European hygiene regulations require the condemnation of any unsafe food. However, there is little information identifying and quantifying condemnation of poultry carcases at slaughterhouses. We present an in-depth view of rates of and reasons for the condemnation of broiler, turkey, meat and force-feeding duck, guinea fowl carcases in France. The experiment was conducted in 10 slaughterhouses. For one year, all condemnations were recorded on a standard form following a national reference system. The rates of and reasons for condemnation, as well as factors influencing variation were investigated. The global condemnation rates were 1.04 per cent for broilers, 1.85 per cent for turkeys, 1.23 per cent for meat ducks, 1.42 per cent for force-feeding ducks and 1.20 per cent for guinea fowl. Condemnation rates depended on several factors including slaughterhouse, animal gender and season. Reasons for condemnation varied with species, for example, the three main reasons for broilers were cachexia ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Occupational Exposure and Carriage of Antimicrobial Resistance Genes (tetW, ermB) in Pig Slaughterhouse Workers. AU - Van Gompel, Liese. AU - Dohmen, Wietske. AU - Luiken, Roosmarijn E. C.. AU - Bouwknegt, Martijn. AU - Heres, Lourens. AU - Van Heijnsbergen, Eri. AU - Jongerius-Gortemaker, Betty G M. AU - Scherpenisse, Peter. AU - Greve, Gerdit D. AU - Tersteeg-Zijderveld, Monique H G. AU - Wadepohl, Katharina. AU - Ribeiro Duarte, Ana Sofia. AU - Muñoz-Gómez, Violeta. AU - Fischer, Jennie. AU - Skarżyńska, Magdalena. AU - Wasyl, Dariusz. AU - Wagenaar, Jaap A. AU - Urlings, Bert A P. AU - Dorado-García, Alejandro. AU - Wouters, Inge M. AU - Heederik, Dick J J. AU - Schmitt, Heike. AU - Smit, Lidwien A M. PY - 2020. Y1 - 2020. N2 - Slaughterhouse staff is occupationally exposed to antimicrobial resistant bacteria. Studies reported high antimicrobial resistance gene (ARG) abundances in slaughter pigs. This cross-sectional study investigated occupational exposure to ...
GAO reviewed the administration of the Federal Meat Inspection Act and the Poultry Products Inspection Act by the Department of Agricultures Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) at meat and poultry slaughter plants that do business in interstate commerce. Certain areas were identified in which FSIS could improve inspection activities and plant managers could better carry out their responsibilities to assure that slaughter plant operations are sanitary and that meat and poultry products are wholesome, unadulterated, and properly marked.. Those areas needing improvement included: (1) sanitation; (2) pest control; (3) plant water systems; (4) product acceptance testing programs; (5) ante-mortem and post-mortem examinations; and (6) controls over condemned and inedible materials. Unannounced visits were made to 62 randomly selected meat and poultry slaughter plants in six States to evaluate plant and inspection staff compliance with inspection program requirements. Nearly one-fourth of those ...
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ABSTRACT. Antimicrobial usage in food animals increases the prevalence of antimicrobial drug resistance among their enteric bacteria. It has been suggested that this resistance can in turn be transferred to people working with such animals, e.g. abattoir workers. Antimicrobial drug resistance was investigated for Escherichia coli from broilers raised on feed supplemented with antimicrobials, and the people who carry out evisceration, washing and packing of intestines in a high-throughput poultry abattoir in Gauteng, South Africa. Broiler carcasses were sampled from 6 farms, on each of which broilers are produced in a separate grow-out cycle. Per farm, 100 caeca were randomly collected 5 minutes after slaughter and the contents of each were selectively cultured for E. coli. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of each isolate was determined for the following antimicrobials: doxycycline, trimethoprim, sulphamethoxazole, ampicillin, enrofloxacin, fosfomycin, ceftriaxone and nalidixic acid. ...
