Altruism allows doing for others as one would be done by. Unlike reaction formation, which also gives to the object what the self desires, altruism leaves the self at least partly gratified. Unlike reaction formation, altruism tempers asceticism with pleasure. Unlike passive aggression and martyrdom, altruism allows the object to feel blessed and not afflicted. Altruism attracts people to the user; martyrdom repels them even as it holds them close in chains.. *: Altruism is a behaviour of an individual that benefits another at its own expense....She decided to investigate what motivates ants to undertake these dangerous missions, where they risk getting trapped themselves or, worse, eaten by predatory antlion larvae, which dig pits and lurk, semi-concealed, at the bottom with their jaws wide open. Such apparently selfless rescue behaviour is seen by many as one of the purest forms of altruism....Being nice to relatives is not pure altruism because they share your genes so, by helping them, you ...
An act of altruism confers a fitness advantage on others, which is strong altruism if the actor incurs a net fitness cost, and otherwise weak altruism [1,2]. The conferred advantage expresses a transferral of fitness from altruist to beneficiary, although the magnitude of the altruists loss may differ from the magnitude of the beneficiarys gain. A parasitic act involves a costly transferral of fitness by the donor to a beneficiary, just as in strong altruism, with the crucial difference that the actor is the beneficiary and not the donor. The role of population structure in sustaining these net-cost transferrals of fitness depends entirely on whether the individual driving the interaction is the donor or the beneficiary. Strongly altruistic acts of fitness transferral from donor to beneficiary can only be sustained by assorting mechanisms that cause the benefits of altruism to be visited disproportionately on other altruists or its costs to be cancelled by other indirect benefits [3-6]. In ...
Inclusive fitness theory, also known as kin selection theory, describes when a trait will be favoured by natural selection [1]. Applied to altruistic traits, inclusive fitness theory explains that an altruist gene is selected for if it is altruistic (assists another at a cost to itself) towards relatives when the cost of altruism is less than its benefit diluted by the chance that the beneficiary does not have the altruist gene [1]. In its more general form, inclusive fitness theory holds that any gene that directs a net benefit towards other copies of itself will be favoured by selection, even if the altruistic and beneficiary genes do not share common descent [1-7]. Altruist genes can, with varying degrees of reliability, identify carriers of the altruism gene in nature in three ways: (i) by recognizing kin, who are likely to share the altruist gene, (ii) in viscous populations, where surrounding organisms are often related, and (iii) by directly sensing the presence of the altruist gene ...
Extraordinary acts of altruism towards strangers represent puzzling phenomena not easily explained by dominant biological models of altruism, such as kin selection and reciprocity1-3. These theories stipulate that genetically or socially close others should be the beneficiaries of costly generosity4,5. Extraordinary altruists exhibit increased empathic sensitivity and a fast, intuitive decision-making style6,7, but no clear explanation yet exists for the most perplexing feature of these altruists, which is that they incur significant risks to benefit strangers5. Here, we considered two related proximal mechanisms-social discounting (valuational) and social distancing (perceptual)-that have been proposed to explain why costly help is preferentially given to close others. We hypothesized that variations in one or both mechanisms drive costly altruism towards distant others. We show that extraordinary altruists exhibit reduced social discounting, with altruists discounting the subjective value of outcomes
Eric Gibson, the editor of the Leisure & Arts page of The Wall Street Journal, once wrote that Anonymity is the truest expression of altruism. I do agree with this statement but, from my point of view, altruism is much more than that. It is to help a stranger in need even at the expense of your own well-being. A true act of greatness! Altruism, unfortunately, can neither be learnt nor taught, but rather stems directly from the individuals heart. To make it even simpler, altruism is a behavior that opposes egoism, and is generally understood to be an act that benefits others at a personal cost. The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines altruism as feelings and behavior that show a desire to help other people and a lack of selfishness. Coined in the late eighteen hundreds by French sociologist Auguste Comte, the term refers to those social acts that are an expression of an unselfish desire to live for others (Comte, as cited in Batson and Shaw, 1991).. I just read on the digital edition of the ...
Evolved true altruistic behavior among non-relatives in non-social animals. What I mean by true altruistic behavior is the observation of an individual sacrificing its reproductive output for the benefit of individuals to which it is either unrelated or from whom it does not expect to receive return benefits. In this true altruism your genes give benefits to others and get nothing back, and this shouldnt evolve under natural selection. And, indeed, we dont see such altruism in nature. There are reports that vampire bats regurgitate blood to other individuals in the colony to whom theyre unrelated, but those need confirmation, and there may also be reciprocal altruism, so that individuals regurgitate blood to those from whom, one day, they expect a return meal. Such cooperation can evolve by normal natural selection. [bold added ...
Agents exhibit pure intergenerational altruism if they care not just about the consumption utility experienced by future generations, but about their total wellbeing. If all generations are altruistic, each generations wellbeing depends on the wellbeing of its descendants. Thus pure intergenerational altruism causes generations preferences to be interdependent. While existing models study the relationship between pure intergenerational altruism and conventional time preferences, they assume that altruistic preferences are homogeneous across society. In effect, agents impose their own preferences on future generations, whether they share them or not. By contrast, we study pure intergenerational altruism when agents preferences are heterogeneous and fully non-paternalistic, i.e. they evaluate the wellbeing of future agents according to their own sovereign intergenerational preferences. We demonstrate that homogeneous models of intergenerational altruism over (under) estimate the weight an agent ...
Kinship selection - our favoring of relatives or those most like us - is a fundamental part of evolutionary theory. It is best understood by considering altruistic behavior, which here means self-sacrifice behavior performed of the benefit of others. If I exhibit altruistic behavior for my offspring - be they chicks or children - then these offspring are more likely to survive and breed. In this way, my altruistic behavior has increased the chances of my genes being carried on to my descendants - which is all that evolution cares about. If I dont exhibit altruistic behavior and just focus on my own needs, I may leave my offspring more vulnerable, and hence less likely to survive. In this way, altruistic behavior, or better, the genes for altruistic behavior, are passed on and give those individuals who demonstrate it a competitive advantage over others. This idea is also true for my siblings and my cousins, who, after all, share some, or a lot, of my DNA. A great example of this are the ...
Posted By Rebecca White on Nov 21, 2013. A Seton Hall alum who graduated in 2001 is releasing a book, Motivation, Altruism, Personality and Social Psychology: The Coming Age of Altruism, on Dec. 4.. Dr. Michael Babula, MBA, Ph.D. and researcher, said he was inspired by some of his experiences at Seton Hall that led to an interest in altruism. Two specific events at Seton Hall, Babula said, had a profound impact on his studies of altruism. One was when professor Richard Hunter organized a trip to Poland to visit Auschwitz, where Babula was quite moved. The other was after the attacks on Sept. 11, where the response of students was overwhelming. Babula was intrigued by the actions of people that moved beyond self-interest because psychology typically teaches that people are driven by self-interest and arent as interested in helping others.. I had opportunities [at Seton Hall] where I started questioning where peoples higher motivations were, Babula said. I very much enjoyed my time ...
