A compound given in the treatment of conditions associated with zinc deficiency such as acrodermatitis enteropathica. Externally, zinc sulfate is used as an astringent in lotions and eye drops. (Reynolds JEF(Ed): Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia (electronic version). Micromedex, Inc, Englewood, CO, 1995)
A mild astringent and topical protectant with some antiseptic action. It is also used in bandages, pastes, ointments, dental cements, and as a sunblock.
A metallic element of atomic number 30 and atomic weight 65.38. It is a necessary trace element in the diet, forming an essential part of many enzymes, and playing an important role in protein synthesis and in cell division. Zinc deficiency is associated with ANEMIA, short stature, HYPOGONADISM, impaired WOUND HEALING, and geophagia. It is known by the symbol Zn.
Unstable isotopes of zinc that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Zn atoms with atomic weights 60-63, 65, 69, 71, and 72 are radioactive zinc isotopes.
Ground up seed of WHEAT.
Inorganic salts of sulfuric acid.
The extent to which the active ingredient of a drug dosage form becomes available at the site of drug action or in a biological medium believed to reflect accessibility to a site of action.
Agents, usually topical, that cause the contraction of tissues for the control of bleeding or secretions.
Flavoring agent sweeter than sugar, metabolized as PHENYLALANINE and ASPARTIC ACID.
An INFLAMMATION of the MUCOSA with burning or tingling sensation. It is characterized by atrophy of the squamous EPITHELIUM, vascular damage, inflammatory infiltration, and ulceration. It usually occurs at the mucous lining of the MOUTH, the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT or the airway due to chemical irritations, CHEMOTHERAPY, or radiation therapy (RADIOTHERAPY).
Any food that has been supplemented with essential nutrients either in quantities that are greater than those present normally, or which are not present in the food normally. Fortified food includes also food to which various nutrients have been added to compensate for those removed by refinement or processing. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
A heteropolysaccharide that is similar in structure to HEPARIN. It accumulates in individuals with MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDOSIS.
A low-molecular-weight (approx. 10 kD) protein occurring in the cytoplasm of kidney cortex and liver. It is rich in cysteinyl residues and contains no aromatic amino acids. Metallothionein shows high affinity for bivalent heavy metals.
Motifs in DNA- and RNA-binding proteins whose amino acids are folded into a single structural unit around a zinc atom. In the classic zinc finger, one zinc atom is bound to two cysteines and two histidines. In between the cysteines and histidines are 12 residues which form a DNA binding fingertip. By variations in the composition of the sequences in the fingertip and the number and spacing of tandem repeats of the motif, zinc fingers can form a large number of different sequence specific binding sites.
Uptake of substances through the lining of the INTESTINES.
Decreased salivary flow.
The physical or physiological processes by which substances, tissue, cells, etc. take up or take in other substances or energy.

Overexpression of spermidine/spermine N1-acetyltransferase under the control of mouse metallothionein I promoter in transgenic mice: evidence for a striking post-transcriptional regulation of transgene expression by a polyamine analogue. (1/210)

We recently generated a transgenic mouse line overexpressing spermidine/spermine N1-acetyltransferase (SSAT) gene under its own promoter. The tissue polyamine pools of these animals were profoundly affected and the mice were hairless from early age. We have now generated another transgenic-mouse line overexpressing the SSAT gene under the control of a heavy-metal-inducible mouse metallothionein I (MT) promoter. Even in the absence of heavy metals, changes in the tissue polyamine pools indicated that a marked activation of polyamine catabolism had occurred in the transgenic animals. As with the SSAT transgenic mice generated previously, the mice of the new line (MT-SSAT) suffered permanent hair loss, but this occurred considerably later than in the previous SSAT transgenic animals. Liver was the most affected tissue in the MT-SSAT transgenic animals, revealed by putrescine overaccumulation, significant decrease in spermidine concentration and >90% reduction in the spermine pool. Even though hepatic SSAT mRNA accumulated to massive levels in non-induced transgenic animals, SSAT activity was only moderately elevated. Administration of ZnSO4 further elevated the level of hepatic SSAT message and induced enzyme activity, but not more than 2- to 3-fold. Treatment of the transgenic animals with the polyamine analogue N1,N11-diethylnorspermine (DENSPM) resulted in an immense induction, more than 40000-fold, of enzyme activity in the liver of transgenic animals, and minor changes in the SSAT mRNA level. Liver spermidine and spermine pools were virtually depleted within 1-2 days in response to the treatment with the analogue. The treatment also resulted in a marked mortality (up to 60%) among the transgenic animals which showed ultrastructural changes in the liver, most notably mitochondrial swelling, one of the earliest signs of cell injury. These results indicated that, even without its own promoter, SSAT is powerfully induced by the polyamine analogue through a mechanism that appears to involve a direct translational and/or heterogenous nuclear RNA processing control. It is likewise significant that overexpression of SSAT renders the animals extremely sensitive to polyamine analogues.  (+info)

Metallothionein-null mice absorb less Zn from an egg-white diet, but a similar amount from solutions, although with altered intertissue Zn distribution. (2/210)

The influence of metallothionein (MT) on Zn transfer into non-gut tissues was investigated in MT-null (MT-/-) and normal (MT+/+) mice 4 h after oral gavage of aqueous 65ZnSO4solution at doses of 154, 385, 770 and 1540 nmol Zn per mouse. Zn transfer was not significantly different between MT+/+ and MT-/- mice and was directly proportional to the oral dose (slope = 0.127, r = 0.991; 0. 146, r = 0.994, respectively). Blood 65Zn and plasma Zn concentrations increased progressively in MT-/- mice at doses >154 nmol Zn, reaching levels of 2.4% of oral dose and 60 micromol/L, respectively, at the 1540 nmol Zn dose. The corresponding values for MT+/+ mice were approximately half, 1.0% and 29 micromol/L. Intergenotypic differences were found in tissue distribution of 65Zn within the body; MT-/- mice had higher 65Zn levels in muscle, skin, heart and brain, whereas MT+/+ mice retained progressively more Zn in the liver, in conjunction with a linear increase in hepatic MT up to the highest Zn dose. MT induction in the small intestine reached its maximum at an oral dose of 385 nmol Zn and did not differ at higher doses. Absorption of a 770 nmol 65Zn dose from a solid egg-white diet was only one fourth (MT+/+) and one eighth (MT-/-) of the Zn absorption from the same dose of 65Zn in aqueous solution. MT+/+ mice had greater (P < 0.05) Zn absorption from the egg-white diet than did MT-/- mice, indicating that gut MT confers an absorptive advantage, but only when Zn is incorporated into solid food.  (+info)

Overexpression of the multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP1) in human heavy metal-selected tumor cells. (3/210)

Cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in the resistance to cytotoxic heavy metals remain largely to be characterized in mammalian cells. To this end, we have analyzed a metal-resistant variant of the human lung cancer GLC4 cell line that we have selected by a step-wise procedure in potassium antimony tartrate. Antimony-selected cells, termed GLC4/Sb30 cells, poorly accumulated antimony through an enhanced cellular efflux of metal, thus suggesting up-regulation of a membrane export system in these cells. Indeed, GLC4/Sb30 cells were found to display a functional overexpression of the multidrug resistance-associated protein MRP1, a drug export pump, as demonstrated by Western blotting, reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and calcein accumulation assays. Moreover, MK571, a potent inhibitor of MRP1 activity, was found to markedly down-modulate resistance of GLC4/Sb30 cells to antimony and to decrease cellular export of the metal. Taken together, our data support the conclusion that overexpression of functional MRP1 likely represents one major mechanism by which human cells can escape the cytotoxic effects of heavy metals.  (+info)

Polaprezinc protects gastric mucosal cells from noxious agents through antioxidant properties in vitro. (4/210)

BACKGROUND: Polaprezinc has been shown to exert an anti-oxidant property in a tube experiment, protect gastric mucosa from experimental ulcerations in vivo, and accelerate the healing of gastric ulcer in humans. AIM: To examine a possible protective effect of polaprezinc on oxidant-mediated injury in primary monolayer cultures of rat gastric fundic mucosa. METHODS: Cytotoxicity was quantified by measuring 51Cr release. Whether or not polaprezinc exerts an antioxidant property was investigated by determining the effect of this agent on hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced injury. The effects of polaprezinc on superoxide (O2-. ) generation as well as on ethanol (EtOH)-induced injury were also examined. Generation of O2-. was assessed by the reduction in cytochrome c. RESULTS: H2O2 caused a time- and dose-dependent increase in 51Cr release. The dose-response curve of 51Cr release by H2O2 shifted to the right in the presence of polaprezinc. Polaprezinc, at submillimolar concentrations, prevented H2O2-induced 51Cr release. EtOH also caused a dose-dependent increase in 51Cr release, which was prevented by the addition of polaprezinc. The incubation of cells with EtOH caused an increase in cytochrome c reduction, as the concentrations of EtOH increased. Polaprezinc inhibited EtOH-induced cytochrome c reduction. Protection by polaprezinc was microscopically associated with the prevention of monolayer disruption. CONCLUSIONS: Polaprezinc is antioxidative and directly protects gastric mucosal cells from noxious agents through its antioxidant properties in vitro. This finding may provide the theoretical basis for the usage of an antiulcer drug with antioxidant properties for the treatment of gastric inflammation, such as that induced by ethanol.  (+info)

