Activists Against Animal Experimentation. The Activist Against Animal Experimentation is resolved to end the use of animal testing for medical, cosmetic and household purposes etc,. We post petitions, news, stories and info regarding animal testing. Please join up and help the cause! (Animals & Pets)
The ethical treatment of animals is one of serious academic interest today. Specifically, both the practice of animal experimentation and ethical concerns about it have a long history, going virtually back to the ancient Greek period and continuing to the present day. With new breakthroughs in science and technology, it is likely that this practice will be with us for a long time to come. Thus, this book provides an interdisciplinary approach to the topic by utilizing the insights of cognitive ethology, philosophy, science, and Christian theology in order to present a benign approach to the ethical treatment of experimental animals. The reality and existence of animal minds, animal pain, and animal suffering provide the foundation for animal rights, and subsequently, for more positive treatment. Concrete suggestions are offered with regard to more humane animal legislation, improved animal husbandry conditions, as well as concrete guidelines that offset the burdens to animals against the benefits to
This thesis is an historical analysis of the culture of science and its use of animals in experiments by the British military and in medical scientific research, and its regulation by law, during the period 1947 to 1965. The overall aim of this thesis is to demonstrate the gendered nature of scientific experimentation on animals in mid-twentieth century Britain. To do this, it addresses two aspects of animal experimentation; firstly, exploring how scientific research forms power-knowledge relations through the use of nonhuman animals. Secondly, this thesis analyses the intersection of animal use in science with that of the broader socio-cultural context, asking was science in mid-twentieth century Britain gendered? As a consequence, it explores the effects of this knowledge production upon animals and women. My findings are twofold: that the construction of scientific knowledge through the use of nonhuman animals was one that created subject-object binaries, and this had powerful and detrimental ...
Abstract Public acceptance of genetic modification (GM) technologies may be essential to their continued development, yet few studies have investigated the manner in which demographic and educational factors predict support for GM research. The current study examined attitudes toward animal research and GM in ~400 university undergraduates enrolled in introductory or upper-level psychology courses with material on animal experimentation. Results revealed that men were more accepting of animal and GM research than were women. Enrollment in upper-level psychology classes that addressed specific topics in animal research did not directly predict support for GM research, but such enrollment was associated with increased endorsement of the validity of animal research, which then contributed to acceptance of GM scenarios. The current findings highlight the impact of educational variables on support for animal research, which may then influence attitudes toward GM research.
Against animal experimentation essay. Lab Report. Any correspondence between myself and the assigned writer was fast and in enjoyed receiving an email to let me know when I had a new message.
The UK has long been hailed as one of the world leaders in animal welfare. Within the UK, animals used in experiments are provided some protection under the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986 (ASPA). This Act was impacted by European Union (EU) Directive 2010/63/EU, and subsequently the ASPA was updated to reflect any changes required. While the Directive is very similar to the protection the UK already afforded to animals used in experiments, there were some advances that the Directive provided that were not present in the ASPA. On paper, the changes introduced were promising but may not have been achieved in practice. In 2016, the British public voted to leave the EU, which presented concerns over animal welfare protection and legislation provided by EU law. With the completion of Brexit, there may be an opportunity to diverge from the Directive to advance protection for animals used in experiments. This article explores the influence that the EU has had on animal experimentation in the ...
Dive into the research topics where Center for Laboratory Animal Research (CLAR) is active. These topic labels come from the works of this organisations members. Together they form a unique fingerprint ...
Animal experimentation is a crucial component of scientific research and education. Most advances in modern biomedical science can be traced back to original studies in animals. The university continues to support this critical research while fully appreciating its additional complexities.. All animal research must be approved by the universitys Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC), which works close with the Comparative Medicine-Laboratory Animal Facilities (CM-LAF) to help researchers develop effective and compliant protocols. ...
Taxpayer-funded animal experimentation is un-American, and we have the data to prove it.. Opinion surveys in recent years show Americans growing opposition to animal experimentation, with the most recent Pew poll reporting that a majority of Americans now object to the use of animals in scientific research.. Now, as reported by Red Alert Politics, a new national poll commissioned by the White Coat Waste Project and conducted by research firm Lincoln Park Strategies shows that most Americans-Republicans and Democrats alike-are sick of footing the $12-billion-plus bill for these wasteful and secretive experiments on dogs, cats, monkeys and other animals.. The poll of 1,109 U.S. voters found that a majority (about 6 in 10) want to see funding cut and transparency increased for taxpayer-funded animal experiments. According to the survey (also visualized in the infographic below):. ...
Animals And Their Rights!! Essay, Research Paper What is animal experimentation? Scientific researchers use animal experimentation for biomedical and veterinary research to enhance human health and possibly the welfare of other animals. They claim that successful medical treatments including antibiotics, vaccines and other drugs have been developed with the aid of animal experiments, and such research a crucial means of investigation of and the development of treatments for serious diseases.
This course provides a broad overview of diverse topics in the practice of and approaches to humane animal experimentation. It addresses such issues as experimental design (including statistics and sample size determination), humane endpoints, environmental enrichment, post-surgical care, pain management, and the impact of stress on the quality of data. It was developed by CAAT director Alan Goldberg and James Owiny, the training and compliance administrator of the Johns Hopkins University animal care and use committee, along with Christian Newcomer, associate provost for animal research and resources at Hopkins ...
