Risk Adjustment: The use of severity-of-illness measures, such as age, to estimate the risk (measurable or predictable chance of loss, injury or death) to which a patient is subject before receiving some health care intervention. This adjustment allows comparison of performance and quality across organizations, practitioners, and communities. (from JCAHO, Lexikon, 1994)Insurance Selection Bias: Adverse or favorable selection bias exhibited by insurers or enrollees resulting in disproportionate enrollment of certain groups of people.Capitation Fee: A method of payment for health services in which an individual or institutional provider is paid a fixed, per capita amount without regard to the actual number or nature of services provided to each patient.Competitive Medical Plans: Alternative health care delivery mechanisms, such as PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS or other health insurance services or prepaid plans (other than HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS), that meet Medicare qualifications for a risk-sharing contract. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)Rate Setting and Review: A method of examining and setting levels of payments.Integrative Medicine: The discipline concerned with using the combination of conventional ALLOPATHIC MEDICINE and ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE to address the biological, psychological, social, and spiritual aspects of health and illness.Diagnosis-Related Groups: A system for classifying patient care by relating common characteristics such as diagnosis, treatment, and age to an expected consumption of hospital resources and length of stay. Its purpose is to provide a framework for specifying case mix and to reduce hospital costs and reimbursements and it forms the cornerstone of the prospective payment system.Hospital Mortality: A vital statistic measuring or recording the rate of death from any cause in hospitalized populations.Admitting Department, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the flow of patients and the processing of admissions, discharges, transfers, and also most procedures to be carried out in the event of a patient's death.Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (U.S.): A component of the Department of Health and Human Services to oversee and direct the Medicare and Medicaid programs and related Federal medical care quality control staffs. Name was changed effective June 14, 2001.United StatesQuality Indicators, Health Care: Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Cost Allocation: The assignment, to each of several particular cost-centers, of an equitable proportion of the costs of activities that serve all of them. Cost-center usually refers to institutional departments or services.Managed Competition: A strategy for purchasing health care in a manner which will obtain maximum value for the price for the purchasers of the health care and the recipients. The concept was developed primarily by Alain Enthoven of Stanford University and promulgated by the Jackson Hole Group. The strategy depends on sponsors for groups of the population to be insured. The sponsor, in some cases a health alliance, acts as an intermediary between the group and competing provider groups (accountable health plans). The competition is price-based among annual premiums for a defined, standardized benefit package. (From Slee and Slee, Health Care Reform Terms, 1993)Health Expenditures: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.Models, Statistical: Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.Hospitals, Veterans: Hospitals providing medical care to veterans of wars.Social Adjustment: Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)Benchmarking: Method of measuring performance against established standards of best practice.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Medicare: Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XVIII-Health Insurance for the Aged, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, that provides health insurance benefits to persons over the age of 65 and others eligible for Social Security benefits. It consists of two separate but coordinated programs: hospital insurance (MEDICARE PART A) and supplementary medical insurance (MEDICARE PART B). (Hospital Administration Terminology, AHA, 2d ed and A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, US House of Representatives, 1976)International Classification of Diseases: A system of categories to which morbid entries are assigned according to established criteria. Included is the entire range of conditions in a manageable number of categories, grouped to facilitate mortality reporting. It is produced by the World Health Organization (From ICD-10, p1). The Clinical Modifications, produced by the UNITED STATES DEPT. OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, are larger extensions used for morbidity and general epidemiological purposes, primarily in the U.S.National Health Insurance, United StatesHospitals: Institutions with an organized medical staff which provide medical care to patients.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Insurance Claim Review: Review of claims by insurance companies to determine liability and amount of payment for various services. The review may also include determination of eligibility of the claimant or beneficiary or of the provider of the benefit; determination that the benefit is covered or not payable under another policy; or determination that the service was necessary and of reasonable cost and quality.Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)ChileRegression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.WashingtonFee-for-Service Plans: Method of charging whereby a physician or other practitioner bills for each encounter or service rendered. In addition to physicians, other health care professionals are reimbursed via this mechanism. Fee-for-service plans contrast with salary, per capita, and prepayment systems, where the payment does not change with the number of services actually used or if none are used. (From Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)Quality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.MichiganRetrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Health Benefit Plans, Employee: Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.Databases, Factual: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.Insurance, Health: Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Cesarean Section: Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.Cardiac Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the heart.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Adjustment Disorders: Maladaptive reactions to identifiable psychosocial stressors occurring within a short time after onset of the stressor. They are manifested by either impairment in social or occupational functioning or by symptoms (depression, anxiety, etc.) that are in excess of a normal and expected reaction to the stressor.National Health Programs: Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.CaliforniaLength of Stay: The period of confinement of a patient to a hospital or other health facility.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Quality Assurance, Health Care: Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Infant Mortality: Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Health Status Indicators: The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.Registries: The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Heart Defects, Congenital: Developmental abnormalities involving structures of the heart. These defects are present at birth but may be discovered later in life.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Coronary Artery Bypass: Surgical therapy of ischemic coronary artery disease achieved by grafting a section of saphenous vein, internal mammary artery, or other substitute between the aorta and the obstructed coronary artery distal to the obstructive lesion.Hospitalization: The confinement of a patient in a hospital.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
Arlene Sandra Ash is an American statistician who works on risk adjustment in health services. She is a professor of ... to apply her risk adjustment models. Before joining the University of Massachusetts she taught at Boston University. Beyond ... She has also been involved in the anti-nuclear movement and has worked for equal pay for women. She is a fellow of the American ...