Factors affecting dimensional instability of alginate impressions during immersion in the fixing and disinfectant solutions. (5/210)

To clarify the factors determining the dimensional stability of alginate impressions during immersion in disinfectant and fixing solution, the weight change of impressions in solutions of glutaraldehyde (GA), NaClO, Na2SO4, K2SO4, CaCl2, and ZnSO4 was measured. In the nonelectrolytic solution, GA, the weight decreased in proportion to concentration, possibly due to the gradient of osmotic pressure between the impression and solution. In monovalent metallic salt solutions the weight change decreased with increased concentration. Especially at lower concentrations the rate of weight loss was high. A chemical action of the solution might also be involved, in addition to the osmotic pressure difference. The weight loss in divalent metallic salt solutions was greater than in monovalent solutions, implicating crosslinking reactions between the impression and solution.  (+info)

Bioavailability of zinc in several sources of zinc oxide, zinc sulfate, and zinc metal. (6/210)

Three zinc depletion-repletion assays were carried out with chicks to determine Zn bioavailability in five sources of ZnO, three sources of ZnSO4.H2O, and two sources of Zn metal. A standard 23% CP corn-soybean meal diet was fed during the first 3 d posthatching, after which it was replaced with a Zn-deficient soy concentrate diet (13.5 mg Zn/kg) until d 7. On d 8 after an overnight period of feed withdrawal, chicks were fed for 12 d the Zn-deficient basal diet containing 0, 4.76, and 9.90 (Assay 1); 0, 5.06, or 10.12 (Assay 2); or 0, 4.73, or 9.13 (Assay 3) mg/kg supplemental Zn from analytical grade (AG) ZnSO4.7H2O (22.7% Zn) to generate a standard response curve. The AG and feed-grade (FG) Zn sources being evaluated were then provided at a level that would fall within the standard curve. Weight gain (Assays 1, 2, and 3) and total tibia Zn (Assay 1) responded linearly (P<.01) to Zn supplementation from ZnSO4.7H2O. Weight gain regressed on supplemental Zn intake gave standard-curve equations with fits (r2) ranging from .94 to .97. In Assay 1, regression of total tibia Zn (Y, in micrograms) on supplemental Zn intake (X, in milligrams/12 d) gave the equation Y = 13.2+6.74X (r2 = .90). Standard-curve methodology was used to estimate relative Zn bioavailability (RBV), with RBV of Zn in the ZnSO4.7H2O standard set at 100%. Four sources of FG ZnO were evaluated: Source 1 (78.1% Zn, hydrosulfide process, U.S.), Source 2 (74.1% Zn, Waelz process, Mexico), Source 3 (69.4% Zn, China), and Source 4 (78.0% Zn, French process, Mexico). Analytical-grade ZnO (80.3% Zn) was also evaluated. Feed-grade ZnO Sources 1 and 4 as well as AG ZnO produced average RBV values that were not different (P>.10) from the standard, but average RBV values for FG Source 2 and FG Source 3 were only 34 (P<.05) and 46% (P<.05), respectively. All sources of ZnSO4.H2O, which included two FG sources (source 1, 36.5% Zn; source 2, 35.3% Zn) and one food-grade source (36.5% Zn), were not different (P>.10) in RBV from the ZnSO4.7H2O standard. Two Zn metal products, Zn metal dust (100% Zn) and Zn metal fume (91.5% Zn), were also evaluated, and they were found to have Zn RBV values of 67 (P<.05) and 36% (P<.05), respectively. Feed-grade sources of ZnO vary widely in color, texture, Zn content, and Zn bioavailability.  (+info)

The caudal-related homeodomain protein Cdx1 inhibits proliferation of intestinal epithelial cells by down-regulation of D-type cyclins. (7/210)

Cdx1 is a homeodomain transcription factor that regulates intestine-specific gene expression. Experimental evidence suggests that Cdx1 may be involved in cell cycle regulation, but its role is ill defined and the mechanisms have not been explored. We used stable transfection of inducible constructs and transient expression with a replication-deficient adenovirus to induce Cdx1 expression in rat IEC6 cells, a non-transformed intestinal epithelial cell line that does not express Cdx1 protein. Expression of Cdx1 markedly reduced proliferation of IEC6 cells with accumulation of cells in the G(0)/G(1) phase of the cell cycle. Cell cycle arrest was accompanied by an increase in the hypophosphorylated forms of the retinoblastoma protein (pRb) and the pRb-related p130 protein. Protein levels of multiple cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors were either unchanged (p16, p18, p21, p27, and p57) or were not detected (p15 and p19). Most significantly, levels of cyclins D1 and D2 were markedly diminished with Cdx1 expression, but not cyclins D3, E, or the G(1) kinases. Additionally, cyclin-dependent kinase-4 activity was decreased in association with decreased cyclin D protein. We conclude that Cdx1 regulates intestinal epithelial cell proliferation by inhibiting progression through G(0)/G(1), most likely via modulation of cyclin D1 and D2 protein levels.  (+info)

Zn-depleted mice absorb more of an intragastric Zn solution by a metallothionein-enhanced process than do Zn-replete mice. (8/210)

The influence of metallothionein (MT)(2) on Zn absorption was investigated in MT-null (MT-/-) and normal (MT+/+) mice fed Zn-depleted (ZnD) diets for 7 d and compared with those fed Zn-replete (ZnR) diets in a previous study. Mice were starved for 20 h, then administered an oral gavage of aqueous (65)ZnSO(4) solution at doses of 154, 770 or 1540 nmol of Zn, and the amount transferred into nongut tissues was determined 4 h later. (65)Zn transfer did not differ between genotypes in ZnR mice. However ZnD MT+/+ mice had a 30-40% greater transfer from the 154 and 770 Zn doses compared to ZnR MT+/+ mice. This was not observed in MT-/- mice. In MT+/+ mice, Zn depletion enhanced the induction of MT by Zn in the intestine and pancreas. (65)Zn uptakes in the liver and pancreas were greater in MT+/+ than MT-/- mice, and this was greater (50%) at the 154 and 770 doses in mice fed ZnD diets. Plasma Zn concentrations were raised to a similar extent in ZnR and ZnD MT-/- mice. ZnR MT+/+ mice had significantly lower plasma Zn levels than MT-/-mice; this difference was less marked in the ZnD mice. We conclude that a MT-facilitated enhancement in Zn absorption occurs in response to dietary Zn deficiency.  (+info)

Zinc sulfate is not a medical condition, but a chemical compound. It is often used in medical and health contexts as a dietary supplement or for the treatment of certain medical conditions.

Medical Definition:
Zinc sulfate (ZnSO4) is an inorganic salt of zinc with sulfuric acid, available in several hydrated forms. It is a white or colorless crystalline solid that is highly soluble in water. In medical applications, it is used as a dietary supplement to prevent and treat zinc deficiency, and for the treatment of certain conditions such as Wilson's disease, which involves copper overload, and acrodermatitis enteropathica, a rare inherited disorder of zinc metabolism. Zinc sulfate may also be used topically in ointments or eye drops to aid wound healing and treat various eye conditions.

Zinc oxide is an inorganic compound with the formula ZnO. It exists as a white, odorless, and crystalline powder. In medicine, zinc oxide is used primarily as a topical agent for the treatment of various skin conditions, including diaper rash, minor burns, and irritations caused by eczema or psoriasis.

Zinc oxide has several properties that make it useful in medical applications:

1. Antimicrobial activity: Zinc oxide exhibits antimicrobial properties against bacteria, viruses, and fungi, which can help prevent infection and promote wound healing.
2. Skin protectant: It forms a physical barrier on the skin, protecting it from external irritants, friction, and moisture. This property is particularly useful in products like diaper rash creams and sunscreens.
3. Astringent properties: Zinc oxide can help constrict and tighten tissues, which may reduce inflammation and promote healing.
4. Mineral sunscreen agent: Zinc oxide is a common active ingredient in physical (mineral) sunscreens due to its ability to reflect and scatter UV light, protecting the skin from both UVA and UVB radiation.

