The region of the upper limb between the metacarpus and the FOREARM.
The joint that is formed by the distal end of the RADIUS, the articular disc of the distal radioulnar joint, and the proximal row of CARPAL BONES; (SCAPHOID BONE; LUNATE BONE; triquetral bone).
Injuries to the wrist or the wrist joint.
The eight bones of the wrist: SCAPHOID BONE; LUNATE BONE; TRIQUETRUM BONE; PISIFORM BONE; TRAPEZIUM BONE; TRAPEZOID BONE; CAPITATE BONE; and HAMATE BONE.
A moon-shaped carpal bone which is located between the SCAPHOID BONE and TRIQUETRUM BONE.
The inner and longer bone of the FOREARM.
The distal part of the arm beyond the wrist in humans and primates, that includes the palm, fingers, and thumb.
Inflammation of the synovial lining of a tendon sheath. Causes include trauma, tendon stress, bacterial disease (gonorrhea, tuberculosis), rheumatic disease, and gout. Common sites are the hand, wrist, shoulder capsule, hip capsule, hamstring muscles, and Achilles tendon. The tendon sheaths become inflamed and painful, and accumulate fluid. Joint mobility is usually reduced.
A major nerve of the upper extremity. In humans, the fibers of the median nerve originate in the lower cervical and upper thoracic spinal cord (usually C6 to T1), travel via the brachial plexus, and supply sensory and motor innervation to parts of the forearm and hand.
The articulations between the various CARPAL BONES. This does not include the WRIST JOINT which consists of the articulations between the RADIUS; ULNA; and proximal CARPAL BONES.
Rigid or flexible appliances used to maintain in position a displaced or movable part or to keep in place and protect an injured part. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Entrapment of the MEDIAN NERVE in the carpal tunnel, which is formed by the flexor retinaculum and the CARPAL BONES. This syndrome may be associated with repetitive occupational trauma (CUMULATIVE TRAUMA DISORDERS); wrist injuries; AMYLOID NEUROPATHIES; rheumatoid arthritis (see ARTHRITIS, RHEUMATOID); ACROMEGALY; PREGNANCY; and other conditions. Symptoms include burning pain and paresthesias involving the ventral surface of the hand and fingers which may radiate proximally. Impairment of sensation in the distribution of the median nerve and thenar muscle atrophy may occur. (Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1995, Ch51, p45)
The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.
General or unspecified injuries to the hand.
A radius fracture is a break in the bone that runs from the wrist to the elbow, located on the thumb-side of the forearm, which can occur at various sites such as near the wrist, middle of the bone or closer to the elbow.
The outer shorter of the two bones of the FOREARM, lying parallel to the ULNA and partially revolving around it.
The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.
The surgical fixation of a joint by a procedure designed to accomplish fusion of the joint surfaces by promoting the proliferation of bone cells. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The region corresponding to the human WRIST in non-human ANIMALS.
Recording of the changes in electric potential of muscle by means of surface or needle electrodes.
Fibrous cords of CONNECTIVE TISSUE that attach bones to each other and hold together the many types of joints in the body. Articular ligaments are strong, elastic, and allow movement in only specific directions, depending on the individual joint.
A major nerve of the upper extremity. In humans, the fibers of the ulnar nerve originate in the lower cervical and upper thoracic spinal cord (usually C7 to T1), travel via the medial cord of the brachial plexus, and supply sensory and motor innervation to parts of the hand and forearm.
Fibrocartilage that makes up the triangular fibrocartilage complex which is found in the WRIST JOINT.
Harmful and painful condition caused by overuse or overexertion of some part of the musculoskeletal system, often resulting from work-related physical activities. It is characterized by inflammation, pain, or dysfunction of the involved joints, bones, ligaments, and nerves.
Force exerted when gripping or grasping.
The superior part of the upper extremity between the SHOULDER and the ELBOW.
The articulation between a metacarpal bone and a phalanx.
The articulation between the head of one phalanx and the base of the one distal to it, in each finger.
Fibrous bands or cords of CONNECTIVE TISSUE at the ends of SKELETAL MUSCLE FIBERS that serve to attach the MUSCLES to bones and other structures.
Four or five slender jointed digits in humans and primates, attached to each HAND.
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
Applies to movements of the forearm in turning the palm forward or upward. When referring to the foot, a combination of adduction and inversion movements of the foot.
Ulnar neuropathies caused by mechanical compression of the nerve at any location from its origin at the BRACHIAL PLEXUS to its terminations in the hand. Common sites of compression include the retroepicondylar groove, cubital tunnel at the elbow (CUBITAL TUNNEL SYNDROME), and Guyon's canal at the wrist. Clinical features depend on the site of injury, but may include weakness or paralysis of wrist flexion, finger flexion, and ulnar innervated intrinsic hand muscles, and impaired sensation over the ulnar aspect of the hand, fifth finger, and ulnar half of the ring finger. (Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1995, Ch51, p43)
Part of the arm in humans and primates extending from the ELBOW to the WRIST.
A major nerve of the upper extremity. In humans the fibers of the radial nerve originate in the lower cervical and upper thoracic spinal cord (usually C5 to T1), travel via the posterior cord of the brachial plexus, and supply motor innervation to extensor muscles of the arm and cutaneous sensory fibers to extensor regions of the arm and hand.
A carpal bone which is located between the LUNATE BONE and HAMATE BONE.
Non-neoplastic tumor-like lesions at joints, developed from the SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE of a joint through the JOINT CAPSULE into the periarticular tissues. They are filled with SYNOVIAL FLUID with a smooth and translucent appearance. A synovial cyst can develop from any joint, but most commonly at the back of the knee, where it is known as POPLITEAL CYST.
Inflammation of a synovial membrane. It is usually painful, particularly on motion, and is characterized by a fluctuating swelling due to effusion within a synovial sac. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A hinge joint connecting the FOREARM to the ARM.
Breaks in bones.
Stenosing tenosynovitis of the abductor pollicis longus and extensor pollicis brevis tendons in the first dorsal wrist compartment. The presenting symptoms are usually pain and tenderness at the radial styloid. The cause is almost always related to OVERUSE INJURY or is associated with RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS.
The rotational force about an axis that is equal to the product of a force times the distance from the axis where the force is applied.
Dressings made of fiberglass, plastic, or bandage impregnated with plaster of paris used for immobilization of various parts of the body in cases of fractures, dislocations, and infected wounds. In comparison with plaster casts, casts made of fiberglass or plastic are lightweight, radiolucent, able to withstand moisture, and less rigid.
The five cylindrical bones of the METACARPUS, articulating with the CARPAL BONES proximally and the PHALANGES OF FINGERS distally.
The region of the upper limb in animals, extending from the deltoid region to the HAND, and including the ARM; AXILLA; and SHOULDER.
The measurement and recording of MOTOR ACTIVITY to assess rest/activity cycles.
A carpal bone with a rounded head located between the TRAPEZOID BONE and the HAMATE BONE.
Diseases of the muscles and their associated ligaments and other connective tissue and of the bones and cartilage viewed collectively.
A chronic systemic disease, primarily of the joints, marked by inflammatory changes in the synovial membranes and articular structures, widespread fibrinoid degeneration of the collagen fibers in mesenchymal tissues, and by atrophy and rarefaction of bony structures. Etiology is unknown, but autoimmune mechanisms have been implicated.
Using ice skates, roller skates, or skateboards in racing or other competition or for recreation.
Region of the body immediately surrounding and including the ELBOW JOINT.
A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.
A pea-shaped carpal bone that actually sits in the tendon of the flexor carpi ulnaris muscle.
Disease involving the median nerve, from its origin at the BRACHIAL PLEXUS to its termination in the hand. Clinical features include weakness of wrist and finger flexion, forearm pronation, thenar abduction, and loss of sensation over the lateral palm, first three fingers, and radial half of the ring finger. Common sites of injury include the elbow, where the nerve passes through the two heads of the pronator teres muscle (pronator syndrome) and in the carpal tunnel (CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME).
A snow sport which uses skis to glide over the snow. It does not include water-skiing.
A continuing periodic change in displacement with respect to a fixed reference. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A dead body, usually a human body.
The CARPAL BONES; METACARPAL BONES; and FINGER PHALANGES. In each hand there are eight carpal bones, five metacarpal bones, and 14 phalanges.
Part of the body in humans and primates where the arms connect to the trunk. The shoulder has five joints; ACROMIOCLAVICULAR joint, CORACOCLAVICULAR joint, GLENOHUMERAL joint, scapulathoracic joint, and STERNOCLAVICULAR joint.
Fracture of the lower end of the radius in which the lower fragment is displaced posteriorly.
Deformities of the hand, or a part of the hand, acquired after birth as the result of injury or disease.
Fractures of the larger bone of the forearm.
A front limb of a quadruped. (The Random House College Dictionary, 1980)
A game whose object is to sink a ball into each of 9 or 18 successive holes on a golf course using as few strokes as possible.
The position or attitude of the body.
Diagnosis of disease states by recording the spontaneous electrical activity of tissues or organs or by the response to stimulation of electrically excitable tissue.
Also known as articulations, these are points of connection between the ends of certain separate bones, or where the borders of other bones are juxtaposed.
The science of designing, building or equipping mechanical devices or artificial environments to the anthropometric, physiological, or psychological requirements of the people who will use them.

Patterned ballistic movements triggered by a startle in healthy humans. (1/534)

1. The reaction time to a visual stimulus shortens significantly when an unexpected acoustic startle is delivered together with the 'go' signal in healthy human subjects. In this paper we have investigated the physiological mechanisms underlying this effect. If the commands for the startle and the voluntary reaction were superimposed at some level in the CNS, then we would expect to see alterations in the configuration of the voluntary response. Conversely, if the circuit activated by the startling stimulus is somehow involved in the execution of voluntary movements, then reaction time would be sped up but the configuration of the motor programme would be preserved. 2. Fourteen healthy male and female volunteers were instructed to react as fast as possible to a visual 'go' signal by flexing or extending their wrist, or rising onto tiptoe from a standing position. These movements generated consistent and characteristic patterns of EMG activation. In random trials, the 'go' signal was accompanied by a very loud acoustic stimulus. This stimulus was sufficient to produce a startle reflex when given unexpectedly on its own. 3. The startling stimulus almost halved the latency of the voluntary response but did not change the configuration of the EMG pattern in either the arm or the leg. In some subjects the reaction times were shorter than the calculated minimum time for processing of sensory information at the cerebral cortex. Most subjects reported that the very rapid responses were produced by something other than their own will. 4. We conclude that the very short reaction times were not produced by an early startle reflex adding on to a later voluntary response. This would have changed the form of the EMG pattern associated with the voluntary response. Instead, we suggest that such rapid reactions were triggered entirely by activity at subcortical levels, probably involving the startle circuit. 5. The implication is that instructions for voluntary movement can in some circumstances be stored and released from subcortical structures.  (+info)

Contact-evoked changes in EMG activity during human grasp. (2/534)

Contact-evoked changes in EMG activity during human grasp. 2215 Cutaneous receptors in the digits discharge bursts of activity on contact with an object during human grasp. In this study, we investigated the contribution of this sensory activity to the responses of muscles involved in the task. Twelve subjects performed a standardized precision grasp task without the aid of vision. Electromyographic (EMG) responses in trials when the object was present were compared with those in which the object, and hence the associated afferent responses, were unexpectedly absent. Significant differences in EMG amplitude occurred in the interval 50-100 ms after contact in all subjects and in 33/46 of the muscles sampled. The differences emerged as early as 34 ms after contact and comprised as much as a fourfold change in EMG from 50 to 100 ms after contact with the object. Typically, EMG responses were larger when the object was present (OP), though there were cases, particularly in the thenar muscles, in which the responses increased when the object was absent (OA). Local anesthesia of the thumb and index finger attenuated contact-evoked EMG activity in at least one muscle in all four subjects tested. In one subject, contact-evoked responses were abolished completely during the anesthesia in all four muscles sampled. The results indicate that the sensory activity signaling contact plays a key role in regulating EMG activity during human grasp. Much of this feedback action is attributable to cutaneous receptors in the digits and probably involves both spinal and supraspinal pathways.  (+info)

Conduction block in carpal tunnel syndrome. (3/534)

Wrist extension was performed in six healthy subjects to establish, first, whether it would be sufficient to produce conduction block and, secondly, whether the excitability changes associated with this manoeuvre are similar to those produced by focal nerve compression. During maintained wrist extension to 90 degrees, all subjects developed conduction block in cutaneous afferents distal to the wrist, with a marked reduction in amplitude of the maximal potential by >50%. This was associated with changes in axonal excitability at the wrist: a prolongation in latency, a decrease in supernormality and an increase in refractoriness. These changes indicate axonal depolarization. Similar studies were then performed in seven patients with carpal tunnel syndrome. The patients developed conduction block, again with evidence of axonal depolarization prior to block. Mild paraesthesiae were reported by all subjects (normals and patients) during wrist extension, and more intense paraesthesiae were reported following the release of wrist extension. In separate experiments, conduction block was produced by ischaemic compression, but its development could not be altered by hyperpolarizing currents. It is concluded that wrist extension produces a 'depolarization' block in both normal subjects and patients with carpal tunnel syndrome, much as occurs with ischaemic compression, but that this block cannot be altered merely by compensating for the axonal depolarization. It is argued that conduction slowing need not always be attributed to disturbed myelination, and that ischaemic compression may be sufficient to explain some of the intermittent symptoms and electrodiagnostic findings in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome, particularly when it is of mild or moderate severity.  (+info)