Parochial altruism is manifested in the most violent of conflicts. Although it makes evolutionary sense for kin, many non-kin groups also behave parochially altruistically in response to threat from out-groups. It is possible that such non-kin groups share a sense of fictive kinship which encourages them to behave parochially altruistically for each others benefit. Our findings show that individuals not directly involved in a conflict approved of parochial altruism enacted by an in-group against an out-group more when the out-group posed a threat to the in-group; however, this effect was greater when the in-group members expressed fictive kinship by addressing each other using kinship metaphors such as brothers. Furthermore, although males approved of parochial altruism more than females, as the male warrior hypothesis would suggest, the effects of threat and kinship metaphor on approval of parochial altruism applied to both genders. These findings were replicated in an honour (Lebanon) and ...
In 1971 Robert Trivers[18] introduced his reciprocal altruism theory to explain the evolution of helping at the nest of an unrelated breeding pair of birds. He argued that an individual might act as a helper if there was a high probabilistic expectation of being helped by the recipients at some later date. If, however, the recipients did not reciprocate when it was possible to do so, the altruistic interaction with these recipients would be permanently terminated. But if the recipients did not cheat then the reciprocal altruism would continue indefinitely to both parties advantage.[19] This model was considered by many (e.g. West-Eberhard[20] and Dawkins[21]) to be evolutionarily unstable because it is prone to invasion by cheats for the same reason that cooperative hunting can be invaded and replaced by cheats. However, Trivers did make reference to the Prisoners Dilemma Game which, 10 years later, would restore interest in Trivers reciprocal altruism theory, but under the title of ...
In October, I had the honor of participating in a public discussion at Princeton University with philosopher Peter Singer, Professor of Ethics and author of The Most Good You Can Do: How Effective Altruism is Changing Ideas About Living Ethically (Yale University Press).. Effective altruism, writes Peter Singer, is based on a very simple idea: we should do the most good we can. […] Living a minimally acceptable ethical life involves using a substantial part of our spare resources to make the world a better place. Living a fully ethical life involves doing the most good we can.. He rightly points out that Philanthropy is a very large industry, receiving a total of approximately $300 billion a year in the United States alone, but that most of that huge amount is given on the basis of emotional responses to images of the people, animals, or forests that the charity is helping.. Singer states, Effective altruism seeks to change that by providing incentives for charities to demonstrate their ...
Altruism (also called the ethic of altruism, moralistic altruism, and ethical altruism) is an ethical doctrine that holds that individuals have a moral obligation to help, serve, or benefit others, if necessary, at the sacrifice of self interest. An action is morally right if the consequences of that action are more favorable than unfavorable to everyone except the ...
My dear friend Matt Leathwood sent me this response to my Selfish Altruism post:. Does anyone do anything for free? Doing something for someone else makes most of us feel good about ourselves….. The pay off is the apparent altruism. Its the true sign of goodness when we do things for other people without the bells and whistles of praise…. Silent givers are indeed kings amongst men.. Touche, Matt! Whats interesting is the role habit plays in all this as well. If we get on a roll of being altruistic, perhaps it becomes our default and we can, without ego, make that our lifes preset.. But more so than FREE, like Matt says, its about doing good because its good, not because you will be praised for it. We can all do a lot worse than feeling good about doing good.. If praise for altruism makes altruism your default setting, well all take it over the alternative.. P.s. If you ever have a thought, critique, idea, or contribution, after reading my posts - hit reply! Hell, I might even share ...
Kinship, altruism and selfishness are interactions in populations. Altruism evolves in related individuals where members sacrifice for the sake of species.
A/51/172 E/1996/77 GENERAL ASSEMBLY ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL Fifty-first session Substantive session of 1996 Item 21 (a) of the preliminary Item 5 of the provisional list* agenda** STRENGTHENING OF THE COORDINATION OF SOCIAL, HUMANITARIAN AND HUMANITARIAN AND DISASTER RELIEF HUMAN RIGHTS QUESTIONS: ASSISTANCE OF THE UNITED NATIONS, REPORTS OF SUBSIDIARY INCLUDING SPECIAL ECONOMIC BODIES, CONFERENCES AND ASSISTANCE: STRENGTHENING OF THE RELATED QUESTIONS COORDINATION OF EMERGENCY HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE OF THE ** E/1996/100. UNITED NATIONS * A/51/50. Report of the Secretary-General CONTENTS Paragraphs Page I. INTRODUCTION ..................................... 1 - 4 3 II. THE CONTEXT OF HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE ........... 5 - 20 4 III. FOLLOW-UP TO ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL RESOLUTION 1995/56: REVIEW OF UNITED NATIONS CAPACITY TO RESPOND TO HUMANITARIAN EMERGENCIES .......................21 - 62 7 A. Follow-up by United Nations organizations to resolution 1995/56 ...
The steroid hormone testosterone is widely associated with negative behavioral effects, such as aggression or dominance. However, recent studies applying economic exchange tasks revealed conflicting results. While some point to a prosocial effect of testosterone by increasing altruistic behavior, others report that testosterone promotes antisocial tendencies. Taking into account additional factors such as parochial altruism (i.e., ingroup favoritism and outgroup hostility) might help to explain this contradiction. First evidence for a link between testosterone and parochial altruism comes from recently reported data of male soccer fans playing the ultimatum game. In this study high levels of endogenous testosterone predicted increased altruistic punishment during outgroup interactions and at the same time heightened ingroup generosity. Here, we report findings of another experimental task, the prisoners dilemma, applied in the same context to examine the role of testosterone on parochial tendencies in
Humans are unusually cooperative and prosocial, sharing resources with kin and non-kin others. At the same time, they engage in violent intergroup conflict and discriminate against members of other groups. How can we explain this apparent inconsistency? Building on Darwin (Darwin, 1871), it has been proposed that self-sacrificing prosociality toward the in-group and hostility toward the out-group may have co-evolved (Choi & Bowles, 2007; García & van den Bergh, 2011). Research on so-called parochial altruism, i.e., the motivation to benefit in-group members at personal cost, while not benefitting or even harming out-group members, recently received much attention in psychology and beyond (for reviews see, De Dreu, Balliet, & Halevy, 2014; Rusch, 2014; Yamagishi & Mifune, 2016). Empirical studies aiming to support the parochial altruism hypothesis yielded mixed results, though. For instance, whereas some studies provided support for the parochial altruism hypothesis (e.g., Abbink, Brandts, Herrmann, &
So, granted that this is a quite artificial situation, and that I am no expert in the field, what this paper does is to establish inter-group selection as plausible and quantifiable mechanism in accounting for trait-based altruism in the form of warrior behavior and sacrifice. The empirical boundaries seem plausible, while some of the mathematical simplifications seem less so (in this model, each conflict results in extermination of one group and doubling of the other, for instance. On the other hand, all non-altruists get to survive if their group wins a war, while altruist warriors die with 20% probability). Specifically, the right-ward parts of the curves indicate that given realistic rates of death (delta) from conflict, altruism could be selected for despite substantial costs (c) and modest group benefits (L). There are many other possible rationales for selection of in-group altruism traits, so this setting of warfare should not be seen as exhaustive ...
