###### A proposal of «neuron mask» in neural network algorithm for combinatorial optimization problems<...

TY - GEN. T1 - A proposal of «neuron mask» in neural network algorithm for combinatorial optimization problems. AU - Takenaka, Y.. AU - Funabiki, N.. AU - Nishikawa, S.. PY - 1997/12/1. Y1 - 1997/12/1. N2 - A constraint resolution scheme of the Hopfield neural network named «neuron mask» is presented for a class of combinatorial optimization problems. Neuron mask always satisfies constraints of selecting a solution candidate from each group so as to force the state of the neural network into a solution space. This paper presents the definition of neuron mask and the introduction into the neural network through the N-queens problem. The performance is verified by simulations on three computation modes, where neuron mask improves the performance of the neural network.. AB - A constraint resolution scheme of the Hopfield neural network named «neuron mask» is presented for a class of combinatorial optimization problems. Neuron mask always satisfies constraints of selecting a solution candidate ...

###### MITs Introduction to Algorithms, Lecture 16: Greedy Algorithms

This is the eleventh post in an article series about MITs lecture course Introduction to

**Algorithms**. In this post I will review lecture sixteen, which introduces the concept of Greedy**Algorithms**, reviews Graphs and applies the greedy Prims Algorithm to the Minimum Spanning Tree (MST) Problem.. The previous lecture introduced dynamic programming. Dynamic programming was used for finding solutions to optimization problems. In such problems there can be many possible solutions. Each solution has a value, and we want to find a solution with the optimal (minimum or maximum) value. Greedy**algorithms**are another set of methods for finding optimal solution. A greedy algorithm always makes the choice that looks best at the moment. That is, it makes a locally optimal choice in the hope that this choice will lead to a globally optimal solution. Greedy**algorithms**do not always yield optimal solutions, but for many problems they do. In this lecture it is shown that a greedy algorithm gives an optimal ...###### Information | Free Full-Text | sCwc/sLcc: Highly Scalable Feature Selection Algorithms

Feature selection is a useful tool for identifying which features, or attributes, of a dataset cause or explain the phenomena that the dataset describes, and improving the efficiency and accuracy of learning

**algorithms**for discovering such phenomena. Consequently, feature selection has been studied intensively in machine learning research. However, while feature selection**algorithms**that exhibit excellent accuracy have been developed, they are seldom used for analysis of high-dimensional data because high-dimensional data usually include too many instances and features, which make traditional feature selection**algorithms**inefficient. To eliminate this limitation, we tried to improve the run-time performance of two of the most accurate feature selection**algorithms**known in the literature. The result is two accurate and fast**algorithms**, namely sCwc and sLcc. Multiple experiments with real social media datasets have demonstrated that our**algorithms**improve the performance of their original algorithms###### EG03G01 hits

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###### 1.375-Approximation Algorithm for Sorting by Reversals | UMIACS

Analysis of genomes evolving by inversions leads to a general combinatorial problem of Sorting by Reversals , MIN-SBR, the problem of sorting a permutation by a minimum number of reversals. Following a series of preliminary results, Hannenhalli and Pevzner developed the first exact polynomial time algorithm for the problem of sorting signed permutations by reversals, and a polynomial time algorithm for a special case of unsigned permutations. The best known approximation algorithm for MIN-SBR, due to Christie, gives a performance ratio of 1.5. In this paper, by exploiting the polynomial time algorithm for sorting signed permutations and by developing a new approximation algorithm for maximum cycle decomposition of breakpoint graphs, we design a new 1.375-algorithm for the MIN-SBR problem.. ...

###### Predictive Minimum Description Length Principle Approach to Inferring by Vijender Chaitankar, Chaoyang Zhang et al.

Reverse engineering of gene regulatory networks using information theory models has received much attention due to its simplicity, low computational cost, and capability of inferring large networks. One of the major problems with information theory models is to determine the threshold that defines the regulatory relationships between genes. The minimum description length (MDL) principle has been implemented to overcome this problem. The description length of the MDL principle is the sum of model length and data encoding length. A user-specified fine tuning parameter is used as control mechanism between model and data encoding, but it is difficult to find the optimal parameter. In this work, we propose a new inference algorithm that incorporates mutual information (MI), conditional mutual information (CMI), and predictive minimum description length (PMDL) principle to infer gene regulatory networks from DNA microarray data. In this algorithm, the information theoretic quantities MI and CMI determine the

