Place or physical location of work or employment.
The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.
Threatened or actual attempt to harm others at place of employment.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.
Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
Air pollutants found in the work area. They are usually produced by the specific nature of the occupation.
A form of discrimination in the workplace which violates the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Sexual harassment takes two forms: quid pro quo, where the employee must submit to sexual advances in exchange for job benefits or be penalized for refusing; or a hostile environment, where the atmosphere of the workplace is offensive and affects the employee's well-being. Offensive sexual conduct may include unwelcome advances, comments, touching, questions about marital status and sex practices, etc. Both men and women may be aggressors or victims. (Slee and Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed, p.404). While civil rights legislation deals with sexual harassment in the workplace, the behavior is not restricted to this; it may take place outside the work environment: in schools and colleges, athletics, and other social milieus and activities.
Unforeseen occurrences, especially injuries in the course of work-related activities.
A course or method of action selected, usually by an organization, institution, university, society, etc., from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions and positions on matters of public interest or social concern. It does not include internal policy relating to organization and administration within the corporate body, for which ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION is available.
Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.
Injuries sustained from incidents in the course of work-related activities.
Aggressive behavior intended to cause harm or distress. The behavior may be physical or verbal. There is typically an imbalance of power, strength, or status between the target and the aggressor.
Contamination of the air by tobacco smoke.
The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.
Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.
Medical specialty concerned with the promotion and maintenance of the physical and mental health of employees in occupational settings.
An absence from work permitted because of illness or the number of days per year for which an employer agrees to pay employees who are sick. (Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)
The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.
The science of designing, building or equipping mechanical devices or artificial environments to the anthropometric, physiological, or psychological requirements of the people who will use them.
Personal satisfaction relative to the work situation.
Elements, compounds, mixtures, or solutions that are considered severely harmful to human health and the environment. They include substances that are toxic, corrosive, flammable, or explosive.
An office in the Department of Labor responsible for developing and establishing occupational safety and health standards.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
Chronic absence from work or other duty.
Organizations comprising wage and salary workers in health-related fields for the purpose of improving their status and conditions. The concept includes labor union activities toward providing health services to members.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Productive or purposeful activities.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents by inhaling them.
Women who are engaged in gainful activities usually outside the home.
Beliefs and values shared by all members of the organization. These shared values, which are subject to change, are reflected in the day to day management of the organization.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
Planning, organizing, and administering all activities related to personnel.
Insurance coverage providing compensation and medical benefits to individuals because of work-connected injuries or disease.
Ratio of output to effort, or the ratio of effort produced to energy expended.
Statement of the position requirements, qualifications for the position, wage range, and any special conditions expected of the employee.
*My apologies, but "Restaurants" are not a medical term and do not have a medical definition.*
The science, art, or technology dealing with processes involved in the separation of metals from their ores, the technique of making or compounding the alloys, the techniques of working or heat-treating metals, and the mining of metals. It includes industrial metallurgy as well as metallurgical techniques employed in the preparation and working of metals used in dentistry, with special reference to orthodontic and prosthodontic appliances. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p494)
The maximum exposure to a biologically active physical or chemical agent that is allowed during an 8-hour period (a workday) in a population of workers, or during a 24-hour period in the general population, which does not appear to cause appreciable harm, whether immediate or delayed for any period, in the target population. (From Lewis Dictionary of Toxicology, 1st ed)
Coverings for the hands, usually with separations for the fingers, made of various materials, for protection against infections, toxic substances, extremes of hot and cold, radiations, water immersion, etc. The gloves may be worn by patients, care givers, housewives, laboratory and industrial workers, police, etc.
The means of moving persons, animals, goods, or materials from one place to another.
Various units or machines that operate in combination or in conjunction with a computer but are not physically part of it. Peripheral devices typically display computer data, store data from the computer and return the data to the computer on demand, prepare data for human use, or acquire data from a source and convert it to a form usable by a computer. (Computer Dictionary, 4th ed.)
Respirators to protect individuals from breathing air contaminated with harmful dusts, fogs, fumes, mists, gases, smokes, sprays, or vapors.
The contamination of indoor air.
The total amount of work to be performed by an individual, a department, or other group of workers in a period of time.
Earth or other matter in fine, dry particles. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Formal procedures whereby the employee expresses any dissatisfaction or feeling of injustice regarding the work situation.
The development of systems to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences in an institutional setting. The concept includes prevention or reduction of adverse events or incidents involving employees, patients, or facilities. Examples include plans to reduce injuries from falls or plans for fire safety to promote a safe institutional environment.
Detection of drugs that have been abused, overused, or misused, including legal and illegal drugs. Urine screening is the usual method of detection.
The aggregate enterprise of manufacturing and technically producing chemicals. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Physiological or psychological effects of periods of work which may be fixed or flexible such as flexitime, work shifts, and rotating shifts.
Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.
Resumption of normal work routine following a hiatus or period of absence due to injury, disability, or other reasons.
Regulations or conditions imposed on employees by management in order to correct or prevent behaviors which are counterproductive to the organization.
Clothing designed to protect the individual against possible exposure to known hazards.
A recurrent contact dermatitis caused by substances found in the work place.
Diseases of the muscles and their associated ligaments and other connective tissue and of the bones and cartilage viewed collectively.
Organic compounds that contain the -NCO radical.
Training of the mentally or physically disabled in work skills so they may be returned to regular employment utilizing these skills.
The care and management of property.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
The term "United States" in a medical context often refers to the country where a patient or study participant resides, and is not a medical term per se, but relevant for epidemiological studies, healthcare policies, and understanding differences in disease prevalence, treatment patterns, and health outcomes across various geographic locations.
Personnel who provide nursing service to patients in an organized facility, institution, or agency.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.
Standards for limiting worker exposure to airborne contaminants. They are the maximum concentration in air at which it is believed that a particular substance will not produce adverse health effects with repeated daily exposure. It can be a time-weighted average (TLV-TWA), a short-term value (TLV-STEL), or an instantaneous value (TLV-Ceiling). They are expressed either as parts per million (ppm) or milligram per cubic meter (mg/m3).
The remuneration paid or benefits granted to an employee.
Assessment of physiological capacities in relation to job requirements. It is usually done by measuring certain physiological (e.g., circulatory and respiratory) variables during a gradually increasing workload until specific limitations occur with respect to those variables.
## I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Japan" is not a medical term or concept. It is a country located in Asia, known as Nihon-koku or Nippon-koku in Japanese, and is renowned for its unique culture, advanced technology, and rich history. If you have any questions related to medical topics, I would be happy to help answer them!
The individuals employed by the hospital.
Welding is not typically considered a medical term, but rather refers to a process in manufacturing and construction involving the joining of metal components through heat or pressure, which isn't directly related to medicine or healthcare.
The upward or downward mobility in an occupation or the change from one occupation to another.
Harmful and painful condition caused by overuse or overexertion of some part of the musculoskeletal system, often resulting from work-related physical activities. It is characterized by inflammation, pain, or dysfunction of the involved joints, bones, ligaments, and nerves.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The industry concerned with the removal of raw materials from the Earth's crust and with their conversion into refined products.
Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)
The assessment of the functioning of an employee in relation to work.
Noise present in occupational, industrial, and factory situations.
Moving or bringing something from a lower level to a higher one. The concept encompasses biomechanic stresses resulting from work done in transferring objects from one plane to another as well as the effects of varying techniques of patient handling and transfer.
The upkeep of property or equipment.
Input/output devices designed to receive data in an environment associated with the job to be performed, and capable of transmitting entries to, and obtaining output from, the system of which it is a part. (Computer Dictionary, 4th ed.)
Prohibition against tobacco smoking in specific areas to control TOBACCO SMOKE POLLUTION.
Legal guarantee protecting the individual from attack on personal liberties, right to fair trial, right to vote, and freedom from discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin. (from http://www.usccr.gov/ accessed 1/31/2003)
Personnel who provide nursing service to patients in a hospital.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
An institute of the CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION which is responsible for assuring safe and healthful working conditions and for developing standards of safety and health. Research activities are carried out pertinent to these goals.
Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
Physical surroundings or conditions of a hospital or other health facility and influence of these factors on patients and staff.
The aggregate business enterprise of building.
The removal of contaminating material, such as radioactive materials, biological materials, or CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENTS, from a person or object.
An excessive stress reaction to one's occupational or professional environment. It is manifested by feelings of emotional and physical exhaustion coupled with a sense of frustration and failure.
Supplying a building or house, their rooms and corridors, with fresh air. The controlling of the environment thus may be in public or domestic sites and in medical or non-medical locales. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Personal devices for protection of the ears from loud or high intensity noise, water, or cold. These include earmuffs and earplugs.
'Paint' is not a medical term, it's a common noun used to describe a substance composed of pigment and liquid binder, used for decorative or protective coating of various surfaces, with no direct medical relevance or application in the context you've asked.
Regulations to assure protection of property and equipment.
Allergic reaction to products containing processed natural rubber latex such as rubber gloves, condoms, catheters, dental dams, balloons, and sporting equipment. Both T-cell mediated (HYPERSENSITIVITY, DELAYED) and IgE antibody-mediated (HYPERSENSITIVITY, IMMEDIATE) allergic responses are possible. Delayed hypersensitivity results from exposure to antioxidants present in the rubber; immediate hypersensitivity results from exposure to a latex protein.
Asthma attacks caused, triggered, or exacerbated by OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE.
The productive enterprises concerned with food processing.
Coverage by contract whereby one part indemnifies or guarantees another against loss by a specified contingency.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
Metals with low specific gravity, typically smaller than 5, characterized by a single valence (1, 2, or 3), a simple spectrum, strong electromotive force (positive), and colorless compounds. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Finland" is not a medical term and does not have a medical definition. It is a country located in Northern Europe, known officially as the Republic of Finland. If you have any questions related to medical topics or definitions, I would be happy to help with those!
The practice of nursing in the work environment.
That portion of total HEALTH CARE COSTS borne by an individual's or group's employing organization.
The process of minimizing risk to an organization by developing systems to identify and analyze potential hazards to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences, and by attempting to handle events and incidents which do occur in such a manner that their effect and cost are minimized. Effective risk management has its greatest benefits in application to insurance in order to avert or minimize financial liability. (From Slee & Slee: Health care terms, 2d ed)
Introduction of changes which are new to the organization and are created by management.
The aggregate business enterprise of manufacturing textiles. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
The quality or state of being independent and self-directing, especially in making decisions, enabling professionals to exercise judgment as they see fit during the performance of their jobs.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
Discontinuation of the habit of smoking, the inhaling and exhaling of tobacco smoke.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
The process of negotiation between representatives of an employee organization, association or union, and representatives of the employer.
Substances and materials manufactured for use in various technologies and industries and for domestic use.
Professional medical personnel who provide care to patients in an organized facility, institution or agency.
Individual components of atoms, usually subatomic; subnuclear particles are usually detected only when the atomic nucleus decays and then only transiently, as most of them are unstable, often yielding pure energy without substance, i.e., radiation.
A high-molecular-weight polymeric elastomer derived from the milk juice (LATEX) of HEVEA brasiliensis and other trees and plants. It is a substance that can be stretched at room temperature to at least twice its original length and after releasing the stress, retract rapidly, and recover its original dimensions fully.

Socioeconomic inequalities in health in the working population: the contribution of working conditions. (1/1855)

BACKGROUND: The aim was to study the impact of different categories of working conditions on the association between occupational class and self-reported health in the working population. METHODS: Data were collected through a postal survey conducted in 1991 among inhabitants of 18 municipalities in the southeastern Netherlands. Data concerned 4521 working men and 2411 working women and included current occupational class (seven classes), working conditions (physical working conditions, job control, job demands, social support at work), perceived general health (very good or good versus less than good) and demographic confounders. Data were analysed with logistic regression techniques. RESULTS: For both men and women we observed a higher odds ratio for a less than good perceived general health in the lower occupational classes (adjusted for confounders). The odds of a less than good perceived general health was larger among people reporting more hazardous physical working conditions, lower job control, lower social support at work and among those in the highest category of job demands. Results were similar for men and women. Men and women in the lower occupational classes reported more hazardous physical working conditions and lower job control as compared to those in higher occupational classes. High job demands were more often reported in the higher occupational classes, while social support at work was not clearly related to occupational class. When physical working conditions and job control were added simultaneously to a model with occupational class and confounders, the odds ratios for occupational classes were reduced substantially. For men, the per cent change in the odds ratios for the occupational classes ranged between 35% and 83%, and for women between 35% and 46%. CONCLUSIONS: A substantial part of the association between occupational class and a less than good perceived general health in the working population could be attributed to a differential distribution of hazardous physical working conditions and a low job control across occupational classes. This suggests that interventions aimed at improving these working conditions might result in a reduction of socioeconomic inequalities in health in the working population.  (+info)

Sexual harassment and generalized workplace abuse among university employees: prevalence and mental health correlates. (2/1855)

OBJECTIVES: This study hypothesized that interpersonal workplace stressors involving sexual harassment and generalized workplace abuse are highly prevalent and significantly linked with mental health outcomes including symptomatic distress, the use and abuse of alcohol, and other drug use. METHODS: Employees in 4 university occupational groups (faculty, student, clerical, and service workers; n = 2492) were surveyed by means of a mailed self-report instrument. Cross-tabular and ordinary least squares and logistic regression analyses examined the prevalence of harassment and abuse and their association with mental health status. RESULTS: The data show high rates of harassment and abuse. Among faculty, females were subjected to higher rates; among clerical and service workers, males were subjected to higher rates. Male and female clerical and service workers experienced higher levels of particularly severe mistreatment. Generalized abuse was more prevalent than harassment for all groups. Both harassment and abuse were significantly linked to most mental health outcomes for men and women. CONCLUSIONS: Interpersonally abusive workplace dynamics constitute a significant public health problem that merits increased intervention and prevention strategies.  (+info)

A worksite smoking intervention: a 2 year assessment of groups, incentives and self-help. (3/1855)

Sixty-three companies in the Chicago area were recruited to participate in a worksite smoking cessation program. Participants in each worksite received a television program and newspaper supplement (part of a community-wide media campaign), and one of three conditions: (1) self-help manuals alone (M), (2) self-help manuals and incentives for 6 months (IM) or (3) maintenance manuals, incentives and cognitive-behavioral support groups for 6 months (GIM). Results at the 2 year assessment are examined using a random-effects regression model. In addition, various definitions of quit-rate commonly used in smoking cessation research are explored and the advantages of using a public health approach in the worksite are examined.  (+info)

Impact of the work environment on glycemic control and adaptation to diabetes. (4/1855)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate quantitatively whether the work environments of adults with diabetes relate to the adequacy of metabolic control and/or to the individual's adaptation to diabetes and to explore qualitatively the interactions between an individual's life at work and ways of coping with diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 129 insulin-requiring adults who were employed outside of the home were assessed on a single occasion. They completed two work system measures (The Work Environment Scale and The Work Apgar Scale) and two quality-of-life measures (The Diabetes Quality of Life Scale and The Appraisal of Diabetes Scale). Subjects also participated in a semi-structured interview concerning the interaction of work and diabetes. Glycemic control was assessed by using HbAlc results. Demographic data (age, sex, diabetes type, duration of diabetes, number of diabetes-related medical complications) were gathered from the charts. RESULTS: Concerning glycemic control, neither of the work system measures was a significant predictor of HbAlc. Concerning psychosocial adaptation, supervisor support was found to be a significant predictor of positive appraisal and diabetes-related satisfaction. Involvement and coworker cohesion also predicted aspects of diabetes-related quality of life. Interview themes showed that for a minority (18%), diabetes affected choice of work and that for a majority (60%), diabetes affected relationships at work and raised financial/job concerns (49%). Most adjust their diet, blood glucose testing, and exercise regimen through work-related modifications. CONCLUSIONS: For insulin-treated adults with diabetes, work system variables do not directly relate to glycemic control, but they do relate to psychosocial adaptation. Future work should examine further the specific aspects of the workplace that might affect adaptation, with the goal being to develop worksite interventions that target not only the employee with diabetes but also their supervisors and coworkers.  (+info)

Practice and education of nurse anaesthetists. (5/1855)

A survey was conducted of the anaesthesia services provided by nurses and the education available to them in this field in 107 countries. Among the procedures carried out were general anaesthesia, spinal blocks and tracheal intubation. The implications of the findings for health planning and policy-making are discussed with particular reference to workforce structure and women's involvement in it.  (+info)

