Restoration of integrity to traumatized tissue.
Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
Invasion of the site of trauma by pathogenic microorganisms.
Acute and chronic (see also BRAIN INJURIES, CHRONIC) injuries to the brain, including the cerebral hemispheres, CEREBELLUM, and BRAIN STEM. Clinical manifestations depend on the nature of injury. Diffuse trauma to the brain is frequently associated with DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY or COMA, POST-TRAUMATIC. Localized injuries may be associated with NEUROBEHAVIORAL MANIFESTATIONS; HEMIPARESIS, or other focal neurologic deficits.
Wounds caused by objects penetrating the skin.
Injuries incurred during participation in competitive or non-competitive sports.
Penetrating and non-penetrating injuries to the spinal cord resulting from traumatic external forces (e.g., WOUNDS, GUNSHOT; WHIPLASH INJURIES; etc.).
Adverse functional, metabolic, or structural changes in ischemic tissues resulting from the restoration of blood flow to the tissue (REPERFUSION), including swelling; HEMORRHAGE; NECROSIS; and damage from FREE RADICALS. The most common instance is MYOCARDIAL REPERFUSION INJURY.
Infection occurring at the site of a surgical incision.
An anatomic severity scale based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and developed specifically to score multiple traumatic injuries. It has been used as a predictor of mortality.
Damage to any compartment of the lung caused by physical, chemical, or biological agents which characteristically elicit inflammatory reaction. These inflammatory reactions can either be acute and dominated by NEUTROPHILS, or chronic and dominated by LYMPHOCYTES and MACROPHAGES.
General or unspecified injuries involving the leg.
Damage or trauma inflicted to the eye by external means. The concept includes both surface injuries and intraocular injuries.
Penetrating wounds caused by a pointed object.
General or unspecified injuries to the neck. It includes injuries to the skin, muscles, and other soft tissues of the neck.
General or unspecified injuries involving organs in the abdominal cavity.
A condition of lung damage that is characterized by bilateral pulmonary infiltrates (PULMONARY EDEMA) rich in NEUTROPHILS, and in the absence of clinical HEART FAILURE. This can represent a spectrum of pulmonary lesions, endothelial and epithelial, due to numerous factors (physical, chemical, or biological).
General or unspecified injuries to the chest area.
Injuries resulting when a person is struck by particles impelled with violent force from an explosion. Blast causes pulmonary concussion and hemorrhage, laceration of other thoracic and abdominal viscera, ruptured ear drums, and minor effects in the central nervous system. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Pathologic process consisting of a partial or complete disruption of the layers of a surgical wound.
General or unspecified injuries involving the arm.
General or unspecified injuries to the hand.
Abrupt reduction in kidney function. Acute kidney injury encompasses the entire spectrum of the syndrome including acute kidney failure; ACUTE KIDNEY TUBULAR NECROSIS; and other less severe conditions.
Injuries to tissues caused by contact with heat, steam, chemicals (BURNS, CHEMICAL), electricity (BURNS, ELECTRIC), or the like.
Injuries involving the vertebral column.
Injuries to the knee or the knee joint.
A vascular connective tissue formed on the surface of a healing wound, ulcer, or inflamed tissue. It consists of new capillaries and an infiltrate containing lymphoid cells, macrophages, and plasma cells.
The application of a vacuum across the surface of a wound through a foam dressing cut to fit the wound. This removes wound exudates, reduces build-up of inflammatory mediators, and increases the flow of nutrients to the wound thus promoting healing.
General or unspecified injuries to the heart.
Injuries of tissue other than bone. The concept is usually general and does not customarily refer to internal organs or viscera. It is meaningful with reference to regions or organs where soft tissue (muscle, fat, skin) should be differentiated from bones or bone tissue, as "soft tissue injuries of the hand".
General or unspecified injuries to the soft tissue or bony portions of the face.
Classification system for assessing impact injury severity developed and published by the American Association for Automotive Medicine. It is the system of choice for coding single injuries and is the foundation for methods assessing multiple injuries or for assessing cumulative effects of more than one injury. These include Maximum AIS (MAIS), Injury Severity Score (ISS), and Probability of Death Score (PODS).
The outer covering of the body that protects it from the environment. It is composed of the DERMIS and the EPIDERMIS.
Injuries caused by impact with a blunt object where there is no penetration of the skin.
General or unspecified injuries to the posterior part of the trunk. It includes injuries to the muscles of the back.
Material used for wrapping or binding any part of the body.
Damage to the MYOCARDIUM resulting from MYOCARDIAL REPERFUSION (restoration of blood flow to ischemic areas of the HEART.) Reperfusion takes place when there is spontaneous thrombolysis, THROMBOLYTIC THERAPY, collateral flow from other coronary vascular beds, or reversal of vasospasm.
Traumatic injuries involving the cranium and intracranial structures (i.e., BRAIN; CRANIAL NERVES; MENINGES; and other structures). Injuries may be classified by whether or not the skull is penetrated (i.e., penetrating vs. nonpenetrating) or whether there is an associated hemorrhage.
Traumatic injuries to the cranium where the integrity of the skull is not compromised and no bone fragments or other objects penetrate the skull and dura mater. This frequently results in mechanical injury being transmitted to intracranial structures which may produce traumatic brain injuries, hemorrhage, or cranial nerve injury. (From Rowland, Merritt's Textbook of Neurology, 9th ed, p417)
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
A relatively common sequela of blunt head injury, characterized by a global disruption of axons throughout the brain. Associated clinical features may include NEUROBEHAVIORAL MANIFESTATIONS; PERSISTENT VEGETATIVE STATE; DEMENTIA; and other disorders.
General or unspecified injuries involving the foot.
Injuries sustained from incidents in the course of work-related activities.
A spectrum of clinical liver diseases ranging from mild biochemical abnormalities to ACUTE LIVER FAILURE, caused by drugs, drug metabolites, and chemicals from the environment.
Damages to the CAROTID ARTERIES caused either by blunt force or penetrating trauma, such as CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; THORACIC INJURIES; and NECK INJURIES. Damaged carotid arteries can lead to CAROTID ARTERY THROMBOSIS; CAROTID-CAVERNOUS SINUS FISTULA; pseudoaneurysm formation; and INTERNAL CAROTID ARTERY DISSECTION. (From Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1997, 18:251; J Trauma 1994, 37:473)
Injuries to the PERIPHERAL NERVES.
Harm or hurt to the ankle or ankle joint usually inflicted by an external source.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Deeply perforating or puncturing type intraocular injuries.
Injuries to blood vessels caused by laceration, contusion, puncture, or crush and other types of injuries. Symptoms vary by site and mode of injuries and may include bleeding, bruising, swelling, pain, and numbness. It does not include injuries secondary to pathologic function or diseases such as ATHEROSCLEROSIS.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
Systems for assessing, classifying, and coding injuries. These systems are used in medical records, surveillance systems, and state and national registries to aid in the collection and reporting of trauma.
General or unspecified injuries involving the fingers.
Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.
Unforeseen occurrences, especially injuries in the course of work-related activities.
Maintenance of the hygienic state of the skin under optimal conditions of cleanliness and comfort. Effective in skin care are proper washing, bathing, cleansing, and the use of soaps, detergents, oils, etc. In various disease states, therapeutic and protective solutions and ointments are useful. The care of the skin is particularly important in various occupations, in exposure to sunlight, in neonates, and in PRESSURE ULCER.
Material, usually gauze or absorbent cotton, used to cover and protect wounds, to seal them from contact with air or bacteria. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Penetrating stab wounds caused by needles. They are of special concern to health care workers since such injuries put them at risk for developing infectious disease.
Head injuries which feature compromise of the skull and dura mater. These may result from gunshot wounds (WOUNDS, GUNSHOT), stab wounds (WOUNDS, STAB), and other forms of trauma.
The fibrous tissue that replaces normal tissue during the process of WOUND HEALING.
Hyperextension injury to the neck, often the result of being struck from behind by a fast-moving vehicle, in an automobile accident. (From Segen, The Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Pulmonary injury following the breathing in of toxic smoke from burning materials such as plastics, synthetics, building materials, etc. This injury is the most frequent cause of death in burn patients.
Injuries resulting in hemorrhage, usually manifested in the skin.
Injuries caused by electric currents. The concept excludes electric burns (BURNS, ELECTRIC), but includes accidental electrocution and electric shock.
Multiple physical insults or injuries occurring simultaneously.
Disruption of structural continuity of the body as a result of the discharge of firearms.
The movement of cells from one location to another. Distinguish from CYTOKINESIS which is the process of dividing the CYTOPLASM of a cell.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.
Injuries to the fibrous cords of connective tissue which attach muscles to bones or other structures.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Traumatic or other damage to teeth including fractures (TOOTH FRACTURES) or displacements (TOOTH LUXATION).
Epidermal cells which synthesize keratin and undergo characteristic changes as they move upward from the basal layers of the epidermis to the cornified (horny) layer of the skin. Successive stages of differentiation of the keratinocytes forming the epidermal layers are basal cell, spinous or prickle cell, and the granular cell.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Strains of mice in which certain GENES of their GENOMES have been disrupted, or "knocked-out". To produce knockouts, using RECOMBINANT DNA technology, the normal DNA sequence of the gene being studied is altered to prevent synthesis of a normal gene product. Cloned cells in which this DNA alteration is successful are then injected into mouse EMBRYOS to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to yield a strain in which all the cells of the mouse contain the disrupted gene. Knockout mice are used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS for diseases (DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL) and to clarify the functions of the genes.
A game in which a round inflated ball is advanced by kicking or propelling with any part of the body except the hands or arms. The object of the game is to place the ball in opposite goals.
The physiological renewal, repair, or replacement of tissue.
A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.
Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.
Efforts and designs to reduce the incidence of unexpected undesirable events in various environments and situations.
A collective term for muscle and ligament injuries without dislocation or fracture. A sprain is a joint injury in which some of the fibers of a supporting ligament are ruptured but the continuity of the ligament remains intact. A strain is an overstretching or overexertion of some part of the musculature.
An ulceration caused by prolonged pressure on the SKIN and TISSUES when one stays in one position for a long period of time, such as lying in bed. The bony areas of the body are the most frequently affected sites which become ischemic (ISCHEMIA) under sustained and constant pressure.
A pathological process characterized by injury or destruction of tissues caused by a variety of cytologic and chemical reactions. It is usually manifested by typical signs of pain, heat, redness, swelling, and loss of function.
Conditions characterized by persistent brain damage or dysfunction as sequelae of cranial trauma. This disorder may result from DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY; INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES; BRAIN EDEMA; and other conditions. Clinical features may include DEMENTIA; focal neurologic deficits; PERSISTENT VEGETATIVE STATE; AKINETIC MUTISM; or COMA.
Lung damage that is caused by the adverse effects of PULMONARY VENTILATOR usage. The high frequency and tidal volumes produced by a mechanical ventilator can cause alveolar disruption and PULMONARY EDEMA.
Injuries to the wrist or the wrist joint.
Materials used in closing a surgical or traumatic wound. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
The transparent anterior portion of the fibrous coat of the eye consisting of five layers: stratified squamous CORNEAL EPITHELIUM; BOWMAN MEMBRANE; CORNEAL STROMA; DESCEMET MEMBRANE; and mesenchymal CORNEAL ENDOTHELIUM. It serves as the first refracting medium of the eye. It is structurally continuous with the SCLERA, avascular, receiving its nourishment by permeation through spaces between the lamellae, and is innervated by the ophthalmic division of the TRIGEMINAL NERVE via the ciliary nerves and those of the surrounding conjunctiva which together form plexuses. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
A competitive team sport played on a rectangular field. This is the American or Canadian version of the game and also includes the form known as rugby. It does not include non-North American football (= SOCCER).
General or unspecified injuries involving the face and jaw (either upper, lower, or both).
Stratified squamous epithelium that covers the outer surface of the CORNEA. It is smooth and contains many free nerve endings.
Connective tissue cells which secrete an extracellular matrix rich in collagen and other macromolecules.
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
A hypoperfusion of the BLOOD through an organ or tissue caused by a PATHOLOGIC CONSTRICTION or obstruction of its BLOOD VESSELS, or an absence of BLOOD CIRCULATION.
Torn, ragged, mangled wounds.
Reconstitution of eroded or injured EPITHELIUM by proliferation and migration of EPITHELIAL CELLS from below or adjacent to the damaged site.
The application of drug preparations to the surfaces of the body, especially the skin (ADMINISTRATION, CUTANEOUS) or mucous membranes. This method of treatment is used to avoid systemic side effects when high doses are required at a localized area or as an alternative systemic administration route, to avoid hepatic processing for example.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Ulceration of the skin and underlying structures of the lower extremity. About 90% of the cases are due to venous insufficiency (VARICOSE ULCER), 5% to arterial disease, and the remaining 5% to other causes.
Injuries to the optic nerve induced by a trauma to the face or head. These may occur with closed or penetrating injuries. Relatively minor compression of the superior aspect of orbit may also result in trauma to the optic nerve. Clinical manifestations may include visual loss, PAPILLEDEMA, and an afferent pupillary defect.
Damages to the EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN or the FETUS before BIRTH. Damages can be caused by any factors including biological, chemical, or physical.
Synthetic material used for the treatment of burns and other conditions involving large-scale loss of skin. It often consists of an outer (epidermal) layer of silicone and an inner (dermal) layer of collagen and chondroitin 6-sulfate. The dermal layer elicits new growth and vascular invasion and the outer layer is later removed and replaced by a graft.
A polypeptide substance comprising about one third of the total protein in mammalian organisms. It is the main constituent of SKIN; CONNECTIVE TISSUE; and the organic substance of bones (BONE AND BONES) and teeth (TOOTH).
A syndrome characterized by progressive life-threatening RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY in the absence of known LUNG DISEASES, usually following a systemic insult such as surgery or major TRAUMA.
The development of new BLOOD VESSELS during the restoration of BLOOD CIRCULATION during the healing process.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
Renewal or physiological repair of damaged nerve tissue.
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
One of the mechanisms by which CELL DEATH occurs (compare with NECROSIS and AUTOPHAGOCYTOSIS). Apoptosis is the mechanism responsible for the physiological deletion of cells and appears to be intrinsically programmed. It is characterized by distinctive morphologic changes in the nucleus and cytoplasm, chromatin cleavage at regularly spaced sites, and the endonucleolytic cleavage of genomic DNA; (DNA FRAGMENTATION); at internucleosomal sites. This mode of cell death serves as a balance to mitosis in regulating the size of animal tissues and in mediating pathologic processes associated with tumor growth.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
Techniques for securing together the edges of a wound, with loops of thread or similar materials (SUTURES).
Harmful effects of non-experimental exposure to ionizing or non-ionizing radiation in VERTEBRATES.
Breaks in bones.
A hemeprotein from leukocytes. Deficiency of this enzyme leads to a hereditary disorder coupled with disseminated moniliasis. It catalyzes the conversion of a donor and peroxide to an oxidized donor and water. EC
Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.
Experimentally produced harmful effects of ionizing or non-ionizing RADIATION in CHORDATA animals.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.
Mechanical or anoxic trauma incurred by the infant during labor or delivery.
The functions of the skin in the human and animal body. It includes the pigmentation of the skin.
Falls due to slipping or tripping which may result in injury.
A disturbance in the prooxidant-antioxidant balance in favor of the former, leading to potential damage. Indicators of oxidative stress include damaged DNA bases, protein oxidation products, and lipid peroxidation products (Sies, Oxidative Stress, 1991, pxv-xvi).
Specialized hospital facilities which provide diagnostic and therapeutic services for trauma patients.
General or unspecified injuries involving the hip.
The pathological process occurring in cells that are dying from irreparable injuries. It is caused by the progressive, uncontrolled action of degradative ENZYMES, leading to MITOCHONDRIAL SWELLING, nuclear flocculation, and cell lysis. It is distinct it from APOPTOSIS, which is a normal, regulated cellular process.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
A scale that assesses the response to stimuli in patients with craniocerebral injuries. The parameters are eye opening, motor response, and verbal response.
A snow sport which uses skis to glide over the snow. It does not include water-skiing.
The diffusion or accumulation of neutrophils in tissues or cells in response to a wide variety of substances released at the sites of inflammatory reactions.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
A nonspecific term used to describe transient alterations or loss of consciousness following closed head injuries. The duration of UNCONSCIOUSNESS generally lasts a few seconds, but may persist for several hours. Concussions may be classified as mild, intermediate, and severe. Prolonged periods of unconsciousness (often defined as greater than 6 hours in duration) may be referred to as post-traumatic coma (COMA, POST-HEAD INJURY). (From Rowland, Merritt's Textbook of Neurology, 9th ed, p418)
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
Skin breakdown or ulceration caused by VARICOSE VEINS in which there is too much hydrostatic pressure in the superficial venous system of the leg. Venous hypertension leads to increased pressure in the capillary bed, transudation of fluid and proteins into the interstitial space, altering blood flow and supply of nutrients to the skin and subcutaneous tissues, and eventual ulceration.
Granular leukocytes having a nucleus with three to five lobes connected by slender threads of chromatin, and cytoplasm containing fine inconspicuous granules and stainable by neutral dyes.
Tongues of skin and subcutaneous tissue, sometimes including muscle, cut away from the underlying parts but often still attached at one end. They retain their own microvasculature which is also transferred to the new site. They are often used in plastic surgery for filling a defect in a neighboring region.
A long, narrow, and flat bone commonly known as BREASTBONE occurring in the midsection of the anterior thoracic segment or chest region, which stabilizes the rib cage and serves as the point of origin for several muscles that move the arms, head, and neck.
Personal devices for protection of heads from impact, penetration from falling and flying objects, and from limited electric shock and burn.
Dressings comprised of a self-adhesive matrix to which hydrophilic absorbent particles are embedded. The particles consist of CELLULOSE derivatives; calcium ALGINATES; PECTINS; or GELS. The utility is based on providing a moist environment for WOUND HEALING.
All of the processes involved in increasing CELL NUMBER including CELL DIVISION.
Non-human animals, selected because of specific characteristics, for use in experimental research, teaching, or testing.
A layer of vascularized connective tissue underneath the EPIDERMIS. The surface of the dermis contains innervated papillae. Embedded in or beneath the dermis are SWEAT GLANDS; HAIR FOLLICLES; and SEBACEOUS GLANDS.
Cells that line the inner and outer surfaces of the body by forming cellular layers (EPITHELIUM) or masses. Epithelial cells lining the SKIN; the MOUTH; the NOSE; and the ANAL CANAL derive from ectoderm; those lining the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM and the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM derive from endoderm; others (CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM and LYMPHATIC SYSTEM) derive from mesoderm. Epithelial cells can be classified mainly by cell shape and function into squamous, glandular and transitional epithelial cells.
Equipment required for engaging in a sport (such as balls, bats, rackets, skis, skates, ropes, weights) and devices for the protection of athletes during their performance (such as masks, gloves, mouth pieces).
The external, nonvascular layer of the skin. It is made up, from within outward, of five layers of EPITHELIUM: (1) basal layer (stratum basale epidermidis); (2) spinous layer (stratum spinosum epidermidis); (3) granular layer (stratum granulosum epidermidis); (4) clear layer (stratum lucidum epidermidis); and (5) horny layer (stratum corneum epidermidis).
Severe or complete loss of motor function in all four limbs which may result from BRAIN DISEASES; SPINAL CORD DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; or rarely MUSCULAR DISEASES. The locked-in syndrome is characterized by quadriplegia in combination with cranial muscle paralysis. Consciousness is spared and the only retained voluntary motor activity may be limited eye movements. This condition is usually caused by a lesion in the upper BRAIN STEM which injures the descending cortico-spinal and cortico-bulbar tracts.
Human or animal tissue used as temporary wound coverings.
Identification of proteins or peptides that have been electrophoretically separated by blot transferring from the electrophoresis gel to strips of nitrocellulose paper, followed by labeling with antibody probes.
Traumatic injuries to the brain, cranial nerves, spinal cord, autonomic nervous system, or neuromuscular system, including iatrogenic injuries induced by surgical procedures.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control (induction or repression) of gene action at the level of transcription or translation.
Drugs intended to prevent damage to the brain or spinal cord from ischemia, stroke, convulsions, or trauma. Some must be administered before the event, but others may be effective for some time after. They act by a variety of mechanisms, but often directly or indirectly minimize the damage produced by endogenous excitatory amino acids.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
A disorder characterized by a reduction of oxygen in the blood combined with reduced blood flow (ISCHEMIA) to the brain from a localized obstruction of a cerebral artery or from systemic hypoperfusion. Prolonged hypoxia-ischemia is associated with ISCHEMIC ATTACK, TRANSIENT; BRAIN INFARCTION; BRAIN EDEMA; COMA; and other conditions.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Severe or complete loss of motor function in the lower extremities and lower portions of the trunk. This condition is most often associated with SPINAL CORD DISEASES, although BRAIN DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; and MUSCULAR DISEASES may also cause bilateral leg weakness.
Exudates are fluids, CELLS, or other cellular substances that are slowly discharged from BLOOD VESSELS usually from inflamed tissues. Transudates are fluids that pass through a membrane or squeeze through tissue or into the EXTRACELLULAR SPACE of TISSUES. Transudates are thin and watery and contain few cells or PROTEINS.
Laboratory mice that have been produced from a genetically manipulated EGG or EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Dysfunction of one or more cranial nerves causally related to a traumatic injury. Penetrating and nonpenetrating CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; NECK INJURIES; and trauma to the facial region are conditions associated with cranial nerve injuries.
Injuries to the part of the upper limb of the body between the wrist and elbow.
The therapeutic intermittent administration of oxygen in a chamber at greater than sea-level atmospheric pressures (three atmospheres). It is considered effective treatment for air and gas embolisms, smoke inhalation, acute carbon monoxide poisoning, caisson disease, clostridial gangrene, etc. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992). The list of treatment modalities includes stroke.
Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.
The first seven VERTEBRAE of the SPINAL COLUMN, which correspond to the VERTEBRAE of the NECK.
The grafting of skin in humans or animals from one site to another to replace a lost portion of the body surface skin.
A positive regulatory effect on physiological processes at the molecular, cellular, or systemic level. At the molecular level, the major regulatory sites include membrane receptors, genes (GENE EXPRESSION REGULATION), mRNAs (RNA, MESSENGER), and proteins.
The MUSCLES, bones (BONE AND BONES), and CARTILAGE of the body.
An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of L-alanine and 2-oxoglutarate to pyruvate and L-glutamate. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
Antibacterial used topically in burn therapy.
The washing of a body cavity or surface by flowing water or solution for therapy or diagnosis.
Making an incision in the STERNUM.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Non-antibody proteins secreted by inflammatory leukocytes and some non-leukocytic cells, that act as intercellular mediators. They differ from classical hormones in that they are produced by a number of tissue or cell types rather than by specialized glands. They generally act locally in a paracrine or autocrine rather than endocrine manner.
The relatively long-lived phagocytic cell of mammalian tissues that are derived from blood MONOCYTES. Main types are PERITONEAL MACROPHAGES; ALVEOLAR MACROPHAGES; HISTIOCYTES; KUPFFER CELLS of the liver; and OSTEOCLASTS. They may further differentiate within chronic inflammatory lesions to EPITHELIOID CELLS or may fuse to form FOREIGN BODY GIANT CELLS or LANGHANS GIANT CELLS. (from The Dictionary of Cell Biology, Lackie and Dow, 3rd ed.)
Serum glycoprotein produced by activated MACROPHAGES and other mammalian MONONUCLEAR LEUKOCYTES. It has necrotizing activity against tumor cell lines and increases ability to reject tumor transplants. Also known as TNF-alpha, it is only 30% homologous to TNF-beta (LYMPHOTOXIN), but they share TNF RECEPTORS.
Forcible or traumatic tear or break of an organ or other soft part of the body.
One or more layers of EPITHELIAL CELLS, supported by the basal lamina, which covers the inner or outer surfaces of the body.
A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.
A tetrameric enzyme that, along with the coenzyme NAD+, catalyzes the interconversion of LACTATE and PYRUVATE. In vertebrates, genes for three different subunits (LDH-A, LDH-B and LDH-C) exist.
A space in which the pressure is far below atmospheric pressure so that the remaining gases do not affect processes being carried on in the space.
Traumatic injuries to the facial nerve. This may result in FACIAL PARALYSIS, decreased lacrimation and salivation, and loss of taste sensation in the anterior tongue. The nerve may regenerate and reform its original pattern of innervation, or regenerate aberrantly, resulting in inappropriate lacrimation in response to gustatory stimuli (e.g., "crocodile tears") and other syndromes.
Traumatic injuries to the HYPOGLOSSAL NERVE.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Devices designed to provide personal protection against injury to individuals exposed to hazards in industry, sports, aviation, or daily activities.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
Pathological processes of the LIVER.
Two-wheeled, engine-driven vehicles.
The process by which chemical compounds provide protection to cells against harmful agents.
A sweet viscous liquid food, produced in the honey sacs of various bees from nectar collected from flowers. The nectar is ripened into honey by inversion of its sucrose sugar into fructose and glucose. It is somewhat acidic and has mild antiseptic properties, being sometimes used in the treatment of burns and lacerations.
Any pathological condition where fibrous connective tissue invades any organ, usually as a consequence of inflammation or other injury.
A cylindrical column of tissue that lies within the vertebral canal. It is composed of WHITE MATTER and GRAY MATTER.
Any adverse condition in a patient occurring as the result of treatment by a physician, surgeon, or other health professional, especially infections acquired by a patient during the course of treatment.
Single pavement layer of cells which line the luminal surface of the entire vascular system and regulate the transport of macromolecules and blood components.
Burns of the respiratory tract caused by heat or inhaled chemicals.
Biological activities and functions of the SKIN.
The phenotypic manifestation of a gene or genes by the processes of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION and GENETIC TRANSLATION.