Some governments provide detailed information on the number of animal experiments carried out each year. In the United Kingdom, for instance, the annual report
TY - JOUR. T1 - Predictive value of in vitro assays depends on the mechanism of toxicity of metal oxide nanoparticles. AU - Cho, Wan-Seob. AU - Duffin, Rodger. AU - Bradley, Mark. AU - Megson, Ian L. AU - Macnee, William. AU - Lee, Jong Kwon. AU - Jeong, Jayoung. AU - Donaldson, Ken. PY - 2013/10/25. Y1 - 2013/10/25. N2 - Hazard identification for risk assessment of nanoparticles (NPs) is mainly composed of in vitro cell-based assays and in vivo animal experimentation. The rapidly increasing number and functionalizations of NPs makes in vivo toxicity tests undesirable on both ethical and financial grounds, creating an urgent need for development of in vitro cell-based assays that accurately predict in vivo toxicity and facilitate safe nanotechnology.. AB - Hazard identification for risk assessment of nanoparticles (NPs) is mainly composed of in vitro cell-based assays and in vivo animal experimentation. The rapidly increasing number and functionalizations of NPs makes in vivo toxicity tests ...
The ideas of cybernetics, and especially that of feedback control, have impressed themselves on society in many ways, of which factory automation is only one. Self-monitoring, or self-awareness, is one of the central components of human individual intelligence (Halstead, 1947; Russell and Russell, 1957, and in press). The notion has been grasped at the sociological level. In industry and commerce it is becoming a routine measure for any large organization to devote considerable staff and expense to the monitoring of its own activities (cf. Meier, 1956). We are, therefore, disposed to expect a large and comprehensive literature of sources on the subject of animal experimentation (cf. Russell, in press, a). For it seems reasonable to suppose that science itself must adopt the principle of informative feedback, and animal experimentation in this country alone is an industry running to millions in commercial terms.. It is therefore surprising to discover the relative dearth of this sort of ...
I have often said that one way animal models are used in research and testing is to predict human response to drugs and disease. Some have challenged this.
The Critical Cat interview with Stop UBC Animal Research to investigate how prolific animal experimentation is at UBC and what they are doing to fight it.
The in vivo evaluation of a material to be used in clinics is a long trial and requires a well planned sequence of steps. In vivo tests are complementary to those performed in vitro that provide necessary and useful results to be added to those found in the in vivo testing, and strongly reduce the number of animals used. Animal studies require first of all the compliance to the ethical and legal rules on animal experimentation. The procedures are standardized at an international level. In particular the rules of ISO 10993 are the guidelines for these investigations. In the procedure of validation of a material, the choice of more than one animal species for the performing of the tests, namely a small/medium and a large size animal should be appropriate. Considering the research on biomaterials, the use of small animals can be acceptable in the early stage of testing, but for the evaluation of prototypes biofunctionality large animals should better approximate the human environment. According to ...
Maintaining an environment that is free of pathogens is essential to produce the most accurate research findings for animal research laboratories, especially for those scientists working in high risk laboratories and who routinely handle the most complex microorganisms known to science. Utilizing Hybrid Hydrogen Peroxide™ (HHP™) that is effective against pathogens and wont harm sensitive laboratory equipment is essential to maintaining a productive work environment for these environments. Our CURIS® System offers greater material compatibility and provides significant efficacy compared to other, older bio-decontamination options.. The well-being of laboratory animals is central to medical discoveries and to the integrity of animal science. The ability to create and maintain an environment that is habitable and free of bacterial, fungal and viral contagions is essential. We know microbial outbreaks can be subclinical in research animals. We provide animal laboratories with a ...
The Animal Protection Center of Southeastern Massachusetts is a non-profit organization that serves the animals and people of the community.. Our adoption center serves to care for and re-home homeless pets. Dogs, cats, rabbits, small mammals and birds all benefit from the attention and love provided by our dedicated staff and volunteers.. The Animal Protection Center of Southeastern Massachusetts also strives to help pet owners take the best care of their pets by providing resources such as training, low-cost vaccination and microchip clinics, and humane education outreach to children. ...
It is now more than 20 years since both Council of Europe Convention ETS123 and EU Directive 86/609?EEC were introduced, to promote the implementation of the Three Rs in animal experimentation and to provide guidance on animal housing and care. It might therefore be expected that reports of the implementation of the Three Rs in animal research papers would have increased during this period. In order to test this hypothesis, a literature survey of animal-based research was conducted. A randomly- selected sample from 16 high-profile medical journals, of original research papers arising from European institutions that featured experiments which involved either mice or primates, were identified for the years 1986 and 2006 (Total sample = 250 papers). Each paper was scored out of 10 for the incidence of reporting on the implementation of Three Rs-related factors corresponding to Replacement (justification of non-use of non-animal methods), Reduction (statistical analysis of the number of animals ...
Tomo Editorial and HSI launched Animal Experimentation: An Obstacle to Scientific Progress, a book providing an in-depth analysis of animal use in research from a scientific and historical perspective. The book is part of a growing movement among the Brazilian and international scientific community questioning the effectiveness of animals as models of human biology and disease.
Minimising the use of animals in experiments is universally recognised by scientists, governments and advocates as an ethical cornerstone of research. Yet, despite growing public opposition to animal experimentation, mounting evidence that animal studies often do not translate to humans, and the development of new research technologies, a number of countries have reported increased animal use in recent years. In the USA-one of the worlds largest users of animals in experiments-a lack of published data on the species most commonly used in laboratories (eg, mice, rats and fish) has prevented such assessments. The current study aimed to fill this gap by analysing the use of all vertebrate animals by the top institutional recipients of National Institutes of Health research funds over a 15-year period. These data show a statistically significant 72.7% increase in the use of animals at these US facilities during this time period-driven primarily by increases in the use of mice. Our results highlight ...
Al-Awar A.; Alm?si N.; Szab? R.; Takacs I.; Murlasits Z.; Sz?cs G.; T?r?k S.; P?sa A.; Varga C.; Kupai K.... more authors ... less authors ...
