Wuchereria bancrofti: A white threadlike worm which causes elephantiasis, lymphangitis, and chyluria by interfering with the lymphatic circulation. The microfilaria are found in the circulating blood and are carried by mosquitoes.Wuchereria: A genus of filarial nematodes.Filariasis: Infections with nematodes of the superfamily FILARIOIDEA. The presence of living worms in the body is mainly asymptomatic but the death of adult worms leads to granulomatous inflammation and permanent fibrosis. Organisms of the genus Elaeophora infect wild elk and domestic sheep causing ischemic necrosis of the brain, blindness, and dermatosis of the face.Elephantiasis, Filarial: Parasitic infestation of the human lymphatic system by WUCHERERIA BANCROFTI or BRUGIA MALAYI. It is also called lymphatic filariasis.Diethylcarbamazine: An anthelmintic used primarily as the citrate in the treatment of filariasis, particularly infestations with Wucheria bancrofti or Loa loa.Filaricides: Pharmacological agents destructive to nematodes in the superfamily Filarioidea.Microfilaria: The prelarval stage of Filarioidea in the blood and other tissues of mammals and birds. They are removed from these hosts by blood-sucking insects in which they metamorphose into mature larvae.Ivermectin: A mixture of mostly avermectin H2B1a (RN 71827-03-7) with some avermectin H2B1b (RN 70209-81-3), which are macrolides from STREPTOMYCES avermitilis. It binds glutamate-gated chloride channel to cause increased permeability and hyperpolarization of nerve and muscle cells. It also interacts with other CHLORIDE CHANNELS. It is a broad spectrum antiparasitic that is active against microfilariae of ONCHOCERCA VOLVULUS but not the adult form.Antigens, Helminth: Any part or derivative of a helminth that elicits an immune reaction. The most commonly seen helminth antigens are those of the schistosomes.Culex: A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) commonly found in tropical regions. Species of this genus are vectors for ST. LOUIS ENCEPHALITIS as well as many other diseases of man and domestic and wild animals.Albendazole: A benzimidazole broad-spectrum anthelmintic structurally related to MEBENDAZOLE that is effective against many diseases. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p38)Mansonella: A genus of parasitic nematodes whose organisms are distributed in Central and South America. Characteristics include a smooth cuticle and an enlarged anterior end.Brugia malayi: A species of parasitic nematode causing Malayan filariasis and having a distribution centering roughly on the Malay peninsula. The life cycle of B. malayi is similar to that of WUCHERERIA BANCROFTI, except that in most areas the principal mosquito vectors belong to the genus Mansonia.Filarioidea: A superfamily of nematodes of the suborder SPIRURINA. Its organisms possess a filiform body and a mouth surrounded by papillae.Polynesia: The collective name for the islands of the central Pacific Ocean, including the Austral Islands, Cook Islands, Easter Island, HAWAII; NEW ZEALAND; Phoenix Islands, PITCAIRN ISLAND; SAMOA; TONGA; Tuamotu Archipelago, Wake Island, and Wallis and Futuna Islands. Polynesians are of the Caucasoid race, but many are of mixed origin. Polynesia is from the Greek poly, many + nesos, island, with reference to the many islands in the group. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p966 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p426)Brugia: A filarial worm of Southeast Asia, producing filariasis and elephantiasis in various mammals including man. It was formerly included in the genus WUCHERERIA.DNA, Helminth: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of helminths.Papua New Guinea: A country consisting of the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and adjacent islands, including New Britain, New Ireland, the Admiralty Islands, and New Hanover in the Bismarck Archipelago; Bougainville and Buka in the northern Solomon Islands; the D'Entrecasteaux and Trobriand Islands; Woodlark (Murua) Island; and the Louisiade Archipelago. It became independent on September 16, 1975. Formerly, the southern part was the Australian Territory of Papua, and the northern part was the UN Trust Territory of New Guinea, administered by Australia. They were administratively merged in 1949 and named Papua and New Guinea, and renamed Papua New Guinea in 1971.Schistosoma mansoni: A species of trematode blood flukes of the family Schistosomatidae. It is common in the Nile delta. The intermediate host is the planorbid snail. This parasite causes schistosomiasis mansoni and intestinal bilharziasis.Antibodies, Helminth: Immunoglobulins produced in a response to HELMINTH ANTIGENS.Loa: A genus of parasitic nematodes found throughout the rain-forest areas of the Sudan and the basin of the Congo. L. loa inhabits the subcutaneous tissues, which it traverses freely.Dirofilaria immitis: A filarial parasite primarily of dogs but occurring also in foxes, wolves, and humans. The parasite is transmitted by mosquitoes.Haiti: A republic in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies. Its capital is Port-au-Prince. With the Dominican Republic it forms the island of Hispaniola - Haiti occupying the western third and the Dominican Republic, the eastern two thirds. Haiti belonged to France from 1697 until its rule was challenged by slave insurrections from 1791. It became a republic in 1820. It was virtually an American protectorate from 1915 to 1934. It adopted its present constitution in 1964 and amended it in 1971. The name may represent either of two Caribbean words, haiti, mountain land, or jhaiti, nest. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p481 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p225)Anthelmintics: Agents destructive to parasitic worms. They are used therapeutically in the treatment of HELMINTHIASIS in man and animal.American Samoa: A group of islands of SAMOA, in the southwest central Pacific. Its capital is Pago Pago. The islands were ruled by native chiefs until about 1869. An object of American interest beginning in 1839, Pago Pago and trading and extraterritorial rights were granted to the United States in 1878. The United States, Germany, and England administered the islands jointly 1889-99, but in 1899 they were granted to the United States by treaty. The Department of the Interior has administered American Samoa since 1951. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p44)Insect Vectors: Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.Mansonelliasis: Infection with nematodes of the genus MANSONELLA. Symptoms include pruritus, headache, and articular swelling.Testicular Hydrocele: Accumulation of serous fluid between the layers of membrane (tunica vaginalis) covering the TESTIS in the SCROTUM.Spermatic Cord: Either of a pair of tubular structures formed by DUCTUS DEFERENS; ARTERIES; VEINS; LYMPHATIC VESSELS; and nerves. The spermatic cord extends from the deep inguinal ring through the INGUINAL CANAL to the TESTIS in the SCROTUM.Independent State of Samoa: An island group and constitutional monarchy in the southwest central Pacific Ocean. The capital is Apia. The islands were jointly administered by England, the United States, and Germany 1889-99, with the chief islands of Savai'i and Upolu recognized as German until 1919. Western Samoa gained independence in 1962 and assumed its present formal name in 1997.Aedes: A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) frequently found in tropical and subtropical regions. YELLOW FEVER and DENGUE are two of the diseases that can be transmitted by species of this genus.Myanmar: A republic of southeast Asia, northwest of Thailand, long familiar as Burma. Its capital is Yangon, formerly Rangoon. Inhabited by people of Mongolian stock and probably of Tibetan origin, by the 3d century A.D. it was settled by Hindus. The modern Burmese state was founded in the 18th century but was in conflict with the British during the 19th century. Made a crown colony of Great Britain in 1937, it was granted independence in 1947. In 1989 it became Myanmar. The name comes from myanma, meaning the strong, as applied to the Burmese people themselves. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p192 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p367)Endemic Diseases: The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)Helminth Proteins: Proteins found in any species of helminth.Wolbachia: A genus of bacteria comprised of a heterogenous group of gram-negative small rods and coccoid forms associated with arthropods. (From Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, vol 1, 1984)Parasites: Invertebrate organisms that live on or in another organism (the host), and benefit at the expense of the other. Traditionally excluded from definition of parasites are pathogenic BACTERIA; FUNGI; VIRUSES; and PLANTS; though they may live parasitically.Host-Parasite Interactions: The relationship between an invertebrate and another organism (the host), one of which lives at the expense of the other. Traditionally excluded from definition of parasites are pathogenic BACTERIA; FUNGI; VIRUSES; and PLANTS; though they may live parasitically.Mosquito Control: The reduction or regulation of the population of mosquitoes through chemical, biological, or other means.Togo: A republic in western Africa, lying between GHANA on its west and BENIN on its east. Its capital is Lome.Mali: A country in western Africa, east of MAURITANIA and south of ALGERIA. Its capital is Bamako. From 1904-1920 it was known as Upper Senegal-Niger; prior to 1958, as French Sudan; 1958-1960 as the Sudanese Republic and 1959-1960 it joined Senegal in the Mali Federation. It became an independent republic in 1960.Scrotum: A cutaneous pouch of skin containing the testicles and spermatic cords.Onchocerca: A genus of parasitic nematodes whose organisms live and breed in skin and subcutaneous tissues. Onchocercal microfilariae may also be found in the urine, blood, or sputum.Parasitemia: The presence of parasites (especially malarial parasites) in the blood. (Dorland, 27th ed)Brugia pahangi: A species of parasitic nematode found in man and other mammals. It has been reported from Malaya and East Pakistan and may produce symptoms of tropical eosinophilia.Culicidae: A family of the order DIPTERA that comprises the mosquitoes. The larval stages are aquatic, and the adults can be recognized by the characteristic WINGS, ANIMAL venation, the scales along the wing veins, and the long proboscis. Many species are of particular medical importance.Antiparasitic Agents: Drugs used to treat or prevent parasitic infections.Sri LankaGenome, Protozoan: The complete genetic complement contained in a set of CHROMOSOMES in a protozoan.Anopheles: A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) that are known vectors of MALARIA.Plasmodium: A genus of protozoa that comprise the malaria parasites of mammals. Four species infect humans (although occasional infections with primate malarias may occur). These are PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; PLASMODIUM OVALE, and PLASMODIUM VIVAX. Species causing infection in vertebrates other than man include: PLASMODIUM BERGHEI; PLASMODIUM CHABAUDI; P. vinckei, and PLASMODIUM YOELII in rodents; P. brasilianum, PLASMODIUM CYNOMOLGI; and PLASMODIUM KNOWLESI in monkeys; and PLASMODIUM GALLINACEUM in chickens.Protozoan Proteins: Proteins found in any species of protozoan.Setaria Nematode: A genus of parasitic nematodes found in the peritoneal cavity of wild or domestic cattle or equines.Ghana: A republic in western Africa, south of BURKINA FASO and west of TOGO. Its capital is Accra.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Plasmodium falciparum: A species of protozoa that is the causal agent of falciparum malaria (MALARIA, FALCIPARUM). It is most prevalent in the tropics and subtropics.IndiaBiomphalaria: A genus of planorbid freshwater snails, species of which are intermediate hosts of Schistosoma mansoni.Trichomonas vaginalis: A species of TRICHOMONAS that produces a refractory vaginal discharge in females, as well as bladder and urethral infections in males.Entamoeba histolytica: A species of parasitic protozoa causing ENTAMOEBIASIS and amebic dysentery (DYSENTERY, AMEBIC). Characteristics include a single nucleus containing a small central karyosome and peripheral chromatin that is finely and regularly beaded.Schistosomiasis mansoni: Schistosomiasis caused by Schistosoma mansoni. It is endemic in Africa, the Middle East, South America, and the Caribbean and affects mainly the bowel, spleen, and liver.Tanzania: A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA and north of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Dar es Salaam. It was formed in 1964 by a merger of the countries of TANGANYIKA and ZANZIBAR.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Human beings serve as the definitive host and mosquitoes as their intermediate hosts. The adult parasites reside in the ... "A polymerase chain reaction assay for detection of the parasite Wuchereria bancrofti in human blood samples". Am J Trop Med Hyg ... The mosquito vectors of W. bancrofti have a preference for human blood; humans are apparently the only animals naturally ... Wuchereria bancrofti is a human parasitic roundworm that is the major cause of lymphatic filariasis. It is one of the three ...
Wuchereria bancrofti lymphatic system thick blood smears stained with hematoxylin. tropical and subtropical mosquito, bites at ... Human botfly Dermatobia hominis Subcutaneous tissue physical examination Central and South America mosquitoes and biting flies ... worldwide: one of the most common human parasites[1][2]. • United States: infected ~23% of the population during year 2000[1][3 ... worldwide: one of the most common human parasites; estimated to infect between 30-50% of the global population.[7][8] ingestion ...