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Our story begins about a hundred years ago with the publishing of the powerful expose, The Jungle by Upton Sinclair. In reading about the abuse of both animal and worker alike, not to mention the filth and contamination, the public was outraged and President Theodore Roosevelt was moved to take action.. At first it was mostly the sanitation which saw the most improvement, but by the 1940s and 50s worker conditions began to rapidly improve, and by the 1960s the workers had better pay and working conditions.. But during the 1970s things began to unravel. The speed of the slaughter and processing lines were greatly sped up, resulting in a huge increase in serious injuries and psychological stress. Worker pay started to decline as well, and union membership and influence were greatly diminished. The current situation is really bad and entails some of the most abusive working circumstances imaginable. Employee turnover rates of 80-100% per year are common at slaughterhouses.. The rate of worker ...
EFSA has published a scientific opinion on the welfare of bovines during the slaughter process. The opinion proposes monitoring indicators to be used and sampling protocols to be put in place at slaughterhouses. This work has been carried out in the context of the new EU legislation on the protection of animals at the time of killing (Council Regulation EC No 1099/2009). According to this legislation, business operators must ensure that animals do not present any signs of consciousness after stunning and before death.
Obwegeser, Tobias. Shedding of foodborne pathogens and microbial carcass contamination of hunted wild ruminants. 2012, University of Zurich, Vetsuisse Faculty. ...
Pig farming is wasteful too. Pigs, like other farm animals, are food factories in reverse, returning far less in pork than the calories and protein they are fed, since most of the nutrition fed to a pig is used for the animals energy and metabolism. When theres so much hunger in the world, and most of the worlds agricultural land is already being used to the maximum, feeding so much of our crops to farm animals is not the best way to feed people. The situation can be summed up by saying that pork production is both wasteful and polluting.. Things arent so good for the slaughterhouse workers either. Many of the more than 150,000 in America work in pig slaughterhouses. By many measures they have the worst and most dangerous job in America, and they suffer badly, both physically and emotionally. Few can stand to stick at this job for more than a year. Almost no one speaks up for them. While many consider slaughterhouse workers to be part of the problem caused by pork, we recognize that they are ...
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Page 210 - Concern about prions has arisen with the advent of prion animal diseases such as bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in the United Kingdom and other parts of Europe. The BSE prions concentrate in an animals brain and spinal cord, but they been detected only in sheep blood at low concentrations. Animal manure would have no or low concentrations of BSE prions except possibly for wastes from slaughterhouses (Ward et al. 1984); however the presence of prions in such wastes is uncertain (EPA 2001). Prions are generally transmitted from animal to animal (cow to cow, sheep to sheep). The risk of prion transmission to biosolids from animals is low but can increase with the presence of small amounts of neural tissues or placenta coming from slaughter houses. At present, there has been little evidence of prion-contaminated manures in the United States. ...
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Section 11. AGRICULTURAL WASTES RECOVERY OF PROTEIN FROM SLAUGHTERHOUSE EFFLUENTS BY DOUBLE ADJUSTMENT OF pH R. N. Cooper. Section Leader J. M. Russell, Chemist Meat Industry Research Institute of New Zealand (Inc.) Hamilton, New Zealand J. L. Adam. Engineer Ruakura Agricultural Research Station Hamilton, New Zealand The effluent from a slaughterhouse characteristically contains high concentrations of fat and organic nitrogen. Primary treatment of slaughterhouse effluents removes only 20% of the organic nitrogen [ 1 ], reflecting the large proportion that is soluble. Further treatment can therefore be effected only by biological or chemical methods. Chemical treatment of slaughterhouse effluents has been studied for a long time. However, attention has only recently been focused on recovering potentially valuable protein- aceous material from these effluents. All recovery techniques acidify the effluent to a pH between 3 and 5, and these techniques often use protein precipitants such as ...
In September 2008, L214 investigated Metz (Moselle) Charal slaughterhouse. This hidden camera investigation was led by an activist from the association hired by the firm Charal as a slaughterhouse worker. According to the association, two previous applications for visiting were refused, by an e-mail in which the Charal company declares having "made animal protection a central and specific part of their quality policy". The filmed investigation shows bovine slaughter which "do not respect the operative regulation and lead to untenable death" according to the association. The Minister of Agriculture, Bruno Le Maire was "shocked" by the pictures showing animals seeming to recover consciousness before and during being bled. L214 lodged a complaint against Charal Company on September 2009 about cruelty to animals. Charal wants L214 to remove the video from their websites, complains about violation of their site, and challenges charges by the association, denouncing "an assembly with false and ...
