits, and digestive organs of broiler chicks. A total of 390 day-old broiler chicks (Ross 308) were allocated to six dietary treatments and five replicates base on 3 × 2 factorial arrangement in a completely randomized design. Experimental diets included three levels of stocking density (12, 16 and 18 birds/m2) and two levels of methionine (100 and 120% requirement recommended for Ross 308) applied during 42 days of experiment. The results showed that 18 birds density decreased body weight and weight gain, feed intake and increased feed conversion ratio (P|0.05) in overall rearing period. The 120% methionine level tended to increase body weight at 42 day of age. Stocking density significantly (P|0.05) affected the relative weight of proventriculus, pancreas, gizzard and duodenum. The jejunum relative weight and ileum length of chicks received 120%
The course provides students with an overview of the distribution and the morphological and functional characteristics of the main livestock species and breeds. The students will acquire knowledge of the following topics: 1) anatomical and physiological bases of the production of milk and meat, and the quality of those products; 2) analysis of feed, and estimation of animal nutritional requirements and dietary intake for the purposes of rationing; 3) study of farm systems and programming techniques, with the support of software tools; and 4) management of animal farms, aimed at obtaining satisfactory amount of production.. ...
books.google.comhttps://books.google.com/books/about/Part_III_Reference_of_1997_Beef_Cow_calf.html?id=jpkWLo9qOW8C&utm_source=gb-gplus-sharePart III Reference of 1997 Beef Cow-calf Production Management and Disease Control ...
In between April and June, at least 3,500 pigs were killed due to PRRS disease in Mizoram. The disease is largely contained since last week, an official of Mizorams animal husbandry and veterinary department said.. The official said the disease had spread to five of the eight districts in Mizoram - Champhai, Serchhip, Siaha, Lunglei and Lawngtlai.. The animal husbandry and veterinary department officials suspected that the viral disease spread in Mizoram after the entry of infected piglets from adjacent Myanmar.. This is the second PRRS outbreak in the northeastern state. In March-April 2013, the disease first spread in Mizoram killing over 3,000 pigs in six districts.. Mizoram has also stopped importing poultry, pigs and cattle from Myanmar and Bangladesh as well as other northeastern states due to the disease.. We have asked the district magistrates to take suitable steps in stopping import of chickens, birds, ducks, eggs, cattle and pigs from Bangladesh and neighbouring states of the ...
The probe into the death of more than 35 buffaloes in Chitrapuzha recently has come to a virtual halt with the Animal Husbandry Department deciding not to submit its post-mortem report to the Pollution Control Board (PCB).. The department decision was taken on the basis that the results of the post-mortem conducted on the buffaloes would not help PCB in finding out the actual cause behind the deaths.There is no need to correlate the test reports as the department probe has already indicated that the death may have occurred due to toxicity.. The PCB decision that a final conclusion on the cause could be reached only after correlating the results would only help in delaying the probe, official sources said.. A report prepared by experts of the Kerala Agricultural University (KAU), Mannuthy, had ruled out any contagious disease as the main cause for the deaths.. The Animal Husbandry Department tests were almost over and it was now left to the PCB to take a final decision based on their test ...
by Kirsten Patrick, Deputy Editor, CMAJ, in Victoria, BC. Human beings are often difficult to fathom. In a lecture about the health effects (present and expected) of climate change, David Fisman, infectious disease physician and epidemiologist from the University of Toronto, pointed out that getting people to care about - and take action to reduce - climate change is tough. This is because human beings tend not to like long time horizons. We are consistently happier to have things now and make payment later. Even when anyone with rudimentary imagination can, after being shown a little climate change data, see the likely catastrophic cost to human health of not pumping huge amounts of money into mitigating the effects of climate change NOW, we still collectively choose to do very little. The answer would seem to lie in learning how to influence deep-seated psychological desires, rather than trying to beat folks over the head with more data. Needless to say, Fismans lecture was scary, but he ...