American statistician who works on risk adjustment in health services Deborah Ashby (1959-), British statistician who ... worked on HIV, AIDS, infectious diseases, and women's health Anne Chao, Taiwanese environmental statistician known for her work ... British statistician who works in the design of experiments and the analysis of variance Karen Bandeen-Roche, American ... American statistician who works in mental health statistics and analysis of complex survey data Jennifer Brown, New Zealand ...
"How does Risk Selection Respond to Risk Adjustment? Evidence from the Medicare Advantage Program."" NBER Working Paper No. ... The Part C risk adjusted payments to Medicare Advantage plans described above are designed to limit this churn between types of ... The theory is that the risk-based formula will be "budget" neutral but in practice it almost always increases cost per ... Therefore, it is common for people to continue to work after joining Medicare at age 65, use both Original Medicare (often just ...
She is known for her research on risk-taking and psychological adjustment of adolescents, young adults, and couples. Many of ... M. Lynne Cooper is known for her work examining the role of alcohol in adolescent decision making in risky situations, and the ... In other work, Cooper and her colleagues investigated the motivations to consume alcohol of 393 "community-recruited drinkers ... Frone, M. R., Russell, M., & Cooper, M. L. (1992). Antecedents and outcomes of work-family conflict: testing a model of the ...
This may change if results warrant adjustment, such as some minor care and maintenance work completed in summer 2004. ... Monitoring assesses the integrity of sealed mine openings, water quality and potential risks to humans. Silke, Ryan. 2009. "The ... In 1954 exploration work included over 10,000 feet (3,000 m) of surface diamond drilling, and the company was reorganized as ...
A Danish study in 2000 found that even after adjustment for other risk factors, including leisure time physical activity, those ... Work, Sports, and Cycling to Work". Archives of Internal Medicine. 160 (11): 1621-8. doi:10.1001/archinte.160.11.1621. PMID ... These are caused by many factors: Incorrect bicycle fit or adjustment, particularly the saddle. Incorrect adjustment of ... which make it hard to assess the risk and monitor changes in risks. In the UK, fatality rates per mile or kilometre are ...
ISBN 1-56708-073-1 Has the Adjustment Process Worked? (Policy Analyses in International Economics, 34) (June 1991), ISBN 0- ... ISBN 0-262-11159-4 The Risks Facing the World Economy (July 1991), with Guillermo de la Dehesa and Charles Taylor. ... Kaplan, Ethan; Dani Rodrik (February 2001). "Did the Malaysian Capital Controls Work?". NBER Working Paper (8142). "Capital ... Encouraged, Krugman worked on it and later wrote, "[I] knew within a few hours that I had the key to my whole career in hand". ...
... by allowing him or her to work at a comfortable height and reduce the risk of back injuries. Height adjustment and raising the ... Common adjustments include inclining the upper body and raising the lower body independently of each other. Other common ... features include height adjustment and tilting the bed to raise the upper body or the lower body into the Trendelenburg or ...
Sato himself risked his life in 1967 after uncontrolled sessions of VOT, leading him to focus more on control and adjustment of ... Kaatsu Big Ass Mass: Occlusion Training, Bryan Haycock, FLEX How Does Occlusion Training Work In Increasing muscle? Is this the ...
... exposure to risks to be avoided. (2) 'If the adjustment of her working conditions and/or working hours is not technically and/ ... Boyle v Equal Opportunities Commission (1998) C-411/96, [1998] ECR I-6401 Mrs Boyle worked for the EOC, which as an emanation ... the six mothers to repay contractual maternity pay if they did not return to work one month after leave. It was argued that Art ... guidelines to be drawn up for hazardous work for pregnant workers art 4, assessment and information art 5(1) ...
