Interviewer: Could altitude play a part in depression? If so, could something as simple as a dietary supplement fix the problem? Up next on The Scope.. Announcer: Examining the latest research and telling you about the latest breakthroughs. The Science and Research Show is on The Scope.. Interviewer: Im talking with Dr. Perry Renshaw, professor of psychiatry at the University of Utah. Hes currently seeking crowdfunding for a project on Experiment.com to improve depression caused by living at high altitude, a particularly worrisome problem here in Utah.. Dr. Renshaw, youre researching the effects of altitude on depression. What led you to make that connection in the first place?. Dr. Renshaw: Well, you know the risk of being too long winded . . . I and my wife moved here as part of the USTAR program in 2008. In conjunction with that move, we started working at the VA Research Center on Mental Health. The assigned focus of that center which is called a MIRECC is on suicide. Never having done ...
Aim: This study was conducted on Ouled Djellal ewes in arid area of south-east Algeria in order to reveal the influence of altitude and landforms on some hematological and biochemical parameters.. Materials and Methods: A total of 160 ewes having 3-5 years of age, multiparous, non-pregnant, non-lactating and reared in arid areas of South East Algeria were included. Blood samples were divided according to factors of altitude and landform (plain region at 150 m above sea level, tableland region at 600 m above sea level and mountain region at 1000 m above sea level). The whole blood was analyzed for hematology, and plasma samples for biochemical analysis.. Results: The study found lowest glucose concentrations were detected in tableland region at 600 m. In plain region at 150 m, ewes had a higher (p,0.01) concentration of cholesterol and triglyceride. Furthermore, a higher concentration of total proteins (p,0.01) and urea (p,0.05) were detected in plain region at 150 m. The average blood creatinine ...
With the increase of altitude (above sea level), atmospheric pressure decreases, which leads to a reduction of the air amount inhaled into the cylinder of diesel engines. Thereby the pressure, the temperature of the cylinder in diesel engines and the density of the mixture decrease correspondingly, so that there are differences between the combustion processes which naturally aspirated and supercharged diesel engines operate at different altitude regions. The combustion processes of diesel engines at different altitude regions have been studied by means of a micro-computer controlled atmosphere-simulating system on engines. The achieved conclusions serve to clarify some of the uncertainties about the combustion processes of diesel engines in plateau regions and contribute to solve some of the problems that diesel engines have when working in plateau regions ...
The elevation near the mouth of the Lackawanna River is 522 feet (159 m) above sea level.[27] The elevation of the rivers source is between 1,560 and 1,580 feet (480 and 480 m) above sea level.[22] The river is steep and sometimes narrow. Its average gradient between Forest City and Pittston is 19 feet per mile (3.6 m/km).[24] For its first 13 miles (21 km), the rivers average gradient is 45.4 feet per mile (8.60 m/km). For the next 15 miles (24 km), the average gradient is 20 feet per mile (3.8 m/km). For the final 12 miles (19 km), the gradient of the river averages 13.2 feet per mile (2.50 m/km).[28] In general, the topography of the Lackawanna River watershed consists of long, steep-sided ridges with valleys in between.[25] The headwaters of the river are in a group of glacial ponds and bogs in Susquehanna County and Wayne County, about 12 miles (19 km) north of Forest City. The river itself begins at Stillwater Lake, which was built by the United States Army Corps of Engineers in 1960. ...
