Results: Trainee clinical psychologists reported high levels of stress, but as a group did not experience extensive problems of psychological adaptation in terms of anxiety, depression, selfesteem problems, marital problems, family problems, external stressors, interpersonal conflict, work adjustment or substance abuse. However, a significant subgroup reported self-esteem problems, work adjustment problems, depression and anxiety. Gender, age, year of training and training course were related to psychological adaptation. Appraisal processes, coping and social support predicted a significant amount of variation in psychological adaptation. Appraisals of threat, avoidance coping, emotional support from clinical supervisors, emotional support from courses and emotional support from a confidante at home all predicted the variance in psychological adaptation over time ...
Many children with chronic health conditions (CHC) are at increased risk for poor adaptation such as psychosocial problems, behavioral disturbances, and decreased quality of life (QOL). Their parents face economic, social and emotional challenges. In addition, management of the CHC and the involvement of the child in that management can severely challenge both child and parent. Effective coping has been shown to moderate the negative impact of CHC. This study is a pilot study to evaluate the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of adapting a Coping Skills Training (CST) intervention developed for children with diabetes. The CST intervention will be adapted for an integrated sample of school-aged children 8 to 12 years of age with four health conditions (Rheumatologic Conditions, Epilepsy,Spina Bifida, and Asthma). The study will be a randomized clinical trial with a wait-list control group. Each arm will consist of 25 families. CST is a 6-session group intervention based on cognitive behavioral ...
In the analysis conducted to identify factors affecting the general publics anticipated coping behavior in response to MI symptoms, the awareness of early MI symptoms was identified as the most influential predictor of the anticipated coping behavior. It has been reported that in Hong Kong, the awareness of early MI symptoms was found to influence inappropriate anticipated coping behavior [15], a finding consistent with the current study finding. According to the analysis of appropriate anticipated coping behavior by the awareness of each of the major MI symptoms, only 53.6% of those who were aware of the pain in the jaw, neck, or back and only 45.7% of those who were aware of the pain in the arms or shoulders chose calling 911 as the anticipated coping behavior. In contrast, the proportion of participants who chose calling 911 was the highest, 69.9%, in those who recognized chest pain as an MI symptom. Thus, it can be inferred that it is likely for bystanders to perform inappropriate coping ...
Individuals living with a pathological-gambling partner can experience significant psychological distress. In this report, we conduct a preliminary evaluation of a coping skills training program (CST) for this population. Twenty-three individuals experiencing stress from living with a pathological-g …
Abstract: Nonsuicidal self-injury is an important concern that has received limited attention. In this study, the authors explored several factors differentiating three student groups: never self-injured, self-injured in the past, and currently self-injure. Among the factors investigated, results showed that currently self-injuring students were younger, less likely to use problem-focused coping behaviors, and substantially more likely to be in counseling. College counseling implications, effect sizes, and limitations are discussed.. Coping behaviors, abuse history, and counseling: Differentiating college students who self-injure ...
In step 2, they assessed the contribution to work engagement of avoidance coping strategies: avoidance and ventilating emotions. Table 6 gives the results.. Table 6 shows that approach coping strategies predicted 15% of the variance in the work engagement of the technicians (F = 6.25, p , 0.01). The regression coefficients of two coping strategies, namely problem-focused coping (β = 0.21, p , 0.01) and positive reinterpretation and growth (β = 0.17, p , 0.01), were statistically significant. When the researchers entered avoidance coping strategies as independent variables (in step 2), it resulted in a statistically significant increase in predicting the variance in work engagement (Δ F = 4.90, p , 0.01, Δ R2 = 0.04). The regression coefficients of two coping strategies, namely problem-focused coping (β = 0.23, p , 0.01) and ventilating emotions (β = -0.23, p , 0.01), were statistically significant.. Finally, approach coping strategies predicted 15% of the variance in the work engagement of ...