Tuberculosis-like lesions (TBL) in pigs have been associated with microorganisms other than mycobacteria. In this work a histopathological and microbiological evaluation of TBL in pigs is shown. A total of 352 samples belonging to 171 pigs totally condemned at slaughterhouse due to generalized TBL were sampled and selected for analysis. Pyogranulomatous (56.2%) and granulomatous lesions (20.2%) were observed in all analysed organs. Most of the granulomas observed in both lymph nodes and lungs belonged to more advanced stages of development (stages III and IV) whereas in the liver and the spleen most of lesions belonged to intermediate stages (stages II and III). Different microorganisms were simultaneously detected from TBL in the 42.7% of the animals. Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTC) (38%), coryneform bacteria (40.3%) and streptococci (28.1%) were the main groups of microorganisms detected after bacteriological analysis, with Trueperella pyogenes and Streptococcus suis as the most ...
Antibiotics are routinely given to livestock on factory farms to make them gain weight with less feed and keep them from getting sick in confinement conditions. But the daily dosing, at the same time it lowers feed needs, lowers drug effectiveness and produces antibiotic resistant bacteria or super bugs that can be deadly to people.. In January, researchers found 230 out of 395 pork cuts bought in US stores were contaminated with a super bug called MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus). Worse there were no statistically significant differences between conventionally raised swine and swine raised without antibiotics, reported the researchers.. Why would meat labeled raised without antibiotics be as full of super bugs as conventional and factory farmed meat?. It can be contaminated with MRSA at the farm, by slaughterhouse workers who carry MRSA or by other meat, if processing equipment is not cleaned out between runs of certified organic and non-certified organic meats, say the ...
Infectious disease - Infectious disease - Occupation and commerce: In occupational and commercial undertakings, people often manipulate their environment and, in so doing, expose themselves to infection. A farmer in his fields is exposed to damp conditions in which disease microorganisms flourish. While clearing out a ditch, he may be infected with leptospires passed into the water in rats urine. In his barns he may be exposed to brucellosis if his herd of cattle is infected or to salmonellosis or Q fever. Slaughterhouse workers run similar risks, as do veterinarians. A worker in a dock or tannery may get anthrax from imported hides; an upholsterer may get the disease
Although slaughterhouse workers with the most poultry exposure appear to suffer the greatest excess mortality (see Poultry Exposure Tied to Liver and Pancreatic Cancer), increased risk of death from cancer is also found in other slaughterplant workers. This research....... ...
Progressive inflammatory neuropathy (PIN) is a disease that was identified in a report, released on January 31, 2008, by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The first known outbreak of this neuropathy occurred in southeastern Minnesota in the United States. The disease was reported among pig slaughterhouse workers who appeared at various care facilities in the area reporting similar neurological symptoms. The disease was later identified at pork processing plants in Indiana and Nebraska as well. The condition is characterized by acute paralysis, pain, fatigue, numbness, and weakness, especially in extremities. It was initially believed that workers might have contracted the disease through inhaling aerosols from pig brains blown through a compressed-air hose and that this exposure to pig neural tissue induced an autoimmune response that might have produced their mysterious peripheral neuropathy. These suspicions were confirmed in reports and investigations conducted at the Mayo ...
Thiongo, S K et al. Use of the nested polymerase chain reaction for detection of Toxoplasma gondii in slaughterhouse workers in Thika District, Kenya. SAMJ, S. Afr. med. j., Apr 2016, vol.106, no.4, p.417-419. ISSN 0256- ...
