Infection with severe malaria in African children is associated with not only a high mortality but also a high risk of cognitive deficits. There is evidence that interventions done a few years after the illness are effective but nothing is known about those done immediately after the illness. We designed a study in which children who had suffered from severe malaria three months earlier were enrolled into a cognitive intervention program and assessed for the immediate benefit in cognitive, academic and behavioral outcomes. This parallel group randomised study was carried out in Kampala City, Uganda between February 2008 and October 2010. Sixty-one Ugandan children aged 5 to 12 years with severe malaria were assessed for cognition (using the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children, second edition and the Test of Variables of Attention), academic skills (Wide Range Achievement Test, third edition) and psychopathologic behaviour (Child Behaviour Checklist) three months after an episode of severe malaria.
We examine the effect of alcohol exposure in utero on child academic achievement. As well as studying the effect of any alcohol exposure, we investigate the effect of the dose, pattern, and duration of exposure. We use a genetic variant in the maternal alcohol-metabolism gene ADH1B as an instrument for alcohol exposure, whilst controlling for the childs genotype on the same variant. We show that the instrument is unrelated to an extensive range of maternal and paternal characteristics and behaviours. OLS regressions suggest an ambiguous association between alcohol exposure in utero and childrens academic attainment, but there is a strong social gradient in maternal drinking, with mothers in higher socio-economic groups more likely to drink. In stark contrast to the OLS, the IV estimates show negative effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on child educational attainment. These results are very robust to an extensive set of model specifications. In addition, we show that that the effects are ...
skoolboy has explained, much more eloquently than I can, why achievement gaps matter even if the scores of white, African-American, Hispanic, and Asian students are all rising equally: There are a great many social institutions that sort and rank individuals on the basis of test scores and the competencies they represent. Most of these institutions dont have an unlimited number of positions or slots-rather, individuals are competing against one another for access. When these institutions rely on test scores, and there is an achievement gap among racial/ethnic groups on these tests, the lower-scoring group will be underrepresented. Raising everybodys scores...
Is Californias investment in needy students paying off? Few signs indicate achievement gap is closing, By Jessica Calefati, June 22, 2017, KQED: Californias new system for funding public education has pumped tens of billions of extra dollars into struggling schools, but theres little evidence yet that the investment is helping the most disadvantaged students. A CALmatters analysis of the biggest districts with the greatest clusters of needy children found limited success with the policys goal: to close the achievement gap between these students and their more privileged peers. Instead, results in most of those places show the gap is growing ...
Its not how smart students are but how motivated they are and how they study that determines their growth in math achievement. Thats the main finding of a study that looks at six annual waves of data from a German longitudinal study assessing math ability in 3,520 students in grades five to 10. Students who felt competent; were intrinsically motivated; and avoided rote learning showed more growth in math achievement than those who didnt.
books.google.comhttps://books.google.com/books/about/An_Investigation_of_Reading_Achievement.html?id=jxlCAAAAYAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareAn Investigation of Reading Achievement as an Affective Determinant in the Perception of Verbal and Non-verbal Symbols ...
The objectives of this study are to measure quality of life, neuropsychological sequelae and parental stress before and after gene therapy for ADA-SCID. The population to be studied will include up to five patients being treated with gene therapy at the NIH Clinical Center and five of their parents. The design of the study will be a non-randomized, longitudinal psychometric evaluation. Neuropsychological outcome measures will be the following battery: Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence - Third Edition (WPPSI-III) or the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children - Fourth Edition (WISC-IV); the Wide Range Achievement Test - Fourth Edition (WRAT-4); subtests of the NEPSY; The Expressive One Word Picture Vocabulary Test (EOWPVT); Grooved Pegboard; Continuous Performance Test (CPT); Selective Reminding Test; and the Adaptive Behavior Assessment System- Second Edition. Quality of life will be measured with the PedsQL and parental stress will be measured with the Parenting Stress Index ...
Research has shown that poverty is a greater predictor of educational disparities than race, despite the national focus on racial disparities. Further, living in disadvantaged neighborhoods that are characterized by qualities such as high poverty and unemployment can place a double burden on already poor students, further undermining educational achievement and future success. Neighborhood disadvantage is linked to a range of poor academic outcomes, yet only recently has research begun to explore the processes underlying the relationship between neighborhood disadvantage and these outcomes. Drawing on ecological theory, the following study proposes to examine how multiple settings relate to student outcomes. Given the importance of schools on student outcomes and the lack of attention given to schools in the neighborhood literature, this study will examine how school climate and school type relate to neighborhoods and student outcomes. Specifically, this study proposes that neighborhood disadvantage is
Research suggests there are factors that may exacerbate or otherwise serve as a protective factor for the effects being overweight. This study explores the association between BMI and adolescents academic achievement, and the moderating effects of individual-level (e.g., race/ethnicity) and socio-contextual factors (e.g., economic disadvantage) on this association. Furthermore, research suggests that overweight adolescents are at an increased risk of becoming overweight adults. As such, other developmental outcomes may be impacted as adolescents mature into young adulthood. Given this likelihood, the association between BMI and achievement over time was also tested. Findings suggests an overlapping sphere of influence on BMI and adolescents academic achievement, as well as a consistent effect of BMI on achievement as adolescents enter into young adulthood.
To the Editor:. The article Principals Criticized on Teacher-Retention Decisions (Aug. 8, 2012) contains the following statement about results issued in a report by TNTP, formerly The New Teacher Project: Of the teachers studied, the group identified a subset of about 20 percent as irreplaceables because their students made two or three more months worth of academic progress compared [with] those taught with the average teacher in the district. The statement is fundamentally flawed and represents a common misunderstanding fostered by the testing industry, which prefers to report results in months and years of achievement when all they have is the number of items scored as correct on a particular test: the raw score.. We do not know what an achievement test measures. A persons score on a test of general mental ability and the persons score on an achievement test, which is supposed to reflect what a student has learned in school, are almost interchangeable. A person scoring high on one ...