Non-fatal injuries sustained by seatbelt wearers: a comparative study. (1/5118)

The injuries sustained by 969 drivers and front-seat passengers in road-traffic accidents were studied. Altogether 196 (20-2%) of the drivers and passengers were wearing seat belts and 773 (79-8%) were not. The injuries among the two groups differed greatly in both severity and distribution. A total of 54 (27-6%) of the seatbelt wearers sustained one or more fractures compared with 300 (38-8%) of the non-wearers, and 18 (9-2%) of the seatbelt wearers were severely injured compared with 300 (38-8%) of the non-wearers. Soft-tissue injuries to the face were sustained by only 29 (14-8%) of the seatbelt wearers compared with 425 (55%) of the non-wearers. Since wearing seatbelts may become compulsory, the type and pattern of injuries to be expected in wearers should be appreciated.  (+info)

HLA-DR expression and soluble HLA-DR levels in septic patients after trauma. (2/5118)

OBJECTIVE: To determine if cellular and soluble HLA-DR molecules may be relevant in severely injured patients for the development of gram-positive or gram-negative sepsis. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: HLA-DR molecules play a central role in the specific immune response to infection. The reduced HLA-DR expression on monocytes is considered to correlate with infectious complications and the development of sepsis. Data on the role of HLA-DR expression on T cells and soluble HLA-DR molecules are rare. METHODS: HLA-DR expression on monocytes and T cells was measured by flow cytometry. Plasma levels of soluble HLA-DR were studied by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: HLA-DR expression on circulating T cells, calculated as mean fluorescence intensity in channels, was reduced at day 1 after admission in 20 patients with subsequent severe sepsis compared with 46 patients without sepsis. The septic patients immediately after trauma had significantly lower soluble HLA-DR plasma levels than the nonseptic patients. At day 2 after admission, HLA-DR expression on monocytes was significantly lower in the severe sepsis group than in the patients without sepsis, and lasted until day 14 after injury. CONCLUSIONS: In severely injured patients, decreased levels of cellular and soluble HLA-DR appear as early indicators of an immune deviation associated with the development of severe sepsis. Moreover, immune alterations of different cell types may promote distinct kinds of septicemia.  (+info)

Bioelectrical impedance plethysmographic analysis of body composition in critically injured and healthy subjects. (3/5118)

BACKGROUND: Determination of body composition during critical illness is complex because of various patient-related and technical factors. Bioelectrical impedance is a promising technique for the analysis of body composition; however, its clinical utility in critically injured patients is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare bioelectrical impedance with metabolic activity in healthy and critically injured patients. If bioelectrical impedance accurately determines body composition during critical illness, the slope between body-composition variables and oxygen consumption would be the same in critically injured and healthy subjects. DESIGN: There is a strong linear relation between body composition and metabolic activity. In the present study, body composition (fat-free mass and body cell mass) was determined by using bioelectrical impedance and resting metabolic activity (metabolic rate and oxygen consumption) by using gas exchange analysis in a group of healthy and critically injured subjects. The relation between these variables was compared by using linear regression to a similar relation established by hydrostatic weighing in a large historical control group. RESULTS: The slope of the line relating fat-free mass to resting metabolic rate was the same in the healthy and critically ill groups (P = 0.62) and each was similar to the slope of the line for the control group. However, in 37% of the critically injured group, overhydration contributed to an increase in fat-free mass, disturbing the relation with resting metabolic rate. The slope of the line relating body cell mass to oxygen consumption in our healthy and critically ill groups was almost identical. CONCLUSION: These results support the use of bioelectrical impedance to determine body cell mass in healthy and critically ill subjects.  (+info)

Ten-year trend in survival and resource utilization at a level I trauma center. (4/5118)

OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of increasing trauma center experience over time on survival and resource utilization. METHODS: The authors studied a retrospective cohort at a single level I trauma center over a 10-year period, from 1986 to 1995. Patients included all hospital admissions and emergency department deaths. The main outcome measures were the case-fatality rate adjusted for injury severity, hospital length of stay, and costs. RESULTS: A total of 25,979 patients were admitted or died. The number of patients per year increased, from 2063 in 1986 to 3313 in 1995. The proportion of patients transferred from another institution increased from 16.2% to 34.4%. Although mean length of stay declined by 28.4%, from 9.5 to 6.8 days, costs increased by 16.7%, from $14,174 to $16,547. The use of specific radiologic investigations increased; the frequency of operative procedures either remained unchanged (craniotomy, fracture fixation) or decreased (celiotomy). After adjusting for injury severity and demographic factors, the mortality rate decreased over 10 years. The improvement in survival was confined to patients with an injury severity score > or =16. CONCLUSION: Over a 10-year period, the case-fatality rate declined in patients with severe injuries. Overall acute care costs increased, partially because of the increased use of radiologic investigations. Even in otherwise established trauma centers, increasing cumulative experience results in improved survival rates in the most severely injured patients. These data suggest that experience contributes to a decrease in mortality rate after severe trauma and that developing trauma systems should consider this factor and limit the number of designated centers to maximize cumulative experience at individual centers.  (+info)

Dependence of explicit and implicit memory on hypnotic state in trauma patients. (5/5118)

BACKGROUND: It is still unclear whether memory of intraoperative events results entirely from moments of inadequate anesthesia. The current study was designed to determine whether the probability of memory declines with increasing depth of the hypnotic state. METHOD: A list of words was played via headphones during surgery to patients who had suffered acute trauma. Several commonly used indicators of anesthetic effect, including the bispectral index, were recorded during word presentation. First, these indicators served as predictors of the memory performance in a postoperative word stem completion test. Second, general memory performance observed in the first part was separated into explicit and implicit memory using the process dissociation procedure, and then two models of memory were compared: One model assumed that the probability of explicit and implicit memory decreases with increasing depth of hypnotic state (individual differences model), whereas the other assumed equal memory performance for all patients regardless of their level of hypnotic state. RESULTS: General memory performance declined with decreasing bispectral index values. None of the other indicators of hypnotic state were related to general memory performance. Memory was still significant at bispectral index levels between 60 and 40. A comparison of the two models of memory resulted in a better fit of the individual differences model, thus providing evidence of a dependence of explicit and implicit memory on the hypnotic state. Quantification of explicit and implicit memory revealed a significant implicit but no reliable explicit memory performance. CONCLUSIONS: This study clearly indicates that memory is related to the depth of hypnosis. The observed memory performance should be interpreted in terms of implicit memory. Auditory information processing occurred at bispectral index levels between 60 and 40.  (+info)

Early growth response factor-1 induction by injury is triggered by release and paracrine activation by fibroblast growth factor-2. (6/5118)

Cell migration and proliferation that follows injury to the artery wall is preceded by signaling and transcriptional events that converge at the promoters of multiple genes whose products can influence formation of the neointima. Transcription factors, such as early growth response factor-1 (Egr-1), with nucleotide recognition elements in the promoters of many pathophysiologically relevant genes, are expressed at the endothelial wound edge within minutes of injury. The mechanisms underlying the inducible expression of Egr-1 in this setting are not clear. Understanding this process would provide important mechanistic insights into the earliest events in the response to injury. In this report, we demonstrate that fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) is released by injury and that antibodies to FGF-2 almost completely abrogate the activation and nuclear accumulation of Egr-1. FGF-2-inducible egr-1-promoter-dependent expression is blocked by PD98059, a specific inhibitor of mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)-1/2 (MEK-1/2), as well as by dominant negative mutants of ERK-1/2. Inducible ERK phosphorylation after injury is dependent on release and stimulation by endogenous FGF-2. Antisense oligonucleotides directed at egr-1 mRNA suggest that Egr-1 plays a necessary role in endothelial repair after denudation of the monolayer. These findings demonstrate that inducible Egr-1 expression after injury is contingent on the release and paracrine action of FGF-2.  (+info)

Evaluation of the quality of an injury surveillance system. (7/5118)

The sensitivity, positive predictive value, and representativeness of the Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (CHIRPP) were assessed. Sensitivity was estimated at four centers in June through August 1992, by matching independently identified injuries with those in the CHIRPP database. The positive predictive value was determined by reviewing all "injuries" in the database (at Montreal Children's Hospital) that could not be matched. Representativeness was assessed by comparing missed with captured injuries (at Montreal Children's Hospital) on demographic, social, and clinical factors. Sensitivity ranged from 30% to 91%, and the positive predictive value was 99.9% (i.e., the frequency of false-positive capture was negligible). The representativeness study compared 277 missed injuries with 2,746 captured injuries. The groups were similar on age, sex, socioeconomic status, delay before presentation, month, and day of presentation. Injuries resulting in admissions, poisonings, and those presenting overnight were, however, more likely to be missed. The adjusted odds ratio of being missed by CHIRPP for admitted injuries (compared with those treated and released) was 13.07 (95% confidence interval 7.82-21.82); for poisonings (compared with all other injuries), it was 9.91 (95% confidence interval 5.39-18.20); and for injuries presenting overnight (compared with those presenting during the day or evening), it was 4.11 (95% confidence interval 3.11-5.44). These injuries were probably missed because of inadequate education of participants in the system. The authors conclude that CHIRPP data are of relatively high quality and may be used, with caution, for research and public health policy.  (+info)

