Phylogenetic analysis of Streptomyces tenebrarius NBRC 16177 on the basis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that this organism was related to Streptoalloteichus hindustanus. It possessed glutamic acid, alanine and meso-diaminopimelic acid as cell-wall amino acids, galactose, mannose and glucose as whole-cell sugars and the menaquinones MK-10(H6), MK-10(H4), MK-9(H6) and MK-9(H4). The chemotaxonomic characteristics of this strain were consistent with those of the genus Streptoalloteichus. DNA-DNA hybridization, physiological, biochemical and chemotaxonomic data revealed that Streptomyces tenebrarius can be easily differentiated from the other member of the genus Streptoalloteichus and that it merits separate species status. The phenotypic and genetic evidence reveals that Streptomyces tenebrarius represents a novel species of the genus Streptoalloteichus; the name Streptoalloteichus tenebrarius (ex Higgins and Kastner) nom. rev., comb. nov. is proposed for this species. The type strain is NBRC
Acidothermus cellulolyticus ATCC ® 43068D-5™ Designation: Genomic DNA from Acidothermus cellulolyticus strain 11B TypeStrain=True Application:
Kineococcus radiotolerans is a radiation-resistant, motile, coccus-shaped, gram-positive bacterium with type strain SRS30216T (= ATCC BAA-149T = DSM 14245T). Phillips, R. W. (2002). "Kineococcus radiotolerans sp. nov., a radiation-resistant, Gram-positive bacterium". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 52 (3): 933-938. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.02029-0. ISSN 1466-5026. PMID 12054260. Ahmed, Niyaz; Bagwell, Christopher E.; Bhat, Swapna; Hawkins, Gary M.; Smith, Bryan W.; Biswas, Tapan; Hoover, Timothy R.; Saunders, Elizabeth; Han, Cliff S.; Tsodikov, Oleg V.; Shimkets, Lawrence J. (2008). "Survival in Nuclear Waste, Extreme Resistance, and Potential Applications Gleaned from the Genome Sequence of Kineococcus radiotolerans SRS30216". PLoS ONE. 3 (12): e3878. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0003878. ISSN 1932-6203. PMC 2587704 . PMID 19057647. Bagwell, C. E.; Milliken, C. E.; Ghoshroy, S.; Blom, D. A. (2008). "Intracellular Copper Accumulation Enhances the Growth of Kineococcus ...
The ability to deconstruct plant biomass without conventional pretreatment has made members of the genus Caldicellulosiruptor the target of investigation for the consolidated processing of lignocellulosic biomass to biofuels and bioproducts. These Gram-positive bacteria are hyperthermophilic anaerobes and the most thermophilic cellulolytic organisms so far described. They use both C5 and C6 sugars simultaneously and have the ability to grow well on xylan, a major component of plant cell walls. This is an important advantage for their use to efficiently convert biomass at yields sufficient for an industrial process. For commodity chemicals, yield from substrate is perhaps the most important economic factor. In an attempt to improve even further the ability of C. bescii to use xylan, we introduced two xylanases from Acidothermus cellulolyticus. Acel_0180 includes tandem carbohydrate-binding modules (CBM2 and CBM3) located at the C-terminus, one of which, CBM2, is not present in C. bescii. Also, ...
Kineococcus radiotolerans ATCC ® BAA-149D-5™ Designation: Genomic DNA from Kineococcus radiotolerans strain SRS30216 TypeStrain=True Application:
A polyphasic study was designed to determine the taxonomic provenance of three Modestobacter strains isolated from an extreme hyper-arid Atacama Desert soil. The strains, isolates KNN 45-1a, KNN 45-2b(T) and KNN 45-3b, were shown to have chemotaxonomic and morphological properties in line with their classification in the genus Modestobacter. The isolates had identical 16S rRNA gene sequences and formed a branch in the Modestobacter gene tree that was most closely related to the type strain of Modestobacter marinus (99.6% similarity). All three isolates were distinguished readily from Modestobacter type strains by a broad range of phenotypic properties, by qualitative and quantitative differences in fatty acid profiles and by BOX fingerprint patterns. The whole genome sequence of isolate KNN 45-2b(T) showed 89.3% average nucleotide identity, 90.1% (SD: 10.97%) average amino acid identity and a digital DNA-DNA hybridization value of 42.4±3.1 against the genome sequence of M. marinus DSM 45201(T), ...
In September 2009, the University of Nebraska-Lincoln Plant and Pest Diagnostic Clinic received leaf samples of hybrid corn (Zea mays L.) displaying long, necrotic lesions with wavy margins. The lesions had discontinuous water-soaked spots that are indicative of Gosss bacterial wilt and leaf blight. The symptomatic leaves were submitted from Dallam County, located in the Texas Panhandle (northwest Texas). According to the USDA Farm Service Agency and the National Agricultural Statistics Service, in 2009 Dallam County had 54,025 ha planted to corn. This is approximately 19% of the total corn planted in the 26 counties in the Texas Panhandle and 6% of the total corn planted in the state of Texas. Extracts from the infected leaf tissue tested positive for Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. nebraskensis with a commercially available ELISA test (Neogen Inc., Scotland, UK). Isolation from the infected tissue onto CNS selective media (1) resulted in round, dark orange, mucoid colonies that tested gram ...
A novel actinomycete that was capable of degrading poly(l-lactic acid), strain CMU-PLA07T, was isolated from soil in northern Thailand. Strain CMU-PLA07T had biochemical, chemotaxonomic, morphological and physiological properties that were consistent with its classification in the genus Amycolatopsis. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that the isolate formed a phyletic line within the genus Amycolatopsis. Strain CMU-PLA07T was most similar to Amycolatopsis coloradensis IMSNU 22096T (99.5 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity) and Amycolatopsis alba DSM 44262T (99.4 %). However, strain CMU-PLA07T was distinguishable from the type strains of species of the genus Amycolatopsis on the basis of DNA-DNA relatedness and phenotypic data. Therefore, strain CMU-PLA07T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Amycolatopsis, for which the name Amycolatopsis thailandensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CMU-PLA07T ( = JCM 16380T = BCC 38279T).