A study finds that the achievement gap between the most and least wealthy students barely budged and scholars met last week to hash out some reasons why.
Lman Scholarship application; the Statement of Purpose Essay and the Follow on Service Project. Genki An Integrated Course in Elementary Japanese Answer Key Second Edition (2011, E. The Foundations college scholarship program bases its awards totally on essays written by the applicants, who need not be Mensa members. Nno, Y! Junk Food is Bad For You, but Junk Reading is Good for You (International Journal of Foreign Language Teaching 1,3: 5 12. 05) Stephen Krashen and Joanne Ujiie! Inagawa, K. If you have been dreading to write an essay, you can now get essays written for you by qualified writers. Eda, Y. Joy proficient essay writing and custom writing services provided by professional academic writers. One Scholarship. Ese tips and strategies can help you make a strong impression. Nsideration is not given. One of the nations largest need based college scholarship programs in the country, the Horatio Alger Scholarship Programs. No, C. Dless Opportunities. This page lists full tuition academic ...
There has been much written about the educational challenges facing the United States of America today. These challenges include, but are not limited, to educational inequity, low test scores, teacher competency and training, and achievement gaps. An era of standards-based reform and comprehensive school reform evolved as a reaction to these challenges. There is also an increase in assessment and accountability of student progress as a part of these educational reform measures. Key elements to school reform include effectively utilizing and collecting data. This includes using data to monitor student achievement and hold districts, schools, and educators accountable for student progress. This also includes making the teacher an integral part of the reform process.; The purpose of this study is to evaluate the design, implementation, and adequacy of data usage to improve student academic achievement in three cases at the district, school, and elementary classroom levels. Three research questions ...
We also investigate differences among students based on their race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status, and find more similarities than differences. This suggests that changes to start times will affect all students rather than just certain demographic groups. We also look at whether start times have a transitory or permanent effect on academic achievement and find that the short-term and long-term effects of later start times are similar to one another. In the long run, the effect is larger for adolescents than for younger students in both subjects, although the difference is not statistically significant in reading. The bottom line is that changes to start times improve math and reading achievement within a year of the change in sunlight exposure for adolescents, and the effects largely persist over time.. Showing up ready-or just showing up?. There are (at least) two reasons why school start times might affect academic achievement. First, later start times relative to sunrise may make it ...
PubMed journal article Lifestyle intervention for improving school achievement in overweight or obese children and adolescent were found in PRIME PubMed. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone, iPad, or Android
Background: Scholars and policymakers have criticized public education in developed countries for perpetuating health and income disparities. Several studies have examined the ties between green space and academic performance, hypothesizing that green space can foster performance, and, over time, help reduce such disparities. Although numerous reviews have analyzed the link between nature and child health, none have focused on academic achievement. Methods: We identified 13 peer-reviewed articles that examined associations between academic outcomes, types of green spaces, and distances in which green spaces were measured around schools. Results: Of the 122 findings reported in the 13 articles, 64% were non-significant, 8% were significant and negative, and 28% were significant and positive. Positive findings were limited to greenness, tree cover, and green land cover at distances up to 2000 m around schools. End-of-semester grades and college preparatory exams showed greater shares of positive
Studies in the US have found that both exposure to environmental toxins and childrens general health status negatively impact childrens academic achievement. This thesis will be made of up two papers. The first examines the impact of exposure to residential air toxins from a variety of sources on students academic achievement and the second paper incorporates a measure of childrens general health status into the statistical model from the first paper. This thesis employs National Air Toxics Assessment (NATA) risk estimates from a variety of sources and individual-level data collected through a mail survey of fourth and fifth grade school children in El Paso (Texas, USA). Results indicate that both higher levels of residential air toxins are statistically significantly associated with lower grade point averages, even when controlling for caretaker-reported general health status, meaning that there is an independent effect of air pollution on childrens academic achievement outcomes that cannot be
The academic achievement, of children and young people is an issue that concerns governments in many countries. In Nigeria, students performance on standardised examinations has been troublingly low, especially among those from the north of the country. Previous studies on students achievement have focused on inadequate funding, infrastructural decay, parental background factors and pedagogical issues. However, this study considers the psychological aspects of attainment, looking at the relationships between self-concept, locus of control, school motivation, academic achievement and other contextual factors (such as gender) that are likely to have an impact on students performance in school. The aim is to identify some of the factors contributing to low performance in order to generate empirical evidence to inform policy and practice. The study adopts a cross sectional research design with a sequential mixed method approach to data collection and analysis. Standardised questionnaires are used ...
Arts Corps is not just about arts education. As it turns out, our work increasingly sits at the heart of a major tension in education-namely, a profound disagreement about what it will take to achieve equity in education.. Today we hear a lot of talk about the achievement gap. The achievement gap generally refers to the lower academic performance of youth of color and youth from low-income communities as compared to their middle income and white peers on standardized high stakes tests in math and reading. This disparity is real, and most definitely points to a grave concern about equity in education.. It is ironic, however, that the policy efforts that seek to address this achievement gap with a targeted focus on test score improvement, such as those that have dominated education reform efforts for the past 40 years and encoded in federal and local education policy, often manage to increase inequality in education.. Let me give you an example. I have a five-year-old son who is excited, and a ...