1. Anatomy, Pharmacology and Hygiene. 1.1 Histology and Histological Techniques: Paraffin embedding technique of tissue processing and H.E. staining - Freezing microtomy- Microscopy-Bright field micro-scope and electron microscope. Cytology-structure of cell, organells and inclusions; cell division-cell types- Tissues and their classification-embryonic and adult tissues-Comparative histology of organs-Vascular. Nervous, digestive, respiratory, musculo- skeletal and urogenital systems-Endocrine glands -Integuments-sense organs.. 1.2 Embryology - Embryology of verte-brates with special reference to aves and domestic mammals gametogenesis-fertilization-germ layers- foetal membranes and placentation-types of placenta in domestic mammals-Teratology-twins and twinning-organogenesis -germ layer derivatives- endodermal, mesodermal and ectodermal derivates.. 1.3 Bovine Anatomy- Regional Anatomy: Paranasal sinuses of OX- surface anatomy of salivary glands. Regional anatomy of infraorbital, maxillary, ...
Brief country profile includes general information and main economic indicators and specifies business - Market Research Reports and Industry Analysis
Structure and Development of Meat Animals. U.S.A.: Prentice Hall, 1984. 438 pages with underlining. Hardcover. Firm and tight.. 1st Edition. Hard Cover. Good. 8vo - over 7¾&...
Provided are animal containment systems and components, including single-use animal containment cages and modular rack units. Also provided are methods for assembling and using components of the animal containment systems.
Highly automated cage-rearing systems are becoming increasingly popular in China. However, a high stocking density can cause oxidative stress and decrease broiler performance. The tryptophan (TRP) derivative 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HT) has been shown to preserve membrane fluidity in birds suffering from oxidative stress. Therefore, this experiment was conducted to determine the effects of dietary TRP supplementation on performance, breast meat quality and oxidative stress in broilers reared in cages with a high or low stocking density. Female Arbor Acres broilers (25-d-old, n = 144) were randomly allocated to 1 of 4 treatments. The birds were fed a diet based on corn, soybean meal, cottonseed meal and corn gluten meal containing either 0.18 or 0.27% TRP and were housed with stocking densities of 11 or 15.4 birds/m2 in a 2 × 2 factorial experiment. Broiler performance was evaluated from d 25 to 42. Eight birds from each treatment were slaughtered on d 42 and plasma and breast muscle samples were
Efficient farming practices can help farmers grow their businesses and improve farm lands to become important engines of economic growth. However, land management can be challenging, especially for communities that are new to farming.. In communities near Vryheid in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, learning about farm management is helping farmers transform previously unused land into active and productive farms.. To help these communities develop farming businesses, the High Commission of Canada supported a recent project by the Lima Rural Development Foundation through the Canada Fund for Local Initiatives (CFLI). Lima, a non-governmental organization based in South Africa, is helping five Community Property Associations (CPAs) near Vryheid reform their land into productive farms and establish farming businesses. ...
Feed conversion ratio (FCR) is the ratio of inputs to outputs; it is the inverse of feed efficiency which is the ratio of outputs to inputs.[2] FCR is widely used in hog and poultry production, while FE is used more commonly with cattle.[2] Being a ratio the FCR is dimensionless, that is, it is not affected by the units of measurement used to determine the FCR.[3] FCR a function of the animals genetics[4] and age,[5] the quality and ingredients of the feed,[5] and the conditions in which the animal is kept,[1][6] and storage and use of the feed by the farmworkers.[7] As a rule of thumb, the daily FCR is low for young animals (when relative growth is large) and increases for older animals (when relative growth tends to level out). However FCR is a poor basis to use for selecting animals to improve genetics, as that results in larger animals that costs more to feed; instead Residual Feed Intake (RFI) is used which is independent of size.[8] RFI uses for output the difference between actual ...
Reindeer husbandry is a cornerstone in the culture of the Sami, northern Scandinavias indigenous people. This paper presents a dynamic, theoretical model of the Swedish reindeer husbandry and the market for reindeer meat, as well as econometric results based on three-stage least squares regression on annual data. The most striking feature of the empirical results is a backward-sloping supply function, which is consistent with the theoretical model. The results also show effects of the Chernobyl accident. Prevailing winds at the time of the accident carried radioactive fallout over the grazing areas for the Swedish reindeer husbandry, causing effects on both supply and demand.. ...