By means of sensors mounted on cable cars and a telemetry system, profiles are determined for temperature, humidity, wind, air conductivity and potential gradient, against pressure as a parameter of altitude. The site of the project is the Bavarian Alps in the vicinity of Garmisch Partenkirchen, at a uniquely instrumented range. Relationships are established between vertical aerosol distribution and meteorological parameters in the region of the upper boundary of the exchange layers. Electrical conductivity measurements were also made. The report will assist in studies of transport and diffusion of material in the atmosphere, weather modification, visibility, and radar signal propagation in mountainous terrain. (Author)(*ATMOSPHERIC SOUNDING
While the skin microbiome has been shown to play important roles in health and disease in several species, the effects of altitude on the skin microbiome and how high-altitude skin microbiomes may be associated with health and disease states remains largely unknown. Using 16S rRNA marker gene sequencing, we characterized the skin microbiomes of people from two racial groups (the Tibetans and the Hans) and of three local pig breeds (Tibetan pig, Rongchang pig, and Qingyu pig) at high and low altitudes. The skin microbial communities of low-altitude pigs and humans were distinct from those of high-altitude pigs and humans, with five bacterial taxa (Arthrobacter, Paenibacillus, Carnobacterium, and two unclassified genera in families Cellulomonadaceae and Xanthomonadaceae) consistently enriched in both pigs and humans at high altitude. Alpha diversity was also significantly lower in skin samples collected from individuals living at high altitude compared to individuals at low altitude. Several of the taxa
The elevational pattern of soil microbial diversity along mountain slopes has received considerable interest over the last decade. An increasing amount of taxonomic data on soil microbial community composition along elevation gradients have been collected, however the trophic patterns and environmental drivers of elevational changes remain largely unclear. Here, we examined the distribution patterns of major soil bacterial and fungal taxa along the northern slope of Changbai Mountain, Northeast China, at five typical vegetation types located between 740 and 2691 m above sea level. Elevational patterns of the relative abundance of specific microbial taxa could be partially explained by the oligotrophic-copiotrophic theory. Specifically, two dark-coniferous forests, located at mid-elevation sites, were considered to be oligotrophic habitats, with relatively higher soil C/N ratio and NH4+-N concentrations. As expected, oligotrophic microbial taxa, belonging to the bacterial phyla Acidobacteria and
books.google.comhttps://books.google.com/books/about/The_Influence_of_Simulated_High_Altitude.html?id=OzRNAAAAMAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareThe Influence of Simulated High Altitude on the Endocrine Glands with Particular Reference to Those Concerned with Reproduction ...
Recent research suggests that high-altitude hypoxia may serve as a model for prolonged oxidative stress in healthy humans. In this study, we investigated the consequences of prolonged high-altitude hypoxia on the basal level of oxidative damage to nuclear DNA in muscle cells, a major oxygen-consuming tissue. Muscle biopsies from seven healthy humans were obtained at sea level and after 2 and 8 weeks of hypoxia at 4100 m.a.s.l. We found increased levels of strand breaks and endonuclease III-sensitive sites after 2 weeks of hypoxia, whereas oxidative DNA damage detected by formamidopyrimidine DNA glycosylase (FPG) protein was unaltered. The expression of 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase 1 (OGG1), determined by quantitative RT-PCR of mRNA levels did not significantly change during high-altitude hypoxia, although the data could not exclude a minor upregulation. The expression of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) was unaltered by prolonged hypoxia, in accordance with the notion that HO-1 is an acute stress ...
Background: Asthma is among the most common chronic diseases in childhood and is steadily increasing in prevalence. Better characterisation of factors that determine the risk of hospitalisation for atopic asthma in childhood may help design prevention programmes and improve our understanding of disease pathobiology. This study will focus on the altitude of residence.. Methods: This is an ongoing prospective birth-cohort study that enrolled all live-born infants in the Tyrol. Between 1994 and 1999, baseline data were collected for 33 808 infants. From 2000 to 2005, all children hospitalised for atopic asthma at the age of ⩾6 years (n = 305) were identified by a careful search of hospital databases. Disease status was ascertained from the typical medical history, a thorough examination and proof of atopy.. Results: Living at higher altitude was associated with an enhanced risk of hospitalisation for atopic asthma (multivariate RRs (95% confidence interval 2.08 (1.45 to 2.98) and 1.49 (1.05 to ...
A fundamental question in human biology is the extent to which high-altitude native populations have evolved by natural selection to differ from their low-altitude ancestors. Answering this question will have implications for larger questions including the size of selection pressures and the mode and tempo of human evolution. High-altitude natives differ biologically from low-altitude populations at low altitude and during acute exposure to high altitude. The high-altitude populations also differ among themselves in numerous biological features thought to be adaptive, suggesting that these natural experiments had different outcomes. The central theme of the proposed catalysis meeting is how to test the hypothesis of genetic adaptation to high-altitude hypoxia of human populations indigenous to the Tibetan, Andean, and East African plateaus. The purpose of this meeting is to examine how recent advances in genomic technologies and research design can address some of these questions. The meeting ...
