Synonyms for Abies alba in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Abies alba. 2 synonyms for Abies alba: European silver fir, Christmas tree. What are synonyms for Abies alba?
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BGCI. 2013. Botanic Gardens Conservation International: Plant Search. Available at: http://www.bgci.org/plant_search.php. Ellenberg, H. 1988. Vegetation Ecology of Central Europe. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.. EUNIS. 2014. Biodiversity Database. Available at: http://eunis.eea.europa.eu/. (Accessed: 2014).. Farjon, A. 2010. A Handbook of the Worlds Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.. Farjon, A. and Filer, D. 2013. An Atlas of the Worlds Conifers. Brill, Leiden/Boston.. Feurdean, A. and Willis, K.J. 2008. Long-term variability of Abies alba in NW Romania: implications for its conservation management. Diversity and Distributions 14: 1004-1017.. IUCN. 2017. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017-2. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 14 September 2017).. Mauri, A., de Rigo, D. and Caudullo, G. 2016. Abies alba in Europe: distribution, habitat, usage and threats. In: San-Miguel-Ayanz,J., de Rigo, D., Caudullo, G., Houston Durrant, T. and Mauri, A. (eds), ...
Novel A-seco-rearranged lanostane triterpenoids from Abies sachalinensis.: From the needles of Abies sachalinensis, novel rearranged lanostane type triterpenes,
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Abies koreana Golden Selection - This seed has been collected from an as of yet unnamed selection in VanDusens collection. Growth of the parent tree appears to be limited, dense and bushy. The cones develop a deep grey-violet colour and mature to dark brown in the late fall. Typical of Abies species, the cones disintegrate to distribute the seed in the early winter. A superb candidate for bonsai. Seed supply is very limited.
Zeiraphera rufimitrana, the red-headed fir tortricid, is a moth of the Tortricidae family. It is found from central Europe to eastern Russia, Mongolia, the Korean Peninsula, China (Jilin, Heilongjiang) and Japan. It was first recorded from the Netherlands by Kuchlein and Naves in 1999. The wingspan is 12-16 mm. Adults are on wing from the end of June to August. The larvae of ssp. truncata feed on Abies sachalinensis. Larvae of the nominate subspecies feed on Abies alba, Abies cephalonica, Abies balsamea, Pinus pinea and Picea excelsa. The larvae feed in buds and on new needles. The infested crowns may stain reddish. Zeiraphera rufimitrana rufimitrana Zeiraphera rufimitrana truncata Oku, 1968 (Japan) tortricidae.com Catalogue of Eucosmini from China (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) Eurasian ...
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Abies koreana - A conifer with a truly elegant form, the Korean Fir has much to recommend it. The deep green needles, silver-white underneath, are evenly spaced on the branches, giving the tree a remarkably tidy appearance. The cones, which sit bolt upright on the branches, are one of this trees most attractive features.
Abies koreana is a slow growing, conical shaped tree with shiny, dark green leaves with 2 whitish bands underneath. The cones are blue-violet before maturity.
Definition of abies amabilis in the Definitions.net dictionary. Meaning of abies amabilis. What does abies amabilis mean? Information and translations of abies amabilis in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web.
Juvabione, historically known as the paper factor, is the methyl ester of todomatuic acid, both of which are sesquiterpenes (C15) found in the wood of true firs of the genus Abies. They occur naturally as part of a mixture of sesquiterpenes based upon the bisabolane scaffold. Sesquiterpenes of this family are known as insect juvenile hormone analogues (IJHA) because of their ability to mimic juvenile activity in order to stifle insect reproduction and growth. These compounds play important roles in conifers as the second line of defense against insect induced trauma and fungal pathogens. In 1965, Karel Sláma and Carroll Williams made a surprising discovery: paper towels made from the wood of the balsam fir (Abies balsamea, Fig. 1) released vapors that elicited a potent effect on hemipteran bugs of the Pyrrhocoridae family. They named this substance "the paper factor." It was thought to contain a mixture of JH-mimicking sesquiterpenes, but it wasnt until 1966 that (+)-juvabione was first ...
