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The African American Civil War Memorial honors the service of 208,943 soldiers during the Civil War, including 7,000 white officers under whom they served. The site is located at the north entrance to the U Street Metro Station and is across the street from the African American Civil War Museum. The site design has the traditional flavor of other Washington, D.C. memorials located on and around the National Mall. The memorial was designed by architect Edward Dunson, landscape architect Paul Devrouax, and sculptor Ed Hamilton ...
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News about the American Civil War (1861-1865). Commentary and archival information about the United State Civil War (1861-1865) from The New York Times.
The African American Civil War Memorial is a self-guided experience. For in depth information, consult the on-site interpretive wayside panel or contact a park ranger at 202.426.6841.. ...
... was the most difficult time in our nations history. At times it was neighbor against neighbor and brother against brother. The issues of states rights and slavery separated the Union of states.
Ironclads: American Civil War is a historical wargame/naval simulator with turned based tactics. Current of time inside of game is broken into rounds. Within the limits of each round in consecutive sequence the player and the computer opponent can realize all actions possible within five minutes of real time for each of the ships. During the moment of actions of the chosen active ship all other game units are motionless. Time for decision-making is not limited. Game locations of real scales are not divided into cells or hexagons. The trajectory of movement of the active ship is determined by laws of physics proceeding from speed, the sizes and the form ...
Glaucoma provides an example of the lack of understanding of disease processes in the early 20th century. The term glaucoma appeared in ophthalmologic reference books of the period, and it was one of the listed diagnoses the board of surgeons could apply following their examinations of pension applicants; but the consequences of glaucoma were not understood then. There are 2 chief reasons for the rarity of reported glaucoma: (1) The disease was thought to be very uncommon and (2) the relationship between glaucoma and the optic nerve was not well understood. Fuchs38 wrote in 1898 that glaucoma accounted for less than 1% of all eye diseases. In 1900, Deyl and Sattlers42 chapter "Diseases of the Optic Nerve" in Norris and Olivers System of Diseases of the Eye made no reference to glaucoma, though some connection with the optic disc was mentioned in Smiths43 chapter on glaucoma in the same volume. Fuchs38 identified excavation of the optic nerve as the cause of blindness in advanced glaucoma but ...
... CSC 1985 SUBJECT AREA History WAR SINCE 1945 SEMINAR AND SYMPOSIUM THE GREEK CIVIL WAR 1943 - 1949 Major Jeffrey C. Kotora, USMC 26 April 1985 Marine Corps Command and Staff College Marine Corps Development and Education Command Quantico, Virginia 22314 ABSTRACT Author: Kotora, Jeffrey C., Major, USMC Title: The Greek Civil War, 1943-1949 Date: April 26, 1985 Since the end of the Second World War, the frequency with which nations have fallen victim to communist insurgencies has not abated. Why have some nations been able to resist while others succumbed to wars of national liberation? The object of this paper is to examine one such conflict with a view towards analyzing the events of the war and the causative factors that made it a successful counterinsurgency. This study of the Greek Civil War begins with a dis- cussion of the roots of the conflict in the German occupation of Greece in 1941. Included in this discussion is the growth of the resistance and the rise ...
Jackson, Ronald Vern. Civil War Veterans Listed in the 1890 Census. New Jersey 1890. Salt Lake City, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1990. (Family History Library book 974.9 X22j 1890.) This contains the names of Civil War veterans and their widows for the special census taken along with the Federal 1890 census (Family History Library films 338200-2). The soldiers rank, company, regiment, date of enlistment, date of discharge, length of service, P. O. address and often street address, disability incurred, and remarks such as death date and place are given. If the soldier died before the 1890 census, his name is given with the name of the widow ...
Jackson, Ronald Vern. Civil War Veterans Listed in the 1890 Census. New Jersey 1890. Salt Lake City, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1990. (Family History Library book 974.9 X22j 1890.) This contains the names of Civil War veterans and their widows for the special census taken along with the Federal 1890 census (Family History Library films 338200-2). The soldiers rank, company, regiment, date of enlistment, date of discharge, length of service, P. O. address and often street address, disability incurred, and remarks such as death date and place are given. If the soldier died before the 1890 census, his name is given with the name of the widow ...
