Sorghum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The grain is used for FOOD and for ANIMAL FEED. This should not be confused with KAFFIR LIME or with KEFIR milk product.Cereals: Seeds from grasses (POACEAE) which are important in the diet.Poaceae: A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.Zea mays: A plant species of the family POACEAE. It is a tall grass grown for its EDIBLE GRAIN, corn, used as food and animal FODDER.Malate Dehydrogenase (NADP+)Genome, Plant: The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.Saccharum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE widely cultivated in the tropics for the sweet cane that is processed into sugar.Genes, Plant: The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.Oryza sativa: Annual cereal grass of the family POACEAE and its edible starchy grain, rice, which is the staple food of roughly one-half of the world's population.Brachypodium: A plant genus in the family POACEAE. Brachypodium distachyon is a model species for functional genomics studies.Digestion: The process of breakdown of food for metabolism and use by the body.Food Handling: Any aspect of the operations in the preparation, processing, transport, storage, packaging, wrapping, exposure for sale, service, or delivery of food.Animal Feed: Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.Chromosomes, Plant: Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.Panicum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The seed is one of the EDIBLE GRAINS used in millet cereals and in feed for birds and livestock (ANIMAL FEED). It contains diosgenin (SAPONINS).Tannins: Polyphenolic compounds with molecular weights of around 500-3000 daltons and containing enough hydroxyl groups (1-2 per 100 MW) for effective cross linking of other compounds (ASTRINGENTS). The two main types are HYDROLYZABLE TANNINS and CONDENSED TANNINS. Historically, the term has applied to many compounds and plant extracts able to render skin COLLAGEN impervious to degradation. The word tannin derives from the Celtic word for OAK TREE which was used for leather processing.Starch: Any of a group of polysaccharides of the general formula (C6-H10-O5)n, composed of a long-chain polymer of glucose in the form of amylose and amylopectin. It is the chief storage form of energy reserve (carbohydrates) in plants.Plant Proteins: Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.Crops, Agricultural: Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)Chromosomes, Artificial, Bacterial: DNA constructs that are composed of, at least, a REPLICATION ORIGIN, for successful replication, propagation to and maintenance as an extra chromosome in bacteria. In addition, they can carry large amounts (about 200 kilobases) of other sequence for a variety of bioengineering purposes.DNA, Plant: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.Herbicides: Pesticides used to destroy unwanted vegetation, especially various types of weeds, grasses (POACEAE), and woody plants. Some plants develop HERBICIDE RESISTANCE.Weed Control: The prevention of growth and or spread of unwanted plants.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Library Materials: Print and non-print materials collected, processed, and stored by libraries. They comprise books, periodicals, pamphlets, reports, microforms, maps, manuscripts, motion pictures, and all other forms of audiovisual records. (Harrod, The Librarians' Glossary, 4th ed, p497)Access to Information: Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.Livestock: Domesticated farm animals raised for home use or profit but excluding POULTRY. Typically livestock includes CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; SWINE; GOATS; and others.Helminthosporium: A mitosporic fungal genus including both saprophytes and plant parasites.Thailand: Formerly known as Siam, this is a Southeast Asian nation at the center of the Indochina peninsula. Bangkok is the capital city.Culture Media: Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Ethylenes: Derivatives of ethylene, a simple organic gas of biological origin with many industrial and biological use.Theilovirus: A species of CARDIOVIRUS which contains three strains: Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus, Vilyuisk human encephalomyelitis virus, and Rat encephalomyelitis virus.Wine: Fermented juice of fresh grapes or of other fruit or plant products used as a beverage.Caulimovirus: A genus of PLANT VIRUSES, in the family CAULIMOVIRIDAE, that are transmitted by APHIDS in a semipersistent manner. Aphid-borne transmission of some caulimoviruses requires certain virus-coded proteins termed transmission factors.Crystallization: The formation of crystalline substances from solutions or melts. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)X-Ray Diffraction: The scattering of x-rays by matter, especially crystals, with accompanying variation in intensity due to interference effects. Analysis of the crystal structure of materials is performed by passing x-rays through them and registering the diffraction image of the rays (CRYSTALLOGRAPHY, X-RAY). (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Brassica: A plant genus of the family Cruciferae. It contains many species and cultivars used as food including cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussel sprouts, kale, collard greens, MUSTARD PLANT; (B. alba, B. junica, and B. nigra), turnips (BRASSICA NAPUS) and rapeseed (BRASSICA RAPA).KansasMeat: The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.EuropeHybrid Cells: Any cell, other than a ZYGOTE, that contains elements (such as NUCLEI and CYTOPLASM) from two or more different cells, usually produced by artificial CELL FUSION.Heat Stress Disorders: A group of conditions that develop due to overexposure or overexertion in excessive environmental heat.Sudan: A country in northeastern Africa. The capital is Khartoum.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Fertilizers: Substances or mixtures that are added to the soil to supply nutrients or to make available nutrients already present in the soil, in order to increase plant growth and productivity.Nitrogen: An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.Chemistry, Agricultural: The science of the chemical composition and reactions of chemicals involved in the production, protection and use of crops and livestock. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)IranAgriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Soil: The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.
The institute has developed high yield varieties and hybrids of cotton, sunflower, safflower, and sweet sorghum (named Madhura ... A number of high ethanol yielding varieties have also been produced. NARI has developed a stove running on 50% (w/w) and more ... Complete technology for producing ethanol from sweet sorghum has been developed at the institute. ... sweet sorghum stalks and bagasse. Technology to increase survival of tree seedlings in arid regions has been developed. ...
"Investigation of a xenia effect for yield caused by the waxy gene in grain sorghum". oaktrust.library.tamu.edu. Retrieved 2016- ... Qualities affected in the endosperm of sorghum may include starchiness, sweetness, waxiness, or other aspects. The vigour of ... a xenia effect due to the genetic difference between the two strains has been observed that increases grain yield, and could ... "Controlling the release of pollen from genetically modified maize and increasing its grain yield by growing mixtures of male- ...
For example, the four ethanol crops: corn, sugarcane, sweet sorghum and pine yield net energy. However, increasing production ... A good ethanol yield is about 480 gallons per acre per year, and a typical corn yield is 5.6 tons per acre per year. Assuming ... The sweet sorghum, which performed the best of the four, would increase the amount of freshwater withdrawals from the two ... assuming average yield of 145 bushels per acre under normal corn-soybean rotation) and nearly three times as much as corn ...
Base acres and payment yields are established for the following commodities: barley; corn; grain sorghum, including dual ... using one of the following two methods: 93.5 percent of the 1998-2001 average yield; or the direct payment yield (PFC yield) ... For covered commodities without PFC program payment yields, FSA assigned a direct payment yield using the PFC yield of similar ... Direct payment yields for wheat, feed grains, cotton, and rice on a farm are the 2002 PFC payment yields for the applicable ...
Mg ratio influencing yield. He found that in high magnesium soils, low yields were due to a calcium deficiency, rather than an ... Influence of concentrations of K and Mg in nutrient solutions on sorghum. Agron. J. 74:41-46. Bear, F.E., Prince, Toth and ... Yield and composition of alfalfa as influenced by variations in the calcium-magnesium ratio. Soil Sci. 67:53-62. Key, J.L., ... Yield and composition of alfalfa as influenced by variations in the calcium-magnesium ratio. Soil Sci. 67:53-62. Johnny ...
In 1966-67, high-yielding varieties of seeds for sorghum, paddy, wheat and sugarcane were introduced. Gradually between the ... especially sorghum, wheat and oil-seeds) has now been dedicated to the cultivation of pulses, especially that of kadle (Bengal ... agriculture was mostly dry cultivation or rain-dependent cultivation in which a wide variety of local sorghum (jola, the staple ...
The cereal crops produced are red sorghum, white sorghum, millet, maize and rice. These crops are produced mainly for self- ... The same applies to the productions and yields obtained. Despite these improvements, the municipality covers only about 35% of ...
Infection on gas-exchange characteristics and yield of a sorghum host, measured in the field in Mali". Journal of Experimental ... This method has been used in sorghum plantations by planting Celosia argentea between the sorghum rows. Cotton, sunflower ... sorghum, rice and sugarcane. Three species cause the most damage: Striga asiatica, S. gesnerioides, and S. hermonthica. ... Several sorghum varieties have high levels of resistance in local conditions, including 'N-13', 'Framida', and 'Serena'.[27 ...
inches). Test weight is an important predictor of milling yield for rice and flour extraction rate for wheat. USDA's official ... sorghum, and rye (56 lbs./bu.); barley (48 lbs./bu.); oats (32 lbs./bu.); and rice (45 lbs./bu.). When producers deliver grain ...
Infection on gas-exchange characteristics and yield of a sorghum host, measured in the field in Mali". Journal of Experimental ... This method has been used in sorghum plantations by planting Celosia argentea between the sorghum rows. Cotton, sunflower and ... Maize, sorghum, and sugarcane crops affected by witchweed in the United States have an estimated value well over $20 billion. ... Several sorghum varieties have high levels of resistance in local conditions, including 'N-13', 'Framida', and 'Serena'. ' ...
