This graph shows the total number of publications written about Aldehyde-Ketone Transferases by people in Harvard Catalyst Profiles by year, and whether Aldehyde-Ketone Transferases was a major or minor topic of these publication ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Peroxisomes induced in Candida boidinii by methanol, oleic acid and D-alanine vary in metabolic function but share common integral membrane proteins. AU - Goodman, Joel M.. AU - Trapp, Steven B.. AU - Hwang, Harold. AU - Veenhuis, Marten. N1 - Relation: http://www.rug.nl/gbb/ date_submitted:2007 Rights: University of Groningen, Groningen Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology Institute. PY - 1990/9. Y1 - 1990/9. N2 - Peroxisomes massively proliferate in the methylotrophic yeast Candida boidinii when cultured on methanol as the only carbon and energy source. These organelles contain enzymes that catalyze the initial reactions of methanol utilization. The membranes contain abundant proteins of unknown function; their apparent molecular masses are 20, 31, 32 and 47×10^3 Mr and are termed PMP20, PMPs31-32 and PMP47. Recently, we reported that peroxisomes in this yeast are also induced by oleic acid and D-alanine as carbon sources, and that these peroxisomes contain increased ...
Peroxisomes are massively induced when methylotrophic yeasts are cultured in medium containing methanol. These organelles contain enzymes that catalyze the initial steps of methanol assimilation. In Candida boidinii, a methylotrophic yeast, the peroxisomal matrix (internal compartment) is composed almost exclusively of two proteins, alcohol oxidase and dihydroxyacetone synthase; catalase is present in much lower abundance. Monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies are available against peroxisomal matrix and membrane proteins. These were utilized to correlate the induction of specific proteins with the morphological changes occurring during peroxisomal proliferation. Cells cultured in glucose-containing medium contain two to five small microbodies, which are identifiable by catalase staining and immunoreactivity with a monoclonal antibody against PMP47, an integral peroxisomal membrane protein. Three stages of proliferation can be distinguished when cells are switched to methanol as the carbon ...
A Comparative Study on VOCs and Aldehyde-Ketone Emissions from a Spark Ignition Vehicle Fuelled on Compressed Natural Gas and Gasoline
Objective: Methanol-induced optic neuropathy is a visual impairment that results from damage to the optic nerve fibers caused by methanol. It is frequently bilateral with permanent visual deterioration. According to the American Academy of Clinical Toxicology (AACT), methanol-poisoned patients who present with ocular manifestations should be treated with fomepizole, ethanol, or hemodialysis, which do not remove the metabolites from the optic nerve. High-dose intravenous steroid treatment has been proposed in several studies to salvage vision because of its anti-inflammatory effect. This article examines the existing literature on the efficacy of high-dose intravenous steroid treatment in patients with methanol-induced optic neuropathy. ...
Methylotrophic yeast species (e.g. Hansenula polymorpha, Pichia pastoris) can grow on methanol as sole source of carbon and energy. These organisms are important cell factories for the production of recombinant proteins, but are also used in fundamental research as model organisms to study peroxisome biology. During exponential growth on glucose, cells of H. polymorpha typically contain a single, small peroxisome that is redundant for growth while on methanol multiple, enlarged peroxisomes are present. These organelles are crucial to support growth on methanol, as they contain key enzymes of methanol metabolism. In this study, changes in the transcriptional profiles during adaptation of H. polymorpha cells from glucose- to methanol-containing media were investigated using DNA-microarray analyses. Two hours after the shift of cells from glucose to methanol nearly 20% (1184 genes) of the approximately 6000 annotated H. polymorpha genes were significantly upregulated with at least a two-fold differential
Purchase high purity recombinant enzyme Formate dehydrogenase (C. boidinii) for use in research, biochemical enzyme assays and in vitro diagnostic analysis.
