Serum albumin from cows, commonly used in in vitro biological studies. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
A species of VARICELLOVIRUS that causes INFECTIOUS BOVINE RHINOTRACHEITIS and other associated syndromes in CATTLE.
The type species of DELTARETROVIRUS that causes a form of bovine lymphosarcoma (ENZOOTIC BOVINE LEUKOSIS) or persistent lymphocytosis.
A group of viruses in the genus PESTIVIRUS, causing diarrhea, fever, oral ulcerations, hemorrhagic syndrome, and various necrotic lesions among cattle and other domestic animals. The two species (genotypes), BVDV-1 and BVDV-2 , exhibit antigenic and pathological differences. The historical designation, BVDV, consisted of both (then unrecognized) genotypes.
Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.
INFLAMMATION of the UDDER in cows.
A species of DELTAPAPILLOMAVIRUS infecting cattle.
An infection of cattle caused by MYCOBACTERIUM BOVIS. It is transmissible to man and other animals.
Acute disease of cattle caused by the bovine viral diarrhea viruses (DIARRHEA VIRUSES, BOVINE VIRAL). Often mouth ulcerations are the only sign but fever, diarrhea, drop in milk yield, and loss of appetite are also seen. Severity of clinical disease varies and is strain dependent. Outbreaks are characterized by low morbidity and high mortality.
A lymphoid neoplastic disease in cattle caused by the bovine leukemia virus. Enzootic bovine leukosis may take the form of lymphosarcoma, malignant lymphoma, or leukemia but the presence of malignant cells in the blood is not a consistent finding.
A species of PNEUMOVIRUS causing an important respiratory infection in cattle. Symptoms include fever, conjunctivitis, and respiratory distress.
A species of CORONAVIRUS infecting neonatal calves, presenting as acute diarrhea, and frequently leading to death.
A herpesvirus infection of CATTLE characterized by INFLAMMATION and NECROSIS of the mucous membranes of the upper RESPIRATORY TRACT.
A transmissible spongiform encephalopathy of cattle associated with abnormal prion proteins in the brain. Affected animals develop excitability and salivation followed by ATAXIA. This disorder has been associated with consumption of SCRAPIE infected ruminant derived protein. This condition may be transmitted to humans, where it is referred to as variant or new variant CREUTZFELDT-JAKOB SYNDROME. (Vet Rec 1998 Jul 25;143(41):101-5)
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
A species in the genus RHADINOVIRUS, subfamily GAMMAHERPESVIRINAE, infecting cattle.
The type species of LENTIVIRUS, subgenus bovine lentiviruses (LENTIVIRUSES, BOVINE), found in cattle and causing lymphadenopathy, LYMPHOCYTOSIS, central nervous system lesions, progressive weakness, and emaciation. It has immunological cross-reactivity with other lentiviruses including HIV.
A species of VARICELLOVIRUS that causes a fatal MENINGOENCEPHALITIS in calves.
The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
A species of PESTIVIRUS causing systemic infections (BOVINE VIRUS DIARRHEA-MUCOSAL DISEASE) in cattle and some other cloven-hoofed animals. There are several strains and two biotypes: cytopathic (rare) and non-cytopathic. Infections range from clinically inapparent to severe, but do not correlate with biotypes.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Electrophoresis in which a polyacrylamide gel is used as the diffusion medium.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria normally commensal in the flora of CATTLE and SHEEP. But under conditions of physical or PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS, it can cause MASTITIS in sheep and SHIPPING FEVER or ENZOOTIC CALF PNEUMONIA in cattle. Its former name was Pasteurella haemolytica.
A type of XIPAPILLOMAVIRUS causing alimentary carcinoma in cattle. It is related to Bovine papillomavirus 3.
A species in the family ENTEROVIRUS infecting cattle.
A multifactorial disease of CATTLE resulting from complex interactions between environmental factors, host factors, and pathogens. The environmental factors act as stressors adversely affecting the IMMUNE SYSTEM and other host defenses and enhancing transmission of infecting agents.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
The inner portion of the adrenal gland. Derived from ECTODERM, adrenal medulla consists mainly of CHROMAFFIN CELLS that produces and stores a number of NEUROTRANSMITTERS, mainly adrenaline (EPINEPHRINE) and NOREPINEPHRINE. The activity of the adrenal medulla is regulated by the SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM.
The thin, yellow, serous fluid secreted by the mammary glands during pregnancy and immediately postpartum before lactation begins. It consists of immunologically active substances, white blood cells, water, protein, fat, and carbohydrates.
A species of PESTIVIRUS causing systemic infections including BOVINE VIRUS DIARRHEA-MUCOSAL DISEASE and BOVINE HEMORRHAGIC SYNDROME in cattle and some other cloven-hoofed animals. There are several strains and two biotypes: cytopathic (rare) and non-cytopathic. The severity of disease appears to be strain dependent. Cytopathogenic effects do not correlate with virulence as non-cytopathic BVDV-2 is associated only with Hemorrhagic Disease, Bovine.
The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.
Premature expulsion of the FETUS in animals.
A species of RESPIROVIRUS, subfamily PARAMYXOVIRINAE, most often seen in conjunction with a secondary infection of MANNHEIMIA HAEMOLYTICA resulting in pneumonic pasteurellosis (PASTEURELLOSIS, PNEUMONIC).
Chromatography on non-ionic gels without regard to the mechanism of solute discrimination.
A genus of FLAVIVIRIDAE, also known as mucosal disease virus group, which is not arthropod-borne. Transmission is by direct and indirect contact, and by transplacental and congenital transmission. Species include BORDER DISEASE VIRUS, bovine viral diarrhea virus (DIARRHEA VIRUS, BOVINE VIRAL), and CLASSICAL SWINE FEVER VIRUS.
Partial proteins formed by partial hydrolysis of complete proteins or generated through PROTEIN ENGINEERING techniques.
A species of SIMPLEXVIRUS causing mammillitis in cattle in Great Britain and South Africa.
Organic compounds that generally contain an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) group. Twenty alpha-amino acids are the subunits which are polymerized to form proteins.
A post-MORULA preimplantation mammalian embryo that develops from a 32-cell stage into a fluid-filled hollow ball of over a hundred cells. A blastocyst has two distinctive tissues. The outer layer of trophoblasts gives rise to extra-embryonic tissues. The inner cell mass gives rise to the embryonic disc and eventual embryo proper.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.
Globulins of milk obtained from the WHEY.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
The outer layer of the adrenal gland. It is derived from MESODERM and comprised of three zones (outer ZONA GLOMERULOSA, middle ZONA FASCICULATA, and inner ZONA RETICULARIS) with each producing various steroids preferentially, such as ALDOSTERONE; HYDROCORTISONE; DEHYDROEPIANDROSTERONE; and ANDROSTENEDIONE. Adrenal cortex function is regulated by pituitary ADRENOCORTICOTROPIN.
The cells of the body which stain with chromium salts. They occur along the sympathetic nerves, in the adrenal gland, and in various other organs.
A serine endopeptidase that is formed from TRYPSINOGEN in the pancreas. It is converted into its active form by ENTEROPEPTIDASE in the small intestine. It catalyzes hydrolysis of the carboxyl group of either arginine or lysine. EC 3.4.21.4.
Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.
Separation technique in which the stationary phase consists of ion exchange resins. The resins contain loosely held small ions that easily exchange places with other small ions of like charge present in solutions washed over the resins.
The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Infection in cattle caused by various species of trypanosomes.
Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.
An iron-binding protein that was originally characterized as a milk protein. It is widely distributed in secretory fluids and is found in the neutrophilic granules of LEUKOCYTES. The N-terminal part of lactoferrin possesses a serine protease which functions to inactivate the TYPE III SECRETION SYSTEM used by bacteria to export virulence proteins for host cell invasion.
The type species of EPHEMEROVIRUS causing disease in cattle. Transmission is by hematophagous arthropods and the virus has been isolated from both culicoides and mosquitoes.
Bovine respiratory disease found in animals that have been shipped or exposed to CATTLE recently transported. The major agent responsible for the disease is MANNHEIMIA HAEMOLYTICA and less commonly, PASTEURELLA MULTOCIDA or HAEMOPHILUS SOMNUS. All three agents are normal inhabitants of the bovine nasal pharyngeal mucosa but not the LUNG. They are considered opportunistic pathogens following STRESS, PHYSIOLOGICAL and/or a viral infection. The resulting bacterial fibrinous BRONCHOPNEUMONIA is often fatal.
The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.
The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.
A chromatographic technique that utilizes the ability of biological molecules to bind to certain ligands specifically and reversibly. It is used in protein biochemistry. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Organelles in CHROMAFFIN CELLS located in the adrenal glands and various other organs. These granules are the site of the synthesis, storage, metabolism, and secretion of EPINEPHRINE and NOREPINEPHRINE.
The yellow body derived from the ruptured OVARIAN FOLLICLE after OVULATION. The process of corpus luteum formation, LUTEINIZATION, is regulated by LUTEINIZING HORMONE.
A major protein fraction of milk obtained from the WHEY.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).
A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.
Clinically severe acute disease of cattle caused by noncytopathic forms of Bovine viral diarrhea virus 2 (DIARRHEA VIRUS 2, BOVINE VIRAL). Outbreaks are characterized by high morbidity and high mortality.
An assisted reproductive technique that includes the direct handling and manipulation of oocytes and sperm to achieve fertilization in vitro.
Female germ cells derived from OOGONIA and termed OOCYTES when they enter MEIOSIS. The primary oocytes begin meiosis but are arrested at the diplotene state until OVULATION at PUBERTY to give rise to haploid secondary oocytes or ova (OVUM).
The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).
A single-chain polypeptide derived from bovine tissues consisting of 58 amino-acid residues. It is an inhibitor of proteolytic enzymes including CHYMOTRYPSIN; KALLIKREIN; PLASMIN; and TRYPSIN. It is used in the treatment of HEMORRHAGE associated with raised plasma concentrations of plasmin. It is also used to reduce blood loss and transfusion requirements in patients at high risk of major blood loss during and following open heart surgery with EXTRACORPOREAL CIRCULATION. (Reynolds JEF(Ed): Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia (electronic version). Micromedex, Inc, Englewood, CO, 1995)
A genus of ADENOVIRIDAE that infects MAMMALS including humans and causes a wide range of diseases. The type species is Human adenovirus C (see ADENOVIRUSES, HUMAN).
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
MAMMARY GLANDS in the non-human MAMMALS.
Compounds and molecular complexes that consist of very large numbers of atoms and are generally over 500 kDa in size. In biological systems macromolecular substances usually can be visualized using ELECTRON MICROSCOPY and are distinguished from ORGANELLES by the lack of a membrane structure.
An enzyme that catalyzes the endonucleolytic cleavage of pancreatic ribonucleic acids to 3'-phosphomono- and oligonucleotides ending in cytidylic or uridylic acids with 2',3'-cyclic phosphate intermediates. EC 3.1.27.5.
Single pavement layer of cells which line the luminal surface of the entire vascular system and regulate the transport of macromolecules and blood components.
Methods of maintaining or growing biological materials in controlled laboratory conditions. These include the cultures of CELLS; TISSUES; organs; or embryo in vitro. Both animal and plant tissues may be cultured by a variety of methods. Cultures may derive from normal or abnormal tissues, and consist of a single cell type or mixed cell types.
A characteristic feature of enzyme activity in relation to the kind of substrate on which the enzyme or catalytic molecule reacts.
The sequential correspondence of nucleotides in one nucleic acid molecule with those of another nucleic acid molecule. Sequence homology is an indication of the genetic relatedness of different organisms and gene function.
Conjugated protein-carbohydrate compounds including mucins, mucoid, and amyloid glycoproteins.
Identification of proteins or peptides that have been electrophoretically separated by blot transferring from the electrophoresis gel to strips of nitrocellulose paper, followed by labeling with antibody probes.
An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.
Any of numerous agile, hollow-horned RUMINANTS of the genus Capra, in the family Bovidae, closely related to the SHEEP.
Immunoglobulins produced in response to VIRAL ANTIGENS.
Ruminants of the family Bovidae consisting of Bubalus arnee and Syncerus caffer. This concept is differentiated from BISON, which refers to Bison bison and Bison bonasus.
A pair of highly specialized muscular canals extending from the UTERUS to its corresponding OVARY. They provide the means for OVUM collection, and the site for the final maturation of gametes and FERTILIZATION. The fallopian tube consists of an interstitium, an isthmus, an ampulla, an infundibulum, and fimbriae. Its wall consists of three histologic layers: serous, muscular, and an internal mucosal layer lined with both ciliated and secretory cells.
The portion of a retinal rod cell situated between the ROD INNER SEGMENT and the RETINAL PIGMENT EPITHELIUM. It contains a stack of photosensitive disk membranes laden with RHODOPSIN.
Single-stranded complementary DNA synthesized from an RNA template by the action of RNA-dependent DNA polymerase. cDNA (i.e., complementary DNA, not circular DNA, not C-DNA) is used in a variety of molecular cloning experiments as well as serving as a specific hybridization probe.
Serological reactions in which an antiserum against one antigen reacts with a non-identical but closely related antigen.
Cells that store epinephrine secretory vesicles. During times of stress, the nervous system signals the vesicles to secrete their hormonal content. Their name derives from their ability to stain a brownish color with chromic salts. Characteristically, they are located in the adrenal medulla and paraganglia (PARAGANGLIA, CHROMAFFIN) of the sympathetic nervous system.
Serum that contains antibodies. It is obtained from an animal that has been immunized either by ANTIGEN injection or infection with microorganisms containing the antigen.
An OOCYTE-containing structure in the cortex of the OVARY. The oocyte is enclosed by a layer of GRANULOSA CELLS providing a nourishing microenvironment (FOLLICULAR FLUID). The number and size of follicles vary depending on the age and reproductive state of the female. The growing follicles are divided into five stages: primary, secondary, tertiary, Graafian, and atretic. Follicular growth and steroidogenesis depend on the presence of GONADOTROPINS.
The major progestational steroid that is secreted primarily by the CORPUS LUTEUM and the PLACENTA. Progesterone acts on the UTERUS, the MAMMARY GLANDS and the BRAIN. It is required in EMBRYO IMPLANTATION; PREGNANCY maintenance, and the development of mammary tissue for MILK production. Progesterone, converted from PREGNENOLONE, also serves as an intermediate in the biosynthesis of GONADAL STEROID HORMONES and adrenal CORTICOSTEROIDS.
A genus of REOVIRIDAE, causing acute gastroenteritis in BIRDS and MAMMALS, including humans. Transmission is horizontal and by environmental contamination. Seven species (Rotaviruses A thru G) are recognized.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
A transparent, biconvex structure of the EYE, enclosed in a capsule and situated behind the IRIS and in front of the vitreous humor (VITREOUS BODY). It is slightly overlapped at its margin by the ciliary processes. Adaptation by the CILIARY BODY is crucial for OCULAR ACCOMMODATION.