Meta-analysis techniques for integrating research findings are utilized in this report to determine the magnitude of the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and academic achievement. Also investigated are the factors which contribute to the large amount of variance in previously reported correlations between these two variables. Over 100 studies yielding 636 correlation coefficients are included in the meta-analysis. Findings indicate that the relationship between SES and academic achievement is probably much weaker than many people have assumed. Findings also indicate that the variance in reported correlations between SES and academic achievement are due to the fact that most of the significant variables which influence the strength of the correlation are directly under the researchers control. Recommendations concerning the most appropriate way of using measures of SES in future research applications are made. (Author/EB)
BACKGROUND: Although studies in neonatal animals show that anesthetics have neurotoxic effects, relevant human evidence is limited. We examined whether children who had surgery during infancy showed deficits in academic achievement.. METHODS: We attempted to contact parents of 577 children who, during infancy, had one of three operations typically performed in otherwise healthy children. We compared scores on academic achievement tests with population norms.. RESULTS: Composite scores were available for 287 patients. The mean normal curve equivalent score was 43.0 ± 22.4 (mean ± SD), lower than the expected normative value of 50, P , 0.0001 by one-sample Student t test; and 35 (12%) had scores below the 5th percentile, more than expected, P , 0.00001 by binomial test. Of 133 patients who consented to participate so that their scores could be examined in relation to their medical records, the mean score was 45.9 ± 22.9, P = 0.0411; and 15 (11%) scored below the 5th percentile, P = 0.0039. Of ...
OBJECTIVE-To examine academic achievement in children with diabetes and to identify predictors of achievement.. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS-Participants were 244 children, ages 8-18 years, with type 1 diabetes. Measures included school-administered standardized achievement tests (Iowa Tests of Basic Skills and Iowa Tests of Educational Development [ITBS/ITED]), grade point averages (GPAs), school absences, behavioral assessment, age at disease onset, hospitalizations, and HbA1c. Statistical differences between subgroups of children were evaluated using t test and ANOVA, statistically controlling for socioeconomic status. Regression analyses were carried out to examine predictors of academic performance.. RESULTS-Reading scores and GPA were lower for children with poor metabolic control than for children with average control. Children with hospitalizations for hyperglycemia had lower overall achievement scores than children with better metabolic control and fewer hospitalizations for ...
Forms 3 and 4; Subtests - (a) Reading, (b) Arithmetic Computation, (c) Arithmetic Reasoning, (d) Language Usage, (e) Spelling (Sentence Dictation)(f) Grammar, (g) History, (h) Geography, (i) Nature Study, (j) Health ...
Education inequity is a persistent reality of American culture. As early as kindergarten, there are marked differences in academic performance between racial minority students and their peers. These differences are sustained as students progress through school.. One aspect of students social experience that may help to explain the gap is school climate. A positive school climate has been associated with higher levels of school achievement. Thus, differences in how students of different races experience various aspects of school climate may help explain group differences in achievement.. Recent research studies, conducted by WestEds Health & Justice Program staff and summarized in this report, examined connections between student race, achievement, and school climate in California schools.. The collective findings of these studies support the notion that, just as there is a racial achievement gap, there is a racial school-climate gap in California schools. ...
|p| Purpose. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of family environmental factors on student athletes featuring different levels of sports accomplishment: 1) a low level - no significant achievements (|italic|N |/italic|= 46), 2) a medium level - significant achievements at a regional level (|italic|N |/italic|= 86) and 3) a high level - significant achievements at national and/or international level (|italic|N |/italic|= 33). Methods. The participants were administered a demographic survey and the Athletes Family Environment Questionnaire (AFEQ). Results. One-way ANOVA found that the high achievers families differ from the medium- and low-level achievers in five (out of nine) of the studied family environment factors: children as an important value in family life, sport as an important value in family life, parents involvement in their childs sports career, the overall genetic-environmental conditioning of their childs talent and passion for sports, as well as
The results of structural equation modeling revealed a close model fit for the hypothesized model, which indicates that higher levels of self-determination were positively associated with habituated exercise behavior. In turn, exercise habit strength fostered academic achievement and buffered the debilitative effect of stress, depression, and anxiety on student academic performance. The analysis of model invariance revealed a nonsignificant difference between male and female subjects. ...
The school responds well to Māori and other children whose learning and achievement need acceleration.. Overall, the achievement data at the end of 2016 is lower than national expectations for reading, writing and mathematics. In response, teachers are currently involved in targeted professional learning (PLD) to raise student achievement in mathematics and writing. This PLD is increasing teachers understanding and use of current best practices.. School achievement data shows little disparity for Māori and Pacific children. The school has identified an increasing number of five-year old children arriving with significant oral language needs, which then impact on their progress in reading and writing. Well-planned and researched learning programmes are being used to address this. Student achievement information shows that by Year 4 many of these children have caught up with learning expectations.. Children who need additional learning support to succeed in their learning are identified early. ...
The clear associations between fitness and academic achievement highlighted in the report underline the importance of educating the whole child, said Santiago Taveras, Deputy Chancellor I.A. of the DOEs Office of Teaching and Learning. Under Mayor Bloomberg, the Health Department and the Department of Education have formed a unique partnership to address critical issues in the areas of public health and public education, said Dr. Roger Platt, director of the Office of School Health, which is jointly run by the two agencies. This dual-agency collaboration is a model for how a comprehensive approach to student wellness can help support both student health and academic achievement. Our students need high-quality fitness and health education in order to succeed in school and in life, said Lori Rose Benson, director of Department of Educations Office of Fitness and Health Education. The results of this study reinforce the importance of the work that teachers and administrators throughout ...