Fitzsimmons et al (1999) also discovered that patients perception of quality of life was mediated by the process of coping. Telch and Telch (1986) reported that people in a control group that did not include coping skills training did not adjust as well to their illness as people in a support group that included coping skills training.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Illness perceptions, coping, benefit finding, and adjustment in individuals with Hepatitis C. AU - Langston, Simon. AU - Edwards, Mark S.. AU - Lyvers, Michael. PY - 2018/2/1. Y1 - 2018/2/1. N2 - Objective: To investigate the ability of illness perceptions, adaptive, and maladaptive coping strategies, and benefit finding to predict physical and psychosocial adjustment among individuals diagnosed with the hepatitis C virus (HCV), within an expanded self-regulatory model of illness (SRM). Method: A total of 126 participants with HCV completed an online questionnaire assessing illness perceptions, coping, benefit finding, and four adjustment outcomes, depression, physical functioning, life satisfaction and positive affect. Results: Illness perceptions made significant contributions to the variance in adjustment outcomes across the four psychosocial and physical adjustment areas. At an individual level, personal control, identification with HCV symptoms, perceptions related to ...
Almond, Douglas, Lena Edlund, and Mårten Palme. 2007. Chernobyls Subclinical Legacy: Prenatal Exposure to Radioactive Fallout and School Outcomes in Sweden. https://doi.org/10.3386/w13347. Arai, Y., and N. Ikegami. 1998. Health Care Systems in Transition II. Japan, Part I. An Overview of the Japanese Health Care Systems. Journal of Public Health. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.pubmed.a024713. Berger, Eva M. 2010. The Chernobyl Disaster, Concern about the Environment, and Life Satisfaction. Kyklos. Berlemann, Michael. 2016. Does Hurricane Risk Affect Individual Well-Being? Empirical Evidence on the Indirect Effects of Natural Disasters. Ecological Economics. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2016.01.020. Cameron, A. C., P. K. Trivedi, Frank Milne, and J. Piggott. 1988. A Microeconometric Model of the Demand for Health Care and Health Insurance in Australia. The Review of Economic Studies 55 (1): 85-106. Cameron, Lisa, and Manisha Shah. 2015. Risk-Taking Behavior in the Wake ...
According to Pop EP, the human brain consists of a large collection of functionally specialized computational devices that evolved to solve the adaptive problems regularly encountered by our hunter-gatherer ancestors (from the Web site of the Center for Evolutionary Psychology at U.C.S.B.). Just as evolution by natural and sexual selection has endowed all humans with morphological adaptations such as hearts and kidneys, Pop EP says, so it has endowed all humans with a set of psychological adaptations, or mental organs. These include psychological mechanisms, or functionally specialized computational devices, for language, face recognition, spatial perception, tool use, mate attraction and retention, parental care and a wide variety of social relations, among other things. Collectively, these psychological adaptations constitute a universal human nature. Individual and cultural differences are, by this account, the result of our common nature responding to variable local circumstances, ...
To determine whether coping strategies modify the risk of depression among allogeneic recipients experiencing post-transplant-related symptomatology, 105 participants (mean age = 52 years, 42% female) completed questionnaires 90 days post-transplant. A total of 28 percent reported depressive symptoms. Univariate correlations indicated that depression was associated with greater transplant-related symptomatology and avoidance, acceptance/resignation, and emotional discharge coping. Depression was negatively associated with problem-solving coping. Moderator analyses indicated that transplant-related symptomatology was significantly associated with depression among patients who frequently used maladaptive coping and rarely used adaptive coping. These data suggest that transplant-related symptomatology, combined with maladaptive coping, place patients at risk of depression.
BACKGROUND: This study aims to examine the effectiveness of a self-management multimodal comprehensive coping strategy program (CCSP) on quality of life (QOL) among breast cancer patients 1 year after treatment.. METHODS: Patients (n = 110) with stage II, III, or IV breast cancer scheduled to receive high dose chemotherapy and autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation were randomized to either CCSP treatment or control group. The CCSP intervention was taught 2 week before hospital admission with reinforcement at specified times during treatment and 3 months after discharge. The CCSP components included educational information, cognitive restructuring, coping skills enhancement, and relaxation with guided imagery. Instruments administered at baseline included the following: Quality of Life Index-Cancer Version (QOLI-CV), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Beck Depression Inventory, and Coping Strategies Questionnaire. At 1-year follow-up, patients (n = 73) completed and returned the ...