Bhat, Ajaz A; Younes, Salma N; Raza, Syed Shadab; Zarif, Lubna; Nisar, Sabah; Ahmed, Ikhlak; Mir, Rashid; Kumar, Sachin; Sharawat, Surender K; Hashem, Sheema; Elfaki, Imadeldin; Kulinski, Michal; Kuttikrishnan, Shilpa; Prabhu, Kirti S; Khan, Abdul Q; Yadav, Santosh K; El-Rifai, Wael; Zargar, Mohammad A; Zayed, Hatem; Haris, Mohammad; Uddin, Shahab... more authors ... less authors ...
In 1985, the U.S. Interagency Research Animal Committee (IRAC) advised that unless the contrary is established, investigators should consider that procedures that cause pain or distress in human beings may cause pain or distress in animals(http://www.aclam.org/pub_pain_distress.html). Accordingly, the humane use of research animals requires adequate veterinary medical care during animal experimentations and includes the prevention or the alleviation of pain associated with procedural or surgical protocols (clinical pain). Guidelines on the recognition of pain are accepted by researchers but often not so easy to put into practice, especially with mice, the most frequently used laboratory animals. Why?. Mice live in constant fear of falling prey to their enemies, therefore they are prone to show as few signs of disease, suffering or weakness as possible [2-4]. Accordingly, during animal experiments, or even when a person is simply present in the room, the mouse will hide almost all signs of ...
In 1985, the U.S. Interagency Research Animal Committee (IRAC) advised that unless the contrary is established, investigators should consider that procedures that cause pain or distress in human beings may cause pain or distress in animals(http://www.aclam.org/pub_pain_distress.html). Accordingly, the humane use of research animals requires adequate veterinary medical care during animal experimentations and includes the prevention or the alleviation of pain associated with procedural or surgical protocols (clinical pain). Guidelines on the recognition of pain are accepted by researchers but often not so easy to put into practice, especially with mice, the most frequently used laboratory animals. Why?. Mice live in constant fear of falling prey to their enemies, therefore they are prone to show as few signs of disease, suffering or weakness as possible [2-4]. Accordingly, during animal experiments, or even when a person is simply present in the room, the mouse will hide almost all signs of ...
The branch of animal research in Halhale Agriculture Research Center will distribute special animal feed in the near future, disclosed Dr. Tsegai Tesfai, head of the branch. Halhale, 7 March 2011 - The branch of animal research in Halhale Agriculture Research Center will distribute special animal feed in the near future, disclosed Dr. Tsegai Tesfai, head of the branch. He told ERINA that the branch has conducted research on 550 grazing grasses that can adapt to drought in collaboration with an Australian research center and that 12 select grass have already been distributed in various parts of Gash-Barka, Anseba and Central regions for experiment purposes. Dr. Tsegai said the rest would be directly distributed to farmers after it is multiplied. Dr. Tsegai explained that producing animal feed from various cereals such as maize, sorghum and the like that can boost milk production are some of the future major work programs of the research center. ...
While it is important to provide a full explanation of the reasons why animal research and testing is important for modern medicine, it can sometimes be useful to have a handful of short pro animal research one-liners on hand. These work particularly well for Twitter - which is why each of our lines below includes…
Scientists have managed to successfully open and close the protective cover around the brain - the blood-brain barrier - in a human patient as a means for drug delivery, following work in a range of animals including mice and monkeys.
More studies need to be done, but we think theres potentially no limit on the diseases this screening disease could be applied to other than the human imagination,. http://www.diabetes.co.uk/news/2015/aug/zebrafish-embryos-used-to-identify-potential-type-1-diabetes-drugs-95530698.html. 26/08/15. Resveratrol, a chemical found in the skin of grapes (and consequently red wine) may have beneficial cardiovascular effects. However, studies in dogs show varying effects on the immune systems of dogs - increasing and decreasing it in different ways simultaneously.. Axiak-Bechtel said Seeing a decrease in neutrophil function typically means an immune system is losing the ability to kill invaders like bacteria. Combining this loss of bacteria-fighting ability with an increase in inflammatory cytokines creates a very interesting mixed message in terms of what resveratrol is doing to the immune system.. http://www.alnmag.com/news/2015/08/red-wine-compound-causes-conflicting-changes-dogs-immune-systems ...
Letter of Complaint to OIG About SRI Research Facility - USDA Complaints From Stop Animal Exploitation NOW! - Exposing the truth to wipe out animal experimentation
BY KURT CUNNINGHAM , JUNE 12, 2009 7:26 AM UI researchers will have a new underground facility to house animals after the state Board of Regents approved an indoor enclosure for $11.2 million at Thursdays meeting.. Scientists hope the new facility - which will cost almost $134 million - will contribute to better research and security.. At 35,000 square feet, the underground lab will connect the Medical Education Research Facility and Carver Biomedical Research Building. It is a late addition to the Institute for Biomedical Discovery - a project the UI has already started. Officials set aside state and federal money in 2007 to be distributed over several years for the initial project. They also received private donations given specifically to the project, said UI spokesman Tom Moore. Science is important to Iowans, he said. Dr. George Weiner [the director of the Holden Comprehensive Cancer Center] says there are many research ideas that dont get funded, and a facility such this increases the ...
The new EU directive on the protection of animals used for scientific purposes (2010/63/EU) has been implemented. One of the requirements of the directive is that each breeder, supplier and user of laboratory animals sets up an Animal Welfare Body (AWB, Instantie voor Dierenwelzijn, IvD in The Netherlands). The AWB helps to ensure a responsible animal experimentation policy and is responsible for the a number of tasks: The animal-welfare body shall, as a minimum, carry out the following tasks: Advice the staff dealing with animals on matters related to the welfare of animals, in relation to their acquisition, accommodation, care and use; Advise the staff on the application of the requirement of replacement, reduction and refinement, and keep it informed of technical and scientific developments concerning the application of that requirement; Establish and review internal operational processes as regards monitoring, reporting and follow-up in relation to the welfare of animals housed or used in ...
