Authorship: The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Editorial Policies: The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.United StatesRetrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Bibliometrics: The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Conflict of Interest: A situation in which an individual might benefit personally from official or professional actions. It includes a conflict between a person's private interests and official responsibilities in a position of trust. The term is not restricted to government officials. The concept refers both to actual conflict of interest and the appearance or perception of conflict.Journalism, Medical: The collection, writing, and editing of current interest material on topics related to biomedicine for presentation through the mass media, including newspapers, magazines, radio, or television, usually for a public audience such as health care consumers.Peer Review, Research: The evaluation by experts of the quality and pertinence of research or research proposals of other experts in the same field. Peer review is used by editors in deciding which submissions warrant publication, by granting agencies to determine which proposals should be funded, and by academic institutions in tenure decisions.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Publications: Copies of a work or document distributed to the public by sale, rental, lease, or lending. (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p181)Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Writing: The act or practice of literary composition, the occupation of writer, or producing or engaging in literary work as a profession.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Anesthetics, Inhalation: Gases or volatile liquids that vary in the rate at which they induce anesthesia; potency; the degree of circulation, respiratory, or neuromuscular depression they produce; and analgesic effects. Inhalation anesthetics have advantages over intravenous agents in that the depth of anesthesia can be changed rapidly by altering the inhaled concentration. Because of their rapid elimination, any postoperative respiratory depression is of relatively short duration. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p173)Benchmarking: Method of measuring performance against established standards of best practice.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Evidence-Based Medicine: An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Isoflurane: A stable, non-explosive inhalation anesthetic, relatively free from significant side effects.Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Halothane: A nonflammable, halogenated, hydrocarbon anesthetic that provides relatively rapid induction with little or no excitement. Analgesia may not be adequate. NITROUS OXIDE is often given concomitantly. Because halothane may not produce sufficient muscle relaxation, supplemental neuromuscular blocking agents may be required. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p178)Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic: Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.Copyright: It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Bias (Epidemiology): Any deviation of results or inferences from the truth, or processes leading to such deviation. Bias can result from several sources: one-sided or systematic variations in measurement from the true value (systematic error); flaws in study design; deviation of inferences, interpretations, or analyses based on flawed data or data collection; etc. There is no sense of prejudice or subjectivity implied in the assessment of bias under these conditions.Disclosure: Revealing of information, by oral or written communication.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Anesthesia, Inhalation: Anesthesia caused by the breathing of anesthetic gases or vapors or by insufflating anesthetic gases or vapors into the respiratory tract.Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Osteopathic Medicine: A medical discipline that is based on the philosophy that all body systems are interrelated and dependent upon one another for good health. This philosophy, developed in 1874 by Dr. Andrew Taylor Still, recognizes the concept of "wellness" and the importance of treating illness within the context of the whole body. Special attention is placed on the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.Scientific Misconduct: Intentional falsification of scientific data by presentation of fraudulent or incomplete or uncorroborated findings as scientific fact.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Data Interpretation, Statistical: Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Anesthesia: A state characterized by loss of feeling or sensation. This depression of nerve function is usually the result of pharmacologic action and is induced to allow performance of surgery or other painful procedures.Manuscripts as Topic: Compositions written by hand, as one written before the invention or adoption of printing. A manuscript may also refer to a handwritten copy of an ancient author. A manuscript may be handwritten or typewritten as distinguished from a printed copy, especially the copy of a writer's work from which printed copies are made. (Webster, 3d ed)Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Confidence Intervals: A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.Research Design: A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.Review Literature as Topic: Published materials which provide an examination of recent or current literature. Review articles can cover a wide range of subject matter at various levels of completeness and comprehensiveness based on analyses of literature that may include research findings. The review may reflect the state of the art. It also includes reviews as a literary form.Confounding Factors (Epidemiology): Factors that can cause or prevent the outcome of interest, are not intermediate variables, and are not associated with the factor(s) under investigation. They give rise to situations in which the effects of two processes are not separated, or the contribution of causal factors cannot be separated, or the measure of the effect of exposure or risk is distorted because of its association with other factors influencing the outcome of the study.Peer Review: An organized procedure carried out by a select committee of professionals in evaluating the performance of other professionals in meeting the standards of their specialty. Review by peers is used by editors in the evaluation of articles and other papers submitted for publication. Peer review is used also in the evaluation of grant applications. It is applied also in evaluating the quality of health care provided to patients.Manipulation, Osteopathic: Musculoskeletal manipulation based on the principles of OSTEOPATHIC MEDICINE developed in 1874 by Dr Andrew Taylor Still.Abstracting and Indexing as Topic: Activities performed to identify concepts and aspects of published information and research reports.Reoperation: A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.Nitrous Oxide: Nitrogen oxide (N2O). A colorless, odorless gas that is used as an anesthetic and analgesic. High concentrations cause a narcotic effect and may replace oxygen, causing death by asphyxia. It is also used as a food aerosol in the preparation of whipping cream.Information Storage and Retrieval: Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.Research Personnel: Those individuals engaged in research.Duplicate Publication as Topic: Simultaneous or successive publishing of identical or near- identical material in two or more different sources without acknowledgment. It differs from reprinted publication in that a reprint cites sources. It differs from PLAGIARISM in that duplicate publication is the product of the same authorship while plagiarism publishes a work or parts of a work of another as one's own.Anesthetics, Intravenous: Ultrashort-acting anesthetics that are used for induction. Loss of consciousness is rapid and induction is pleasant, but there is no muscle relaxation and reflexes frequently are not reduced adequately. Repeated administration results in accumulation and prolongs the recovery time. Since these agents have little if any analgesic activity, they are seldom used alone except in brief minor procedures. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p174)Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Recovery of Function: A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.Methyl Ethers: A group of compounds that contain the general formula R-OCH3.Financial Support: The provision of monetary resources including money or capital and credit; obtaining or furnishing money or capital for a purchase or enterprise and the funds so obtained. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)MEDLINE: The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Propofol: An intravenous anesthetic agent which has the advantage of a very rapid onset after infusion or bolus injection plus a very short recovery period of a couple of minutes. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, 1st ed, p206). Propofol has been used as ANTICONVULSANTS and ANTIEMETICS.Survival Rate: The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.Guidelines as Topic: A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.Breast Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.Survival Analysis: A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.Databases, Bibliographic: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of references and citations to books, articles, publications, etc., generally on a single subject or specialized subject area. Databases can operate through automated files, libraries, or computer disks. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, FACTUAL which is used for collections of data and facts apart from bibliographic references to them.Pain Measurement: Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.Databases, Factual: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.Probability: The study of chance processes or the relative frequency characterizing a chance process.Anesthesia, General: Procedure in which patients are induced into an unconscious state through use of various medications so that they do not feel pain during surgery.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Research Support as Topic: Financial support of research activities.Epidemiologic Methods: Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Fentanyl: A potent narcotic analgesic, abuse of which leads to habituation or addiction. It is primarily a mu-opioid agonist. Fentanyl is also used as an adjunct to general anesthetics, and as an anesthetic for induction and maintenance. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1078)Manuscripts, MedicalRange of Motion, Articular: The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Medicine in Literature: Written or other literary works whose subject matter is medical or about the profession of medicine and related areas.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Clinical Trials as Topic: Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.Immunohistochemistry: Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.CaliforniaSurgical Procedures, Operative: Operations carried out for the correction of deformities and defects, repair of injuries, and diagnosis and cure of certain diseases. (Taber, 18th ed.)Combined Modality Therapy: The treatment of a disease or condition by several different means simultaneously or sequentially. Chemoimmunotherapy, RADIOIMMUNOTHERAPY, chemoradiotherapy, cryochemotherapy, and SALVAGE THERAPY are seen most frequently, but their combinations with each other and surgery are also used.Meta-Analysis as Topic: A quantitative method of combining the results of independent studies (usually drawn from the published literature) and synthesizing summaries and conclusions which may be used to evaluate therapeutic effectiveness, plan new studies, etc., with application chiefly in the areas of research and medicine.Orthopedic Procedures: Procedures used to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, its articulations, and associated structures.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Phantoms, Imaging: Devices or objects in various imaging techniques used to visualize or enhance visualization by simulating conditions encountered in the procedure. Phantoms are used very often in procedures employing or measuring x-irradiation or radioactive material to evaluate performance. Phantoms often have properties similar to human tissue. Water demonstrates absorbing properties similar to normal tissue, hence water-filled phantoms are used to map radiation levels. Phantoms are used also as teaching aids to simulate real conditions with x-ray or ultrasonic machines. (From Iturralde, Dictionary and Handbook of Nuclear Medicine and Clinical Imaging, 1990)Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Reconstructive Surgical Procedures: Procedures used to reconstruct, restore, or improve defective, damaged, or missing structures.Causality: The relating of causes to the effects they produce. Causes are termed necessary when they must always precede an effect and sufficient when they initiate or produce an effect. Any of several factors may be associated with the potential disease causation or outcome, including predisposing factors, enabling factors, precipitating factors, reinforcing factors, and risk factors.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Enflurane: An extremely stable inhalation anesthetic that allows rapid adjustments of anesthesia depth with little change in pulse or respiratory rate.Neoplasm Recurrence, Local: The local recurrence of a neoplasm following treatment. It arises from microscopic cells of the original neoplasm that have escaped therapeutic intervention and later become clinically visible at the original site.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Patient Selection: Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Anesthetics, Local: Drugs that block nerve conduction when applied locally to nerve tissue in appropriate concentrations. They act on any part of the nervous system and on every type of nerve fiber. In contact with a nerve trunk, these anesthetics can cause both sensory and motor paralysis in the innervated area. Their action is completely reversible. (From Gilman AG, et. al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed) Nearly all local anesthetics act by reducing the tendency of voltage-dependent sodium channels to activate.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Hip Joint: The joint that is formed by the articulation of the head of FEMUR and the ACETABULUM of the PELVIS.Osteopathic Physicians: Licensed physicians trained in OSTEOPATHIC MEDICINE. An osteopathic physician, also known as D.O. (Doctor of Osteopathy), is able to perform surgery and prescribe medications.Pain, Postoperative: Pain during the period after surgery.Ethics, Research: The moral obligations governing the conduct of research. Used for discussions of research ethics as a general topic.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Epidemiologic Research Design: The form and structure of analytic studies in epidemiologic and clinical research.Intubation, Intratracheal: A procedure involving placement of a tube into the trachea through the mouth or nose in order to provide a patient with oxygen and anesthesia.Intraoperative Complications: Complications that affect patients during surgery. They may or may not be associated with the disease for which the surgery is done, or within the same surgical procedure.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Neoplasm Staging: Methods which attempt to express in replicable terms the extent of the neoplasm in the patient.Research Report: Detailed account or statement or formal record of data resulting from empirical inquiry.Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip: Replacement of the hip joint.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Proportional Hazards Models: Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.Plagiarism: Passing off as one's own the work of another without credit.Biopsy, Needle: Removal and examination of tissue obtained through a transdermal needle inserted into the specific region, organ, or tissue being analyzed.User-Computer Interface: The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Anesthetics: Agents that are capable of inducing a total or partial loss of sensation, especially tactile sensation and pain. They may act to induce general ANESTHESIA, in which an unconscious state is achieved, or may act locally to induce numbness or lack of sensation at a targeted site.Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Fatal Outcome: Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.Registries: The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.Prosthesis Failure: Malfunction of implantation shunts, valves, etc., and prosthesis loosening, migration, and breaking.Prosthesis Design: The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.Statistics as Topic: The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.Epidemiologic Studies: Studies designed to examine associations, commonly, hypothesized causal relations. They are usually concerned with identifying or measuring the effects of risk factors or exposures. The common types of analytic study are CASE-CONTROL STUDIES; COHORT STUDIES; and CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDIES.Cornea: The transparent anterior portion of the fibrous coat of the eye consisting of five layers: stratified squamous CORNEAL EPITHELIUM; BOWMAN MEMBRANE; CORNEAL STROMA; DESCEMET MEMBRANE; and mesenchymal CORNEAL ENDOTHELIUM. It serves as the first refracting medium of the eye. It is structurally continuous with the SCLERA, avascular, receiving its nourishment by permeation through spaces between the lamellae, and is innervated by the ophthalmic division of the TRIGEMINAL NERVE via the ciliary nerves and those of the surrounding conjunctiva which together form plexuses. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)Lung Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.Carcinoma: A malignant neoplasm made up of epithelial cells tending to infiltrate the surrounding tissues and give rise to metastases. It is a histological type of neoplasm but is often wrongly used as a synonym for "cancer." (From Dorland, 27th ed)Ethics, Medical: The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.PubMed: A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Transference (Psychology): The unconscious transfer to others (including psychotherapists) of feelings and attitudes which were originally associated with important figures (parents, siblings, etc.) in one's early life.Intraoperative Period: The period during a surgical operation.Medical Records Systems, Computerized: Computer-based systems for input, storage, display, retrieval, and printing of information contained in a patient's medical record.Analgesics, Opioid: Compounds with activity like OPIATE ALKALOIDS, acting at OPIOID RECEPTORS. Properties include induction of ANALGESIA or NARCOSIS.Science: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.Access to Information: Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.Biopsy: Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.Pain: An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted: Computer systems or networks designed to provide radiographic interpretive information.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Nerve Block: Interruption of NEURAL CONDUCTION in peripheral nerves or nerve trunks by the injection of a local anesthetic agent (e.g., LIDOCAINE; PHENOL; BOTULINUM TOXINS) to manage or treat pain.Radiographic Image Enhancement: Improvement in the quality of an x-ray image by use of an intensifying screen, tube, or filter and by optimum exposure techniques. Digital processing methods are often employed.Surgical Flaps: Tongues of skin and subcutaneous tissue, sometimes including muscle, cut away from the underlying parts but often still attached at one end. They retain their own microvasculature which is also transferred to the new site. They are often used in plastic surgery for filling a defect in a neighboring region.Thiopental: A barbiturate that is administered intravenously for the induction of general anesthesia or for the production of complete anesthesia of short duration.Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Neuromuscular Blocking Agents: Drugs that interrupt transmission of nerve impulses at the skeletal neuromuscular junction. They can be of two types, competitive, stabilizing blockers (NEUROMUSCULAR NONDEPOLARIZING AGENTS) or noncompetitive, depolarizing agents (NEUROMUSCULAR DEPOLARIZING AGENTS). Both prevent acetylcholine from triggering the muscle contraction and they are used as anesthesia adjuvants, as relaxants during electroshock, in convulsive states, etc.Forecasting: The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.Disease Progression: The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Publication Bias: The influence of study results on the chances of publication and the tendency of investigators, reviewers, and editors to submit or accept manuscripts for publication based on the direction or strength of the study findings. Publication bias has an impact on the interpretation of clinical trials and meta-analyses. Bias can be minimized by insistence by editors on high-quality research, thorough literature reviews, acknowledgement of conflicts of interest, modification of peer review practices, etc.Dogs: The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Practice Guidelines as Topic: Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.Adenocarcinoma: A malignant epithelial tumor with a glandular organization.History, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.Academic Medical Centers: Medical complexes consisting of medical school, hospitals, clinics, libraries, administrative facilities, etc.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect: A form of fluorescent antibody technique commonly used to detect serum antibodies and immune complexes in tissues and microorganisms in specimens from patients with infectious diseases. The technique involves formation of an antigen-antibody complex which is labeled with fluorescein-conjugated anti-immunoglobulin antibody. (From Bennington, Saunders Dictionary & Encyclopedia of Laboratory Medicine and Technology, 1984)Prostatic Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the PROSTATE.Anesthesiology: A specialty concerned with the study of anesthetics and anesthesia.Documentation: Systematic organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of specialized information, especially of a scientific or technical nature (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983). It often involves authenticating or validating information.Quality Control: A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Great BritainAging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Operating Rooms: Facilities equipped for performing surgery.Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Environmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Bibliography as Topic: Discussion of lists of works, documents or other publications, usually with some relationship between them, e.g., by a given author, on a given subject, or published in a given place, and differing from a catalog in that its contents are restricted to holdings of a single collection, library, or group of libraries. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Postoperative Care: The period of care beginning when the patient is removed from surgery and aimed at meeting the patient's psychological and physical needs directly after surgery. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Brain Neoplasms: Neoplasms of the intracranial components of the central nervous system, including the cerebral hemispheres, basal ganglia, hypothalamus, thalamus, brain stem, and cerebellum. Brain neoplasms are subdivided into primary (originating from brain tissue) and secondary (i.e., metastatic) forms. Primary neoplasms are subdivided into benign and malignant forms. In general, brain tumors may also be classified by age of onset, histologic type, or presenting location in the brain.
He is currently Professor in the Department of Creative Writing at University of California, Riverside. His writing has ... "Author Tom Lutz Appears On UI Radios Stations Sept. 8 And 12", University of Iowa News Release, Aug. 29, 2006 An interview with ... "UCR Newsroom: Acclaimed Author Joins UCR". Newsroom.ucr.edu. 2006-09-20. Retrieved 2017-04-25. "CHASS: Tom Lutz is a Recipient ... "Tom Lutz , Authors , Macmillan". Us.macmillan.com. Retrieved 2017-04-25. Faculty page at Univ of Calif-Riverside "Tom Lutz", ...
"Authors". OMG BookFest. Retrieved 2017-05-31. Authors Read Best - Sarah Mlynowksi - Parents Read Best Retrieved 2016-03-14. " ... After her second novel Fishbowl was published, she moved to New York City to write full-time. She is best known for her New ... Along with authors Michael Buckley, Julia DeVillers, and Adele Griffin, Sarah is a co-founder of OMG BookFest, a book festival ... "See Jane Write". Sarah Mlynowski. Retrieved 2015-10-05. "Teens". Sarah Mlynowski. Retrieved 2015-10-05. "Kids". Sarah Mlynowski ...
... is a 2012 memoir written by Iranian-American author Arion Golmakani (fa). The book is a first-person narrative about ... "Arion Golmakani". Authors. Tantor Media. Retrieved 20 September 2017. "Solacers : a memoir". Searchworks Catalog. Stanford ... 2012 Finalist Nonfiction, William Saroyan International Prize for Writing- Stanford University Libraries. In 2013 Solacers was ... "Winners and finalists 2012". William Saroyan International Prize for Writing. Stanford University. Retrieved 20 September 2017 ...
"Maria Venegas , Authors , Macmillan". Macmillan. Retrieved 26 March 2016. www.675plus.com. "Creative Writing MFA Hertog ... She graduated from Hunter College with an MFA in Creative Writing, where she was a Hertog Fellow for Frank McCourt. She ... Bulletproof Vest: The Ballad of an Outlaw and His Daughter (2014). She has also written short stories which have appeared in ...
"Allen Barra , Authors". Macmillan. Retrieved 10 May 2013. Barra, Allen. "Why I Write...Allen Barra". Publishers Weekly. ... He has also written for the New York Times and New York Observer, and was formerly a columnist for Salon.com. He formerly ... In 2010, Barra wrote "Rickwood Field: A Century in America's Oldest Ballpark". Barra was one of the few sportswriters to agree ... Allen Barra is an American journalist and author of a number of sports books. He is a contributing editor of American Heritage ...