Particle-mediated gene transfer of PDGF isoforms promotes wound repair. (8/5118)

Several techniques for cutaneous gene transfer have been investigated for either in vitro or in vivo applications. In the present study, we investigated whether the direct delivery of platelet-derived growth factor cDNA into skin results in improvement in tissue repair. Cutaneous transfections were carried out in rats using a particle-bombardment device (Accell). As revealed by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, transgene expression in vivo was transient, with low level expression by day 5. When compared with wounds transfected with a control cytomegalovirus-luciferase plasmid, wounds transfected with platelet-derived growth factor A or B in the MFG vector showed a significant increase in wound tensile strength 7 and 14 d after transfection. At both time points platelet-derived growth factor A transfected wounds exhibited the highest increase in tensile strength over controls, resulting in a 3.5-fold increase at day 7 and a 1.5-fold increase at day 14. The degree of stimulation was not remarkably different between wounds transfected with platelet-derived growth factor B, which is predominantly cell associated, or a truncation mutant, platelet-derived growth factor B211, which is predominantly secreted. These findings demonstrate that in vivo gene transfer by particle bombardment can be used to improve the tissue repair response. This approach provides a robust tool to assess the biologic activity of various proteins and will aid in the development of therapeutic cutaneous gene delivery.  (+info)

Physical trauma that occurs while the mother is still pregnant may be caused by car accidents, physical abuse, or the mother taking part in physically taxing activities. Physical trauma that occurs during delivery may include excessive pressure being placed on the infants body during delivery. Improper delivery techniques that pull or jerk the infant and improper use of forceps or vacuum extractors that put strain or pressure on the infants body may also be a source of trauma.. Infant Physical Trauma after Birth. Infant physical trauma that occurs after a baby is born can be caused by many different things. Babies may be mishandled by parents, nurses, or other parties in the medical facility or after leaving the medical facility. Physical trauma can be caused by rough handling of infants, dropping infants, or subjecting infants to physically traumatic procedures. Since infants are not capable of escaping uncomfortable conditions or understanding why discomfort may be necessary, minor ...
Beginning in July 2000, the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC), and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in collaboration with the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), expanded the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) to collect data on all types and causes of injuries treated in a representative sample of United States hospitals with emergency departments (ED). This system is called the NEISS-All Injury Program (NEISS-AIP). The NEISS-AIP is designed to provide national incidence estimates of all types and external causes of nonfatal injuries and poisonings treated in United States hospital EDs. Data on injury-related visits are being obtained from a national sample of 66 out of 100 NEISS hospitals that were selected as a stratified probability sample of hospitals in the United States and its territories with a minimum of 6 beds and a 24-hour ED. The sample includes separate strata for very large, large, medium, and small ...
Beginning in July 2000, the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC), and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in collaboration with the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), expanded the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) to collect data on all types and causes of injuries treated in a representative sample of United States hospitals with emergency departments (ED). This system is called the NEISS-All Injury Program (NEISS-AIP). The NEISS-AIP is designed to provide national incidence estimates of all types and external causes of nonfatal injuries and poisonings treated in United States hospital EDs. Data on injury-related visits are being obtained from a national sample of 66 out of 100 NEISS hospitals that were selected as a stratified probability sample of hospitals in the United States and its territories with a minimum of 6 beds and a 24-hour ED. The sample includes separate strata for very large, large, medium, and small ...
Prior traumatic experiences have been associated with poorer coping strategies, greater distress, and more posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms following a subsequent cancer diagnosis affecting their survival. However, the impact of prior physical traumatic injury on cancer survival has not been examined. The present study matched patients from the same Level 1 Trauma center who appeared in both the trauma and cancer registries. A total of 498 patients met the criteria between 1998 and 2014 who have experienced both a diagnosis of cancer and a physical traumatic injury. The survival between the patients who had physical trauma before cancer (TBC) versus those that had physical trauma after the cancer diagnosis (TAC) were compared. The TBC group had a higher percentage of males (48 % vs 33 % p = 0.001) and motor vehicle collisions (18 % vs 7 %, p | 0.001), than the TAC group. TBC patients were also significantly younger than TAC patients at the time of the physical traumatic event (68.7 ± 14.6
Data & statistics on PROPORTION OF TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURIES TO TOTAL INJURIES MASSACHUSETTS RESIDENTS: Traumatic Brain Injury-Related Death Rates* United States, 1996-1998, Traumatic Brain Injury-Related Death Rates* United States, 1996-1998, Traumatic Brain Injury-Related Death Rates* United States, 1996-1998...
INTRODUCTION: A significant proportion of patients suffer depression following traumatic injuries. Once manifested, major depression is challenging to overcome and its presence risks impairing the potential for physical rehabilitation and functional recovery. Risk stratification for early detection and intervention in these instances is important. This study aims to investigate patient and injury characteristics associated with an increased risk for depression.. METHODS: All patients with traumatic injuries were recruited from the trauma registry of an urban university hospital between 2007 and 2012. Patient and injury characteristics as well as outcomes were collected for analysis. Patients under the age of eighteen, prescribed antidepressants within one year of admission, in-hospital deaths and deaths within 30days of trauma were excluded. Pre- and post-admission antidepressant data was requested from the national drugs registry. Post-traumatic depression was defined as the prescription of ...
Recent studies have highlighted the importance of expeditious transfusion of plasma, platelets and red blood cells in a 1:1:1 ratio for severe trauma patients who are at risk of exsanguination. Since thawing plasma can be time-consuming, a recent study published in TRANSFUSION examined the hemostatic properties of thawed and liquid plasma over several days of storage. Briefly, during initial processing after donation 17 pooled ABO-matched plasma units were split into a liquid plasma unit and a frozen unit (subsequently thawed and stored for up to five days), and multiple hemostasis parameters, coagulation factors, and platelet activation assays were performed. A further 119 liquid plasma samples were analyzed for platelet activation and cellular content. Liquid plasma at day seven was comparable to thawed plasma at day five by every assay. However, after 11 days of storage, coagulation factors started to decline in liquid plasma, and cold-induced contact activation was observed after 28 days of ...
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Based on 8 years of nationally representative survey data, this study found that 25 of 100 children experience nonfatal injuries serious enough to require medical attention or restrict activity. This estimate is consistent with the injury rate reported by Scheidt and his colleagues,4,,29 which adjusted for the 12-month recall of injuries from the 1988 Child Health Supplement of the NHIS; by Rice et al2 from the 1984-1986 NHIS, the National Mortality Detail File, and the National Hospital Discharge Survey; and by Kogan et al30 based on the 1991 Longitudinal Follow-up to the National Maternal and Infant Health Survey. The nonfatal injury rate reported here is slightly higher than that described by Gallagher et al31 based on the 1980-1981 Massachusetts Statewide Childhood Injury Prevention Program Surveillance System (22 per 100 children). Although trends in injury rates were not our major focus, these similar injury rates across several surveys for the past 10 to 15 years suggest minimal decline ...
BACKGROUND: While there is a long history of measuring death and disability from injuries, modern research methods must account for the wide spectrum of disability that can occur in an injury, and must provide estimates with sufficient demographic, geographical and temporal detail to be useful for policy makers. The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2017 study used methods to provide highly detailed estimates of global injury burden that meet these criteria. METHODS: In this study, we report and discuss the methods used in GBD 2017 for injury morbidity and mortality burden estimation. In summary, these methods included estimating cause-specific mortality for every cause of injury, and then estimating incidence for every cause of injury. Non-fatal disability for each cause is then calculated based on the probabilities of suffering from different types of bodily injury experienced. RESULTS: GBD 2017 produced morbidity and mortality estimates for 38 causes of injury. Estimates were produced in terms ...
NationalElectronicInjurySurveillance Tom Schroeder 2/13System *This presentation was prepared by CPSC staff. It has not been revi…
Injury prevention/public education programs begin with the collection and analysis of population and patient data from a wide variety of sources to describe the status of injury morbidity, mortality and distribution throughout the state. Injury epidemiology is concerned with the evaluation of the frequency, rates and pattern of injury events in a population and is obtained by analyzing data from sources such as death records, hospital discharge databases and data from EMS, Emergency Departments and trauma registries. Trauma systems must develop strategies that help prevent injury as part of an integrated, coordinated and inclusive trauma system. For years, the ISDH has conducted an array of injury prevention programs. With the creation of the ISDH Trauma and Injury Prevention Division in 2011, we have shifted our focus from injury prevention programming to the collection and analysis of injury data (epidemiology) and recognized best practices in the injury field, which we can push out to those ...
With limited resources available, injury prevention efforts need to be targeted both geographically and to specific populations. As part of a pediatric injury prevention project, data was obtained on all pediatric medical and injury incidents in a fire district to evaluate geographical clustering of pediatric injuries. This will be the first step in attempting to prevent these injuries with specific interventions depending on locations and mechanisms. There were a total of 4803 incidents involving patients less than 15 years of age that the fire district responded to during 2001-2005 of which 1997 were categorized as injuries and 2806 as medical calls. The two cohorts (injured versus medical) differed in age distribution (7.7 ± 4.4 years versus 5.4 ± 4.8 years, p | 0.001) and location type of incident (school or church 12% versus 15%, multifamily residence 22% versus 13%, single family residence 51% versus 28%, sport, park or recreational facility 3% versus 8%, public building 8% versus 7%, and street
With limited resources available, injury prevention efforts need to be targeted both geographically and to specific populations. As part of a pediatric injury prevention project, data was obtained on all pediatric medical and injury incidents in a fire district to evaluate geographical clustering of pediatric injuries. This will be the first step in attempting to prevent these injuries with specific interventions depending on locations and mechanisms. There were a total of 4803 incidents involving patients less than 15 years of age that the fire district responded to during 2001-2005 of which 1997 were categorized as injuries and 2806 as medical calls. The two cohorts (injured versus medical) differed in age distribution (7.7 ± 4.4 years versus 5.4 ± 4.8 years, p | 0.001) and location type of incident (school or church 12% versus 15%, multifamily residence 22% versus 13%, single family residence 51% versus 28%, sport, park or recreational facility 3% versus 8%, public building 8% versus 7%, and street
The article introduces Programs for Injury Categorization, using the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) and R statistical software (ICDPIC-R). Starting with ICD-8, methods have been described to map injury diagnosis codes to severity scores, especially the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and Injury Severity Score (ISS). ICDPIC was originally developed for this purpose using Stata, and ICDPIC-R is an open-access update that accepts both ICD-9 and ICD-10 codes. Data were obtained from the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB), Admission Year 2015. ICDPIC-R derives CDC injury mechanism categories and an approximate ISS (
The 2019 ThinkFirst Conference on Injury Prevention was held at the Wyndham Bayside, San Diego, April 13-14. The theme for this years conference was Charting the Course to Zero. A pre-conference training day was held April 12th, followed by a Community Helmet Event, fitting 100 people with free bicycle helmets in Waterfront Park. The Anchors Away! Reception was held Saturday evening on the Maritime Museums Berkeley Ferryboat, and the ThinkFirst Awards Luncheon was held Sunday, April 14th. ...
Injuries are the second leading cause of early death to DeKalb County residents aged 1-64. Health Promotion and Prevention Unit identifies the leading causes of injury and injury-related death to persons of all ages. Two coalitions, Safe Kids of DeKalb and Safe Communities of DeKalb, work to develop and implement prevention programs to reduce injuries and injury-related death.. Injuries can be categorized as unintentional (accidental) or intentional (deliberate). Unintentional injuries include those from motor vehicle crashes, falls, fire/smoke, poisoning and drowning. Intentional injuries include homicide, suicide and assault (violence against others).. ...
Results Drowning is the leading cause of fatal injury in Vietnamese children followed by road traffic crashes, falls, poisoning, burns and animal bites. There have been notable achievements in terms of increasing awareness of injury facing children at all levels in the community and developing a sound injury prevention policy framework in a relatively short period of time. However, much needs to be done to implement necessary environmental and legislative changes, strengthen child injury surveillance and injury prevention research; and to improve access to health services. ...
Despite reductions in youth pedestrian and bicyclist deaths over the past two decades, these injuries remain a substantial cause of morbidity and mortality for children and adolescents. There is a need for additional information on non-fatal pediatric pedestrian injuries and the role of traumatic brain injury (TBI), a leading cause of acquired disability. Using a multi-year national sample of emergency department (ED) records, we estimated annual motorized-vehicle related pediatric pedestrian and bicyclist (i.e. pedalcyclist) injury rates by age and region. We modeled in-hospital fatality risk controlling for age, gender, injury severity, TBI, and trauma center status. ED visits for pediatric pedestrian injuries declined 19.3% (95% CI 16.8, 21.8) from 2006 to 2012, with the largest decreases in 5-to-9 year olds and 10-to-14 year olds. Case fatality rates also declined 14.0%. There was no significant change in bicyclist injury rates. TBI was implicated in 6.7% (95% CI 6.3, 7.1) of all pedestrian and
Knowledge is sparse concerning injuries affecting rural populations in low and middle-income countries in general and in Iran in particular. This study documents the incidence and characteristics of severe injuries affecting rural people in the Iranian district of Twiserkan and it investigates these peoples suggestions for injury prevention and control. An interview-based investigation was undertaken that comprised all unintentional injuries leading to hospitalization (more than 6 hours) or death that had occurred within a twelve month period and that were identified in the files of the 62 health houses of the Twiserkan district. For each case, semi-structured interviews were conducted at the households of the injured people (134 injuries affecting 117 households were identified). The incidence rates of fatal and non-fatal injuries were respectively 4.1 and 17.2 per 10 000 person-years and, as expected, men were more affected than women (77.6% of all injury cases). Traffic injuries (in particular
Unintentional injuries are the leading cause of deaths among persons aged 0-19 years in the United States. Quantifying years of potential life lost (YPLL) highlights childhood causes of mortality and provides a simple method to identify important causes of premature death and specific groups in need of intervention (1). Deaths attributed to unintentional injuries among persons aged 0-19 years number approximately 12,000 each year in the United States; another 9 million young persons are treated for nonfatal injuries in emergency departments (2). To estimate the burden of premature deaths attributed to unintentional injuries among persons aged 0-19 years, CDC calculated state-specific YPLL by sex, age, race, and injury mechanism based on data from the National Vital Statistics System multiple cause of death files for the period 2000-2009. This report summarizes the results of that analysis, which found that an average of 890 years of potential life were lost each year because of unintentional ...
Background Priority setting, identification of unmet and changing healthcare needs, service and policy planning, and the capacity to evaluate the impact of health interventions requires valid and reliable methods for quantifying disease and injury burden. The methodology developed for the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) studies has been adopted to estimate the burden of disease in national, regional and global projects. However, there has been little validation of the methods for estimating injury burden using empirical data.. ...
Objectives Rest breaks and other work-related temporal factors, such as time spent on task, influence the accumulation of fatigue, and thus impact occupational injury risk. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of rest breaks on time to injury (the time between start of work and injury) for injured workers treated in a nationally representative sample of US emergency departments.. Methods Using the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS), we identified 629 workers who had experienced a work-related ladder-fall. Of these, 306 were interviewed by telephone using a standardized questionnaire about the circumstances surrounding the injury. Survival analyses were used to estimate time to injury, and hazard ratios (HR) for time to injury were compared between workers who reported no rest break (reference) and workers who reported rest break(s) prior to the injury (accumulated break time categorized into 0, 1-15, 16-30, and ,30 minutes). Age, gender, time of work start, ...
Injury Epidemiology is a pioneering, open access journal publishing cutting-edge epidemiologic studies of both intentional and unintentional injuries. With a ...
Green Bay Packers quarterback Aaron Rodgers explains what his injury diagnosis was at halftime in Week 1 of the 2018 NFL season against the Chicago Bears.
Updated the ICD definitions and data for non-fatal injuries in accordance with new guidance from CSTE, December 2019. Data was recalculated using the new definitions for non-fatal injury hospitalizations and emergency department visits from 2015-2018. The Non-Fatal Injury Dashboard, the Non-Fatal Injury Hospitalization Profile report and the Non-Fatal Injury Emergency Department Visits Profile report were all updated in accordance with these revisions. Injury Profile Reports ...