... human-infecting whipworm (2014) Wuchereria bancrofti, human-infecting filarial parasite Capitella teleta, polychaete (2007, ... "Genome sequence of Anopheles sinensis provides insight into genetics basis of mosquito competence for malaria parasites". BMC ... human-infecting hookworm (2014) Onchocerca volvulus, human-infecting filarial parasite Pristionchus pacificus, model ... human pathogen) (2012) Schistosoma japonicum, schistosome (human pathogen) (2009) Schistosoma mansoni, schistosome (human ...
"Anopheles subpictus carry human malaria parasites in an urban area of Western India and may facilitate perennial malaria ... In addition to its role as a vector of malaria it is also a vector of some helminths (including Wuchereria bancrofti) and ... Anopheles (Celia) subpictus is a species complex of four species (A, B, C and D) of mosquito belonging to the genus Anopheles. ... "An annotated checklist of mosquitoes of Sri Lanka" (PDF). Man and Biosphere Reserve of Sri Lanka. Archived from the original ( ...
... mosquitoes carrying malaria parasites are significantly more attracted to human breath and odours than uninfected mosquitoes. ... the filariasis-causing species Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia malayi, and viruses such as one that causes O'nyong'nyong fever ... kill the adult mosquitoes, do not allow adult mosquitoes into places of human dwelling, prevent mosquitoes from biting human ... Once ingested by a mosquito, malaria parasites must undergo development within the mosquito before they are infectious to ...
In China it also transmits the filalarial parasite (Wuchereria bancrofti), and arthropod roundworm (Romanomermis jingdeensis). ... "Genome sequence of Anopheles sinensis provides insight into genetics basis of mosquito competence for malaria parasites". BMC ... It is regarded as the most important vector of these human parasitic diseases in Southeast Asia. It is the primary vector of ... "Multiple Resistances and Complex Mechanisms of Anopheles sinensis Mosquito: A Major Obstacle to Mosquito-Borne Diseases Control ...
... and Wuchereria bancrofti, which cause filariasis to humans. "An annotated checklist of mosquitoes of Sri Lanka" (PDF). Man and ... Parasites & Vectors - BioMed Central. Retrieved 2 February 2017. "Armigeres (Arm.) subalbatus". Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit ... ultrastructural study on dsRNA-knockdown mosquitoes. Mosquito Transcriptome Profiles and Filarial Worm Susceptibility in ... Females are primarily human-biters. It is a natural vector for filarial worms such as zoonotic Brugia pahangi, ...
... such as Anopheles or Culex mosquitoes. For Wuchereria bancrofti, a filarial nematode, well-developed cibarial armatures in ... This suppression of anti-parasite immunity causes parasite establishment rates to increase with higher parasite burden. ... Walker, M (2009). "Density-dependent effects on the weight of female Ascaris lumbricoides infections of humans and its impact ... vector-specific density dependence in the development of Wuchereria bancrofti infective larvae in mosquitoes". Medical and ...
"Mansonia africana and Mansonia uniformis are Vectors in the transmission of Wuchereria bancrofti lymphatic filariasis in Ghana ... ". Parasites & Vectors. Retrieved 2 February 2017. The biology of two species of mosquito, Mansonia africana (Theobald) and ... Adults mostly attack humans and birds, which can bite mostly at night and shady day times. Larva can be found in unshaded open ... It can be a major vector to cause many human-related diseases. Ross River virus, and Kunjin viruse are some of the infections ...
That the mosquito (Culex fatigans, now Culex quinquefasciatus) was the intermediate host of the filarial parasite (Wuchereria ... A human trematode parasite Schistosoma mansoni is named in his honour. Tapeworm species, Spirometra (Sparganum) mansoni and S. ... bancrofti) was a medical breakthrough in 1877. His experimental results were published in the China Customs Medical Report in ... He would get mosquitoes to feed on his blood while he slept and then dissect the mosquitoes filled with Hin Lo's blood. "I ...
Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi, and Brugia timori, with Wuchereria bancrofti being the most common. These worms damage the ... The adult worms only live in the human lymphatic system. The parasite infects the lymph nodes and blocks the flow of lymph ... This was the first mosquito-borne disease to be discovered. Elephantiasis results when the parasites lodge in the lymphatic ... However, various species of filarial worms tend to affect different parts of the body: Wuchereria bancrofti can affect the arms ...
... is a medium-sized mosquito found in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. It is the vector of Wuchereria bancrofti, ... mosquitoes and human disease: A review of the role of Culex pipiens complex mosquitoes in epidemiology". Infection, Genetics ... It is the definitive host for malarial parasite as it harbours the sexual cycle. It breeds profusely in dirty water collections ... The southern house mosquito can transmit zoonotic diseases that affect humans and wild and domestic animals, such as lymphatic ...
It was later realised that only a small number of species of mosquitoes were responsible for the vast majority of human malaria ... Anopheles bellator can also transmit Wuchereria bancrofti. Several species of the subgenus Nyssorhynchus are of medical ... but only 30-40 commonly transmit parasites of the genus Plasmodium that cause malaria, which affects humans in endemic areas. ... Anopheles is a genus of mosquitoes (Culicidae). Of about 484 recognised species, over 100 can transmit human malaria, ...
... in the mosquito vector and in the human. Both stages are essential to the life cycle of the parasite. Mosquito: The mosquito ... Then Wuchereria contains only W. bancrofti, which so far has been found to infect only humans, and the Brugia genus contains B ... Based on the similarities with W. bancrofti, Rao and Mapelstone proposed to call the parasite Wuchereria malayi. After the ... 4. The mosquito takes a human blood meal and ingests microfilariae (worm-like sheathed eggs) that circulate in the human blood ...
"Doxycycline as a novel strategy against bancroftian filariasis-depletion of Wolbachia endosymbionts from Wuchereria bancrofti ... A infección por Wolbachia pode tamén incrementar a resistencia dos mosquitos á malaria, como se puido comprobar no mosquito ... "The Wolbachia Genome of Brugia malayi: Endosymbiont Evolution within a Human Pathogenic Nematode". PLos Biology 3 (4): e121. ... "Invasion of the Gender Benders: by manipulating sex and reproduction in their hosts, many parasites improve their own odds of ...
