New US study says money spent on prison system and war on drugs should go towards education. Mental health experts from Meharry Medical College School of Medicine have released the first comprehensive report on the correlation between the incarceration of African American males and substance abuse and other health problems in the United States. Published in Frontiers in Psychology on the 12th of November, the report looks at decades of data concerning the African American population rates of incarceration and subsequent health issues. The authors conclude that the moral and economic costs of current racial disparities in the judicial system are fundamentally avoidable, especially if more resources are spent on education and treatment.. "Instead of getting health care and education from civil society, African American males are being funneled into the prison system. Much of this costly practice could be avoided in the long-term by transferring funds away from prisons and into education," says Dr. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Prevalence and Correlates of Recent Vaginal Douching among African American Adolescent Females. AU - DiClemente, R. J.. AU - Young, A. M.. AU - Painter, J. L.. AU - Wingood, G. M.. AU - Rose, E.. AU - Sales, J. M.. PY - 2012/2/1. Y1 - 2012/2/1. N2 - Study Objective: To describe the prevalence and correlates of vaginal douching among urban African American adolescents and to examine the association between douching and sexually transmitted infection (STI) status. Design: Demographic, psychosocial, and behavioral data were collected through cross-sectional, self-administered surveys. Self-collected vaginal swabs were assayed using nucleic acid amplification tests for trichomoniasis, chlamydia, and gonorrhea. Setting: Sexual health clinic in a large metropolitan area of the southeastern United States. Participants: African American females (N = 701), ages 14-20, participating in a human immunodeficiency virus prevention intervention. Main Outcome Measure: The outcome of interest was ...
Objectives. Previous attempts at obtaining population estimates of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 HIV-1 seroprevalence have been beset by problems of cooperation bias. As part of the fourth round of study with an urban African-American community cohort, the following investigation was aimed at assessing HIV-1 prevalence and the relative...
This study is designed to assess the effect of exercise training on insulin resistance in African American males. African American males have higher rates of diabetes and lower levels of fitness when compared to Caucasian males. A project such as this is necessary because there is evidence to show that exercise training can reduce the risk of developing diabetes, though no studies have been conducted in African American males. In addition, ARTIIS will test the effect adhering to the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans (150 minutes of moderate intensity aerobic activity and 2 days of 20 minutes of muscular strength activity), on insulin resistance in African American men. This study will provide important information that can either strengthen or refine current physical activity recommendations. Furthermore, this intervention will be delivered through community facilities in order to increase the likelihood that the intervention will be sustainable ...
Achievement gaps between African American students and White students in onsite courses also exist in online courses (Rovai & Gallien, 2005; Rovai & Ponton, 2005; Xu & Jaggars, 2014), and gaps are often greater in online courses (Xu & Jaggars, 2014). Arroyo (2010) pointed to this issue by stating that, "Contrary to those who tout online education as the great leveler in higher education with the promise of granting access to one and all, what we actually have is the recipe for a widened achievement gap" (p. 38). Possible reasons why gaps between African American online students and White online students exist include differences in socio-economic status (Palmer et al., 2013), gaps in academic performance (Osborne, 2001), disparities in technology access (Fairlie, 2012a), lack of online technical support (Rovai & Gallien, 2005), and anxiety related to negative racial stereotyping (Osborne, 2001). Factors contributing to onsite academic success for African American males. Factors that helped ...
A group-randomized controlled design to test the efficacy of the Project ÒRÉ intervention, a community-based adolescent social network HIV/STI intervention tailored to African American culture. Four community based organization sites (CBOs) will be randomly assigned to an experimental or attention control condition. In both conditions, sexually experienced African American adolescent females will recruit members of their friendship group for the five-hour program. In the experimental condition, the intervention group will receive the half-day Project ÒRÉ intervention. The attention control group will receive a standard health promotion control program which has been used previously with similar populations. All participants will complete pre-, post- and 3-month follow-up self-administered questionnaires. In the experimental condition, a subset of groups will participate in a process evaluation focus group immediately following the program ...
Hypertensive African Americans often respond poorly to beta-blocker monotherapy, compared with whites. There is evidence, however, that suggests that this response may be different if beta-blockers with vasodilating effects are used. This 12-week, multi-center, double-blind, randomized placebo-controlled study assessed the antihypertensive efficacy and safety of nebivolol, a cardioselective, vasodilating beta1-blocker, at doses of 2.5, 5, 10, 20, or 40 mg once daily in 300 African American patients with stage I or II hypertension (mean sitting diastolic blood pressure [SiDBP] | or =95 mm Hg and | or =109 mm Hg). The primary efficacy end point was the baseline-adjusted change in trough mean SiDBP. After 12 weeks, nebivolol significantly reduced least squares mean SiDBP (P| or =.004) at all doses of 5 mg and higher and sitting systolic blood pressure (P| or =.044) at all doses 10 mg and higher, compared with placebo. The drug was safe and well-tolerated, with no significant difference in the incidence of
div class=citation vocab=http://schema.org/,,i class=fa fa-external-link-square fa-fw,,/i, Data from ,span resource=http://link.bu.edu/portal/AIDS-and-HIV-infection-in-the-African-American/SWKDE-hJHIE/ typeof=Book http://bibfra.me/vocab/lite/Item,,span property=name http://bibfra.me/vocab/lite/label,,a href=http://link.bu.edu/portal/AIDS-and-HIV-infection-in-the-African-American/SWKDE-hJHIE/,AIDS and HIV infection in the African-American community : hearing before the Human Resources and Intergovernmental Relations Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, second session, September 16, 1994,/a,,/span, - ,span property=potentialAction typeOf=OrganizeAction,,span property=agent typeof=LibrarySystem http://library.link/vocab/LibrarySystem resource=http://link.bu.edu/,,span property=name http://bibfra.me/vocab/lite/label,,a property=url href=http://link.bu.edu/,Boston University ...
Abstract: African Americans suffer disproportionately from higher rates of diet related chronic diseases compared with Caucasians. The purpose of this project was to design and implement a nutrition education intervention to reduce cardiovascular disease risk factors among low-income, African American caretakers of young children. Study participants were low-income, African American residents of Guilford County, NC, and primary meal preparers and caretakers of a child less than 12 years of age. Participants (N=14) were recruited from community agencies (Guilford County WIC; Department of Social Services) and through a church with a high African American population. Participants received nutrition education classes that addressed barriers to healthy behaviors. Pre and post tests were given to assess changes in nutrition knowledge, attitudes, and self-efficacy regarding dietary behavior. Overall, pre and post test results indicated a significant increase in nutrition knowledge, self reported ...