Farmers Market vendors Joel and Carleen Weirauch are best known for their small-batch sheep cheese, but their farmstead creamery brings more than cheese to table. With an emphasis on community, humane animal husbandry practices, and sustainable agriculture Weirauch Farm exemplifies the quality and care found only at your local farmers markets.. Joel studied mycology at the Evergreen State College in Washington which led him to shadow cheesemakers in France. There he saw how cheese was an important part of the local culture and developed an affinity for the unique sheep cheeses that he encountered. He was inspired to bring that passion of cheese-making back to the States. Enter Carleen. She fell in love with Joel and his enthusiasm for sheep cheese. With her knowledge from raising sheep growing up, their fate was sealed. At the time of Weirauch Farm & Creamerys founding, there were only a handful of other sheep creameries in the state. Inspectors and state workers still werent sure how to ...
Officially recognised in 2006, the goal of the ORMEAUX project was to develop production of the ormer or European abalone in Brittany and, on a broader scale, to develop a European ormer-farming industry, initially by improving understanding of the species and its feeding and living habits, as well as the conditions required to produce it in a sound and sustainable way.. Project research led to the introduction of a genetic selection programme using molecular markers and to the first genetic mapping. Pathogen research resulted in a better understanding of pathologies and in development of an in vitro cell culture model for pathogen analysis.. The project partners also worked on optimising animal husbandry practices: transporting the spat, anaesthetising, artificial feed, farming in tanks, farming on the shoreline, perfecting tools for obesrving the behaviour of farmed ormer and designing a new type of boat exclusively for ormer farming in collaboration with the Navalu Company.. The ORMEAUX ...
Author: Written by Davis, K. C., M. W. Tess, D. D. Kress, D. E. Doornbos, and D. C. Anderson Journal: Journal of Animal Science, Oct 1994; 72: 2585 - 2590.. Abstract: Data collected during a 10-yr study at the Northern Agricultural Research Center (NARC), Havre, MT were used in construction of a simulation model to evaluate production systems using different breed groups. Five dam breed groups, straightbred Hereford (HH), 50% Angus-50% Hereford (AH), 25% Simmental-75% Hereford (1S3H), 50% Simmental-50% Hereford (1S1H), and 75% Simmental-25% Hereford (3S1H), were studied. The simulated system was a northern range cow-calf production system with spring calving and fall weaning. Replacement heifers were purchased and all calves were marketed at weaning. All nonpregnant females were sold in the fall. Statistical analyses of the data yielded input values (least squares means for breed group x age x sex subclasses) for cow and calf weights, pregnancy rate, dystocia, and calf survival. Pregnancy, ...
Animal welfare is about quality of life. An animal feels most comfortable in an environment that allows it to express its natural behaviour and does not cause any chronic stress, pain or fear. Feed, care, housing and medical treatments all influence the welfare of agricultural animals. Animal welfare is judged using the five freedoms. An animal should be free: of hunger, thirst and inappropriate nutrition; of physical and physiological inconveniences; of pain, wounds and diseases; of fear and chronic stress; to express its natural (species-specific) behaviour. Wageningen UR is looking at ways to guarantee these freedoms in animal husbandry.
The UKs animal welfare and food production standards are among the highest in the world. (1) The majority of our current animal welfare legislation comes from the EU, including the recognition of animals as sentient beings - this means we recognise animals have the capacity to feel pain or suffer. The laws in the USA regarding animal husbandry and food production permit lower standards than in th
HGPs are only approved for use in beef cattle in New Zealand under the Agricultural Compounds and Veterinary Medicines Act. The use of HGPs is also regulated under the Animal Products Notice: Regulated Control Scheme for Hormonal Growth Promotants. They have not been approved for use in dairy cows or other food-producing animals.. ...
The National Bee Farm-level Biosecurity Standard forms the basis of a comprehensive voluntary program designed to provide practical guidance for owners or managers involved in the three main Canadian bee sectors: honey bees, alfalfa leafcutting bees, and bumblebees. The National Standard has been developed as a tool for all people and businesses handling and keeping bees. This Producer Guide provides practical guidance to alfalfa leafcutting beekeepers on how a series of target outcomes, associated with each topic covered by the National Standard, may be achieved.
