... Alzheimers Dement. 2020 Feb 13;: Authors: Niznik JD, Zhao X, He M, Aspinall SL, Hanlon JT, Nace D, Thorpe JM, Thorpe CT Abstract INTRODUCTION: We evaluated the impact of deprescribing acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (AChEIs) on aggressive behaviors and incident antipsychotic use in nursing ho...
Miczek, K.A., 1981: Symposium of the international society for research on aggression the psycho pharmacology of aggression and social behavior groningen netherlands july 12 1980
This is often referred to as aggression that is related to a conflict in the dominant/submissive relationship between two dogs or human and a dog. It is also used interchangeably with the term "dominance aggression".. When the context of the term is being used as a trait, such as: "This line of dogs is known to have high social aggression.", or "This breed of dogs is usually selected for low levels of social aggression", it is referring to the dogs tendency to show aggression for social reasons.. For example, some lines of Rottweilers and German Shepherds may growl at a stranger if that stranger or even certain family members try to give them a command. Some dogs will show aggression if someone tries to touch them. If the body language and history of the dog show that this aggression is not due to fear and is consistent with dominant posturing and rules of hierarchy than these dogs can be referred to as having high social aggression.. Certain dogs can have almost anything done to them and they ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effects of natal male alliances on aggression and power dynamics in rhesus macaques. AU - Beisner, B. A.. AU - Jackson, M. E.. AU - Cameron, A.. AU - Mccowan, B.. PY - 2011/8. Y1 - 2011/8. N2 - In the wild, male rhesus macaques disperse at sexual maturity. In captivity, however, males cannot disperse from their natal groups. Thus, the presence of natal males in captive rhesus social groups is unnatural and has the potential to negatively influence group dynamics and stability. A primary difference between natal males and non-natal (immigrant) males is that natal males have the opportunity to form long-term alliances with their maternal kin as well as nonkin. We investigated the factors associated with natal males kin alliances and the impact of these alliances on measures of natal male behavior, group dynamics, and group stability. We found that natal males more frequently formed alliances with maternal kin when they were from high-ranking matrilines, had more siblings, and were ...
Aggression is one of the core symptoms of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) with therapeutic and prognostic relevance. ASPD is highly prevalent among inmates, being responsible for adverse events and elevated direct and indirect economic costs for the criminal justice system. The Impulsive/Premeditated Aggression Scale (IPAS) is a self-report instrument that characterises aggression as either predominately impulsive or premeditated. This study aims to determine the validity and reliability of the IPAS in a sample of Portuguese inmates. A total of 240 inmates were included in the study. A principal component factor analysis was performed so as to obtain the construct validity of the IPAS impulsive aggression (IA) and premeditated aggression (PM) sub-scales; internal consistency was determined by Cronbachs alpha coefficient; convergent and divergent validity of the sub-scales were determined analysing correlations with the Barratt Impulsiveness scale, 11th version (BIS-11), and the Psychopathic
Also check our tips on how to write a research paper, see the lists of research paper topics, and browse research paper examples Anger and Aggression: An Essay On Emotion (Springer Series in Social Psychology) Enter your mobile number or email address below and well send you a link to download the free Kindle App. I was student radiography of about 11 weeks on my first clinical placement "Main Theories of Aggression" - read this full essay for FREE. This technique has existed in a mainstream of psychiatry for a bout fifteen years although there is scarse research that has been conducted with regards to the safety and effectiveness of the procedure Hormones and Aggressive Behaviour in the Evolutionary Context. Most of the youths have developed negative behavior as a result of being addicted with media violence. Woolf Freud Prompt Is Aggression at the Heart of Human Nature Sigmund Freud claims that we naturally have within us a repository of aggression Men are not gentle creatures who want to be ...
Understanding the joint neurobiological and social bases to aggression is critical to future attempts to tackle this major public health problem. The overarching goals are: (a) to conduct perhaps the most systematic integration of biosocial risk factors for childhood aggression in order to predict later aggression, (b) to conduct one of the very few biosocial interventions on childhood aggression, (c) to predict and treat two fundamentally different manifestations of aggression proactive and reactive aggression which likely have different etiologies and responsiveness to treatment. The specific aims are: (1) to assess biological (genetic, neurocognitive, brain imaging, neuroendocrinological, neurotoxin, psychophysiological, nutritional), psychosocial (neighborhood, family, school, peer, psychological) and psychiatric (ADHD, CD, ODD, depression, anxiety, PTSD, schizophrenia-spectrum) risk factors for male and female aggression in order to better predict later aggression, (2) to improve prediction ...
Although there have been a wide range of epidemiological studies examining the impact of patterns of alcohol consumption among adolescents, there remains considerable variability in both defining these patterns and the ability to comprehensively evaluate their relationship to behavioural patterns. This study explores a new procedure for defining and evaluating drinking patterns and integrating well-established indicators. The composite measure is then used to estimate the impact of these patterns on alcohol-related aggressive behaviour among Italian adolescents. Data were collected as part of the 2011 European School Survey Project on Alcohol and other Drugs (ESPAD). A national sample of 14,199 students aged 15-19 years was collected using an anonymous, self-administered questionnaire completed in a classroom setting. Drinking patterns were established using principal component analysis. Alcohol-related aggression was analysed as to its relationship to patterns of drinking, behaviour of friends towards
This longitudinal study examined relationships for male and female intimate partner aggression with depression and physical health, and indirect effects of aggression on health via depressive symptoms for 119 midlife couples. Physical and emotional aggression victimization and perpetration were examined; for 63% of couples both spouses reported at least one act of aggression over a three year period, for 9% only the husband was aggressive, for 12% only the wife was aggressive, and for 16% no partner aggression was reported. Path modeling revealed associations for husband total aggression with husband depression and with a composite variable of wife physical health, which combined measures assessing heath conditions, subclinical symptoms, preventive care behaviors, health behaviors, and physical health quality of life. There was a non-significant indirect effect from husband total aggression to the husband physical health composite via husband depression, which was significant in the model ...
Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, Issue 54, 2014, The Role of Peer Pressure, Automatic Thoughts and Self-Esteem on Adolescents Aggression YaseminYAVUZER Zeynep KARATAS ** Aydın CIVILIDAG
Close description of the ecological setting, culture and dynamics of young womens fighting is illuminating, but it should not distract us from the fact that, everywhere and at every historical period, physical aggression between women is less frequent and less severe than between young men. As the dangerousness of the aggressive act increases so does the magnitude of the sex difference. Just as the sex difference is greater for aggravated than simple assault, so same-sex homicides show the greatest imbalance with 97% committed by men around the world [36]. Meta-analysis of self-report studies find effect sizes of d = 0.59 for physical aggression, d = 0.19 for verbal aggression and d = 0.05 for indirect aggression [37]. In other primate species also, aggression between males is more injurious than between females [38].. This pattern of sex differences has been explained in terms of sexual selection [37]. Daly & Wilson [18] focused on the greater variance in male reproductive success which offers ...
Introduction. Allen (2009:103) asserts that aggression is a social act and that various forms of socially acceptable aggression are reinforced on a daily basis through the media, public discourse and teaching. In line with this, Grossman (2010:309) states that society inadvertently desensitises vulnerable learners to aggression and socialises them to accept it as a means of coping with their social environment and lifes challenges. He believes that this is a cultural shift that accounts for much of the tragic learner aggression occurring in schools.. As a microcosm of society, secondary schools are not immune to the aggression portrayed by society. Marie Poggenpoel and Chris Myburgh (2008:3) of the University of Johannesburg said that such aggression in South African schools was a reflection of what was happening in society. Professor Poggenpoel made this comment following a sword attack on learners and staff at a secondary school in Krugersdorp. Various explanations were offered as to why ...
In recent years, researchers have begun making headway in their search for biologically based indicators of aggression.. A large body of research, including past work by Bortolato, has zeroed in on the enzyme monoamine oxidase A (MAO A) as a possible biomarker for aggression. Specifically, Bortolato and others have shown that the combination of MAO A deficiency and extreme stress or abuse at a young age can cause pathological aggression in mice and adult males.. In 2011, Bortolato and his colleagues built on these findings by developing the first animal model of this genetic-environment interaction. In particular, he developed a new transgenic line of mice with very low levels of MAO A and then subjected them to early life stress that simulated child neglect and abuse. As expected, the mice demonstrated increased aggression.. In 2012, Bortolato and his colleagues made a breakthrough discovery when they identified a critical neurological factor in aggression: a brain receptor that malfunctions in ...
The present study revealed that 85 percent of these respondents had been harassed or intimidated, 65 percent had been threatened, and nearly 50 percent had been subjected to acts of actual physical aggression at least once during the course of their professional careers. In contrast to expectations, there was no more overall aggression in respondents forensic practice than in their nonforensic practice. The ANOVA demonstrated that the appearance of difference was because of the higher amount of time that respondents in this study engaged in forensic work. When proportion of time spent in forensic work was taken into account, there was no difference between the forensic and nonforensic settings for threats, H/I, or acts of physical aggression.. Previous surveys of the lifetime incidence of aggressive events experienced by mental health professionals have ranged from 22 to 61 percent in the category of threats9,11,22 and 14 to 55 percent in the category of physical aggression,6,7,9-11,22 placing ...
Corticosterone is a stress hormone known to modulate social aggression. The consumption of a high sucrose solution also changed the activation levels of many genes, including inflammatory genes, in brain regions associated with aggression. This study shows a clear cause and effect in animals; however, the association between aggressive behavior and sugar consumption in humans remains controversial. Studies have found associations between refined sugar intake and aggression/hyperactivity while others have not. Future clinical studies may help shed some light.. ...
This study examined the importance of early childhood friendships and their contribution to subsequent aggression. The aim was to discover whether having aggressive friends in kindergarten leads to a child showing signs of aggression 1 year later. Aggressive friends could be viewed as an environmental factor contributing to childhood aggression. However, something in an individuals genetic makeup may cause them to choose aggressive friends. This would be a case of genetic factors interacting with environmental factors. It can be difficult in such cases to determine whether it is genetic or environmental factors that are contributing to aggression. Monozygotic (MZ) twins share 100% of their genes and are usually brought up together. Thus, in an MZ twin pair, if one twin shows signs of aggressive behaviour and the other does not, aggression could not be explained by genetic factors or by an interaction between genetic and environmental factors. Instead, the difference must be explained by some ...
There is much public interest in the debate about the effects of violence in the media on the behaviour of young children. But why dont people focus on the potentially pro-social influence?Throughout the existence of popular media outlets, critics h...
Silva, T. L., Aran Mooney, T., Sayigh, L. S., Baird, R. W. & Tyack, P. L. 13 Apr 2017 In : Marine Mammal Science. 33, 2, p. 653-668 16 p.. Research output: Contribution to journal › Article ...
