A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.
Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
The state wherein the person is well adjusted.
The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
Non-profit organizations concerned with various aspects of health, e.g., education, promotion, treatment, services, etc.
An acute infectious disease of humans, particularly children, caused by any of three serotypes of human poliovirus (POLIOVIRUS). Usually the infection is limited to the gastrointestinal tract and nasopharynx, and is often asymptomatic. The central nervous system, primarily the spinal cord, may be affected, leading to rapidly progressive paralysis, coarse FASCICULATION and hyporeflexia. Motor neurons are primarily affected. Encephalitis may also occur. The virus replicates in the nervous system, and may cause significant neuronal loss, most notably in the spinal cord. A rare related condition, nonpoliovirus poliomyelitis, may result from infections with nonpoliovirus enteroviruses. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp764-5)
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
An international organization whose members include most of the sovereign nations of the world with headquarters in New York City. The primary objectives of the organization are to maintain peace and security and to achieve international cooperation in solving international economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.
Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)
The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.
International organizations which provide health-related or other cooperative services.
Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.
Management of public health organizations or agencies.
The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.
Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.
Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.
Organized services to administer immunization procedures in the prevention of various diseases. The programs are made available over a wide range of sites: schools, hospitals, public health agencies, voluntary health agencies, etc. They are administered to an equally wide range of population groups or on various administrative levels: community, municipal, state, national, international.
The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.
WHO regional office for the Americas acting as a coordinating agency for the improvement of health conditions in the hemisphere. The four main functions are: control or eradication of communicable diseases, strengthening of national and local health services, education and training, and research.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
The geographical area of Asia comprising BORNEO; BRUNEI; CAMBODIA; INDONESIA; LAOS; MALAYSIA; the MEKONG VALLEY; MYANMAR (formerly Burma), the PHILIPPINES; SINGAPORE; THAILAND; and VIETNAM.
The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.
The status of health in rural populations.
An infant during the first month after birth.
A highly contagious infectious disease caused by MORBILLIVIRUS, common among children but also seen in the nonimmune of any age, in which the virus enters the respiratory tract via droplet nuclei and multiplies in the epithelial cells, spreading throughout the MONONUCLEAR PHAGOCYTE SYSTEM.
Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Countries that have reached a level of economic achievement through an increase of production, per capita income and consumption, and utilization of natural and human resources.
A health care system which combines physicians, hospitals, and other medical services with a health plan to provide the complete spectrum of medical care for its customers. In a fully integrated system, the three key elements - physicians, hospital, and health plan membership - are in balance in terms of matching medical resources with the needs of purchasers and patients. (Coddington et al., Integrated Health Care: Reorganizing the Physician, Hospital and Health Plan Relationship, 1994, p7)
The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.
The status of health in urban populations.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.
Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.
The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.
Drugs considered essential to meet the health needs of a population as well as to control drug costs.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
Graphic displays of height and weight showing development over time.
Organized services to provide mental health care.
A live vaccine containing attenuated poliovirus, types I, II, and III, grown in monkey kidney cell tissue culture, used for routine immunization of children against polio. This vaccine induces long-lasting intestinal and humoral immunity. Killed vaccine induces only humoral immunity. Oral poliovirus vaccine should not be administered to immunocompromised individuals or their household contacts. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Administration and functional structures for the purpose of collectively systematizing activities for a particular goal.
Institutions which provide medical or health-related services.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.
Planning for health resources at a regional or multi-state level.
Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.
Organized services to provide health care for children.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
A live attenuated virus vaccine of chick embryo origin, used for routine immunization of children and for immunization of adolescents and adults who have not had measles or been immunized with live measles vaccine and have no serum antibodies against measles. Children are usually immunized with measles-mumps-rubella combination vaccine. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)
Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.
The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.
Facilities equipped to carry out investigative procedures.
All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).
The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)
The general name for NORTH AMERICA; CENTRAL AMERICA; and SOUTH AMERICA unspecified or combined.
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
The branch of medicine concerned with diseases, mainly of parasitic origin, common in tropical and subtropical regions.
Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
The islands of the Pacific Ocean divided into MICRONESIA; MELANESIA; and POLYNESIA (including NEW ZEALAND). The collective name Oceania includes the aforenamed islands, adding AUSTRALIA; NEW ZEALAND; and the Malay Archipelago (INDONESIA). (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p910, 880)
The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.
Those actions designed to carry out recommendations pertaining to health plans or programs.
Termination of all transmission of infection by global extermination of the infectious agent through surveillance and containment (From Porta, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 5th ed).
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.
Agents used to treat RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of SUDAN and west of KENYA. Its capital is Kampala.
Persons with physical or mental disabilities that affect or limit their activities of daily living and that may require special accommodations.
Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
Drugs used in the treatment of tuberculosis. They are divided into two main classes: "first-line" agents, those with the greatest efficacy and acceptable degrees of toxicity used successfully in the great majority of cases; and "second-line" drugs used in drug-resistant cases or those in which some other patient-related condition has compromised the effectiveness of primary therapy.
The nursing of an infant at the breast.
The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.
A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
Any of the infectious diseases of man and other animals caused by species of MYCOBACTERIUM.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
The organization and administration of health services dedicated to the delivery of health care.
Organized systems for providing comprehensive prepaid health care that have five basic attributes: (1) provide care in a defined geographic area; (2) provide or ensure delivery of an agreed-upon set of basic and supplemental health maintenance and treatment services; (3) provide care to a voluntarily enrolled group of persons; (4) require their enrollees to use the services of designated providers; and (5) receive reimbursement through a predetermined, fixed, periodic prepayment made by the enrollee without regard to the degree of services provided. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Comparison of various psychological, sociological, or cultural factors in order to assess the similarities or diversities occurring in two or more different cultures or societies.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
Agents used in the treatment of malaria. They are usually classified on the basis of their action against plasmodia at different stages in their life cycle in the human. (From AMA, Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p1585)
A chronic infection of the CONJUNCTIVA and CORNEA caused by CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS.
The MEDITERRANEAN SEA, the MEDITERRANEAN ISLANDS, and the countries bordering on the sea collectively.
The area that lies between continental North and South America and comprises the Caribbean Sea, the West Indies, and the adjacent mainland regions of southern Mexico, Central America, Colombia, and Venezuela.
A country in northeastern Africa. The capital is Khartoum.
The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).
Recommendations for directing health planning functions and policies. These may be mandated by PL93-641 and issued by the Department of Health and Human Services for use by state and local planning agencies.
Value of all final goods and services produced in a country in one year.
Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in children ages 2 to 12 years.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.
The quality of SEMEN, an indicator of male fertility, can be determined by semen volume, pH, sperm concentration (SPERM COUNT), total sperm number, sperm viability, sperm vigor (SPERM MOTILITY), normal sperm morphology, ACROSOME integrity, and the concentration of WHITE BLOOD CELLS.
A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.
A neoplasm originating from thymic tissue, usually benign, and frequently encapsulated. Although it is occasionally invasive, metastases are extremely rare. It consists of any type of thymic epithelial cell as well as lymphocytes that are usually abundant. Malignant lymphomas that involve the thymus, e.g., lymphosarcoma, Hodgkin's disease (previously termed granulomatous thymoma), should not be regarded as thymoma. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
An independent state in eastern Africa. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west and southwest by Sudan. Its capital is Addis Ababa.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
The geographical area of Africa comprising ANGOLA; BOTSWANA; LESOTHO; MALAWI; MOZAMBIQUE; NAMIBIA; SOUTH AFRICA; SWAZILAND; ZAMBIA; and ZIMBABWE.
The area of a nation's economy that is tax-supported and under government control.
A republic in western Africa, south of BURKINA FASO and west of TOGO. Its capital is Accra.
Books designed to give factual information or instructions.
All organized methods of funding.
Diseases that are underfunded and have low name recognition but are major burdens in less developed countries. The World Health Organization has designated six tropical infectious diseases as being neglected in industrialized countries that are endemic in many developing countries (HELMINTHIASIS; LEPROSY; LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS; ONCHOCERCIASIS; SCHISTOSOMIASIS; and TRACHOMA).
Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.
Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.
Tumors or cancer of the THYMUS GLAND.
Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.
The function of directing or controlling the actions or attitudes of an individual or group with more or less willing acquiescence of the followers.
Services designed for HEALTH PROMOTION and prevention of disease.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
A basis of value established for the measure of quantity, weight, extent or quality, e.g. weight standards, standard solutions, methods, techniques, and procedures used in diagnosis and therapy.
Aspects of health and disease related to travel.
The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.
Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA and north of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Dar es Salaam. It was formed in 1964 by a merger of the countries of TANGANYIKA and ZANZIBAR.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
Organizational development including enhancement of management structures, processes and procedures, within organizations and among different organizations and sectors to meet present and future needs.
Somalia is located on the east coast of Africa on and north of the Equator and, with Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, and Kenya, is often referred to as the Horn of Africa. It comprises Italy's former Trust Territory of Somalia and the former British Protectorate of Somaliland. The capital is Mogadishu.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
An agency of the UNITED STATES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE that conducts and supports programs for the prevention and control of disease and provides consultation and assistance to health departments and other countries.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
A relatively common neoplasm of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that arises from arachnoidal cells. The majority are well differentiated vascular tumors which grow slowly and have a low potential to be invasive, although malignant subtypes occur. Meningiomas have a predilection to arise from the parasagittal region, cerebral convexity, sphenoidal ridge, olfactory groove, and SPINAL CANAL. (From DeVita et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, pp2056-7)
Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
"Decayed, missing and filled teeth," a routinely used statistical concept in dentistry.
Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.
Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to people living in a community or neighborhood.
The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)
A virulent form of dengue characterized by THROMBOCYTOPENIA and an increase in vascular permeability (grades I and II) and distinguished by a positive pain test (e.g., TOURNIQUET PAIN TEST). When accompanied by SHOCK (grades III and IV), it is called dengue shock syndrome.
A viral disorder characterized by high FEVER, dry COUGH, shortness of breath (DYSPNEA) or breathing difficulties, and atypical PNEUMONIA. A virus in the genus CORONAVIRUS is the suspected agent.

Is hospital care involved in inequalities in coronary heart disease mortality? Results from the French WHO-MONICA Project in men aged 30-64. (1/2640)

OBJECTIVES: The goal of the study was to assess whether possible disparities in coronary heart disease (CHD) management between occupational categories (OC) in men might be observed and contribute to the increasing inequalities in CHD morbidity and mortality reported in France. METHODS: The data from the three registers of the French MONICA Collaborative Centres (MCC-Lille, MCC-Strasbourg, and MCC-Toulouse) were analysed during two period: 1985-87 and 1989-91. Acute myocardial infarctions and coronary deaths concerning men, aged 30-64 years, were included. Non-professionally active and retired men were excluded. Results were adjusted for age and MCC, using a logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: 605 and 695 events were analysed for 1985-87 and 1989-91, respectively. Out of hospital cardiac arrests, with or without cardiac resuscitation, and 28 day case fatality rates were lower among upper executives in both periods. A coronarography before the acute event had been performed more frequently in men of this category and the proportion of events that could be hospitalised was higher among them. In both periods, the management of acute myocardial infarctions in hospital and prescriptions on discharge were similar among occupational categories. CONCLUSIONS: For patients who could be admitted to hospital, the management was found to be similar among OCs, as was the 28 day case fatality rate among the hospitalised patients. In contrast, lower prognosis and higher probability of being hospitalised after the event among some categories suggest that pre-hospital care and the patient's conditions before the event are the primary factors involved.  (+info)

Chlamydia pneumoniae antibodies are associated with an atherogenic lipid profile. (2/2640)

OBJECTIVE: To determine, within a representative population group of men and women, whether alteration of the lipid profile might underlie the reported association between Chlamydia pneumoniae and ischaemic heart disease. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross sectional survey in an area with a high incidence of ischaemic heart disease. SUBJECTS: 400 randomly selected participants in the World Health Organisation MONICA project's third population survey in Northern Ireland. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Stored sera were examined by microimmunofluorescence for IgG antibodies to C pneumoniae at a dilution of 1 in 64. Mean total and high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol were compared between seropositive and seronegative individuals with adjustment for age, measures of socioeconomic status, smoking habit, alcohol consumption, body mass index, and the season during which blood had been taken. RESULTS: In seropositive men, adjusted mean serum total cholesterol and HDL cholesterol were 0.5 mmol/l (9.2%) higher and 0.11 mmol/l (9.3%) lower, respectively, than in seronegative men. Differences in women did not achieve statistical significance, but both total cholesterol and HDL cholesterol were higher (3.6% and 5.8%, respectively) in seropositive than in seronegative individuals. CONCLUSIONS: There is serological evidence that C pneumoniae infection is associated with an atherogenic lipid profile in men. Altered lipid levels may underlie the association between C pneumoniae and ischaemic heart disease.  (+info)

Diagnosing anaemia in pregnancy in rural clinics: assessing the potential of the Haemoglobin Colour Scale. (3/2640)

Anaemia in pregnancy is a common and severe problem in many developing countries. Because of lack of resources and staff motivation, screening for anaemia is often solely by clinical examination of the conjunctiva or is not carried out at all. A new colour scale for the estimation of haemoglobin concentration has been developed by WHO. The present study compares the results obtained using the new colour scale on 729 women visiting rural antenatal clinics in Malawi with those obtained by HemoCue haemoglobinometer and electronic Coulter Counter and with the assessment of anaemia by clinical examination of the conjunctiva. Sensitivity using the colour scale was consistently better than for conjunctival inspection alone and interobserver agreement and agreement with Coulter Counter measurements was good. The Haemoglobin Colour Scale is simple to use, well accepted, cheap and gives immediate results. It shows considerable potential for use in screening for anaemia in antenatal clinics in settings where resources are limited.  (+info)

Towards evidence-based health care reform. (4/2640)

Health care reform in Europe is discussed in the light of the Ljubljana Charter, with particular reference to progress made in Estonia and Lithuania.  (+info)

Eradication: lessons from the past. (5/2640)

The declaration in 1980 that smallpox had been eradicated reawakened interest in disease eradication as a public health strategy. The smallpox programme's success derived, in part, from lessons learned from the preceding costly failure of the malaria eradication campaign. In turn, the smallpox programme offered important lessons with respect to other prospective disease control programmes, and these have been effectively applied in the two current global eradication initiatives, those against poliomyelitis and dracunculiasis. Taking this theme a step further, there are those who would now focus on the development of an inventory of diseases which might, one by one, be targeted either for eradication or elimination. This approach, while interesting, fails to recognize many of the important lessons learned and their broad implications for contemporary disease control programmes worldwide.  (+info)

Candidate parasitic diseases. (6/2640)

This paper discusses five parasitic diseases: American trypanosomiasis (Chagas disease), dracunculiasis, lymphatic filariasis, onchocerciasis and schistosomiasis. The available technology and health infrastructures in developing countries permit the eradication of dracunculiasis and the elimination of lymphatic filariasis due to Wuchereria bancrofti. Blindness due to onchocerciasis and transmission of this disease will be prevented in eleven West African countries; transmission of Chagas disease will be interrupted. A well-coordinated international effort is required to ensure that scarce resources are not wasted, efforts are not duplicated, and planned national programmes are well supported.  (+info)

Candidate viral diseases for elimination or eradication. (7/2640)

This article discusses the possibilities for elimination or eradication of four viral diseases--measles, hepatitis B, rubella and yellow fever.  (+info)

The future role of international agencies in control of acute respiratory tract infections. (8/2640)