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Learn all about the field of medical research and experimentation with insightful articles and fascinating updates in the field of medicine. From animal experimentation, clinical trials, biomedicine, and breakthroughs in medical technology, weve got you covered.
Animal models remain at that time a reference tool to predict potential pulmonary adverse effects of nanomaterials in humans. However, in a context of reduction of the number of animals used in experimentation, there is a need for reliable alternatives. In vitro models using lung cells represent relevant alternatives to assess potential nanomaterial acute toxicity by inhalation, particularly since advanced in vitro methods and models have been developed. Nevertheless, the ability of in vitro experiments to replace animal experimentation for predicting potential acute pulmonary toxicity in human still needs to be carefully assessed. The aim of the study was to evaluate the differences existing between the in vivo and the in vitro approaches for the prediction of nanomaterial toxicity and to find advanced methods to enhance in vitro predictivity. For this purpose, rats or pneumocytes in co-culture with macrophages were exposed to the same poorly soluble and poorly toxic TiO2 and CeO2 nanomaterials, by the
Because scientific inquiry involves exploration of the unknown, the outcome of experimental procedures is sometimes unpredictable. In the case of animal experimentation, this may result in situations in which animal health and/or welfare are adversely affected.. Genetically manipulated animals (GMA) provide a good example. Initially, the overall effect(s) of a particular genetic manipulation may be unknown. However, once animals are generated the resulting novel phenotypes may include immune deficiency, metabolic disorders, behavioral abnormalities or other health issues that make those animals more susceptible to disease or distress. GMA lines that exhibit abnormalities in health or behavior often require the establishment of revised husbandry and/or monitoring protocols. Humane endpoints specific for the GMA line may also need to be developed. More information on assessing the welfare of GMA can be found on the NC3Rs site.. In the case of a new GMA line it is recommended that the first ...
It is my pleasure to welcome you to join us at the Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research (NMIMR), Ghanas leading biomedical research institute at the University of Ghana. The Institute has over the years embarked on a series of initiatives to upgrade its research infrastructure and human capacity to attract the worlds best scientists, technologists, postdoctoral fellows, postgraduate students, undergraduate interns, and health professionals through training and experiential learning. Our community continues to grow and we are happy to share our research, training and learning experience with you.. At the NMIMR, we conduct both laboratory and field-based research into communicable and non-communicable diseases of public health importance; led by researchers in nine departments of the institute, namely Animal Experimentation, Bacteriology, Clinical Pathology, Electron Microscopy and Histopathology, Epidemiology, Immunology, Nutrition Parasitology, and Virology. Whether you are a ...
Andy Maniotis (University of Iowa), American Journal of Pathology, 1999 Cancer! Its our Grim Reaper, todays Black Death, a dark and terrible health threat and destroyer of lives. We hear about it, read about it, and fear it more deeply than any other present disease. Ominously, projections indicate that one in every five of us will die of cancer, and 40 percent of us will have a diagnosis of cancer sometime in life. Considering that there are more than 200 different forms of human cancer alone, the hope for a magic bullet that will cure all is just pie in the sky. The disease first went political in 1971, when the Nixon administration declared the War on Cancer. We all know the war has not yet been won, even with billions poured into it every year. In fact, cancer deaths have increased steadily. This humiliating defeat is in large part due to our addiction to animal experimentation. It is an open secret in scientific circles that animal-modeled biomedical research yields results that cant ...
Animal experimentation and the models by which it is conducted are a core component of the Preclinical Translational Research Units work. Animal models are the primary mode of research responsible for translating preclinical project work into successful clinical trials, which is why they are a focus of our unit.. We work to create animal models that minimize the consumption of resources, especially time and money, without allowing for any compromise in the integrity of our data or their reproducibility. By continually striving to uphold these standards while continually striving to assess and improve our animal models we ensure that we consistently deliver optimum results and solutions.. Under the Duke Preclinical Translational Research Units expert guidance we hope to be able assist our partners in designing the model and method that allow for the creation of experiments that run correctly the first time, reducing waste and repetition.. We employ the following animal types for our animal ...
Press Releases - WATCHDOG REPORT: Dozens of Primates Killed by Negligence in 18 U.S. Research Laboratories; Epidemic Results in Federal Fines, Ongoing Federal investigations - Stop Animal Exploitation NOW! - Exposing the truth to wipe out animal experimentation
Science Institutions are concerned with their public image, which often determines their funding, so that they are often keen to be seen to promote public dialogue and engagement.. . Many government departments are interested in science education, training teachers, etc. Often they have funds for specific public projects like adult learning, animal experimentation, synthetic biology etc.,. . Many cultural and artistic groups are now including science in their agendas, since human sciences are questioning the traditional views of art, philosophy, literature, etc. So Arts centres are often keen to adopt SciCafes.. . As for schools cafes, it is clear that science education is in crisis almost everywhere in the world, so that new ideas are widely acceptable. Approaching teachers, individual schools and education authorities is a fairly easy way to start Cafes in schools - although it is more difficult to keep them free from the hierarchy within the school.. So in many ways the Cafes can build ...