Introduction. Outline and evaluate genetic factors in aggression. The idea that genetic factors play a role in aggression has been studied by many psychologists. They have looked at twin studies to try and find evidence of a genetic basis. Twin studies provide evidence of a link by comparing the tendency of both twins in pairs of monozygotic and dizygotic twins expressing aggression. One twin study was carried out by McGue et al, by using a multi-dimensional personality questionnaire to assess levels of aggression; they were able to find correlational values of both MZ and DZ twins. The study found that genetic factors play a part in aggression. In studies such as these the twins are asked to self report or else the parents asked to fill in questionnaires, in this way there is a problem of how each individual assesses aggression. ...read more. Middle. An example of an adoption study would be that of Hutchings and Mednick who did a study of 14000 adoptions in Denmark, they found that a ...
The ACTION consortium released an interactive tool showing the comorbidities of child aggression with other childhood psychopathologies. It is based on the first results of the ACTION consortium that will be published in forthcoming scientific papers, and on several studies and backgrounds of the consortiums partners.. The interactive tool can be browsed by questionnaire (ATAC - CBCL - DCB - SDQ - MSNI) or by psychopathology.. It is available in this page.. ...
Adjusting by individual-level confounding factors, the MSEM model showed deviant peer associations as being the greatest influence for both types of adolescent aggressive behaviour, followed by harsh discipline. By contrast, parental supervision and pro-social peers exerted a very important protective role, particularly against delinquent behaviour. Consistent with three-level Rasch model results, neighbourhood social processes did not predict adolescents aggressive behaviour. The left-hand side of the Figure shows that structural neighbourhood factors indirectly exerted their effect on aggression and delinquency by increasing the risk of poor parenting and greater deviant peer affiliation.. DISCUSSION. This paper has investigated pathways linking neighbourhood characteristics to individual-level aggression and delinquency. The significance of the indirect effects indicated that structural neighbourhood conditions were important for adolescents aggressive behaviour, given that although they ...
Alcohol intoxication is implicated in approximately half of all violent crimes. Over the past several decades, numerous theories have been proposed to account for the influence of alcohol on...
Biting and scratching during play are typical of play aggression, a behavior most commonly observed in young cats and kittens. Kittens raised with littermates learn how to bite and scratch with reduced intensity, because play that is too rough causes pain to a playmate, resulting in either retaliation or the cessation of play. Consequently, play aggression is usually seen in kittens that were not raised with littermates or playmates, are under-stimulated, or lack appropriate play outlets.. Play aggression can usually be recognized in a kittens body posture. The tail lashes back and forth, the ears flatten against the head, and the pupils (the black part of the eyes) dilate. This sort of posture usually develops from normal play and is followed by biting and scratching. Kittens that stalk moving objects, like your hands and feet, are also displaying play aggression. Play aggressive cats often stalk or hide, then jump out and attack as you pass.. Try keeping a record of when this occurs to see if ...
Previous studies have shown that children exposed prenatally to cocaine are more aggressive later on than other children (Sood et al, 2005). It is possible that a mothers cocaine use during her pregnancy is associated with her aggressive behavior toward her child later on, and that this maternal aggression in turn plays a role in later childhood aggression. This weeks STASH reviews a study that investigates the association between prenatal cocaine use and maternal aggression during the early years of a childs life and the early relationship between maternal and childhood aggression (Eiden, Schuetze, Colder & Veira, 2011). Methods Researchers...
A crisis in South African schools. Aggressive behaviour in South African schools has become an increasing concern as "people of all ages, cultures, and both genders" resort to aggressive behaviour in order to express their emotions and frustrations (Breet, Myburgh & Poggenpoel, 2010:511). According to a report providing an overview of school-based violence in South Africa, there are serious concerns about the high rate of violence and aggression in primary and secondary schools, and even in broader society. Violence and aggression are not limited to learners at schools but also manifest in teachers (South African Council of Educators (SACE), 2011:1).. Reports appear regularly on male teachers who resort to and display aggressive behaviour in South African schools. Some examples are: Toerien (2002) refers to an incident in which a male teacher raped a 13-year-old primary school learner. Rade-meyer (2003) describes an incident where a male teacher grabbed learners by the neck and then pushed one ...
One in five people with brain cancer show physical aggression and one in four exhibit verbal aggression, according to research presented at a major cancer conference in Australia.
An address by author Rachel Simmons on girls social aggression and its prevention has been rescheduled to Thursday, Nov. 29, at 7 p.m. in Dimnent Memorial Chapel at Hope College.
By Angie Hunt Futurity Six decades of research suggest the effect of media violence on aggressive behavior is the same across different cultures. Craig Anderson, professor of psychology at Iowa State University, and a team of researchers in seven…. ...
This study examined the role of the level and variability of happiness, anger, anxiety, and sadness in the development of adolescent-reported anxiety disorder symptoms, depressive symptoms, and aggressive behavior in 452 adolescents (250 male) followed from age 13 to 14. Level and between-day variability of emotions were assessed through adolescent report at 3-month intervals across a 1 year period. Level and variability of the four emotions contributed to changes in anxiety disorder and depressive symptoms more consistently than to changes in aggressive behavior. All four emotions were predictive of changes in internalizing problems, while anger played the most prominent role in the development of aggressive behavior. Variability of emotions contributed to changes in anxiety disorder symptoms, while heightened levels of negative emotions and diminished happiness contributed to changes in depression. Results suggested somewhat stronger effects of negative affect on aggressive behavior for ...
The Oregon Institute of Occupational Health Spring 2020 Symposium is: Workplace Aggression: Preventing relational aggression and bullying - a deeper dive.
Definition of aggression in the Definitions.net dictionary. Meaning of aggression. What does aggression mean? Information and translations of aggression in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web.