WATCHUNG RESERVATION - Trailside Nature and Science Center is pleased to announce a musical program, "Songs of the Civil War: History and Myth," for adults 18 years and older, on Thursday evening, February 13. Sponsored by the Union County Board of Chosen Freeholders and the Department of Parks and Recreation, this educational and entertaining program will take place at Maskers Barn in the Deserted Village of Feltville from 7:30 to 8:30 p.m. "Through music and song, this program will transport you dramatically to the Civil War era and offer a greater understanding of the period," said Freeholder Chairman Christopher Hudak.. Lisa Wilkins and Chuck Winch will sing both authentic Civil War era songs and original compositions to explore how popular songs shaped and reflected the sentiments and events of the time. Dressed in period clothing, their unique presentation illustrates how these songs continue to resonate emotionally among those interested in the Civil War and American history.. Sign Up ...
League City resident hopes dioramas spark interest in Civil War battles FACES IN THE CROWD$LINEBREAK$David Williford constructs scale models of key conflicts Since suffering a stroke about six years ago, League City resident David Williford , has been working on detailed dioramas depicting key moments from the Civil War. Two of his pieces are on display at the Museum of Southern History in Houston Baptist Universitys Cultural Arts Center. The damage from his stroke made the work challenging, Williford said, but he managed to create the scenes with exhaustive attention to detail. Kraig White, a volunteer at the Civil War Museum, said hes working on arrangements now to transport a third diorama from Willifords house to the museum in Spring. The Civil War dioramas, meanwhile, were a positive use of his energy and a way to share something he loves with others.
Staying with a musical setting was a look at a Civil War Era American composer. On December 30, 1939 the Hollywood version of the life of composer Stephen Collins Foster was released entitled "Swanee River". The basic plot has Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania born Foster becoming a song writer, against the wishes of his parents, falling in love with the South and "Its simple people" Then meeting and marrying a "southern belle" named Jane McDowell. When the Civil War breaks out he is branded a traitor to the Union, because of the music he has written. He takes to drinking heavily, his wife leaves him, but two years later returns to encourage him to write "Old Folks At Home (Swanee River)". However, Stephen Foster dies of a heart attack on the night Edwin P. Christy of "Christys Minstrels" is to perform that song to a New York City audience. The film ends with the audience being told of his death and Stephen Foster being recognized in the North once more for his music ...
A team of researchers has launched a project that is working to put online records of the United States Colored Troops-regiments of African American soldiers that included large numbers of men who had been slaves at the start of the Civil War. In 1862, the Union Army officially created the United States Colored Troops (USCT)-regiments…
I ride over the battle-field. In one place a caisson and five horses are lying, the latter killed in harness, and all fallen together. Nationals and Confederates, young, middle-aged, and old, are scattered over the woods and fields for miles. Poor Wright, of my old company, lay at the barricade in the woods which we stormed on the night of the last day. Many others lay about him. Further on we find men with their legs shot off; one with brains scooped out with a cannon ball; another with half a face gone; another with entrails protruding; young Winnegard, of the Third, has one foot off and both legs pierced by grape at the thighs; another boy lies with his hands clasped above his head, indicating that his last words were a prayer. Many Confederate sharpshooters lay behind stumps, rails, and logs, shot in the head. A young boy, drCivil War Dead horse essed in the Confederate uniform, lies with his face turned to the sky, and looks as if he might be sleeping. Poor boy! what thoughts of home, ...
An Anniversary Collection volume. The term "conscientious objector" was not in use during the Civil War, but the concept certainly existed. This engrossing volume studies the whole problem of objection to warfare on religious or moral grounds, as it existed during the Civil War. The author covers five major areas: the type of individuals and which religious denominations were actually opposed to the war on conscientious grounds; what efforts were made on behalf of objectors and what changes took place in their political status; the attitude of the civil and military authorities toward objectors; the number of objectors; and, finally, a comparison of the problem of conscientious objection in the Civil War with the same problem as it existed for the United States during World War I.. The facts presented in this volume are of historical interest; the conclusions the author draws, however, are as relevant and important today as they have been during any period in American history.. View your ...
