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TY - JOUR. T1 - Branched-chain amino acid supplemented diet during maternal food restriction prevents developmental hypertension in adult rat offspring. AU - Fujii, T.. AU - Yura, S.. AU - Tatsumi, K.. AU - Kondoh, E.. AU - Mogami, H.. AU - Fujita, K.. AU - Kakui, K.. AU - Aoe, S.. AU - Itoh, H.. AU - Sagawa, N.. AU - Fujii, S.. AU - Konishi, I.. PY - 2011/6. Y1 - 2011/6. N2 - Maternal food restriction is known to cause developmental hypertension in offspring. We have previously shown that maternal high-protein diet can reverse fetal programming of hypertension and that branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) concentrations in maternal and fetal plasma were increased by maternal high-protein intake. Then, we hypothesized that isocaloric supplementation with BCAA to a maternal food restriction can reverse the adverse outcome. Pregnant rats were divided into four groups at 7.5 days postcoitum: normally nourished (NN) and 70% undernourished (UN) groups with and without BCAA supplementation (NN-standard ...
Low prices on Branched-Chain Amino Acids (BCAAs)! BCAAs help increase muscle size and strength, and enhance recovery*. BCAA (branched-chain amino acid) supplements are important for protein synthesis, muscle building and preservation of lean body mass. They are also used as a muscle energy source under certain circumstances.* BCAAs, which consist of 3 essential amino acids -- leucine, valine and isoleucine, have been extensively studied for their anti-catabolic effects, helping to maintain muscle mass and strength gains.*
Low prices on Branched-Chain Amino Acids (BCAAs)! BCAAs help increase muscle size and strength, and enhance recovery*. BCAA (branched-chain amino acid) supplements are important for protein synthesis, muscle building and preservation of lean body mass. They are also used as a muscle energy source under certain circumstances.* BCAAs, which consist of 3 essential amino acids -- leucine, valine and isoleucine, have been extensively studied for their anti-catabolic effects, helping to maintain muscle mass and strength gains.*
1. Cangiano C, Laviano A, Meguid MM, et al. Effects of administration of oral branched-chain amino acids on anorexia and caloric intake in cancer patients. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1996;88:550-552. 2. Plaitakis A, Smith J, Mandeli J, et al. Pilot trial of branched-chain aminoacids in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Lancet. 1988;1:1015-1018. 3. Testa D, Caraceni T, Fetoni V. Branched-chain amino acids in the treatment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. J Neurol. 1989;236:445-447. 4. Tandan R, Bromberg MB, Forshew D, et al. A controlled trial of amino acid therapy in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: I. Clinical, functional, and maximum isometric torque data. Neurology. 1996;47:1220-1226. 5. [No authors listed]. Branched-chain amino acids and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: a treatment failure? Italian ALS Study Group. Neurology. 1993;43:2466-2470. 6. Richardson MA, Bevans ML, Weber JB, et al. Branched chain amino acids decrease tardive dyskinesia symptoms. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1999;143:358-364. 7. ...
1. Testa D, Caraceni T, Fetoni V. Branched-chain amino acids in the treatment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. J Neurol. 1989;236:445-447. 2. Tandan R, Bromberg MB, Forshew D, et al. A controlled trial of amino acid therapy in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: I. Clinical, functional, and maximum isometric torque data. Neurology. 1996;47:1220-1226. 3. Plaitakis A, Smith J, Mandeli J, et al. Pilot trial of branched-chain amino acids in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Lancet. 1988;1:1015-1018. 4. Plaitakis A. Branched-chain amino acids and ALS [letter]. Neurology. 1994;44:1982-1983. 5. [No authors listed]. Branched-chain amino acids and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: a treatment failure? Italian ALS Study Group. Neurology. 1993;43:2466-2470. 6. Gredal O, Moller SE. Effect of branched-chain amino acids on glutamate metabolism in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. J Neurol Sci. 1995;129:40-43. 7. Plaitakis A, Smith J, Mandeli J, et al. Pilot trial of branched-chain amino acids in amyotrophic lateral ...