The methanol-induced conformational transitions under acidic conditions for beta -lactoglobulin, cytochrome c, and ubiquitin, representing three different classes of proteins with beta -sheets, alpha -helices, and both alpha -helices and beta -sheets, respectively, are studied under equilibrium conditions by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). The folding states of proteins in solution are monitored by the charge state distributions that they produce during ESI and by hydrogen/deuterium (H/D) exchange followed by ESI-MS. The changes in charge state distributions are correlated with earlier studies by optical and other methods which have shown that, in methanol, these proteins form partially unfolded intermediates with induced ct-helix structure. Intermediate states formed at about 35% methanol concentration are found to give bimodal charge state distributions. The same rate of H/D exchange is shown by the two contributions to the bimodal distributions. This suggests the ...
Insulin peptide hormone. Important drug in treatment of diabetes. Space-filling model with conventional colour coding. - Stock Image F019/2376
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class=publication>Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href=http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php>Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
The methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris can be used to express recombinant genes at high levels under the control of the methanol-inducible alcohol oxidase 1 (AOX1) promoter. Accurate regulation of the methanol concentration in P. pastoris cultures is necessary to maintain induction, while preventing accumulation of methanol to cytotoxic levels. We developed an inexpensive methanol sensor that uses a gas-permeable silicone rubber tube immersed in the culture medium and an organic solvent vapor detector. The sensor was used to monitor methanol concentration continuously throughout a fed-batch shake-flask culture of a P. pastoris clone producing the N-lobe of human transferrin. The sensor calibration was stable for the duration of the culture and the output signal accurately reflected the methanol concentration determined off-line by HPLC. A closed-loop control system utilizing this sensor was developed and used to maintain a 0.3% (v/v) methanol concentration in the culture. Use of this system ...
Glycoengineering of the methylotrophic yeast Hansenula polymorpha for the production of glycoproteins with trimannosyl core N-glycan by blocking core oligosaccharide assembly / Doo-Byoung Oh; J S Park; Moo Woong Kim; Seon Ah Cheon; Eun Jung Kim; Hye Yun Moon; Oh Suk Kwon; Sang Ki Rhee; Hyun Ah Kang , 2008 ...
Nitrogen assimilation during growth of Candida boidinii on methylated amines as sole nitrogen source involves NADP-dependent glutamate dehydrogenase. Changes in enzyme activities during the adaptation of the yeast from growth on ammonium to growth on trimethylamine were examined. No ammonia, dimethylamine or monomethylamine could be detected in the medium during growth on trimethylamine. When two methylated amines were supplied together, they were used simultaneously, although monomethylamine was metabolized more quickly than the others. When cells were grown on a low concentration of ammonium plus higher concentrations of di- or trimethylamine, the ammonium was used first. NADP-dependent glutamate dehydrogenase was the first enzyme to be derepressed, followed by methylamine oxidase and formaldehyde dehydrogenase. Di- and trimethylamine mono-oxygenase activities only appeared when the ammonium concentration fell below 0.5 mM. At this point amine utilization could be detected and no diauxic lag was
Genetic Evidence for the Role of the Vacuole in Supplying Secretory Organelles with Ca2 in Hansenula polymorpha. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Alcohol Oxidase, 10 mg. Alcohol Oxidase (AOX) is a homooctameric flavoprotein consisting of eight identical subunits of ~74 kD, each containing a flavin adenine dinucleotide molecule (FAD) as a prosthetic group (van der Klei et al.
In a recent AJKD article, Kraut reviews some of the pearls and pitfalls in the diagnosis and management of methanol intoxication. The clinical manifestations of methanol poisoning are mostly due to one of its metabolites: formic acid. The rate-limiting enzyme in methanol metabolism to formic acid is alcohol dehydrogenase, which is currently the target of…
Dihydroxyacetone definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Look it up now!
Steudel A., Nitzsche C.: The nad-dependent alcohol dehydrogenase of methylotrophic yeasts - an electrophoretic study (i). Acta Biotechnol. 1991, 11, 57. ,https://doi.org/10.1002/abio.370110117 ...