Increased participation of competitive athletes in new methods of simulated altitude warrants research on changes in performances. PURPOSE: To ascertain the effects of intermittent simulated altitude exposure via re-breathing on cycling performance. METHODS: Eighteen, well-trained male cyclists engaged in the use of a re-breathing simulated altitude device for 15 days. Subjects were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 simulated altitude groups; a low constant exposure group (CON) or progressively increased exposure group (TRT). Each exposure consisted of alternating between a rebreathing device and atmospheric air for 6 min and 4 min, respectively over 1 hour. Oxygen saturation was monitored with a pulse oximeter; and either held constant (98% over 15 days; equivalent altitude equal 150 m) or progressively reduced (90% on the 1 ii st day to 77% on the 15th day; equivalent altitudes equal 3600-6300 m). An exercise performance test was performed to familiarize subjects to the protocol (FAM), prior to ...
Differences between the effects of training at sea level and at simulated altitude on performance and muscle structural and biochemical properties were investigated in 8 competitive cyclists who...
Currently deployed unmanned rotorcraft rely on preplanned missions or teleoperation and do not actively incorporate information about obstacles, landing sites, wind, position uncertainty, and other aerial vehicles during online motion planning. Prior work has successfully addressed some tasks such as obstacle avoidance at slow speeds, or landing at known to be good locations. However, to enable autonomous missions in cluttered environments, the vehicle has to react quickly to previously unknown obstacles, respond to changing environmental conditions, and find unknown landing sites. We consider the problem of enabling autonomous operation at low-altitude with contributions to four problems. First we address the problem of fast obstacle avoidance for a small aerial vehicle and present results from over a 1000 runs at speeds up to 10 m/s. Fast response is achieved through a reactive algorithm whose response is learned based on observing a pilot. Second, we show an algorithm to update the obstacle ...
The military has developed plans for a low-altitude missile defense system in the face of Chinas intensified missile deployment against Taiwan, Minister of National Defense Tang Yiau-min (湯曜明) said yesterday.
Purpose.: Reports on intraocular pressure (IOP) changes at high altitudes have provided inconsistent and even conflicting results. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of very high altitude and different ascent profiles on IOP in relation to simultaneously occurring ophthalmic and systemic changes in a prospective study. Methods.: This prospective study involved 25 healthy mountaineers who were randomly assigned to two different ascent profiles during a medical research expedition to Mt. Muztagh Ata (7,546 m/24,751 ft). Group 1 was allotted a shorter acclimatization time before ascent than was group 2. Besides IOP, oxygen saturation (SaO2), acute mountain sickness symptoms (AMS-c score), and optic disc appearance were assessed. Examinations were performed at 490 m/1,607 ft, 4,497 m/14,750 ft, 5,533 m/18,148 ft, and 6,265 m/20,549 ft above sea level. Results.: Intraocular pressure in both groups showed small but statistically significant changes: an increase during ascent from ...
Rationale: High-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) is characterized by excessive pulmonary vasoconstriction and is associated with decreased concentrations of nitric oxide (NO) in the lung. Objectives: We hypothesized that individuals susceptible to HAPE (HAPE-S) would also have dysfunction of the vascular NO vasodilator pathway during hypoxia in the systemic vasculature. Methods: During normoxia (FI(O(2)) = 0.21) and 4 hours of normobaric hypoxia (FI(O(2)) = 0.12, corresponding to an altitude of 4,500 m above sea level) endothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent vasodilator responses to intraarterial infusion of acetylcholine (ACh) and sodium nitroprusside, respectively, were measured by forearm venous occlusion plethysmography in nine HAPE-S subjects and in nine HAPE-resistant control subjects. Main Results: Pulmonary artery systolic pressure increased from 22 +/- 3 to 33 +/- 6 mm Hg (p , 0.001) during hypoxia in control subjects, and from 25 +/- 4 to 50 +/- 9 mm Hg in HAPE-S subjects (p , ...
Since Mount Everest is 8,050 metres (29,035 feet) high, it is in the uppermost part of the troposphere layer of the atmosphere that helps to protect the Earth from the suns UV rays. This means that a large percentage of the harmful rays that are filtered out gradually through the atmosphere at lower altitudes (where most people live) are not filtered on Everest. Climbers at this height are exposed to very dangerous levels of ultraviolet radiation. Also, 85 per cent of UV rays that do reach Earth (of which most are absorbed at lower altitudes) are reflected off the fresh, white snow, almost doubling the radiation exposure in this environment (Canadian Dermatology Association, Sun Facts). The suns UV rays have the potential to be extremely dangerous for high altitude climbers, as well as for those people who live at relatively high altitudes on a year-round basis such as the Sheraps in the Mount Everest area of Nepal. Even more alarming is how little exposure is required to cause serious damage ...