She has also written under the name of Jane Brindle, her mother's name. She has written over 50 books. Living a Lie "Josephine ... Josephine Cox (born 1941), also known as Jo Cox, is an English author. Her books are frequently best sellers and the UK Public ... Biography at - Harper Collins Vucicevic, Ajda (24 January 2014). "LBA author Jo Cox invited to appear on Desert Island Discs". ... Aspin, Jean (October 2007). "Josephine Cox". Authors. Fantastic Fiction.co.uk. Retrieved 16 January 2018. ...
"Authors". Authors - Lara Vapnyar. Penguin Random House. Retrieved 9 December 2016. "Faculty". Writing Faculty. Columbia ... On the one hand, authors have "addressed the pitfalls of writing about one's country of origin for a foreign audience." For ... For Vapnyar, creative writing is her primary "means of establishing her identity in her adopted homeland." Vapnyar's reliance ... Wanner, Adrian (2015). "Writing the Translingual Life: Recent Memoirs and Auto-Fiction by Russian- American and Russian-German ...
"Quercus Authors". Retrieved 23 April 2013. Wilson, Jason (2004). The Best American Travel Writing 2004. Houghton Mifflin ... and was collected in The Best American Travel Writing 2004. In 2012, Cooper wrote a series of controversial articles for the ... Huffington Post Cooper's writing for the Huffington Post (including "PETA's Death Cult," a series about People for the Ethical ... Michiko Kakutani in The New York Times wrote that his "elliptical narrative style recalls works by D. M. Thomas, Paul Auster, ...
... is an American poet and writer, author of five poetry collections. Her writing has appeared in Ms. Magazine, ... Creative Writing Program New England Poetry Club > Contest Winners Archived 2009-05-22 at the Wayback Machine. Amazon author ... Authors & Articles > Cathleen Calbert Rhode Island College > ...
In 1942 Johns also co-wrote two radio plays, which were broadcast on the BBC. Johns wrote a great number of short stories under ... He was the author of "The Passing Show" column for the My Garden magazine between 1937 and 1944 and a columnist for The Modern ... Wright 2001, pp. 16-18. Berresford Ellis & Schofield 1993, pp. 309-10. Berresford Ellis & Schofield 1993, pp. 308-10. Wright ... Johns also wrote eight non-fiction books, most of which related to flying and pilots, although a book on gardening and two ...
Author Sheila Davis' book, The Craft of Lyric Writing, notes that "the repeated title line simultaneously outlines the ... The track was written by Jackson and produced by Jackson and Quincy Jones. It was released as the first single for Jackson's ... The writing of "The Girl Is Mine" was completed by Jackson as he watched cartoons with Paul McCartney. Producer Quincy Jones ... Authors OnLine. ISBN 978-0-7552-0267-6. Taraborrelli, J. Randy (2004). The Magic and the Madness. Terra Alta, WV: Headline. ...
Shepard's first creative writing teacher was David Huddle, poet and short story writer at the University of Vermont. Shepard ... Contemporary Authors. New Revision Series. 102. Gale. December 2001. ISBN 9780787646110. "Johnson State College, Vermont - ... He currently teaches in the low-residency MFA writing program at Wilkes University and is Senior and Founding Editor of the ... "Johnson State College: Writing & Literature Department Stories". Johnson State College. October 2008. Retrieved 26 March 2013 ...
Among the books authored by Waller were Gordon of Khartoum: The Saga of a Victorian Hero in 1988, Beyond the Khyber Pass: The ... "John H. Waller, 81; Ex-CIA Officer Wrote About Espionage, War". The New York Times. New York. November 9, 2004. Retrieved April ... Contemporary Authors; January, 2006. Taubman, Philip (February 1, 1982). "House is Starting Hearings on C.I.A". The New York ... John Henry Waller (May 8, 1923-November 4, 2004) was an American historian and author, as well as the Inspector General of the ...
The authors. ISBN 0-9526702-0-8. "Ilminster-Blessed Virgin Mary". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. 23 December 2011. ... Poyntz Wright, Peter (1981). The Parish Church Towers of Somerset, Their construction, craftsmanship and chronology 1350 - 1550 ...
The authors. ISBN 0-9526702-0-8. "Church Guide". Parish Church of St. Peter and St. Paul, Bleadon. Archived from the original ... Poyntz Wright, Peter (1981). The Parish Church Towers of Somerset, Their construction, craftsmanship and chronology 1350 - 1550 ...
The authors. ISBN 0-9526702-0-8. "Wait for vicar over". Cheddar Valley Gazette. 29 April 2009. Retrieved 11 May 2009. ... ISBN 0-906456-98-3. Poyntz Wright, Peter (1981). The Parish Church Towers of Somerset, Their construction, craftsmanship and ...
The authors. ISBN 0-9526702-0-8. "The glory of Banwell Church". Weston and Somerset Mercury. 2008-05-23. Retrieved 2009-04-05 ... Poyntz Wright, Peter (1981). The Parish Church Towers of Somerset, Their construction, craftsmanship and chronology 1350 - 1550 ...
The authors. ISBN 0-9526702-0-8. "Church Room". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 22 February 2009. "St Mary's ... Poyntz Wright, Peter (1981). The Parish Church Towers of Somerset, Their construction, craftsmanship and chronology 1350 - 1550 ...
The authors. ISBN 0-9526702-0-8. Comrie, J.; Bush, R. (1989), Somerset - A Portrait in Colour, Dovecote Press Limited, ... Poyntz Wright, Peter (1981). The Parish Church Towers of Somerset, Their construction, craftsmanship and chronology 1350 - 1550 ...
The authors. ISBN 0-9526702-0-8. "Church of St John The Baptist". Retrieved 2006-08-25. ... ISBN 0-905459-16-4. Poyntz Wright, Peter (1981). The Parish Church Towers of Somerset, Their construction, craftsmanship and ...
"Macmillan Higher Education :: Our Authors :: Peter Berkow". www.macmillanhighered.com. Retrieved 2015-11-02. "News Writing -- ... California with his wife Tricia and teaches writing at Shasta College. "Chico TV producer broadcasts live music on screen". www ... intended to help in writing instruction. Los Angeles Emmy Award for Instructional Programming for producing the series ...
The Famous Authors website writes, "His incorporation of metaphysical approach attributed a rich quality to his writing style ... Anonymous (2001). "Tim O'Brien". Famous Authors. Retrieved October 29, 2016. Anonymous (2016). "Tim O'Brien Writing Styles in ... Going After Cacciato is an anti-war novel written by Tim O'Brien and first published by Delacorte Press in 1978. It won the U.S ... writing in The New York Times and suggesting that Cacciato is a Christ figure, said, "By turns lurid and lyrical, Going After ...