###### CiteSeerX - Evolutionary Algorithms for Multiobjective Optimization

CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): Multiple, often conflicting objectives arise naturally in most real-world optimization scenarios. As evolutionary

**algorithms**possess several characteristics due to which they are well suited to this type of problem, evolution-based methods have been used for multiobjective optimization for more than a decade. Meanwhile evolutionary multiobjective optimization has become established as a separate subdiscipline combining the fields of evolutionary computation and classical multiple criteria decision making. In this paper, the basic principles of evolutionary multiobjective optimization are discussed from an algorithm design perspective. The focus is on the major issues such as fitness assignment, diversity preservation, and elitism in general rather than on particular**algorithms**. Different techniques to implement these strongly related concepts will be discussed, and further important aspects such as constraint handling and###### A survey of DNA motif finding algorithms | BMC Bioinformatics | Full Text

Unraveling the mechanisms that regulate gene expression is a major challenge in biology. An important task in this challenge is to identify regulatory elements, especially the binding sites in deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) for transcription factors. These binding sites are short DNA segments that are called motifs. Recent advances in genome sequence availability and in high-throughput gene expression analysis technologies have allowed for the development of computational methods for motif finding. As a result, a large number of motif finding

**algorithms**have been implemented and applied to various motif models over the past decade. This survey reviews the latest developments in DNA motif finding**algorithms**. Earlier**algorithms**use promoter sequences of coregulated genes from single genome and search for statistically overrepresented motifs. Recent**algorithms**are designed to use phylogenetic footprinting or orthologous sequences and also an integrated approach where promoter sequences of coregulated genes###### Download Parallel Algorithms For Numerical Linear Algebra

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###### Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm as a Tool for Profiling from Predictive Data Mining Models: Computer Science & IT Book...

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###### Combinatorial Optimization Theory and Algorithms | Rent 9783540256847 | 3540256849

This volume emphasises on theoretical results and

**algorithms**of combinatorial optimization with provably good performance, in contrast to heuristics. It documents the relevant knowledge on combinatorial optimization and records those problems and**algorithms**of this discipline.Korte, Bernhard is the author of Combinatorial Optimization Theory and**Algorithms**, published 2005 under ISBN 9783540256847 and ISBN 3540256849. [read more] ...###### A population-based ant colony optimization approach for DNA sequence optimization - Universiti Teknologi Malaysia...

DNA computing is a new computing paradigm which uses bio-molecular as information storage media and biochemical tools as information processing operators. It has shows many successful and promising results for various applications. Since DNA reactions are probabilistic reactions, it can cause the different results for the same situations, which can be regarded as errors in the computation. To overcome the drawbacks, much works have focused to design the error-minimized DNA sequences to improve the reliability of DNA computing. In this research, Population-based Ant Colony Optimization (P-ACO) is proposed to solve the DNA sequence optimization. PACO approach is a meta-heuristic algorithm that uses some ants to obtain the solutions based on the pheromone in their colony. The DNA sequence design problem is modelled by four nodes, representing four DNA bases (A, T, C, and G). The results from the proposed algorithm are compared with other sequence design methods, which are Genetic Algorithm (GA), ...

###### Weighted majority algorithm (machine learning) - Wikipedia

In machine learning, weighted majority algorithm (WMA) is a meta learning algorithm used to construct a compound algorithm from a pool of prediction

**algorithms**, which could be any type of learning**algorithms**, classifiers, or even real human experts.[1][2] The algorithm assumes that we have no prior knowledge about the accuracy of the**algorithms**in the pool, but there are sufficient reasons to believe that one or more will perform well. Assume that the problem is a binary decision problem. To construct the compound algorithm, a positive weight is given to each of the**algorithms**in the pool. The compound algorithm then collects weighted votes from all the**algorithms**in the pool, and gives the prediction that has a higher vote. If the compound algorithm makes a mistake, the**algorithms**in the pool that contributed to the wrong predicting will be discounted by a certain ratio β where 0,β,1. It can be shown that the upper bounds on the number of mistakes made in a given sequence of predictions from ...###### Greedy algorithm for Egyptian fractions - Wikipedia

In mathematics, the greedy algorithm for Egyptian fractions is a greedy algorithm, first described by Fibonacci, for transforming rational numbers into Egyptian fractions. An Egyptian fraction is a representation of an irreducible fraction as a sum of distinct unit fractions, as e.g. 5/6 = 1/2 + 1/3. As the name indicates, these representations have been used as long ago as ancient Egypt, but the first published systematic method for constructing such expansions is described in the Liber Abaci (1202) of Leonardo of Pisa (Fibonacci). It is called a greedy algorithm because at each step the algorithm chooses greedily the largest possible unit fraction that can be used in any representation of the remaining fraction. Fibonacci actually lists several different methods for constructing Egyptian fraction representations (Sigler 2002, chapter II.7). He includes the greedy method as a last resort for situations when several simpler methods fail; see Egyptian fraction for a more detailed listing of these ...