List of parasites (human) David, H.L. and J.F. Edeson (1965) Filariasis in Portuguese Timor, with observations on a new ... The life cycle of Brugia timori is very similar to that of Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia malayi, leading to nocturnal ... During feeding, mosquitos ingest the infective filariform from an infected host Inside the mosquito the microfilariae penetrate ... The microfilariae of Brugia timori are longer and morphologically distinct from those of Brugia malayi and Wuchereria bancrofti ...
Finally, Wuchereria, Onchocerca, and Dracunculus are transmitted by mosquitoes and flies. In the developing world, the use of ... Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi infection) Onchocerciasis (Onchocerca volvulus infection) Soil-transmitted helminthiasis - ... In pigs and humans, Ascaris has been linked to lactose intolerance and vitamin A, amino acid, and fat malabsorption. Impaired ... Where the burden of parasites in the body is light, there may be no symptoms. Certain worms may cause particular constellations ...
In the parasitic filarial nematode species responsible for elephantiasis, such as Brugia malayi and Wuchereria bancrofti, ... because it is the first case of improvement of a human disease in the mosquito. Wolbachia may induce reactive oxygen species- ... It is one of the world's most common parasitic microbes and is possibly the most common reproductive parasite in the biosphere ... 2013). "Effect of Wolbachia on replication of West Nile virus in a mosquito cell line and adult mosquitoes". J Virol. 87 (2): ...
... partly due to efforts to eradicate parasites which infect humans or domestic animals, or damage human economy, but also caused ... Wuchereria bancrofti, Necator americanus (hookworm) and Taenia spp. (tapeworm) Ectoparasites such as ticks, scabies and lice ... Manson further predicted that the malaria parasite, Plasmodium, had a mosquito vector, and persuaded Ronald Ross to investigate ... described and illustrated over 100 parasites including the human roundworm. He noted that parasites develop from eggs, ...
To eliminate the vectors is not really practical, but if the human population were sufficiently cleared of parasites by ... Brugia malayi Brugia timori Wuchereria bancrofti Three other medically important parasitic species are: Loa loa causes Loa loa ... For example, if the vector is a skin-piercing fly such as a mosquito the microfilaria must enter the peripheral blood ... but occasionally infect humans as well. They are not well adapted to humans as hosts and seldom develop properly though they ...
... therapy with ivermectin plus albendazole is effective for treatment of Lymphatic filariasis due to Wuchereria bancrofti,[23] ... is effective for eliminating malaria-bearing mosquitos and thereby reducing infection with residual malaria parasites.[42] ... Ottesen EA, Campbell WC (August 1994). "Ivermectin in human medicine". The Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. 34 (2): 195- ... Ivermectin is a medication used to treat many types of parasite infestations.[1] This includes head lice, scabies, river ...
Wuchereria bancrofti/Brugia malayi/Brugia timori *Lymphatic filariasis. Thelazioidea. *Gnathostoma spinigerum/Gnathostoma ... Humans are the only known natural reservoir. It is estimated that over 10 million humans are infected with Loa loa larvae.[20] ... Parasites & Vectors. 2(39): 1-10.. *^ Metzger, Wolfram Gottfried; Benjamin Mordmüller (2013). "Loa loa - does it deserve to be ... Because the vector is day-biting, mosquito (bed) nets do not increase protection against loiasis. ...
Filariasis due to Wuchereria bancrofti Elephantiasis, filarial (ILDS B74.01) (B74.1) Filariasis due to Brugia malayi (B74.2) ... Other specified mosquito-borne viral fevers (A92.9) Mosquito-borne viral fever, unspecified (A93) Other arthropod-borne viral ... Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) disease Resulting in infectious and parasitic diseases (B20.0) HIV disease resulting in ... NOS Infestation by mites NOS Skin parasites NOS (B89) Unspecified parasitic disease (B90) Sequelae of tuberculosis (B91) ...
Controlling parasites that infect humans and livestock has become more difficult, as many species have become resistant to ... Wuchereria bancrofti/Brugia malayi/Brugia timori *Lymphatic filariasis. Thelazioidea. *Gnathostoma spinigerum/Gnathostoma ... The experiment showed that G. anceps in particular can prey on all instars of both mosquito species and maintain a steady ... Schistosomiasis, caused by one genus of trematodes, is the second-most devastating of all human diseases caused by parasites, ...
B74.0) Filariasis due to Wuchereria bancrofti *Elephantiasis, filarial (ILDS B74.01). *(B74.1) Filariasis due to Brugia malayi ... B20-B24) Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease[संपादित करें]. *(B20.) Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) disease Resulting ... A92.) Other mosquito-borne viral fevers *(A92.0) Chikungunya virus disease ... Skin parasites NOS. *(B89.) Unspecified parasitic disease *(B89.0) Other acariasis ...
... is genus for a group of small roundworms. They are among roundworms that cause the parasitic disease filariasis. Specifically, of the three species known, Brugia malayi and Brugia timori cause lymphatic filariasis in humans; and Brugia pahangi and Brugia patei infect domestic cats, dogs and other animals. They are transmitted by the bite of mosquitos. The first species discovered was B. malayi. It was reported by a Dutch parasitologist Steffen Lambert Brug in 1927 from Southeast Asia (Malaya, for which the name was given). It was originally believed to be similar or closely related to another filarial roundworm then named Microfilaria bancrofti (now Wuchereria bancrofti), described by an English naturalist Thomas Spencer Cobbold in 1877. It was for this reason that Brug gave the original name Microfilaria (Filaria) malayi. Brug was aware of the difference mainly on the basis of their occurrence. He found both the worms ...