Purpose: How individuals cope with aspects of cystic fibrosis (CF) has the potential to influence their self management and the course of their disease. To evaluate how individuals cope with CF, a disease specific coping scale was developed and validated. A second objective of the work was to examine the relationship between coping styles and treatment adherence.. Methods: The development of the coping scale constituted a longitudinal design. A cross-sectional questionnaire design was used to examine the coping-adherence relationship. The development and validation of the coping scale comprised three phases: (1) Initially, 60 patients were interviewed to identify CF concerns. From this information a list of 23 concerns were recorded; (2) Eighty-three patients were interviewed to identify CF coping responses. For each concern, they were asked what they did or thought to ease the worry. A list of 24 coping strategies were recorded that formed a comprehensive set of items as to how people with CF ...
About Emotion-Focused Cognitive Therapy Emotion Focused Cognitive Therapy argues that it is time for a new focus in psychotherapy based on emotion, and presents an innovative approach to the treatment of clients with emotional disorders. Features an approach based on the latest work in cognition and emotion Offers psychologists an innovative way of working in therapy Draws on the strengths evidence-based cognitive behavioural and interpersonal approaches to psychotherapy Provides relevant case examples throughout the text Additional resources for the book available online here Show more ...
Caregivers of children with newly diagnosed brain tumors admitted to Childrens of Alabama were enrolled during the childs initial hospitalization for surgical treatment from April 2016 to August 2017. The single-item, National Comprehensive Cancer Network visual analog Distress Thermometer (DT) was administered. Clinical and demographic variables were collected from the medical record. Approximately 1 month after patients were discharged from the hospital, caregivers participated in a semistructured interview that included questions about parent and family coping strategies. Broad questions about stress management since diagnosis were followed by specific questions about individual coping strategies. Interviews were recorded, transcribed, and coded for common themes. Themes were broadly characterized as adaptive versus maladaptive coping. Analysis was then performed to determine if DT scores or clinical or demographic factors were associated with the presence of maladaptive coping using a ...
Authors: Kegel, Jessica , Dux, Moira , Macko, Richard Article Type: Research Article Abstract: Background: Stroke is a leading cause of disability and sequelae may include physical, emotional, and cognitive impairments. The methods employed to cope with distress, both emotional and cognitive, have not been evaluated in individuals post-stroke. However, research in traumatic brain injury (TBI) suggests that executive function is positively correlated with adaptive coping and negatively correlated with maladaptive coping strategies (Krpan et al., 2007). Examination of these constructs post-stroke may assist with enriching our understanding of cognitive and emotional symptomatology and optimize rehabilitation strategies. Objective: The present study aimed to assess the association between executive function and coping strategies …in a sample of chronic stroke survivors. The researchers hypothesized that executive function would be positively correlated with adaptive coping strategies and ...
Psychological flexibility is a powerful tool being utilized in the mental health world for resilience. Learn about psychological flexibility and how it can help you.
Cel: Celem przeprowadzonego badania było sprawdzenie, czy istnieje związek między wczesnymi nieadaptacyjnymi schematami wyróżnionymi przez Younga i współpracowników a depresją u osób uzależnionych od alkoholu. Podjęto też próbę odpowiedzi na pytanie o związki schematów z wybranymi zmiennymi dotyczącymi uzależnienia od alkoholu, a także występowaniem tendencji suicydalnych u alkoholików. Materiał i metody: W badaniu wzięło udział 77 osób uzależnionych od alkoholu - 19 kobiet oraz 58 mężczyzn. Zastosowano Kwestionariusz Schematów Younga (Young Schema Questionnaire, YSQ-S3), Skalę Depresji Becka (Becks Depression Inventory, BDI), Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST). Wyniki: Na podstawie otrzymanych wyników można stwierdzić, iż 16 z 18 schematów jest powiązanych dodatnio i istotnie statystycznie z poziomem depresji u osób uzależnionych od alkoholu. Najsilniejsze związki odnotowano w przypadku schematu deprywacji emocjonalnej, izolacji/wyobcowania i ...