Achievements in the control of acute respiratory infection (ARI) owe much to international collaboration in research, education, and delivery of services. This article highlights some of the current activities of the many international agencies involved and summarizes thoughts on their future roles. Key recent scientific advances include better surveillance, new and improved vaccines, refinement of standard clinical management plans and behavioral change techniques, and demonstration of the effectiveness of their application. Agencies involved include the World Health Organization, the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, national government agencies for overseas aid, many academic departments, and professional lung health associations. However, much remains to be done, especially in collaborative research, in the devising, implementing, and evaluating of health care delivery systems in low-income countries, and in mobilizing political will and resources. These are tasks beyond the capacity of any lone agency. Success will depend on how effectively we collaborate.  (+info)

The WHODAS 2.0 (World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule) is an instrument developed by the WHO (World Health Organization) for functioning and disability assessment based on the biopsychosocial framework, fully supported by the theoretical-conceptual framework of the ICF (International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health). To validate the Brazilian version of the WHODAS 2.0 for individuals with HIV/AIDS. 100 individuals with diagnosis of HIV/AIDS participated in the study. Two assessment instruments were used: the 36-item version of WHODAS 2.0 and the WHOQOL-HIV-BREF (World Health Organization Quality of Life assessment in persons infected with HIV, shorter version). The psychometric properties tested were internal consistency and criterion validity. Internal consistency was adequate for all domains, with the exception of Life Activities (α = 0.69) and Self-care (α = 0.32). Criterion validity was adequate, with moderate correlations between the WHODAS 2.0 and ...
Serial quantitation of BCR-ABL mRNA levels is an important indicator of therapeutic response for patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia and Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia, but there is substantial variation in the real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction methodologies used by different testing laboratories. To help improve the comparability of results between centers we sought to develop accredited reference reagents that are directly linked to the BCR-ABL international scale. After assessment of candidate cell lines, a reference material panel comprising 4 different dilution levels of freeze-dried preparations of K562 cells diluted in HL60 cells was prepared. After performance evaluation, the materials were assigned fixed percent BCR-ABL/control gene values according to the International Scale. A recommendation that the 4 materials be established as the first World Health Organization International Genetic Reference Panel for quantitation of BCR-ABL ...
During 2005-2006, nine measles virus (MV) genotypes were identified throughout the World Health Organization European Region. All major epidemics were associated with genotypes D4, D6, and B3. Other genotypes (B2, D5, D8, D9, G2, and H1) were only found in limited numbers of cases after importation from other continents. The genetic diversity of endemic D6 strains was low; genotypes C2 and D7, circulating in Europe until recent years, were no longer identified. The transmission chains of several indigenous MV strains may thus have been interrupted by enhanced vaccination. However, multiple importations from Africa and Asia and virus introduction into highly mobile and unvaccinated communities caused a massive spread of D4 and B3 strains throughout much of the region. Thus, despite the reduction of endemic MV circulation, importation of MV from other continents caused prolonged circulation and large outbreaks after their introduction into unvaccinated and highly mobile communities ...
The good fit of the latent variable model suggests that common causal pathways account for most of the comorbidity among the disorders considered herein. These common pathways should be the focus of future research on the development of comorbidity, although several important pairwise associations t …
The guidelines also recommend that anyone on a failing first-line regimen that does not contain dolutegravir should switch to a second-line regimen of dolutegravir plus a new NRTI backbone.. The new recommendations stress the importance of switching to dolutegravir in settings where resistance to non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) is rising. Dr Silvia Bertagnolio told a symposium organised by WHO that resistance to NNRTIs is present in over 15% of people starting antiretroviral treatment in Uganda, 20% in South Africa and over 25% in Honduras. Use of efavirenz in these settings is likely to result in treatment failure and further transmission of drug-resistant virus.. Implementing the recommendations is an urgent priority for countries as they work towards achieving the UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets - 90% of people living with HIV knowing their status, 90% of those diagnosed being on antiretroviral therapy and 90% of those on treatment having viral suppression by 2020. ...
Accueil , Evaluation of the New World Health Organization Case Definition of Severe Acute Respiratory Infection for Influenza Surveillance During the Peak Weeks of Two Influenza Seasons in Quebec, Canada ...
Leading UCL economist Professor Mariana Mazzucato (UCL Institute for Innovation & Public Purpose) will chair a new World Health Organisation (WHO) Council on the Economics of Health for All.
Context Gender differences in mental disorders, including more anxiety and mood disorders among women and more externalizing disorders among men, are found consistently in epidemiological surveys. The gender roles hypothesis suggests that these differences narrow as the roles of women and men become more equal.. Objectives To study time-space (cohort-country) variation in gender differences in lifetime DSM-IV mental disorders across cohorts in 15 countries in the World Health Organization World Mental Health Survey Initiative and to determine if this variation is significantly related to time-space variation in female gender role traditionality as measured by aggregate patterns of female education, employment, marital timing, and use of birth control.. Design Face-to-face household surveys.. Setting Africa, the Americas, Asia, Europe, the Middle East, and the Pacific.. Participants Community-dwelling adults (N = 72 933).. Main Outcome Measures The World Health Organization Composite ...
Context Gender differences in mental disorders, including more anxiety and mood disorders among women and more externalizing disorders among men, are found consistently in epidemiological surveys. The gender roles hypothesis suggests that these differences narrow as the roles of women and men become more equal.. Objectives To study time-space (cohort-country) variation in gender differences in lifetime DSM-IV mental disorders across cohorts in 15 countries in the World Health Organization World Mental Health Survey Initiative and to determine if this variation is significantly related to time-space variation in female gender role traditionality as measured by aggregate patterns of female education, employment, marital timing, and use of birth control.. Design Face-to-face household surveys.. Setting Africa, the Americas, Asia, Europe, the Middle East, and the Pacific.. Participants Community-dwelling adults (N = 72 933).. Main Outcome Measures The World Health Organization Composite ...
Financial and fiduciary management. The audit identified unsupported expenditures amounting to $9.6 million. In addition, the audit revealed significant delays in the procurement of non-health commodities. Further, the audit identified lapses in fiduciary controls over procurement, the management of advances, and contract management.. Programmatic and performance management. The OIG said that the increase in the number of HIV patients on treatment will result in a treatment funding gap of at least $232 million by 2017. That number rises to $328 million if treatment is initiated when the CD4 count falls below 500 (which is the current World Health Organization recommendation). If the funding gap is not filled, the OIG said, this will result in commodity shortages and treatment disruptions by as early as mid-2016.. The OIG said that the government has not met its commitment to purchase antiretroviral medicines in 2014-2015 and that the governments plans to raise additional funding are unlikely to ...
In this study, we assessed a multi-modal intervention to improve implementation of WHO guidelines for vital sign collection and diagnosis of severe illness among hospitalized adolescents and adults in western Uganda. Our results suggest that severe illness is under-recognized and associated with substantial mortality in public and private community hospitals in a rural district of Uganda. After introducing the SIMS platform, we observed significant improvements in vital sign collection and diagnosis of key severe illness conditions, although overall rates of vital sign collection remained sub-optimal. Similar theory-informed, multi-modal implementation studies have been conducted to improve care for severely ill children in low-income settings [8]. However, to our knowledge, this is among the first to evaluate such an approach in severely ill adults and adolescents.. We found that by the end of the intervention period, nearly one in four admitted patients had met triage criteria for one or more ...
World Health Organization/International Collaborative Study of Medical Care Utilization & University of Manchester. Medical Care Research Unit. (‎1966)‎. International Collaborative Study of Medical Care Utilization : the chronicle of a feasibility study, 1964-66 / conducted by Medical Care Research Unit, University of Manchester, United Kingdom ... [‎et al.]‎. Baltimore : Committee for International Collaborative Study of Medical Care Utilization. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/61144 ...
World Health Organization Western Pacific Regional Office Expanded Programme on Immunization Urged member states -to commit the human and financial resources -to develop and implement work plans -to regularly report surveillance data to WPRO -to establish independent national verification process following the establishment of standardized regional verification mechanisms by WPRO -to accelerate control of rubella and the prevention of congenital rubella syndrome Requested the RD -to establish regional verification mechanism -to strengthen technical cooperation with Member States to achieve regional immunization goals -to seek additional resources to achieve regional goals utilizing frequent ICC meetings and other mechanisms -to report progress periodically to the Regional committee Regional Committee Resolution, 2010 WPR/RC61.R7 Reaffirmed the 2012 measles elimination goal
The World Health Organizations international list of diseases is getting an update. In its revised International Classification of Diseases released Monday, the WHO removed transgender identity as a mental health disorder and added gaming disorder to the list. Recategorizing transgender as a sexual health condition is aimed at cutting stigma and improving quality of care, says the WHO.
Just days after the World Health Organizations International Agency for Research on Cancer released a report publicly declaring the well-known link between
Background Schistosomiasis remains an endemic parasitic disease affecting millions of people around the world. The World Health Organization (WHO) has set goals of controlling morbidity to be reached by 2020, along with elimination as a public health problem in certain regions by 2025. Mathematical
26873 26903 26922 26842 26889 26829. Advance home-developed national arrangements WHOs main need ought to be to enable nations to construct their own feasible human and infrastructural abilities to convey UHC in their own particular settings. This implies esteeming home-developed national arrangements - similarly as Tedros did in Ethiopia - and not being driven by the one-estimate fit-all models or vertical sickness programs pushed by contributors. This is likewise the best protection for forestalling or controlling the following pandemic. In the interim, Tedros should oppose being set up to flop as the worlds wellbeing policeman by neurotic rich nations. In the outcome of Ebola and Zika, they might be enticed to drive WHO to pressurize poor nations to implement the International Health Regulations without additionally completely putting resources into their abilities to do as such. 26874 26904 26923 26843 26890 26830 ...
In an effort to aggressively pre-empt and combat such emerging threats before they reach pandemic stage, USAID works through trans-national platforms and networks that draw upon human, animal, and environmental health expertise to strengthen both country and regional diagnostic, surveillance, and response capabilities in accordance with the World Health Organizations International Health Regulations and to provide timely and accurate reporting of animal disease to the World Organization for Animal Health.
Data Collection Notes: The causes of death are classified according to the 6th, 7th, and 8th versions of an abbreviated list of the World Health Organizations INTERNATIONAL STATISTICAL CLASSIFICATION OF DISEASES, INJURIES, AND CAUSES OF DEATH. Therefore, data for causes of death are not necessarily comparable across countries or data years. Users should refer to Variable 5 in the Variable List for full discussion of this problem. Users interested in comparing deaths for countries or years that use different versions of the Abbreviated list should consult two publications: A. Joan Klebba, and Alice B. Dolman. COMPARABILITY OF MORTALITY STATISTICS FOR THE SEVENTH AND EIGHTH REVISIONS OF THE INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFICATION OF DISEASES, UNITED STATES. Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. Public Health Service. Health Services and Mental Health Administration. National Center for Health Statistics, 1975, and World Health Organization. MANUAL OF THE INTERNATIONAL ...
Pathology and Genetics of Skin Tumours (IARC/World Health Organization Classification of Tumours) en Iberlibro.com - ISBN 10: 9283224140 - ISBN 13: 9789283224143 - OUP Oxford - 2006 - Tapa blanda
Frenzy ensued after the World Health Organization (WHO), declared processed meats a cause of colorectal and conceivably stomach cancer and that red meats are probably also a cause of pancreatic and prostate cancer. Processed Meats Rank Alongside Smoking as Cancer Causes - WHO read a headline in The Guardian. Bacon, Hot Dogs as Bad as Cigarettes read another. These reports, although based in fact, distort the actual implications of the findings by ignoring the risk-rating practices of WHO. For an individual, the risk of developing colorectal cancer because of their consumption of processed meat remains small, but this risk increases with the amount of meat consumed, commented Kurt Straif, an official with the World Health Organizations International Agency for Research on Cancer, the producer the report. In view of the large number of people who consume processed meat, the global impact on cancer incidence is of public health importance. According to figures cited by the panel, near ...
According to the new Global TB Report 201716 released by the WHO in October 2017, global efforts to combat TB have saved an estimated 53 million lives since 2000 and reduced the TB mortality rate by 37%. India Food, Drugs, Healthcare, Life Sciences Singh & Associates 7 Dec 2017
A 2-minute smartphone test can identify hearing and vision problems before children even start school according to new research article,
Trials were coded as registered if this was stated in the published study and a trial registration number was provided. As recommended during peer review, we additionally searched trial registries for trials that were not reported as registered or did not provide a trial registration number in the published article. We searched the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (WHO ICTRP), the EU Clinical Trials Register, clinicaltrials.gov, and the International Standard Randomised Controlled Trial Number (ISRCTN) Registry. The search was conducted using the following search strategy: the title of the trial; the name of the principal investigator or a combination of keywords (eg, the intervention name, health condition, trial identifier), or both.10 We matched results in trial registries with published articles based on the name of trial investigators, the sample size of the trial, the number of study arms, and the types of interventions used in the trial. Finally, ...
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today alerted health care professionals to a change in heparin manufacturing that is expected to decrease the potency of the common anti-clotting drug.. To ensure the quality of heparin and to guard against potential contamination, the United States Pharmacopeia (USP), a nonprofit standards-setting organization, adopted new manufacturing controls for heparin. These changes include a modification of the reference standard for the drugs unit dose.. Manufacturers in the United States label the amount of heparin included in their products based on USP standards. The changes adopted by the USP for the heparin unit dose match the World Health Organizations International Standard (IS) unit dose definition that has been in use in Europe for many years. The revised USP reference standard and unit definition for heparin is about 10 percent less potent than the former USP unit.. A unit is the measure of a drugs activity in the body. For heparin, a unit dose is the ...
Last month, St. Louis-based agrichemical giant Monsanto Co. agreed to sell the company to German pharmaceutical and chemical conglomerate, Bayer, in an unprecedented $66 billion dollar deal. This takeover of the U.S. firm is the biggest ever by a German company. The combination would create a global agricultural and chemical giant and bring Bayer together with a leading producer of genetically engineered seeds that are engineered to resist pesticides, particularly Monsantos flagship product, Roundup.. Roundup, whose active ingredient is glyphosate, is used alongside various GE crops including corn and soybeans. In 2015, the World Health Organizations International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) released a landmark report naming glyphosate as probably carcinogenic to humans. Glyphosates EU license was set to expire this year, and some member states including France, Sweden, and the Netherlands objected to the renewal. A vote to reauthorize usage of glyphosate on a temporary basis ...
HEDINGER C Histological typing of thyroid tumors. World Health Organization International Histological Classification of Tumors, 1988 被引用文献1件 ...