The glucocorticoid receptor (GR) belongs to the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily. and acts as a transcription factor regulating approximately 20% of the entire human genome. As such, the GR plays important regulatory roles in a diverse number of physiological processes. including metabolism, development. neurobiology and immunity. The organism of choice for this study was, the pig (Sus scrofa as it is an excellent model organism for both the study of human disease (both - are similar size and physiology) and from an agricultural standpoint with fatness and maternal aggression traits of interest in both disciplines. Excess fat in the body can cause many conditions including heart disease, stroke and cancer and forms a commercially important trait due to market preferences for different fat levels in the meat. Maternal aggression is a condition where sows bite and kill their offspring within 24 hours of birth. This is commercia1ly important as after an aggressive episode the sow is generally ...
This module discusses the causes and consequences of human aggression and violence. Both internal and external causes are considered. Effective and ineffective techniques for reducing aggression are also discussed.
In substance use and psychotic disorders, socially problematic behaviours, such as high aggression may, in part, be explained by deficits in social cognition skills, like the detection of emotions or intentions in others. The aim of this study was to assess the magnitude of social cognition impairment and its association with aggression in individuals with methamphetamine (MA) dependence, methamphetamine-associated psychosis (MAP), and healthy controls (CTRL). A total of 20 MAP participants, 21 MA-dependent participants without psychosis, and 21 CTRL participants performed a facial morphing emotion recognition task (ERT) across four basic emotions (anger, fear, happiness and sadness) and the reading the mind in the eyes task (RMET), and completed the aggression questionnaire ...
In substance use and psychotic disorders, socially problematic behaviours, such as high aggression may, in part, be explained by deficits in social cognition skills, like the detection of emotions or intentions in others. The aim of this study was to assess the magnitude of social cognition impairment and its association with aggression in individuals with methamphetamine (MA) dependence, methamphetamine-associated psychosis (MAP), and healthy controls (CTRL). A total of 20 MAP participants, 21 MA-dependent participants without psychosis, and 21 CTRL participants performed a facial morphing emotion recognition task (ERT) across four basic emotions (anger, fear, happiness and sadness) and the reading the mind in the eyes task (RMET), and completed the aggression questionnaire ...
The role of genetic factors in aggression can be tested in twin studies. MZ twins share all of their genes, while DZ twins share a maximum of 50%. If MZ twins are more alike than DZ twins in terms of their aggressive behaviour than this suggests a strong genetic influence rather than environmental. Studies of adult twins suggests that at least 50% of the variance in aggression can be explained in terms of genetic factors.. Adoption studies can help determine the relative contributions of environment and heredity in aggression. A study by Mednick and Hutchings shows an interaction between genes and their environment. They studied criminal records of adopted Danish children, the results showed that having a criminal biological father increased the risk of criminality, but the highest risk was for those with a criminal biological father and a criminal adoptive father.. One gene that has been linked to aggression is the gene coding for the production of MAOA. MAOA regulates the metabolism of ...
Aggressive behavior is an important component of fitness in most animals. Aggressive behavior is genetically complex, with natural variation attributable to multiple segregating loci with allelic effects that are sensitive to the physical and social environment. However, we know little about the genes and genetic networks affecting natural variation in aggressive behavior. Populations of Drosophila melanogaster harbor quantitative genetic variation in aggressive behavior, providing an excellent model system for dissecting the genetic basis of naturally occurring variation in aggression. Correlating variation in transcript abundance with variation in complex trait phenotypes is a rapid method for identifying candidate genes. We quantified aggressive behavior in 40 wild-derived inbred lines of D. melanogaster and performed a genome-wide association screen for quantitative trait transcripts and single feature polymorphisms affecting aggression. We identified 266 novel candidate genes associated with
UNC Chapel Hill recently joined the Snowflake flurries hitting college campuses across the country when protesters interrupted a town hall on race relations. UNC Chapel Hill is probably the most liberal, left leaning college in the state, by the way.
Dr. Marion Underwood is one of the foremost researchers in the developmental origins and outcomes of social aggression and how adolescents digital communication relates to adjustment. Dr. Underwoods work has been published in numerous scientific journals and her research program has been supported by the National Institutes of Health since 1995. In 2003, she authored a book, Social Aggression among Girls and, in 2015, she was featured in a CNN special called "#Being13: Inside the Secret World of Teens." Since 2003, she and her research group have been conducting a longitudinal study of origins and outcomes of social aggression, and how adolescents use digital communication. Dr. Underwood received the 2001 Chancellors Council Outstanding Teacher of the Year Award, was granted a FIRST Award and a K02 Mid-Career Independent Scientist Award from the National Institute of Mental Health, and is a Fellow of the Association for Psychological Science. She earned her bachelors degree from Wellesley ...
New research from BYUs autism experts is providing clues into the link between aggression and autism-clues the team hopes will eventually lead to more effective intervention. In the study, published in Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, researchers report an inverse correlation between aggression and brain stem volume in children with autism: the smaller the brain stem, the greater the likelihood of aggression.
On their own territory, most dogs and some cats are more likely to fight than retreat, and dogs with their owners may stay close rather than retreating. When approached rapidly, a dog or cat may go through the stages of aggressive behavior very quickly and bite without the intruder being able to react. Dogs that are highly reactive or aroused may react with a defensive response almost reflexively, in comparison to a dog that is calm enough to make a quick assessment of the approaching stimulus and "decide" on the appropriate response. Dogs and cats that are mildly fearful may calm down if the intruder shows no fear, waits until the pet settles, and then offers a food reward. Reaching for a dog or cat while continuing to advance is likely to provoke further aggression. Some dogs may freeze, and while they are neither advancing or retreating, they are still in an aroused aggressive state, ready to respond with aggression, often quite quickly, even to subtle changes in the social interaction. ...