Ergonomic strategies for improving working conditions in some developing countries in Asia. (6/1855)

Ergonomic action is growing in Asia in response to increasing local needs. Recent studies in some developing countries in Asia commonly developed and applied widely-applicable measures for assessing local needs in field conditions including small enterprises and agriculture. For this purpose, carefully examining the actual workplace conditions of the local people was essential. Consequently, a number of field studies could contributed to improving the working conditions of the local people in materials handling, workstation design, work organization and work environment by using available local resources. Building on local capacity and practice, action-oriented ergonomics training has also been developing and spreading into many workplaces. Various non-expert human resources including local government units, trade unions, industrial associations and the agricultural sectors have been mobilized to act as participatory trainers in the action-oriented ergonomic training programmes. Training tools such as action checklists, good local examples and group work dynamics have been developed and applied to such training activities. Learning from local achievements and focusing on locally available resources, ergonomists have facilitated these local action processes by developing action-oriented training tools and training local trainers. It was confirmed that a number of ergonomic improvements could be formulated by the self-help initiative of the local people when participatory action tools and training were provided. Developing flexible and dynamic ergonomic research and training methods to meet the diversifying needs of the local people will continuously be important. Ergonomists' efforts to cover the wider population and workplaces need to be strengthened and accelerated.  (+info)

Process mapping in screening mammography. (7/1855)

Successful screening mammography programs aim to screen large numbers of women efficiently and inexpensively. Development of an effective screening mammography program requires skilled personnel, solid infrastructure, and a robust computer system. A group of physicians, technologists, computer support personnel, and administrators carefully analyzed a growing screening mammography program as a series of steps, starting with the request for the examination and ending with the receipt of a hard-copy consultation. The analysis involved a detailed examination of every step and every possible outcome in the screening process. The information gained through process mapping may be used for identification of systemic and personnel problems, allocation of resources, modification of workplace architecture, and design of computer networks. Process mapping is helpful for those involved in designing and improving screening mammography programs. Viewing a process (i.e., obtaining a screening mammogram) as a series of steps may allow for the identification of inefficient components that may limit growth.  (+info)

Worksite and family education for dietary change: the Treatwell 5-a-Day program. (8/1855)

The National Cancer Institute's '5-a-Day for Better Health Campaign is examining the efficacy of interventions in increasing the consumption of fruits and vegetables to five or more servings a day. This paper presents the study design, intervention and baseline survey results of the Treatwell 5-a-Day project, a randomized, controlled worksite-based intervention study. Twenty-two community health centers were randomly assigned to either a Minimal Intervention, Worksite Intervention or Worksite Plus Family Intervention. The Worksite Intervention included participation of employee advisory boards, programs aimed at individual behavior change and programs aimed at changes in the worksite environment. The Worksite Plus Family Intervention incorporated family-focused interventions into the worksite program, including a learn-at-home program, family newsletter, family festival and materials mailings. A self-administered survey was conducted prior to randomization (mean response rate: 87%, n = 1359). Twenty-three percent reported consuming five or more servings of fruits and vegetables a day. Consumption of fruits and vegetables was directly associated with level of household support for healthy eating. The Treatwell 5-a-Day intervention model has the potential to enhance existing worksite-based intervention through incorporation of its family focus, especially given the association of household support with individual eating habits.  (+info)

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "workplace" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. The term "workplace" generally refers to a place where people work or carry out their jobs. It could be an office, a factory, a construction site, a retail store, or any other location where work-related activities take place.

If you're looking for a term related to health or medicine that describes a physical location, some examples might include "healthcare facility," "clinic," "hospital," "operating room," or "examination room." If you could provide more context or clarify what you're looking for, I'd be happy to help further!

Occupational health is a branch of medicine that focuses on the physical, mental, and social well-being of workers in all types of jobs. The goal of occupational health is to prevent work-related injuries, illnesses, and disabilities, while also promoting the overall health and safety of employees. This may involve identifying and assessing potential hazards in the workplace, implementing controls to reduce or eliminate those hazards, providing education and training to workers on safe practices, and conducting medical surveillance and screenings to detect early signs of work-related health problems.

Occupational health also involves working closely with employers, employees, and other stakeholders to develop policies and programs that support the health and well-being of workers. This may include promoting healthy lifestyles, providing access to mental health resources, and supporting return-to-work programs for injured or ill workers. Ultimately, the goal of occupational health is to create a safe and healthy work environment that enables employees to perform their jobs effectively and efficiently, while also protecting their long-term health and well-being.

Workplace violence is defined by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) as "violent acts, including physical assaults and threats of assault, directed toward persons at work or on duty." This can include behaviors such as verbal abuse, intimidation, bullying, and threatening or aggressive conduct. Workplace violence can come from a variety of sources, including customers, clients, coworkers, and even management. It can have serious consequences for the physical and emotional health of workers, as well as for organizational productivity and profitability.

Occupational exposure refers to the contact of an individual with potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents as a result of their job or occupation. This can include exposure to hazardous substances such as chemicals, heavy metals, or dusts; physical agents such as noise, radiation, or ergonomic stressors; and biological agents such as viruses, bacteria, or fungi.

Occupational exposure can occur through various routes, including inhalation, skin contact, ingestion, or injection. Prolonged or repeated exposure to these hazards can increase the risk of developing acute or chronic health conditions, such as respiratory diseases, skin disorders, neurological damage, or cancer.

Employers have a legal and ethical responsibility to minimize occupational exposures through the implementation of appropriate control measures, including engineering controls, administrative controls, personal protective equipment, and training programs. Regular monitoring and surveillance of workers' health can also help identify and prevent potential health hazards in the workplace.

Occupational Health Services (OHS) refer to a branch of healthcare that focuses on the prevention and management of health issues that arise in the workplace or are caused by work-related factors. These services aim to promote and maintain the highest degree of physical, mental, and social well-being of workers in all occupations.

OHS typically includes:

1. Health surveillance and screening programs to identify early signs of work-related illnesses or injuries.
2. Occupational health education and training for employees and managers on topics such as safe lifting techniques, hazard communication, and bloodborne pathogens exposure control.
3. Ergonomic assessments and interventions to reduce the risk of musculoskeletal disorders and other work-related injuries.
4. Development and implementation of policies and procedures to address workplace health and safety issues.
5. Case management and return-to-work programs for employees who have been injured or become ill on the job.
6. Medical monitoring and treatment of work-related injuries and illnesses, including rehabilitation and disability management services.
7. Collaboration with employers to identify and address potential health hazards in the workplace, such as chemical exposures, noise pollution, or poor indoor air quality.

Overall, Occupational Health Services play a critical role in protecting the health and safety of workers, reducing the burden of work-related illnesses and injuries, and promoting a healthy and productive workforce.

Occupational diseases are health conditions or illnesses that occur as a result of exposure to hazards in the workplace. These hazards can include physical, chemical, and biological agents, as well as ergonomic factors and work-related psychosocial stressors. Examples of occupational diseases include respiratory illnesses caused by inhaling dust or fumes, hearing loss due to excessive noise exposure, and musculoskeletal disorders caused by repetitive movements or poor ergonomics. The development of an occupational disease is typically related to the nature of the work being performed and the conditions in which it is carried out. It's important to note that these diseases can be prevented or minimized through proper risk assessment, implementation of control measures, and adherence to safety regulations.

Occupational air pollutants refer to harmful substances present in the air in workplaces or occupational settings. These pollutants can include dusts, gases, fumes, vapors, or mists that are produced by industrial processes, chemical reactions, or other sources. Examples of occupational air pollutants include:

1. Respirable crystalline silica: A common mineral found in sand, stone, and concrete that can cause lung disease and cancer when inhaled in high concentrations.
2. Asbestos: A naturally occurring mineral fiber that was widely used in construction materials and industrial applications until the 1970s. Exposure to asbestos fibers can cause lung diseases such as asbestosis, lung cancer, and mesothelioma.
3. Welding fumes: Fumes generated during welding processes can contain harmful metals such as manganese, chromium, and nickel that can cause neurological damage and respiratory problems.
4. Isocyanates: Chemicals used in the production of foam insulation, spray-on coatings, and other industrial applications that can cause asthma and other respiratory symptoms.
5. Coal dust: Fine particles generated during coal mining, transportation, and handling that can cause lung disease and other health problems.
6. Diesel exhaust: Emissions from diesel engines that contain harmful particulates and gases that can cause respiratory and cardiovascular problems.

Occupational air pollutants are regulated by various government agencies, including the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) in the United States, to protect workers from exposure and minimize health risks.

Sexual harassment is not a medical diagnosis, but rather a form of unlawful discrimination and misconduct that is prohibited in many countries and workplaces. According to the United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), sexual harassment is defined as:

"Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature constitute sexual harassment when this conduct explicitly or implicitly affects an individual's employment, unreasonably interferes with an individual's work performance, or creates an intimidating, hostile, or offensive work environment."

Medical professionals may be involved in identifying and addressing the negative health consequences of sexual harassment, such as anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and other mental and physical health problems.

Occupational accidents are defined as unexpected and unplanned events that occur in the context of work and lead to physical or mental harm. These accidents can be caused by a variety of factors, including unsafe working conditions, lack of proper training, or failure to use appropriate personal protective equipment. Occupational accidents can result in injuries, illnesses, or even death, and can have significant impacts on individuals, families, and communities. In many cases, occupational accidents are preventable through the implementation of effective safety measures and risk management strategies.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "organizational policy" is not a medical term. It falls under the broader category of management or administrative terminology.

An organizational policy generally refers to a formal statement or set of guidelines that outline an organization's approved course of action or conduct regarding various matters. These policies guide decision-making and help ensure consistent action across the organization. They can cover a wide range of topics, including (but not limited to) employee behavior, data security, patient care standards, and operational procedures.

In a healthcare setting, organizational policies play a crucial role in maintaining quality of care, ensuring patient safety, and complying with relevant laws and regulations.

I believe there may be some confusion in your question. "Industry" is a general term that refers to a specific branch of economic activity, or a particular way of producing goods or services. It is not a medical term with a defined meaning within the field of medicine.

However, if you are referring to the term "industrious," which can be used to describe someone who is diligent and hard-working, it could be applied in a medical context to describe a patient's level of engagement and effort in their own care. For example, a patient who is conscientious about taking their medications as prescribed, following through with recommended treatments, and making necessary lifestyle changes to manage their condition might be described as "industrious" by their healthcare provider.

Occupational injuries refer to physical harm or damage occurring as a result of working in a specific job or occupation. These injuries can be caused by various factors such as accidents, exposure to hazardous substances, repetitive strain, or poor ergonomic conditions. They may include wounds, fractures, burns, amputations, hearing loss, respiratory problems, and other health issues directly related to the nature of work. It's important to note that occupational injuries are preventable with proper safety measures and adherence to regulations in the workplace.

Bullying is a form of aggressive behavior in which someone repeatedly and intentionally causes harm or distress to another person, who has difficulty defending themselves. It can take various forms, including physical (e.g., hitting, kicking), verbal (e.g., name-calling, teasing), social (e.g., spreading rumors, deliberately excluding someone from a group), and electronic (e.g., cyberbullying through emails, text messages, or social media).

Bullying often involves an imbalance of power between the bully and the victim, and it can have serious negative effects on the emotional, psychological, and physical well-being of those who are targeted. It is important to note that bullying is not a normal part of growing up and should never be tolerated or ignored.

Tobacco smoke pollution is not typically defined in medical terms, but it refers to the presence of tobacco smoke in indoor or outdoor environments, which can have negative effects on air quality and human health. It is also known as secondhand smoke or environmental tobacco smoke (ETS). This type of smoke is a mixture of sidestream smoke (the smoke given off by a burning cigarette) and mainstream smoke (the smoke exhaled by a smoker).

The medical community recognizes tobacco smoke pollution as a serious health hazard. It contains more than 7,000 chemicals, hundreds of which are toxic and about 70 that can cause cancer. Exposure to tobacco smoke pollution can cause a range of adverse health effects, including respiratory symptoms, lung cancer, heart disease, and stroke. In children, it can also lead to ear infections, asthma attacks, and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).

Therefore, many laws and regulations have been implemented worldwide to protect people from tobacco smoke pollution, such as smoking bans in public places and workplaces.

"Employment" is a term that is commonly used in the context of social sciences and law rather than medicine. It generally refers to the state or condition of being employed, which means an individual is engaged in a job or occupation, providing services to an employer in exchange for compensation, such as wages or salary. Employment may involve various types of work arrangements, including full-time, part-time, temporary, contract, or freelance positions.

In the context of medicine and public health, employment is often discussed in relation to its impact on health outcomes, healthcare access, and socioeconomic status. For instance, research has shown that unemployment or underemployment can negatively affect mental and physical health, while stable employment can contribute to better health outcomes and overall well-being. Additionally, employment may influence an individual's ability to afford healthcare, medications, and other essential needs, which can impact their health status.

In summary, the medical definition of 'employment' pertains to the state or condition of being engaged in a job or occupation, providing services to an employer for compensation. Employment has significant implications for health outcomes, healthcare access, and socioeconomic status.

In the context of medical terminology, "occupations" generally refers to the activities or tasks that a person performs as part of their daily life and routines. This can include both paid work or employment, as well as unpaid activities such as household chores, hobbies, and self-care. The term is often used in the field of occupational therapy, which focuses on helping individuals develop, recover, and maintain the skills needed for participation in their daily occupations and improving their overall quality of life. Additionally, Occupational Medicine is a medical specialty that focuses on the prevention and management of job-related injuries and illnesses, as well as promoting health and productivity in the workplace.

Occupational medicine is a branch of clinical medicine that deals with the prevention and management of diseases and injuries that may arise in the workplace or as a result of work-related activities. It involves evaluating the health risks associated with various jobs, recommending measures to reduce these risks, providing medical care for workers who become ill or injured on the job, and promoting overall health and wellness in the workplace. Occupational medicine physicians may also be involved in developing policies and procedures related to workplace safety, disability management, and return-to-work programs. The ultimate goal of occupational medicine is to help ensure that workers are able to perform their jobs safely and effectively while maintaining their overall health and well-being.

"Sick leave" is not a medical term, but rather a term used in the context of employment and human resources. It refers to the time off from work that an employee is allowed to take due to illness or injury, for which they may still receive payment. The specific policies regarding sick leave, such as how much time is granted and whether it is paid or unpaid, can vary based on the employer's policies, labor laws, and collective bargaining agreements.

Environmental monitoring is the systematic and ongoing surveillance, measurement, and assessment of environmental parameters, pollutants, or other stressors in order to evaluate potential impacts on human health, ecological systems, or compliance with regulatory standards. This process typically involves collecting and analyzing data from various sources, such as air, water, soil, and biota, and using this information to inform decisions related to public health, environmental protection, and resource management.

In medical terms, environmental monitoring may refer specifically to the assessment of environmental factors that can impact human health, such as air quality, water contamination, or exposure to hazardous substances. This type of monitoring is often conducted in occupational settings, where workers may be exposed to potential health hazards, as well as in community-based settings, where environmental factors may contribute to public health issues. The goal of environmental monitoring in a medical context is to identify and mitigate potential health risks associated with environmental exposures, and to promote healthy and safe environments for individuals and communities.

I believe you may be looking for the term "human factors engineering" or "ergonomics," as there is no widely recognized medical definition for "human engineering." Human factors engineering is a multidisciplinary field that focuses on the design and integration of systems, products, and environments to optimize human well-being and overall system performance. This includes considering human capabilities, limitations, and characteristics in the design process to ensure safe, efficient, and effective interactions between humans and technology.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "job satisfaction" is not a medical term or concept. It falls under the domain of occupational or organizational psychology and refers to the degree to which employees like their jobs and are content with their role in the organization. High job satisfaction is generally associated with positive outcomes such as increased productivity, lower turnover rates, and better mental health. However, low job satisfaction can contribute to stress, burnout, and other negative health outcomes.

Hazardous substances, in a medical context, refer to agents that pose a risk to the health of living organisms. These can include chemicals, biological agents (such as bacteria or viruses), and physical hazards (like radiation). Exposure to these substances can lead to a range of adverse health effects, from acute symptoms like irritation and poisoning to chronic conditions such as cancer, neurological disorders, or genetic mutations.