The ability of the bark of willow (Salix spp.) to relieve the suffering of pain and fever has been known for at least 2 000 years. The active ingredient in willow bark is salicin, a glucoside that is converted to salicylic acid in the body. Salicylic acid is a component of acetylsalicylic acid, the active ingredient in aspirin, one of the most widely used medicines in the world (see textbox). Today aspirin is produced from synthetic materials [Lust, 1990].[31]. The bark of the North American paper birch (Betula papyrifera) (Figure 6.5) is impervious to water and was used by indigenous tribes in the construction of small, narrow boats known as canoes. Canoes were constructed from large sheets of bark tied together with root fibres of white spruce (Picea glauca) and smeared with the resin of balsam fir (Abies balsamea) [Hora, 1981]. Containers made from the bark of paper birch were also used as containers for collecting sap during the early days of maple sugaring (see Chapter 5).. Figure 6.5 The ...
A replicated study in balsam fir Abies balsamea stands in Quebec, Canada (Darveau et al. 1995) in 1989-92 found that 60 m-wide riparian forest buffer strips retained forest-dwelling breeding bird abundances and a species composition more similar to uncut areas than that of narrower strips. For one year before and three years following clearcutting, birds were surveyed in five buffer strips: 20 m-, 40 m-, 60 m-, and more than 300 m-wide (i.e. undisturbed control) strips, and a 20 m-wide thinned (33% of trees removed) strip. After initial increases in bird densities (30-70%) in all strips in the year after cutting, the 20 m- and 40 m-wide strips exhibited greatest decreases. Three years after cutting, forest species were less abundant (four songbirds becoming virtually absent) than habitat generalists in the 20 m strips (the thinned 20 m strip had densities around 20% less than the unthinned 20 m-wide strip). ...
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Wood of most firs is considered unsuitable for general timber use and is often used as pulp or for the manufacture of plywood and rough timber. Because this genus has no insect or decay resistance qualities after logging, it is generally recommended in construction purposes for indoor use only (e.g. indoor drywall on framing). Fir wood left outside cannot be expected to last more than 12 to 18 months, depending on the type of climate it is exposed to. Nordmann fir, noble fir, Fraser fir and balsam fir are popular Christmas trees, generally considered to be the best for this purpose, with aromatic foliage that does not shed many needles on drying out. Many are also decorative garden trees, notably Korean fir and Fraser fir, which produce brightly coloured cones even when very young, still only 1-2 m (3.3-6.6 ft) tall. Other firs can grow anywhere between 30 and 236 feet (9.1 and 71.9 m) tall. Fir Tree Appreciation Day is June 18. Abies religiosa-sacred fir, is the overwinter host for the monarch ...
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Silver Fir Essential Oil Profile includes uses, constituents, aromatic description, extraction method, latin name, safety info and references.
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You can control the relative volume of each track (wolf, moose, and climate) with the slider bars inside each spectrogram. Take a moment to focus on each track, one at a time.. A richer way to interact with this experience begins with a thought from neuroscientist, Seth Horowitz [1]:. "You hear anywhere from 20 to 100 times faster than you see, so that everything that you perceive with your ears is coloring every other perception you have and every conscious thought you have. Sound gets in so fast that it modifies all other input and sets the stage for it.". Sound and music also have a powerful capacity to trigger our emotions - peace, anxiety, joy, fear, excitement, love - emotions that shape the quality of our lives [2]. Our emotional response to a sound is partly universal. People from different cultures and experiences tend to respond to particular sounds with similar emotions. Your emotional response to a sound is also personal - for any particular sound there is considerable variation in ...
Three test holes drilled at Windigo in Isle Royale National Park in 1981 indicate that the ophitic basaltic lava flows underlying the area contain little water and cannot be considered a source for public water supply. The holes were 135, 175, and 71 feet deep. One hole yielded about 1 gallon of water perminute; the other two yielded less. Glacial deposits seem to offer the best opportunity for developing a ground-water supply of 5 to 10 gallons per minute....
TRAVERSE CITY, Mich. The gray wolves in Isle Royale National Park in northern Michigan are increasingly threatened, scientists said this week, with...