The technique of maintaining or growing mammalian EMBRYOS in vitro. This method offers an opportunity to observe EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT; METABOLISM; and susceptibility to TERATOGENS.
A polypeptide that is secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Growth hormone, also known as somatotropin, stimulates mitosis, cell differentiation and cell growth. Species-specific growth hormones have been synthesized.
The main trunk of the systemic arteries.
Changes in the amounts of various chemicals (neurotransmitters, receptors, enzymes, and other metabolites) specific to the area of the central nervous system contained within the head. These are monitored over time, during sensory stimulation, or under different disease states.
A mixture of related phosphoproteins occurring in milk and cheese. The group is characterized as one of the most nutritive milk proteins, containing all of the common amino acids and rich in the essential ones.
Mature male germ cells derived from SPERMATIDS. As spermatids move toward the lumen of the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES, they undergo extensive structural changes including the loss of cytoplasm, condensation of CHROMATIN into the SPERM HEAD, formation of the ACROSOME cap, the SPERM MIDPIECE and the SPERM TAIL that provides motility.
Diseases of domestic and mountain sheep of the genus Ovis.
Classic quantitative assay for detection of antigen-antibody reactions using a radioactively labeled substance (radioligand) either directly or indirectly to measure the binding of the unlabeled substance to a specific antibody or other receptor system. Non-immunogenic substances (e.g., haptens) can be measured if coupled to larger carrier proteins (e.g., bovine gamma-globulin or human serum albumin) capable of inducing antibody formation.
A layer of epithelium that lines the heart, blood vessels (ENDOTHELIUM, VASCULAR), lymph vessels (ENDOTHELIUM, LYMPHATIC), and the serous cavities of the body.
The interaction of two or more substrates or ligands with the same binding site. The displacement of one by the other is used in quantitative and selective affinity measurements.
Proteins produced by organs of the mother or the PLACENTA during PREGNANCY. These proteins may be pregnancy-specific (present only during pregnancy) or pregnancy-associated (present during pregnancy or under other conditions such as hormone therapy or certain malignancies.)
A basic science concerned with the composition, structure, and properties of matter; and the reactions that occur between substances and the associated energy exchange.
The phenotypic manifestation of a gene or genes by the processes of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION and GENETIC TRANSLATION.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.
Immunoglobulin molecules having a specific amino acid sequence by virtue of which they interact only with the ANTIGEN (or a very similar shape) that induced their synthesis in cells of the lymphoid series (especially PLASMA CELLS).
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
Antibodies produced by a single clone of cells.
The composition, conformation, and properties of atoms and molecules, and their reaction and interaction processes.
Members of the class of compounds composed of AMINO ACIDS joined together by peptide bonds between adjacent amino acids into linear, branched or cyclical structures. OLIGOPEPTIDES are composed of approximately 2-12 amino acids. Polypeptides are composed of approximately 13 or more amino acids. PROTEINS are linear polypeptides that are normally synthesized on RIBOSOMES.
A naturally occurring prostaglandin that has oxytocic, luteolytic, and abortifacient activities. Due to its vasocontractile properties, the compound has a variety of other biological actions.
The bovine variety of the tubercle bacillus. It is called also Mycobacterium tuberculosis var. bovis.
A serine endopeptidase secreted by the pancreas as its zymogen, CHYMOTRYPSINOGEN and carried in the pancreatic juice to the duodenum where it is activated by TRYPSIN. It selectively cleaves aromatic amino acids on the carboxyl side.
A protective layer of firm, flexible cartilage over the articulating ends of bones. It provides a smooth surface for joint movement, protecting the ends of long bones from wear at points of contact.
Glycoproteins which have a very high polysaccharide content.
A purplish-red, light-sensitive pigment found in RETINAL ROD CELLS of most vertebrates. It is a complex consisting of a molecule of ROD OPSIN and a molecule of 11-cis retinal (RETINALDEHYDE). Rhodopsin exhibits peak absorption wavelength at about 500 nm.
PROGESTERONE-producing cells in the CORPUS LUTEUM. The large luteal cells derive from the GRANULOSA CELLS. The small luteal cells derive from the THECA CELLS.
Proteins found in any species of virus.
Supporting cells for the developing female gamete in the OVARY. They are derived from the coelomic epithelial cells of the gonadal ridge. Granulosa cells form a single layer around the OOCYTE in the primordial ovarian follicle and advance to form a multilayered cumulus oophorus surrounding the OVUM in the Graafian follicle. The major functions of granulosa cells include the production of steroids and LH receptors (RECEPTORS, LH).
Test for tissue antigen using either a direct method, by conjugation of antibody with fluorescent dye (FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TECHNIQUE, DIRECT) or an indirect method, by formation of antigen-antibody complex which is then labeled with fluorescein-conjugated anti-immunoglobulin antibody (FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TECHNIQUE, INDIRECT). The tissue is then examined by fluorescence microscopy.
Serine proteinase inhibitors which inhibit trypsin. They may be endogenous or exogenous compounds.
A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.
The oldest recognized genus of the family PASTEURELLACEAE. It consists of several species. Its organisms occur most frequently as coccobacillus or rod-shaped and are gram-negative, nonmotile, facultative anaerobes. Species of this genus are found in both animals and humans.
The mitochondria of the myocardium.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Technique involving the diffusion of antigen or antibody through a semisolid medium, usually agar or agarose gel, with the result being a precipitin reaction.
Detection of RNA that has been electrophoretically separated and immobilized by blotting on nitrocellulose or other type of paper or nylon membrane followed by hybridization with labeled NUCLEIC ACID PROBES.
Transport proteins that carry specific substances in the blood or across cell membranes.
Morphological and physiological development of EMBRYOS.
Infections with bacteria of the genus PASTEURELLA.
The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.
An iron-sulfur protein which serves as an electron carrier in enzymatic steroid hydroxylation reactions in adrenal cortex mitochondria. The electron transport system which catalyzes this reaction consists of adrenodoxin reductase, NADP, adrenodoxin, and cytochrome P-450.
Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.
The largest class of organic compounds, including STARCH; GLYCOGEN; CELLULOSE; POLYSACCHARIDES; and simple MONOSACCHARIDES. Carbohydrates are composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a ratio of Cn(H2O)n.
A pair of glands located at the cranial pole of each of the two KIDNEYS. Each adrenal gland is composed of two distinct endocrine tissues with separate embryonic origins, the ADRENAL CORTEX producing STEROIDS and the ADRENAL MEDULLA producing NEUROTRANSMITTERS.
The process of cleaving a chemical compound by the addition of a molecule of water.
Techniques used to separate mixtures of substances based on differences in the relative affinities of the substances for mobile and stationary phases. A mobile phase (fluid or gas) passes through a column containing a stationary phase of porous solid or liquid coated on a solid support. Usage is both analytical for small amounts and preparative for bulk amounts.
A subgenus of LENTIVIRUS comprising viruses that produce multi-organ disease with long incubation periods in cattle.
Heteropolysaccharides which contain an N-acetylated hexosamine in a characteristic repeating disaccharide unit. The repeating structure of each disaccharide involves alternate 1,4- and 1,3-linkages consisting of either N-acetylglucosamine or N-acetylgalactosamine.