So, granted that this is a quite artificial situation, and that I am no expert in the field, what this paper does is to establish inter-group selection as plausible and quantifiable mechanism in accounting for trait-based altruism in the form of warrior behavior and sacrifice. The empirical boundaries seem plausible, while some of the mathematical simplifications seem less so (in this model, each conflict results in extermination of one group and doubling of the other, for instance. On the other hand, all non-altruists get to survive if their group wins a war, while altruist warriors die with 20% probability). Specifically, the right-ward parts of the curves indicate that given realistic rates of death (delta) from conflict, altruism could be selected for despite substantial costs (c) and modest group benefits (L). There are many other possible rationales for selection of in-group altruism traits, so this setting of warfare should not be seen as exhaustive ...
While science has made great strides in treating pathologies of the human mind, far less research exists to date on positive qualities of the human mind including compassion, altruism and empathy. Yet these prosocial traits are innate to us and lie at the very centerpiece of our common humanity. Our capacity to feel compassion has ensured the survival and thriving of our species over millennia. For this reason, the Center for Compassion and Altruism Research and Education (CCARE) at Stanford University School of Medicine was founded in 2008 with the explicit goal of promoting, supporting, and conducting rigorous scientific studies of compassion and altruistic behavior. Founded and directed by Dr. James Doty, Clinical Professor of Neurosurgery, CCARE is established within the Department of Neurosurgery. To date, CCARE has collaborated with a number of prominent neuroscientists, behavioral scientists, geneticists and biomedical researchers to closely examine the physiological and psychological ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Self-recognition, color signals, and cycles of greenbeard mutualism and altruism. AU - Sinervo, Barry. AU - Chaine, Alexis. AU - Clobert, Jean. AU - Calsbeek, Ryan. AU - Hazard, Lisa. AU - Lancaster, Lesley. AU - McAdam, Andrew G.. AU - Alonzo, Suzanne. AU - Corrigan, Gwynne. AU - Hochberg, Michael E.. PY - 2006/5/9. Y1 - 2006/5/9. N2 - Altruism presents a challenge to evolutionary theory because selection should favor selfish over caring strategies. Green beard altruism resolves this paradox by allowing cooperators to identify individuals carrying similar alleles producing a form of genic selection. In side-blotched lizards, genetically similar but unrelated blue male morphs settle on adjacent territories and cooperate. Here we show that payoffs of cooperation depend on asymmetric costs of orange neighbors. One blue male experiences low fitness and buffers his unrelated partner from aggressive orange males despite the potential benefits of defection. We show that recognition ...
In psychological research on altruism, studies often observe altruism as demonstrated through prosocial behaviors such as helping, comforting, sharing, cooperation, philanthropy, and community service.[25] Research has found that people are most likely to help if they recognize that a person is in need and feel personal responsibility for reducing the persons distress. Research also suggests that the number of bystanders witnessing distress or suffering affects the likelihood of helping (the Bystander effect). Greater numbers of bystanders decrease individual feelings of responsibility.[23][29] However, a witness with a high level of empathic concern is likely to assume personal responsibility entirely regardless of the number of bystanders.[23] A feeling of personal responsibility or - moral norm - has also strongly been associated with other pro-social behaviors such as charitable giving.[30]. Many studies have observed the effects of volunteerism (as a form of altruism) on happiness and ...
The humanitarian crisis in northern Syria is on the verge of becoming a COVID-19 catastrophe. A decade of conflict has left the healthcare system in ruins-and millions of displaced people in Idlib province were already suffering due to a lack of shelter and sanitation. This policy briefing delves into roots of the humanitarian crisis in Idlib, details the current capacity of the exhausted healthcare system amid the ongoing conflict, and examines what these constraints mean for mounting a response to the spread of the coronavirus. ...
Animals learn altruism for many reasons, but all of them derive from the success of their continued existence, either as individuals or as a group. Surrounding oneself by friends is a more univironmentally stable act than being surrounded by enemies. Social animals devise ways of instilling and enforcing group loyalty, with religion, the military, and football being familiar examples. Survival of the individual microcosm is highly dependent on survival of the group microcosm. Generally, what works best for the group works best for the individual. Thus, it is a mistake to consider the individual as a solitary microcosm without considering all the interactions with others that formed its propensity to act. Dawkins wraps these propensities in little bundles call genes, which as you suggested, cannot be solely responsible for altruism. A common mistake in understanding altruism is to select the wrong microcosm. For instance, a worker bee sacrifices its life for the colony by stinging an intruder. ...
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English examples for altruism - This term is sometimes associated with other terms such as true altruism. In these cases most individuals far from showing altruism actually take money. This altruism does not appear to be limited to their own species.
Background: Psychological factors play an important role in well-being of patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVD) as well as increasing risk of CVD in normal population. Because of the lack of research on comparing emotion regulation, psychological capital and altruism between CVD patients and healthy population, the aim of this study was to assess these factors in a case-control study. Methods: The 100 non-randomly included participants were categorized into two groups: 50 patients with CVD with age range of 30-60, and 50 paired-matched healthy persons. Three instruments of Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ-P), Psychological Capital Questionnaire (PCQ) and Altruistic Behavior Scale were used. Data was analyzed using the paired and independent t-test statistical analysis. Findings: Significant differences were seen between case and control groups with respect to their cognitive emotion regulation (t=-2.27; p,0.025), psychological capital (t=9.03; p,0.001) and altruism (t=7.52; ...