Tumor genetics guides patient selection for many new therapies, and cell culture studies have demonstrated that specific mutations can promote metabolic phenotypes. However, whether tissue context defines cancer dependence on specific metabolic pathways is unknown. Kras activation and Trp53 deletion in the pancreas or the lung result in pancreatic ductal adenocarinoma (PDAC) or non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC), respectively, but despite the same initiating events, these tumors use branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) differently. NSCLC tumors incorporate free BCAAs into tissue protein and use BCAAs as a nitrogen source, whereas PDAC tumors have decreased BCAA uptake. These differences are reflected in expression levels of BCAA catabolic enzymes in both mice and humans. Loss of Bcat1 and Bcat2, the enzymes responsible for BCAA use, impairs NSCLC tumor formation, but these enzymes are not required for PDAC tumor formation, arguing that tissue of origin is an important determinant of how cancers ...
Branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) in plasma are discussed as risk factors for the onset of several diseases. Information about the contribution of the overall diet to plasma BCAA concentrations is controversial. Our objective was to investigate which dietary pattern is associated with plasma BCAA concentrations and whether other additional nutrients besides BCAA further characterize this dietary pattern. Based on the cross-sectional KarMeN study, fasting plasma amino acid (AA) concentrations, as well as current and habitual dietary intake were assessed in 298 healthy individuals. Using reduced rank regression, we derived a habitual dietary pattern that explained 32.5% of plasma BCAA variation. This pattern was high in meat, sausages, sauces, eggs, and ice cream but low in nuts, cereals, mushrooms, and pulses. The age, sex, and energy intake adjusted dietary pattern score was associated with an increase in animal-based protein together with a decrease in plant-based protein, dietary fiber, and an
This study aimed to determine the effects of diets chronically supplemented with branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) on the fatigue mechanisms of trained rats. Thirty-six adult Wistar rats were trained for six weeks. The training protocol consisted of bouts of swimming exercise (one hour a day, five times a week, for six weeks). The animals received a control diet (C) (n = 12), a diet supplemented with 3.57% BCAA (S1) (n = 12), or a diet supplemented with 4.76% BCAA (S2) (n = 12). On the last day of the training protocol, half the animals in each group were sacrificed after one hour of swimming (1H), and the other half after a swimming exhaustion test (EX). Swimming time until exhaustion was increased by 37% in group S1 and reduced by 43% in group S2 compared to group C. Results indicate that the S1 diet had a beneficial effect on performance by sparing glycogen in the soleus muscle (p | 0.05) and by inducing a lower concentration of plasma ammonia, whereas the S2 diet had a negative effect on performance
SCOPE: This study addresses the effects of branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) on global gene expression in liver and skeletal muscle and the molecular mechanisms underlying the improvement in liver cirrhosis using DNA microarray analysis combined with
1. The oxidation of the three branched-chain amino acids was regulated in parallel fashion in rat tissues studied in vitro. 2. With 0.1 mM-[1-14C]isoleucine as substrate in the presence of 5.5 mM-glucose, 14CO2 production was 0.6 mumol/2 h per g in the aorta, 0.3 in peripheral nerve, 0.2 in muscle and 0.13 in spinal cord. 3. The ratio 14C oxidized/14C incorporated into proteins with 0.1 mM-[1-14C]leucine was 1.3 in hemidiaphragms, 3.3 in sciatic nerve and 1.0 in nerves undergoing Wallerian degeneration. Leucine oxidation decreased only slightly during degeneration, but protein synthesis doubled. 4. Hemidiaphragms incubated with [1-14C]leucine or 4-methyl-2-oxo[1-14C]pentanoate increased 14CO2 production 7-9-fold as substrate concentration was increased from 0.1 to 0.5 mM; under the same conditions 14CO2 production by nerves increased only 2-3-fold. 5. 2-Oxoglutarate stimulated the oxidation of the branched-chain amino acids by muscles and peripheral nerves and the oxidation of ...