The Scientific World Journal is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal covering a wide range of subjects in science, technology, and medicine. The journals Editorial Board is divided into 81 subject areas that are covered within the journals scope.
Background: Individuals with chronic heart failure (CHF) need to cope with both the physical limitations and the psychological impacts of the disease. Since some coping strategies are beneficial and others are linked to increased mortality and worse health-related quality of life (HRQoL), it is important to have a reliable and valid instrument to detect different coping styles. Brief coping orientation to problems experienced (COPE), a self-reporting questionnaire, has been previously used in the context of CHF. There is, however, currently a lack of consensus about the theoretical or empirical foundations for grouping the multiple coping strategies assessed by Brief COPE into higher order categories of coping. The main purpose of this study was to examine the structure of Brief COPE, founded on the higher order grouping of its subscales in order to establish an assessment model supported by theoretical considerations. Furthermore, the associations between these higher order categories of coping ...
Abstract: Background: Health-promoting practices, such as eating a nutrient-rich diet and being physically active, are considered proactive coping behaviors when they pre-emptively reduce the amount of stress individuals experience. However, when people experience stress they tend to cope by adopting health-defeating behaviors, such as consuming energy-dense foods or becoming less active. These be... read morehaviors have weight implications. This thesis explores the extent to which the relationships among proactive coping health behaviors, stress, and coping behaviors influence body weight. Aims: This study examines: 1) Associations between proactive coping health behaviors, stress, and weight status among new immigrant (,10 years in the US) mothers and, 2) Effects of relationships between and longitudinal changes in proactive coping health behaviors, stress, and coping behaviors on weight status in college students. Methods: For aim 1, cross-sectional data from the Live Well Immigrant Health ...
Author Sarah Wilson discusses what happened when she was plagued with anxiety and how she deals with living with it in a positive way.
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NEW YORK, Nov. 11, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- ProfNet Experts Available on Coping with Political Defeat, Alzheimers, Healthcare Automation and More. Also in...
Learn more about Tips on Coping With Anemia Related to Chemotherapy at TriStar Centennial Chemotherapy has many side effects. One in particular, anemia, ...
It has often been assumed that the amount of pain a person experiences is directly proportional to the amount of tissue damage. How people cope or deal with their pain experience has been shown to be an important factor in determining the level of pain and disability. The most widely used instrument is the Coping Strategies Questionnaire (CSQ). The CSQ is designed to assess a participants normal means of coping with painful situations. Despite the popularity of the CSQ as a research and clinical instrument, a shorter version would be beneficial for a number of reasons. The current study assessed the properties of a shorter version of the CSQ that was developed in the lab. The study included 22 chronic pain patients who were asked to complete a number of measures that assessed pain, activity interference, coping, functional status, and mood. The results of the study suggest that the internal reliability of the short-form of the CSQ is not comparable to the original version. However, correlation ...
This study aimed to gain an insight into the general coping strategies used by sport psychology consultants (SPCs) based in the UK, and an in-depth understanding of their development and impact. To achieve these aims a mixed-method approach was adopted by means of two linked studies. In study one, BASES accredited and/or BPS chartered SPCs (n = 29) completed the modified COPE inventory (Crocker & Graham, 1995) to gain a better understanding of the general coping strategies used by practitioners. In study two, follow-up interviews (n = 6) with participants sampled from study one were conducted to explore how the reported strategies were developed, the perceived impact of coping/not coping with stressors, and how future SPCs may be better prepared for the stressful nature of consultancy. Findings suggested that the participants had a statistically significant preference to using problem-focused coping strategies. Further, the interviews suggested that coping strategies were primarily developed ...