Individual tendencies toward physical aggression may lead someone to support aggressive foreign policy interventions, new research suggests.
article{412594, abstract = {Impulsive aggression in dogs has an important impact on human public health. Better insight into the pathophysiology of this phenomenon could lead to more adequate diagnosis and treatment. Indirect in vivo research on peripheral body fluids and post-mortem studies in impulsive animals and humans indicate a deficient serotonergic system in general and disturbances in the serotonin-2A (5-HT2A) receptor in particular. In this study, brain perfusion and the 5-HT2A receptors were examined in impulsive, aggressive dogs, in comparison with a group of normally behaving animals. In order to decide which dogs to include in this study, owners were asked to describe the general behaviour of the dogs, the circumstances in which aggression occurred and their conduct during aggressive acts. Finally, 19 dogs were retained for this study, showing, according to different behavioural specialists, disinhibited dominance aggression. Functional imaging studies were performed on all these ...
Aggression has been defined as a hostile or violent behavior towards others and when it becomes passive, it is extremely detrimental because it does not manifest itself, it remains under the surface and the façade of goodness misleads us till the simmering emotions overflow into a big explosion. Such a behavior can be quite confounding…
Definition of Aggressive Behaviour in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is Aggressive Behaviour? Meaning of Aggressive Behaviour as a legal term. What does Aggressive Behaviour mean in law?
The new TMR device enables cardiac electric activity to be measured in a non-aggressive way so that the diagnosis of heart conditions can be greatly improved.
J Youth Adolesc. 2009 Mar;38(3):417-28. doi: 10.1007/s10964-008-9335-2. Epub 2008 Sep 9. Multicenter Study; Research Support, U.S. Govt, P.H.S.
FSRI students are familiar with a variety of close-range weapons evasion, control and aggressive response drills. A wooden dowel or flimsy plastic knife is typically used for simulating knives and edged weapons, as well as a variety of wiffle-ball bats and foam sticks. Although these proxies provide a good margin for safety they can encourage…
The aggressive response of the Bush Administration, the driving of the Taliban and Al Qaeda out of Afghanistan removed their sanctuary, a population conscious of terrorism, the killing and capture of most of Al Qaedas leadership, tightened security at airports and critical infrastructure, the cooperation of friendly governments in the Mideast and Pakistan, enhanced interrogation, the diversion of Al Qaedas efforts to fight the U.S. in Iraq, kept Al Qaeda on the run. Planning for a 9/11 takes time. Al Qaeda lacked the time ...
Individuals who survive an infection normally become immune to that particular disease, although not to other diseases. This is because the immune system "remembers" foreign antigens, a process called immune memory . Next time the same antigen appears, it triggers a far swifter and more aggressive response than before. Consequently, the invading microorganisms will usually be overwhelmed before they cause noticeable illness. Immune memory is due to specialized B cells called memory cells . As discussed earlier, virgin B cells are triggered to divide if they encounter an antigen that matches their own individual antibody. Most of the new B cells are specialized for antibody synthesis, and they live only a few days. However, a few active B cells become memory cells, and instead of making antibodies, they simply wait. If one day the antigen they recognize appears again, most of the memory cells switch over very rapidly to antibody production. Vaccination takes advantage of immune memory. Vaccines ...
article{cf11c596-afae-498c-a8ff-ef92808d3b89, abstract = {The chronic inflammation in Crohns disease may be caused by aggressive response to bacterial antigens normal to the gut. Genetic and environmental factors modify the inflammatory response evoked by damage to the mucosal gut barrier. Genetic factors may also determine the subsequent course of chronic inflammation. Further elucidation of the pathogenesis might improve our understanding of the heterogenous nature of Crohns disease, thus enabling the disease to be subtyped and individualised therapy directed primarily at down-regulation of helper T-cell-1 response to be developed.}, author = {Lindgren, Stefan and Egesten, Arne}, issn = {1652-7518}, language = {eng}, number = {1-2}, pages = {52--55}, publisher = {Swedish Medical Association}, series = {Lakartidningen}, title = {Immunsvar och inflammation vid Crohns sjukdom. Snart mojligt driva diagnostiken langre och utveckla mer specifika lakemedel}, volume = {96}, year = {1999 ...
This report describes some aspects of the drinking behavior of a nationally representative cohort of men and women in the United States in 1988. The data are drawn from the 1988 round of the NLSY, which include interviews with 10,466 men and women who were 23 to 30 years of age. The descriptive analyses showed that males drank both more frequently and in heavier quantities than females. Blacks drank less heavily and less often than whites and Hispanics. Socioeconomic status is associated with less abstaining, but more modest drinking patterns. Men and women who were married and those who were parents were less likely to drink, in terms of both frequency and quantity. Twenty percent of the sample reported experiencing at least one alcohol-related problem in the past year. About 15 percent of the sample experienced alcohol-related aggression problems, and the same proportion experienced problems involving loss of control over alcohol intake. Alcohol-related problems in the workplace were rare, ...