Organisms can live at high altitude, either on land, in water, or while flying. Decreased oxygen availability and decreased temperature make life at such altitudes challenging, though many species have been successfully adapted via considerable physiological changes. As opposed to short-term acclimatisation (immediate physiological response to changing environment), high-altitude adaptation means irreversible, evolved physiological responses to high-altitude environments, associated with heritable behavioural and genetic changes. Among animals, only few mammals (such as yak, ibex, Tibetan gazelle, vicunas, llamas, mountain goats, etc.) and certain birds are known to have completely adapted to high-altitude environments. Human populations such as some Tibetans, South Americans and Ethiopians live in the otherwise uninhabitable high mountains of the Himalayas, Andes and Ethiopian highlands respectively. The adaptation of humans to high altitude is an example of natural selection in action. ...
The low atmospheric pressure and low oxygen content in high-altitude environment have great impacts on the functions of human body. Especially for the personnel engaged in complicated physical labor such as tunnel construction, high altitude can cause a series of adverse physiological reactions, which may result in multiple high-altitude diseases and even death in severe cases. Artificial oxygen supply is required to ensure health and safety of construction personnel in hypoxic environments. However, there are no provisions for oxygen supply standard for tunnel construction personnel in high-altitude areas in current tunnel construction specifications. As a result, this paper has theoretically studied the impacts of high-altitude environment on human bodies, analyzed the relationship between labor intensity and oxygen consumption in high-altitude areas and determined the critical oxygen-supply altitude values for tunnel construction based on two different standard evaluation systems, i.e., variation of
Description: This article examines elevation trends and their control by seasonality, dominant geochemical processes, and season dynamics in these supraglacial ponds at elevations ranging between 3989 and 4292 m above sea level in the debris-covered area of Lirung glacier in central Nepal Himalayas, from November 2010 to October 2011 on a bimonthly basis. ...
The state is on a narrow peninsula which broke away from the mainland about two million years ago due to tectonic activity.[17] The territory is primarily mountains or mountain ranges and coastal plains. The mountain ranges parallel the coastline and are of volcanic rock. The local name for the main mountain range is the Sierra de la Giganta and the highest peak is the Sierra de la Laguna at 2080m above sea level. The coastal plains are significantly wider on the Pacific side, averaging about 40 km, with much wider plains such as those of Santa Clara, Berrendo and Magdalena y Hiray. These areas are dominated by sedimentary rock, especially limestone of marine origin.[10][18]. The state is divided into five regions: Central Desert, La Serranía, the Vizcaíno Desert, the Magdalena Plains and Los Cabos. The Central Desert has desert plants, with vegetation springing up during short and irregular rains. The La Serranía is the high mountain areas with significant tree cover, some species of which ...
During a flight, aircraft cabins are pressurized. The air pressure in the cabin when flying at cruising altitudes (36,000 - 46,000 feet or 11,000 - 12,000 m) is lower than at sea level. It is equivalent to the outside pressure at 6,000 - 8,000 feet (1,800 - 2,400 m) above sea level. In other words, the atmosphere inside the plane during the flight is comparable to the atmosphere at the top of a 6,000 - 8,000-foot mountain. Since the air pressure is lower, the amount of oxygen in the blood decreases and the gases in the body expand. Usually such effects are well-tolerated by healthy passengers because the body enables certain physiological mechanisms to compensate the reduced oxygen in blood.. But, low cabin pressure is a main risk factor for cardiac patients as it may promote an increase in blood pressure, hypertensive crisis and even the development of a heart attack, although very rare. The decreases in air pressure are perceived by everyone in the cabin, but people with heart problems may ...