Running head: INTERNET USE, ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT, AND WELL-BEING Adolescents Internet Use: Academic Achievement and Well-being Eir Arnbjarnardóttir 2015 BSc in Psychology Author: Eir Arnbjarnardóttir ID
Members of Princetons class of 2009 gathered on Cannon Green Monday, June 1, to celebrate the conclusion of their undergraduate careers in a Class Day ceremony honoring their service and accomplishments.
Taipei, Aug. 10 (CNA) Former Japanese Prime Minister Yoshiro Mori, who led an inter-party delegation of parliamentarians to Taiwan to pay tribute to late Taiwanese President Lee Teng-hui (李登輝) Sunday, expressed his gratitude and admiration for Lees contribution to the development of the Taiwan-Japan relationship.
Low-income children tend to do poorly on academic achievement tests, the centerpiece of the No Child Left Behind Act. A pilot study from Childrens Hospital Bos
Education research over the last 50 years has found a significant relationship between academic achievement and kindergarten entrance age, with kindergarten students who enter school at the earliest ages tending to have lower academic achievement than their counterparts. Other studies have found that student achievement depends on factors such as class attendance rates and socioeconomic factors. Indeed, one issue consistently identified in education research as having a strong correlation to student achievement is student attendance, which makes intuitive sense because students must be present and engaged in school to learn. National research confirms that not only do attendance rates negatively impact student learning in the affected school year, but that students who are chronically absent as early as kindergarten have lower achievement in later grades as well. Since there can be a wide age span for students entering kindergarten, there is reason to also examine the relationship between kindergarten
During those dozen years, metro districts added about 300 minority teachers, barely moving the percentage of people of color leading classrooms in the Twin Cities. In the metro area, 94 percent of teachers are white. Charter schools do better diversifying their teaching staffs, but the schools have seen a decline in minority teachers and students as the number of charters has increased. In 2012, 11 percent of teachers in metro charter schools were minorities and 57 percent of the students were races other than white. Thats a decline from 2001, when 20 percent of teachers and 65 percent of students in metro charter schools were minorities. Minnesota is not alone in the struggle to bring diversity to the teaching ranks. A federal survey from 2008, the latest data available, found that nationwide, just 17 percent of educators were minorities while 40 percent of the countrys students were children of color. Every state in the nation has a diversity gap between the percentage of minority students ...
Results Longer gestation from 23 to 45 weeks was associated with lower risk of poor literacy and numeracy. Adjusted relative risks for being at or below national minimum standard ranged from 1.12 (95% CI 1.03 to 1.22) for late preterm (32-36 weeks) for numeracy, to 1.84 (95% CI 1.48 to 2.30) for early preterm (23-31 weeks) for writing. Within term, every additional week of gestational age was associated with small decreased risks of poor literacy and numeracy (eg, relative risks for poor numeracy 1.10, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.20 for 37 weeks). Population-attributable fractions for poor achievement were highest among children born early term (37-39 weeks) due to their higher population prevalence. ...
Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth Child Files, we found that parental report on 12 characteristics of two-year old children can be compiled into a summary index that is predictive of early academic achievement. With further validation, this index could be used in clinical practices as a tool to assess risk for early school failure among preschool children and to assist clinicians in determining the scope and depth of needed preventive care services. This is the first step in a research program whose overarching goal is to assist clinicians in tailoring pediatric preventive care to individual child needs.. The next step in this research program is to test the validity, feasibility and utility of this risk index in a pediatric ambulatory care setting. The instruments predictive ability is only useful if it can feasibly be administered both effectively and efficiently. To date, we have successfully field-tested an expanded and modified version of this instrument in a ...
In Ontario, schools have raised their test scores and graduation rates by providing resources such as full-time student success teachers, who help English-language learners and other students in need.
For Immediate Release CONTACT: Beth Kaplan Wheelock College [email protected] Office: 617-879-2250 Cell: 774-270-6976 East Granby Resident Receives Recognition for Academic Achievement from Wheelock College Boston, MA (July 23, 2015) - Abigail Martin, an East Granby resident, was recently recognized for excellent academic performance this past semester at Wheelock College and placed on the Dean's List. She joins Wheelock College's growing student body on the Dean's List, a universal acknowledgement within the academic arena as a symbol of high achievement. A student is eligible when he or she earns a minimum semester grade-point average of 3.8 (on a 4.0 scale); successfully ...
The Dana Foundation granted funding for further expansion of The CityDance Institute for Dance Education which provides training to dance education professionals teaching the CityDance Early Arts program. Early Arts is an outreach education program that serves more than 25,000 children in the metro DC area each year. The Institute instructs dance teachers in classroom management, dance education pedagogy, offers advanced-level skills for managing specific behavioral and classroom environment issues, teaches how to work with school administrators, how to develop effective lesson plans and educates them on the impact of the arts on academic achievement. In addition, the program trains the teachers on the specific policies and guidelines for CityDance Early Arts Instructors as well as the individual curriculums developed for each Early Arts after-school program. The proposed expanded program includes on-site assessments and training and genre-specific and topic-specific workshops for a total of 64 ...
Bellevue College junior and future vascular sonographer, Ashley Whitman, was one of four nation-wide recipients awarded an Anne Jones Scholarship. The Anne Jones Scholarship Fund of the Society of Vascular Ultrasound grants one $2,500 and three $1,000 annual educational scholarships for eligible students currently enrolled in an accredited dedicated vascular ultrasound technology program which offers an associate or bachelors degree in the profession. It was established in 2005 to honor the many contributions of Anne Jones, RN, BSN RVT RDMS FSVU former SVU President (1985-1986); former Chair of SVUs Government Relations (now Advocacy) Committee. Ashley was selected based on academic achievement, college and community service, financial need, as well as extraordinary enthusiasm and commitment in pursuit of her vascular ultrasound career. Ashley was awarded a $1,000 scholarship.. ...