What do they do?. The branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) are leucine, isoleucine, and valine. BCAAs are considered essential amino acids because human beings cannot survive unless these amino acids are present in the diet.. BCAAs are needed for the maintenance of muscle tissue and appear to preserve muscle stores of glycogen (a storage form of carbohydrate that can be converted into energy).1 BCAAs also help prevent muscle protein breakdown during exercise.2. Some research has shown that BCAA supplementation (typically 10-20 grams per day) does not result in meaningful changes in body composition,3 nor does it improve exercise performance4 5 6 7 8 or enhance the effects of physical training.9 10 However, BCAA supplementation may be useful in special situations, such as preventing muscle loss at high altitudes11 and prolonging endurance performance in the heat.12 Studies by one group of researchers suggest that BCAA supplementation may also improve exercise-induced declines in some aspects of ...
One supplement which I always recommend all of my clients touse is BCAAs, and I would recommend you to do the same. After getting yourprotein supplements bought there is no question in my mind that BCAAs are themost important supplement if protecting your muscle, building muscle and promotingmuscle recovery is of importance to you. In short, any athlete who exercisesregularly needs BCAAs in my mind!What are BCAAs? BCAAs are simply essential amino acids whichaccount for about 35-40% of your overall amino acid count. The body is able toproduce the other 60-65% but without proper nutrition and supplementation itwill not be able to benefit from the essential amino acids. These are known asleucine, isoleucine and valine. When you supplement with BCAAs your body isable to metabolise them within the muscle. BCAA products which have a high concentrationin leucine are generally more beneficial due to the increase anti-cataboliceffects this amino acid can offer.Why do I need BCAAs? Above we touched on some of the
Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are endogenous proteins whose function is to maintain the cells tolerance to insult, and glutamine supplementation is known to increase HSP expression during intense exercise. Since few studies have addressed the possibility that supplementation with other amino acids could have s
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Leg-muscle force during maximal voluntary isometric contractions was measured 2 d after exercise (Day 3), and the BCAA supplementation suppressed the muscle-force decrease (to ~80% of the value recorded under the control conditions) observed in the placebo trial. Plasma BCAA concentrations, which decreased after exercise in the placebo trial, were markedly elevated during the 2 hr postexercise in the BCAA trial. Serum myoglobin concentration was increased by exercise in the placebo but not in the BCAA trial. The concentration of plasma elastase as an index of neutrophil activation appeared to increase after the squat exercise in both trials, but the change in the elastase level was significant only in the placebo trial ...
Dr. Chen-Kang Chang and team studied the effects of branched-chain amino acids (BCAA), arginine, and citrulline supplementation on central fatigue. Between periods of intensive Taekwando exercise, they measured the premotor reaction time of athletes who were given amino acid (AA) supplements versus those who received a placebo. They also measured the ratios of free tryptophan to BCAA, since tryptophan is a precursor to serotonin- a molecule that may be responsible for lethargy when present in high levels ...
Branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs), and especially L-leucine, have garnered a ton of attention in the scientific community over the past two decades. Data conti
Branched-chain amino acids for people with hepatic encephalopathy: Cochrane systematic review answers are found in the Cochrane Abstracts powered by Unbound Medicine. Available for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Web.
Decrease in blood concentration of branched-chain amino acids, especially leucine, is known to promote liver carcinogenesis in patients with chronic liver disease, but the mechanism is unclear. We herein established hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells knocked out for DEPDC5 by using the CRISPR/Cas9 system, and elucidated that cell viability of the DEPDC5 knockout (DEPDC5-KO) cells was higher than that of the DEPDC5 wild-type (DEPDC5-WT) under leucine starvation. Considering that autophagy deficiency might be involved in acquired resistance to leucine deprivation, we observed reduction of LC3-II followed by accumulation of p62 in the DEPDC5-KO, which induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) tolerance ...
Branched-Chain Amino Acids: Pt. B (John N. Abelson, Melvin I. Simon, John R. Sokatch, Robert Adron Harris) pe OKIAN.ro. Pret: 702.99 lei. Volume 324 of Met
Amino acids are the building blocks of protein. Branched chain amino acids - made up of Leucine, Isoleucine and Valine - comprise approximately 35% of the amino acid composition of muscle tissue. Branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) have attracted a lot of interest in body building and strength based sports because they are the only amino acids that are actually metabolised in the muscle. BCAAs are converted into two other amino acids - glutamine and alanine - which are released in large quantities during intense aerobic exercise. They can also be used directly by the muscles, particularly when muscle glycogen is depleted.