Zinc oxide can be found in various medical and skincare products, such as creams, ointments, pastes, lotions, and powders. It is generally considered safe for topical use, but it may cause skin irritation or allergic reactions in some individuals.

Zinc is an essential mineral that is vital for the functioning of over 300 enzymes and involved in various biological processes in the human body, including protein synthesis, DNA synthesis, immune function, wound healing, and cell division. It is a component of many proteins and participates in the maintenance of structural integrity and functionality of proteins. Zinc also plays a crucial role in maintaining the sense of taste and smell.

The recommended daily intake of zinc varies depending on age, sex, and life stage. Good dietary sources of zinc include red meat, poultry, seafood, beans, nuts, dairy products, and fortified cereals. Zinc deficiency can lead to various health problems, including impaired immune function, growth retardation, and developmental delays in children. On the other hand, excessive intake of zinc can also have adverse effects on health, such as nausea, vomiting, and impaired immune function.

Zinc radioisotopes are unstable isotopes or variants of the element zinc that undergo radioactive decay, emitting radiation in the process. These isotopes have a different number of neutrons than the stable isotope of zinc (zinc-64), which contributes to their instability and tendency to decay.

Examples of zinc radioisotopes include zinc-65, zinc-70, and zinc-72. These isotopes are often used in medical research and diagnostic procedures due to their ability to emit gamma rays or positrons, which can be detected using specialized equipment.

Zinc radioisotopes may be used as tracers to study the metabolism and distribution of zinc in the body, or as therapeutic agents to deliver targeted radiation therapy to cancer cells. However, it is important to note that the use of radioisotopes carries potential risks, including exposure to ionizing radiation and the potential for damage to healthy tissues.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "flour" is not a medical term. It is a powder made by grinding raw grains, roots, beans, nuts, or seeds. The most common type is wheat flour, which is made from grinding wheat grains. Flour is a primary ingredient in many foods such as bread, pasta, and baked goods. I hope this clarifies any confusion! If you have any medical questions, I'd be happy to help.

In the context of medicine and biology, sulfates are ions or compounds that contain the sulfate group (SO4−2). Sulfate is a polyatomic anion with the structure of a sphere. It consists of a central sulfur atom surrounded by four oxygen atoms in a tetrahedral arrangement.

Sulfates can be found in various biological molecules, such as glycosaminoglycans and proteoglycans, which are important components of connective tissue and the extracellular matrix. Sulfate groups play a crucial role in these molecules by providing negative charges that help maintain the structural integrity and hydration of tissues.

In addition to their biological roles, sulfates can also be found in various medications and pharmaceutical compounds. For example, some laxatives contain sulfate salts, such as magnesium sulfate (Epsom salt) or sodium sulfate, which work by increasing the water content in the intestines and promoting bowel movements.

It is important to note that exposure to high levels of sulfates can be harmful to human health, particularly in the form of sulfur dioxide (SO2), a common air pollutant produced by burning fossil fuels. Prolonged exposure to SO2 can cause respiratory problems and exacerbate existing lung conditions.

Biological availability is a term used in pharmacology and toxicology that refers to the degree and rate at which a drug or other substance is absorbed into the bloodstream and becomes available at the site of action in the body. It is a measure of the amount of the substance that reaches the systemic circulation unchanged, after administration by any route (such as oral, intravenous, etc.).

The biological availability (F) of a drug can be calculated using the area under the curve (AUC) of the plasma concentration-time profile after extravascular and intravenous dosing, according to the following formula:

F = (AUCex/AUCiv) x (Doseiv/Doseex)

where AUCex is the AUC after extravascular dosing, AUCiv is the AUC after intravenous dosing, Doseiv is the intravenous dose, and Doseex is the extravascular dose.

Biological availability is an important consideration in drug development and therapy, as it can affect the drug's efficacy, safety, and dosage regimen. Drugs with low biological availability may require higher doses to achieve the desired therapeutic effect, while drugs with high biological availability may have a more rapid onset of action and require lower doses to avoid toxicity.

Astringents are substances that cause the contraction of body tissues, particularly the skin and mucous membranes. They have the ability to shrink or constrict proteins in the skin or mucous membrane, leading to a tightening effect. This is often used in various medical and cosmetic applications.

In a medical context, astringents are often used to:

1. Dry up weeping or oozing wounds or sores.
2. Reduce local inflammation.
3. Control bleeding from minor cuts or wounds by constricting the blood vessels.

Commonly used astringent substances include tannins, found in plants like oak bark and witch hazel, as well as aluminum salts, found in some antiperspirants. Astringents are often applied topically in the form of lotions, gels, or solutions. However, they can also be used systemically, although this is less common.

It's important to note that while astringents have therapeutic uses, they can also cause skin irritation and dryness if not used properly. Therefore, it's recommended to follow the instructions provided by a healthcare professional or as directed on the product label.

Aspartame is a synthetic, low-calorie sweetener that is commonly used as a sugar substitute in foods and beverages. It is composed of two amino acids, aspartic acid and phenylalanine, and a methanol molecule. Aspartame is approximately 200 times sweeter than sugar, so only a small amount is needed to provide the same level of sweetness.

In the body, aspartame is broken down into its component parts during digestion. The aspartic acid and phenylalanine are absorbed and used for normal bodily functions, while the methanol is converted into formaldehyde and then formic acid, which are eliminated from the body.

Aspartame is approved for use in foods and beverages by many health authorities, including the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). However, it has been the subject of some controversy, with some studies suggesting that it may be associated with health problems such as headaches, dizziness, and seizures. These claims have not been consistently supported by scientific research, and the FDA and EFSA consider aspartame to be safe for the general population when used in moderation.

It is important to note that people with a rare genetic disorder called phenylketonuria (PKU) must avoid aspartame because they are unable to metabolize phenylalanine, which can build up to toxic levels in their bodies. Foods and beverages containing aspartame must carry a warning label indicating its presence for this reason.

Mucositis is a common side effect of cancer treatment, particularly chemotherapy and radiation therapy. It's defined as the inflammation and damage to the mucous membranes that line the digestive tract, from the mouth to the anus. This condition can cause symptoms such as pain, redness, swelling, and ulcers in the mouth, throat, esophagus, stomach, and intestines.

Mucositis can make it difficult for patients to eat, drink, and swallow, which can lead to dehydration, malnutrition, and weight loss. It can also increase the risk of infection, as the damaged mucous membranes provide an entry point for bacteria and other microorganisms.

The severity of mucositis can vary depending on the type and dose of chemotherapy or radiation therapy, as well as individual patient factors such as age, overall health status, and genetic makeup. Mucositis typically occurs within a few days to a week after starting cancer treatment and may persist for several weeks or even months after treatment has ended.

Management of mucositis typically involves a combination of strategies, including pain relief, oral hygiene measures, nutritional support, and infection prevention. In severe cases, hospitalization and intravenous fluids may be necessary to prevent dehydration and manage infection.

"Fortified food" is a term used in the context of nutrition and dietary guidelines. It refers to a food product that has had nutrients added to it during manufacturing to enhance its nutritional value. These added nutrients can include vitamins, minerals, proteins, or other beneficial components. The goal of fortifying foods is often to address specific nutrient deficiencies in populations or to improve the overall nutritional quality of a food product. Examples of fortified foods include certain breakfast cereals that have added vitamins and minerals, as well as plant-based milk alternatives that are fortified with calcium and vitamin D to mimic the nutritional profile of cow's milk. It is important to note that while fortified foods can be a valuable source of essential nutrients, they should not replace whole, unprocessed foods in a balanced diet.

Heparin sulfate is not exactly referred to as "heparitin sulfate" in medical terminology. The correct term is heparan sulfate, which is a type of glycosaminoglycan (GAG), a long unbranched chain of repeating disaccharide units composed of a hexuronic acid and a hexosamine.

Heparan sulfate is found on the cell surface and in the extracellular matrix, where it plays crucial roles in various biological processes, including cell signaling, regulation of growth factor activity, and control of blood coagulation. It is also an important component of the proteoglycans, which are complex molecules that help to maintain the structural integrity and function of tissues and organs.

Like heparin, heparan sulfate has a high negative charge due to the presence of sulfate groups, which allows it to bind to and interact with various proteins and growth factors. However, heparan sulfate has a more diverse structure than heparin, with variations in the pattern of sulfation along the chain, which leads to specificity in its interactions with different proteins.

Defects in heparan sulfate biosynthesis or function have been implicated in various human diseases, including certain forms of cancer, developmental disorders, and infectious diseases.