The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA), in collaboration with Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC), the Canadian Potato Council (CPC) of the Canadian Horticultural Council (CHC), the potato industry sector organizations, and provincial Departments of Agriculture, initiated the development of a voluntary National Farm-Level Biosecurity Standard and producer guidance document for potato growers.
Recently I was invited by the University of Calgary to give a presentation at their annual beef conference on alternatives to growth promotants. The
This paper employs Q methodology to investigate farmer opinions of the operation of the EU Nitrates Directive regulations after the first 4 year National Action Programme phase and explores the level of acceptance and refutation of measures from the view of farmers own knowledge and experience of land stewardship. Results indicate 4 main opinion groups. A Constrained Productionistsgroup remain unconvinced about the appropriateness of certain measures from a farm management, environmental and water quality perspective. A second group Concerned Practitioners share some of these concerned but are generally more positive regarding other farm management and environmental benefits accruing from the regulations. A third group, Benefit Accepters, indicated quite an environmentalist position and are generally very positive towards regulation implementation and associated environmental and farm management benefits. The final group Regulation Unaffected have some concerns but are mostly unaffected ...
Estimates of water productivity are appearing with increasing frequency in the literature pertaining to agronomy, water management, and water policy. Some authors report such estimates as one of the outcome variables of experiment station studies, while others calculate water productivities when comparing regional crop production information. Many authors suggest or imply that higher values of water productivity are needed to ensure that future food production goals are achieved. Yet maximizing water productivity might not be consistent with farm-level goals or with societal objectives regarding water allocation and management. Farmers in both rainfed and irrigated settings must address a complex set of issues pertaining to risk, uncertainty, prices, and opportunity costs, when selecting activities and determining optimal strategies. It is not clear that farmers in either setting will or should choose to maximize water productivity. Upon examining water productivity, both conceptually and empirically,
In Field Exchange 1 we reported on the nutritional problems of workers on Zimbabwes large commercial farms. After 17 years of independence many Zimbabwean workers still find themselves landless and working on these large white owned farms. The article written by Leslie Adams, who works as a nutritionist with the MOH, reported that children living in large scale commercial farms are twice as likely to suffer from undernutrition than children living in communal areas.. Recent events in Zimbabwe suggest the situation will soon change. President Robert Mugabes government announced late last year that there will be a compulsory purchase from the countys commercial farmers of some 5.5 million hectares. This adds up to some 20% of Zimbabwes arable land. The government move will close 1,700 of the 4,500 commercial farms in the country. The owners of the land, mainly white farmers, will be compensated for infrastructure built on the land but will not receive payment for the land itself. President ...
You are accessing a U.S. Government information system, which includes (1) this computer, (2) this computer network, (3) all computers connected to this network, and (4) all devices and storage media attached to this network or to a computer on this network. This information system is provided for U.S. Government-authorized use only. Unauthorized or improper use of this system may result in disciplinary action, as well as civil and criminal penalties. By using this information system you understand and consent to the following:. You have no reasonable expectation of privacy regarding any communications or data transiting or stored on this information system. At any time, the government may for any lawful government purpose monitor, intercept, search and seize any communication or data transiting or stored on this information system.. Any communications or data transiting or stored on this information system may be disclosed or used for any lawful government purpose. By continuing to access this ...
You are accessing a U.S. Government information system, which includes (1) this computer, (2) this computer network, (3) all computers connected to this network, and (4) all devices and storage media attached to this network or to a computer on this network. This information system is provided for U.S. Government-authorized use only. Unauthorized or improper use of this system may result in disciplinary action, as well as civil and criminal penalties. By using this information system you understand and consent to the following:. You have no reasonable expectation of privacy regarding any communications or data transiting or stored on this information system. At any time, the government may for any lawful government purpose monitor, intercept, search and seize any communication or data transiting or stored on this information system.. Any communications or data transiting or stored on this information system may be disclosed or used for any lawful government purpose. By continuing to access this ...