First, it is interesting per se, to find common psycho-physiologic grounds between our and other animals behaviour and psyche. Second, such commonality allows us to explore new ways (treatments, drugs) for dealing with human suffering (anxieties, depressions, phobias etc.). I do not know of any other procedure or behavioural test, or physiological index, that compares anxiety and relief, which would provide 20-fold (2000%) difference in objective measurements (it is usually measured in fractions, like 35% or so). Our rats sigh approx. 25 times/hour spontaneously, less than 10/h when anxious, but more than 180/h when relieved! So, consider, if you really have experimental animals` wellbeing in mind and not just negative feeling about any animal experimentation, that far fewer animals will be required to test a new psychotropic drug or some other procedure, when measuring emotional states (using sighs instead of heart rate, blood pressure etc.) is so dramatically improved (as demonstrated by ...
new approaches for a new millennium. (beginning narration). Education and training in the life sciences require that students learn a diversity of skills as well as the traditional knowledge base.. Graduates who enter the professions must be familiar with the technology employed in todays laboratories and clinics, and with the design and performance of experiments.. Of equal importance is the ability to communicate well with patients, and the sensitivity to appreciate complex ecological systems.. Some will also need hands-on experience of animals and animal tissue for their careers.. All students of biological science and veterinary and human medicine perform practical work to illustrate knowledge and to gain a number of these skills, practical work which for some involves dissection and animal experimentation.. But the tools and approaches used by teachers are evolving in response to developments in technology and the demands of students and society itself.. In this film, we investigate new ...
BALB/c is an albino, laboratory-bred strain of the house mouse from which a number of common substrains are derived. Now over 200 generations from New York in 1920, BALB/c mice are distributed globally, and are among the most widely used inbred strains used in animal experimentation. The founding animals of the strain were obtained by Halsey J. Bagg of Memorial Hospital, New York, from a mouse dealer in Ohio in 1913. From 1920, the progeny of the original colony were systematically inbred, sibling to sibling, for 26 generations over 15 years. During this time, the colony passed through the care of a number of scientists, including C.C. Little and E.C. MacDowell at the Carnegie Institution of Washington and H.J. Muller at the University of Texas at Austin. By 1935 the animals were in the possession of Mullers student, George Davis Snell, who moved them to The Jackson Laboratory. This stock provided the basis of all the BALB/c substrains that are now in use around the world. Snell provided some ...
The Second World War brought further setbacks for the anti-vivisection movement because of its links with fascism and anti-vaccination, which were seen as undermining the war effort. At the same time, animal experimentation was promoted as saving combatants lives and reducing the risk of future conflict by fighting the scourges of disease and poverty. The Author: A. W. H. Bates.
One thing thats been bothering me is how the mc campaigners seem to focus almost exclusively on animal rights over people rights in the Third World. For example, their picketing of mcDonalds sights seems focused exclusively or gives priority to animal rights. It seems silly and unethical to me to give this kind of priority to animal rights over native peoples rights.. I dont think it helps the campaign when its seen as an animal rights issue. As an animal rights issue, the anti-McD campaign will continue to gain only a small following. People, myself included, will think, why are they going after a restaurant for its treatment of animals ...
Animal welfare and rights in India regards the treatment of and laws concerning non-human animals in India. It is distinct from animal conservation in India. India is home to several religious traditions advocating non-violence and compassion towards animals, and has passed a number of animal welfare reforms since 1960. India is also one of the worlds leading producers of animal products. Indias first national animal welfare law, the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960, criminalizes cruelty to animals, though exceptions are made for the treatment of animals used for food and scientific experiments. The 1960 law also created the Animal Welfare Board of India to ensure the anti-cruelty provisions were enforced and promote the cause of animal welfare. Subsequent laws have placed regulations and restrictions on the use of draught animals, the use of performing animals, animal transport, animal slaughter, and animal experimentation. The Breeding of and Experiments on Animals (Control and ...
World Animal Protection uses your donation where it can do the most good and goes wherever the need for animal protection is greatest. We communicate with our supporters and donors by postal mail and other channels not only to request for contributions to our cause, but also to educate the public about various animal welfare issues around the world, thereby advancing our mission to move the world to protect animals. As a result, in accordance with the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) guidelines, World Animal Protection allocates a portion of our fundraising costs to program services. As a registered non-profit, we ensure our donors money is spent on helping animals as efficiently and effectively as possible ...
Animal rights is the position that animals should not be exploited. Animal rights people believe that animals should not be used for food, clothing, entertainment, medical research, or product testing.
By P. Michael Conn A Legal Challenge to Animal Research Animal rights law courses may threaten the use of animals in medical research. A. US law schools were categorized by whether they have an animal law course, are at an institution that performs animal research, or are associated directly with a medical school. Additionally, the rank of each law school according to the 2008 U.S. News & World Report was included. Over half of US
Nestlé has announced a major pledge to improve the welfare of the farm animals in its supply chain, following the signature of a partnership agreement with NGO World Animal Protection. The agreement means that the hundreds of thousands of farms that supply Nestlé with its dairy, meat, poultry and eggs will have to comply with tighter animal welfare standards.. Nestlé, with its global purchasing footprint, also becomes the first major food company to form an international partnership with an animal welfare NGO.. World Animal Protection, which has been working with governments, communities and international agencies to improve animal welfare for more than 50 years, has welcomed the agreement.. Our decision to work with Nestlé is based upon their clear commitment to improving animal welfare and the lasting change this can have on millions of farm animals around the world, says Mike Baker, the organisations chief executive.. Nestlé has some 7,300 suppliers from whom it buys animal-derived ...
Join NARN ( Northwest Animal Rights Network ) for our monthly #vegan letter writing party! Well be gathering at Wayward Vegan Cafe! Who doesnt want an excuse to eat at Wayward?. Why letter writing? Letter writing is a simple way to make change for the animals! At our letter writing events, we write for many different reasons: opposition to the creation of new animal laboratories, support for sending animals to sanctuary, promotion of vegan events and issues through letters to the media, and raising the spirits of activists and comrades who have been jailed for their pro-animal and political actions!. NARN provides the stationery, pens, stamps, sample letters, and ideas for what to write -- just bring yourself. You can even bring your laptop if youd prefer to type or email your letters!. Come for a little while or spend the whole two hours with us. Yummm - Wayward!. ...