###### A Parallel Algorithm for Allocation of Spare Cells on Memory Chips<...

TY - JOUR. T1 - A Parallel Algorithm for Allocation of Spare Cells on Memory Chips. AU - Funabiki, Nobuo. AU - Takefuji, Yoshiyasu. PY - 1991/8. Y1 - 1991/8. N2 - In manufacturing memory chips, Redundant Random Access Memory (RRAM) technology has been widely used because it not only provides repair of faulty cells but also enhances the production yield. RRAM has several rows and columns of spare memory cells which are used to replace the faulty cells. The goal of our algorithm is to find a spare allocation which repairs all the faulty cells in the given faulty-cell map. The parallel algorithm requires In processing elements for the n x n faulty-cell map problem. The algorithm is verified by many simulation runs. Under the simulation the algorithm finds one of the near-optimum solutions in a nearly constant time with 0(n) processors. The simulation results show the consistency of our algorithm. The algorithm can be easily extended for solving rectangular or other shapes of fault map problems. ...

###### CiteSeerX - ARE EVOLUTIONARY ALGORITHMS REQUIRED TO SOLVE SUDOKU PROBLEMS?

CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): Sudoku puzzles are an excellent testbed for evolutionary

**algorithms**. The puzzles are accessible enough to be enjoyed by people. However the more complex puzzles require thousands of iterations before a solution is found by an evolutionary algorithm. If we were attempting to compare evolutionary**algorithms**we could count their iterations to solution as a indicator of relative efficiency. However all evolutionary**algorithms**include a process of random mutation for solution candidates. I will show that by improving the random mutation behaviours I was able to solve problems with minimal evolutionary optimisation. Experiments demonstrated the random mutation was at times more effective at solving the harder problems than the evolutionary**algorithms**. This implies that the quality of random mutation may have a significant impact on the performance of evolutionary**algorithms**with sudoku puzzles. Additionally this random mutation may###### Smooth On-Line Learning Algorithms for Hidden Markov Models | MIT CogNet

A simple learning algorithm for Hidden Markov Models (HMMs) is presented together with a number of variations. Unlike other classical

**algorithms**such as the Baum-Welch algorithm, the**algorithms**described are smooth and can be used on-line (after each example presentation) or in batch mode, with or without the usual Viterbi most likely path approximation. The**algorithms**have simple expressions that result from using a normalized-exponential representation for the HMM parameters. All the**algorithms**presented are proved to be exact or approximate gradient optimization**algorithms**with respect to likelihood, log-likelihood, or cross-entropy functions, and as such are usually convergent. These**algorithms**can also be casted in the more general EM (Expectation-Maximization) framework where they can be viewed as exact or approximate GEM (Generalized Expectation-Maximization)**algorithms**. The mathematical properties of the**algorithms**are derived in the appendix.. ...###### Multiobjective process planning and scheduling using improved vector evaluated genetic algorithm with archive<...

TY - JOUR. T1 - Multiobjective process planning and scheduling using improved vector evaluated genetic algorithm with archive. AU - Zhang, Wenqiang. AU - Fujimura, Shigeru. PY - 2012/5. Y1 - 2012/5. N2 - Multiobjective process planning and scheduling (PPS) is a most important practical but very intractable combinatorial optimization problem in manufacturing systems. Many researchers have used multiobjective evolutionary

**algorithms**(moEAs) to solve such problems; however, these approaches could not achieve satisfactory results in both efficacy (quality, i.e., convergence and distribution) and efficiency (speed). As classical moEAs, nondominated sorting genetic algorithm II (NSGA-II) and SPEA2 can get good efficacy but need much CPU time. Vector evaluated genetic algorithm (VEGA) also cannot be applied owing to its poor efficacy. This paper proposes an improved VEGA with archive (iVEGA-A) to deal with multiobjective PPS problems, with consideration being given to the minimization of both makespan ...###### Designing Subexponential Algorithms: Problems, Techniques & Structures