Sonographic features of fetal trisomy 18 at 13 and 14 weeks: four case reports. (4/534)

Fetal trisomy 18 is the second most common multiple malformation syndrome. We present four cases of trisomy 18 with multiple sonographic abnormalities at 13 and 14 weeks of gestation. These cases demonstrated that fetal hand deformities can be a tell-tale sign of trisomy 18 with or without increased nuchal translucency at this gestation.  (+info)

A double-blind, placebo-controlled investigation of the effects of fexofenadine, loratadine and promethazine on cognitive and psychomotor function. (5/534)

AIMS: To assess whether fexofenadine in a range of doses from 80 to 180 mg has any disruptive effects on aspects of psychomotor and cognitive function in comparison with placebo, loratadine and promethazine, an antihistamine known to produce psychomotor and cognitive impairment. METHODS: Twenty-four healthy volunteers received fexofenadine 80 mg, 120 mg and 180 mg, loratadine 10 mg, promethazine 30 mg (as a positive internal control) and placebo in a six-way crossover, double-blind study. Following each dose, subjects were required to perform a series of tests of cognitive function and psychomotor performance at 1.5, 3, 6, 9, 12 and 24 h post dose. The test battery included critical flicker fusion (CFF), choice reaction time (CRT) and assessment of subjective sedation (LARS). Overall levels of activity were monitored by means of wrist mounted actigraphs throughout each of the 24 h experimental periods. RESULTS: Fexofenadine at all doses tested was not statistically different from placebo in any of the tests used and loratadine did not cause any significant impairment of cognitive function. Significant impairments were found following promethazine. Promethazine caused a significant reduction in CFF threshold and this effect was evident up to 12 h post dose (P<0.05). There was a significant increase in recognition reaction time at 3 and 6 h post promethazine administration, and the drug caused a significant (P<0. 002) increase in the percentage of 'sleep-like' activity from actigraph records during the daytime. CONCLUSIONS: Fexofenadine at doses up to 180 mg appears free from disruptive effects on aspects of psychomotor and cognitive function in a study where the psychometric assessments have been shown to be sensitive to impairment, as evidenced by the effects of the verum control promethazine 30 mg.  (+info)

Dissociation of the pathways mediating ipsilateral and contralateral motor-evoked potentials in human hand and arm muscles. (6/534)

1. Growing evidence points toward involvement of the human motor cortex in the control of the ipsilateral hand. We used focal transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to examine the pathways of these ipsilateral motor effects. 2. Ipsilateral motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) were obtained in hand and arm muscles of all 10 healthy adult subjects tested. They occurred in the finger and wrist extensors and the biceps, but no response or inhibitory responses were observed in the opponens pollicis, finger and wrist flexors and the triceps. 3. The production of ipsilateral MEPs required contraction of the target muscle. The threshold TMS intensity for ipsilateral MEPs was on average 1.8 times higher, and the onset was 5.7 ms later (in the wrist extensor muscles) compared with size-matched contralateral MEPs. 4. The corticofugal pathways of ipsilateral and contralateral MEPs could be dissociated through differences in cortical map location and preferred stimulating current direction. 5. Both ipsi- and contralateral MEPs in the wrist extensors increased with lateral head rotation toward, and decreased with head rotation away from, the side of the TMS, suggesting a privileged input of the asymmetrical tonic neck reflex to the pathway of the ipsilateral MEP. 6. Large ipsilateral MEPs were obtained in a patient with complete agenesis of the corpus callosum. 7. The dissociation of the pathways for ipsilateral and contralateral MEPs indicates that corticofugal motor fibres other than the fast-conducting crossed corticomotoneuronal system can be activated by TMS. Our data suggest an ipsilateral oligosynaptic pathway, such as a corticoreticulospinal or a corticopropriospinal projection as the route for the ipsilateral MEP. Other pathways, such as branching of corticomotoneuronal axons, a transcallosal projection or a slow-conducting monosynaptic ipsilateral pathway are very unlikely or can be excluded.  (+info)

Estrogen supplementation for bone dematuration in young epileptic man treated with anticonvulsant therapy; a case report. (7/534)

We encountered a young man treated with anticonvulsant therapy who had greatly reduced bone mineral density. An 18-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for shoulder pain and further evaluation of decreased bone mineral density. He had been treated with anticonvulsants, including phenytoin, phenobarbital, valproic acid and zonisamide for seizures. Although testosterone was found within the normal range for adult men, the serum estrogen concentration was below the detection limit (< 10 pg/ml) and his wrist epiphyses were not yet closed. After 10 months of treatment with the conjugated estrogen, both his height and weight showed improvement, while his bone mineral density and bone age were increased. These findings suggested that estrogen therapy had a significant effect on his skeletal growth and bone maturation in man. This is the first report showing the beneficial effect of estrogen supplementation in an epileptic man receiving treatment with anticonvulsants.  (+info)

Muscle and movement representations in the primary motor cortex. (8/534)

What aspects of movement are represented in the primary motor cortex (M1): relatively low-level parameters like muscle force, or more abstract parameters like handpath? To examine this issue, the activity of neurons in M1 was recorded in a monkey trained to perform a task that dissociates three major variables of wrist movement: muscle activity, direction of movement at the wrist joint, and direction of movement in space. A substantial group of neurons in M1 (28 out of 88) displayed changes in activity that were muscle-like. Unexpectedly, an even larger group of neurons in M1 (44 out of 88) displayed changes in activity that were related to the direction of wrist movement in space independent of the pattern of muscle activity that generated the movement. Thus, both "muscles" and "movements" appear to be strongly represented in M1.  (+info)

A medical definition of the wrist is the complex joint that connects the forearm to the hand, composed of eight carpal bones arranged in two rows. The wrist allows for movement and flexibility in the hand, enabling us to perform various activities such as grasping, writing, and typing. It also provides stability and support for the hand during these movements. Additionally, numerous ligaments, tendons, and nerves pass through or near the wrist, making it susceptible to injuries and conditions like carpal tunnel syndrome.

The wrist joint, also known as the radiocarpal joint, is a condyloid joint that connects the distal end of the radius bone in the forearm to the proximal row of carpal bones in the hand (scaphoid, lunate, and triquetral bones). It allows for flexion, extension, radial deviation, and ulnar deviation movements of the hand. The wrist joint is surrounded by a capsule and reinforced by several ligaments that provide stability and strength to the joint.

Wrist injuries refer to damages or traumas affecting the structures of the wrist, including bones, ligaments, tendons, muscles, and cartilage. These injuries can occur due to various reasons such as falls, accidents, sports-related impacts, or repetitive stress. Common types of wrist injuries include fractures (such as scaphoid fracture), sprains (like ligament tears), strains (involving muscles or tendons), dislocations, and carpal tunnel syndrome. Symptoms may include pain, swelling, tenderness, bruising, limited mobility, and in severe cases, deformity or numbness. Immediate medical attention is necessary for proper diagnosis and treatment to ensure optimal recovery and prevent long-term complications.

Carpal bones are the eight small bones that make up the wrist joint in humans and other primates. These bones are arranged in two rows, with four bones in each row. The proximal row includes the scaphoid, lunate, triquetral, and pisiform bones, while the distal row includes the trapezium, trapezoid, capitate, and hamate bones.

The carpal bones play an essential role in the function of the wrist joint by providing stability, support, and mobility. They allow for a wide range of movements, including flexion, extension, radial deviation, ulnar deviation, and circumduction. The complex structure of the carpal bones also helps to absorb shock and distribute forces evenly across the wrist during activities such as gripping or lifting objects.

Injuries to the carpal bones, such as fractures or dislocations, can be painful and may require medical treatment to ensure proper healing and prevent long-term complications. Additionally, degenerative conditions such as arthritis can affect the carpal bones, leading to pain, stiffness, and decreased mobility in the wrist joint.

The lunate bone is a carpal bone located in the wrist, more specifically in the proximal row of carpals. It is shaped like a crescent moon, hence the name "lunate" which is derived from the Latin word "luna" meaning moon. The lunate bone articulates with the radius bone in the forearm and forms part of the wrist joint. It also articulates with the triquetral bone proximally, and the scaphoid and capitate bones distally. The blood supply to the lunate bone is mainly derived from the dorsal carpal branch of the radial artery, making it susceptible to avascular necrosis (Kienböck's disease) in case of trauma or reduced blood flow.

The ulna is one of the two long bones in the forearm, the other being the radius. It runs from the elbow to the wrist and is located on the medial side of the forearm, next to the bone called the humerus in the upper arm. The ulna plays a crucial role in the movement of the forearm and also serves as an attachment site for various muscles.

In medical terms, a hand is the part of the human body that is attached to the forearm and consists of the carpus (wrist), metacarpus, and phalanges. It is made up of 27 bones, along with muscles, tendons, ligaments, and other soft tissues. The hand is a highly specialized organ that is capable of performing a wide range of complex movements and functions, including grasping, holding, manipulating objects, and communicating through gestures. It is also richly innervated with sensory receptors that provide information about touch, temperature, pain, and proprioception (the sense of the position and movement of body parts).

Tenosynovitis is a medical condition characterized by inflammation of the lining (synovium) surrounding a tendon, which is a cord-like structure that attaches muscle to bone. This inflammation can cause pain, swelling, and difficulty moving the affected joint. Tenosynovitis often affects the hands, wrists, feet, and ankles, and it can result from various causes, including infection, injury, overuse, or autoimmune disorders like rheumatoid arthritis. Prompt diagnosis and treatment of tenosynovitis are essential to prevent complications such as tendon rupture or chronic pain.

The median nerve is one of the major nerves in the human body, providing sensation and motor function to parts of the arm and hand. It originates from the brachial plexus, a network of nerves that arise from the spinal cord in the neck. The median nerve travels down the arm, passing through the cubital tunnel at the elbow, and continues into the forearm and hand.

In the hand, the median nerve supplies sensation to the palm side of the thumb, index finger, middle finger, and half of the ring finger. It also provides motor function to some of the muscles that control finger movements, allowing for flexion of the fingers and opposition of the thumb.

Damage to the median nerve can result in a condition called carpal tunnel syndrome, which is characterized by numbness, tingling, and weakness in the hand and fingers.

The carpal joints are a group of articulations in the wrist region of the human body. They consist of eight bones, which are arranged in two rows. The proximal row includes the scaphoid, lunate, triquetral, and pisiform bones, while the distal row includes the trapezium, trapezoid, capitate, and hamate bones.

The carpal joints can be further divided into several smaller joints, including:
1. The midcarpal joint: This joint is located between the proximal and distal rows of carpal bones and allows for flexion, extension, and circumduction movements of the wrist.
2. The radiocarpal joint: This joint is located between the distal end of the radius bone and the scaphoid and lunate bones in the proximal row. It allows for flexion, extension, radial deviation, and ulnar deviation movements of the wrist.
3. The intercarpal joints: These are the joints located between the individual carpal bones within each row. They allow for small gliding movements between the bones.

The carpal joints are surrounded by a fibrous capsule, ligaments, and muscles that provide stability and support to the wrist. The smooth articular cartilage covering the surfaces of the bones allows for smooth movement and reduces friction during articulation.

A splint is a device used to support, protect, and immobilize injured body parts, such as bones, joints, or muscles. It can be made from various materials like plastic, metal, or fiberglass. Splints are often used to keep the injured area in a stable position, reducing pain, swelling, and further damage while the injury heals. They come in different shapes and sizes, tailored to fit specific body parts and injuries. A splint can be adjustable or custom-made, depending on the patient's needs. It is essential to follow healthcare professionals' instructions for using and caring for a splint to ensure proper healing and prevent complications.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) is a common peripheral nerve disorder that affects the median nerve, which runs from the forearm into the hand through a narrow tunnel-like structure in the wrist called the carpal tunnel. The condition is caused by compression or pinching of the median nerve as it passes through this tunnel, leading to various symptoms such as numbness, tingling, and weakness in the hand and fingers.

The median nerve provides sensation to the thumb, index finger, middle finger, and half of the ring finger. It also controls some small muscles in the hand that allow for fine motor movements. When the median nerve is compressed or damaged due to CTS, it can result in a range of symptoms including:

1. Numbness, tingling, or burning sensations in the fingers (especially the thumb, index finger, middle finger, and half of the ring finger)
2. Pain or discomfort in the hand, wrist, or forearm
3. Weakness in the hand, leading to difficulty gripping objects or making a fist
4. A sensation of swelling or inflammation in the fingers, even if there is no visible swelling present
5. Nighttime symptoms that may disrupt sleep patterns

The exact cause of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome can vary from person to person, but some common risk factors include:

1. Repetitive hand and wrist motions (such as typing, writing, or using tools)
2. Prolonged exposure to vibrations (from machinery or power tools)
3. Wrist trauma or fractures
4. Pregnancy and hormonal changes
5. Certain medical conditions like diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and thyroid disorders
6. Obesity
7. Smoking

Diagnosis of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome typically involves a physical examination, medical history review, and sometimes specialized tests like nerve conduction studies or electromyography to confirm the diagnosis and assess the severity of the condition. Treatment options may include splinting, medication, corticosteroid injections, and in severe cases, surgery to relieve pressure on the median nerve.