Downloadable! We examine subjects behavior in sender-receiver games where there are gains from trade and alignment of interests in one of the two states. We elicit subjects beliefs, risk and other-regarding preferences. Our design also allows us to examine the behavior of subjects in both roles, to determine whether the behavior in one role is the best response to the subjects own behavior in the other role. The results of the experiment indicate that 60 percent of senders adopt deceptive strategies by sending favorable message when the true state of the nature is unfavorable. Nevertheless, 67 percent of receivers invest conditional upon a favorable message. The investing behavior of receivers cannot be explained by risk preferences or as a best response to subjects own behavior in the senders role. However, it can be rationalized by accounting for elicited beliefs and other-regarding preferences. Finally, the honest behavior of some senders can be explained by other-regarding preferences. Thus we
Why would a person or animal choose to commit a seemingly selfless act that is disadvantageous to their own survival? Biological altruism is defined as the behavioral tendency of organisms to promote the survival of another organism (usually of the...
Why do people commonly go out of their way to do something nice for another person, even when it comes at a cost to themselves-and how could such altruistic behavior have evolved? The answer may not just be in our genes, but also in our microbes. © Lewin-Epstein et al. Nature Communications(Left) The payoff matrix and
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One of the problems with being an avowed altruist is that its hard to talk about it with other people without coming across like youre trying to claim youre better than them.. One of the problems with being an aspiring effective altruist is that its hard to talk about it with other people without coming across like youre trying to claim youre better than everyone else, including other avowed altruists, and definitely including non-altruistic plebes.. (This, I think, is something of a barrier to effective altruism becoming a more popular thing, and Id like to see it change.). But if I cant write about this in the locus of the interval between Thanksgiving and Christmas, I cant write about it at all, and that would be really quite sad for me, so here goes.. ...
This brief presents key findings from a Kaiser Family Foundation review and analysis of the policy and financing landscape where U.S. humanitarian assistance and global health assistance meet. It also summarizes a July 2013 roundtable discussion convened by the Foundation focusing on opportunities, challenges, and potential next steps for more effective coordination between humanitarian assistance and global health programs.
Altruism isnt Generosity Tibor R. Machan A big error has haunted humanity for centuries: its the equivocation between generosity and altruism. The former is a virtue any decent human being will practice: it asks of one to reach out to deserving others in times of dire need. The latter is a policy of devoting oneself…
THE ALTRUISTS is a trademark and brand of Ashley Mazanec. Filed to USPTO On Friday, August 19, 2016, The THE ALTRUISTS covers Compact discs featuring music; Digital music downloadable from the Internet; Downloadable music files. Search for other trademarks at Trademarkia.
Theres an interesting post over at the BBC today that asks a deceptively simple question; why do people help each other?. The question is key for any business working in social media, collaboration technology or sharing economy. And so is the answer.. The BBC post explains the selfish gene theory of altruism - our minds are wired to get a chemical buzz out of helping people who share the same genes as us (or at least appear to share those genes through similar physical traits); particularly close kin. If you can help a number of people who collectively appear to have more of your genetic material in them than you do as an individual, then youll help even if it costs you. From a genes-eye perspective, laying down your life for a number (but not one) of immediate kin is enlightened self-interest, not selfless altruism - since it increases the overall inclusive fitness (reproductive chances) of your shared genes. Theres even an equation (Hamiltons Rule) to predict when people will (and ...
New York, 14 November 2016 - The international medical humanitarian organisation Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF) welcomes Pfizers decision to lower the price of its pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) for children caught in humanitarian emergencies. For seven years, MSF urged Pfizer and GSK - the only two manufacturers producing the pneumonia vaccine - to offer the lowest global price to humanitarian organisations, but they refused until September, when GSK announced that it was finally reducing the price of its pneumonia vaccine for humanitarian situations. Now with its announcement on Friday, Pfizer is following GSKs footsteps.. Its good to see that Pfizer is now finally reducing the price of its life-saving vaccine for children in emergencies, says Dr Joanne Liu, MSFs international president. With Pfizer and GSKs price reductions, humanitarian organisations will be better able to protect children against this deadly disease.. Pneumonia is the leading cause ...
Here are just a couple examples of dogs displaying altruistic behavior. There are many documented cases of chimpanzees, elephants, dolphins and dogs performing altruistic acts. Many religious people state that altruism only exists in humans and is evidence that we are created by a god, which is simply not true. Regardless, these are amazing stories. Particularly the second one. The dog tries to pull the injured dog off the highway and instead of using its teeth, it uses its paws, so as to
Downloadable! This paper analyzes the way in which men and women are expected to behave differently in an experimental situation. To do so, we concentrate on a single topic: altruism. Since the dictator game provides the most suitable design for studying altruism and generosity in the lab setting, we use a modified version to study the beliefs involved in the game. Our results are substantial: men and women are expected to behave differently and both believe that women are more generous. These two premises affect their behavior.
Wietse Tol and colleagues lay out a a consensus-based research agenda for mental health and psychosocial support in humanitarian settings.
The argument that altruism in sterile ants which work for the benefit of their community can be explained by kin selection has been overturned by mathematical analysis by Martin Nowak, author of Evolutionary Dynamics, in a paper published in Nature. Instead, altruism turns out to be a thoroughly naturally selected affair. Read more here ...
Lets tackle this from another angle and change our perspective - consider the situation from the level of individual cells. A multicellular organism such as a human is composed of billions of cells that are born and die, most of which are non-reproductive. So we may easily consider eusocial species to operate as a super-organism, as the single organism and the single insect colony are largely similar. Kin selection operates within my body just as it does clearly in the insect colony. If an animal cannot physically reproduce, how is it any different from a non-reproductive cell within my body? Each, colony and human, operates as the basic unit of sexual reproduction. E.O. Wilson earlier made this same comparison. Are my body cells therefore altruistic, just like the soldier termite? I think so. This analogy allows me to make the following proposition: altruism as an end in itself is something that primarily occurs within the basic unit of sexual reproduction, whereas altruism as a means to ...
In solving major world problems, altruism and compassion can help. Altruism is a fundamental mental state involving a specific kind of intention and motivation.
In his quest to understand altruism, Price inevitably dissected such complex and timeless concepts as self-sacrifice and kindness, and eventually became so vexed by the selfish reasoning for kindness embedded in his own mathematical theory of altruism that he set out to prove the theory wrong by committing a seemingly endless number of random acts of kindness to complete strangers. He spent the latter part of his life helping alcoholics and the homeless, often inviting them to live in his home and, though he had most of his belongings stolen, he went undeterred until he was forced to move out of his house due to a construction issue. Unable to help the homeless any longer, he went into a deep depression. On January 6, 1975, Price committed suicide using a pair of nail scissors to cut his own carotid artery.. ...