Historian Pete Carmichael describes the process of finding, burying, and reburying the dead after battles. He also discusses the significance of having a "decent burial," and efforts to lay soldiers to rest in military cemeteries in the years after the war. This video is part of the Civil War Trusts In4 video series, which presents short videos on basic Civil War topics ...
This remarkable passage from Reflections of a Civil War Medical Cadet, page 73, is almost commonplace throughout the book. Richard M. Reid, author of Practicing Medicine in a Black Regiment: The Civil War Diary of Burt G. Wilder, 55th Massachusetts, continues to mine the Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections of Cornell University Library for Civil War surgeon Burt Wilder s never before published manuscripts. This fascinating volume cover s Wilder s early service as a medical cadet.. During July 1862, Wilder left Boston to join Dr. Francis Brown, a surgeon working at Judiciary Square Hospital, one of the initial pavilion-style hospitals in Washington, D.C. He had neared the end of a Harvard course of study in comparative anatomy and had offered to serve as a friend s military substitute. Brown s offer of hospital duty was quite appealing to Wilder.. He left Boston on July 15 and was soon serving as a medical cadet in training. Immersed by the wounded from the Peninsula Campaign, nearly ...
Please join the Civil War Trust in preserving our threatened Civil War battlefields. Your tax-deductible gift will help us to preserve this irreplaceable hallowed ground - forever.. To make a gift by mail, send your check made out to Civil War Trust to 1140 Professional Court Hagerstown, MD 21740. To make a gift by phone call 1-888-606-1400.. To help save a specific battlefield visit our Save a Battlefield page » ...
Downloadable! This paper studies the incidence of civil war over time. We put forward a canonical model of civil war, which relates the incidence of conflict to circumstances, institutions and features of the underlying economy and polity. We use this model to derive testable predictions and to interpret the cross-sectional and times-series variations in civil conflict. Our most novel empirical finding is that higher world market prices of exported, as well as imported, commodities are strong and significant predictors of higher within-country incidence of civil war.
This study asks why the civil war in Afghanistan persists. Put slightly differently, what is preventing the state/government from achieving outright victory, against the rebel organization/forces? A central theme in civil war research is that `weak states? are especially prone to (prolonged) civil war; state-weakness seems to be the variable around which there is the most theoretical agreement. There is a strong sense that state failure ? whether defined as failure to monopolize legitimate violence or failure to deliver development, good governance and basic services ? is a principal driver of contemporary civil conflicts, often resulting in prolonged crises. In investigating the puzzle, the study tests the weak state thesis. The study explores the relationship between state-weakness and the particularities of insufficient institutional capacity (including governance) in the conflict-ridden country of Afghanistan. The study argues state-weakness deprives the state/government from ensuring a ...
Peacekeeping is widely considered to be an effective means of preventing civil war recurrence. However, as peace has collapsed in a considerable number of cases despite peacekeeping efforts, we are left with the question which combinations of peacekeeping environments and peacekeeping missions lead ... view more Peacekeeping is widely considered to be an effective means of preventing civil war recurrence. However, as peace has collapsed in a considerable number of cases despite peacekeeping efforts, we are left with the question which combinations of peacekeeping environments and peacekeeping missions lead to lasting peace. This article compares 22 peacekeeping missions between 1990 and 2012. While prominent United Nations documents assume that the success of post-conflict peacekeeping primarily depends on the features of the mission itself, the analysis shows that characteristics of the terminated civil war have a strong influence on whether peace endures. Restrained peacekeeping, defined by ...
NOTE: For more information on Wisconsin Veterans of the Civil War and World Wars I and II, check the Wisconsin Veterans Museum They have a database of all WI Civil War Veterans and will do look-ups. If you are able, please send a small donation with your look-up request and SASE to: Wisconsin Veterans Museum, 30 West Mifflin Street, Madison, WI 53703 Then, use the information found on this page or from the Wisconsin Veterans Museum, and send for your ancestors pension and service records from the National Archives. Check here for information on cost of copies and how to submit your request: National Archives Forms ...
