To understand the step characteristics during sprinting in lower-extremity amputees using running-specific prosthesis, each athlete should be investigated individually. Theoretically, sprint performance in a 100-m sprint is determined by both step frequency and step length. The aim of the present study was to investigate how step frequency and step length correlate with sprinting performance in elite unilateral transtibial amputees. By using publicly-available Internet broadcasts, the authors analyzed 88 races from 7 unilateral transtibial amputees. For each sprinters run, the average step frequency and step length were calculated using the number of steps and official race time. Based on Pearsons correlation coefficients between step frequency, step length, and official race time for each individual, the authors classified each individual into 3 groups: step-frequency reliant, step-length reliant, and hybrid. It was found that 2, 2, and 3 sprinters were classified into step-frequency reliant, ...
The literature suggests that optimal levels of gait symmetry might exist for lower-limb amputees. Not only these optimal values are unknown, but we also dont know typical symmetry ratios or which measures of symmetry are essential. Focusing on the symmetries of stance, step, first peak and impulse of the ground reaction force, the aim of this work was to answer to three methodological and three clinical questions. The methodological questions wanted to establish a minimum set of symmetry indexes to study and if there are limitations in their calculations. The clinical questions wanted to establish if typical levels of temporal and loading symmetry exist, and change with the level of amputation and prosthetic components. Sixty traumatic, K3-K4 amputees were involved in the study: 12 transfemoral mechanical knee users (TFM), 25 C-leg knee users (TFC), and 23 transtibial amputees (TT). Ninety-two percent used the Ossur Variflex foot. Ten healthy subjects were also included. Ground reaction force from both
The literature suggests that optimal levels of gait symmetry might exist for lower-limb amputees. Not only these optimal values are unknown, but we also dont know typical symmetry ratios or which measures of symmetry are essential. Focusing on the symmetries of stance, step, first peak and impulse of the ground reaction force, the aim of this work was to answer to three methodological and three clinical questions. The methodological questions wanted to establish a minimum set of symmetry indexes to study and if there are limitations in their calculations. The clinical questions wanted to establish if typical levels of temporal and loading symmetry exist, and change with the level of amputation and prosthetic components. Sixty traumatic, K3-K4 amputees were involved in the study: 12 transfemoral mechanical knee users (TFM), 25 C-leg knee users (TFC), and 23 transtibial amputees (TT). Ninety-two percent used the Ossur Variflex foot. Ten healthy subjects were also included. Ground reaction force from both
The distribution of interface stresses between the residual limb and prosthetic socket of a transtibial amputee has been considered as a direct indicator of the socket quality fit and comfort. Therefore, researchers have been very interested in quantifying these interface stresses in order to evaluate the extent of any potential damage caused by the socket to the residual limb tissues. During the past 50 years a variety of measurement techniques have been employed in an effort to identify sites of excessive stresses which may lead to skin breakdown, compare stress distributions in various socket designs, and evaluate interface cushioning and suspension systems, among others. The outcomes of such measurement techniques have contributed to improving the design and fitting of transtibial sockets. This article aims to review the operating principles, advantages, and disadvantages of conventional and emerging techniques used for interface stress measurements inside transtibial sockets. It also reviews and
TY - JOUR. T1 - Correlation of residual limb length and gait parameters in amputees. AU - Baum, Brian S.. AU - Schnall, Barri L.. AU - Tis, John E.. AU - Lipton, Jill S.. PY - 2008/7/1. Y1 - 2008/7/1. N2 - There is a lack of objective data on acceptable transection levels for transfemoral amputation. We retrospectively correlated the residual limb length of 13 young, athletic transfemoral and knee disarticulation amputees with temporal-spatial, kinematic, and kinetic outcomes after gait analysis. It was hypothesised that shorter residual limb lengths would correlate with greater gait deviations. Patients residual femoral lengths ranged from 57% to 100% of their intact femoral length. With the exception of one patient, pelvic tilt excursion was inversely related to residual limb length. Limb length did not significantly correlate with any other temporal-spatial, kinematic, or kinetic parameter investigated. Consequently, these results suggest that if the femur is at least 57% of the length of ...
Published 8/18/2015. In this first video of the series, Danielle Melton, MD, director of the Amputee Program at TIRR Memorial Hermann Rehabilitation Hospital in Houston, Texas and chair of the Amputee Coalitions Scientific and Medical Advisory Committee, provides an overview of the rehabilitation process following the amputation of a limb. Dr. Melton provides an expert opinion on each topic addressed in the other videos in this series - the role of peer support, the importance of goal-setting during rehabilitation, prosthetic options, living life with limb loss, and managing other health issues related to being an amputee.. ...
