Motor-vehicle crashes (MVCs) are the leading cause of death for persons aged 15-20 years in the United States (1). Although the 11.9 million young drivers aged 15-20 years constituted only 6.7% of the total number of licensed drivers in the United States during 1995, they represented a disproportionate 14% of all drivers involved in fatal MVCs. In addition, adjusting for the number of miles driven, rates of fatal crashes were higher for young drivers than for drivers in any other age group (e.g., the rate for 16-year-olds was 18 times that for persons aged 30-34 years) (2). This report summarizes trends in involvement in fatal MVCs by drivers aged 15-20 years during 1988-1995; these findings document an overall decline in involvement by young drivers in fatal crashes in the United States. This analysis used data from the Fatal Accident Reporting System of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). A driver was defined as an operator of a moving motor vehicle. A fatal MVC was a ...
Read chapter Appendix C: Supplementary Statistical Results: TRB Special Report 265 - An Assessment of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administrations...
In California, unintentional injuries are the leading cause of death and hospitalization among children under age 16. With over 24 million vehicles, and over 170,000 thousand miles of roadway, virtually every one of Californias 8 million young people are routinely exposed to traffic-related injury, disability and death. Motor vehicle occupant injuries are among the top five causes of both death and hospitalization among children under age 16. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) estimates that, controlling for driver seat belt use and the childs seating position, child restraints are 71% effective in reducing fatality among infants and 54% effective among children aged one to four in passenger cars.. Motor vehicle-related injuries are preventable, yet motor vehicle crashes remain a leading cause of death and disability for children. In California, 4,579 children age four years and younger were hospitalized as a result of motor vehicle occupant injuries in 1994. The ...
Data & statistics on Mortality rate from alcohol-related motor vehicle injuries New: Mortality rate from alcohol-related motor vehicle injuries, New Jersey, 1999, 2003, ALCOHOL-RELATED, DRUG-RELATED, AND INJURY DEATHS BY COUNTY OF RESIDENCE NEW JERSEY, 1999 MOTOR VEHICLE INJURIES, Does not include the contribution of alcohol to deaths from road traffic injuries, other injuries, cancer, cardiovascular diseases and other conditions. It is estimated that in 1996, 30 per cent of all drinkers killed in motor vehicle crashes had alcohol levels above the legal limit....
MEEL, B L. Fatal road traffic accidents in the Mthatha area of South Africa, 1993 - 2004. SAMJ, S. Afr. med. j. [online]. 2008, vol.98, n.9, pp.716-719. ISSN 2078-5135.. BACKGROUND: Trauma is one of the leading causes of death in the Mthatha area, which is one of the least developed regions of South Africa. Road traffic accidents (RTAs) contribute substantially to the number of such deaths. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the number of fatal RTAs in the Mthatha area, and analyse age and sex of the deceased. METHODS: A review of autopsies performed in the Mthatha General Hospital mortuary was conducted. Data were analysed using the GENSTAT 9 package with a Poisson regression model. RESULTS: There were 2 736 deaths from RTAs over the 12-year period 1993 - 2004 in the Mthatha area. These casualties constituted an average annual rate of 57 deaths per 100 000 population. The highest (69.4/100 000) was in 1998, and the lowest (40.2/100 000) in 2001. Males outnumbered females by 2.6:1 (95% confidence interval ...
INTRODUCTION: injuries represent a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and road traffic crashes accounts for a significant proportion of these injuries. Tanzania is among the countries with high rates of road traffic crashes. The aim of this study was to determine the pattern, associated factors and management of road traffic injury patients in Tanzania. METHODS: a cross-sectional study of patients involved in motor traffic crashes and attended in six public hospitals of Tanzania mainland between April 2014 and September 2014. RESULTS: a total of 4675 road traffic injury patients were seen in studied hospitals, 76.6% were males. Majority (70.2%) were between 18 - 45 years age group. Motorcycles were the leading cause of road traffic crashes (53.4%), and drivers (38.3%) accounted for majority of victims. Fractures accounted for 34.1%, and injuries were severe in 2.2% as determined by the Kampala trauma score II (KTS II). Majorities 57.4% were admitted and 2.2% died at the casualty.
Trial lawyers perform many tasks to ensure automobile accident victims receive the compensation they are entitled to. Call (314) 361-4242 to speak with an automobile accident attorney.