Metallothioneins (MTs) are a group of small, cysteine-rich, metal-binding proteins found in the cells of many organisms, including humans. They play important roles in various biological processes such as:

1. Metal homeostasis and detoxification: MTs can bind to various heavy metals like zinc, copper, cadmium, and mercury with high affinity. This binding helps regulate the concentration of these metals within cells and protects against metal toxicity.
2. Oxidative stress protection: Due to their high cysteine content, MTs act as antioxidants by scavenging reactive oxygen species (ROS) and free radicals, thus protecting cells from oxidative damage.
3. Immune response regulation: MTs are involved in the modulation of immune cell function and inflammatory responses. They can influence the activation and proliferation of immune cells, as well as the production of cytokines and chemokines.
4. Development and differentiation: MTs have been implicated in cell growth, differentiation, and embryonic development, particularly in tissues with high rates of metal turnover, such as the liver and kidneys.
5. Neuroprotection: In the brain, MTs play a role in protecting neurons from oxidative stress, excitotoxicity, and heavy metal toxicity. They have been implicated in various neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases.

There are four main isoforms of metallothioneins (MT-1, MT-2, MT-3, and MT-4) in humans, each with distinct tissue expression patterns and functions.

Zinc fingers are a type of protein structural motif involved in specific DNA binding and, by extension, in the regulation of gene expression. They are so named because of their characteristic "finger-like" shape that is formed when a zinc ion binds to the amino acids within the protein. This structure allows the protein to interact with and recognize specific DNA sequences, thereby playing a crucial role in various biological processes such as transcription, repair, and recombination of genetic material.

Intestinal absorption refers to the process by which the small intestine absorbs water, nutrients, and electrolytes from food into the bloodstream. This is a critical part of the digestive process, allowing the body to utilize the nutrients it needs and eliminate waste products. The inner wall of the small intestine contains tiny finger-like projections called villi, which increase the surface area for absorption. Nutrients are absorbed into the bloodstream through the walls of the capillaries in these villi, and then transported to other parts of the body for use or storage.

Xerostomia is a medical term that describes the subjective feeling of dryness in the mouth due to decreased or absent saliva flow. It's also commonly referred to as "dry mouth." This condition can result from various factors, including medications, dehydration, radiation therapy, Sjögren's syndrome, and other medical disorders. Prolonged xerostomia may lead to oral health issues such as dental caries, oral candidiasis, and difficulty with speaking, chewing, and swallowing.

In medicine, "absorption" refers to the process by which substances, including nutrients, medications, or toxins, are taken up and assimilated into the body's tissues or bloodstream after they have been introduced into the body via various routes (such as oral, intravenous, or transdermal).

The absorption of a substance depends on several factors, including its chemical properties, the route of administration, and the presence of other substances that may affect its uptake. For example, some medications may be better absorbed when taken with food, while others may require an empty stomach for optimal absorption.

Once a substance is absorbed into the bloodstream, it can then be distributed to various tissues throughout the body, where it may exert its effects or be metabolized and eliminated by the body's detoxification systems. Understanding the process of absorption is crucial in developing effective medical treatments and determining appropriate dosages for medications.