In the context of medicine and healthcare, "movement" refers to the act or process of changing physical location or position. It involves the contraction and relaxation of muscles, which allows for the joints to move and the body to be in motion. Movement can also refer to the ability of a patient to move a specific body part or limb, which is assessed during physical examinations. Additionally, "movement" can describe the progression or spread of a disease within the body.

Hand injuries refer to any damage or harm caused to the structures of the hand, including the bones, joints, muscles, tendons, ligaments, nerves, blood vessels, and skin. These injuries can result from various causes such as trauma, overuse, or degenerative conditions. Examples of hand injuries include fractures, dislocations, sprains, strains, cuts, burns, and insect bites. Symptoms may vary depending on the type and severity of the injury, but they often include pain, swelling, stiffness, numbness, weakness, or loss of function in the hand. Proper diagnosis and treatment are crucial to ensure optimal recovery and prevent long-term complications.

A radius fracture is a break in the bone that runs from the wrist to the elbow, located on the thumb side of the forearm. Radius fractures can occur as a result of a fall, direct blow to the forearm, or a high-energy collision such as a car accident. There are various types of radius fractures, including:

1. Distal radius fracture: A break at the end of the radius bone, near the wrist joint, which is the most common type of radius fracture.
2. Radial shaft fracture: A break in the middle portion of the radius bone.
3. Radial head and neck fractures: Breaks in the upper part of the radius bone, near the elbow joint.
4. Comminuted fracture: A complex radius fracture where the bone is broken into multiple pieces.
5. Open (compound) fracture: A radius fracture with a wound or laceration in the skin, allowing for communication between the outside environment and the fractured bone.
6. Intra-articular fracture: A radius fracture that extends into the wrist joint or elbow joint.
7. Torus (buckle) fracture: A stable fracture where one side of the bone is compressed, causing it to buckle or bend, but not break completely through.

Symptoms of a radius fracture may include pain, swelling, tenderness, bruising, deformity, limited mobility, and in some cases, numbness or tingling in the fingers. Treatment options depend on the type and severity of the fracture but can range from casting to surgical intervention with implant fixation.

The radius is one of the two bones in the forearm in humans and other vertebrates. In humans, it runs from the lateral side of the elbow to the thumb side of the wrist. It is responsible for rotation of the forearm and articulates with the humerus at the elbow and the carpals at the wrist. Any medical condition or injury that affects the radius can impact the movement and function of the forearm and hand.

Articular Range of Motion (AROM) is a term used in physiotherapy and orthopedics to describe the amount of movement available in a joint, measured in degrees of a circle. It refers to the range through which synovial joints can actively move without causing pain or injury. AROM is assessed by measuring the degree of motion achieved by active muscle contraction, as opposed to passive range of motion (PROM), where the movement is generated by an external force.

Assessment of AROM is important in evaluating a patient's functional ability and progress, planning treatment interventions, and determining return to normal activities or sports participation. It is also used to identify any restrictions in joint mobility that may be due to injury, disease, or surgery, and to monitor the effectiveness of rehabilitation programs.

Arthrodesis is a surgical procedure to fuse together the bones of a joint, in order to restrict its movement and provide stability. This procedure is typically performed when a joint has been severely damaged by injury, arthritis, or other conditions, and non-surgical treatments have failed to relieve symptoms such as pain and instability.

During the surgery, the cartilage that normally cushions the ends of the bones is removed, and the bones are realigned and held in place with hardware such as plates, screws, or rods. Over time, the bones grow together, forming a solid fusion that restricts joint motion.

Arthrodesis can be performed on various joints throughout the body, including the spine, wrist, ankle, and knee. While this procedure can provide significant pain relief and improve function, it does limit the range of motion in the fused joint, which may impact mobility and daily activities. Therefore, arthrodesis is typically considered a last resort when other treatments have failed.

The carpus is the region of the forelimb in animals that corresponds to the wrist in humans. It is located between the radius and ulna bones of the forearm and the metacarpal bones of the paw. The carpus is made up of several small bones called carpals, which provide flexibility and support for movement of the limb. The number and arrangement of these bones can vary among different animal species.

Electromyography (EMG) is a medical diagnostic procedure that measures the electrical activity of skeletal muscles during contraction and at rest. It involves inserting a thin needle electrode into the muscle to record the electrical signals generated by the muscle fibers. These signals are then displayed on an oscilloscope and may be heard through a speaker.

EMG can help diagnose various neuromuscular disorders, such as muscle weakness, numbness, or pain, and can distinguish between muscle and nerve disorders. It is often used in conjunction with other diagnostic tests, such as nerve conduction studies, to provide a comprehensive evaluation of the nervous system.

EMG is typically performed by a neurologist or a physiatrist, and the procedure may cause some discomfort or pain, although this is usually minimal. The results of an EMG can help guide treatment decisions and monitor the progression of neuromuscular conditions over time.

Articular ligaments, also known as fibrous ligaments, are bands of dense, fibrous connective tissue that connect and stabilize bones to each other at joints. They help to limit the range of motion of a joint and provide support, preventing excessive movement that could cause injury. Articular ligaments are composed mainly of collagen fibers arranged in a parallel pattern, making them strong and flexible. They have limited blood supply and few nerve endings, which makes them less prone to injury but also slower to heal if damaged. Examples of articular ligaments include the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) in the knee joint, and the medial collateral ligament (MCL) and lateral collateral ligament (LCL) in the elbow joint.

The Ulnar nerve is one of the major nerves in the forearm and hand, which provides motor function to the majority of the intrinsic muscles of the hand (except for those innervated by the median nerve) and sensory innervation to the little finger and half of the ring finger. It originates from the brachial plexus, passes through the cubital tunnel at the elbow, and continues down the forearm, where it runs close to the ulna bone. The ulnar nerve then passes through the Guyon's canal in the wrist before branching out to innervate the hand muscles and provide sensation to the skin on the little finger and half of the ring finger.

The triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) is a structure located in the wrist, more specifically at the junction between the ulna bone of the forearm and the wrist bones (carpals). It consists of several components including:

* The triangular fibrocartilage disc: A piece of cartilage that provides shock absorption and helps to distribute forces across the wrist.
* The meniscal homologue: A small structure similar to a meniscus found in some other joints, which also helps with force distribution.
* The ulnar collateral ligament: A ligament that supports the medial (ulnar) side of the wrist.
* The extensor carpi ulnaris tendon sheath and subsynovial connective tissue: These structures provide stability to the TFCC and allow for smooth movement of the tendons in this area.

The primary function of the TFCC is to maintain the stability of the distal radioulnar joint (the joint between the ulna bone and one of the wrist bones) and to distribute loads transmitted across the wrist, particularly during rotational movements of the forearm. Injuries or degeneration of the TFCC can lead to pain, stiffness, and decreased grip strength in the affected wrist.

Cumulative Trauma Disorders (CTDs) are a group of conditions that result from repeated exposure to biomechanical stressors, often related to work activities. These disorders can affect the muscles, tendons, nerves, and joints, leading to symptoms such as pain, numbness, tingling, weakness, and reduced range of motion.

CTDs are also known as repetitive strain injuries (RSIs) or overuse injuries. They occur when there is a mismatch between the demands placed on the body and its ability to recover from those demands. Over time, this imbalance can lead to tissue damage and inflammation, resulting in chronic pain and functional limitations.

Examples of CTDs include carpal tunnel syndrome, tendonitis, epicondylitis (tennis elbow), rotator cuff injuries, and trigger finger. Prevention strategies for CTDs include proper ergonomics, workstation design, body mechanics, taking regular breaks to stretch and rest, and performing exercises to strengthen and condition the affected muscles and joints.

Hand strength refers to the measure of force or power that an individual can generate using the muscles of the hand and forearm. It is often assessed through various tests, such as grip strength dynamometry, which measures the maximum force exerted by the hand when squeezing a device called a handgrip dynanometer. Hand strength is important for performing daily activities, maintaining independence, and can be indicative of overall health and well-being. Reduced hand strength may be associated with conditions such as neuromuscular disorders, arthritis, or injuries.

In medical terms, the arm refers to the upper limb of the human body, extending from the shoulder to the wrist. It is composed of three major bones: the humerus in the upper arm, and the radius and ulna in the lower arm. The arm contains several joints, including the shoulder joint, elbow joint, and wrist joint, which allow for a wide range of motion. The arm also contains muscles, blood vessels, nerves, and other soft tissues that are essential for normal function.

The metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint is the joint that connects the bones of the hand (metacarpals) to the bones of the fingers and thumb (phalanges). It's also commonly referred to as the "knuckle" joint. The MCP joint allows for flexion, extension, abduction, and adduction movements of the fingers and thumb. It is a synovial joint, which means it contains a lubricating fluid called synovial fluid that helps reduce friction during movement.

A finger joint, also known as an articulation, is the point where two bones in a finger connect and allow for movement. The majority of finger joints are classified as hinge joints, permitting flexion and extension movements. These joints consist of several components:

1. Articular cartilage: Smooth tissue that covers the ends of the bones, enabling smooth movement and protecting the bones from friction.
2. Joint capsule: A fibrous sac enclosing the joint, providing stability and producing synovial fluid for lubrication.
3. Synovial membrane: Lines the inner surface of the joint capsule and produces synovial fluid to lubricate the joint.
4. Volar plate (palmar ligament): A strong band of tissue located on the palm side of the joint, preventing excessive extension and maintaining alignment.
5. Collateral ligaments: Two bands of tissue located on each side of the joint, providing lateral stability and limiting radial and ulnar deviation.
6. Flexor tendons: Tendons that attach to the bones on the palmar side of the finger joints, facilitating flexion movements.
7. Extensor tendons: Tendons that attach to the bones on the dorsal side of the finger joints, enabling extension movements.

Finger joints are essential for hand function and enable activities such as grasping, holding, writing, and manipulating objects.

A tendon is the strong, flexible band of tissue that connects muscle to bone. It helps transfer the force produced by the muscle to allow various movements of our body parts. Tendons are made up of collagen fibers arranged in parallel bundles and have a poor blood supply, making them prone to injuries and slow to heal. Examples include the Achilles tendon, which connects the calf muscle to the heel bone, and the patellar tendon, which connects the kneecap to the shinbone.

In medical terms, fingers are not specifically defined as they are common anatomical structures. However, I can provide you with a general anatomy definition:

Fingers are the terminal parts of the upper limb in primates, including humans, consisting of four digits (thumb, index, middle, and ring fingers) and one opposable thumb. They contain bones called phalanges, connected by joints that allow for movement and flexibility. Each finger has a nail, nerve endings for sensation, and blood vessels to supply nutrients and oxygen. Fingers are crucial for various activities such as grasping, manipulating objects, and tactile exploration of the environment.

Biomechanics is the application of mechanical laws to living structures and systems, particularly in the field of medicine and healthcare. A biomechanical phenomenon refers to a observable event or occurrence that involves the interaction of biological tissues or systems with mechanical forces. These phenomena can be studied at various levels, from the molecular and cellular level to the tissue, organ, and whole-body level.

Examples of biomechanical phenomena include:

1. The way that bones and muscles work together to produce movement (known as joint kinematics).
2. The mechanical behavior of biological tissues such as bone, cartilage, tendons, and ligaments under various loads and stresses.
3. The response of cells and tissues to mechanical stimuli, such as the way that bone tissue adapts to changes in loading conditions (known as Wolff's law).
4. The biomechanics of injury and disease processes, such as the mechanisms of joint injury or the development of osteoarthritis.
5. The use of mechanical devices and interventions to treat medical conditions, such as orthopedic implants or assistive devices for mobility impairments.

Understanding biomechanical phenomena is essential for developing effective treatments and prevention strategies for a wide range of medical conditions, from musculoskeletal injuries to neurological disorders.

Supination is a term used in the medical field, particularly in the study of anatomy and orthopedics. It refers to the external rotation of the forearm so that the palm faces forward or upward. This motion allows for the hand to be in a position to perform actions such as lifting, holding, or throwing objects. It's also used to describe the movement of the foot when it rolls outward, which is important for normal walking and running gait. Abnormal supination can lead to issues with mobility and pain in the affected limb.

Ulnar nerve compression syndromes refer to a group of conditions characterized by the entrapment or compression of the ulnar nerve, leading to various symptoms. The ulnar nerve provides motor function to the hand muscles and sensation to the little finger and half of the ring finger.

There are several sites along the course of the ulnar nerve where it can become compressed, resulting in different types of ulnar nerve compression syndromes:

1. Cubital Tunnel Syndrome: This occurs when the ulnar nerve is compressed at the elbow, within the cubital tunnel - a narrow passage located on the inner side of the elbow. Symptoms may include numbness and tingling in the little finger and half of the ring finger, weakness in gripping or pinching, and pain or discomfort in the elbow.

2. Guyon's Canal Syndrome: This type of ulnar nerve compression syndrome happens when the nerve is compressed at the wrist, within the Guyon's canal. Causes can include ganglion cysts, bone fractures, or repetitive motion injuries. Symptoms may include numbness and tingling in the little finger and half of the ring finger, weakness or paralysis in the hand muscles, and muscle wasting in severe cases.