If severe disease is present two to three weeks after silking in field corn, grain yields may be reduced by 40 to 70 percent. ... The most economically important host is corn, but other forms may infect sorghum, Johnson grass, or sudangrass. The most common ... In susceptible varieties of sweet corn, yields can be reduced by up to 20 percent. In fresh market sweet corn, not only is ... Pataky, J. K.; Raid, R. N.; du Toit, L. J.; Schueneman, T. J. (January 1998). "Disease Severity and Yield of Sweet Corn Hybrids ...
Once crop yield has stagnated, the plot of land is deserted and the ground is cleared by slash and burn methods, allowing the ... In irrigated lands, pearl millet is rotated with chickpea, fodder sorghum, and wheat. In the dry and light soils of Rajasthan, ... Yield differs from area to area depending on local climatic factors. After harvest, the land is left fallow. During the pre- ... Shifting cultivation is a type of subsistence farming where a plot of land is cultivated for a few years until the crop yield ...
Applying bentonite clays effectively improved yields of forage sorghum grown under rain-fed conditions. Bentonite application ... a fluid with a minimum yield strength required to make it move). So, it is a common component of drilling mud used to curtail ... with higher yields and higher output prices. Studies carried out by The International Water Management Institute and partners ...
It is endemic in many parts of sub-Saharan Africa, where it causes severe reductions in corn and sorghum yield. In corn, losses ... These host plants include Sorghum bicolor, or sorghum, Sorghum sudanense, or Sudan grass, and Sorghum palepense, or ... Peronosclerospora sorghi infects maize and sorghum around the world, but causes the most severe yield reductions in Africa. The ... A Survey of Sorghum Downy Mildew in Sorghum in the Sudanosahelian Savanna Zones of Nigeria. Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied ...
Soya, sorghum, sunflowers and wheat are cultivated in the eastern Free State, where farmers specialise in seed production. ... The Free State is well known for its Mielielande (corn-fields). Field crops yield almost two-thirds of the gross agricultural ... About 40% of the country's potato yield comes from the province's high-lying areas. The main vegetable crop is asparagus, both ...
Programs in wheat, sorghum, and sunflower are generating crop lines displaying both perenniality and agriculturally-significant ... seed yield. Research on integrating these new plants into polycultures also continues. The Land Institute is not itself ...
Texas agriculture yields $19.8 billion annually in cash receipts. The most profitable crops include: cattle, cotton, milk, ... broilers (poultry), greenhouse and nursery, corn, wheat, timber, grain sorghum and vegetables. The agriculture industry in ...
... holes help by improving the yields of trees, sorghum, and millet by up to 500 percent. As an alternative to the zaï- ...
In Uganda, yield losses up to 80% were reported in bad years. The pathogen leads to drying out of leaves, neck rots and ear ... The mini millet mill can also be used to process other grains such as wheat and sorghum. The Mini Millet Mill could be ... But compared with other millets, such as pearl millet and sorghum it preferes moderate rainfall (≥500 mm annually). The ... For example, the Harnessing Opportunities for Productivity Enhancement of Sorghum and Millets in Sub-Saharan Africa and South ...
Kouassi, N'. J; I. A. Zoro Bi (2010). "Effect Of Sowing Density And Seedbed Type On Yield And Yield Components In Bambara ... Best suited intercrops are sorghum, millet, maize, peanut, yams and cassava. Bambara groundnut is mainly cultivated as ... A yield of 1000 kg seed and 925 kg leaves remove 55.7 kg N, 26.2 kg K, 25.1 kg C, 7.8 kg P and 6.6 kg Mg. Since Bambara ... For woodland savannas of Côte d'Ivoire the highest yield is attainable with a plant density of 25 plants per square meter. ...
Sorghum has replaced lost yields of sugar cane and rice to a certain extent, which has been encouraged by the government. One ... Food processing (especially sugar came, rice, sorghum and grains) represents an important industry. Goods produced include ...
Sorghum has the potential to be an energy grass because it requires low water usage and can make a large yield. Sorghum, ... it has a low relative yield compared to other energy crops Sorghum are cultivated in warmer climates, mostly in the tropical ... The result is minor biomass degradation with high yields. The process was patented by Bruce Dale, Michigan State University ... increase the land use for biofuels The process uses the whole plant to improve the carbon dioxide balance and increase yield. ...
Stemborers (Busseola fusca and Chilo partellus) are the cause of 10% of total yield loss in Southern and Eastern Africa and on ... nor sorghum should be planted in the same field the following year but instead rotated with other crops. It is also ... a main cause of yield loss in Africa) away from maize and hence is the "pull" crop. This strategy is much more sustainable, ... and low soil fertility together cause yield losses of an estimated 7 billion US dollars or enough to feed 27 million people, ...
... is used to increase yields, uniformity, and vigor. Hybrid breeding methods are used in maize, sorghum, rice, sugar ... where it is well understood to mean a better-yielding, more robust plant for agriculture. Such a plant may yield better on a ... Over the years, experimentation in plant genetics has proven that the reverse occurs, that yields increase in both the inbred ... But overdominance implies that yields on an inbred strain should decrease as inbred strains are selected for the performance of ...
Yields of maize in developed African countries tripled. Yields of wheat, sorghum, cassava, and cowpeas also increased in these ... So, future food-production increases will have to come from higher yields. And though I have no doubt yields will keep going up ... Yields were over 21 million tons by 2000. In India, yields increased from 12.3 million tons in 1965 to 20.1 million tons in ... increase in average yield over the previous season. For Borlaug, the rapid increase in yields suggested that there was still ...
Sorghum. Baijiu (Kaoliang wine). Multiple grains. Ara. American whiskey. Canadian whisky. Shōchū. Whisky. ... While soft water will typically yield sweeter sake, hard water with a higher nutrient content is known for producing drier- ... increasing the yield by as much as four times. 75% of today's sake is made using this technique, left over from the war years. ...
Application of ethephon at the heading stage gave the lowest stem diameter, grain yield, stem fresh weight, and yield, whereas ... and yield, juice extract yield, and sugar content than those exhibited by KKU 40 and Cowley. ... Three sweet sorghum cultivars (Ethanol 2, KKU 40, and Cowley) were planted in the main plot. Ethephon was applied at five ... the impact of ethephon hormone applied at different growth stages of three cultivars of sweet sorghum on its growth and yield. ...
Clemson University - Breeding High Yielding Bioenergy Sorghum Donald Danforth Plant Science Center - A Reference Phenotyping ... Purdue University - Automated Sorghum Phenotyping and Trait Development Platform Texas A&M University - Automated TERRA ... The Clemson team has taken a "system of systems" approach to accelerate genetic gain in biomass sorghum. The teams goal is to ... The final step is to identify causal genes for optimal traits and then design crossing strategies to produce high-yielding ...
"This gene that plays an important role controlling the sorghum yield may also help us improve the yield of other crops like ... Researchers double sorghum grain yield to improve food supply. 31.10.2019. Plant scientists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory ( ... the research team identified novel genetic variations that occurred in sorghums MSD2 gene, increasing the grain yield 200 ... Molecular Sciences »Sorghum »crops »fertility »flower »food supply »genetic analyses »genetic research »genetic variations » ...
... Ruixiu Sui, Brandon E. Hartley, John M. Gibson, Chenghai Yang, J. Alex ... Results showed that sorghum biomass yield in early August was closely related (R2 = 0.76) to spectral reflectance. However, in ... Sorghum plant samples were collected at predetermined geographic coordinates to determine biomass yield. Aerial images were ... "High-biomass sorghum yield estimate with aerial imagery," Journal of Applied Remote Sensing 5(1), 053523 (1 January 2011). ...
... open pollinated sorghum varieties-which typically yield only 0.5 to 1.0 MT per acre-to higher yielding hybrid sorghum. This ... Chromatins sorghum hybrid produces 5x typical yields in East Africa. March 23, 2015 , Isabel Lane ... Trials for Chromatins sorghum hybrids produced 2.45MT per acre, approximately five times the typical yield. ... In Illinois, Chromatin has achieved unprecedented yields from its newly-introduced hybrid sorghum seed product, which the ...
The journal focuses on new methods and technologies for improving agricultural processes, increasing yield, conservation, and ... Applying 2,4-D on 45 or 55 cm tall sorghum had similar yield impact at each rate. There was a trend for yields to be somewhat ... Rate and Timing Effects of Growth Regulating Herbicides Applications on Grain Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) Growth and Yield. ... 1 since yield reduction has been reported as early as applications made on 35 cm tall sorghum for a sorghum cultivar ...
FAO (2014) FAOSTAT, DATA: production/yield quantities of Sorghum in Word+(Total), item sorghum, 1994-2014. FAO, Rome. Visited ... The maximum grain yield (13.12 t/ha) and biomass (24.91 t/ha) were recorded in sorghum irrigated twice a day in the dry and dry ... The results showed that sorghum grain yield and growth parameters were significantly higher (p ,0.05) by almost two-fold when ... Drip Watering Regimes on Growth Performance, Yield, and Water Use Efficiency of Sorghum in Semi-Arid Environment of Tanzania: ...