Investigators will use a novel combination of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to study how the functional connections between brain regions change in amputees who have lost a lower leg. These studies may lead to new rehabilitation strategies that target altered brain connections to improve functional outcomes in lower-limb amputees. Nearly two million people in this country have suffered major or minor limb loss. In major limb loss cases, 90 percent involve leg amputation below the knee. Research shows that after a leg is amputated structural and functional changes occur in the part of the brain that previously supported the legs motor and sensory functions. Scientists do not yet know how connections between brain regions might change following limb loss, and how disruptions in the communication patterns between brain areas might relate to clinical outcomes. The investigators will test two main hypotheses: 1) The connections between brain ...
This project has two main aims: 1) To develop and validate a transtibial amputee model with representative mass, inertial, and muscular properties 2) To use this model to analyze collected gait data from transtibial amputees walking on a Biarticular Prosthesis prototype
The ability to run, jump, and play games is important for the general wellbeing of limb-deficient youngsters. In the past, prosthetic foot designs such as the SACH (Solid Ankle Cushioned Heel) were designed principally for walking and did not fulfill the special mobility and functional demands of children. With the advent of space-age materials that are light, strong and durable a new generation of prosthetic feet has evolved. The Flex-Foot is one of those state-of-the-art prothestic feet that proportedly has a potential for energy storage to enhance propulsion of the artificial limb during gait. The hypothesis of the enhanced energy-return has yet to be investigated systematically.. The purpose of this project was to quantify the gait mechanics of unilateral below-knee BK) amputee children while they wore either the Flex-Foot or the SACH foot during slow and fast walking. Ten BK child amputees were fit with a new SACH foot prosthesis, allowed to ambulate freely for two months, and their gait ...
This study will examine whether tactile (touch) abilities at the lip are more acute in people with upper limb amputation compared with healthy normal volunteers. People with an amputated upper limb have an expanded brain representation of the lip that may correlate with heightened tactile spatial acuity.. Normal volunteers will be recruited for this study. Candidates will be screened with physical and neurological examinations. (Amputee volunteers will be studied at the amputee clinic at the University of Tubingen, Germany.). Participants will sit comfortably in a chair, wearing a blindfold, during the following experiments:. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Transradial Amputee Gesture Classification Using an Optimal Number of sEMG Sensors. T2 - An Approach Using ICA Clustering. AU - Naik, Ganesh R.. AU - Al-Timemy, Ali H.. AU - Nguyen, Hung T.. PY - 2016/8. Y1 - 2016/8. N2 - Surface electromyography (sEMG)-based pattern recognition studies have been widely used to improve the classification accuracy of upper limb gestures. Information extracted from multiple sensors of the sEMG recording sites can be used as inputs to control powered upper limb prostheses. However, usage of multiple EMG sensors on the prosthetic hand is not practical and makes it difficult for amputees due to electrode shift/movement, and often amputees feel discomfort in wearing sEMG sensor array. Instead, using fewer numbers of sensors would greatly improve the controllability of prosthetic devices and it would add dexterity and flexibility in their operation. In this paper, we propose a novel myoelectric control technique for identification of various gestures ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Somatotopical feedback versus non-somatotopical feedback for phantom digit sensation on amputees using electrotactile stimulation. AU - Zhang, Dingguo. AU - Xu, Heng. AU - Shull, Peter B.. AU - Liu, Jianrong. AU - Zhu, Xiangyang. PY - 2015/5/2. Y1 - 2015/5/2. N2 - Abstract Background: Transcutaneous electrical stimulation can provide amputees with tactile feedback for better manipulating an advanced prosthesis. In general, there are two ways to transfer the stimulus to the skin: somatotopical feedback (SF) that stimulates the phantom digit somatotopy on the stump and non-somatotopical feedback (NF) that stimulates other positions on the human body. Methods: To investigate the difference between SF and NF, electrotactile experiments were conducted on seven amputees. Electrical stimulation was applied via a complete phantom map to the residual limb (SF) and to the upper arm (NF) separately. The behavior results of discrimination accuracy and response time were used to examine: 1) ...