The CPSC estimates that there are approximately 3.2 million nonpowder guns sold yearly.12-14 Nonpowder guns are sold in many department stores, including toy stores.9 Eighty percent have muzzle velocities over 350 ft/second, and 50% have muzzle velocities between 500 and 930 ft/second. In 2000, the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS), operated by the CPSC, collected information from a nationally representative sample of 100 US hospital emergency departments that included information on nonpowder gun injuries.. According to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ( and and the CPSC,12 in 2000 the overall nonfatal age-adjusted rate of injury from BB or pellet guns was 7.71 per 100000 population. In 2000, there were an estimated 21840 (coefficient of variation: 0.0821) nonpowder gun-related injuries treated in emergency departments (D. Tinsworth, MS, CPSC, written ...
Many accident cases have recently been recorded. With the increased demand for vehicles, so as with the increase of accidents happening. Busy people choose to own cars for easy and fast transportation. With this, car manufacturers are actively making these demands to answer customers needs and wants. However, with the increasing sales of vehicles, many car accidents are also recorded, in which victims are getting insurances. Whether you own a car or not, you can get insurance for yourself and your car as well. In case mishaps would happen, you can get benefits from the insurance. However, injury lawyers play a big part in it. In case that you are a victim of an accident caused by a hit-and-run case, you can make an investigation with the help of police officers and be guided by a certified injury attorney from ARASH LAW.. How can the law firm help you?. Injury cases caused by any vehicle accident is a serious incident. Although it happened that it is your fault, you still need to get advice ...
Health Reports, volume 23, number 3. Unintentional injury hospitalizations among children and youth in areas with a high percentage of Aboriginal identity residents: 2001/2002 to 2005/2006. Table 2 Number of hospitalizations for unintentional injury, age-standardized rate, and rate ratio, by cause of injury and Dissemination Area reporting Aboriginal identity, population aged 0 to 19, Canada (excluding Quebec), 2001/2002 to 2005/2006
Although the number of unintentional injuries has decreased by almost 50% since 1990, it still continues to be the leading cause of death for children and youth (1-19 years of age) in Canada. In 2008, there were over 630 deaths due to unintentional injury in this population; over half of these due to motor vehicle accidents. Children and youth experienced over 24,000 hospitalizations (2008/09), associated with unintentional injuries: almost 40% were due to falls. Many of these non-fatal injuries result in impairments and disabilities such as blindness, spinal cord and brain injuries Child and Youth Injury in Review, 2009, (Public Health Agency of Canada).. Among seniors, unintentional injuries are the 8th leading cause of deaths overall, and the 5th leading cause of hospitalizations. Within the unintentional injury category, falls are the leading cause of both injury deaths and hospitalizations for seniors Injury Prevention for Seniors, (Public Health Agency of Canada).. ...
Pediatric Annals | There is renewed vigor in accident research relating to the etiology and prevention of severe trauma.1. INJURY SURVEILLANCEFundamental accident data, investigations and analyses are being provided by the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS).1,2 This innovative program, based on a pilot study of the National Commission on Product Safety, was fully developed by the Bureau of
The science and policy of preventing injuries, reducing disability, and providing emergency services and rehabilitation is studied in this area of specialization.. In conjunction with the Center for Injury Research and Policy, the faculty and students focus on injuries of all types, including road traffic injuries, falls, burns, drowning and violence. The epidemiology of these injuries is assessed, and strategies to prevent injuries are formulated and evaluated. Students completing this specialization may also decide to complete the Certificate in Injury and Violence Prevention. Please contact the director of the certificate, Dr. Keshia Pollack, for more information.. Students must complete the course requirements for the concentration in Health and Public Policy and, in addition, take the following courses. ...
The study authors tracked injury events (an injury was an incident that caused 3 consecutive missed runs) and pain with running at several points during the 12-week duration of the experiment.. Study Results. A total of 23 injuries were reported by the 99 runners over the 12-week training period (injury incidence = 23.2%). Injury results among groups were distributed as follows: 4/32 (13%) in the Nike Pegasus got injured, 12/32 (38%) in the Nike Free 3.0v2 got injured, 7/35 (20%) in the VFF Bikila group got injured. Injury risk was significantly higher in the Nike Free group compared to both the Vibram and Nike Pegasus groups. Risk of injury was not not significantly different between the Vibram and Nike Pegasus groups.. Results for pain during running were mostly non-significant, with only calf/shin pain in full minimalist runners being significantly higher.. Based on a statistical analysis of the results, the authors conclude Based on injury event data, there is a higher likelihood of ... WEBINAR DESCRIPTION. Researchers who study injury morbidity frequently use hospital discharge, emergency department, trauma registry or other datasets that have been coded using the clinical modification (CM) of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD). In October 2015, ICD-10-CM replaced ICD-9-CM as the coding schema used by hospitals and health care providers to report medical information. With the transition to ICD-10-CM, injury researchers face new opportunities and challenges in data analysis due to the increased number and complexity of the ICD-10-CM codes. This webinar will provide an overview of the ICD-10-CM injury codes and the tools that have been developed for standardized categorization of injuries by mechanism and intent of injury and by nature of injury and body region (the proposed ICD-10-CM External Cause and Injury Diagnosis matrices). Proposed ICD-10-CM surveillance case definitions, including the ...
Between 1990 and 2010, more than 260,000 children were treated in emergency departments (EDs) for ear injuries related to use of cotton-tip applicators (CTAs), according to data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System.
There are various reasons for spinal injuries and related problems which can make your living difficult. Based on the severity of the injury there is a need to make some changes to their lifestyle. Severe spinal injuries can make the person paralyzed, and they may require personal care even when he returns to his house after the treatment. These people require the need of changing the facilities of their house based on the comfort of the injured people. The home stairlifts in Los Angeles offer proper adaptations to help the injured people to ensure their safety. The link lists some of the important tips to take care of the older adults in your house.. The article explains in detail the spinal cord injuries and the treatment offered to the injured people. It also gives an idea of the changes to be made to your house so that it makes the injured people move around in their house.. The spine of the human body is made of bone, which is divided into three ...
Unintentional injuries are tracked by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) through the Injury Center, and reported at WISQARS(TM).[fn]Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System: Accessed December 24, 2014.[/fn] Injuries kill thousands every year, and many of those who survive have life-long impairment as
One of the first things youll want to do is to make sure that you are seeking the assistance of a professional counsellor if you are having a lot of recurring emotional problems related to your accident. For example, if you have a major fear of getting back into a vehicle after someone crashed into you, you will want to get professional emotional help. For the time being, you might even be able to find a mobile therapist who can come to you until you are able to travel again. If you dont get the emotional help you need, you may find that the problems are only going to get a lot worse.. You might also be able to receive some emotional help from support groups, both in person and online. This will give you the chance to talk with others who are also struggling a lot after they experienced a traumatic injury. You can learn from one another and simply be there to lend an ear whenever someone needs to vent some.. As you can see, it will take some work to heal from all of the physical, financial, ...
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies. ...
In recent months Thompson Coburn has continued its longtime litigation work on behalf of Yamaha Motor Corporation USA, with two successful case resolutions in August.
When prevention efforts fail, injured children require high-quality health services to support their recovery. Disparities in non-fatal injury outcomes, an indicator of health-care quality, have received minimal attention. We evaluated the extent to which general trauma follow-up studies published in the peer-reviewed scientific literature provide evidence of socially patterned inequities in health, functional or disability outcomes ≥4 weeks after childhood injuries. Using a systematic search, we identified 27 eligible cohort studies from 13 high-income countries. We examined the extent to which the reported health outcomes varied across the PROGRESS criteria: place of residence, race/ethnicity, occupation, gender/sex, religion, socio-economic status, and social capital. The available evidence on differential outcomes is limited as many studies were compromised by selection or retention biases that reduced the participation of children from demographic groups at increased risk of adverse outcomes, or
The preventing unintentional injuries among under-15s: local authorities path for the unintentional injuries among under-15s pathway.
After a person has been in a car accident, they are understandably in shock. Car accidents happen quickly, oftentimes before either party had time to react. For those who have been injured in a car accident, most of the trauma often ends up being in the head and neck, although cars with airbags are supposed to protect on impact.
In Canada, there are many formal public health programs under development that aim to prevent injuries in the early years (e.g. 0-6). There are paradoxically no population-based studies that have examined patterns of injury by developmental stage among these young children. This represents a gap in the Canadian biomedical literature. The current population-based analysis explores external causes and consequences of injuries experienced by young children who present to the emergency department for assessment and treatment. This provides objective evidence about prevention priorities to be considered in anticipatory counseling and public health planning. Four complete years of data (1999-2002; n = 5876 cases) were reviewed from the Kingston sites of the Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (CHIRPP), an ongoing injury surveillance initiative. Epidemiological analyses were used to characterize injury patterns within and across age groups (0-6 years) that corresponded to normative
SAN ANTONIO, June 15 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- National Trauma Institute Seeks Trauma Studies Eligible for $2.8 Million in Research Funding.
Sports injury prevention is a priority area in BJSM 1 and recent commentaries have stressed the need to consider relationships between sports injuries in longitudinal data sets.2 ,3 Players can sustain none, one, or more than one injury over a season of follow-up. Subsequent injuries are statistically related to prior injuries because they occur in the same person. This is true even when the two injuries are clinically distinct.2 ,4 ,5 It is always important to collect, analyse and report data on subsequent injuries in injury incidence studies. Figure 1 shows a hypothetical cohort of five players followed over one season of 10-week duration. This example assumes that all players are injury-free at the start of the season and addresses acute onset injuries rather than those due to repetitive microtrauma. The figure contains considerable information on each player: how long they were followed up; the number of injuries they sustained; how long before they sustained their first injury; and how long ...
Data & statistics on Mortality rate from alcohol-related motor vehicle injuries New: Mortality rate from alcohol-related motor vehicle injuries, New Jersey, 1999, 2003, ALCOHOL-RELATED, DRUG-RELATED, AND INJURY DEATHS BY COUNTY OF RESIDENCE NEW JERSEY, 1999 MOTOR VEHICLE INJURIES, Does not include the contribution of alcohol to deaths from road traffic injuries, other injuries, cancer, cardiovascular diseases and other conditions. It is estimated that in 1996, 30 per cent of all drinkers killed in motor vehicle crashes had alcohol levels above the legal limit....
INTRODUCTION: injuries represent a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and road traffic crashes accounts for a significant proportion of these injuries. Tanzania is among the countries with high rates of road traffic crashes. The aim of this study was to determine the pattern, associated factors and management of road traffic injury patients in Tanzania. METHODS: a cross-sectional study of patients involved in motor traffic crashes and attended in six public hospitals of Tanzania mainland between April 2014 and September 2014. RESULTS: a total of 4675 road traffic injury patients were seen in studied hospitals, 76.6% were males. Majority (70.2%) were between 18 - 45 years age group. Motorcycles were the leading cause of road traffic crashes (53.4%), and drivers (38.3%) accounted for majority of victims. Fractures accounted for 34.1%, and injuries were severe in 2.2% as determined by the Kampala trauma score II (KTS II). Majorities 57.4% were admitted and 2.2% died at the casualty.
Falls are the leading cause of nonfatal injuries in the United States. In 2006, nearly 8 million persons were treated in emergency departments (EDs) for fall injuries (1). Pets might present a fall hazard (2), but few data are available to support this supposition. To assess the incidence of fall-related injuries associated with cats and dogs, CDC analyzed data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System All Injury Program (NEISS-AIP) for the period 2001--2006. This report describes the results of that analysis, which showed that an estimated average of 86,629 fall injuries each year were associated with cats and dogs, for an average annual injury rate of 29.7 per 100,000 population. Nearly 88% of injuries were associated with dogs, and among persons injured, females were 2.1 times more likely to be injured than males. Prevention strategies should focus on 1) increasing public awareness of pets and pet items as fall hazards and of situations that can lead to fall injuries and 2) ...
Bethlehem, PA, November 3, 2020, ZEXPRWIRE - Cordisco & Saile LLC, personal injury lawyers in the Lehigh Valley have taken a new initiative to proving traumatic brain injury cases in Pennsylvania. The new focus is meant to help residents of Lehigh County and Northampton County overcome the legal challenges involved in seeking compensation in brain injury cases.. In a recent radio interview, John F. Cordisco, Esq., a founding partner at Cordisco & Saile, described Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) as a serious and debilitating head injury that often results from automobile, trucking, and motorbike accidents as well as from slips, falls, and trips. The problem is that TBI, which is often called the invisible injury is not easy to identify and prove in court. Personal injury claims with severe head injuries and severe brain damage involve skull fractures, coma, and brain bleeds. However, mild brain injuries, which have serious long-term consequences, are not always given the same attention as severe ...
Bethlehem, PA, November 3, 2020, ZEXPRWIRE - Cordisco & Saile LLC, personal injury lawyers in the Lehigh Valley have taken a new initiative to proving traumatic brain injury cases in Pennsylvania. The new focus is meant to help residents of Lehigh County and Northampton County overcome the legal challenges involved in seeking compensation in brain injury cases.. In a recent radio interview, John F. Cordisco, Esq., a founding partner at Cordisco & Saile, described Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) as a serious and debilitating head injury that often results from automobile, trucking, and motorbike accidents as well as from slips, falls, and trips. The problem is that TBI, which is often called the invisible injury is not easy to identify and prove in court. Personal injury claims with severe head injuries and severe brain damage involve skull fractures, coma, and brain bleeds. However, mild brain injuries, which have serious long-term consequences, are not always given the same attention as severe ...
Injuries are noted to be an important cause of death among adolescents. There is however limited data on the injury related deaths among adolescents in Ghana. Using data from post-mortem records derived from the Department of Pathology of the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital (KBTH), Accra Ghana from 2001 to 2003, the causes of injury related deaths among adolescents 10 to 19 years were analyzed by gender and age groups 10 to 14 and 15 to 19 years. There were 151 injury-related deaths constituting 17% of the autopsies performed among adolescents in the study period. The male-to-female ratio was 2.1:1. Drowning was the most common cause of death (37%) in the study population. This was followed by road traffic accidents (RTA) (33%). Over 70% of the RTA victims were pedestrians knocked downed by a vehicle. Deaths from electrocution, poisoning, burns, stab/gunshot, hanging and other miscellaneous causes (example blast injury, traumatic injury from falling debris, fall from height) made up the remaining 30% of the
The experiences of nurse in providing psychosocial support to families of critically ill trauma patients in the intensive care unit
Workplace Injury Statistics in Chicago, IL The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) has released its data for workplace injury statistics, showing that the overall
Some people may think that both are one and the same. However, physical injuries and psychological injuries are different from each other, each in their own prospective ways. Physical vs psychological injuries - what are the differences? Please read on to learn more. You will be glad you did. The causes for physical injuries can be numerous in definition. These are just a few examples of the many causes that are possible for them.. What are physical injuries? How do they happen? Physical injuries are something that happen as the result of an accident, from a sport, or some other form of physical activity. Physical injuries can occur in car accidents, industrial or on the job site accident, or due to a slip and fall incident. When accidents of this type happen to someone, he or she is unable to physical enjoy their own properly or life, and this can prove to be very devastating to the victim in a number of ways personally.. Physical injuries can also end up becoming the basis for a personal ...
Participation in high school athletics carries an intrinsic risk of injury, but that doesnt mean certain types of injuries cant be decreased. There has been a proliferation of injury prevention programs. These programs have the ability to improve performance and decrease risk of sustaining certain injuries, especially ACL injuries and ankle sprains. While this information is readily available, there has been some hesitancy to adopt these and similar programs.. In an Oregon survey of high school soccer and basketball coaches, many of the coaches were aware that injury prevention programs existed, but they were not adopting those programs for their own teams.1 Some of their reasons included the belief that what they currently did was similar to the program; their program was superior to the researched program; or they were not aware of how much actual sport performance gains occurred as a result of these programs. Those concerns have validity and merit further discussion.. Many injury programs ...
UH Rainbow Babies & Childrens Hospital has received re-verification as a Level I pediatric trauma center from the American College of Surgeons (ACS) Committee on Trauma (COT). UH Rainbow Babies & Childrens Hospital has been a continuously verified Level I pediatric trauma center for more than two decades, and is the only designated Level I pediatric trauma center in northern Ohio.. We are proud to once again be recognized as a Level I pediatric trauma center by the American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma, said Mike Dingeldein, MD, Medical Director of the pediatric trauma center at UH Rainbow Babies & Childrens Hospital.. A Level I pediatric trauma center offers the highest level of trauma care across the continuum from injury prevention through rehabilitation. At UH Rainbow Babies & Childrens Hospital, board-certified trauma surgeons, supported by pediatric nurses and a pediatric emergency department team specially trained in the care of injured children, are all ready to respond ...