Tropical (pulmonary) eosinophilia, or TPE, is characterized by coughing, asthmatic attacks, and an enlarged spleen, and is caused by Wuchereria bancrofti, a filarial infection. It occurs most frequently in India and Southeast Asia. Tropical eosinophilia is considered a manifestation of a species of microfilaria. This disease can be confused with tuberculosis, asthma, or coughs related to roundworms. Tropical pulmonary eosinophilia is a rare, but well recognised, syndrome characterised by pulmonary interstitial infiltrates and marked peripheral eosinophilia. This condition is more widely recognised and promptly diagnosed in filariasis-endemic regions, such as the Indian subcontinent, Africa, Asia and South America. In nonendemic countries, patients are commonly thought to have bronchial asthma. Chronic symptoms may delay the diagnosis by up to five years. Early recognition and treatment with the antifilarial drug, diethylcarbamazine, is important, as delay ...
A hydrocele is an accumulation of serous fluid in a body cavity. A hydrocele testis is the accumulation of fluids around a testicle. It is often caused by fluid secreted from a remnant piece of peritoneum wrapped around the testicle, called the tunica vaginalis. Provided there is no hernia present, hydrocoeles below the age of 1 year usually resolve spontaneously. Primary hydrocoeles may develop in adulthood, particularly in the elderly and in hot countries, by slow accumulation of serous fluid, presumably caused by impaired reabsorption, which appears to be the explanation for most primary hydroceles, although the reason remains obscure.[citation needed] A hydrocele can also be the result of a plugged inguinal lymphatic system caused by repeated, chronic infection of Wuchereria bancrofti or Brugia malayi, two mosquito-borne parasites of Africa and Southeast Asia, respectively. As such, the condition would be a part of more diffuse sequelae ...
An endosymbiont or endobiont is any organism that lives to mutual benefit within the body or cells of another organism, i.e. in an endosymbiosis (Greek: ἔνδον endon "within", σύν syn "together" and βίωσις biosis "living"). Examples are nitrogen-fixing bacteria (called rhizobia), which live in root nodules on legume roots, single-cell algae inside reef-building corals, and bacterial endosymbionts that provide essential nutrients to about 10-15% of insects. Many instances of endosymbiosis are obligate; that is, either the endosymbiont or the host cannot survive without the other, such as the gutless marine worms of the genus Riftia, which get nutrition from their endosymbiotic bacteria. The most common examples of obligate endosymbioses are mitochondria and chloroplasts. Some human parasites, e.g. Wuchereria bancrofti and Mansonella perstans, thrive in their intermediate insect hosts because of an obligate endosymbiosis with ...
... , also called chylous urine, is a medical condition involving the presence of chyle in the urine stream, which results in urine appearing milky white. The condition is usually classified as being either parasitic or non parasitic. It is a condition that is more prevalent among people of Africa and the Indian subcontinent. Chyluria appearance is irregular and intermittent. It may last several days, weeks or even months. There are several factors that trigger Chyluria recurrence. Chyluria is often caused by filariasis due to the parasite Wuchereria bancrofti, a thready nematode which lodges the lymph channels. The parasitic infection can lead to obstruction of peripheral lymphatic vessels and increased pressure within the vessels causing collateral flow of the lymph, redirecting the lymph flow from the intestinal lymphatic vessels into the lymphatic vessels of the kidney and ureter. Because of obstruction, subsequent local inflammation of the area leads to ...
The administration of drugs to whole populations irrespective of disease status is referred to as mass drug administration (MDA). This article describes the administration of antimalarial drugs to whole populations an intervention which has been used as a malaria-control measure for more than 70 years. Recent proposals to eliminate or even to eradicate malaria have led to a renewed interest in mass drug administrations in areas with very high malaria endemicity. Drugs have been administered either directly as a full therapeutic course of treatment or indirectly through the fortification of salt. Mass drug administrations were generally unsuccessful in interrupting transmission but, in some cases, had a marked effect on parasite prevalence and on the incidence of clinical malaria. MDAs are likely to encourage the spread of drug-resistant parasites and so have only a limited role in malaria control. They may have a part to play in the management of epidemics and in the control of malaria in ...
A hydrocele testis is an accumulation of clear fluid in the tunica vaginalis, the most internal of membranes containing a testicle. A primary hydrocele causes a painless enlargement in the scrotum on the affected side and is thought to be due to the defective absorption of fluid secreted between the two layers of the tunica vaginalis (investing membrane). A secondary hydrocele is secondary to either inflammation or a neoplasm in the testis. A hydrocele usually occurs on one side, but can also affect both sides. The accumulation can be a marker of physical trauma, infection, tumor or varicocele surgery, but the cause is generally unknown. Indirect inguinal hernia indicates increased risk of hydrocele.[citation needed] A hydrocele is normally seen in infant boys, as an enlarged scrotum. In infant girls, it appears as enlarged labia. However, hydroceles are more common in boys than girls. A hydrocele feels like a small fluid-filled balloon inside the scrotum. It is smooth, and is mainly in front of ...
Most hydroceles appearing in the first year of life seldom require treatment as they resolve without treatment. Hydroceles that persist after the first year or occur later in life require treatment only in selected cases, such as patients who are symptomatic with pain or a pressure sensation, or when the scrotal skin integrity is compromised from chronic irritation; the treatment of choice is surgery and the operation is conducted via an open access technique aiming to excise the hydrocele sac.[3][4] Anesthesia is required for the operation and general anesthesia is of choice in children, while spinal anesthesia is usually sufficient in adults. Local infiltration anesthesia is not satisfactory because it cannot abolish abdominal pain due to traction on the spermatic cord.[5] In long standing cases, hydrocele fluid may be opalescent with cholesterol and may contain crystals of tyrosine.[6]. After aspiration of a primary hydrocele, fluid reaccumulates over the following months and periodic ...
Ameerika Samoa rahvuspark on rahvuspark, mis asub Vaikses ookeanis USA-le kuuluvatel Ameerika Samoa saartel.. Rahvuspargi pindala on 36 km².. See loodi 1988. aastal.. ...
