The effects of metabolic inhibitors and ouabain on alanine transport across rabbit ileum, in vitro, have been investigated. Net transport of alanine and Na across short-circuited segments of ileum is virtually abolished by cyanide, 2,4-dinitrophenol, iodoacetate, and ouabain. However, these inhibitors do not markedly depress alanine influx from the mucosal solution, across the brush border, into the intestinal epithelium, and they do not significantly affect the Na dependence of this entry process. The results of this investigation indicate that: (a) the Na dependence of alanine influx does not reflect a mechanism in which the sole function of Na is to link metabolic energy directly to the influx process; and (b) the inhibition of net alanine transport across intestine is, in part, the result of an increased rate coefficient for alanine efflux out of the cell across the brush border. Although these findings do not exclude a direct link between metabolic energy and alanine efflux, the increased ...
1. The metabolism of glutamine and alanine in the lung was studied in rats made septic by a caecal ligation and puncture technique.. 2. The blood glucose concentration was not significantly different in septic rats, but blood pyruvate, lactate, glutamine and alanine concentrations were markedly increased as compared with sham-operated rats. Conversely, blood ketone body and plasma cholesterol concentrations were significantly decreased in septic rats. Both plasma insulin and plasma glucagon concentrations were markedly elevated in response to sepsis. Sepsis resulted in a negative nitrogen balance.. 3. Sepsis increased the rates of production of glutamine (52.5%, P ,0.001), alanine (38.9%, P ,0.001) and glutamate (48.6%, P ,0.001) by lung slices incubated in vitro.. 4. Sepsis increased lung blood flow by 27.6% (P ,0.05). Blood flow and arteriovenous concentration difference measurement across the lung of septic rats showed an increase in the net exchange rates of glutamine (142.5%, P ,0.001), ...
The focus of this study was the pathways for β-alanine production in Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), the causative agent of tuberculosis. The major pathway for β-alanine production is the decarboxylation of L-aspartate by L-aspartate-α-decarboxylase (PanD). This enzyme is not essential for the survival for Mtb which implies that an alternative pathway for β-alanine production must exist. We postulated that such a secondary pathway may be based on the oxidation of various polyamines by a polyamine oxidase to give the β-alanine precursor 3-aminopropanal, and therefore set out to find data in support of this hypothesis. Based on sequence homology to the FAD-dependent Saccharomyces cerevisiae polyamine oxidase Fms1, Mtb AofH was identified as a likely candidate. The soluble expression and purification of AofH proved troublesome and lead to the investigation of various techniques to increase protein yield. These methods include fusion to various tags, coexpression with the protein chaperones, ...
Reactome is pathway database which provides intuitive bioinformatics tools for the visualisation, interpretation and analysis of pathway knowledge.
Lower band detected after alanine mutation - posted in SDS-PAGE and Western Blotting: Hi all, after a serial of alanine mutation on some region of interest of a protein, i noticed substitution of alanine of some amino acid will lead to lower band intensity in western blot. But with higher background band at the lower size. It seems for me theres some degradation of these samples. But i supposed the protein was prepared simultaneously and equally. And the experiment repeated twice wi...
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Beta Alanine is a formulated supplementary sports food. This tub is full of an amino acid called Beta Alanine. To find out what Beta Alanine does in the body; w
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To know about L Alanine - L-Alanine is non-polar amino acid. L-Alanine synthesized by the muscle cells from lactic acid and plays a vital role as a building block
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The overall grade for beta alanine is 2 out of 3 meaning there is some evidence that this supplement does some (not all) of what it claims. Using Beta Alanine may lead to some improvements.
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1L70: Multiple alanine replacements within alpha-helix 126-134 of T4 lysozyme have independent, additive effects on both structure and stability.
Alanine (or aminopropionic acid) is an aliphatic (aromatic-free) amino acid. In the liver, it is easily processed into a glucose source of energy for the body,
Fast, simple luminescent calcium flux assays using an AequoScreen cell line stably-transfected with human beta alanine TGR7 receptor.