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24-7/ -- Its near midnight as a two-tier cattle truck climbs a hill 50 miles from Tulsa, OK, grinding and spitting from its lumbering load. The grueling 1,000 mile trek that began at a horse auction near Waukegon, Illinois is far from over, as the trucks destination is a Texas holding pen earmarked for slaughter-bound horses nearly 355 miles away. If the truck makes it across the state line, it will deliver nearly 50 horses----yearlings, pregnant mares, registered Thoroughbreds, purebred Arabians, wild Mustangs and ponies, Appaloosas, and newly born foals to a Mexican slaughter house. While these equines have individual stories and backgrounds, they share one commonality: They were all purchased at auction by what is known in the industry as "kill buyers" who are fulfilling independent contracts with the slaughter house. As many as 22 horses have already died en route due to kicking injuries, water and food deprivation, and suffocation since departing the auction nearly 72 hours earlier. This ...
... procedures vary among the domestic meat animal species due to anatomical differences in size and shape of animal and type of skin covering (i.e. hair, wool, feathers, etc.). Many of the basic procedures and objectives in sheep slaughter are similar to those of beef slaughter. In many small commercial sheep slaughter plants the animal is exsanguinated and most of the hide is removed with the carcass positioned on its back in a cradle on the floor. In the remainder of this presentation I will use words that may not be familiar to you. I suggest that before practicing this, you learn any unknown vocabulary.. The objectives of sheep slaughter include observing sanitary dressing procedures for sheep and learning anatomical location of the internal organs. These two things are very important and mandatory for the procedure.. Sheep Slaughter procedure. ...
Poster (2016, September). Escherichia coli producing the attachment-effacement (AE) lesion (EPEC) and/or Shiga toxins (STEC) cause enteritis and (bloody) diarrhoea in young calves and in humans, and are also present in the ... [more ▼]. Escherichia coli producing the attachment-effacement (AE) lesion (EPEC) and/or Shiga toxins (STEC) cause enteritis and (bloody) diarrhoea in young calves and in humans, and are also present in the intestines of healthy cattle. Besides the O157:H7 serotype, which is the main serotype causing STEC outbreaks in the world EPEC and STEC can belong to dozens of O serogroups. Of them, 9 have been frequently identified worldwide: O5, O26, O103, O104, O111, O118, O121, O145 and O165. The aim of this study is to identify the virulotypes and the O serotypes of EPEC and STEC isolated from healthy cattle at slaughterhouses in Wallonia. A total of 245 faeces (216 ,1year-old bulls, 25 cows and 4 heifers) were sampled between April and June 2014 in 2 slaughterhouses in ...
This guidance is for England. Whether or not an owner is permitted to kill sheep for private consumption depends on whether the slaughter takes place outside or inside a licensed slaughterhouse.. There are two lawful ways to have your animals slaughtered and prepared for your own consumption: in an approved slaughterhouse, or on your farm by you for your own private consumption or that of immediate family living there.. On-farm slaughter of any livestock is an extremely difficult option to achieve legally in terms of food hygiene and TSE controls, and in terms of application of humane methods of restraint, stunning and slaughter. You need to ensure that you dispose of the carcase and any animal waste in accordance with the Regulations.. Slaughter outside a licensed slaughterhouse. EU Regulation (EC) 853/2004 laying down specific hygiene rules for food of animal origin states that in most cases meat for human consumption must be from animals slaughtered in an approved slaughterhouse (an approved ...
NW_LS760. Des Moines, IA Wed Jan 17, 2018 USDA-IA Dept of Ag Market News. Tama, IA Slaughter Cattle Auction. Weighted Average Report for 01/17/2018. Receipts: 362 Last Week: 829. Slaughter cattle sale today: Compared to last week. Choice steers .75 lower, choice heifers .50 higher, choice Holsteins no comparison due to low receipts last week, slaughter cows mostly steady. Trade active. Demand good. Supply consisted of 40 percent steers, 21.8 percent heifers, 16.2 percent Holsteins, 18.7 percent slaughter cows, and 2.7 percent slaughter bulls.. Slaughter Steers Choice 2-4. Head Wt Range Avg Wt Price Range Avg Price. 84 1322-1499 1428 122.10-127.50 124.46. 28 1500-1680 1566 120.75-127.00 125.75. Slaughter Steers Select and Choice 2-3. Head Wt Range Avg Wt Price Range Avg Price. 4 1165-1280 1204 118.50-123.50 120.20. 2 1360 1360 121.75 121.75. Slaughter Holstein Steers Choice 2-3. Head Wt Range Avg Wt Price Range Avg Price. 1 1255 1255 84.00 84.00. 9 1329-1470 1353 84.75-90.00 87.70. 11 1522-1573 ...