Altruism vs. Aggression - Is It in Our DNA?. Ive been thinking a lot about altruism lately. With everything going on in the world, its hard not to. Hurricane Irene stormed into our lives right before Labor Day and wiped out many communities near me. No one expected a hurricane to inflict such punishment on little villages in the Catskill Mountains of New York but thats what happened.. At our house, we tried to tough it out but we surrendered as the winds picked up and we realized that way too many trees were leaning longingly toward our roof. We packed up four cats and took shelter in a Holiday Inn about fifteen minutes away. What we found there was a 21st century Noahs Ark. Dogs grinned at us from balconies on the second floor. Cats peered out of windows into the courtyard. And the people, local evacuees mingled with shellshocked refugees from Long Island, Staten Island and Brooklyn, huddled together sharing whatever updates we had. And we shared what we had.. Phyllis, whose home was ...
When altruism is our dominant state of mind - our default mode - it expresses itself as benevolence toward anyone who might come into the field of our attention and translates itself as goodwill, readiness and willingness to care. When we perceive that others have a pressing need, we develop empathic concern. When the need is related to a yearning for happiness, altruism will foster the realization of that aspiration. When the need is related to suffering, compassion will induce us to remedy the suffering and its causes. ...
In the aftermath of disasters, such as the Grenfell Tower fire in London this week or any number of earthquakes and tsunamis, the global community rallies together. As soon as news and images of the devastation wrought by the freak incident hits our screens, we dig into our pockets. And this is, of course, a wonderful human trait. We want to help those in need. We want to do something to ease the suffering of people whose entire lives have been turned upside down in the blink of an eye. And yet, in many cases, the ways in which we try to help is actually very ineffective. Relief workers have dubbed our altruism the disaster after the disaster and it had happened in London less than 24 hours after the fire broke out. But what is ineffective altruism and how can you donate in an effective way?. Firstly, lets explain what this disaster after a disaster is. Often in the wake of these events, people are left homeless and without access to food, clothing and other basic amenities. The good people ...
This thesis examines the significance of sociobiology within Wesleyan ethics. In addition to investigating how sociobiological altruism connects to Wesleyan holiness, it argues that John Wesley capitalized on the biological and environmental constraints on human action, creating a particular setting that nurtured altruism in his followers through the cultivation of holiness. Of the main chapters, Chapter 2 helps the reader understand basic and current sociobiological explanations of altruistic behavior-a behavior that has been a stumbling block for evolutionary theorists who have attempted, unsuccessfully, to explain why or how it exists. To address the presence of altruism among humans, this chapter elucidates kin selection theory, group selection theory (also called multilevel selection theory), and game theory, seeking to provide clarification of current research within the field of sociobiology. Chapter 3 offers a critique of the sociobiological explanations of altruism and examines the ...
Publication date: 2018. Full Terms & Conditions of access and use can be found at https://www.tandfonline.com/action/journalInformation?journalCode=zrhm21 Reproductive Health Matters An international journal on sexual and reproductive health and rights ISSN: 0968-8080 (Print) 1460-9576 (Online) Journal homepage: https://www.tandfonline.com/loi/zrhm20 The 2018 Inter-agency field manual on reproductive health in humanitarian settings: revising the global standards Angel M. Foster, Dabney P. Evans, Melissa Garcia, Sarah Knaster, Sandra Krause, Therese McGinn, Sarah Rich, Meera Shah, Hannah Tappis & Erin Wheeler To cite this article: Angel M. Foster, Dabney P. Evans, Melissa Garcia, Sarah Knaster, Sandra Krause, Therese McGinn, Sarah Rich, Meera Shah, Hannah Tappis & Erin Wheeler (2017) The 2018�Inter-agency�field�manual�on�reproductive�health�in�humanitarian�settings: revising the global standards, Reproductive Health Matters, 25:51, 18-24, DOI: 10.1080/09688080.2017.1403277 To ...
Altruism, the selfless concern for the well-being of others, is a core virtue in many societies and religions. But ever since Darwin wrote about cooperation and altruism, scientists have had a love/hate relationship with these behaviors. Warren Holmes, University of Oregon psychology professor, explores the paradox of cooperative behavior in The Evolution of Cooperation and the Paradox of Altruism. It was the second talk in a UO lecture series celebrating the life and work of Charles Darwin given on Tuesday, Feb. 10 2009.. ...
Very sweet but not altruism - altruism would imply the dog made a conscious choice to foster the kittens. It is in fact rather common for animals that have lost their off-spring (her puppies were adopted) to adopt other young animals, including those of other species (although sometimes they need a little trickery - horse breeders will often wrap an orphan foal in the hide of a mares dead foal to get bonding - however, as soon as the orphan can suckle, this will trigger hormone release that leads to bonding so the hide can be removed soon; and not all mares need the trick, they will accept the foal). Dogs have in fact been used as foster mothers for zoo animals that could not be nursed by their biological mother. Here in Oz we have a german shepherd who fostered a tiger cub, for instance. Cross-species nurturing, in short, is not uncommon, and more due to the loss of own offspring and the need to nurse offspring, ie, having lots of milk left. To call it altruism is anthropomorphic. Actually, ...
Very sweet but not altruism - altruism would imply the dog made a conscious choice to foster the kittens. It is in fact rather common for animals that have lost their off-spring (her puppies were adopted) to adopt other young animals, including those of other species (although sometimes they need a little trickery - horse breeders will often wrap an orphan foal in the hide of a mares dead foal to get bonding - however, as soon as the orphan can suckle, this will trigger hormone release that leads to bonding so the hide can be removed soon; and not all mares need the trick, they will accept the foal). Dogs have in fact been used as foster mothers for zoo animals that could not be nursed by their biological mother. Here in Oz we have a german shepherd who fostered a tiger cub, for instance. Cross-species nurturing, in short, is not uncommon, and more due to the loss of own offspring and the need to nurse offspring, ie, having lots of milk left. To call it altruism is anthropomorphic. Actually, ...
The French-born Tibetan Buddhist monk Matthieu Ricard gave up molecular genetics almost 50 years ago to dedicate himself fully to Buddhist practice. Dubbed the happiest man in the world, hes since authored several books from Shechen Monastery in Nepal, the most recent being Altruism: The Power of Compassion to Change Yourself and the World, published by Little, Brown and Company in June. In this wide-ranging, 30-minute interview filmed during Ricards most recent visit to New York, contributing editor Joan Duncan Oliver speaks to Ricard about some of the most pressing issues currently facing humanity-climate change, species extinction, and inequality-and how altruism can solve them. -Eds.. ...
Data-Driven Learning Guides are a collection of instructional exercises that can be used to enhance teaching of core concepts in the social sciences. This learning guide investigates some of the factors that may influence altruistic behavior -- the act of helping that is intended to provide aid to someone else with no expectations of getting something in return. Research questions that can be explored using this learning guide include: what are the factors that motivate one person to help another, how costs and rewards, or empathy influence helping and altruism, the impact that cultural norms and roles may have on helping behavior, and whether characteristics of the person needing help influence helping behavior and if so, how. Crosstabulations are used for the analyses.. ...