The classification and regulation of hazardous substances are often based on their potential for harm, the severity of the associated health risks, and the conditions under which they become dangerous. These assessments help inform safety measures, exposure limits, and handling procedures to minimize risks in occupational, environmental, and healthcare settings.

The United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is not a medical term, but rather a term related to occupational health and safety. OSHA is a division of the U.S. Department of Labor that regulates workplace safety and health. It was created by the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 to ensure safe and healthy working conditions for workers by setting and enforcing standards and providing training, outreach, education and assistance. OSHA covers most private sector employers and their workers, in addition to some public sector employers and workers in the 50 states and certain territories and jurisdictions under federal authority.

Psychological stress is the response of an individual's mind and body to challenging or demanding situations. It can be defined as a state of emotional and physical tension resulting from adversity, demand, or change. This response can involve a variety of symptoms, including emotional, cognitive, behavioral, and physiological components.

Emotional responses may include feelings of anxiety, fear, anger, sadness, or frustration. Cognitive responses might involve difficulty concentrating, racing thoughts, or negative thinking patterns. Behaviorally, psychological stress can lead to changes in appetite, sleep patterns, social interactions, and substance use. Physiologically, the body's "fight-or-flight" response is activated, leading to increased heart rate, blood pressure, muscle tension, and other symptoms.

Psychological stress can be caused by a wide range of factors, including work or school demands, financial problems, relationship issues, traumatic events, chronic illness, and major life changes. It's important to note that what causes stress in one person may not cause stress in another, as individual perceptions and coping mechanisms play a significant role.

Chronic psychological stress can have negative effects on both mental and physical health, increasing the risk of conditions such as anxiety disorders, depression, heart disease, diabetes, and autoimmune diseases. Therefore, it's essential to identify sources of stress and develop effective coping strategies to manage and reduce its impact.

Absenteeism is a term used in the medical and occupational health fields to describe the habitual pattern of absence from work or school. It refers to an employee or student's repeated failure to show up for scheduled work or classes without a valid reason or excuse. Absenteeism can have various causes, including physical illness or injury, mental health issues, stress, burnout, disengagement, and poor job or school satisfaction. Chronic absenteeism can lead to negative consequences such as decreased productivity, increased healthcare costs, and reduced academic performance.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Labor Unions" are not a medical term or concept. They fall under the domain of sociology and labor economics.

A labor union is an organized group of workers who collectively use their strength to have a voice in their workplace. Through unions, workers have the ability to negotiate with employers over wages, benefits, and working conditions. The membership is typically made up of employees from various fields and industries, but most unions are dedicated to specific occupations or groups of workers (like teachers, actors, or construction workers).

If you're looking for medical definitions or information, please provide a different term.

A questionnaire in the medical context is a standardized, systematic, and structured tool used to gather information from individuals regarding their symptoms, medical history, lifestyle, or other health-related factors. It typically consists of a series of written questions that can be either self-administered or administered by an interviewer. Questionnaires are widely used in various areas of healthcare, including clinical research, epidemiological studies, patient care, and health services evaluation to collect data that can inform diagnosis, treatment planning, and population health management. They provide a consistent and organized method for obtaining information from large groups or individual patients, helping to ensure accurate and comprehensive data collection while minimizing bias and variability in the information gathered.

In a medical or occupational health context, "work" is often used to refer to physical or mental activities that require energy expenditure and are performed as part of a job, daily routine, or exercise. However, there is also a specific medical concept called "work" that is used in the field of ergonomics and musculoskeletal disorders.

In this context, work is defined as the product of force and distance, measured in joules (J) or newton-meters (Nm). It can be used to describe the amount of physical effort required to perform a specific task or activity, such as lifting an object or operating a machine.

For example, if a worker lifts a box that weighs 10 kilograms (kg) and raises it to a height of 0.5 meters (m), the work done can be calculated as follows:

Work = Force x Distance
Force = weight of the object (mass x gravity)
Distance = height raised

Force = 10 kg x 9.8 m/s^2 (acceleration due to gravity) = 98 N (newtons)
Work = 98 N x 0.5 m = 49 J or 49 Nm

This measurement of work can help assess the physical demands of a job and identify potential risk factors for musculoskeletal injuries, such as overexertion or repetitive strain.

Inhalation exposure is a term used in occupational and environmental health to describe the situation where an individual breathes in substances present in the air, which could be gases, vapors, fumes, mist, or particulate matter. These substances can originate from various sources, such as industrial processes, chemical reactions, or natural phenomena.

The extent of inhalation exposure is determined by several factors, including:

1. Concentration of the substance in the air
2. Duration of exposure
3. Frequency of exposure
4. The individual's breathing rate
5. The efficiency of the individual's respiratory protection, if any

Inhalation exposure can lead to adverse health effects, depending on the toxicity and concentration of the inhaled substances. Short-term or acute health effects may include irritation of the eyes, nose, throat, or lungs, while long-term or chronic exposure can result in more severe health issues, such as respiratory diseases, neurological disorders, or cancer.

It is essential to monitor and control inhalation exposures in occupational settings to protect workers' health and ensure compliance with regulatory standards. Various methods are employed for exposure assessment, including personal air sampling, area monitoring, and biological monitoring. Based on the results of these assessments, appropriate control measures can be implemented to reduce or eliminate the risks associated with inhalation exposure.

I'm not sure what you mean by "Women, Working" as it is not a medical term. However, I can provide some information about the relationship between women's health and work.

Women's occupational health is an important area of study that focuses on the physical, mental, and social well-being of women in the workplace. Women face unique health challenges in the workplace, including exposure to hazardous substances, musculoskeletal disorders, sexual harassment, and job stress.

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines occupational health as "the promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of physical, mental and social well-being of workers in all occupations." This definition applies to women as much as it does to men. However, due to various factors such as gender roles, societal expectations, and discrimination, women may face additional barriers to achieving optimal health in the workplace.

Therefore, "Women, Working" can be defined in a broader context as the study of the physical, mental, and social well-being of women in relation to their work and employment. This definition encompasses various aspects of women's occupational health, including but not limited to exposure to hazards, job stress, work-life balance, and gender discrimination.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Organizational Culture" is a term commonly used in the field of organizational studies and management, rather than in medical terminology. It refers to the shared values, beliefs, practices, customs, and traditions that shape the behavior and attitudes of members within an organization.

However, I can provide you with a definition related to healthcare:

"Organizational Culture in Healthcare" often refers to the unique social and psychological environment or climate within a healthcare organization, which influences the way its employees and managers think, feel, and behave. This culture is frequently reflected in the organization's policies, practices, and decision-making processes, as well as in its approach to patient care, safety, quality, and staff development. A positive organizational culture in healthcare can contribute to improved patient outcomes, increased job satisfaction, and reduced staff turnover.

Health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over their health and its determinants, and to improve their health. It moves beyond a focus on individual behavior change to include social and environmental interventions that can positively influence the health of individuals, communities, and populations. Health promotion involves engaging in a wide range of activities, such as advocacy, policy development, community organization, and education that aim to create supportive environments and personal skills that foster good health. It is based on principles of empowerment, participation, and social justice.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Personnel Management" and "medical definition" are two separate concepts that don't typically intersect.

Personnel management is a function of management concerned with hiring, training, developing, compensating, and motivating employees, as well as maintaining appropriate records and ensuring legal compliance. It's a crucial aspect of human resource management in any organization, including healthcare institutions.

However, if you're looking for a medical term related to the management of personnel in a healthcare setting, you might consider "Healthcare Human Resources Management" or "Clinical Workforce Management." These terms refer to the specific application of personnel management principles and practices within the context of healthcare organizations.

Workers' compensation is a form of insurance that provides medical benefits, wage replacement, and rehabilitation expenses to employees who are injured or become ill as a direct result of their job. It is designed to compensate the employee for lost wages and cover medical expenses due to work-related injuries or illnesses, while also protecting employers from potential lawsuits. Workers' compensation laws vary by state but generally require employers to carry this insurance and provide coverage for eligible employees. The program is typically funded through employer premiums and is administered by individual states.

In a medical context, efficiency generally refers to the ability to achieve a desired outcome with minimal waste of time, effort, or resources. It can be applied to various aspects of healthcare, including the delivery of clinical services, the use of medical treatments and interventions, and the operation of health systems and organizations. High levels of efficiency can help to improve patient outcomes, increase access to care, and reduce costs.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Job Description" is not a medical term. It is a general human resources and employment concept. A job description is a document that provides details about the duties, responsibilities, necessary skills, working conditions, and other relevant information related to a specific job position. It serves as a guide for both employers and employees to understand the expectations and requirements of the role.

I believe there might be a misunderstanding in your question. "Restaurants" are establishments where food and drinks are prepared and served to customers for a profit. They are part of the hospitality industry, not a medical term or concept. If you have any questions about medical terminology or concepts, I would be happy to help!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "metallurgy" is not a term that has a medical definition. Metallurgy is a branch of materials science that deals with the properties, physical and chemical behavior, and production of metals. It involves studying the techniques and processes used to isolate, alloy, and fabricate various types of metal products. If you have any questions related to medicine or health, I'd be happy to try to help answer those for you!

The Maximum Allowable Concentration (MAC) is a term used in occupational health to refer to the highest concentration of a hazardous substance (usually in air) that should not cause harmful effects to most workers if they are exposed to it for a typical 8-hour workday, 5 days a week. It's important to note that MAC values are based on average population data and may not protect everyone, particularly those who are sensitive or susceptible to the substance in question.

It's also crucial to differentiate MAC from other similar terms such as the Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL) or Threshold Limit Value (TLV), which are used in different regulatory contexts and may have slightly different definitions and criteria.

Please consult with a certified industrial hygienist, occupational health professional, or other appropriate experts for specific guidance related to hazardous substance exposure limits.

Protective gloves are a type of personal protective equipment (PPE) used to shield the hands from potential harm or contamination. They can be made from various materials such as latex, nitrile rubber, vinyl, or polyethylene and are designed to provide a barrier against chemicals, biological agents, radiation, or mechanical injuries. Protective gloves come in different types, including examination gloves, surgical gloves, chemical-resistant gloves, and heavy-duty work gloves, depending on the intended use and level of protection required.

In the context of medical definitions, "transportation" typically refers to the movement of patients from one location to another. This can include the transfer of patients between healthcare facilities (such as from a hospital to a long-term care facility), between departments within a healthcare facility (such as from the emergency department to an inpatient unit), or to and from medical appointments.

Transportation may also refer to the movement of medical equipment, supplies, or specimens between locations. In this context, transportation ensures that necessary items are delivered to the right place at the right time, which is critical for providing high-quality patient care.

It's important to note that safe and timely transportation is essential for ensuring positive patient outcomes, reducing the risk of adverse events, and improving overall healthcare efficiency.

Computer peripherals are external devices that can be connected to a computer system to expand its functionality or capabilities. They are called "peripherals" because they are typically located on the periphery of the computer, as opposed to being built into the main computer case or chassis.

There are several types of computer peripherals, including:

1. Input devices: These are used to provide data and instructions to the computer. Examples include keyboards, mice, scanners, webcams, and microphones.
2. Output devices: These are used to communicate information from the computer to the user or to other external devices. Examples include monitors, printers, speakers, and projectors.
3. Storage devices: These are used to store data and programs on removable media. Examples include USB drives, external hard drives, CDs, and DVDs.
4. Communication devices: These are used to connect the computer to other networks or systems. Examples include modems, routers, network adapters, and wireless access points.
5. Input/output (I/O) devices: These are multifunctional devices that can serve as both input and output peripherals. Examples include touchscreens, digital tablets, and joysticks.

Overall, computer peripherals play a crucial role in enhancing the functionality and usability of computer systems for various applications.

Respiratory Protective Devices (RPDs) are personal protective equipment items designed to protect the user from inhalation of hazardous substances or harmful levels of airborne contaminants in the environment. These devices create a physical barrier between the user's respiratory system and the surrounding air, filtering out or purifying the air before it is breathed in.

RPDs can be categorized into two main types:

1. **Air-purifying Respirators (APRs):** These devices use filters, cartridges, or canisters to remove contaminants from the surrounding air. They are further divided into several subcategories, including filtering facepiece respirators, half-mask elastomeric respirators, full-facepiece elastomeric respirators, and powered air-purifying respirators (PAPRs).
2. **Supplied-Air Respirators (SARs):** These devices deliver clean breathing air from an external source, either through a compressor or compressed air cylinder. They are further divided into two subcategories: self-contained breathing apparatuses (SCBAs) and supplied-air respirators with escape provisions.

The choice of RPD depends on the nature and concentration of the airborne contaminants, the user's physiological and psychological capabilities, and the work environment. Proper selection, fitting, use, maintenance, and training are crucial to ensure the effectiveness and safety of Respiratory Protective Devices.

Indoor air pollution refers to the contamination of air within buildings and structures due to presence of particles, gases, or biological materials that can harmfully affect the health of occupants. These pollutants can originate from various sources including cooking stoves, heating systems, building materials, furniture, tobacco products, outdoor air, and microbial growth. Some common indoor air pollutants include particulate matter, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and mold. Prolonged exposure to these pollutants can cause a range of health issues, from respiratory problems to cancer, depending on the type and level of exposure. Effective ventilation, air filtration, and source control are some of the strategies used to reduce indoor air pollution.

In the context of healthcare, workload refers to the amount and complexity of tasks or responsibilities that a healthcare professional is expected to perform within a given period. This can include direct patient care activities such as physical assessments, treatments, and procedures, as well as indirect care activities like documentation, communication with other healthcare team members, and quality improvement initiatives.

Workload can be measured in various ways, including the number of patients assigned to a provider, the amount of time spent on direct patient care, or the complexity of the medical conditions being managed. High workloads can impact the quality of care provided, as well as healthcare professional burnout and job satisfaction. Therefore, it is essential to monitor and manage workload effectively to ensure safe and high-quality patient care.

In medical terms, "dust" is not defined as a specific medical condition or disease. However, generally speaking, dust refers to small particles of solid matter that can be found in the air and can come from various sources, such as soil, pollen, hair, textiles, paper, or plastic.

Exposure to certain types of dust, such as those containing allergens, chemicals, or harmful pathogens, can cause a range of health problems, including respiratory issues like asthma, allergies, and lung diseases. Prolonged exposure to certain types of dust, such as silica or asbestos, can even lead to serious conditions like silicosis or mesothelioma.

Therefore, it is important for individuals who work in environments with high levels of dust to take appropriate precautions, such as wearing masks and respirators, to minimize their exposure and reduce the risk of health problems.

Employee grievances refer to the dissatisfaction or discontentment expressed by an employee regarding their working conditions, terms of employment, or interpersonal relationships in the workplace. These grievances can be related to various issues such as discrimination, harassment, unfair treatment, poor working conditions, lack of job security, or inadequate compensation and benefits.

Employee grievances are typically addressed through a formal process that provides an opportunity for the employee to communicate their concerns and for the employer to investigate and respond to those concerns. The goal of this process is to resolve the grievance in a fair and timely manner, prevent its recurrence, and maintain a positive and productive work environment.

It's important to note that unresolved or poorly managed employee grievances can lead to decreased morale, reduced productivity, increased absenteeism, and higher turnover rates. Therefore, it's essential for employers to have a clear and effective grievance procedure in place and to encourage open communication and dialogue with their employees.

Safety management is a systematic and organized approach to managing health and safety in the workplace. It involves the development, implementation, and monitoring of policies, procedures, and practices with the aim of preventing accidents, injuries, and occupational illnesses. Safety management includes identifying hazards, assessing risks, setting objectives and targets for improving safety performance, implementing controls, and evaluating the effectiveness of those controls. The goal of safety management is to create a safe and healthy work environment that protects workers, visitors, and others who may be affected by workplace activities. It is an integral part of an organization's overall management system and requires the active involvement and commitment of managers, supervisors, and employees at all levels.

Substance abuse detection refers to the process of identifying the use or misuse of psychoactive substances, such as alcohol, illicit drugs, or prescription medications, in an individual. This can be done through various methods, including:

1. Physical examination: A healthcare professional may look for signs of substance abuse, such as track marks, enlarged pupils, or unusual behavior.
2. Laboratory tests: Urine, blood, hair, or saliva samples can be analyzed to detect the presence of drugs or their metabolites. These tests can provide information about recent use (hours to days) or longer-term use (up to several months).
3. Self-report measures: Individuals may be asked to complete questionnaires or interviews about their substance use patterns and behaviors.
4. Observational assessments: In some cases, such as in a treatment setting, healthcare professionals may observe an individual's behavior over time to identify patterns of substance abuse.