EFSA's Task Force on Zoonoses Data Collection has published an analysis of the risk factors related to Salmonella in slaughter pigs within the European Union (EU).
Methods and Results: Nontarget bacterial cells were added to the sample prior to RNA extraction, facilitating the co-precipitation of target RNA along with nontarget RNA and thus enhancing the recovery. This method was developed using a serial dilution of log phase target cells (E. coli O157:H7), combined with a high number of nontarget cells (E. coli K12). Cells were lysed by a bead beating method followed by RNA purification using a commercial kit. A reverse-transcriptase PCR assay for the detection of rfbE gene in E. coli O157:H7 was used to demonstrate that the procedure increased the recovery of amplifiable RNA target with a detection limit of approximately 63 CFU ml−1 in cultures and 27·5 CFU ml−1 in carcass liquor ...
Previous estimates put the figure at just five to ten percent, and Green Party MEP Carl Schlyter says he is shocked at the numbers. Many of the animals are first drained of their blood before dying, and a growing share of the 75 percent are made up of animals killed according to the rules for kosher and halal meat, but Schlyter says much is also due to cost-cutting measures at slaughterhouses ...
powerful anti-horse-slaughter lobby, and enacts an outright prohibition of horse slaughter.. Unintended Consequences of the Closure of the U.S. Plants. To generally summarize this June 2011 Government Accountability Office report, the horse market tanked after the closure of the U.S. horse slaughter plants in 2007. The GAO gave multiple reasons for the decline-including the drought and the economy, but the cessation of domestic slaughter was clearly indicated as a factor in the report. Veterinarians surveyed by the GAO reported that horse welfare declined across the board, with a 50% or greater increase in abandonment and neglect cases in some states. The nationwide capacity of horse rescue facilities is about 6,000 head of horses, and the vast majority of these are already full. Legislative prohibitions on using federal funds for inspecting horses prior to slaughter impede USDAs and APHISs ability to oversee the transport and welfare of U.S. horses intended for slaughter. The number of horses ...
powerful anti-horse-slaughter lobby, and enacts an outright prohibition of horse slaughter.. Unintended Consequences of the Closure of the U.S. Plants. To generally summarize this June 2011 Government Accountability Office report, the horse market tanked after the closure of the U.S. horse slaughter plants in 2007. The GAO gave multiple reasons for the decline-including the drought and the economy, but the cessation of domestic slaughter was clearly indicated as a factor in the report. Veterinarians surveyed by the GAO reported that horse welfare declined across the board, with a 50% or greater increase in abandonment and neglect cases in some states. The nationwide capacity of horse rescue facilities is about 6,000 head of horses, and the vast majority of these are already full. Legislative prohibitions on using federal funds for inspecting horses prior to slaughter impede USDAs and APHISs ability to oversee the transport and welfare of U.S. horses intended for slaughter. The number of horses ...
An indictment against the owners of a slaughterhouse involved in a massive beef recall claims they processed cows with cancer while inspectors took lunch breaks and then went on to distribute the diseased meat.
Jason the pig is called a miracle pig after being the only one of 400 to survive disease and death stemming from an illegal farm and slaughterhouse.
A young steer who broke out of a slaughterhouse in northern New Jersey, swam across a river and ran through city streets, was being taken Wednesday to an animal sanctuary in New York where a
A slaughterhouse in Cary, North Carolina has a Halal do it yourself option. Halal meat preparation is that which aligns with Islamic law. halal-goatThe practice includes slitting the animals jugular with a blade while also slicing through the trachea and carotid artery.