Plasmids were constructed using Q5 High-Fidelity DNA polymerase (New England BioLabs, Ipswich, MA, USA) for PCR reactions, restriction enzymes (New England BioLabs, Ipwich, MA, USA), and the Fast-link DNA ligase kit (Epicentre Biotechnologies, Madison, WI, USA) according to the manufacturers instruction. Plasmid pSKW10 (Fig. 1b) was constructed in two cloning steps (Additional file 1: Fig. S10). First, a 1.9 kb DNA fragment containing the coding sequence of Acel_0180 without the signal sequence was amplified with primers DC701 (with an ApaLI site) and DC702 (with an AvrII site) using A. cellulolyticus 11B gDNA as template. The 5.9 kb DNA fragment containing the regulatory region of Cbes2303 (P S-layer), the signal CelA signal sequence, a C-terminal 6X histidine tag, and a rho-independent transcription terminator was amplified by PCR with primers DC699 (with ApaLI site) and DC700 (with AvrII site) using pDCW212 as template. This 5.9 kb DNA fragment was also amplified from plasmid pDCW175 [10], ...
This directive contains the guidelines for the investigative procedure that must be followed upon the detection of Clavibacter Michiganensis on a seed potato farm unit.
1ECE: Crystal structure of thermostable family 5 endocellulase E1 from Acidothermus cellulolyticus in complex with cellotetraose.
Biohazard level, growth media and temperature, gram stain, industrial applications and more information for Actinoplanes utahensis.
Citation: Labeda, D.P., Kroppenstedt, R.M. 2008. Proposal for the new genus Allokutzneria gen. nov. within the suborder Pseudonocardineae and transfer of Kibdelosporangium albatum Tomita et al. 1993 as Allokutzneria albata comb. nov. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 58:1472-1475. Interpretive Summary: Gene sequence-based molecular analyses for reassessment of evolutionary relationships of microoganisms at the species, genus, or higher taxonomic levels can sometimes reveal unexpected problems with existing classification of microbial species where conclusions based incomplete morphological or chemical composition data resulted in incorrect decisions. The microorganism that produces the antiviral antibiotic cycloviracin was described as a species of the genus Kibdelosporangium in 1993 based on data available to the researchers at that time. A molecular systematic analysis of the 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequences of all members of the bacterial family ...
A Gram-positive, aerobic strain, designated MSL-05T, was isolated from a soil sample collected from Bigeum Island, Korea, and its taxonomic position was investigated using a polyphasic approach. Cells of the novel strain were coccoid and occurred singly. The novel strain grew over a wide range of NaCl concentrations (0-7 %, w/v). The optimum growth temperature and pH were 28 °C and 7.2, respectively. Chemotaxonomic characteristics [peptidoglycan type, meso-diaminopimelic acid; major menaquinone, MK-8(H4); predominant fatty acids, i-C16 : 0, ai-C17 : 0, C16 : 0 and i-C14 : 0; DNA G+C content of 72.9 mol%] placed this organism within the genus Marmoricola. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis confirmed this classification, but showed that the novel strain was distinct from its nearest neighbours. Strain MSL-05T was found in the same clade as the type strains of species of the genus Marmoricola and also shared low gene sequence similarity with Marmoricola aequoreus JCM 13812T (96.91 %) and Marmoricola
Citation: N/A Interpretive Summary: A previous study of a taxonomic group of soil bacteria indicated a strain which produces the novel antibiotic dopsisamine had been mis-classified at least twice. A detailed study of all of the properties of this strain, including morphology, chemical composition, and physiology, was undertaken to properly describe this new genus. The name Crossiella is proposed for this new genus in recognition of contributions of Thomas Cross, a distinguished microbiologist at the University of Bradford. The knowledge regarding the properties of this new genus will be valuable to biotechnologists searching for microorganisms capable of producing other new antibiotics or natural products. Technical Abstract: Phylogenetic analysis of the genera within the suborder Pseudonocardineae based on almost complete sequences of 16S rDNA showed that Saccharothrix cryophilis NRRL B-16238T was misplaced within the genus Saccharothrix. S. cryophilis NRRL B-16238T appeared to be ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
The citrate cycle (TCA cycle, Krebs cycle) is an important aerobic pathway for the final steps of the oxidation of carbohydrates and fatty acids. The cycle starts with acetyl-CoA, the activated form of acetate, derived from glycolysis and pyruvate oxidation for carbohydrates and from beta oxidation of fatty acids. The two-carbon acetyl group in acetyl-CoA is transferred to the four-carbon compound of oxaloacetate to form the six-carbon compound of citrate. In a series of reactions two carbons in citrate are oxidized to CO2 and the reaction pathway supplies NADH for use in the oxidative phosphorylation and other metabolic processes. The pathway also supplies important precursor metabolites including 2-oxoglutarate. At the end of the cycle the remaining four-carbon part is transformed back to oxaloacetate. According to the genome sequence data, many organisms seem to lack genes for the full cycle [MD:M00009], but contain genes for specific segments [MD:M00010 M00011 ...
The sponge-associated actinomycetes were isolated from the marine sponge Dendrilla nigra, collected from the southwest coast of India. Eleven actinomycetes
Taxonomy of the species Kitasatospora azatica corrig. (Nakagaito et al. 1993) Zhang et al. 1997 and Kitasatosporia azatica (sic) (Nakagaito et al. 1993) Zhang et al. 1997
The citrate cycle (TCA cycle, Krebs cycle) is an important aerobic pathway for the final steps of the oxidation of carbohydrates and fatty acids. The cycle starts with acetyl-CoA, the activated form of acetate, derived from glycolysis and pyruvate oxidation for carbohydrates and from beta oxidation of fatty acids. The two-carbon acetyl group in acetyl-CoA is transferred to the four-carbon compound of oxaloacetate to form the six-carbon compound of citrate. In a series of reactions two carbons in citrate are oxidized to CO2 and the reaction pathway supplies NADH for use in the oxidative phosphorylation and other metabolic processes. The pathway also supplies important precursor metabolites including 2-oxoglutarate. At the end of the cycle the remaining four-carbon part is transformed back to oxaloacetate. According to the genome sequence data, many organisms seem to lack genes for the full cycle [MD:M00009], but contain genes for specific segments [MD:M00010 M00011 ...