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular risk-prediction models are used in clinical practice to identify and treat high-risk populations, and to communicate risk effectively. We assessed the validity and utility of four cardiovascular risk-prediction models in an Asian population of a middle-income country. METHODS: Data from a national population-based survey of 14,863 participants aged 40 to 65 years, with a follow-up duration of 73,277 person-years was used. The Framingham Risk Score (FRS), SCORE (Systematic COronary Risk Evaluation)-high and -low cardiovascular-risk regions and the World Health Organization/International Society of Hypertension (WHO/ISH) models were assessed. The outcome of interest was 5-year cardiovascular mortality. Discrimination was assessed for all models and calibration for the SCORE models. RESULTS: Cardiovascular risk factors were highly prevalent; smoking 20%, obesity 32%, hypertension 55%, diabetes mellitus 18% and hypercholesterolemia 34%. The FRS and SCORE models showed good ...
Being overweight can raise the likelihood of being diagnosed with cancers of the stomach and digestive tract, as well as certain brain and reproductive tumors, international researchers said.. A report in the New England Journal of Medicine adds eight more kinds of cancer to the list of those already known to be more likely among overweight people.. In 2002, the World Health Organizations International Agency for Cancer on Research (IARC), based in France, said excess pounds could raise the risk of colon, esophagus, kidney, breast and uterine cancer.. Now, it has added stomach, liver, gall bladder, pancreas, ovary and thyroid cancers, as well as a type of brain tumor known as meningioma and the blood cancer multiple myeloma, the report said.. Researchers reviewed more than 1,000 studies of excess weight and cancer risks, saying that limiting weight gain over decades can help to reduce the risk of those cancers.. The burden of cancer due to being overweight or obese is more extensive than what ...
U.S. Department of Labor, 29CFR Part 1910- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 40CFR Part 372- U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, 16CFR Part 1500- ACGIH, Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents and Biological Exposure Indices- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services National Toxicology Program, Annual Report on Carcinogens- World Health Organization International Agency for Research on Cancer, IARC Monographs on the Evaluation on the Carcinogenic Risk ofChemicals to Humans- DFG, List of MAK and BAT Values- EU Directive 76/769/EEC, 67/548/EEC, 1999/45/EC- EU Regulation (EC)2037/2000, (EC)304/2003- Canada Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System- Australia National Occupational Health and Safety Commissions Approved Criteria for Classifying Hazardous Substances [NOHSC:1008] Abbreviations: ...
The authors reviewed 222 articles, following 92,000 light drinkers and 60,000 non-drinkers, and showed that taking up to one alcoholic drink a day is associated with increased risk for cancer of the mouth and throat, esophagus and breast (Annals of Oncology, Feb 2013; 24(2):301-308). In 2007, the World Health Organizations International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) found that drinking alcohol is associated with cancers of the mouth, pharynx, larynx, esophagus, liver, colon, rectum, and female breast.
Resumo: BACKGROUND: The projected rise in the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) could develop into a substantial health problem worldwide. Whether insulin secretagogues (sulphonylureas and meglitinide analogues) are able to prevent or delay T2DM and its associated complications in people at risk for the development of T2DM is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of insulin secretagogues on the prevention or delay of T2DM and its associated complications in people with impaired glucose tolerance, impaired fasting blood glucose, moderately elevated glycosylated haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) or any combination of these. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, PubMed, Embase, ClinicalTrials.gov, the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, and the reference lists of systematic reviews, articles and health technology assessment reports. We asked investigators of the included trials for information about ...
Trial registries serve as a readily accessible online resource for identifying unpublished trials and unreported outcomes. Since 2005, prospective trial registration has gained broad acceptance as an important means of enhancing transparency and tracking the existence of clinical trials at inception. Key stakeholders-including medical journal editors, legislators, and funding agencies-provide enforcement mechanisms that have greatly improved adherence to registration practices.. Basic protocol information on ongoing and completed trials of any intervention type can be retrieved via the World Health Organizations International Clinical Trials Registry Platform Search Portal (www.who.int/trialsearch/). This searches records from national and international trial registries that meet certain standards, including WHO Primary Registries and ClinicalTrials.gov. Users can search the main registry fields using key words related to the study topic, sponsor, recruitment status, and sites. When the same ...
CALIFORNIA, United States, Monday August 22, 2016 - As body weight goes up, so does cancer risk, and the longer a woman is overweight or obese, the more her risk of cancer is likely to increase.. A new study on postmenopausal women reveals that the duration of having a high body mass index (BMI) is linked to a higher risk of developing several types of cancer, from breast to endometrial.. The study, which was published in the journal PLOS Medicine, is the first to explore the relationship between overweight duration and cancer risk in a large cohort of women, according to Melina Arnold, a scientist at the World Health Organizations International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and lead author of the study.. Given the result from previous studies supporting the overall link between obesity and cancer, our results are in line with what we know about this relationship, Arnold said. Yet it adds to current scientific evidence by suggesting that there seems to be a cumulative effect of ...
Blood pressure is defined by two values: systolic (contraction of the heart), the highest value, and diastolic (dilation of the heart), the lower. The Sixth Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC-VI) and the World Health Organization/International Society of Hypertension Guidelines subcommittees have agreed that both systolic and diastolic blood pressure should be used to classify hypertension. Systolo-diastolic hypertension is diagnosed when systolic and diastolic blood pressure are over 160 and 90, respectively. Isolated systolic hypertension refers to systolic blood pressure over 160 and diastolic blood pressure under 90.. Misdiagnosis may be more frequent in the elderly due to various factors, including inappropriate length of the cuff due to obesity or very low weight, fluctuations in blood pressure due to postural hypotension, and/or anxiety (white coat effect). The difficulty of measuring blood pressure in ...
Glyphosate, an herbicide and the active ingredient in Monsanto Cos popular Roundup weed killer, will be added to Californias list of chemicals known to cause cancer effective July 7, the states Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA) said on Monday.. Monsanto vowed to continue its legal fight against the designation, required under a state law known as Proposition 65, and called the decision unwarranted on the basis of science and the law.. The listing is the latest legal setback for the seeds and chemicals company, which has faced increasing litigation over glyphosate since the World Health Organizations International Agency for Research on Cancer said that it is probably carcinogenic in a controversial ruling in 2015.. Dicamba, a weed killer designed for use with Monsantos next generation of biotech crops, is under scrutiny in Arkansas after the states plant board voted last week to ban the chemical.. OEHHA said the designation of glyphosate under Proposition 65 will ...
Joanna Loizou grew up in Cyprus and moved to England for her university education. It was there that she completed her Bachelors degree in biological sciences at the University of Salford in 2000 and her PhD in biochemistry at the University of Manchester and at the MRC Genome Damage & Stability Center in 2004. From 2004 until 2007, she worked as a postdoctoral researcher at the World Health Organizations International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) in Lyon, France. She subsequently worked at London Research Institute (LRI) from 2007 until 2011, again as a postdoctoral researcher. In 2011, she moved to Vienna to head up her own research group at the Research Center for Molecular Medicine of the Austrian Academy of Sciences (CeMM). Since February 2020, the cancer researcher has been a group leader at MedUni Viennas Institute of Cancer Research and member of the Comprehensive Cancer Center (CCC) of MedUni Vienna and Vienna General Hospital ...
Until today, the World Health Organizations International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) had said that there were no adverse health effects from the use
Even the Government Accountability Office (GAO) bluntly stated the FDA isnt testing nearly enough in size and scope to matter, and that glyphosates werent even tested in 2014. The agency reported, FDA tested less than one-tenth of 1% of imported shipments.. The GAO also chided the FDA for not disclosing that it does not test for several commonly used pesticides with an EPA established tolerance (the maximum amount of a pesticide residue that is allowed to remain on or in a food)-including glyphosate, the most used agricultural pesticide.. The GAOs criticism makes it clear that the dangers of pesticides and herbicides arent taken seriously by federal agencies. This is not because of omission or negligence.. The FDA only started testing for glyphosates in February 2016, after being criticized for not doing so-following the release of a damning report on glyphosate dangers by the World Health Organizations International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), which re-classified glyphosate ...
Diagnostic X-rays (primarily from CT scans due to the large dose used) increase the risk of developmental problems and cancer in those exposed.[99][100][101] X-rays are classified as a carcinogen by both the World Health Organizations International Agency for Research on Cancer and the U.S. government.[92][102] It is estimated that 0.4% of current cancers in the United States are due to computed tomography (CT scans) performed in the past and that this may increase to as high as 1.5-2% with 2007 rates of CT usage.[103] Experimental and epidemiological data currently do not support the proposition that there is a threshold dose of radiation below which there is no increased risk of cancer.[104] However, this is under increasing doubt.[105] It is estimated that the additional radiation from diagnostic X-rays will increase the average persons cumulative risk of getting cancer by age 75 by 0.6-3.0%.[106] The amount of absorbed radiation depends upon the type of X-ray test and the body part ...
Weve known that our air is polluted for quite a long time. And if youve ever flown into major cities and saw the ring of filth circling them, youve witnessed this smoggy reality firsthand.. Its ugly. Its oppressive. And its a scourge on the environment.. But so far, that hasnt been quite enough to incite any real action against it. If anything, its only gotten worse. So maybe this latest bit of news from the World Health Organizations International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) will finally spark some change.. After reviewing all that available data, this agency concluded that our air is packed with substances that are known to cause cancer. And we should now classify it as a bonafide carcinogen.. You read that right. Our air is now a leading cause of cancer.. Specifically, data shows that it was responsible for some 223,000 lung cancer deaths worldwide in 2010. Research suggests that it may play a role in bladder cancer, too.. And rapidly industrializing countries-which have ...
Myth: We should eat like our ancestors. The Paleo diet goes in another direction - advocating that we follow the path of our hunter-gatherer ancestors in eating lots of energy-dense red meats, while excluding grains. We are nothing like our ancestors - instead of running around all day, most of us sit in front of our computers, Michels says. Rather than following any of the aforementioned dietary trends, she adds, the best approach is a balanced diet that limits or avoids red and processed meats, which were classified as carcinogens in 2015 by the World Health Organizations International Agency for Research on Cancer.. Myth: Red meat is a good source of iron. Michels often hears the argument that red meat is important to avoid an iron deficiency. What many dont realize, she says, is that the iron from red meat is very different from the iron that comes from vegetable sources, legumes and whole grains.. The red-meat iron actually promotes cardiovascular disease, Michels explains. The plant ...
Originally published at Heal Naturally. New evidence indicates a clear increased risk of brain cancer for longer term cell phone use.. The World Health Organizations International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classified radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetism (EMF) as a Group 2B carcinogen in 2011: Possibly carcinogenic to humans. This was based upon research showing cell phones connected to an increased risk for glioma, a malignant form of brain cancer. Other types of brain cancer included in the research have been meningioma and schwannoma. ...
Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), characterised by a severe dysfunction of the heart muscle, often results from a myocarditis, which could be caused by a variety of organisms or mediated by autoimmune responses to the exposure of cardiac specific antigen, such as myosin, after cardiomyocyte damage. DCM of humans can be experimentally reproduced in susceptible mouse strains by immunisation with purified cardiac myosin.1 Moreover, chlamydia infection may mediate heart disease through an antigenic mimicry between the chlamydia outer membrane protein and muscle specific α myosin of the heart.2 The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of Chlamydia pneumoniae infection by measuring the serum IgG and IgA antibodies against C pneumoniae in patients with DCM.. Twenty six consecutive patients with DCM, aged 56.9 (15.5) years, diagnosed according to the World Health Organization/International Society and Federation of Cardiology criteria,3 were enrolled. Twenty eight healthy subjects, mean (SD) ...
They include cancers of the breast (in postmenopausal women), ovary, colon and rectum, liver, kidney, pancreas, gastric cardia, oesophagus (food pipe), and endometrium of the uterus, as well as advanced prostate cancer, cancers of the gallbladder and thyroid, and multiple myeloma (blood cancer) and meningioma brain tumour, according to a report by the World Health Organisations International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC ...
There is a large and growing body of research that clearly demonstrates the relationship between eating animal products and increased cancer rates. Recently, the World Health Organizations International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) published the result of its extensive meta-analysis. The IARC found that processed meat is definitely a carcinogen, while red meat is probably a carcinogen. Their study did not consider the carcinogenic effects of eating poultry, fish or dairy. In the most comprehensive nutrition study ever conducted, The China Study, Dr. T. Colin Campbell shows how tumor growth is turned on and off simply by changing the protein intake of an animal. In his experiment, animals were exposed to aflatoxin, a potent carcinogen, until a tumor began growing aggressively. While the animals continued eating their normal diet of 20% protein, the tumors continued growing rapidly. But when these animals were switched to a diet with only 5% protein, the tumors stopped growing. ...
Abstract:Objectives: To compare outcomes of laparoscopic repair to open repair of umbilical and paraumbilical hernias. Methods: We performed a systematic review in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement standards. The review protocol was registered with International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (Registration Number: CRD42016052131). We conducted a search of electronic information sources, including MEDLINE; EMBASE; CINAHL; the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL); the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry; ClinicalTrials.gov; and ISRCTN Register, and bibliographic reference lists to identify all randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies comparing outcomes of laparoscopic repair to open repair of umbilical and paraumbilical hernias. We used the Cochrane risk of bias tool and the Newcastle-Ottawa scale to assess the risk of bias of RCTs and observational studies, ...
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Persatuan Jantung Amerika (American Cancer Society), Institut Penyelidikan Kanser Dunia, dan World Health Organizations International Agency dan kebanyakkan pakar kesihatan mengesyorkan pengambilan beta-karotena dan lain-lain antioksidan daripada makanan semulajadi dan bukannya tambahan (sintetik- boleh diproses dalam makmal) menawarkan manfaat kesihatan kepada manusia.Hasil kajian para saintis yang menemui beta-carotene pada tahun 1932 mendapati, pengambilan beta-karotena lebih…
Infant formula marketing decision welcomed. The Infant Nutrition Council (INC) welcomes the Commerce Commission confirmation of the authorisation of the INCs Code of Practice for marketing infant formula.. The Code of Practice restricts the advertising and marketing of infant formula by members.. It has been in place since 2012 and is consistent with New Zealands commitment to the World Health Organisations International Code of Marketing of Breast Milk Substitutes (WHO Code).. INC Chief Executive Jan Carey says INC applied to the commission for authorisation of the Code to reassure its members that it was the appropriate response in New Zealand to the WHO Code and that they comply with the law.. Commerce Commission Chair Dr Mark Berry said After considering the feedback from a number of interested parties, the commission has reached the view that the public benefits arising from higher breastfeeding rates outweigh any lessening of competition from the arrangement, and INC agrees totally ...
Organization, WHO , World Health. "WHO : Immunization Country Profile". apps.who.int. Retrieved 2 April 2021. LINTHICUM, KATE; ... according to the most recent survey conducted by the World Health Organization in 2014: According to the statistics from WHO, ... Vaccination in Mexico includes the use of vaccines in advancing public health. Mexico has a multi-year program for immunisation ... The National vaccination plan against COVID-19 has been planned as below in Mexico: December 2020 - February 2021 : Health ...
The World Health Organization (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) represents an important landmark in ... As of 2018, 169 states have signed the World Health Organization (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), which ... "Parties to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control". World Health Organization. Retrieved 2018-04-06. Roberts, Michelle ... Cuba, Honduras, Dominican Republic and Indonesia also filed a World Trade Organization complaint, but the WTO upheld the plain ...