Scholarship for undergraduate students attending Hofstra University enrolled in the Frank G. Zarb School of Business. Selection based on academic achievement and financial need. Students must file the FAFSA. Deadlines and award amounts may vary. Renewable.. ...
Scholarship for undergraduate students attending California Polytechnic State University. Selection based on academic achievement (minimum 3.5 GPA) and financial need. It is recommended that applicants file the FAFSA as most awards are need based. Number of awards and award amount may vary. Nonrenewable.. ...
Our data provide evidence that physical activity and obesity mediate the association between childhood motor function and adolescents academic achievement. Compromised motor function in childhood may serve as a significant underlying factor for the effects of obesity and physical inactivity on academic underachievement, which has recently attracted attention as a growing global education and public health concern (4). Poor motor activity in the early school years can contribute to setting the child on a negative developmental trajectory.. There is a growing body of literature demonstrating that lifestyle factors such as excess sedentary behavior and an unhealthy diet may compromise childrens cognitive and academic performance (4, 5). Our results partly support previous findings indicating that overweight and obesity (19, 20), especially overconsumption of energy (11, 21) and excess body fat content (22), are adversely linked to cognitive and academic performance in children and youths. On the ...
THE ACHIEVEMENT GAP: THE IMPACT OF INCREASED ENGAGEMENT By CINDY KING Bachelor of Arts/Psychology Texas Tech University Lubbock, Texas 1994 Master of Science/ Psychology University of Central Texas Killeen, Texas 1999 Submitted to the Faculty of the Graduate College of the Oklahoma State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY May, 2012 ii THE ACHIEVEMENT GAP: THE IMPACT OF INCREASED ENGAGEMENT Dissertation Approved: Terry Stinnett, Ph.D. Dissertation Adviser Gary Duhon, Ph.D. Brian Poncy, Ph.D. Robert Davis, Ph.D. Outside Committee Member Dr. Sheryl A. Tucker Dean of the Graduate College iii TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter Page I. INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................1 II. REVIEW OF LITERATURE....................................................................................3 Genetic Model ...
White students in Connecticut are about four times more likely to earn advanced scores on academic achievement tests than minorities, according to a new
Academic achievement in adolescents is correlated with 1-carbon metabolism (1-CM), as folate intake is positively related and total plasma homocysteine (tHcy) negatively related to academic success. Because another 1-CM nutrient, choline is essential for fetal neurocognitive development, we hypothesized that choline and betaine could also be positively related to academic achievement in adolescents. In a sample of 15-yr-old children (n = 324), we measured plasma concentrations of homocysteine, choline, and betaine and genotyped them for 2 polymorphisms with effects on 1-CM, methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677C,T, rs1801133, and phosphatidylethanolamine N-methyltransferase (PEMT), rs12325817 (G,C). The sum of school grades in 17 major subjects was used as an outcome measure for academic achievement. Lifestyle and family socioeconomic status (SES) data were obtained from questionnaires. Plasma choline was significantly and positively associated with academic achievement independent of ...
Downloadable (with restrictions)! In this paper the controversial educational topic of class size reduction is addressed. Controlling for a large number of observable characteristics and potential endogeneity in the class size variable, an educational production function is estimated using a quantile regression technique. The conventional wisdom that class size reduction is a viable means to increase scholastic achievement is discounted. Rather, the results point towards a far stronger peer effect through which class size reduction may play an important role. Due to heterogeneity in the newly identified peer effect, class size reduction is shown to be a potentially regressive policy measure.
This paper reports on the childs perception of parental involvement and the effect it has on grades in mathematics, science, social studies, and language arts. The study specifically involved the relationship between the value the children perceive the parents place on education and the value the children themselves place on education, the relationship between the childs perception of parents helping the child with homework in the elementary and middle school years and the amount of time the child spends on homework in high school, and the relationship between the childrens perception of expectations the parents have for him/her and the expectations the children place on themselves. Questionnaires were given to 102 9th graders. The data was analyzed using correlation analyses and a one way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Implications for parents and educators are also noted ...
The Anatomy of Achievement Gaps offers a critical analysis of underachievement problems in American education from interdisciplinary, international, and systems perspectives.
The aim of this study was to identify the specific cognitive, motivational and behavioural predictors of two measures of university students academic achievement (grade point average and student efficacy status), after controlling for dispositional variables and student adjustment at the beginning of college. A representative sample of 250 undergraduate students was followed over a period of 3 years. Hierarchical regression analysis and logistic regression analysis were conducted to check the contribution of the included variables. The hypothesized significant role of cognitive, behavioural and motivational factors in students academic achievement has been confirmed, with the automatic thoughts related to the fear of disappointing parents and time and study environment management skills as the most pronounced predictors for both criteria. Outcome expectation is a significant predictor of the students efficacy status only, while action control beliefs and goal orientations (performance and ...
Downloadable (with restrictions)! We examine birth order effects on academic achievement for ten-year-old students using data for the entire population of fifth graders in Norway 2007/2008. The analysis thus adds to a thin empirical literature focusing on birth order effects among young children. We find that being firstborn confers a significant advantage in families with two, three and four children. The analysis makes two other contributions. First, we provide evidence that unless mothers age at childbirth is included among the control variables, only small and imprecise birth order effects are revealed in families with low socioeconomic status. Second, we provide some evidence that the birth order effects differ across families with highly educated and less educated mothers, which lend support to the resource dilution model over the confluence model.