Geriatric animal models are crucial for a better understanding and an improved therapy of age-related diseases. We observed a high mortality of aged mice after anesthesia with a standard dose of ketamine/xylazine, an anesthetic regimen frequently used in laboratory veterinary medicine. C57BL/6-N mice at the age of 2.14 ± 0.23 months (young mice) and 26.31 ± 2.15 months (aged mice) were anesthetized by intraperitoneal injection of 2 mg ketamine and 0.2 mg xylazine. 4 of 26 aged mice (15.4%) but none of 26 young mice died within 15 min after injection of the anesthetics. The weight of aged mice was significantly higher than that of young mice (32.8 ± 5.4 g versus 23.2 ± 3.4 g, p | 0.0001). Thus, aged mice received lower doses of anesthetics in relation to their body weight which are within the lower range of doses recommended in the literature or even beneath. There were no differences between deceased and surviving aged mice concerning their sex, weight and their motor performance prior to anesthesia
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What was needed was to ensure all the EU countries do follow the ethical guidelines as stipulated in EU Directive 2010/63/EU on the protection of animals used for scientific purposes, such as implementation of the 3Rs (Replacement, Reduction and Refinement). It is the responsibility of the local ethics committees in the EU countries to see the EU directive is adhered to. We as the Ethics Support are not supposed to be an extra ethical committee - but to check that all is in order and to advise if needed. A thorny issue has been how to ensure third countries follow the EU regulations. We determined that this should be the responsibility of the PI (principal investigator) in HBP to ensure that the collaborators in third countries follow acceptable ethical standards in their animal research - and in accordance with the EU regulations. On the whole the PIs have been cooperative in following the ethical rules in animal research ...
We are occasionally asked why the Animal Rights Coalition is a multi-issue organization, instead of working solely on improving the lives of farmed animals.. Our mission states that ARC is dedicated to ending the suffering, abuse, and exploitation of non-human animals through information, education, and advocacy. One of the most important things about ARC is the consistency of our message and actions. ARC started out as, and has firmly remained, an abolitionist animal rights organization - which means that we challenge the dominant conversation that humans have about our relationships with other species. Most people view other animals as commodities for humans to use and own, and we view other animals as persons who are here for their own reasons and deserving of personal and bodily integrity.. So, while some may consider us a multi-issue organization, the reality is that there is only one issue - animal liberation - and no matter what subject were talking about, were having essentially ...
Animal Rights Zone (ARZone) is an animal rights site. As such, it is the position of ARZone that it is only by ending completely the use of other animal as things can we fulfill our moral obligations to them.. Please read the full site disclosure here.. ...
Please ask your US senators and representative to support the Animal Welfare in Agricultural Research Endeavors (AWARE) Act--introduced in response to the horrendous abuse suffered by thousands of animals at the federally funded and operated Meat Animal Research Center in Nebraska. The AWARE Act would require federal farm animal research operations to abide by the Animal Welfare Act.
Introduction. The ethical analysis of our moral obligations to animals, as well as practical decisions regarding many issues in veterinary medicine, both presuppose some account of animal welfare - that is, of what makes an animals life go well or poorly. Therefore, it is essential that we think critically about the concept of animal welfare. This paper briefly explores some philosophical issues in the definition and assessment of animal welfare.. Two Different Senses of Animal Welfare. The first thing to clarify is the way in which Im using the term animal welfare. In both moral philosophy and ordinary language (as concerns humans), the term welfare is roughly synonymous with wellbeing. To say that an individual has a welfare is to say that her life can go better or worse from her perspective, and to talk about her welfare is to talk about her interests - what are the things that make her life go better or worse for her? How should we conceptualize her wellbeing in the abstract? ...
A list of animal research facilities located in Montana and regulated by the United States Department of Agriculture with links to annual reports and inspection reports.
A list of animal research facilities located in Colorado and regulated by the United States Department of Agriculture with links to annual reports and inspection reports.
Clinical follow-up. Six patients were followed up monthly at Tokyo Medical and Dental University Hospital, after a diagnosis of liver cirrhosis by either liver biopsy and/or a combination of clinical features. During monthly visits, they underwent physical examination, urinalysis, and complete blood count, with measurement of serum α-fetoprotein, prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, and serum chemistry. All patients received a liver ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and/or computed tomography (CT) at least every 6 mo. The protocol was approved by the Ethical Committee of Tokyo Medical and Dental University.. In vivo human cancer xenograft experiments. CW-2 human colon cancer xenograft experiments were conducted in accordance with the Guidelines for Animal Experimentation, and approved by the Animal Care and Use Committee of Tokyo Medical and Dental University. Male athymic BALB/c Slc-nu mice (Japan SLC) were given free access to sterile rodent chow and water. ...
The broad and long term goal of the Animal Models Core is to provide consistent care, experimental procedures, and husbandry that are important to the success of projects. Each promising investigator has limited animal experimental experience, but needs to verify in vitro findings in vivo. Therefore, the Animal Model Core (AMC) will ensure project experimental consistency, compliance with federal animal welfare regulations, and effective training of project leaders and personnel in animal experimentation. Dr. Hinsdale will serve as the AMC director, and along with technical staff, will provide basic services (e.g. Colony management and husbandry, biosafety containment and housing of animals, infection of animals and harvesting of samples for analyses, and pulmonary function tests). The current experimental animal models will be mice. The four projects that are proposed require mice to further verify in vivo findings arising from the proposed in vitro experiments. In project 1, using some ...