Howitzers were short-barreled guns that were optimized for firing explosive shells in a high trajectory, but also for spherical case shot and canister, over a shorter range than the guns. While field use alluded to firing at targets consisting of enemy forces arrayed in the open, howitzers were considered the weapon of choice if the opposing forces were concealed behind terrain features or fortifications. It cost about $500. Howitzers used lighter gunpowder charges than guns of corresponding caliber. Field howitzer calibers used in the Civil War were 12-pounder (4.62 inch bore), 24-pounder (5.82 inch bore), and 32-pounder (6.41 inch bore). Most of the howitzers used in the war were bronze, with notable exceptions of some of Confederate manufacture.[9] Coupled to the 6-pounder field gun in allocations of the pre-war Army, the M1841 12-pounder howitzer was represented by Models of 1835, 1838 and 1841. With a light weight and respectable projectile payload, the 12-pounder was only cycled out of the ...
There is a disparity between the sides in naming some of the battles of the war. The Union forces frequently named battles for bodies of water or other natural features that were prominent on or near the battlefield; Confederates most often used the name of the nearest town or man-made landmark. Because of this, many battles actually have two widely used names. However, not all of the disparities are based on these naming conventions. Many modern accounts of Civil War battles use the names established by the North. However, for some battles, the Southern name has become the standard. The National Park Service occasionally uses the Southern names for their battlefield parks located in the South, such as Manassas and Shiloh. In general, naming conventions were determined by the victor of the battle.[41] Examples of battles with dual names are shown in the table. Historian Shelby Foote explains that many Northerners were urban and regarded bodies of water as noteworthy; many Southerners were rural ...
on Britannica Blog, we commemorate the 150th anniversary of the first shots of the Civil War with posts exploring the wars legacy by six experts.
The Fort Sumter Fort Moultrie Historical Trust will present a special event on "A Just and Lasting Peace Among Ourselves? Lessons on the 150th Anniversary of the End of the American Civil War" on April 18, 2015 in Charleston, SC at the historic Dock Street Theatre. Two panel presentations featuring seven noted scholars will take place. SC Humanities supported this project with a Major Grant in September 2014.. The first session will take place at 10:00 a.m. and will broach the topic "The Civil Wars Impact on American History" and will feature Annette Gordon-Reed of Harvard University speaking on "The Civil War Amendments and the American Declaration of Independence"; Eric Foner of Columbia University speaking on "The Significance of Reconstruction"; and Emory Thomas of the University of Georgia speaking on "A Later Encounter with the Enemy: The Confederate Experience at 150.". The second session on "Public Memories of The American Civil War" is scheduled for 1:30 p.m. and will feature David W. ...
The address is 1925 Vermont Avenue Northwest, Washington DC 20001. The memorial is located at the corner of Vermont Avenue, 10th St, and U Street NW, near the U Street/African-Amer Civil War Memorial/Cardozo Metro Station.. Map. GPS ...
Battle of the civil war ironclads. Take part in battles from USS Monitor vs CSS Virginia before battles between armored squadrons of steamships and other vessels. The flow of time is organized into rounds.
He said the two sides agreed to talk with representatives of the VA clinic to see whether the medals could be displayed in an area where the agency plans to honor veterans.. He said family members had spoken with various museums but had concerns about their long-term viability. They said they felt the VA clinic could provide a permanent home for the medals and would enable a large number of veterans to see them.. Sergeant Brown, a locomotive engineer and member of the 21st Ohio Infantry Regiment, was among the first U.S. soldiers to receive a Congressional Medal of Honor for his part in the 1862 raid. He received a second one after the medal was redesigned in 1904. Sergeant Brown died in East Toledo in 1916 and was buried in Wood County.. In the raid, volunteers from the Union Army, led by civilian scout James J. Andrews, commandeered a train and took it north toward Chattanooga, Tenn., doing as much damage as possible to the vital railroad link from Atlanta to Chattanooga. The raiders were ...
The Singapore Eye Research Institute (Seri) yesterday announced a five-year collaboration with Japanese company Santen Pharmaceutical to conduct research on major eye diseases in Asia.. Read more at straitstimes.com.