The objective was to investigate genetic variability for yield, yield related traits, and resistance to sorghum midge. High ... Genetic Variability and Its Implications on Early Generation Sorghum Lines Selection for Yield, Yield Contributing Traits, and ... However, sorghum grain yield in Niger is limited by both abiotic and biotic constraints. Recombinant inbred lines derived from ... Sorghum is the second most important cereal crop in Niger. The crop is grown in a wide range of ecological environments in the ...
Grain Sorghum: Sorghum bicolor Seedling blight: Fusarium spp.; Rhizoctonia spp.. Effects of seed treatment fungicides on stand ...
A crop modeling framework, APSIM was adapted to predict the growth and biomass yield of energy sorghum and to identify ... A crop modeling framework, APSIM was adapted to predict the growth and biomass yield of energy sorghum and to identify ... Modeling showed that energy sorghums long duration of vegetative growth increased water capture and biomass yield by ~30% ... Modeling showed that energy sorghums long duration of vegetative growth increased water capture and biomass yield by ~30% ...
... developed a mutant sorghum plant that produces 30-40% more seeds. ARS is the USDAs chief intramural scientific research agency ... USDA Agricultural Research Service A new sorghum plant developed by USDA scientists can produce more seeds than conventional ... The mutants may be crossed with other sorghum lines, particularly elite large-seeded lines, to improve grain yield in sorghum ... The researchers developed the higher-yielding sorghum by taking advantage of a plant part called a "spikelet." A spikelet is a ...
observations largely explained Methane clathrates proposed for energy and carbon sequestration Cassava and sorghum are tubers ... sorghum yields drop, toxicity rises with more CO2 Differences between aerosol effects in models vs. ... sorghum yields right now are through the roof because of better technology and farming methods. My sorghum buddy traders tell ... The Weekly Carboholic: Cassava, sorghum yields drop, toxicity rises with more CO2. By Brian Angliss on July 1, 2009. • ( 29 ...
A study was conducted to compare the agronomic performance of Al and A3 sorghum x sudangrass hybrids. A bulk of eight ... Results indicate that male-sterile sorghum x sudangrass hybrids can be made using A3 cytoplasm male-sterilized inbreds from the ... Additionally, the high level of fertility restoration by sudangrass in A3 cytoplasm male-sterilized sorghum normally used as ... Availability of alternative cytoplasmic sterility systems allows production of sorghum x sudangrass hybrids that may have ...
Effect of fertilizer levels on the green feed yield of sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor Moench var. saccharatum Korn) ... Effect of nutrients on brix values, stalk yield, stover yield and yield parameters in sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) ... Influence of water hyacinth and fertilizer levels on growth and yield of hybrid sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) 1. Yield ... The utilisation of grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) and sweet sorghum (Sorghum saccharatum L. Moench, var. saccharatum ...
Yield and Chemical Compositions of 4 Varieties of Sorghum bicolor Moench under the Humid Tropical Climate in Southern Thailand ... yields and chemical compositions of 4 varieties of sorghum, i.e. Native sorghum; Khek noi (Nt-KN), Commercialized sweet sorghum ... Keywords: Botanical caracteristics, chemical composition, preservative methods, sorghum, yield components Footnotes. ...P. ... The yield and quality of the sorghum depends on the varieties. Preservative method by ensilage improved the quality and utility ...
DuPont Pioneer and the United Sorghum Checkoff Program today announced a collaboration to advance genetic tools and ... We believe this collaboration will lead to new innovations to develop stronger and higher yielding sorghum varieties.. Past ... "We believe this collaboration will lead to new innovations to develop stronger and higher yielding sorghum varieties." ... "The Sorghum Checkoffs collaborative efforts with Pioneer marks a rejuvenated era in sorghum genetic research. Pioneer is a ...
Chemical Composition and Disappearance of Nutrients in Brown Midrib and White Midrib Sorghum Genotypes - Brown Mid Rib;Genotype ... The effect of the brown mid rib -3 gene on the maturity and yield of forage maize. Grass Forage Sci. 40:335-339. ... Effect of brown mid rib-3 mutation in corn silage on dry matter intake and productivity of high yielding dairy cows. J. Dairy ... Effect of brown mid rib 3 gene on forage quality and yield of corn hybrids. J. Dairy Sci. 80 (Suppl):157 (Abstr.). ...
Improving sorghum productivity in semi-arid environments of Mali through integrated MARS G4008.48 Products, challenges & ... GRM 2013: Enhancing sorghum grain yield and quality for the Sudano-Sahelian z... ... 7. Grain yield Grain quality Grain quality Grain yield Challenges: QTL detection and ideotype definition ... GRM 2013: Enhancing sorghum grain y... by CGIAR Generation ... 11816 views * GRM2013: Establishing a molecular b... by CGIAR ...
... chopped almonds and popped sorghum, which like popcorn has a buttery ... If popping sorghum, heat the vegetable oil in a medium, heavy pot until almost smoking. Add the sorghum, cover and cook over ... 1/4 cup popping sorghum, or 2 cups popped sorghum (see Note) ... Sorghum, a type of grass, has seeds that can be popped like ... Patterson tops his nutty, crunchy quinoa salad with popped sorghum, which gives it a buttery flavor. You can also substitute ...
Sorghum, Average Yield, 2000 Author(s). University of Minnesota. Institute on the Environment. Description. This raster dataset ... Sorghum, Crop yields, Imagery and Base Maps, and Farming. Year. 2000. Held by. Stanford. More details at. http://purl.stanford. ... represents the average yield for sorghum crops in tons per hectare. Croplands cover ~15 million km2 of the planet and provide ... Information about agricultural land use practices like crop selection, yield, and fertilizer use is even more limited.Here we ...
Sorghum is a common grown grain in Australia. Due to some antinutritional factors it is not much appreciated in chicken feeds. ... High wheat yield depresses the price On 3 Jul. In Raw materials ... Sorghum has been deteriorating for 6,000 years Sorghum, a ... Tannin-free sorghum: normal for EU countries EU sorghum varieties are tannin free. This is beneficial to use as a feed ... Implications of sorghum in broiler chicken nutrition by P.H. Selle, (Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Sydney), D.J ...
01/12/18 Corn Yield and Soybean Production Up in 2017, USDA Reports - Winter Wheat Seedings and Grain Stocks also reported ... Texas Irrigated Sorghum County Estimates Ag District code, County FIPS code, Location. Acreage Planted. (acres). Acreage ...
Categories Farm, TestimonialTags Alfalfa, Increased Yield, Sorghum, Wisconsin Leave a Reply Cancel reply. Enter your comment ... Wisconsin Farmer Increases Yield in Alfalfa and Sorghum. "Normal year for tonnage on my alfalfa I run 5-7 ton/acre and we ... Previous Previous post: UPDATED: Increased Yield and Plant Height on Brazilian Gilo using Sumagrow ...
Sorghum is mild and slightly sweet, like a chewier version of Israeli couscous when cooked. Unless you can find specifically ... Add half of sorghum; cook about 1 minute or until sorghum popping slows, stirring constantly. ... Sorghum is mild and slightly sweet, like a chewier version of Israeli couscous when cooked. Unless you can find specifically ... In our testing-using regular whole-grain sorghum-the best results we could get were about 50% of the grains popping. But it is ...
Of course, there is nothing new about sorghum, as many farmers in Kansas will readily attest. I recall diets in this state ... based entirely on sorghum, with no problems at all in growth performance or carcass quality. But, lets start from the ... Sorghum has re-surfaced recently as an alternative cereal, especially in Western Europe, where imports, particularly from the ... Extruding sorghum does not yielded superior performance, so this is not recommended, especially for growing-finishing pigs and ...