Age and sex differences were tested with structural equation modeling (SEM). The results support a reciprocal effects model, indicating that academic achievement has an effect on academic self-concept (skill development model) and that academic self-concept has an effect on academic achievement (self-enhancement model). Significantly different relationships were found for boys and girls, suggesting a reciprocal effects model for boys and a skill development model for girls. The discussion centers on methodological and theoretical issues. Practical implications are discussed briefly ...
IMPACT OF MALNUTRITION ON STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS. CHAPTER ONE. INTRODUCTION. Background of the study. Food is one of the basic needs of man. Our body needs food to do its work. Food is vital to life and may be any solid or liquid substance which when eaten and digested by the body, provides it with necessary materials to enable it grow, replace worn-out and damaged parts and to function normally. The human body is like a complex piece of machinery in that it is prone to faults and weaknesses if it is poorly maintained. This can happen if the daily food intake is in any unbalanced form. Again, any nutritious substance that people or animal eat or drink, or that plants absorb, in order to maintain life and growth (Wikipedia dictionary.com, 2011). In essence, food is made up of nutrients.. Food and nutrition is one of the branches of Home Economics which deals with food and its nutrients. It includes food processing, presentation, food preparation, meal management ...
This study examined abstract reasoning ability as a predictor of success in high school algebra controlling for age, motivation, and previous math achievement. A valid and reliable instrument, the Abstract Reasoning Assessment (ARA), a matrix completion instrument based upon a protocol by Embretson (1998), was developed for the study. Motivation was measured using the Personal Achievement Goal Orientations scale (Midgeley, 2000). Previous math achievement was measured using the course grade from the previous years math course. Success in algebra was measured by the final exam grade from a first year high school algebra course. 220 ninth grade students took part in the study. A multiple regression analysis found that abstract reasoning ability explained a significant proportion of the variance in high school algebra performance beyond that explained by previous math achievement, motivation and age. Further, based on effect size, abstract reasoning was a better predictor than previous math ...
There continues to be a large disparity between the reading achievement of Hispanic students and their White counterparts in the USA. Previous studies have revealed that Hispanic students enter preschool with weaker literacy skills than their White peers which in turn results in poorer academic achievement in Hispanics. The disparity in reading achievement of Hispanic and White students has been attributed to both societal and cultural factors with the most common factors being race, poverty, timing of exposure to English, and dual language learning (DLL). Many previous studies on the Hispanic population tend to focus on school-aged children who are already able to read. Not many have focused on emergent literacy development in young DLLs as they progress from preschool to elementary school. Previous studies have assumed that the development of language and literacy is similar for monolinguals and bilinguals, but this has not been well established by empirical research. The present longitudinal study
This studys aim was to investigate whether self-determined behaviour and achievement motivation impact learners academic performance. Convenient geographic sampling was used to select three pnmary schools in Soshanguve. A likert type questionnaire was used to collect data from 120 learners. Item analyses were preformed to investigate the reliability of subscales. Three hypotheses were tested using analysis of variance and Pearson product moment correlations. The first, which predicted that intrinsic motivation is positively related to academic achievement, was not supported. Both intrinsically and extrinsically motivated learners achieved better in academic tasks than amotivated learners. The second, which predicted a negative correlation between extrinsic motivation extrinsic motivation and academic performance, was also not supported. The third, which predicted that there is a negative correlation between amotivation and academic performance, was confirmed. General conclusions, ...
Good Time Management and Motivation Level Predict Student Academic Success in College On-Line Courses: 10.4018/ijcbpl.2014070104: Student academic success in college on-line courses was examined in relation to motivation, time-management and organzation. Participants included 40 students
Abstract: In education, the government has raised the bar related to expectations placed upon school districts to ensure that school letter grades are high, schools meet growth measures, and proficiency increases. While the bar is heightened, so is the student achievement gap between white students and students of color. Currently, there is not an existing policy, program, or practice that has resulted in the achievement gap closing. Therefore, instead of looking for external solutions, school leaders must look within their school buildings to identify what perceptions, biases, attitudes, and beliefs educators bring with them into the school that influence the work they do with students, especially those within marginalized populations. Deficit thinking is the practice of holding lower expectations for students with demographic, linguistic, and socioeconomic characteristics that do not align with the American dream, also known as the American way. Deficit thinking asserts that the low academic ...
Clinicians looking to obtain an accurate overview of an individuals academic skills can now welcome a new assessment to their toolkit the Academic Achievement Battery (AAB ) by Melissa A.
In this study, the schema-theoretic perspective of understanding general discourse was extended to include graph comprehension. Fourth graders (n = 204) and seventh graders (n = 185) were given a prior-knowledge inventory, a graph test, and the SRA Reading and Mathematics Achievement Tests during four testing sessions. The unique predictors of graph comprehension for Grade 4 included reading achievement, mathematics achievement, and prior knowledge of the topic, mathematical content, and form of the graph. The unique predictors for Grade 7 were the same except that prior knowledge of topic and graphical form were not included. The results suggest that children should be involved in graphing activities to build and expand relevant schemata needed for comprehension,. ...
Sixty-five children born to women who all abused amphetamine during pregnancy have been followed prospectively since their birth in 1976-77. At the age of 14-15 years, information about growth and school achievement was collected from school records. For comparison of school achievements the means of schoolmates were used, and for growth a group of Stockholm children born in the same year. By the age of 14 years only 14 children (22%) had stayed with their biological mothers for the whole period since birth. In the eighth grade, 10 (15%) were one grade lower than indicated by their biological age. The norm for Sweden is less than 5%. The means of the points in mathematics, Swedish language and sports were statistically below those of their classmates. At the age of 10 years the girls were significantly shorter and lighter than their peers born in 1976. At the age of 14 years the boys were statistically taller and heavier than their peers. It can be concluded that maternal amphetamine abuse ...