In this study, we found that short term walking performance was significantly impaired in amputee with diabetes and most of them need the cane even they were capable of walking after prosthesis training.. Previous studies reported walking rates with prostheses after lower limb amputation in the range of 50% to 90% [789]. Our study showed only 10% to 20% were able to walk at outdoor and indoor in patients with diabetes and it is quite low proportion compared with prior results. There are several reasons for this difference between the two groups. First, diabetes could reduce maximum muscle strength by approximately 30% to 50% in both the upper and lower leg [10]. In patients with diabetes, insulin resistance redounded consistent hyperglycemia and the severity of hyperglycemia was associated with decreased muscle strength, mass, and quality [11]. Perry and Schoneberger [12] reported that hip abductors, hip extensors, and knee extensors are key muscle groups used in walking. Weakness in hip ...
Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis. It causes pain, swelling and reduced motion in the joints as the result of a breakdown of the cartilage in the joints. Cartilage is the slippery, shock-absorbing padding that covers the end of the bones in the joint. About 20 percent of the general population has osteoarthritis of the knee or hip due to age, excess weight or joint injuries. Research indicates that 40 percent of people with a single below-knee amputation have osteoarthritis in the sound (intact) knee. Even worse, 60 to 75 percent of people with an above-knee amputation have osteoarthritis in the sound knee. A recent study reported that 80 percent of people who have used a prosthesis for more than 45 years will have knee pain. Osteoarthritis in the sound side hip occurred in about 45 percent of below-knee amputees and 73 percent of above-knee amputees within an average of 47 years after the amputation. An average of 18 percent of all amputees had osteoarthritis in the amputated ...
Bilateral below knee amputee Sidney Smith is running a marathon to raise funds for Amputee Blade Runners, a nonprofit that provides free running blades to active amputees
While you should always follow your doctors advice with a drugs and medication for Phobia of Amputees, we are generally not in favor of using pharmaceuticals and recommend an approach that tackles the root cause of the problem, whether or not you choose to work with us. A pill can sometimes act as a quick fix and may seem to help briefly but will not allow you to be free of the fear.. By the way - no one has ever developed a drug exclusively for Phobia Of Amputees - and with so many potential side effects, who wants to risk taking medication as a solution?. The good news is with our help, you will conquer your Phobia Of Amputees, without drugs.. ...
Leg amputations can overweight people get a prosthetic limb - Is a diabetic double amputee overweight a good candidate for prosthetic limbs? Depends. The level of amputation is most important as the higher the amputation the more difficult it is to walk with the prosthesis. Diabetes by itself is not a problem if controlled. Foot care is crucial to prevent amputation of the other leg. Weight might limit the options an amputee has as prosthetic components have weight limits. Inability to tolerate exercise is another limiting factor.
The recent competitive successes of a bilateral, transtibial amputee sprint runner who races with modern running prostheses has triggered an international controversy regarding the relative function provided by his artificial limbs. Here, we conducted three tests of functional similarity between this amputee sprinter and competitive male runners with intact limbs: the metabolic cost of running, sprinting endurance, and running mechanics. Metabolic and mechanical data, respectively, were acquired via indirect calorimetry and ground reaction force measurements during constant-speed, level treadmill running. First, we found that the mean gross metabolic cost of transport of our amputee sprint subject (174.9 ml O2/kg/km; speeds: 2.5-4.1 m/s) was only 3.8% lower than mean values for intact-limb elite distance runners and 6.7% lower than for subelite distance runners but 17% lower than for intact-limb 400-m specialists [210.6 (SD 13.2) ml O2/kg/km]. Second, the speeds that our amputee sprinter ...
The functional differences between persons with amputation who are classified as Medicare Functional Classification Level (MFCL)-2 and -3 include the abilities to walk at various cadences and to negotiate environmental barriers outside the home. This study compared the effect of active microprocesso …
BACKGROUND: Key factors limiting patients with lower extremity amputations to achieve maximal functional capabilities are falls and fear of falling. A task-specific fall prevention training program has successfully reduced prospectively recorded trip-related falls that occur in the community by the elderly. However, this program has not been tested in amputees. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: In a cohort of unilateral transtibial amputees, we aimed to assess effectiveness of a falls prevention training program by (1) quantifying improvements in trunk control; (2) measuring responses to a standardized perturbation; and (3) demonstrating retention at 3 and 6 months after training. Second, we collected patient-reported outcomes for balance confidence and falls control. METHODS: Fourteen male military service members (26 +/- 3 years) with unilateral transtibial amputations and who had been walking without an assistive device for a median of 10 months (range, 2-106 months) were recruited to participate in this ...