Methods of implanting a CELL NUCLEUS from a donor cell into an enucleated acceptor cell.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
Virus diseases caused by the HERPESVIRIDAE.
An early embryo that is a compact mass of about 16 BLASTOMERES. It resembles a cluster of mulberries with two types of cells, outer cells and inner cells. Morula is the stage before BLASTULA in non-mammalian animals or a BLASTOCYST in mammals.
Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.
All blood proteins except albumin ( = SERUM ALBUMIN, which is not a globulin) and FIBRINOGEN (which is not in the serum). The serum globulins are subdivided into ALPHA-GLOBULINS; BETA-GLOBULINS; and GAMMA-GLOBULINS on the basis of their electrophoretic mobilities. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
The thick, yellowish-white, viscid fluid secretion of male reproductive organs discharged upon ejaculation. In addition to reproductive organ secretions, it contains SPERMATOZOA and their nutrient plasma.
The fluid surrounding the OVUM and GRANULOSA CELLS in the Graafian follicle (OVARIAN FOLLICLE). The follicular fluid contains sex steroids, glycoprotein hormones, plasma proteins, mucopolysaccharides, and enzymes.
Substances elaborated by viruses that have antigenic activity.
The property of antibodies which enables them to react with some ANTIGENIC DETERMINANTS and not with others. Specificity is dependent on chemical composition, physical forces, and molecular structure at the binding site.
A mammalian fetus expelled by INDUCED ABORTION or SPONTANEOUS ABORTION.
The cartilaginous and membranous tube descending from the larynx and branching into the right and left main bronchi.
The fission of a CELL. It includes CYTOKINESIS, when the CYTOPLASM of a cell is divided, and CELL NUCLEUS DIVISION.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.
Conversion of an inactive form of an enzyme to one possessing metabolic activity. It includes 1, activation by ions (activators); 2, activation by cofactors (coenzymes); and 3, conversion of an enzyme precursor (proenzyme or zymogen) to an active enzyme.
The relationship between the chemical structure of a compound and its biological or pharmacological activity. Compounds are often classed together because they have structural characteristics in common including shape, size, stereochemical arrangement, and distribution of functional groups.
Cyanogen bromide (CNBr). A compound used in molecular biology to digest some proteins and as a coupling reagent for phosphoroamidate or pyrophosphate internucleotide bonds in DNA duplexes.
The measurement of infection-blocking titer of ANTISERA by testing a series of dilutions for a given virus-antiserum interaction end-point, which is generally the dilution at which tissue cultures inoculated with the serum-virus mixtures demonstrate cytopathology (CPE) or the dilution at which 50% of test animals injected with serum-virus mixtures show infectivity (ID50) or die (LD50).
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.
Measurement of the intensity and quality of fluorescence.
Large, hoofed mammals of the family EQUIDAE. Horses are active day and night with most of the day spent seeking and consuming food. Feeding peaks occur in the early morning and late afternoon, and there are several daily periods of rest.
Morphological and physiological development of EMBRYOS or FETUSES.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control (induction or repression) of gene action at the level of transcription or translation.
A suborder of the order ARTIODACTYLA whose members have the distinguishing feature of a four-chambered stomach, including the capacious RUMEN. Horns or antlers are usually present, at least in males.
A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).
The flattened stroma cells forming a sheath or theca outside the basal lamina lining the mature OVARIAN FOLLICLE. Thecal interstitial or stromal cells are steroidogenic, and produce primarily ANDROGENS which serve as precusors of ESTROGENS in the GRANULOSA CELLS.
Presence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably higher than an accustomed norm.
A chronic GASTROENTERITIS in RUMINANTS caused by MYCOBACTERIUM AVIUM SUBSPECIES PARATUBERCULOSIS.
Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.
The period in the ESTROUS CYCLE associated with maximum sexual receptivity and fertility in non-primate female mammals.
The ability of a substance to be dissolved, i.e. to form a solution with another substance. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The unborn young of a viviparous mammal, in the postembryonic period, after the major structures have been outlined. In humans, the unborn young from the end of the eighth week after CONCEPTION until BIRTH, as distinguished from the earlier EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.
The family Cervidae of 17 genera and 45 species occurring nearly throughout North America, South America, and Eurasia, on most associated continental islands, and in northern Africa. Wild populations of deer have been established through introduction by people in Cuba, New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand, and other places where the family does not naturally occur. They are slim, long-legged and best characterized by the presence of antlers. Their habitat is forests, swamps, brush country, deserts, and arctic tundra. They are usually good swimmers; some migrate seasonally. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1362)
Sites on an antigen that interact with specific antibodies.
A specialized proteolytic enzyme secreted by intestinal cells. It converts TRYPSINOGEN into its active form TRYPSIN by removing the N-terminal peptide. EC 3.4.21.9.
Analysis of PEPTIDES that are generated from the digestion or fragmentation of a protein or mixture of PROTEINS, by ELECTROPHORESIS; CHROMATOGRAPHY; or MASS SPECTROMETRY. The resulting peptide fingerprints are analyzed for a variety of purposes including the identification of the proteins in a sample, GENETIC POLYMORPHISMS, patterns of gene expression, and patterns diagnostic for diseases.
A sulfated mucopolysaccharide initially isolated from bovine cornea. At least two types are known. Type I, found mostly in the cornea, contains D-galactose and D-glucosamine-6-O-sulfate as the repeating unit; type II, found in skeletal tissues, contains D-galactose and D-galactosamine-6-O-sulfate as the repeating unit.
Carrier proteins for OXYTOCIN and VASOPRESSIN. They are polypeptides of about 10-kDa, synthesized in the HYPOTHALAMUS. Neurophysin I is associated with oxytocin and neurophysin II is associated with vasopressin in their respective precursors and during transportation down the axons to the neurohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, POSTERIOR).
The major immunoglobulin isotype class in normal human serum. There are several isotype subclasses of IgG, for example, IgG1, IgG2A, and IgG2B.
Preparations made from animal tissues or organs (ANIMAL STRUCTURES). They usually contain many components, any one of which may be pharmacologically or physiologically active. Tissue extracts may contain specific, but uncharacterized factors or proteins with specific actions.
A genus of protozoan parasites of the subclass COCCIDIA. Its species are parasitic in dogs, cattle, goats, and sheep, among others. N. caninum, a species that mainly infects dogs, is intracellular in neural and other cells of the body, multiplies by endodyogeny, has no parasitophorous vacuole, and has numerous rhoptries. It is known to cause lesions in many tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord as well as abortion in the expectant mother.
The entity of a developing mammal (MAMMALS), generally from the cleavage of a ZYGOTE to the end of embryonic differentiation of basic structures. For the human embryo, this represents the first two months of intrauterine development preceding the stages of the FETUS.
Proteins which are found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. They consist of two types, peripheral and integral proteins. They include most membrane-associated enzymes, antigenic proteins, transport proteins, and drug, hormone, and lectin receptors.
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
A change from planar to elliptic polarization when an initially plane-polarized light wave traverses an optically active medium. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).
Immunologic method used for detecting or quantifying immunoreactive substances. The substance is identified by first immobilizing it by blotting onto a membrane and then tagging it with labeled antibodies.
Small proteinaceous infectious particles which resist inactivation by procedures that modify NUCLEIC ACIDS and contain an abnormal isoform of a cellular protein which is a major and necessary component. The abnormal (scrapie) isoform is PrPSc (PRPSC PROTEINS) and the cellular isoform PrPC (PRPC PROTEINS). The primary amino acid sequence of the two isoforms is identical. Human diseases caused by prions include CREUTZFELDT-JAKOB SYNDROME; GERSTMANN-STRAUSSLER SYNDROME; and INSOMNIA, FATAL FAMILIAL.