Opens the Highlight Feature Bar and highlights feature annotations from the FEATURES table of the record. The Highlight Feature Bar can be used to navigate to and highlight other features and provides links to display the highlighted region separately. Links in the FEATURES table will also highlight the corresponding region of the sequence. More... ...
A novel Gram-positive, aerobic, actinobacterial strain, CF6/1T, was isolated in 2007 during environmental screening of arid desert soil in the Sahara near to Ourba, Chad. The isolate was found to grow best in a temperature range of 20-37 °C and at pH 6.0-8.5 and showed no NaCl tolerance, forming black-coloured and nearly circular colonies on GYM agar. Chemotaxonomic and molecular characteristics determined for the isolate match those previously described for members of the genus Geodermatophilus. The DNA G + C content of the novel strain was determined to be 74.9 mol %. The peptidoglycan was found to contain meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid. The main phospholipids were determined to be phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylcholine, diphosphatidylglycerol and traces of phosphatidylglycerol; MK-9(H4) was identified as the dominant menaquinone and galactose as the diagnostic sugar. The major cellular fatty acids were found to be the branched-chain ...
SWISS-MODEL Repository entry for A0LRP7 (RS4_ACIC1), 30S ribosomal protein S4. Acidothermus cellulolyticus (strain ATCC 43068 / 11B)
SWISS-MODEL Repository entry for A0LQZ8 (SYC_ACIC1), Cysteine--tRNA ligase. Acidothermus cellulolyticus (strain ATCC 43068 / 11B)
ID STANL_1_PE2867 STANDARD; PRT; 458 AA. AC STANL_1_PE2867; D3Q9A8; DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 1, Created) DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 2, Last sequence update) DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 3, Last annotation update) DE SubName: Full=Drug resistance transporter, EmrB/QacA subfamily;Flags: DE Precursor; (STANL_1.PE2867). GN OrderedLocusNames=Snas_2915; OS STACKEBRANDTIA NASSAUENSIS DSM 44728. OC Bacteria; Actinobacteria; Actinobacteridae; Actinomycetales; OC Glycomycineae; Glycomycetaceae; Stackebrandtia. OX NCBI_TaxID=446470; RN [0] RP -.; RG -.; RL -.; CC -!- SEQ. DATA ORIGIN: Translated from the HOGENOM CDS STANL_1.PE2867. CC Stackebrandtia nassauensis DSM 44728 chromosome, complete genome. CC sequence. CC -!- ANNOTATIONS ORIGIN:D3Q9A8_STANL CC -!- GENE_FAMILY: HOG000239124 [ FAMILY / ALN / TREE ] DR UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot; D3Q9A8; -. DR EMBL; CP001778; ADD42590.1; -; Genomic_DNA. DR RefSeq; YP_003511683.1; NC_013947.1. DR GeneID; 8884114; -. DR GenomeReviews; CP001778_GR; Snas_2915. DR KEGG; sna:Snas_2915; -. DR GO; ...
Streptosporangium cinnabarinum GE82832 peptide: a secondary metabolite produced by Streptosporangium cinnabarinum (strain GE82832) that is a translational inhibitor
Marcone, G.L.Nonomuraea sp. ATCC 39727 a rare actinomycete producing the glycopeptide A40926: mechanism of self resistance. (Doctoral Thesis, Università degli Studi dellInsubria, 2010 ...
Wink JM, Kroppenstedt RM, Ganguli BN, et al. 2003. Three new antibiotic producing species of the genus Amycolatopsis, Amycolatopsis balhimycina sp. Nov., Amycolatopsis tolypomycina sp. Nov., Amycolatopsis vancoresmycina sp. Nov., and description of Amycolatopsis keratiniphila subsp. Keratiniphila subsp. Nov. and Amycolatopsis keratiniphila subsp. Nogabecina subsp. Nov. Syst Appl Microbiol 26:38. PUBMED Abstract ...
TAN 999: has macrophage-activating properties; from Nocardiopsis dassonvillei; structure given in first source; indolocarbazole alkaloid
Complete genome sequence of Catenulispora acidiphila type strain (ID 139908T). Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB). Copeland, A [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Lapidus, Alla L. [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Glavina Del Rio, Tijana [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Nolan, Matt [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Lucas, Susan [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Chen, Feng [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Tice, Hope [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Cheng, Jan-Fang [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Bruce, David [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Goodwin, Lynne A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Pitluck, Sam [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Mikhailova, Natalia [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pati, Amrita [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Ivanova, N [U.S. Department of Energy, ...
ACTINOMYCETALES (MIKROBIOLOGIE); ZELLDIFFERENZIERUNG + ZELLREIFUNG (CYTOLOGIE); REGULATION AUF MOLEKULARER EBENE (BIOLOGIE); ACTINOMYCETALES (MICROBIOLOGY); CELL DIFFERENTIATION + CELL MATURATION (CYTOLOGY); REGULATION ON MOLECULAR LEVEL (BIOLOGY ...
Are you a fan of prog metal bands like Between The Buried and Me or The Odious? Well, I have just the thing to whet your whistle. Bisporas first full length definitely has a lot of stuff going on! A little less jazz "strut" than BTBAM, but a bit more funk-esque groove, and even some technical death metal-ish riffs (like in the intro of the second preview track)! Try to buy the album if you can, Bispora is trying to be able to afford merch ...
This Histri was built automatically but not manually verified. As a consequence, the Histri can be incomplete or can contain errors ...
This Histri was built automatically but not manually verified. As a consequence, the Histri can be incomplete or can contain errors ...