Our previous studies revealed that the staphylococcal protein Gcp is essential for bacterial growth; however, the essential function of Gcp remains undefined. In this study, we demonstrated that Gcp plays an important role in the modulation of the br
21st Century Hong Kong BCAA- Branched Chain Amino Acids, for sports energy HK$75 - Available from our vending machines at these locations, for your convenience and immediate purchase or Buy Online from this website BCAA: The Many Benefits Of Branched Chain Amino Acid Dieting down will get you thinner, but it might also reduce some size from your biceps. BCAAs can help protect your muscles against the catabolic
Source Naturals BCAA Capsules Branched-Chain Amino Acids Source Naturals BCAA provides support to your bodys muscular systems with a vigorous blend of branched-chain amino acids and supporting B vitamins. Research has shown that during exercise, branched-chain amino acids are metabolized directly in the skeletal muscle - a process that provides robust musculoskeletal fortification when your body needs it the most, during workouts or athletic competition. Combined with vitamin B-6 and B-12 for optimized protein synthesis, BCAA may also increase energy and reduce occasional fatigue in support of your active lifestyle. Supplement Facts for 733 mg Capsule Serving Size: 3 capsules Amount %DV Calories 10 Vitamin B-6 (as pyridoxine HCl) 8 mg 400% Vitamin B-12 (as cyanocobalamin) 333 mcg 5,500% Zinc (as zinc citrate) 3 mg 20% L-Leucine 900 mg L-Isoleucine 450 mg L-Valine 450 mg L-Glutamine 400 mg Other Ingredients: gelatin (capsule), silica, and magnesium stearate. Warning: If
Learn more about Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAAs) at Doctors Hospital of Augusta Supplement Forms/Alternate Names: BCAAs or Leucine, Isoleucine, and Valine (Separately) Uses Principal...
Learn more about Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAAs) at Medical City Dallas Supplement Forms/Alternate Names: BCAAs or Leucine, Isoleucine, and Valine (Separately) Uses Principal...
Learn more about Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAAs) at Sunrise Hospital & Medical Center Supplement Forms/Alternate Names: BCAAs or Leucine, Isoleucine, and Valine...
... Dieting down will get you shredded, but it might also shave some size from your biceps. BCAAs c
Branched-chain ketoacid dehydrogenase kinase deficiency (BCKDKD) [MIM:614923]: A metabolic disorder characterized by autism, epilepsy, intellectual disability, and reduced branched-chain amino acids. {ECO:0000269,PubMed:22956686, ECO:0000269,PubMed:24449431}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A diet enriched in branched amino acids (BCAAs) allows to normalize plasma BCAA levels. This suggests that it may be possible to treat patients with mutations in BCKDK with BCAA supplementation ...
Bulk Powders™ 100% Vegan Branched Chain Amino Acids, BCAAs, AjiPure®, Ajinomoto Amino Acids®, Perfect Musclebuilding and Fat Burning Leucine, Isoleucine and Valine. Anti Ageing Booster, Eye Support, Cardiovascular Protection, Liver Protection, Increases Anaerobic Threshold, 100% Vegan, Manufactured from natural raw ingredients/materials of non-animal origin. Guaranteed 100% Pure, Free of Impurities & Toxic Metabolites. Zero Dicyandiamide (DCD), Zero Dihydrotriazine (DHT), Zero Creatinine & Zero Thiourea, Fastest Absorption into Musculoskeletal System for Enhanced Aerobic Threshold, Nitric Oxide Recirculation, Pumps, Endurance, Rapid Recovery, Cell Volumization, Rapid Muscle Building, Fat Loss, Bone Density & Elevated Performance, BCAAs, Branched chain Amino Acids, EAAs, Essential Amino Acids, SAAs, Silk Amino Acids, Histidine, Alanine, Isoleucine, Arginine, Leucine, Asparagine, Lysine, Aspartic Acid, Methionine, Cysteine, Phenylalanine, Glutamic Acid, Threonine, Glutamine, Tryptophan, Glycine,
NOW® Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAAs) are 3 essential amino acids which are abundant in muscles. The branched chain amino acids Leucine, Isoleucine and Valine are three of the eight essential amino acids that the human body must receive in food. T
TY - JOUR. T1 - Branched chain amino acids as a major source of alanine nitrogen in man. AU - Haymond, M. W.. AU - Miles, J. M.. PY - 1982. Y1 - 1982. N2 - In vitro perfusion and incubation studies and recent investigations in dogs suggest that branched chain amino acids (BCAA)may be a major source of alanine nitrogen. To determine the contribution of BCAA nitrogen to the formation of alanine in man, seven postabsorptive adults received prime-dose constant infusions of 15N-leucine, L-[6,6,6-2H3] leucine, and L-[2,3,3,3-2H4] alanine; isotopic enrichment was determined in arterialized venous plasma samples by gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy. At substrate and isotope steady state, alanine flux and the rate of 15N alanine appearance were 5.4 ± 0.3 μmol/kg.min and 32 ± 2 nmol/kg.min, respectively. Leucine nitrogen flux was significantly greater than that of leucine carbon flux (2.54 ± 0.25 vs. 1.90 ± 0.10 μmol/kg.min, respectively; P , 0.001). Greater flux of leucine nitrogen when compared ...