African Americans are more insulin resistant than Caucasian Americans and this discrepancy cannot be explained by measures of body weight or body composition. The aim of the study was to compare the sensitivity of African Americans and Caucasian Americans to glucocorticoids by measuring glucose and insulin responses to a meal challenge under conditions of placebo and glucocorticoid. A total of 160 healthy or overweight/obese African American and Caucasian American participants completed exercise testing and a liquid meal challenge during separate laboratory visits. Participants were evaluated following treatments with placebo and dexamethasone (4 mg). Main outcome measures were correlation between body composition measures (body mass index, percent body fat, waist circumference) and insulin responses; insulin and glucose responses after a liquid meal challenge; and calculated HOMA. After dexamethasone treatment African Americans were significantly more hyperinsulinemic after a meal as indicated by
Ringwalt, C., Graham, P., Sanders-Phillips, K., Browne, D., & Paschall, M. (1999). Ethnic identity as a protective factor in the health behaviors of african-american male adolescents. In S. B. Kar (Ed.), Ethnic Identity as a Protective Factor in the Health Behaviors of African-American Male Adolescents Amityville, NY: Baywood Publishing Co., Inc ...
In partnership with the Grand Rapids Urban League and Grand Rapids Public School, GRCC provides institutional support to ensure the success of the African American Male Achievement Conference. Annually, the project convenes high school students from schools throughout Kent County. The conference aims to engage students in workshops and activities that affirm their identity and prepare them for the college experience and career opportunities.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Genome-wide and gene-based association studies of anxiety disorders in european and african american samples. AU - Otowa, Takeshi. AU - Maher, Brion S.. AU - Aggen, Steven H.. AU - McClay, Joseph L.. AU - Van Den Oord, Edwin J.. AU - Hettema, John M.. PY - 2014/11/12. Y1 - 2014/11/12. N2 - Anxiety disorders (ADs) are common mental disorders caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Since ADs are highly comorbid with each other, partially due to shared genetic basis, studying AD phenotypes in a coordinated manner may be a powerful strategy for identifying potential genetic loci for ADs. To detect these loci, we performed genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of ADs. In addition, as a complementary approach to single-locus analysis, we also conducted gene- and pathway-based analyses. GWAS data were derived from the control sample of the Molecular Genetics of Schizophrenia (MGS) project (2,540 European American and 849 African American subjects) genotyped on the ...
This announcement has been sent on behalf of our network supporters, the Harm Reduction Coalition:. African Americans and Hepatitis C. Thursday, July 25, 3:00 - 4:30 p.m. EDT. Register now!. Hepatitis C is the most common chronic blood-borne infection in the United States and a leading cause of chronic liver disease, cirrhosis, and liver cancer. It is also a neglected health condition, with: African Americans and Blacks have a higher prevalence of chronic Hepatitis C infection compared with non-Hispanic white Americans and are twice as likely to have ever been infected with Hepatitis C.. This webinar will provide information on the impact of Hepatitis C on African Americans and strategies to address the viral hepatitis C epidemic in the African-American community.. Click to register now!. The following will be discussed:. ...
Blacks/African Americans have been affected disproportionately by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection since early in the epidemic (1). Despite representing a smaller proportion (13.6%) of the U.S. population, blacks/African Americans accounted for half of the HIV diagnoses in adolescents and adults in 37 states during 2005--2008 (2). Data from the National HIV Surveillance System were used to estimate numbers, percentages, and rates of HIV diagnoses in blacks/African Americans during 2005--2008. Those data were reported to CDC through June 2009 from 37 states with mature (in operation since at least January 2005) HIV surveillance systems. This report describes the results of those analyses, which indicated that during 2005--2008, blacks/African Americans were diagnosed with HIV infection more frequently than any other racial/ethnic population. During 2008, black/African American males and females were diagnosed with HIV infection at eight and 19 times the rates for white males and ...
... explores the major threats and roots affecting both Americas most racially polarized periods as well as the major issues plaguing the African American community. The author provides intelligent insight into the deeper roots of Americas long history and struggle with racism as well as the solution. The author shows through how a background investigation of medical science, culture, and social policy can propel or subdue an entire people group, and examines research on the A.C.E.S. (Adverse Childhood Experiences), which affects all communities regardless of race. This book is an exciting and well-researched exposé into one of Americas most electrifying socio-political movements. ...
HV is a crisis in African American communities, threatening the health and well-being of African American men and women across the United States. While African Americans face the most severe burden of HIV and AIDS of any racial/ ethnic group in the nation, prevention efforts have helped to maintain stability in the annual number of new HIV infections among African Americans for more than a decade. Additionally, recent CDC data found indications of an encouraging decline in new infections among African American women. Still, African American heterosexual women continue to be far more affected by HIV than women of any other race or ethnicity, and young black gay and bisexual men now account for more new infections than any other group in the United States ...
In the current study, a CNV map was generated using DNA from a population of 385 African Americans using 50 randomly chosen female African Americans as a reference. A total of 1362 CNV events were identified in the population. In addition, CNVs were identified in a population of 435 White individuals using the same 50 African American females as a reference. The same reference population was used so that the CNV distributions of the two populations would be directly comparable. Two regions of the genome exhibited large CNV frequency differences between the two populations, one on chromosome 15 and another on chromosome 17. No genes in these regions had obvious roles in ethnic differences.. A total of 140 of the African American DNAs were derived from cell lines. The process of creating the cell lines generated a duplication on chromosome 14 in 74% of the cell line-derived DNAs. Although this region is listed as copy number variant in the Database of Genomic Variants, none of the DNAs derived ...
SAGE - May 30, 2013. Many African American youth may develop high levels of allostatic load, a measure of physiological wear and tear on the body, by developing psychosocial competence under conditions of high risk related to socioeconomic status (SES). The current study was designed to test this hypothesis, which is based on John Henryism theory. In a representative sample of 489 African American youth living in the rural South, cumulative SES-related risks and teacher-reported competence were assessed at ages 11 to 13; depressive symptoms, externalizing behavior, and allostatic load were assessed at age 19. The data revealed that rural African American preadolescents who evinced high psychosocial competence under conditions of high cumulative SES-related risk displayed low levels of adjustment problems along with high allostatic load at age 19. Read more. ...
Comments With Dr. James Haney Presents*Psychiological Impact of Slavery on African Americans, with Ms. KShakill, Researcher, who talks about some of the psyc...
A number of technology companies have released their Equal Employment Opportunity reports (EEO-1 reports) for 2014 and what they show is that there remains a diversity issue. Twitter, Microsoft and Google employ zero African-American women in executive and management level positions. Facebook, Intel and Amazon employ one African-American female each in such positions. Executive and management level positions are held by white men 65% of the time, white females 14% of the time, Asian males 13% of the time, Asian females 3% of the time, Hispanic males 2% of the time, Hispanic females and African-American males 1% of the time, and African-American females less than 1% of the time. The statistics for all employees arent much better for many companies. Twitter, for example, employs 0% African-American females and 1% African-American males and Hispanic males and females. It employs 25% Asian males and 8% Asian females. The Tech industry is aware of the issue and there are efforts being made to ...
Introduction: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the U.S., and disproportionally affects African Americans. Given the evidence for genetic susceptibility to CHD in African Americans and lagging discovery efforts in this population, we propose to search for gene variants that contribute to incident CHD risk in African Americans.. Methods: We examined the evidence for association of genome wide genetic markers with incident CHD using the high density custom array MetaboChip using data from two U.S. cohort studies comprising 7,967 African American individuals (Womens Health Initiative and the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities). Genome-wide ancestry estimates (principal components) were determined using Eigensoft. We used Cox proportional hazard models, adjusted for age and population stratification. Study- and sex-stratified results were combined using fixed effect meta-analysis. A Bonferroni corrected P, 2.8 x 10-7 was considered a significant array ...