Alcohol is a major factor in traffic accidents. Based on data from the U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), there was an alcohol-impaired traffic fatality every 50 minutes in 2018.. Alcohol-impaired crashes are those that involve at least one driver or a motorcycle operator with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of 0.08 grams per deciliter or above, the legal definition of impaired driving. According to NHTSA 10,511 people died in alcohol-impaired crashes in 2018. Alcohol-impaired crash fatalities accounted for 29 percent of all crash fatalities.. The Federal Bureau of Investigation estimates 1,001,329 drivers were arrested for driving under the influence of alcohol or narcotics in 2018. The arrest rate works out to one arrest for about every 227 licensed drivers in the United States.. The definition of alcohol-impaired driving was consistent throughout the United States until December 2018. All states and the District of Columbia except ...
The funding, from the California Office of Traffic Safety through the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, allows CDPHs Crash Medical Outcomes Data Project to continue to produce useful traffic and medical data to help reduce traffic-related injuries and deaths. Several areas of focus will include more accurately measuring severe injuries, assessing alcohol- and drug-impairment-related crashes and translating data into information that local communities can use to make roadways safer. Individual-level crash data are currently accessible via CDPHs online system, Epicenter ...
Background: This paper aims at assessing the effectiveness of introducing road safety onto the political agenda in the year 2004 - and the overall effect of the road safety measures implemented thereafter - on the number of road traffic injured people in Spain. Methods: An evaluation study was performed using an interrupted time-series design. The study population were people injured in road traffic crashes in Spain between the 1st of January 2000 and the 31st of December 2006. The road traffic crashes database of the General Directorate for Traffic was used. The dependent variable was the monthly number of people injured, stratified by sex, age, severity and type of road user. The explanatory variable (intervention) compared the post-intervention period (2004-2006) with the pre-intervention period (2000-2003). Quasi-Poisson regression models were adjusted, controlling for time trend and for seasonality. Results: Results show a reduction in the risk of being injured for both men (RR=0.91; 95%CI: ...
Objective. To assess whether higher mortality rates among individuals in motor vehicle crashes in areas with low population density depend on injury type and severity or are related to the performance of emergency medical services (EMS).. Methods Prehospital and hospital deaths were studied in a population-based cohort of 41 243 motor vehicle crashes that occurred in Sweden between 1998 and 2004. The final multivariable analysis was restricted to 6884 individuals in motor vehicle crashes, to minimise the effects of confounding factors.. Results Crude mortality rates following motor vehicle crashes were inversely related to regional population density. In regions with low population density, the unadjusted rate ratio for prehospital death was 2.2 (95% CI 1.9 to 2.5) and for hospital death 1.5 (95% CI 1.1 to 1.9), compared with a high-density population. However, after controlling for regional differences in age, gender and the type/severity of injuries among 6884 individuals in motor vehicle ...
Objective: The rate of road traffic accidents in Iran per capita and for the number of vehicles is much higher than the average in the world. The present study was conducted to investigate road traffic accidents in Yazd province during 2011-2015.Methods: The present study is a descriptive-analytic study in which data were obtained from data collection forms related to deaths from driving accidents of forensic medicine organizations. Data were entered into SPSS version 23. We calculated the frequency, percentage, and mean indices. We used Fisher exact test for data analysis.Results: In this research, 1437 individuals were studied. The number of deaths in men was three times more than women. Most fatal accidents occurred in the age group of 20-30 years. The most common accident which occurred during these years was the collision of vehicles with each other and in terms of the final cause of death, 1045 people died due to head injuries. In this study, we showed that the incidence decreased from 29.03 in
The number of deaths caused by smoking in the home could be comparable to the numbers of fatalities from road traffic collisions, according to new research led by NUI Galway and funded under the EPAs STRIVE Research Programme.. Indoor Air Pollution and Health is a new in-depth study of air pollution in homes and shows that the concentration of particulate pollution in the homes of smokers who smoke indoors is six times higher than the World Health Organisations recommendation for general outdoor air quality.. This research examined the health impacts of air pollution in homes. It presents new information on levels of indoor air pollutants in homes using solid fuels for heating or cooking and in homes that have a resident smoker. The report highlights the need for public health policy and research professionals to develop interventions to address this.. The research was completed by NUI Galway and researchers at the University of Aberdeen, the Institute of Occupational Medicine, Edinburgh and ...
