Understanding the effects of intensive agricultural land use activities on water resources is essential for natural resource management and environmental improvement. In this paper, multi-scale nested watersheds were delineated and the relationships between two representative water quality indexes and agricultural land use intensity were assessed and quantified for the year 2000 using multi-scale regression analysis. The results show that the log-transformed nitrate-nitrogen (NO3-N) index exhibited a relationship with chemical fertilizer input intensity and several natural factors, including soil loss, rainfall and sunlight at the first order watershed scale, while permanganate index (CODMn) had a positive relationship with another two input intensities of pesticides and agricultural plastic mulch and organic manure at the fifth order watershed scale. The first order watershed and the fifth order watershed were considered as the watershed adaptive response units for NO3-N and CODMn, respectively. The
On 2 February the European Commission launched the first phase of the modernization and simplification of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) with the opening of a three-month public consultation. The contributions received will support the Commissions work to define the agricultural policy priorities for the future. A modernized and simplified Common Agricultural Policy would address the key challenges that agriculture and rural areas are facing while at the same time contributing to the Commissions policy priorities (notably jobs and growth), to sustainable development, a budget focused on results, simplification and subsidiarity.. Announcing the consultation process, EU Agriculture and Rural Development Commissioner Phil Hogan said: "Today we are taking the next steps towards modernizing and simplifying the Common Agricultural Policy for the 21st Century. By launching this public consultation, we are asking all stakeholders and those interested in the future of food and farming in Europe ...
The Agricultural Development and Marketing Corporation, or ADMARC, was formed in Malawi in 1971 as a Government-owned corporation or parastatal to promote the Malawian economy by increasing the volume and quality of agricultural exports, to develop new foreign markets for the consumption of Malawian agricultural produce and to supporting Malawis farmers. It was the successor of a number of marketing boards of the colonial-era and early post-colonial times, whose functions were as much about controlling African smallholders and generating government revenues as in promoting agricultural development. At its foundation, ADMARC was given the power to finance the economic development of any public or private organization. In its first decade of operation, ADMARC was considered to be more business-like and less bureaucratic than similar African parastatal bodies, but from its formation it was involved in the diversion of resources from smallholder farming to tobacco estates, often owned by members of ...
Synonyms for Agricultural sector in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Agricultural sector. 14 synonyms for agriculture: farming, culture, cultivation, husbandry, tillage, agronomy, agronomics, agribusiness, factory farm, farming, husbandry.... What are synonyms for Agricultural sector?
Agricultural Development Economics - The focal point for FAOs economic research and policy analysis for food security and sustainable development.
We present extensions to the agent-based agricultural policy simulator (AgriPoliS) model that make it possible to simulate the consequences of agricultural policy reform on farmers land use...
This Review of Agricultural Policies: Costa Rica is one of a series of reviews of national agricultural policies undertaken by the OECD’s Committee for A
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Department of Agricultures (USDA) efforts to encourage sustainable agriculture, focusing on the USDA Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (SARE) Program.. GAO found that: (1) nine USDA agencies manage numerous programs and activities that address various aspects of sustainable agriculture, but management is fragmented, and non-USDA agencies participate in some of the activities; (2) the USDA sustainable agriculture policy expired in 1989, and activities are operating without a departmental policy to guide their efforts or resource use; (3) some SARE goals conflict with the goals of other agriculture programs; and (4) the legislatively mandated National Sustainable Agriculture Advisory Council has not yet met, and the Agricultural Council on Environmental Quality has met primarily on organizational issues. GAO also found that: (1) SARE has funded 183 projects with about $39 million in combined federal and public and ...
CGIAR: International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) • International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) • International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) • Local: Agricultural Development Programmes (ADP) • Akwa Ibom State Agricultural Development Programme (AKADEP) • Akwa Ibom State University • Benue State Agricultural Development Programme (BNARDA) • Cassava Growers Association of Nigeria • Commission (JDPC) - Ilorin • Damisa Gurus • Development Dynamics • Dominican Centre for Training and Development • ENVOY Agricultural Services • Federal College of Agriculture - Akure • Federal Ministries of: Agriculture, Education, and Health • Forward Africa • Human Empowerment and Development Project (HEMADEP) • Imo State Agricultural Development Programme (IMOADP) • Institute of Agricultural Research & Training (IAR&T) • Justice Development and Peace • Justice Development and Peace Commission (JDPC) • Justice Development and Peace ...
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Buy Agricultural Development in the World Periphery for $354.99 at Mighty Ape NZ. Pre-order for NZ release day delivery. This book brings together analysis on the conditions of agricultural sectors in countries and regions of the worlds peripheries, from a wide variety ...
This working paper examines how civil society organisations (CSOs) -- particularly those representing poor and marginalised rural people -- can inform and influence the processes of agricultural policy formulation and implementation. We summarise the role of different interest groups in shaping pro-poor agricultural development and explain how poor people can gain voice to express their views and shape policy processes in a meaningful way.
Shri Singh inaugurates two-day National Conference on Agriculture for Kharif Campaign-2017. The National Conference on Agriculture for Kharif Campaign - 2017 is being organised on 25th and 26th April, 2017 at New Delhi. The Conference was inaugurated by Shri Radha Mohan Singh, Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare and also addressed by Shri Parshottam Rupala and Shri Sudarshan Bhagat, Ministers of State for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare. The Conference was attended by Secretary, Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare, besides Agriculture Production Commissioners / Principal Secretaries / Secretaries / Directors of the State Departments of Agriculture, Horticulture and Agriculture Marketing, Senior Scientists from ICAR and other officials from relevant Ministries and agencies.. In his inaugural address, Union Minister for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare applauded efforts of the Central and State Governments in attaining an estimated record production of about ...