However, there is risk involved in avoiding these costs if an employee is improperly classified as a contingent worker. Using ... the contingent workforce is also cost-effective in that using contingent labor allows for adjustments to employment levels and ... All casual work is considered to be contingent work, but not all contingent work is casual. In particular, part time jobs, or ... Contingent work is usually not considered to be a career or part of a career. One of the features of contingent work is that it ...
... legal work on behalf of immigrants at risk for deportation; relief, or temporary financial assistance; medical aid case work; ... and social and cultural adjustment to American life.57−58p. 367-368 Building on the resettlement program that had been ... 53 The National Refugee Service also produced reports and statistical studies that documented its own work and the work of ... It worked very closely with some of these organizations, including the Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Scholars ...
International contributions of his work are a new diagnosis model of adjustment disorder, the introduction of complex post- ... In PTSD research he developed assessments of socio-interpersonal risk and protective factors: "Disclosure of trauma ... In 2017, the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany in recognition of his scientific work and working in honorary ... Since 2011, he has chaired the working group "Stress-associated disorders" for ICD-11 revision by World Health Organization. In ...
Youth brought to the United States as adolescents are at greater risk for adjustment difficulties. Many undergo acculturated ... This includes finding work as an undocumented immigrant and postponing secondary education. The third, coping (ages 25-29) is ... Most state-based aid is also out of reach for undocumented students so grants, work study and loans are not options. States opt ... Access to secondary education is still limited, but youth who are granted the ability to work have the potential for increased ...
The team then follows a problem-solving process to determine interventions for at-risk students that will work within whole- ... The RTI process can help identify students who are at-risk, guide adjustments to instruction, monitor student progress, and ... Barley, Z; Lauer, P. A.; Arens, S. A.; Apthrop, H. S.; Englert, K. S.; Snow, D.; Akiba, M (2002). Helping at-risk students meet ... A goal of the RTI process is to apply accountability to educational program by focusing on programs that work rather than ...
"How does Risk Selection Respond to Risk Adjustment? Evidence from the Medicare Advantage Program."" NBER Working Paper No. ... For most working age adults, the risk of disability is greater than the risk of premature death, and the resulting reduction in ... They will be less likely to cover higher-risk populations, which would cause an imbalance in the risk pool for other small ... Employees who worked part time (less than 30 hours a week) were less likely to be offered coverage by their employer than were ...
This led, with the ministry of Barbara Castle's adjustments, to the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 which set up the Health ... During this period he co-authored the Robens Report that followed his difficult but practical risk management of the coal ...
No dose adjustment is required in persons with renal impairment. No dose adjustment is required in persons with mild and ... found no change in all cause mortality while decreasing the risk of cardiac death and increasing the risk of major bleeding, ... This mechanism works by a different pathway than other anti-platelet medications such as aspirin and P2Y12 inhibitors. Unlike ... If the person has severe hepatic impairment, vorapaxar is not recommended due to the risk of bleeding. Vorapaxar is a new anti- ...
He also worked to improve his mental toughness. Coaches tested him by placing him in high-pressure situations and telling him ... The sequence of Strasburg's delivery was believed to place a great deal of stress on his arm, placing him at greater risk of ... During the 2014 season, analysts noted a slight adjustment in Strasburg's pitching mechanics, as he moved his back foot to rest ... Working at in between starts, it's just become second nature," he told The Washington Post. Strasburg said he had noticed an ...
Qualifying reinsurance pools and other risk-adjustment programs must cover only the same individuals as qualifying high-risk ... Within 90 days of the Act's enactment, a Solvency Standards Working Group is to be established to enforce the Act's solvency ... states annually as a grant for states to establish their own qualifying high-risk or reinsurance pool or other risk-adjustment ... Qualifying high-risk pools must cover only high-risk populations, their spouses, and dependents, offer multiple competing ...
Fantuzzo worked on the development of integrated citywide databases for agencies that serve young children, such as the Kids ... and community-based strategies that benefit low-income children in high-risk urban settings. He has conducted multiple studies ... the influence of social/emotional adjustment problems on educational success, and early childhood education. Dr. ... Fantuzzo has been a faculty member at Penn since 1988, where he has worked extensively with the School District of ...
Some of these might be job stress, physicality, risks, degree of supervision and ability to work with peers or family members. ... that were too heavy on variable pay and were concerned it might be a concession to remove cost-of living wage adjustments or to ... If the work isn't covered by any of the other types of work, it's 'unmeasured work'. Unmeasured work includes being paid a set ... To work out the minimum wage for unmeasured work, either every hour worked must be recorded to make sure the worker gets the ...