School leaders and trustees use student achievement information well to set priorities for improving student outcomes. They have further refined these processes over the past two years. They collect and use a range of achievement information to inform strategic goals, programme development and initiatives to improve engagement and achievement of groups of students across the school.. Since 2012 there have been steady improvements in National Certificates of Education Achievement (NCEA) results, particularly at Levels 2 and 3 and for University Entrance, where achievement has mostly been well above schools of similar type. Boys achievement at all NCEA levels has improved to be well above their peers from similar types of schools.. NCEA Level 1 rates of achievement, while above those of similar schools, have declined during that time. Leaders identify the need to use a range of more effective strategies, programmes and interventions to reverse this trend.. Measures to increase percentages of NCEA ...
Determining a childs best daily balance of sleep, activity and relaxation can be a challenge, but if youre hoping to improve their academic results, then its time to cut back on chores and chill time, according to new research from the University of South Australia.
A new study indicates that playing video games for a limited amount of time each week may provide benefits to children, but too much can be detrimental. The findings are published in the Annals of Neurology.. Theres much debate over the potential benefits and risks of video gaming in children and teens. To provide some clarity, Jesus Pujol, MD, of the Hospital del Mar in Spain, and his colleagues investigated the relationship between weekly video game use and certain cognitive abilities and conduct-related problems.. In their study of 2442 children aged 7 to 11 years, the researchers found that playing video games for one hour per week was associated with better motor skills and higher school achievement scores, but no further benefits were observed in children playing more than two hours each week.. The team also found that weekly time spent gaming was steadily linked with conduct problems, peer conflicts, and reduced social abilities, with such negative effects being especially prominent in ...
Apollo Hospitals Dhaka is the only JCI Accredited 425-bed multi-disciplinary super-specialty tertiary care hospital in Bangladesh.
Kindergarten- Grade 2 materials for the Core Knowledge Language Arts (CKLA) program have already been developed and piloted in New York City schools and schools in six other states. Pilot data show CKLA students made statistically significant greater gains in reading achievement, compared to control students using other approaches (balanced literacy and Reading First programs).. Funding is needed to develop and field test CKLA materials for later elementary grades, with immediate focus on completing materials for Grade 3 and preschool. The program consists of two parts: (1) a superior decoding and encoding phonics-based program, and (2) a carefully planned sequence of engaging texts, initially presented orally, designed to impart the knowledge and vocabulary most critical to comprehension and the narrowing of achievement gaps. Relevant background knowledge increases fluency, broadens vocabulary, and enables deeper comprehension. CKLA embeds the teaching of content within the language arts block, ...
Kindergarten readiness refers to the developmental domains that contribute to childrens ability to adapt to the kindergarten classroom, which is often a new and unfamiliar environment. There is no single agreed upon definition of Kindergarten readiness. The domains often included in the definition include, academic skills (e.g., early literacy and mathematics understanding, etc.), social-emotional development (e.g., self-regulation, prosocial behaviour, etc.), and physical development (e.g., motor development, sensory development, etc.). In addition to these competencies, the childs environment and opportunities for learning should also be considered. This includes the childs home environment and their interactions with teachers and peers. When assessing childrens readiness for kindergarten, much of the discussion is focused on the emergence of basic academic skills, including reading, writing, and arithmetic, which are commonly referred to as the three Rs (United States Department of ...
By Stephanie Liou. Greg Walton, assistant professor of psychology (Photo by Linda A. Cicero / Stanford News Service). Like a gnawing stomach or pesky runny nose, a looming stereotype can make it difficult to focus and perform well in school. Based on existing research, black students, Latinos, and women in math and science are known to perform poorly when a mistake could seem to confirm a negative stereotype about their group.. A new study by Stanford psychologists has found that negative stereotypes can also prevent minority students from learning new academic material. But alleviating concerns about stereotypes dramatically improves black students learning.. The idea that a persons work might suffer if he or she believes a poor performance will reinforce a negative stereotype about that persons group is known as stereotype threat. Studies have shown that stereotype threat is a likely cause of educational achievement gaps.. What hadnt been done was to see whether the same stereotype ...
Kwe aq pjilasi, I am Vice Principal - Aboriginal Education for Surrey School district in BC, Canada. (Formerly a coordinator of Library and Information Services for SD38) I teach a Library Administration course and an Aboriginal Issues course for UBC and have a Masters in Educational Technology and Learning Design. I am also proud to claim my Mikmaq heritage. Welalioq for visiting ...
The aim of the study is to investigate the effects of formative assessment on prospective teachers academic achievement, attitudes towards educational measurement and self-regulation skills. In the study, quasi-experimental design including non-equivalent pre-test and post-test control group. There are 40 prospective teachers in each one of the experimental and control group which implemented in the scope of measurement and evaluation course in education faculty. Formative assessment was implemented within the 14-weeks in the experimental group, and summative assessment practices were done in the control group. According to the research results, it is determined that academic achievements of prospective teachers in the experimental group have differentiated significantly to academic achievements of prospective achievement in the control group. There is no statistically significant difference between prospective students attitudes towards measurement and self-regulation in the
McGill one of eight Canadian universities to receive funding from HSBC. By McGill Reporter staff. Mia Morisset, a BCom student at the Desautels Faculty of Management, has been named as a recipient of an HSBC Women in Business Leadership Award - a new, $20,000 scholarship established at Desautels and designed to encourage emerging female Canadian business leaders.. The initiative serves as a reminder that women remain surprisingly underrepresented in the top ranks of the Canadian corporate world. In 2010, women made up 47.3 per cent of the Canadian workforce, but held only 17.7 per cent of senior officer positions at Financial Post 500 companies, according to a survey by Catalyst, a non-profit organization that conducts research on women at work. More than 30 per cent of companies in the study had no women senior officers.. The HSBC Awards will be granted to four female students at Desautels over a five-year period beginning in the current academic year. Selection is based on academic achievement ...