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Biohazard level, growth media and temperature, gram stain, industrial applications and more information for Amycolatopsis sulphurea.
General Information: Isolation: Blade of grass from Raritan River NJ; Country: USA; Temp: Mesophile; Temp: 10-30C; Habitat: Soil. This bacterium produces the antibiotic nocardicin A. Soil dwelling, nonmotile aerobe it has fine hyphae which form aerial and substrate mycelia. Motile spores are borne on synnemata, compact groups of erect hyphae. It produces nocardicin antibiotics and is able to inhibit growth of several Gram-positive bacteria as well as some filamentous fungi and yeasts. ...
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The enzyme, isolated from the bacterium Saccharothrix syringae, is involved in the biosynthesis of nocamycin I and nocamycin II ...
Two thousand and four is the date Ive made my plans and its great some new gear to buy to test and to try the rest is all up to fate. POG "It is difficult to say what is impossible, for the dream of yesterday is the hope of today and the reality of tomorrow." Robert H. Goddard * From the AT-L , Need help? http://www.backcountry.net/faq.html ...
Serum antibody titres to Dermatophilus congolensis demonstrated by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in young steers and in adult cows from an Ayrshire herd showed a bimodal distribution and provided evidence of subclinical infection. Very high titres detected in sera from crossbred Galloway steers were indicative of recent or existing infection which may have been masked by concurrent ringworm. The ELISA is a sensitive and technically simple method which enables sera to be screened for evidence of infection by D congolensis which may otherwise pass unrecognised. Such infections may be of importance not only in the epidemiology of the disease in farm animals but also as a potential source of infection for man and his domestic pets.. ...
A novel halophilic actinomycete, strain H32T,was isolated froma Saharan soil sample collected in El-Oued province, south Algeria. The isolate was characterized by means of polyphasic taxonomy. Optimal growth was determined to occur at 28-32°C, pH 6.0-7.0 and in the presence of 15-25 %(w/v) NaCl. The strain was observed to produce abundant aerial mycelium, which formed long chains of rod-shaped spores at maturity, and fragmented substrate mycelium. The cell wall was determined to contain meso-diaminopimelic acid and the characteristic whole-cell sugars were arabinose and galactose. The predominant menaquinoneswere found to beMK-10(H4) andMK-9(H4). The predominant cellular fatty acids were determined to be anteiso C17:0, iso-C15:0 and iso-C16:0. The diagnostic phospholipid detected was phosphatidylcholine. Phylogenetic analyses based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that this strain formed a distinct phyletic line within the radiation of the genus Actinopolyspora. The 16S rRNAgene sequence ...
FERRO, Maria Inês Tiraboschi et al. Differential gene expression in sugar cane infected by Leifsonia xyli subsp: xyli. Summa phytopathol. [online]. 2007, vol.33, n.2, pp.157-166. ISSN 0100-5405. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-54052007000200010.. The macroarray nylon membrane technology was used to study the differential gene expression of 3.575 ESTs clones from sugarcane libraries. Total RNA was extracted from two varieties, one known as tolerant (SP80-0185) and another known as susceptible (SP70-3370) to the ratoon stunting disease (RSD), after being inoculated with Lefsonia xyli subsp. xyli bacterial extracts, and used as probe. Out of the 3.575 ESTs, 49 showed differential expression levels. Most of the selected ESTs were found in the resistant variety, 41 being induced and 3 being repressed in response to bacterial inoculation. On the other hand, the susceptible variety showed only 5 differentially expressed genes, 2 being induced and 3 being repressed. These results indicate that the ...
Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli, causal agent of ratoon stunting disease (RSD) of sugarcane (Saccharum interspecific hybrids), is the most well-known member of the Microbacteriaceae genus Leifsonia. However, the presence of other Leifsonia strains associated with sugarcane has not been reported. A total of 697 Australian and 40 Indonesian sugarcane fields were screened by leaf sheath biopsy (LSB) PCR using primers specific for L. xyli subsp. xyli, in addition to primers designed to amplify DNA from other members of the genus Leifsonia. While L. xyli subsp. xyli was detected in 126 fields, a total of 37 distinct and novel Leifsonia and non-Leifsonia strains were detected in 116 fields. Representatives of these strains were also detected in multiple samples of expressed xylem sap. Sequencing and phylogenetic analyses demonstrated the presence of a broad complex of novel Leifsonia strains, in addition to strains closely related to the recently erected Cnuibacter genus. Attempts to isolate Leifsonia strains were
Mud fever, also known as scratches or pastern dermatitis, is a group of diseases of horses causing irritation and dermatitis in the lower limbs of horses. Often caused by a mixture of bacteria, typically Dermatophilus congolensis, and Staphylococcus spp, mud fever can also be caused by fungal organisms (dermatophytes). Photosensitization, chorioptic mange mites, contact dermatitis and other conditions also contribute to some cases. This condition is also known as dew poisoning, grease heel, or greasy heel. Mud fever affects most horses and ponies during winter and early spring, resulting in painful sores and scabs, which in severe cases can make a horse lame. Mud fever most commonly affects the pastern and heel area but can also affect the upper leg, the belly, and in some cases the neck area (also known as Rain Scald). Non-pigmented skin tends to be more severely affected. Mud fever is caused by an infection of the skin by bacteria, including Dermatophilus congolensis, and often Staphylococcus ...