Substance abuse detection is often used in clinical, workplace, or legal settings to assess individuals for potential substance use disorders, monitor treatment progress, or ensure compliance with laws or regulations.

The chemical industry is a broad term that refers to the companies and organizations involved in the production or transformation of raw materials or intermediates into various chemical products. These products can be used for a wide range of applications, including manufacturing, agriculture, pharmaceuticals, and consumer goods. The chemical industry includes businesses that produce basic chemicals, such as petrochemicals, agrochemicals, polymers, and industrial gases, as well as those that manufacture specialty chemicals, such as dyestuffs, flavors, fragrances, and advanced materials. Additionally, the chemical industry encompasses companies that provide services related to the research, development, testing, and distribution of chemical products.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Work Schedule Tolerance" is not a recognized term in the medical field. It may be a term used in occupational health or human resources to refer to an employee's ability to adapt to different work schedules, such as night shifts, rotating shifts, or irregular hours. However, it is not a medical diagnosis or condition. If you have any concerns about your work schedule and how it affects your health, I would recommend speaking with a healthcare provider or occupational health professional.

Violence is not typically defined in medical terms, but it can be described as the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or against a group or community, that either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm, maldevelopment, or deprivation. This definition is often used in public health and medical research to understand the impact of violence on health outcomes.

"Return to Work" (RTW) is a term used in the medical and occupational health fields to describe the process of an individual who has been unable to work due to illness or injury, returning to their previous job or a new role that accommodates their limitations. The goal of RTW is to help the individual safely and effectively reintegrate into the workforce while considering their medical condition and any restrictions or accommodations needed. This process often involves collaboration between healthcare professionals, employers, and sometimes insurance companies or vocational specialists. A successful RTW program can improve outcomes for both the employee and the employer by promoting recovery, reducing disability duration, and minimizing lost productivity.

Employee discipline is the process an employer uses to address and correct undesirable behavior or performance issues exhibited by an employee in the workplace. The goal of disciplinary action is to provide a clear understanding of what is expected of the employee, to address any existing problems, and to prevent future occurrences. Discipline may range from verbal warnings, written warnings, suspension, demotion, or termination, depending on the severity and frequency of the infraction. The specific disciplinary measures taken should be outlined in an organization's policies and procedures, and typically follow a progressive approach to ensure fairness and consistency.

Protective clothing refers to specialized garments worn by healthcare professionals, first responders, or workers in various industries to protect themselves from potential hazards that could cause harm to their bodies. These hazards may include biological agents (such as viruses or bacteria), chemicals, radiological particles, physical injuries, or extreme temperatures.

Examples of protective clothing include:

1. Medical/isolation gowns: Fluid-resistant garments worn by healthcare workers during medical procedures to protect against the spread of infectious diseases.
2. Lab coats: Protective garments typically worn in laboratories to shield the wearer's skin and clothing from potential chemical or biological exposure.
3. Coveralls: One-piece garments that cover the entire body, often used in industries with high exposure risks, such as chemical manufacturing or construction.
4. Gloves: Protective hand coverings made of materials like latex, nitrile, or vinyl, which prevent direct contact with hazardous substances.
5. Face masks and respirators: Devices worn over the nose and mouth to filter out airborne particles, protecting the wearer from inhaling harmful substances.
6. Helmets and face shields: Protective headgear used in various industries to prevent physical injuries from falling objects or impact.
7. Fire-resistant clothing: Specialized garments worn by firefighters and those working with high temperatures or open flames to protect against burns and heat exposure.

The choice of protective clothing depends on the specific hazards present in the work environment, as well as the nature and duration of potential exposures. Proper use, maintenance, and training are essential for ensuring the effectiveness of protective clothing in minimizing risks and maintaining worker safety.

Occupational dermatitis is a specific type of contact dermatitis that results from exposure to certain substances or conditions in the workplace. It can be caused by direct contact with chemicals, irritants, or allergens present in the work environment. This condition typically affects the skin on the hands and forearms but can also involve other areas of the body, depending on the nature of the exposure.

There are two main types of occupational dermatitis:

1. Irritant contact dermatitis (ICD): This type occurs when the skin comes into direct contact with an irritating substance, leading to redness, swelling, itching, and sometimes blistering. Common irritants include solvents, detergents, oils, and other industrial chemicals.
2. Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD): This type is a result of an allergic reaction to a specific substance. The immune system identifies the allergen as harmful and mounts a response, causing skin inflammation. Common allergens include latex, metals (such as nickel), and certain plants (like poison ivy).

Prevention measures for occupational dermatitis include using appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) like gloves, masks, and aprons, as well as practicing good hygiene, such as washing hands regularly and avoiding touching the face with contaminated hands. If you suspect you have developed occupational dermatitis, consult a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Musculoskeletal diseases are a group of medical conditions that affect the bones, joints, muscles, tendons, ligaments, and nerves. These diseases can cause pain, stiffness, limited mobility, and decreased function in the affected areas of the body. They include a wide range of conditions such as:

1. Osteoarthritis: A degenerative joint disease characterized by the breakdown of cartilage in joints, leading to pain, stiffness, and loss of mobility.
2. Rheumatoid arthritis: An autoimmune disorder that causes inflammation in the lining of the joints, resulting in swelling, pain, and bone erosion.
3. Gout: A form of arthritis caused by the buildup of uric acid crystals in the joints, leading to severe pain, redness, and swelling.
4. Osteoporosis: A condition characterized by weakened bones that are more susceptible to fractures due to decreased bone density.
5. Fibromyalgia: A disorder that causes widespread muscle pain, fatigue, and tenderness in specific areas of the body.
6. Spinal disorders: Conditions affecting the spine, such as herniated discs, spinal stenosis, or degenerative disc disease, which can cause back pain, numbness, tingling, or weakness.
7. Soft tissue injuries: Damage to muscles, tendons, and ligaments, often caused by overuse, strain, or trauma.
8. Infections: Bone and joint infections (septic arthritis or osteomyelitis) can cause pain, swelling, and fever.
9. Tumors: Benign or malignant growths in bones, muscles, or soft tissues can lead to pain, swelling, and limited mobility.
10. Genetic disorders: Certain genetic conditions, such as Marfan syndrome or Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, can affect the musculoskeletal system and cause various symptoms.

Treatment for musculoskeletal diseases varies depending on the specific condition but may include medications, physical therapy, exercise, surgery, or a combination of these approaches.

Isocyanates are a group of highly reactive chemicals that are widely used in the production of flexible and rigid foams, fibers, coatings, and adhesives. The most common isocyanates are toluene diisocyanate (TDI) and methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI). Exposure to isocyanates can cause a range of health effects, including irritation of the eyes, nose, throat, and skin, as well as respiratory symptoms such as coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath. Long-term exposure has been linked to the development of asthma and other respiratory diseases. Isocyanates are also known to be potential sensitizers, meaning that they can cause an allergic response in some individuals. It is important for workers who handle isocyanates to use appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) and follow proper safety protocols to minimize exposure.

Vocational rehabilitation is a process that aims to help individuals with disabilities, injuries, or illnesses to obtain and maintain suitable employment. It is a coordinated program of services that may include assessment, counseling, training, job development, and placement. The goal is to assist the individual in acquiring the necessary skills and abilities to return to work or to begin a new career path. This process often involves collaboration between healthcare professionals, vocational counselors, and employers to ensure that the individual's needs are met and that they are able to perform their job duties safely and effectively.

I'm not a medical professional, but I can tell you that "housekeeping" is not a term typically used in a medical context. It generally refers to the maintenance and cleaning of living spaces or workplaces. However, in a healthcare setting, "housekeeping" may refer to the environmental services department responsible for maintaining cleanliness and infection control within the facility. This includes tasks such as cleaning patient rooms, common areas, and medical equipment to prevent the spread of infections and maintain a safe environment for patients, staff, and visitors.

A cross-sectional study is a type of observational research design that examines the relationship between variables at one point in time. It provides a snapshot or a "cross-section" of the population at a particular moment, allowing researchers to estimate the prevalence of a disease or condition and identify potential risk factors or associations.

In a cross-sectional study, data is collected from a sample of participants at a single time point, and the variables of interest are measured simultaneously. This design can be used to investigate the association between exposure and outcome, but it cannot establish causality because it does not follow changes over time.

Cross-sectional studies can be conducted using various data collection methods, such as surveys, interviews, or medical examinations. They are often used in epidemiology to estimate the prevalence of a disease or condition in a population and to identify potential risk factors that may contribute to its development. However, because cross-sectional studies only provide a snapshot of the population at one point in time, they cannot account for changes over time or determine whether exposure preceded the outcome.

Therefore, while cross-sectional studies can be useful for generating hypotheses and identifying potential associations between variables, further research using other study designs, such as cohort or case-control studies, is necessary to establish causality and confirm any findings.

Smoking is not a medical condition, but it's a significant health risk behavior. Here is the definition from a public health perspective:

Smoking is the act of inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning tobacco that is commonly consumed through cigarettes, pipes, and cigars. The smoke contains over 7,000 chemicals, including nicotine, tar, carbon monoxide, and numerous toxic and carcinogenic substances. These toxins contribute to a wide range of diseases and health conditions, such as lung cancer, heart disease, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and various other cancers, as well as adverse reproductive outcomes and negative impacts on the developing fetus during pregnancy. Smoking is highly addictive due to the nicotine content, which makes quitting smoking a significant challenge for many individuals.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "United States" is a geopolitical entity, specifically the name of the country consisting of 50 states, and it is not a medical term or concept. Therefore, I can't provide a medical definition for it. If you have any questions related to health, medicine, or biology, I would be happy to try to help answer those!

'Nursing Staff' is a general term that refers to healthcare professionals who deliver nursing care to patients in various settings. Nursing staff includes several roles and positions, such as registered nurses (RNs), licensed practical nurses (LPNs)/licensed vocational nurses (LVNs), nurse practitioners (NPs), clinical nurse specialists (CNSs), certified nurse midwives (CNMs), and nursing assistants/aides.

Registered Nurses (RNs) are responsible for assessing, planning, implementing, and evaluating patient care plans based on their education, training, and clinical judgment. They often supervise other members of the nursing staff and collaborate with interdisciplinary teams to ensure optimal patient outcomes.

Licensed Practical Nurses/Licensed Vocational Nurses (LPNs/LVNs) provide basic nursing care under the direction of RNs or other healthcare professionals. Their responsibilities typically include taking vital signs, administering medications, and providing personal care to patients.

Nurse Practitioners (NPs), Clinical Nurse Specialists (CNSs), and Certified Nurse Midwives (CNMs) are advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs) who have completed additional education and training beyond the RN degree. NPs can independently diagnose and manage common illnesses, prescribe medications, and provide primary care services to patients of all ages. CNSs focus on improving patient outcomes through evidence-based practice, research, and education within a specific specialty area. CNMs are specialized APRNs who provide comprehensive gynecological and obstetric care, including prenatal, delivery, and postpartum care for women, as well as newborn care.

Nursing Assistants/Aides, also known as Certified Nursing Assistants (CNAs) or Patient Care Technicians (PCTs), provide basic patient care under the supervision of RNs or LPNs/LVNs. Their duties may include assisting with personal hygiene, mobility, and nutrition; taking vital signs; and answering call lights.

Overall, nursing staff plays a critical role in maintaining patient safety, promoting health and well-being, and providing compassionate care to individuals across the lifespan.

Interprofessional relations, in the context of healthcare, refers to the interactions and collaborative practices between different healthcare professionals (such as physicians, nurses, pharmacists, therapists, social workers, etc.) when providing care for patients. It involves developing and maintaining positive and effective communication, respect, trust, and collaboration among various healthcare disciplines to ensure coordinated, safe, and high-quality patient care. The goal of interprofessional relations is to enhance collaborative practice, improve patient outcomes, and promote a supportive work environment.

Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) are defined by the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) as "airborne concentrations of substances and physical agents to which most workers can be exposed day after day for a normal 8-hour workday and 40-hour workweek, without adverse health effects." TLVs are based on available scientific data and are designed to provide guidance to occupational health professionals in making decisions regarding safe levels of exposure to various workplace hazards.

TLVs are divided into three categories:

1. Time-weighted average (TWA): This is the average airborne concentration of a substance or physical agent to which a worker can be exposed for an 8-hour workday and 40-hour workweek, without experiencing adverse health effects.
2. Short-term exposure limit (STEL): This is the maximum concentration of a substance or physical agent to which a worker can be exposed for a short period of time (usually 15 minutes) without experiencing significant irritation, narcosis, or other acute toxic effects. STELs are intended to protect workers from brief, but potentially hazardous, exposures.
3. Ceiling limit (CL): This is the concentration of a substance or physical agent that should not be exceeded at any time during the workday. Ceiling limits are designed to protect workers from the potential acute effects of high-concentration exposures.

It's important to note that TLVs are guidelines and not regulatory standards, meaning they do not have the force of law. However, many organizations and companies use TLVs as a basis for establishing their own exposure limits and workplace safety policies.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Salaries and Fringe Benefits" is not a medical term or concept.

Salaries and fringe benefits are terms used in the context of employment and compensation. A salary is the amount of money or other forms of compensation paid to an employee by an employer in return for work performed. It is usually expressed as a monthly or annual sum.

Fringe benefits, on the other hand, are additional benefits that employers may provide to their employees, such as health insurance, retirement plans, vacation and sick leave, and other perks. These benefits are offered in addition to the employee's regular salary or wages.

In a medical setting, healthcare professionals may receive salaries and fringe benefits as part of their employment compensation package, but the terms themselves do not have specific medical meanings.

A Work Capacity Evaluation (WCE) is a set of systematic and objective procedures used to assess an individual's physical and cognitive abilities in relation to their ability to perform specific job tasks. It is typically conducted by a team of healthcare professionals, including occupational therapists, physiatrists, and kinesiologists, who evaluate the person's strength, endurance, flexibility, range of motion, sensation, balance, coordination, and cognitive abilities.

The goal of a WCE is to determine an individual's functional limitations and capabilities, and to provide recommendations regarding their ability to return to work or perform specific job tasks. The evaluation may include a variety of tests and measurements, such as lifting and carrying capacities, fine motor skills, visual tracking, and problem-solving abilities.

The results of the WCE can be used to develop a treatment plan, modify job duties, or determine eligibility for disability benefits. It is an important tool in helping individuals with injuries or disabilities return to work safely and effectively, while also ensuring that employers have the information they need to accommodate their employees' needs.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Japan" is not a medical term. Japan is the name of a country, officially known as Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku in Japanese, and is located in East Asia. It is an island nation in the Pacific Ocean with a population of about 126 million people.

If you have any medical questions or terms that you would like me to define, please let me know!

'Hospital Personnel' is a general term that refers to all individuals who are employed by or provide services on behalf of a hospital. This can include, but is not limited to:

1. Healthcare professionals such as doctors, nurses, pharmacists, therapists, and technicians.
2. Administrative staff who manage the hospital's operations, including human resources, finance, and management.
3. Support services personnel such as maintenance workers, food service workers, housekeeping staff, and volunteers.
4. Medical students, interns, and trainees who are gaining clinical experience in the hospital setting.

All of these individuals play a critical role in ensuring that the hospital runs smoothly and provides high-quality care to its patients.

I must apologize, but "welding" is not a term that is typically used in medical definitions. Welding is a process that is commonly used in manufacturing and construction to join two pieces of metal together by melting them and adding a filler material to form a pool of molten metal (the weld puddle) that cools to become a strong joint.

If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health-related topics, I would be happy to help answer them for you.

Career mobility, in a medical context, refers to the ability of healthcare professionals to advance or move between different roles, positions, or departments within a healthcare organization or field. It can include lateral moves (changing to a similar position in another department) or vertical moves (promotion to a higher-level position). Career mobility is often facilitated by continuing education, professional development opportunities, and the acquisition of new skills and experiences. High career mobility can lead to better job satisfaction, increased compensation, and improved patient care.