Keedysville, Maryland (vicinity). Smiths barn, used as a hospital after the battle of Antietam. Date Created/Published: 1862 Sept. LOC original medium: 1 negative : glass, stereograph, wet collodion.. ...
This data collection constitutes a portion of the historical data collected by the project Early Indicators of Later Work Levels, Disease, and Death. With the goal of constructing datasets suitable for longitudinal analyses of factors affecting the aging process, the project is collecting military, medical, and socioeconomical data on a sample of white males mustered into the Union Army during the Civil War. The project seeks to examine the influence of environmental and host factors prior to recruitment on the health performance and survival of recruits during military service, to identify and show relationships between socioeconomic and biomedical conditions (including nutritional status) of veterans at early ages and mortality rates from diseases at middle and late ages, and to study the effects of health and pensions on labor force participation rates of veterans at ages 65 and over. This installment of the collection, Version M-5, supersedes any previous version of these data. Collected ...
In 1859, Rockefeller went into the produce commission business with a partner, Maurice B. Clark, and they raised $4,000 ($113,822 in 2019 dollars) in capital. Clark initiated the idea of the partnership and offered $2,000 towards the goal. Rockefeller had only $800 saved up at the time and so borrowed $1,000 from his father, "Big Bill" Rockefeller, at 10 percent interest.[39] Rockefeller went steadily ahead in business from there, making money each year of his career.[40] In their first and second years of business, Clark & Rockefeller netted $4,400 (on nearly half a million dollars in business) and $17,000 worth of profit, respectively, and their profits soared with the outbreak of the American Civil War when the Union Army called for massive amounts of food and supplies. When the Civil War was nearing a close and with the prospect of those war-time profits ending, Clark & Rockefeller looked toward the refining of crude oil.[41] While his brother Frank fought in the Civil War, Rockefeller ...
USGenWeb Archives Project Notice: In keeping with our policy of providing free information on the internet, data may be used by non-commercial entities, as long as this message remains on all copied material. These electronic pages may not be reproduced in any format for profit, nor for commercial presentation by any other organization. Persons or organizations desiring to use this material for purposes other than as stated above, must obtain express written permission from the author or the submitter and from the listed USGenWeb Project archivist.. Volunteers are needed to coordinate each states Civil War Pension records. To see a list of states available for adoption, please return to the main page of the Civil War Pensions Project. If you would like to volunteer, please email Cyndie Enfinger.. ...
Hardly a person in America was untouched by the Civil War, and Mark Twain and Walt Whitman were no exceptions. Because they were perhaps the most distinctly "American" writers of their time, their reactions to the conflict are particularly interesting. Printed here are two of their wartime letters, both written within six months of each other, at a time when the North seemed on the verge of defeat. While Whitmans letter to his New York friends, Nat and Fred Gray, has appeared before, the Twain letter is a completely new find. Both are owned by the noted book collector, Clifton Waller Barrett, and AMERICAN HERITAGE publishes them through his courtesy. The Civil War was a crisis which Twain and Whitman observed as civilians-but then, the number of important American writers who saw active service is surprisingly small. Men like Emerson, Hawthorne, Lowell, Melville, and Whitman-the established talents-were all too old to fight. Many of the younger group who grew up during the war managed to avoid ...
y^ ms ^ ,^^ ^ME ATTITUDE OF THADDEUS STEVENS TOWARD THE CONDUCT OF THE CIVIL WAR JAMES ALBERT WOODBURN REPRINTED FROM THE l^meticatt §ii,$totiral ^mtw Vol. XII., No. 3 APRIL, 1907 /■ / THE ATTITUDE OF THADDEUS STEVENS TOWARD THE CONDUCT OF THE CIVIL WAR From July, 1861, to his death in 1869 Thaddeiis Stevens was the leader of the Republican majority of the House of Representatives. He was chairman of the Ways and Means Committee of the House throughout the war, and his attention was therefore largely devoted to questions of taxation and finance, of revenues and appropriations. These subjects in time of war offer a large field of studv in connec- tion with Stevens. But the purpose of this paper is not to consider Stevenss contributions and services on these lines, but rather to bring into review his career and opinions in relation particularly to the more distinctly constitutional, political, and party issues which the war presented. There are three salient aspects about which the political ...