This report describes some aspects of the drinking behavior of a nationally representative cohort of men and women in the United States in 1988. The data are drawn from the 1988 round of the NLSY, which include interviews with 10,466 men and women who were 23 to 30 years of age. The descriptive analyses showed that males drank both more frequently and in heavier quantities than females. Blacks drank less heavily and less often than whites and Hispanics. Socioeconomic status is associated with less abstaining, but more modest drinking patterns. Men and women who were married and those who were parents were less likely to drink, in terms of both frequency and quantity. Twenty percent of the sample reported experiencing at least one alcohol-related problem in the past year. About 15 percent of the sample experienced alcohol-related aggression problems, and the same proportion experienced problems involving loss of control over alcohol intake. Alcohol-related problems in the workplace were rare, ...
Social living incurs both costs and benefits [1]. On the one hand, social animals cooperate with group members to better detect predators or exploit food [2]. On the other hand, they compete with the same individuals over food, mating partners and shelter [3,4]. This dilemma has supposedly shaped behavioural strategies and cognitive abilities of group-living animals in order to better outcompete group members when facing a conflict of interest, without losing the benefit of group living [5-7].. When facing a conflict of interest, animals are viewed as going through a decision-making process of whether or not to escalate the conflict to overt aggression [8,9]. Besides several factors related to costs and benefits, animals are more likely to engage in aggression when they have a greater likelihood of accessing the resource after the conflict [9]. Therefore, in order to outcompete the opponent successfully, it is important to correctly predict the outcome of a conflict situation. For example, ...
Williams, J. R., Fredland, N., Han, H.-R., Campbell, J. C. and Kub, J. E. (2009), Relational Aggression and Adverse Psychosocial and Physical Health Symptoms Among Urban Adolescents. Public Health Nursing, 26: 489-499. doi: 10.1111/j.1525-1446.2009.00808.x ...
As humans, our ends have proven to shape our behaviour which can unfortunately not always be rational. One form of irrational behaviour is aggression, and in the realm of psychology its explanation has long been an issue among psychologists. We will try and explore the explanation provided by biological psychologists who believe aggression is an…
Dog aggression towards children can be a serious risk that warrants your immediate attention. Understanding the cause of dog aggression towards children can be the first step ....
Feeling AGGRESSION while using Diazepam? AGGRESSION Causes, Patient Concerns and Latest Treatments and Diazepam Reports and Side Effects.
List of 192 disease causes of Aggression, patient stories, diagnostic guides, 26 drug side effect causes. Diagnostic checklist, medical tests, doctor questions, and related signs or symptoms for Aggression.
Why is it that our pet dogs are struggling more than ever to cope in our domestic world? Resource guarding, leash aggression, aggression towards other animals,
Is Aggression a common side effect of Cardensiel? View Aggression Cardensiel side effect risks. Female, 87 years of age, was diagnosed with ischaemic cardiomyopathy, pulmonary embolism, bronchitis acute and took Cardensiel 1,25 Mg (1,25 Mg, 1 D) Oral. Patient was hospitalized.
Das norwegische Trio REPULSIVE AGGRESSION wurde 2008 von zwei ehemaligen SVARTTJERN-Leuten (Sæther und Holter) gegründet, doch erst 2013 wurde mit „Conflagration" das Debütalbum veröffentlicht. Nun, zwei Jahre Später, legen die Nordmänner mit „Preachers Of Death" nach. Das Album umfasst zehn Old School Stücke nekrotischen Death/Thrash Metals. Warum nekrotisch? Weil REPULSIVE AGGRESSION eine dreckige Atmosphäre und Produktion fokussieren anstatt auf druckvolle Riffwände und einen fetten Klang zu setzen, so wie beispielsweise ATOMWINTER, die zwar auch Death … mehr. ...
I also wonder whether there isnt a normalizing of this behavior occurring. Frankly, I would much rather be yelled at than get passive aggressive messages. I suspect many my age (relatively new academic) and younger, would much rather have short highly aggressive interactions than long drawn out tensions. If I am doing something wrong, tell me. Tell me directly. If I dont get it, yell. I dont care if it involves cursing. In fact, I might even like it more, for the amusement factor (Wow, its like Im working for friggin Gordon Ramesy). My guess is that newer academics will be increasingly comfortable with this type of interaction. ...
Bruxism is a health condition in which a person grinds or clenches their teeth. The root cause of the disorder is unknown, but it seems to often be connected to heightened stress. This practice involves any type of aggressive interaction between ones teeth, whether the action forces the teeth against one another or involves the sustained, noiseless practice of clenching.
Backwell, P.R.Y. 1988. Functional partitioning in the two-part call of the leaf-folding frog, Afrixalus brachycnemis. Herpetologica: 1-7.. Backwell, P.R.Y. and Passmore, N.I. 1990. Aggressive interactions and internal spacing in choruses of the leaf-folding frog, Afrixalus delicatus. S. Afr. J. Zool.: 133-137.. Backwell, P.R.Y. and Passmore, N.I. 1990. Polyandry in the leaf-folding frog, Afrixalus delicatus. Herpetologica: 7-10.. Backwell, P.R.Y. and Passmore, N.I. 1991. Advertisement calls and female phonotaxis in Natal dwarf Afrixalus (Anura: Hyperoliidae). Journal of African Zoology 105: 275-280.. Channing, A. 2001. Amphibians of Central and Southern Africa. Cornell University Press, Ithaca and London.. IUCN. 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2013.2). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 13 November 2013).. Minter, L.R., Burger, M., Harrison, J.A., Braack, H.H., Bishop, P.J. and Knoepfer, D. 2004. Atlas and Red Data Book of the Frogs of South Africa, Lesotho and ...