Treatment for ulnar nerve compression syndromes depends on the severity and location of the compression. Conservative treatments such as physical therapy, bracing, or anti-inflammatory medications may be recommended for milder cases. Severe or persistent symptoms may require surgical intervention to relieve the pressure on the ulnar nerve.

The forearm is the region of the upper limb between the elbow and the wrist. It consists of two bones, the radius and ulna, which are located side by side and run parallel to each other. The forearm is responsible for movements such as flexion, extension, supination, and pronation of the hand and wrist.

The Radial nerve is a major peripheral nerve in the human body that originates from the brachial plexus, which is a network of nerves formed by the union of the ventral rami (anterior divisions) of spinal nerves C5-T1. The radial nerve provides motor function to extensor muscles of the upper limb and sensation to parts of the skin on the back of the arm, forearm, and hand.

More specifically, the radial nerve supplies motor innervation to:

* Extensor muscles of the shoulder (e.g., teres minor, infraspinatus)
* Rotator cuff muscles
* Elbow joint stabilizers (e.g., lateral head of the triceps)
* Extensors of the wrist, fingers, and thumb

The radial nerve also provides sensory innervation to:

* Posterior aspect of the upper arm (from the lower third of the humerus to the elbow)
* Lateral forearm (from the lateral epicondyle of the humerus to the wrist)
* Dorsum of the hand (skin over the radial side of the dorsum, including the first web space)

Damage or injury to the radial nerve may result in various symptoms, such as weakness or paralysis of the extensor muscles, numbness or tingling sensations in the affected areas, and difficulty with extension movements of the wrist, fingers, and thumb. Common causes of radial nerve injuries include fractures of the humerus bone, compression during sleep or prolonged pressure on the nerve (e.g., from crutches), and entrapment syndromes like radial tunnel syndrome.

The triquetral bone, also known as the triquetrum, is one of the eight carpal bones in the human wrist. It is located on the ulnar side of the wrist and articulates with the lunate bone proximally, the pisiform bone distally, and the hamate bone medially. The triquetral bone has a pyramidal shape and plays an essential role in wrist movements, particularly in pronation and supination. It is named "triquetral" because of its three articular facets, which create a triangular shape.

A Synovial Cyst is a type of benign cyst that typically develops in the synovium, which is the membrane that lines and lubricates joint capsules. These cysts are filled with synovial fluid, which is the same lubricating fluid found inside joints. They usually form as a result of degenerative changes, trauma, or underlying joint diseases such as osteoarthritis.

Synovial cysts commonly occur in the spine (particularly in the facet joints), but they can also develop in other areas of the body, including the knees, hips, and hands. While synovial cysts are generally not harmful, they may cause discomfort or pain if they press on nearby nerves or restrict movement in the affected joint. Treatment options for synovial cysts range from conservative measures like physical therapy and pain management to surgical intervention in severe cases.

Synovitis is a medical condition characterized by inflammation of the synovial membrane, which is the soft tissue that lines the inner surface of joint capsules and tendon sheaths. The synovial membrane produces synovial fluid, which lubricates the joint and allows for smooth movement.

Inflammation of the synovial membrane can cause it to thicken, redden, and become painful and swollen. This can lead to stiffness, limited mobility, and discomfort in the affected joint or tendon sheath. Synovitis may occur as a result of injury, overuse, infection, or autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis.

If left untreated, synovitis can cause irreversible damage to the joint and surrounding tissues, including cartilage loss and bone erosion. Treatment typically involves a combination of medications, physical therapy, and lifestyle modifications to reduce inflammation and manage pain.

The elbow joint, also known as the cubitus joint, is a hinge joint that connects the humerus bone of the upper arm to the radius and ulna bones of the forearm. It allows for flexion and extension movements of the forearm, as well as some degree of rotation. The main articulation occurs between the trochlea of the humerus and the trochlear notch of the ulna, while the radial head of the radius also contributes to the joint's stability and motion. Ligaments, muscles, and tendons surround and support the elbow joint, providing strength and protection during movement.

A bone fracture is a medical condition in which there is a partial or complete break in the continuity of a bone due to external or internal forces. Fractures can occur in any bone in the body and can vary in severity from a small crack to a shattered bone. The symptoms of a bone fracture typically include pain, swelling, bruising, deformity, and difficulty moving the affected limb. Treatment for a bone fracture may involve immobilization with a cast or splint, surgery to realign and stabilize the bone, or medication to manage pain and prevent infection. The specific treatment approach will depend on the location, type, and severity of the fracture.

De Quervain disease, also known as De Quervain tenosynovitis, is a medical condition that affects the tendons on the thumb side of the wrist. It is characterized by the inflammation and thickening of the sheath that surrounds these tendons, leading to pain and difficulty in moving the thumb and wrist.

The exact cause of De Quervain disease is not known, but it is often associated with repetitive hand or wrist movements, especially those that involve twisting or gripping. It can also occur after an injury to the wrist or thumb. The condition is more common in middle-aged women, and may be related to hormonal changes during pregnancy or menopause.

The symptoms of De Quervain disease include pain and tenderness on the thumb side of the wrist, which may worsen with movement or gripping activities. There may also be swelling and a creaking or crackling sensation when moving the thumb and wrist. Diagnosis is typically made based on the patient's symptoms and a physical examination, although imaging tests such as ultrasound or MRI may be used to confirm the diagnosis.

Treatment for De Quervain disease usually involves resting the affected area, avoiding activities that aggravate the symptoms, and using ice packs to reduce swelling. In some cases, immobilization with a splint or brace may be recommended to allow the tendons to heal. Anti-inflammatory medications or corticosteroid injections may also be used to reduce pain and inflammation. Surgery may be considered if other treatments are not effective.

"Torque" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. It is a physical concept used in the fields of physics and engineering, referring to a twisting force that causes rotation around an axis. However, in certain medical contexts, such as in discussions of spinal or joint biomechanics, the term "torque" may be used to describe a rotational force applied to a body part. But generally speaking, "torque" is not a term commonly used in medical terminology.

Surgical casts are medical devices used to immobilize and protect injured body parts, typically fractured or broken bones, during the healing process. They are usually made of plaster or fiberglass materials that harden when wet and conform to the shape of the affected area once applied. The purpose of a surgical cast is to restrict movement and provide stability to the injured site, allowing for proper alignment and healing of the bones.

The casting process involves first aligning the broken bone fragments into their correct positions, often through manual manipulation or surgical intervention. Once aligned, the cast material is applied in layers, with each layer being allowed to dry before adding the next. This creates a rigid structure that encases and supports the injured area. The cast must be kept dry during the healing process to prevent it from becoming weakened or damaged.

Surgical casts come in various shapes and sizes depending on the location and severity of the injury. They may also include additional components such as padding, Velcro straps, or window openings to allow for regular monitoring of the skin and underlying tissue. In some cases, removable splints or functional braces may be used instead of traditional casts, providing similar support while allowing for limited movement and easier adjustments.

It is essential to follow proper care instructions when wearing a surgical cast, including elevating the injured limb, avoiding excessive weight-bearing, and monitoring for signs of complications such as swelling, numbness, or infection. Regular check-ups with a healthcare provider are necessary to ensure proper healing and adjust the cast if needed.

The metacarpal bones are the long slender bones that make up the middle part of the hand, located between the carpals (wrist bones) and the phalanges (finger bones). There are five metacarpal bones in total, with one for each finger and thumb. Each bone has a base attached to the carpals, a shaft, and a head that connects to the phalanges. The metacarpal bones play a crucial role in hand function, providing stability and support during gripping and manipulation movements.

The term "upper extremity" is used in the medical field to refer to the portion of the upper limb that extends from the shoulder to the hand. This includes the arm, elbow, forearm, wrist, and hand. The upper extremity is responsible for various functions such as reaching, grasping, and manipulating objects, making it an essential part of a person's daily activities.

Actigraphy is a non-invasive method used to estimate sleep-wake patterns and physical activity levels over extended periods, typically ranging from several days to weeks. It involves the use of a small device called an actigraph, which is usually worn on the wrist like a watch.

The actigraph contains an accelerometer that detects movement and records the intensity and duration of motion. This data is then analyzed using specialized software to provide information about sleep and wake times, as well as patterns of physical activity.

Actigraphy can be useful in assessing various sleep disorders, such as insomnia, circadian rhythm disorders, and sleep-related breathing disorders. It can also help evaluate the effectiveness of treatments for these conditions. However, it is important to note that actigraphy is not a substitute for a formal sleep study (polysomnography) and should be used in conjunction with other assessment tools and clinical evaluations.

The capitate bone is one of the eight carpal bones located in the wrist, which connects the hand to the forearm. It is situated in the middle row of the carpus, lateral to the hamate bone and medial to the trapezoid bone. The capitate bone is the largest of the carpal bones, and its shape resembles a knob or a rounded head at one end, which articulates with the lunate bone, while the other end, known as the body, articulates with the third metacarpal bone. It plays a crucial role in the mobility and stability of the wrist joint.

Musculoskeletal diseases are a group of medical conditions that affect the bones, joints, muscles, tendons, ligaments, and nerves. These diseases can cause pain, stiffness, limited mobility, and decreased function in the affected areas of the body. They include a wide range of conditions such as:

1. Osteoarthritis: A degenerative joint disease characterized by the breakdown of cartilage in joints, leading to pain, stiffness, and loss of mobility.
2. Rheumatoid arthritis: An autoimmune disorder that causes inflammation in the lining of the joints, resulting in swelling, pain, and bone erosion.
3. Gout: A form of arthritis caused by the buildup of uric acid crystals in the joints, leading to severe pain, redness, and swelling.
4. Osteoporosis: A condition characterized by weakened bones that are more susceptible to fractures due to decreased bone density.
5. Fibromyalgia: A disorder that causes widespread muscle pain, fatigue, and tenderness in specific areas of the body.
6. Spinal disorders: Conditions affecting the spine, such as herniated discs, spinal stenosis, or degenerative disc disease, which can cause back pain, numbness, tingling, or weakness.
7. Soft tissue injuries: Damage to muscles, tendons, and ligaments, often caused by overuse, strain, or trauma.
8. Infections: Bone and joint infections (septic arthritis or osteomyelitis) can cause pain, swelling, and fever.
9. Tumors: Benign or malignant growths in bones, muscles, or soft tissues can lead to pain, swelling, and limited mobility.
10. Genetic disorders: Certain genetic conditions, such as Marfan syndrome or Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, can affect the musculoskeletal system and cause various symptoms.

Treatment for musculoskeletal diseases varies depending on the specific condition but may include medications, physical therapy, exercise, surgery, or a combination of these approaches.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic autoimmune disease that primarily affects the joints. It is characterized by persistent inflammation, synovial hyperplasia, and subsequent damage to the articular cartilage and bone. The immune system mistakenly attacks the body's own tissues, specifically targeting the synovial membrane lining the joint capsule. This results in swelling, pain, warmth, and stiffness in affected joints, often most severely in the hands and feet.

RA can also have extra-articular manifestations, affecting other organs such as the lungs, heart, skin, eyes, and blood vessels. The exact cause of RA remains unknown, but it is believed to involve a complex interplay between genetic susceptibility and environmental triggers. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial in managing rheumatoid arthritis to prevent joint damage, disability, and systemic complications.

I am not aware of a specific medical definition for the term "skating." In general, skating refers to the act of moving on ice or a smooth surface using skates. There are several types of skating, including ice skating, roller skating, and inline skating. Skating can be a recreational activity, a form of transportation, or a competitive sport. It is not typically considered a medical term or concept. If you have any specific concerns about skating and its potential impact on health or physical well-being, I would recommend consulting with a healthcare professional for further guidance.

The elbow is a joint formed by the articulation between the humerus bone of the upper arm and the radius and ulna bones of the forearm. It allows for flexion, extension, and rotation of the forearm. The medical definition of "elbow" refers to this specific anatomical structure and its associated functions in human anatomy.

Skeletal muscle, also known as striated or voluntary muscle, is a type of muscle that is attached to bones by tendons or aponeuroses and functions to produce movements and support the posture of the body. It is composed of long, multinucleated fibers that are arranged in parallel bundles and are characterized by alternating light and dark bands, giving them a striped appearance under a microscope. Skeletal muscle is under voluntary control, meaning that it is consciously activated through signals from the nervous system. It is responsible for activities such as walking, running, jumping, and lifting objects.

The pisiform bone is a small, rounded carpal bone located in the wrist, more specifically in the ulnar side of the proximal row of carpals. It articulates with the triquetral bone and is held in place by several strong ligaments. The pisiform bone serves as an attachment site for various muscles and tendons, including the flexor carpi ulnaris muscle. It plays a crucial role in wrist movements, particularly in flexion and ulnar deviation.

Median neuropathy, also known as Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, is a common entrapment neuropathy caused by compression of the median nerve at the wrist level. The median nerve provides sensation to the palm side of the thumb, index finger, middle finger, and half of the ring finger. It also innervates some of the muscles that control movement of the fingers and thumb.