Synonyms for Agricultural industry in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Agricultural industry. 14 synonyms for agriculture: farming, culture, cultivation, husbandry, tillage, agronomy, agronomics, agribusiness, factory farm, farming, husbandry.... What are synonyms for Agricultural industry?
Historically, most rural development programs look to increase local production of market crops. These have often been coupled with infrastructure products meant to connect rural parts of poor countries to big market centers and trade arteries.. But people are starting to realize that connecting people to markets is not a guarantee that they will be able to make a living from their crops, and may actually lead to mono-crop dependency (mono-cropping itself is also associated with soil depletion and the concentration of land holdings into fewer hands). Thus, sustainable subsistence has become more important as a goal in agricultural development work.. ...
The National Agricultural Development Company Fundamental Company Report provides a complete overview of the companys affairs. All available data is
This annual publication provides information on policy developments and related support to agriculture in OECD countries and selected partner economies, measured with the OECD Producer Support Estimate methodology. Countries covered represent about 80% of the global value added in agriculture. The report includes a general discussion on developments in agricultural policies and specific chapters for each country covered.. ...
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Mass media plays a crucial role in information distribution and thus in the political market and public policy making. Theory predicts that information provided by mass media reflects the medias incentives to provide news to different types of groups in society, and affects these groups influence in policy-making. We use data on agricultural policy from 67 countries, spanning a wide range of development stages and media markets, to test these predictions. We find that, in line with theoretical hypotheses, public support to agriculture is strongly affected by the mass media. In particular, an increase in the share of informed voters, and a greater role of the private televisions in society is associated with policies which benefit the majority more: it reduces taxation of agriculture in poor countries and reduces subsidization of agriculture in rich countries, ceteris paribus. The evidence is also consistent with the hypothesis that increased competition in commercial media reduces transfers to
Niger, owing to its climatic, institutional, livelihood, economic, and environmental context, is one of the most vulnerable countries of the world. Poverty is pervasive in Niger and it ranks low on almost all the human development indicators. Agriculture is the most important sector of Nigers economy and accounts for over 40 percent of national gross domestic product (GDP) and is the principle source of livelihood for over 80 percent of the countrys population. The performance of the agricultural sector, however, due to its high exposure to risks, is very volatile. Niger has experienced multiple shocks, largely induced by agricultural risks over the past 30 years, which impose high welfare cost in terms of food availability, food affordability, and malnutrition. It also adversely affects household incomes, performance of the agricultural sector, the governments fiscal balance, and the growth rate of Nigers economy. Niger is a case of living perpetually with risk, thus more emphasis on ...
Communication is a key component of human resource development for sustainable agricultural production and improved food security in Africa. The full potential of agricultural development and ensuring food security can only be realized if improved farming knowledge and technology are communicated effectively, and if rural people are involved in the process and motivated to achieve success. Communication can facilitate agricultural development by giving a voice to those involved (rural people, development workers, researchers, input suppliers, local authorities and national decision makers); fostering acceptance of agricultural development policies and programmes; mobilizing people for participation and action; conveying information for education and training; and helping to disseminate new technologies. Communication media and techniques can help overcome barriers of literacy, language, cultural differences and physical isolation. They are powerful tools to inform and educate people about new ...
Anonymous, 1995: 1995 annual conference in Grangeneuve: evaluation of agricultural policy measures from the example of the new income and environment policy motivated direct payments
Find great deals for Agricultural Policy in the United States: Evolution and Economics by Larry D. Sanders, James W. Pease, James L. Novak (Hardback, 2015). Shop with confidence on eBay!
Causes of Gender Gap in Agricultural Productivity. The agricultural sector is very important and crucial to the survival and livelihoods of many people especially those living in the rural areas in many developing countries. For example in Nigeria, the Central Bank in 2016 estimated that the sector accounted for about 24% of the countrys GDP and according to the National Bureau of Statistics accounted for about 70% of total labour force. Similarly, about 70% of the SMEs in the country operate in the agriculturally value chain. Therefore, any attempt at improving agricultural productivity would mean accompanying improvement in the livelihoods and standard of living of many of the rural populace. It is no doubt that both men as well as women play significant roles in agricultural development, however, the important roles that women play in agriculture, household food and nutrition security cannot be overemphasized. Women constitute the major work force in food production, processing and marketing ...
Causes of Gender Gap in Agricultural Productivity. The agricultural sector is very important and crucial to the survival and livelihoods of many people especially those living in the rural areas in many developing countries. For example in Nigeria, the Central Bank in 2016 estimated that the sector accounted for about 24% of the countrys GDP and according to the National Bureau of Statistics accounted for about 70% of total labour force. Similarly, about 70% of the SMEs in the country operate in the agriculturally value chain. Therefore, any attempt at improving agricultural productivity would mean accompanying improvement in the livelihoods and standard of living of many of the rural populace. It is no doubt that both men as well as women play significant roles in agricultural development, however, the important roles that women play in agriculture, household food and nutrition security cannot be overemphasized. Women constitute the major work force in food production, processing and marketing ...
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Agricultural ecosystems (agro-ecosystems) were created by humans during the invention of agriculture approximately 12 000 years ago to generate a reliable food supply that could be easily stored (e.g. cereal grains), enabling the creation of cities and the rise of civilizations. Since their origin in the Fertile Crescent, agro-ecosystems have spread globally to cover approximately 40% of the land surface, with most of this expansion occurring during the past 300 years to feed the rapidly growing human population [1]. One consequence of this expansion was an enormous reduction in plant and animal diversity globally as species-rich natural ecosystems were converted to species-poor agro-ecosystems [2,3]. To illustrate the temporal and spatial scales involved, in only 300 years agro-ecosystems expanded such that approximately 540 million ha are now planted annually to only three crop species, maize, rice and wheat (FAO Statistics), compared with the approximately 600 million ha of tropical ...