A subclass of PEPTIDE HYDROLASES that catalyze the internal cleavage of PEPTIDES or PROTEINS.
A type of ion exchange chromatography using diethylaminoethyl cellulose (DEAE-CELLULOSE) as a positively charged resin. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)

No data available that match "year bovine"


Fair has run for 20 years and attracts farmers from all over Finland. ... Last year the show had more than 50,000 visitors. There were the usual draws for farmers fairs, including sheepdog trials, ... There was also a bovine beauty contest which aimed to find a Mr and Miss to be crowned king and queen of the show. ... Seth Rogens handmade ceramic vase sells at a charity auction for almost $10K... after he picked up pottery several years ago ...
... Or at the very least claim a working majority at the next election.. Full ... Tommy Sheridan: I am working class and I have a cute two year old. How could you accuse me? ... John Terry stripped of Dad of the Year gong; title awarded to runner-up Tiger Woods ... Sports Personality of the Year: Lewis Hamiltons tax advisor takes runners-up spot ...
Bo & Vine Expands to Eugene. Chow 1 year ago. On a recent Saturday at the Corvallis location of Bo & Vine Burger Bar two boys, ... 1 year ago. Its the last day Screamin Jays is open for the fall term when I stop by for a sandwich. The food cart opened Oct ... 1 year ago. True confession: I have eaten way too many salmon bento boxes. But any fan of Sushi Ya can tell you: That place is ... 1 year ago. Sweet Life Patisserie and Sweet Life Petite reopened with limited hours May 2 after receiving a Paycheck Protection ...
Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) remains one of the major diseases causing losses in weaned calves placed into feedlots. What ... Holding back calves this year? Were here to help. Feeding & backgrounding info relevant to your operation, all in one place. ... Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) remains one of the major diseases causing losses in weaned calves placed into feedlots. BRD ... Ron Clarke prepares this column on behalf of the Western Canadian Association of Bovine Practitioners. Suggestions for future ...
Red Sings from Treetops: A Year in Colors illustrated by Pamela Zagarenski and written by Joyce Sidman. ... last year. The Wisconsin Supreme Court ruled June 11 that local health departments do not have the authority to close schools ...
PIC: Tyrone-based farmers marriage proposal is of an unforgettable, bovine nature. Trending 4 years ago. ...
A great year for the bottom line of grain farmers 2 days ago ... Gold medal bovine. Stella isnt your typical cow, and not just ...
Buy Bovine University Tee. Personalize your own tee of Original Tees. Fanisetas. Freak, Geek, Cool, Nerd & Funny T-Shirts. ... LanfaTees(8) - bovine(1) - university(8) - simpsons(93) - simpson(117) - homer(50) - vegan(35) - salad(2) - meat(6) - bbq(3) - ... Tees LanfaTees (8) - Tees bovine (1) - Tees university (8) - Tees simpsons (93) - Tees simpson (117) - Tees homer (50) - Tees ...
Fast forward 12 years. When I found out that Choke was shutting down; and that May 10th would be my last chance to catch up ... I got a text message: "Choke is about to play at the bovine, $5." I ran out the door. What a good decision. ... When I was 17, I thought (like every 17 year old), I had it all figured out. Me and few friends decided in our infinite wisdom ... What I witnessed was probably one of the best live shows Ive seen in about 10 years. Choke took to the stage and rocked for ...
... he was exposed to it in preschool this past school year and when we saw it at the library he was extremely excited--so excited ...
As an avid comic book fan who frequents the annual geek fests in our country year after year, I havent actually had the chance ... Book Review: Going Bovine by Libba Bray How do you know whats real and whats not? At the end of it all, does it really even ... And when 22-year-old Anna comes home to return to the life she left behind, she learns that there are just some things you ... Its mid-year madness this June, as some of the most awaited releases are coming this month. Pat your pockets and get your ...
100 years of advancing veterinary science, the health and welfare of animals, disease prevention and veterinary services. ... Australia is declared free of bovine pleuropneumonia. This disease had prevented live cattle exports for over 100 years. ... 100 Years of our Veterinary Community We take a look at key milestones, achievements and events within our profession, ... 100 years of advancing veterinary science, the health and welfare of animals, disease prevention and veterinary services. ...
Our main crop is the grass that the cows eat all year round which helps them produce organic raw milk. The herds milk is also ...
Comes with a 2-year warranty in Europe. Click HERE for your warranty card. ... Fabric Content: Case: 100% Stainless Steel; Strap: 100% Bovine Leather. *Care information: Do not wash, iron or dry clean ...
The man received a phone call last Wednesday informing him that one of his 29 cows was dead in a canal near Whitehall, N.Y., a ... Possible boat-bovine collision. Author:. Soundings Editors. Updated:. Jun 16, 2017. Original:. Jun 22, 2007. ... Speeding boats on the canal have been a problem in recent years, a police officer says in the report. Area police officials are ...
Inoculation is the answer to bovine tuberculosis, not the mass murder of innocent animals. ... The past 30 years has seen a massive increase in house building. But its not enough - for on average we take in 250,000 ... Basically, the Tory view down the years has been chase it and then kill it. Theyre not so much friends of the earth as mortal ... The thing is, I suspect that 50 years from now we will look back on how we treated our animals with the same appalled horror we ...
Como your bovine ability to follow the ML crowd h... Corinthian 14 years ago 1,949 * Here is some reading on the imaginary ... This is ... Corinthian 14 years ago 1,820 * I do not think it deceptive, nor dishonest... Y... grzbear 14 years ago 1,904 ... On Protein or "Funny Protein"(NPN)--Killing "US" Corinthian 14 years ago 2,203 * On "answer-- alkaline imbalance" Corinthian 14 ... C -- The source of the poison is not Funny Prote... R grzbear 14 years ago 3,229 * grz, thank you so much for your time and ...
More than 10 years ago, Brazils fourth-largest city, Belo Horizonte, declared that food was a right of citizenship and started ... "For some years, Stephanie and Blake Alexandre were socially friendly with Mari and Peter Tardiff in northern Californias Del ... And the suggestion seems even more prescient now than when he first made it some 25 years ago on his farm near Kincardine in ... During the first six years of Belos food-as-a-right policy, perhaps in response to the new emphasis on food security, the ...
Guess these vocabulary words that start with the letter Y. ... Long-haired bovine of the Himalayas. Yak. The masculine ... Y Vocabulary Words Quiz #1. Guess these vocabulary words that start with the letter Y. ... In New Zealand we got rid of 1c, 2c and 5c coins quite a few years ago, thank goodness! I couldnt believe it when I visited ... In fact, the term "yearling" does not refer to an animal which is aged between one and two years. In horse ages, it is a ...
Meat is disaggregated into bovine meat, pig meat, poultry, mutton and goat meat, and other meat. Dairy is divided into whole ... Figure 2 presents the development of the consumption of these products as an index to the reference year (1995). Food ... Figure 2 shows the development of per capita consumption of bovine meat, pig and poultry meat, total meat, and aggregated fish ... Consumption is shown in both kg/capita/year (Figure 1) and as an index of the per capita amount consumed (Figure 2). Figure 1 ...