Cancer represents a major health challenge worldwide, and affects a substantial proportion of the human population. Studies of cancer treatment has traditionally assessed endpoints such as overall survival and progression free survival. In order to better understand and evaluate the overall impact of the disease and its treatment, researchers eventually also included evaluation of health related quality of life (HRQoL) after cancer treatment. Knowledge of patients HRQoL and what affects cancer patients psychological adaptation to treatment and survival has become increasingly important considering the growing number of cancer patients who survive. In this thesis, we have studied the relationship between HRQoL and psychosocial factors such as personality, choice of coping, and distress (GHQ) in patients treated for Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma (HNSCC). Except for distress, we have studied the same factors in patients treated for Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC). We have also examined the ...
Here is a useful compendium of information that expands the options available in the treatment of pain in chronically and terminally ill patients. Noninvasive Approaches to Pain Management in the Terminally Ill presents a multidimensional perspective on pain which includes the psychological, psychosocial, and behavioral aspects of pain as well as physical factors. Full of practical and useful information, this important book teaches nurses, physicians, physical therapists, psychologists, and hospice workers how to help their patients cope with pain more effectively. A variety of methods of pain assessment and control are discussed, increasing the range of practical techniques available to caregivers working to improve patient comfort. The therapeutic modalities explained, including relaxation, hypnosis, coping skills training, massage, and mobilization, can be used as adjuncts to more traditional medical and pharmacological interventions. Treatment modalities are discussed in detail, enabling their
Objective. Ethnic groups may experience or report pain differently ; thus, we compared ethnic differences on pain coping strategies and control beliefs, and the relationships of these variables to health status, among women with rheumatoid arthritis RA. Methods. Using a sample of 100 women 48 African-American, 52 Caucasian, we related pain...
When trying to help kids cope with difficult emotions (e.g., mad, sad, scared), its good to have them practice using coping skills. But many kids either dont know any good coping skills, or only know a couple. Depending on the situation, some coping skills arent an option, or they simply wont work. To help kids be best able to cope with difficult emotions, its helpful for them to have a lot of coping skills they can choose from. Here, I go through 15 that are likely to be helpful.
View Notes - HCA 250 Week 6-CheckPoint - Coping Styles and Psychological Preparation from HCA 250 at Aachen University of Applied Sciences. Coping Styles and Psychological Preparation Coping Styles
So, okay, given the problem I wrote about in my last post, we can start to see drinking (in an abusive way) in a new light: namely, that we work really hard to justify our actions and keep them in balance with our self-evaluation/self-understanding. If you feel good about yourself, you justify your actions accordingly. If you feel bad about yourself, you likewise justify your actions. Because self-justification is so deep seeded, because it is needed for survival and one of the psychological adaptations that keeps us moving quickly through a dangerous world, it is extremely difficult to push back against the immediate calculations that keep us balanced with the narratives of ourselves that we call memories. We have to break those narratives and break some modes of self-justification, to stop drinking (we being problem drinkers to some extent ...
This article describes a method developed to assess coping with schizophrenia by inpatients and outpatients. The approach is based on a transactional theory of coping. Symptoms related to the disease, subjective appraisals given by the 40 patients, and coping behavior are assessed using a list of disease-related strains, rating scales, and a semi-structured interview. Results of this study indicate that the patients appraisals of the effects of their efforts to cope may not be realistic, leading to a low degree of satisfaction. Coping, described as problem-centered versus nonproblem-centered and as behavioral, cognitive, or emotional, seemed to be related to the patients clinical status. Nonproblem-centered strategies predominated in the highly strained groups, along with a tendency to more emotional and less cognitive coping.
The purpose of this study was to examine organisational stressors, coping, and perceptions of coping effectiveness with an elite coach. The participant completed a daily diary over a 28-day period. Each diary entry consisted of an open-ended stressor, a coping response section, and a Likert-type scale measure of coping effectiveness. Inductive and deductive content analysis procedures were used to analyse the diaries, in addition to frequency data which were obtained for both stressors and coping strategies. Findings indicated administration, overload, competition environment, the athletes, and team atmosphere were the salient organisational stressors. Coping strategies used to alleviate such stressors were communication, preparation, planning, social support, and self-talk. These strategies were generally effective, but coping effectiveness declined over the 28-days.. ...