... although appropriate risk adjustments need to be made. The Latin American expansion of the Burkenroad Reports started in 2001 ... Tulane University works in conjunction with universities in Mexico, Venezuela, Colombia, Peru and Ecuador to provide reports of ... Under faculty supervision, students work in small groups to produce the reports after visiting companies and interviewing top ...
Making the water alkaline helps coagulation and flocculation processes work effectively and also helps to minimize the risk of ... pH adjustment. Pure water has a pH close to 7 (neither alkaline nor acidic). Sea water can have pH values that range from 7.5 ... "American Water Works Association. Retrieved 29 June 2017.. *^ a b c d Edzwald, James K., ed. (2011). Water Quality and ... Turneaure, F.E. & H.L. Russell (1901). Public Water-Supplies: Requirements, Resources, and the Construction of Works (1st ed ...
... because the bank's calculations of profit fail to make proper adjustment for risk. Best practice in finance and economics, as ... "Your Tax Dollars at Work: A Giant Coal Plant in South Africa". Mother Jones. December 9, 2009. U.S. Ex-Im Bank Finances Largest ... 3-52 Arditti, Fred D. "Risk and the Required Return on Equity". Journal of Financial Economics Vol. 22, No. 1 (Mar. 1967), pp. ... The Bank uses its ability to borrow at government rates to provide loans, loan guarantees, working capital guarantees, and loan ...
A 2006 study of 46,400 quasars in the SDSS by Bell and McDiarmid discovered 6 peaks in the redshift distribution consistent with the decreasing intrinsic redshift (DIR) model. They conclude that this correlation is unlikely to be a selection effect, given the method used to determine intrinsic redshift relations.[7]. Schneider et al. (2007) and Richards et al. (2006) report that the periodicity reported by Bell and McDiarmid disappears after correcting for selection effects.[30][31] However, Bell and Comeau (2010) have since argued that this correction removes nearly half of the sample and does not explain how selection effects give rise to redshift peaks. The same study also concludes that a "filter gap footprint" renders it impossible to verify or falsify the presence of a true redshift peak at Δz = 0.60.[32]. A 2006 review by Bajan et al. discovered weak effects of redshift periodization in data from the Local Group of galaxies and the Hercules Supercluster. They conclude that "galaxy ...
Carter has frequently regretted his own choice of the word "anthropic", because it conveys the misleading impression that the principle involves humans specifically, rather than intelligent observers in general.[65] Others[66] have criticised the word "principle" as being too grandiose to describe straightforward applications of selection effects. A common criticism of Carter's SAP is that it is an easy deus ex machina which discourages searches for physical explanations. To quote Penrose again: "[I]t tends to be invoked by theorists whenever they do not have a good enough theory to explain the observed facts."[67] Carter's SAP and Barrow and Tipler's WAP have been dismissed as truisms or trivial tautologies-that is, statements true solely by virtue of their logical form (the conclusion is identical to the premise) and not because a substantive claim is made and supported by observation of reality. As such, they are criticized as an elaborate way of saying "if things were different, they would ...
In the context of healthcare in the United States, a pre-existing condition is a medical condition that started before a person's health benefits went into effect. Before 2014 some insurance policies would not cover expenses due to pre-existing conditions. These exclusions by the insurance industry were meant to cope with adverse selection by potential customers. Such exclusions have been prohibited since January 1, 2014, by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The University of Pittsburgh Medical Center defines a pre-existing condition as a "medical condition that occurred before a program of health benefits went into effect". J. James Rohack, president of the American Medical Association, has stated on a Fox News Sunday interview that exclusions, based upon these conditions, function as a form of "rationing" of health care. Conditions can be broken down into two further categories, according to Lisa Smith of Investopedia: Most insurance companies use one of two definitions to ...
The physical risks associated with most genetic tests are very small, particularly for those tests that require only a blood sample or buccal smear (a procedure that samples cells from the inside surface of the cheek). The procedures used for prenatal testing carry a small but non-negligible risk of losing the pregnancy (miscarriage) because they require a sample of amniotic fluid or tissue from around the fetus.[24] Many of the risks associated with genetic testing involve the emotional, social, or financial consequences of the test results. People may feel angry, depressed, anxious, or guilty about their results. The potential negative impact of genetic testing has led to an increasing recognition of a "right not to know".[25] In some cases, genetic testing creates tension within a family because the results can reveal information about other family members in addition to the person who is tested.[26] The possibility of genetic discrimination in employment ...