PIMS unit is a single patient use, battery-powered, disposable unit that can provide continuous -125 mmHg negative pressure over a 7-day therapy period.. Prevena™ Incision Management System (PIMS): PIMS is a non-significant-risk, FDA Class II, medical device commercially available in the USA, Canada and Europe. The prospective, post-marketing clinical study described in this protocol will assess the effectiveness and functional performance of the system. The PIMS unit is a single patient use, battery-powered, disposable unit that can provide continuous -125 mmHg negative pressure over a 7-day therapy period. It is an easy to use device that also provides audible and visual alerts for low battery, maximum canister volume, and leak conditions. Additional alerts include system error and device life-cycle expiration (8 days). It is contained in a water-resistant housing, which allows the Subject to lightly shower with the device. Wound fluids are contained within the 45 mL canister.. ...
On Mon, 2007-05-14 at 10:56 -0500, Josh Boyer wrote: , On Mon, 2007-05-14 at 16:34 +0200, Ralf Corsepius wrote: , , On Mon, 2007-05-14 at 06:43 -0500, Josh Boyer wrote: , , , On Mon, 2007-05-14 at 05:55 +0200, Ralf Corsepius wrote: , , , , , , , What exactly is your point? , , , , In a nutshell: , , , , , , , , Fedora ships packages with un-readable, non-verifiable licenses. , , , , , , Hyperbole , , , , I guess, you mean FESCO and FPB ignorance? , , , , No? In international projects, normally, standardizing languages is one , , of the first step - Apparently forgotten in Fedora. , , , , No? Then youll probably be able to provide a translation of this within , , seconds: , , http://cvs.fedora.redhat.com/viewcvs/rpms/python-mecab/devel/MeCab-license-Fedora?root=extras&rev=1.1&view=markup , , Me personally? No. But just because you and I cant read it doesnt , make it un-readable and non-verifiable. What kind of argument is this? None of us both can read it, nor will the police man wait behind ...
Review of the Impact of Feed Costs on the Livestock Industry by United States Congress House of Represen, 9781240529087, available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide.
These systems involve a wide range in number of pastures, from five to more than 60, and generally high concentrations of livestock for multiple, short-duration grazing periods in most or all pastures each year. Another phrase used to describe this type of grazing plan is rotational grazing.. Based on economic and ecological efficiency, the optimum number and size of pastures depends on the production environment and plant species.. Rates at which fence and water investments can be recovered decline as forage production potential declines. Additionally, risk of reducing current-year and subsequent-year herbage production with heavy defoliation increases as average precipitation or site productivity decline. Relatively efficient intensively managed grazing systems on irrigated perennial grass in the central and northern Great Plains involve 4 to 6 pastures with 22 to 30 days of deferment between grazing periods.. The size of pastures used by ranchers on rain-fed sites are generally much larger ...
This book brings together information on the contrasting characteristics, condition, present use and problems of the worlds main natural grasslands. Since grassland is commercialized through the grazing animal, particular attention is paid to the livestock production systems associated with each main type. Grazing resources are more than simply edible herbage: many other factors have to be taken into account, notably water in all areas, and shelter in winter-cold climates. Seasonality of forage supply is a characteristic of almost all grazing lands, so the strategies for dealing with lean seasons are described. The main problems of each type are mentioned and possible strategies for their sustainable management discussed - taking into account their multiple functions, not only livestock production. The book is primarily aimed at agricultural scientists, educationalists, extensionists and decisionmakers with interests in responsible use of extensive grasslands.
Alfalfa produces its own N; thus, the added N from the manure is not used efficiently. Alfalfa will use any N from manure with some compensation in the amount of N that it symbiotically fixes from the atmosphere. From an environmental perspective, manure N used by alfalfa in this manner is better than over-applications of manure N to corn or small grain acres. However, manure is often surface applied to alfalfa with little or no incorporation into the soil. This leaves manure vulnerable to being washed off the field during heavy precipitation events, thereby causing potential surface water concerns.. If manure is applied to alfalfa, an obvious concern to most alfalfa growers is the influence the N will have on competing weeds and grasses in the field. Research has shown that a well-fertilized field will benefit all plant species in the field, including weed germination and proliferation. Another indirect effect of applying manure to alfalfa fields is compaction of the soil and root crowns of ...