Cumulative Trauma Disorders (CTDs) are a group of conditions that result from repeated exposure to biomechanical stressors, often related to work activities. These disorders can affect the muscles, tendons, nerves, and joints, leading to symptoms such as pain, numbness, tingling, weakness, and reduced range of motion.

CTDs are also known as repetitive strain injuries (RSIs) or overuse injuries. They occur when there is a mismatch between the demands placed on the body and its ability to recover from those demands. Over time, this imbalance can lead to tissue damage and inflammation, resulting in chronic pain and functional limitations.

Examples of CTDs include carpal tunnel syndrome, tendonitis, epicondylitis (tennis elbow), rotator cuff injuries, and trigger finger. Prevention strategies for CTDs include proper ergonomics, workstation design, body mechanics, taking regular breaks to stretch and rest, and performing exercises to strengthen and condition the affected muscles and joints.

Medical Definition:

"Risk factors" are any attribute, characteristic or exposure of an individual that increases the likelihood of developing a disease or injury. They can be divided into modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors. Modifiable risk factors are those that can be changed through lifestyle choices or medical treatment, while non-modifiable risk factors are inherent traits such as age, gender, or genetic predisposition. Examples of modifiable risk factors include smoking, alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, and unhealthy diet, while non-modifiable risk factors include age, sex, and family history. It is important to note that having a risk factor does not guarantee that a person will develop the disease, but rather indicates an increased susceptibility.

The Extraction and Processing Industry, also known as the extraction industry or the mining sector, is a major category of businesses and economic activities involved in the removal of minerals and other natural resources from the earth. This industry includes several types of extraction operations, such as:

1. Oil and gas extraction: This involves the exploration, drilling, and pumping of crude oil and natural gas from underground reservoirs.
2. Mining: This includes the extraction of various minerals like coal, iron ore, copper, gold, silver, and other metals and non-metallic minerals. There are different methods used for mining, such as surface mining (open-pit or strip mining) and underground mining.
3. Support activities for mining: This category includes services and supplies needed for the extraction of minerals, like drilling, exploration, and mining support services.

After the extraction process, these raw materials undergo further processing to transform them into usable forms, such as refining crude oil into various petroleum products or smelting metals for manufacturing purposes. This processing stage is often included in the definition of the Extraction and Processing Industry.

The medical definition of this industry may not be explicitly stated; however, it indirectly impacts public health and the environment. For instance, mining activities can lead to air and water pollution, exposure to harmful substances, and increased risk of accidents and injuries for workers. Therefore, understanding the Extraction and Processing Industry is essential in addressing potential health hazards associated with these operations.

"Health personnel" is a broad term that refers to individuals who are involved in maintaining, promoting, and restoring the health of populations or individuals. This can include a wide range of professionals such as:

1. Healthcare providers: These are medical doctors, nurses, midwives, dentists, pharmacists, allied health professionals (like physical therapists, occupational therapists, speech therapists, dietitians, etc.), and other healthcare workers who provide direct patient care.

2. Public health professionals: These are individuals who work in public health agencies, non-governmental organizations, or academia to promote health, prevent diseases, and protect populations from health hazards. They include epidemiologists, biostatisticians, health educators, environmental health specialists, and health services researchers.

3. Health managers and administrators: These are professionals who oversee the operations, finances, and strategic planning of healthcare organizations, such as hospitals, clinics, or public health departments. They may include hospital CEOs, medical directors, practice managers, and healthcare consultants.

4. Health support staff: This group includes various personnel who provide essential services to healthcare organizations, such as medical records technicians, billing specialists, receptionists, and maintenance workers.

5. Health researchers and academics: These are professionals involved in conducting research, teaching, and disseminating knowledge related to health sciences, medicine, public health, or healthcare management in universities, research institutions, or think tanks.

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines "health worker" as "a person who contributes to the promotion, protection, or improvement of health through prevention, treatment, rehabilitation, palliation, health promotion, and health education." This definition encompasses a wide range of professionals working in various capacities to improve health outcomes.

An "Employee Performance Appraisal" is a systematic and periodic process in which an organization evaluates the job performance of its employees. The purpose of this process is to provide feedback to employees about their strengths and areas for improvement, as well as to set goals and development plans for their future growth and performance enhancement.

The appraisal typically involves a review of the employee's job responsibilities, objectives, and achievements during a specific period, along with an assessment of their skills, behaviors, and competencies. The evaluation may be based on various factors such as job knowledge, productivity, quality of work, communication skills, teamwork, leadership, and attendance.

The performance appraisal is usually conducted by the employee's supervisor or manager, but it can also involve self-evaluation, peer review, or 360-degree feedback from multiple sources. The results of the appraisal are used to inform decisions about promotions, salary increases, training and development opportunities, and corrective actions when necessary.

Overall, the employee performance appraisal is a critical tool for organizations to manage their workforce effectively, improve productivity, and promote a culture of continuous learning and development.

Occupational noise is defined as exposure to excessive or harmful levels of sound in the workplace that has the potential to cause adverse health effects such as hearing loss, tinnitus, and stress-related symptoms. The measurement of occupational noise is typically expressed in units of decibels (dB), and the permissible exposure limits are regulated by organizations such as the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) in the United States.

Exposure to high levels of occupational noise can lead to permanent hearing loss, which is often irreversible. It can also interfere with communication and concentration, leading to decreased productivity and increased risk of accidents. Therefore, it is essential to implement appropriate measures to control and reduce occupational noise exposure in the workplace.

In a medical context, "lifting" generally refers to the act or process of physically moving or supporting an object or person with the use of one's muscles, particularly those in the back, legs, and arms. However, I am a large language model, not a doctor, and this definition is based on general usage rather than specific medical terminology.

Improper lifting techniques can lead to injuries, especially musculoskeletal ones. For this reason, healthcare professionals often provide guidelines for safe lifting, emphasizing the importance of maintaining a wide base of support, keeping the object close to the body, using leg muscles instead of the back, and avoiding twisting or bending at the waist.

In some cases, "lifting" may also refer to medical procedures where a surgeon raises a part of the body during surgery, but this is more commonly referred to as "elevation."

In the context of medicine, "maintenance" generally refers to the ongoing care or support required to maintain or prevent the deterioration of a person's health, particularly in chronic conditions or disabilities. This may include:

1. Medical treatment: Regular administration of medications, therapies, or procedures to manage a medical condition and prevent complications.
2. Rehabilitation: Continuous support and guidance to help individuals with disabilities or injuries regain their functional abilities and maintain their independence.
3. Preventive care: Routine check-ups, screenings, and immunizations to detect potential health issues early and prevent them from becoming more severe.
4. Lifestyle modifications: Encouragement and support for maintaining healthy habits such as regular exercise, balanced diet, stress management, and smoking cessation.
5. Psychological support: Counseling, therapy, or support groups to help patients cope with their medical conditions and maintain their emotional well-being.
6. Case management: Coordination of various healthcare services and resources to ensure that the patient receives comprehensive and continuous care.
7. Home care or residential care: Provision of assistance with activities of daily living (ADLs) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) in the patient's home or a specialized care facility to support their independence and quality of life.

A computer terminal is a device that enables a user to interact with a computer system. It typically includes an input device, such as a keyboard or a mouse, and an output device, such as a monitor or a printer. A terminal may also include additional features, such as storage devices or network connections. In modern usage, the term "computer terminal" is often used to refer specifically to a device that provides text-based access to a computer system, as opposed to a graphical user interface (GUI). These text-based terminals are sometimes called "dumb terminals," because they rely on the computer system to perform most of the processing and only provide a simple interface for input and output. However, this term can be misleading, as many modern terminals are quite sophisticated and can include features such as advanced graphics capabilities or support for multimedia content.

A smoke-free policy is a set of rules or regulations that prohibit smoking in a specific area or organization-wide, with the goal of protecting people from the harmful effects of secondhand smoke. These policies can apply to various settings such as workplaces, hospitals, schools, restaurants, and public places. The ultimate aim of a smoke-free policy is to reduce exposure to tobacco smoke, promote healthier living environments, and encourage smoking cessation. Smoke-free policies are evidence-based interventions that have been shown to significantly improve indoor air quality, decrease the prevalence of respiratory symptoms, and lower the risk of cardiovascular diseases among non-smoking individuals.

Civil rights are a group of rights and protections that guarantee equal treatment to all individuals, regardless of their race, color, religion, sex, national origin, age, disability, or other characteristics. These rights are enshrined in the laws and constitutions of various countries and include freedoms such as the right to vote, the right to a fair trial, the right to equal protection under the law, and the right to freedom of speech, religion, and assembly.

In the United States, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 is a landmark piece of legislation that prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin in employment, education, and access to public accommodations. Other important civil rights laws in the U.S. include the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which protects the right to vote, and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, which prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities.

Violations of civil rights can take many forms, including discrimination, harassment, intimidation, and violence. Those whose civil rights have been violated may be entitled to legal remedies, such as damages, injunctions, or orders for relief.

'Hospital Nursing Staff' refers to the group of healthcare professionals who are licensed and trained to provide nursing care to patients in a hospital setting. They work under the direction of a nurse manager or director and collaborate with an interdisciplinary team of healthcare providers, including physicians, therapists, social workers, and other support staff.

Hospital nursing staff can include registered nurses (RNs), licensed practical nurses (LPNs) or vocational nurses (LVNs), and unlicensed assistive personnel (UAPs) such as nursing assistants, orderlies, and patient care technicians. Their responsibilities may vary depending on their role and the needs of the patients, but they typically include:

* Administering medications and treatments prescribed by physicians
* Monitoring patients' vital signs and overall condition
* Providing emotional support and education to patients and their families
* Assisting with activities of daily living such as bathing, dressing, and grooming
* Documenting patient care and progress in medical records
* Collaborating with other healthcare professionals to develop and implement individualized care plans.

Hospital nursing staff play a critical role in ensuring the safety, comfort, and well-being of hospitalized patients, and they are essential members of the healthcare team.

Data collection in the medical context refers to the systematic gathering of information relevant to a specific research question or clinical situation. This process involves identifying and recording data elements, such as demographic characteristics, medical history, physical examination findings, laboratory results, and imaging studies, from various sources including patient interviews, medical records, and diagnostic tests. The data collected is used to support clinical decision-making, inform research hypotheses, and evaluate the effectiveness of treatments or interventions. It is essential that data collection is performed in a standardized and unbiased manner to ensure the validity and reliability of the results.

Program Evaluation is a systematic and objective assessment of a healthcare program's design, implementation, and outcomes. It is a medical term used to describe the process of determining the relevance, effectiveness, and efficiency of a program in achieving its goals and objectives. Program evaluation involves collecting and analyzing data related to various aspects of the program, such as its reach, impact, cost-effectiveness, and quality. The results of program evaluation can be used to improve the design and implementation of existing programs or to inform the development of new ones. It is a critical tool for ensuring that healthcare programs are meeting the needs of their intended audiences and delivering high-quality care in an efficient and effective manner.

A wound is a type of injury that occurs when the skin or other tissues are cut, pierced, torn, or otherwise broken. Wounds can be caused by a variety of factors, including accidents, violence, surgery, or certain medical conditions. There are several different types of wounds, including:

* Incisions: These are cuts that are made deliberately, often during surgery. They are usually straight and clean.
* Lacerations: These are tears in the skin or other tissues. They can be irregular and jagged.
* Abrasions: These occur when the top layer of skin is scraped off. They may look like a bruise or a scab.
* Punctures: These are wounds that are caused by sharp objects, such as needles or knives. They are usually small and deep.
* Avulsions: These occur when tissue is forcibly torn away from the body. They can be very serious and require immediate medical attention.

Injuries refer to any harm or damage to the body, including wounds. Injuries can range from minor scrapes and bruises to more severe injuries such as fractures, dislocations, and head trauma. It is important to seek medical attention for any injury that is causing significant pain, swelling, or bleeding, or if there is a suspected bone fracture or head injury.

In general, wounds and injuries should be cleaned and covered with a sterile bandage to prevent infection. Depending on the severity of the wound or injury, additional medical treatment may be necessary. This may include stitches for deep cuts, immobilization for broken bones, or surgery for more serious injuries. It is important to follow your healthcare provider's instructions carefully to ensure proper healing and to prevent complications.

A "Health Facility Environment" is a term used to describe the physical surroundings, including buildings, rooms, equipment, and materials, in which healthcare is delivered. This encompasses everything from hospitals and clinics to long-term care facilities and doctors' offices. The design, construction, maintenance, and operation of these environments are critical to ensuring patient safety, preventing infection, and promoting positive health outcomes.

The term "Health Facility Environment" may also refer to the specific environmental considerations within a healthcare setting, such as air quality, water supply, temperature, lighting, and noise control. These factors can significantly impact patients' comfort, well-being, and recovery and are therefore closely monitored and regulated in health facility settings.

In addition, the "Health Facility Environment" includes measures taken to prevent the transmission of infectious diseases, such as hand hygiene practices, cleaning and disinfection protocols, and waste management procedures. Healthcare facilities must adhere to strict guidelines and regulations regarding environmental safety and infection control to protect patients, staff, and visitors from harm.

The construction industry is a sector that involves the building, alteration, or repair of infrastructure and buildings. This industry includes various activities such as site preparation, demolition, new construction, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs. It can be further divided into subsectors such as residential, commercial, industrial, and heavy civil construction.

Construction projects may involve the use of a wide range of materials, equipment, and techniques, and often require collaboration between architects, engineers, contractors, and other professionals to ensure that projects are completed safely, on time, and within budget. The construction industry is an important contributor to the economy, providing jobs and contributing to the development of infrastructure and housing.

Decontamination is the process of removing, inactivating or destroying harmful contaminants from a person, object, environment or substance. In a medical context, decontamination typically refers to the removal of pathogens, toxic chemicals, or radioactive substances from patients, equipment, or surfaces in order to prevent infection or illness.

There are different methods and techniques for decontamination depending on the type and extent of contamination. For example, mechanical cleaning (such as washing with soap and water), chemical disinfection (using antimicrobial agents), radiation sterilization (using ionizing radiation), and heat sterilization (using steam or dry heat) are some common methods used in medical settings to decontaminate surfaces, equipment, and supplies.

Decontamination is an important process in healthcare settings, such as hospitals and clinics, as well as in emergency response situations involving hazardous materials or bioterrorism incidents. Proper decontamination procedures can help prevent the spread of infectious diseases, reduce the risk of chemical or radiation exposure, and protect the health and safety of patients, healthcare workers, and the public.

Professional burnout is a state of emotional, physical, and mental exhaustion caused by excessive and prolonged stress. It occurs when someone feels overwhelmed, emotionally drained, and unable to meet constant demands, particularly in the work environment.

The symptoms of professional burnout may include:

1. Feelings of energy depletion or exhaustion
2. Increased mental distance from one's job or feelings of negativism or cynicism related to one's job
3. Reduced professional efficacy

Burnout is often characterized by a reduced sense of accomplishment and personal satisfaction in work, as well as a lack of engagement and motivation. It can lead to a variety of negative outcomes, including decreased productivity, absenteeism, and turnover, as well as physical and mental health problems.

Ventilation, in the context of medicine and physiology, refers to the process of breathing, which is the exchange of air between the lungs and the environment. It involves both inspiration (inhaling) and expiration (exhaling). During inspiration, air moves into the lungs, delivering oxygen to the alveoli (air sacs) where gas exchange occurs. Oxygen is taken up by the blood and transported to the body's cells, while carbon dioxide, a waste product, is expelled from the body during expiration.

In a medical setting, ventilation may also refer to the use of mechanical devices, such as ventilators or respirators, which assist or replace the breathing process for patients who are unable to breathe effectively on their own due to conditions like respiratory failure, sedation, neuromuscular disorders, or injuries. These machines help maintain adequate gas exchange and prevent complications associated with inadequate ventilation, such as hypoxia (low oxygen levels) and hypercapnia (high carbon dioxide levels).

Ear protective devices are types of personal protective equipment designed to protect the ears from potential damage or injury caused by excessive noise or pressure changes. These devices typically come in two main forms: earplugs and earmuffs.

Earplugs are small disposable or reusable plugs that are inserted into the ear canal to block out or reduce loud noises. They can be made of foam, rubber, plastic, or other materials and are available in different sizes to fit various ear shapes and sizes.