In median neuropathy, the compression of the median nerve can cause symptoms such as numbness, tingling, and weakness in the affected hand and fingers. These symptoms may be worse at night or upon waking up in the morning, and can be exacerbated by activities that involve repetitive motion of the wrist, such as typing or using tools. If left untreated, median neuropathy can lead to permanent nerve damage and muscle wasting in the hand.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "skiing" is not a medical term. It is a recreational activity that involves sliding down snow-covered slopes while standing on long, flat runners called skis. However, if you're interested, I can provide information about injuries that are commonly associated with skiing:

Skiing injuries can range from minor scrapes and bruises to more serious injuries such as fractures, dislocations, sprains, and strains. Some of the most common skiing injuries include:

1. Knee injuries: ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) tears are a common injury in skiers, often caused by landing awkwardly from jumps or falls.
2. Shoulder injuries: Dislocations and sprains can occur when skiers fall onto an outstretched arm.
3. Thumb injuries: Skiers can suffer from "skier's thumb" when they fall with their hand still in the ski pole strap, causing a ligament tear in the thumb.
4. Head injuries: Concussions and other head injuries can occur if skiers collide with objects or other people, or if they fall and hit their head on the ground. Wearing a helmet while skiing is highly recommended to reduce the risk of head injuries.
5. Fractures: Skiers can suffer fractures in various parts of the body, including the wrists, ankles, and hips, due to falls or collisions.

To prevent these injuries, it's essential to wear appropriate safety gear, such as helmets, wrist guards, and back protectors, and to receive proper instruction on skiing techniques and safety practices. Additionally, staying in good physical condition and being aware of one's limits can help reduce the risk of injury while skiing.

In the context of medicine and physiology, vibration refers to the mechanical oscillation of a physical body or substance with a periodic back-and-forth motion around an equilibrium point. This motion can be produced by external forces or internal processes within the body.

Vibration is often measured in terms of frequency (the number of cycles per second) and amplitude (the maximum displacement from the equilibrium position). In clinical settings, vibration perception tests are used to assess peripheral nerve function and diagnose conditions such as neuropathy.

Prolonged exposure to whole-body vibration or hand-transmitted vibration in certain occupational settings can also have adverse health effects, including hearing loss, musculoskeletal disorders, and vascular damage.

A cadaver is a deceased body that is used for medical research or education. In the field of medicine, cadavers are often used in anatomy lessons, surgical training, and other forms of medical research. The use of cadavers allows medical professionals to gain a deeper understanding of the human body and its various systems without causing harm to living subjects. Cadavers may be donated to medical schools or obtained through other means, such as through consent of the deceased or their next of kin. It is important to handle and treat cadavers with respect and dignity, as they were once living individuals who deserve to be treated with care even in death.

The term "hand bones" refers to the skeletal components that make up the human hand. These bones are divided into three categories: carpals, metacarpals, and phalanges.

1. Carpals: There are eight carpal bones arranged in two rows in the wrist region. The proximal row consists of the scaphoid, lunate, triquetral, and pisiform bones, while the distal row includes the trapezium, trapezoid, capitate, and hamate bones.

2. Metacarpals: There are five metacarpal bones, one for each finger, located in the middle part of the hand between the carpals and phalanges. They are numbered 1 to 5 from the thumb side to the little finger side.

3. Phalanges: These are the bones found in the fingers and thumb. Each finger has three phalanges (proximal, middle, and distal), while the thumb only has two (proximal and distal). In total, there are 14 phalangeal bones in the hand.

Together, these hand bones provide structure, support, and mobility to the hand, enabling various complex movements essential for daily activities.

In anatomical terms, the shoulder refers to the complex joint of the human body that connects the upper limb to the trunk. It is formed by the union of three bones: the clavicle (collarbone), scapula (shoulder blade), and humerus (upper arm bone). The shoulder joint is a ball-and-socket type of synovial joint, allowing for a wide range of movements such as flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, internal rotation, and external rotation.

The shoulder complex includes not only the glenohumeral joint but also other structures that contribute to its movement and stability, including:

1. The acromioclavicular (AC) joint: where the clavicle meets the acromion process of the scapula.
2. The coracoclavicular (CC) ligament: connects the coracoid process of the scapula to the clavicle, providing additional stability to the AC joint.
3. The rotator cuff: a group of four muscles (supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor, and subscapularis) that surround and reinforce the shoulder joint, contributing to its stability and range of motion.
4. The biceps tendon: originates from the supraglenoid tubercle of the scapula and passes through the shoulder joint, helping with flexion, supination, and stability.
5. Various ligaments and capsular structures that provide additional support and limit excessive movement in the shoulder joint.

The shoulder is a remarkable joint due to its wide range of motion, but this also makes it susceptible to injuries and disorders such as dislocations, subluxations, sprains, strains, tendinitis, bursitis, and degenerative conditions like osteoarthritis. Proper care, exercise, and maintenance are essential for maintaining shoulder health and function throughout one's life.

A Colles' fracture is a specific type of fracture in the distal end of the radius bone in the forearm, which is the larger of the two bones in the lower arm. This type of fracture occurs when the wrist is forcefully bent backward (dorsiflexion), often as a result of falling onto an outstretched hand.

In a Colles' fracture, the distal end of the radius bone breaks and is displaced downward and angulated backward, resulting in a characteristic "dinner fork" deformity. This type of fracture is more common in older individuals, particularly women with osteoporosis, but can also occur in younger people as a result of high-energy trauma.

Colles' fractures are typically treated with immobilization using a cast or splint to hold the bones in proper alignment while they heal. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to realign and stabilize the fracture, particularly if there is significant displacement or instability of the bone fragments.

Acquired hand deformities refer to structural changes in the hand or fingers that occur after birth, as a result of injury, illness, or other external factors. These deformities can affect any part of the hand, including the bones, joints, muscles, tendons, ligaments, and nerves. Common causes of acquired hand deformities include trauma, infection, degenerative diseases such as arthritis, tumors, and neurological conditions.

The symptoms of acquired hand deformities can vary depending on the severity and location of the deformity. They may include pain, stiffness, swelling, decreased range of motion, loss of function, and changes in appearance. Treatment for acquired hand deformities may involve a combination of medical interventions, such as medication, physical therapy, or splinting, as well as surgical procedures to correct the underlying structural problem. The goal of treatment is to relieve symptoms, improve function, and restore normal appearance and movement to the hand.

An ulna fracture is a break in the ulna bone, which is one of the two long bones in the forearm. The ulna is located on the pinky finger side of the forearm and functions to support the elbow joint and assist in rotation and movement of the forearm. Ulna fractures can occur at various points along the bone, including the shaft, near the wrist, or at the elbow end of the bone. Symptoms may include pain, swelling, bruising, tenderness, deformity, limited mobility, and in some cases, numbness or tingling in the fingers. Treatment typically involves immobilization with a cast or splint, followed by rehabilitation exercises to restore strength and range of motion. In severe cases, surgery may be required to realign and stabilize the fractured bone.

A forelimb is a term used in animal anatomy to refer to the upper limbs located in the front of the body, primarily involved in movement and manipulation of the environment. In humans, this would be equivalent to the arms, while in quadrupedal animals (those that move on four legs), it includes the structures that are comparable to both the arms and legs of humans, such as the front legs of dogs or the forepaws of cats. The bones that make up a typical forelimb include the humerus, radius, ulna, carpals, metacarpals, and phalanges.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Golf" is not a medical term. It is a sport that involves hitting a small ball with various clubs into a series of holes on a course, typically in as few strokes as possible. If you have any medical questions or terms you would like defined, I'd be happy to help!

Posture is the position or alignment of body parts supported by the muscles, especially the spine and head in relation to the vertebral column. It can be described as static (related to a stationary position) or dynamic (related to movement). Good posture involves training your body to stand, walk, sit, and lie in positions where the least strain is placed on supporting muscles and ligaments during movement or weight-bearing activities. Poor posture can lead to various health issues such as back pain, neck pain, headaches, and respiratory problems.

Electrodiagnosis, also known as electromyography (EMG), is a medical diagnostic procedure that evaluates the health and function of muscles and nerves. It measures the electrical activity of skeletal muscles at rest and during contraction, as well as the conduction of electrical signals along nerves.

The test involves inserting a thin needle electrode into the muscle to record its electrical activity. The physician will ask the patient to contract and relax the muscle while the electrical activity is recorded. The resulting data can help diagnose various neuromuscular disorders, such as nerve damage or muscle diseases, by identifying abnormalities in the electrical signals.

Electrodiagnosis can be used to diagnose conditions such as carpal tunnel syndrome, peripheral neuropathy, muscular dystrophy, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), among others. It is a valuable tool in the diagnosis and management of neuromuscular disorders, helping physicians to develop appropriate treatment plans for their patients.

A joint is the location at which two or more bones make contact. They are constructed to allow movement and provide support and stability to the body during motion. Joints can be classified in several ways, including structure, function, and the type of tissue that forms them. The three main types of joints based on structure are fibrous (or fixed), cartilaginous, and synovial (or diarthrosis). Fibrous joints do not have a cavity and have limited movement, while cartilaginous joints allow for some movement and are connected by cartilage. Synovial joints, the most common and most movable type, have a space between the articular surfaces containing synovial fluid, which reduces friction and wear. Examples of synovial joints include hinge, pivot, ball-and-socket, saddle, and condyloid joints.

I believe you may be looking for the term "human factors engineering" or "ergonomics," as there is no widely recognized medical definition for "human engineering." Human factors engineering is a multidisciplinary field that focuses on the design and integration of systems, products, and environments to optimize human well-being and overall system performance. This includes considering human capabilities, limitations, and characteristics in the design process to ensure safe, efficient, and effective interactions between humans and technology.