WASHINGTON-Patients on hemodialysis (HD) who live at low elevations have a greater prevalence of heart disease and have higher hospitalization rates than those living at mid or high elevations, according to data presented at the American Society of Nephrologys 2019 Kidney Week meeting. Patients on HD who live at higher elevations have a higher prevalence of diabetes and more often receive an extra HD treatment.. Of 244,720 HD patients included in a study by Sheetal Chaudhuri, MS, of Fresenius Medical Care in Bad Homburg, Germany, and colleagues, 59% lived at low elevation (less than 1000 feet), 35% at mid elevation (1000 to 4000 feet), and 6% at high elevation (above 4000 feet). The proportion of patients with congestive heart failure and ischemic heart disease was 21% and 21%, respectively, for the low-elevation patients, 19% and 19% for the mid-elevation group, and 13% and 12% for the high-elevation group, Dr Chaudhuris team reported in a poster presentation. ...
The aim of this study was to investigate the synergistic effects of endurance training and hypoxia on endurance performance in normoxic and hypoxic conditions (approximately 3000 m above sea level) as well as on lactate and glucose metabolism during
Large-scale emissions of carbonaceous aerosols (CA) from South Asia impact both regional climate and air quality, yet their sources are not well constrained. Here we use source-diagnostic stable and radiocarbon isotopes (δ13C and Δ14C) to characterize CA sources at a semiurban site (Hisar: 29.2°N, 75.2°E) in the NW Indo-Gangetic Plain (IGP) and a remote high-altitude location in the Himalayan foothills (Manora Peak: 29.4°N, 79.5°E, 1950 m above sea level) in northern India during winter. The Δ14C of total aerosol organic carbon (TOC) varied from −178‰ to −63‰ at Hisar and from −198‰ to −1‰ at Manora Peak. The absence of significant differences in the 14C-based fraction biomass of TOC between Hisar (0.81 ± 0.03) and Manora Peak (0.82 ± 0.07) reveals that biomass burning/biogenic emissions (BBEs) are the dominant sources of CA at both sites. Combining this information with δ13C, other chemical tracers (K+/OC and SO42−/EC) and air mass back trajectory analyses indicate ...
Background:- In Ethiopia, malaria is seasonal and unstable, causing frequent epidemics. It usually occurs at altitudes < 2,000 m above sea level. Occasionally, transmission of malaria occurs in areas...
Hudbays $1.7bn Constancia Project, 4,100m above sea level in the Peruvian Andes, has faced many development challenges due to the locations harsh environment and high altitude. The project embodies many of the new challenges faced by mining companies as they are forced to explore in more remote and hard-to-reach locations for commercially viable resources.. Australia-based Ausenco, which was hired by Hudbay to provide engineering, procurement and construction management services to design, construct, and commission a 25 Mt/y concentrator and associated infrastructure for the project, was last week recognised for its work.. The company won the Innovation in Mining and Metals award at the 2014 Bentley Year in Infrastructure awards, held in London at the Hilton Metropole on 5 November, for its innovative approach to overcoming project challenges.. Speaking about the award, Ausenco senior design systems engineer Anuj Anand says, It feels amazing to accomplish something of this magnitude. This is ...
Holocene Cyclical Switching of Colorado River Water Alternatively to the Sea of Cortez or to the Salton Sink. NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS). Howard, K. A.; Stock, G. M.; Rockwell, T. K.; Schafer, J.; Webb, R. H.. 2007-05-01. The former giant lake (ancient Lake Cahuilla) that intermittently filled the Salton Sink with a volume half that of Lake Erie has profound implications for the hydrologic and ecologic history of the Colorado River delta. Because the delta dams and isolates the sink from the Sea of Cortez (Gulf of California), the delta cone has a rare geometry that drains distributaries toward two unconnected termini: sea level on the south side and a fluctuating level in the Salton Sink on the north side. This level fluctuated in the Holocene between 85 m below modern sea level when the Salton Sink was dry and 12 m above sea level when occupied by successive incarnations of full Lake Cahuilla. Geologic and archaeologic records indicate that over the last 1300 years the Salton Sink ...
At 2960 m above sea level the Zugspitze is Germany highest mountain. It lies at the border between Germany and Austria in southern Bavaria and the summit can be reached either by foot or with a cog railway or a cablecar. Below the Zugspitze lies a huge glacier. Right next to the summit there is a restaurant, a weather station and microwave relay stations ...
Mt Toubkal, the highest peak in north Africa, stands 4167m above sea level and commands superb views of the High Atlas Mountains. Our trek passes through impressive landscapes on well-defined paths and is, surprisingly, not too strenuous. As we climb higher, the paths do become steeper but the gain in altitude awards dramatic views towards Marrakech and the spectacular Anti-Atlas mountains. Passing through remote villages and terraced fields we gain an insight into the life of the friendly Berber people and finish with free time in the colourful imperial city of Marrakech.