Sweet sorghumGrain yieldCropsDroughtTraitsMaizeCultivarCornNational Sorghum ProducersVarieties of SorghumGrowersGrowth and yieldGeneticBiofuelsImprove sorghumHigher-yieldinEthanolDigestibilityAfricaProductionFormulating sorghum-based dietsStalksSugarcane aphidsProductivityCerealBrown midrib sorghumSweet sorghum varietiesFeedstockHigh yield20202016WeedsEfficiency of SorghumNitrogenProducersPestsStrainsAphidPlantManureCheckoffAgronomyEnvironmentsCowpeaProduce more biomassBushels
- There is little information about the effects of ethephon ripening hormone on the yield of sweet sorghum in Thailand. (magiran.com)
- Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the impact of ethephon hormone applied at different growth stages of three cultivars of sweet sorghum on its growth and yield. (magiran.com)
- Three sweet sorghum cultivars (Ethanol 2, KKU 40, and Cowley) were planted in the main plot. (magiran.com)
- There were no significant correlations between sweet sorghum cultivars and the growth stages at which ethephon was applied. (magiran.com)
- Results showed that Ethanol 2 cultivar exhibited a higher growth rate, plant height, stem diameter, grain yield, stem fresh weight, and yield, juice extract yield, and sugar content than those exhibited by KKU 40 and Cowley. (magiran.com)
- Application of ethephon at the heading stage gave the lowest stem diameter, grain yield, stem fresh weight, and yield, whereas applying it at the harvesting stage gave the highest sugar yield. (magiran.com)
- TERRA-SCAN is a start-up that provides phenotyping and field scouting services for crops, including sorghum. (energy.gov)
- This gene that plays an important role controlling the sorghum yield may also help us improve the yield of other crops like maize or rice. (innovations-report.com)
- Weed control remains a major challenge for sorghum producers worldwide as the percentage of grain sorghum yield lost due to weed competition exceeds that of most other grain crops [ 2 ]. (hindawi.com)
- Herbicide options for postemergence applications (POST) are more restricted in grain sorghum than for other major row crops because the sorghum worldwide market is not large enough to justify the development and registration of new herbicides [ 2 ]. (hindawi.com)
- Modeling showed that energy sorghum's long duration of vegetative growth increased water capture and biomass yield by ~30% compared to short season crops in a water-limited production region. (frontiersin.org)
- This work indicates that the productivity and resilience of bioenergy sorghum grown in water-limited environments could be further enhanced by development of genotypes with optimized VPD-limited transpiration traits and deployment of these crops in water limited growing environments. (frontiersin.org)
- Sorghum crops are particularly important for subsistence farming in the semi-arid tropics ( Doggett, 1988 ). (frontiersin.org)
- Other studies have discovered increased crop yields due to more CO 2 in the atmosphere could actually lead to more starvation as the protein content of those crops falls dramatically . (scholarsandrogues.com)
- This raster dataset represents the average yield for sorghum crops in tons per hectare. (stanford.edu)
- The data sets on EarthStat allow users to map the distribution of crops globally, analyze the impact of climate change on crop yields, understand the impacts of fertilizer and manure use and much more. (stanford.edu)
- Temperately adapted perennial sorghum feedstocks have recently begun to receive increasing interest as candidate energy crops, producing significant biomass and contributing agroecological benefits including increased soil organic carbon, reduced soil erosion, reduced input requirements, and higher net energy return. (springer.com)
- This paper investigates the impact of exposure to extreme temperature on crop yields of a range of crops cultivated in the State of Karnataka, India. (org.in)
- They also lay out a potential strategy for increasing the yields not only of sorghum but of other grain crops, such as corn, wheat and rice. (ethanolproducer.com)
- ACROSS MISSISSIPPI - Crops almost never go from potentially record yields one year to drastic acre reductions the next, but catastrophic aphid infestations coupled with low prices may force grain sorghum growers into that situation. (msbusiness.com)
- and yield improvement of subsequent vegetable crops. (ufl.edu)
- As a consequence of exposure to drought, crops show poorer growth and lower yield. (phys.org)
- Sweet sorghum, or 'sorgo,' is closely related to other sorghum crops. (aces.edu)
- 摘要】 Dry land crops such as sorghums (grain sorghum, sweet sorghum and forage sorghum) have been identified as promising feedstocks for fuel ethanol production. (cnki.net)
- Sivanto (Bayer Crop Protection) - Sivanto has a full section 3 label and a supplemental 2ee label for lower rates on sorghum and other grain crops. (farmprogress.com)
- Lost Crops of Africa, Vol I, 1996) Sorghum plays an important role as a food security crop especially in semi arid lands of Kenya. (infonet-biovision.org)
- The lack of genetic optimization and research on cultural practices, harvesting, storage, and transport with would-be energy crops - miscanthus, sorghum, switchgrass, and others - means that there is significant potential for improvement. (grist.org)
- The application of advanced breeding methods like genetic engineering and marker-assisted breeding, limiting water usage through drought resistant crops, and large-scale application of biotechnology (i.e., optimizing the process by which plants conduct photosynthesis, or reducing stress-based yield losses) will also contribute to increased yields with fewer inputs. (grist.org)
- These crops include sorghum which is a major food and cash crop for many smallholder farmers in Soroti district, Eastern Uganda. (scielo.org.za)
- Crops most commonly affected are corn , sorghum , rice and sugarcane . (wikipedia.org)
- Covering over 100 million hectares, the weed has particularly established host in key regional staple crops maize, sorghum, millet, and upland rice, greatly undermining the efforts to attain food security and economic growth. (seedworld.com)
- This study provides a potential to increase the genetic basis of cultivated sorghum with wide-reaching implications for Striga control in other cereal crops by pyramiding multiple resistance genes. (seedworld.com)
- Grain Sorghum usually requires less water than other crops such as maize, and produces higher yields in hotter areas such as Africa and Asia. (wikipedia.org)
- Sorghum, one of the world's most important sources of food, animal feed, and biofuel, is considered a model crop for research because it has a high tolerance to drought, heat, and high-salt conditions. (innovations-report.com)
- Assefa Y, Staggenborg S, Prasad V (2010) Grain sorghum water requirement and responses to drought stress: crop management. (springer.com)
- Ceres Inc. recently announced favorable results from its biotech corn evaluations in China, where a second year of field trials demonstrated significant yield advantages under normal and drought conditions. (ethanolproducer.com)
- Sorghum is drought tolerant, is an important crop for farmers worldwide and increasing production is considered a key to addressing the threat of food shortages in the years ahead with changing climates, growing populations overseas and the loss of arable land in many parts of the world. (ethanolproducer.com)
- The newly released varieties can help overcome periods of drought especially terminal drought problems prevalent in the Nigerian (Sudan and Sahel) ecologies because they are early maturing, with 50% flowering in 67 days against the 90 days on average of other varieties," said Dr. Ignatius Angarawai, a Scientist - Sorghum Breeding at ICRISAT Kano. (sfoodfeedf.org)
- This crop is easily established, tolerant to drought, has low water needs, efficiently uses nutrients, has high dry matter harvest yields, is digestible for livestock, and is economical to produce. (biomedcentral.com)
- It is very drought tolerant, has high seedling vigor, and some varieties have reduced lignin content (such as the brown midrib sorghum x sudangrass crosses) to increase digestibility for animals and decomposition rate. (ufl.edu)
- Scientists at Aarhus University have discovered that fungi associated with plant roots may improve growth and yield of drought-stressed wheat. (phys.org)
- This is a serious problem as the predicted increase in frequency of extreme climate episodes will lead to multiple drought conditions during crop growth which in turn will reduce the yield of wheat, one of the world's most important foods. (phys.org)
- Recent research from Aarhus University demonstrates that the fungi can improve growth and yield in some wheat varieties under drought stress. (phys.org)
- Farmers in climates where late-season drought occurs frequently may be able to increase wheat yield, according to research from The University of Western Australia. (phys.org)
- Sorghum has outstanding resistance against drought conditions. (herts.ac.uk)
- The present study aims to identify QTL influencing agronomic traits and yield components under well-watered and pre-flowering drought stress conditions. (uni-hannover.de)
- Six promising QTL regions with seven QTL for yield and agronomic traits especially related to pre-flowering drought tolerance were identified on chromosomes SBI-01, SBI-03, SBI-04, SBI-05 and SBI-07. (uni-hannover.de)
- Near-isogenic sorghum lines (cv RTx7000) were characterized in a series of field and managed-environment trials (seven experiments and 14 environments) to determine the influence of four individual stay-green (Stg1-4) quantitative trait loci (QTLs) on canopy development, water use and grain yield under post-anthesis drought. (qld.gov.au)
- These results establish a link between the role of the Stg QTL in modifying canopy development and the subsequent impact on crop water use patterns and grain yield under terminal drought. (qld.gov.au)
- Sorghum is particularly adapted to drought. (infonet-biovision.org)
- The new, higher-yielding strains of sorghum developed at Texas A&M use less water than conventional sorghum (making them more drought-resistant) and are sterile (not flowering prevents the escape of energy). (grist.org)
- Sorghum is a C 4 crop and its yield levels are highly affected by terminal drought stress under rainfed conditions. (springer.com)