... , like many zinc compounds, can be used to control moss growth on roofs. Zinc sulfate can be used to supplement ... "Zinc Sulphate Zinc Sulfate MSDS Sheet of Manufacturers". Mubychem.com. 5 May 2013. Retrieved 8 June 2013. Wildner, M.; Giester ... Zinc sulfate powder is an eye irritant. Ingestion of trace amounts is considered safe, and zinc sulfate is added to animal feed ... zinc(II) reduces only with difficulty. When heated above 680 °C, zinc sulfate decomposes into sulfur dioxide gas and zinc oxide ...
Zinc sulfate is available as a generic medication. and over the counter. The use of zinc sulfate supplements together with oral ... Zinc is an essential mineral in people as well as other animals. The medical use of zinc sulfate began as early as the 1600s. ... Zinc sulfate is used medically as a dietary supplement. Specifically it is used to treat zinc deficiency and to prevent the ... There is some evidence zinc is effective in reducing hepatic and neurological symptoms of Wilson's disease. Zinc sulfate is ...
"Zinc(II) Sulfate Tetrahydrate and Magnesium Sulfate Tetrahydrate. Addendum". Acta Crystallographica Section E. 58 (4): e9-e10. ... doi:10.1039/B918702B Blake, Alexander J.; Cooke, Paul A.; Hubberstey, Peter; Sampson, Claire L. (2001). "Zinc(II) sulfate ... Transition metal sulfates form a variety of hydrates, each of which crystallizes in only one form. The sulfate group often ... Hydrated copper(II) sulfate is bright blue. Anhydrous copper(II) sulfate has a light turquoise tint. Hydrate Mineral hydration ...
4H2O Zinc sulfate heptahydrate, ZnSO4•7H2O Copper sulfate pentahydrate, CuSO4•5H2O Molybdic acid monohydrate, H2MoO4•H2O or ... 4H2O Magnesium sulfate heptahydrate, MgSO4•7H2O Potassium dihydrogen phosphate, KH2PO4 or Ammonium dihydrogen phosphate, (NH4) ...
Simkin, P.A. (1976). "Oral zinc sulphate in rheumatoid arthritis". Lancet. 2 (7985): 539-542. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(76)91793-1 ... Zinc has been popularly used as zinc gluconate or zinc acetate lozenges for treating the common cold, and therefore the safety ... Treatment of zinc toxicity consists of eliminating exposure to zinc. However, no antidotes are available.[citation needed] Zinc ... "zinc shakes", "zinc chills", or metal fume fever that can be induced by the inhalation of freshly formed zinc oxide formed ...
"Pediatric zinc sulfate oral solution" (PDF). World Health Organization (WHO). 15 July 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on ... Preparations are available as a zinc sulfate solution for adults, a modified solution for children and in tablet form. After ... Zinc, potassium, vitamin A, and other vitamins and minerals should be added to both recommended cereal products, or to the oral ... As part of oral rehydration therapy, the WHO recommends supplemental zinc (10 to 20 mg daily) for ten to fourteen days, to ...
Bury, Charles R. (1924). "CCCXLVIII.-The system zinc sulphate-water". J. Chem. Soc., Trans. 125: 2538-2541. doi:10.1039/ ... Jensen, William B. (2003). "The Place of Zinc, Cadmium, and Mercury in the Periodic Table" (PDF). Journal of Chemical Education ...
This was accomplished by intranasal irrigation with zinc sulfate.[citation needed] The patient was successfully treated with a ...
"Zinc absorption from zinc oxide, zinc sulfate, zinc oxide + EDTA, or sodium-zinc EDTA does not differ when added as ... zinc is included in such forms as zinc oxide, zinc acetate, zinc gluconate, or zinc amino acid chelate. Generally, zinc ... The zinc zinc-oxide cycle is a two step thermochemical process based on zinc and zinc oxide for hydrogen production. Zinc ... Zinc sulfate is a chemical in dyes and pigments. Zinc pyrithione is used in antifouling paints. Zinc powder is sometimes used ...
... is added to many food products, including breakfast cereals, as a source of zinc, a necessary nutrient. Zinc sulfate ... nitride List of inorganic pigments Zinc Zinc oxide eugenol Zinc peroxide Zinc smelting Zinc-air battery Zinc-zinc oxide cycle ... Zinc oxide itself is non-toxic; it is hazardous, however, to inhale zinc oxide fumes, such as generated when zinc or zinc ... The zinc oxide is thought to have been produced by heating zinc ore in a shaft furnace. This liberated metallic zinc as a vapor ...
... copper and zinc electrodes are immersed in a solution of copper(II) sulfate and zinc sulfate, respectively. At the anode ( ... The zinc sulfate layer is clear in contrast to the deep blue copper sulfate layer, which allows a technician to determine the ... Instead, a layer of zinc sulfate sits on top of a layer of copper sulfate, the two liquids are kept separate by their differing ... The porous pot cell consists of a central zinc anode dipped into a porous earthenware pot containing a zinc sulfate solution. ...
... is a common pigment, sometimes called sachtolith. When combined with barium sulfate, zinc sulfide forms lithopone ... Zinc sulfide (or zinc sulphide) is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula of ZnS. This is the main form of zinc found ... This scavenging produces zinc sulfide: ZnO + H2S → ZnS + H2O It is easily produced by igniting a mixture of zinc and sulfur. ... This property made zinc sulfide useful in the dials of radium watches. Zinc sulfide is usually produced from waste materials ...
... and zinc sulfate. Now, it is made of white wax, emplastrum simplex, and sulfate of zinc. "diapalma". Oxford English Dictionary ...
aceche: copper, iron or zinc sulphate. From Andalusi (Hispanic) Arabic *azzáj, < az-zāj, < . From Classical Arabic az-zāj (الز ... alcatenes: A type of medicine which is mixed with copper sulfate to treat ulcers. From Arabic al-qutn. alcatara (or alquitara ... meaning Copper sulfate. alhaite: Jewel. From Arabic al hayt "string". الخيط [ʔlxajtˤ] (listen) alhaja: Jewel. From Arabic al- ... َّاج), meaning vitriol - sulphuric acid or a sulphate زاج [zːaːdʒ] (listen). aceifa: Muslim summer military expedition. From ...
The addition of zinc strips near the roof's peak may reduce the regrowth of algae and moss. Zinc sulfate can also be applied on ...
These bindings site can bind copper, zinc, collagen and heparan sulfate. The transmembrane region of APLP2 (residues 693-716) ...
Current products have zinc sulfate monohydrate replaced by zinc oxide instead. Balsam of Peru is an ingredient in Anusol. ... The active ingredient in Anusol plus is zinc sulfate monohydrate and pramoxine HCL, which is antipruritic (also found in Gold ... The active ingredient in Anusol ointment and suppositories is zinc sulfate monohydrate which helps decrease the irritation in ...
Zinc salts using the TFSI or triflate anions have been considered for both aqueous and non-aqueous electrolytes. Zinc sulfate ... A zinc-ion battery or Zn-ion battery (abbreviated as ZIB) uses zinc ions (Zn2+) as the charge carriers. Specifically, ZIBs ... The Canadian company Salient Energy is commercialising the zinc-ion battery technology. Other forms of rechargeable zinc ... batteries which use zinc, such as alkaline or zinc-carbon batteries. In 2011, Feiyu Kang's group showcased for the first time ...
Barium sulfide is produced by carbothermic reduction of barium sulfate. Zinc sulfate is obtained from a variety of zinc ... Variations exist, for example, more ZnS-rich materials are produced when zinc chloride is added to the mixture of zinc sulfate ... Related white pigments include titanium dioxide, zinc oxide ("zinc white"), zinc sulfide, and white lead. Lithopone was ... Although barium sulfate is almost completely inert, zinc sulfide degrades upon exposure to UV light, leading to darkening of ...
Negative allosteric modulators: flumazenil, Ro15-4513, sarmazenil, Pregnenolone sulfate, amentoflavone, and zinc. Inverse ... Hosie AM, Dunne EL, Harvey RJ, Smart TG (April 2003). "Zinc-mediated inhibition of GABA(A) receptors: discrete binding sites ...
A gallium sulfate solution in water mixed with zinc sulfate can precipitate ZnGa2O4. Basic gallium sulfate is known with the ... sulfate, crystallizing in the rhombohedral space group R3. Gallium(III) sulfate is prepared from the reaction of hydroxygallium ... "Phase equilibria in systems of gallium sulfate with lithium or sodium sulfate". Russian Journal of Inorganic Chemistry. 62 (11 ... Gallium(III) sulfate refers to the chemical compound, a salt, with the formula Ga2(SO4)3, or its hydrates Ga2(SO4)3·xH2O. ...
It is prepared by treating cold solutions of zinc sulfate with potassium bicarbonate. Upon warming, it converts to basic zinc ... Zinc carbonate is the inorganic compound with the formula ZnCO3. It is a white solid that is insoluble in water. It exists in ... Haynes, p. 4.95 Haynes, p. 5.178 Haynes, p. 4.131 Haynes, p. 4.137 Haynes, p. 4.144 Wagenknecht, F.; Juza, R. (1963). "Zinc ... carbonate (Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6). Zinc carbonate adopts the same structure as calcium carbonate (calcite). Zinc is octahedral and ...
Furthermore, alternative treatment processes, such as copper sulfate, zinc chloride, and ultimately creosote; were found to be ... Zinc is also commonly amalgamated using mercuric chloride. Mercuric chloride is used to remove dithiane groups attached to a ... hydrated sulfates of various metals) produced hydrogen chloride. It is possible that in one of his experiments, al-Razi ... sulfate and sodium chloride also affords volatile HgCl2, which can be separated by sublimation. Mercuric chloride exists not as ...
... can be obtained by reacting zinc sulfate, acetylacetone and sodium hydroxide. Zinc acetylacetonate is a ... Zinc acetylacetonate is an acetylacetonate complex of zinc, with the chemical formula of Zn(C5H7O2)2. The compound is in fact a ... Zinc acetylacetonate hydrate has been used to prepare magnetic (Zn,Fe)Fe2O4 films, zinc oxide, and is also a catalyst for ... Barta, Nancy S.; Stille, John R. (2001-04-15), "Bis(acetylacetonato)zinc(II)", in John Wiley & Sons, Ltd (ed.), Encyclopedia of ...