In this thesis we focus on subexponential

**algorithms**for NP-hard graph problems: exact and parameterized**algorithms**that have a truly subexponential running time behavior. For input instances of size n we study exact**algorithms**with running time 2O(√n) and parameterized**algorithms**with running time 2O(√k) ·nO(1) with parameter k, respectively. We study a class of problems for which we design such**algorithms**for three different types of graph classes: planar graphs, graphs of bounded genus, and H-minor-free graphs. We distinguish between unconnected and connected problems, and discuss how to conceive parameterized and exact**algorithms**for such problems. We improve upon existing dynamic programming techniques used in**algorithms**solving those problems. We compare tree-decomposition and branch-decomposition based dynamic programming**algorithms**and show how to unify both**algorithms**to one single algorithm. Then we give a dynamic programming technique that reduces much of the computation involved ...###### Two combinatorial optimization problems for SNP discovery using base-specific cleavage and mass spectrometry | BMC Systems...

The discovery of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) has important implications in a variety of genetic studies on human diseases and biological functions. One valuable approach proposed for SNP discovery is based on base-specific cleavage and mass spectrometry. However, it is still very challenging to achieve the full potential of this SNP discovery approach. In this study, we formulate two new combinatorial optimization problems. While both problems are aimed at reconstructing the sample sequence that would attain the minimum number of SNPs, they search over different candidate sequence spaces. The first problem, denoted as
, limits its search to sequences whose in silico predicted mass spectra have all their signals contained in the measured mass spectra. In contrast, the second problem, denoted as

###### OSA | Phase retrieval, error reduction algorithm, and Fienup variants: a view from convex optimization

The phase retrieval problem is of paramount importance in various areas of applied physics and engineering. The state of the art for solving this problem in two dimensions relies heavily on the pioneering work of Gerchberg, Saxton, and Fienup. Despite the widespread use of the

**algorithms**proposed by these three researchers, current mathematical theory cannot explain their remarkable success. Nevertheless, great insight can be gained into the behavior, the shortcomings, and the performance of these**algorithms**from their possible counterparts in convex optimization theory. An important step in this direction was made two decades ago when the error reduction algorithm was identified as a nonconvex alternating projection algorithm. Our purpose is to formulate the phase retrieval problem with mathematical care and to establish new connections between well-established numerical phase retrieval schemes and classical convex optimization methods. Specifically, it is shown that Fienups basic input-output ...###### Algorithms for trading / Online brokerage

For machine learning

**algorithms**, what you do is split the data up into training, testing, and validation sets.But as I mentioned, this is more of a proof of concept, to show how to apply genetic**algorithms**to find trading strategies.. Most of the time when someone talks about trading algorithm, they are talking about predictive**algorithms**. 4. Predictive**algorithms**There is a whole class.Algorithm-based stock trading is shrouded in mystery at financial firms.In this paper, we are concerned with the problem of efficiently trading a large position on the market place.**Algorithms**will evaluate suppliers, define how our cars operate.. HiFREQ is a powerful algorithmic engine for high frequency trading that gives traders the ability to employ HFT strategies for EQ, FUT, OPT and FX trading.QuantConnect provides a free algorithm backtesting tool and financial data so engineers can design algorithmic trading strategies.Artificial intelligence, Machine learning and High frequency trading.Unfortunately, the ...###### Evolutionary algorithm - Conservapedia

Evolutionary

**algorithms**are general purpose optimizers because they do not require any assumptions about the landscape of the fitness function. They are used in a wide range of problems in diverse fields and have proven to be a highly effective numerical analysis method. However, in the last decade, research on evolutionary**algorithms**has fallen off sharply[Citation Needed], and they have not lived up to their initial promise. Although they are a reasonable search technique in a wide variety of problems, they are not the best search technique in almost any field.**Algorithms**such as simulated annealing, and fast integer programming solvers have largely superseded evolutionary**algorithms**in modern use. Evolutionary**algorithms**can be seen as an experimental test of Darwins theory of evolution, and their eventual failure can be seen as a refutation of that theory[Citation Needed]. ...###### Toward Objective Evaluation of Image Segmentation Algorithms - The Robotics Institute Carnegie Mellon University

Unsupervised image segmentation is an important component in many image understanding