Abies beshanzuensis. Espèce endémique à la Chine. Un timbre dune série de 4 illustrant des conifères rares de la Chine. Les autres sont tous illustrés ici sous leurs genres respectifs. Abies, le sapin, est représenté sur un timbre de lEspagne (A. pinsapo) et de la Mongolie (A. sibirica). Le timbre chinois ici reproduit est le plus beau des 3.. ...
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Growth Habit: miniature bun USDA Zone: 5-8 Exposure: full sun Growing Conditions: well drained soils Comments: Narrowly spaced strongly-curled, gray-green needles showing silvery undersides. Growing at a rate of...
Forest health is a complex concept including many ecosystem functions, interactions and values. We develop a quantitative system applicable to many forest types to assess tree mortality with respect to stable forest structure and composition. We quantify impacts of observed tree mortality on structure by comparison to baseline mortality, and then develop a system that distinguishes between structurally stable and unstable forests. An empirical multivariate index of structural sustainability and a threshold value (70.6) derived from 22 nontropical tree species datasets differentiated structurally sustainable from unsustainable diameter distributions. Twelve of 22 species populations were sustainable with a mean score of 33.2 (median = 27.6). Ten species populations were unsustainable with a mean score of 142.6 (median = 130.1). Among them, Fagus grandifolia, Pinus lambertiana, P. ponderosa, and Nothofagus solandri were attributable to known disturbances; whereas the unsustainability of Abies balsamea,
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ethyl 3,4-seco-8(14-13R)abeo-17,13-friedo-4(28),7,14,24-lanostatetraen-26,23-olide-23-hydroxy-3-oate: from Abies sachalinensis; structure in first source
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Why do we need Sodium Ascorbate?. The GLO Gene is absent in many people. Scientists believe that this happened around 60 million years ago. The absence of this gene makes us unable to biosynthesize the specific enzyme L- gulonolactone oxidase. This is an end-stage liver enzyme that bio-converts blood glucose to Ascorbate; without it, our bodies cannot produce any Ascorbate. In the long term, the lack of Ascorbate causes our bones to dissolve and teeth to fall out; in other words, sub-clinical scurvy and a tendency to develop cancer.. Ascorbic Acid is produced in large quantities in almost all animals, e.g. 6 grams a day in goat, or up to 100grams daily if the goat is stressed. But it is not the Ascorbic Acid our body requires, rather a SALT of Ascorbic Acid. A daily supplementation of Ascorbate several times a day is a simple way to make up for this genetic defect.. Robert F. Cathcart, MD another medical pioneer who has had great success with Ascorbate, successfully treating over 25,000 patients ...
Common Name: Golden Spanish fir Growth Habit: broad upright. USDA Zone: 6-8 Exposure: filtered sun Growing Conditions: moist, well-drained soils Root Stock: grafted onto Abies nordmanniana Comments: Yellow foliage...
Mucilage is extruded from the bark of Pseudolarix amabilis and Abies nephrolepis upon injury. The aim of this study was to characterize the structure and chemical contents of mucilage extruded from mucilage cells (MCs) in the bark of these species. A large number of MCs containing translucent or dark materials in their lumina were observed in the secondary phloem of P. amabilis and A. nephrolepis. The translucent or dark materials in MCs stained positive with ruthenium red and PAS, indicating the presence of polysaccharides. The average length and diameter of MC in P. amabilis were 1500 μm and 254 μm, respectively, and the corresponding values for A. nephrolepis were 419 μm and 166 μm. Chemical analysis of low molecular weight fractions prepared from mucilage by HPAEC-PAD showed sucrose, glucose and fructose peaks, and in addition galacturonic acid and fucose peaks. Furthermore, 1H NMR spectra for the high molecular weight fraction showed the signals characteristic of pectin. This demonstrates that
Discover Lifes page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Abies lasiocarpa, leaf - entire needle image
Discover Lifes page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Abies lasiocarpa, twig - showing attachment of needles image
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Histologieal and histochemical investigations were performed on the xylem, cambium, and phloem of Abies alba and Picea abies affected by forest decline ('Waldsterben', 'Neuartige Waldschäden'). In comparison to healthy trees the annual inerement was reduced and correspondingly the active cambial zone was sm aller. No differenees were found in the peroxidase activities in the differentiating tracheids undergoing lignification, and no change in lignin content eould be deteeted UV-photometrieally in the walls of the traeheids of affeeted trees. In general, mueh less starch reserves in the parenchymatous elements of the diseased trees were observed during autumn and spring. Correspondingly, the aetivities of enzymes involved in the mobilisation and transport of these earbohydrates were lower in spring. With the use of fluorescent markers it eould be demonstrated that apparently some areas of the sapwood do not take part any longer in the water conduetion in diseased trees. In most eases
The similarities between spruce and fir trees number about the same as their differences. Both are members of the pine family, are evergreen, and are classified as conifers, which means the trees have needles that grow singly from the twig (rather than leaves) and cones as fruit. The differences include the way the ...