She contributed a humorous essay griping about unfair author contracts to an issue of Canadian Author & Bookman, the Canadian ... Bourgeois-Doyle, Dick, What's So Funny?: Lessons from Canada's Leacock Medal for Humour Writing. General Store Publishing House ... Contemporary authors. First revision. Detroit, Gale Research Co. [c1967-1979], 44 v. 26-29 cm. ISSN 0190-3616. ... ISBN 978-1-77123-342-2. p. 40 Lyn Harrington, Syllables of Recorded Time: The Story of the Canadian Authors Association 1921- ...
Some authors write ".." instead of "σ" for the index stack in production rules; the rule of type 1, 2, and 3 then reads A[..]→α ... CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) p.517-518 Johan F.A.K. van Benthem; Alice ter Meulen (2010). Handbook of Logic ...
... (柴崎 友香, Shibasaki Tomoka) is a Japanese author, born on October 20, 1973, in Osaka. She graduated from Osaka ... In 2016, she participated in the International Writing Program's Fall Residency at the University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA. 2014 ... She wrote Sono Machi No Ima Wa (Today, in that City), which first appeared in Shincho in 2006. It was nominated in 2007 for the ... J'Lit , Authors : Tomoka Shibasaki , Books from Japan (in English) Japanese Literature Publishing Project http://www.jlpp.jp/en ...
... , also called The Kingkiller Chronicle: Day One, is a heroic fantasy novel written by American author ... Writing history[edit]. Rothfuss wrote The Name of the Wind during his nine-year advance toward his B.A. in English. He drew ... Finnish symphonic metal band Nightwish wrote and performed a song called "Edema Ruh" on their album Endless Forms Most ...
... according to a 2018 Authors Guild income survey, with the median income from writing now so low - just $6,080 a year - that ... Last month, I wrote about a section in Seth Godins book Stop Stealing Dreams: What is School Good For? The book is available ... ALA has a interview with the authors of Coaching Copyright, Kevin L. Smith and Erin L. Ellis. Smith and Ellis released this new ... As Ive written this, I have gone back through my notes and looked at relevant tweets. Im thankful for those people who ...
Guide to Authors & Copyright. *The manuscript should be written in English and the desired of contents is: Title, Authors name ... the authors shall not grant to any other person, firm, or company without consent in writing from GMSARN, the right to post ... using separate copies if necessary or one author should sign the form on behalf of all authors. Should any further author(s) be ... Authors (please complete in full): ______________________________________________________. The undersigned authors agree to the ...
Many others have written about the cisterns: Atlas Obscura, Untapped Cities, Found SF, and the cisterns even have their own ... 3) According to French copyright law, copyrighted works are protected for 70 years after the authors death. ... I ended up writing mine from scratch.. Lesson #2: Because GitHub is both a backup system for source code and open source ... More importantly, I wrote custom STL exporters which empowered my workflow to go directly to a 3D printer without having to go ...
... and early-20th-century authors online. (Other authors with newly augmented Ransom Center digital archives include Hart Crane, ... When he wrote this piece in 1903, he had been publishing steadily for four years. That same year, The Call of the Wild, his ... "Always a prolific reader," his biographer Clarice Stasz writes, "he consciously chose to become a writer to escape from the ... Rebecca Onion is a Slate staff writer and the author of Innocent Experiments. ...
... he turned to a veteran energy consultant from his home state of Texas to write the report. The consultant now says she was ... I got to DOE, and I set up a storyboard, and I started writing. And they called me in one day and they said, Theres nothing ... but they didnt tell me what to write in the drafts and I didnt write stuff that wasnt supported by facts on regulation or ... From Chicago, I write about green technology, energy, environment. Opinions expressed by Forbes Contributors are their own. ...
Ann Wright articles and opinion pieces published by Common Dreams, a non-profit independent media outlet publishing since 1997 ... Articles by this author. Views. Monday, March 05, 2012. Obama, the Denier of Israels Crimes. I listened to President Obamas ... Ann Wright is a 29 year US Army/Army Reserves veteran who retired as a Colonel and a former US diplomat who resigned in March, ... She is the co-author of the book "Dissent: Voices of Conscience." (www.voicesofconscience.com) ...
Harper JN, Wright SH.. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2013 Jan 1;304(1):F56-67. doi: 10.1152/ajprenal.00486.2012. Epub 2012 Oct 3. ... Collie D, Murchison JT, Wright SH, McLean A, Howard L, Del-Pozo J, Smith S, McLachlan G, Lawrence J, Kay E, Schwarz T, Parys M. ... Ekins S, Polli JE, Swaan PW, Wright SH.. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2012 Nov;92(5):661-5. doi: 10.1038/clpt.2012.164. Epub 2012 Sep ... Martínez-Guerrero LJ, Evans KK, Dantzler WH, Wright SH.. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2016 Jan 1;310(1):F57-67. doi: 10.1152/ ...
George Knox has written: The Robert Lehman Collection Zuccarelli in the Royal Collection -- subject(s): Buckingham Palace ... What has the author Moyra Knox written?. Moyra Knox has written: The concerns of postnatal mothers and the midwives awareness ... What has the author Alexander A Knox written?. Alexander A. Knox has written: The new playground -- subject(s): Description ... What has the author Warren Knox written?. Warren Knox has written: The Canadian wonderworld of science -- subject(s): Science ...
... author of the 2011 thriller CHILDREN OF PARANOIA, shares advice on how to find a literary agent and get your novel published. ... And yet, when Melville sat down to write Moby Dick, he didnt simply write a book about whaling. He wrote a book about a one- ... Write Now, Edit Later. *Follow Chuck Sambuchino on Twitter or find him on Facebook. Learn all about his writing guides on how ... 2. Dont write what you know. Let what you know inform what you write. Herman Melville knew a lot about whaling. He spent time ...
Search for jobs related to Authors per word written or hire on the worlds largest freelancing marketplace with 18m+ jobs. Its ... Other jobs related to authors per word written. translation per word commission , translating arabic cost per word , writer ... If possible, please provide a previously written sample of your writing. Due Date : 1 Day * Very Important Minimum Word Count ... If possible, please provide a previously written sample of your writing. Due Date : 1 Day * Very Important Minimum Word Count ...
She is an author and professional freelance writer who enjoys writing everything from mystery novels to how-to articles on the ... She holds a Master of Arts degree in Journalism, and dreams of being a best-selling author. Her first writing love, however, is ... Time to Write. . Adams Media, 2008. Review by Betty Winslow. Having a hard time carving out time to write? Yeah, me too. Life ... Novel publishers are more willing to look at work written by an author whose work has already appeared in print. Magazines and ...