Coordinates: 40°40′40″N 74°24′44″W / 40.677712°N 74.412122°W / 40.677712; -74.412122 Summit Medical Group is a physician-owned, for-profit, multispecialty medical practice headquartered in Berkeley Heights, New Jersey. In 2013, Summit Medical Group established The Summit Medical Group Foundation, a nonprofit dedicated to health promotion, medical research and medical education. In 2014, Summit Medical Group launched a new management company, Summit Health Management (SHM). SHM offers consulting and management services to physician practices in the United States. Summit Medical Group is led by Chairman and CEO Jeffrey Le Benger, MD. In 2016, Le Benger was named #8 in the "NJBiz Health Care Power 50 list" - a publicized ranking of the leaders of New Jersey healthcare organizations, state policymakers and legislators. Summit Medical Group traces its beginnings to October 1929, when co-founders William H. Lawrence, MD, and Maynard G. Bensley, MD established the Diagnostic Group ...
Bill Clinton's legacy on gay rights is a matter of controversy. LGBT rights activist Richard Socarides credits Clinton as the first President to publicly champion gay rights,[153] but Clinton's signing of DOMA and DADT have led critics like Andrew Sullivan to argue Clinton was a detriment to rather than an ally for the LGBT rights movement.[154]. In December 1993, Clinton implemented a Department of Defense directive known as "Don't Ask, Don't Tell", which allowed gay men and women to serve in the armed services provided they kept their sexuality a secret, and forbade the military from inquiring about an individual's sexual orientation.[155] The policy was developed as a compromise after Clinton's proposal to allow gays to serve openly in the military met with staunch opposition from prominent Congressional Republicans and Democrats, including Senators John McCain (R-AZ) and Sam Nunn (D-GA). According to David Mixner, Clinton's support for the compromise led to a heated dispute with Vice ...
Conservative forces dominated Argentine politics until 1916, when the Radicals, led by Hipólito Yrigoyen, won control of the government through the first national elections under universal male suffrage. 745,000 citizens were allowed to vote, of a total population of 7.5 million (immigrants, who represented much of the population, were not allowed to vote); of these, 400,000 abstained.[11]. Yrigoyen, however, only obtained 45% of the votes, which did not allow him a majority in Parliament, where the conservatives remained the leading force. Thus, of 80 draft laws proposed by the executive, only 26 were voted through by the conservative majority.[12] A moderate agricultural reform proposal was rejected by Parliament, as was an income tax on interest, and the creation of a Bank of the Republic (which was to have the missions of the current Central Bank).[12]. Despite this conservative opposition, the Radical Civic Union (UCR), with their emphasis on fair elections and democratic institutions, ...
Much of the Sixth District is rural and wooded. It is spread across the geographic regions known as the Cumberland Plateau, the Highland Rim, and the Central Basin. The area is known for its waterfalls, such as Burgess Falls and Cummins Falls. With close access to interstates 24, 40, and 65, subdivisions are sprouting almost exponentially, fast filling with new economy managers. Recently, many companies have opened either manufacturing or distribution centers in the 6th District. This includes Amazon[4] and Bridgestone-Firestone[5] in Lebanon, gun manufacturer Beretta[6] in Gallatin, and clothing manufacturer Under Armour[7] in Mt. Juliet. Politically speaking, the region was traditionally a "Yellow Dog Democrat" district. However, the district began shifting rightward as Nashville's suburbs bled into the district. It supported Bill Clinton in 1992, partly due to Gore's presence as Clinton's running mate. However, it has not supported a Democrat for president since. By the turn of the century, ...
After Abrams emerged as the nominee, the Democrats remained divided. In particular, Abrams spent much of the remainder of the campaign trying to get Ferraro's endorsement.[12] Ferraro, enraged and bitter after the nature of the primary,[6][10] ignored Abrams and accepted Bill Clinton's request to campaign for his presidential bid instead. She was eventually persuaded by state party leaders into giving an unenthusiastic endorsement with just three days to go before the general election, in exchange for an apology by Abrams for the tone of the primary.[12] Abrams was also accused of engaging in ethnically charged attacks against the Italian ancestry of both Ferraro and D'Amato. Ahead of the primary, Ferraro sought to defend herself against accusations that she received financial support from organized crime in her 1978 congressional campaign, claiming that "If I were not Italian American, this whole thing would never have been brought up."[13] In October, Abrams was again accused of anti-Italian ...