NN Beta Alanine (Nanox) MAISTO PAPILDAS, MILTELIAI 100 PORCIJŲ Vienas kaušelis: 2,5 g Grynasis kiekis: 250 g Sudedamosios dalys: beta alaninas. 100g 1kauš.(2,5g) Energinė vertė 393,1kcal 1647,3kJ 34,3kcal 143,4kJ Baltymai 98,285 g 8,568
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Beta Alanine is a rather popular ingredient used in many pre workout supplements that is responsible for that tingling feeling you get after ingesting it.
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There are many benefits to using supplements, however, I always tell people to use them for what they are intended, that is a supplement, not a replacement.. ...
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biol ཨེ་ལ་སྐྱུར་རྫས། = སྤྲི་དཀར་མང་པོའི་ནང་མཐོང་རྒྱུ་ཡོད་ལ་བཅོས་མའི་སྦྱོར་སྡེབ་ཀྱིས་ཀྱང་། བཟོ་སྐྲུན་བྱེད་ཐུབ་པའི་ཁ་དོག་མེད་ལ་ཆུའི་ནང་བཞུར་འདྲེས་ཐུབ་པའི་ཨེ་མི་ནོ་ཞེས་པའི་སྐྱུར་རྫས་ཀྱི་རིགས་ཤིག ...
2.64G 0.74G 1.50G 6.41G 8G 154G 3.67G 0.81G 0.52G 2.24G 32G 2.21G 3.07G 2.21G 0.11G 2.64G 4.34G 2.83G 1.28G 2.21G 3.07G 3.07G 2.21G 3.48G 1.75G ...
ALA A 144, NO DENSITY PRESENT FOR SIDE CHAIN, THE RESIDUE WAS THERFORE MODELED AS ALA ALA A 512, NO DENSITY PRESENT FOR SIDE CHAIN, THE RESIDUE WAS THERFORE MODELED AS ...
These data demonstrate that chronic hyperglucagonemia, when accompanied by increases in gluconeogenic precursor availability and adequate circulating concentrations of NEFA, can contribute to the infection-induced increase in glucose production and gluconeogenesis. These data confirm that even in an animal reliant predominantly on gluconeogenesis, combined increases in lactate and alanine uptake by the liver are unable to increase hepatic glucose output. If the substrate-induced suppression of NEFAs is prevented and/or NEFAs are increased, increases in gluconeogenic precursor supply can support an increase in hepatic glucose production.. Chronic hyperglucagonemia markedly enhanced the importance of the liver in disposal of the exogenous alanine. As expected, the uptake of alanine by the liver increased in parallel with the rise in alanine levels. This is reflected in the constancy of net fractional hepatic alanine extraction in the face of increases in blood alanine concentration (6). ...
Unidirectional influxes of L-alanine and Na from the mucosal solution into the epithelium of in vitro rabbit ileum have been determined. In the presence of 140 mM Na, alanine influx is approximately 2.2 µmoles/hr cm2, but is inhibited if the NaCl in the mucosal solution is replaced by choline Cl, Tris-Cl, mannitol, LiCl, or KCl. Although alanine influx is strongly dependent upon Na in the mucosal solution, it is uninfluenced by marked reduction of intracellular Na pools. In addition, alanine influx is unaffected by intracellular alanine concentration. Na influx is markedly inhibited by the presence of Li. Evidence is presented that Na transport across the mucosal border cannot be attributed to simple diffusion even though the net flux across this surface is in the direction of the electrochemical potential difference.. ...
Alanine dipeptide is one of the simplest molecules that exhibits some important features common to larger biomolecules. In particular, it has more than one long-lived conformation, which we will identify in this exercise by mapping out its potential energy surface. The conformations of alanine dipeptide are characterized by the dihedral angles of the backbone. Below, we color carbons in green, hydrogens in white, oxygen in red and nitrogen in blue, i.e. the torsional angle $\phi$ is C-N-C-C, while $\psi$ is N-C-C-N along the backbone. ...