**algorithms**and practical vision systems. However, evaluation of segmentation**algorithms**thus far has been largely subjective, leaving a system designer to judge the effectiveness of a technique based only on intuition and results in the form of a few example segmented images. This is largely due to image segmentation being an ill-defined problem-there is no unique ground-truth segmentation of an image against which the output of an algorithm may be compared. This paper demonstrates how a recently proposed measure of similarity, the normalized probabilistic rand (NPR) index, can be used to perform a quantitative comparison between image segmentation**algorithms**using a hand-labeled set of ground-truth segmentations. We show that the measure allows principled comparisons between segmentations created by different**algorithms**, as well as segmentations on different images. We outline a procedure for algorithm ...###### 15-499: Parallel Algorithms

Course Description: In this course students will learn about parallel

**algorithms**. The emphasis will be on**algorithms**that can be used on shared-memory parallel machines such as multicore architectures. The course will include both a theoretical component and a programming component. Topics to be covered include: modeling the cost of parallel**algorithms**, lower-bounds, and parallel**algorithms**for sorting, graphs, computational geometry, and string operations. The programming language component will include data-parallelism, threads, futures, scheduling, synchronization types, transactional memory, and message passing. Course Requirements: There will be bi-weekly assignments, two exams (midterm and final), and a final project. Each student will be required to scribe one lecture. Your grade will be partitioned into: 10% scribe notes, 40% assignments, 20% project, 15% midterm, 15% final. Policies: For homeworks, unless stated otherwise, you can look up material on the web and books, but you cannot ...###### Feasible Direction Decomposition Algorithms for Training Support Vector Machines - Kernel Machines

The article presents a general view of a class of decomposition

**algorithms**for training Support Vector Machines (SVM) which are motivated by the method of feasible directions. The first such algorithm for the pattern recognition SVM has been proposed by Joachims in 1999. Its extension to the regression SVM – the maximal inconsistency algorithm – has been recently presented by the author. A detailed account of both**algorithms**is carried out, complemented by theoretical investigation of the relationship between the two**algorithms**. It is proved that the two**algorithms**are equivalent for the pattern recognition SVM, and the feasible direction interpretation of the maximal inconsistency algorithm is given for the regression SVM. The experimental results demonstrate an order of magnitude decrease of training time in comparison with training without decomposition, and, most importantly, provide experimental evidence of the linear###### A second-order smooth penalty function algorithm for constrained optimization problems

Downloadable (with restrictions)! This paper introduces a second-order differentiability smoothing technique to the classical l 1 exact penalty function for constrained optimization problems(COP). Error estimations among the optimal objective values of the nonsmooth penalty problem, the smoothed penalty problem and the original optimization problem are obtained. Based on the smoothed problem, an algorithm for solving COP is proposed and some preliminary numerical results indicate that the algorithm is quite promising. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2013

###### Parallel Algorithms - Cerfacs

The Parallel

**Algorithms**Project conducts a dedicated research to address the solution of problems in applied mathematics by proposing advanced numerical**algorithms**to be used on massively parallel computing platforms. The Parallel**Algorithms**Project is especially considering problems known to be out of reach of standard current numerical methods due to, e.g., the large-scale nature or the nonlinearity of the problem, the stochastic nature of the data, or the practical constraint to obtain reliable numerical results in a limited amount of computing time. This research is mostly performed in collaboration with other teams at CERFACS and the shareholders of CERFACS as outlined in this report.. This research roadmap is known to be quite ambitious and we note that the major research topics have evolved over the past years. The main current focus concerns both the design of**algorithms**for the solution of sparse linear systems coming from the discretization of partial differential equations and the ...###### Hydrocarbon Formation Evaluation Using an Efficient Genetic Algorithm-based Factor Analysis Method | Earthdoc

A global optimization approach for the factor analysis of wireline logging data sets is presented. Oilfield well logs are processed together to give an estimate to factor logs by using an adaptive genetic algorithm. Nonlinear relations between the first factor and essential petrophysical parameters of shaly-sand reservoirs are revealed, which are used to predict the values of shale volume and permeability directly from the factor scores. Independent values of the relevant petrophysical properties are given by inverse modeling and well-known deterministic methods. Case studies including the evaluation of hydrocarbon formations demonstrate the feasibility of the improved algorithm of factor analysis. Comparative numerical analysis made between the genetic algorithm-based factor analysis procedure and the independent well log analsis methods shows consistent results. By factor analysis, an independent in-situ estimate to shale content and permeability is given, which may improve the reservoir model and

###### Optimal location and sizing of SVC using particle swarm optimization technique - UTHM Institutional Repository

This paper describes optimal location and sizing of static var compensator (SVC) based on Particle Swarm Optimization for minimization of transmission losses considering cost function. Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) is population-based stochastic search