81957PRTAcidothermus cellulolyticusmisc_feature(957)..(957)Xaa can be any naturally occurring amino acid 1Met Asp Arg Ser Glu Asn Ile Arg Leu Thr Met Arg Ser Arg Arg Leu1 5 10 15Val Ser Leu Leu Ala Ala Thr Ala Ser Phe Ala Val Ala Ala Ala Leu 20 25 30Gly Val Leu Pro Ile Ala Ile Thr Ala Ser Pro Ala His Ala Ala Thr 35 40 45Thr Gln Pro Tyr Thr Trp Ser Asn Val Ala Ile Gly Gly Gly Gly Phe 50 55 60Val Asp Gly Ile Val Phe Asn Glu Gly Ala Pro Gly Ile Leu Tyr Val65 70 75 80Arg Thr Asp Ile Gly Gly Met Tyr Arg Trp Asp Ala Ala Asn Gly Arg 85 90 95Trp Ile Pro Leu Leu Asp Trp Val Gly Trp Asn Asn Trp Gly Tyr Asn 100 105 110Gly Val Val Ser Ile Ala Ala Asp Pro Ile Asn Thr Asn Lys Val Trp 115 120 125Ala Ala Val Gly Met Tyr Thr Asn Ser Trp Asp Pro Asn Asp Gly Ala 130 135 140Ile Leu Arg Ser Ser Asp Gln Gly Ala Thr Trp Gln Ile Thr Pro Leu145 150 155 160Pro Phe Lys Leu Gly Gly Asn Met Pro Gly Arg Gly Met Gly Glu Arg 165 170 175Leu Ala Val Asp Pro Asn Asn Asp Asn Ile Leu Tyr Phe Gly Ala Pro 180 185 190Ser Gly Lys Gly ...
The taxonomic position of an actinomycete isolated from a brown hypermagnesian ultramafic soil was examined using a polyphasic approach. The organism, which was designated SBHS Strp1T, was found to have chemical and morphological properties typical of Amycolatopsis strains. It was most closely associated with Amycolatopsis kentuckyensis, Amycolatopsis lexingtonensis, Amycolatopsis rifamycinica, Amycolatopsis pretoriensis and Amycolatopsis tolypomycina on the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence data, and showed a unique pattern of phenotypic properties that distinguished it from the type strains of these taxa. The combined genotypic and phenotypic data show that the organism merits description as a novel species of Amycolatopsis. The name proposed for the novel species is Amycolatopsis plumensis sp. nov.; the type strain is SBHS Strp1T (=DSM 44776T=NRRL B-24324T).
Other names: ATCC 25835, CFBP 4266, CIP 100331, Cellulomonas turbata, Cellulosimonas turbata, DSM 20577, IFO 15015, JCM 3160, LMG 4072, NBRC 15015, NCIB 10587, NCIMB 10587, NCTC 11973, NRRL B-8019, Nocardia turbata, O. turbata, Oerskovia turbata, strain 891, strain rskov 27 ...
Other names: ATCC 25835, CFBP 4266, CIP 100331, Cellulomonas turbata, Cellulosimonas turbata, DSM 20577, IFO 15015, JCM 3160, LMG 4072, NBRC 15015, NCIB 10587, NCIMB 10587, NCTC 11973, NRRL B-8019, Nocardia turbata, O. turbata, Oerskovia turbata, strain 891, strain rskov 27 ...
ZEOCIN RESISTANCE. For Selecting Transfected Cells. To easily select cells that were transfected with our genetic circuit, we required a selectable marker that would work in all of our chassis, particularly HeLa cells and microglia, and would enable us to easily eliminate cells that have not taken up our recombinant plasmid. Zeocin is a widely used glycopeptide antibiotic, a formulation of phleomycin D1. It is capable of binding to and cleaving DNA, leading to cell necrosis in both eukaryotes and aerobic prokaryotes. Commonly outside of cells, in copper-chelated form, zeocin is inactive. When zeocin enters a cell, the Cu2+, which makes it appear blue, is reduced to Cu+ and then removed, activating zeocin, which then intercalates into DNA (Invitrogen). A 375 base pair bacterial gene encodes the Streptoalloteichus hindustanus bleomycin resistance protein (She ble protein). The She ble protein in mammalian cells is predominantly localised at the nucleus, specifically at euchromatin (Calmels et al. ...
Members of this protein family are restricted to members of the Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium smegmatis, Streptomyces hygroscopicus, Geodermatophilus obscurus, Pseudonocardia dioxanivorans, Saccharomonospora marina, etc) that synthesize PQQ. This small protein, 155 amino acids long on average, is found regularly next to a much larger protein, a PQQ-dependent oxidoreductase, and might be a companion subunit or an accessory protein such as chaperone involved in cofactor insertion ...
General Information: This strain was isolated from a diary herd in Wisconsin, USA in the 1970s. Environmental organism which causes infections in birds and humans. This genus comprises a number of Gram-positive, acid-fast, rod-shaped aerobic bacteria and is the only member of the family Mycobacteriaceae within the order Actinomycetales. Like other closely related Actinomycetales, such as Nocardia and Corynebacterium, Mycobacteria have unusually high genomic DNA GC content and are capable of producing mycolic acids as major components of their cell wall. Mycobacterium avium is ubiquitous in the environment, and can be found in stagnant waters and soils. This organism causes tuberculosis in birds and disseminated infections in immunocompromized humans (the elderly, children, and especially patients with AIDS). Infection results in a characteristic pulmonary disease which requires expensive drug therapy for successful treatment. Most prevalent colony morphotypes are smooth opaque, smooth ...
The Diseases of Elaeagnus. The Elaeagnus plant genus (Elaeagnus spp.) consists of large shrubs or small trees with bushy forms and silvery-gray foliage. These plants bear fragrant, light-colored flowers that give way to edible, red or yellow, olive-like fruits. Commonly grown plants in this genus include the Russian ...
Introduction: Elaeagnus spp. is one in the family of riparian trees growing near the rivers or water corridors. In this family, Elaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive) is famous because of its medical applications. Methods: A comprehensive review was performed to extract the related data from published literature. Results: Traditionally, it has been used as an analgesic, antipyretic and diuretic herbal medicine. A large number of compounds have been derived from Russian olive and made this plant a source of flavonoids, alkaloids, minerals and vitamins. Although the purpose of most studies is to use this plant for preparation of herbal medicines and as an ingredient for drug formulation, there is no available drug dosage form commercially. Conclusion: This review aimed to provide the most important documentary information on the active components of Elaeagnus spp. and their relation to the pharmacological properties and compare them with reported medicinal effects.