- At molecular level, several QTL's governing pre- and post flowering drought tolerance have been identified in cereals and specifically in sorghum. (springer.com)
- In this review, detailed mechanisms and breeding approaches related to drought stress in cereals and specifically in sorghum are discussed. (springer.com)
- Authors would like to thank, Joint FAO-IAEA Division Plant breeding and Genetics section for support and encouragement under the IAEA-CRP 23031 "Improving Resilience to Drought in Rice and Sorghum through Mutation Breeding" project. (springer.com)
- The objectives of the present study were: to identify traits that are associated with sugar yield, to determine the optimum harvesting time for maximum sugar yield and to understand the physiological responses of different sweet sorghum genotypes to drought and high temperature. (k-state.edu)
- In another greenhouse study, we quantified the effects of drought, high temperature, and their combinations on growth, physiology and yield of sweet sorghum genotypes. (k-state.edu)
- These innovations will accelerate the annual yield gains of traditional plant breeding and support the discovery of new crop traits that improve water productivity and nutrient use efficiency. (energy.gov)
- The final step is to identify causal genes for optimal traits and then design crossing strategies to produce high-yielding plants that are well-suited to their environment. (energy.gov)
- The objective was to investigate genetic variability for yield, yield related traits, and resistance to sorghum midge. (hindawi.com)
- Bioenergy sorghum is targeted for production in water-limited annual cropland therefore traits that improve plant water capture, water use efficiency, and resilience to water deficit are necessary to maximize productivity. (frontiersin.org)
- A crop modeling framework, APSIM, was adapted to predict the growth and biomass yield of energy sorghum and to identify potentially useful traits for crop improvement. (frontiersin.org)
- The eight test-environments created by the combination of locations, seasons and watering regimes were used to investigate the effect of salt, water and heat stresses on forage yield and some related traits. (scipress.com)
- The results showed that nitrogen fertilizer enhanced plant height, leaf area index, fresh weight, total dry weight and biological yield significantly so that these traits were higher in N3 as 5.71, 22.8, 8.13, 22.5, and 8.7% than N1, respectively. (ac.ir)
- It has good defensive agronomic traits and brings improved harvest standability into the current sorghum lineup. (hayandforage.com)
- The goal of the Pioneer sorghum research program has always been to help growers increase profit by constantly improving the traits," said Doug Pilkington, DuPont Pioneer senior marketing manager for sorghum. (hayandforage.com)
- It is important to use all of the Pioneer technological skills and assets to improve sorghum traits for growers,"Pilkington said. (hayandforage.com)
- plant breeders have focused on traits likely to affect its productivity, such as yield and/or forage quality. (frontiersin.org)
- However, information on traits associated with sugar yield, optimum harvesting time for maximum sugar yield, effects of abiotic stresses on sugar yield is scarce. (k-state.edu)
- We observed a significant variation in physiological, morphological and sugar yield traits associated with biofuel production. (k-state.edu)
- The results showed that genotypes differed significantly for all growth and yield, biochemical and physiological traits. (k-state.edu)
- The result showed that significant difference was observed for growth and yield traits, physiological traits and non-reducing and total sugar content in juice for genotypes and treatments. (k-state.edu)
- The nutritive value (energy) of Milo sorghum is usually taken at 90 to 100% compared to maize. (pigprogress.net)
- Carcass quality from sorghum-fed pigs is similar to that from maize-fed pigs, which in turn is quite softer compared to wheat/barley-fed pigs. (pigprogress.net)
- All maize genotypes significantly outyielded the sorghum check under no heat stress (winter sowing) regardless the effect of salt and water stresses while the opposite is true under the heat stress (summer sowing). (scipress.com)
- Maize tolerate better reduction in temperature than dose sorghum while the latter tolerate better salt and water stresses than dose maize. (scipress.com)
- Funding institutions have also cut support for the International Maize and Wheat Center-located in Mexico and known by its Spanish acronym, CIMMYT - where Borlaug helped to develop the high-yield, low-pesticide dwarf wheat upon which a substantial portion of the world's population now depends for sustenance. (theatlantic.com)
- The local production of mainly sorghum and maize does not meet the food demands and it is estimated that another 200 000 tonnes of cereals are needed to meet the domestic food demands of 500 000 tonnes. (fao.org)
- The starch content of grain sorghum is 7 - 10% higher than maize, making it excellent for ethanol production. (southafrica.co.za)
- Foliar application of P, K, zinc (Zn) and manganese (Mn) significantly increased yield and cold tolerance in maize . (scirp.org)
- Effect of irrigation and nitrogen fertilization on the production of biogas from maize and sorghum in a water limited environment. (springer.com)
- Sorghum is well adapted to dryer climates and tolerates hot climates better than maize or soybeans. (wikipedia.org)
- More caution should be taken with dicamba since yield reduction has been reported as early as applications made on 35 cm tall sorghum for a potentially dicamba sensitive cultivar. (hindawi.com)
- Adzemi M, Ibrahim W (2014) Effect of regulated deficit irrigation on photosynthesis, photos synthetic active radiation on the yield of Sorghum cultivar. (springer.com)
- Results showed that Ethanol 2 cultivar exhibited a higher growth rate, plant height, stem diameter, grain yield, stem fresh weight, and yield, juice extract yield, and sugar content than those exhibited by KKU 40 and Cowley. (magiran.com)
- Cultivar selection, planting geometry, and plant population are the key factors determining grain sorghum yields in water deficit areas. (org.in)
- In this work, we used a laboratory-scale screening tool that mimics relevant thermochemical pretreatment conditions to compare the total sugar yield of three near-isogenic brown midrib ( bmr ) mutant lines and the wild-type (WT) sorghum cultivar. (biomedcentral.com)
- After pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis, the bmr mutants had higher total sugar yields than the WT sorghum cultivar. (biomedcentral.com)
- Sorghum bmr mutants, which have a reduced lignin content showed higher total sugar yields than the WT cultivar after dilute acid pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis. (biomedcentral.com)
- In terms of economic viewpoint, optimum application rates for nitrogen at a range of 300-450 kg N/ha and 100 kg K20/ha for potassium plus 40 tonnes/ha of fermented cattle manure were the recommended rates for optimum above ground total dry weight (15,940-26,282 kg/ha) and seed yield (5,047- 6,374 kg/ha) of IS 23585 forage sorghum cultivar on Yasothon soil series. (herts.ac.uk)
- Our results suggest that the optimum time for harvesting of sweet sorghum cultivar M81E is between milk and hard dough stages when highest sugar yield was observed. (k-state.edu)
- J.A. Cusicanqui, J.G. Lauer, Plant density and hybrid influence on corn forage yield and quality, Agro. (scipress.com)
- Brent manned the office, tending to bills and yield data of this year's corn crop. (dtnpf.com)
- Ample rains helped bring the yield for dryland corn close that for irrigated land, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture is forecasting record yield of 180 bushels per acre, Mississippi State University analysts said. (msbusiness.com)
- Sorghum is a promising biofuels feedstock as it needs less water than corn and thus can be grown on less productive lands. (agprofessional.com)
- Grain sorghum is not nearly as cold-tolerant as corn, but relatively early planting is needed to maximize yields and reduce impacts of insects - including midge, head worms, and sugarcane aphids - later in the season. (deltafarmpress.com)
- The Effect of Different Densities and Interferences Periods of Sorghum on Contribution of Stem Reserves to Corn Grain Yield. (ac.ir)
- In order to study yield component and determinate the contribution of stem reserves to corn yield under effect of different densities and interference periods of sorghum, a factorial experiment based on randomized complete block design with three replications was conducted in 2002 on the Research Farm of the Faculty of Agriculture Tabriz University. (ac.ir)
- Experimental factors were sorghum interference at different periods (0,14,28,42 days after corn emergence and also during plant life corn) with three densities (4,8,12 plants m-2). (ac.ir)
- Characteristics of study were yield, yield component and the contribution of stem reserves to corn grain yield. (ac.ir)
- The results showed that with increasing sorghum density and interference, corn yield components (except the number of grain rows) were decreased, due to shading and competition between plants for using available resources. (ac.ir)
- Maximum grain yield and grain number per ear was obtained at pure corn plantation. (ac.ir)
- With increasing sorghum density and interference periods grain yield decreased, and maximum corn yield loss was 38%, which occurred at the highest sorghum density and interference. (ac.ir)
- Dry matter remobilization and contribution of stem reserves were significantly influenced by sorghum densities and interferences in corn grain yield. (ac.ir)
- The highest contribution of dry matter remobilization and stem reserves to corn yield was obtained at maximum density and complete interference of sorghum. (ac.ir)
- Thus, silages obtained from forage sorghums could have a potential as substitute of corn silages in dairy cow diets. (biomedcentral.com)
- In this framework, this study was designed to compare milk yield, composition, and quality, with particular emphasis on milk FA profile and MCP, in dairy cows fed two experimental diets containing silages obtained from corn or forage sorghum. (biomedcentral.com)
- Good yields have been reported for corn. (lubbockonline.com)
- Corn yield was not significantly different at any location or for any year, whereas differences in net return occurred at one location in 1998. (bioone.org)