**algorithms**approaches as the potential techniques to solving such a problem. For this study, static var compensator (SVC) is chosen as the compensation device. Validation through the implementation on the IEEE 30-bus system indicated that PSO is feasible to achieve the task. The simulation results are compared with those obtained from Evolutionary Programming (EP) technique in the attempt to highlight its merit.. ...###### CiteSeerX - A FASTER STRONGLY POLYNOMIAL MINIMUM COST FLOW ALGORITHM

CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): In this paper, we present a new strongly polynomial time algorithm for the minimum cost flow problem, based on a refinement of the Edmonds-Karp scaling technique. Our algorithm solves the uncapacitated minimum cost flow problem as a sequence of O(n log n) shortest path problems on networks with n nodes and m arcs and runs in O(n log n (m + n log n)) time. Using a standard transformation, thjis approach yields an O(m log n (m + n log n)) algorithm for the capacitated minimum cost flow problem. This algorithm improves the best previous strongly polynomial time algorithm, due to Z. Galil and E. Tardos, by a factor of n 2 /m. Our algorithm for the capacitated minimum cost flow problem is even more efficient if the number of arcs with finite upper bounds, say n, is much less than m. In this case, the running time of the algorithm is O((m + n)log n(m + n log n)).

###### Multiscale Design and Multiobjective Optimization of Orthopaedic Cellular Hip Implants | Volume 5: 37th Design Automation...

A multiscale design and multiobjective optimization procedure is developed to design a new type of graded cellular hip implant. We assume that the prosthesis design domain is occupied by a unit cell representing the building block of the implant. An optimization strategy seeks the best geometric parameters of the unit cell to minimize bone resorption and interface failure, two conflicting objective functions. Using the asymptotic homogenization method, the microstructure of the implant is replaced by a homogeneous medium with an effective constitutive tensor. This tensor is used to construct the stiffness matrix for the finite element modeling (FEM) solver that calculates the value of each objective function at each iteration. As an example, a 2D finite element model of a left implanted femur is developed. The relative density of the lattice material is the variable of the multiobjective optimization, which is solved through the non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm II (NSGA-II). The set of ...

###### Data Mining Algorithms (Analysis Services - Data Mining)

However, there is no reason that you should be limited to one algorithm in your solutions. Experienced analysts will sometimes use one algorithm to determine the most effective inputs (that is, variables), and then apply a different algorithm to predict a specific outcome based on that data. SQL Server data mining lets you build multiple models on a single mining structure, so within a single data mining solution you might use a clustering algorithm, a decision trees model, and a naïve Bayes model to get different views on your data. You might also use multiple

**algorithms**within a single solution to perform separate tasks: for example, you could use regression to obtain financial forecasts, and use a neural network algorithm to perform an analysis of factors that influence sales.. ...###### Stein Variational Gradient Descent: A General Purpose Bayesian Inference Algorithm - NASA/ADS

We propose a general purpose variational inference algorithm that forms a natural counterpart of gradient descent for optimization. Our method iteratively transports a set of particles to match the target distribution, by applying a form of functional gradient descent that minimizes the KL divergence. Empirical studies are performed on various real world models and datasets, on which our method is competitive with existing state-of-the-art methods. The derivation of our method is based on a new theoretical result that connects the derivative of KL divergence under smooth transforms with Steins identity and a recently proposed kernelized Stein discrepancy, which is of independent interest. |P /|

###### Blind mobile sensor calibration using an informed nonnegative matrix factorization with a relaxed rendezvous model - Archive...

In this paper, we consider the problem of blindly calibrating a mobile sensor network-i.e., determining the gain and the offset of each sensor-from heterogeneous observations on a defined spatial area over time. For that purpose, we previously proposed a blind sensor calibration method based on Weighted Informed Nonnegative Matrix Factorization with missing entries. It required a minimum number of rendezvous-i.e., data sensed by different sensors at almost the same time and place-which might be difficult to satisfy in practice. In this paper we relax the rendezvous requirement by using a sparse decomposition of the signal of interest with respect to a known dictionary. The calibration can thus be performed if sensors share some common support in the dictionary, and provides a consistent performance even if no sensors are in exact rendezvous.