40 - 20 million years ago. Great Valley Sediments. The stratigraphy of the Great Valley Sequence (GVS) sediments on Quail Ridge is largely obscured by vegetation, but visitors who approach the Ridge from the east have the opportunity to get a great view of them at the Monticello Dam overlook, as well as in the roadcuts from there to the Reserve. Sediments at the dam and in the Reserve, originally laid down horizontally, are nearly vertical. In the gap at Devils Gate where the dam was built, it is clear that some of the strata are more resistant to erosion than others - in general, the sandstones are more resistant than the finer grained silt and shale layers.. These sediments were laid down over a period of 75 million years, from 140-65 million years ago. They are derived by erosion from the early Sierra Nevada and/or Klamath Mountains, which were up to 3000-4000 m high (for reference, the peak of Mt. Whitney is 4417 m above sea level). The sediments appear to have been deposited off the edge ...
In order to prove that Paliki was once an island the geology must show that the Thinia valley was once under water. However, the problem is that the elevation of the Thinia valley is 180m above sea level...and sea level certainly has not changed 180m is only 3000 years!!! However, there are other geologic features that can account for some of the uplift. The Eastern side of the Thinia valley is divided by a large thrust fault known as the Aenos Thrust, which is an extremely active fault to this day. Indeed, the last major earthquake on Cephalonia was a 7.2 magnitude in August 1953. The seismicity is generated by the collision of the Eurasian plate with the African plate. However, the earthquakes, while they cause substantial uplift did not occur often enough or have enough displacement to result in over 180m of uplift since the time of Homer. Therefore, another mechanism is needed to fill in the valley and raise it to 180m. Mapping of the island and the valley revealed a possible solution to ...
The Andes have undergone extended in situ diversification since the late Eocene. However, our analyses also provided evidence of decline in the diversification rate since the middle Oligocene, which has important implications for history and conservation of the endemic Andean fauna. First, the Andes uplift at the Miocene-Pliocene boundary caused significant changes in the rate of diversification in the lowland transition zone. We found that several poison frog lineages distributed on one or both sides of the Andes had dispersed repeatedly before the Miocene uplift (i.e., five cross-Andean and five Northern to Central Andes migrations). Paleogeological evidence supports introgression of shallow seas across the northern Andes during the Miocene, suggesting a historical connection between the Amazon Basin and the Chocó. Second, the Pliocene Andean uplift (>2,000 m above sea level) formed a significant barrier to dispersal, because no other cross-Andean dispersals were found. The uplift also was ...
The Andes have undergone extended in situ diversification since the late Eocene. However, our analyses also provided evidence of decline in the diversification rate since the middle Oligocene, which has important implications for history and conservation of the endemic Andean fauna. First, the Andes uplift at the Miocene-Pliocene boundary caused significant changes in the rate of diversification in the lowland transition zone. We found that several poison frog lineages distributed on one or both sides of the Andes had dispersed repeatedly before the Miocene uplift (i.e., five cross-Andean and five Northern to Central Andes migrations). Paleogeological evidence supports introgression of shallow seas across the northern Andes during the Miocene, suggesting a historical connection between the Amazon Basin and the Chocó. Second, the Pliocene Andean uplift (>2,000 m above sea level) formed a significant barrier to dispersal, because no other cross-Andean dispersals were found. The uplift also was ...
Comparative physiological and proteomic responses to drought stress in two poplar species originating from different altitudes Physiologia Plantarum 2010, 139 , 388-400 Fan Yang, Yong Wang, Ling-Feng Miao Abstract Cuttings of Populus kangdingensis C. Wang et Tung and Populus cathayana Rehder were examined during a single growing season in a...
The Pushpagiri or Subramanya Hills (also referred as Kumaraparvatha) is the second-highest peak of Kodagu, and fourth highest peak in Karnataka About 36 kilometres (22 mi) from Somwarpet and 1.5 kilometres (0.93 mi) from Kumaralli, it is located amid the jungle. The Eastern entrance can be reached from Beedehalli via Heggademane temple and the Western entrance from Kukke Subramanya via Giri gadde. However, the entrance through Beedehalli is less strenuous. The entrance from Kukke Subramanya is located 165 m above sea level. The nearest airport is in Mangalore at a distance of 106 kilometres (70 mi).Trekkers have to obtain permission from the Forest department which is located near Batra Mane, which is also a spot for overnight camping. This place is at a distance of 6km from Kukke Subramanya. ...