In order to assess the agricultural potential of regions and to evaluate the risk of environmental degradation due to agriculture, we define a marginality index for agricultural land use which is based on available global data sets and takes into account various environmental conditions. Influencing factors taken into consideration are the general climatic conditions for plant growth, the soil fertility, the soil moisture availability, the precipitation uncertainty and the erosion risk due to the steepness of slopes. Comparison of our marginality index with present global assessments of agricultural land use shows that about 30% of agricultural land currently in use can be identified as marginal, in other words as having a disposition towards overuse and potential environmental degradation. The validity of our approach is strengthened by the fact that agriculturally used areas identified as marginal are described as vulnerable in the literature. The risk of degradation with a further ...
The concept of precision agriculture first emerged in the United States in the early 1980s. In 1985, researchers at the University of Minnesota varied lime inputs in crop fields. It was also at this time that the practice of grid sampling appeared (applying a fixed grid of one sample per hectare). Towards the end of the 1980s, this technique was used to derive the first input recommendation maps for fertilizers and pH corrections. The use of yield sensors developed from new technologies, combined with the advent of GPS receivers, has been gaining ground ever since. Today, such systems cover several million hectares. In the American Midwest (US), it is associated not with sustainable agriculture but with mainstream farmers who are trying to maximize profits by spending money only in areas that require fertilizer. This practice allows the farmer to vary the rate of fertilizer across the field according to the need identified by GPS guided Grid or Zone Sampling. Fertilizer that would have been ...
Agricultural irrigation leachate is often the largest source for aquifer recharge in semi-arid groundwater basins, but contamination from fertilizers and other agro-chemicals may degrade the quality of groundwater. Affected communities are frequently economically disadvantaged, and water supply alternatives may be too costly. This study aimed to demonstrate that, when addressing these issues, environmental sustainability and market profitability are not incompatible. We investigated the viability of two low impact crops, alfalfa and vineyards, and new recharge basins as an alternative land use in recharge buffer zones around affected communities using an integrated hydrologic, socio-geographic, and economic analysis. In the southern Central Valley, California, study area, alfalfa and vineyards currently constitute 30% of all buffer zone cropland. Economic analyses of alternative land use scenarios indicate a wide range of revenue outcomes. Sector output gains and potential cost saving through land use
Regarding the production of vegetables and annual plants, the output of maize reached 5.13 million tons, down 114.6 thousand tons against 2016 due to the decrease of 52.9 thousand hectares of the cultivated area (maize productivity increased by 110 kilograms per hectare). The output of sweet potato gained 1.35 million tons, up 81.9 thousand tons (the cultivated area raised by 1.6 thousand hectares); sugar-cane production achieved 18.32 million tons, up 1.11 million tons (the cultivated area went up by 12.8 thousand hectares); the yield of cassava gained 10.34 million tons, down 569.1 thousand tons (the cultivated area fell by 34.4 thousand hectares); the yield of peanut reached 461.5 thousand tons, down 2.1 thousand tons (the area went down by 4.1 thousand hectares); soya production attained 102.3 thousand tons, down 22 thousand tons (a decrease of 16.1 thousand hectares of cultivated area); vegetables of all kinds achieved 16.49 million tons, up 562.8 thousand tons (the area increased by 29.5 ...
Perhaps the most direct way to measure the exposure of banks to agricultural production is the percentage of their loan portfolios made to farmers. The table on this page provides such a breakdown. It may be useful to know that regulators, under a commonly used rule of thumb, consider any bank with at least 25 percent of its loans extended to the agricultural sector to be an agriculturally focused lending institution (an "agricultural bank"). By this standard, the table indicates that over half of all banks in the Ninth District are agriculturally focused. Only one other Federal Reserve District, Kansas City, has a similar concentration. Agricultural banks are a particularly large part of the bank population in the Dakotas, where they make up about 80 percent of all banks. A significant number of banks in the district are even more agriculturally dependent than the agricultural bank standard: One-third of all banks in the district have over half of their total loans extended to agricultural ...
... _Districts in the Country Regions | Electoral Boundaries WA boundaries wa gov au825032Have Your SayDownload Districts in the country regions Previous section | Next section Agricultural Region
China Plant Growth Regulator, Other Agricultural Machinery, Planting & Fertilizing Machine, offered by China manufacturer & supplier -Qingdao Daechang Tech. Machinery Co., Ltd., page2
Download all the latest market reports you need on the Agricultural Machinery Industry in Pakistan. Click here to instantly access all the reports, in one place.
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Read "Strategy of statistical model selection for precision farming on-farm experiments, Precision Agriculture" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
The Iowa Farm Family Health and Hazard Surveillance Project was a cross-sectional study that assessed the health and safety status of Iowa farm families and others who lived and worked on those farms. Data were collected using a comprehensive mail-out questionnaire that was sent to 989 representative Iowa farm operators, their families, and hired help. Three hundred and ninety (39%) farm operators
Our Precision Agriculture research is addressing key challenges in a range of farming systems, including viticulture, broadacre cropping, dairy and sugar farming. Were working with industry to develop and refine tools to assess, monitor and redress environmental and economic risks associated with agricultural practices.