Jadhav, V., Hackl, M., Druz, A., Shridhar, S., Chung, C-Y., Heffner, K.M., Kreil, D.P., Betenbaugh, M., Joseph Shiloach, J., Niall Barron, N., Grillari, J., Borth, N. (2013) CHO microRNA engineering is growing up: Recent successes and future challenges. Biotechn. Advances, 31:8:1501-1513. Jadhav, V., Hackl, M., Klanert, G., Hernandez Bort, J.A., Kunert, R., Borth, N., Grillari, J. (2014) Stable overexpression of miR-17 enhances recombinant protein production of CHO cells. J Biotechn 175, 38-44. Klug, L., Tarazona, P., Gruber, C., Grillitsch, K., Gasser, B., Trötzmüller, M., Köfeler, H., Leitner, E., Feussner, I., Mattanovich, D., Altmann, F., Daum, G., (2013) The lipidome and proteome of microsomes from the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 215-226. Klavins, K., Neubauer, S., Al Chalabi, A., Sonntag, D., Haberhauer-Troyer, C., Russmayer, H., Sauer, M., Mattanovich, D., Hann, S., Koellensperger, G. (2013) Interlaboratory comparison for quantitative primary ...
A novel organocatalyst was developed that effectively catalyzed the reactions of unprotected or protected dihydroxyacetone with a variety of aldehydes to provide syn-aldol products with good yields and ee values up to >99%. Significantly, this amide catalyst was effective with a variety of nonaromatic aldehyde acceptors that had proven difficult in the presence of other catalysts. Reactions of protected dihydroxyacetone proceeded in aqueous media without addition of organic solvents ...
In this webinar, we will discuss some of these advantages, as well as the steps needed to make methanol as marine fuel a reality.
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Hierarchical zeolites containing tin were obtained, characterized and used in a reaction of catalytic isomerization of dihydroxyacetone (DHA) to lactic acid and alkyl lactates. These catalysts are characterized by preserved crystallinity and primary microporosity with the simultaneous existence of secondary porosity regarding mesopores, which facilitates access of large molecules of reagents to active centers. Creation of additional porosity was confirmed by X-ray diffraction and low-temperature nitrogen adsorption/desorption studies. The reaction of dihydroxyacetone isomerization was conducted in different reaction media such as methanol, ethanol or water with the use of two heating methods: microwave radiation and conventional heating. The application of microwave radiation enabled to reduce the reaction time to 1 h and achieve dihydroxyacetone conversion of >90% and high yields of the desired reaction products.
This report details the work Ricardo Consulting Engineers did in the designing, building and calibrating an engine for methanol utilization incorporating a Ricardo high compression ratio, compact chamber (HRCC) combustion system. Recommendations for further work are also included ...
Fragments ofCandida boidinii chromosomal DNA were inserted into the integrative vector YIp-kanr and examined for the presence of sequences promoting autonomous replication of plasmids inSaccharomyces cerevisiae. Restriction maps of two plasmids, designated S6/4 and S6/5, originating from the sameS. cerevisiae transformant, were constructed. Southern hybridization data confirmed that the plasmids carry sequences from theC. boidinii chromosome. Both plasmids transformS. cerevisiae strains at 4-5-fold higher frequency than cloning vectors based on the replication origin of the 2μm plasmid. Mitotic stability of the constructed plasmids is similar to that of the 2μ-based vector pNF2 inS. cerevisiae.
Dihydroxyacetone: A ketotriose compound. Its addition to blood preservation solutions results in better maintenance of 2,3-diphosphoglycerate levels during storage. It is readily phosphorylated to dihydroxyacetone phosphate by triokinase in erythrocytes. In combination with naphthoquinones it acts as a sunscreening agent.
Used in self-tanning products for coloring the skin through a browning reaction. Additional uses include intermediate, emulsifier, humectant, plasticizers and fungicides.. ...
Notes: i) Alcohol oxidase is non-specific towards ethanol. This assay will also detect other low molecular weight alcohols, e.g. methanol.. ii) Primary calibrating standards, 0.1 - 40 %VV are available separately, as required.. ...