Fellowship overview. As a member of ACDSB, the Service Fellow will contribute to all aspects of the branch mission, including planning and conducting research studies in injury epidemiology in such areas as emerging trends in injury morbidity and mortality, health disparities related to injury, the effects of injury on health outcomes and utilization of health care services, and social and physical functioning post-injury. In collaboration with other members of ACDSB and other NCHS staff, the Fellow is expected to plan and carry out high-quality research by selecting appropriate statistical and epidemiologic methods, independently conducting statistical analysis using standard programming software, utilizing large-scale NCHS data sources, and disseminating results via NCHS reports and articles in scientific journals. Qualifications. This fellowship is open to all citizens of the United States and legal permanent residents with a work authorization. Applicants must have successfully completed a ...
States with low nonfatal injury rates and high fatality rates tend to be in the South, have lower worker compensation benefits, be less unionized, and pay lower wages—while states with high nonfatal injury rates and lower fatality rates tend to be in the West, pay higher benefits and wages, be more strongly unionized, and carry out more workplace inspections.
Issue 4 Injuries in the European Union Summary of injury statistics for the years Working together to make Europe a safer place Issue 4 Injuries in the European Union Summary of injury statistics
June 2004-. Violent behavior among adolescents is a significant problem worldwide, and a cross-national comparison of adolescent violent behaviors can provide information about the development and pattern of physical violence in young adolescents. Smith-Khuri and colleagues examined frequencies of adolescent violence-related behaviors in 5 countries and associations between violence-related behaviors and potential explanatory characteristics.. A significant body of information currently exists describing violent behavior in the adolescent population of the United States, yet violent behavior in adolescents outside and in relation to the United States is not well characterized. Comparison of violence-related behaviors in US youths with those of their peers in other countries can provide a context for the US findings. Our analysis found that for 3 violence-related behaviors-fighting, weapon carrying, and injuries from fighting-adolescents from 5 European countries were remarkably similar in ...
Background: This paper aims at assessing the effectiveness of introducing road safety onto the political agenda in the year 2004 - and the overall effect of the road safety measures implemented thereafter - on the number of road traffic injured people in Spain. Methods: An evaluation study was performed using an interrupted time-series design. The study population were people injured in road traffic crashes in Spain between the 1st of January 2000 and the 31st of December 2006. The road traffic crashes database of the General Directorate for Traffic was used. The dependent variable was the monthly number of people injured, stratified by sex, age, severity and type of road user. The explanatory variable (intervention) compared the post-intervention period (2004-2006) with the pre-intervention period (2000-2003). Quasi-Poisson regression models were adjusted, controlling for time trend and for seasonality. Results: Results show a reduction in the risk of being injured for both men (RR=0.91; 95%CI: ...
As many as half of all patients with major traumatic injuries do not receive the recommended care, with variance in preventable mortality reported across the globe. This variance highlights the need for a comprehensive process for monitoring and reviewing patient care, central to which is a consistent peer-review process that includes trauma system safety and human factors. There is no published, evidence-informed standardised tool that considers these factors for use in adult or paediatric trauma case peer-review. The aim of this research was to develop and validate a trauma case review tool to facilitate clinical review of paediatric trauma patient care in extracting information to facilitate monitoring, inform change and enable loop closure. Development of the trauma case review tool was multi-faceted, beginning with a review of the trauma audit tool literature. Data were extracted from the literature to inform iterative tool development using a consensus approach. Inter-rater agreement was assessed
On average across the years from 2011 to 2013, 1.8 million injuries per year related to team or individual sport activities occurred to children and adolescents age 20 years and younger. Data reported is from consumer product-related injuries occurring in the United States from a statistically valid sample of emergency departments collected by the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission, National Electronic Injury Surveillance System. Data shown for sports injuries are not included in the overall total for musculoskeletal conditions among children and adolescents, on the assumption it duplicates numbers found in the emergency department database based on ICD-9-CM codes and used in the trauma injuries section.. Males report injuries at twice the number as females, with the highest number of injuries occurring in the junior high (11 to 13 years) and high school (14 to 17 years) ages. (Reference Table 7.7.1 PDF CSV). ...
Doylestown, PA, November 3, 2020, ZEXPRWIRE - Leading Bucks County injury law firm, Cordisco & Saile, recently announced their new initiative on handling traumatic brain injury cases for residents of Bucks County and beyond. The new focus puts into consideration the fact that traumatic brain injuries, whether minor or serious, have lifetime consequences and costs as other serious diseases. According to reports by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than 2.8 million people in the United States suffer from traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) every year. TBI has been proven to be a major cause of disability and death in the US. The CDC further notes that despite the fact that most TBI injuries may not seem to be life-threatening at first, the injuries can potentially lead to temporary or permanent impairment of brain function over time and leave the victim in a state of debilitation. Traumatic brain injuries or brain damage is often called the invisible injury says managing ...
Unsure about the birth injury diagnosis of your child? Prince Georges County birth injury lawyer Marcus Boston explains actions to take if you question...
Safe Kids Northern New Jersey is a community-based Injury Prevention Coalition located within Morristown Medical Centers Trauma Services. Its mission is to reduce fatalities, injuries and property damage from unintentional bodily harm that occurs to children of all ages on the road, at home and while at play. KJ Feury, APN, coordinator of the coalition, discusses what everyone needs to know about stepping up safety and prevention to protect family and loved ones.. Q: Why, as a culture, are we so accident prone?. A: This isnt the case. Were not accident prone at all. We make decisions that can have negative outcomes and cause intentional injury. A decision to speed, drive under the influence or participate in a winter sport such as skiing or snowboarding without wearing a helmet puts ourselves and others at risk of injury.. Q: What are the most frequent accidents that occur with children?. A: Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death in children ages 5 to 9 years old, while drowning ...
Using Caroline Finch`s Tripp model1 (Translating Research into Injury Prevention Practice) as a framework, a working group was established to produce a strategy to reduce ACL injuries. This group included elite coaches, orthopaedic knee surgeons, medical staff working with teams and representatives of the GAA. They considered incidence and aetiology of ACL injuries in GAA athletes2 as well as important contextual and sport-specific factors that may influence the effectiveness of an injury prevention programme. The working group agreed that an injury prevention warm-up was the best approach in order to facilitate effectiveness to the wider GAA population. They also recognised that this programme needed to be coach led and embedded in normal training practices.. Modelled on the successful FIFA 11+ programme, the working group designed a sport specific warm up. Initial versions of the warm-up were trialled by athletes and coaches and refined several times to ensure the final product worked in a ...
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) Injury diagnosis (costs for program #182411) ✔ University Hospital Giessen UKGM ✔ Department of Orthopedics and Orthopedic Surgery ✔
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) Injury diagnosis (costs for program #98303) ✔ Hirslanden Salem-Spital ✔ Department of Orthopedics ✔
PubMedID: 25398596 | Actual versus ideal body weight for acute kidney injury diagnosis and classification in critically Ill patients. | BMC nephrology | 11/15/2014
The WHO estimates that over 1.2 million people die each year on the worlds roads, and between 20 and 50 million fall victim to non-fatal injuries.1 The WHO projects that, unless immediate action is taken, traffic crashes will increase from the ninth to the fifth leading cause of death by 2030, and will then cause around 2.4 million deaths per year.1 Road traffic injuries (RTI) are also projected to rise to the third leading cause of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) lost worldwide by 2020.2 The burden of traffic crashes, in terms of mortality and morbidity, is increasing fastest in developing countries, due to rapid motorisation associated with economic growth.3 ,4. The situation is particularly acute in India, a nation of more than 1 billion people, with one of the fastest growing economies in the world. This economic growth has also meant a rapidly increasing number of vehicles sold every year (around 6 million) and one of the highest reported mortality rates from RTI in the world.5 Road ...
The home is a principal setting for injury mortality and morbidity, especially for those younger than 15 years of age.1 The specific types and causes of childhood injuries vary according to age and development. Fires and burns, inhalation and suffocation and drowning are the leading causes of unintentional home injury death while … ...
Critical Behavior Monitoring for Children with Special Needs in Preventing Physical Injury Using Kinect: 10.4018/978-1-4666-7373-1.ch011: This research studies ways to prevent physical injury for children with special needs, or specifically children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The
Currently, injury in India is a leading cause of years of productive life lost and the leading cause of death for those under 35 years old. This national injury burden is growing and the ongoing rise in the trauma burden is mostly in the form of road traffic crashes. India has 1% of the total vehicles in the world yet accounts for 6% of total road accidents globally. It is estimated that there are 400 000 road traffic crashes in India each year, resulting in 100 000 deaths and 1.2 million individuals who are seriously injured. The burden is borne disproportionately by young people with a regional report concluding a total of 6134 life years were lost each year in a population of 108 000 following unintentional injuries.8 International establishment of trauma systems incorporating centralised trauma centres has helped address the injury burden by providing prompt, specialist trauma care. In such systems, effective therapy for the severely injured is facilitated by an interdisciplinary and ...
Needs Assessment/Gap: The Ohio Chapter, American Academy of Pediatrics conducted a survey in the fall of 2011 that asked pediatricians about their experience and views on injury anticipatory guidance, counseling and product distribution. One of the surveys major findings indicated that less than 20% of physicians have received special training on injury prevention strategies or methods. With a lack of knowledge on injury anticipatory guidance, as well as an apparent lack of time to address these topics, the Injury Prevention Learning Collaborative aims to provide practices with tools to help identify the areas where guidance is needed, as well as provide concise talking points that allow providers to address issues in a short period of time. As adolescent health becomes a forefront issue in pediatrics, physicians have noted a gap in knowledge relating to teen driving, water safety, fire arms, bullying, and sports injury/concussions.. The Ohio Chapter, American Academy of Pediatrics (Ohio AAP) ...
Section 515.2045 Level II Pediatric Trauma Center a) The Level II Pediatric Trauma Director shall advise the Trauma Center Medical Director and shall be a member of the Regional Trauma Advisory Board. b) The Pediatric Trauma Center Medical Director shall be board certified in pediatric surgery or be a general surgeon, with at least two years of experience in pediatric trauma care, and have 10 hours per year of trauma-related CME, and 24-hour independent operating privileges, as evidenced by either: 1) responsibility for 50 pediatric trauma cases per year; or 2) both: A) responsibility for 10 percent of the total number of pediatric trauma cases at the trauma center per year; and B) ongoing involvement in pediatric trauma care. c) The trauma center shall provide a pediatric trauma service separate from the general surgery service. The pediatric trauma service shall be staffed by pediatric trauma surgeons who have one year of experience in trauma, who have 24-hour independent operating privileges, ...
Unfortunately, spinal cord injuries can change a persons life forever. This is why it is essential for an injured person to contact a lawyer who is experienced in presenting evidence in a Carrollton spinal cord injury case. Call today to see how an attorney can help.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Excess mortality caused by medical injury. AU - Meurer, Linda N.. AU - Yang, Hongyan. AU - Guse, Clare E.. AU - Russo, Carla. AU - Brasel, Karen J.. AU - Layde, Peter M.. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2009 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2006/9. Y1 - 2006/9. N2 - PURPOSE: We wanted to estimate excess risk of in-hospital mortality associated with medical injuries identified using an injury surveillance system, after controlling for risk of death resulting from comorbidities. METHODS: The Wisconsin Medical Injuries Prevention Program (WMIPP) screening criteria were used to identify medical injuries, defined as any untoward harm associated with a therapeutic or diagnostic healthcare intervention, among discharge diagnoses for all 562,317 patients discharged from 134 acute care hospitals in Wisconsin in 2002. We then derived estimates for crude and adjusted relative risk of in-hospital mortality associated with the presence of a medical injury diagnosis. Logistic regression ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Improving outcomes in pediatric trauma care. T2 - Essential characteristics of the trauma center. AU - Knudson, M. Margaret. AU - McGrath, Jennifer. PY - 2007/12. Y1 - 2007/12. N2 - The best outcome after pediatric injury can be anticipated when the entire trauma team is prepared, knowledgeable, and appreciative of the unique aspects of pediatric trauma and pays strict attention to all aspects of the care of the injured child. Five aspects should be considered essential elements in the delivery of care by any trauma team: preparation, equipment, and training; prevention of secondary insults after brain injury; the ability to recognize when nonoperative therapy should not be attempted or when it should be abandoned; consideration of the psychological impact of injury on a child; and, the role of trauma centers in injury prevention. Each of these areas encompasses important unanswered questions.. AB - The best outcome after pediatric injury can be anticipated when the entire trauma ...
Early appreciation of major trauma enables emergency medical service (EMS) providers to match the available resources to each victims needs. Triage is the process of classifying patients according to injury severity and determining the priority for further treatment [1, 2]. Field triage has become increasingly important, as regionalised trauma care with dedicated trauma teams has been shown to improve patient outcome [3-5]. Nevertheless, some mistriage is unavoidable, as field triage is performed close to the time of injury, with limited diagnostic resources in a multifarious pre-hospital environment. If major trauma victims are undertriaged and therefore denied access to high-resource resuscitation, avoidable negative outcomes may ensue [1, 6]. Conversely, overtriage may cause minor trauma victims to be unnecessarily transferred to dedicated trauma care facilities, thereby consuming scarce financial and human resources. Overtriage thus decreases the available resources for other patients with ...
Injuries are the leading cause of death for children and adolescents 1-21 years of age. The Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health Division in collaboration with the Safe and Active Communities Branch works to incorporate injury prevention interventions into local programs and services to enhance the safety of Californias children ...
Background The current common and dogmatic opinion is that whole-body computed tomography (WBCT) should not be performed in major trauma patients in shock. We aimed to assess whether WBCT during trauma-room treatment has any effect on the mortality of severely injured patients in shock. Methods In a retrospective multicenter cohort study involving 16719 adult blunt major trauma patients we compared the survival of patients who were in moderate, severe or no shock (systolic blood pressure 90-110,|90 or |110 mmHg) at hospital admission and who received WBCT during resuscitation to those who did not. Using data derived from the 2002-2009 version of TraumaRegister®, we determined the observed and predicted mortality and calculated the standardized mortality ratio (SMR) as well as logistic regressions. Findings 9233 (55.2%) of the 16719 patients received WBCT. The mean injury severity score was 28.8±12.1. The overall mortality rate was 17.4% (SMR = 0.85, 95%CI 0.81-0.89) for patients with WBCT and 21.4%
1) CFOI has used several versions of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) since 2003 to define industry. For more information on the version of NAICS used in this year, see our definitions page at (2) Workers under the age of 16 years, volunteer workers, and members of the resident military are not included in rate calculations to maintain consistency with the Current Population Survey (CPS) employment. The ownership category government is not presented separately and may be included in any industry category. In 2007, the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) adopted hours-based state fatal injury rates. Employment-based rates were used previously. Because of substantial differences between rates calculated using the two methods, hours-based state fatal injury rates should not be compared to the employment-based rates from previous years ...
Coroners made recommendations about the prevention of harm in 53 of the 3289 (1.6%) external cause deaths of nursing home residents. Recommendations were most frequently made for deaths resulting from falls; however, the rate of recommendations per 1000 deaths was highest for thermal mechanisms and complications of clinical care. Most recommendations described the countermeasure element, but rarely specified a timeframe for implementation ...
Globally, injuries cause more than 5 million deaths annually, a similar number to those from HIV, Tuberculosis and Malaria combined. In people aged between 5 and 44 years of age trauma is the leading cause of death and disability and the burden is highest in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Like other LMICs, injuries represent a significant burden in Nepal and data suggest that the number is increasing with high morbidity and mortality. In the last 20 years there have been significant improvements in injury outcomes in high income countries as a result of organised systems for collecting injury data and using this surveillance to inform developments in policy and practice. Meanwhile, in most LMICs, including Nepal, systems for routinely collecting injury data are limited and the establishment of injury surveillance systems and trauma registries have been proposed as ways to improve data quality and availability. This study will implement an injury surveillance system for use in emergency