In November 2020, the World Health Organization, under backing from the World Health Assembly, set out a strategy to eliminate ... World Cancer Report 2014. World Health Organization. 2014. pp. Chapter 5.12. ISBN 978-9283204299. "Cervical Cancer Treatment ( ... World Cancer Report 2014. World Health Organization. 2014. pp. Chapter 1.1. ISBN 978-9283204299. "Cervical cancer prevention ... The World Health Organization classification system was descriptive of the lesions, naming them mild, moderate, or severe ...
The World Health Organization (WHO) is one of many health organizations that have campaigned against the procedures on behalf ... "Female genital mutilation". World Health Organization. Retrieved 22 August 2012. Momoh, Comfort (2005). "1: Female Genital ... Laws of the world on female genital mutilation McVeigh, Tracy and Sutton, Tara. "British girls undergo horror of genital ... Approximately 125 million girls and women are victims of female genital mutilation throughout the world. With the practices ...
... major public health organizations such as the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the World Health ... Geneva: World Health Organization; 2019 (WHO/CDS/HIV/19.8). Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO. "Preventing HIV During Pregnancy And ... In 2012, the World Health Organization (WHO) issued guidelines for PrEP and made similar recommendations for its use among men ... In 2016, the World Health Organization (WHO) consolidated guidelines regarding the use of antiretroviral drugs for treatment ...
He was a senior policy advisor to the World Health Organization Regional Directory for the Eastern Mediterranean, a member of ... 3. Saudi Arabia: World Health Organization. September 2005. Retrieved 6 September 2020. Cite magazine requires ,magazine= (help ... World Health Organization. p. ط. ISBN 9953337268. Archived from the original on 6 September 2020. غانم, مؤنس محمود (1997). "كيف ... He has published more than 25 books on medicine, health, chemistry, botany, Arabic language, and Islamic ethics in Arabic, ...
World Cancer Report 2014. World Health Organization. 2014. Chapter 2.1. ISBN 92-832-0429-8. "A Single Dose of Nicotine Enhances ... "National Health Survey: First Results, 2014-15". Australian Bureau of Statistics. "Smoking , Profiles of Health, Australia, ... China is the world's most populated country, and is also the leading country in the cigarette industry. In 2014, China produced ... Cigarettes are smoked by over 1 billion people, which is nearly 20% of the world's population in 2014. About 800 million of ...
After the World Health Organization (WHO) has established that COVID-19 is more resilient than the initial data was showing, ... The local transmission phase of SARS-CoV-2 in Poland was declared to the World Health Organization on 10 March. The first death ... "Greece: WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard". World Health Organization. 17 March 2021. Archived from the original on ... "ICD-10 Version:2019". World Health Organization. 2019. Archived from the original on 31 March 2020. Retrieved 31 March 2020. ...
... particularly in Third World countries, are considered fire hazards and worse: according to the World Health Organization, a ... The World Health Organization has documented the significant number of deaths caused by smoke from home fires. Increases in ... World Health Organization. Archived from the original on January 30, 2014. Retrieved October 18, 2011. "corn pellet stove". The ... The three-stone stove is still widely used around the world. In some areas it developed into a U-shaped dried mud or brick ...
World Health Organization. Wigglesworth, V.B. (1934). "The physiology of ecdysis in Rhodnius prolixus (Hemiptera). II Factors ...
World Health Organization. Retrieved 22 April 2010. Reddy, K. C. S.; Kasiviswanath, I. V. (2013). "Racimisation of (R)-Alpha- ...
"Household air pollution and health". World Health Organization. February 2016. Retrieved 29 December 2017. "Ultra Clean and ... The World Health Organization estimates that 4.3 million people die prematurely every year from illnesses attributable to ... "6 Simple Ways To Save The World" (PDF). Marie Claire. US. November 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 March 2018. ... Quantifying the health impacts of ACE-1 biomass and biogas stoves in Cambodia Final Report December 2015 Prepared by Berkeley ...
The Strategic Advisory Group of Experts (SAGE) is a body that advises the World Health Organization (WHO). It was established ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "SAGE working mechanisms and working groups". World Health Organization. Retrieved 20 ... non-governmental organizations, international professional organizations, technical agencies, donor organizations and ... "recruited and selected as acknowledged experts from around the world in the fields of epidemiology, public health, vaccinology ...
World Health Organization. March 2018. Retrieved 2019-05-05. World Health Organization (February 2008). "Typhoid vaccines: WHO ... It is one of the three typhoid vaccines currently recommended by the World Health Organization (the other two being the Typhoid ... "World Health Organization Information sheet: Observed rate of vaccine reactions- Typhoid Vaccine" (PDF). WHO. April 2014. ... Department of Health. p. 418. ISBN 0-11-322528-8. Levine, M. M.; Ferreccio, C.; Black, R. E.; Lagos, R.; Martin, O. S.; ...
World Health Organization. Retrieved 19 November 2017. "Director-General's Office: Dr George Brock Chisholm". World Health ... World health problems. Barriers to world health (New York: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1953) Nations are ... In 1946, Chisholm became executive secretary of the Interim Commission of the World Health Organization (WHO), based in Geneva ... Farley, John (1 January 2009). Brock Chisholm, the World Health Organization, and the Cold War. UBC Press. pp. 63 (subversive ...
World Health Organization. 2006. pp. 966. ISBN 978-92-4-156301-7. Retrieved 2019-08-20. "Powders and Granules". The ... These salts were found in mineral springs, which, since the Roman Empire, had been used as health spas, where people would go ... "The History of Plumbing - Roman and English Legacy". Plumbing World. Archived from the original on 11 November 2007. Retrieved ... to bathe in, and drink, mineral-rich waters for their health. These developments led to attempts to replicate the salt mixtures ...
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 80 percent of the population of some Asian and African countries presently ... The World Health Organization (WHO), the specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is concerned with international ... 134". World Health Organization. May 2003. Moerman, Daniel E. (1997). "Ethnobotany in North America". In Selin, Helaine (ed.). ... "WHO Quality Control Methods for Herbal Materials" (PDF). World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. 2011. "Herbal ...
World Health Organization. Retrieved 25 July 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "GIM-Sources". World Health ... The World Health Organization maintains the Global Index Medicus (GIM). The GIM database draws into one reference source ... Organization. Retrieved 25 July 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Official website GIM Multilingual Thesaurus v t e ...
"African trypanosomiasis". World Health Organization. August 2006. Trykipedia, Trypanosomatid specific ontologies Tree of Life: ...
"Are the Ebola outbreaks in Nigeria and Senegal over? Ebola situation assessment". World Health Organization. Retrieved 17 ... Nigeria was identified by the World Health Organization through the summer of 2014 with multiple confirmed cases of Ebola, but ... The first campus of Navarro College was the site of the Air Activities of Texas, a World War II primary flight school located ... Most of the 238 members of that first student body were returning veterans from World War II taking advantage of assistance ...
"Country Level Minimum Common Operational Datasets" (PDF). World Health Organization. 2007. Inter-Agency Standing Committee ( ... Therefore, Common operation datasets (CODs) reduce duplication of work on baseline data by partnering organizations and ...
Santé, World Health Organization = Organisation mondiale de la (10 July 2020). "Global Advisory Committee on Vaccine Safety, 27 ... "GACVS Members". World Health Organization. Retrieved 3 September 2020. Kochhar, Sonali; Bauwens, Jorgen; Bonhoeffer, Jan ( ... is a group of experts that provides independent and authoritative guidance to the World Health Organization (WHO) on the topic ... Members are nominated by the Director of WHO's Department of Essential Medicines and Health Products, and are appointed for an ...
Lewy body dementias are classified by the World Health Organization in its ICD-10, the International Statistical Classification ... World Health Organization. 2010. Retrieved August 7, 2020. "Diagnosing dementia". National Institute on Aging. US National ... in 1987 in the journal Brain, bringing attention of the Japanese work to the Western world. A year later, Burkhardt et al. ... While 74% of people with autopsy-confirmed DLB had deficits in planning and organization, they show up in only 45% of people ...
World Health Organization. 2016. Retrieved 23 September 2018. "The country with the highest female suicide rate in the world". ... According to a 2016 study conducted by the World Health Organization, Lesotho also has the highest rate of suicide per capita ... The World Economic Forum's 2020 Gender Gap Report ranks Lesotho 88th in the world for gender parity, while neighboring South ... Demographic and Health Survey 2009 Archived 29 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, ...
World Health Organization (2019). World Health Organization model list of essential medicines: 21st list 2019. Geneva: World ... The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends both preventive and reactive use of the vaccine, making the following key ... It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines. In the late twentieth century, oral cholera vaccines ... World Health Organization (WHO). hdl:10665/44367. ISBN 9789241599740. Ramsay M, ed. (2013). "Chapter 14: Cholera". Immunisation ...
Park, Sohyun (10-14 June 2013). "Healthy Urban Planning in Seoul, Korea" (PDF). World Health Organization. Retrieved 20 ... The World's Densest Cities: Forbes 2007 World's Densest Cities: Forbes 2006. ... The World Factbook". Retrieved 2 September 2012. Población de España - datos y mapas; Todos los Municipios de España (xls, ... "Seoul Population 2019". World Population Review. Retrieved 3 November 2019. ...
World Health Organization. Archived from the original on 5 June 2015. Retrieved 26 May 2015. Dongo, A. E.; Kesieme, E. B.; ... "Lassa fever". World Health Organization. Retrieved 11 September 2017. McCormick, J. B.; King, I. J.; Webb, P. A.; Scribner, C. ... "Lassa Fever - Nigeria". World Health Organization. 1 March 2018. Edward-Ekpu, Uwagbale. "Nigeria is already dealing with a ... "LIST OF PATHOGENS". World Health Organization. Archived from the original on 20 December 2016. Retrieved 13 December 2016. " ...
The World Health Organization and the US Department of Defense have both published extensive reports that emphasise that ... World Health Organization. 21 July 2006. Ronco, Alvaro L.; De Stéfani, Eduardo (20 December 2013). "Squalene: a multi-task link ... Sox, Harold C.; Fulco, Carolyn; Liverman, Catharyn T. (2000). Gulf War and Health. National Academies Press. p. 311. ISBN 978-0 ... in the crossroads of cancer and aging". Functional Foods in Health and Disease. 3 (12): 462-476. doi:10.31989/ffhd.v3i12.30. ...
"WHO Disease and injury country estimates". World Health Organization. 2009. Archived from the original on 11 November 2020. ... Because of the health risks of exposing children to radiation, ultrasound is the preferred first choice with CT scan being a ... Wolters Kluwer Health. p. 5810. ISBN 9781469889481. Archived from the original on 10 September 2017. Retrieved 15 June 2016. ... U.S Department of Health and Human Services. Archived from the original on 2010-02-01. Retrieved 2010-02-01. Li Z, Zhao L, ...
World Health Organization; Y. Chartier; C. L Pessoa-Silva (2009). Natural Ventilation for Infection Control in Health-care ... World Health Organization. p. 79. ISBN 978-92-4-154785-7. Environmental Health Matters Initiative; National Academies of ...
Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. ... a very practical problem accessing fetal DNA without creating a major health risk for the unborn child."[3] In December 2015, ... "nothing in the physical universe would be patent-eligible," and thus it was "unsound to have a rule that takes inventions of ...
"World J Gastrointest Oncol. 6 (7): 225-43. doi:10.4251/wjgo.v6.i7.225. PMC 4092339. PMID 25024814.. CS1 maint: multiple names: ... Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. ... "Bile acids in glucose metabolism in health and disease". Journal of Experimental Medicine. 215 (2): 383-396. doi:10.1084/jem. ... "World J. Gastroenterol. 15 (27): 3329-40. doi:10.3748/wjg.15.3329. PMC 2712893. PMID 19610133.. ...
IPM World Textbook. University of Minnesota. Retrieved on 2007-10-15. *^ Susan Wayland and Penelope Fenner-Crisp. "Reducing ... Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. ... in order to meet current health and safety standards, labeling requirements, and for risk regulation and moderation.[2][6][17] ... Pesticides intended for export to other parts of the world do not have a registration requirement under certain conditions. The ...
World Trade Press. p. 203. ISBN 978-1-885073-01-3. .. "Houston/Galveston, Texas". NOAA: National Weather Service Forecast ... Harris County Hospital District operates the Baytown Health Center in Baytown. The center opened on February 14, 1967.[42] ... Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. ... Serious talk of merging the three cities began shortly after World War I, but the community of Baytown was opposed to this idea ...
"Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 91 (9): 671-682D. doi:10.2471/BLT.12.113415. PMC 3790213. PMID 24101783.. ... The World Health Organization recommends testing those groups at high risk[63] and in 2014 the USPSTF is considering a similar ... The World Health Organization definition of diabetes (both type 1 and type 2) is for a single raised glucose reading with ... "World Health Organization. August 2011. Archived from the original on 26 August 2013. Retrieved 2012-01-09.. .mw-parser-output ...
Other global trade union organizations include the World Federation of Trade Unions. ... occupational health and safety standards, complaint procedures, rules governing status of employees including promotions, just ... The DBG is not the only Union Organization that represents the working trade. There are smaller organizations, such as the CGB ... International Labour Organisation. Retrieved 9 October 2018.. *^ History of the ACTU. Archived 21 November 2008 at the Wayback ...
"World Weather Information Service - Arua". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 1 September 2016. "Klimatafel von Arua ... Arua Hospital, a 128-bed public, regional referral hospital administered by the Uganda Ministry of Health main campus of Muni ... Arua is an important base for non-governmental organizations working in the West Nile sub-region or serving Western Equatoria ... Uganda" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. ...
"European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. 2010. Retrieved 6 November 2012.. *^ a b "Den senaste om ... These were the first findings on hosts other than Fraxinus anywhere in the world.[47] All three new hosts are in the same ... the UK Chief Plant Health Office, said that, "Landscapers, gardeners and tree practitioners should be vigilant for signs of ash ... "European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. March 2012. Archived from the original on 17 July 2012. Retrieved 29 ...
2001). Animal: The Definitive Visual Guide to the World's Wildlife (1st ed.). DK Publishing. pp. 86-89. ISBN 978-0-7894-7764-4 ... Half of plate to be filled with vegetables, according to Harvard School of Public Health ... Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. ... Eating positions vary according to the different regions of the world, as culture influences the way people eat their meals. ...
In 1942 till 1945, during the Second World War the activities of the Arya Samaj was interrupted by the Japanese occupation of ... Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. ... Health. *Long hair in Singapore. *National Courtesy Campaign. *National Day Parade. *No U-turn syndrome ...
Organization[edit]. Members of the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy march, during the 58th Presidential Inauguration, Washington, D ... World War II required the academy to forgo its normal operation and to devote all of its resources toward meeting the emergency ... Public Health Service, or the National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration. Regardless, graduates are required to maintain their ... Because of the service of midshipmen in every major conflict the country has been involved in since World War II, the regiment ...
World Health Organization. *. General Guidelines for Methodologies on Research and Evaluation of Traditional Medicine (PDF). ... Geneva: World Health Organization (WHO). 2000. This document is not a formal publication of the WHO. The views expressed in ... National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH), National Institutes of Health (NIH), US Dept. of Health and ... "Complementary alternative health care in Israel and the western world". Israel Journal of Health Policy Research. 1 (1): 8. doi ...
West Bengal University of Health Sciences [22] Burdwan Medical College 1969 Bardhaman West Bengal University of Health Sciences ... Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. ... is one of only a few countries where graduates from local medical schools end up working in other countries all over the world ... North Eastern Indira Gandhi Regional Institute of Health and Medical Sciences. Mizoram. *Mizoram Institute of Medical Education ...
It was once almost completely covered by the Atlantic Rainforest, one of the richest areas of biodiversity in the world, of ... Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. ...
Organizations. *Arab European League. *Arab League. *Assyrian Universal Alliance. *World Council of Arameans (Syriacs) ... health care or education facilities.[24] In addition, it is still uncertain if the marshes will completely recover, given ... Dawn of the World (L'Aube du monde), directed by Abbas Fahdel, 2008 ... BBC news, 3 March 2003 and BBC World Service 11 Nov, 2014, Atlantis Online, House of Commons Hansard debates 2 April, 1993. ...
During World War II, she joined the WACs. She was later honorably discharged after sustaining a foot injury and attempted to ... Borden struggled with alcoholism and numerous health problems. She spent her final years in the skid row section of Los Angeles ... Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. ... However, Borden's attempts to get back into acting were hindered by her alcoholism and health problems. ...
Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. ... "San Diego officials announce public health orders, prohibit gatherings of 50 or more people". KUSI News. Retrieved April 2, ... Denise Mueller-Korenek, cyclist, world speed record holder. *Merle Oberon, actress[30] ... the organization rescheduled the event to Independence Day weekend[23] due to San Diego officials prohibiting gatherings of 50 ...
"World Peace Foundation. 7 August 2015. Retrieved 5 August 2019.. *^ Heuveline, Patrick (2001). "The Demographic Analysis of ... In declining health, Pol Pot stepped back from many of his roles in the movement. In 1998 the Khmer Rouge commander Ta Mok ... They renamed their organisation the Communist Party of Kampuchea (CPK), a decision initially kept secret.[138] Sihanouk began ... We cannot last like this for very long".[393] Pol Pot's health was declining. He suffered from aortic stenosis and no longer ...
... it does not belong peculiarly and forever to a bounded part of the world. That which we call the Hindu religion is really the ... But the assassination of Gandhi and a subsequent ban on the organisation plunged it into distress. The ban was revoked when it ... the social evils of untouchability and casteism while launching social welfare programmes in the areas of education and health ... The Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, which was started in 1925, had grown as a huge organisation by the end of British rule in ...
2007). Real world economics: a post-autistic economics reader. Anthem Press. ISBN 1843312360. .. ... Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. ... has existed as the peer-reviewed journal Real-World Economics Review.[9] ... "A contribution on the state of economics in France and the world". In Fullbrook, Edward (ed.). The crisis in economics: the ...
Chi discovers the world outside the apartment.. 19. "Chi Explores". Transcription: "Chi, tanken suru" (Japanese: チー、探検する。). ... Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. ... It's time for Chi's health checkup, but how to smuggle her out?. ... A Place Further than the Universe (2018). *Cardcaptor Sakura: ... She is easily distracted and does not have much experience of the world. Chi is particularly attracted to small moving objects ...
In December 1942, after several band members had left the group, and as World War II raged, Wills joined the Army at the age of ... Throughout the 1950s, he struggled with poor health and tenuous finances, but continued to perform frequently despite the ... Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. ... "Sitting on Top of the World" / "Black and Blue Rag" Vocalion 03139 ...
Organizations. *Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations. *World Health Organization. *United Nations *resolutions ... Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. ...
Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. ... Around the world[edit]. Premium volume by country (2013) World rank[20] Country Region Premium volume (2013, USD Mil):[20] ... Health. *Accidental death and dismemberment. *Dental. *Disability (Total permanent disability). *Income protection ...
Xenophon and His World: Papers from a Conference Held in Liverpool in July 1999. 1 July 1999. Retrieved 17 March 2010.. ... Thus, the Democratic Society Party was a leading force in the organisation of the 2006 Newroz events throughout Turkey. In ... Seer (garlic), represents good health. *Serkeh (vinegar), represents patience. *Sonbol (hyacinth), represents spring ... Faces around the World: A Cultural Encyclopedia of the Human Face By Margo DeMello - Black Face, Page 28 ...
World Report, - accessed April 25, 2009 Saint Barnabas Medical Center grades high in women's health and maternity care, New ... In 2009, HealthGrades - a leading independent healthcare ratings organization - ranked Saint Barnabas Medical Center high in ... Barnabas Health and Robert Wood Johnson Health System signed an agreement which outlines the merger between these two health ... Health, Barnabas. "Barnabas Health Names New President and CEO for Saint Barnabas Medical Center". www.PRNewswire.com. ...
The World Health Organization recommends routine childhood pneumococcal vaccination;[23] it is incorporated into the childhood ... An experimental research". Bulletin of the National Board of Health. . *^ Pasteur, Louis (1881). "Sur une maladie nouvelle ... "Pneumococcal Vaccination: Information for Health Care Providers". cdc.org. Archived from the original on 23 July 2016. ... Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. ...
Italian 2006 FIFA World Cup-winning captain Fabio Cannavaro, who played his 100th game in the World Cup final, is named as FIFA ... He was a) not in power at the time of his death, b) not really sudden or tragic (being 93, and having health problems for the ... I think I have addressed the concerns of worldwide notability; even though some news organizations may just carry the story via ... The ITU Telecom World 2006, hosted by the People's Republic of China, opens in AsiaWorld-Expo, Chek Lap Kok, Hong Kong. - Insta ...
Kvas, Kornelije (2020). The Boundaries of Realism in World Literature. Lanham, Boulder, New York, London: Lexington Books. p. 8 ... Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. ... Modern medicine has shown that his health problems were more attributable to his treatment than to his syphilis. ... The military and theatrical worlds of the First French Empire were a revelation to Beyle. He was named an auditor with the ...
Recalled to active duty for World War I; commanded a division during its organization and training before retiring again in ... Last World War I veteran to serve as Chief of Staff. Retired in June 1955, declining age waiver that would have allowed him to ... Last World War II veteran to serve as Chief of Staff. Supreme Allied Commander Europe, 1979 to 1987, including waiver to ... Continued on active duty to remain Chief of Staff during World War I; served as U.S. representative on Supreme War Council and ...
"In a world that needs vigorous control of population growth, concerns about infertility may seem odd, but the adoption of a ... Non-profit organizations addressing infertility. The Walking Egg - The Low Cost IVF Foundation - Steptoe-Edwards Research Trust ... UNDP/UNFPA/UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction has ... National, regional, and global trends in infertility: a systematic analysis of 277 health surveys ...
Mothers and babies wait for health workers to arrive to receive antenatal and postnatal check-ups at a health post in a village ... "Many of these deaths could be prevented - if those mothers and children could only access a basic set of medicines and health ... The Organization will continue to play an active role in following up on its forthcoming recommendations in country and ... The Commission has one critical objective: to make affordable and effective medicines and health supplies available to the ...
WHO/Noncommunicable Disease and Mental Health. 20 Avenue Appia. 1211 Geneva 27. Switzerland. ...
... the World Health Organization drafted a global health sector strategy on HIV. In the draft, the World Health Organization ... "Constitution of the World Health Organization" (PDF). World Health Organization. Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 June ... "CONSTITUTION OF THE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION" (PDF). Basic Documents. World Health Organization. Forty-fifth edition, ... "Appendix 1, Members of the World Health Organization (at 31 May 2019)" (PDF). World Health Organization. Archived (PDF) from ...
Latest World Health Organization News. The Latest: Brazil surpasses 100,000 deaths from COVID-19. Aug. 8, 2020 6:26 PM EDT ... GENEVA (AP) - The World Health Organization said Monday an advance team looking into the origins of the COVID-19 outbreak has ... BEIJING (AP) - China and the World Health Organization are discussing plans to trace the origin of the coronavirus outbreak ... concluded its mission in China, and the U.N. health agency is preparing the deployment of a larger group of experts to the ...
Last week in Moscow, the World Health Organization and Russian Federation held the First Global Ministerial Conference on ... "After all, the universe required ten billion years of evolution before life was even possible; the evolution of the stars and ... "health services are almost totally unprepared to cope with the onslaught of chronic demands that come with the rise of non- ... in particular recent declarations in support of eradication from the African Union Heads of State Summit and the Organization ...
JOHANNESBURG (AP) - The World Health Organization says the deadly Ebola virus outbreak in Congo is now an international health ... GENEVA (AP) - The deadly Ebola outbreak in Congo is now an international health emergency, the World Health Organization ... Latest World Health Organization News. Congo soldiers, police to enforce Ebola emergency measures. Jul. 18, 2019 12:46 PM EDT ... World Health Organization declares the deadly Ebola outbreak in Congo a global emergency. Jul. 17, 2019 1:46 PM EDT ...
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  • WASHINGTON (Reuters) - President Donald Trump said on Tuesday he would halt funding to the World Health Organization over its handling of the coronavirus pandemic while his administration reviews its response to the global crisis. (reuters.com)
  • The World Health Organization today declared the coronavirus outbreak a pandemic, after resisting the classification for months as the number of worldwide cases soared well past 100,000. (politico.com)
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) declared Covid-19, the disease resulting from the novel coronavirus SARS-COV2, a pandemic on 11 March 2020, putting the United Nations (UN) agency in the global spotlight. (europa.eu)
  • Its failures, both in the Covid-19 pandemic and in previous health crises, highlight long-standing problems: the agency is weak, underfunded, and its complex organisational structure can get in the way of effective action. (europa.eu)
  • Withdrawing from the World Health Organization amidst an unprecedented global pandemic is an astounding action that puts the safety of all Americans and the world at risk. (startribune.com)
  • This is the first time that the WHO has declared a public health emergency since the 2009 H1N1 flu pandemic. (cbc.ca)
  • During a press conference to discuss the latest updates regarding the global pandemic, WHO's Executive Director of Emergencies, Dr. Michael Ryan, pointed to recent outbreak statistics confirmed by health officials in areas of South America, Africa and South Asia, which rose sharply last week. (newsweek.com)
  • World Health Organization Health Emergencies Program Director Michael Ryan, Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus and Technical Lead Maria Van Kerkhove speak at a March 11 press conference to discuss the novel coronavirus pandemic. (newsweek.com)
  • Scientists who advised the World Health Organization on its influenza policies and recommendations-including the decision to proclaim the so-called swine flu a "pandemic" had close ties to companies that manufacture vaccines and antiviral medicines like Tamiflu, a fact that WHO did not publicly disclose. (go.com)
  • And in the U.S. a spokesperson for the Department of Health and Human Services defended WHO's handling of the pandemic. (go.com)
  • An official Council of Europe inquiry led by Paul Flynn, a British member of parliament, concluded that the "Parliamentary Assembly is alarmed about the way in which the H1N1 influenza pandemic has been handled, not only by the World Health Organization (WHO), but also by the competent health authorities at the level of the European Union and at national level. (go.com)
  • Flynn's team stopped short of saying that WHO had bungled the pandemic, but did conclude that some of WHO's actions led to the "waste of large sums of public money, and also unjustified scares and fears about health risks faced by the European public at large. (go.com)
  • This page will be regularly updated as new information is received The COVID-19 (COrona VIrus Disease 2019) outbreak was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 11 March 2020. (spc.int)
  • The COVID pandemic has created many challenges to Pacific health systems, among these is increasing demand for expanding for testing. (spc.int)
  • GENEVA (AP) -- The World Health Organization has raised its pandemic alert for swine flu to the second highest level, meaning that it believes a global outbreak of the disease is imminent. (dispatch.com)
  • Trump has insisted that the WHO helped enable the Chinese government's cover-up of the pandemic and has repeatedly called for the organization to be defunded. (matadornetwork.com)
  • The current director-general is Tedros Adhanom, former health minister and foreign minister of Ethiopia, who began his five-year term on 1 July 2017. (wikipedia.org)
  • Out of 20 polio cases globally in 2017, four appeared in one Afghan district where United Nations health officials plead with all sides to cooperate. (nytimes.com)
  • The MacArthur Foundation awarded World Health Organization $5,005,000 between 1978 and 2017. (macfound.org)
  • An OIE strategy document which stemmed from this conference was to be presented for adoption at the OIE World Assembly in May 2017. (wikipedia.org)
  • In January 2017, the outgoing Obama administration designated the OIE as an organization entitled to benefits of the International Organizations Immunities Act. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2017, the AP reported that WHO was spending roughly $200 million each year on travel, including first-class airplane tickets and five-star hotels for its director-general, Margaret Chan, which health experts said exposed the agency's misplaced priorities. (nypost.com)
  • In this July 7, 2017, file photo, French President Emmanuel Macron, President Donald Trump and Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO) Tedros Adhanom are shown on the first day of the G20 summit in Hamburg, Germany. (go.com)
  • WHO donors in 2017 - US, Gates Foundation, UK, World Bank, GAVI, Germany and the European Commission: Setting the Agenda for Global Health? (keionline.org)
  • As noted in an earlier piece , on 25 August 2017 the WHO published a draft concept note to provide a road map to "underpin WHO's General Programme of of Work from 2019-2023… and serve as the strategic basis for resource mobilization" for the Organization ( WHO draft concept note on strategic priorities for 2019-2023 charts a new vision for the organization , 29 August 2017, KEI). (keionline.org)
  • On 25 August 2017, the World Health Organization (WHO) published a draft concept note to provide a strategic framework to underpin WHO's General Programme of of Work from 2019-2023. (keionline.org)
  • On Wednesday, 24 May 2017, Knowledge Ecology International (KEI), Oxfam and Stichting Health Action International (HAI) are convening a side event on addressing access barriers and affordability challenges for cancer medicines. (keionline.org)
  • The groups cite a December 2017 World Health Organization (WHO) document that claims that 54 Gazans died while awaiting approval to travel to seek medical attention in Israel or in the West Bank. (ngo-monitor.org)
  • 2017 featured continued activity in the world of infectious diseases - from hepatitis A outbreaks nationally, to an increased focus on antibiotic resistance across the globe. (nfid.org)
  • BEIJING (AP) - China and the World Health Organization are discussing plans to trace the origin of the coronavirus outbreak following a visit to the country by two experts from the U.N. agency, the foreign ministry said Tuesday. (ap.org)
  • GENEVA (AP) - The World Health Organization said Monday an advance team looking into the origins of the COVID-19 outbreak has concluded its mission in China, and the U.N. health agency is preparing the deployment of a larger group of experts to the suspected outbreak zone. (ap.org)
  • GOMA, Congo (AP) - Congolese soldiers and police will enforce hand-washing and fever checks now that the deadly Ebola outbreak has been declared an international health emergency , authorities said Thursday. (ap.org)
  • LONDON (AP) - The head of the World Health Organization is convening a meeting of experts on Wednesday to decide whether the Ebola outbreak should be declared an international emergency after spreading to eastern Congo's biggest city this week. (ap.org)
  • Public health officials have but one tactic to battle the unrelenting Ebola virus outbreak in West Africa - quarantine - but as the disease nonetheless continues to spread, scientists in Maryland are among those close to discovering other weapons. (baltimoresun.com)
  • Dead wild birds on a dissection table at a German pathology lab (epa) March 6, 2006 -- The World Health Organization said today it is seeking ways to curb the spread of bird flu and called the outbreak in poultry around the world 'historically unprecedented. (rferl.org)
  • Officials at the World Health Organization warned this week that a recent outbreak of polio among children in Syria potentially could threaten the entire region unless urgent steps are taken to halt its spread. (baltimoresun.com)
  • The number of confirmed cases in Congo's new outbreak of the Ebola virus has risen to 13, including three deaths, the health ministry said late Saturday. (chicagotribune.com)
  • The World Health Organization has warned that this new outbreak of the deadly virus in North Kivu province poses a particular challenge as the region is a 'war zone' with several active armed groups and thousands of displaced people. (chicagotribune.com)
  • The World Health Organization has warned that this new outbreak of the deadly virus in North Kivu. (chicagotribune.com)
  • A nurse has died from Ebola in Bikoro, the rural northwestern town where the outbreak began, as the country Monday begins a vaccination campaign in three health zones affected by the deadly outbreak, Congo's health minister said. (chicagotribune.com)
  • The Zika virus outbreak is a public health emergency of international concern, the World Health Organization declared Monday, citing an unproved but strongly suspected link between the virus and the birth defect known as microcephaly. (ibtimes.com)
  • The abuses could spook potential donors and partners as the organization begins its week-long annual meeting Monday in Geneva, seeking increased support to fight a devastating outbreak of Ebola in Congo and other deadly diseases including polio, malaria and measles. (nypost.com)
  • More than 220 people are sick and three have died as part of a listeriosis outbreak in Spain, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). (foodsafetynews.com)
  • On May 29, less than two weeks after warning the WHO that it had 30 days to reform or lose U.S. support, Mr. Trump announced his administration was leaving the organization due to what he said was its inadequate response to the initial outbreak of the coronavirus in China's Wuhan province late last year. (csmonitor.com)
  • The president said in a White House announcement that Chinese officials "ignored" their reporting obligations to the WHO and pressured the organization to mislead the public about an outbreak that has now killed more than 130,000 Americans. (csmonitor.com)
  • On May 20, when the largest spike in worldwide COVID-19 cases was reported to WHO compared to any previous day, the public health agency's Director-General, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, highlighted upward outbreak trajectories occurring in lower-income regions. (newsweek.com)