Alex Wright is an American writer and Information Architect. He is the author of two books: Cataloging the World: Paul Otlet ... Wright currently resides in Brooklyn, New York with his wife and two sons. Wright, Alex (2007). Glut:Mastering Information ... Wright grew up in Richmond, Virginia and Sussex, England. In high school, he has been described as "A long-haired nerd who ... Wright, Alex (2014). Cataloging the World:Paul Otlet and the Birth of the Information Age. Oxford University Press. ISBN ...
Wright was born in Philadelphia, the son of William Connor Wright Sr. and Josephine Hartshorne Wright. He graduated from the ... Unnerved, Wright resigned. After struggling for five years writing magazine articles, Wright accepted an offer to become the ... Wright turned to writing full-time and continued to do so until a few years before his death, mostly authoring non-fiction ... William Connor Wright Jr. (October 22, 1930 - June 4, 2016) was an American author, editor and playwright. He is best known for ...
Bill welcomes childrens and YA author Kirby Larsen to the show to discuss the books we write and the lives we lead. Dont miss ... Bill welcomes childrens and YA author Kirby Larsen to the show to discuss the books we write and the lives we lead. Dont miss ...
Writing his story for Holwells book is helping with that sorting process, not only for Tyree, but for everyone who cares about ... Air National Guard veteran Pat Tyree of Downers Grove says he wrote about his 25 years in the service for the book "Heart of a ... The event will begin after a 6 p.m. ceremony in which the books authors will be presented with a flag from the Healing Field ... In writing their stories, the veterans say theyve found release.. Moments of uncertainty, fear, sadness, worry, loneliness -- ...
MAA Authors selected for Best Writing on Mathematics. The Mathematical Association of America is happy to announce that two ... The MAA is proud that authors who publish with the MAA continue to set the bar for excellence in mathematical writing. ... Home » News » MAA Authors selected for Best Writing on Mathematics. ... Last year eight MAA published articles were selected for The Best Writing on Mathematics 2016. ...
These 50 quotes from great authors will give you the inspiration you need to get started. ... "You have to write the book that wants to be written. And if the book will be too difficult for grown-ups, then you write it for ... just dip into the wisdom of these great authors. Here are 50 nuggets of writing wisdom from some of the greatest authors of all ... Some of these authors recorded their thoughts on writing in books, some as essays, and some as letters to their friends, lovers ...
Celebrated Tasmanian author Amanda Lohrey has joined the ANU School of Literature, Languages, and Linguistics as a visiting ... Newsroom » All news » Celebrated author Amanda Lohrey to write next novel at ANU ... "They can come and talk to me about their writing or their literary studies. Ill be happy to read their work and give advice." ... Celebrated Tasmanian author Amanda Lohrey has joined the ANU School of Literature, Languages, and Linguistics as a visiting ...
YURI SUHL, AUTHOR, DIES AT 78; WROTE IN YIDDISH AND ENGLISH. By EDWIN MCDOWELL. NOV. 13, 1986. ... Archives,YURI SUHL, AUTHOR, DIES AT 78; WROTE IN YIDDISH AND ENGLISH. ... AUTHOR, DIES AT 78; WROTE IN YIDDISH AND ENGLISH. Order Reprints, Todays Paper,Subscribe ... Yuri Suhl, an author and artist, died of a cerebral hemorrhage Saturday at Marthas Vineyard Hospital. He was 78 years old and ...
... tone is often defined as what the author (rather than the reader) feels about the subject. (What the reader feels about it, by ... which can be explained as the authors personality expressed in writing.. Tone is established when the author answers a few ... In written composition, tone is often defined as what the author (rather than the reader) feels about the subject. (What the ... 7 Responses to "In Writing, Tone Is the Authors Attitude". * money. on July 03, 2011 6:55 pm. ei, thanks for this very ...
Amanda will discuss what the writing life means for her, how she gets ideas for her books, and why young readers will love her ... Join SBC Radio as we feature Amanda Thrasher, author of Mischief in the Mushroom Patch and A Fairy Match in the Mushroom ... authors. Join SBC Radio as we feature Amanda Thrasher, author of Mischief in the Mushroom Patch and A Fairy Match in the ... If you liked this show, you should follow Author Marketing Ideas Radio. ...
... author Seth Lerer averts a tragic ending to his familys history by embracing the books of his youth in an effort to understand ... Prosperos Son: Local Author Writes Of Life, Books, Love And Theater. Tuesday, April 23, 2013 ... In the new memoir, Prosperos Son, author Seth Lerer averts a tragic ending to his familys history by embracing the books of ...
Author Jake Adelstein was on Jon Stewart last night talking about his new book, Tokyo Vice, and the crazier-and-crazier story ... "Tokyo Vice" Author Goes To Japan Seeking Enlightenment, Ends Up Writing About Organized Crime (VIDEO). ... "Tokyo Vice" Author Goes To Japan Seeking Enlightenment, Ends Up Writing About Organized Crime (VIDEO) ... Author Jake Adelstein was on Jon Stewart last night talking about his new book, "Tokyo Vice," and the crazier-and-crazier story ...
Davis Wright Tremaine LLP. Davis Wright Tremaine is a national business and litigation law firm representing businesses based ...
By striving for excellence, Moore & Van Allen has become one of the largest law firms in the Southeast, with regional offices and a national reputation. We did so by creating value for our blue-chip... ...