The Western meat-rich diet is both high in protein and fat. Although the hazardous effect of a high fat diet (HFD) upon liver structure and function is well recognized, whether the co-presence of high protein intake contributes to, or protects against, HF-induced hepatic injury remains unclear. Increased intake of branched chain amino acids (BCAA, essential amino acids compromising 20% of total protein intake) reduces body weight. However, elevated circulating BCAA is associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and injury. The mechanisms responsible for this quandary remain unknown; the role of BCAA in HF-induced liver injury is unclear. Utilizing HFD or HFD+BCAA models, we demonstrated BCAA supplementation attenuated HFD-induced weight gain, decreased fat mass, activated mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), inhibited hepatic lipogenic enzymes, and reduced hepatic triglyceride content. However, BCAA caused significant hepatic damage in HFD mice, evidenced by exacerbated hepatic oxidative stress,
Healthy N Fit® CORRECT PROPORTION™ BRANCHED CHAIN AMINO ACIDS are mega potency, free-form B.C.A.A.s (Branched Chain Amino Acids) in their correct and most usable proportion and potency; formulated to increase muscle mass and strength in combination with intense training. ...
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1] Shimomura Y, Murakami T, Naoya Nakai N, Nagasaki M, Harris RA (2004). "Exercise Promotes BCAA Catabolism: Effects of BCAA Supplementation on Skeletal Muscle during Exercise". J. Nutr. 134 (6): 1583S-1587S.. [2] L-Leucine. Layne E. Norton, Donald K. Layman. "Leucine Regulates Translation Initiation of Protein Synthesis in Skeletal Muscle after Exercise.". [3] L-Valine. Gomez-Merino D, Béquet F, Berthelot M, Riverain S, Chennaoui M, Guezennec CY. "Evidence that the branched-chain amino acid L-valine prevents exercise-induced release of 5-HT in rat hippocampus.". [4] "L-Isoleucine." National Center for Biotechnology Information.. [5] Carvalho-Peixoto J, Alves RC, Cameron LC. "Glutamine and carbohydrate supplements reduce ammonemia increase during endurance field exercise." Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2007 Dec;32(6):1186-90.. [6] Moloney MA, et al. "Two weeks taurine supplementation reverses endothelial dysfunction in young male type 1 diabetics." Diab Vasc Dis Res. 2010 Oct;7(4):300-10.. [7] Antti ...
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What are branched chain amino acids? Why should you use them? Find out how BCAAs can take your fitness to the next level and our top recommended brand.
What are branched chain amino acids? Why should you use them? Find out how BCAAs can take your fitness to the next level and our top recommended brand.