Mt Kilimanjaro holds many titles: its the highest peak in Africa (5,895m above sea level), the highest free-standing mountain in the world (rising 4,600m from the surrounding plains), and the most ac
Study participants are men and women between the ages of 30 to 70 who are of Tibetan descent living at high altitudes (1200, 2900, and 3660 meters above sea level). These populations are exposed to tough climate conditions and different levels of hypobaric hypoxia. However, due to economic development there is a marked heterogeneity in lifestyle among these populations. The studies conducted are cross-sectional using random sampling technique.. ...
A quaint and picturesque town, Kuthar is most well known for the magnificent Kuthar Fort, one of the oldest fortified structures in the state. A fine example of Rajasthani architecture and Rajputana artistry, it once served as the residence of the royal family of Kuthar. Spread over an area of 52.8 sq km, it houses a beautiful garden, an ancient temple and freshwater springs. One can get a picturesque view of the Subathu Fort and the snow-capped Himalayan peaks from the fort.. It is said that the fort was originally built by Gurkha rulers around 800 years ago on a hilltop, around 1,300 m above sea level. A section of the fort has been converted into a resort but one can pay an entry fee and visit the fort between 8 am and 6 pm.. ...
Liladownsia fraile was found living around the boundaries of Pine-Oak forests between 1900 and 3000 m above sea level, in a shrubby layer at the edge of the woodland, with acid soils and a temperature range of 10-26°C, and annual precipitation from 350-2000 mm per year. Its preferred host plant is the Pineapple Sage, Salvia elegans. This is a habitat that ranges from Mexico to Guatemala, so the Grasshopper may have a similarly extensive range ...
is a mountain peak (altitude - 1343 m above sea level) in the Western Ghats in South India (Karnataka State). The name is a corruption of the Sanskrit word "Kutakachalam." In local Kannada language, it is also called Kodashi Parvatha.Kodachadri forms a picturesque background to the famous temple of Mookambika in Kollur. Situated in the middle of the Mookambika National Park, it is home to several endemic and endangered species of flora and fauna. The rain forests loom in a perpetual layer of mist around the peak. Around peak, shola forest is also there ...
The northeastern highlands of Brazil are endemic for several tropical diseases, especially American trypanosomiasis (Chagas' disease) and schistosomiasis. Twenty years ago, we measured the seroprevalence of protozoan diseases in Santo Inácio, a village of approximately 1,000 inhabitants located 1,000 m above sea level. We detected small numbers of sera with antibodies against Trypanosoma cruzi and Toxoplasma gondii, and the area had a low prevalence both of American trypanosomiasis (3.54%) and toxoplasmosis (27.43%) compared with nearby Brazilian areas. This was attributed to a specific triatomine vector and local housing conditions. Twenty years later, we again determined the prevalences of both diseases and compared these results with those from Iraquara, a larger town with the same ethnic and social background but with a higher prevalence of rural activities. The incidence of Chagas' disease in San Inácio showed the same low level, i.e., 3.78% (5 of 132) with only adult males affected in
1. Name of Plants. Local name :Ki tolod, daun tolod (Sunda), Kendali, sangkobak (Jawa). Synonym : Laurentia longiflora (Linn.), Peterm.. 2. Classification of Plants. Family : Campanuiaceae. 3. Description of Plants. Plants from the West Indies grows wild in the drains or rivers, rice fields, around fences and other places are moist and open. Ki tolod can be found from the lowlands to 1,100 m above sea level. Upright herb, up to 60 cm, branched from the base, white gummy sharp taste and contain toxic. Single leaf, sitting, lancet shape, rough surface, pointed tip, base narrowed, curved edges inward, toothed up curved pinnate. Leaves 5-17 cm long, 2-3 cm wide, green color. The flowers are upright, single, out of the armpit leaves, long-stemmed, white star-shaped crown. The fruit is bell-shaped boxes of fruit, duck, broke into two spaces, seed lot. Propagation by seed, stem cuttings or saplings.. 4. Chemical Ingredients and Uses. Alkaloid compound that is lobelin, lobelamin, isotomin (Anonim, ...