... is genus for a group of small roundworms. They are among roundworms that cause the parasitic disease filariasis. Specifically, of the three species known, Brugia malayi and Brugia timori cause lymphatic filariasis in humans; and Brugia pahangi and Brugia patei infect domestic cats, dogs and other animals. They are transmitted by the bite of mosquitos. The first species discovered was B. malayi. It was reported by a Dutch parasitologist Steffen Lambert Brug in 1927 from Southeast Asia (Malaya, for which the name was given). It was originally believed to be similar or closely related to another filarial roundworm then named Microfilaria bancrofti (now Wuchereria bancrofti), described by an English naturalist Thomas Spencer Cobbold in 1877. It was for this reason that Brug gave the original name Microfilaria (Filaria) malayi. Brug was aware of the difference mainly on the basis of their occurrence. He found both the worms ...
A hydrocele is an accumulation of serous fluid in a body cavity. A hydrocele testis is the accumulation of fluids around a testicle. It is often caused by fluid secreted from a remnant piece of peritoneum wrapped around the testicle, called the tunica vaginalis. Provided there is no hernia present, hydrocoeles below the age of 1 year usually resolve spontaneously. Primary hydrocoeles may develop in adulthood, particularly in the elderly and in hot countries, by slow accumulation of serous fluid, presumably caused by impaired reabsorption, which appears to be the explanation for most primary hydroceles, although the reason remains obscure.[citation needed] A hydrocele can also be the result of a plugged inguinal lymphatic system caused by repeated, chronic infection of Wuchereria bancrofti or Brugia malayi, two mosquito-borne parasites of Africa and Southeast Asia, respectively. As such, the condition would be a part of more diffuse sequelae ...
Tropical (pulmonary) eosinophilia, or TPE, is characterized by coughing, asthmatic attacks, and an enlarged spleen, and is caused by Wuchereria bancrofti, a filarial infection. It occurs most frequently in India and Southeast Asia. Tropical eosinophilia is considered a manifestation of a species of microfilaria. This disease can be confused with tuberculosis, asthma, or coughs related to roundworms. Tropical pulmonary eosinophilia is a rare, but well recognised, syndrome characterised by pulmonary interstitial infiltrates and marked peripheral eosinophilia. This condition is more widely recognised and promptly diagnosed in filariasis-endemic regions, such as the Indian subcontinent, Africa, Asia and South America. In nonendemic countries, patients are commonly thought to have bronchial asthma. Chronic symptoms may delay the diagnosis by up to five years. Early recognition and treatment with the antifilarial drug, diethylcarbamazine, is important, as delay ...
Fijilive is an online newspaper and business and cultural directory in Fiji. The site is owned by the Future Group of Companies owned by Fiji entrepreneur Yashwant Gaunder. Fijilive is one of Fiji's largest websites. The site rose to prominence in May 2000 during the nationalist coup orchestrated by George Speight. While communication links with the outside world were cut off by the coup plotters, Fijilive was one of the few sources of news to reach the international audience. Since 2003 the site has undergone a massive transformation with a focus on infotainment. However, it still remains a major suppler of Fiji news for an international audience. Fijilive Dating is an online dating site which is part of Fijilive.com. Fijilive provides services and opportunities for single people to find their Fiji lovers online through Fijilive Dating. Fijilive Real Estate is an online real estate site which is part of Fijilive.com. Fijilive provides services for real estate agents in Fiji to sell their ...
Transmision of the human filarial parasite Mansonella ozzardi by Culicoides phlebotomus (Williston) (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) ... Scottish physician who discovered that elephantiasis is spread by mosquitos and suggested that mosquitos also spread malaria ( ... bancrofti from microfilariae of Mansonella perstans and Loa-loa if present.. Bancroftian filariasis among the Mbembe people of ... Similarities to Wuchereria, Brugia, Mansonella, Dirofilaria, and Acanthocheilonema were lower, ranging from 75% to 80%.. ...
When the mosquito bites another person, the larval worms pass from the mosquito into the human skin, and travel to the lymph ... Most of the infections worldwide are caused by Wuchereria bancrofti. In Asia, the disease can also be caused by Brugia malayi ... A wide range of mosquitoes can transmit the parasite, depending on the geographic area. In Africa, the most common vector is ... The infection spreads from person to person by mosquito bites. The adult worm lives in the human lymph vessels, mates, and ...
... including the life cycles of Brugia malayi and Wuchereria bancrofti. ... Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi, and B. timori are considered human parasites as animal reservoirs are of minor ... filariasis are mosquito species in the genera Mansonia and Aedes. W. bancrofti is transmitted by many different mosquito genera ... The causative agents of lymphatic filariasis (LF) include the mosquito-borne filarial nematodes Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia ...
Review on global co-transmission of human Plasmodium species and Wuchereria bancrofti by Anopheles mosquitoes. Infection ... The phylum Apicomplexa contains a group of blood parasites known as haematozoans. The apical complex of these blood parasites ... complete their sexual phases in insects (Diptera) other than mosquitoes; however genetic detection in the gut of mosquitoes has ... Parasites of the order Piroplasmida parasitise a large variety of mammals and birds, but less so reptiles and are thought to be ...
... of patients with Wuchereria Bancrofti Infection - Dr. Magapu Solomon Sudhakar - Doctoral Thesis / Dissertation - Medicine - ... 1.3.3 Geographic Distribution of Filarial Parasites. Wuchereria bancrofti which is one of the causative agents for human ... Figure 1.1 Life Cycle of Wuchereria bancrofti. Different species of the following genera of mosquitoes are vectors of W. ... Eight main species infect humans. Three of these are responsible for most of the morbidity. Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia ...
The parasite DNA in human blood and hydrocele samples and in mosquitoes was isolated free of any PCR inhibitors using simple ... a single third-stage larva in a pool of 20 uninfected mosquitoes, or 0.4 pg of W. bancrofti genomic DNA added to 100 µl of ... bancrofti DNA by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). A single microfilaria in 100 µl of blood or added to 1 ml of blood, ... human blood or serum can be detected by this PCR method. ... end of the pWb 12 repeated DNA sequence in Wuchereria bancrofti ...
Wuchereria bancrofti and the other mosquito-borne parasites that cause human lymphatic filariasis (LF) infect over 120 million ... This report summarizes initial data on the prevalence of Wuchereria bancrofti antigenaemia based on surveys carried out in a ... The rapid immunochromatographic card test (ICT) for Wuchereria bancrofti circulating filarial antigen is being used to map ... Lymphatic Filariasis in Western Ethiopia With Special Emphasis on Prevalence of Wuchereria Bancrofti Antigenaemia In and Around ...