While most amino acids are oxidized in the liver, BCAAs are primarily oxidized in the skeletal muscle and other peripheral tissues.[4] The effects of BCAA administration on muscle growth in rat diaphragm was tested, and concluded that not only does a mixture of BCAAs alone have the same effect on growth as a complete mixture of amino acids, but an amino acid mixture with all but BCAAs has no effect on rat diaphragm muscle growth.[16] Administration of either isoleucine or valine alone had no effect on muscle growth, although administration of leucine alone appears to be nearly as effective as the complete mixture of BCAAs. Leucine indirectly activates p70 S6 kinase as well as stimulates assembly of the eIF4F complex, which are essential for mRNA binding in translational initiation.[16] P70 S6 kinase is part of the mammalian target of rapamycin complex (mTOR) signaling pathway, and has been shown to allow adaptive hypertrophy and recovery of rat muscle.[17] At rest protein infusion stimulates ...
A Branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) is an amino acid having aliphatic side chains with a branch (a carbon atom bound to more than two other carbon atoms). Among the proteinogenic amino acids, there are three BCAAs: leucine, isoleucine and valine ...
A Branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) is an amino acid having aliphatic side chains with a branch (a carbon atom bound to more than two other carbon atoms). Among the proteinogenic amino acids, there are three BCAAs: leucine, isoleucine and valine ...
BCAAs are Branched Chain Amino Acids, 3 amino acids; Leucine, Isoleucine, and Valine, that have aliphatic branched side chains that distinguish them from other amino acids. Over the years BCAAs have gained a lot of attention in the sports nutrition industry... as an effective recovery and muscle growth supplement for athletes. The proven effectiveness of…
Insulin stimulates muscle protein synthesis when the levels of total amino acids, or at least the essential amino acids, are at or above their postabsorptive concentrations. Among the essential amino acids, branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) have the primarily role in stimulating muscle protein synthesis, and are commonly sought alone to stimulate muscle protein synthesis in humans. Fourteen healthy, young subjects were studied before and after insulin infusion to examine whether insulin stimulates muscle protein synthesis in relation to the availability of BCAA alone. Half of the subjects were studied in the presence of postabsorptive BCAA concentrations (Control), while the other half in the presence of increased plasma BCAA (BCAA). When compared to that prior to the initiation of the insulin infusion, fractional synthesis rate of muscle protein (%/hour) did not change (P , 0 .05) during insulin in either the Control (0.04 ± 0.01 vs 0.05 ± 0.01) or the BCAA (0.05 ± 0.02 vs 0.05 ± 0.01) ...
BCAA Blast is a blend of 5000 mg of Branched Chain Amino Acids and Glutamine for lean muscle and recovery. BCAA are the most abundant amino acids found in muscle tissue and are the most readily absorbed group of amino acids. BCAA Blast contains the ideal ratio of 2 parts Leucine to 1 part Isoleucine and Valine.. Take your results to a whole new level with this great tasting drink. These amino acids increase protein synthesis and nitrogen retention, both essential to building lean muscle.. BCAAs are metabolized directly in the muscle and are considered "essential" because the body can not build them from other compounds.. Instead they must come from diet or supplementation. BCAA Blast also contains glutamine. This important amino acid will greatly improve recovery. Whether you are a bodybuilder, powerlifter, traditional athlete (football, basketball) or just try to stay in shape BCAA Blast can greatly improve your performance and recovery. BCAA Blast contains zero fats and carbohydrates and can ...
Dieting down will get you shredded, but it might also shave some size from your biceps. BCAAs can help protect your muscles against the catabolic effects of dieting!
Interpretive Summary: Transportation and translocation stresses predispose newly-received feedlot calves to infection, which may increase the metabolic demand for branched-chain amino acids (BCAA). The objective of this experiment was to determine the effect of supplemental BCAA on growth and health of newly-received feedlot steers. Our results demonstrated that BCAA supplementation may improve the adaptive immune response and efficiency of gain in newly-received feedlot calves. Technical Abstract: Supplemental branched-chain AA (BCAA) improved N balance of steers during a simulated pathogen challenge. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of supplemental BCAA on growth and health of newly-received feedlot steers. Steers (n = 120; initial BW = 376 ± 5 kg) were blocked by BW and assigned to 12 pens and 2 treatments in a randomized complete block design. Treatments were no supplemental AA (CON) and rumen-protected BCAA, which was top-dressed to a receiving diet that was fed for ...