... can be used in place of zinc sulfate and zinc methionine. Liu SB, Li SF, Lu L, Xie JJ, Zhang LY, Wang RL, Luo ... Zinc proteinate is the final product resulting from the chelation of zinc with amino acids and/or partially hydrolyzed proteins ... It is used as a nutritional animal feed supplement formulated to prevent and/or correct zinc deficiency in animals. ... Zinc compounds, All stub articles, Organic compound stubs, Gastrointestinal system drug stubs). ...
... zinc sulphate and chlorine. Central nervous system (CNS) seizure agents. CNS seizure agents inhibit cellular signaling by ...
... with zinc sulfate. This procedure can be carried out by mixing nabam and zinc sulfate in a spray tank. Its uses include control ... "Zinc, [[2-[(dithiocarboxy)amino]ethyl]carbamodithioato(2-)-kappaS,kappaS']-". pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Franz Müller; Peter ... Zineb is a polymeric complex of zinc with a dithiocarbamate. The polymer is composed of Zn(dithiocarbamate)2 subunits linked by ... Maneb - ethylene bis(dithiocarbamate) with manganese instead of zinc. Mancozeb - A common fungicide containing Zineb and Maneb ...
Ninnis developed photokeratitis (snow-blindness), which Mawson treated with zinc sulfate and cocaine hydrochloride. They were ...
v t e (Zinc minerals, Sulfate minerals, Sodium minerals, Monoclinic minerals, Minerals in space group 14, Minerals described in ... Changoite is a rare zinc sulfate mineral with the formula Na2Zn(SO4)2·4H2O. Chagoite was discovered in the San Francisco Mine ... Changoite, Na2Zn(SO4)2·4H2O, the zinc analogue of blödite, a new mineral from Sierra Gorda, Antofagasta, Chile. Neues Jahrbuch ... Minerals associating with changoite are gypsum, zinc-bearing paratacamite, and thénardite. Warr, L.N. (2021). "IMA-CNMNC ...
... and barium sulfate. The combination of barium sulfate and zinc sulfide (ZnS) is the inorganic pigment called lithopone. In ... In the laboratory barium sulfate is generated by combining solutions of barium ions and sulfate salts. Because barium sulfate ... Barium sulfate (or sulphate) is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula BaSO4. It is a white crystalline solid that is ... Barium sulfate is commonly used as a component of "strobe" pyrotechnic compositions. As barium sulfate has a high melting point ...
Zinc sulfate, like many zinc compounds, can be used to control moss growth on roofs. Zinc sulfate can be used to supplement ... "Zinc Sulphate Zinc Sulfate MSDS Sheet of Manufacturers". Mubychem.com. 5 May 2013. Retrieved 8 June 2013. Wildner, M.; Giester ... Zinc sulfate powder is an eye irritant. Ingestion of trace amounts is considered safe, and zinc sulfate is added to animal feed ... zinc(II) reduces only with difficulty. When heated above 680 °C, zinc sulfate decomposes into sulfur dioxide gas and zinc oxide ...
Hazard - P - B - T - Risk Exempt. The use of electrolytes is not considered to have any environmental impact. ...
Get up-to-date information on Zinc Sulfate side effects, uses, dosage, overdose, pregnancy, alcohol and more. Learn more about ... Zinc Sulfate 1 Mg/ml Intravenous Solution*Zinc Sulfate 110 Mg Oral Tablet*Zinc Sulfate 220 Mg Oral Capsule*Zinc Sulfate 220 Mg ... Zinc Sulfate 5 Mg/ml Intravenous Solution*Zinc Sulfate 66 Mg Oral Tablet*Zinc Sulfate Compounding Powder*Zinc Sulfate ... LEVOFLOXACIN/ZINC SULFATE*MINOCYCLINE/ZINC SULFATE*TETRACYCLINE/ZINC SULFATE. This is not a complete list of Zinc Sulfatedrug ...
ZINC SULPHATE Inquire. CAS NO:7733-02-0; MF:ZnSO4. ZINC PHOSPHIDE Inquire. CAS NO:1314-84-7; MF:P2Zn3. XYLITOL Inquire. CAS NO: ...
The global market for zinc sulphate was valued at US $ 1.8 billion in 2022. Market size is estimated to reach US$ 3.7 billion ... Zinc Sulphate Market. Zinc Sulphate Market Analysis by Zinc Sulphate Anhydrous, Zinc Sulphate Hexahydrate, Zinc Sulphate ... How is the Zinc Sulphate Monohydrate Driving Market Growth?. Zinc sulphate monohydrate dominates the global zinc sulphate ... zinc sulphate is used to make medicines. Zinc sulphate is a medication used to supplement zinc levels or prevent zinc ...
Zinc Sulfate in Treatment of The Patients with Recurrent Aphtous Stomatitis. Naci M. Bor, Ayvaz Karab y koglu, T rkan Karab y ... Zinc Sulfate in Treatment of The Patients with Recurrent Aphtous Stomatitis. Med J Islamic World Acad Sci. 1990; 3(1): 70-73. ... Their mean serum zinc levels before treatment was 78.23 2.64 g/dl and after treatment 100.31 3.56 g/dl (p < 0.05). Zinc content ... Keywords: Recurrent aphtous stomatitis, Serum Zn level, Serum Cu level, Erythrocyte zinc.. Naci M. Bor, Ayvaz Karab y koglu, T ...
... Ingredient: fr:sulfate-de-zinc-sodium. IcoFont Icons. ...
Sink sulfate ay pang-gamot o pang-iwas sa mababang antas ng sink sa dugo na mahalaga sa paglaki at pag-unlad at kalusugan ng ... Zinc sulfate - oral. Isotec Pharmaceeuticals , Zinc sulfate - oral (Medication) Desc: Ang zinc sulfate ay isang mineral na ... Ang suplemento na ito ay ginagamit upang gamutin o maiwasan ang mababang antas ng zinc sa iyong dugo. Inumin ang Zinc sulfate ... Karamihan sa mga karaniwang epekto na maaaring sanhi ng Zinc sulfate ay: pagduduwal, pagkabalisa sa tiyan, at heartburn. Kung ...
... s are used by sheep farmers to check the concentration level of zinc sulphate in ... Zinc 020 hydrometer provides an instant zinc sulphate measure.. *Allows the farmer to keep the Zinc Sulphate level as close as ... Home / LIVESTOCK / SHEEP PRODUCTS / ACCESSORIES / Zinc Sulphate Tester. Zinc Sulphate Tester. $161.90. ... If the concentration of Zinc Sulphate in the foot bath drops to below 10%, the foot bath mixture is too dilute, and will no ...
Buy Zinc Sulphate Heptahydrate Fertilizer Buy Zinc Sulphate Heptahydrate Fertilizer. ZINC SULPHATE MONOHYDRATE 35%. Agriculture ... Buy Zinc Sulphate Heptahydrate Fertilizer. Zinc sulfate is an inorganic compound. It is used as a dietary supplement to treat ... Buy Zinc Sulphate Heptahydrate Fertilizer. Leave a Comment / Micronutrients. ... Fertilizer Zinc Sulphate Heptahydrate/ Monohydrate Granular Crystal Powder. ...
Copper sulfate, also known as blue vitriol and stone gallstone, is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula CuSO4. It is ... The water in baths is usually blue because the disinfectant copper sulfate is added, and its aqueous solution is blue and can ... Potassium Formate 96, CAS 141-53-7, Copper Sulphate Price, Potassium (Iso)Amyl Xanthate, CuSo4 5H2O, Potassium Amyl Xanthate ( ...
Best zinc sulphate plant manufacturer, supplier, and factory. Get top-quality products and unmatched service for all your needs ... zinc sulphate plant. Leading Manufacturer of Zinc Sulphate Plant: Wholesale Supplier for Chinas Export Market. Introducing the ... Our Zinc Sulphate plant uses state-of-the-art equipment for the production of Zinc Sulphate, ensuring that our customers ... Introducing our Zinc Sulphate plant, which is designed with cutting-edge technology to produce high-quality Zinc Sulphate for ...
... supplier and exporter company of Zinc Sulphate Monohydrate Powder at best price based in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. ... Zinc Sulphate Monohydrate Powder is an inorganic compound. It is used as a dietary supplement to treat zinc deficiency and to ... Zinc Sulphate Monohydrate Powder Trade Information. * Main Export Market(s). Asia Australia Central America North America South ... Zinc Sulphate Monohydrate Powder Price And Quantity. * Minimum Order Quantity. 50 Kilograms ...
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... zinc in their various tissues, both at low and high dietary zinc intakes. The results of field studies, in which relatively ... In mammals, one of the two target species for secondary poisoning, both the absorption of zinc from the diet and the excretion ... The accumulation of zinc, an essential element, is regulated in animals of several taxonomic groups, for example in molluscs, ... This allows mammals, within certain limits, to maintain their total body zinc level (whole body homeostasis) and to maintain ...
Major Zinc Sulphate and sell to many regions in world, solution out there upon request. We have the spirit of customer 1st, ... We are an enterprise that export Zinc Sulphate to China, we are approved by the relevant state registratio. ... A na-ejikarị Zinc Sulfate eme ihe dị ka akụrụngwa maka mmepụta nke lithophone na nnu zinc. A na-ejikwa ya na ụlọ ọrụ eriri ... sịntetik, zinc plating, pesticides, flotation, fungicides na mmiri dị ọcha. Nọrụ ugbo, a na-eji ya eme ihe na mgbakwunye nri ...
Zinc Sulfate. (ZNSO4) Sodium Nitrate. (NaNO3) Saturated Salt. (NaCl) Sheathers Sucrose. (C12H22O11) Magnesium Sulfate. (MgSO4) ...
Supplier of Zinc Sulphate For Pharma And Nutrition Industries (IP/BP/USP) in Ankleshwar, Zinc Sulphate For Pharma And Nutrition ... Zinc Sulphate For Pharma And Nutrition Industries (IP/BP/USP) Manufacturing Company in India. ... Zinc Sulphate For Pharma And Nutrition Industries (IP/BP/USP) Manufacturer Exporter & Supplier in Ankleshwar India- Labh Agro ... Zinc Sulphate for Pharma and Nutrition Industries (IP/BP/USP). Home › Products › Zinc Sulphates › Zinc Sulphate For Pharma And ...
Trading Company of zinc sulphate monohydrate 33% based in Indore, India ... zinc sulphate monohydrate 33% Trade Information. * Supply Ability. 1000 Kilograms Per Day ... we are proud supplier of zinc sulphate monohydrate. which is widely used in various industries for different pourpous. our ... we have been constantly engaged in offering the best quality zinc sulphate monohydrate 33% micronutrient fertiliser. ...
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To investigate the role of potassium and zinc fertilizers in increasing yield and reducing the water consumption of wheat ( ... sadeghifard M, Malakouti M J, Jalali V R, Zare A A. Investigation of the role of Potassium Sulfate solution containing zinc ... Investigation of the role of Potassium Sulfate solution containing zinc chelate in increasing yield and decreasing water ... and zinc concentrations and also the molar ratio of phytic acid to zinc (unfavorable nutritional index) Zn) in grain as well as ...