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): A new generation of dexterous prosthetic hands is becoming available, which are capable of a greater number of functions than conventional prostheses. To enable this increased functionality, we have pioneered a novel control platform which includes a surface electromyography (EMG) pattern recognition algorithm called MyoSense and a first-of-its-kind multi-channel conformal electrode interface called MyoLiner. The combination of these two technologies has allowed us, forthe first time, to give amputees the ability to point their index finger and operate their thumb independently in addition to the conventional hand open and close functionality. This technology has the potential to shift the paradigm in prosthetic controlfor the first time in over 50 years. In order to maximize the impact and accuracy of the technology, rehabilitation therapy is required, ideally within a 30-day golden window following amputation. However, the realities of patient fitting and ...
This youngster believes that nothing is impossible, and he wants to go by the motto. Why should anything stop you if you are an amputee? Sky is the limit. Amputees can do anything done by a person without disabilities, he says.. The team was divided into batches so that they can help each other while climbing. Bharat, who has trained over 1,000 people in his career span, travels around the world trekking new places.. Arun Kumar Tiwari, who works with a company in Hyderabad, was part of the trip as well. Arun said that he learned many things trekking with Sekhar. I have been mountaineering since the year 2015. I met Sekhar last year and he is very competent. He has overcome his disability and I feel he is no way lesser than a person who is not disabled. It is truly inspiring to watch him.. Sekhar already has plans to scale more peaks and set new records. ...
The Surgical Clinic is a group of 25 Board-Certified surgeons, in Nashville, Tennessee, who specialize in general, vascular and thoracic surgery. In December 2006, The Surgical Clinic became the first physician-based prosthetic clinic under the guidance and direction of one of Amputee Associates founding members, Aaron Fitzsimmons. Through surgeon and prosthetist direct collaboration, The Surgical Clinic has provided modified amputation procedures which have greatly improved prosthetic outcomes for their amputee patients. ...
Police shoot amputee threatening people with pen - A Houston police officer shot and killed a schizophrenic, wheelchair-bound double amputee threatening people with a pen at a group home for the me
Pet MA, Ko JH, Friedly JL, Smith DG. Traction Neurectomy for Treatment of Painful Residual Limb Neuroma in Lower Extremity Amputees. J Orthop Trauma 2015;29:e321-e325. I applaud the authors for highlighting the troubles with the commonly performed traction neurectomy in patients with lower extremity amputations. As we all know, the problems of those sustaining a…
CONCLUSIONS: In nondemanding walking conditions with experienced amputees, participants reported that the more costly C-leg required less cognitive attention than the noncomputerized knee. However, this subjective experience did not translate to improved performance on neuropsychologic screening instruments or on walking speed. Noncomputerized prostheses may be adequate for a majority of amputees, and further research is needed to identify particular groups of amputees (ie, new amputees, amputees with complex physical or cognitive demands) who may benefit from computerized prostheses.. ...
Local researchers have predicted several points in time in which lower-limb amputees may stop using their prostheses after they are discharged from rehab.
Prosthetics 101 is a comprehensive resource for anyone concerned with upper limb amputation surgery, rehabilitation, and prosthetic solutions.
NSFs mission is to advance the progress of science, a mission accomplished by funding proposals for research and education made by scientists, engineers, and educators from across the country.
Australian Physiotherapists in Amputee Rehabilitation - Transfemoral Gait Biomechanics. Analysis of Walking Patterns of Transfemoral Amputees.
Amputees with prosthetic limbs may soon have much a better sense of touch, temperature and texture, thanks to the power of the sun.
Adjustment Gel Pads feature tapered edges for a great fit. Use to relieve pressure points, discourage blisters & can compensate for a loose prosthetic socket.
Yes, things can happen that will require repair or replacement, so its a good idea to know about warranties and what to expect from your prosthetist. Get small problems with your prosthesis taken care of promptly. There is no benefit to waiting until your prosthesis falls apart or causes serious skin breakdown. If you wear a prosthesis too long when it needs repair or replacement, you can do harm, not only to your residual limb, but also to other parts of your body. Strain on other muscles, especially in your back, shoulders and hips will affect posture in addition to performance of the device and the energy needed to use it. Early prevention is much better than long term treatment.. Who can I contact for more information ...