Longitudinal analysis of nut-inclusive diets and body mass index among overweight and obese African American women living in rural Alabama and Mississippi, 2011-2013. -Sterling, S.R., B. Bertrand, S. Judd, T.L. Carson, P. Chandler-Laney, M.L. Baskin, 2017. Longitudinal analysis of nut-inclusive diets and body mass index among overweight and obese African American women living in rural Alabama and Mississippi, 2011-2013. Prev Chronic Dis 2017;14:160595. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5888/pcd14.160595.
According to U.S. Surgeon General David Satcher, African Americans are twice as likely to suffer a stroke than whites, making them more susceptible to stroke than any other ethnic group. Satcher spoke out on this health disparity during a stroke-screening event in Rockville, Md., called "Stroke Sunday.". "Strokes have a disproportionate impact among African Americans, but there is something we can do as a community to combat this disease," states Satcher, who is African American. "We can reduce our risk of stroke by lowering blood pressure, quitting smoking and keeping heart disease and diabetes in check.". Satcher stressed the importance of African Americans learning the five warning signs of stroke. These signs, as outlined by the American Stroke Association (ASA), are:. 1. Numbness or weakness of the arm, face or one side of the body ...
The Minority Gateway Satellite Clinic is located in the African-American community and evaluates and follows minority subjects (primarily African Americans) with or without memory and thinking problems and provides culturally sensitive care to patients and support to families. Established in 2001, the Minority Gateway Clinic is a clinical core satellite promoting the involvement of African Americans in aging and dementia research in the UK-ADC. It represents a special "Gateway" for African Americans to access clinical research endeavors. Our immediate goal is to recruit and follow elderly African Americans from intact cognition through intermediate states to dementia, focusing on the unique risk factor profiles in these participants that may contribute to cognitive transitions across the cognitive continuum. Involvement of African Americans in research is important because it is impossible to know whether research results will apply broadly to public health without such participation. ...
The mission of the African American Studies Department is to foster an understanding of and appreciation for the rich traditions of the African diaspora, to advance knowledge of African American history and culture, and to develop critical awareness of the status of peoples of African descent in our interconnected global society.. With this in mind, the African American Studies Option of the undergraduate degree program in Ethnic Studies exposes students to the history, politics, culture and contemporary social realities of African-descended people within the United States and globally. Its interdisciplinary approach provides students in the major and minor with skills in writing, critical thinking, and community building, and prepares students for further graduate study and a variety of professional paths including: business, the non-profit sector, public relations, education, human services, politics and government, and law. ...
The history of African American women and their participation in the birth control movement reflects a very conflicted set of ideals regarding African American women, the use of contraceptive practices and abortion. Prominent historical figures debated whether African American communities would benefit from birth control or if birth control was another methodical scheme put in place to suppress the African American community. During slavery times in the United States, black slave women were viewed as "breeding slaves" and "child bearing women"-simply vessels to meet the demands for labor in Southern agricultural areas. Through arranged marriages and forced mating with other slaves along with direct rape from slave owners, slave women were subject to frequent sexual exploitation. The women were even blamed for these phenomena as white male masters developed the "Jezebel" stereotype of black women as passionate, hypersexual beings who wanted to engage in sexual acts with anyone and everyone. In ...
Initially taken in 1838 to demonstrate the stability and significance of the African American community and to forestall the abrogation of African American voting rights, the Quaker and Abolitionist census of African Americans was continued in 1847 and 1856 and present an invaluable view of the mid-nineteenth century African American population of Philadelphia. Although these censuses list only household heads, providing aggregate information for other household members, and exclude the substantial number of African Americans living in white households, they provide data not found in the federal population schedules. When combined with the information on African Americans taken from the four federal censuses, they offer researchers a richly detailed view of Philadelphias African American community spanning some forty years. The three censuses are not of equal inclusiveness or quality, however. The 1838 and 1847 enumerations cover only the "old" City of Philadelphia (river-to-river and from Vine ...
African Americans are disproportionately affected by early-onset, high-grade malignancies. A fraction of this cancer health disparity can be explained by genetic differences between individuals of African or European descent. Here the wild-type Pro/Pro genotype at the TP53Pro72Arg (P72R) polymorphism (SNP:rs1042522) is more frequent in African Americans with cancer than in African Americans without cancer (51% vs 37%), and is associated with a significant increase in the rates of cancer diagnosis in African Americans. To test the hypothesis that p53 allele-specific gene expression may contribute to African American cancer disparities, p53 hemizygous knockout variants were generated and characterized in the RKO colon carcinoma cell line, which is wild-type for p53 and heterozygous at theTP53Pro72Arg locus. Transcriptome profiling, using RNAseq, in response to the DNA-damaging agent etoposide revealed a large number of p53-regulated transcripts, but also a subset of transcripts that were ...
The streets are gone," Dean Angelo, president of the Chicago police union, told me last month. The night before, Aug. 14, a Chicago police officers son had been killed in a shooting while sitting on his familys porch, one of 92 people killed in Chicago during the worst month for homicides in the Windy City since July 1993. The August victims who survived included 10-year-old Tavon Tanner, shot while playing in front of his house (the bullet ripped through Tavons pancreas, intestines, kidney and spleen); an 8-year-old girl shot in the arm while crossing the street; and two 6-year-old girls ...
Background/Purpose: Racial differences exist in the severity of systemic sclerosis (SSc). To enhance our knowledge about SSc in African Americans, we established a comprehensive clinical database from the largest multicenter cohort of African American SSc patients assembled to date (the Genome Research in African American Scleroderma Patients (GRASP) cohort). We compared the phenotypic manifestations of SSc in the GRASP cohort to that reported in the European League Against Rheumatism Scleroderma Trials and Research (EUSTAR) cohort1.. Methods: African American SSc patients were enrolled retrospectively and prospectively over a 30-year period (1987 to 2016), from 18 academic centers throughout the United States. 945 (94%) patients met the 2013 ACR/EULAR classification criteria for SSc, with the remaining 64 (6%) meeting the 1980 ACR or CREST criteria. The cross-sectional prevalence of sociodemographic, clinical and serological features was evaluated using data obtained at the time of study ...
African American ReligionAfrican American religion during the period from 1754 to 1828 constituted a vibrant spiritual and institutional force that allowed African Americans to cope with and adapt to the circumstances confronting them in America. It enabled African Americans to resist white supremacy and even to engage in dialog with white Americans. Source for information on African American Religion: Encyclopedia of the New American Nation dictionary.
African American women exhibit a higher mortality rate from breast cancer than do white women. African American women are more likely to gain weight at diagnosis, which may increase their risk of cancer recurrence and comorbidities. Physical activity has been shown to decrease body mass index and improve quality of life in cancer survivors. This study was designed to evaluate the feasibility and impact of a community-based exercise intervention in African American breast cancer survivors ...