16079331] Identification of tailoring genes involved in the modification of the polyketide backbone of rifamycin B by Amycolatopsis mediterranei S699. (Microbiology. , 2005 ...
Actinomycetes are gram-positive, free-living, saprophytic bacteria widely distributed in soil, water and colonizing plants showing marked chemical and morphological diversity. They are potential source of many bioactive compounds, which have diverse clinical effects and important applications in human medicine. In the present work, we have studied some of the physiological and biochemical characteristics of 36 actinomycete strains isolated from the shola soils of tropical montane forest; a relatively unexplored biodiversity hotspot. Ability of actinomycetes isolates to ferment and produce acids from various carbohydrate sources such as innositol, mannose, sorbitol, galactose, mannitol, xylose, rhamnose, arabinose, lactose and fructose were studied. Almost all the carbon compounds were utilized by one or other actinomycete isolates. The most preferred carbon sources were found to be xylose (94.44%) followed by fructose and mannose (91.66%). Only 41.76% of the isolates were able to ferment ...
Cell morphology of filamentous microorganisms is highly interesting during cultivations as it is often linked to productivity and can be influenced by process conditions. Hence, the characterization of cell morphology is of major importance to improve the understanding of industrial processes with filamentous microorganisms. For this purpose, reliable and robust methods are necessary. In this study, pellet morphology and physiology of the rebeccamycin producing filamentous actinomycete Lentzea aerocolonigenes were investigated by microscopy and flow cytometry. Both methods were compared regarding their applicability. To achieve different morphologies, a cultivation with glass bead addition (Ø = 969 μm, 100 g L-1) was compared to an unsupplemented cultivation. This led to two different macro-morphologies. Furthermore, glass bead addition increased rebeccamycin titers after 10 days of cultivation (95 mg L-1 with glass beads, 38 mg L-1 without glass beads). Macro-morphology and viability were
7-Chloro-8-methoxytetracycline isolated from antibiotic ES-119 and antibiotic Tet. 7 which are produced by fermentation of mutants of Actinomadura brunnea, namely Actinomadura brunnea var. antibiotica, ATCC 53108 and Actinomadura brunnea var antibiotica ATCC 53180 and its use as an antibiotic against gram-positive and gram-negative organisms are disclosed.
The taxonomic position of a soil isolate, strain E626, was evaluated using the polyphasic approach. The organism was found to have chemical and morphological features consistent with its assignment to
Valid publication: PATHOM-AREE (W.), NOGI (Y.), WARD (A.C.), HORIKOSHI (K.), BULL (A.T.) and GOODFELLOW (M.): Dermacoccus barathri sp. nov. and Dermacoccus profundi sp. nov., novel actinomycetes isolated from deep-sea mud of the Mariana Trench. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2303-2307 ...
ID FRASU_1_PE451 STANDARD; PRT; 518 AA. AC FRASU_1_PE451; E3J9X7; DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 1, Created) DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 2, Last sequence update) DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 3, Last annotation update) DE SubName: Full=Drug resistance transporter, EmrB/QacA subfamily; DE (FRASU_1.PE451). GN OrderedLocusNames=FraEuI1c_0456; OS FRANKIA SP. EUI1C. OC Bacteria; Actinobacteria; Actinobacteridae; Actinomycetales; Frankineae; OC Frankiaceae; Frankia. OX NCBI_TaxID=298654; RN [0] RP -.; RG -.; RL -.; CC -!- SEQ. DATA ORIGIN: Translated from the HOGENOM CDS FRASU_1.PE451. CC Frankia sp. EuI1c chromosome, complete genome. CC complete sequence. CC -!- ANNOTATIONS ORIGIN:E3J9X7_FRASU CC -!- GENE_FAMILY: HOG000239124 [ FAMILY / ALN / TREE ] DR UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot; E3J9X7; -. DR EMBL; CP002299; ADP78539.1; -; Genomic_DNA. DR RefSeq; YP_004014409.1; NC_014666.1. DR GeneID; 9970870; -. DR GenomeReviews; CP002299_GR; FraEuI1c_0456. DR KEGG; fri:FraEuI1c_0456; -. DR GO; GO:0016021; C:integral to membrane; ...
Lineage: cellular organisms; Bacteria; Terrabacteria group; Actinobacteria; Actinobacteria; Streptosporangiales; Nocardiopsaceae; Streptomonospora; unclassified ...
Lineage: cellular organisms; Bacteria; Terrabacteria group; Actinobacteria; Actinobacteria; Pseudonocardiales; Pseudonocardiaceae; Amycolatopsis; Amycolatopsis ...
46. Elaeagnus mollis Diels, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 36(Beibl. 82): 78. 1905. 翅果油树 chi guo you shu Trees or shrubs, deciduous, erect, 2-10 m tall, to 8 cm d.b.h., with grayish brown bark. Spines absent; young branches grayish green, densely stellate-scaly. Petiole 6-10 mm; leaf blade abaxially grayish green, adaxially dark green, ovate or ovate-elliptic, 6-9(-15) × 3-6(-11) cm, papery, abaxially densely grayish stellate-tomentose, adaxially sparsely stellate-hairy, lateral veins 6-10 per side of midrib, base obtuse or rounded, apex acute. Flowers often 1-3(-5) in leaf axils. Pedicel 3-4 mm. Flowers nodding, grayish green, fragrant, grayish white stellate-tomentose. Calyx tube campanulate, ca. 4 mm, abruptly constricted above ovary; lobes subtriangular or sublanceolate, 3.5-4 mm, inside sparsely white stellate-hairy, apex acuminate. Anthers ellipsoid, ca. 2 mm. Style erect, curved in upper part, lower part densely villous. Drupe globose-ovoid, or subglobose, ca. 1.3 cm, conspicuouly 8-ribbed, ...