The media is often saturated with stories of people receiving huge sums of money for minor or frivolous claims, coupled with those text messages telling us that there is a cheque waiting (as a result of an accident we were involved in nearly three years ago), it is little wonder there is a perception that after an accident a cheque will just be waiting for collection.. This is not the case and nor should it be.. The past two governments are committed to reducing the number of claims arising form Road Traffic accidents taking steps to clamp down on claims for road traffic accidents.. In recent years the government has stepped up measures to clamp down on Claimants making road traffic accident claims. The Criminal Justice and Courts Act 2015 came into force on 13 April 2015, allowing Defendants to seek dismissal of a claim on the basis of fundamental dishonesty and the court is now required to dismiss the whole case if there are any elements of fundamental dishonesty such as exaggeration of ...
An apparatus (10) for helping to protect an occupant of a vehicle (12) comprises a vehicle occupant protection device (14) that is inflatable between a part (16) of the vehicle and a vehicle occupant. The apparatus (10) also comprises an inflation fluid source (24) that is actuatable to direct into the vehicle occupant protection device (14) both gas for initially inflating the vehicle occupant protection device and materials (82, 124) for forming a low-density closed cell foam material in the vehicle occupant protection device. The closed cell foam material assists in maintaining the vehicle occupant protection device (14) in an inflated condition.
How Do Neck injuries from Car Accidents Affect Your Health? - Carrollton, TX. One of the most common injuries that occur during a car accident is a neck injury. Neck injuries can easily happen during car accidents due to the great force of impact that occurs when a vehicle crashes. If you have suffered a neck injury during an automobile accident, it can cause a lot of negative impacts on your life. Here is a closer look at how car accidents cause neck injuries and how to treat them.. How Auto Accident Cause Injuries to the Neck. One of the most common ways that people suffer injuries during car accidents is whiplash. When a car is stopped suddenly by the result of impact, the head whips forward as the body remains stationary due to being buckled in by the seatbelt. When the head violently pitches forward in this manner, it can cause strain and tears on the neck muscles. In severe accidents, the vertebra of the neck can actually be thrown out of alignment. This causes severe pain and ...
Some alarming news from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration: traffic deaths are up by 10.4% this year, ... personal injury
Motor vehicle crashes involving impaired driving are a significant public health problem in the U.S. In 1994, there were an estimated 16,900 fatalities in alcohol-related crashes, which is the lowest number in many years (NHTSA, 1995). However, it still represents an average of one alcohol-related fatality every 30 minutes. In addition, an estimated 1.2 million people are injured annually in alcohol-related crashes and the burden of these crashes on society is over $46 billion in direct costs alone (Miller and Blincoe, 1994). Almost 2 in every 5 Americans will be involved in an alcohol-related crash at some time in their lives (NHTSA, 1994) Substantial progress has been made, however, since 1982. In that year, 57% of the 43,945 traffic fatalities were estimated to be alcohol-related (i.e. a driver or pedestrian/bicyclist had a positive blood alcohol concentration (BAC)). This translated to 25,170 alcohol-related traffic deaths. In 1994, the 16,900 alcohol-related traffic deaths represented 42% ...
As described in the 2004 World Health Organization/World Bank World report on road traffic injury prevention, road traffic injuries are a worldwide public health problem and a growing cause of death and injury around the world. Each year road crashes kill more than 1.2 million people, and as many as 50 million are injured or disabled as a result. Road traffic crashes are the leading cause of death for children and young people aged 5-29 years, and according to projections from WHO, trauma will remain a global public health concern for the next twenty years. From 2011-2020, the UN/WHO Decade of Action for Road Safety aims to stop and possibly reverse the predicted trend of global road deaths by 2020, thus markedly reducing the global burden of disease caused by road traffic disasters. Accompanying the Decade of Action for Road Safety, this article collection in Journal of Trauma Management and Outcomes aims to be of interest to health professionals, stakeholders related to road safety, and the ...