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) called for "drastic action" Wednesday to address the unprecedented Ebola outbreak in West Africa, and announced it would convene a meeting of the health ministers of 11 countries in early July to develop a response plan to prevent the disease from crossing more borders. (infowars.com)
  • Critics of the Trump administration have accused the president of shifting blame to other targets, including the media, the Obama administration, Democratic lawmakers and the World Health Organization as the outbreak in the U.S. worsened. (go.com)
  • On January 21, 2020, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) confirmed the first US case of a new coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in Washington state, and the World Health Organization (WHO) convened an Emergency Committee to determine whether the outbreak should be declared an international public health emergency. (nfid.org)
  • The death toll from the current Ebola outbreak in West Africa has reached 2,400 from at least 4,784 cases, chief of the World Health Organization, or WHO, Margaret Chan said Friday. (ibtimes.com)
  • JOHANNESBURG - The World Health Organization on Sunday reported another record increase in the number of confirmed coronavirus cases over a 24-hour period, at over 230,000, as the United States grappled with the worst coronavirus outbreak in the world. (courant.com)
  • The WHO was established by constitution on 7 April 1948, which is commemorated as World Health Day. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first meeting of the World Health Assembly (WHA), the agency's governing body, took place on 24 July 1948. (wikipedia.org)
  • Founded in 1948, World Health Organization (WHO) is mandated to prevent and eradicate epidemics and to improve the nutritional, sanitary, hygienic and environmental conditions of people around the world. (unhcr.org)
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) was created in 1948 by member states of the United Nations (UN) as a specialized agency with a broad mandate for health. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Established in 1948, WHO provides leadership on global health matters, shapes the health research agenda, sets norms and standards, articulate evidence-based policy options, provides technical support to countries, and monitors and assesses health trends. (tsoshop.co.uk)
  • On April 7, 1948, the United Nations Development Group formalized the creation of the World Health Organization. (worldatlas.com)
  • The World Health organization (WHO), established in 1948, is the United Nations system's authority on international public health issues. (unt.edu)
  • The World Health Organization constitution was adopted on July 22 1946 at an International Health Conference convened by the United Nations Economic and Social Council, and came into force on April 7 1948. (citizendium.org)
  • The Origins of the World Health Organization: A Personal Memoir 1945-1948. (faqs.org)
  • Reporter Meredith Cohn's recent article about the World Health Organization's new sugar recommendations highlighted the concerns of medical and public health experts over the epidemic of childhood obesity ("Officials urge consumers to cut back on. (baltimoresun.com)
  • The Trump administration is resisting the World Health Organization's effort to sharply limit antibiotic use in farm animals, a move intended to help preserve the drugs' effectiveness. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Furthermore, Taiwan was the first government in Asia to echo the World Health Organization's (WHO) goal of achieving universal health coverage and launched one of the world's highest praised national health insurance initiatives, covering our island's 23 million citizens since 1995. (naplesnews.com)
  • Now, the World Health Organization's Regional Office of Europe is urging people to go a step further and limit alcohol intake, period. (oregonlive.com)
  • The World Health Organization's relevance continues into the 21st Century, with its hope and driven dedication being to promote and help people attain the highest possible level of health in the world today and into the future. (worldatlas.com)
  • The World Health Organization's goal is to build a better, healthier future for people all over the world. (commondreams.org)
  • Sen. Rick Scott (R-FL) on Tuesday called on Congress to hold a hearing and investigate the World Health Organization's (WHO) role in helping China conceal the threat of the coronavirus. (breitbart.com)
  • The United Nations health agency announced Monday in its 11th International Classification of Diseases (ICD) catalog that "gender incongruence" -- the organization's term for people whose gender identity is different from the gender they were assigned at birth -- has been moved out of the mental disorders chapter and into the organization's sexual health chapter. (cnn.com)
  • It is recognized as a reference organisation by the World Trade Organization (WTO) and in 2018 had a total of 182 member states. (wikipedia.org)
  • In advance of the 71st World Health Assembly (21 May 2018 - 26 May 2018), the World Health Organization (WHO) published a document (A71/INF. (keionline.org)
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) and the Government of Denmark have convened a Global Dialogue on Partnerships for Sustainable Financing of Noncommunicable Disease (NCD) Prevention and Control from 9 April 2018 to 11 April 2018 in Copenhagen. (keionline.org)
  • In May 2019, the Safeguarding Health in Conflict Coalition (SHCC) published "2018 Impunity Remains: Attacks on Health Care in 23 Countries in Conflict" which painted Israel as the worst offender of attacks against health care in 2018. (ngo-monitor.org)
  • As of 2018, 169 states have signed the World Health Organization (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), which governs international tobacco control. (wikipedia.org)
  • 6.13417 The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations responsible for international public health. (wikipedia.org)
  • After World War II, the United Nations absorbed all the other health organizations, to form the WHO. (wikipedia.org)
  • During the 1945 United Nations Conference on International Organization, Szeming Sze, a delegate from the China, conferred with Norwegian and Brazilian delegates on creating an international health organization under the auspices of the new United Nations. (wikipedia.org)
  • The constitution of the World Health Organization was signed by all 51 countries of the United Nations, and by 10 other countries, on 22 July 1946. (wikipedia.org)
  • A WHO expert committee declined on three previous occasions to advise the United Nations health agency to. (ap.org)
  • GENEVA, SWITZERLAND - The World Health Organization (WHO) is the directing and coordination authority for health within the United Nations system. (macfound.org)
  • The public health arm of the United Nations released the latest figures on Monday in a report meant to help governments reverse the rising trend of obesity in children . (time.com)
  • NSF has participated in Codex meetings, supported by WHO and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), and has utilized Codex documents in developing key food safety programs including training in HACCP and prerequisite programs. (nsf.org)
  • The World Health Organization is a U.N. specialized agency - an independent international body that works with the United Nations. (reuters.com)
  • WHO is a public organisation operating from within the United Nations system and the world's leading agency for health. (tsoshop.co.uk)
  • The Trump administration has notified Congress and the United Nations that the United States is formally withdrawing from the World Health Organization, multiple officials tell CNN, a move that comes amid a rising number of coronavirus cases throughout the Americas over the past week. (cnn.com)
  • The Trump administration has formally notified the United Nations of its withdrawal from the World Health Organization, although the pullout won't take effect until next year, meaning it could be rescinded under a new administration or if circumstances change. (csmonitor.com)
  • The WHO was created to take care of the world's health problems, and it has 194 member states that also belong to the United Nations. (worldatlas.com)
  • World Health Organization is a Specialized Agency of the United Nations, charged to act as the world's directing and coordinating authority on questions of human health. (google.com)
  • In relation to the Report of the United Nations High-Level Panel on Access to Medicines (UNHLP), the delegation of Portugal quoted the intervention delivered by the Portuguese Minister of Health, Professor Campos Fernandes at the plenary of the 70th World Health Assembly. (keionline.org)
  • It supports implementation of the global plan of action on violence and contributes to implementation of the health component of the United Nations Joint Programme on Essential Services for Women and Girls Subject to Violence. (vawnet.org)
  • The World Health Organization is the "directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations system. (citizendium.org)
  • The Trump administration sent its withdrawal notice from the World Health Organization to U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres on July 6, 2020. (csmonitor.com)
  • On Friday, 20 May 2016, the World Health Organization (WHO) published document A69/40, Follow-up to the report of the Consultative Expert Working Group on Research and Development: Financing and Coordination - Report of the open-ended meeting of Member States. (keionline.org)
  • The National Foundation for Infectious Diseases (NFID) recently honored Robert E. Black, MD, MPH with the 2016 Jimmy and Rosalynn Carter Humanitarian Award for his significant and lasting contributions to global public health. (nfid.org)
  • WHO operations are carried out by three distinct components: the World Health Assembly, the executive board, and the secretariat. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The World Health Assembly is the supreme decision-making body, and it meets annually, with participation of ministers of health from its 191 member nations. (encyclopedia.com)
  • During this week's World Health Assembly, a yearly gathering of WHO's highest decision-making body, including member states and donors, the agency will be trying to raise more funds for Ebola and other health priorities. (nypost.com)
  • Commentary: Why Taiwan's presence in the World Health Assembly matters The WHO not only failed to abide by its Constitution, but also isolated Taiwan's 23 million residents from direct access to medical information. (naplesnews.com)
  • The 71st World Health Assembly (WHA) will meet in Geneva May 21-26 and Taiwan, as an active global health partner, seeks participation. (naplesnews.com)
  • The World Health Organization is under the World Health Assembly, and its yearly meetings take place in Geneva every May. (worldatlas.com)
  • Portugal delivered the following statement at the 70th World Health Assembly on agenda item, 13.3 - Global shortage of, and access to medicines and vaccines. (keionline.org)
  • In May 2002, 192 nations gathered as the World Health Organization held its 55th annual World Health Assembly. (faqs.org)
  • The change will be presented at the World Health Assembly, the WHO's legislative body, in 2019 and will go into effect on January 1, 2022. (cnn.com)
  • The WHO's broad mandate includes advocating for universal healthcare, monitoring public health risks, coordinating responses to health emergencies, and promoting human health and well being. (wikipedia.org)
  • The WHO has played a leading role in several public health achievements, most notably the eradication of smallpox, the near-eradication of polio, and the development of an Ebola vaccine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Its policies and programs have a far-reaching impact on the status of international public health . (encyclopedia.com)
  • Howard County health officials are preparing for potential dangers posed by Zika, a mosquito-borne virus that prompted the World Health Organization to declare an international public health emergency last month. (baltimoresun.com)
  • As public health officials seek to get an Ebola vaccine to Africa as soon as possible, human trials are being conducted in Baltimore, Silver Spring and Mali by University of Maryland scientists and other researchers. (baltimoresun.com)
  • Many of the world's megacities exceed WHO's guideline levels for air quality by more than five times, representing a major risk to people's health," said Maria Neira, the WHO director for environment and public health. (usatoday.com)
  • It was in 1939 that the OIE moved to the aristocratic district of Parc Monceau, after having occupied premises since 1927 near the Champs de Mars and the Eiffel Tower, that had been provided by the French Higher Public Health Council. (wikipedia.org)
  • The risks from air pollution are now far greater than previously thought or understood, particularly for heart disease and strokes," said Dr. Maria Neira, director of the WHO's Department for Public Health, Environmental and Social Determinants of Health, in a statement . (msnbc.com)
  • Secondees serve as WHO employees providing needed technical and financial support to advance public health worldwide. (nsf.org)
  • ANN ARBOR, Mich. - NSF International, a global public health and safety organization that provides food safety and quality assurance. (nsf.org)
  • ANN ARBOR, Mich. - NSF International, a global independent public health organization that writes standards, and tests and certifies products. (nsf.org)
  • ANN ARBOR, Mich. - Global public health and safety organization NSF International has developed the first American National Standard that. (nsf.org)
  • A public notice is a process by which NSF informs the public, industry, and regulatory communities of a non-conformance of public health significance found in a listed product that is not corrected. (nsf.org)
  • The designation of health emergency of international concern is defined as "an extraordinary event" that constitutes "a public health risk to other states" and could "potentially require a coordinated international response. (ibtimes.com)
  • Dr.Amesh Adalja, an infectious disease expert and senior scholar at John Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, joined CBSN to discuss. (cbsnews.com)
  • When staff travel, they do a range of things, including responding to emergencies, assessing countries' emergency preparedness, implementing vaccine and other public health campaigns, training health workers and more," the agency said. (nypost.com)
  • Yet experts from academia, industry and public health say IARC confuses the public and policymakers. (reuters.com)
  • In a letter to one of the journals, he said the scientists involved in its classification decisions "are motivated by a desire to improve public health by identifying the causes of human cancer and thereby contributing to disease prevention. (reuters.com)
  • What are the implications for public health practice? (cdc.gov)
  • KONYNDYK: So if WHO's member states decide they want WHO to apply a much more take-no-prisoners approach to calling out every deficiency in public health practice and its member states, well, they're not only going to be calling out China. (npr.org)
  • The World Health Organization says the spread of polio is an international public health emergency that threatens to infect other countries with the crippling disease. (cbc.ca)
  • The spread of polio across borders is an international public health emergency that demands emergency measures such as proof of vaccination for people leaving the worst-affected countries, the World Health Organization says. (cbc.ca)
  • The international spread of polio to date in 2014 constitutes an extraordinary event and a public health risk to other states for which a co-ordinated international response is essential,' WHO assistant director general Bruce Aylward told reporters. (cbc.ca)
  • Public health experts are also keeping a close eye on how cases of polio are occurring in what WHO called 'polio-free but conflict-torn and fragile states. (cbc.ca)
  • Public health experts say the spread of the virus can only be prevented if more than 90 per cent of people in a community are vaccinated. (cbc.ca)
  • Although UNESCO, another UN organization that deals with science, has an existing bioethics committee that has made pronouncements on gene editing in the past, Capron says the new WHO committee highlights the current state of gene editing: Rather than being under the purview of scientists alone, CRISPR has become a matter of public health. (popsci.com)
  • You can choose not to drink or not to smoke, but you can't control whether or not you're exposed to air pollution," said Francesca Dominici, a professor of biostatics at Harvard University's School of Public Health. (cbsnews.com)
  • Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, the humanitarian capital of the world, the WHO strives to better public health around the globe. (worldatlas.com)
  • The report by Deborah Cohen, features editor of BMJ, and Philip Carter, a journalist with the Bureau of Investigative Journalism in London, acknowledged that flu experts do "need to work with industry to develop the best possible drugs for illnesses," but said that allowing industry experts to have a role in the formulation of public health policy was a slippery slope. (go.com)
  • Addressing the possibility of industry-influence on WHO's decisions, the spokesman said, "The WHO based its decisions on strong public health considerations and I don't think there was any indication from our perspective that their decisions were influenced by industry in any way. (go.com)
  • If these are not addressed, H1N1 may yet claim its biggest victim - the credibility of the WHO and the trust in the global public health system. (go.com)
  • Every day, 7 percent of the U.S. population visits a McDonald's, and 20-25 percent eat fast food of some kind, says Steven Gortmaker, professor of society, human development, and health at the Harvard School of Public Health. (articlealley.com)
  • World Health Report Annual report on global public health and key statistics. (ala.org)
  • On Friday, Trump said the WHO 'failed to make the requested greatly needed reform' and the U.S. 'will be today terminating our relationship with the World Health Organization and redirecting those funds to other worldwide and deserving urgent global public health needs. (cnbc.com)
  • The mission of the WHO is to get public health information to the world so every country can make the best decisions to keep their citizens safe. (breitbart.com)
  • Public Health and Environment, Geneva, Switzerland. (fluoridealert.org)
  • WHO also proposes conventions, agreements, and regulations and makes recommendations about international nomenclature of diseases, causes of death, and public health practices. (nationsencyclopedia.com)
  • World Health Organization (WHO) Director general Margaret Chan (L) pauses next to Roberto Morales Ojeda, Minister of Public Health of Cuba, during a news conference on support to Ebola affected countries at the WHO headquarters in Geneva Sept. 12, 2014. (ibtimes.com)