THE ANIMAL PROTECTION ACT - INTERNATIONAL COMPARISONS AND BEST PRACTICES presented by SANDRA GORE and CHARLOTTE NIKSCHTAT. INTRODUCTION. The General Structure of Animal Welfare Legislation The purpose / underlying principles of the legislation Slideshow 68112 by sherlock_clovis
From Natures Correspondence page (Nature 452, 282; 20 March 2008). Animal-welfare extremism is spreading, as reported in your News Story Animal-rights activists invade Europe (Nature 451, 1034-1035; 2008). For example, they blocked plans to build new laboratory facilities in Venray, the Netherlands, with a campaign that included painting threats on the lab directors houses. Although many people are concerned about animal experimentation, most do not understand the rationale behind these illegal activities, which cause considerable fear in the research community. Researchers respond by wanting to reduce transparency and asking the government to increase repression of activists - following the UK example of stricter legislation. Todays understanding of animal welfare and of the motivation underlying both normal and abnormal behaviour indicate that this response could be counterproductive. A better solution would be to channel peoples frustrations into more constructive activities. The ...
A federal oversight agency claims it caught a Vanderbilt researcher falsifying findings on a cancer treatment, according to a September report More ...
animal welfare News: Find latest news, video & photos on animal welfare. Explore all information & updates about animal welfare online at tamil.asianetnews.com
MATERIAL AND METHOD. Animals. Six adult male Sprague-Dawley rats (180-200 g) were purchased from the National Laboratory Animal Center, Mahidol University, Thailand and transferred to the Northeast Laboratory Animal Center, Khon Kaen University, Thailand. All rats were housed under standard environmental conditions and received commercial pellet food and water ad libitum. All animals were acclimatized for 7 days. This study used control animals that duly approved by Animal Ethics Committee of Khon Kaen University, based on the Ethics of Animal Experimentation of National Research Council of Thailand (ref. no. AEKKU-NLAC 10/2558). The rats were anesthetized by pentobarbital sodium before euthanasia by cervical dislocation. After rat euthanasia, the testes were dissected out. Fat pads surrounding the testes were removed before fixation. The right testis was immediately fixed in 10 % phosphate buffered formalin (pH 7.4) to be used for immunohistochemistry and the left side was kept in -80 °C ...
German animal welfare association speaks out against rabbit fattening farms from these include mainly animal shelters, grace farms and short-term actions that are quick and unbureaucratic assistance. Since the inception of the animal welfare Alliance rabbit mast, no, thank youof the German animal aid association is a partner of the first hour, which actively supported the Alliance. We are pleased to have an important allies in the fight against the rabbit mast on our side with the German animal welfare association, as Ingo Schulz, spokesman of the Alliance. The newspapers mentioned mayo clinic not as a source, but as a related topic. Under the name rabbit fattening, no, thank youwell-known animal protection organizations in the fight against the rabbit mast have joined forces. The Alliance gives a look behind the scenes of the brutal reality of the rabbit production in the industrial factory farming, thereby reveals how trade groups and lobbyists try to hide the cruelty behind a shiny ...
Inhumane mink killing shocks Dyrenes Beskyttelse (Animal Protection Denmark) 13 November 2020 Dyrenes Beskyttelse Dyrenes Beskyttelse reports the cruel killing of minks to police in Denmark, as shown in a viral video circulating social media. They call on authorities to ensure that minks are killed in a humane way. A video that circulated heavily on…
Humane endpoints are a core refinement concept in animal experimentation. This paper identifies an urgent requirement for individuals and institutions to refocus on humane endpoints as part of the transposition of Directive 2010/63/EU into the national laws of the Member States, and to go beyond their legal construction when setting new guidance or applying humane endpoints in practice. It will be argued that requirements for humane endpoints within the Directive appear not to promote recent advances in best practice, but seem reliant on a narrow and potentially outdated definition of the term. We describe progress that has been made in encouraging change in the construction and application of humane endpoints, and suggest that Directive 2010/63/EU does not sufficiently acknowledge the conceptual complexity of this refinement strategy. For example, a useful development representing recent consensual views of best practice has been proposed by an EU consortium (in 2012). A complex approach to ...
Return to Top. B. Basic Principles for all Medical Research. It is the duty of the physician in medical research to protect the life, health, privacy, and dignity of the human subject.. Medical research involving human subjects must conform to generally accepted scientific principles, be based on a thorough knowledge of the scientific literature, other relevant sources of information, and on adequate laboratory and, where appropriate, animal experimentation.. Appropriate caution must be exercised in the conduct of research which may affect the environment, and the welfare of animals used for research must be respected.. The design and performance of each experimental procedure involving human subjects should be clearly formulated in an experimental protocol. This protocol should be submitted for consideration, comment, guidance, and where appropriate, approval to a specially appointed ethical review committee, which must be independent of the investigator, the sponsor or any other kind of undue ...
What we do with our product is to preserve and improve the remaining function in the movement of the mitral valve. This is mechanical augmentation which, simply put, consists of a helping engine that nudges the valve along in both directions - approximately like the motor on an electric bicycle facilitates pedalling, says Daniel Engvall, project manager and technical manager at the medtech company Syntach. Having developed the very first functional prototype, Syntach is now in the process of producing a new generation and will then start animal experimentation.. Syntach has a global patent on its product.. Now we are moving forward with the production of a complete product that can be used in experiments on animals, which we can reasonably expect to manage during 2018-2019 says Daniel Engvall.. ...
2012 Animal Experimentation Is it wrong to experiment on animals for our own benefit? Many may disagree and believe its immoral and shouldnt be done.