A fact that might surprise you: Horse slaughterhouses operated in the US until 2007. And another: Ranchers, horse owners, and some animal-welfare groups want them back. The unlikely trio is attending... US News Summaries. | Newser
Patients Of The Slaughterhouse lyrics by Vedonist: You struggle aguishly in captivity of fever / With a silent plea of clenched jaws
The Slaughterhouse Cases is one of the most despised decisions in American constitutional law. Scholars commonly describe the case as eviscerating the Privileges or Immunities Clause and closing the door on incorporating the Bill of Rights against the states. Neither assertion is true. In fact, Justice Millers opinion is remarkably consistent with the original understanding […]
Slaughterhouse Five study guide contains a biography of Kurt Vonnegut, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
Lyrics to Sound Off song by SLAUGHTERHOUSE: You herbs we merged, were an alliance We fight fire with flamethrowers, why would you try us? We...
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Horses in the U.S. are not raised for food. They are bred for transportation, farm work, sport and companionship-not for meat. But some groups are eager to bring horse slaughter plants back to the U.S.-despite the terrible cruelty of horse slaughter, the risks to human health associated with tainted ...
Dear MFA Supporter,. Today, Mercy For Animals is releasing its most important and compelling film yet - Farm to Fridge.. Narrated by Oscar-nominee James Cromwell, this powerful 12-minute film takes you on an eye-opening exploration behind the closed doors of the nations largest industrial poultry, pig, dairy and fish farms, hatcheries, and slaughter plants - revealing the often-unseen journey that animals make from Farm to Fridge.. Using arresting images covertly recorded on hidden camera, this provocative film puts into focus the harsh reality faced by farmed animals - creatures granted no federal protection from abuse during their lives on factory farms.. Challenging societys views and treatment of "food animals," Farm to Fridge elevates our moral and ethical discussion about where our food comes from, how it is produced, and who is left to pay the ultimate price for cheap meat, dairy and eggs.. This film is guaranteed to change the way you look at the power, and consequences, of your food ...
A new rule from USDA allows poultry slaughterhouses to speed up kill lines and reduce inspectors. Food and worker safety in question. Increased animal cruelty.
Maseeh Rahman from New Delhi reports that the international animal-rights group People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) has exposed horrendous cruelty to Indian cows as they are transported, illegally, to slaughterhouses. Many arrive dead or badly injured after long and torturous journeys in trains and trucks or on foot. "It is Dantes Inferno for cows and bullocks," says PETA president Ingrid Newkirk. Indias livestock population, estimated at more than 500 million, is the worlds largest, with 26 acknowledged breeds of cattle and six breeds of buffalos. The unproductive animals are sent to slaughterhouses. Although, there are 2,682 recognized slaughterhouses throughout Bharat (the Indian Union), cow slaughter is permitted in just two States, the communist-ruled states of West Bengal in the east and Kerala in the south. Corrupt officials look the other way and allow illegal packing of the cows into rail cars or trucks headed for West Bengal and Kerala. The animals frequently gore one ...
The death toll from an outbreak of listeria in South Africa has jumped beyond 60 in the past month, health authorities said on Monday, adding they had closed a poultry abattoir where the bug that causes the disease had been detected.
Before slaughter, broilers are subjected to several preslaughter management events such as feed withdrawal, catching, crating, transport, and lairage. The aim of this study was to gain insight into factors which influence mortality, stress, energy metabolism, and meat quality of the broilers on the last day of their life. The ... read more mean percentage of broilers that arrived dead at the conveyer belt of the slaughterhouse (DOA) was 0.46. Factors associated with DOA percentage were ambient temperature, moment of transport, catching company, breed, flock size, mean body weight, mean compartment stocking density, transport time, lairage time, and the interaction term transport time x ambient temperature. The most important factors that influence DOA percentage, and which could be reduced relatively easily, were compartment stocking density (Odds Ratio (OR) = 1.09 for each additional bird in a compartment), transport time (OR = 1.06 for each additional 15 min), and lairage time (OR = 1.03 for ...
Japanese beef has not been readily available in North America since an outbreak of foot and mouth disease in some of Japans cattle two years ago. Prior to that, Wagyu beef was available in Canada (it means "Japanese cow," of which Kobe is the most famous), but Kobe beef hasnt been easy to get a hold of because Hyogo slaughter houses dont export to North America.. ...