Read "Spectral and thermal sensing for nitrogen and water status in rainfed and irrigated wheat environments, Precision Agriculture" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
KPMGs Global Head of Agribusiness, Ian Proudfoot, joins us in the Herald studio to talk about the state of our agricultural sector. Hes the author of the
Abstract Background: Florida has a large population of farmworkers, who face barriers to healthcare access. This can be problematic for farmworkers with increased need, like pregnant women. Lack of adequate and timely prenatal care is associated with negative maternal/newborn outcomes. Understanding farmworkers access to and experience with prenatal care will advance promotion of prenatal care for this at-risk population. Purpose: Explore farmworkers access to and experience with prenatal care in South Florida. Methods: We recruited 100 farmworker women, obtained informed consent, and verbally administered a 53-item survey. The survey explored experience with prenatal care in the past two years. We used past literature to design the survey. We analyzed timely and adequate prenatal care, and maternal/newborn outcomes using SPSS version 20. The Universitys IRB approved the research protocol. Findings: The majority (97%), of participants started prenatal care during the first trimester, and (90%)
Waterstone is a privately owned and managed 50 acre wildlife area in the Central Texas Edwards Plateau region. A grazing lease with the previous owner allowed the land to qualify for agricultural land use after it was purchased. Agricultural land use was then converted to Wildlife Management.
Article Agriculture and the environment in the EU accession countries. Implications of applying the EU common agricultural policy Agriculture has played a central role in shaping and influencing the environment in numerous ways throughout Europe ove...
... integrates three main meaningful goals - economic profitability, environmental health, and social and economic equity A variety of philosophies, policies and practices have contributed whole heartedly to these goals. People in many different capacities, from farmers to consumers, have shared this vision and contributed to it. Despite the diversity of people and perspectives, the following themes commonly weave through definitions of sustainable agriculture. Sustainability rests on the principle that we must meet the needs of the present situation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Therefore, stewardship of both natural and human resources is of prime importance. Stewardship of human resources includes consideration of social responsibilities such as working and living conditions of laborers, the needs of rural communities, and consumer health and safety both in the present and the future.. Stewardship of land and natural ...
Sustainable agriculture definition, any of a number of environmentally friendly farming methods that preserve an ecological balance by avoiding depletion of natural resources. See more.
UXBRIDGE, Canada, May 29 (IPS) - The world is increasingly hungry because small farmers are losing access to farmland. Small farmers produce most of the worlds food but are now squeezed onto less than 25 percent of the worlds farmland, a new report reveals. Corporate and commercial farms, big biofuel operations and land speculators are pushing millions off their land.
Looking for agroecosystem? Find out information about agroecosystem. A model for the functionings of an agricultural system, with all inputs and outputs. An ecosystem may be as small as a set of microbial interactions that... Explanation of agroecosystem
The International Symposium on Environment and Sustainable Agriculture Development (ESAD 2017) will be held from November 28-30, 2017 in Sanya, China. This Conference will cover issues on Environment and Sustainable Agriculture Development. ESAD 2017 is sponsored by Engineering Information Institute, Open Access Library, Scientific Research Publishing and 1000thinktank. It dedicates to creating a stage for exchanging the latest research results and sharing the advanced research methods. 
Using the advent of smart cities and big data, precision agriculture allows the nourishing of sensor data into online databases for continuous crop monitoring, creation optimization, and data storage. nursery configurations under ISO/IEC 17025 accreditations. Measuring the spatial and temporal factors of crop using a range of nutritional receptors is paramount to determining smart approaches for effective resource make use of and sustainable development. Many ion receptors or different strategies have been created lately to execute crop monitoring. Among these, Electric Conductivity (EC) meters have already been used thoroughly to measure earth salinity [7], nevertheless the insufficient ion selectivity for this is manufactured simply by this technique inadequate for the quantitative measurement of specific ions. Furthermore, EC measurement methods such as Period Domains Reflectometry (TDR) and Regularity Domains Reflectometry (FDR) relate with the propagation of the voltage pulse and dimension ...
The use of a large-scale LP agricultural model for supporting the policy design process is presented. The model determines the agricultural crop and livestock specialization in a detailed, disaggregated form, i.e. distributed over subregions, properties, soil qualities, technologies, etc. and basic financial and material flows, all in given natural conditions, e.g. soil qualities, and available resources, e.g. manpower, machinery, capital, etc. The policy is meant in terms of imposed price structure and resource distribution. The use of information obtainable from both primal and dual solution is shown. The results of implementation for a region in Poland are presented.. ...
1. Introduction. Crop models have been developed and used worldwide as operational or strategic research and decision support tools in crop production or resources management. For example, in the Netherlands, average farmers wheat yield was below 5 t/ha in 1960s while crop had predicted a potential yield of 10 tons/ha. By 1993, the yields had exceeded 9 tons/ha [1] . Crop models are also being used to evaluate the impact of climate change on crop production as a result of increased green-house gases ([2] [3] ). In resource management optimization, crop models have played an important role, for example, Agricultural Productivity Simulator (APSIM) model has been used to develop an understanding of long-term effects of conservation agriculture on the productivity of smallholder systems in Zimbabwe [4] .. Tanzania has had several initiatives geared towards agricultural intensification country-wide, dating back to independence times (e.g. "siasa ni kilimo", (of 1972), "kilimo cha kufa na kupona" ...
Please save our great nation. Small farmers made this country a sucess. They use much less poison sprays to keep ground water pure. Jarge farmers are spraying in excess just to get a better bottom line. They only sit in a tractor and that is it. They will have future health problems because of no excercize. We small farmers know what GOD directs us to a future in America.Large farms are poisioning and destroying everything in nature. There are no more phesants and game birds in the fields any more. Dont believe me, come and visit our neighbors., they refuse GMO plants .Deer come across my neighbors fields and eat my natural plants they refuse GMO plants . They are smart creatures and we have humans who think that they know better. Just allow all fields to be poisoned and finally we will all pay for this bad way of farming.. ...
EXT-1588: Controls on agricultural watershed phosphorus export: Lessons from 2019. Ohio Sea Grant is a statewide program that supports greater knowledge and stewardship of Lake Erie and the Great Lakes through research, education and outreach
October 1992 [92-TR 26] This report presents estimates of supply, demand, and price transmission elasticities for the U.S. livestock, poultry, and dairy sectors. The estimates are derived from models maintained by the Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) and are prepared in accordance with procedures stipulated by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).. Full Text 1.72 MB. ...