Davos - Over 2,600 of the worlds most notable people have ascended to Europes highest mountain town for a series of meetings that aim to address "key issues of global importance." Nestled at 1,560m above sea level in a picture-perfect. Read More ...
Many researchers working in Antarctica study large things. The ice lakes and glaciers are so massive that the glaciologists who study them may find it easier to use airplanes rather than tons as unit of measure. Oceanographers and climatologists track down icebergs larger than some countries. Volcanologists are checking the vital signs of that formidable giant that is Mount Erebus (3794 m above sea level, more than 12 thousand feet). Astronomers look out of the clear Antarctic skies to stars and galaxies.. Many biologists study large and easily recognized creatures such as seals, penguins, and whales. But where we "Wormherders" are conducting research there are no living things that the naked eye can see. We are focusing on much smaller creatures, such as nematode worms. Virtually all soils on Earth host nematodes, but in the Dry Valleys very few species occur, and they are specially adapted to this extreme environment. The same goes for the microscopic algae and the bacteria living in lakes and ...
Use 5 tumble of tea tree oil and basin of warm water, soak feet for at lowest 20 mins. Pat feet dry.(substitute with eucalyptus, peppermint or lemongrass oil).. Located at 2175 m above sea level, Phawngpui National Park is known among top selling Mizoram sights. With a surrounding area of 3000 sq m, the park offers rich plant life and animals. Tourists can observe different animals like tigers, hoolog gibbon, sambar deer, bear and serow.. But after you are done with work, it is equally in order to completely remove every item of make up properly. Not properly removing the make up can a person serious repercussions - skin rashes, pigmentation or pimples in over time. Thus, it is essential to use a good quality cleansing beauty oil for conduct removal. This particular mixture of oil will smoothly wipe off your make up and install a supple feel to confront. Generally preferred cleaning beauty oils are people natural ingredients like green tea, lemon or orange extracts for that natural ...
15 cm dbh) in the 75-ha study site at Cabang Panti Research Station, Gunung Palung National Park, Kalimantan Barat (Indonesian West Borneo). The site is bounded by elevation (100 350 m above sea level; gray lines represent 25-m contours) and on the east side by a creek (bold lines). The western boundary extends 100 m west from the western spur ridge running parallel to the creek. Dots represent S. quadrinervis adults; size is proportional to dbh. Thick circles are 0.5-ha areas (80 m diameter) with HIGH densities of conspecific adults (n = 8). Similarly, thin circles are 0.5-ha areas with LOW densities of conspecific adults (n = 8). Overall, HIGH 0.5-ha areas have 3.4 times the number of conspecific neighbors as LOW areas. ...
Numerous studies have assessed the associations of different ethnicities and races with the risk of MS worldwide (2, 12, 14, 25). Iran has different ethnic groups, each with specific lifestyle and behavioral habits as well as different environmental exposures. Khuzestan province (Iran) is located in southwestern Iran between longitude 47° 41 to 50° 39 E and latitude 29° 58 to 33° 4 N. Ahvaz, the capital city of Khuzestan, is one of eight major cities of the country located geographically 31° 20 N and 48° 40 E on the plains of Khuzestan and 18 m above sea level.. Sharafaddinzadeh et al. (2009) conducted a cross-sectional study and found that the prevalence and incidence of MS in persons of Persian ethnicity were higher than in those of Arab ethnicity. However, the prevalence of advanced stages of MS with brain and motor symptoms is higher among Arab ethnic groups (24). The findings of no significant differences between Arab and non-Arab ethnic groups in the present study imply that ...
Stumpffia maledicta Rakotoarison, Scherz, Glaw, Köhler, Andreone, Franzen, Glos, Hawlitschek, Jono, Mori, Ndriantsoa, Raminosoa, Riemann, Rödel, Rosa, Vieites, Crottini, and Vences, 2017, Vert. Zool., Senckenberg, 67: 321. Holotype: ZSM 2079/2007, by original designation. Type locality: Gite detape campsite (S12.5268, E48.1721, ca. 1050 m above sea level), Montagne dAmbre National Park, Antsiranana Province, Madagascar. urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:74E46BB8-AD68-49AC-BBE1-121CA225111B. Rhombophryne maledicta - Here (25 November 2017). See comment under Rhombophryne. ...