Zinc sulfate. Supplementation with ≥5 mg/d recommended for children aged 1 mo to 5 y with acute or persistent diarrhea ( ... Zinc, selenium, and magnesium are more significantly reduced in kwashiorkor but are also constantly deficient in marasmus. ... Lazzerini M, Ronfani L. Oral zinc for treating diarrhoea in children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008. (3):CD005436. [QxMD ... A Cochrane review concluded that zinc supplementation is clearly of benefit in children aged 6 months or older with diarrheal ...
Efficiency of exogenous zinc sulfate application reduced fruit drop and improved antioxidant activity of Kinnow mandarin ... Therefore, this study was carried out to evaluate the influence of pre-harvest applications of zinc sulfate (ZnSO4; 0, 0.4%, ... Efficiency of exogenous zinc sulfate application reduced fruit drop and improved antioxida ... Zinc (Zn) is amongst those micronutrients which affect the quality and postharvest life of the fruit and its deficiency in ...
By now, the company has got a capacity of 15,000 metric tons for yellow lead oxide, (litharge, powder and granular), 10,000 metric tons for red lead oxide (powder and granular), 6,000 metric tons for lead silicate
A.R.® Eye Drops (containing Tetrahydrozoline, Zinc Sulfate). *Visine® A.C. (containing Tetrahydrozoline, Zinc Sulfate) ...
The best known of these is zinc sulfate. It has not been proven beneficial and is generally regarded as ineffective. ... Over-the-counter zinc nasal sprays have been implicated in the cause of smell loss. On June 16, 2009, the US Food and Drug ... The intranasal zinc products (Zicam Nasal Gel/Nasal Swab products by Matrixx Initiatives) are herbal cold remedies that claim ... Decreased zinc, copper, and nickel levels can correlate with taste alterations. Nutritional deficiencies may be caused by ...
But the answer seems to be Zinc Sulfate.. Mesh, screen, powder, however you want to use it. Corporations have the answers, but ...
  • Agriculture Fertilizer Zinc Sulphate Heptahydrate/ Monohydrate Granular Crystal Powder. (zhfertilizer.com)
  • The heptahydrate is isostructural with ferrous sulfate heptahydrate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Buy Zinc Sulphate Heptahydrate Fertilizer Buy Zinc Sulphate Heptahydrate Fertilizer. (zhfertilizer.com)
  • Specific reactions include the reaction of the metal with aqueous sulfuric acid: Zn + H2SO4 + 7 H2O → ZnSO4·7H2O + H2 Pharmaceutical-grade zinc sulfate is produced by treating high-purity zinc oxide with sulfuric acid: ZnO + H2SO4 + 6 H2O → ZnSO4·7H2O In aqueous solution, all forms of zinc sulfate behave identically. (wikipedia.org)
  • When heated above 680 °C, zinc sulfate decomposes into sulfur dioxide gas and zinc oxide fume, both of which are hazardous. (wikipedia.org)
  • Common zinc compounds found at hazardous waste sites include zinc chloride, zinc oxide, zinc sulfate, and zinc sulfide. (cdc.gov)
  • In addition to increased levels of zinc and iodine, Goat Trace Mineral Premix contains additional selenium (to the maximum level allowed by the FDA), manganese, and cobalt to maximize flock health and immunity. (premier1supplies.com)
  • SE/I does not provide adequate zinc, cobalt and manganese. (premier1supplies.com)
  • SE/I trace mineral salt provides almost no zinc, cobalt and manganese and may result in deficient diets. (premier1supplies.com)
  • Anhydrous zinc sulfate is isomorphous with anhydrous copper(II) sulfate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Zinc sulphate testers are used by sheep farmers to check the concentration level of zinc sulphate in sheep foot baths. (beaufortanimalsupplies.com.au)
  • The tube is marked by level indicators and can then be easily read to measure the level of concentration of zinc sulphate in the liquid. (beaufortanimalsupplies.com.au)
  • If the concentration of Zinc Sulphate in the foot bath drops to below 10%, the foot bath mixture is too dilute, and will no longer work as well as it should to achieve the aims of the intended foot treatment. (beaufortanimalsupplies.com.au)
  • Considering the above results, it was concluded that in soils where the concentration of potassium and zinc was less than the critical limit, it was better to use potassium and zinc fertilizers in several stages. (ac.ir)
  • EPA has not derived an inhalation reference concentration (RfC) for zinc. (cdc.gov)
  • The droplets underwent phase inversion, forming solid cellulose acetate beads containing zinc, as a function of zinc salt type and concentration. (lu.se)
  • Cellulose acetate solutions in DMSO were dropped into aqueous antisolvent solutions of different zinc salts. (lu.se)
  • It is used as a dietary supplement to treat zinc deficiency and to prevent the condition in those at high risk. (wikipedia.org)
  • Zinc sulphate is often used as a fertilizer additive to prevent and cure the effects of zinc deficiency in crops. (factmr.com)
  • Zinc sulphate is typically used in the treatment of zinc deficiency in the human body and in skin-related diseases. (factmr.com)
  • Due to the poor diet the zinc deficiency has become global problem and this pattern is likely to continue in the coming year. (factmr.com)
  • Zinc deficiency causes various problems, including appetite loss, growth retardation, and impaired Immune function. (factmr.com)
  • Thus, zinc sulphate is added to dietary supplement for the treatment of zinc deficiency. (factmr.com)
  • Zinc (Zn) is amongst those micronutrients which affect the quality and postharvest life of the fruit and its deficiency in Pakistani soils is already reported by many researchers . (bvsalud.org)
  • We present the case of a female patient whose obesity was treated with this technique, and in the 9 th year of follow-up developed an extensive dermatitis secondary to zinc deficiency and malnutrition, precipitated by therapeutic non-compliance. (frontiersin.org)
  • Kawamura T, Ogawa Y, Nakamura Y, Nakamizo S, Ohta Y, Nakano H. Severe dermatitis with loss of epidermal Langerhans cells in human and mouse zinc deficiency. (medscape.com)
  • Symptomatic zinc deficiency in a full-term breast-fed infant. (medscape.com)
  • Kiechl-Kohlendorfer U, Fink FM, Steichen-Gersdorf E. Transient symptomatic zinc deficiency in a breast-fed preterm infant. (medscape.com)
  • Corbo MD, Lam J. Zinc deficiency and its management in the pediatric population: a literature review and proposed etiologic classification. (medscape.com)
  • Think zinc deficiency: acquired acrodermatitis enteropathica due to poor diet and common medications. (medscape.com)
  • Update on zinc deficiency and excess in clinical pediatric practice. (medscape.com)
  • Zinc deficiency in two infants during total parenteral alimentation for diarrhea. (medscape.com)
  • Zinc deficiency in acrodermatitis enteropathica: multiple dietary intolerance treated with synthetic diet. (medscape.com)
  • Before modern stainless steel, brew Kettles, fermenting vessels and after wood, zinc was slowly leached by the use of copper kettles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Copper sulfate, also known as blue vitriol and stone gallstone, is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula CuSO4. (jinchangshengchem.com)
  • The water in baths is usually blue because the disinfectant copper sulfate is added, and its aqueous solution is blue and can kill viruses. (jinchangshengchem.com)
  • In addition to copper sulfate, there are also disinfectan. (jinchangshengchem.com)
  • ATSDR has derived an intermediate-duration oral MRL of 0.3 mg Zn/kg/day for zinc based on decreased erythrocyte superoxide dismutase, a sensitive indicator of body copper status, and changes in serum ferritin in women given supplements containing zinc gluconate for 10 weeks (Yadrick et al. (cdc.gov)
  • 1989). It should be noted that the MRL is calculated based on the assumption of healthy dietary levels of zinc (and copper), and represents the level of exposure above and beyond the normal diet that is believed to be without an appreciable risk of toxic response. (cdc.gov)
  • A zinc and copper alloy is used to make pennies in the United States. (cdc.gov)
  • Formulated by Premier's small ruminant nutritionist, Dr. Dan Morrical, Ph.D. , Goat Trace Mineral Premix contains high levels of zinc and iodine to promote healthier hooves, animal growth and reproduction. (premier1supplies.com)
  • Exposure to high levels of zinc occurs mostly from eating food, drinking water, or breathing workplace air that is contaminated. (cdc.gov)
  • We do not know if high levels of zinc affect reproduction in humans. (cdc.gov)
  • We do not know the long-term effects of breathing high levels of zinc. (cdc.gov)
  • It is likely that children exposed to very high levels of zinc will have similar effects as adults. (cdc.gov)
  • In addition, zinc sulphate acts as a cosmetic astringent, oral care agent, and cosmetic biocide. (factmr.com)
  • Zinc is a necessary nutrient for optimal yeast health and performance, although it is not a necessary supplement for low-gravity beers, as the grains commonly used in brewing already provide adequate zinc. (wikipedia.org)
  • Zinc sulfate describes a family of inorganic compounds with the formula ZnSO4(H2O)x. (wikipedia.org)
  • Barium sulfate forms when these solutions are treated with solutions of barium ions: ZnSO4 + BaCl2 → BaSO4 + ZnCl2 With a reduction potential of −0.76 V, zinc(II) reduces only with difficulty. (wikipedia.org)
  • Zinc sulfate, like many zinc compounds, can be used to control moss growth on roofs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The national and state regulations and guidelines pertaining to zinc and compounds in air, water, food, and other media are summarized in Table 8-1. (cdc.gov)
  • No international regulations or guidelines applicable to zinc or its compounds were found. (cdc.gov)