The world is home to 500 million smallholder family farms generating up to 80 percent of the food consumed by developing world, according to Dr. Kanayo F. Nwaze, President of the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD). Investing in the resilience of smallholder farmers is therefore investing in the resilience of food systems and communities and the balanced and sustained development of nations.
DUBLIN, May 31, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- Research and Markets - Precision Agriculture Market Analysis And Segment Forecasts, 2014 - 2025: Leading Players are...
Towards an Open Software Platform for Field Robots in Precision Agriculture. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
There is today a rapid migration of the rural poor to swelling urban centers in search of better job opportunities and improved livelihoods. A large part of these rural migrants succeeds in finding better life, but for many the hopes of a better future often turns into a nightmare of economic and social insecurity.
Based on the DBRs model, the Enabling the Business of Agriculture (EBA) report was launched after leaders of the G8 asked the World Bank in 2012 to create a "Doing Business in Agriculture Index", to guide policy makers in the developing world in designing "business-friendly" agricultural policies and regulations. It was started with financing from the US, UK, Danish, and Dutch governments as well as the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.. The EBA dictates so-called "good practices" to regulate agriculture and scores countries on how well they apply and implement them. Based on the EBA scores, the World Bank leverages policy changes in agriculture. By promoting a so-called "commercially-oriented" agricultural transformation, the Bank portrays farmers forced out of agriculture through land transfers as an "opportunity" to take up non-agricultural employment and obtain better livelihoods.. As exposed by a recent Oakland Institute report, the EBAs goal is to promote measures and reforms that will ...
NSFs mission is to advance the progress of science, a mission accomplished by funding proposals for research and education made by scientists, engineers, and educators from across the country.
SOUTH AFRICA - Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Minister Tina Joemat-Pettersson will open the 3rd Global Conference on Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Security and Climate Change in Johannesburg today (3 December).
This is the first of two sessions focusing on fundamental aspects of food security: i) long run global food supply scenarios and their implications for the trend level of food prices, and ii) the variance of prices around that level. Of critical significance to sustainable global poverty reduction is the trend level of food prices. During the 20th century real food prices in international markets traced a downward path but have spiked several times in recent years. Will historians see the past few years as an aberration on a continuing long-run downward trajectory for food prices, or will they be seen as the beginning of a long period of high and even rising prices for farm products ...
Youve probably taken an Uber, Lyft, or Grab Taxi. You may have used AirBnb. You couldve even used Task Rabbit. This is all part of the "sharing economy," and regardless if you think its entrepreneurial or exploitative, it is now fully part of development country economies.. The Sharing Economy Has Even Come to Agriculture. Farm machinery is never cheap, and for many smallholder farmers, a simple tractor can be beyond their capacity to own and maintain. Thats where new services are allowing farmers to rent equipment from one another, reducing the cost of ownership and increasing access to needed farm machinery.. In Nigeria and Kenya, HelloTractor is creating tractor rental entrepreneurs. In Ghana, TroTro Tractor allows tractor owners to track machines in real-time. In India, Trringo is renting out all manner of farm machinery. In the Philippines, there are nascent efforts to start farm machinery sharing programs focusing on expensive rice harvesting equipment.. ...
Biomass and Environmental Trading from Dymocks online bookstore. Opportunities for Agriculture and Forestry. PaperBack by United States Congress, United States Senate, Committee on Agriculture
... was last measured at 55800 in 2011, according to the World Bank. Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics
Edward Barbier. More than one-third of the rural population in developing countries lives on less-favored agricultural land, according to global spatial datasets from 2000. How, then, does this distribution influence the incidence of poverty in these countries?. To address this question, our paper "Poverty and the Spatial Distribution of Rural Population" investigates two types of spatial distributions across 83 developing countries over a 10-year period: rural populations on less-favored agricultural lands and in less-favored agricultural areas. Less-favored agricultural lands are constrained by difficult terrain, poor soil quality, or limited rainfall. Less-favored agricultural areas include less-favored agricultural lands plus favorable agricultural land with limited access to markets (i.e. five hours or more travel to a market city with a population of at least 50,000).. Our spatial analysis of the distribution of rural populations across 124 developing countries in 2000 reveals that around ...
The Departments mandate is to boost AU Member States rural economy development and agricultural productivity by supporting the adoption of measures, strategies, policies and programmes on agriculture. It works closely with the Regional Economic Communities (RECs) and other partners. Key tasks include to: develop programmes ensuring food security; promote rural communities initiatives and transfer of technologies; coordinate efforts to eradicate poverty and combat desertification and drought; promote agricultural products by small-scale producers; support the harmonisation of policies and strategies between the RECs; and initiate research on climate change, water and sanitation management. The Department has three divisions: Agriculture and Food Security; Environment, Climate Change, Water, Land and Natural Resources; and Rural Economy. The Departments flagship programme is the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP). The Department also works with the following offices ...
Download Ammonia Synthesis on Agriculture XPRT. Ammonia is one of the most important chemicals pro-duced globally with approximately 85% being used as fertilizer for food production. Ammonia synthesis occurs by the combination of hydrogen and nitroge...
This paper analyses the way in which certain soil fertility policies have evolved, and how stakeholders perceive them. It attempts to understand better the tools and processes involved in formulating and implementing policies and methodologies for best implementing soil fertility management strategies that are complementary to farmers agricultural techniques.. The paper concludes that if policies are to have a positive impact on the ground, key stakeholders must be allowed to play an active role in their formulation. The success or failure of a policy is ultimately determined by the manner in which it is formulated and implemented, and it will only be fully supported if stakeholders consider it to be legitimate and relevant to their needs. Policy processes should therefore extend beyond the scope of central government and include local government, civil society organisations and community groups. ...