Earmuffs, on the other hand, are headbands with cups that cover the entire outer ear. The cups are typically made of sound-absorbing materials such as foam or fluid-filled cushions that help to block out noise. Earmuffs can be used in combination with earplugs for added protection.

Both earplugs and earmuffs are commonly used in industrial settings, construction sites, concerts, shooting ranges, and other noisy environments to prevent hearing loss or damage. It is important to choose the right type of ear protective device based on the level and type of noise exposure, as well as individual comfort and fit.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "paint" is not a medical term. In a general sense, paint is a substance that is applied as a protective or decorative coating to various surfaces. If you have any medical questions or terms you would like me to clarify, please let me know!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "security measures" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. It is a more general term that can be applied to various fields, including healthcare, and refers to the steps or actions taken to protect individuals, data, or systems from harm or unauthorized access. In a medical context, security measures might include things like physical security measures to protect patients and staff (such as locks on doors and surveillance cameras), as well as cybersecurity measures to protect patient data (such as encryption and firewalls).

Latex hypersensitivity is an immune-mediated reaction to proteins found in natural rubber latex, which can cause allergic symptoms ranging from mild skin irritation to life-threatening anaphylaxis. It is a form of type I (immediate) hypersensitivity, mediated by IgE antibodies that bind to mast cells and basophils, leading to the release of histamine and other mediators of inflammation upon re-exposure to latex proteins.

The symptoms of latex hypersensitivity can include skin rashes, hives, itching, nasal congestion, sneezing, wheezing, shortness of breath, coughing, and in severe cases, anaphylaxis characterized by a rapid heartbeat, low blood pressure, loss of consciousness, and even death.

Healthcare workers, patients with spina bifida, and those who have undergone multiple surgeries are at increased risk for developing latex hypersensitivity due to repeated exposure to latex products. Prevention measures include using non-latex medical supplies and devices, wearing non-powdered latex gloves, and implementing strict hand hygiene practices.

Occupational asthma is a type of asthma that is caused or worsened by exposure to specific agents in the workplace. These agents, known as occupational sensitizers, can cause an immune response that leads to airway inflammation and narrowing, resulting in classic asthma symptoms such as wheezing, shortness of breath, coughing, and chest tightness.

Occupational asthma can develop in individuals who have no prior history of asthma, or it can worsen pre-existing asthma. The onset of symptoms may be immediate (within hours) or delayed (up to several days) after exposure to the sensitizer. Common occupational sensitizers include isocyanates (found in certain paints and spray foam insulation), flour and grain dust, wood dust, animal dander, and various chemicals used in manufacturing processes.

Prevention of occupational asthma involves minimizing or eliminating exposure to known sensitizers through proper engineering controls, personal protective equipment, and workplace practices. If occupational asthma is suspected, individuals should consult with a healthcare professional for appropriate diagnosis and management strategies.

I believe there might be a slight confusion in your question. The "food processing industry" is not a medical term per se, but rather a term used to describe the branch of manufacturing that involves transforming raw agricultural ingredients into food products for commercial sale.

The food-processing industry includes activities such as:

1. Cleaning and grading raw food materials
2. Preservation through canning, freezing, refrigeration, or dehydration
3. Preparation of food by chopping, cooking, baking, or mixing
4. Packaging and labeling of the final food product

While not a medical term, it is still relevant to the medical field as processed foods can impact human health, both positively and negatively. For example, processing can help preserve nutrients, increase food safety, and make certain foods more accessible and convenient. However, overly processed foods often contain high levels of added sugars, sodium, and unhealthy fats, which can contribute to various health issues such as obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "insurance" is not a medical term per se. It is an financial concept and a type of risk management where an individual or entity pays a premium to a insurance company in order to receive financial protection or reimbursement against potential losses. In the context of healthcare, insurance typically refers to health insurance, which is a type of coverage that pays for medical, surgical, or hospital costs. Health insurance can be obtained through an employer, purchased directly from an insurance company, or provided by the government.

Social support in a medical context refers to the resources and assistance provided by an individual's social network, including family, friends, peers, and community groups. These resources can include emotional, informational, and instrumental support, which help individuals cope with stress, manage health conditions, and maintain their overall well-being.

Emotional support involves providing empathy, care, and encouragement to help an individual feel valued, understood, and cared for. Informational support refers to the provision of advice, guidance, and knowledge that can help an individual make informed decisions about their health or other aspects of their life. Instrumental support includes practical assistance such as help with daily tasks, financial aid, or access to resources.

Social support has been shown to have a positive impact on physical and mental health outcomes, including reduced stress levels, improved immune function, better coping skills, and increased resilience. It can also play a critical role in promoting healthy behaviors, such as adherence to medical treatments and lifestyle changes.

I'm not aware of a medical definition for "Metals, Light." It seems that this term could be a combination of two unrelated concepts: metals and light. Metals are typically heavy, solid elements with unique chemical properties, while light usually refers to electromagnetic radiation that can have different wavelengths and frequencies.

If you meant to ask about "Metal Implants and their Effect on Medical Imaging," I could provide some information on that topic:

In medical imaging, metal implants can affect the quality of images produced by various techniques such as X-ray, CT (Computed Tomography), MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging), and ultrasound. Here's a brief overview of how metals interact with these imaging modalities:

1. X-ray and CT: Metallic implants can create artifacts in the images due to their high density, which can attenuate (absorb or scatter) the X-rays more than surrounding tissues. This results in brighter or darker regions around the metal implant, making it difficult to visualize nearby anatomical structures clearly.
2. MRI: Metallic implants may cause significant image distortions and safety concerns due to their magnetic susceptibility. The magnetic field of the MRI scanner can interact with the metal, leading to localized heating, movement, or even malfunction of the implant. Some ferromagnetic metals (e.g., iron, nickel, cobalt) are contraindicated in MRI due to these risks.
3. Ultrasound: Metallic implants generally do not interfere with ultrasound imaging as much as other modalities since ultrasound relies on sound waves rather than radiation or magnetic fields. However, the presence of metal can cause some reverberation artifacts and make it challenging to visualize nearby structures clearly.

It is essential for healthcare providers to be aware of any metal implants when ordering medical imaging exams to ensure appropriate image interpretation and patient safety.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Finland" is not a medical term. It is a country located in Northern Europe, known officially as the Republic of Finland. If you have any questions about medical terminology or health-related topics, I would be happy to try and help answer those for you.

Occupational health nursing is a specialized area of nursing practice that focuses on the prevention and management of work-related illnesses, injuries, and disabilities. It involves the assessment, evaluation, and control of hazards and risks in the workplace to promote and protect the health and well-being of workers. Occupational health nurses provide comprehensive healthcare services, including health promotion, disease prevention, education, counseling, and rehabilitation, to help workers maintain their optimal health and productivity. They work closely with employers, employees, and other healthcare professionals to develop and implement effective occupational health programs that meet the specific needs of the workplace and its workers. Occupational health nursing is a holistic approach to healthcare that recognizes the interdependence between work, health, and well-being.

Employer health costs refer to the financial expenses incurred by employers for providing healthcare benefits to their employees. These costs can include premiums for group health insurance plans, payments towards self-insured health plans, and other out-of-pocket expenses related to employee healthcare. Employer health costs also encompass expenses related to workplace wellness programs, occupational health services, and any other initiatives aimed at improving the health and well-being of employees. These costs are a significant component of overall employee compensation packages and can have substantial impacts on both employer profitability and employee access to quality healthcare services.

Risk management in the medical context refers to the systematic process of identifying, assessing, and prioritizing risks to patients, staff, or healthcare organizations, followed by the development, implementation, and monitoring of strategies to manage those risks. The goal is to minimize potential harm and optimize patient safety, quality of care, and operational efficiency.

This process typically involves:

1. Identifying potential hazards and risks in the healthcare environment, procedures, or systems.
2. Assessing the likelihood and potential impact of each identified risk.
3. Prioritizing risks based on their severity and probability.
4. Developing strategies to mitigate, eliminate, transfer, or accept the prioritized risks.
5. Implementing the risk management strategies and monitoring their effectiveness.
6. Continuously reviewing and updating the risk management process to adapt to changing circumstances or new information.

Effective risk management in healthcare helps organizations provide safer care, reduce adverse events, and promote a culture of safety and continuous improvement.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "organizational innovation" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. It is a concept that is more commonly used in the fields of business and management, where it refers to the introduction of new methods, ideas, or products within an organization. This can include things like new processes, structures, or technologies that are designed to improve efficiency, effectiveness, or competitive advantage.

In healthcare organizations, for example, organizational innovation might involve the implementation of new electronic health records systems, the creation of multidisciplinary care teams, or the adoption of novel approaches to patient engagement and empowerment. These types of innovations can help to improve patient outcomes, reduce costs, and enhance the overall quality of care.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Textile Industry" and "medical definition" are not related. The textile industry is the overall system of designing, producing, and distributing clothing and their raw materials, which include fiber, yarn, and cloth. It involves several processes such as spinning, weaving, knitting, dyeing, and finishing.

If you're looking for a medical term or definition, please provide me with the term so I can assist you better.

Logistic models, specifically logistic regression models, are a type of statistical analysis used in medical and epidemiological research to identify the relationship between the risk of a certain health outcome or disease (dependent variable) and one or more independent variables, such as demographic factors, exposure variables, or other clinical measurements.

In contrast to linear regression models, logistic regression models are used when the dependent variable is binary or dichotomous in nature, meaning it can only take on two values, such as "disease present" or "disease absent." The model uses a logistic function to estimate the probability of the outcome based on the independent variables.

Logistic regression models are useful for identifying risk factors and estimating the strength of associations between exposures and health outcomes, adjusting for potential confounders, and predicting the probability of an outcome given certain values of the independent variables. They can also be used to develop clinical prediction rules or scores that can aid in decision-making and patient care.

Risk assessment in the medical context refers to the process of identifying, evaluating, and prioritizing risks to patients, healthcare workers, or the community related to healthcare delivery. It involves determining the likelihood and potential impact of adverse events or hazards, such as infectious diseases, medication errors, or medical devices failures, and implementing measures to mitigate or manage those risks. The goal of risk assessment is to promote safe and high-quality care by identifying areas for improvement and taking action to minimize harm.

Prevalence, in medical terms, refers to the total number of people in a given population who have a particular disease or condition at a specific point in time, or over a specified period. It is typically expressed as a percentage or a ratio of the number of cases to the size of the population. Prevalence differs from incidence, which measures the number of new cases that develop during a certain period.

Professional autonomy in a medical context refers to the freedom and independence that healthcare professionals, particularly doctors, have in making clinical decisions and judgments regarding the care and treatment of their patients. This concept is based on the ethical principle of self-determination, which allows individuals to make informed decisions about their own health and well-being.

Professional autonomy encompasses several key elements, including:

1. Clinical judgment: The ability to evaluate a patient's condition, consider various treatment options, and make an evidence-based decision regarding the most appropriate course of action.
2. Informed consent: The process of ensuring that patients understand their medical condition, the proposed treatment plan, and any potential risks or benefits associated with the recommended care. Patients must provide their informed consent before any medical intervention can take place.
3. Confidentiality: The obligation to protect a patient's personal and medical information, sharing it only with those directly involved in the patient's care or as required by law.
4. Continuing professional development: The commitment to maintaining and updating one's knowledge and skills through ongoing education, training, and research.
5. Peer review and accountability: The responsibility to participate in peer review processes and be held accountable for one's actions and decisions, including any adverse outcomes or complications that may arise from treatment.

Professional autonomy is essential for maintaining the trust and confidence of patients, as it allows healthcare professionals to provide care that is tailored to each individual's unique needs and circumstances. However, this autonomy must be balanced with the need for collaboration, communication, and shared decision-making with other healthcare team members, as well as consideration for ethical principles such as non-maleficence (do no harm) and beneficence (acting in the best interest of the patient).

Environmental exposure refers to the contact of an individual with any chemical, physical, or biological agent in the environment that can cause a harmful effect on health. These exposures can occur through various pathways such as inhalation, ingestion, or skin contact. Examples of environmental exposures include air pollution, water contamination, occupational chemicals, and allergens. The duration and level of exposure, as well as the susceptibility of the individual, can all contribute to the risk of developing an adverse health effect.

Smoking cessation is the process of discontinuing tobacco smoking. This can be achieved through various methods such as behavioral modifications, counseling, and medication. The goal of smoking cessation is to improve overall health, reduce the risk of tobacco-related diseases, and enhance quality of life. It is a significant step towards preventing lung cancer, heart disease, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and other serious health conditions.

I'm happy to help, but it seems there might be some confusion in your question. "Interviews" is a broad topic that isn't typically a medical term or subject. However, interviews can certainly be a part of medical settings and procedures, such as job interviews for healthcare positions, patient interviews during medical consultations, or research interviews in clinical studies.

In the context of medical education, an interview might refer to the process by which medical schools evaluate applicants for admission, known as the medical school interview. This is a critical component of the application process and typically involves one-on-one conversations between the applicant and an admissions committee member or a series of multiple mini-interviews (MMIs) with various evaluators.

If you could provide more context or clarify what you mean by "Interviews as Topic" in a medical setting, I'd be happy to help further!

Collective bargaining is a process in which union representatives and employers negotiate terms and conditions of employment for a group of employees, also known as a "bargaining unit." The negotiations typically cover issues such as wages, hours, working conditions, benefits, and grievance procedures. The goal of collective bargaining is to reach a mutually acceptable agreement that balances the interests of both parties while promoting fairness and equity in the workplace.

The process of collective bargaining usually involves several stages, including preparation, negotiation, and implementation. During preparation, the union conducts research on industry standards, economic conditions, and other relevant factors to develop a set of proposals for negotiation. The employer also prepares by reviewing financial data, operational needs, and market conditions.

Negotiations typically involve a series of meetings between the union and employer representatives, during which they exchange proposals, counteroffers, and arguments. The process can be facilitated by a neutral third party, such as a mediator or arbitrator, who helps to facilitate communication and find common ground.

Once an agreement is reached, it is typically put to a vote of the affected employees for ratification. If approved, the agreement becomes legally binding and governs the terms and conditions of employment for the duration of the contract, which can range from one to several years.

Collective bargaining is an important tool for workers to advocate for their rights and interests in the workplace. It helps to promote fairness, equity, and stability in the labor market and can lead to improved working conditions, higher wages, and better benefits for employees.

I believe there may be some confusion in your question as "manufactured materials" is not a term commonly used in medical definitions. Instead, it is more related to the field of materials science and engineering. However, I can provide you with an example of how manufactured materials might be relevant in a medical context:

Manufactured materials refer to substances that are produced or synthesized through human-engineered processes, as opposed to naturally occurring materials. In the medical field, manufactured materials can include a wide range of products such as biomaterials, implants, medical devices, and pharmaceuticals. These materials are designed and created to interact with biological systems for various therapeutic or diagnostic purposes.

For instance, biomaterials like polymers, metals, ceramics, and composites can be used in the development of medical devices such as hip implants, stents, or contact lenses. Similarly, pharmaceutical companies manufacture drugs and medications using synthetic or semi-synthetic compounds to create active ingredients for various treatments.

In summary, while "manufactured materials" is not a formal medical term, it can refer to any synthetic or engineered substances designed and produced for medical applications, such as biomaterials, implants, medical devices, and pharmaceuticals.

Medical staff, in a hospital or healthcare setting, typically refers to licensed healthcare professionals who are responsible for providing medical care and treatment to patients. This can include physicians (both specialists and general practitioners), surgeons, dentists, podiatrists, and advanced practice nurses (such as nurse practitioners and certified nurse midwives).

The term "medical staff" may also refer to the organized body of such professionals within a healthcare institution, who are responsible for establishing medical policies and procedures, providing clinical leadership, and ensuring quality of care. This group often includes both practicing clinicians and those in administrative or teaching roles. Membership in the medical staff is usually granted through an application and credentialing process, which ensures that each member meets certain professional and educational standards.

Elementary particles are the fundamental building blocks that make up all matter and energy in the universe. They are called "elementary" because they cannot be broken down into smaller, simpler components. According to our current understanding of particle physics, there are two main types of elementary particles: fermions and bosons.

Fermions include quarks and leptons, which make up matter. There are six types of each, known as flavors: up and down quarks, charm and strange quarks, top and bottom quarks, and electron, muon, and tau leptons (also called "electron-type," "muon-type," and "tau-type" leptons). Each fermion also has an associated antiparticle.