  • it is less likely that nonsoluble zinc compounds would have these effects at similar exposure levels. (cdc.gov)
  • Zinc combines with other elements to form zinc compounds. (cdc.gov)
  • Depending on the type of soil, some zinc compounds can move into the groundwater and into lakes, streams, and rivers. (cdc.gov)
  • It is important to take zinc at least 3 hours before or 3 hours after taking these medicines because zinc can reduce the effect of these medicines, or the medicines can reduce the effect of zinc. (who.int)
  • Exposure to large amounts of zinc can be harmful. (cdc.gov)
  • Rats that were fed large amounts of zinc became infertile. (cdc.gov)
  • Inhaling large amounts of zinc (as dusts or fumes) can cause a specific short-term disease called metal fume fever. (cdc.gov)
  • Routine treatment of gastroenteritis includes serum therapy and zinc sulfate syrup). (who.int)
  • Putting low levels of zinc acetate and zinc chloride on the skin of rabbits, guinea pigs, and mice caused skin irritation. (cdc.gov)
  • EPA has derived an oral reference dose (RfD) of 0.3 mg/kg/day for zinc (IRIS 2005). (cdc.gov)
  • Oral zinc sulphate solutions inhibit sweet taste perception. (bvsalud.org)
  • Zinc sulfate is used to supply zinc in animal feeds, fertilizers, toothpaste, and agricultural sprays. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is one of the most common zinc sources in granular fertilizers because it is water-soluble and low in content. (factmr.com)
  • To investigate the role of potassium and zinc fertilizers in increasing yield and reducing the water consumption of wheat ( Triticum aestivum L.), a field experiment was conducted in the form of a randomized complete block design with five treatments and three replications in November 2017 in Kahnooj city in Kerman province. (ac.ir)
  • The results showed that A) application of potassium and zinc fertilizers had a significant effect on yield, protein content, phosphorus, potassium, and zinc concentrations and also the molar ratio of phytic acid to zinc (unfavorable nutritional index) Zn) in grain as well as water and potassium use efficiency. (ac.ir)
  • In this work, a novel and efficient way to prepare biodegradable zinc-impregnated cellulose acetate beads for use as controlled release fertilizers is presented. (lu.se)
  • Zinc sulfate is produced by treating virtually any zinc-containing material (metal, minerals, oxides) with sulfuric acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • thus care must be taken when adding supplemental zinc so as not to cause excess. (wikipedia.org)
  • Excess zinc can also cause soapy or goaty flavors. (wikipedia.org)
  • We do not know if excess zinc can cause developmental effects in humans. (cdc.gov)
  • magnesium sulfate 50% injection 10 ml vial. (who.int)
  • several guidelines suggest to evaluate zinc and other vitamin/micronutrients levels before surgery, specially before mixed or malabsorptive procedures, since pre-surgery depletions are frequently observed ( 8 - 10 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • increased acetaldehyde and fusel alcohol production due to high yeast growth when zinc concentrations exceed 5 ppm. (wikipedia.org)
  • It works by containing a combination of antibiotics, typically polymyxin B sulfate and bacitracin, which are used to treat certain types of infections caused by bacteria. (onlinepharmaciescanada.com)
  • Zinc sulfate occurs as several other minor minerals, such as zincmelanterite, (Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4·7H2O (structurally different from goslarite). (wikipedia.org)
  • Eating too many dietary supplements that contain zinc. (cdc.gov)
  • The Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) have not classified zinc for carcinogenicity. (cdc.gov)
  • According to Fact.MR, historically, from 2018 to 2022, the use of zinc sulphate increased at around 3.5% CAGR, wherein, countries such as the U.S., China, Japan, Germany, and the UK held a significant share in the global market. (factmr.com)
  • Nasal irrigation with a solution of zinc sulfate has been found to be able to damage the olfactory sense nerves and induce anosmia in a number of different species, including humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Growth in the agricultural sector across India and China to create lucrative opportunities for the growth of the zinc sulphate market. (factmr.com)
  • In the body, a small quantity of zinc (a so-called `trace element') is essential for many different processes e.g. the ability to fight off infection. (who.int)
  • Fifth treatment: The first treatment + application of 33% of sulfate-potassium (SOP) before planting and 67% of the remaining source of the sulfate-potassium solution containing chelate (SSOP + Zn-EDTA) as foliar application and irrigation in 5 times. (ac.ir)
  • Even higher values of zinc uptake (up to 15.5%) were obtained when zinc acetate was added to the cellulose acetate-DMSO solution, prior to dropping in aqueous zinc salt antisolvent solutions. (lu.se)
  • Ang zinc sulfate ay isang mineral na mahalaga para sa paglaki at para sa pag-unlad at kalusugan ng mga tisyu ng katawan. (ivaluehealth.net)
  • Zinc sulphate is a versatile compound and has a broad range of applications in numerous industries such as medicine, chemicals, agriculture, and others. (factmr.com)
  • Rain and snow remove zinc dust particles from the air. (cdc.gov)
  • Zinc is essential to normal growth and tissue repair and is important to protein and carbohydrate metabolism. (medscape.com)
  • Further, zinc has many benefits, such as antimicrobial and antibacterial properties, which is why it has been widely used in cosmetics. (factmr.com)
  • Based on incomplete information from human and animal studies, the EPA has determined that zinc is not classifiable as to its human carcinogenicity. (cdc.gov)
  • The solid consists of [Zn(H2O)6]2+ ions interacting with sulfate and one water of crystallization by hydrogen bonds. (wikipedia.org)
  • Zinc sulphate is used in various end-use industries including drugs and medicine, water treatment, agrochemicals, and others, is likely to increase the demand for zinc sulphate. (factmr.com)
  • Most of the zinc in soil stays bound to soil particles and does not dissolve in water. (cdc.gov)
  • Drinking contaminated water or a beverage that has been stored in metal containers or flows through pipes that have been coated with zinc to resist rust. (cdc.gov)
  • Zinc sulfate is a potent inhibitor of sweetness perception for most sweet-tasting substances. (wikipedia.org)
  • Zinc Sulfate should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed. (rxwiki.com)
  • Waste treatment activities also increased across the globe spurring the zinc sulphate market growth as it is used as a corrosion inhibitor during wastewater treatment. (factmr.com)
  • Hence, rising demand for zinc sulphate from the medical sector is helping to create lucrative growth opportunities for the players operating in the zinc sulphate market during the forecast period. (factmr.com)
  • On the other hand, inadequate treatment, low nutritional intake, reduced bioavailability, and unhygienic conditions are some of the factors that may limit the growth of the zinc sulphate market over a period of time. (factmr.com)
  • Also, the use of alternatives such as other corrosion inhibitors instead of zinc sulphate is a restraining factor in the market growth. (factmr.com)
  • Zinc also prevents the growth of bacteria that can cause diarrhoea. (who.int)
  • Zinc is essential for proper growth and development of young children. (cdc.gov)
  • Intervention 2: Intervention group: In addition to routine treatment (ORS and zinc), they receive Montelukast for 14 days. (who.int)
  • Such factors and the increasing use of cosmetic products over the millennia in both developed and developing economies drive the expansion of the zinc sulphate market. (factmr.com)
  • These results, together with the efficient bead production method, demonstrate the potential of zinc-impregnated cellulose acetate beads to replace the plastic-based controlled delivery products used today, contributing to the reduction of carbon emissions and potential environmental impacts due to the uptake of plastic in plants and animals. (lu.se)
  • C). Unfavorable nutritional index (molar ratio of phytic acid to zinc) - (PA/Zn) in wheat grain in the control treatment was 46, while this ratio in the second, third, fourth, and fifth treatments was 74, 33, 23, respectively. (ac.ir)
  • Receive routine treatment (ORS and zinc) for 14 days. (who.int)
  • Ingestion of trace amounts is considered safe, and zinc sulfate is added to animal feed as a source of essential zinc, at rates of up to several hundred milligrams per kilogram of feed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Low levels of zinc are essential for maintaining good health. (cdc.gov)
  • Zinc is an essential element in our diet. (cdc.gov)
  • Efficiency of exogenous zinc sulfate application reduced fruit drop and improved antioxidant activity of 'Kinnow' mandarin fruit. (bvsalud.org)
  • Lower hydrates of zinc sulfate are rarely found in nature: (Zn,Fe)SO4·6H2O (bianchite), (Zn,Mg)SO4·4H2O (boyleite), and (Zn,Mn)SO4·H2O (gunningite). (wikipedia.org)
  • Zinc has been found in at least 985 of the 1,662 National Priority List sites identified by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). (cdc.gov)
  • This fact sheet answers the most frequently asked health questions about zinc. (cdc.gov)
  • How can zinc affect my health? (cdc.gov)
  • Zinc is one of the most common elements in the earth's crust. (cdc.gov)
  • BPD is less restrictive and more malabsorptive than the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, it produces a sustained weight loss of 75 - 85% during 5 to 20 years of follow up ( 3 , 4 ). (frontiersin.org)

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