I came across Effective Altruism in 2015, joining a MeetUp in Berlin, and I immediately felt at home. Talking about improving the world, deeply thinking together which are the causes more close to our heart and which one are the most pressing in our society.. As long as I donated and actively looking for great charities and cool social projects, Effective Altruism movement opened my eyes to look more carefully to what is really effective. Now Im involved in spreading the word in Italy too and getting active and aware of the social entrepreneurship realm.. Heres my profile https://eahub.org/user/stefania even if Im still a beginner I love to aim to become a great philanthropist.. Articles and videos ...
There is no shortage of evidence to suggest that we are fundamentally, and all but irreparably, characterized by selfishness. If reports of consumptive greed and callous disregard for the obvious distress of others does not clinch the point, the representations of science, particularly the portrayals of sociobiology, confirm that impression beyond any reasonable doubt. This emerging discipline endevers to show how altruism is fundamentally unnatural, an aberration that runs directly counter to the natural flow of life.. The Impossibility of Natural Altruism. For modern life sciences, altruism represents an anomaly that elicits drastic reactions.. The Biological Problem of Altruism. From a biological point of view, altruism should not exist. The Darwinian theory of natural selection holds that those organisms survive and reproduce which are best adapted to their environment. They are selected by the natural processes of geography, climate, food supplies, predation, etc. To that extent, any ...
At Inside NGOs recent Food Aid Roundtable, Matthew Nims, acting director of Food for Peace (FFP), spoke about the future of the USAID offices programs. He said something during his presentation that resonated with me: This is an era of conflict.. Last year, it was El Niño. This year, we are witnessing a different kind of international crisis-that of 20 million people at risk of starvation in South Sudan, Somalia, Yemen, and Nigeria. 2017 has been labeled as having the worst humanitarian crisis since 1945 for its rising number of refugees. Nims also emphasized the ongoing challenge of stabilizing and addressing growing problems in the Democratic Republic of Congo, the Central African Republic, and Chad before the crisis spreads. However, an enormous funding gap of $4.4 billion for response teams and food supplies only makes matters worse.. During the event, industry experts questioned how implementing partners, or entities that implement programs in line with the goals of larger ...
The Yemen Petroleum Company (YPC) urges the United Nations (UN) to take action to prevent an imminent humanitarian crisis as a Saudi-led coalition continues to seize ships carrying necessary oil products to the country.
Humanitarian emergencies and infectious diseases have a mutually negative impact on one another. Crisis settings like refugee camps, war zones and communities
Parochial altruism refers to altruism that is directed in a preferential manner towards members of ones own social group.[20] In order to examine this effect, a study examined the outcomes of TP-DG experiments carried out in between two Papua New Guinea indigenous groups. The games had 4 conditions, which included: players A (dictator), B (recipient), and C (observer) all from the same group; only A and B from the same group; only A and C from the same group; only B and C from the same group.[6] Current behavioral theories state that norms are emergent from interactions within groups,[21] and therefore, outsiders dont obey the norm nor benefit from the altruistic behavior the norm enforces. This theory would therefore predict that no punishment will occur in any of the cases except for the ABC treatment condition. However, it was found that punishment was qualitatively similar in all 4 conditions, which suggests that egalitarian sharing norms exist within-groups and also ...
I weighed in on the topic posted, and replied to the question, do altruism & benevolence exist, yes & yes. As I sorted through my mind, I realized, my belief has changed. When did I become an optimist? Before James died, I didnt believe people could change, I never had faith in strangers, believed staunchly in bystander apathy and had begun to work hard to suppress my own instincts to help others. Wow, reflecting on this, I was living a dark, unenlightened path for more reasons then I am willing to delve into here but sad all the same. Then, my life was shattered, everything I believed, all the life lessons learned, everything I had worked for, demolished when James died. Then came the choices no parent wants to ever have to make. The ones that we have all made, second guessed, regretted & wished could have been different. And then, in the midst of the darkness came the light. The kindness of those who I had all but sold out, strangers. Strangers from every corner bursting with compassion, ...
Effective altruism helps donors to understand the most effective use of their money, by emphasizing the potential impact of their charity.
Category 1: Biological and evolutionary basis of dishonesty. From a quick-and-dirty comparison of the evolutionary basis for symbiotic altruism and the cognitive neuroscience of dishonesty, one might conclude that altruism is to be found almost nowhere in the animal kingdom, whereas dishonesty exists almost everywhere in the human brain. The cases of altruism among that Trivers (1971) describes are few and far between, ranging from symbiotic cleaning between wrasse and grouper to warning calls in birds. In humans, altruism is elicited by rather extreme circumstances such as helping in times of danger and helping the sick, the wounded, or the very young and old (in addition to more commonplace but less costly exchanges of food, tools, and information). By contrast, Abe (2011) reports a widespread array of brain structures important for supporting deception, including the prefrontal cortex, anterior cingulate cortex, amygdala, and basal ganglia. Intriguingly, Trivers posits that deception has ...
The Key West Art & Historical Society maintains the culture of the Florida Keys through exhibits and education programs. Read our post, Society Celebrates Fantasy Fest Altruism and the Candidates Behind it.
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Cross-posted to the Enthea site. Griffiths et al. 2017 was published recently; it had some impressive findings. The study looked at psilocybin administration al
If asked at the wars outset in 1939 what was its least likely outcome, Nazi Overlords would have undoubtedly named their own military defeat. Since Hitlers democratic takeover in 1933 Germany had developed the strongest military force the modern world had ever known. Its standing army appeared indomitable. Its
Contrasting Charles Darwins theory of evolution by natural selection, UC Berkeley psychologist, Dacher Keltner and other social scientists are building the case that humans are successful because of our nurturing, altruistic and compassionate traits.. Human beings have survived as a species because we have evolved the capacities to care for those in need and to cooperate, states Keltner, author of Born to Be Good: The Science of a Meaningful Life.. As Darwin long ago surmised, sympathy is our strongest instinct, he says.. While many studies indicate that bonding and seeking out social connections are intrinsic in a healthier, more meaningful life, the larger question is how these traits actually ensure our survival and enhance our status among our peers? According to UC Berkeley social psychologist Robb Willer, the more generous we are, the more respect and influence we wield.. Regarding a recent study by Willer and his team published in American Sociological Review, he writes: The ...