Karnes is one of more than a dozen counties inundated with traffic from the Eagle Ford Shale energy boom. In the counties most directly affected by Eagle Ford drilling, the biggest jump in fatal traffic accidents has involved commercial vehicles, according to an analysis of TxDOT numbers, increasing from six in 2008 to 24 last year. An exact count of traffic deaths is difficult to come by because local agencies sometimes dont amend crash reports to the Texas Department of Transportation when people die later. While its hard to pinpoint any one factor causing the traffic deaths, county and state officials are trying various ways to make the roads safer again. [...] Jalufka said, by next year, he anticipates another 20,000 to 30,000 people. Big trucks hauling heavy equipment or loads are constantly wearing down the roads and causing damage, and its hard for the county and state to keep up. In April, a pothole sent a vehicle packed with undocumented immigrants bouncing violently along Texas 792.
CBN.com ALAMOSA, COLORADO (ANS) -- Author and Christianity Today writer Philip Yancey was injured in an automobile accident Feb. 25, but has written about his experience in order to quell rumors that are circulating about what happened. On his Web site www.philipyancey.com , the prolific writer of such books as The Jesus I Never Knew, and his latest book on prayer, Yancey says: "So many have called to express concern, and a few wild rumors have been floating around, so I thought it would be best to send out an official report of my accident on Sunday, February 25. Im OK! Honest." Yancey says that he was driving alone on a remote highway after a busy weekend speaking in New Mexico. He was on a curvy but not too hilly road, driving at about 65 mph. "A curve came up suddenly, and I turned to the left, perhaps too sharply. As you may know, Ford Explorers are rather notorious for fishtailing, and this one did. I tried to correct, but as best as I can reconstruct what happened, my tire slipped off ...
The role of alcohol in motor vehicle crashes has been recognized almost since the advent of motor vehicles (U.S. Department of Transportation, 1968). As early as 1936, Norway enacted legislation establishing a BAC of 0.05% as the limit for operating a motor vehicle. Still, alcohol persists as a major factor in motor vehicle injury (Cherpitel, 1993). The role of drugs other than alcohol is less clear, particularly when it comes to how extensively they are involved in real world crashes. Several recent studies have reported drugs in patients admitted to hospital for treatment of injury. Soderstrom et al. (1989) reported the presence of marijuana in almost 35 percent of trauma victims admitted to a major trauma center, with motor vehicle crashes accounting for about two-third of the patients studied. Younger patients had a higher rate of marijuana use, and alcohol was more characteristic of motor vehicle crash victims. Other studies examining drug use in trauma victims include Lindenbaum et al. ...
Barbone and colleagues observed a significant increase in risk for motor vehicle crashes with use of benzodiazepines and zopiclone in this case-crossover study. A dose-response relation was seen. Analysis according to drug elimination half-life showed that anxiolytics with long half-lives were specifically associated with an increased occurrence of road traffic crashes. Surprisingly, risk associated with benzodiazepine use was highest among drivers , 30 years of age and decreased with advancing age. Among persons ≥ 65 years of age, no increase in risk was found. These results conflict with those of 2 epidemiologic studies that focused on the geriatric population (1, 2). In view of the widespread concerns about the harmful effects of long half-life benzodiazepines on the elderly, the results reported by Barbone and colleagues seem incongruous. There are several possible explanations for these findings, including insufficient statistical power to detect an increased risk in the elderly, reduced ...
The STATS19 system used by all police forces in Great Britain to report road accidents applies a 30-day criterion for recording deaths, so the official statistics for road accidents include not only those who died during or immediately after an accident but also those who died up to a month later. The actual date of death is not included in the STATS19 form, so TRL has recently carried out research to identify the date for those who are known to have died as a result of the road accidents that occurred in 1997. This report presents various detailed analyses of the survival time that were calculated from the data. The survival time distributions are compared with the distributions found in an earlier investigation of the fatal accidents in this country in 1985, and with the distributions from several other countries. A common feature of these distributions is that over 80 per cent of fatalities die within 24 hours of the accident, and this percentage has tended to rise over the years. The reasons ...