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The IUPHAR/BPS Guide to Pharmacology. Alanine/serine/cysteine transporter 2 - Alanine/serine/cysteine transporter subfamily. Detailed annotation on the structure, function, physiology, pharmacology and clinical relevance of drug targets.
Bet alanine can help ward off fatigue leading to more intense and longer training sessions. Many users experience intense vasodilatation/pumps from the very first dose of Beta Alanine as carnosine is a powerful precursor in generating nitric oxide synthase.
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Accepted name: β-alanine pyruvate transaminase. Reaction: L-alanine + 3-oxopropanoate = pyruvate + β-alanine. Other name(s): β-alanine-pyruvate aminotransferase; β-alanine-α-alanine transaminase. Systematic name: L-alanine:3-oxopropanoate aminotransferase. Comments: A pyridoxal-phosphate protein.. Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, GTD, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 61461-61-8. References: 1. Hayaishi, O., Nishizuka, Y., Tatibana, M., Takeshita, M. and Kuno, S. Enzymatic studies on the metabolism of β-alanine. J. Biol. Chem. 236 (1961) 781-790.. 2. Stinson, R.A. and Spencer, M.S. β-Aalanine aminotransferase(s) from a plant source. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 34 (1969) 120-127. [PMID: 5762452]. ...
Alanine dipeptide is often studied in theoretical work because it is among the simplest systems to exhibit some of the important features common to biomolecules. It has more than one long-lived conformational state. The relevant angles are the dihedral angles of the backbone, commonly called Φ and Ψ (see figure). In the following scheme, light blue atoms are carbons, white ones are hydrogens, red are oxygens, and blue are nitrogens. So the torsional angle Φ is C-N-C-C and Ψ is N-C-C-N along the backbone ...
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11571PRTArtificial SequenceSynthetic peptide 1Gly Ala Pro Gly Ala Pro Gly Leu Gln Gly Ala Pro Gly Leu Gln Gly 1 5 10 15 Met Pro Gly Glu Arg Gly Ala Ala Gly Leu Pro Gly Pro Lys Gly Glu 20 25 30 Arg Gly Asp Ala Gly Pro Lys Gly Ala Asp Gly Ala Pro Gly Ala Pro 35 40 45 Gly Leu Gln Gly Met Pro Gly Glu Arg Gly Ala Ala Gly Leu Pro Gly 50 55 60 Pro Lys Gly Glu Arg Gly Asp Ala Gly Pro Lys Gly Ala Asp Gly Ala 65 70 75 80 Pro Gly Lys Asp Gly Val Arg Gly Leu Ala Gly Pro Ile Gly Pro Pro 85 90 95 Gly Glu Arg Gly Ala Ala Gly Leu Pro Gly Pro Lys Gly Glu Arg Gly 100 105 110 Asp Ala Gly Pro Lys Gly Ala Asp Gly Ala Pro Gly Lys Asp Gly Val 115 120 125 Arg Gly Leu Ala Gly Pro Ile Gly Pro Pro Gly Pro Ala Gly Ala Pro 130 135 140 Gly Ala Pro Gly Leu Gln Gly Met Pro Gly Glu Arg Gly Ala Ala Gly 145 150 155 160 Leu Pro Gly Pro Lys Gly Glu Arg Gly Asp Ala Gly Pro Lys Gly Ala 165 170 175 Asp Gly Ala Pro Gly Lys Asp Gly Val Arg Gly Leu Ala Gly Pro Pro 180 185 190 Gly Ala Pro Gly Leu Gln Gly Ala Pro Gly Leu Gln Gly Met Pro ...
One of the amino acids found in the structure of the muscle is Beta-alanine. Beta Alanine does not generally contribute to synthesizing proteins
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Beta alanine is an amino acid used frequently as a sports supplement. It boosts carnosine synthesis and helps with fatigue and building lean muscle mass
BioAssay record AID 860221 submitted by ChEMBL: Open TG-GATES: Regimen: Single; Time: 24 hr; Dose: Low; Route: Gavage | Dataset: Biochemistry; Assay: ALT (Alanine Aminotransferase); Study_ID: 435/8.