  • This is the formal abstract for the demonstration and writing it helped clear up some of my ideas about the Data Crystals project and digital fabrication of physical sculptures and installations. (kildall.com)
  • A close runner-up might be "Long Hot Summer of 2018," the collection's finale, narrated by a lynching survivor, because it is written in a voice and perspective that depart dramatically from the preceding fifteen stories. (southernlitreview.com)
  • When almost 30 years later Morris wrote about another east-to-west journey in Fire Sermon (1971), in which an old man and a boy encounter three young hippies, Granville Hicks called the book "simon-pure, dyed-in-the-wool honest-to-God Wright Morris of the very highest grade" (N.Y. Times). (google.com)
  • Always a prolific reader," his biographer Clarice Stasz writes , "he consciously chose to become a writer to escape from the horrific prospects of life as a factory worker. (slate.com)
  • A nd then in 2011, in an essay - one of the last pieces of published writing she undertook, though her health was already failing - she contributed to the collection The Death of a Child, updating the story she had first told in Blessings so many years earlier. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Never good at gift giving, the bestselling author hopes this Mother's Day essay will deliver the message she deserves. (gulfshorelife.com)
  • An American author named Shawn James this week wrote a controversial essay titled 'Why Real Men Avoid Single Mothers' - detailing 15 reasons why men should not date single mothers. (blogspot.com)
  • Writing is an art and a craft that needs to be developed through deliberate practice and study over a long period of time. (inc.com)
  • The authors draw on fifty years of experience, providing detailed step-by-step guidance designed to help students and researchers write and present scientific manuscripts more successfully through knowledge, practice, and an efficient approach. (cambridge.org)
  • Scientific writing and publication are essential to advancing knowledge and practice in public health, but prospective authors face substantial challenges. (cdc.gov)
  • The experiences of others, and the strategies and approaches they have used in their own writing, can provide tried-and-tested models for practice, and 'ways in' that facilitators might wish to recommend to others. (jkp.com)
  • I wrote a manuscript to submit it to a journal and I cannot let my supervisor know about it because he doesn't show any interest in it. (editage.com)
  • Dr. Wang drafted the initial report, revised the document for critically important intellectual content on the basis of comments from AAP reviewers, and contributed to writing the final manuscript. (aappublications.org)
  • When he wrote this piece in 1903, he had been publishing steadily for four years. (slate.com)
  • After struggling for five years writing magazine articles, Wright accepted an offer to become the editor of Chicago magazine, which he did from 1969 to 1971. (wikipedia.org)
  • The author of the bestselling novel "The Orphan Master's Son" says the personal characteristics seen as flaws during his early years ‑ daydreamer, liar, rubbernecker, exaggerator ‑ all came together to make for a successful career as a storyteller. (stanford.edu)
  • It allowed me to take two fully-funded years completely off from writing as a journalist. (healthjournalism.org)
  • She taught highschool for a few years sooner than changing into a writing trainer and holds honors levels in inventive writing and English. (croustiglam.com)
  • Johnson, who received his doctorate in English from Florida State University in 2000, did everything in his power to understand this isolated culture, about which precious little is written. (stanford.edu)
  • Mackenzie Wright has been freelancing since 2002 in the realms of writing, painting, photography, crafts and teaching the arts. (ehow.com)
  • As Flower and Hayes (1980) note, 'a great part of skill in writing is the ability to monitor and direct one's own composing processes' (p. 39). (ldonline.org)
  • Audio-Digest Foundation is giving away free written summaries of medical subscriptions via Amazon Kindle. (prweb.com)
  • According to Paul Angles, Internet Marketing Director for Audio-Digest Foundation, 'Releasing our written summaries on Kindle allows our subscribers to take advantage of the portability and convenience of the Kindle, and lets non-subscribers and even patients learn more about specific conditions and treatments. (prweb.com)
  • Expository writing shares with journalistic writing an emphasis on details in order of priority, so writers should not only organize their compositions to reflect what they believe is most important for readers to know but also use phrasing and formatting that cues readers about the most pertinent information - words like first, primary, major, and "most important," and special type like italics or boldface, but employ both techniques with restraint. (dailywritingtips.com)
  • Little Bill helps readers write their numbers and letters, and then readers can help Dora fill up her backpack. (publishersweekly.com)
  • An international group of researchers (the PRISMA for Abstracts Group) developed the new consensus -based reporting guidelines to give authors a checklist and framework for summarising their systematic review into the essentials for an abstract that will meet the needs of many readers. (medicalxpress.com)
  • The authors say: "Abstracts should not replace full articles in informing decision making, but for time-pressed readers and those with limited access to full text reports, the abstract must stand alone in presenting a clear and truthful account of the research. (medicalxpress.com)
  • It can also show a failure by authors to think seriously about what readers need to know and then to deliver information in appropriate formats. (medium.com)
  • Readers write to me about him sometimes. (bustle.com)
  • you can now how to write poetry within the convenience of your place, at your relaxation and at a comfy velocity, constructing your craft to the touch the hearts and souls of poets and readers alike. (croustiglam.com)
  • Author Cantey Wright provides readers with a wealth of insight and creates a deep appreciation for Edisto's history and tradition. (booksamillion.com)
  • Wright uses humor and a warm writing style to take his readers on a tour through the tidal creeks and oak-lined roads, stopping along the way to reveal the best way to catch crabs, fish and shrimp and the tastiest ways to prepare them. (booksamillion.com)
  • Academic authors need to present original research, to respond to the cut and thrust of peer reviews, to engage in scholarly debate with colleagues, and to be accessible to wider audiences. (dur.ac.uk)
  • Research also indicates that affect (including attitudes, beliefs, and emotions) needs to be considered when students experience difficulty in writing or other academic areas (Harris & Graham, 1996a). (ldonline.org)
  • Over 70 writers have contributed to this 'literary rent party,' the proceeds of which will benefit the Hurston/Wright Foundation, an organization that gives annual financial awards to novelists, nonfiction writers and students. (publishersweekly.com)
  • This paper presents an investigation of score prediction based on natural language processing for two targeted constructs within analytic text-based writing: 1) students' effective use of evidence and, 2) their organization of ideas and evidence in support of their claim. (springer.com)
  • While negotiating the rules and mechanics of writing, the writer must maintain a focus on factors such as organization, form and features, purposes and goals, audience needs and perspectives, and evaluation of the communication between author and reader. (ldonline.org)
  • Any somewhat-appropriate information is retrieved from memory and written down, with little attention directed at choice of topic, the needs of the audience, the constraints imposed by the topic and the audience, the organization of the text, or the development and evaluation of goals. (ldonline.org)
  • In written composition, tone is often defined as what the author (rather than the reader) feels about the subject. (dailywritingtips.com)
  • Even highly skilled professional writers speak to the demanding and complex mix of composition and self-regulatory abilities involved in writing. (ldonline.org)
  • While we know what is required for effective writing, we also know that many children, and especially those who experience significant difficulties with writing, do not exhibit critical self-regulation and composition strategies, skills, and beliefs. (ldonline.org)
  • When Energy Secretary Rick Perry set out this year to prove that Obama-era regulations were killing coal plants and undermining grid reliability, he turned to a veteran energy consultant from his home state of Texas to write the report. (forbes.com)