When Colorado motorists witness or come upon a collision, many will stop to provide any assistance they can to those ... Fatal Motor Vehicle Accidents
Clinical Review: Focused A Systematic Approach to Clinical Determinations of Causation in Symptomatic Spinal Disk Injury Following Motor Vehicle Crash Trauma Michael D. Freeman, PhD, MPH, DC, Christopher
Crash test dummies. You probably dont think about them very much (if at all), but you may owe them much more than you realize when it comes to your health and safety on the nations roads. Automobile makers use crash test dummies-that is, inanimate, human-like mannequins-to simulate the type and scale of injury that may occur in an automobile accident. Car and truck manufacturers go to great lengths to design and build safe vehicles, and these "full-scale anthropomorphic test devices" or "ADTs" take a real beating day after day as they provide data regarding velocity of impact, crushing force, bending, folding, or torque of the body, as well as deceleration rates during test collisions.. U.S., car accidents kill more than 30,000 people each year and injure many more. However, manufacturers work continually to make cars safer and accidents more survivable through crash-testing programs. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, from 1994 to 2009, the fatality rate ...
Car accidents kill over 40,000 people every year in the United States. In 2003, injuries from car accidents totaled almost 3 million. Some of the more serious injuries resulting from car accidents involve traumatic brain injury, spinal cord injury, broken bones, and lacerations. Not only can these injuries cause severe pain and suffering, victims may also have to undergo significant rehabilitation. In some cases, car accident victims sustain permanent injuries. These injuries may affect an individuals ability to return to work and earn a living. Some victims of car accidents have a much lower quality of life due to impairment or disability.. Car accidents oftentimes involve the following:. ...
Synonyms for culpability in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for culpability. 11 synonyms for culpability: blame, responsibility, fault, liability, accountability, blame, fault, guilt, onus, blameworthiness, culpableness. What are synonyms for culpability?
Latent toxoplasmosis, protozoan parasitosis with prevalence rates from 20 to 60% in most populations, is known to impair reaction times in infected subjects, which results, for example, in a higher risk of traffic accidents in subjects with this life-long infection. Two recent studies have reported that RhD-positive subjects, especially RhD heterozygotes, are protected against latent toxoplasmosis-induced impairment of reaction times. In the present study we searched for increased incidence of traffic accidents and for protective effect of RhD positivity in 3890 military drivers. Male draftees who attended the Central Military Hospital in Prague for regular entrance psychological examinations between 2000 and 2003 were tested for Toxoplasma infection and RhD phenotype at the beginning of their 1 to1.5-year compulsory military service. Subsequently, the data on Toxoplasma infection and RhD phenotype were matched with those on traffic accidents from military police records and the effects of RhD phenotype
Cannabis Use and Motor Vehicle Accident Risk: Our primary analysis looked at the risk of a motor vehicle collision while under the influence of cannabis and included all nine studies (relating to 49 411 participants). The pooled risk of a motor vehicle collision while driving under the influence of cannabis was almost twice the risk while driving unimpaired (odds ratio 1.92 (95% confidence interval 1.35 to 2.73); P=0.0003); we noted heterogeneity among the individual study effects (I2=81%).
Road traffic accident claims crop up from collisions within the highways e.g. the motorway and road community. When youve been wounded in a very road traffic accident that wasnt your fault then you could possibly come up with a payment declare. You could have been injured as the driver or passenger of a motor vehicle. This might be your personal car or truck or another persons ...
Road Traffic Accident Claims. Large number of road traffic accident claims being made these days is reflective of growing number of population and road congestion.
Feeling ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENT while using Oxycontin? ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENT Causes, Patient Concerns and Latest Treatments and Oxycontin Reports and Side Effects.
Have you been in a Motor Vehicle Accident or are helping someone find treatment who has? At Massage Matters we are here to help all Motor Vehicle Accident patients with their recovery so they can get back to living their best life as soon as possible.. Massage Matters takes care of what matters most for our MVA patients so that they dont have to. We make recovering from a Motor Vehicle Accident easy and stress-free:. ...
That an infant seat should be placed in the rear-seat of the car, facing rearwards is an article of faith, preached by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and the American Academy of Pediatricians. Manufacturers only make rear-facing infant seats.. On its website, NHTSA advises:. "A rear-facing car seat is the best seat for your young child to use. It has a harness and in a crash, cradles and moves with your child to reduce the stress to the childs fragile neck and spinal cord. Your child under age 1 should always ride in a rear-facing car seat.". But Transport Canada researcher Suzanne Tylko presented data at the biennial Enhanced Safety of Vehicles conference that questions the certainty of that policy. Transport Canada has been at the forefront of child motor vehicle crash safety research. In particular, the agencys dynamic testing has yielded important insights. In this three-year study, TC tested 131 child restraints in 85 motor vehicle crash tests. The vast majority were ...