The RBRVS for each CPT code is determined using three separate factors: physician work, practice expense, and malpractice expense. The average relative weights of these are: physician work (52%), practice expense (44%), malpractice expense (4%).[2] A method to determine the physician work value was the primary contribution made by the Hsiao study. The RUC examines each new code to determine a relative value by comparing the physician work of the new code to the physician work involved in existing codes. The practice expense, determined by the Practice Expense Review Committee, consists of the direct expenses related to supplies and non-physician labor used in providing the service, and the pro rata cost of the equipment used. In addition, there is an amount included for the indirect expenses. In the development of the RBRVS, the physician work (including the physician's time, mental effort, technical skill, judgment, stress and an amortization of the physician's education), the practice expense ...
Discussions between the governments of Iran and Pakistan started in 1995.[5] A preliminary agreement was signed in 1995. This agreement foresaw construction of a pipeline from South Pars gas field to Karachi in Pakistan. Later Iran made a proposal to extend the pipeline from Pakistan into India. In February 1999, a preliminary agreement between Iran and India was signed.[6] In 2004 the project was revived after the UNDP's report Peace and Prosperity Gas Pipelines by Pakistani petroleum engineer, Gulfaraz Ahmed, was published in December 2003. The report highlighted benefits of the pipeline to Pakistan, India and Iran.[7] In February 2007, India and Pakistan agreed to pay Iran US$4.93 per million British thermal units (US$4.67/GJ) but some details relating to price adjustment remained open to further negotiation.[8] In April 2008, Iran expressed interest in the People's Republic of China's participation in the project.[9] In August 2010, Iran invited Bangladesh to join the project.[10] In ...
... is a class of racing cars used in National Auto Sport Association (NASA) road racing events. The goal for Spec E30 is to create high levels of competition among similarly prepared BMW E30 3 Series cars at a reasonable cost. It is intended to encourage low-cost, entry-level, production car based competition. It has been called "the next big thing" in club-level racing by Grassroots Motorsports Magazine. The series consists of U.S.-spec BMW E30 325i coupes and sedans, sold between 1987 and 1991. All cars in the series use the BMW M20B25 engine. Convertibles built to series specs and with log books issued prior to November 1, 2011 are still allowed to compete, but this model has been sunsetted out of the series. As a "specified" class, the rules allow for a limited number of modifications, predominantly involving required suspension parts. Required components include: M20B25 Getrag 260 5-speed transmission 3.73 rear differential final drive ratio Stock/unmodified ECU H&R Race spring set ...
... (born November 26, 1954) is a medical doctor in Atlanta, Georgia and the author of The Naked Truth about Breast Impants: From Harm to Healing. Kolb's medical practice combines conventional, holistic and integrative medicine with spiritual healing. Her area of specialization is plastic and reconstructive surgery. Kolb is a medical authority on the complications arising from breast implants, and has been an active voice in the debate about the safety of breast implant devices since 1996. She has treated over 2,000 women suffering from breast implant disease and related systemic immune disorders. Susan Kolb was born on November 26, 1954, in Havre de Grace, Maryland. She grew up with her parents, Doris and Gene Kolb, and an older brother, Charles Kolb. As a child, she gravitated toward medicine, reading books on biology and genetics while still in grade school. She graduated from Lawrence High School in 1972 and attended Johns Hopkins University where she studied premedicine and graduated ...
Use of risk adjustment.... *Use of risk adjustment in setting budgets and measuring performance in primary care I: how it works ... Use of risk adjustment in setting budgets and measuring performance in primary care I: how it works BMJ 2001; 323 :604 ... Use of risk adjustment in setting budgets and measuring performance in primary care I: how it works. BMJ 2001; 323 doi: https ... How do US risk adjustment models work?. Because the United States does not have a national health system, several diagnosis ...
Working within the current risk adjustment model (known as the CMS-HCC (hierarchical condition category) risk adjustment model ... Flow Health works closely with risk-bearing entities including payors and providers to glean insights from health data ... For a sense of the scale of the issue, the study found that the risk-adjustment model used by the CMS underestimates the annual ... In October of last year, CMS announced that it was considering revising its risk adjustment methodology, effective 2017, in ...
In addition to working papers, the NBER disseminates affiliates latest findings through a range of free periodicals - the NBER ... Generalized Modeling Approaches to Risk Adjustment of Skewed Outcomes Data Willard G. Manning, Anirban Basu & John Mullahy ... "Generalized Modeling Approaches To Risk Adjustment Of Skewed Outcomes Data," Journal of Health Economics, 2005, v24(3,May), 465 ...