Artikel absteigend nach Jahreszahl der Veröffentlichung geordnet:. Kettritz, T. (2014). Grenzverletzende Kinder und Jugendliche - verletzte Menschen mit verletzten Grenzen?! Traumapädagogische Arbeit mit sexuell übergriffigen Kindern und Jugendlichen. In: Mosser, P. & Lenz, H.J., (Hrsg.), Sexualisierte Gewalt gegen Jungen: Prävention und Intervention (S. 211 - 262). Wiesbaden: Springer VS.. White, J., Buehler Ch., & Weymouth B.B. (2014). Childhood attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) symptoms and adolescent female sexual victimisation: mediating and moderating effects of risky behaviors. Journal of sexual Aggression, 20 (1), 23 - 39.. Stevens, P., Hutchin, K., French, L. & Craissati (2013). Developmental and offence-related charakteristics of different types of adolescent sex offenders: A community sample. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 19 (2), 138-157.. Sexual Abuse in Organisational Settings. (2013). Journal of Sexual Aggression, 19 (1), 1-121.. Worling, J.R., Bookalam, D. & ...
Many owners begin their relationship with new puppies armed with misinformation and an idealistic view of the pet-owner relationship. Owners often dont know how to properly shape behaviors or handle problems, and one area that needs special attention is play aggression.
Sex hormones may act on gene switches turning on or off a cascade of genes in neurons, that will shape male and female brains in different ways e.g. testosterone receptors in amygdala and hypothalamus- contribute to high physical aggression in men ...
Sexual selection is the process of competing for access to a mate, and this includes intersexual selection and intrasexual selection. The two types of sexual selection include intrasexual and intrasexual selection, which is either the competition between members of the same sex or choosing a mate of the opposite sex, respectively. In intrasexual selection, weaponry is thought to be important as it increases competitive access. Recent research suggests that overall size and shape can be a predictor of fight outcome. Male Cyphoderris monstrosa are known to be aggressive when it comes to territory and mates, exhibiting this in contests. Using a vertical log arena, pairs of male Cyphoderris monstrosa were subjected to behavioural aggression trials. Contestants from the trials were dissected and photographs of their head, femora, and forewings were taken. Using these photographs, landmarks were used to determine morphological size and shape of each individual contestant. This study found that overall ...
The development of physical aggression in toddlers is strongly associated with genetic factors and to a lesser degree with the environment, according to a new study led by Eric Lacourse of the University of Montreal and its affiliated CHU Sainte-Justine Hospital. Lacourses team worked with the parents of identical and non-identical twins to evaluate and…
Abstract: Misophonia is an understudied but relatively common respondent behavior condition, the effects of which range from annoying to debilitating. Misophonia cannot be classified with DSM or ICD-criteria. Misophonia is known as a condition where commonly occurring innocuous stimuli (e.g. chewing sound) elicit anger and accompanying physiological responses which function as motivating operations for overt aggression and escape. Recent basic research on misophonia as a behavioral phenomenon has identified an immediate physical response (typically a muscle flinch) elicited by misophonic stimuli, which is unique for each person. Although there are some common misophonic stimuli, each person has a unique set of stimuli, which often includes auditory and visual stimuli, but can be any sensory modality. Misophonia is similar to general sensory sensitivity which is common with autism, but the management and intervention for each are quite different. Misophonia was first identified and named by ...
Aggressive behaviour: Aggressive behaviour, animal behaviour that involves actual or potential harm to another animal. Biologists commonly distinguish between two types of aggressive behaviour:
Quayle, E., Vaughan, M. & Taylor, M., Jan 2006, In : Aggression and Violent Behavior. 11, 1, p. 1-11. Research output: Contribution to journal › Article ...
Sue Sternberg has been developing and refining assessment techniques for decades to help shelter workers and trainers determine the likelihood that a dog will engage in aggressive behaviors. "Assessing Aggression Thresholds in Dogs" includes the
This volume assembles the leading aggression researchers both at the preclinical and clinical level. They review the current state of knowledge about neural mechanisms of aggressive behavior and point
Aggressive behaviour, animal behaviour that involves actual or potential harm to another animal. Biologists commonly distinguish between two types of aggressive behaviour: predatory or antipredatory aggression, in which animals prey upon or defend themselves from other animals of different species,
Slayer Repentless. Nuclear Blast. www.slayer.net. Release Date: September 11, 2015. "Violence" and "aggression" are two words that have always been associated with thrash metal gods Slayer. For over thirty years Slayer has been leading the charge as one of the pioneers of the most aggressive thrash metal music in history. Beginning with their 1983 debut album HAUNTING THE CHAPEL the LA based quartet have produced some iconic albums that have withstood the test of time and has defined a whole genre of music. With the untimely passing of original member Jeff Hanneman and thirty plus years of head banging it could be easily deduced that Slayer is irrelevant or non-existent, but nothing could be further from this assumption. Slayer is alive and well and they are here to stay. On Sept 11, 2015 the band released their long anticipated twelfth CD REPENTLESS and maybe it should have been more aptly titled "relentless" because this album does not let up for one second. After the introduction track ...
Too much time spent online could be causing mental illnesses and social problems for children, it has been reported. Loneliness, depression, anxiety, low self-esteem and heightened aggression are some...
The limbic system has been directly linked to influence antisocial behavior. This part of the brain is responsible for fight or flight emotions. More specifically the amygdale is responsible for the emotion of aggression, and antisocial phenotypes,...