Auto crashes are the leading cause of unintended death for 16 and 17 year olds in New York state. The period between Memorial Day and Labor Day is the deadliest for drivers ages 15 to 20, according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. In fact, it has been dubbed the 100 deadliest days because almost a third of teen driver deaths happen in the summer months. Its not a coincidence that this age group is also more likely to avoid their seat belts and have multiple teens in the car ...
According to 2012 data from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, speed contributed to 30 percent of all fatal ... Motor Vehicle Accidents
Most grade-schoolers learn to stop, look, and listen before they cross the street. Now the listening part may be getting harder for people of all ages as quiet-engine hybrid vehicles proliferate. A new federal study reports that hybrid electric cars are more likely than models with internal combustion engines to crash with pedestrians and bicyclists, especially during low-speed maneuvers when the hybrids are likely to be running only on electricity.. Conducted by Refaat Hanna for the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, the study relies on police reports of collisions in 12 states to compute proportions of crashes involving pedestrians and bicyclists colliding with Honda and Toyota hybrids versus similar cars from the same automakers without hybrid engines. In comparing crash rates for the vehicle groups, Hanna noted their wind and tire noise. The hybrids overall likelihood of crashing with a pedestrian was 40 percent higher than that of the other cars, increasing to a 50 percent ...
Washington, DC: As of Friday, March 3, 2017, the US National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), a division of the US Department of Transportation, has posted a total of 12 vehicle, tire, accessory or other related product recalls this month. Are yours listed? http://ht.ly/5G8bb Direct link: http://www-odi.nhtsa.dot.gov/owners/SearchCurrentMonthRecall Additional information: Among the 12 recalls the NHTSA has announced this March comes…
Washington, DC: As of Friday, July 7, 2017, the US National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), a division of the US Department of Transportation, has posted a total of ten (10) tire, accessory or other related product recalls this month. Are yours listed? http://ht.ly/5G8bb Direct link: http://www-odi.nhtsa.dot.gov/owners/SearchCurrentMonthRecall Additional information: Among the ten (10) recalls the NHTSA has announced this July…
Atlanta - Drivers of passenger vehicles have a considerable misunderstanding of the safety performance of commercial motor vehicle operators, results of a recent survey show. An online survey commissioned by Verizon Connect and Wakefield Research asked 1,000 U.S. adults about CMV road safety. In addition, researchers analyzed data from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration. Findings reveal that 83% of the respondents believe they are safer behind the wheel than commercial drivers. That contrasts with the data, which, . . .
Of note, the recommendation that all children younger than two years be restrained in a rear-facing, infant-only or convertible child safety seat is a significant change in wording from previous AAP policy, and was based on data from the United States,9 as well as extensive experience in Sweden.10,11 There are several developmental characteristics that put young children at risk of head and spinal cord injury in a motor vehicle crash, including incomplete vertebral ossification, more horizontally oriented spinal facet joints, and excessive ligamentous laxity. Facing the rear of the vehicle provides more support to a young childs torso, neck, and head. Children in forward-facing safety seats were more likely to be seriously injured in all crash types when compared with children in rear-facing safety seats (odds ratio = 1.76; 95% confidence interval, 1.40 to 2.20).9 When children 12 to 23 months of age were analyzed separately, those who were restrained in forward-facing child safety seats were ...
Pedestrian accidents injuries totaled at over 68,000 in 2008 according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Of these injuries the most serious is trauma to the head. Injuries to the head can be catastrophic and leave the victim with permanent disabilities. The majority of pedestrians are hit from the front, which propels them into a windshield or onto the top of a roof. If struck from the side they are often thrown into a stationary object or the ground. As a result of an impact with a vehicle, pedestrians can experience severe head injuries that include fractures, internal bleeding, concussions and hematomas. When a pedestrian suffers head injuries caused by the careless actions of a driver, the victim and their loved ones may recover monetary compensation from the at-fault party. ...