The other antibiotics talk covered something Id never heard about; the ability of some antibiotics in certain cases to prevent bacterial death. Work done on Microbacterium turberculosis - which causes TB and a related strain (Microbacterium bovis) showed that when in stationary phase (i.e the bacteria were not growing and dividing) the addition of antibiotics that usually kill only growing cells helped to aid cell survival. Antibiotics that targeted both growing and non growing cells did not have this effect. The reason for this is not clear, however comparing transcriptomes between cells both with and without antibiotics showed a difference in protein production on addition of antibiotics. These antibiotics are in someway helping to turn on genes for survival, which are keeping the stationary phase bacteria alive ...
Opens the Highlight Feature Bar and highlights feature annotations from the FEATURES table of the record. The Highlight Feature Bar can be used to navigate to and highlight other features and provides links to display the highlighted region separately. Links in the FEATURES table will also highlight the corresponding region of the sequence. More... ...
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Motile spores facilitate plant infection. Phytophthora pathogens produce motile biflagellate zoospores that can target and swim to suitable infection sites on potential host plants.. ...
17693715] The border sequence of the balhimycin biosynthesis gene cluster from Amycolatopsis balhimycina contains bbr, encoding a StrR-like pathway-specific regulator. (J Mol Microbiol Biotechnol. , 2007 ...
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... : duration of the operation and influence, two minutes and a quarter.. zyprexa abuse high snort olanzapine there is no evidence of the tumours having had any con-
YKK is hiking our trail this year, shes leaving real soon from here. To my new friend: no cheese will I send, if you keep Pantene away from your gear! POG "It is difficult to say what is impossible, for the dream of yesterday is the hope of today and the reality of tomorrow." Robert H. Goddard * From the AT-L , Need help? http://www.backcountry.net/faq.html ...
Sprawdź ile zapłacisz za lek Thermacare heat wraps w aptece, znajdź tańsze zamienniki leku. Określ swoje uprawnienia i sprawdź jakie zniżki Ci przysługują.
Sprawdź ile zapłacisz za lek Hyperlyte CR w aptece, znajdź tańsze zamienniki leku. Określ swoje uprawnienia i sprawdź jakie zniżki Ci przysługują.
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Hodnota webu. Cena webové stránky? id-nes.cz je bezplatný kalkulátor cen webu, internetových stránek a domén. Prodat nebo koupit webové stránky.
هدف: نگرانی از وجود آفلاتوکسین در مواد غذایی و خطراتی که این سم برای سلامت انسان و حیوانات دارد، باعث پیدایش راه‌های مختلف حذف یا کاهش این سم شده است؛ از جمله این روش‌ها، کنترل زیستی قارچ توسط ریززنده‌های دیگر است. در این تحقیق از باکتری باسیلوس آمیلولیکوفاسینس جدا شده از خاک باغ پسته از باغات شهرستان دامغان به‌عنوان عامل کنترل زیستی برای مهار رشد و تولید آفلاتوکسین قارچ آسپرژیلوس پارازیتیکوس استاندارد NRRL2999 استفاده شد. مواد و روش‌ها: پس از 72 ساعت کشت باکتری در دمای 30 درجه سانتی‌گراد، مایع‌رویی آن به‌عنوان منبع ترکیبات ضد قارچی جداسازی شد. غلظت‌های
Find the 90% CI for the population proportion of people who prefer chocolate over vanilla. Assume that your sample proportion is .67 for people who prefer chocolate. You have a sample size of 150 people.. Solution. What you are given from the problem ...
ProTaper Race Spec (RS) Rear Sprockets are precision CNC machined to strict tolerances from high quality alloy that has been specially formulated for …
Acarbose acts as an inhibitor of alpha-glucosidases and is therefore clinically used. The biosynthesis gene cluster (acb) was identified and partly characterized. The proposed model describes a pathway in which acarbose might function as a carbophor. The molecule is secreted into the medium where, after hydrolysis of starch, it is charged with additional glucose moieties. Re-uptake by a binding-protein dependent ABC importer AcbHFG would then result in a net gain of carbon and energy. Besides extracting glucose from the extracellular pool acarbose also acts as an inhibitor of alpha-amylases secreted by competitors in the natural environment. Prompted by the structural similarity between acarbose and maltotetraose, the effects of acarbose on the metabolism of maltose and maltodextrins in whole cells of E. coli and on individual components of the maltose / maltodextrin system were studied. The results demonstrate that acarbose is efficiently transported but not metabolized by E. coli due to its ...
TABLE-US-00003 TABLE 3 DEDUCED FUNCTIONS FOR THE ORFS OF THE 21G792 CHROMOPROTEIN GENE CLUSTER Access. No.c, ORF Sizea Similar Protein (% id./% sim.) Proposed Function Orf9* .sup. 462b ATP synthase beta AAU08241, n/a primary metabolism subunit, AtpD, Nonomuraea sp. ATCC 39727 Orf8* 128 ATP synthase epsilon AAU08242, primary metabolism chain, AtpC, 57/73 Nonomuraea sp. ATCC 39727 Orf7* 151 putative membrane BAC70590, primary metabolism protein, Streptomyces 44/57 avermitilis MA-4680 Orf6* 532 probable AAZ56436, primary metabolism aminopeptidase, 45/61 Thermobifida fusca YX Orf5* 211 cobalamin AAZ56437, primary metabolism adenosyltransferase, 65/77 Thermobifida fusca YX Orf4* 525 GMC oxidoreductase, AAF10542, primary metabolism Deinococcus radiodurans 49/60 R1 Orf3* 68 hypothetical protein, BAD81225, primary metabolism Oryza sativa 41/52 Orf2* 162 acetyltransferases, ZP_00132424, primary metabolism Haemophilus somnus 42/55 2336 Orf1* 498 aldehyde ZP_00657819, primary metabolism dehydrogenase, ...