Regardless of prosthetic design, there exist inherent limitations which adversely affect the functionality of transhumeral prostheses. Loss of voluntary humeral rotational control, limitations in prosthetic suspension and decreased range of motion limit the users acceptance and functional use of a prosthesis. Various techniques have been discussed in the medical literature to compensate for these shortcomings. These include socket design techniques, harness techniques, and surgical techniques. Marquette introduced the concept of humeral angulation osteotomy to resolve these issues. By surgically angling the distal humerus the amputee can be fit with a self-suspending prosthesis that enables voluntary rotational control without restrictions to range of motion. Although this technique is discussed in various prosthetic text books, very few cases have been reported. Case studies will be presented showing surgical, rehabilitation, and prosthetic considerations ...
Background Recent conflicts have seen an increase in trauma related military amputees who incur complex injuries which result in varied residual limbs. In many cases these amputees have been provided with state of the art (SOTA) components with the expectation that they will transfer into NHS care after military discharge. However, there is a lack of knowledge around how prosthetic prescriptions are made in both the MOD and NHS, including patient involvement. It is important to explore prosthetic prescription decisions to enhance the quality, consistency and equity of care delivery for trauma amputees. This thesis explores decision making in prosthetic care for trauma amputees in the UK during this period of change. Aims To explore aspects of prosthetic care provision in the UK including clinical decision making, patient experience and the transition of prosthetic care from the MOD to the NHS. Design An exploratory qualitative project informed by decision making and patient involvement theory. ...
Forty amputee patients will be evaluated for satisfaction with the prosthesis, pressure repartition pattern and functional capabilities.. Pressure at the stump-socket interface will be recorded using a set of 14 single cells sensors placed in predefined positions onto the stump. Pattern of pressure will be measured in four tasks: sitting posture, standing posture, gait initiation, and gait at preferred velocity.. Reproducibility of the pressure repartition pattern will be analyzed by repeating gait and standing posture task in the first 15 patients included.. In patients whom prosthesis has been modified on the basis on the first pressure measurement (pressure peak and bad functional capacities), a new pressure measurement will be repeated 2-8 weeks apart.. Postural and gait abilities will be also assessed in 40 age/gender matched non-amputated subjects to serve as control data. ...
Methods: At admission to the rehabilitation centre objective and subjective parameters were assessed including demographic data and levels of daily activity using standardized questionnaires. Three months after prosthetic fitting a follow-up was performed and additional parameters such as walking speed, step length and vertical ground reaction forces were examined using a dynamic gait analysis ...
To speed development of a mobile system providing a sense of touch that amputees can use anywhere, Case Western Reserve University researchers and colleagues at the Louis Stokes Cleveland Veterans Affairs Medical Center have assembled a team including medical device-makers Medtronic and Ardiem Medical, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, the universities of Chicago and California at San Francisco, and the Providence VAs Ocean State Research Institute.
In a previous study, Sorensens implants were connected to a sensory-enhanced prosthetic hand that allowed him to recognize shape and softness. In this new publication about texture in the journal eLife, the bionic fingertip attains a superior level of touch resolution.. Simulating touch in non-amputees. This same experiment testing coarseness was performed on non-amputees, without the need of surgery. The tactile information was delivered through fine needles that were temporarily attached to the arms median nerve through the skin. The non-amputees were able to distinguish roughness in textures 77% of the time.. But does this information about touch from the bionic fingertip really resemble the feeling of touch from a real finger? The scientists tested this by comparing brain-wave activity of the non-amputees, once with the artificial fingertip and then with their own finger. The brain scans collected by an EEG cap on the subjects head revealed that activated regions in the brain were ...
Amputees at Spalding Rehabilitation Hospital in Denver, Colorado receive personalized treatment throughout their amputation rehab and recovery.
According to the National Hip Fracture Database, over 64,000 patients were admitted with a hip fracture across England, Wales, and Northern Ireland in 2013, but very few are bilateral, and there are no current cases in the literature of bilateral neck of femur fractures in a patient with bilateral below-knee amputations. We present a case of a 69-year-old bilateral below-knee amputee male admitted to the emergency department with bilateral hip pain and radiological evidence of bilateral displaced neck of femur fractures. The patient subsequently underwent synchronous bilateral total hip replacements under general anaesthetic and an epidural and then went on to make a full recovery. He was discharged 27 days after arrival in hospital. Outpatient follow-up at 3 months has shown that the patient has returned to a similar level of preinjury function and is still able to carry out his daily activities with walking aids and bilateral leg prostheses.