- Corn earworm are likely found in sorghum this time of year. (agfax.com)
- The June 30 Acreage report showed planted and harvested area to be down from last year for corn, sorghum, and oats, while that for barley increased from 2007. (thepigsite.com)
- The June 30 Acreage report showed planted acres increased from earlier intentions for corn and oats, while sorghum and barley acres declined. (thepigsite.com)
- The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) will make its first survey-based forecasts for corn and sorghum in the August 12 Crop Production report. (thepigsite.com)
- The projection for 2008 corn production was decreased 20 million bushels from last month because of a reduction in forecast yield. (thepigsite.com)
- Projected yield was lowered 0.5 bushels from last month to 148.4 bushels per acre, due to the decline in the harvested area in the higher yielding Corn Belt States as indicated in the Acreage report. (thepigsite.com)
- Anagenesis Corp claims of their trees , "one acre can yield 48x times as much ethanol as an acre of corn. (grist.org)
- All we had left Monday was our National Sorghum Producers yield contest plot. (dtnpf.com)
- Sorghum Partners, a Chromatin Inc. brand, is pleased to announce that three sorghum growers who planted Sorghum Partners brand products have won at the county, state, and national level in the 2014 National Sorghum Producers competition. (ethanolproducer.com)
- The research was conducted in 2 consecutive trials to study the botanical characteristics, yields and chemical compositions of 4 varieties of sorghum, i.e. (tropentag.de)
- In general, yellow varieties of sorghum contain low(er) levels of tannins, whereas Milo contains less tannins than Dari shorgum. (pigprogress.net)
- Xin and his colleagues are conducting field trials to see if the genes they have found could be used by breeders to improve yields in commercial varieties of sorghum. (ethanolproducer.com)
- This concern can be mitigated as growers shift from low yielding, open pollinated sorghum varieties-which typically yield only 0.5 to 1.0 MT per acre-to higher yielding hybrid sorghum. (biofuelsdigest.com)
- Sorghum offers growers a sound, water-efficient rotational crop while providing end-users with a versatile, attribute-rich grain. (prweb.com)
- Pioneer also arms sorghum growers with additional tools to improve their crop's performance. (hayandforage.com)
- For growers who also have cattle, grazing sorghum stalks adds even more value. (hpj.com)
- Pioneer's sorghum research group represents the first step in the Pioneer commitment to sorghum growers. (pioneer.com)
- What does this mean for sorghum growers? (agfax.com)
- Consequently, a study was conducted to investigate crop growth and yield response to 2,4-D (100, 220, and 330 g acid equivalent ha −1 ) and dicamba (280 g acid equivalent ha −1 ) applied on 20 to 65 cm tall sorghum. (hindawi.com)
- 2012). Influence of chicken manure on growth and yield of forage sorghum (Sorghumbicolor L.).Inte.J.Agric. (ansfoundation.org)
- The Clemson team has taken a "system of systems" approach to accelerate genetic gain in biomass sorghum. (energy.gov)
- Led by Doreen Ware, CSHL Adjunct Professor and research scientist at the U.S. Department of Agriculture, and USDA colleague Zhanguo Xin, Ph.D, the research team identified novel genetic variations that occurred in sorghum's MSD2 gene, increasing the grain yield 200 percent. (innovations-report.com)
- Across planting dates at both Konni and Maradi, grain yield, plant height, panicle weight, and midge damage had high heritability coupled with high estimates of genetic advance. (hindawi.com)
- At Konni, high genetic advance coupled with high heritability was detected for grain yield, plant height, panicle weight, and resistance to midge. (hindawi.com)
- DuPont Pioneer and the United Sorghum Checkoff Program today announced a collaboration to advance genetic tools and opportunities for grain sorghum, which was planted on just over 8 million acres in the United States in 2013. (prweb.com)
- The Sorghum Checkoff's collaborative efforts with Pioneer marks a rejuvenated era in sorghum genetic research. (prweb.com)
- Furthermore, it is unknown if genetic diversity in sorghum rhizome assimilate composition exists. (springer.com)
- Scientists with USDA's Agricultural Research Service and Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory are working on field trials and genetic studies that could one day double the yields of sorghum, which is one of the world's most important sources of food, animal feed and biofuel. (ethanolproducer.com)
- The efforts follow recent discoveries by ARS scientist Zhanguo Xin , who is based in Lubbock, Texas, and Doreen Ware , who is also with ARS and is an adjunct professor at CSHL, showing how a basic genetic change in sorghum can double its yield of grain. (ethanolproducer.com)
- Their findings, spelled out in a series of papers, are based on years of research by scientists with ARS and CSHL that initially focused on a search for the genetic underpinnings of high yielding strains of sorghum that were first developed by Xin at the ARS Cropping Systems Research Laboratory in Lubbock. (ethanolproducer.com)
- Their subsequent papers in the International Journal of Molecular Sciences show that genes they have identified as MSD2 and MSD3 also play important roles further along in the genetic pathway and that mutating of any one of the three genes causes a similar increase in grain yield. (ethanolproducer.com)
- There is a wide array of genetic diversity in sweet sorghum germplasm collections. (k-state.edu)
- In a regional collaborative research published in Frontiers in Plant Science, the team report having found potential sources of mechanical and biochemical barriers to Striga infection that could be employed in genetic improvement of cultivated sorghum. (seedworld.com)
- It is important to include genetic diversity to stabilize yield because it can be insurance against unexpected pests and disease outbreaks. (wikipedia.org)
- To reach the goals laid out by the U.S. Government for displacing fossil fuels with biofuels, high-biomass sorghum is well-suited to achieving this goal because it requires less water per unit dry biomass and can produce very high biomass yields. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
- Sorghum species are utilized worldwide for the production of grain, forage, sugar, and more recently biofuels. (springer.com)
- Sweet sorghum is currently an important alternative for ethanol production in sugar cane off- season . (bvsalud.org)
- Sweet sorghum is a multipurpose biofuel feedstock that offers grain for human consumption, fodder for livestock and ethanol for transportation purposes. (icrisat.org)
- Therefore, in this study, NaOH-ethanol pretreatment condition for different parts of the sorghum stem was optimized to maximize p -coumaric acid release and total reducing sugar recovery. (biomedcentral.com)
- By respective optimal NaOH-ethanol pretreatment, the p -coumaric acid release yields reached 94.07%, 97.24% and 95.05% from pith, rind and whole stem, which increased by 8.16%, 8.38% and 8.39% compared to those of NaOH-pretreated samples. (biomedcentral.com)
- The total reducing sugar yields after respective optimal NaOH-ethanol pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis reached 84.06%, 82.29% and 84.09% for pith, rind and whole stem, respectively, which increased by 29.56%, 23.67% and 25.56% compared to those of NaOH-pretreated samples. (biomedcentral.com)
- These results indicated that NaOH-ethanol is effective for the efficient fractionation and pretreatment of sorghum biomass. (biomedcentral.com)
- This work will help to understand the differences of different parts of sorghum stem under NaOH-ethanol pretreatment, thereby improving the full-component utilization of sorghum stem. (biomedcentral.com)
- Effective utilization of xylan can improve the rational utilization of sugars in lignocellulosic biomass, which leads to the production of high-yield fermentable sugar/ethanol [ 12 , 13 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
- The ethanol yield from sorghum grain increased as starch content increased. (cnki.net)
- Key factors affecting the ethanol fermentation efficiency of sorghum include starches and protein digestibility, amylose-lipid complexes, tannin content, and mash viscosity. (cnki.net)
- In contrast, the productivity of fresh weight (1310.4 g/whole plant), sugar content (14.9% Brix), biomass yield (122.4 tons/ha) and theoretical converted ethanol yield (5 tons/ha) were the highest when sweet sorghum planted from March to June. (scirp.org)
- Cifuentes, R., Bressani, R. and Rolz, C. (2014) The Potential of Sweet Sorghum as a Source of Ethanol and Protein. (scirp.org)
- Dubravko, M. and Zvonimir, S. (2008) Biomass Production and Ethanol Potential from Sweet Sorghum in Croatia. (scirp.org)
- Complete technology for producing ethanol from sweet sorghum has been developed at the institute. (wikipedia.org)
- A number of high ethanol yielding varieties have also been produced. (wikipedia.org)
- Therefore, as kafirin proportions of sorghum protein increase, digestibility of AA and lys concentrations decline. (allaboutfeed.net)
- Kafirin is also associated with harder grain textures and higher starch gelatinisation temperatures and the digestibility of starch in sorghum is generally inferior to other grains. (allaboutfeed.net)
- Starch granules are intimately associated with protein bodies and the protein matrix in sorghum endosperm and starch digestibility is also compromised by the formation of disulphide cross-linkages, which impede starch gelatinisation and enzymic degradation. (allaboutfeed.net)
- On the other hand, fine grinding of sorghum is strongly recommended to improve nutrient digestibility and consequently the efficiency of feed utilisation. (pigprogress.net)
- To improve its digestibility for cattle while maintaining similar dry matter harvest yields, brown midrib ( bmr ) sorghum mutants were isolated from chemically mutagenized populations. (biomedcentral.com)
- These bmr mutants have an improved digestibility for ruminants because of their reduced lignin content [ 2 ] although some work has shown slightly lower harvest yields [ 5 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
- In Illinois, Chromatin has achieved unprecedented yields from its newly-introduced hybrid sorghum seed product, which the company is piloting across East Africa. (biofuelsdigest.com)