The minor in African and African American Studies is a multidisciplinary program that explores the cultures, contributions, and challenges of people of African descent around the world. This field of study seeks to develop greater respect for scholarship as a tool for problem-solving and provide students with a path towards gaining a deeper appreciation of racial and cultural differences in the United States and the wider world. In keeping with the universitys mission, recipients of a minor in African and African American Studies would be well-informed and empowered to enact positive change in the areas of social justice, equality, and improved race relations.. This program is housed in the department of Language, Literature, and Communication.. ...
Montgomery County is home to over 132,000 African American residents, or over 15% of the countys population. Between 2000 and 2006, the population of the countys Black and African American increased significantly (43%) - much more than Marylands Black and African American Population (24%).. Community Partnerships is committed to bringing together this vibrant community to tackle issues of common concerns. We will work closely with residents and community groups to address some common barriers to these communities including language access, connection with government and other communities, service delivery to these communities, and a range of other issues identified from the Leadership Summit in October 2007.. 2000 U.S. Census and 2007 American Community Survey. Community Links:. Census 2010 ...
This African American Party Invitation featuring a African American Naturalista ready to party the night away with a black and white striped background. Ideal for: African American 21st Birthday Party | African American 30 and Flirty Birthday | African American 40 and Fabulous or 40 and Phenomenal
Introduction: Whether high sodium intake, assessed by 24-hour urinary sodium excretion (24hrUNaEx), is associated with altered glycemic control, evaluated by hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C), in the African American population remains unknown. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between 24hrUNaEx and HbA1C in young overweight/obese African Americans.. Methods: A total of 106 apparently healthy overweight/obese drug-naïve African Americans were recruited. Subjects were asked to discard the first morning urine specimen and collect all remaining urine specimens for next 24-hr including a urine specimen of the following morning. HbA1C was measured from venous blood by ion-exchange chromatography.. Results: The means (± SE) of age and body mass index (BMI) of subjects (67%, 71/106 females) were 24.30±0.82 years and 35.51±0.70 kg/m2, respectively. Average 24hrUNaEx was 172.17±7.09 mEq/L/d, which corresponded to average sodium intake of 3.96±1.63 g/d. Pearsons correlation analysis revealed a positive ...
A professor at the University of Virginia conducted research on African Americans in the health professions to make available resources that scholars and educators could use to encourage more young African Americans to pursue health careers.
Supplementation of 60,000 IU monthly oral vitamin D(3) (~2,000 IU/day) for 16 weeks is effective at improving vascular endothelial function in African-American adults.
The United States is facing a maternal and infant health crisis, and African American women are at the center. African American women are dying from preventable, pregnancy-related causes at three to four times the rate of white women. Infants born to African American mothers die at twice the rate of infants born to white women. The impacts of structural racism on maternal health outcomes for women of color are felt both within and outside of medical institutions. Eliminating maternal and infant mortality demands acknowledging that racism is the driving force behind health disparities and centering women of color in policy and community-driven solutions. Join us for a discussion with women of color experts in the maternal and infant health field that focuses on policy solutions.. Opening remarks: ...
In a community-based sample of middle-age African Americans, we found that demographic and clinical characteristics as well as cardiac structure and function significantly differed among patients with HFpEF, HFrEF, and no HF. By comparing patients with HFpEF with those without HF, we found that older age, female sex, hypertension, obesity, diabetes mellitus, and concentric hypertrophy were more common in patients with HFpEF. Similarly, diabetes mellitus, CKD, CHD, and left atrial enlargement were more common in patients with HFrEF than those with HFpEF. Survival differed among groups, with HFpEF portending a worse prognosis than no HF but not as severe as HFrEF. Together, these findings suggest that in African Americans, HFpEF and HFrEF may be distinct syndromes.. Representation of African Americans in observational studies and clinical trials is typically low; thus, HF in this population is not well understood (21,22). Moreover, few HF studies focus specifically on African Americans (23) ...
African Americans with ADHD are underdiagnosed. Review issues involving the health care system and disparities in care for African American adults, and learn how to assess patient and provider cultural biases toward ADHD symptoms and treatment.
Abstract. HIV disproportionately affects African American men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United States. To inform this epidemiological pattern, we examined cross-sectional sexual behavior data in 509 African American MSM. Bivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine the extent to which age, education, and sexual identity explain the likelihood of engaging in sex with a partner of a specific gender and the likelihood of engaging in unprotected sexual behaviors based on partner gender. Across all partner gender types, unprotected sexual behaviors were more likely to be reported by men with lower education. Younger, non-gay identified men were more likely to engage in unprotected sexual behaviors with transgender partners, while older, non-gay identified men were more likely to engage in unprotected sexual behaviors with women. African American MSM do not represent a monolithic group in their sexual behaviors, highlighting the need to target HIV prevention efforts to ...
Portland Commissioner Jo Ann Hardesty announced Thursday that she has chosen Sara Boone as the citys next fire chief.. Boone has been with Portland Fire and Rescue for 24 years.. She became the first African American female firefighter for the agency in 1995. Now, shell be the citys first African American fire chief.. Boone said being a woman of color in such a white- and male-dominated field has been challenging but rewarding. Overall, she said, the fire bureau is "like family.". One of the goals she said she has for the bureau is not only to improve its service to the community, but the staffs work culture. "We always talk about the internal, or the fire service work culture, and our external mission," Boone said. "But I believe how we treat each other internally is a reflection of how we treat people externally.. "What I would like to see as a goal is that we really develop competencies when it comes to interpersonal skill sets, when it comes to communication, when it comes to ...
Marilyn Yarbrough with Crystal Bennett. Excerpted from Marilyn Yarbrough with Crystal Bennett, Cassandra and the Sistahs: the Peculiar Treatment of African American Women in the Myth of Women as Liars Journal of Gender, Race and Justice 626-657, 634-655 (Spring 2000)(254 footnotes omitted). In colonial times, white men often viewed white women with suspicion and distrust. They associated white women with sexuality. However, as time passed, white women were no longer portrayed as sexual temptresses. They became celebrated as the nobler half of humanity and depicted as goddesses rather than sinners. White women were thereafter represented as virtuous, pure and innocent. The historical and social experiences of African women during slavery resulted in numerous images that defined African American women as deviant.. For centuries, African American women have been contrasted with white women. While the Victorian concept of true womanhood defined white women as possessing unquestionable moral ...
Early HIV research and literature did not include the African-American community and especially African-American men who have sex with men and could have made an impact on the understanding of the origins of HIV along with earlier outreach and prevention. The early success of the HIV advocacy and the financial power of the LGBT community, did not include the African-American community which was and is burdened with poverty and an inadequate healthcare infrastructure.. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) and Treatment as Prevention (TasP) have positively impacted the rate of new cases and the health of those living with HIV. An undetectable viral load is the new negative with little or no chance of passing the virus on during a possible exposure. Truvada, the only medication currently approved for the prevention of HIV is , 99 percent effective. Yet less than 10 percent of "at risk African-Americans" are taking Truvada. Most African-Americans either cant afford it or ...