Bosons are the force carriers that mediate the fundamental forces of nature: gravity, electromagnetism, the strong nuclear force, and the weak nuclear force. These include the photon (which carries the electromagnetic force), the gluon (which carries the strong nuclear force), and the W and Z bosons (which carry the weak nuclear force). The Higgs boson is also a type of boson, associated with the Higgs field that gives other particles their mass.

It's important to note that our understanding of elementary particles and their properties is still evolving, as new experiments and theories continue to shape our knowledge of the universe's smallest constituents.

I believe there may be some confusion in your question. "Rubber" is not a medical term, but rather a common term used to describe a type of material that is elastic and can be stretched or deformed and then return to its original shape when the force is removed. It is often made from the sap of rubber trees or synthetically.

However, in a medical context, "rubber" might refer to certain medical devices or supplies made from rubber materials, such as rubber gloves used for medical examinations or procedures, or rubber stoppers used in laboratory equipment. But there is no medical definition specifically associated with the term 'Rubber' itself.

Kiss up kick down Toxic workplace Workplace aggression: A specific type of aggression that occurs in the workplace. Workplace ... Workplace conflict: A specific type of conflict that occurs in the workplace. Workplace culture: The social behaviors and norms ... Workplace cyber-aggression: Workplace e-mail or text messages that threaten or frighten employees. Workplace democracy: The ... Workplace narcissism Workplace phobia: An actual or imagined confrontation with the workplace or certain stimuli at the ...
Gaming the system Machiavellianism in the workplace Malicious compliance Workplace bullying Workplace harassment Workplace ... Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Deviance (sociology), Human behavior, Workplace, Workplace ... particularly in the workplace. Workplace deviance may arise from the worker's perception that their organization has mistreated ... Workplace deviance may be viewed as a form of negative reciprocity. "A negative reciprocity orientation is the tendency for an ...
... of employees also involves privacy of using approved websites on firm computers without monitoring. Workplace ... Howstuffworks "How Workplace Surveillance Works" Electronic surveillance in the workplace Sylvia Mercado Kierkegaard (2005) ... "Workplace monitoring and surveillance". OAIC. Retrieved 2021-02-26. Schmitz, Patrick W. (2005). "Workplace surveillance, ... Think Before You Type: A Look At Email Privacy In The Workplace (Privacy, Workplace, Privacy in Canada). ...
... , or workplace retaliation, refers to the general action of purposeful retaliation within the workplace. ... Going postal Organizational retaliatory behavior Workplace bullying Workplace incivility Workplace violence "Facts About ... Occupational safety and health, Workplace, Workplace harassment and bullying). ... workplace harassment, or other misbehaviors in the workplace. Retaliation, legally, refers to actions taken as punishment for ...
"Towards A Respectful Workplace". Retrieved 1 March 2014. "Assess workplace culture". Towards A Respectful Workplace. Retrieved ... workplace conflict. There would be strategies that enable recovery from distress. "- 4. Creating a respectful workplace". ... A respectful workplace is a safe place of employment where employees are valued, recognised, treated fairly, have clear ... "Towards A Respectful Workplace". Retrieved 1 March 2014. Frost, P. J. (2003). Toxic emotions at work: How compassionate ...
... may refer to: Occupational safety and health, a cross-disciplinary area concerned with protecting the safety, ... health and welfare of people engaged in work or employment Workplace Safety and Health Act, Singapore This disambiguation page ... lists articles associated with the title Workplace safety. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to ...
Because Scientific WorkPlace is based on LaTeX, it can be used to produce files in the house style of any scientific journal ... Scientific WorkPlace (often abbreviated to SWP) is a software package for scientific word processing on Microsoft Windows and ... It also announced that Scientific WorkPlace could not be made open source as the software relied on the computer algebra system ... The developer of Scientific WorkPlace, MacKichan Software, Inc., announced on June 30, 2021 that it had ceased business and ...
"Workplace Health Model , Workplace Health Promotion , CDC". www.cdc.gov. Retrieved 2017-03-20. "Assessment - Model - Workplace ... "Workplace Wellness" (PDF). "Wellness award goes to workplace where many measures got worse". STAT. 2016-09-27. Retrieved 2017- ... In the CDC study on workplace wellness and ACA, the solution resolves to health culture and its strength in workplaces given ... "Assessment Tools , Workplace Health Resources , Tools and Resources , Workplace Health Promotion , CDC". www.cdc.gov. Retrieved ...
... for Windows is a freeware clone of the WPS made for Windows unofficially by IBM employees. Download Workplace ... A well-known free and open source Workplace Shell extension package named xWorkplace (for extended workplace) makes widely use ... The Workplace Shell was also used in OS/2 Warp 3 and Warp 4, and the OS/2-based operating systems eComStation and ArcaOS. IBM ... The Workplace Shell (WPS) is an object-oriented desktop shell (also called desktop environment) produced by IBM's Boca Raton ...
Social undermining Workplace bullying Workplace conflict Workplace harassment Workplace incivility Workplace revenge Workplace ... Workplace aggression is a specific type of aggression which occurs in the workplace. Workplace aggression is any type of ... Others include in workplace aggression any behaviors intended to harm another person that are enacted in a workplace. To ... If workplace aggression does occur, employers should take appropriate disciplinary action. Workplace aggression can decrease a ...
A virtual workplace is not located in any one physical space. It is usually a network of several workplaces technologically ... A virtual workplace integrates hardware, people, and online processes. The phenomenon of a virtual workplace has grown in the ... A virtual workplace is a work environment where employees can perform their duties remotely, using technology such as laptops, ... Individual virtual workplaces vary in how they apply existing technology to facilitate team cooperation: Remote work: the ...
... is at epidemic proportions. "There used to be a time when an employee shooting someone in the workplace ... Workplace violence (WPV), violence in the workplace (VIW), or occupational violence refers to violence, usually in the form of ... Workplace Violence News & Resources Before the Storm: Workplace Safety Webinar "Federal Bureau of Investigation". (6.08 MiB) ... The DOL administered the Workplace violence program in order to help employees respond to and prevent workplace violence ...
Workplace strategies tend to be developed by specialist workplace consultants or the service may provided from within an ... Booster breaks in the workplace Savage A E (2005) Workplace strategy: What it is and why you should care. Journal of Corporate ... Following the COVID-19 pandemic, workplace strategies have paid particular attention to hybrid workplace strategy and the ... "the Government's blueprint to help transform Ireland's workplaces into Workplaces of the Future, by promoting greater levels of ...
... provides a free basic listing, appearing on the Workplace Fairness website, to all lawyers who represent ... "Today's Workplace", the Workplace Fairness blog, features daily updates on employee rights and fairness issues. According to ... Workplace Fairness Website Today's Workplace Blog (Labour law, Labor in the United States, Workers' rights organizations based ... "WF Publications". Workplace Fairness. Retrieved 18 November 2013. "0.1.2.3 Content Licensing for Legal Websites - Workplace ...
... psychology Occupational stress Psychopathy in the workplace Sexual harassment Toxic workplace Workplace bullying Workplace ... Lewis PS Workplace Incivility: Results of a Pilot Study 2009 Lim VKG, Chin JY Cyber Incivility at the Workplace: What has ... Workplace bullying overlaps to some degree with workplace incivility but tends to encompass more intense and typically repeated ... Penney, LM (2002). Workplace incivility and counterproductive workplace behavior (CWB): what is the relationship and does ...
Abusive supervision overlaps with workplace bullying in the workplace context. Research suggests that 75% of workplace bullying ... Type of aggression Workplace harassment - Job related problems Workplace politics Workplace revenge Aglietta M, Reberioux A, ... Workplace bullying is a persistent pattern of mistreatment from others in the workplace that causes either physical or ... Research by the Workplace Bullying Institute, suggests that the following are the 25 most common workplace bullying tactics: ...
The Ferrari's acquired complete ownership of Lindsay Ferrari and the company's name became One Workplace. One Workplace works ... One Workplace opened in 1925 in downtown San Jose, California as a family-owned bookstore. Its original name was Lindsay's. ... One Workplace sees synergy in health care, San Jose Business Journal, 2009-02-19. Retrieved on 2009-03-09. Official Site ( ... One Workplace is a commercial office furniture dealership in Northern California. It is headquartered in Santa Clara, ...
This became the Workplace brand, which IBM first introduced at Lotusphere 2003. The first Workplace product is Workplace ... In 2004, Workplace 2.0 was released, to run inside of a desktop rich client and in a web browser. Because the goal of Workplace ... IBM Workplace Managed Client is a server-managed rich client for IBM Workplace Collaboration Services. It has offline support ... Workplace Client Technology has evolved into IBM Lotus Expeditor. IBM Workplace Collaboration Services is a single product ...
Billet, Stephen (2003). "Workplace mentors: demands and benefits". Journal of Workplace Learning. 15 (3): 105-113. doi:10.1108/ ... One positive effect of workplace mentoring is that mentoring helps reduce stress and workplace burnout. This allows for the new ... Workplace mentoring is not confined to a certain age and is a relationship that develops though close interactions with a ... Therefore, workplace mentoring has a tendency to create an amicable environment through transition for the new employee. ...
The frequency of an evaluation, and policies concerning them, varies widely from workplace to workplace. Sometimes, an ... In the workplace, an evaluation is a tool employers use to review the performance of an employee. Usually, the employee's ... Details about workplace standing, promotions and pay raises. Sometimes, an employee who has performed very well since his last ... The employee is given his chance to share their feelings, concerns and suggestions about the workplace as well. ...
An effective workplace schedule balances the needs of stakeholders such as management, employees and customers. A daily ... "Innovative for Hourly Workers Workplace Flexibility Option" (PDF). v t e (Articles with short description, Short description ...
Effective workplace communication ensures that all the organizational objectives are achieved. Workplace communication is ... Use of jargon while communicating is not considered good for effective workplace communication. While formal workplace ... Workplace communication is the process of exchanging information and wisdom, both verbal and non-verbal between one person/ ... The content of the information plays a major role in workplace communication. The level of detail must be according to the ...
In a workplace where resources are limited, individuals often find themselves presented with an opportunity to carry out a ... Workplace politics is the process and behavior that in human interactions involves power and authority.[better source needed] ... The aims of office politics or manipulation in the workplace are not always increased pay or a promotion. Often, the goal may ... It involves the use of power and social networking within a workplace to achieve changes that benefit the individuals within it ...
... may refer to: Workplace - the physical location where work takes place, also known as an office ... the social behaviors and norms in the workplace This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Workplace ...
Workplace' was dead. But the 'Workplace' is far from dead. It has simply been renamed for prime time.": 1, 375 Workplace OS/2 ... Workplace OS/2 is the specific codename for the OS/2 personality. Workplace OS/2 will operate with the IBM Microkernel and can ... IBM reportedly planned two packages of Workplace OS, based on personality dominance: one based on the OS/2 Workplace Shell and ... IBM's book on Workplace OS says, "Maybe we can get to a 64-bit operating system in our lifetime.": 19 IBM intended shareable ...
Workplace loneliness can be caused by a lack of workplace friendships, competition, or a lack of cooperation at work. Workplace ... Romantic workplace relationships have been known to create polarization in the workplace, employee distraction, and feelings of ... While face-to-face workplace interactions are common, romantic workplace relationships may also take place within emails. In ... thus feeling an increased sense of pride and affiliation within their workplace. Romantic workplace relationships involve a ...
... is a type of active listening that is generally employed in a professional environment. Listening skills ... Workplace listening includes understanding the listening process (i.e. perception, interpretation, evaluation, and action) and ... Moreover, it is imperative to become aware of the role of nonverbal communication in communicating in the workplace, as ... Like other skills, there are specific techniques for improving workplace listening effectiveness. ...
... behavior Organizational culture Psychopathy in the workplace Respectful workplace Toxic leader Workplace bullying Workplace ... The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health found toxic workplace environments a leading cause of workplace ... Wikiversity has learning resources about Toxic workplace at Motivation and emotion/Book/2011/Toxic workplace Organized labour ... A "toxic workplace" is a colloquial term used to describe a place of work, usually an office environment, that is marked by ...
The Workplace Authority was located in Canberra, Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane and Perth. It also operated a Workplace Infoline ... The Workplace Authority was an Australian Government statutory agency that existed from 1 July 2007 to 1 July 2009. It replaced ... The Workplace Relations Amendment (A Stronger Safety Net) Act 2007 received royal assent on 28 June 2007, establishing the ... The Fairness Test was applied to Australian workplace agreements and collective agreements to ensure they provided fair ...
... or spirituality in the workplace is a movement that began in the early 1920s.[dubious - discuss] It ... Spirituality in the Workplace - The Living Organization Catholic Servant Leadership Foundation for Workplace Spirituality ... advocate for faith in the workplace Workplace Religious Freedom Act, 2005 US bill requiring employers to make reasonable ... 2009) The Workplace and Spirituality: New Perspectives on Research and Practice SkyLight Paths, Woodstock, VT. N.T., Sree Raj ...
Workplace Safety & Health Topics, Directory of Industries and Occupations ...
"Effective workplaces recognize that employees are an organizations greatest resource and make a critical difference in the ... "We believe that happy employees make for a happier, healthier workplace and receiving this award is both an honor and a ... When Work Works is a national project that shares research results on what makes an effective and flexible workplace with the ... When Work Works is one of the foremost providers of resources, rigorous research and best practices on workplace effectiveness ...
Workplace Violence Prevention for Nurses About This Course Unit 1: Definitions, Types, and Prevalence Unit 2: Workplace ... Types of Workplace Violence. Occupational health researchers have classified workplace violence into the following 4 types ( ...
Developer documentation to help you build integrations for Workplace. ... The Graph API for Workplace is a programmatic way to get data in and out of Workplace. Its a low-level HTTP-based API that you ... Workplace from Meta Developer documentation to help you build custom integrations for your company on Workplace, or third-party ... Build bots for Workplace in groups and chat.. Learn more. Authenticated Previews. Support Authenticated Previews to make your ...
Employees face multiple challenges due to inferior cameras in hybrid meetings. The needs also vary between roles. Heres why webcams are a hybrid work essential, and how to pick the right one.
Political discussions tend to spill over into the workplace, which can have an impact on working relationships. On top of ... Stay up-to-date with the latest workplace news and leverage our vast library of resources to streamline day-to-day workplace ... Stay up-to-date with the latest workplace news and leverage our vast library of resources to streamline day-to-day workplace ... Emerging workplace issues, critical news, trends and analysis.. Legal & Compliance The latest legal decisions, legislative and ...
Design and lay out the workplace for reduced noise exposure ... Workplace design. Design and lay out the workplace for reduced ... Those workplaces which have already been treated with sound-absorbing material will help to create conditions which will allow ... environmental and workplace factors: absorption materials are available in forms which are designed to withstand physical ... When considering a new workplace or modifying an existing one, noise emissions and noise exposure can be limited by careful ...
It turns out not even the folks at the Office of the American Workplace are safe. All 50 OAW staffers-who studied workplace ... A Real American Workplace. After studying corporate downsizing, a government staff sees it up close.. * Mother Jones. Bio ... "The workplace is a win-win or a lose-lose situation," he said. "We all win or we all lose together." ... When describing his pet project, the Office of the American Workplace, Labor Secretary Robert Reich promised in 1993 that it ...
NIOSH [2014]. Health Hazard Evaluation Program: Helping to Eliminate Workplace Health Hazards Video. Video. Cincinnati, OH: U.S ... NIOSH [2014]. Health Hazard Evaluation Program: Helping to Eliminate Workplace Health Hazards Video. Video. Cincinnati, OH: U.S ... NIOSH [2014]. Health Hazard Evaluation Program: Helping to Eliminate Workplace Health Hazards Video. Video. Cincinnati, OH: U.S ...
Apr 2, 2020 , Opinion: Irenes Workplace We are all home at least for these 2 weeks So, if we can work remotely, why can 39;t ... Jan 20, 2019 , Opinion: Irenes Workplace It is a Brand New Year and some of us might have wished for a Brand New Career in ... Sep 27, 2020 , Opinion: Irenes Workplace Over the years I have read so many books and articles and blogs about CVs. From my ... Jul 9, 2017 , Opinion: Irenes Workplace My associates and I (I am the owner of HIREghana - www.HIREgh.com ) at HIREghana, we ...
Workplace toxicity can arise anywhere, including a medical practice. What are the red flags, and can you fix it? ... Cite this: Your Workplace Is Toxic: Can You Make It Better? - Medscape - Sep 13, 2023. ...