###### Follicular patterned lesions of the thyroid gland: a practical algorithmic approach | Journal of Clinical Pathology

Follicular patterned lesions of the thyroid are problematic and interpretation is often subjective. While thyroid experts are comfortable with their own criteria and thresholds, those encountering these lesions sporadically have a degree of uncertainty with a proportion of cases. The purpose of this review is to highlight the importance of proper diligent sampling of an encapsulated thyroid lesion (in totality in many cases), examination for capsular and vascular invasion, and finally the assessment of nuclear changes that are pathognomonic of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Based on these established criteria, an algorithmic approach is suggested using known, accepted terminology. The importance of unequivocal, clear-cut nuclear features of PTC as opposed to inconclusive features is stressed. If the nuclear features in an encapsulated, non-invasive follicular patterned lesion fall short of those encountered in classical PTC, but nonetheless are still worrying or concerning, the term ...

###### Published Article: Trauma to Lisfrancs Joint, An Algorithmic Approach, Lower Extremity Review

View published article Trauma to Lisfrancs Joint, An Algorithmic Approach, published in Lower Extremity Review by Amol Saxena DPM, Palo Alto, CA. Dr Saxena specializes in sports medicine and surgery of the foot and ankle.

###### DROPS - Improved Algorithms for Computing the Cycle of Minimum Cost-to-Time Ratio in Directed Graphs

We study the problem of finding the cycle of minimum cost-to-time ratio in a directed graph with n nodes and m edges. This problem has a long history in combinatorial optimization and has recently seen interesting applications in the context of quantitative verification. We focus on strongly polynomial

**algorithms**to cover the use-case where the weights are relatively large compared to the size of the graph. Our main result is an algorithm with running time ~O(m^{3/4} n^{3/2}), which gives the first improvement over Megiddos ~O(n^3) algorithm [JACM83] for sparse graphs (We use the notation ~O(.) to hide factors that are polylogarithmic in n.) We further demonstrate how to obtain both an algorithm with running time n^3/2^{Omega(sqrt(log n)} on general graphs and an algorithm with running time ~O(n) on constant treewidth graphs. To obtain our main result, we develop a parallel algorithm for negative cycle detection and single-source shortest paths that might be of independent interest ...###### Inria - Algorithm Selector and Prescheduler in the ICON challenge

Algorithm portfolios are known to offer robust performances, efficiently overcoming the weakness of every single algorithm on some particular problem instances. Two complementary approaches to get the best out of an algorithm portfolio is to achieve algorithm selection (AS), and to define a scheduler, sequentially launching a few

**algorithms**on a limited computational budget each. The presented Algorithm Selector And Prescheduler system relies on the joint optimization of a pre-scheduler and a per instance AS, selecting an algorithm well-suited to the problem instance at hand. ASAP has been thoroughly evaluated against the state-of-the-art during the ICON challenge for algorithm selection, receiving an honourable mention. Its evaluation on several combinatorial optimization benchmarks exposes surprisingly good results of the simple heuristics used; some extensions thereof are presented and discussed in the paper.###### MATH2014 | Algorithms | University of Southampton

Basic concepts. Definition and specification of

**algorithms**. Computational complexity and asymptotic estimates of running time. Sorting**algorithms**and divide and conquer**algorithms**. Graphs and networks. Basic graph theory definitions.**Algorithms**for the reachability problem in a graph. Spanning trees.**Algorithms**for finding a minimum-cost spanning tree in a graph. Shortest paths.**Algorithms**for finding one or more shortest paths in graph with nonnegative arc or general arc lengths but not negative length circuits. Network flow**algorithms**. Flows in capacitated networks,**algorithms**to find the maximum flow in a network and max-flow min-cut theorems. Matchings. Weighted and unweighted matchings in bipartite graphs,**algorithms**to find a maximum weight/cardinality matching, the Koenig-Egervary theorem and its relationship with the vertex cover problem. Computational complexity theory. The P and NP classes. Polynomial reductions. NP-completeness and NP-hardness. Exponential-time**algorithms**. Implicit ...###### Face Recognition Algorithm Based on Improved Deep Networks--《Acta Electronica Sinica》2017年03期

Current face recognition

**algorithms**use hand-crafted features or extract features by deep learning. This paper presents a face recognition algorithm based on improved deep networks that can automatically extract the discriminative features of the target more accurately. Firstly,this algorithm uses ZCA( Zero-mean Component Analysis) whitening to preprocess the input images in order to reduce the correlation between features and the complexity of the training networks.Then,it organically combines convolution,pooling and stacked sparse autoencoder to get a deep network feature extractor.The convolution kernels are achieved through a separate unsupervised learning model. The improved deep networks get an automatic deep feature extractor through preliminary training and fine-tuning. Finally,the softmax regression model is used to classify the extracted features. This algorithm is tested on several commonly used face databases. It is indicated that the performance is better than the traditional methods and###### Nonparametric statistical analysis for multiple comparison of machine learning regression algorithms - International Journal of...