Lusaka - Zambia: 17 people have perished in a fatal road accident which occurred in the early hours of today involving an Isuzu-light-truck with registration number is ACK
Purpose: : To evaluate the risk of falls and motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) in patients with glaucoma. Methods: : The sample comprised 36 glaucoma patients aged over 50 years (mean visual field MD in the better eye = -3.5 dB, range -19.8 to +1.7 dB) and 36 age-matched healthy control subjects, who were enrolled in an ongoing prospective study on risk factors for falls, risk factors for MVCs and on-road driving performance in glaucoma. Main outcome measures at baseline were self-reported falls, self-reported MVCs and police-reported MVCs. Demographic and medical data were obtained. In addition, functional independence in daily living (Multidimensional Functional Assessment Questionnaire), physical activity level (Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly), mobility/balance (timed "Up & Go" test) and clinical vision measures were assessed. Analyses of falls and MVCs were adjusted to account for the possible confounding effects of demographic characteristics, medications and visual field impairment. ...
Discussion. This is believed to be the first study on RTA-related deaths in rural South Africa. The NIMSS statistics come from metropolitan areas such as Cape Town, Pretoria, Johannesburg, Durban and Port Elizabeth. South Africa can be viewed as both a First- and a Third-World country. The Eastern Cape has the highest percentage of poor (24%), and this figure rises to 92% in the Transkei region.8 Mthatha (previously Umtata) was the capital city of the former homeland of Transkei, where the mainly African (of the Xhosa tribe) people live in poverty. Infrastructure such as roads and health and communication systems are poorly maintained. Public transport comprises solely minibus taxis, of which many are not roadworthy.. Long hours of driving result in fatigue and sleep deprivation. Reckless driving is commonplace on the main roads, which has led to these taxis being called danfos (flying coffins).9. There is a great variation in RTA-related deaths in South Africa. The Mthatha average annual rate ...
By Eric Sundquist. Many studies have shown the poor suffer more injuries and deaths from crashes than do wealthier residents of a city. A new study suggests that the major reason is that poor people are simply exposed to more traffic and more complex intersections in their neighborhoods.. The study, in the American Journal of Public Health, examined crash injuries at intersections in Montreal. Intersections in poorer neighborhoods saw 3.9 times more cyclist crash injuries than in the richest neighborhoods. For motor vehicle occupants, the rate was for 4.3 higher; for pedestrians it was 6.3 higher.. Mean traffic volume at intersections in the poorest neighborhoods was 2.4 times higher than in the wealthiest neighborhoods. The poorest neighborhoods also had more intersections with arterials and a higher proportion of four-way (as opposed to three-way) intersections. And, relevant to pedestrian and cyclist injuries, a greater number residents in poorer neighborhoods used more vulnerable, non-auto ...
Traffic crashes in Bangladesh result in an unacceptably high socio-economic toll that has been growing due to inadequate attention and under-investment in safety. According to World health Organization (WHO), more than 20,000 deaths from road traffic crashes are estimated to occur annually in Bangladesh, while around 4000 deaths are officially reported. Nearly 70 percent of road traffic fatalities are attributed to Vulnerable Road Users (VRUs) - pedestrians, bicyclists, motorcyclists, and users of informal and unsafe motorized and non-motorized transport. It has been observed from the studies that around 50 percent road deaths are pedestrians alone and in Dhaka city, they represented around 75 percent. Pedestrian-vehicle conflicts are therefore clearly the greatest problem with significant involvement of trucks and busses. Heavy vehicles, especially buses and trucks, are mostly involved in fatal accidents. They are particularly prevalent in crashes involving VRUs. The road environment factors ...
The main purpose of the study is to determine the accident risk when driving under the influence of psychoactive substances, including alcohol (DUI). Other aims are to find out the prevalence of psychoactive substances in road traffic and to obtain information on the role of these substances in road traffic accident causations.. For the purposes of the study, drivers of motorised vehicles are randomly stopped and interviewed and breath alcohol is recorded. Also, an oral fluid sample is taken and psychoactive substances are investigated in the laboratory. For cases, drivers injured in traffic accidents are asked to participate to the study. A whole blood sample and, if possible, an oral fluid sample is taken and psychoactive substances are determined in the laboratory. Also, people diseased in road traffic accident are included in the study. The information required for these subjects are taken from a register database.. The study is part of an EU-project DRUID. Altogether 13 European countries ...