- 15. Lessons learned MARS proof of concept: a valid procedure for sorghum breeding in Africa. (slideshare.net)
- Geographical distribution of Sorghum in Africa. (infonet-biovision.org)
- In Africa, a major growing area of sorghum runs across West Africa south of the Sahara almost to the coast and eastward into Sudan, Ethiopia, and Somalia. (infonet-biovision.org)
- And though Borlaug's achievements are arguably the greatest that Ford or Rockefeller has ever funded, both foundations have retreated from the last effort of Borlaug's long life: the attempt to bring high-yield agriculture to Africa. (theatlantic.com)
- Nevertheless, Western environmental groups have campaigned against introducing high-yield farming techniques to Africa, and have persuaded image-sensitive organizations such as the Ford Foundation and the World Bank to steer clear of Borlaug. (theatlantic.com)
- Reflecting Western priorities, the debate about whether high-yield agriculture would be good for Africa is currently phrased mostly in environmental terms, not in terms of saving lives. (theatlantic.com)
- A research team lead by Dr. Steven Runo of the Plant Transformation Laboratory (PTL) at Kenyatta University and Professor Michael Timko of University of Virginia has identified three wild sorghum accessions resistant to Striga hermonthica (witchweed), a parasitic plant devastating cereal production in Sub-Saharan Africa. (seedworld.com)
- Striga is a growing pandemic in Africa and Asia, with the ability to destroy a crop with up to a 100 percent yield loss. (seedworld.com)
- Wild sorghum immune to Striga infestation coexists with the parasite in uncultivated lands in northeastern Africa," explains Dr. Runo. (seedworld.com)
- Sorghum is an important staple crop for more than 500 million people in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, including many people in Nepal. (wikipedia.org)
- In Africa and Asia sorghum is primarily used for traditional purposes with subsistence and small-scale farming. (wikipedia.org)
- In Asia and Africa sorghum is often boiled, roasted, or popped, used as flat bread or eaten as porridge. (wikipedia.org)
- Plant scientists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) and USDA's Agricultural Research Service (ARS), in their search for solutions to global food production challenges, have doubled the amount of grains that a sorghum plant can yield. (innovations-report.com)
- The goal of this study was to use remote sensing technologies to optimize the yield and harvest logistics of high-biomass sorghum with respect to production costs based on spatial variability within and among fields. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
- In enhancing climate change resilience for crop production in these areas, field trials were conducted in the semi-arid environment of central Tanzania to assess the effectiveness of three drip watering regimes on the growth performance, grain yield, and water use efficiency (WUE) of sorghum. (springer.com)
- FAO (2013) Yield response to water: the original FAO water production function. (springer.com)
- All of the spikelets of the new sorghum plant develop into flowers and produce mature seeds, thereby significantly increasing seed production and yield in comparison to conventional sorghum. (no-tillfarmer.com)
- The researchers have shown in a series of published reports that mutating a key gene in sorghum inhibits production of a hormone, known as jasmonic acid, and that plants with reduced levels generate more of the fertile type of flowers-and more grain. (ethanolproducer.com)
- Pioneer has developed a sorghum production manual that covers topics ranging from hybrid selection and planting populations to fertility and pest and disease management. (hayandforage.com)
- Studies of grain production in Sorghum vulgare. (cimmyt.org)
- Sorghum is a staple food crop in Niger and its production is constrained by sorghum midge and the use of low yielding, local sorghum varieties. (edu.gh)
- Due to its rapid biomass production, sorghum-sudangrass is recommended as a cover crop to build up organic matter content in soil. (ufl.edu)
- The project's strength is the interdisciplinary depth and expertise of the team, and includes scientists from Washington State University, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, Boyce Thompson Institute, Clemson University, Iowa State University, Colorado State University and the DOE-Joint Genome Institute will bring a wide-range of expertise to tackle sorghum production as a whole system. (agprofessional.com)
- Variety selection is an important decision in sweet sorghum production. (aces.edu)
- Planting date is a critical component to successful grain sorghum production. (deltafarmpress.com)
- Sweet sorghum is one of the sugars plants with low water requirements that potentiates cost-effective sugar production in different regions. (ac.ir)
- Increased water uptake during grain filling of Stg near-isogenic lines (NILs) relative to RTx7000 resulted in higher post-anthesis biomass production, grain number and yield. (qld.gov.au)
- Application of recommended FYM @ 3 t ha-1 15 days before sowing along with 50 kg of nitrogen and 25 kg of phosphorus per hectare at the time of sowing recorded higher dry matter production, grain and stover yield and net returns and benefit: cost ratio. (ansfoundation.org)
- All-India Area, Production and Yield along with coverage under Irrigation, Agricultural Statistics at a Glance 2016. (ansfoundation.org)
- Stem borer (Chilo partellus) is one of the major pest of economic importance which affects sorghum production in the South eastern region of Zimbabwe. (journalarja.com)
- It was observed that sowing sweet sorghum in four periods of month from March to June had the desirable biomass for bioethanol production. (scirp.org)
- Regassa, C.S. (2011) Sweet Sorghum as a Bioenergy Crop for the US Great Plains Economic Effects of Biofuel Production [Internet]. (scirp.org)
- Hadi, A.A. (2009) Production of Bioethanol from Sweet Sorghum: A review. (scirp.org)
- Borlaug's initial efforts in a few African nations have yielded the same rapid increases in food production as did his initial efforts on the Indian subcontinent in the 1960s. (theatlantic.com)
- Ideas being tested in Iowa around the time of his boyhood would soon transform the American Midwest into "the world's breadbasket," not only annually increasing total production-so methodically that the increases were soon taken for granted-but annually improving yield, growing more bushels of grain from the same amount of land or less. (theatlantic.com)
- The first survey-based production forecast for barley was down 17 million bushels from the previous projection, which was based on trend yields and expected plantings, and oats was up 2.9 million bushels. (thepigsite.com)
- The average production yield of the grain's seed is 2 ton/ha. (southafrica.co.za)
- Sorghum is also used for biodegradable packaging, wallboard, and for the production of baskets and brushes. (southafrica.co.za)
- Irrigation with high salinity water influences plant growth, production of photosynthetic pigments and total phenols, leading to reduction in crop yield and quality. (scirp.org)
- Irrigation using high salinity water decreased plant height, biomass production, and fruit yield as compared to those of the plants irrigated by tap water. (scirp.org)
- Foliar application of potassium mono phosphate (KMP) at 200 ppm concentration increased the plant growth, biomass production, and fruit yield. (scirp.org)
- Pioneer® hybrid 84P72 - provides strong yield potential and above-average stalks with acceptable root lodging resistance for its maturity, and is available in the High Plains regions of Kansas, Missouri and Nebraska. (hayandforage.com)
- From milo stalks to baled forage sorghum, we also use grain sorghum to get them through the winter. (hpj.com)
- It differs from grain sorghum mainly in that its grain yields are low and its stalks are taller and juicier and have a high sugar content. (aces.edu)
- This study points to the potential scope for widening the harvesting window of sweet sorghum, by cutting the stalks from physiological maturity stage and beyond up to 15 days (post-physiological maturity), thus helping the commercial distilleries by addressing a major impediment in sweet sorghum value chain. (icrisat.org)
- Significantly higher grain yield (39.9 q ha-1 ) and stover yield (13.2 tha1 ) was recorded with application of FYM @ 3 t ha-1 + RDF (50:25 N:P2O5 kg ha-1 )followed by recommended NP fertilizers (T13: 37.2 q ha-1 ) and Cotton stalks +Redgram stalks + Glyricidiasp. (ansfoundation.org)
- The gasification technology for thermal applications has been developed at NARI, including technology for gasification of loose leafy biomass fuels like sugarcane leaves and bagasse, sweet sorghum stalks and bagasse. (wikipedia.org)
- Sugarcane aphids on sorghum leaf. (agfax.com)
- What Margarita has done is collected random samples of sugarcane aphids from volunteer sorghum along the Coastal Bend of Texas (see figure for counties where sugarcane aphid were collected) and then under specific laboratory conditions she has been able to find entomopathogenic fungi living inside of these aphids. (agfax.com)
- The findings suggest that, although irrigating early in the morning or late in the evening in dry-wet season results in nine times more grain yield than under rain-fed condition (0.9 t/ha), it is recommended to irrigate sorghum twice a day, not only in the dry season but also during the rainfall season by supplementing hydric deficit for a higher growth performance, grain yield, and efficient water productivity. (springer.com)
- This collaboration will help increase sorghum farmer productivity and profitability. (prweb.com)
- This collaboration will help increase sorghum farmer productivity and profitability," said Kay Porter, DuPont Pioneer senior research manager. (prweb.com)
- In this study was to evaluate the effects of plant arrangements and the application of atrazine and S-metolachlor on growth and productivity of sweet sorghum . (bvsalud.org)
- Effect of organic and integrated nutrient management on productivity and economics of rabi sorghum. (ansfoundation.org)
- Influence of long term fertilization on micronutrients availability, their uptake and productivity of sorghum - wheat sequence under semi-arid condition on a vertisol. (ansfoundation.org)
- Sorghum is the second most important cereal crop in Niger. (hindawi.com)