In the paper we present some guidelines for the application of nonparametric statistical tests and post-hoc procedures devised to perform multiple comparisons of machine learning

**algorithms**. We emphasize that it is necessary to distinguish between pairwise and multiple comparison tests. We show that the pairwise Wilcoxon test, when employed to multiple comparisons, will lead to overoptimistic conclusions. We carry out intensive normality examination employing ten different tests showing that the output of machine learning**algorithms**for regression problems does not satisfy normality requirements. We conduct experiments on nonparametric statistical tests and post-hoc procedures designed for multiple 1 × N and N × N comparisons with six different neural regression**algorithms**over 29 benchmark regression data sets. Our investigation proves the usefulness and strength of multiple comparison statistical procedures to analyse and select machine learning**algorithms**...###### A parallel genetic algorithm for the set partitioning problem - Digital Library

This paper describes a parallel genetic algorithm developed for the solution of the set partitioning problem- a difficult combinatorial optimization problem used by many airlines as a mathematical model for flight crew scheduling. The genetic algorithm is based on an island model where multiple independent subpopulations each run a steady-state genetic algorithm on their own subpopulation and occasionally fit strings migrate between the subpopulations. Tests on forty real-world set partitioning problems were carried out on up to 128 nodes of an IBM SP1 parallel computer. We found that performance, as measured by the quality of the solution found and the iteration on which it was found, improved as additional subpopulations were added to the computation. With larger numbers of subpopulations the genetic algorithm was regularly able to find the optimal solution to problems having up to a few thousand integer variables. In two cases, high- quality integer feasible solutions were found for problems with 36,

###### Algorithms | Free Full-Text | Iterative Parameter Estimation Algorithms for Dual-Frequency Signal Models

This paper focuses on the iterative parameter estimation

**algorithms**for dual-frequency signal models that are disturbed by stochastic noise. The key of the work is to overcome the difficulty that the signal model is a highly nonlinear function with respect to frequencies. A gradient-based iterative (GI) algorithm is presented based on the gradient search. In order to improve the estimation accuracy of the GI algorithm, a Newton iterative algorithm and a moving data window gradient-based iterative algorithm are proposed based on the moving data window technique. Comparative simulation results are provided to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed approaches for estimating the parameters of signal models.###### Improving the Performance of the RISE Algorithm | Sciweavers

Improving the Performance of the RISE Algorithm - Ideally, a multi-strategy learning algorithm performs better than its component approaches. RISE is a multi-strategy algorithm that combines rule induction and instance-based learning. It achieves higher accuracy than some state-of-the-art learning

**algorithms**, but for large data sets it has a very high average running time. This work presents the analysis and experimental evaluation of SUNRISE, a new multi-strategy learning algorithm based on RISE. The SUNRISE algorithm was developed to be faster than RISE with similar accuracy. Comparing the results of the experimental evaluation of the two**algorithms**, it could be verified that the new algorithm achieves comparable accuracy to that of the RISE algorithm but in a lower average running time.###### Efficient algorithms to explore conformation spaces of flexible protein loops<...

TY - GEN. T1 - Efficient

**algorithms**to explore conformation spaces of flexible protein loops. AU - Dhanik, A.. AU - Yao, P.. AU - Marz, N.. AU - Propper, R.. AU - Kou, C.. AU - Liu, Guanfeng. AU - Van Den Bedem, H.. AU - Latombe, J. C.. PY - 2007. Y1 - 2007. N2 - Two efficient and complementary sampling**algorithms**are presented to explore the space of closed clash-free conformations of a flexible protein loop. The seed sampling algorithm samples conformations broadly distributed over this space, while the deformation sampling algorithm uses these conformations as starting points to explore more finely selected regions of the space. Computational results are shown for loops ranging from 5 to 25 residues. The**algorithms**are implemented in a toolkit, LoopTK, available at https://simtk.org/home/looptk.. AB - Two efficient and complementary sampling**algorithms**are presented to explore the space of closed clash-free conformations of a flexible protein loop. The seed sampling algorithm samples ...###### Parallel algorithms for extracting ridges and ravines - IEEE Conference Publication

This paper proposes two parallel

**algorithms**called an even region parallel algorithm (ERPA) and an even strip parallel algorithm (ESPA) respectively for ex