Most Actinobacteria of medical or economic significance are in subclass Actinobacteridae, and belong to the order Actinomycetales. While many of these cause disease in humans, Streptomyces is notable as a source of antibiotics. Of those Actinobacteria not in the Actinomycetales, Gardnerella is one of the most researched. Classification of Gardnerella is controversial, and MeSH catalogues it as both a Gram-positive and Gram-negative organism.[9]. Actinobacteria, especially Streptomyces spp., are recognized as the producers of many bioactive metabolites that are useful to humans in medicine, such as antibacterials,[10] antifungals,[11] antivirals, antithrombotics, immunomodifiers, antitumor drugs, and enzyme inhibitors; and in agriculture, including insecticides, herbicides, fungicides, and growth-promoting substances for plants and animals.[12][13] Actinobacteria-derived antibiotics that are important in medicine include aminoglycosides, anthracyclines, chloramphenicol, macrolide, tetracyclines, ...
MMLRG : The method employed in this assay is broth microtiter dilution using a commercially available plate from Trek Diagnostics, Inc. Antimicrobials included in the assay are tested according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) guidelines.(CLSI. Susceptibility Testing of Mycobacteria, Nocardiae, and Other Actinomycetes; Approved Standard. CLSI document M24-A2. CLSI, Wayne, PA, 2011; Woods GL, Lin S-Y G, Desmond EP: Susceptibility test methods: Mycobacteria, Nocardia, and Other Actinomycetes. In Manual of Clinical Microbiology. Vol 1. Eleventh edition. Edited by JH Jorgensen, MA Pfaller, KC Carroll, et al. Washington, DC, ASM Press, 2015, pp 1356-1378)
in Protein Science : A Publication of the Protein Society (2000), 9(3), 466-75. In a general approach to the understanding of protein adaptation to high temperature, molecular models of the closely related mesophilic Streptomyces sp. S38 Xyl1 and thermophilic Thermomonospora fusca ... [more ▼]. In a general approach to the understanding of protein adaptation to high temperature, molecular models of the closely related mesophilic Streptomyces sp. S38 Xyl1 and thermophilic Thermomonospora fusca TfxA family 11 xylanases were built and compared with the three-dimensional (3D) structures of homologous enzymes. Some of the structural features identified as potential contributors to the higher thermostability of TfxA were introduced in Xyl1 by site-directed mutagenesis in an attempt to improve its thermostability and thermophilicity. A new Y11-Y16 aromatic interaction, similar to that present in TfxA and created in Xyl1 by the T11Y mutation, improved both the thermophilicity and thermostability. ...
... is an indolocarbazole isolated from Lechevalieria aerocolonigenes. Rebeccamycin displays selective antitumor activity against several cell lines. Analogues of rebeccamycin have been tested in clinical trials for cancer therapy ...
Cena says Rock was responsible for his collapse but will be responsible for his turnaround. Cena points out Rock won the WWE Title on the same night he won the Rumble. Cena says he has a chance to re-write history. Cena gives Rock a 34-day heads up and says he is not throwing this chance away. Rock takes a second but says that fire and that desire... hes happy to see that out of Cena. Rock says thats the man who said he would beat CM Punk last week and he did. Rock says there was only one man he wanted to face at WrestleMania - Cena. Rock says he knows what the title and the match means to Cena. Rock says nobody in WWE has the passion and the drive, the will to win, that Cena has... except... The Rock. Rock says as much as it matters to Cena, it matters more to him. Cena quotes Mike Tyson and says in order to be the best that ever lived, you have to beat everyone living. Cena says he has jumped over every roadblock in his career except The Rock. Cena says The Rocks time is up at WrestleMania ...
Microorganisms have a wide variety of characteristics that have always come to our aid. Some of them even have the ability to produce colorful, non...
Occurrence of pppApp-synthesizing activity in actinomycetes and isolation of purine nucleotide pyrophosphotransferase.: The occurrence of adenosine 5-triphosph
1M4W: Three-dimensional structures of thermophilic beta-1,4-xylanases from Chaetomium thermophilum and Nonomuraea flexuosa. Comparison of twelve xylanases in relation to their thermal stability.
A Reflective Practice Tool is available HERE to help you gather evidence of your learning for your CPD portfolio or check out CPD apps on the CENA Resources page.. The aim of this tool is to assist you with the process of reflecting on your experience within any learning opportunity - from a formal course to an interesting event in your everyday practice. This reflection tool may enable you to take what you learn in the webinar away with your and on into your everyday working practice.. ...
The composting process is a complex interaction between the waste and the microorganisms within the waste. The microorganisms that carry out this process fall into three groups: bacteria, fungi, and actinomycetes. Actinomycetes are a form of fungi-like bacteria that break down organic matter. The first stage of the biological activity is the consumption of easily available sugars by […]. ...
AbstractFull-Text PDF Full-Text HTML. Drug resistant and opportunistic organisms are a problem to medical health due to the fact that most of the drugs that were used are now not effective. Currently, there is a need to search for new drugs that can enhance the control of these organisms. Actinomycetes and their secondary metabolites can be used as such drugs. This study was designed to isolate actinomycetes producing novel anti-fungal compounds from waste... Read more. ...
Whey proteini, beljakovine ProElite 85, v prahu Amix, ugodna cena - spletna trgovina s športno prehrano Aminostore.si Maribor. Široka izbira kvalitetnih prehranskih dopolnil po ugodnih cenah. Whey proteini, beljakovine ProElite 85 Amix.
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The Volkswagen Beetle, officially the Volkswagen Type 1, or informally the Volkswagen Bug, is a two-door, four passenger, rear-engined economy car...
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Acne, whether adult or adolescent, is both embarrassing and inconvenient. It may seem surprising to learn that adult acne has a lot to do with blood sugar levels, and the deregulation of these, which results in insulin resistance. After eating a meal of high GI foods, blood sugar skyrockets and triggers the body to release insulin. An increase in insulin then causes an over production of sebum in the skin. Conversely low blood sugar levels cause you to crave high GI foods, which you then consume, recreating the release of insulin and over production of sebum. Hand in hand with this is an increased level of inflammation and oxidative stress in your body. High GI and GL foods are also often high in fats and sugars, which create this high level of inflammation. Increased sebum and high inflammation create a great environment for acne to thrive. It is a vicious cycle, but fortunately there are ways that you can combat both insulin resistance and increased inflammation ...