10/3/2006 • Civil War Times The Irish experience in the Civil War has probably received more attention - and celebration - than that of any other ethnic group. Mention of the Irish commonly conjures up images of the Irish Brigades doomed charge at Fredericksburg, of Father William Corby granting absolution before Gettysburg, or possibly the mourning wolfhound at the base of the Irish Brigades monument on the same battlefield. The reality of the Irish experience in the war was, as might be expected, more complex. The most politically active - and contentious - of the nations mid-19th-century immigrant groups, the Irish shared many of the experiences of the Northern soldier. Yet in some ways the Irish were different, not only from native-born soldiers, but from other immigrant groups as well.. Although a smattering of Irish Catholics had lived in America since the colonial period, there was no significant immigration to the United States until the catastrophe of the Potato Famine (1845-1853) ...
http://www.history.vt.edu/Robertson/robertson_.jpg This is the premier Civil War historian in the United States. Dr Bud Robertson. He is a Southerner and a staunch Conservative. He also does not have a butt munching slobbering man crush over Lincoln and teaches the truth about the Civil War. All wars are over two things at their heart. Who is going to control Property and Resources. Things like Slavery, and the Jewish Question and protecting the Holy Lands are always
Biography of Pennsylvania Civil War Soldier Benjamin F. Crain. In addition to battles fought, injuries and POW info, each Civil War bio typically has genealogy data such as birthplace and birthdate, parents, spouse, children and occupation.
PA Civil War Roster - 4th Regiment Co. I of Norristown, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. Free Pennsylvania Civil War rosters, histories, draft lists, biographies, letters, diaries, & Medal of Honor Recipients.
When we think of Civil War medicine, we often think of gore, like amputated limbs and bloody gunshot wounds. But these traumatic injuries did not make up the majority of a Civil War surgeons daily work. Instead, it was the camp diseases like dysentery and typhoid, infectious disease like smallpox, and - as we saw in this weeks episode of Mercy Street - venereal diseases.. Read More » ...
When we think of Civil War medicine, we often think of gore, like amputated limbs and bloody gunshot wounds. But these traumatic injuries did not make up the majority of a Civil War surgeons daily work. Instead, it was the camp diseases like dysentery and typhoid, infectious disease like smallpox, and - as we saw in this weeks episode of Mercy Street - venereal diseases.. Read More » ...
Restauranter i nærheden af Civil War Medical Museum i Gordonsville på TripAdvisor: Find anmeldelser fra rejsende og personlige billeder af spisesteder i nærheden af Civil War Medical Museum i Gordonsville, Virginia.
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SPOILER ALERT! IF YOU HAVE NOT SEEN CIVIL WAR YET, AND DONT WANT TO KNOW WHAT HAPPENS, STOP READING NOW.. ***UPDATED- after seeing the movie a second time…several of my complaints turned out to be me just missing things, since the point of these blogs is first and foremost to be entertaining, not to look cool or smart, I have left the blog up but added notes where I was completely wrong…enjoy***. Its times like this when I feel so very very alone. Everywhere I look people are raving about Captain America 3 "Civil War".. I thought it was okay. Thats about it. I would say it was a Giant mess, but my inner ten year old wont allow me to have that opinion. After all I got to see Ant Man, and the Scarlet Witch.. But lets all be honest here…that…was a mess. There was so much crap going on, we didnt have time to give a damn about anyone aside from our prior biases. Speaking of that, I can only wonder just what the hell they were going to do if they hadnt gotten the rights to Spidey back ...
A documentary about rival Civil War Reenactors (Tony Hale & Adam Pally) recreating the worlds most significant Civil War: Captain Americas Civil
Americas Second Civil War: Dispatches from the Political Center by Professor Stanley A Renshon starting at . Americas Second Civil War: Dispatches from the Political Center has 0 available edition to buy at Alibris
This photograph is part of an album of photographs from a trip through Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland and Pennsylvania that primarily depicts Civil War battlefields and cemeteries. The mount on each photograph includes a detailed description about the image and its relation to the Civil War, and the date and time the photograph was taken ...