Tinel, J. (1917). Nerve wounds. London: Baillère, Tindall and Cox. Tinel, J. (1915). "Le signe du fourmillement dans les ... A repetitive strain injury (RSI) is an injury to part of the musculoskeletal or nervous system caused by repetitive use, ... RICE is used immediately after an injury happens and for the first 24 to 48 hours after the injury. These modalities can help ... "Repetitive Strain Injury: What is it and how is it caused?" (PDF). Selikoff Centers for Occupational Health. Archived from the ...
Blast injury, an injury that may present similar dangers to a gunshot wound. Bullet hit squib, the simulated equivalent of a ... Stab wound, an equivalent penetrating injury caused by a bladed weapon or any other sharp objects. "Gun Shot Wounds - Trauma - ... tracheobronchial injury), cardiac injury (pericardial tamponade), esophageal injury, and nervous system injury. Initial workup ... If the platysma is intact, the wound is considered superficial and only requires local wound care. If the injury is a PNI, ...
Numbers of monocytes in the wound peak one to one and a half days after the injury occurs. Once they are in the wound site, ... The wound is purposely left open. Examples: healing of wounds by use of tissue grafts. If the wound edges are not ... In wound contraction, myofibroblasts decrease the size of the wound by gripping the wound edges and contracting using a ... This can lead to a chronic wound. About two or three days after the wound occurs, fibroblasts begin to enter the wound site, ...
A transmediastinal gunshot wound (TMGSW) is a penetrating injury to a person's thorax in which a bullet enters the mediastinum ... Determining anatomic injury with computed tomography in selected torso gunshot wounds. J Trauma. 1998;45:466-456. Renz BM, Cava ... 2002). "Re-evaluation of diagnostic procedures for transmediastinal gunshot wounds". The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, ... Injury, Int. J. Care Injured. 38 (1): 48-52. doi:10.1016/j.injury.2006.07.039. PMID 17054956. Van Waes, OJ; Van Riet, PA; Van ...
"Wounds and Injuries: MedlinePlus". Retrieved 2014-03-29. "Glossary". National Highway Traffic Safety ... Major trauma is injury that can potentially lead to serious outcomes. For research purposes the definition is often based on an ... The bill would expand the definition of trauma to also include an injury resulting from exposure to an extrinsic agent that is ... Similar legislation, S. 2406, was introduced in the United States Senate by Senator Jack Reed (D-RI). An injury is the damage ...
"Wounds and Injuries: MedlinePlus". Retrieved 2015-07-20. "Mitochondrial Theory of Aging and Other Aging Theories ... In law, damages are the award, typically of money, to be paid to a person as compensation for loss or injury (i.e., economic or ... Damage to a living organism may be referred to as an injury. The kinds of damage experienced by living things range from ... and criminal law codices have many provisions to protect individuals against injuries caused by institutions to which they are ...
Stab wounds can result from self-infliction, accidental nail gun injuries, and stingray injuries, however, most stab wounds are ... of injuries sustained from stab wounds only affect subcutaneous tissue. Most assaults resulting in a stab wound occur to and by ... Even though stab wounds are inflicted at a much greater rate than gunshot wounds, they account for less than 10% of all ... Abdullah F, Nuernberg A, Rabinovici R (January 2003). "Self-inflicted abdominal stab wounds". Injury. 34 (1): 35-9. doi:10.1016 ...
The area had been evacuated following a warning and there were no injuries. 7 April 1993: three British soldiers were wounded ... There were no reported injuries and two men were arrested afterwards. three RUC officers suffered minor injuries after a coffee ... hitting him in the chest and causing a fatal wound. a British soldier from the Coldstream Guards was seriously wounded in a gun ... Two soldiers were wounded, and one of them was permanently blinded by the blast. the IRA left a 30 lb (14 kg) bomb at a boat ...
Wounds and injuries 98-98.4....................................Surgical complications 99-99.35 ...
... incidence of injuries, wounds, disease; public preventive medicine 615 Pharmacology and therapeutics 616 Diseases 617 Surgery, ... materials 632 Plant injuries, diseases, pests 633 Field and plantation crops 634 Orchards, fruits, forestry 635 Garden crops ( ...
Marshal Morgan Earp were both seriously wounded. Goodfellow treated both men's injuries.: 27 Goodfellow treated Virgil Earp ... In the US and Britain skeletal injuries are treated by trauma orthopedic surgeons. Facial injuries are often treated by ... washing the patient's wound and his hands with lye soap or whisky. He became America's leading authority on gunshot wounds and ... Most injuries requiring operative treatment are musculoskeletal. For this reason, part of US trauma surgeons devote at least ...
Seven people were wounded when a rocket struck the Eshkol region. A barrage of rockets was fired at Sdot Negev and two rockets ... No injuries were reported. This was the first time that Gush Dan has been targeted by missiles since the Persian Gulf War, when ... "21 wounded in terror attack on Tel Aviv bus". Times of Israel. Retrieved 21 November 2012. "Egypt FM: Israel, Hamas cease-fire ... An explosion on a bus in Tel Aviv wounded at least 28 people, including three seriously. The blast on the bus occurred in an ...
Nine of the 30 GIGN operatives received injuries; of them, one received serious wounds. Three crew members received injuries. ... Bossuat received minor injuries; the dead bodies of two hijackers had shielded Delhemme and Bossuat from gunfire. Borderie, the ... Favier said that he determined that the operation was a success since none of the GIGN received fatal injuries. French Prime ... The remaining passengers and crew survived the 20-minute gun battle.A Of the remaining passengers, 13 received minor injuries. ...
Most injuries were from gunshot wounds. Bodies have been described as unidentifiable due to their mutilation. Due to the ...
Eight later died from their injuries. Twenty-one others survived their wounds. Brindel ordered the starboard side flooded to ...
... multiple severe injuries, unconscious; loss of arm or leg (or part); other chest injury, not bruising; deep penetrating wound; ... severe head injury, unconscious; severe chest injury, any difficulty breathing; internal injuries; ... injuries to casualties who die 30 or more days after the accident from injuries sustained in that accident. Barclays Cycle Hire ... Fatality and serious injury figures from Transport for London. Transport for London uses the Department for Transport's ...
Pollen wounds Duke and the two fight. Pollen beats Duke with an iron pipe, but before Pollen can finish the beating, Amber ... Pollen tries to stop him, but passes out due to his injuries. Duke returns home, and he and Amber flee. Pollen wakes up and ... Duke dies of his injuries. One of the detectives enters the building, and unseen by Amber, manipulates the evidence so it ...
Perforated injuries result in an entry wound and an exit wound, while puncture wounds result only in an entry wound. Puncture ... Most injuries to the pancreas are caused by penetrative trauma, such as gunshot wounds and stab wounds. Pancreatic injuries ... Injuries to the nervous system include brain injury, spinal cord injury, and nerve injury. Trauma to the brain causes traumatic ... Infection of wounds is a common complication in traumatic injury, resulting in diagnoses such as pneumonia or sepsis. Wound ...
Typically hepatic injuries resulting from stab wounds cause little damage unless a vital part of the liver is injured, such as ... Given its anterior position in the abdominal cavity and its large size, the liver is prone to gun shot wounds and stab wounds. ... Liver injuries constitute 5% of all traumas, making it the most common abdominal injury. Generally nonoperative management and ... In the 1880s a severe liver injury would in most cases prove fatal in the first 24 hours after sustaining the injury. Before ...
She sustained facial wounds and orthopaedic injuries. She was discharged 11 days later, after having reconstructive surgery on ...
However, he succumbed to his injuries at PIMS hospital on the morning of 2 May, which was his 38th birthday. His body was ... "Pakistani Pashtun rights activists wounded in gun attack". Al Jazeera. June 4, 2018. Archived from the original on December 15 ... He succumbed to his injuries on the next day after being shifted to Islamabad for emergency surgery, becoming the 18th male ... "PTM leader Arif Wazir dies from injuries". The News International. May 3, 2020. Retrieved May 3, 2020. "PTM's Arif Wazir ...
The three other physicians suffered minor injuries. Drew was trapped with serious wounds; his foot had become wedged beneath ... Shock occurs as the amount of blood in the body rapidly declines which can be due to a variety of factors such as a wound or ... When reached by emergency technicians, he was in shock and barely alive due to severe leg injuries. Drew was taken to Alamance ... In truth, according to John Ford, one of the passengers in Drew's car, Drew's injuries were so severe that virtually nothing ...
Suffering severe injuries to his head and leg, he is in serious condition. 3 children are wounded by Israeli fire as they threw ... The strike moderately wounds one militant. (IDF says one militant wounded. Some sources say Islamic Jihad says the wounded was ... Another militant was seriously wounded in the raid. The militant wounded earlier this day, has succumbed to his wounds, ... An Israeli soldier is lightly wounded. Palestinians open fire on IDF troops in Askar, no injuries. Three rockets from the Gaza ...
A third man, Fadi Ya'qoub Sukkar (25), sustained severe wounds, and died an hour later. Three others suffered injuries. At 22: ... A number of civilians were wounded and some houses were damaged. At 20:00, six people were wounded when Israeli tank fire ... wounding him. The 5th struck near Mahrous Salam Siam's home as the family was leaving, killing nine (9) people and wounding ... died from shrapnel wounds. Her brother, Abdul Rahman (15) and their mother, Salwa Ahmed al-Nijdi (49), were wounded. At 10:30, ...
... there were four stab wounds on the face; knife injuries were observed on the throat; there were hand fractures and two bullet ... sharp cuts and burn injuries", "surprisingly" there were "no injury marks on his [Kishenji's] shirt and pant corresponding to [ ... There isn't a single part of his body without an injury. They kept him in custody for 24 hours and tortured him." The Hindu ... "there were more than 30 bayonet-like cut injuries on the front of the body". And, while there were "bullet, ...
Two other individuals sustained injuries. One sustained gunshot wounds, Musitano's bodyguard John Clary; the other individual ... "Hamilton mobster Pat Musitano shot in Mississauga, has 'life-threatening' injuries". Toronto Star. 25 April 2019. Archived from ... sustaining life-threatening injuries; he was taken to Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre in Toronto. By May 1, 2019, he was no ...
Stab and gunshot wounds can cause diaphragmatic injuries. Clinicians are trained to suspect diaphragmatic rupture particularly ... Injuries to the diaphragm are usually accompanied by other injuries, and they indicate that more severe injury may have ... Common associated injuries include head injury, injuries to the aorta, fractures of the pelvis and long bones, and lacerations ... it has low sensitivity and specificity for the injury. Often another injury such as pulmonary contusion masks the injury on the ...
... injuries and wounds where there was no illness agent (such as a witch) to conjure.: 86-90 Synnyt might also be used in, for ... spoken over injuries and wounds by the superstitious'). The most widely attested subject for synnyt, according to the Suomen ...
"Steve: How skull injury almost ended my career". thisisderbyshire. 21 October 2011. "Rams eye loan market after double injury ... "Rams count walking wounded". Club Call. 4 November 2011. Archived from the original on 1 April 2012. Retrieved 5 November 2011 ... Russell Anderson added to the club's injury problems by going off with a damaged hamstring. Despite Derby's numerous injury ... The game also saw top-scorer Theo Robinson go off with a hamstring injury in the first 15 minutes, an injury which saw the club ...
Eight days later, she died from her wounds. As of early 2008, the murder remained unsolved. Early on a Saturday morning in ... That man also later died of his injuries. Harbour View Elementary School and John MacNeil Elementary School both feed into John ... Harbour View students found a 35-year-old woman bleeding from her injuries after an assault. ...
The Swedish report differed from the Lithuanian experts in determining "the injuries on the body appeared before his death" and ... However, his relatives were convinced that Kedys was murdered, pointing out wounds on his body. Kedys' relatives demanded a ...
She died of head injuries in hospital. Her death prompted a number of protests. On 21 April 2016, Dixon was sentenced 12 years ... She suffered three stab wounds. According to a friend she was murdered when someone realized that she was transgender whilst ... dies of injuries". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 12 July 2016. Nieto, Antonio (18 October 2016). "Mata un escolta a travesti en ...
Sometime in the 1920s she suffered an arm injury and was required to have an operation. It was also around this stage that she ... Chrzanowska worked as a nurse during World War II when the Nazi regime targeted Poles but she tended to the wounded and the ... During the Bolshevik Revolution she tended to the wounded soldiers and later commenced her studies at the School of Nursing in ...
Lola manages to get her wounded father out of the building by way of a fire escape. In the aftermath of the disaster, Hell ... Morgan dies of his injuries, and Lola and Roger are reunited. Dorothy Phillips as Lola William Stowell as Roger Curwell Lon ...
On 8 September, the casualties reached at least 78 dead and 313 wounded. This increased to 115 dead and 400 wounded on 23 ... injury and displacement of people and destruction of critical infrastructure" National United Kingdom, in August the British ... After the new ceasefire of 25 September, the toll was recorded as least 117 deaths and 400 wounded. According to analyst Carlo ... On 3 September 2018, the Ministry of Health published an official report recording at least 50 deaths and 138 people wounded ...
She is mortally wounded by a masked Yue Buqun in Shaolin Monastery. Before dying, she passes on her leadership position to ... He fails to cure Linghu Chong of his internal injuries and commits suicide in shame. Lao Touzi (老頭子; Lǎo Tóuzǐ) and Zu Qianqiu ... They try to cure Linghu Chong of his internal injuries by injecting six streams of inner energy into his body but end up ... She refuses to capitulate and dies from her wounds before Linghu Chong can save her. Dingxian (定閒; Dìngxián) is the benevolent ...
In 1471, Margaret's husband, Lord Stafford, died of wounds suffered at the Battle of Barnet, fighting for the Yorkists. At 28 ... Her son's birth may have done permanent physical injury to Margaret; despite two later marriages, she never had another child. ...
"Johnny Depp hand injury delays Pirates of the Caribbean filming". BBC News. March 31, 2015. Archived from the original on May ... With Salazar's body language, he tried to convey a bull in an arena, "full of rage and need of vengeance, but also wounded." It ...
... a significant wound to the ego Narcissistic leadership, a leadership style (management) Narcissistic number, integer ... daffodil or jonquil plant associated with a number of themes in different cultures Narcissistic rage and narcissistic injury, ...
1, collides with a submarine, Nadashio, in Tokyo Bay, resulting in the former sinking and 30 deaths as well as 17 injuries. ... 45 were wounded. July 23: A sports fishing boat, Fuji Maru No. ...
Her forces are defeated, the base's prisoner, Firestorm, is freed and Zazzala herself is badly wounded. One Year Later, Zazzala ... appears in JLA #20, fully healed from her injuries, and attempting to steal a matter transportation device that will appear to ...
38 Squadron was wounded in the head by machine-gun fire while attacking German Zeppelin L 62 but was able to return safely to ... All crew were rescued although a crewman died from his injuries. Scottish shipbuilder Henry Robb formed his own shipbuilding ... It was the only occasion on which an attacking airman was wounded in combat with an airship. The American Bristol airplane was ... died at Morlancourt Ridge near the Somme River after he was fatally wounded by a single bullet fired on his plane while he ...
"Mental diseases are not caused by actual physical injury to the brain [...] are a result of some suppression of thought in the ... alert and zealous in caring for those overcome by the heat and the wounded.' On December 22, 1900, The New York Times reported ...
Before dying from his injuries, he lobbed a grenade and wounded the third terrorist. Harshan was given the nation's highest ... Despite sustaining the injury, he took out one more terrorist, but in the process got shot in his neck. ... Harshan eliminated two of the terrorists without sustaining any serious injury to himself. The encounter continued in the ...
For example, such injuries or diseases must meet the "in line of duty" criteria. "In line of duty" means an injury or disease ... Gade, Daniel M.; Huang, Daniel (2021). Wounding warriors : how bad policy is making veterans sicker and poorer. Washington, DC ... 371, 373 (1919) ("A schedule of ratings of reductions in earning capacity from specific injuries or combinations of injuries of ... There are even blogs out there to walk you through the process of claiming an injury that cannot be disproved. "Disability ...
After attempting to wound him with claims of extramarital lovers, Diane leaves him for good. As Steve sits on the curb watching ... Guy gives chase and leaves the café's cook with a grisly injury. Desperately struggling to hold off the lunatic, Steve implores ...
There were also injuries found by Chao on the vaginal area and thighs of the victim, proving that Yasin had pried open her legs ... The son was pinned down by one of the men and killed by a fatal stab wound to the neck, and from the blood splatters, he was ... He said the extent of the injuries were such that even if the doctors were at the scene, they were unable to revive her. The ... Professor Chao Tzee Cheng found a total of 15 stab wounds on Lee, and he certified that the policeman died from two fatal stab ...
The mortally wounded victims, six women and three men, were all African-American members of the AME Church. Eight died at the ... The relatives of the deceased will receive $6m and $7.5m while five other people who sustained injuries will each receive $5 ... Olav Fykse Tveit, general secretary of the World Council of Churches, said, "We offer our prayers for healing to the wounded ... According to the State of Tennessee, a 2017 church shooting that killed a woman and wounded seven others was retaliation for ...
Taizong himself tended to the injuries of the Turkic generals Qibi Heli and Ashina Simo, who were both wounded during the ...
He was later appointed aide de camp as a second lieutenant in the 6th New Jersey Volunteer Infantry, and was severely wounded ... of injuries received after being knocked down by a bicycle. He is interred at Princeton Cemetery in Princeton, New Jersey. ...
He wounded four others. Sauer, Patrick (October 14, 2015). "The Story of the First Mass Murder in U.S. History". Smithsonian ... A 2021 article in the journal Injury Epidemiology found that from 2014 to 2019, 59.1% of mass shootings in the United States ... One of the victims was killed by stray police gunfire The civilian injury was indirect "US Mass Shootings, 1982-2022: Data From ... McFadden, Robert D. (April 3, 2009). "Gunman Kills 13 and Wounds 4 at Binghamton, N.Y., Immigrant Center". The New York Times. ...
... wound ballistics M16 5.56x45mm wound ballistics M16A2 M855 5.56X45mm NATO wound ballistics Forensic ballistics Gunshot injury ... Wound ballistics for various Soviet cartridges AK-47 7.62x39mm wound ballistics AK-74 5.45x39mm ... Terminal ballistics (also known as wound ballistics) is a sub-field of ballistics concerned with the behavior and effects of a ... These bullets are designed to penetrate deeply through muscle and bone, while causing a wound channel of nearly the full ...
He died of wounds he received at the Battle of Waterloo. De Lancey's paternal ancestors were Huguenots who had emigrated from ... A week later, on 26 June, he succumbed to his injuries, which included eight broken ribs. Magdalene de Lancey left a manuscript ... Jean, until he died of his wounds. William Howe De Lancey was played by Ian Ogilvy in the 1970 epic film Waterloo. De Lancey ... De Lancey was struck in the back by a ricocheting cannonball leaving his skin unbroken but causing fatal internal injuries. ...