Georgias farmers, ranchers, and producers are the backbone of our states most important industry: agriculture. As the Ranking Member of the House Appropriations Subcommittee on Agriculture and Co-Chair of the Congressional Peanut Caucus, I am a staunch supporter of the agricultural community in Georgias Second Congressional District and the entire nation. I support assistance to farmers affected by drought, wildfires, and other natural disasters that occur each year. In addition, I have worked to ensure that the peanut support program remained strong in the 2014 Farm Bill; strengthen our nations nutrition programs; reform the H2-A program for non-immigrant agricultural workers; bolster child nutrition programs in our nations schools; prevent the Environmental Protection Agency from imposing burdensome regulations on agriculture; ensure that Mexican tomatoes and chicken do not drive down the prices of U.S.-produced tomatoes and chicken due to illegal dumping; and advance agricultural ...
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Downloadable! Burley tobacco production in Malawi was liberalized to permit production by smallholders in the early 1990s. The purpose of this paper is to show which smallholders began producing burley tobacco after liberalization and which smallholders still continue to produce it. Analysis of the characteristics of burley tobacco producers shows that only smallholders who had adequate farm size and adequate funds could start to produce it. With regard to the farm size requirements, only smallholders who had enough acreage to sell tobacco on the auction floors and who had enough acreage to rotate crops could start to produce. With regard to the financial requirements, only smallholders who could procure funds through informal institutions or who possessed their own capital to meet the necessary agricultural expenditures could start. So, it was only the wealthy households which could start to produce tobacco after liberalization and continue to produce it.
NSF Basic Research to Enable Agricultural Development (BREAD) The goal of BREAD is to support innovative basic scientific research designed to address key constraints to smallholder agriculture in the developing world. Proposals submitted to BREAD must make a clear and well-defined connection between the outcomes of the proposed basic research and its direct relevance and potential application to agriculture in the developing world. In FY15, activities in two focus areas will be supported: (1) Developing High Throughput, Low Cost Phenotyping Tools and Devices to facilitate assessment of field-based phenotypes, especially for root and tuber crops (PHENO), and (2) Advancing Basic Research in Crop Plants Relevant to Smallholder Agriculture in Developing Countries (ABRDC) to develop critically needed sequence and functional genomics resources to enable basic and applied research in crop plants important for smallholder agriculture. Deadline: April 27. NSF Dear Colleague Letter: Hydrologic Sciences ...
by Sourav Kumar Biswas (MLA 16) and Flavio Sciaraffia (MLA 15) recipients of American Society of Landscape Architects 2015 Student Award. Agriculture today has evolved into the most resource consumptive and environmentally disruptive human activity. It consumes more than 70% of the worlds water and contributes to 92% of Mexicos water footprint. Modern agriculture is sustained by enhancing degraded soils through irrigation and fertilizers - transforming a vital resource into a mere substrate that receives abstracted water and artificial nitrogen derived from fossil fuels: food production and energy yields are no longer bounded to the ground.. At the same time, with the advent of precision farming, agriculture has also become a highly monitored and digitized activity. Our design strategy harnesses the potential of current agricultural tools to expand the ecological potential of productive landscapes on a regional scale by designing precise planting / management patterns that produce ...
The National Development Plan identifies agriculture as a vital contributory growth sector capable of reducing poverty and stimulating economic growth. Accordingly, in FY2011/12 priority interventions will focus on increasing production and productivity, agro-processing and increase enterprise efficiency through commodity value chains.. Government will also continue with the ongoing efforts to provide affordable finance to enable farmers acquire necessary infrastructure to promote transformation to commercial agricultural production.. Eligible projects in the agricultural sector, including the construction of warehouses and silos to improve storage, will therefore be financed at a preferential interest rate of 10 percent per annum for a maximum period of eight years, following the depressed performance in the last year.. In order to increase sustained production, Shs. 133 billion has been allocated will to the National Agricultural Advisory Services (NAADs) to increase the commercialization of ...
This study discusses sustainable agricultural production by land evaluation based on a multiple criteria approach. The study was carried out in the Bastam region located at the north Shahrood township of Semnan Province in the northeast of Iran. Soil, landscape and climatic data were collected to assess the study area based on its capability for cultivation of apple, tomato, wheat and white potato. Making the final decision for growing the most appropriate crop was based upon three criteria: (1) the physical suitability of the study area for crop cultivation; (2) environmental consideration; (3) economic benefit accruing from the production of each crop. The results of the assessment of the above criteria were incorporated using the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) technique. Ultimately, wheat was found to be the most suitable crop for cultivation considering all the criteria in the study area. This study, therefore, was a step taken towards promoting sustainable agriculture by trying to ...
You are receiving this email as you are a subscriber of ThePigSite.com The home of premium international pig news and information. Is this email not displaying correctly?View it in your browser. Monday 30th September 2013. Jackie Linden Senior Editor Agreement is Reached so is it All Plain Sailing Ahead? On the European Union Common Agricultural Policy, political agreement and Smithfield Foods shareholders voted in favour of the companies acquisition by Shuanghui International so everything is now settled on these two issues, right? Instead of plain sailing ahead, there could still be dark clouds on the horizon, it appears. Europe’s farmers now know where they stand on payment changes, following the completion of the political negotiations on the reform of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). Having agreed the key Commission measures that aim to establish fair and practical farm subsidies through policy reform,
WASHINGTON, Nov. 28, 2012 /PRNewswire/ -- Just Label It Calls on Agriculture Secretary Vilsack to Deny Approval of 2,4-D Resistant Corn.