  • The initial priorities for world health care included initiatives to address malaria , maternal and child health, tuberculosis , venereal diseases, nutrition and environmental sanitation, public health administration, parasitic diseases, viral diseases , mental health, and other activities. (faqs.org)
  • As Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) broke out in China in 2002, some of the earliest alerts were provided by the Global Public Health Intelligence Network (GPHIN), an automated system that WHO uses to scan Web sites and electronic discussion groups for signs of disease outbreaks that could lead to epidemics. (faqs.org)
  • Despite the efforts of public health advocates, scientists, and those affected by smoking, both Congress and courts favored the tobacco industry in policy and litigation. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was not until the 1990s when public health advocates had more success in litigating against tobacco industries, including the 1998 Master Settlement Agreement between major tobacco companies and 46 state attorneys general. (wikipedia.org)
  • World Health Organisation (January 2021). (wikipedia.org)
  • The withdrawal decision, which can come into effect as early as July 6, 2021, was widely denounced by health officials. (csmonitor.com)
  • As the Ebola virus kills seven out of 10 who contract the disease in West Africa (says the World Health Organization), and as officials in the U.S. work to contain it and develop a vaccine, warnings from Gallo and Sommer bear repeating, especially in a country that considers itself medically and scientifically exceptional. (baltimoresun.com)
  • Still, health officials are warning that the H7N9 virus, which can be lethal, is on the rise. (nytimes.com)
  • Margaret Chan, who is heading a team of health officials searching for ways to prevent bird flu from infecting humans, told a meeting of experts that in Asia alone more than 160 million poultry have been killed by the disease or culled to prevent its spread. (rferl.org)
  • The New York Times' today cited Vittorio Guberti, the head veterinarian at the Italian National Institute for Wildlife, as saying health officials still knew 'next to nothing about this virus. (rferl.org)
  • Four cases of the virus have been confirmed in Maryland, up from three last week, according to Maryland health officials. (baltimoresun.com)
  • World Health Organization officials warned that the virus could ramp up to overwhelm Africa, then spread across the globe, straining. (chicagotribune.com)
  • But only 20 percent of eligible people have been vaccinated in a country of 127 million inhabitants and health officials worry new variants could wreak havoc. (cnn.com)
  • Health officials have emphasized that the majority of people do not face a major risk from the Zika virus and that, given the potential link to birth defects, the people at greatest risk are women who are pregnant or trying to become pregnant. (ibtimes.com)
  • The move was immediately assailed by health officials and critics of the administration, including numerous Democrats who said it would cost the U.S. influence in the global arena. (csmonitor.com)
  • The White House has ordered U.S. intelligence agencies to review intercepted communications and other data to see whether China and possibly the World Health Organization concealed information early on about the novel coronavirus , two administration officials told ABC News. (go.com)
  • Chan reportedly said that the epidemic has been escalating at a faster rate than the ability of health officials to manage it. (ibtimes.com)
  • Trump has been increasingly critical of the organization as the global health crisis has continued, and he has reacted angrily to criticism of his administration's response. (reuters.com)
  • Trump went ahead with his announcement, which drew immediate condemnation, despite significant pushback within his administration, especially from top health advisers, a U.S. official told Reuters. (reuters.com)
  • Trump said Washington would discuss with global health partners what it will do with the millions of dollars that would normally go to the WHO and said the United States would continue to engage with the organization. (reuters.com)
  • The Trump administration has torpedoed a plan to recommend higher taxes on sugary drinks, forcing a World Health Organization panel to back off the U.N. agency's previous call for such taxes as a way to fight obesity, diabetes and other life-threatening. (chicagotribune.com)
  • President Trump says he might cut funding to the World Health Organization. (npr.org)
  • President Donald Trump announced Friday that the United States will cut ties with the World Health Organization. (cnbc.com)
  • China has total control over the World Health Organization despite only paying $40 million per year compared to what the United States has been paying, which is approximately $450 million a year,' Trump said during a news conference in the White House Rose Garden. (cnbc.com)
  • After months of combative language and dissatisfaction directed at the World Health Organization, the Trump administration is formally withdrawing from the WHO. (matadornetwork.com)
  • In this project, the WHO headquarters in Geneva is partnering with the WHO country office for India, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, and in-country midwifery leaders to develop a national roadmap for strengthening midwifery services. (macfound.org)
  • GENEVA, SWITZERLAND - The Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health (PMNCH), launched in 2005, is a global health partnership to accelerate efforts toward achieving global goals on child, adolescent, maternal, and reproductive health. (macfound.org)
  • GENEVA, SWITZERLAND - The purpose of the grant is to support a Medical Officer (MO) position at the World Health Organization. (macfound.org)
  • GENEVA, SWITZERLAND - The Partnership for Maternal, Newborn, and Child Health (PMNCH), a global health partnership with more than 450 members housed at the World Health Organization, will advocate for the implementation and scale-up of an essential package of maternal and reproductive health interventions. (macfound.org)
  • GENEVA, SWITZERLAND - To strengthen institutional capacity to deliver reproductive and maternal health care in emergency humanitarian settings. (macfound.org)
  • GENEVA, SWITZERLAND - In support of the Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health project to increase global awareness and action aimed at reducing maternal mortality and morbidity (over three years). (macfound.org)
  • GENEVA, SWITZERLAND - To support research on the impact of health sector reform on reproductive health (over two years). (macfound.org)
  • Geneva (SWITZERLAND) (AFP) - The World Health Organization (WHO) on Thursday classified outdoor air pollution as a leading cause of cancer in humans. (courant.com)
  • Geneva: World Health Organization. (fluoridealert.org)
  • The World Health Organization (WHO), headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, is an international group of one hundred and ninety-one member states devoted to the maintenance and improvement of the health of all people throughout the world. (faqs.org)
  • WHO Director-General Margaret Chan warned that diabetes rates have skyrocketed in both rich and poor countries, but in poor countries "health services are almost totally unprepared to cope with the onslaught of chronic demands that come with the rise of non-communicable diseases. (scienceblogs.com)
  • These Cinderella diseases, long ignored and underappreciated, are a rags-to-riches story," said Margaret Chan, director-general of the World Health Organization, in an address in May. (nature.com)
  • The World Health Organization describes the polio outbreaks in Asia, Africa and the Middle East as an 'extraordinary' situation requiring a co-ordinated international response. (cbc.ca)
  • Outbreaks of the crippling viral illness in Pakistan, Syria and Cameroon are a particular concern because these three countries are considered at greatest risk of allowing the virus to spread beyond their borders, the UN health agency said Monday. (cbc.ca)
  • The director general of the organization oversees the mission to preserve, maintain, and improve health through education, nutritional support, health activities, management of disease outbreaks, response to emergencies, and funding programs. (faqs.org)
  • As the Ebola virus was ravaging West Africa, two American health workers who contracted the disease in Liberia were airlifted back to the United States to be treated with an experimental drug. (baltimoresun.com)
  • In 2014 the world held its breath as Ebola rampaged through Africa, killing thousands with gruesome efficiency. (chicagotribune.com)
  • 1 World Health Organization Regional Committee for Africa, Thirty-fifth session. (who.int)
  • Today, the World Health Organization gave the green light to doctors in West Africa to use the first ever rapid test for diagnosing the Ebola virus. (popsci.com)
  • Being able to cure Malaria in four hours is astounding and it could pull Africa and some other third world countries from its knees. (bellaonline.com)
  • Could conquering Africa for its abundant resources be the reason that the World Health Organization refuses to acknowledge MMS1? (bellaonline.com)
  • Cuba's health ministry said Friday that it will send 165 health workers to Sierra Leone, while the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation also announced this week that it will donate $50 million to fight Ebola in West Africa. (ibtimes.com)
  • A nine-month course of treatment seems to work as well as a longer regimen to cure drug-resistant tuberculosis, a growing threat to global health. (nytimes.com)
  • The World Health Organization on Thursday recommended a significantly shorter and less expensive form of treatment for hundreds of thousands of patients world-wide with drug-resistant tuberculosis, a change that could help cure many more of them of the debilitating and difficult-to-treat disease. (wsj.com)
  • and 4) improving the availability and use of evidence to clearly communicate the benefits and risks of preventing these diseases through vaccination to health professionals and the public ( 6 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Both tobacco products and ENDS pose risks to health. (medium.com)
  • Further, not all ENDS are the same and the risks to health may differ from one product to another, and from user to user. (medium.com)
  • Consuming any alcohol poses health risks, but consuming high-strength ethyl alcohol (ethanol), particularly if it has been adulterated with methanol, can result in severe health consequences, including death. (oregonlive.com)
  • International travel and health Publication on travel risks, precautions and vaccination requirements. (ala.org)
  • In the United States, from the 1950s until the 1990s, tobacco industries wielded great influence in shaping public opinion on the health risks of tobacco. (wikipedia.org)
  • Among other responsibilities, WHO is the UN agency charged with setting global health guidelines and coordinating the response to health emergencies around the world. (nypost.com)
  • News about World Health Organization, including commentary and archival articles published in The New York Times. (nytimes.com)
  • RFE/RL Turkmen Service correspondent Muhammad Tahir spoke with Erwin Northoff, news coordinator for the UN's Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), about the issue. (rferl.org)
  • We now know that outdoor air pollution is not only a major risk to health in general, but also a leading environmental cause of cancer deaths," Kurt Straif of the international cancer research agency said in a news release. (latimes.com)
  • Days after the news, the organization announced that it would assemble experts to look at setting international guidelines for the use of this unprecedented new gene editing technology. (popsci.com)
  • One-minute World News. (bbc.co.uk)
  • The agency declared Covid-19 a global health emergency on Jan. 30 when there were only 82 cases outside of China and zero deaths, WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said during a press conference on May 1. (cnbc.com)
  • It provides technical assistance to countries, sets international health standards and guidelines, and collects data on global health issues through the World Health Survey. (wikipedia.org)
  • Its flagship publication, the World Health Report, provides expert assessments of global health topics and health statistics on all nations. (wikipedia.org)
  • The use of the word "world", rather than "international", emphasized the truly global nature of what the organization was seeking to achieve. (wikipedia.org)
  • Last week in Moscow, the World Health Organization and Russian Federation held the First Global Ministerial Conference on Healthy Lifestyles and Noncommunicable Disease Control, which addressed the "slow-motion catastrophe" of rising rates of non-communicable illnesses like heart disease and diabetes. (scienceblogs.com)
  • The second half of the twentieth century saw remarkable gains in global health, spurred by rapid economic growth and unprecedented scientific advances. (encyclopedia.com)
  • It is responsible for "providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, providing technical support to countries and monitoring and assessing health trends. (conservapedia.com)
  • When diplomats met to form the UN in 1945, one of the issues they addressed was the establishment of a global health organization. (conservapedia.com)
  • The World Health Organization has released a plan to help countries wipe out trans fats from the global food supply in the next five years. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Where do the (3) candidates for the next WHO Director General stand on the most challenging global health issues of the decade? (plos.org)
  • 0000-0002-8715-2896As part of our commitment to the communication of global health research, PLOSBLOGS is pleased to host this Q&A with the three final candidates for WHO Director General. (plos.org)
  • The agency's inability to curb its expenses could undermine its credibility and make it more difficult to raise money to fight health crises, according to Sophie Harman, a global health professor at Queen Mary University in London. (nypost.com)
  • Taiwan has a constructive role to play in creating a robust global health network, and the best way to share our experience with other countries is through participation in the WHA and WHO. (naplesnews.com)
  • We urge the WHO to acknowledge Taiwan's contribution to global health. (naplesnews.com)
  • This World Health Day, The World Health Organization is calling for action to eliminate health inequities, as part of a year-long global campaign to build a fairer, healthier world. (ucpress.edu)
  • Americans are safer when America is engaged in strengthening global health. (csmonitor.com)
  • The ONE Campaign, which supports international health projects, called it an "astounding action" that jeopardizes global health. (startribune.com)
  • The World Health Organization has a special holiday celebrated the world over on April 7, which serves as a testament to its successful leadership as a steward working for global health. (worldatlas.com)
  • Over time, the organization has come to know what avenues it has to take to continually be of service in improving the health of the global population. (worldatlas.com)
  • Learn about where we work around the globe and the programs we've created to address urgent issues in global health, global development, and education. (gatesfoundation.org)
  • Lawrence Gostin, a professor and faculty director of the O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law at Georgetown University, said in a tweet Friday that Trump's move is 'unlawful' because pulling funding requires Congress, which has already authorized funding. (cnbc.com)
  • NSF International is a Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization Collaborating Center on Food Safety, Water Quality and Indoor Environment. (nsf.org)
  • A comprehensive range of information is available from: Immediate notifications and follow-up reports submitted by Member Countries in response to exceptional disease events occurring in these countries as well as follow-up reports about these events, Six-monthly reports describing the OIE-listed disease situations in each country, Annual reports providing further background information on animal health, on laboratory and vaccine production facilities. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2000, estimated coverage with the first dose of a rubella-containing vaccine (RCV1) in the World Health Organization European Region (EUR) was 60%, and 621,039 rubella cases were reported (incidence = 716.9 per 1 million population). (cdc.gov)
  • the same companies accused of providing tainted vaccine and the same companies with monumental political lobby force across the world. (bellaonline.com)
  • Recent items of interest from the world of infectious diseases including the latest influenza vaccine recommendations, new policies from AAP to boost childhood immunization rates, new guidelines for the treatment of common sexually transmitted diseases, Zika in the US, and the FDA ban on some common antibacterial ingredients in soaps and body washes. (nfid.org)
  • The vaccination uses the 'ring strategy' where all people who have come into contact with a confirmed Ebola patient are given the vaccine, as well as frontline and health workers. (brecorder.com)
  • The World Health Organization listed AstraZeneca's COVID-19 vaccine for emergency use, while sources said the EU is in talks with Moderna on buying more vaccines. (brecorder.com)
  • Receive the latest and greatest in women's health and wellness from EmpowHER - for free! (empowher.com)
  • Organisation mondiale de la Santé. (who.int)
  • An Ebola health worker is seen at a treatment center in Beni, Eastern Congo. (nypost.com)
  • Over the next few years, animals may reintroduce the virus to humans, and it will be important for health care providers to quickly identify which diseases they are dealing with: Is it a routine case of malaria, or Ebola? (popsci.com)
  • Health workers remove the body of Prince Nyentee, a 29-year-old man whom local residents said died of Ebola virus in Monrovia Sept. 11, 2014. (ibtimes.com)
  • An experimental drug ZMapp, which is in limited supply, is being used to treat several doctors and health workers infected by Ebola. (ibtimes.com)
  • Defined by its constitution as "the directing and coordinating authority on international health work," WHO aims at "the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible standard of health. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The constitution of the WHO notes that "the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health is one of the fundamental rights of every human being without distinction of race, religion, political belief, economic or social condition. (naplesnews.com)
  • Mr. Guterres, in his capacity as depositary of the 1946 WHO constitution, "is in the process of verifying with the World Health Organization whether all the conditions for such withdrawal are met," his spokesman, Stephane Dujarric, said. (csmonitor.com)
  • The organization has defined its objectives under its constitution as being at the forefront of major international health-related initiatives. (worldatlas.com)
  • Health, as defined in the WHO Constitution, is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. (nationsencyclopedia.com)