- Sorghum has re-surfaced recently as an alternative cereal, especially in Western Europe, where imports, particularly from the US, are more economically feasible. (pigprogress.net)
- Sorghum is an important species of the grass family, Paceae, and is considered the world's fifth most important cereal crop. (wikipedia.org)
- While the first half of the book establishes and fully explains the link between crop physiology and molecular biology, the second part explores the application of biotechnology in the effective delivery of the high yield and environmentally stable crop plants needed to avert the very real possibility of worldwide hunger. (routledge.com)
- Borlaug is an eighty-two-year-old plant breeder who for most of the past five decades has lived in developing nations, teaching the techniques of high-yield agriculture. (theatlantic.com)
- By producing more food from less land, Borlaug argues, high-yield farming will preserve Africa's wild habitats, which are now being depleted by slash-and-burn subsistence agriculture. (theatlantic.com)
- Among the POST herbicides available for controlling broadleaf weeds in grain sorghum, 2,4-D and dicamba are phenoxy and benzoic acid herbicides, respectively, that provide excellent control if applied while weed seedlings are young [ 4 ]. (hindawi.com)
- Furthermore, rotation to a non-glyphosate-resistant crop such as grain sorghum and the subsequent use of growth regulating herbicides is a recommended practice to improve control and prevent the spread of herbicide-resistance among several species of broadleaf weeds [ 5 ]. (hindawi.com)
- Weeds reduce yields and compete with sorghum. (wikipedia.org)
- Weeds that are commonly associated with Sorghum are striga, shattercane, and jonsongrass. (wikipedia.org)
- The effects of nitrogen fertilizer on the yield of sorghum. (nzdl.org)
- To study response of sorghum to nitrogen fertilizer, to determine best time and rates of application, and to find effects of different combination of rates and time of application on the grain nitrogen content of sorghum. (nzdl.org)
- A nitrogen fertilizer study was conducted in order to determine the effect of N rates on forage sorghum yield and quality and to develop tissue testing guidelines for fertilizer application to forage sorghum. (arizona.edu)
- Geneticists will search for and study sorghum varieties that use water and nitrogen more efficiently under limited water or nitrogen conditions. (agprofessional.com)
- Growth parameters of sorghum were affected most by nitrogen chemical fertiliser followed by potassium chemical fertiliser. (herts.ac.uk)
- An increase in nitrogen level increased growth parameters and seed yields/ha of the sorghum plants whilst an increase in potassium also increased growth parameters and seed yields but to a lesser extent. (herts.ac.uk)
- High application rates of both nitrogen and potassium were required to achieve high total dry weights and seed yields/ha. (herts.ac.uk)
- An increase in nitrogen fertiliser application increased estimated crude protein (CP) of the sorghum plants whilst potassium did not. (herts.ac.uk)
- Bical notes: "The criteria for the ideal energy crop are high dry matter yield, perennial growth, and efficient use of nitrogen, water, other resources, and pest and disease resistance. (grist.org)
- Sorghum works to suppress nematodes (nasty pests) under the soil, and keeps future plants healthy. (ansonmills.com)
- Sugarcane aphid has quickly become one of the leading pests of grain sorghum in Arkansas since its arrival in 2014. (deltafarmpress.com)
- Data collected on stem tunnel length, yield (grain and stover), land equivalent ratio and other pests, indicated that in sorghum sole plots where no chemical was applied, yield was reduced by 28% compared to sole plots where a pesticide was applied. (journalarja.com)
- Other common pests and diseases in sorghum are anthacnose, and greenbug. (wikipedia.org)
- This specific exemption will aid in controlling the sugarcane aphid (Melanaphis sacchari), which is a destructive pest that can cause damage to the grain sorghum crop. (msbusiness.com)
- The sugarcane aphid can cause severe yield damage to sorghum. (farmprogress.com)
- It may be possible that, as managers, we can predict sugarcane aphid colony collapse when environmental conditions favor an epizootic and adjust strategies for managing the aphid in south Texas sorghum. (agfax.com)
- Clemson University is partnering with Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), the Donald Danforth Plant Science Center, and Near Earth Autonomy to develop and operate an advanced plant phenotyping system, incorporating modeling and rapid prediction of plant performance to drive improved yield and compositional gains for energy sorghum. (energy.gov)
- Sorghum plant samples were collected at predetermined geographic coordinates to determine biomass yield. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
- Sorghum sprayed with 2,4-D at 225 g acid equivalent (ae) ha −1 when plant height was 15 to 20 cm presented chromosomal aberrations within the pollen mother cells, mostly aneuploidy and polyploidy [ 8 ]. (hindawi.com)
- There were similar results at Maradi for grain yield, plant height, and panicle weight. (hindawi.com)
- Plant protection is one of the core elements of farming because it ensures a high-quality yield and healthy human nutrition. (innovations-report.com)
- The farming and plant protection industries contribute to a high quality of life and low product prices by maintaining the highest possible crop yield per field. (innovations-report.com)
- Sorghum grain is produced in clusters of flowers and the plant has two types of flowers, one type that produces grain and another that does not. (ethanolproducer.com)
- The research should lead to strategies to increase plant biomass as well as more water use- and nutrient-efficient sorghum crop systems. (agprofessional.com)
- Herbicides containing fomesafen (Flexstar, Reflex, etc.) have a 10-month plant back interval for grain sorghum. (deltafarmpress.com)
- However, physiological aspects of sugar yield in this plant is not completely understood. (ac.ir)
- The experiments were conducted to determine suitable sowing time in order to achieve high plant biomass and sugar content of sweet sorghum for bioethanol manufacture. (scirp.org)
- Plant early - Experience in the Delta found that aphids did not usually infest sorghum until later in the season and early planting may avoid very large infestations. (farmprogress.com)
- Sugarcane ventures in Brazil (Allelyx is using GMO techniques, Canavalis is using more traditional plant breeding) are breeding energy cane that will likely result in a yield of 25 dry tons per acre/year of harvestable biomass. (grist.org)
- This study demonstrated that foliar application of KMP, to some extent, mitigated the negative effects of high salinity water irrigation on pepper plant growth and fruit yield. (scirp.org)
- Results showed that chicken manure rates had a significant effect on yield and nutritive value of the forage produced during both seasons throughout the experimental period. (sustech.edu)
- The maximum forage fresh yield of 33.21 tons/ha was recorded for the highest rate of chicken manure applied (7.5 tons/ha) compared to 17.71 tons/ha for the control during the first year. (sustech.edu)
- 2011). Effect of organic manure on yield and yield components of rainfed sorghum in Gedarif state. (ansfoundation.org)
- Economic value can also be gained from a yield response to manure. (drovers.com)
- Under a three-year collaboration agreement, the Sorghum Checkoff will leverage the world-class seed technology program at Pioneer for a total investment of $800,220 from Pioneer starting in 2014. (prweb.com)
- I believe the collaboration between DuPont Pioneer and the Sorghum Checkoff illustrates the interest of seed technology providers and their commitment to grain sorghum," said Stewart Weaver, Sorghum Checkoff chairman and grower from Edmondson, Ark. (prweb.com)
- The United Sorghum Checkoff Program (USCP) is a producer-funded organization that is dedicated to improving the sorghum industry through research, promotion and education. (prweb.com)
- Regarding benefits of farmer associations, 55.8% of the respondents received training in sorghum agronomy, 39.2% were trained on postharvest management, 35% engaged in collective marketing, 43.3% received credit and 3.3% processed sorghum as part of value addition for increased income. (scielo.org.za)
- Additionally, several products that used POST in sorghum have long rotation restrictions on their label that can limit their use in diverse cropping environments [ 3 ]. (hindawi.com)
- In these environments, slower but more efficient transpiration increases biomass yield and prevents or delays the exhaustion of soil water and onset of leaf senescence. (frontiersin.org)
- The energy sorghum model and VPD-limited transpiration trait implementation are made available to simulate performance in other target environments. (frontiersin.org)
- It is important to note that this rating is based on actual yield data from stress environments, not visual appearance. (pioneer.com)
- 0.05) positive GCA effects for grain yield and other agronomic characters in both Striga endemic and nonendemic environments respectively. (slideshare.net)
- Treatments laid in randomized complete block design and replicated three times consisted of sorghum combined with cowpea, groundnut, pigeon pea and bambara. (journalarja.com)
- Monocropped treatments of legumes were cowpea, groundnut, pigeon pea, bambara and two sole sorghum treatments as controls. (journalarja.com)
- In intercropped combinations of sorghum/groundnut, sorghum/pigeon pea and sorghum/cowpea, an incremental benefit of 10-38% was observed than all other treatments. (journalarja.com)
- Additionally, 136 million bushels of sorghum produced last year were exported, with nearly 90 percent of the grain going to China. (prweb.com)
- Average yield is forecast at 161 bushels per acre, up 19 bushels from last year. (unl.edu)
- Based on conditions as of August 1, yields are expected to average 154.4 bushels per acre, up 31.0 bushels from 2012. (unl.edu)
- Based on August 1 conditions, yields are expected to average 42.6 bushels per acre, up 3 bushels from last year. (unl.edu)
- Average yield is forecast at 36 bushels per acre, unchanged from last month but down 5 bushels from last year and the lowest since 2006. (unl.edu)
- Yield is forecast at 72 bushels per acre, up 9 bushels per acre from last month. (unl.edu)