Cases come from all over the world. Patient identifiers have been redacted or patient consent has been obtained. The contents of this site have not been reviewed nor approved by Hennepin County Medical Center and any views or opinions expressed herein do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of Hennepin County Medical Center ...
A substantial body of literature suggests that cognitive impairment disproportionately affects African Americans. To date, research has uncovered disturbing racial disparities associated with the prevalence of cognitive impairment and dementia and found prevalence rates of Alzheimers disease (AD) to be higher among African Americans (Potter et al., 2009). Furthermore, a 2002 report from the Alzheimers Association described AD in the African American community as an
In her engrossing TED Talk, business owner Niki Okuk explores three key themes: racism, economic oppression, and privilege, and how they relate to cooperate economics. Okuk, who runs tire recycling company Rco Tires, shares her personal story of starting the business, but puts it in larger, historical context. So a lot of people ask, How did Rco come to be, Okuk says. And I have to be really honest. I leveraged my white privilege. She explains how access to jobs, loans, and benefits that were available to her white grandmother would have been denied to her black great grandfather and relatives. She emphasizes the role of history in the racial economic inequalities of today and the power dynamics that perpetuate these inequalities.. Okuk brings up a recent book by Jessica Gordon Nembhard, professor of community justice and social economic development at the City University of New York. In her book, Collective Courage: A History of African American Cooperative Economic Thought and ...
In the African American community, the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) are major health threats (Center for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2001; Hill, 1999). African Americans represent disproportionately more than half of the newly diagnosed cases of HIV (Balm in Gilead, 2001). The threat of HIV/AIDS to African Americans reaches across every age group. For instance, out of all the pediatric AIDS cases, the majority (65%) of the children in the United States living with AIDS are African American (CDC, 2001) and among adolescents between the ages of 13 and 19, African Americans represent over sixty percent of the reported cases (CDC, 2001). The infection rates among African American adults is equally alarming and surpassing cancer, heart disease, and homicide, HIV/AIDS ranks as the leading cause of death for African American adults between the ages of 25 and 44 (Balm in Gilead, 2001 ...
New York, NY - According to NY Department of Health and MentalHygiene report released January 30, 2007, one in eight adults in NewYork City has diabetes. Among those, African Americans have one ofthe highest rates at nearly 14.5%. Nationwide 2.6 million AfricanAmericans over the age of 20 have diabetes. Thats 10 AfricanAmericans for every 6 white Americans with diabetes. Of the 2.8million African Americans with diabetes, only 1.5 million have beendiagnosed. An estimated 730,000 dont even know they have thedisease!. Constance Brown-Riggs, a New York State Certified NutritionistDiabetes Educator and author of the new book Eating Soulfully andHealthfully with Diabetes, explains the reasons for this disparity.. "African Americans are more susceptible to diabetes thanwhites. They also have a higher rate of obesity, which alsoincreases the risk of diabetes. Another reason is cultural-thefood required to lower diabetic risk and control diabetes isatypical for many African Americans.". Her new book is ...
7. Tailor Your Creative. Utilize appropriate imagery-particularly African American models-and color schemes. Make sure your overall creative is appealing and well suited for your market to increase the likelihood of them identifying with your message.. In one of KLS Media Groups direct mail packages for a heating company, for example, he showed an upscale African American male reading Black Enterprise magazine. "The fact that he was reading a Black Enterprise magazine related to the audience, so we try to do things that hit home to the consumers," says Stanley.. In a campaign for Lawrys Seasoned Salt, KLS Media Group used images of soul food, while another campaign for Kentucky Fried Chicken showed images of a family gathered at a reunion-both demonstrating an understanding for the markets values and lifestyle.. "The vibrancy of colors seems to be important to the African American market in particular," says Rossi. "Were thinking in terms of color and creative, and … there is a certain ...
In this paper, cultural influences are examined in the relationship between socioeconomic status and health. Cultural definitions of material lifestyles are investigated as a correlate of disease risk in an African American community in the rural South. A new technique-called cultural consensus analysis - is used to test for a cultural model of...
Media Contact: Amy Wolf, (615) 322-NEWS. [email protected]. [Media Note: Vanderbilt has a campus broadcast facility with a dedicated fiber optic line for live TV interviews and a radio ISDN line. A high resolution photo of Carol Swain is available at www.vanderbilt.edu/news.]. Illegal immigration hurts African Americans. Vanderbilt professor believes Congressional Black Caucus is ignoring the issue.. NASHVILLE, Tenn.-New research by a Vanderbilt professor of law and political science found that illegal immigration is hurting African Americans and the Congressional Black Caucus is not doing enough about it.. In a new book of essays called Debating Immigration, which Carol Swain edited and contributed to, Swain said that African Americans are losing more jobs to illegal immigrants than other racial or ethic groups, yet low income black workers dont have political input in the debate.. "African Americans have been left devoid of a strong black voice in Congress on a topic that affects them deeply, ...
Drug reformers across America should take advantage of this historical announcement by the NAACP by calling their local NAACP chapters and urging their local leadership to invite a LEAP speaker as future guest speaker or to encourage the NAACP to sponsor a debate between LEAP and the pro-drug war opposition. This important acknowledgement of the drug wars failure and the racial disparity created in our criminal justice system as stated by the National leadership should provide plenty of incentive for the local chapters to book LEAP or other drug reform minded groups. African-Americans need a venue to address the endless problems in the African-American community associated with drug prohibition and how ending the drug war might solve some of these concerns.. The severity of drug abuse in the African-American community has made it difficult for its leaders to take a position critical of the drug war and there still are opponents such as Bishop Ron Allen in California who vehemently criticizes ...
Fewer than half of American adults get vaccinated despite strong recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and widespread availability of free and low-cost vaccines. Furthermore, African Americans are less likely to get the flu shot than white Americans, and concerns about side effects from the vaccine play a large role in this disparity. According to the CDC, only 41 percent of African American adults received the flu vaccine compared with 47 percent of white adults.
In this study, for the first time, we assessed the prognostic value of the codon 72 polymorphism of p53 in African American and Caucasian patients with colorectal cancers and showed that this polymorphism, specifically the Pro/Pro phenotype, is an independent factor of prognosis for African American patients. Similar frequencies of p53 mutations were observed in both African American and Caucasian patients. However, the incidence of the homozygous mutant variant Pro/Pro was higher in African American patients as compared with Caucasians; in contrast, the wild-type Arg/Arg variants were more common in Caucasians than in African Americans. In African American patients, colorectal cancers with Pro/Pro mutant phenotypes exhibited a higher incidence of p53 mutations, specifically of the disruptive type, and were associated with nodal metastasis and short overall survival. These aggressive phenotypic features of the Pro/Pro mutant phenotype were not observed in Caucasian patients. Thus, these findings ...
Background: Neuroblastoma (NBL) is an often-fatal pediatric cancer more frequent in European-American than African-American children. African-American children, however, are at higher risk for the more severe form of NBL, and have worse overall survival than European-American children. Genome wide association studies (GWAS) have identified several SNPs associated to NBL in children of European descent. Knowledge of their association to NBL in African-American children is still lacking. Methods: We genotyped and imputed SNPs located in three gene regions reported to be associated to NBL in children of European descent, and tested them for association in 390 African-American NBL patients compared to 2500 healthy, ethnically matched controls. Results: SNPs in the BARD1 gene region show a similar pattern of association to NBL in African-American and European-American children. The more restricted extent of linkage disequilibrium in the African-American population suggests a smaller candidate region ...