Yesterday was the Lunar New Year, and to welcome the Year of the Ox, we will present two wonderful films about our bovine ... For the fourth year in a row, the 72nd Cannes Film Festival hosted a Positive Cinema Week. It was founded by Jacques Attali, a ... "Well meet again in the coming months and years to make cinema become more and more positive in a country. That deserves to be ... About 10 years after the films release, we are experiencing something very similar with the current coronavirus pandemic. Like ...
Stavro Arrgolus Offline - Editor, MP3 - 10-09-09 10:52 PM - 11 years ago ...
For years, of course, that was a long way from the reality of cultured meat products. Posts burger required buckets and ... buckets of foetal bovine serum (FBS) to be made. In fact, early attempts at cultivated meat nearly all required more blood and ... 10 years, 10 big tech moments. 2011: Quorn launches its first vegan product - binding its fermented fungus with potato protein ... "In recent years there has been an explosion of new technology being developed to facilitate new products," says Alan Harper, ...
... but the National Farmers Union says that the measures could undo the UKs hard-won progress on bovine TB. ... The UK governments next phase of bovine TB control focuses on developing a TB vaccine for cattle, increasing badger ... In addition, existing cull licenses could be cut short after two years, down from five years, where supported by sufficient ... The UK governments next phase of bovine TB control focuses on developing a TB vaccine for cattle, increasing badger ...
During the ten years (1894-1904) Major Theodor Leutwein was governor of the colony, there were six cases of whites murdered by ... A widespread rinderpest (contagious bovine typhus) epidemic wiped out an estimated fifty percent of the Herero cattle in 1897. ... Later that year, they announced "punitive measures" against tribal members who leave their "land" and cross the border onto ... Further, that year, German geneticist Eugen Fischer and others conducted "studies" that determined the inferiority of the ...
The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) offered those assurances in a release Thursday confirming the finding in a five-year ... Bovine TB found in Manitoba cow. Posted May. 8th, 2008. by FBC staff No Comments ... Bovine TB poses no health threat to the general public, CFIA said, due to safeguards in place in the food safety system. The ... Human infection with bovine TB would come from "prolonged, close contact" with an infected animal or from consuming an infected ...
Finally! Aardvark-Vanaheim parodies a comic less than a year after it comes out! (of course, this means we have no idea what, ... specifically, were making fun of...) See! Hermann, the modern-day Ayn Rand enthusiast and bovine-flesh-covered Aardvark! ...
  • Inoculation is the answer to bovine tuberculosis, not the mass murder of innocent animals. (thesun.co.uk)
  • Work to develop a vaccine for cattle and to vaccinate badgers is underway as new measures to eradicate bovine tuberculosis (bTB) in England by 2038 have been announced by the Environment Secretary George Eustice. (thebeefsite.com)
  • Neither Manitoba's "TB-free" status for bovine tuberculosis, nor its beef and cattle export status, will be affected by the finding of a TB-positive beef cow in the province's northwest. (agcanada.com)
  • The strategy to tackle the spread bovine tuberculosis (TB) will now incorporate field trials of a cattle vaccine that is likely to be deployed within the next five years. (wsbuzz.com)
  • Bovine tuberculosis is a disease of cattle that can also infect badgers, deer, goats, pigs, dogs and cats. (wsbuzz.com)
  • Bovine tuberculosis is typically transmitted aerially through coughs and sneezes. (wsbuzz.com)
  • In the United Kingdom, most bovine tuberculosis outbreaks occur in the South West and the West Midlands. (wsbuzz.com)
  • It's also proposing to keep funding bovine tuberculosis management by $30 million per year up to 2015. (rnz.co.nz)
  • In his comments to ringside spectators, Mr Tomlinson, who has just rebuilt his dairy herd after losing 200 cows culled because of TB (bovine tuberculosis) in the past year, said that the Jerseys were perfect examples of a good, modern dairy cow. (edp24.co.uk)
  • The trade fair has run for 20 years - and jumping cows were not its only unusual attraction. (dailymail.co.uk)
  • Our main crop is the grass that the cows eat all year round which helps them produce organic raw milk. (lowsizerghbarn.co.uk)
  • The man received a phone call last Wednesday informing him that one of his 29 cows was dead in a canal near Whitehall, N.Y., a report in the Post Star newspaper says. (soundingsonline.com)
  • Yesterday was the Lunar New Year, and to welcome the Year of the Ox, we will present two wonderful films about our bovine animal friends who, just like us, are born free and should be respected: "Ferdinand" and "Bovines or the Real Life of Cows. (suprememastertv.com)
  • Preliminary test results of both of the 3-year-old cows are expected later this week. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
  • Raw, or unpasteurized, milk appears to be a radical concept these days, but humans have been drinking it this way since they figured out how to milk cows thousands of years ago. (wordpress.com)
  • Genetically modified E. coli bacteria is used in the production of recombinant bovine growth hormone (rBGH), which is injected into some cows to boost milk production. (vegetariantimes.com)
  • Beyond the tired bovine stereotypes, cows are also complex and intelligent animals with big personalities that often belie their docile reputation. (treehugger.com)
  • The cow was in a herd of 240 cattle in the Riding Mountain eradication area (RMEA), considered to be at the highest risk for bovine TB due to its known presence in wildlife. (agcanada.com)
  • All susceptible animals in the herd found to have been exposed to bovine TB will be ordered destroyed and compensation paid to the owner, CFIA said. (agcanada.com)
  • In the inter-breed native category, there was no real surprise that a two-year-old Aberdeen Angus bull from the Hawstead Lodge herd, near Bury St Edmunds, was the supreme champion. (edp24.co.uk)
  • The center of the controversy is recombinant bovine somatatropin (rbST), a synthetic growth hormone used to increase milk production in dairy cattle. (farmanddairy.com)
  • In the view of several Alberta feedlot operators, "Although the mix of diseases in the 'dead pile' has changed and the cost of preventing cattle from getting there has increased, mortality today is just as high as it was 20 years ago! (canadiancattlemen.ca)
  • The UK government's next phase of bovine TB control focuses on developing a TB vaccine for cattle, increasing badger vaccination and will end intensive badger culls after 2022, but the National Farmers Union says that the measures could undo the UK's hard-won progress on bovine TB. (thebeefsite.com)
  • Last year, the Government announced that bTB cattle vaccination trials in England and Wales had been given the green light, as a result of ground-breaking research by government scientists. (thebeefsite.com)
  • A widespread rinderpest (contagious bovine typhus) epidemic wiped out an estimated fifty percent of the Herero cattle in 1897. (everything2.com)
  • The term "genetically pure" refers to bison being without bovine, or cattle, DNA. (thefencepost.com)
  • Cattle in Europe are being watched carefully for any signs of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), also known as mad cow disease. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
  • The shift in strategy has been made possible through a breakthrough by the Animal and Plant Health Agency (Apha) which will allow for field trials of a cattle vaccine, with efforts to accelerate the vaccine's deployment to within five years. (wsbuzz.com)
  • Bovine TB is a slow-moving and insidious disease, leading to the slaughter of over 30,000 cattle every year and considerable trauma for farmers as they suffer the loss of highly-prized animals,' said Environment Secretary George Eustice. (wsbuzz.com)
  • However, the growth medium for the production line includes fetal bovine serum, which is extracted from cattle fetuses, generally in slaughterhouses. (idtechex.com)
  • Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) remains one of the major diseases causing losses in weaned calves placed into feedlots. (canadiancattlemen.ca)
  • With your help, we are proud to say that TB Vets has provided approximately 20 ventilators/year since 1980 to address the urgent need for respiratory equipment throughout British Columbia. (tbvets.org)