Her injuries were so severe she was not expected to survive. She was in a coma for three weeks and skin grafts were added to ... Warren became an ambassador for The Scar Free Foundation Charity based in London, a charity whose goal is to heal any wound ... after receiving severe burn injuries in the Ladbroke Grove rail crash in 1999. She is the founder of the Paddington Survivors ...
Determined to be an acrobat, Maurice left school aged ten but was convinced to abandon this after a severe injury. He tried a ... where he was wounded by shrapnel in the back in the first weeks of combat and was taken as a prisoner of war in Germany for two ...
... in the Journal of Neurotrauma finds that rapid air evacuation of wounded personnel suffering from traumatic brain injury - ... No one is killed, but 20 of the people on board suffer injuries. Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula forces seize Riyan Airport ... Five of them are treated for injuries. One of the dead crew members is former Slovak ice hockey player Michal Česnek. 20-21 ... Twenty-four people on board suffer injuries. American film actor Harrison Ford crash-lands the vintage Ryan ST-3KR Recruit he ...
Many of these women were positioned near to battlefields, and they tended to over a million soldiers who had been wounded or ... and then treating life-threatening injuries. As of March 2012, the U.S. military had two women, Ann E. Dunwoody and Janet C. ... Some women, such as Lt Col Eileen Collins or Lt Celeste Hayes, flew transport aircraft carrying wounded or assault teams, ... In Afghanistan, Monica Lin Brown was presented the Silver Star for shielding wounded soldiers with her body, ...
In June 1864, Bierce sustained a traumatic brain injury at the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain and spent the rest of the summer on ... He had lifelong asthma, as well as complications from his war wounds, most notably episodes of fainting and irritability ... of a gravely wounded comrade at the Battle of Rich Mountain. Bierce fought at the Battle of Shiloh (April 1862), a terrifying ... assignable to the traumatic brain injury experienced at Kennesaw Mountain. In San Francisco, Bierce was awarded the rank of ...
Over a course of three weeks, 10 Israeli soldiers were killed an 18 wounded. Israel would retaliate on October 30 with a ... Died: Tommy Armour, 71, Scottish-born American professional golfer who overcame World War One injuries to become a champion ... died of injuries, 2013) John A. List, American economist; in Madison, Wisconsin Censorship of plays was abolished in the United ...
Accidents see First Aid; Wounds and Injuries * Achilles Tendon Injuries see Heel Injuries and Disorders ... Thoracic Injuries see Chest Injuries and Disorders * Thumb Injuries see Finger Injuries and Disorders ... Tennis Elbow see Elbow Injuries and Disorders * ... Cranial Injuries see Head Injuries * Craniofacial Injuries see ...
... 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. T. U. ... Workshop on National Policies and Plans on Injury and Violence Prevention, Manila, Philippines, 29-31 July 2008 : report  ... Technical Consultation on the Prevention Control and Response to Injuries and Violence in the Western Pacific Region, Manila, ...
What effect did it have on the wound healing process? ... of adjunct PRP therapy in a case of stage IV pressure injury. ... Wounds Wound Healing in Stage IV Pressure Injury With Use of Adjunct Autologous Activated Platelet-rich Plasma Therapy. A Case ... Introduction: Pressure injuries remain a major burden worldwide with associated morbidity and financial implications. Patients ... The patient also had controlled diabetes which may affect the wound healing process. ...
Child and adolescent injury prevention : a global call to action  World Health Organization (‎World Health OrganizationWorld ... To assess injuries among 1125 preschool children in Damascus, and to investigate the risk factors, a retrospective home survey ... A call to action: key messages from the WHO report Preventing road traffic injury: a public health perspective for Europe  ... This document introduces the key messages of the WHO report Preventing road traffic injury: a public health perspective for ...
encoded search term (Pressure Injuries (Pressure Ulcers) and Wound Care) and Pressure Injuries (Pressure Ulcers) and Wound Care ... Combining negative pressure wound therapy with other wound management modalities. Ostomy Wound Manage. 2005 Feb. 51 (2A Suppl): ... Staphylococcal biofilms impair wound healing by delaying reepithelialization in a murine cutaneous wound model. Wound Repair ... Revised National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel Pressure Injury Staging System: Revised Pressure Injury Staging System. J Wound ...
A US official wounded in Sri Lankas Easter Sunday suicide bombings has died in hospital, raising to 258 the total number ... US official wounded in Sri Lanka Easter bombing dies from her injuries in Singapore ... US official wounded in Sri Lanka Easter bombing dies from her injuries in Singapore ... US official wounded in Sri Lanka Easter bombing dies from her injuries in Singapore ...
Hidden Wounds of War: Moral Injury How can we better serve those who serve and have served us? This question challenges us to ... Brock shared from her experience working with moral injury and recovery.. The Hidden Wounds of War Conference is hosted by the ... Rita Nakashima Brock, senior vice president and director of the Shay Moral Injury Center at Volunteers of America, joined us ...
Wounded Warrior run breaking down stigma of unseen injury. In 2006, Allan Kobayashi went through the darkest time of his life. ... The run has raised more than $100,00 in the past three years - funds of which have gone to Wounded Warriors Canada, a non- ... Now, hes helping others cope and raising awareness of the disorder as the founder of the Wounded Warrior Run B.C. taking place ... In previous years, shes met the Wounded Warrior runners along the way, but this is her first year on the team. ...
Doctors say they were confronted with the kinds of IED injuries that U.S. troops have gotten in Iraq and Afghanistan. ... "These were very disabling injuries in that the blast caused a lot of soft tissue injury. But also the shrapnel just rips ... A Lot Of Very Horrific Injuries Across town at the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, emergency room specialist Dr. Stephen ... And like those wounded troops, doctors say, many of those injured in the blasts Monday will require a lot of rehabilitation - ...
On why the idea of "moral injury" has been recognized now Both the war in Iraq and the war in Afghanistan were fought not to ... "I think that almost everyone who returns from war has suffered some kind of moral injury," Wood tells Fresh Airs Terry Gross ... Many soldiers return from war suffering from "moral injuries," or dealing with the fact that their sense of right and wrong was ... Wood wrote a three-part series in March on moral injury for the Huffington Post. Hes the Posts senior military correspondent ...
Gunshot Wound to Chest with Embolization of Pellet into the Left Ventricle: Case Report of an Airsoft Gun Injury ... Gunshot Wound to Chest with Embolization of Pellet into the Left Ventricle: Case Report of an Airsoft Gun Injury. Gunshot Wound ... NPG-related penetrating injuries should be taken seriously and should be considered as dangerous as any other gunshot wound. ... 12Thoracic injuries from air guns can range from insignificant superficial injury to death.4,6,8,11,13-15. Conclusion. Despite ...
Knowing how to treat dog wounds or help a choking dog can also help your dog recuperate faster ... Dog health disorders may require first aid to prevent injury or trauma to the dog. ... Dog wounds, choking or other dog health disorders may require first aid to prevent injury or trauma to the dog. Being aware of ... Knowing how to treat dog wounds or help a choking dog can also help your dog recuperate faster. If you go on frequent outings ...
NSQHS Standards - Preventing pressure injuries and wound management. Download PDF (238.32 KB) ...
chest (see also Injury, internal, intrathoracic organs) 862.8. *. with open wound into cavity 862.9. ... intrauterine (see also Injury, internal, uterus) 867.4. *. with open wound into cavity 867.5. ... thoracic NEC (see also Injury, internal, intrathoracic organs) 862.8. *. with open wound into cavity 862.9. ... thorax, thoracic (cavity) (organs) (multiple) (see also Injury, internal, intrathoracic organs) 862.8. *. with open wound into ...
Preventing Injury After a Natural Disaster. Safety information on disasters provided by the Centers for Disease Control and ... Prevent or Treat Wounds. *Immediately clean out all open wounds and cuts with soap and clean water. Keep wounds covered with ... just as you would at any other time of injury. If you receive a puncture wound or a wound contaminated with feces, soil, or ... Do not cut the wound or attempt to suck the venom out. (See also the CDC Rabies Web site, CDC Rat-Bite Fever Web site, and ...
Greene County offers wound care tips for injuries during tornado, storm cleanup. ... Cleanup from the Memorial Day tornadoes is ongoing and the risk of injury is still high, so wound care takes on significant ... Examine the wound for dirt and foreign objects.. *Gently flood the wound with bottled water or clean running water (if ... Avoid contact with flood waters if you have an open wound.. *Keep open wounds as clean as possible by washing thoroughly with ...
by Joint Committee on Injury Scaling , American Association for Automotive Medicine.. Edition: Rev. Fassung.Material type: Text ... Part 1., Bony injuries. by King, Maurice Henry , Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit , Kenyan/German Project ... by Joint Committee on Injury Scaling , American Association for Automotive Medicine.. Edition: Ed. rév. 1980.Material type: ... Injury prevention : an international perspective : epidemiology, surveillance, and policy / Peter Barss ... [et al.] by Barss, ...
encoded search term (Pressure Injuries (Pressure Ulcers) and Wound Care) and Pressure Injuries (Pressure Ulcers) and Wound Care ... Combining negative pressure wound therapy with other wound management modalities. Ostomy Wound Manage. 2005 Feb. 51 (2A Suppl): ... Staphylococcal biofilms impair wound healing by delaying reepithelialization in a murine cutaneous wound model. Wound Repair ... Revised National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel Pressure Injury Staging System: Revised Pressure Injury Staging System. J Wound ...
The Eternally Wounded Athlete: How Medical Professionals and Sports Injury Researchers Have Limited Female Athletes Sport ... The Eternally Wounded Athlete: How Medical Professionals and Sports Injury Researchers Have Limited Female Athletes Sport ... Title : The Eternally Wounded Athlete: How Medical Professionals and Sports Injury Researchers Have Limited Female Athletes ... Similarly, anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries have long been portrayed as a young female athlete injury, a perception ...
NOGUEIRA NETO, João Nunes et al. Injury caused by spiked stab wound in the maxillofacial region: Case report. Rev. cir. ... Palavras-chave : Violence; Woundsand Injuries; Maxillofacial Trauma. · resumo em Português · texto em Português · pdf em ... The objective of this study was to report the treatment of a male patient in middle age, affected by stab wound with a knife ... However stab wounds impacted this region are uncommon and knowledge of its peculiarities is essential for treatment. Care about ...
His company, BaPoFX also offers an extensive range of exclusive wound molds for use by law enforcement, military and first ...
Transorbital gunshot wound causing contralateral trigeminal injury--an unusual case. Neurology India. 1976 Sep; 24(3): 163-3. ...
An ability to accurately evaluate and provide proper initial care for these injuries is essential. ... Consequently, the wound appearance changes over the days following injury. Serial examination of burn wounds can be very useful ... Wound dressing, whether one is using topical medication or a wound membrane, should provide 4 benefits: (1) prevention of wound ... Burn Wound Infection. An ability to make the diagnosis of burn wound infection is important. A clinically focused set of burn ...
  • Cover clean, open wounds with a waterproof bandage to reduce the chance of infection. (
  • Seek immediate medical care if a wound develops redness, swelling, oozing or other signs of a working infection such as fever, increasing pain, shortness of breath, fast heart rate, confusion or disorientation. (
  • Wounds not cleaned correctly can trap bacteria and result in infection. (
  • David Tribble] Well, what we were looking for, after the combat-related IFI outbreak was recognized, we began doing a series of investigations to try to look at individual and injury factors that could be related to the risk of developing an infection. (
  • It was reported that during the study clinical signs of wound infection were observed only in one patient in the citg group, for whom antibiotic therapy was initiated. (
  • Open or percutaneous tracheostomy can be performed early after anterior cervical spinal stabilization without increasing the risk of infection or other wound complications. (
  • Plastic bandages aid to speed up the healing process and protect wounds from infection. (
  • All healthcare providers should consider less common infectious disease etiologies in patients presenting with evidence of acute respiratory illness, gastroenteritis, renal or hepatic failure, wound infection, or other febrile illness. (
  • Debridement and secondary suturing was carried out in 83.3% of the patients while wound infection was the most noted complication in 33.3% of the patients . (
  • Gunshot Wound to Chest wit. (
  • This is a case report of a gunshot wound to chest with an NPG. (
  • NPG-related penetrating injuries should be taken seriously and should be considered as dangerous as any other gunshot wound. (
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Transorbital gunshot wound causing contralateral trigeminal injury--an unusual case. (
  • According to the Spokane Police Department and Gonzaga University Campus Security and Public Safety, a student suffered a self-inflicted gunshot wound in their on-campus apartment. (
  • Gonzaga University Campus Security and Public Safety (CSPS) and the Spokane Police Department (SPD) responded to a 911 call the morning of October 15th to find a student suffering from a self-inflicted gunshot wound in an on-campus apartment. (
  • However, police later confirmed a boy walked into a hospital with a gunshot wound, which they believe he sustained from the incident. (
  • If you've had a traumatic injury, you may have skin wounds - bruises, scrapes, or cuts. (
  • I'll show the students how to create different bruises depending on the age of the injury and discuss how bruises can differ depending on where they are on the body, such as the face vs. arms and legs. (
  • It is important that we train our team with the knowledge and skills necessary to utilize moulage techniques to create mock injuries such as burns, lacerations and bruises," said Elizabeth Haza Sáinz, Interagency Exercise Program Manager at the New York City Emergency Management Department. (
  • The cream is also effective for bruises, injuries, various types of burns and. (
  • The patient also had controlled diabetes which may affect the wound healing process. (
  • [ 2 ] aaPRP is an easily accessible biologic adjuvant which promotes wound healing through various bioactive factors. (
  • STUDY SELECTION Studies involving individuals with PIs, individuals treated with topical natural products compared to a control treatment , and outcomes with wound healing or wound reduction were included in this review . (
  • The literature suggests that the effect on wound healing of these natural products may be related to the presence of phenolic compounds . (
  • The present study investigated the influence of formononetin on the expression of early growth response factor-1 (Egr-1) and growth factors contributing to wound healing. (
  • PD98059 inhibited the formononetin-induced endothelial proliferation and repair in scratch-wounded HUVECs, SB203580 increased the cell proliferation and wound healing. (
  • These data suggest that formononetin promotes endothelial repair and wound healing in a process involving the over-expression of Egr-1 transcription factor through the regulation of the ERK1/2 and p38 MAPK pathways. (
  • By evaluating the key attributes from a patient's file and comparing them to the clinical guidelines, research, and historical data, Artificial Intelligence (AI) can help to compare different products, figure out the risks of wound healing approaches, and predict medical results. (
  • In order to explore the potential, the first step is the need for a high-quality method of documenting and tracking the healing process of wounds. (
  • Efrati, who has been pioneering new approaches for the application of HBOT treatments that specifically focus on HBOT's ability to trigger regeneration in the body, said that in the past HBOT was used mostly to treat chronic non-healing wounds. (
  • They can be easily identified and relate to the size of the incision and its location: Surgical wound closed by simple suture (Primary Intention Healing). (
  • The objective is to evaluate the effect of autologous exosomes rich plasma on cutaneous wound healing. (
  • The cutaneous wound healing will be evaluated by the length, width and depth of the wound. (
  • The investigators also elucidated that serum-derived exosomes accelerated cutaneous wound healing in BALB/c mice. (
  • Wound care at home is an important factor in the continuation of wound healing. (
  • Healing process gets slow in body at the time of injury. (
  • Plastic bandages faster the healing and are used as primary treatment in wound management, expect in cases of burns, deep abrasion, and excess bleeding. (
  • Various liquid bandages also aid in healing animal injuries and are easy to handle and do not require special care while using. (
  • Cream-Balsam has antibacterial, antiseptic and wound healing effects in people suffering from dermatitis, eczema, neurodermatitis and bedsores. (
  • The studies pointed to significant effects in accelerating the healing of diabetic wounds after the use of laser with a wavelength below 700nm, of visible red light, with a power density of 30mW, and a frequency between 2 and 3 times a week, with at least ten interventions. (
  • Pakistani officials said Thursday, Nov. 3, 2022, that a gunman opened fire at a container truck carrying Khan, wounding him slightly and also some of his supporters. (
  • As Jamie Carragher pointed out this week, a short-term injury in the final weeks of a domestic season is a slight concern ahead of a summer World Cup, but Qatar 2022 has turned a minor knock into a career-defining nightmare. (
  • RAMALLAH, Monday, May 16, 2022 (WAFA) - News about the Palestinians' marking of the 74th anniversary of the 1948 Nakba (catastrophe) as well as the death of a Palestinian fighter at an Israeli hospital after he was critically wounded by Israeli army gunfire on Friday hit the front page of the three Palestinian Arabic dailies published today. (
  • Cite this: Management of Spine Injury Clinical Practice Guidelines (ACS, 2022) - Medscape - Apr 01, 2022. (
  • Other complications of trauma arise from crush injuries, compound fractures, gunshot wounds, thermal or electrical burns, and frostbite . (
  • The majority of work-related burn injuries occurred in young White males, with patients suffering from work-related burns tending to have fewer comorbidities, burns covering a smaller total body surface area, a lower inhalation injury risk, a shorter duration of intensive care treatment, and decreased hospitalization time, compared with patients whose burn injuries were not work related. (
  • In addition, work-related burns most often resulted from scalding, while the majority of non-work-related burns responsible for hospital admission were flame injuries. (
  • In those with larger burns, evaluation of the wound often is of secondary importance. (
  • Burn patients should then undergo a burn-specific secondary survey, which should include determination of the mechanism of injury, evaluation for the presence or absence of inhalation injury and carbon monoxide intoxication , examination for corneal burns, consideration of the possibility of abuse, and a detailed assessment of the burn wound. (
  • Haza Sáinz and Carlson focused on helping the group learn how to manage volunteers and create moulage injuries such as burns. (
  • Most patients with posttraumatic gas gangrene have sustained serious injury to the skin or soft tissues or have experienced open fractures. (
  • For more information, please go to C1 (Atlas) Fractures , C2 (Axis) Fractures , Lower Cervical Spine Fractures and Dislocations , Thoracic Spine Fractures and Dislocations , Lumbar Spine Fractures and Dislocations , and Spinal Cord Injuries . (
  • According to ProPublica research, temporary workers have double the risk of suffering severe injuries on the job, including crushing incidents, lacerations, punctures and fractures. (
  • Adv Skin Wound Care;36(3): 1-8, 2023 Mar 01. (