This was the third call under 3ies Humanitarian Assistance Thematic Window. The first call was for impact evaluation of humanitarian assistance interventions in the Democratic Republic of Congo and the second call was for an impact evaluation of the cash versus electronic vouchers pilot programme for Syrian refugees in Jordan and Lebanon.. While there is considerable evidence of the effectiveness of moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) treatment interventions in optimal conditions, there is insufficient and equivocal understanding of how effectiveness varies in crisis and post-crisis conditions. There is also insufficient evidence on the difference in impact of MAM treatment programmes when prevention interventions are also present. The proposal will be for a rigorous impact evaluation of completed, ongoing or planned initiatives that aim to prevent and/or treat MAM in humanitarian situations.. For more information about this call, please read the Request for Qualifications (727.6 KB) This call is ...
Humanitarian Assistance Remains Vital. An estimated 731,000 people remain in crisis and emergency, according to the latest findings from the Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit for Somalia (FSNAU). People belonging to these households require urgent lifesaving humanitarian assistance to help meet immediate food needs, including critical nutrition and health support for those acutely malnourished, particularly children.. A further 2.3 million additional people are classified as stressed, meaning they are struggling to meet their minimum daily food needs. Households belonging to this group remain highly vulnerable to major shocks, such as drought or floods, which could easily push them back into food security crisis.. As a result, lifesaving humanitarian assistance and livelihood support remain vitally important throughout2015 to help food insecure populations meet their immediate food needs, protect livelihoods and build resilience.. Malnutrition Rates Remain High. An estimated ...
Humanitarian Assistance Remains Vital. An estimated 731,000 people remain in crisis and emergency, according to the latest findings from the Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit for Somalia (FSNAU). People belonging to these households require urgent lifesaving humanitarian assistance to help meet immediate food needs, including critical nutrition and health support for those acutely malnourished, particularly children.. A further 2.3 million additional people are classified as stressed, meaning they are struggling to meet their minimum daily food needs. Households belonging to this group remain highly vulnerable to major shocks, such as drought or floods, which could easily push them back into food security crisis.. As a result, lifesaving humanitarian assistance and livelihood support remain vitally important throughout2015 to help food insecure populations meet their immediate food needs, protect livelihoods and build resilience.. Malnutrition Rates Remain High. An estimated ...
ATLANTA - Researchers at the Yerkes National Primate Research Center, have shown chimpanzees have a significant bias for prosocial behavior. This, the study authors report, is in contrast to previous studies that positioned chimpanzees as reluctant altruists and led to the widely held belief that human altruism evolved in the last six million years only after humans split from apes. The current study findings are available in the online edition of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. According to Yerkes researchers Victoria Horner, PhD, Frans de Waal, PhD, and their colleagues, chimpanzees may not have shown prosocial behaviors in other studies because of design issues, such as the complexity of the apparatus used to deliver rewards and the distance between the animals. I have always been skeptical of the previous negative findings and their over-interpretation, says Dr. de Waal. This study confirms the prosocial nature of chimpanzees with a different test, better adapted to the ...
More than 5,000 civilians have been killed and 9,000 injured in the conflict in Yemen over the last three years. Although more than 70% of the population (21 million Yemenis) need emergency aid, the blockade imposed on 6th November 2017 has aggravated an already disastrous humanitarian situation[1], preventing the entry of foodstuffs, medical supplies and humanitarian aid. Seven million people are on the brink of famine. Arnaud Pont, Yemen emergency desk officer at Handicap International (HI), explains the gravity of the situation:
Humanitarian Exchange Magazine http://odihpn.org/magazine/the-humanitarian-consequences-of-violence-in-central-america/ Number 70 October 2017 Special Feature: The Lake Chad Basin: an overlooked crisis? by Humanitarian Practice Network October 2017 The 70th edition of Humanitarian Exchange, co-edited with Joe Read, focuses on the humanitarian crisis in Nigeria and the Lake Chad Basin. The violence perpetrated by Boko Haram and the counter-insurgency campaign…
While the humanitarian crisis in the Middle East is one of the most devastating of our era according to Antonio Guterres, UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), humanitarian aid approaches its limits. This paper will look into one of those limits: the challenges of addressing non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in humanitarian interventions. First, the development of humanitarian health interventions, and the changing nature and contexts of emergencies are described. Second, the specific con...
Parochial altruism, defined as increased ingroup favoritism and heightened outgroup hostility, is a widespread feature of human societies that affects altruistic cooperation and punishment behavior, particularly in intergroup conflicts. Humans tend to protect fellow group members and fight against outsiders, even at substantial costs for themselves. Testosterone modulates responses to competition and social threat, but its exact role in the context of parochial altruism remains controversial. Here, we investigated how testosterone influences altruistic punishment tendencies in the presence of an intergroup competition. Fifty male soccer fans played an ultimatum game (UG), in which they faced anonymous proposers that could either be a fan of the same soccer team (ingroup) or were fans of other teams (outgroups) that differed in the degree of social distance and enmity to the ingroup. The UG was played in two contexts with varying degrees of intergroup rivalry. Our data show that unfair offers ...
DAKAR February 3, 2020 - The number of people facing a critical lack of food and vital livelihood opportunities in the Central Sahel has spiked in one year due to rising insecurity and climatic shocks. The situation may further deteriorate unless the international community acts now, three United Nations agencies warned today.. Despite an overall satisfactory agricultural production, 3.3 million people need immediate assistance in the Central Sahel, according to the latest Cadre Harmonisé food security analyses, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the United Nations Childrens Fund (UNICEF) and the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) said. Experts forecast that close to 4.8 million people in the Central Sahel will be at risk of food insecurity during the lean season (June-August 2020) if no appropriate actions are taken urgently.. The unprecedented escalation of humanitarian needs in the Central Sahel is a major factor for the alarming situation that the ...
Results Yemen is water scarce, and repeated airstrikes damaged water systems, risking widespread infection. Since a cholera preparedness and response plan was absent, on detection, the humanitarian cluster system rapidly developed response plans. The initial plans did not prioritise key actions including community-directed WASH to reduce transmission, epidemiological analysis and laboratory monitoring. Coordination was not harmonised across the crisis-focused clusters and epidemic-focused incident management system. The health strategy was crisis focused and was centralised on functional health facilities, underemphasising less accessible areas. As vaccination was not incorporated into preparedness, consensus on its use remained slow. At the second wave peak, key actions including data management, community-directed WASH and oral rehydration and vaccination were scaled-up. ...
Negotiations for access are crucial for the success of humanitarian operations. They also occur in contexts of armed conflict and violence that typically entrench gender identities. Building on the vast research showing that gender affects the conduct and outcome of negotiations, this paper explores gender dynamics in a humanitarian setting. After outlining its methodology and surveying the relevant literature, this paper sketches out the ways 21 practitioners at the International Committee of the Red Cross see gender dynamics affecting their work in the field. These interviews support previous findings on men and womens diverging conceptions of genders impact and relevance, as well as on the cross-cultural consistency of gender dynamics in war. In a context where, unlike in many corporate settings, womens work as humanitarian actors is congruent with prescriptive gender stereotypes, this study shows that they can be perceived as more legitimate because they are thought of as selfless ...