  • Their joint declaration to establish an international health organization was approved when the constitution of the WHO was adopted in 1946. (faqs.org)
  • The preamble to the constitution defines health as 'a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. (faqs.org)
  • The two organisations jointly consult with host governments and donors to determine health measures for beneficiaries within the context of ongoing national development efforts. (unhcr.org)
  • This is going to be a major implication for delivering essential health services to some of the most vulnerable people in the world, and we trust developed donors will, if necessary, step in to fill that gap. (cnbc.com)
  • While we are grateful to our current donors, the symptoms of a health system that is breaking down are only becoming more severe as we move into the fourth year of the conflict. (unfoundation.org)
  • One in every four couples in developing countries had been found to be affected by infertility, when an evaluation of responses from women in Demographic and Health Surveys from 1990 was completed in collaboration with WHO in 2004. (who.int)
  • Solving bottlenecks in these areas would radically help country health systems function better, enabling more people have access to vital health services. (who.int)
  • Its mission is to improve people's lives, to reduce the burdens of disease and poverty, and to provide access to responsive health care for all people. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The toolkit is expected to assist researchers, program managers, and policy makers to use existing data or to collect a minimal amount of data to better assess and document the success ( or failure) of interventions aimed at improving young people sexual and reproductive health. (macfound.org)
  • Research shows that while a number of interventions can help improve health outcomes in young people, there is no single action or intervention that can broadly meet the needs of all young people across geographies. (macfound.org)
  • Nine out of 10 people around the world breathe polluted air, according to a report released Wednesday by the World Health Organization (WHO). (usatoday.com)
  • An "alarming" 7 million people die each year from air pollution, the report said, as air pollution levels remain dangerously high in many parts of the world. (usatoday.com)
  • Seven million people died from exposure to air pollution around the world in 2012, according to new estimates from the World Health Organization (WHO) published Tuesday. (msnbc.com)
  • The World Health Organization announced its first list of antibiotic-resistant "priority pathogens" on Monday, detailing 12 families of bacteria that agency experts say pose the greatest threat to human health and kill millions of people every year. (chicagotribune.com)
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) has partnered with the ITU Telecom World Young Innovators Competition to invite young people to develop their ideas to provide solutions to create smart cities that will slow down or mitigate the effects of climate change. (un.org)
  • Too much caffeine leads to health problems for some people, by interfering with sleep, triggering migraines, and causing digestive problems. (cancer.org)
  • The World Health Organization now says that the coronavirus can be airborne and that people without symptoms can spread the virus more easily than previously thought. (cbsnews.com)
  • Every minute 44 people fall sick from eating contaminated food, according to the World Health Organization. (foodsafetynews.com)
  • Today, on International Women's Day, people and organizations around the world pay tribute to women's contributions to our social, economic, cultural and political lives. (ucpress.edu)
  • People could literally get on a plane carrying the polio virus, not even necessarily be sick with it and bring it to Canada where we don't have perfect vaccination rates anymore,' said Dr. Michael Gardam, director of infection prevention and control at the University Health Network in Toronto. (cbc.ca)
  • Straif said there were dramatic differences in air quality between cities around the world and that the most polluted metropolises were in China and India, where people frequently don masks on streets to protect themselves. (cbsnews.com)
  • It is also a day when people and nations take a single health issue and find ways to protect people from its health threats. (worldatlas.com)
  • The WHO is bent on providing leadership in accomplishing good health all over the globe, doing so in partnership and cooperation with other organizations in its duty to ensure the continued overall good health of all the world's people. (worldatlas.com)
  • The World Health Organization also started an online database on people with mental disabilities, with the aim of eradicating human rights abuses toward this group of people. (worldatlas.com)
  • The World Health Organization reports that as many as 12 million people a year die of heart disease, making it the number one killer in the world today. (articlealley.com)
  • At NationofChange, our mission is to help people create a more compassionate, responsible, and value-driven world, powered by communities that focus on positive solutions to social and economic problems. (nationofchange.org)
  • More than 99% of people sick with suspected cholera who can access health services are surviving. (commondreams.org)
  • Working through offices in more than 150 countries, WHO staff work side by side with governments and other partners to ensure the highest attainable level of health for all people. (commondreams.org)
  • Chelsea Hedquist: What are the most pressing health challenges facing the people of Syria? (unfoundation.org)
  • and the World Health Organization (WHO) still muddying the waters about people who self-inflict HIV, as there have indeed been some cases (just nothing like half of all new HIV cases in Greece, as the WHO had originally told people). (gaypatriot.net)
  • Each year, smoking kills at least 5 million people worldwide, and that death toll could rise if nations don't do more to fight smoking, says the World Health Organization. (empowher.com)
  • People need more than to be told that tobacco is bad for human health. (empowher.com)
  • In a tobacco use and control report released Wednesday, the WHO noted that nearly 95 percent of people in the world aren't protected by laws that ban smoking. (empowher.com)
  • People and organizations associated with either the creation of this report or its content. (unt.edu)
  • The World Health Organization pushed back Friday on a report that people should beware of cash as coronavirus spreads. (marketwatch.com)
  • In Florida, where parts of Walt Disney World reopened Saturday, 15,299 people tested positive, for a total of 269,811 cases, and 45 deaths were recorded, according to state Department of Health statistics reported Sunday. (courant.com)
  • In 1945, three physicians, Drs. Szeming Sze of China, Karl Evang of Norway, and Geraldo de Paula Souza of Brazil, proposed the formulation of a single health organization that would address the health needs of the world's people. (faqs.org)
  • Special programs include the Applied Nutrition Program, which began in 1960 and attempts to improve the nutritional health of people worldwide. (faqs.org)
  • The World Health Organization no longer classifies transgender people as mentally ill. (cnn.com)
  • The WHO said the change is expected to improve social acceptance among transgender people, while still making important health resources available. (cnn.com)
  • Since polio cases were reported last fall, we have conducted monthly campaigns and have, together with UNICEF, supported the health authorities in vaccinating over 2.9 million children under the age of 5 against polio across Syria. (unfoundation.org)
  • Together with UNICEF, the WHO has been successful in overseeing programs to promote breastfeeding and improve the health and nutritional status of pregnant women, infants, and mothers with young children. (faqs.org)
  • The WHO incorporated the assets, personnel, and duties of the League of Nations' Health Organization and the Office International d'Hygiène Publique, including the International Classification of Diseases (ICD). (wikipedia.org)
  • The organization respects all individuals' freedoms, and also their governments' responsibilities to protect earth's citizens from health hazards and diseases by working to provide safe water and ensure clean air. (worldatlas.com)
  • Could it be that some of the auto immune diseases that the world is currently contending with is caused by an undiagnosed microbe? (bellaonline.com)
  • Diseases like Malaria and HIV are crushing third world countries economically, as families struggle to survive, leaving orphaned children behind and no recourse for prosperity to the family unit. (bellaonline.com)
  • LONDON - The World Health Organization spent nearly $192 million on travel expenses last year, with staffers sometimes breaking the agency's own rules by traveling in business class, booking expensive last-minute tickets and traveling without the required approvals, according to internal documents obtained by The Associated Press. (nypost.com)
  • As countries across Europe and North America begin to reopen, nations in other parts of the world continue to report cases of the novel coronavirus in increasing quantities, representatives from the World Health Organization (WHO) said on Monday. (newsweek.com)
  • Secretary of State Mike Pompeo accused the Chinese government of delaying notification about the novel coronavirus to the World Health Organization. (go.com)
  • According to the World Health Organization, it now classifies processed meats as a major cause of cancer, alongside cigarettes. (nationofchange.org)
  • The major obstacles are inefficient procurement and supply systems, poor partner collaboration, and lack of crucial reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health commodities on national essential medicines lists. (who.int)
  • The role of the MO is to serve as a technical expert within the WHO and for outside organizations on issues related to maternal and reproductive health in emergency settings. (macfound.org)
  • U.S. and international health authorities are raising the alarm about a tropical disease spreading rapidly in Latin America and the Caribbean that they suspect is linked to a devastating brain disorder in babies.The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and. (baltimoresun.com)
  • The report came alongside announcements from government authorities in Brazil that confirmed its health care system was nearing capacity due to a weekly surge in cases by about 50 percent . (newsweek.com)
  • WHO provides technical advice to local and central health authorities and coordinates the health sector response. (unfoundation.org)
  • "Many of these deaths could be prevented - if those mothers and children could only access a basic set of medicines and health supplies," says Flavia Bustreo, Assistant Director General for Family, Women's and Children's Health. (who.int)
  • The World Health Organization on Thursday declared air pollution a human carcinogen like tobacco smoke, asbestos and arsenic, calling it a leading cause of cancer deaths globally. (latimes.com)
  • There are, of course, other reasons to monitor or restrict alcohol consumption at any point in time, as the W.H.O says that it "can exacerbate health vulnerability, risk-taking behaviours, mental health issues and violence" and "In particular, alcohol compromises the body's immune system and increases the risk of adverse health outcomes. (oregonlive.com)
  • The topics and themes also vary for every issue, from health system financing for health care, to health security and mental health. (worldatlas.com)
  • To foster activities in the field of mental health, especially those activities affecting the harmony of human relations. (nationsencyclopedia.com)
  • There are still parts of the world where polio has yet to be rubbed out. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Nigeria is one of three countries in the world where the wild polio virus remains endemic. (cbc.ca)
  • LONDON (Reuters) - Thanks to scientists working under the auspices of the World Health Organization, you can be fairly sure your toothbrush won't give you cancer. (reuters.com)
  • They say any research and breakthroughs would be shared with scientists throughout the world. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • In a real sense, the WHO is an international health cooperative that monitors the state of the world's health and takes steps to improve the health status of individual countries and of the world community. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The World Health Organization notified U.S. lawmakers Wednesday that it will discontinue two publications on prescribing opioid painkillers in response to allegations that the pharmaceutical industry influenced the reports. (ap.org)
  • The withdrawal, which goes into effect next July, has drawn criticism from bipartisan lawmakers, medical associations, advocacy organizations and allies abroad. (cnn.com)
  • The Pacific Community (SPC) has provided the Fiji Ministry of Health and Medical Services (MHMS) with 20,000 hand washing posters in support of its efforts to mitigate COVID-19 transmission. (spc.int)
  • The President's official withdrawal of the U.S. from the World Health Organization is an act of true senselessness," she said in a tweet. (startribune.com)
  • WHO has played a very pivotal role in setting health policies, as well as providing technical cooperation to its member states. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The objective of the organization for this, set forth in Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), is to act in cooperation with its member countries, and synchronize its actions with other concerned countries and agencies in the international health system. (worldatlas.com)
  • After failing to get a resolution passed on the subject, Alger Hiss, the secretary general of the conference, recommended using a declaration to establish such an organization. (wikipedia.org)
  • The year 1851 saw the conceptualization of the idea ( and for a need) to establish a World Health Organization. (worldatlas.com)
  • Medical facilities in Gaza have 'severe shortages' of basic supplies such as gauze, antiseptic and IV fluids - if they have not yet already run out of them - according to the World Health Organisation (WHO). (bbc.co.uk)
  • Yona Schiffmiller asserts that in order to effectively asses the state of Palestinian health in Gaza, the World Health Organization must base its analysis on facts and not contrived NGO distortions, admit Palestinian abuses of medical infrastructure, and remain focused on core issues of health without veering off to launch political attacks against Israel. (ngo-monitor.org)
  • In this project, WHO staffis developing a post-hoc evaluation toolkit for young people's sexual and reproductive health programming. (macfound.org)
  • PMNCH will also add young people's reproductive health issues to those addressed by the partnership. (macfound.org)
  • It also further states that, whenever and wherever health is threatened, it would be there to restore the people's well being. (worldatlas.com)
  • In 2005, the Regional Committee of the World Health Organization (WHO) European Region (EUR) passed a resolution calling for the regional elimination of measles, rubella, and congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
  • The Organization will continue to play an active role in following up on its forthcoming recommendations in country and regional settings, providing policy advice to governments. (who.int)
  • WHO also sends doctors and other health professionals to UNHCR operations and supports the refugee agency, governments, and other institutions in the co-ordination of humanitarian health programmes. (unhcr.org)
  • It assists governments in improving national health services and in establishing worldwide standards for foods, chemicals, and biological and pharmaceutical products. (unt.edu)
  • Mothers and babies wait for health workers to arrive to receive antenatal and postnatal check-ups at a health post in a village in Nepal. (who.int)
  • Gloves are given out sparingly to health workers. (ap.org)
  • Many health workers have fled for safety, and looting has damaged health facilities and led to shortages of medicines and other essential supplies. (nature.com)
  • It is expected that this publication will be of interest to health care workers clinicians social workers university students science teachers and informed policy makers. (google.com)
  • Shortages in medicines and supplies are persistent and widespread and 30 000 critical health workers have not been paid salaries in nearly a year. (commondreams.org)
  • Yemen's health workers are operating in impossible conditions. (commondreams.org)
  • To save lives in Yemen today we must support the health system, especially the health workers. (commondreams.org)
  • The biggest challenge is the inability of health workers to actually access patients in order to provide them with the treatment they need. (unfoundation.org)
  • Moreover, health facilities and health workers have become direct targets of armed groups during the conflict. (unfoundation.org)
  • I have never before seen the direct targeting of hospitals and health workers on this scale. (unfoundation.org)
  • The most important thing is to increase advocacy to find a political solution to the conflict and to advocate for the protection of patients, health workers, and facilities. (unfoundation.org)
  • These health reports were first published in 1995, and continue to give member countries updates on information that influences each country's funding and health policies. (worldatlas.com)
  • Learn more about these partnerships and how you too can join us in our mission to save lives, celebrate lives, and lead the fight for a world without cancer. (cancer.org)
  • At the American Cancer Society, we're on a mission to free the world from cancer. (cancer.org)
  • IARC is the cancer agency of the World Health Organization. (cancer.org)
  • Imagine a world free from cancer. (cancer.org)
  • LONDON Air pollution is a leading cause of lung cancer, according to a new report from the cancer agency of the World Health Organization (WHO), confirming what many have long suspected of inhaling smog. (cbsnews.com)
  • The organization also spawned the International Agency for Research on Cancer in 1965. (worldatlas.com)
  • Published by the World Health Organization anti-cancer elements, the original 10 are now increased to 16. (articlealley.com)
  • CHICAGO (Reuters) - The world's most widely-used weed killer can "probably" cause cancer, the World Health Organization said on Friday. (businessinsider.com)
  • This report is the largest air pollution survey undertaken of world cities. (usatoday.com)
  • India has 14 of the 15 top polluted cities in the world, in terms of the dangerous PM2.5 particles, the report said. (usatoday.com)
  • Beef products are one of the main sources of Shiga toxin-producing E. coli infections around the world, according to a report published by the FAO and WHO. (foodsafetynews.com)
  • The organization also publishes the World Health Report, the Worldwide Health Survey, and World Health Day. (worldatlas.com)
  • The World Oral Health Report 2003. (fluoridealert.org)
  • 1986 - Appropriate Use of Fluorides for Human Health - see also Part 2 of this report. (fluoridealert.org)