  • We are grateful to the thousands of British Columbians who invest so generously, year after year, in the programs, the people and the tools and technologies that, one gift at a time, are transforming the healthcare of respiratory patients in our province. (tbvets.org)
  • You will read about the generosity of our loyal donors, some of them donating to TB Vets for over forty years. (tbvets.org)
  • The following financial highlights are based on TB Vets Foundation's audited financial statements for our fiscal year ending September 30, 2019. (tbvets.org)
  • Human infection with bovine TB would come from "prolonged, close contact" with an infected animal or from consuming an infected cow's unpasteurized milk, CFIA said. (agcanada.com)
  • As a reminder all our cubs are triple-tested to make sure they do not have the bovine TB infection. (badgerland.co.uk)
  • Meats include cold meats of Iberian or white pork, bovine from the sayaguesa and morucha races, cuchifrito piglet and kid or lamb roasted or stewed with almonds. (turismocastillayleon.com)
  • The Charolais bull, which was last shown as a calf at foot two years ago, clearly impressed the judge, Alistair Houston, from Gretna Green in the Borders. (edp24.co.uk)
  • Although prices are now likely to be lower, the company's cultured chicken will still probably be a super-premium product for the first few years. (idtechex.com)
  • Figure 2 shows the development of per capita consumption of bovine meat, pig and poultry meat, total meat, and aggregated fish and seafood, together with a single value for milk that represents all dairy products excluding butter. (europa.eu)
  • CPF is confident that 'MEAT ZERO' will be the best-selling alternative meat brand in Asia and the top 3 in the world within 3-5 years. (prnasia.com)
  • MEAT ZER0' will be the world's top 3 alternative meat brand within 3-5 years. (prnasia.com)
  • In recent years, investment has poured into the industry, with companies like Memphis Meats, Shiok Meats and Mosa Meat having completed funding rounds in 2020. (idtechex.com)
  • Before Wednesday's announcement, no regulatory regime in the world had approved cultured meat, with the approval process in the EU and US set to take years. (idtechex.com)
  • This is problematic - one of the main aims of cultured meat is to move away from animal slaughter and fetal bovine serum is very expensive and produced in comparatively small quantities. (idtechex.com)
  • The cow was then ordered destroyed and tissue samples sent to CFIA's Ottawa lab, where bovine TB was confirmed May 1. (agcanada.com)
  • Samples from peripheral bovine blood were preparated by using May-Grüwald Giemsa colorature. (rjb.ro)
  • In the same year, the RSS - a fascist paramilitary - was founded in India with the goal of establishing a theocratic Hindu state. (countercurrents.org)
  • Forget years of successive droughts having broken their backbones, the extent of damages caused by them across India even this year is hidden to none. (countercurrents.org)
  • The move spells the beginning of the end of the controversial policy of intensive badger culling, which some farmers have argued is necessary to control the spread of bovine TB, a disease that has been devastating the beef and dairy industries. (wsbuzz.com)
  • 100 years of advancing veterinary science, the health and welfare of animals, disease prevention and veterinary services. (ava.com.au)
  • Veterinary Practice News marks its 25th anniversary this year. (veterinarypracticenews.com)
  • An unfortunate experience derailed her childhood interest in veterinary medicine, but several years, a marketing degree, a master's degree and a business career later, Felsted graduated in 1996 from the Texas A&M College of Veterinary Medicine. (veterinarypracticenews.com)
  • Digital Portable Veterinary Ultrasound Scanner Machine Equine Bovine Box A+. (portableultrasoundscanner.info)
  • The item "Digital Portable Veterinary Ultrasound Scanner Machine Equine Bovine Box&Gift A+" is in sale since Thursday, October 17, 2019. (portableultrasoundscanner.info)
  • Throughout his 35-year tenure there, Gary gradually became more involved with MSU, where he worked with a wide range of clients and disciplines, from veterinary medicine and animal science to water resources, food science, and everything in between. (msu.edu)
  • His sister, Virginia, 21, after parading the champion in the grand parade, was writing the conclusion to her 5,000-word essay as a final assignment in her second year of study in veterinary sciences at the Royal Veterinary College. (edp24.co.uk)
  • Farmers who gathered at an agricultural show picked their favourite animals for a bizarre 'bovine agility' contest, which pitched the 1,500-pound beasts against each other in a dusty arena. (dailymail.co.uk)
  • The thing is, I suspect that 50 years from now we will look back on how we treated our animals with the same appalled horror we now look back on slavery. (thesun.co.uk)
  • A five-year badger vaccination programme in East Sussex has been awarded £2.27 million to enable farmers to deploy vaccinations over an area of 250 square kilometres. (thebeefsite.com)
  • Bovine TB is one of the most difficult and intractable animal health challenges that the UK faces today, causing considerable trauma for farmers and costing taxpayers over £100 million every year. (thebeefsite.com)
  • For the third year since the passage of Act 62, which enabled the direct sale of raw milk by farmers to consumers, Rural Vermont has presented an overview of how the law is working for farmers and the economic impact of raw milk sales. (wordpress.com)
  • Worse even, this year has seen the crisis earlier hitting the farmers worst in Maharashtra, Bundelkhand and Telangana engulfing newer areas like Karnataka. (countercurrents.org)
  • In such a scenario , allowing the farmers to use old currency notes to buy seeds, especially after a good monsoon this year might have led to relative easing of pressure off their shoulders. (countercurrents.org)
  • Bovine TB poses no health threat to the general public, CFIA said, due to safeguards in place in the food safety system. (agcanada.com)
  • As plant-based meats are gaining popularity across the globe, CPF, a leading agro-industrial and food business operator in Thailand and worldwide, has been inspired to throw huge supports on the research and development of alternative meats for more than 2 years. (prnasia.com)
  • Monsanto has developed chemical products for many years, some of which have eventually become controversial or been banned - such as DDT, Agent Orange, bovine growth hormone and PCBs. (naturalnews.com)
  • It also ignores its own evidence in its consultation which showed the current strategy, which includes badger controls, delivered reductions in TB incidents in cull areas by 51% after four years. (thebeefsite.com)
  • However, officials have announced that the current intensive culling policy will start being phased out in the next few years, to be replaced with Government-supported badger vaccination schemes. (wsbuzz.com)
  • Run by Pauline Kidner and helped and supported by a large number of highly committed staff and volunteers, Secret World do the difficult job of rescuing dozens of orphaned and injured badger cubs every year. (badgerland.co.uk)
  • These badger cubs are hand-fed in the spring and summer and assembled into new badger families for release in the autumn every year. (badgerland.co.uk)
  • This will be a tough year for the badger, with the impending cull(s) looming and the massive propaganda machine that is the NFU providing much misinformation. (badgerland.co.uk)
  • This year has seen high levels of badger cubs through the doors of Secret World Wildlife Rescue, not helped by the long hot dry spells of weather. (badgerland.co.uk)
  • As always our doors are open to all wildlife and the 24/7, 365 days a year service we provide ensures we are available to anyone, anywhere with a badger problem. (badgerland.co.uk)
  • There are also seemingly random - and likely not household - products on the list, like bovine semen and horsehair. (cnbc.com)
  • 25 years calls for a list of 25 veterinarians to watch for. (veterinarypracticenews.com)
  • Producers will be tempted to sidestep good management practices, anxious to see semi-trailers disappear en route to auction. (canadiancattlemen.ca)
  • More than 10 years ago, Brazil's fourth-largest city, Belo Horizonte, declared that food was a right of citizenship and started working to make good food available to all. (wordpress.com)
  • I found him good home with a Miami family that had a big outdoor atrium with a swimming pool and he lived another 9 years. (huntingpa.com)