  • Ann Wright is a 29 year US Army/Army Reserves veteran who retired as a Colonel and a former US diplomat who resigned in March, 2003 in opposition to the war on Iraq. (commondreams.org)
  • With Line of Advance, Erwin has written blogs and stories for a veterans writers group, and he says his participation in "Heart of a Veteran" is extending his use of the therapeutic power of words. (dailyherald.com)
  • What is it like to write in this context? (dur.ac.uk)
  • Erika has written widely on judicial diversity, particularly in relation to the representation of women and the importance of difference-based arguments in the context of judicial diversity. (dur.ac.uk)
  • I will shower you with my undying love, my pithy and sometimes poetic writing, and in some cases my photographic notecards, and some Skype consultations. (patreon.com)
  • From vintage haiku to multi-style poetic license, find out how to Write Poetry is a gorgeous sequence of classes on not only easy methods to encourage your poetic center, but in addition how you can write, convinced your poems are accurately based and entire of genuine which means and tale. (croustiglam.com)
  • beginning with an workout in sensory writing, Cynthia Sharp takes the reader on a trip that enables either the amateur and extra demonstrated poet to understand the intricacies and subtleties of poetic constitution, connecting phrases with the reader's feelings and heart. (croustiglam.com)
  • Many poetry scholars, old and young, have desired to write poems and proportion their poetic imaginative and prescient with the realm. (croustiglam.com)
  • They continue: "The PRISMA for Abstracts checklist will guide authors in presenting an abstract that facilitates a quick assessment of review validity, an explicit summary of results, facilitates pre-publication or conference selection peer review , and enables efficient perusal of electronic search results. (medicalxpress.com)
  • The section on improving 'anyone's scientific writing skills' alone is well worth the price. (cambridge.org)
  • There are indications that liberal arts education nationally - through which students learn about the arts, humanities and sciences and get degrees in those fields - is in trouble…In Georgia, however, several colleges and education leaders have recently vowed to increase their liberal arts offerings, saying the skills students learn in the courses - how to think critically, write clearly and ask good questions - more than adequately prepare graduates for any career. (ajc.com)
  • No matter where you are in your writing career or what sort of writing you do, you should be able to find something helpful in Stone's bag of tips, tricks, advice, and encouragement from more than 100 professional writers. (absolutewrite.com)
  • Find out by meeting a range of University authors at these events. (dur.ac.uk)
  • methods to write attractive poems with find out how to Write Poetry through Cynthia Sharp. (croustiglam.com)
  • With Write It Down, Make It Happen you can find the perfect mate, buy your dream house, get a great new job, wake up happier, travel the world, or even have a better relationship with your teenager. (barnesandnoble.com)
  • Having a hard time carving out time to write? (absolutewrite.com)
  • Other students in my class, especially men, would say, "Well, I don't like how she says 'fuck' all the time," or, "I don't like how she writes explicitly about sex," or, "Why is she so ambiguous about where they are and who this person is? (theatlantic.com)
  • They] showed me another possibility," Craig wrote of her time volunteering there, "that one could live with pain precisely by not fighting it, by not denying its existence, by taking it into oneself, seeing it for what it was, using it, going beyond it. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • He keeps track of the location, number of words he writes, the time of day he writes and how many of those words actually make it into the final product. (stanford.edu)
  • Wadman: I came back [from the interview] and spent eight months reporting and writing a feature article about it for Nature , where I was working at the time. (healthjournalism.org)
  • But it also took all my spare writing time too. (patreon.com)
  • Smoking is so bad for you but every time I am writing, I crave a cigarette and a scotch at my desk. (city-data.com)
  • When my writing time hit at night, I would step outside, have a cigarette and only then sit down to write. (city-data.com)
  • It became such an ingrained ritual that I had a hard time writing for several months after I quit smoking. (city-data.com)
  • Chain smoking and writing was a long-time habit. (city-data.com)
  • AWARD-WINNING author CarolAnn Courtney has spoken for the first time of the anger and pain she has suffered since the death of her daughter Kirstie-Ann earlier this year. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • She is a full-time author, who believes in the magical, creative inducing powers of arm warmers and stripy socks. (google.com)
  • The 3rd edition of Communicating in the 21st Century (C21) continues to be a flexible and affordable resource package that draws from the authors decades of experience in education and industry. (wiley.com)
  • This rich and varied collection will provide writing practitioners, counsellors and other related professionals with ideas and techniques to share with their clients, and is a useful resource that individuals who write for their own personal and professional development will return to again and again. (jkp.com)
  • This disorganization sounds the death knell for my writing career-haphazard working hours, staying up too late to make deadline after hours of procrastination, and working fitfully amidst the laundry, vacuuming, and errands-all impatiently demanding attention once I'm done in the kitchen. (absolutewrite.com)
  • You can make anything by writing. (inc.com)
  • He's attacking authors who make sales there. (janefriedman.com)
  • Unless you're writing a comedy of errors, please make your villain competent. (superheronation.com)
  • Children who consider themselves poor writers, who have negative attitudes and emotions about writing, or who have learning difficulties that make writing even more challenging need an approach to instruction that directly addresses these issues. (ldonline.org)
  • So you need to make sure all writers have certain rules for writing title tags. (searchengineland.com)
  • But it is the logic and intelligence en route to that recommendation, rather than the recommendation itself that make the piece well worth reading. (wfp.org)
  • You should write because you love the shape of stories and sentences and the creation of different words on a page. (inc.com)
  • My 10-page document set out what I considered a reasoned, well-researched, good-faith argument, but as I wrote, the viewpoint I was putting forward is generally suppressed at Google because of the company’s “ideological echo chamber.† My firing  neatly confirms that point. (techgig.com)
  • For example, Susan Sontag has said that when writing On Photography, she often drafted each page 30 to 40 times (Burnham, 1994). (ldonline.org)
  • Because of its massive library of titles, Audio-Digest Foundation plans to release written summaries of its CME titles daily through August. (prweb.com)
  • The writing style suitable for technical reports, program summaries, and grant proposals is very different from the simple, vivid writing that helps audiences connect with storytellers and understand health messages. (cdc.gov)
  • From clearly identifying reasons for referral to making recommendations based on assessment results, Writing Useful, Accessible, and Legally Defensible Psychoeducational Reports offers practical guidance for creating reports that enhance the understanding of children and their strengths and challenges in order to better meet their educational and functional needs. (wiley.com)
  • The Harry Ransom Center of the University of Texas at Austin recently released the results of a digitization initiative aimed at bringing the papers of 19th- and early-20th-century authors online. (slate.com)
  • This article illustrates two ways of inserting citations into research papers depending on what is being emphasized---the names of authors or their findings. (editage.com)
  • Comprehensive and highly referenced theory coverage is balanced with a wealth of practical skill activities, and it is written in a user-friendly, accessible style that is perfectly complemented by informative visual illustrations. (wiley.com)
  • Vice President Joe Biden may be the only public speaker who veers off course more than Bill Clinton , but a comparison of his written and spoken text from last night's convention address reveals a very different lesson in the art of speech making. (theatlantic.com)