In this study, for the first time, we assessed the prognostic value of the codon 72 polymorphism of p53 in African American and Caucasian patients with colorectal cancers and showed that this polymorphism, specifically the Pro/Pro phenotype, is an independent factor of prognosis for African American patients. Similar frequencies of p53 mutations were observed in both African American and Caucasian patients. However, the incidence of the homozygous mutant variant Pro/Pro was higher in African American patients as compared with Caucasians; in contrast, the wild-type Arg/Arg variants were more common in Caucasians than in African Americans. In African American patients, colorectal cancers with Pro/Pro mutant phenotypes exhibited a higher incidence of p53 mutations, specifically of the disruptive type, and were associated with nodal metastasis and short overall survival. These aggressive phenotypic features of the Pro/Pro mutant phenotype were not observed in Caucasian patients. Thus, these findings ...
For the past three decades, studies have found evidence that people of color and low-income communities are more exposed to environmental risks, which can lead
What does it take to begin a relationship with God? Do you need to devote yourself to unselfish religious deeds? Must you become a better person so that God will accept you? Learn how you can know God personally.. ...
We ask you to join us in saving the lives of those most devastated by HIV/AIDS in our community: Black Gay Men; Black Women and Black Youth. This loss of life needs to cease right now! Today! We can make this happen. We must make this happen.. We must ensure that all African Americans are tested for HIV immediately. We must ensure that all of those who test positive for HIV are rapidly connected to physicians for quality HIV/AIDS care and treatment immediately. We must ensure that HIV/AIDS prevention services targeted to African American women, African American gay and bisexual men and African American youth are aggressively expanded and coupled with HIV testing. We must ensure that every African American in the United States commits to our Call to Action.. We call on our allies in Federal, State and local governments to join us today and ensure the successful implementation and evaluation of the National HIV/AIDS Strategy. Every day lost means more HIV infections and AIDS deaths in African ...
Body mass and dietary intake relationships were examined between 110 primarily African American children and their caregivers from three rural counties (Bullock, Macon, and Wilcox) in Alabama. Children were 9 to 13 years of age and included 76 girls and 34 boys; 108 children were African American and two were Caucasian. Children attended schools in which over about 90% of the school children received free or reduced price lunch. Caregivers were female with an age range from 17 to 93 years. The prevalence of overweight among the children was 37.1% and when children at risk of overweight were included, the prevalence was 57.1%. The prevalence of obesity among the female caregivers was 68.6%. Significant positive correlations were found between caregivers and boys for intakes of energy, protein, fat, saturated fat, cholesterol, fiber, phosphorus, iron, magnesium, zinc, potassium, sodium, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, folate, vitamin B6, and vitamin A. No significant correlations were found between ...
Male Survival Panel Planned In response to the recently state study of African American male, a panel discussion will be held at the Akron Community Service Center and Urban League, 250 East Market St. on Thursday, No vembcr 1, 1990 at 7:00 p.m. The Panel Discussion will be sponsored by the Akron Assault on Illiteracy Program (AOIP), Engineered Interior Enviromental Systems, and The Reporter. William Gra ham will be the moderator. The discussion group is coordinated by Howard Kookaru. "The survival of the African American male is a crucial issue as Black America enters the year 2000", said host William R. Ellis Jr.. Editor/Pub lisher of The Reporter. The public is invited. Free admission. Come early to get a seat at this historical panel meeting. For information call Howard Rookard at 434-7318; William R. Ellis Jr. at 2530007r. ? , - c j - ? 5T , 5 n ? ? i r ? , - - C , i - W ? " ,J At Reporter ? AK r ? Cincinnati ? Cleveland ? Columbus ? Elyria ? Lorain ? Mansfield ? Oberlin ? Ravenna ? ...
Im an African American female who gets my hair flat ironed and done at a fairly good salon at least once a month but before I started going to the salon, I didnt take the best care of my hair. Currently its pretty short and although it looks nice done, Ive been told its a bit too short and I think I need it grow. Any methods that youd suggest for helping my hair grow? I want it to look nice and this is holding me back.
Addressing Reproductive and Child Health in the African American Community in Los Angeles: Strategies and Lessons Learned from the Healthy African American Families (HAAF) Project (Oral ...
A new study is the first to examine the effectiveness of a widely used counseling approach to treating substance abuse among African Americans. The study found that African American women were more likely than men to continue a counseling approach to treating substance abuse, but their substance abuse issues continued. Published this month in "Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology," a journal of the American Psychological Association, the study investigated the effectiveness of Motivational Enhancement Therapy (MET) compared with the standard treatment, Counseling as Usual (CAU)-two clinical approaches to treating substance abuse among African Americans. As a secondary analysis of a clinical trial by the Clinical Trials Network of the National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA), the study serves as a rare examination of both treatment retention rates and the effectiveness of MET in reducing drug abuse, specifically among African Americans.. Motivation Enhancement Therapy is designed to ...
The use of cocoa butter for skin care has a long association with African Americans and others of African descent. Belief in its moisturizing effects and ...
IMPORTANT: ATCC strongly recommends that users download and read the ATCC ® Stem Cell Culture Guide: Tips and Techniques for Culturing Stem Cells (www.atcc-guides.org/stemcell) before initiating their cultures.
Genetic differences between African Americans and other ethnic groups appear to explain only a small part of the disparity in cardiovascular disease rates and outcomes.
ProQuest® African American Heritage is a groundbreaking new digital resource exclusively devoted to African American family history research.
Importance: Modern prevention guidelines substantially increase the number of individuals who are eligible for treatment with statins. Efforts to refine statin eligibility via coronary calcification have been studied in white populations but not, to our knowledge, in large African American populations. Objective: To compare the relative accuracy of US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) and American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) recommendations in identifying African American individuals with subclinical and clinical atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). Design, Setting, and Participants: In this prospective, community-based study, 2812 African American individuals aged 40 to 75 years without prevalent ASCVD underwent assessment of ASCVD risk. Of these, 1743 participants completed computed tomography. Main Outcomes and Measures: Nonzero coronary artery calcium (CAC) score, abdominal aortic calcium score, and incident ASCVD (ie, myocardial infarction, ischemic
The Oxford African American Studies Center is an engaging and visually appealing database dedicated to a comprehensive study of African American history from more than 600 years ago to today; as of this writing, it offers nearly 14,800 items. Searches result in biographies, subject entries, primary-source documents, images and multimedia, maps, charts, tables, and more. Familiar subjects such as Harriet Tubman and Martin Luther King Jr. are covered, but obscure topics (e.g., the 1908 patent for the paper-rewind mechanism on an adding machine) are also addressed. Tabs allow sorting by document type, and filters on the left-hand side of the page-which include various time periods and subject-based categories-can be used to narrow the query before or after searching. A "Look It Up" function enables researchers to highlight a term in an entry and conduct a separate search for information on that topic ...