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Aging, the major risk factor for a wide range of chronic diseases, is determined by both genetic and epigenetic factors. Accurate technology to track the chromatin dynamics in live cells is required for understanding the deeper mechanisms of aging process. So far, several technologies, including fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH), TALE and CRISPR/dCas9 system, have been utilized to image specific loci in human genome. However, they are limited by non-live cell imaging, low signal to noise ratio and transfection efficiencies, as well as the formation of non-specific protein aggregates in the transfected cells. In a new study as a cover story published in Cell Research on April 7, 2017, entitled "Visualization of Aging-Associated Chromatin Alterations with an Engineered TALE System", researchers from Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and their partners developed a new 3D genome imaging technique named as TTALE (by fusing thioredoxin to TALE), with which precisely ...
MCG-6-30-15 is the archetypal example of a type I active galaxy showing broad red-wing emission in its X-ray spectrum at energies below the 6.4 keV Fe Kα emission line and a continuum excess above 20 keV. Miller et al. showed that these spectral features could be caused by clumpy absorbing material, but Reynolds et al. have argued that the observed Fe Kα line luminosity is inconsistent with this explanation unless the global covering factor of the absorber(s) is very low. However, the Reynolds et al. calculation effectively considers the only source of opacity to be the Fe K bound-free transition and neglects the opacity at the line energy: correction to realistic opacity decreases the predicted line flux by a large factor. We also discuss the interpretation of the covering factor and the possible effect of occultation by the accretion disc. Finally, we consider a model for MCG-6-30-15 dominated by clumpy absorption, which is consistent with a global covering factor of 0.45, although models ...
3mzc: Selective hydrophobic pocket binding observed within the carbonic anhydrase II active site accommodate different 4-substituted-ureido-benzenesulfonamides and correlate to inhibitor potency.
Autor: Bohlmann, J. et al.; Genre: Zeitschriftenartikel; Im Druck veröffentlicht: 1998; Keywords: monoterpenoid biosynthesis; monoterpene synthase; terpene|br/|cyclase; Arabidopsis thaliana; genome; myrcene; ocimene; gene|br/|family|br/|Fir abies-grandis; ent-kaurene synthase; sage salvia-|br/|officinalis; resin acid biosynthesis; bacterial expression;|br/|gibberellin biosynthesis; sesquiterpene cyclase; monoterpene|br/|synthases; 1;8-cineole synthase; partial-purification; Titel: Terpenoid-based defenses in conifers: cDNA cloning, characterization, and functional expression of wound-inducible (E)-alpha-bisabolene synthase from grand fir (Abies grandis)
delta-selinene synthase: a sesquiterpene synthase from Grand fir, Abies grandis; forms a total of 34 different sesquiterpenes, chiefly delta-selinene; MW 68 kDa; amino acid sequence in first source; GenBank U92267
Steele, C.L., Crock, J., Bohlmann, J. and Croteau, R. (1998). "Sesquiterpene synthases from grand fir (Abies grandis). Comparison of constitutive and wound-induced activities, and cDNA isolation, characterization, and bacterial expression of δ-selinene synthase and γ-humulene synthase". J. Biol. Chem. 273: 2078-2089. PMID 9442047. ...
Accurate prediction of fire-caused tree mortality is critical for making sound land management decisions such as developing burning prescriptions and post-fire management guidelines. To improve efforts to predict post-fire tree mortality, we developed 3-year post-fire mortality models for 12 Western conifer species - white fir (Abies concolor [Gord. & Glend.] Lindl. ex Hildebr.), red fir (Abies magnifica A ...