Review on global co-transmission of human Plasmodium species and Wuchereria bancrofti by Anopheles mosquitoes. Infection ... Plastid in human parasites. Nature, 381, 482-482.. Moller, A. P. & Arriero, E. 2008. Host ecology and life-history traits ... The most eminent of the apicomplexan parasites of humans are Plasmodium spp. from the Hematozoa clade, which cause malaria ... While a large portion of the apicomplexans are known parasites of virtually all vetrebrates including humans, they are equally ...
In China it also transmits the filalarial parasite (Wuchereria bancrofti), and arthropod roundworm (Romanomermis jingdeensis). ... "Genome sequence of Anopheles sinensis provides insight into genetics basis of mosquito competence for malaria parasites". BMC ... It is regarded as the most important vector of these human parasitic diseases in Southeast Asia. It is the primary vector of ... "Multiple Resistances and Complex Mechanisms of Anopheles sinensis Mosquito: A Major Obstacle to Mosquito-Borne Diseases Control ...
TPE is an interstitial lung disease that results from a heightened immunologic response to the human filarial parasites, ... V. Kumaraswami, E. A. Ottesen, V. Vijayasekaran et al., "Ivermectin for the treatment of Wuchereria bancrofti filariasis. ... Filariasis is spread by mosquitoes, but only a small portion of the population responds with the TPE syndrome. There are a ... Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia malayi. Individuals with acute TPE characteristically present with cough, dyspnea, nocturnal ...
Human beings serve as the definitive host and mosquitoes as their intermediate hosts. The adult parasites reside in the ... "A polymerase chain reaction assay for detection of the parasite Wuchereria bancrofti in human blood samples". Am J Trop Med Hyg ... The mosquito vectors of W. bancrofti have a preference for human blood; humans are apparently the only animals naturally ... Wuchereria bancrofti is a human parasitic roundworm that is the major cause of lymphatic filariasis. It is one of the three ...
The specificities of A. aegypti-W. bancrofti model compared to other mosquito-filaria systems are discussed. ... Transferrin transcription was higher in infected mosquitoes at 24h, and at 48h was almost leveled to controls. At 72h and 7 ... Compared to controls, transcription of defensin and cecropin was higher in infected mosquitoes as soon as 2h post infection and ... bancrofti and provide a description of the worm development inside the insect. ...
The parasites that cause LF (Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi, Brugia timori) are transmitted by mosquitoes and live in the ... Human Rights and Religious Leaders Call for Action Toward Full Equality and Human Dignity for All. A group of 60 human rights ... Carter Center Human Rights Forum to Promote Role of Religion in Advancing Womens Rights. Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter ... Jimmy Carter Announces Guinea Worm Cases Hit Record Low, Setting Stage for Eradication of Second Human Disease in History. ...
Protocol for Dengue Infections in Mosquitoes (A. aegypti) and Infection Phenotype Determination ... Protocol for Plasmodium falciparum Infections in Mosquitoes and Infection Phenotype Determination, ... Human lymphatic filariasis is a mosquito-vectored disease caused by the nematode parasites Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi ... Furthermore, wAlbB conferred resistance in the mosquito to the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum. ...
In addition to sharing a human host, Plasmodium falciparum and Wuchereria bancrofti are transmitted by the same mosquito vector ... In Mali, lymphatic filariasis due to Wuchereria bancrofti co-exists in several regions highly endemic for malaria, and co- ... Coinfection With Plasmodium Falciparum and Wuchereria Bancrofti: Clinical, Epidemiologic and Immunologic Implications. ... Conversely, immune responses to filarial parasites may be modulated in the presence of malarial parasites. ...
... drug administration and long lasting insecticidal net distribution on wuchereria bancrofti infection in humans and mosquitoes ... Parasites & Vectors 2011 4:134.. Country: Uganda. Keywords: Treatment , Vector controls , Prevention , Mass Drug Administration ... Drug Administration and Long-lasting Insecticidal Net Distribution on Wuchereria Bancrofti Infection in Humans and Mosquitoes: ... drug administration and long-lasting insecticidal net distribution on Wuchereria bancrofti infection in humans and mosquitoes: ...
... often Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia malayi). These worm parasites breed within mosquitoes trhat are the vectors that pass the ... The mosquito ingests blood from a second human and injects the infectious larvae into the dermis of the skin of the human. ... The worms (parasites) interfere with the lymphatric system of humans and results in sweliing called edema. The disease also ... The mosquito (the vector insect) takes up the tiny creatures in ingested blood at night while biting a human ...
Wuchereria bancrofti infects the lymph nodes of humans, resulting in the non-lethal but deforming condition called ... The filarial worms, such as Dirofilaria and Wuchereria, are commonly vectored by mosquitoes, which pass the infective agents ... Dirofilaria immitis, a blood-infective parasite, is the notorious dog heartworm species. ... and humans. Trichina worms (Trichinella) are the causal organism of trichinosis in humans, often resulting from the consumption ...
... including human landing collections, pyrethrum spray catches and window exit traps. Infection of W. bancrofti in mosquitoes was ... melas mosquitoes from Ahanta West district were the only species found positive for filarial parasites. We conclude that whilst ... The objective of this study was to assess Wuchereria bancrofti infection in mosquitoes as a post-MDA surveillance tool using ... pharoensis, Culex and Mansonia mosquitoes were sampled in each of the four study districts. The dissected mosquitoes were ...
Bancrof-tian filariasis, caused by the parasite Wuchereria bancrofti and transmitted to humans by mosquitoes, accounts for more ... while molecular xenomonitoring provides information on the point prevalence of filarial parasites in mosquitoes in the area of ... serum antigen and antibody assays and detection of parasite DNA in vector mosquitoes) for different phases oflymphatic ... The ICT card test is a technique recommended by WHO [13] for detection of circulating W. bancrofti antigens to assess the ...