How many people still give out this kind of advice for treating behavior problems in dogs? Answer? PLENTY. Why? Because most people learn from someone before them and they dont stay up to date on current research.. Alpha rolls for example, are meant to dominant the dog. An influential training book written by the Monks of New Skete, originally recommended this technique back in the 70s. Now they no longer recommend using alpha rolls and strongly discourage their clients from it.. Dogs do not become aggressive because they are dominant. In fact, dominance is not even a personality trait in dogs despite popular opinion. Dominance is really a word that has been used to predict a result between two animals during an antagonistic encounter. In other words, it describes is used to predict and where there is a conflict. So dominance is about the relationship and not about a personality trait. But the real focus should be, why is there a conflict? That is what you want to treat. Not behave like a dog ...
Climate is not a good candidate to account for variations in aggression and violence across space and time - Volume 40 - Hugo Mell, Lou Safra, Nicolas Baumard, Pierre O. Jacquet
87] Testosterone creates aggression by activating subcortical locations inside the Mind, which can even be inhibited or suppressed by social norms or familial cases although even now manifesting in varied intensities and ways through thoughts, anger, verbal aggression, Opposition, dominance and to physical violence.[88] Testosterone mediates attraction to cruel and violent cues in Adult men by marketing extended viewing of violent stimuli.[89] Testosterone certain structural brain characteristic can forecast intense conduct in men and women.[ninety ...
Testosterone has a reputation of a hormone strongly connected with aggression and physical violence. But in fact, these prejudices were refuted by some studies.
What are some medical causes for dog aggression? Often, what looks like aggression is simply a dog in pain whose threshold for aggression has lowered.
Multiple databases searched to May 2019 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared nondrug interventions or drugs approved by the US Food and Drug Administration or Health Canada with usual care or other interventions for treating dementia-related aggression and agitation ...
Paul Raeburn interviews Dr. Maria Couppis about a new finding regarding how aggression is processed in the brain: as a reward, similar to sex and drugs. We look at the implications of this research.
Screaming, pinching, biting, hitting, pulling hair, and spinning-those are things that are seen quite often in my house. My youngest child has autism-with a piggybacking disorder of aggression. As a parent of two typical children, this is not something you would expect to hear from another parent at a park play date! Trying to give […]. Continue reading ...
At least one species of fish communicates aggression using chemicals found in its urine, scientists in Switzerland have discovered in an experiment to uncover behavioral habits.
Children and adolescents have a doubled risk of aggression and suicide when taking one of the five most commonly prescribed antidepressants, according to findings of a study published in The BMJ today.
This result, which everybody desires, would be achieved if either one of two things happened: (1) that Germany was made incapable of starting another, war, (2) that the minds of Germans were so changed that they would not wish to start another and would not permit their government to lead them into one. Neither of these things, as we have seen, happened after the last war. If our aim is to prevent what did happen the last time from happening again, upon which of these preventives shall we rely?. Some people think that we must rely chiefly upon what has been called "moral disarmament"-a change in the state of mind of a sufficient number of Germans so that no future ruler or government will be able to lead the country into another war of aggression. It is pointed out that, in the last free election in Germany, the Nazis and the parties with a similar program had a bare majority; and it is argued that, after the Nazis have brought Germany to a ruinous defeat, most of those who had been infected ...
Individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are, in addition to signature traits, often burdened by excess aggression (~70% incidence), but know...
As a pet owner, it is imperative that you take care of their mental health as much as their physical health. When a dog shows signs of aggression, as an owner it is important that you know how to address it, for your safety, your dog, other dogs, and other people.
The association between alcohol and aggression is huge, especially among men with trait anger. Explore why this is and whos at the highest risk.
Heller, K. J. (2007). Retreat from Nuremberg: The leadership requirement in the crime of aggression. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW, 18 (3), pp.477-497. https://doi.org/10.1093/ejil/chm025. ...
Has anyone here ever cured a rabbit of cage aggression? and if so..how? Ive got a new rabbit (BIG French Angora doe) who is VERY ...
Babies have been enrolled to help teach pupils in Wales empathy in a bid to reduce levels of aggression and bullying in young children. The babies, who will not be receiving any contributions towards...
Fresh from their performance the night earlier, band Misguided Aggression sat down to give some history of the band with host Matt Nightingale of Run For Your Life. Dont miss this session! This thrash/core metal band discusses their political message and what their music means to them, and at the end, your eardrums will likely bleed from how heavy their sound is.. ...
[əˈgreʃ(ə)n] noun [U] 1) an angry feeling that makes you want to behave violently or attack someone else 2) a situation in which a person or country attacks another person or country an act of aggression against a neighbouring country[/ex]
Podcast: Play in new window , Download (27.3MB). Subscribe: Android , RSS. Sorry for the delay, im slipping on my schedule!!. Here it is, episode 145 - Music to drive fast, and get out your aggressions!!. Episode Intro by Adam @ MadTown Aces Productions!. 00:03:17 Berman - Why Am I Still Here?. Comments From Darryl @ PodDog Show, Hoo Hoo Nick "Polkas" me and more country co-worker-isms. 00:11:06 Broadzilla - Y Did U Have 2B Psycho?. 00:16:41 Sick As Monday - So Long. 00:23:48 KATYA - Bitch And Moan. Myspace is so yesterday…. Stay tuned for another great episode!!!. ...
The fishs actions havent changed, but weve had the TAG fold some of his weaker made hands and slow down a little with his top pair hands. This is probably closer to a real distribution. Notice that AF is STILL 3! Even though weve strengthened his distribution for raising he still has the same aggression factor. This is where other stats on your HUD are going to be useful. Things like "Call continuation bet %" and "Fold to continuation bet %" will tell you whether a player with a high AF is playing raise/fold with his good hands or hes a player who bluffs with air a lot ...