To determine if an intensive regimen of daily, high-dose interferon would improve the initial response rates to therapy for hepatitis C genotype 1 among African American and Caucasian patients, we conducted a retrospective analysis of a treatment trial conducted between October 1995 and June 1997. Patients were randomized to 24 weeks of therapy with interferon −α-2b at either 5 MU daily or 3 MU three times a week. On the standard interferon regimen (3 MU three times a week) African Americans and Caucasians had similar initial response rates. However, unlike Caucasians, African Americans did not have an increased initial virological response when treated with an intensive, daily dose regimen. Levels of HCV RNA decreased more slowly during the first 12 weeks of therapy among African Americans. Nelson-Aalen cumulative hazard estimates for the different race and dose combinations revealed that Caucasians who received daily interferon were most likely to have an initial response (logrank, P , ...
African Americans: African Americans, one of the largest of the many ethnic groups in the United States. African Americans are mainly of African ancestry, but many have nonblack ancestors as
Reducing the high morbidity and mortality associated with colorectal cancer among African Americans continues to be a major healthcare challenge in the United States. In response to this challenge, the leadership of the American College of Gastroenterology asked the Committee on Minority Affairs and Cultural Diversity to develop a position paper on colorectal cancer in African Americans. The committee has done an extensive review of the literature on colorectal cancer screening and issues related to screening in African Americans to support their recommendations. One important goal was to improve awareness among primary care physicians and gastroenterologists of the important differences in colorectal cancer between African Americans and Caucasians. ...
African Americans came to the western Great Basin in the 1850s. Some were former slaves seeking freedom, while others were freeborn. All sought opportunity. Although the western environment did not have the same level of oppression as the East, African Americans encountered racism both from individuals and eventually from government. Nevertheless, most established prosperous lives and enjoyed the occasional open-minded freedom of the frontier.. Various records including directories and the federal and state censuses indicate African Americans arrived in Virginia City early but that they never numbered much more than one hundred. They lived among Euro Americans, integrating into various neighborhoods.. Comstock African Americans pursued occupations ranging from laborers to professionals. Some worked as barbers while others served as street shoe polishers, porters, waiters, cooks, blacksmiths, teamsters, and carpenters. Entrepreneurs such as Amanda Payne and William A. G. Brown invested in real ...
The aim of this study was to assess the differences in correlation of PPARGC1A polymorphisms with type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk in adults of African origins: African Americans and Haitian Americans. The case-control study consisted of ,30 years old, self-identified Haitian Americans ( cases and controls) and African Americans ( cases and controls) living in South Florida with and without T2D. Adjusted logistic regression indicated that both SNP rs7656250 (OR = 0.22, ) and rs4235308 (OR = 0.42, ) showed protective association with T2D in Haitian Americans. In African Americans, however, rs4235308 showed significant risk association with T2D (OR = 2.53, ). After stratification with sex, in Haitian Americans, both rs4235308 (OR = 0.38, ) and rs7656250 (OR = 0.23, ) showed protective association with T2D in females whereas in African American males rs7656250 had statistically significant protective effect on T2D (OR = 0.37, ). The trends observed for genetic association of PPARGC1A SNPs, rs4235308, and ...
AFRICAN AMERICAN & AFRICAN STUDIES 2011-2012 - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. This catalog highlights titles appropriate for use in undergraduate and graduate-level African American and African courses. Subject areas include: African American Studies; African History, Politics, and Culture; Anthology and Reference; Biographies, Autobiographies and Memoirs; Hip Hop, Sports, and Popular Culture; History, Politics, and Society; and Literature and Fiction. Also contains examination copy ordering information for professors who would like to review books for adoption purposes.
Principal Investigator(s): Rachel Royce, PhD, MPH 1; Nickolas DeLuca, PhD2 Project Dates: October 2003 - March 2008 Project Overview: The Centers for Disease Control and Preventions Division of Tuberculosis Elimination and RTI International are conducting a study, as a part of the Tuberculosis Epidemiologic Studies Consortium, to address the excess burden of tuberculosis (TB) among African Americans in the southeast. In the southeastern states in the United States (US), where African Americans have historically faced great social and economic disadvantages, the TB rate among African Americans is more than eight times the rate among whites. This difference is referred to as TB disparity. This multi-phase research project was developed to understand the individual, institutional, and community-level barriers and facilitators to TB control in African Americans in the southeastern region of the US. During the first phase of this study, qualitative and qualitative research methods were used to gain ...
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There are clear differences in terms of chronicity, and disease progression, among different ethnic and racial groups with regard to hepatitis C. Nowhere are these differences more pronounced than in the African American population when compared with other racial or ethnic groups with hepatitis C. For instance, African Americans are more likely to have been exposed to HCV and are less likely to resolve acute HCV infection compared to other racial/ethnic groups. There are some studies that suggest that African Americans may have slower natural HCV disease progression. The reasons for these differences are largely unknown because African Americans have not been adequately represented in clinical trials. There have been two studies, however, that have shed some light on these important questions-Virahep-C sponsored by the National Institutes of Health and Genentech and recent findings from studies of a variation of a certain gene called IL28B.. Bleeding Disorders & Hepatitis C ...
BACKGROUND: African Americans (AAs) have lower triglyceride (TG) and higher high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) than other ethnic groups; yet, they also have higher risk for developing diabetes mellitus despite the strong relationship of dyslipidemia with insulin resistance. No studies directly compare adolescents and adults with regard to relationships among dyslipidemia, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), and insulin resistance. Here, we compare AA adolescents to adults with regard to the relationships of adiposity-related lipid risk markers (TG-to-HDL ratio and non-HDL-C) with body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), homeostasis model of insulin resistance (HOMA), and hs-CRP. METHODS: Two cohorts of healthy AA were recruited from the same urban community. Participants in each cohort were stratified by TG-to-HDL ratio (based on adult tertiles) and non-HDL-C levels. BMI, WC, HOMA, and hs-CRP were compared in adolescents and adults in the low-, middle-, and high-lipid strata.
Breast cancer mortality is higher among African Americans than for Whites; though their breast cancer incidence is lower [3]. This study examines whether or not this racial disparity was due to differences in the receipt of NCCN recommended breast cancer treatment. No racial differences were found for standard of care or addition to standard of care overall or by age, stage, and area of residence. African Americans and Whites received comparable recommended treatment even though there were racial differences by type of treatment received. Therefore, the higher mortality rate of African Americans compared to Whites was shown not to be due to treatment practices varying from the NCCN recommendations. However, the current study found that only two-thirds of women in the overall study population received standard of care for their breast cancer. While no racial differences were found, many breast cancer cases are not receiving standard of care according to the NCCN guidelines. This could be due to ...
Learn more about Sugar-Sweetened Fruit Drinks Linked to Increased Chance of Type 2 Diabetes in African American Women at Medical City Dallas African Americans are...
African Americans were worse off financially in 2016 than they were in 2000. The median income for an African American household was $39,490 last year, according to U.S. Census Bureau data.