A new study shows that successful implementation of preschool-to-third-grade programs yields benefits in increasing school readiness, improving attendance, and strengthening parental involvement in school education-strategies that can close the achievement gap for children at risk.. Scaling and sustaining effective early childhood programs through school-family-university collaboration was published in the September/October 2017 issue of Child Development by Arthur Reynolds, professor of child development, and colleagues in the Human Capital Research Collaborative (HCRC).. The Child-Parent Center Preschool to Third Grade program (CPC P-3) is a collaborative school reform model designed to improve school achievement and family engagement from ages three to nine. The program provides small classes, intensive learning experiences, menu-based parent involvement, and professional development in co-located sites. In the study, investigators evaluated evidence from two longitudinal studies, the ...
Promotion to the medical portion of the curriculum is based not only on academic achievement, but also on the fitness of the student to enter the profession of medicine. Students may transfer into Rensselaers regular four-year undergraduate program at any time during the premedical portion of the biomedical program. The three years of Rensselaer study include a sound basis in the physical sciences, an introduction to the major concepts and principles of biology and biological research, and ample opportunity to become acquainted with the humanities and social sciences. Students in the biomedical program will take 24 courses at Rensselaer over the three years. During the third summer (the transition between Rensselaer and Albany Medical College), students continue with research projects begun while at Rensselaer. These research projects will be completed during the fourth summer while at Albany Medical College. Students should plan on spending eight weeks of full time study during the summers. ...
The National Potato Council Graduate Student Scholarship is open to graduate students working to improve the future of the U.S. potato industry. Selection is based on academic achievement, leaders...
Annual award for undergraduate or graduate students enrolled at Ohio State University who are pursuing studies leading to a career in the Ohio vegetable industry. Selection based on academic achievements, potential and career goals. Due date, number of award and award amount may vary. Contact the Ohio State University office of Development for the College of Food Agricultural and Environmental Sciences for more information ...
Some of what kids are dealing with is beyond what schools can affect, she says. We need to find ways that schools can beat their demographic odds.. McDermotts research highlights a fascinating and tragic irony. In many cases, demographic divisions and inequalities in our public schools have become more deeply entrenched-and in some places even institutionalized-precisely because government officials were trying to equalize expectations and improve student achievement.. In a 2012 book chapter titled Interstate Governance of Standards and Testing, McDermott explains that national education standards became law in the 1980s with the expectation that common benchmarks for students would result in streamlined professional development materials for teachers. If teachers around the country used similar lessons and had consistent goals, the assumption was that students from every demographic group in every part of the country would have the same shot at meeting the national standards.. In practice, ...
There are a certain group of gamers who love to see whenever a games achievements end up being revealed, especially this early. Assassins Creed Revelations achievements have been revealed on Xbox360Achievements and you can see them here. Of course looking at these achievements can always result in spoiling something so read them at your own risk.. Also if you take a look at them, you will notice that there are a few multiplayer achievements to go along with the title, as well as story specific ones and collectibles which Assassins Creed has been known for. Plus it appears a few achievements have been recycled from Brotherhood, such as raising a trainee up to a master assassin. What do you think of these achievements? Related Articles for this post below ...
Michael Strouse is General Manager and Director of Retail at The Scholastic Store in New York City. With almost 20 years as a childrens retailer, including 13 at Scholastic, Michael has his finger on the pulse of the kids book and toy industry. He blogs on books and parenting at On Our Minds at Scholastic and recounts his own parenting experiences at Two Dads, One Family. Michael has been featured as a speaker on Raising a Reader at the New York Baby Show and was featured as a guest storyteller at the Tribeca Family Festival, in New York Citys Bryant Park and many other special events in the NY/NJ area.. Michael lives with his husband and two kids in NJ, just outside of New York City. ...
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Animation has been regarded as a powerful method to deliver instruction because of its ability to gain attention and present motion. However, studies that investigate the effectiveness of animation have shown inconsistent results. This meta-analytic study examines the effects of animation in facilitating student achievement across various contents in different educational levels. In this assessment, 26 quality studies that involve 3575 subjects are selected and examined according to the criteria for inclusion which focused on experimental studies where the control was static visualization and the treatment effect was animation. The procedure of this meta-analytic assessment and latest progress will be reported and the potential implications for further research, design and application on instructional animation will be discussed. This proposed presentation will be beneficial to educational researchers, instructional designers, k-12 teachers and college instructors and policy makers.. ...
New America Media is a nationwide association of over 700 ethnic media organizations representing the development of a more inclusive journalism. Founded in 1996 by Pacific News Service, New America Media promotes ethnic media by strengthening the editorial and economic viability of this increasingly influential segment of Americas communications industry.
Eventbrite - NZSTA presents NZSTA Student Achievement Wellington - Thursday, 20 May 2021 at St Andrews on The Terrace - Conference Rooms 1 & 2, Wellington, Wellington. Find event and ticket information.
When and What to Cite Style Variations Harvard Style (Name-Year System) Vancouver Style (Citation-Sequence System) Citation-Name System When and What to Cite Academic writing synthesizes original work with the work of others. To avoid plagiarism, give credit for anything taken from another source. Cite information or data that is not common knowledge, someone elses research,
Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute - The FPG Child Development Institute is one of the nation`s oldest multidisciplinary institutes for the study of young children and their families. Research and education activities focus on child development and health, especially factors that may put children at risk for developmental problems.