Glossary of bowling § Wrist, a measure of wrist position in bowling ball deliveries Wrist joint. Deep dissection. Posterior ... Wrist joint. Deep dissection. Posterior view. Wrist joint. Deep dissection.Anterior, palmar, view. Wrist joint. Deep dissection ... A wrist fracture usually means a fracture of the distal radius. The English word "wrist" is etymologically derived from the ... Tests such as Phalen's test involve palmarflexion at the wrist. The hand may deviate at the wrist in some conditions, such as ...
... is a passenger station in the centre of Wrist (in the district of Steinburg) in the German state of Schleswig- ... ISBN 978-3-89494-139-0. "Brief information on the municipality of Wrist" (in German). Municipality of Wrist. Retrieved 4 June ... "History of the town of Wrist" (in German). Municipality of Wrist. Retrieved 4 June 2014. "Bahn will zwölf Bahnhofsgebäude ... led Wrist to merge with the older neighbouring community of Stellau under the same name of Wrist. Three tracks run through the ...
A wrist clasp is a mechanism made of a metal hook and an eye closure, used for closing the wrist opening on a tunic. Wrist ... Watch strap Wrist Clasps - What are they and How to use them, May 6, 2013, eirny.com v t e (Articles with short description, ... Short description matches Wikidata, All stub articles, Clothing stubs, Fashion accessories, Fasteners, Wrist, Handwear). ...
"Chrome Neon Jesus by Teenage Wrist". March 9, 2018 - via music.apple.com. "Dazed - EP by Teenage Wrist". May 19, 2015 - via ... S.A. Martinez) (2023) "Teenage Wrist Biography, Songs, & Albums". AllMusic. Records, Epitaph (May 14, 2021). "Teenage Wrist Bio ... Teenage Wrist is an American rock band from Los Angeles, California. The band was formed in 2014 by vocalist and bass guitarist ... "Teenage Wrist: Earth Is a Black Hole". February 22, 2021. v t e (Pages using the EasyTimeline extension, Articles with short ...
... can be used to look inside the joint of the wrist. It is a minimally invasive technique which can be utilized ... In that way, the surgeon will be able to orient within the joint of the wrist. Once a clear view of the wrist is obtained, a ... In recent years, wrist arthroscopy is becoming a more familiar technique for the diagnosis and treatment of various wrist ... At that time, arthroscopy of the wrist was an innovative technique to determine whether a problem could be found in the wrist. ...
The wrist roller is a device designed for strengthening the forearm muscles together in a rolling-pulling motion. It consists ... In addition to the rolling, there is also a function of wrist and shoulder supination inherent in the exercise, as one hand ... The focus on gripping muscles versus wrist extensor muscles can be varied based upon the thickness of the bar. Speed and ... Course Bodybuilding.com article on wrist roller exercise Bodybuilding.com article on forearm strength which includes wrist ...
"My Wrist" is a song by American rappers Yeat and Young Thug. It was released as a single on May 26, 2023, through Field Trip ... "Yeat and Young Thug Release New Song "My Wrist"". Pitchfork. 26 May 2023. "NZ Hot Singles Chart". Recorded Music NZ. June 2, ...
In this stage there are two surgical treatment options; total wrist arthroplasty and total wrist arthrodesis. Total wrist ... patients with a total wrist arthrodesis on one side and a total wrist arthroplasty on the other, prefer the total wrist ... The person may or may not recall an old wrist injury. Examination may identify limited passive wrist motion, pain at the ... SLAC is more common than SNAC; 55% of the patients with wrist osteoarthritis have a SLAC wrist. Scapholunate advanced collapse ...
Tennis Player with wrist brace Weight lifter with wrist brace Rugby player with wrist brace Wrist brace Ankle brace Open wrist ... A wrist brace is a supportive garment worn around the wrist to reinforce and protect it against strains and sprains during ... Wrist braces are common accessories in injury rehabilitation processes involving the wrist. They immobilize the joint and ... The wrist braces have a protective role in activities where wrists require extraordinary effort like weight lifting or ...
Wrist"". Complex. Walker, Joe (April 6, 2022). "JAY-Z Addresses Biggie Supergroup The Commission on Pusha T 'Neck and Wrist' ... "Neck & Wrist" is a song by American rapper Pusha T featuring fellow American rappers Jay-Z and Pharrell Williams. Produced by ... Mier, Tomás (April 6, 2022). "Jay-Z and Pusha T's 'Neck and Wrist' Is An Ode to Bling and Finer Things". Rolling Stone. ... "Decoding the Subliminals on Pusha T and Jay-Z's "Neck & Wrist"". GQ. Strauss, Matthew (April 6, 2022). "Pusha T and Jay-Z ...
A wrist-guard is a device to protect the wrist from sport injuries. Wrist-guards are sold in skateboard, snowboard and sporting ... Wrist-guards prevent such injury with a plastic splint held on the inside of the wrist. The splint curves inwards towards the ... The purpose of a wrist guard is to prevent the wearer from injuring their wrist or arm when falling. When a person falls ... Stone wrist-guard Hand guard Usage of personal protective equipment Harris, Alex (2019-08-03). "Are Wrists Guards Safe? Do They ...
... is a medical condition in which the wrist and the fingers cannot extend at the metacarpophalangeal joints. The wrist ... Wrist extension is achieved by muscles in the forearm contracting, pulling on tendons that attach distal to (beyond) the wrist ... wrist extension and finger flexion = radial nerve lesion Weakness of finger extension and radial deviation of the wrist on ... wrist extension and finger extension = corticospinal lesion The workup for wrist drop frequently includes nerve conduction ...
A wrist piercing is a piercing through the surface of the wrist, first popularized by Jon Cobb in PFIQ. Wrist piercings are a ... Also, wrist piercings can only be done with a special tool (to hook the other side of the surface barbell upside) and thus, it ... People with wrist piercings are advised to put on short sleeved t-shirts, singlets so as to prevent the surface barbell from ... The span of a wrist piercing ranges approximately from as short as 2 weeks to 6 or 7 months. As with all surface piercings, ...
A wrist shot is a type of hockey shot that involves using arm muscles (especially those in the wrist and forearm) to propel a ... Moreover, a wrist shot is far more accurate than a slap shot. Conversely, the reliance on wrist and forearm muscles to propel ... The power of a wrist shot comes from lower body strength more than arm strength. The advantage of a wrist shot over a slap shot ... The snap shot has a strength and accuracy somewhere between those of a wrist shot and a slap shot. The wrist shot has several ...
Wrist is situated 2 kilometres south east of Kellinghusen and Wrist station is on the main railway line from Hamburg to Kiel. ... The Bundesstraße 206 [de] passes Wrist. It is connected with the Bundesautobahn 7 in the east. The next airport is Hamburg ... Wrist is a municipality in the district of Steinburg, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Wrist (municipality). "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden in Schleswig-Holstein 4. Quartal 2021 ...
... can mean: A lanyard worn around the wrist A watch strap An anti-static wrist strap Forearm lifting strap, a lifting ... of loads Wristband Wrist brace Wrist guard Wristlet This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Wrist ...
... is the third solo album by The New Amsterdams and The Get Up Kids frontman Matt Pryor. The album was released on ...
... or open wrist is a type of syndrome that prevents the patient using their hand due to a painful wrist. The pain may ... sometimes due to wrist or elbow abnormalities such as Guyon's canal syndrome or cubital tunnel syndrome Wrist fracture, wrist ... Wrist pain can be caused by one or more of a number of different disorders, such as: Carpal tunnel syndrome Wrist ... the use of a simple leather or neoprene wrist brace (or even a steel-reinforced one), is recommended in order to rest the wrist ...
Wrist may also refer to: "Wrist" (Chris Brown song), a 2015 song "Wrist" (Logic song), a 2016 single Wrist, Germany, a ... Look up wrist in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. The wrist is the joint connecting the hand with the forearm. ... municipality in Schleswig-Holstein This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Wrist. If an internal link ...
... also called wrist extension) to ensure equal development of the wrist flexor and wrist extensor muscles. Wrist curls can be ... The wrist curl is a weight training exercise for developing just the wrist flexor muscles of the forearm. It is therefore an ... The same motion should be performed as in the seated wrist curl. The range of motion will be smaller but the standing wrist ... To perform a seated wrist curl, the lifter should be seated on a bench with knees bent and the forearm(s) resting on the thigh ...
... is an American punk rock band, who formed in 1998. Featuring members of Los Crudos, Hail Mary, Devoid of Faith, By ... In 2006, Limp Wrist released the split label 7", "Want Us Dead" on Cheap Art/Lengua Armada. In 2009, the band also self- ... This was followed by a single called "What's Up With The Kids" and then the self-titled LP Limp Wrist. However, since band ... Limp Wrist discography at Discogs (Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Articles needing ...
The rare and difficult art of wrist spin - THE HINDU Wrist Spin the Ball - wisdomtalkies Wrist Spin Basics - MCA (Articles with ... a left-handed wrist spinner rotates the ball clockwise. The name wrist spin is actually something of a misnomer, as the wrist ... The wrist is cocked as it comes down by the hip, and the wrist moves sharply from right to left as the ball is released, adding ... Left-handed wrist spin is more commonly known as left-arm unorthodox spin or simply wrist spin. To grip the ball for a leg- ...
"Fossil Wrist PDA FX2008: from Palm to wrist". The Register. 21 March 2005. Retrieved 15 September 2010. Wrist PDA Yahoo ... "Wrist-Top Revolution". Wired. Wired.com. Retrieved 15 September 2010. "First Ever Palm Powered WRIST PDA Awarded Best Mobile ... "Fossil Abacus Wrist PDA". PC World Reviews. Retrieved 15 September 2010. "Fossil Wrist PDA FX2008". TheTechLounge. 13 April ... The Fossil Wrist PDA is a smartwatch that runs Palm OS. The newer incarnation, which does not include Palm OS, is called the ...
"Flicka da Wrist" is the only single by American rapper Chedda da Connect. It peaked at number 94 on the US Billboard Hot 100. ... "Flicka Da Wrist" was uploaded on WorldstarHipHop's YouTube channel on March 4, 2015. The video consists of Chedda dancing ... In 2015, "Flicka Da Wrist" became a huge hit in the United States, going viral online and taking clubs and radio airwaves by ... The official remix features Fetty Wap, Boosie Badazz, Yo Gotti & Boston George On the week of May 16, 2015, "Flicka Da Wrist" ...
"DEFTONES 'SATURDAY NIGHT WRIST': STORY BEHIND ALBUM THAT NEARLY BROKE UP BAND". October 31, 2006. "Saturday Night Wrist Is the ... Saturday Night Wrist at AllMusic. Retrieved 2011-08-21. "Deftones - Saturday Night Wrist". Alternative Press. March 2007. " ... "DEFTONES: SATURDAY NIGHT WRIST". November 6, 2006. "Blabbermouth reviews DEFTONES Saturday Night Wrist". October 30, 2006. " ... Saturday Night Wrist is the fifth studio album by American alternative metal band Deftones, released on October 31, 2006, by ...
Famous burials containing stone wrist-guards include the Amesbury Archer and the Barnack burial. The wrist-guards are commonly ... Stone wrist-guards are exclusively found in the graves of males, frequently lying next to the body's wrist. Rare examples - ... A few prehistoric wrist-guards made of gold or amber have also been found; these are generally accepted not to be functional. ... The wrist-guards are small rectangles of stone (often slate) with a number of perforations, typically between two and six, ...
"Azim Makanojiya's Wrist-Band.com top seller of silicon wrist band in US". The Economic Times. December 30, 2014. Retrieved ... In 2011, Wrist-band.com was ranked 31st on the Inc 500 list of fastest growing companies and is also included as one of the ... Wrist-band.com was sued for copyright infringement and settled out of court. Starting the operation in his garage in Houston, ... Wrist-band.com was founded in Houston, Texas in 2007 by Azim Makanojiya and Zishan Momin. Makanojiya had initially lied and ...
"Wrist" is a song by American hip hop recording artist Logic. It serves as the second single from his sixth mixtape Bobby ... Pusha T - Wrist". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved August 7, 2020. Audio on YouTube Lyrics of this song at ... "Wrist (feat. Pusha T) - Single by Logic on Apple Music - iTunes". Retrieved September 11, 2016. "Madden NFL 17 Soundtrack - EA ... "Logic breaks down Illuminatro, Flexicution and Wrist featuring Pusha T". Retrieved September 11, 2016. "Logic Chart History ( ...
The Sinclair Wrist Calculator was a wrist-worn calculator produced by Sinclair Instrument and introduced in 1977. The Wrist ... "Sinclair Wrist Calculator". vintagecalculators.com. Retrieved 26 January 2014. "Sinclair Wrist Calculator". Planet Sinclair. ... cite journal}}: Cite journal requires ,journal= (help) "Unique full-function 8-digit wrist calculator... available only as a ...
"Flick of the Wrist" is a song by the British rock band Queen, released as a double A-side with "Killer Queen" in the United ... "Flick of the Wrist," in this way, starts with the crescendo ending of "Tenement Funster" and ends abruptly before the last line ... As it appears on the album, "Flick of the Wrist" is the middle song of a three-track series of songs which seamlessly overlap, ... One of the songs recorded was "Flick of the Wrist". This performance features parts of the original album backing track with ...
Glossary of bowling § Wrist, a measure of wrist position in bowling ball deliveries Wrist joint. Deep dissection. Posterior ... Wrist joint. Deep dissection. Posterior view. Wrist joint. Deep dissection.Anterior, palmar, view. Wrist joint. Deep dissection ... A wrist fracture usually means a fracture of the distal radius. The English word "wrist" is etymologically derived from the ... Tests such as Phalens test involve palmarflexion at the wrist. The hand may deviate at the wrist in some conditions, such as ...
Wrist arthroscopy is surgery that uses a tiny camera and surgical tools to examine or repair the tissues inside or around your ... wrist. The camera is called an arthroscope. The procedure allows your surgeon ... Wrist surgery; Arthroscopy - wrist; Surgery - wrist - arthroscopy; Surgery - wrist - arthroscopic; Carpal tunnel release ... You might need wrist arthroscopy if you have one of these problems or procedures:. *Wrist pain. Arthroscopy allows the surgeon ...
The Cleveland Indians placed third baseman Lonnie Chisenhall on the 15-day disabled list after he broke his wrist on Friday. ... The Cleveland Indians placed third baseman Lonnie Chisenhall on the 15-day disabled list after he broke his wrist on Friday. ...
The Liv isnt just a stylish piece of cloth with a brand logo around your wrist. It houses a pretty nifty sensor that has the ...
Question: If passive ulnar deviation of the wrist causes pain on the thumb side of the wrist, what structure is likely to be ... To assess the right wrist, use your left hand to support the clients forearm a few inches above the wrist. Then use your other ... The function of the radial collateral ligament is to protect the wrist joint by limiting ulnar deviation of the wrist (i.e., ... Next, you should side-flex the hand medially toward the fifth digit to passively stretch the radial side of the wrist. If the ...