Downloadable! Agriculture, an ecosystem transformed by humans for the purpose of supplying food, fiber and biofuel, can provide people a host of benefits, or ecosystem services (ES). While markets exist for farm products, many of todays central agro-environmental policy concerns are related to ES that lack complete markets, such as regulating ES and recreational, aesthetic and cultural ES. Valuation of non-marketed ES linked to agriculture is needed to improve their utilization and efficient provision. Some ES that facilitate agricultural production or provide natural amenities can be perceived by people through various natural resources and landscapes on farmlands and surrounding areas. One indirect way to measure the value of ES is via what people pay for the lands that provide them. In this hedonic study, the agricultural land price is used to reveal marginal values of those resources and landscapes, and to infer the degree of ES capitalization into land prices in southwestern Michigan. Results
Participants in this study are either MSF children and their mothers or non-MSF women (women who have never worked in agriculture) and their children. If a mother has more than one child in the school system, only one child can participate in the study. A major effort of this study is to collect, store and analyze blood and urine samples from MSF women children and a group of non-MSF women and children. Only the MSF children will be matched by ethnicity, sex, age (2 or more years), and place of residence to non-MSF children.. All mothers and children participants will be recruited from the school rosters of the Goose Creek Consolidated Independent School District in Harris County, and the La Joya School District in Hidalgo County. The names and addresses of all the children and their mothers are also included in the rosters. Each mother will be contacted by a telephone call or letter inviting her and her child to participate in the study. If they agree, they will then be asked if they would like ...
Many of those involved in agricultural development are isolated from the wider experiences of others. This is so whether they are on a farm, or in an NGO office, international research centre, government ministry or aid agency headquarters. Information flows tend to be top-down and narrow, and restricted to single disciplines., limited geographical areas and the prevailing organisational persuasion. Networks can help overcome some of the problems, by allowing the exchange of information. This paper assesses the value of networking through the experiences of animal traction networks in sub-Saharan Africa. ...
The lethality of farm injuries, the implications for long-term disability of those injured, and the impact on families warrant continuing injury-control efforts on the part of pediatricians. The entire injury-control spectrum, including prevention, timely acute medical care delivered by professionals trained in the care of children, and age-appropriate rehabilitation, should be addressed by pediatricians with the support of the AAP. Several articles and publications have stressed the need for injury prevention education to farm families as well as the very important role of physicians in both prevention and treatment.29-33 In 1996, the National Committee for Childhood Agriculture Injury Prevention, a multidisciplinary consensus group, recommended action steps to reduce unintentional agricultural injuries to children younger than 18 years.29 The AAP supports these recommendations and makes the following recommendations to pediatricians who care for children living on or visiting farms:. 1. ...
Climate change legislation could have important effects on US agriculture. The impacts depend on the particular features of any final legislation, how it is implemented and how individuals and firms respond. The American Clean Energy and Security (ACES) Act, approved by the US House of Representatives in 2009, would establish a regulatory framework intended to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. To evaluate the bills impacts on the US agricultural sector, the Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute at the University of Missouri (FAPRI‐MU) used an extended version of its modeling system to evaluate a wide range of possible scenarios over the 2010‐2030 period. The analysis shows that altering a few key assumptions can lead to qualitatively different estimates of the bills impact ...
In Australia, this is a cost-effective innovation in agricultural land use that brings significant agronomic and environmental benefits [12]. Based on Australian experience, also in Poland on Rolman farm permanent tramlines are successfully used [13]. As a result of the CTF system, the profit for a typical farm can increase by up to 50%, and one of the important aspects of this technology is the beneficial effect on yield and quality [16]. The results of investigation carried out by Galambošová et al. [11] suggest that CTF systems have the potential to increase production sustainability in arable farming systems in central Europe. This conclusion is supported by the findings that the adoption of CTF, using commercially available machinery, can reduce the cropped area affected by traffic by more than 50%, compared with random traffic systems. They estimated that yield improvements of up to 0.5 t per ha at cultivation of wheat, maize, barley and rape may be possible when converting from random ...
Genetically modified crops - that can feed 9 billion by 2050 and tolerate heat, drought and disease - are the future of sustainable agriculture, writes David Rotman, editor of MIT Technology Review.. Crops yields have slowed, Rotman says. Wheat yields are growing at about 1 percent annually; they need to increase about 2 percent annually to match food demand. "Agricultural experts warn that yields will have to improve for other crops as well if we are to feed a rapidly growing population - and yet rising temperatures and other effects of global climate change will make this tougher to achieve," he says.. Advances in biotech have made genetic engineering practices far more sophisticated than the transgenic techniques used in first-generation GMOs, Rotman writes. New genome engineering tools allow geneticists to edit plant DNA, making changes on chromosomes to create desirable traits instead of adding foreign genes.. Global sales of non-GMO food and beverage products will double to $800 billion by ...
Annies Sustainable Agriculture Scholarship is available to full - time undergraduate and graduate students. You must be pursuing studies in organic and / or regenerative agriculture to be eligible...
The importance of smallholder farmers to communities, ecosystems and even food security is often underplayed, as allAfrica discussed in an interview with Gates Foundations agricultural development chief.
tion linkages. For example, increasing maize production stimulates growth in down- stream food processing while also reducing food prices and increasing real incomes that are then spent on nonagricultural commodities. Overall GDP increases by MZN1,227 million, which means that for every MZN1.00 increase in agricultural GDP driven by maize-led growth, there is an additional MZN0.42 increase in nonagricultural GDP (that is, a growth-linkage ratio of 1.42). Comparing these ratios across model scenarios suggests that, even though livestock-led growth con- tributes less to agricultural growth in the Agriculture scenario (see Figure 12.3), it is more effective at stimulating nonagricultural growth than is growth driven by traditional export crops. The latter has weaker economywide growth linkages, because most of these crops are exported directly as raw materials and do not gener- ate many downstream employment opportunities ...