How bridging finance could support BTL improvement works. 1 month ago Recruitment trends in the current bridging and commercial ... Bridging lender announces risk adjustment in light of coronavirus pandemic. Andreea Dulgheru , 14:55 Thursday 12th March 2020 ... He added that this was in line with TABs monitoring of its risk management policies and procedures. ... We have a responsibility to our funding lines as well as borrowers not to put their properties and/or capital at risk. ...
The researchers discuss the work in a video on YouTube. The study also evaluated ball velocity, finding that this variable ... Soccer players head injury risk could be reduced with simple adjustments to the ball, study finds. .journalist-note { ... To reduce risk of injury, a new study recommends preventing how hard a ball hits the head by inflating balls to lower pressures ... Adjustments to ball parameters could reduce a high cumulative peak translational acceleration soccer athlete down into a ...
There are many risk adjustment initiatives are happening across the west. Some apply to payment, some to reporting and still ... Lets see how we can work together to optimize your organization today! ... Risk adjustment initiatives in the West Many risk adjustment initiatives are happening across your region. Some apply to ... Initiative: 3M™ Clinical Risk Groups for Medicaid Department of Health Care Policy and Financing. Type: Payment Adjustment. ...
There are many risk adjustment initiatives are happening across the northeast. Some apply to payment, some to reporting and ... Lets see how we can work together to optimize your organization today! ... Risk adjustment initiatives in the Northeast Many risk adjustment initiatives are happening across your region. Some apply to ... Initiative: 3M™ Clinical Risk Groups CRGs for Medicaid Health and Recovery Plans Program. Type: Payment Risk Adjustment. ...
Staff working papers Do Survey Expectations of Stock Returns Reflect Risk Adjustments? Staff Working Paper 2019-11 Klaus Adam, ... Assessment of risks to the stability of the Canadian financial system, including risks stemming from the COVID-19 pandemic - ... Content Type(s): Staff research, Staff working papers Topic(s): Asset pricing, Economic models, Financial markets JEL Code(s): ...
... pandemic is going to test the new risk adjustment in the Oncology Care Model as patients delay care, said Mike Fazio, senior ... So, as costs rise, because of that, will the risk adjustment in metastatic adjustment that CMS has implemented work to adjust ... They are implementing a metastatic risk adjustment in PP [performance period] 7. So, well see what that looks like for the ... The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is going to test the new risk adjustment in the Oncology Care Model as ...
Risk adjustment/apprenticeship. Does contract work as a risk adjustment coder count towards removing your apprenticeship from ... High Risk Colonoscopy dx. My doctor has a claim for a patient with a personal history of breast cancer getting a screening ... New CPC-A looking for job and work experience.. Hi, This is my Resume, I just passed my CPC exam and enrolled to the practicode ... I work for a company that has started supplying nutritional products, like Ensure, for patients. There are so many different ...
Good Risk Adjustment/CRC Resources?. Hello all! Im an extremely motivated CPC-A currently working in Risk Adjustment and would ... Risk adjustment/apprenticeship. Does contract work as a risk adjustment coder count towards removing your apprenticeship from ... High Risk Colonoscopy dx. My doctor has a claim for a patient with a personal history of breast cancer getting a screening ... New CPC-A looking for job and work experience.. Hi, This is my Resume, I just passed my CPC exam and enrolled to the practicode ...
Risk adjustment/apprenticeship. Does contract work as a risk adjustment coder count towards removing your apprenticeship from ... High Risk Colonoscopy dx. My doctor has a claim for a patient with a personal history of breast cancer getting a screening ... I work for a company that has started supplying nutritional products, like Ensure, for patients. There are so many different ...
Risk adjustment/apprenticeship. Does contract work as a risk adjustment coder count towards removing your apprenticeship from ... High Risk Colonoscopy dx. My doctor has a claim for a patient with a personal history of breast cancer getting a screening ... New CPC-A looking for job and work experience.. Hi, This is my Resume, I just passed my CPC exam and enrolled to the practicode ... I work for a company that has started supplying nutritional products, like Ensure, for patients. There are so many different ...
Risk adjustment/apprenticeship. Does contract work as a risk adjustment coder count towards removing your apprenticeship from ... High Risk Colonoscopy dx. My doctor has a claim for a patient with a personal history of breast cancer getting a screening ... New CPC-A looking for job and work experience.. Hi, This is my Resume, I just passed my CPC exam and enrolled to the practicode ... I work for a company that has started supplying nutritional products, like Ensure, for patients. There are so many different ...