... and what treatment and recovery look like for wrist sprain injuries. ... We cover the different types of wrist sprains, how theyre different from breaks and strains, ... Like a wrist sprain, a wrist break is often caused by a fall. Its also called a wrist fracture. The injury involves the bone. ... Most wrist sprains can be treated without surgery.. Home remedies for a sprained wrist. At home, you can treat a mild wrist ...
Gloves wrist cuffs Hand cuffs green hand warmer knit crochet ad vertisement by clarigoglitzerwelt Ad vertisement from shop ... Gauntlets, Wrist warmers, different sizes and different colors ad vertisement by kultspecht Ad vertisement from shop kultspecht ... Attention: The wrist warmers are relatively small because I personally love them so small. With a width of 5 cm, they are ... Best Wrist Warmers Fingerless Gloves, Ladies Knit Arm Warmers, Wool Crochet Hand Cuff Mittens ad vertisement by ...
Discover Saturday Night Wrist by Deftones released in 2006. Find album reviews, track lists, credits, awards and more at ... Ultimately, Saturday Night Wrist is satisfying, though it may take a few listens given all the changes in individual cuts that ... the Sacramento quintet is back with Saturday Night Wrist, a recording that will further muddy the waters about who they are and ... But its Saturday Night Wrist that fills out the portrait, bleeding though textures from one rock & roll type to another and ...
Disclosure: Walyou is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com ...
The articulation afforded the hand by the wrist is important for mobility, strength, and dexterity. ... A painful wrist causes disability and decreased function of the upper extremity. ... Wrist arthrodesis is also indicated for stabilization of the wrist when combined with tendon transfers, for correction of wrist ... Application of this wrist fusion plate yields a high rate of fusion when bone graft is used and, in comparison to other wrist ...
The elegantly contoured wrist strap in fine black leather is embossed with the Leica logo. ...
Find out how the multi-speciality team at the Johns Hopkins Musculoskeletal Center can diagnose and treat your hand and wrist ... Our musculoskeletal hand and wrist pain specialists offer treatments for a wide range of hand and wrist conditions in several ...
Plastic coil bends and easily slips onto your wrist for easy key access. ...
Shop HP.com Hong Kong SAR China for HyperX Wrist Rest - Keyboard - Tenkeyless. Enjoy Low Prices when you buy now online. ... The HyperX Wrist Rest provides comfortable wrist cushioning for use with a mouse or a variety of keyboard sizes. ...
WRIST Key Objectives:. *Provide cutting edge research opportunities in wearable computing and related areas to OPS grade 8-12 ... The RET Site project on Wearable Research for In-service STEM Teachers (WRIST) motivates Omaha Public Schools (OPS) students to ...
Wrist-Wearable Computer Cybook Gen3 e-Book Review The Future of WiMAX HPs Unbreakable Flexible Display 2007 In Technology ... TFOT first covered the previous model of the unit called ZYPAD WL1000, in 2006, which was an early version of Parvus wrist- ... The ergonomic design of the unit provides for easy detachment of the core computing system from the wrist support with use of ... Parvus Corporation, a U.S. subsidiary of the EuroTech Group, has engineered Zypad WR1100, a rugged wrist-worn PC designed for ...
Broken Wrist Bear card. Personalize any greeting card for no additional cost! Cards are shipped the Next Business Day. Product ... "Broken Wrist (for Livia)" By sue s - January 1st, 2015 Im never disappointed with the variety of cards available through ... Broken Wrist Bear card. Occasions , Get Well / Feel Better Cards , Broken Bone / In a Cast ... "Never thought Id find a card for a broken wrist, and such a cute one that could be personalized on the inside." ...
This state-of-the-art steel Wrist Spreader Bar measures 18 inches in length and comes with swivel-mounted bondage cuffs. The ... This state-of-the-art steel Wrist Spreader Bar measures 18 inches in length and comes with swivel-mounted bondage cuffs that ... Cuffs fit wrists 5"-9.5" (12.7-24.1cm). • Available in Black or Chrome. • Locks sold separately ...
Wrist Compass  ,  Forestry Suppliers, Inc. ...
Great Britain number one Laura Robson has pulled out of the ASB Classic in Auckland, due to a wrist injury.
Linebacker Nick Bolton will be out for roughly two months after suffering a dislocated wrist during Sundays win over the ...
Mills Wrist, Gaels Tournament Hopes Both Broken By Joe Kukura • Published January 30, 2009. • Updated on January 30, 2009 at ...
Stay cool and comfortable with our breathable Wrist Master II Excel wrist brace. Designed to keep in control of your game while ...
But for the past month I havent been able to do those things because of a very painful injury of my right (dominant) wrist. ... And thats how I injured my wrist. Lifting boxes. Exercise in self-sufficiency: fail. ...
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Stay cool and comfortable with our breathable Wrist Master II Excel wrist brace. Designed to keep in control of your game while ...
... the technical and commercial feasibility of a novel wrist brace that reduces the risk for wrist fracture by resisting wrist ... We postulate that wrist guard usage will increase significantly with a device that is less constraining and which offers ... The novel wrist brace will be designed, fabricated, and validated in our laboratory under simulated impact conditions. The long ... Wrist braces offer limited protection against distal radius fractures, yet they have achieved limited acceptance, particularly ...
Find the best wrist blood pressure monitor for accurate readings. Our guide reviews top picks in 2023, including affordable ... 4. Paramed - affordable wrist blood pressure monitor. Shop now on AMAZON The Paramed Wrist Blood Pressure Monitor stands out as ... This wrist blood pressure monitor by OMRON is suitable for adult wrists sized anywhere between 5.3 and 8.5 inches. Plus, it ... Are wrist blood pressure monitors accurate?. They can be. Best wrist blood pressure monitors can provide accurate readings when ...
Discover our top picks for wrist wraps for all levels of athlete. ... Keep your wrists supported and comfortable while weightlifting ... Wrist Wraps vs. Wrist Straps. Wrist straps (or lifting straps) have two long fabric pieces that wrap around a dumbbell or ... Wrist wraps can help provide extra stability when you train but they shouldnt be used to help with wrist pain when lifting. If ... The best lifting wrist wraps all do the same thing (support your wrist joints), but some are more supportive and rigid while ...
  • As a consequence of these various definitions, fractures to the carpal bones are referred to as carpal fractures, while fractures such as distal radius fracture are often considered fractures to the wrist. (wikipedia.org)
  • Wrist fractures. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Wrist braces offer limited protection against distal radius fractures, yet they have achieved limited acceptance, particularly among youths, because they are bulky and limit normal range of motion. (sbir.gov)
  • Here we explain the causes of sudden onset or acute wrist pain including sprains, strains and fractures. (sportsinjuryclinic.net)
  • Here we outline common wrist injuries including sprains, strains, fractures and overuse and nerve related causes of wrist pain. (sportsinjuryclinic.net)
  • A maximum of three hip fractures, a maximum of ten wrist fractures, and a maximum of five spine fractures were reported. (cdc.gov)
  • Six days after returning to the United States, she falls and fractures her right wrist. (cdc.gov)
  • It's also called a wrist fracture . (healthline.com)
  • DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The objective of this proposal is to research the technical and commercial feasibility of a novel wrist brace that reduces the risk for wrist fracture by resisting wrist terminal extension while otherwise allowing unconstrained movement throughout the normal range of motion. (sbir.gov)
  • To assess the right wrist, use your left hand to support the client's forearm a few inches above the wrist. (massagetoday.com)
  • Charlotte Hornets guard Gerald Henderson underwent arthroscopic surgery on his right wrist to remove scar tissue, the team announced Friday. (espn.com)
  • That alone reduced the pain in my right wrist significantly. (hersam.com)
  • Sold individually for the left or right wrist. (allegromedical.com)
  • A 33-year-old woman presents to her primary care provider owing to a "lump" in the volar aspect of her right wrist. (medscape.com)
  • Several ligaments in the wrist help keep it stable and allow it to move. (medlineplus.gov)
  • A wrist sprain is an injury where the ligaments in your wrist stretch or tear. (healthline.com)
  • Your wrist can suddenly twist or bend, causing damage to the ligaments. (healthline.com)
  • In a grade 1 wrist sprain, the ligaments are overstretched. (healthline.com)
  • The mobility of the wrist is determined by the shapes of the bones involved and by the attachments and lengths of the various intrinsic and extrinsic wrist ligaments. (medscape.com)
  • Wrist anatomy is the study of the bones, ligaments and other structures in the wrist. (sportsinjuryclinic.net)
  • Ligaments of the wrist, palmar view. (medscape.com)
  • The joints of the wrist are surrounded by a fibrous capsule and are held together by an array of ligaments that provide carpal stability by linking the bones both dorsally and volarly (see the following images). (medscape.com)
  • 3) the anatomical region surrounding the carpus including the distal parts of the bones of the forearm and the proximal parts of the metacarpus or five metacarpal bones and the series of joints between these bones, thus referred to as wrist joints. (wikipedia.org)
  • The wrist provides an anatomic link between the forearm and the hand. (medscape.com)
  • Your wrist joint is where the 2 long bones in your forearm meet the 8 small bones at the base of your hand. (msdmanuals.com)
  • However, the primary purpose of this article is to highlight the special considerations involved in acquired amputations at the wrist and forearm (below the elbow). (medscape.com)
  • The true frequency of acquired amputation of the wrist and forearm is unknown. (medscape.com)
  • The wrist is a complex joint that bridges the hand to the forearm. (medscape.com)
  • Stay cool and comfortable with our breathable Wrist Master II Excel wrist brace. (stormbowling.com)
  • The novel wrist brace will be designed, fabricated, and validated in our laboratory under simulated impact conditions. (sbir.gov)
  • I guess it's the best news we could get in the situation," Heim said Friday, his wrist in a supportive brace and compression wrap. (dallasnews.com)
  • The Composite Wrist Brace provides immobilization for weak or injured wrists. (allegromedical.com)
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome occurs when the nerve that passes through certain bones and tissues in your wrist becomes swollen and irritated. (medlineplus.gov)
  • A mildly sprained wrist might be slightly swollen. (healthline.com)
  • If your wrists are swollen and causing you extreme discomfort like he experienced, you should talk with your doctor immediately to see what your options are. (hersam.com)
  • Radial collateral ligament of the wrist. (massagetoday.com)
  • The function of the radial collateral ligament is to protect the wrist joint by limiting ulnar deviation of the wrist (i.e., the side-bending movement of the wrist toward the small finger). (massagetoday.com)
  • Injury to this ligament is common in massage therapists with wrist problems, as well as in carpenters, construction workers, gymnasts and other athletes who use their wrists in stressful positions. (massagetoday.com)
  • If the ligament has partly torn, it's a grade 2 wrist sprain. (healthline.com)
  • Wrist arthrodesis is also indicated for stabilization of the wrist when combined with tendon transfers, for correction of wrist deformities in patients with spastic hemiplegia, and for salvage of unsuccessful wrist arthroplasty. (medscape.com)
  • For now, all the Rangers and their All-Star catcher can do is wait to see if swelling and inflammation around the tendon sheath in his left wrist diminishes. (dallasnews.com)
  • Injury to the TFCC can cause pain on the outer aspect of the wrist. (medlineplus.gov)
  • But for the past month I haven't been able to do those things because of a very painful injury of my right (dominant) wrist. (htmlgiant.com)
  • When powerlifting or otherwise moving heavy loads, it's best to seek max support for your wrist to keep them injury-free. (livestrong.com)
  • For patient education resources, see Wrist Injury . (medscape.com)
  • Wrist taping or strapping is a great way to provide extra support when recovering from an injury. (sportsinjuryclinic.net)
  • If you have suffered a wrist injury then seek professional medical attention before attempting any self-treatment. (sportsinjuryclinic.net)
  • Exactly how to tape your wrist depends on your particular injury. (sportsinjuryclinic.net)
  • This kind of broken wrist is a very common injury. (msdmanuals.com)
  • This state-of-the-art steel Wrist Spreader Bar measures 18 inches in length and comes with swivel-mounted bondage cuffs that permit some movement. (stockroom.com)
  • Although the standard method for measuring blood pressure (BP) is still at the upper arm, blood pressure wrist cuffs are now emerging as practical and easily portable alternatives. (healthnews.com)
  • These BP wrist cuffs can provide readings while giving priority to user comfort and mobility, making it effortless to keep tabs on your cardiovascular health. (healthnews.com)
  • The pull of the finger and wrist flexors and extensors exerts considerable force on the many intercarpal joints. (medscape.com)
  • Joint arthropathy resulting in wrist arthritis is nearly identical to arthropathy in other joints, including the hip and knee. (medscape.com)
  • Keep your joints supported and stable with these easy-to-adjust, secure wrist wraps for lifting weights. (livestrong.com)
  • After all, they protect some of your most important joints - your wrists - while you lift. (livestrong.com)
  • When contracted, most of the tendons of these muscles are prevented from standing up like taut bowstrings around the wrist by passing under the flexor retinaculum on the palmar side and the extensor retinaculum on the dorsal side. (wikipedia.org)
  • Slowly and gently flex your wrist, moving it into a downward or palmar-flexed position. (sportsinjuryclinic.net)
  • Wrist support with removable palmar stay and two medial/lateral stays for maximum support and immobilization. (allegromedical.com)
  • Bones of the wrist, palmar view. (medscape.com)
  • Starting from the mid-position of the hand, the movements permitted in the wrist proper are (muscles in order of importance): Marginal movements: radial deviation (abduction, movement towards the thumb) and ulnar deviation (adduction, movement towards the little finger). (wikipedia.org)
  • Next, you should side-flex the hand medially toward the fifth digit to passively stretch the radial side of the wrist. (massagetoday.com)
  • To palpate the scaphoid attachment, use your other hand to slightly ulnar-deviate the wrist so that the scaphoid bone moves laterally and is more easily accessible. (massagetoday.com)
  • Wrap the bandage across the lower back of your hand, over your wrist, then across the back. (healthline.com)
  • The articulation afforded the hand by the wrist is important for mobility, strength, and dexterity. (medscape.com)
  • In addition, wrist arthrodesis can be beneficial in providing a more functional hand and upper extremity in patients with deforming spastic hemiplegia. (medscape.com)