High nature value (HNV) farming systems play a crucial role in the conservation of biodiversity across large tracks of the European countryside. The socio-economic viability of these low intensity farming systems is in question, with many facing the stark choice of either abandonment or intensification. This review paper explores the concept of HNV farming and examines the links between grazing management and biodiversity conservation in European HNV upland environments. The paper ends with an analysis of the implications of European agricultural policy for HNV farmland, along with future trends and challenges for HNV farming systems. ...
Improving sustainability in poultry production means not only reducing costs and maximizing productivity but also a focus on bird health and welfare and other societal concerns. Large-scale production has led to geographical concentration of birds and their waste products, creating environmental concerns in terms of water and air quality. Consumers have increasing concerns about food safety (food-borne pathogens, pesticide residues, additives, antibiotic residues/resistance), nutritional (fat content, fatty acid profile, vitamins), value (appearance, flavor, traceability, regional production), and production process concerns (animal welfare, genetically modified organisms, environmental impact, worker safety, social justice).. In this section, NCAT provides a variety of publications, presentations and links to other information sources that will help beginning or seasoned farmers learn how to make their poultry enterprises more sustainable. Information covers topics such as alternative housing ...
Meanwhile, he says, agricultural research and the field of "agroecology," which adapts the principles of nature to farming systems, are finding new ways to grow abundant and affordable food while protecting the environment, helping farm finances, and contributing to the well-being of farmers, farm workers and rural communities. Consumers-whose concerns range from farm working conditions to animal welfare to food safety-are seeking out organic and alternatively grown foods at grocery stores, farmers markets, food coops, Community Supported Agriculture networks, and large outlets like Trader Joes, Whole Foods, and even Costco.. The mounting environmental impacts of agriculture call for a transformation that can be sped up by shifting federal support to research, policies and markets that support more benign alternative farming systems.. "We need to move more quickly," says Reganold. "Why are we supporting big, mainstream agriculture thats not necessarily protecting or benefiting the ...
In Her Boots: Sustainable Agriculture Workshops For Women, By Women Facilitated by the Midwest Organic & Sustainable Education Service Rural Womens P
Dr Alastair Leake is Director of Policy & Allerton Project at the Game & Wildlife Conservation Trust, Leicestershire, where intensive farming and exceptional levels of biodiversity co-exist. The Allerton farm is one of the Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs Sustainable Intensification Demonstration Platforms and has produced ground-breaking research on the effects of different farming methods on biodiversity. He has over 20 years of vast experience in the farming industry.. Dr Leake has a PhD in Organic and Integrated Farming Systems from Leicester University and is a BASIS-registered agronomist and trainer, as well as being the current chairman of the awards panel at the Royal Agricultural Society of England. He is also a member of the board of directors at Rothamsted Research, the worlds oldest agricultural research institute.. This event will be recorded and posted on the SCI website. Please note: some members of the audience may be in view during the question and answer ...
ATTRA is committed to providing high value information and technical assistance to farmers, ranchers, Extension agents, educators, and others involved in sustainable agriculture in the United States. We are a program developed and managed by the National Center for Appropriate Technology (NCAT).
The following organizations collaborated on the development of this course: The Great Plains Center for Agricultural Health and the Midwestern Public Health Training Center, University of Iowa College of Public Health (MPHTC-UICPH).. This project is supported by Grant Number 5 U54 OH007548-11 from CDC - NIOSH for the Agricultural Medicine Core Course (Diane Rohlman, PI) a project within the Great Plains Center for Agricultural Health (Renee Anthony, PI). Course contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of CDC or NIOSH.. ...
Policy News from our friends at the National Sustainable Ag Coalition:. Washington, DC, September 11, 2015 - On September 10, 2015, FDA released the much-anticipated final rule detailing preventive control standards for facilities producing food for human consumption. Once officially published in the Federal Register - scheduled for September 17, 2015 - the rule will go into effect in sixty days and compliance clocks will start ticking for facilities covered by this rule. The Produce Safety Rule, another key component of FDAs new approach to food safety under the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA), will be finalized by late October 2015.. This final rule comes after significant public outreach and two rounds of public comment on certain key provisions.. "We commend FDA for its continued engagement with stakeholders throughout this process, and appreciate the agencys responsiveness to our concerns" said National Sustainable Agriculture Coalition (NSAC) Policy Specialist Sophia Kruszewski. ...
Harvest107 teaches urban gardening and sustainable agriculture to combat hunger and malnutrition in Haiti. Harvest107 was founded by Gracie Pfaff.
1. Ramankutty, N., Evan, A. T., Monfreda, C. & Foley, J. a. Farming the planet: 1. Geographic distribution of global agricultural lands in the year 2000. Global Biogeochem. Cycles 22, 1-19 (2008).. 2. FAO. Inputs - Land. FAOSTAT (2015). Available at: http://faostat3.fao.org/browse/R/RL/E. (Accessed: 22nd May 2015). 3. Gibbs, H. K. et al. Tropical forests were the primary sources of new agricultural land in the 1980s and 1990s. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 107, 16732-7 (2010).. 4. WWF. Living Planet Report 2016. (2016).. 5. Angel, S., Parent, J., Civco, D. L., Blei, A. & Potere, D. The dimensions of global urban expansion: Estimates and projections for all countries, 2000-2050. Prog. Plann. 75, 53-107 (2011).. 6. Gerland, P. et al. World population stabilization unlikely this century. Science (80-. ). 234, (2014).. 7. Tilman, D., Balzer, C., Hill, J. & Befort, B. L. Global food demand and the sustainable intensification of agriculture. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 108, 1-5 (2011).. 8. Evenson, R. E. ...
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