Causing a Bad Bipolar Day - What Did I Do Wrong Yesterday? - If you have a bad bipolar day, you might wonder what you did wrong yesterday to cause it. I know I feel this way. I know I look for causes. And I know it f... ...
I am a mom of a bipolar son who was diagnosed when he was 12 years old and is now 31. He and I have a very strong bond and whenever he triggers an episode he refuses any kind of help as he lives in fear of previous episodes where he has been arrested, tazered by the police, and hospitalized. He lives with his girlfriend who is 13 years older than him and suffers with an anxiety disorder. They both take their medications regularly but my son has absolutely no coping abilities and he triggers many episodes because he doesnt get proper sleep or have a good structured life. They both are on ODSP for their conditions and both do not know how to budget money! Every episode he has (which seems to be ongoing now) he is extremely mean to me and I happen to be a very sensitive caring mom that will never give up on him but as I am getting older now (59) i do not have the same coping ability and I live in constant tears as I am heart broken!! What to do??? Any advice would be most appreciated ...
This laboratory study was designed to address a number of interrelated issues regarding cardiovascular reactivity to psychological stress. One objective was to extend the previous research comparing cardiovascular responses during active versus passive coping, by comparing responses to two task conditions designed to be similar in all ways except the opportunity to make a response influencing the tasks outcome. A second objective was to compare responses to two different passive film tasks, which differed in outcome uncertainty and the degree of vicarious active coping achieved through identification with the role portrayed by the actors. A third objective was to evaluate whether individuals are predisposed to exhibit a particular hemodynamic pattern underlying their blood pressure adjustments, independently of the task demands imposed. Ninety healthy young adult male subjects were tested in pairs on a series of tasks that included a competitive reaction-time task, an active as well as a ...
If anxiety is a regular presence in your life, it may be time to develop coping strategies. Start with these steps for dealing with an anxiety attack.
The emotional and psychological health can have a powerful influence on your overall wellness. Perception Reframing can help with anxiety, stress and more...
American stereotypes of Africa and Africans run the gamut, but over the last century, it is safe to say that more people have viewed it as the land of famine, warlords, tragedy and disaster, than the land of opportunity. Ever since the wildly viral Kony 2012 video played right into that with its characterization of the dangers that people, especially women and children, face in one part of Africa thanks to the notoriously violent Kony.. The people behind Africa.com wanted to bring about better understanding of those who have been misunderstood for so long. Africa is a big continent and they wanted to showcase another side to it. Peoples impressions of Africa are all in the form of mental images based on pictures we have seen, more so than text we have read.. How best to change the image of Africa? They decided to produce a 30-minute video called Africa Straight Up as part of the long process of reframing peoples perceptions of Africa. The video has interviews with some of Africas leading ...
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Positive Reframing Disability describes the stages that people with disabilities experience. Their journeys are not linear. They progress and regress and may go through stages multiple times and/or simultaneously
Remember also that gene expression in behavior is not mathematically precise. In other words, you could have responded many different ways to different environments (within definite biologically determined boundaries). The clone would not be you; he or she might unpredictably behave differently from you. Lets say both you and therefore (presumably) your clone have a rebellious streak under certain circumstances, and have an orderly streak under others. You were reared, lets say, in a permissive environment, and your coping response was to call on your orderly streak, leading you to blossom into the upright example you doubtless are at present. But supposing you were to raise your clone in a (even only infinitesimally) more restrictive, less permissive environment. (Such as an enviroment in which your every move, feeling, and thought were anxiously monitored and commented upon by a weirdo parent.) In that case, the clones prevalent coping response may be to call upon his/your rebellious ...
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Grief is not a topic any of us really like to focus on as it brings up feelings, thoughts, and memories associated with heartache and … Read more. ...
If youve recently lost someone you love - a parent, sibling, friend, child - the holidays are the hardest times of the year. Here are some tips for getting through the holidays without your loved one.