Protocol voor Mosquito Opfok (A. gambiae), Protocol voor Dengue Infecties in Muggen (A. aegypti) en Infectie Fenotype ... the filarial worm Wuchereria bancrofti, and an avian malaria parasite. Comparative phylogenomics revealed an expanded canonical ... The mosquito Culex quinquefasciatus poses a substantial threat to human and veterinary health as a primary vector of West Nile ... is transmitted by Anopheles mosquitoes. The malaria parasite is under intensive attack from the mosquitos innate immune system ...
Wuchereria bancrofti) was transmitted via the bite of a mosquito of the genus Culex. He proposed that a mosquito of that genus ... the parasites were released in water by dead mosquitoes and then transferred to humans when they drank the water. Manson ... he described oocysts of the malarial parasite in the walls of the stomach of an unclassified mosquito ("a grey mosquito, a ... In areas with cold nights, the mosquito did not fly and bite humans, but stayed in the warmer stalls to bite livestock. ...
... bancrofti genomic DNA added to 100 µl of human blood or serum can be detected by this PCR method. The parasite DNA in human ... Polymerase Chain Reaction-Based Technique for the Detection of Wuchereria bancrofti in Human Blood Samples, Hydrocele Fluid, ... suggest that the rapid turnover observed in Dielmo may reflect the introduction of new parasite populations by mosquitoes. ... end of the pWb 12 repeated DNA sequence in Wuchereria bancrofti for specific amplification of W. bancrofti DNA by the ...
gambiae s.l but only 0.1% harboured the infective stages of both parasites. None of the persons examined in Shakahola had ... Prevalence of concomitant infections of plasmodium falciparum and wuchereria bancrofti in mosquito and human populations in ... investigated the prevalence of concomitant infections of Plasmodium falciparum and Wuchereria bancrofti in mosquito and human ... Mosquitoes were sampled inside houses by use of pyrethrum spray sheet collection (PSC) while blood samples were collected by ...
Lymphatic filariasis (LF), is a human disease caused by parasitic helminths (Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi and Brugia ... timori). These filarial worms are transmitted via infected mosquitoes.. There are 73 endemic countries at-risk of LF, and ... Eradication of Wuchereria bancrofti infection through vector control. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1979;73(6):722-4.View Article ... Human capital approach. The human capital approach takes the patients perspective for valuing lost productivity and therefore ...
  • To test whether the innate immune system of mosquitoes was capable of modulating permissiveness to the parasite, we activated the Toll and Imd pathway controlled rel family transcription factors Rel1 and Rel2 (by RNA interference knockdown of the pathway's negative regulators Cactus and Caspar) during the early stages of infection with B. malayi. (umn.edu)
  • Development of B. malayi in humans is most frequently modeled in the domestic shorthair cat ( Felis catus ) or in the Mongolian jird ( Meriones unguiculatus ), commonly referred to as the Mongolian gerbil, with the jird model being most popular because they are easier to handle and more economical to maintain than cats. (springer.com)
  • B. malayi is transmitted by mosquitoes and is restricted to South and South East Asia. (meddic.jp)
  • In 1957, two subspecies of human infecting B. malayi were discovered by Turner and Edeson in Malaysia based on the observation of different patterns of microfilaria periodicity. (meddic.jp)
  • He proposed that a mosquito of that genus should be also involved in malaria, but as part of a bizarre cycle: the parasites were released in water by dead mosquitoes and then transferred to humans when they drank the water. (isciii.es)
  • Echinococcosis is a parasitic disease caused by the larval stages of tapeworms of the genus Echinococcus that form pathogenic cysts in humans. (who.int)
  • The threadworms include members of the genus Strongyloides , which is notable among the vertebrate animal parasites in being the only group that is capable of executing one or more complete generations of development outside the vertebrate host ( Figure 1 ). (wormbook.org)
  • For individuals who are actively infected with the filarial parasite, DEC is typically the drug of choice in the United States. (nih.gov)
  • The "tool-ready" category of diseases is those for which powerful and Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) and inexpensive control tools are currently zoonoses are a devastating obstacle to available and for which well-developed human settlement and socioeconomic implementation strategies are development of already impoverished immediately feasible. (who.int)
  • Commenting on the data Professor David Molyneux of the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine says In this landmark publication, new data from the national programme in Egyptshow that we can, using the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended strategy of an annual drug distribution, end the cycle of transmission of lymphatic filariasis by mosquitoes. (webwire.com)
  • This assay may be useful as a non-invasive surveillance tool for early detection of LF resurgence following suspension of MDA, if the detection potential of the assay would be evaluated on larger number of field caught mosquitoes. (journalcra.com)
  • The new biplex test, called the SD BIOLINE Onchocerciasis and Lymphatic Filariasis IgG 4 rapid test , is based on the detection of antibodies to parasite antigens Ov16 for onchocerciasis and Wb123 for LF. (path.org)
  • Our demographic models support divergence times that correlate with the migration of human populations. (cdc.gov)
  • Human rabies has been successfully prevented and controlled in North America and in a number of Asian and Latin American countries by implementing sustained dog vaccination campaigns, managing dog populations humanely and providing postexposure prophylaxis. (who.int)
  • Both the parasite and the disease are commonly known as "Crypto. (parasitetesting.co.uk)
  • The findings of a study in Burkina Faso suggest that although gametocytes are most commonly detected in children, the proportion of asexual parasites that is committed to develop into gametocytes may increase with age. (malariaworld.org)
  • Humans become infected by ingesting Echinococcus eggs that are most commonly shed in faeces of dogs and several wild canids, such as foxes, wolves, jackals and coyotes. (who.int)
  • Specifically, this included estimating prevalence of W. bancrofti infection pre- and post-intervention with LLIN distribution, and investigating associations between W. bancrofit infection and various indicators of ownership and use of mosquito nets. (malariaconsortium.org)
  • Methods The prevalence of circulating filarial antigen (CFA) of Wuchereria bancrofti was assessed by an immuno-chromatography test (ICT) in people recruited from all five districts of Conakry. (edu.gh)
  • Although MDA interventions are not recommended where the prevalence of ICT is below 1 %, the entomological results are suggestive of the circulation of the parasite in the population of Conakry. (edu.gh)