Contrary to popular belief, many records exist for researching African American genealogy. Some of these records are similar to those of European Americans, but African American sources diverge as American history meanders through prejudice, discrimination, and exclusionism. The 1896 U.S. Supreme Court Case, Plessy v. Ferguson, legalized the doctrine of "separate but equal." As segregation flourished, two distinct societies evolved. Parallel organizations and institutions developed and multiplied in both communities. The records of the two populations may compare in type, location, and quantity, but they are catalogued separately. In addition to these records, African American research also yields several kinds of records that are unique. This chapter examines many of the records available, dealing both with slave and non-slave related records. In cases where the records are the same as European American records, the text will attempt to show researchers how to use these sources to find African ...
Abstract: Effective diet-based interventions targeting youth at risk for developing hypertension (HTN) require understanding adolescent meal patterns and their relation to HTN. The purpose of this research was to determine usual meal patterns of African American adolescents and how these vary by gender and HTN risk status. Specific aims were: develop a method to visually represent meal patterns; describe differences in meal patterns between participants of differing genders and HTN risk categories; and explore relationships between meal patterns and systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and body mass index (BMI). Fifty-eight African Americans (ages 17-20, 30F) at either high- (n=29) or low-risk (n=29) of developing HTN were interviewed about their week-day eating and activities. The Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ) was used to estimate intake of select foods and nutrients associated with blood pressure (BP). Height, weight, and BP were measured. A daily timeline for each ...
African Art Collection Includes works collected by Jonathan Campbell, professor and chair of the Department of Biology, and his wife, Tanya Dowdey.. CAAS Affiliate Faculty @yake80 quoted in @CNN Hollywoods African-American film renaissance.. CAAS is in the MavWire. Congratulations Dr. Krystal Beamon, Assistant Professor of Sociology and CAAS Faculty Fellow, on your new publication!. Business Diversity: Study led by Elten Briggs, associate professor of marketing, shows culture plays integral part in customer relations.. Dr. Sonja Watson appointed new Director of UT Arlington Womens and Gender Studies. NBC5 aired a story in which Dr. Jason Shelton was interviewed discussing the issues on the ongoing struggle for equality in American.. CBS11 aired a story in which Dr. Marvin Dulaney was interviewed discussing the issues on the ongoing struggle for equality in American.. Dr. Schnavia Hatcher, director of the UT Arlington Center for African American Studies, was featured in KTVT/CBS 11s coverage ...
According to a new study, the benefits to screening middle-aged African Americans for glaucoma may not out weight the cost.. The researchers said about two percent of Americans over the age of 40 are affected by glaucoma, a medical condition that is caused by too much pressure in the eye.. The team was looking to find out whether annual glaucoma screenings would help stave off vision impairment or loss in some people.. Dr. Joseph Ladapo, the studys lead author and an assistant professor at the New York University School of Medicine, and colleagues created a computer simulation using data on African Americans between 50 and 59 years old in the Eye Diseases Prevalence Research Group and the Baltimore Eye Study.. They found that the rate of undiagnosed glaucoma in African Americans would drop 50 percent to 27 percent if regular screenings were adopted nationwide.. However, the number of African Americans blinded by glaucoma would just drop from 6.1 percent to 5.6 percent, and the group with ...
Studies have shown that perceived discrimination among minority adolescents leads to smoking, anger, alcohol use and abuse, depression or psychological distress, but a new study by UNL sociologist Bridget Goosby demonstrates that discrimination also directly impacts the overall health of African American adolescents.. According to the American Heart Association, African Americans are at a higher risk than whites to die of heart disease. Research over the last decade has demonstrated that discrimination against African Americans may be a direct cause of many of these health problems, but most of this research has been in adults.. Goosbys study is one of the first to examine the effects of discrimination in youth.. "We havent seen any studies that have been done in people this young before, although there have been calls to look at discrimination at earlier ages because there is a growing literature that shows discrimination is actually harmful for peoples health, particularly among African ...
The National African American Read-In. Date: Friday, February 22nd. Goal: Elementary and Middle School students will engage in reading and writing activities that will focus on African American authors to increase reading comprehension and exposure to different texts.. Curriculum/School Improvement Plan alignment: The activity is aligned with the school improvement plan goals #1 & #2- Increasing ELA scores and writing K-8. Activities. Elementary:. Elementary school students will rotate to the library, every 15 minutes. A local hero (Mayor Leonard Jones- contacted and confirmed) The hero will read a short book to the students and ask comprehension questions (guided by the coordinators). Once the book is read and students answer the questions, classes will go back to class and have a short writing assignment that ties it all together. Book choices: Chocolate Me, Taye Diggs & Goin Someplace Special, Patricia McKissick (Kindergarten-4th grade students). Middle. 6th & 7th grade classes will read one ...
A study from one of the largest public health systems in the country has found that African American patients experienced significantly worse outcomes.
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Study shows that white medical students and residents often hold fantastical stereotypes about blacks that may explain why African Americans are less likely to receive pain medication.
Did you know African Americans are at increased risk of developing chronic kidney disease leading to dialysis and transplant? Compared to other ethnic groups, the African American population has higher rates of diabetes and high blood pressure, which are the two leading causes of kidney disease.
Did you know African Americans are at increased risk of developing chronic kidney disease leading to dialysis and transplant? Compared to other ethnic groups, the African American population has higher rates of diabetes and high blood pressure, which are the two leading causes of kidney disease.
For the promotion of health and disease prevention including, but not limited to, the following programs: breast cancer prevention, diabetes screening and outreach, ovarian cancer screening, a statewide STOP stroke program and ongoing stroke prevention and education, hepatitis C prevention and management, multiple sclerosis screening, information, education, treatment programs and the Multiple Sclerosis Home Living Navigating Key Services program administered by the Central New England Chapter of the National Multiple Sclerosis Society, renal disease prevention and management, Lyme disease prevention and research, colorectal cancer prevention, prostate cancer screening, education and treatment with a particular focus on African American males, osteoporosis education, a program to combat mental retardation in children suffering from a genetic effect causing phenylketonuria, maintenance of the Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis registry created pursuant section 25A of chapter 111 of the General Laws, ...
African American Women News. Find breaking news, commentary, and archival information about African American Women From The tribunedigital-orlandosentinel
educator and anatomist, was born in Washington, D.C., the son of Lewis Bradner McKinney, an employee of the U.S. Printing Office, and Blanche Elaine Hunt. McKinney attended Dunbar High School, the all-black grammar school on M Street in Washington. Dunbars faculty, composed of highly motivated African American scholars, inspired generations of black youth to strive for academic excellence. McKinney himself recalled the atmosphere of "hopeful purpose and tremendous encouragement" that pervaded the school.. After graduating in 1917, McKinney enrolled at Bates College in Lewiston, Maine. Unlike many other white colleges at the time, Bates admitted African American students. Some of McKinneys Dunbar teachers were Bates graduates; Benjamin E. Mays later the president of Morehouse College in Atlanta was a year ahead of McKinney at Bates and other blacks were to follow Nevertheless McKinney found race to be an issue in at least one Bates program ... ...