Sure, its better to do an altruistic act for a co-ethnic than a foreigner. But its better in the sense that you lose less if you help a co-ethnic than a foreigner. Your genes dont gain anything in either case. Altruism is adaptive for your close kin. Altruism for your co-ethnics or foreigners is (usually) a strictly lose or lose-more proposition ...
The Australian government formally closed the Manus Regional Processing Centre on 31 October. The MRPC was an offshore immigration detention facility at a naval base on Manus Island in northern Papua New Guinea, which held around 750 people at its last official count. Refugee solidarity groups across Australia have long called for it to close, along with camps in Nauru and elsewhere. But last weeks developments are no cause for celebration.. About 600 male refugees are left on the decommissioned site, which had its water and electricity supplies cut off ten days ago. There have been reports of missionaries with food and other necessities being prevented from accessing the camp, and as many as 20 per cent of the men are thought to require medication for mental health conditions. The UNHCR has described the situation as an unfolding humanitarian emergency.. According to the Australian government, the refugees have been offered accommodation in the town of Lorengau, ten miles away. UN observers ...
The humanitarian situation in Somalia remains fragile, as a result of continued armed conflict, flooding, desert locust infestation and COVID-19. Access to health care, including skilled birth attendance, is limited, and women and girls face serious protection concerns, including gender-based violence. GBV survivors face fear of reprisals, stigmatization and difficulty accessing safe and appropriate services. UNFPA coordinates the GBV sub-cluster as well as the reproductive health working group in Somalia.
EU humanitarian aid focuses on providing food, safe drinking water and sanitation, primary health care, shelter, livelihoods support, protection, and education.. In response to the coronavirus pandemic, EU-funded humanitarian projects in Cameroon are adopting measures to help beneficiaries and staff keep safe. They also continue to provide life-saving assistance to support vulnerable communities.. Actions already focusing on the health sector and providing access to clean water and sanitation are helping taking into account the new needs brought about by COVID-19, in line with the countrys response plan.. The EU also contributed funding in support of the WHOs actions in the country on early detection and response, and on having adequate expertise on the ground.. Immediate humanitarian assistance to refugees remains crucial especially to newly displaced people. However, given the protracted nature of the displacement (especially of CAR refugees), aid efforts are also being directed at improving ...
Increasing Humanitarian Need. The number of people in need of humanitarian assistance in the five aforementioned countries, currently estimated at about 16 million, has increased by about 30 per cent since late 2016. In Somalia, almost half of the total population is food insecure, the UN specialised body reported. Timely humanitarian assistance has averted famine so far but must be sustained. Conditions across the region are expected to further deteriorate in the coming months with the onset of the dry season and an anticipated early start of the lean season, it added.. The food security situation for pastoralists is of particular concern, in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia, where animal mortality rates are high and milk production from the surviving animals has declined sharply with negative consequences on food security and nutrition, FAO warned. When we know how critical milk is for the healthy development of children aged under five, and the irreversible damage its lack can create, it is ...
The extreme deprivation and violence endured by millions of Congolese goes virtually unnoticed to the rest of the world. Since mid-November, renewed fighting between the Congolese Army (FARDC) and the Mai-Mai rebels has caused the displacement of tens of thousands of people throughout Katanga province, in southeast Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). In one instance in early December, armed men attacked a camp for displaced people in Katanga, forcing some 3,000 people to once again flee for their lives. This spate of violence is just the most recent endured by people in the DRC. More than a decade of war and devastation has collapsed an already weak public health system and caused widespread misery for people throughout the country. During the past year, the northeastern regions of Ituri, North Kivu, and South Kivu were again the epicenter of violence, with multiple factions fighting for the control of the areas resources, preying on civilians, and committing appalling sexual violence against ...
[email protected] FAIRFIELD, Conn. (December 2, 2016) - As humanitarian donors prepare to gather in Geneva, award-winning British-Nigerian actor David Oyelowo has joined Nigerian luminaries and international aid organizations in writing an open letter warning global leaders of the tens of thousands of children who could starve in North East Nigeria unless the world acts immediately.. Oyelowo is joining Aliko Dangote, one of Africas leading businessmen, U2s Bono and Save the Children in demanding decisive action to address the crisis when the donors meet to agree world-wide humanitarian emergency funding in Geneva next week. Oyelowo, who was raised in Lagos and London, co-writes in the letter: The tragedy now unfolding in North East Nigeria is one of the worlds deadliest but least reported emergencies.. Over 4.7 million people are in need of food assistance and some 400,000 children are at imminent risk of starvation. It must be addressed when humanitarian emergency donors gather this ...
Our soul is talking to us all in every moment of every day, during our whole life, but most of the time we fail to take notice of this small voice that can guide us towards the good deeds, the gentle words, the love-filled thoughts. When I see such horrors perpetrated with such heinous abandon, I pray that humanity reaches soon the critical mass of conscious awareness that will render such pitiless violence simply unthinkable in the very minds of those who are still committing it today. In the deepest recess of my being, It knows that one day soon our world will come out victorious from the clenching grasp of evil forces of darkness still able to take hold of the minds and souls of men who, perhaps did not hear often enough, when they were little boys, the sweet melodies of lullabies and felt the loving embrace of their parents to reassure and comfort them. Perhaps ...
Soledad OBrien checks in with Williamson for a debrief on what he is seeing on the ground. Puerto Rico journalist Jay Fonseca tells Soledad why many on the isl...
By Ahmed Alkadir Mohammed. Ahmed Alkadir Mohammed is currently a Disaster Risk Management Specialist with the World Bank, Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) Team. Prevously he spent 16 months as a Nutrition Project Consultant with the World Bank in Ethiopia to facilitate and coordinate the overall activities of World Bank Funded Nutrition Project in Ethiopia. He is a graduate of Addis Ababa University (BSc Management) and of Tufts University (MA in Humanitarian Assistance, 2007).. I would like to acknowledge my thesis advisor and instructor, Daniel Maxwell, who well equipped me in my research. Also, Daniel, Michael Delaney and Abera Tola from Oxfam America, the Feinstein International Centre Master of Arts in Humanitarian Assistance (MAHA) programme instructors, and all my Boston based friends. I appreciate Ana Hammock who assisted me in editing the research paper and Erin Boyd in the enrolment of the programme.. On a personal level, I acknowledge the supports of my brother Mekonnene ...