The feeling we have of our own body, sometimes called body image, is fundamental to self-awareness. However, by altering sensory input, the body image can be modified into impossible configurations. Can impossible movements of the body image be conjured solely via internally generated mechanisms, and, if so, do the structural characteristics of the body image modify to accommodate the new movements? We encouraged seven amputees with a vivid phantom arm to learn to perform a phantom wrist movement that defied normal anatomical constraints. Four reported success. Learning the impossible movement coincided in time with a profound change in the body image of the arm, including a sense of ownership and agency over a modified wrist joint. Remarkably, some previous movements and functional tasks involving the phantom arm became more difficult once the shift in body image had occurred. Crucially, these introspective reports were corroborated by robust empirical data from motor imagery tasks, about ...
We have achieved selective nerve response from multi-contact cuff electrodes by demonstrating characteristic percept areas and thresholds for each contact. Selective sensory response remains consistent in two upper-limb amputees for 1 and 2 years, the longest multi-contact sensory feedback system to …
Decreased burden on the health care system and a higher quality of life for patients likely offset higher initial costs of amputation and prosthetic intervention.
Researchers have found that the brain stores detailed information of a missing hand decades after amputation, regardless of whether amputees still experience phantom hand sensations.|br /||br /|
New York Post) AUGUSTA, Maine - A soldier who lost all four limbs during an explosion in Afghanistan hopes to inspire others with his story of how he recovered from his injuries and got on with his life partly by helping other amputees.. Travis Mills is raising his family, delivering motivational speeches and helping other wounded warriors through his foundation.. With his book Tough As They Come, hes added author to his accomplishments.. My message is pretty clear. Never give up. Never quit. Find your motivation. Find your goals. And keep moving, he said Tuesday.. He joked with people at a bookstore, patiently signing books with a Sharpie, using his prosthetic hand. Hes right-handed and the prosthesis is on the left hand, making it even more difficult to write.. Mills, 28, was an Army staff sergeant with the 82nd Airborne Division on his third deployment when an improvised explosive device (IED) detonated when he dropped his backpack on the ground during a foot patrol on April 10, 2012. ...
As an 83-year-old bilateral amputee determined to walk again, Ruth is an inspiration. Her story highlights the impact VNA of Ohios Rehabilitation program can have on patients who want to be independent.
Experimental devices that read brain signals have helped paralyzed people use computers and may let amputees control bionic limbs. But existing devices use tiny electrodes that poke into the brain. Now, a University of Utah study shows that brain signals controlling arm movements can be detected accurately using new microelectrodes that sit on the brain but dont penetrate it.. The unique thing about this technology is that it provides lots of information out of the brain without having to put the electrodes into the brain, says Bradley Greger, an assistant professor of bioengineering and coauthor of the study. That lets neurosurgeons put this device under the skull but over brain areas where it would be risky to place penetrating electrodes: areas that control speech, memory and other cognitive functions.. For example, the new array of microelectrodes someday might be placed over the brains speech center in patients who cannot communicate because they are paralyzed by spinal injury, ...
One in five Americans struggle with a lifelong disability and nearly two million men and women have served our country in Iraq and Afghanistan, and are coming home looking for ways to feel whole again and to fit back in to normal life. Whether they are an amputee, visually impaired, suffer from PTSD, or have quadriplegia. Whether they served in WWII, Korea, Vietnam, the Gulf war, Iraq or Afghanistan. Whether they are a child with autism, or a young woman who has lost a limb to cancer, AmpSurf offers a unique program to bring the healing power of the ocean and adaptive surfing together for an experience that is both mentally and physically one of the best forms of rehabilitation on the planet. Our goal is simple, we want to help our disabled veterans, adults and children focus on their abilities not their disabilities. To do this, we strive to Promote, Inspire, Educate and Rehabilitate (PIER™) the public by providing a quality program and the opportunity for the participants and volunteers to ...
Dewayne Smock doesnt have a leg to stand on.. Smock says this in jest, but its also the literal truth. A surgeon amputated both his legs last summer after infection invaded them - a complication of diabetes.. The 53-year-old lives in a beat-up Mazda van that he is unable to drive. Because of mobility issues, the amputee says he spends most of his day sitting in the front passenger seat of the oxidized silver van, sleeping when he can, playing games on his phone when it has juice. Sometimes he just sits smoking a Pall Mall, counting up his regrets in his offbeat, tongue-in-cheek sort of way.. His friend David Gately lives with Smock and serves as chauffeur, health aide and the son Smock never had. Gately parks here and there, hoping not to draw attention from property owners or police. Until recently, Gately often drove him to Roy Raley Park for a change of view and a chance for Smock to recharge his wheelchair using an electrical outlet at the pavilion. He chatted with the teens hanging out at ...