  • Our musculoskeletal hand and wrist pain specialists offer treatments for a wide range of hand and wrist conditions in several convenient locations. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • The ergonomic design of the unit provides for easy detachment of the core computing system from the wrist support with use of one hand. (thefutureofthings.com)
  • We can admit that we don't necessarily need more beauty shots of the two phones from earlier, but Samsung did toss in a couple of new shots of their round smartwatch on wrist and in hand of a couple of models. (droid-life.com)
  • On the other hand, wrist wraps sit around the wrist joint to give a little extra support and stability as you train. (livestrong.com)
  • She suffered a fractured wrist and a cut to the back of her, as well as cuts on her hand as she tried to defend herself. (dailymail.co.uk)
  • If your wrist is bent, your arm will not be parallel to your hand. (linguistlist.org)
  • This would mean that your wrist would have to bend in order to achieve the movement of the hand. (linguistlist.org)
  • Acute hand and wrist trauma. (albertahealthservices.ca)
  • Offers assessment and treatment for acute hand and wrist trauma. (albertahealthservices.ca)
  • Symptoms consist of wrist pain, numbness, and tingling in the hand. (sportsinjuryclinic.net)
  • however, over the course of 1 year, the patient progressively developed significant pain in the volar aspect of her right hand and wrist. (medscape.com)
  • Self-reported hand and wrist arthritis and occupation: data from the U.S. National Health Interview Survey-Occupational Health Supplement. (cdc.gov)
  • There is a paucity of population-based studies examining occupational hand-wrist arthritis. (cdc.gov)
  • We examined relationships between hand-wrist arthritis, occupation, and biomechanical exposures in the U.S. National Health Interview Survey-Occupational Health Supplement. (cdc.gov)
  • Our study links hand-wrist arthritis to occupation and potentially modifiable workplace ergonom ic factors. (cdc.gov)
  • The spectrum of hand-wrist "cumulative trauma" disorders may considerably exceed that of soft-tissue injuries like carpal tunnel syndrome and tendonitis, and may include arthritis, a widely prevalent, disabling condition. (cdc.gov)
  • To test the left wrist, reverse these directions. (massagetoday.com)
  • One thing I did was to remap the Tab, Shift, and Ctrl keys to the top of the keyboard so I wouldn't have to continually twist my left wrist counterclockwise. (hersam.com)
  • Arthropathy and resulting arthritis of the wrist give rise to pain, which in turn leads to disability and decreased function of the upper extremity. (medscape.com)
  • However, Watson and Ballet reviewed 4000 wrist radiographs for evidence of arthritis (eg, joint-space narrowing, osteophyte formation, subchondral reactive bone formation, or subchondral cyst formation). (medscape.com)
  • [ 2 ] Of these 4000 radiographs, 210 (5.3%) had unequivocal radiographic changes consistent with wrist arthritis . (medscape.com)
  • [ 2 ] Non-scaphoid-related arthritis was found in only 3% of affected wrists. (medscape.com)
  • Note that this population did not include wrist arthritis due to inflammatory arthropathy. (medscape.com)
  • The pain produced by arthropathy of the wrist causes the patient to use a wrist splint to decrease pain. (medscape.com)
  • You can sprain your wrist during accidents like slipping on ice or tripping over an object. (healthline.com)
  • This is the most serious type of wrist sprain. (healthline.com)
  • If you have a grade 3 wrist sprain, you may need surgery. (healthline.com)
  • Like a wrist sprain, a wrist break is often caused by a fall. (healthline.com)
  • If your wrist sprain is mild, it might get better without medical help. (healthline.com)
  • A doctor can diagnose a wrist sprain by using different tests. (healthline.com)
  • If passive ulnar deviation of the wrist causes pain on the thumb side of the wrist, what structure is likely to be injured? (massagetoday.com)
  • however, these imaging techniques, though often invaluable, can be expensive and may prove unnecessary with a thorough physical examination and a solid understanding of the many pathologies that may lead to pain on the ulnar side of the wrist. (medscape.com)
  • Arthroscopy can be used to remove small bits of bone and help realign the bones in your wrist. (medlineplus.gov)
  • It happens when one or several bones in your wrist crack or break. (healthline.com)
  • Anthropometric measurements (height, weight, body mass index, wrist circumference, mid-upper arm circumference ) were performed. (bvsalud.org)
  • The mean wrist circumference was 14.43±0.22 cm and the mean mid-upper arm circumference was 21.43±0.55 cm. (bvsalud.org)
  • Ulnar-sided wrist pain often proves to be a challenging presenting complaint. (medscape.com)
  • Determining the cause of such pain is difficult, largely because of the complexity of the anatomic and biomechanical properties of the ulnar wrist. (medscape.com)
  • The objectives of this article are to provide an overview of the most common problems that are encountered in the diagnosis of ulnar-sided wrist pain and to review the anatomy, diagnostic modalities, clinical presentation, and various treatments available. (medscape.com)
  • The majority of the diagnoses involving ulnar wrist pain may be established with a detailed history, thorough physical examination, and standard radiography. (medscape.com)
  • The wrist consists of the distal radius, the ulna, the carpal bones, and the bases of the metacarpals. (medscape.com)
  • The Wrist Restrictor will help sync wrist and elbow through the release to correct over rotation. (bowling.com)
  • The Wrist Restrictor helps sync the movement of elbow and wrist limiting rotation and correcting back up ball release. (bowling.com)
  • Usually, a wrist pain is caused by physical trauma to the wrist. (healthline.com)
  • Prostaglandins and cytokines are generated as a result of inflammation, causing pain and decreased mobility of the wrist. (medscape.com)
  • This means your arm and wrist area will be numbed so that you do not feel any pain. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Arthroscopy allows the surgeon to explore what is causing your wrist pain. (medlineplus.gov)
  • While holding the wrist in this flexed position, you are looking to see if you feel any symptoms, such as tingling, numbness, pain, or a sensation of "pins and needles. (sportsinjuryclinic.net)
  • If you experience wrist pain, numbness, or tingling, especially if these symptoms persist or interfere with your daily activities, it is important to seek medical evaluation. (sportsinjuryclinic.net)
  • This wrist-taping technique is for general wrist pain or if you have a sprained wrist . (sportsinjuryclinic.net)
  • Here we explain the common and less common causes of wrist pain by specific location or area. (sportsinjuryclinic.net)
  • The pain was associated with wrist paresthesias as well as decreased strength. (medscape.com)
  • Wrist arthroscopy is surgery that uses a tiny camera and surgical tools to examine or repair the tissues inside or around your wrist. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Inspects all the tissues of your wrist. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Gaming may not be as strenuous as marathon running, but the same principles apply to the tissues in your hands, wrists, and arms. (pcgamer.com)
  • For example, if you have bent your wrist too far back, you need to restrict that specific movement whilst the damaged tissues heal. (sportsinjuryclinic.net)
  • The elegantly contoured wrist strap in fine black leather is embossed with the Leica logo. (leica-camera.com)
  • The patient simply installs two standard AAA batteries, attaches the wrist strap, inserts the sensor, and places the sensor on her fingertip. (philips.com)
  • The WristOx2's versatile design and wrist strap make it the ideal choice for multiple applications: overnight studies, remote wireless monitoring, and ambulatory monitoring. (philips.com)
  • The Waltham Wrist Compass had a brass case and a one-piece nylon strap. (vietnamgear.com)
  • Wrist sprains and strains are often confused with each other, but they're different injuries. (healthline.com)
  • This lets them rule out other injuries, like a wrist break or strain. (healthline.com)
  • Or it is also used to help prevent wrist injuries. (sportsinjuryclinic.net)
  • Phalen's test, Phalen maneuver or wrist flexion test, is a simple clinical test which helps diagnose nerve compression in the wrist. (sportsinjuryclinic.net)
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome is a common condition that occurs when the median nerve in the wrist becomes compressed. (sportsinjuryclinic.net)
  • You can also wrap your wrist with a compression bandage to minimize swelling. (healthline.com)
  • Currently, state-of-the-art total wrist arthrodesis employs the use of a specifically designed dynamic compression plate, which allows rigid fixation with larger screws proximally and smaller screws distally to reduce the risk of fracturing the metacarpals. (medscape.com)
  • The proximal row is found at the level of the distal wrist crease and includes the scaphoid, lunate, triquetrum, and pisiform. (medscape.com)
  • When this happens, the stretching techniques for the wrist and forearms loosen them up again and are quite effective. (hersam.com)
  • A positive Phalen's test is indicated when wrist flexion reproduces or exacerbates any symptoms associated with carpal tunnel syndrome. (sportsinjuryclinic.net)
  • Here we demonstrate wrist assessment tests including Phalen's, Tinel's sign and TFCC tear diagnosis. (sportsinjuryclinic.net)
  • Our search for the best wrist blood pressure monitors was centered on models that manage to marry quality and affordability so that you get the most out of your money. (healthnews.com)
  • The radiocarpal joint or wrist joint is an ellipsoid joint formed by the radius and the articular disc proximally and the proximal row of carpal bones distally. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is a small, fluid-filled sac that grows from the wrist joint. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The major difference is the fact that the wrist is not normally a weightbearing joint. (medscape.com)
  • Wrist wraps, however, are all about stability and joint support. (livestrong.com)
  • Not to be confused with wrist wraps, lifting straps twist around a barbell to improve your grip and don't actually support your wrists. (livestrong.com)
  • Browse our expert-recommended options and learn how to zero in on the best wrist wraps for your lifting workouts. (livestrong.com)
  • Wrist straps (or lifting straps) have two long fabric pieces that wrap around a dumbbell or barbell to assist your grip during a lift. (livestrong.com)
  • Chastain, 42, underwent wrist surgery days earlier on May 31. (usmagazine.com)
  • If you want to give your wrists a little extra relief while you strength train, these supportive wrist straps can provide all the stability an everyday lifter needs. (livestrong.com)
  • I know you had just the downward wrist flex movement, but I also saw an arm movement so I added it. (linguistlist.org)
  • I'm also thinking that maybe this movement is not a downward wrist flex, but a backward wrist flex. (linguistlist.org)
  • Immobilization of the wrist was required postoperatively to ensure adequate healing. (medscape.com)
  • The development of internal fixation with plates and screws revolutionized wrist arthrodesis and almost completely eliminated the need for external immobilization. (medscape.com)
  • It is harmless, but it can be painful and can limit your ability to move your wrist freely. (medlineplus.gov)
  • A sprained wrist is very painful, especially when you move it. (healthline.com)
  • Most of the best wrist wraps fit relatively stiff and snug, but these are more flexible, making them the best CrossFit wrist wraps you can buy, according to Schumacher. (livestrong.com)
  • After the broken bone heals, your wrist will be stiff. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Inserts the arthroscope into your wrist through a small incision. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The Wrist Restrictor is an easy-to-use training aid that can be worn to restrict or enhance wrist rotation during the bowling release. (bowling.com)
  • If you have applied just enough tension then the tape will restrict the movement of your wrist up and down, just enough to protect it. (sportsinjuryclinic.net)
  • Over the course of the day, I'm sure it caused my neck and shoulder muscles to be tense up and may have contributed to my wrist discomfort. (hersam.com)
  • Wrist sprains can happen to anyone, not just athletes. (healthline.com)
  • Because the structures of the wrist are highly interactive in producing normal and abnormal wrist mechanics, a brief review of the anatomy and kinetics of the entire carpus is included here. (medscape.com)
  • The bones comprising the wrist include the distal ends of the radius and ulna, 8 carpal bones, and the proximal portions of the 5 metacarpal bones (see the images below). (medscape.com)
  • That's because CrossFit workouts involve a lot of different exercises, all of which demand different levels movement from your wrists. (livestrong.com)
  • wrist movement usually keeps the arm still, but this is not the case here. (linguistlist.org)
  • with wrist movement? (linguistlist.org)
  • You can select the wrist symbol for 'movement', then you will get all gestures with wrist movement. (linguistlist.org)
  • That would mean there would be a wrist flex to the side for this movement. (linguistlist.org)
  • It took a few days to get used to it, but the lack of movement in my wrist was well worth the effort of switching. (hersam.com)
  • For instance, your wrists should stay pretty rigid during deadlifts, but need to bend during handstands. (livestrong.com)
  • Check to make sure your desk is setup so that your wrists stay straight. (pcgamer.com)
  • This isn't an official rule/guideline, but I have noticed that often the palm facing has an impact on which plane the wrist flex is. (linguistlist.org)
  • If the palm faces the wall, the wrist flex will generally be on the floor plane. (linguistlist.org)
  • Wiseco has a large selection of wrist pins, in a variety of sizes and materials such as Alloy 4130 and Tool Steel H13 to fit all of your application needs. (wiseco.com)
  • Wrist wraps are a great exercise accessory to keep in your gym bag. (livestrong.com)
  • Now, in a new study, researchers at Intermountain Healthcare in Salt Lake City found that steps measured through a step tracker worn on the wrist can be used to estimate exercise capacity and determine the health status of patients, rather than the standardized six-minute walk distance test, which is usually conducted in a clinical setting. (scienceblog.com)
  • The earliest wrist arthrodesis procedures consisted of decortication and combinations of corticocancellous bone grafts keyed into accurately cut slots and keyways. (medscape.com)
  • If you were to follow the first writing of minute, it would be assumed that the arm is at least somewhat parallel to the floor, which would result in the wrist being bent. (linguistlist.org)
  • With a specification profile that can provide measurement in both millimeters of mercury (mmHg) and kilopascals (kPa), Generation Guard's Clinical Wrist Blood Pressure Monitor promises to make blood pressure monitoring at home effortless. (healthnews.com)
  • Mean SBP, DBP and MAP measured electronically on the wrist were 104.1±1.5, 65.6±1.3 and 78.1±1.3 mmHg, respectively, and mean SBP, DBP and MAP measured via auscultation were 99.3±1, 61.4±0.7 and 73.6±0.7 mmHg, respectively. (bvsalud.org)
  • Since the differences were less than 4 mmHg in both systolic and diastolic pressures between electronic wrist blood pressure (EWBP) measurement and auscultatory measurement, it appears that electronic measurement may be important in first line of blood pressure screening . (bvsalud.org)