  • Dog wounds, choking or other dog health disorders may require first aid to prevent injury or trauma to the dog. (
  • Injury in America : a continuing public health problem / Committee on Trauma Research, Commission on Life Sciences, National Research Council and the Institute of Medicine. (
  • Injury of any kind can cause a lot of discomfort and trauma to the person who has experienced it. (
  • Today I'm talking with Dr. David Tribble about his article on fungal wounds after combat trauma in Afghanistan. (
  • This type of injury commonly results in a traumatic amputation of at least one lower extremity between the period of June 2009 and August of 2011 there were 77 combat-related IFI cases and this ended up representing a very substantial amount--6.8 percent of trauma admissions to the regional military hospital in Germany. (
  • The cervical collar can be discontinued without additional radiographic imaging in an awake, asymptomatic adult trauma patient with (1) a normal neurologic exam, (2) no high-risk injury mechanism, (3) free range of cervical motion, and (4) no neck tenderness. (
  • A trauma center (or trauma centre ) is a hospital equipped and staffed to provide care for patients suffering from major traumatic injuries such as falls , motor vehicle collisions , or gunshot wounds . (
  • Trauma centres grew into existence out of the realisation that traumatic injury is a disease process unto itself requiring specialised and experienced multidisciplinary treatment and specialised resources. (
  • The type of DIAPHRAGMATIC HERNIA caused by TRAUMA or injury, usually to the ABDOMEN . (
  • Instead of seeing injuries written on tags, moulage allows them to see the wound and notice the symptoms. (
  • The chronic wounds that are very hard to heal like diabetes complications, obesity, cardiovascular disease, are so much related to lifestyle. (
  • Unlike earlier, the wound care management centers are more certain in confirming venous etiology and diagnose venous ulcers due to the advanced color duplex ultrasound scanning and other imaging technology. (
  • The rural patients usually prefer not to travel long to the wound care centers. (
  • In the context of the pandemic, moral injury has been found to be one of the greatest challenges reported by the NHS amongst frontline health-care staff and is significantly associated with post-traumatic stress disorder and depression. (
  • Moral injury can be another person's act of omission, such as a perceived lack of PPE for a healthcare worker, or that the standard of care that a social worker would usually expect to deliver, is impossible because of an excessive workload. (
  • Cleanup from the Memorial Day tornadoes is ongoing and the risk of injury is still high, so wound care takes on significant importance, Greene County Public Health officials say. (
  • An ability to accurately evaluate and provide proper initial care for these injuries is essential. (
  • A study by Nurczyk et al of over 3500 burn injury patients treated at a US tertiary care burn center found that 18% of the study population's burn cases were work related. (
  • This fact sheet explains how to care for your wounds at home. (
  • Service men and women from the 779th Aeromedical Staging Facility at Andrews Air Force Base, Maryland, transported a severely wounded soldier being medically evacuated from Iraq for advanced treatment care at Walter Reed Army Medical Center in Washington in this photo from 2009 (Department of Defense photo by Donna Miles). (
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI) is widely being used in the healthcare industry, along with wound care management (Click here for more information). (
  • While AI might not be much be implemented into the frontline of wound care management, it is the fact that technology is not having a positive impact on the market. (
  • However, AI and other advanced technologies can not replace wound care clinicians. (
  • Deploying a virtual healthcare assistant allows patients to control the location and timing of acquiring customized wound care solutions. (
  • Eventually, there are chances that AI will prevent chronic wounds from the initial stage by providing 24×7 proactive and personal wound care management. (
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI) faces the challenge of high-quality data when it comes to wound care management. (
  • Their standardization and integration of data inputs can enhance over time - both of which are the primary deployment of AI in wound care. (
  • It is a wound which requires frequent care, which can take several months to heal and which mainly affects elderly patients (74 years on average). (
  • This weekly recap focuses on helping veterans experiencing homelessness, better care for veterans with brain injuries and PTSD, and easing transitions to the civilian workforce. (
  • A new standard of care proposed by RAND researchers aims to redefine high-quality care for veterans with a traumatic brain injury or posttraumatic stress disorder. (
  • Tetanus occurred following an acute injury in 77% of patients, but only 41% sought medical care for their injury. (
  • All patients who sought care were eligible for TT as part of wound prophylaxis, but only 39% received it. (
  • This decline has resulted from a) widespread use of tetanus toxoid-containing vaccines (TT) for vaccination of infants and children (e.g., as diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and pertussis vaccine {DTP} or as diphtheria and tetanus toxoids for adult use {Td}), b) use of TT and tetanus immune globulin (TIG) for postexposure prophylaxis in wound treatment, and c) improved wound care management. (
  • A patient may come home with unhealed areas that still require wound care. (
  • Moreover, Wounds Australia (Australian Wound Management Association) has introduced concept of Wound Awareness week for Australian people and started creating awareness by posting about wound care and essential information for awareness in 2017. (
  • In veterinary care, plastic bandages of various shape (depending on the type of wound) are widely used to heal wounds of pets. (
  • Maneuvering through and clearing debris or downed limbs and trees can pose various risks including being exposed to infectious diseases and chemical hazards as well as suffering other kinds of injuries. (
  • A transparent dressing inspired by duct tape has been shown to quickly heal internal injuries in rats. (
  • Now, Xuanhe Zhao at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and his colleagues have designed a transparent, degradable dressing that helps gut wounds heal more effectively and quickly in rats and pigs, without leaking bacteria. (
  • The dressing is flexible too, so it can work on wounds with a complicated surface topology. (
  • The dressing also spreads out pressure around the wound, which is important as some wounds are weak for several days before they eventually heal. (
  • If the skin is broken (stages 2 and above) appropriate wound cleansing and dressing treatment should be support by the nursing staff. (
  • Middlesex suffered more bowling injury scares and several other self-inflicted wounds on day one of the LV County Championship clash with Warwickshire at Uxbridge yesterday. (
  • ISLAMABAD (AP) - A gunman opened fire at a protest rally in eastern Pakistan on Thursday, slightly wounding former Prime Minister Imran Khan in the leg and killing one of his supporters, his party and police said. (
  • However stab wounds impacted this region are uncommon and knowledge of its peculiarities is essential for treatment. (
  • Millions of post-9/11 U.S. military veterans experience life-changing invisible wounds, including posttraumatic stress disorder and chronic issues resulting from traumatic brain injuries. (
  • formerly the National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel [NPUAP]) has stated that pressure injury the best term to use, given that open ulceration does not always occur. (
  • A terrorist suicide bomber blew up a van in the east of Rukn al-Din neighbourhood in Damascus and preliminary information indicates there are martyrs and people wounded," the news agency said. (
  • Manama) - Bahraini authorities need to ensure that people wounded by riot police have unfettered access to medical assistance, and that medical personnel can carry out their responsibilities without threat of police interference, Human Rights Watch said today. (
  • Moreover, increasing incidences of diabetic wounds is also expected to drive the market growth. (
  • This is an integrative review of the literature on laser therapy of the parameters used and treatment protocols for diabetic wounds. (
  • He's the Post's senior military correspondent, and won a Pulitzer Prize two years ago for his series on severely wounded veterans of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. (
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI ) is the ultimate fit for those patients with chronic wounds. (
  • A pressure injury is a chronic wound which appears when sitting or lying for a prolonged period, which creates pressure in the weight-bearing areas. (
  • Objectives The aim of the study is to evaluate the effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) in participants suffering from chronic neurological deficits due to traumatic brain injury (TBI) of all severities in the largest cohort evaluated so far with objective cognitive function tests and metabolic brain imaging. (
  • The vast majority of penetrating spinal cord injuries (SCIs) result in complete (American Spinal Injury Association [ASIA] A) injuries. (
  • But Monday, those hospitals suddenly found themselves with more than 100 traumatized patients - many of them with the kinds of injuries seen more often on a battlefield than a marathon. (
  • Premier Health and Kettering Health Network are treating at least 385 patients for storm-related injuries, according to the most recent figures released this week. (
  • At least 68 of those patients have suffered injuries during the cleanup. (
  • Spontaneous gas gangrene without external wound or injury occurs frequently in patients who have serious underlying conditions. (
  • A study by Pusateri et al indicated that early fibrinolytic status impacts the mortality rate in patients with a thermal injury. (
  • Often this is a brief effort, particularly in patients with small, uncomplicated wounds. (
  • Topical Intervention of Natural Products Applied in Patients with Pressure Injuries: A Scoping Review. (
  • Although previous studies recognize that IFI patients primarily sustained injuries in Southern Afghanistan, environmental data were not examined. (
  • In 80% of cases, a pressure injury appears on the sacrum, on the heel and patients that have prolonged areas of weight-bearing (such as reduced mobility and disable patients). (
  • Physical and occupational therapy should be initiated within 1 week after injury for acute SCI patients who are determined to be medically ready. (
  • Doctors told Human Rights Watch that 35 injured patients had needed treatment for serious injuries as of the night of February 17. (
  • Overall, they said, they treated 255 patients for wounds sustained in the police attack very early that morning, both men and women, some at the scene of the attack. (
  • The NNI Head Injury Support Group helps patients and their families understand the condition and how it impacts them. (
  • This is a descriptive study of patients below 18 years of age who presented with gunshot injuries to the Jos University Teaching Hospital between January 2011 and December 2014. (
  • Two hundred and forty-two patients presented with gunshot injuries in the period under review , of which 30 of them were children . (
  • Apply direct pressure to any bleeding wound to control bleeding. (
  • Clean the wound after bleeding has stopped. (
  • He was bleeding heavily from a deep scalp wound. (
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, traumatic brain injury, and substance use disorders are common among post-9/11 veterans and can interfere with their employment, family life, engagement with their communities, and overall well-being. (
  • Keep open wounds as clean as possible by washing thoroughly with soap and water. (
  • Gently clean around the wound with soap and water. (
  • Use lukewarm water, wash the wound gently with soap and water, use mild non deodorant soap (such as Dove), if you have used creams or ointments, make sure that you have removed all of it by using a clean white wash cloth (avoid using any cloth that contain dyes as it may be irritating to the skin). (
  • According to ESPN's Adam Schefter, McFadden's injury occurred on his first carry of the game, but he tried to play through the sprain before aggravating it again in the second quarter. (
  • Despite the positive outcome of our patient, serious injuries by NPGs have led to significant morbidity and mortality in the pediatric population. (
  • The suspect suffered what are being reported as serious injuries and was transported to a local hospital. (
  • Although he had received serious injuries to his back and an arm, he fought on until finally he was ordered from the battlefield. (
  • Sarah Gregory] During the recent war in Afghanistan, invasive fungal wound infections, or IFIs, among U.S. combat casualties were associated with risk factors related to the mechanism and pattern of injury. (
  • These infections develop after a traumatic penetrating injury and, in this case, with combat casualties, this is usually an explosive blast injury. (
  • If you suffer scratches or any type of puncture wound, Greene County Public Health officials encourage you to be evaluated for a tetanus immunization. (
  • A wound is a result of an animal bite or a puncture caused by a dirty object. (
  • Plastic bandages are used as adhesive strips for minor cuts, abrasions, and puncture wounds. (
  • SPOKANE, Wash. - A Gonzaga student is in the hospital with life-threatening injuries after reportedly shooting themself early Saturday morning. (
  • For wounds closed with suture glue, DO NOT scratch it off even though it may appear like a normal scab. (
  • Burn blisters occasionally obscure the presence of full-thickness wounds. (
  • For information and materials for specific injury prevention topics such as driving safely, falls, violence prevention, and trenchfoot see Resources for Preventing Injury After a Disaster . (
  • While adhesive wound dressings are common on skin, the wet environments inside the body are a trickier place to apply them. (
  • Honey and Plantago major dressings were the topical interventions that significantly reduced wound size. (
  • Dr. Rita Nakashima Brock , senior vice president and director of the Shay Moral Injury Center at Volunteers of America, joined us for this year's virtual conference. (
  • Dr. Brock shared from her experience working with moral injury and recovery. (
  • I think that almost everyone who returns from war has suffered some kind of moral injury," Wood tells Fresh Air 's Terry Gross. (
  • Wood wrote a three-part series in March on moral injury for the Huffington Post. (
  • Wood says that moral injury has been described as a "bruise on the soul. (
  • Perhaps one possible explanation is moral injury. (
  • Moral injury is understood to be the strong cognitive and emotional response to events that violate an individual's moral or ethical code. (
  • Failure to prevent moral injury by the organisation or those leading it, as much as bearing witness to the impact of leadership decisions on the front-line, can lead to long-term emotional and psychological suffering. (
  • Could moral injury be part of early retirement or career-change decisions? (
  • People who have suffered moral injury are less likely to talk about their altered beliefs for fear of negative judgment. (
  • Surgeons typically use stitches to help heal wounds, but these can form imperfect seals and heal abnormally, allowing bacteria from the gut to escape into nearby tissues. (
  • Protects the wound - Thin film backing prevents strikethrough and protects against external bacteria and viruses. (
  • These bandages protect the wound from bacteria, dirt, and friction. (
  • Avoid contact with flood waters if you have an open wound. (
  • Officials said Ms Decaminada was airlifted to Singapore for treatment, but she died from her injuries over the weekend. (
  • The objective of this study was to report the treatment of a male patient in middle age, affected by stab wound with a knife impacted in the maxillofacial region. (
  • The treatment packs are organized by injury type and list each item's intended use to keep you focused in an emergency. (
  • There is an increasing incidence of gunshot injuries in this region. (
  • It is difficult to re-create the chaotic moments filled with dozens of injuries and casualties. (
  • He movingly recalled how he and his fellow officers had been told to expect 75 per cent casualties - dead and wounded - as they landed in Normandy. (
  • [ 1 ] According to the NPIAP, a pressure injury is localized damage to the skin and underlying soft tissue, usually over a bony prominence or related to a medical or other device. (
  • If surgical reconstruction of a pressure injury is indicated, medical status must be optimized before reconstruction is attempted. (
  • Pressure injuries (PIs) represent a major medical and nursing problem in individuals with decreased or limited mobility. (
  • The person who was shot was taken to the University of Chicago Medical Center in critical condition from multiple gunshot wounds, Brown said. (
  • Tottenham Hotspur's Son Heung-min receives medical attention after suffering an injury in their Champions League match against Marseille. (
  • Well, a personal injury can be of any kind, such as an accident, some medical negligence or even due to larceny in your premises. (
  • For the last eight years Emily has frequently worked with Dalbouside Medical School helping to create and apply medical simulation makeup to replicate injuries and illnesses in workshops and exams for doctors and other health professionals. (
  • Members of the medical team at the scene of the attack said security forces attacked them and would not let them carry wounded people to hospitals. (
  • Medics rushed the two wounded young men to the Shifa Medical Center, suffering moderate injuries. (
  • La búsqueda se realizó en Google Scholar, Scientific Electronic Library Online (SCIELO), Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online/US National Library of Medic (MEDLINE/PUBMED). (
  • Once it covers the wound, it quickly forms a hydrogel , an adhesive layer that can help the wound to heal. (
  • While the use of hydrogels in wound patches isn't uncommon, the combination of the wet adhesive surface and a dry upper layer, as well as its flexibility, is novel, says Nuria Oliva-Jorge at Imperial College London. (
  • The harm may stem from using the wrong product or using a product incorrectly, which can cause adhesive failure or skin injury. (
  • Khan has reportedly sustained minor injuries. (
  • The man's 6-year-old daughter received minor injuries when she fell from the motorcycle during the attack. (
  • Luckily, the dog only suffered minor injuries and now he has a cute new name, Weezer. (
  • Ask your healthcare provider for information about how to treat injuries. (
  • Before management of the burn wound can begin, properly and completely evaluate the burn patient. (
  • After evaluation of the burn wound, begin fluid resuscitation and make decisions concerning outpatient or inpatient management or transfer to a burn center (see the image below). (
  • The early management of open joint injuries. (
  • It was a lot of fun to work with different materials and supplies to simulate injuries," said Elizabeth Angeles, Strategy & Program Development Project Manager at New York City Emergency Management, and an exercise participant. (
  • Actions Taken: Tetanus is preventable through both routine vaccination and appropriate wound management. (
  • All Employees: Actively look for hazards and share injury prevention ideas with management. (
  • These were very disabling injuries in that the blast caused a lot of soft tissue injury. (
  • Your wound will heal fastest if you create the best conditions for new tissue to grow. (
  • This prevents the blood from flowing normally leading to reduced oxygen supply, which causes damage to the tissue and a wound can eventually develop within just a few hours. (
  • Pain and tenderness to palpation disproportionate to wound appearance are common findings. (
  • The Raiders lost their top two rushers Sunday afternoon as Darren McFadden and Mike Goodson went down with ankle injuries. (
  • The Oakland Raiders lost running backs Darren McFadden and Mike Goodson to ankle injuries in Sunday's 42-32 loss to the Tampa Bay Buccaneers . (
  • Both Toby Roland-Jones and Corey Collymore sustained ankle injuries, the latter's keeping him out of the attack after tea as a precaution, but it was problems with their catching which left Neil Dexter's side on the back foot against the reigning champions. (
  • Tetanus in injecting-drug users (IDUs) with no known acute injury comprised 11% of all cases, compared with 3.6% during 1991-1994. (