All animal experimentation adhered to the ARVO Statement for the Use of Animals in Ophthalmic and Vision Research and abided by national and local laws of ethical conduct. Young adult P. obesus were captured in southern Tunisia using baited traps, transferred to animal facilities, and maintained under cyclic lighting conditions (12 hours white light [∼300 lux]/12 hours dark) with free access to food and water. Data presented in this study came from two independent field excursions, the first concerning 15 animals and the second concerning26 animals. Male animals were separated into two groups. The low calorie diet control group (n = 5 from the first capture, n = 8 from the second capture; n = 13 total) was raised on a natural diet (ND) and was fed only halophilic plants, rich in water and mineral salts (0.4 kcal/g wet weight). The other animals (n = 10 from the first capture, n = 16 from the second capture; n = 26 total) received a standard laboratory rat chow feed (3.3 kcal/g; Purina). Both ...
MATERIAL AND METHOD. The experiments were carried out according to the Ethical Principles for Experimental Animals (COBAO) and the study was approved by the Animal Experimentation Committee (CETEA) of the Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo (Protocol nº 0347/2005). One hundred and twenty adult male rats (Rattus norvegicus) weighing 280-310 g were used. The animals were randomly divided into 3 experimental groups: control (C), 20 animals sacrificed without being submitted to the surgical procedure; sham (S), 20 control animals submitted to complete simulation of the surgical procedure but without obstruction of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) and then sacrificed, and ischemic (I), 80 animals submitted to focal ischemia by occlusion of the MCA for 1 hour and then sacrificed. This group was subdivided into 4 subgroups of 20 animals each: ischemic subgroup (Sg I), ischemic subgroup submitted to hypothermia (Sg IH), ischemic subgroup treated with ketoprofen (Sg IK), and ...
Leading QSAR models provide supporting documentation in addition to a predicted toxicological value. Such information enables the toxicologist to explore the properties of chemical substances as well as to review and to increase the reliability of toxicity predictions. This article focuses on the use of this information in practice. We explore the supporting documentation provided by the EPISuite, T.E.S.T. and VEGA platforms when evaluating the bioconcentration factor (BCF) of three example compounds. Each compound presents a different challenge: to recognize high reliability, analyze complex evidence of reliability, and recognize uncertainty. In each case, we first describe and discuss the supporting documentation provided by the QSAR platforms. We then discuss the judgments on reliability across sectors from 28 toxicologists who used this supporting information and commented on the process. The article demonstrates both the use of QSAR models as tools to reduce or replace in vivo testing, and ...
1) Diabetes & Insulin.. It is often wrongly claimed that the discovery of insulin was made in the 1920s through experiments on dogs by Banting and Best. However, in the words of Italys Prof. Bruno Fedi, M.D., 1989:. . . . . The observations of Banting and Best on diabetes, attributed to experiments on dogs, were already well-known . . . Every discovery derives from observations on humans, which are subsequently duplicated in animals, and whenever the findings happen to concur, their discovery is attributed to animal experimentation. Everything we know today in medicine derives from observations made on human beings..... Prof. Bruno Fedi, M.D., 1986, Director of the City Hospital of Terni, Italy, anatomist, pathologist, specialist in urology, gynaecology and cancerology. (quote from the book 1000 Doctors (& many more) Against Vivisection, Ed. Hans Ruesch, CIVIS publications, Switzerland, 1989). + The CLINICAL Discovery of Insulin ...
PHONOSURGERY LECTURE NUMBER 2: MISCELLANEOUS PROBLEMS AND RESEARCH POTENTIALS - Nobuhiko Isshiki, M.D.. The effectiveness of the Silastic implants used in thyroplasty procedures is discussed. The focus is on pitch problems and how dysphonia develops. Highlights include the following surgical procedures: lowering vocal pitch, cricothyroid approximation, combined thyroplasty to correct an unusual functional-related dysphonia, thyroplasty type I for correction of spastic dysphonia, laryngeal web removal and mucosal transplantation. Concludes with a discussion of the acoustical analysis of the voice and applications for determining the ease of phonation, along with the importance of animal experimentation.. Color and Sound (1993), approximately 91 minutes. ________________________________________________________. THE VOICE OF THE IMPERSONATOR - Robert J. Feder, M.D., F.A.C.S.. Impersonators Mel Blanc and Rich Little and ventriloquist Willie Tyler demonstrate their various characterizations and their ...
In Brutal, Brian Luke explores the gender divide over our treatment of animals, exposing the central role of masculinity in systems of animal exploitation. Employing philosophical analysis, reference to empirical research, and activist experience, Luke develops a new theory of how exploitative institutions do not promote human flourishing but merely support a particular construction of manhood. The resulting study is the first integrated theory of manhoods relationship to hunting, animal experimentation, and animal sacrifice, and is of significant interest both to animal advocates and opponents of sexism ...
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The elucidation of splenic function in health and disease has been continuously evolving since Aristotle dismissed the concept that it is essential for human existence more than 2000 years ago. The first recorded splenectomy was performed by Zaccarelli in 1549 for presumed malaria in a young woman who survived at least 6 years postoperatively [1]. The nonessential nature of the spleen was reinforced in subsequent animal experimentation following Reads successful splenectomy in a dog in 1638 [2]. Quittenbaum [3], in 1826, is credited with the initial well-documented splenectomy in a young woman with probable portal hypertension and splenomegaly. The patient expired postoperatively from exsanguination. Despite this dismal early outcome, splenectomy became an acceptable practice for idiopathic hypertrophy, malarial hypertrophy, splenic anemia, leukemia, cysts, and tuberculosis, with an associated mortality rate of 13% by 1908 [4].
Rapid Scientific Progress and Antivivisectionist Decline As the world recovered from the military and psychological carnage and social transformations brought on by the First World War, the Russian Revolution, and the 1918-1920 influenza pandemic, opposition to animal experimentation had shrunk to a barely perceptible concern. Compared to its prominence in Victorian and Edwardian times, debates…