Your risk from exposure to these chemicals varies, depending on how often you do this type of work. To reduce your exposure, ... Rated 5 out of 5 by Bryan N from worked how i wanted These worked perfect in my car. Bought for front and rear. Date published ... work in a well-ventilated area and with approved safety equipment, such as dust masks that are specially designed to filter out ...
Good Risk Adjustment/CRC Resources?. Hello all! Im an extremely motivated CPC-A currently working in Risk Adjustment and would ... Risk adjustment/apprenticeship. Does contract work as a risk adjustment coder count towards removing your apprenticeship from ... High Risk Colonoscopy dx. My doctor has a claim for a patient with a personal history of breast cancer getting a screening ... New CPC-A looking for job and work experience.. Hi, This is my Resume, I just passed my CPC exam and enrolled to the practicode ...
Risk adjustment/apprenticeship. Does contract work as a risk adjustment coder count towards removing your apprenticeship from ... High Risk Colonoscopy dx. My doctor has a claim for a patient with a personal history of breast cancer getting a screening ... New CPC-A looking for job and work experience.. Hi, This is my Resume, I just passed my CPC exam and enrolled to the practicode ... I work for a company that has started supplying nutritional products, like Ensure, for patients. There are so many different ...
Risk adjustment/apprenticeship. Does contract work as a risk adjustment coder count towards removing your apprenticeship from ... High Risk Colonoscopy dx. My doctor has a claim for a patient with a personal history of breast cancer getting a screening ... New CPC-A looking for job and work experience.. Hi, This is my Resume, I just passed my CPC exam and enrolled to the practicode ... I work for a company that has started supplying nutritional products, like Ensure, for patients. There are so many different ...
Risk adjustment/apprenticeship. Does contract work as a risk adjustment coder count towards removing your apprenticeship from ... High Risk Colonoscopy dx. My doctor has a claim for a patient with a personal history of breast cancer getting a screening ... New CPC-A looking for job and work experience.. Hi, This is my Resume, I just passed my CPC exam and enrolled to the practicode ... I work for a company that has started supplying nutritional products, like Ensure, for patients. There are so many different ...
Risk adjustment/apprenticeship. Does contract work as a risk adjustment coder count towards removing your apprenticeship from ... High Risk Colonoscopy dx. My doctor has a claim for a patient with a personal history of breast cancer getting a screening ... New CPC-A looking for job and work experience.. Hi, This is my Resume, I just passed my CPC exam and enrolled to the practicode ... I work for a company that has started supplying nutritional products, like Ensure, for patients. There are so many different ...
Risk adjustment/apprenticeship. Does contract work as a risk adjustment coder count towards removing your apprenticeship from ... High Risk Colonoscopy dx. My doctor has a claim for a patient with a personal history of breast cancer getting a screening ... I work for a company that has started supplying nutritional products, like Ensure, for patients. There are so many different ...
Risk adjustment/apprenticeship. Does contract work as a risk adjustment coder count towards removing your apprenticeship from ... High Risk Colonoscopy dx. My doctor has a claim for a patient with a personal history of breast cancer getting a screening ... New CPC-A looking for job and work experience.. Hi, This is my Resume, I just passed my CPC exam and enrolled to the practicode ... I work for a company that has started supplying nutritional products, like Ensure, for patients. There are so many different ...
Risk adjustment/apprenticeship. Does contract work as a risk adjustment coder count towards removing your apprenticeship from ... High Risk Colonoscopy dx. My doctor has a claim for a patient with a personal history of breast cancer getting a screening ... New CPC-A looking for job and work experience.. Hi, This is my Resume, I just passed my CPC exam and enrolled to the practicode ... I work for a company that has started supplying nutritional products, like Ensure, for patients. There are so many different ...
Risk adjustment/apprenticeship. Does contract work as a risk adjustment coder count towards removing your apprenticeship from ... High Risk Colonoscopy dx. My doctor has a claim for a patient with a personal history of breast cancer getting a screening ... New CPC-A looking for job and work experience.. Hi, This is my Resume, I just passed my CPC exam and enrolled to the practicode ... I work for a company that has started supplying nutritional products, like Ensure, for patients. There are so many different ...
Risk adjustment/apprenticeship. Does contract work as a risk adjustment coder count towards removing your apprenticeship from ... High Risk Colonoscopy dx. My doctor has a claim for a patient with a personal history of breast cancer getting a screening ... New CPC-A looking for job and work experience.. Hi, This is my Resume, I just passed my CPC exam and enrolled to the practicode ... I work for a company that has started supplying nutritional products, like Ensure, for patients. There are so many different ...

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