  • A good example in my 'patch' is the Capistrano Formation, a late Miocene (these are about 8 million years old) mix of unconsolidated sand and muds that are in places 20 meters thick. (noanswersingenesis.org.au)
  • The Right to Education Act is a very good law as it guarantees eight years of free and compulsory education for all children aged 6-14 years. (countercurrents.org)
  • Eat Just claims that a plant-derived serum will be used in the next production line, however it wasn't available when the Singapore approval process began two years ago. (idtechex.com)
  • some might say that it's been a year since I last posted, but looking at the time stamp of my last post, you can clearly see that I've still got like two months before it officially becomes a year apart, so HA! (amazon.com)
  • I really don't know why I opened with that statement, considering it's my first post in a year (fine). (amazon.com)
  • The Government has struck a $25 million deal with AsureQuality to cover biosecurity response field operations for 10 years. (rnz.co.nz)
  • Every year, more than three million people pour into Yellowstone National Park, eager to escape the cramped cubicles and tiny apartments from whence they came. (washingtonpost.com)
  • In February 1975, the Village Voice published details of a covert action program supplying Iraqi Kurds with weapons and material that had run for three years costing $16 million. (countercurrents.org)
  • In this mostly Hindu-populated village where cow is revered as a deity and its slaughter is banned under state laws inviting upto 10 years in jail, the revelation sent shock waves. (hvk.org)
  • Speeding boats on the canal have been a problem in recent years, a police officer says in the report. (soundingsonline.com)
  • In recent years, they have started to see some light at the end of a very dark tunnel but today's announcement will drive a coach and horses through this positive hope. (thebeefsite.com)
  • In recent years, tourists have started taking selfies with Yellowstone's 5,000 or so bison. (washingtonpost.com)
  • In addition, existing cull licenses could be cut short after two years, down from five years, where supported by sufficient scientific evidence, and there will be no option for them to be renewed. (thebeefsite.com)
  • Of course, we have known how corporations like Monsanto (and Bayer ) have operated for many years, whether it is by bribery, smear campaigns, faking data, co-opting agencies and key figures, subverting science or any of the other actions or human rights abuses that the Monsanto Tribunal has shed light on . (countercurrents.org)
  • The Consumer Price Index rose 2.9 percent in June from a year ago, its highest rate of the last six years. (cnbc.com)
  • Home furnishing prices have barely risen at all over the last year, and prices for information technology hardware and services have fallen by 2.3 percent in that time. (cnbc.com)
  • Most bison herds in Colorado contain anywhere from 2-5 percent bovine DNA. (thefencepost.com)
  • But there was another even less known one that took place in what was called German Southwest Africa ( Deutsch-südwestafrika ) almost eleven years earlier. (everything2.com)
  • Earlier this year, processors in the Northeast and Mideast began labeling and marketing rbST-free milk. (farmanddairy.com)
  • The rising awareness of the impact that the food system has on the globe has accelerated food tech over the last three years," says Brett Brohl, MD at TechStars' Farm to Fork accelerator. (thegrocer.co.uk)
  • The state has already seen 457 farm suicides since April this year! (countercurrents.org)
  • Como your bovine ability to follow the ML crowd h. (curezone.com)
  • Roughly a week later, a 68-year-old Georgia woman was hiking along Storm Point Trail when she was gored by a bison. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Figure 2 presents the development of the consumption of these products as an index to the reference year (1995). (europa.eu)
  • 75 years later, that rally was replicated when 20,000 people attended a Madison Square Garden reception organized for Modi by the Nazi-inspired RSS. (countercurrents.org)
  • Braving cold weather, dedicated South Asian activists gathered at the Holland Park in Surrey on Saturday to hold rally in commemoration of the 25 years of the demolition of Babri Mosque. (countercurrents.org)
  • This bill has been introduced this year and we hope for its passage. (vegofwa.org)
  • Despite being a Caldecott Honor Book, I never picked this one up for Z. Of course, he was exposed to it in preschool this past school year and when we saw it at the library he was extremely excited--so excited that he screamed the title out in the middle of the room. (webereading.com)
  • vCJD similarly causes sponge-like holes in the human brain and has killed more than 100 people in Europe during the past 5 years. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
  • Bovine had the PAX count off in 3's, and sent each team off to their assigned station. (f3omaha.com)
  • And we are always on the lookout for another to add to our collection of bovine adventures. (safaripress.com)
  • We urgently need sites for this years cubs and it is important that cubs are released early enough in the season before the winter sets in. (badgerland.co.uk)
  • Last year the show had more than 50,000 visitors. (dailymail.co.uk)
  • Last year, black-footed ferrets were released into the Soapstone Prairie with the help of reproduction technology. (thefencepost.com)
  • Last year, because of your generosity, we were able to grant just over $800,000 to British Columbia Hospitals, First Responders, Researchers and Education. (tbvets.org)
  • India's imports from China actually increased in the second half of last year and China surged as India's number one trading partner, surpassing the US. (countercurrents.org)
  • Cases such as this one occur from time to time, CFIA said, even though Canada's herds are considered bovine TB-free. (agcanada.com)
  • During the ten years (1894-1904) Major Theodor Leutwein was governor of the colony, there were six cases of whites murdered by blacks with 15 death penalties assigned and at the same time, five blacks murdered by whites only brought prison sentences of between three months and five and a half years. (everything2.com)
  • Three years ago, it appeared as if Schmidt was at a dead end legally, when he was threatened with extended jail time following legal setbacks in his long crusade to legalize raw milk sales in Ontario and elsewhere in Canada. (wordpress.com)
  • I was the lucky one to manage the Program at MMPA, so I was involved with setting up the interns and projects throughout the years, and walking them through the Program and their time with us. (msu.edu)
  • What I witnessed was probably one of the best live shows I've seen in about 10 years. (blogto.com)
  • The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) offered those assurances in a release Thursday confirming the finding in a five-year-old cow within 10 km of Riding Mountain National Park. (agcanada.com)
  • Thanks also to "THE BOVINE " editor for providing some of the questions and for reprinting the interview in it's entirety here. (wordpress.com)
  • As promised, my new book titled The Bookshop Back Home is finally out today after 7 years. (amazon.com)
  • It began about 10 years ago when the city of Fort Collins partnered with the USDA to bring bison back to the Soapstone Prairie. (thefencepost.com)
  • On May 15, a 16-year-old Taiwanese exchange student similarly turned her back on a bison to pose for a group photo when the even-toed ungulate took umbrage. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Our cultural ties go back a thousand years," said John Le Fondre , Jersey's chief minister, who has been working with the UK government and European Commission on resolving the fishing problem. (countercurrents.org)
  • But it was May, insisted the foreign secretary, who had won the highest share of the vote in any election in the last 25 years, May who was true victor. (countercurrents.org)
  • That's approximately 36,500 patients a year whose care has been delivered with support from loyal donors like you. (tbvets.org)
  • The U.S. Department of Agriculture reports that more than 100,000 American horses are exported to Canadian and Mexican slaughterhouses each year. (vegofwa.org)
  • Years after the fire, Chicago Republic reporter Michael Ahern admitted that he had fabricated the whole "cow kicking lantern" bit. (treehugger.com)

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