Explore recent GRASP geospatial projects at CDC/ATSDR to learn how geospatial science and geographic information systems (GIS) can help public health professionals and communities understand the relationship between disease, environmental exposure, and health.. ...
... more balanced workplace identity to help them differentiate. ... U.K. Workplace Survey 2016 The Haves and Have-Nots of the U.K. ... Note: this report is part of an ongoing series of research on the workplace - view the latest China Workplace Survey here We ... U.S. Workplace Survey 2016 Todays organizations value Innovation, creativity and differentiation. Our latest workplace survey ... Employees in balanced workplaces spend an average of 20% less time in their primary workplace or office location, consistent ...
Most communication among employees inside a Workplace by Facebook installation will be on the internal network and on Messenger ... Box is providing a lot of key functionality inside the Workplace environment. For example, users of Workplace will be able to ... 10 officially launched its Workplace by Facebook service, which was being called Workplace and then Facebook at Work during its ... Workplace, launched at a special media event in London Oct. 10, already has been in daily use for months by more than 100,000 ...
A bill providing tax credits to Wisconsin companies with workplace wellness programs is getting revamped. There was criticism ...
Anti-harassment policies for the workplace: an employers guide Resource Type(s): Policy & research, Tool/toolkit ...
Framework guidelines for addressing workplace violence in the health sector .... Framework guidelines for addressing workplace ... The ILO, ICN, WHO, PSI Joint Programme on Workplace Violence in the Health Sector was launched in 2000 and has since carried ... Framework guidelines for addressing workplace violence in the health sectorpdf - 0.6 MB * ... The objective of these Framework Guidelines is to provide general guidance in addressing workplace violence in the health ...
... the workplace bully. In this instance things are complicated by the small staffs distance from any HR assistance. Hi Donna, ... 5 Ways Your Workplace Bully May Be Breaking The Law. Donna Ballman ... This reader faces a problem many employees encounter at work - the workplace bully. In this instance things are complicated by ...
... New MetLife White Paper Outlines Business Benefits of a Protected ... Among those who did have coverage, nine in ten obtained it through the workplace.. The numbers are disturbing. The vast ... Offering buy-up options through the workplace can help ensure employees have access to enough coverage to meet their personal ... Create a return-to-work culture at the workplace. Make a difference in employees reintegration into the workforce with careful ...
Notices to Readers NIOSH Alerts on Workplace Hazards: Falls Through Skylights and Roof Openings, Deaths of Farm Workers in ... Notices to Readers NIOSH Alerts on Workplace Hazards: Falls Through Skylights and Roof Openings, Deaths of Farm Workers in ... CDCs National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) periodically issues alerts on workplace hazards that have ...
If youre a leader in your workplace - especially if youre white - this episode is for you. Here are some actionable steps to ... How To Build A Diverse and Equitable Workplace : Life Kit You mightve heard the phrase "workplace diversity" in recent months ... "Lets stop replicating the workplace of 100 years ago and lets start creating a workplace that works for people right now," ... Workplace Diversity Goes Far Past Hiring. How Leaders Can Support Employees Of Color. Listen · 19:48 19:48 ...
Workplace Articles & More Scroll To Top What Makes a Workplace Diversity Program Successful?. We can take steps to help ... Get the science of a meaningful workplace delivered to your inbox. Submit. ... Diversity initiatives are policies and practices designed to improve the workplace experiences and outcomes of target group ...
... including the workplace. Feelings of fear of stigma are not uncommon. ... To Disclose or Not to Disclose in the Workplace - That is the Question. Living with and managing a chronic condition like ... The decision to disclose your condition in the workplace can be a complex one, which requires careful thought, planning, and ... hydrocephalus affects all aspects of your life, including the workplace. Whether you were recently diagnosed or have been ...
If youre looking to improve harmony in your workplace, start here and you wont go far wrong. The trick is to recognise any ... some of the founders had rather less go-ahead ideas of whats acceptable in the workplace. There was much swearing and rudeness ...
1986 - 2024 Xerox Corporation. All rights reserved. Xerox® is a trademark of Xerox Corporation in the United States and/or other countries. ...
National guidelines for alcohol problem prevention and counselling at workplaces. Published. 2016. South-East Asia. India. No. ... National guidelines for alcohol problem prevention and counselling at workplaces. Published. 2016. Western Pacific. China. No. ... National guidelines for alcohol problem prevention and counselling at workplaces. Published. 2016. Africa. Côte dIvoire. No. ... National guidelines for alcohol problem prevention and counselling at workplaces. Published. 2016. Africa. Cabo Verde. Yes. ...
Workplace bullying is widespread and causes health harm ... His "Healthy Workplace" bill died in the latest legislative ... But when it crossed my screen that this is "Freedom From Workplace Bullies Week," I jumped at the chance to write about the ... They are so common that on the Workplace Bullying Institutes FAQ, the fourth question is: "Is it normal for my health to be ... So what is known about the health effects of workplace bullies?. Summing up dozens of studies, Prof. Yamada said that "At a ...
  • Gilsum, New Hampshire (PRWEB) May 26, 2016 -- W.S. Badger Co. Inc ., the maker of certified organic and truly natural skin care products, has been honored with a 2016 When Work Works Award for its use of effective workplace strategies to increase business and employee success. (prweb.com)
  • The 2016 When Work Works Award winners confirm that leading employers are continuing the movement toward effective workplace strategies that benefit both business and employees," said Lisa Horn, director of SHRM's workplace flexibility initiative. (prweb.com)
  • We believe that happy employees make for a happier, healthier workplace and receiving this award is both an honor and a validation of our efforts," said Emily Hall-Warren, Director of Administration at Badger. (prweb.com)
  • These employers have excelled at creating effective workplaces yielding tremendously positive results for business success, as well as for their employees' well-being and productivity," said Ellen Galinsky, president of FWI. (prweb.com)
  • Effective workplaces recognize that employees are an organization's greatest resource and make a critical difference in the organization's ability to not only survive, but to thrive. (prweb.com)
  • Survey questions explored not only the current state of the workplace-how, and where, employees are working and how effective those spaces are-but also organizational dynamics, including relationships with teams and managers, and the impact of hierarchy on employee performance and experience. (gensler.com)
  • This hand-me-down model of workplace design, a paradigm exported from the US as countries quickly modernized and sought western-style workplaces in an increasingly global business climate, may now be holding Asian companies and employees back. (gensler.com)
  • Employees in balanced workplaces see their managers in a more positive light, are able to communicate more openly and honestly, better receive feedback, and reported higher work-life balance and job satisfaction. (gensler.com)
  • Employees in balanced workplaces spend an average of 20% less time in their primary workplace or office location, consistent across countries and industries. (gensler.com)
  • Most communication among employees inside a Workplace installation will be on the internal network itself and the Messenger platform. (eweek.com)
  • This reader faces a problem many employees encounter at work - the workplace bully. (aol.com)
  • The MetLife research underscores the important role of the workplace in helping employees protect themselves and their families against unexpected income loss,' said Paul Taylor, vice president, Group Disability Products, MetLife. (metlife.com)
  • Workplace cyber-aggression: Workplace e-mail or text messages that threaten or frighten employees. (wikipedia.org)
  • Workplace empowerment: Provides employees with opportunities to make their own decisions with regards to their tasks. (wikipedia.org)
  • Workplace privacy: Employees typically must relinquish some of their privacy while at the workplace, but how much can be a contentious issue. (wikipedia.org)
  • Workplace probation: A status given to new employees of a company or business. (wikipedia.org)
  • The theme of this year's day is "mental health in the workplace" which focuses on how to create healthy work environment supportive to the mental health of employees. (who.int)
  • Employers and managers who put in place workplace initiatives to promote mental health and to support employees who have mental disorders see gains not only in the health of their employees but also in their productivity at work and the financial health of their organizations. (who.int)
  • Workplace harassment: Offensive, belittling or threatening behavior directed at an individual worker or a group of workers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Equally clear, however, is a desire among our respondents to seek new ways of working that push beyond the boundaries of the traditional, western workplace design and experience. (gensler.com)
  • The survey assessed workplace noise exposure by asking respondents if they ever had a job where they were exposed to loud or very loud sounds or noise for 4 or more hours a day, several days a week. (medscape.com)
  • CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) periodically issues alerts on workplace hazards that have caused injury, illness, or death to workers. (cdc.gov)
  • Hypertension and hyperlipidemia are more common among workers exposed to loud noise in the workplace, suggests new research from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (medscape.com)
  • Reducing workplace noise levels is critical not just for hearing loss prevention - it may also impact blood pressure and cholesterol," NIOSH Director John Howard, MD, said in a news release. (medscape.com)
  • His "Healthy Workplace" bill died in the latest legislative session, but plans are afoot to re-launch it next year, he said. (wbur.org)
  • Your Workplace Is Toxic: Can You Make It Better? (medscape.com)
  • It's really toxic when you have people of color inside your workplace who see those public statements. (npr.org)
  • Kiss up kick down Toxic workplace Workplace aggression: A specific type of aggression that occurs in the workplace. (wikipedia.org)
  • Workplace relationships: Directly related to several other area of study including cohesion, job satisfaction, organizational commitment and intention to leave. (wikipedia.org)
  • Workplace intervention: Scheme to improve both organizational and individual health as well as help workers manage job stress. (wikipedia.org)
  • Support Authenticated Previews to make your content preview correctly when shared on Workplace. (facebook.com)
  • If you have content that exists outside of Workplace, you may want to make it simple for people to share that content back into Workplace. (facebook.com)
  • Likewise, users will be able to save content from Workplace into their corporate Box accounts. (eweek.com)
  • Diversity initiatives are policies and practices designed to improve the workplace experiences and outcomes of target group members. (berkeley.edu)
  • Workplace evaluation: A tool employers use to review the performance of an employee. (wikipedia.org)
  • When two or more organisations or employers share the same workplace, they must work together to provide safe working conditions. (lu.se)
  • All 50 OAW staffers-who studied workplace conditions, strike prevention, and worker-friendly options to corporate downsizing-are likely to join the cruel job market they know all too well. (motherjones.com)
  • Workplace culture: The social behaviors and norms in the workplace. (wikipedia.org)
  • Workplace bullying: The tendency of individuals or groups to use persistent aggressive or unreasonable behavior against a co-worker or subordinate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Workplace counterproductive behaviour: Employee behavior that goes against the goals of an organization. (wikipedia.org)
  • Workplace incivility: Low-intensity deviant workplace behavior such as rudeness, discourtesy and displaying a lack of regard for others. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is not the person subjected to incivility whose behaviour is most strongly affected, but the people around them, argues Kristoffer Holm, who has published a doctoral thesis in psychology on workplace incivility. (lu.se)
  • This was not included in my investigation, but other research shows that incivility can express itself in other ways in a digital workplace. (lu.se)
  • The ILO, ICN, WHO, PSI Joint Programme on Workplace Violence in the Health Sector was launched in 2000 and has since carried out a series of research activities and published Framework Guidelines for addressing workplace violence in the health sector. (ilo.org)
  • This indicator represents the response to the EU HEPA Indicator 20: Is there any national guidance or programme to promote physical activity at the workplace in the country? (who.int)
  • When considering a new workplace or modifying an existing one, noise emissions and noise exposure can be limited by careful choice of design, layout and the construction materials used for the building. (hse.gov.uk)
  • Stay up-to-date with the latest workplace news and leverage our vast library of resources to streamline day-to-day workplace tasks. (shrm.org)
  • A Zogby International poll commissioned this year by the nonprofit Workplace Bullying Institute - slogan: "Work Shouldn't Hurt" - found that 35 percent of the American workforce had been bullied at work, and another 15 percent had witnessed it. (wbur.org)
  • This blog post is part of a series on the future of work post-pandemic, exploring three symbiotic elements of work , the workforce , and the workplace . (mckinsey.com)
  • Workplace diversity: Theory that in a global marketplace, a company that employs a diverse workforce is better able to understand the demographics of the marketplace it serves. (wikipedia.org)
  • This indicates that impolite behaviour risks spreading to witnesses in the workplace over time. (lu.se)
  • It includes behaviour such as not inviting someone to a workplace gathering, excluding someone from information and collaborations, taking credit for other people's work, spreading rumours, using hostile body language, sending nasty emails or not encouraging subordinates. (lu.se)
  • A workplace is a location where someone works, for their employer or themselves, a place of employment. (wikipedia.org)
  • The consequences are lower performance in the workplace, a drop in loyalty towards the employer and a reduction in employee well-being, both physically and mentally. (lu.se)
  • Although there is much excitement over restoring some level of in-person interaction in the workplace, 68 percent of organizations do not yet have a clearly articulated vision or plan in place. (mckinsey.com)
  • Feminisation of the workplace: Trend towards greater employment of women, and of men willing and able to operate with these more 'feminine' modes of interaction. (wikipedia.org)
  • When a change occurs in Workplace, an HTTPS POST request is sent to a callback URL for each app that's subscribed to the relevant webhook topic. (facebook.com)
  • Workplace conflict: A specific type of conflict that occurs in the workplace. (wikipedia.org)
  • See how to extend the functionality of Workplace for your company by building Custom Integrations. (facebook.com)
  • Box is providing a lot of key functionality inside the Workplace environment. (eweek.com)
  • You might've heard the phrase "workplace diversity" in recent months. (npr.org)
  • Workplace Diversity Goes Far Past Hiring. (npr.org)
  • One thing that's come up a lot in that conversation is workplace diversity. (npr.org)
  • So what do leaders and managers really need to do to implement long lasting workplace diversity? (npr.org)
  • What Makes a Workplace Diversity Program Successful? (berkeley.edu)
  • Always consider other health and safety risks, such as safe movement of people and vehicles, when placing barriers in the workplace. (hse.gov.uk)
  • The objective of these Framework Guidelines is to provide general guidance in addressing workplace violence in the health sector. (ilo.org)
  • They are so common that on the Workplace Bullying Institute's FAQ, the fourth question is: "Is it normal for my health to be falling apart? (wbur.org)
  • So what is known about the health effects of workplace bullies? (wbur.org)
  • The current economic situation in health care makes workplace relations more acute," he said. (wbur.org)
  • Workplace health surveillance: The removal of the causative factors of disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Workplace jargon: Highly specialized terminology or needlessly complicated and obfuscated phrases sometimes used by managers or colleagues. (wikipedia.org)
  • Living with and managing a chronic condition like hydrocephalus affects all aspects of your life, including the workplace. (hydroassoc.org)
  • On this, the Asian workplace is similar to those across the world-Gensler's ten years of Workplace Survey investigations in the US and UK have proven the importance of a workplace environment that effectively supports the myriad activities of today's knowledge workers, and in particular, the need to balance individual and group efforts. (gensler.com)
  • Box is providing the storage and the collaboration apps inside the Workplace environment. (eweek.com)
  • Workplace listening: a type of active listening that is generally employed in a professional environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • When the parties carry out activities at shared workplaces, they must jointly promote the protection of the external environment in accordance with the Swedish Environmental Code. (lu.se)
  • When describing his pet project, the Office of the American Workplace, Labor Secretary Robert Reich promised in 1993 that it would guide a worried public through the job market's turbulent seas. (motherjones.com)
  • It turns out not even the folks at the Office of the American Workplace are safe. (motherjones.com)
  • In the past, they could always turn to the Office of the American Workplace. (motherjones.com)
  • We surveyed over 2,000 randomly sampled Asian office workers, focused in six major metropolitan areas-Bangalore, Beijing, Hong Kong, Shanghai, Singapore, and Tokyo-to understand the Asian workplace from the perspective of the worker. (gensler.com)
  • The WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean carried out a risk assessment of psychosocial risks at the workplace. (who.int)
  • The Graph API for Workplace is a programmatic way to get data in and out of Workplace. (facebook.com)
  • It's a low-level HTTP-based API that you can use to query data about objects in a Workplace graph. (facebook.com)
  • Similar to surveys conducted in the US and UK, we gathered data using Gensler's proprietary Workplace Performance Index (WPI) survey tool. (gensler.com)
  • As Facebook continues to grow inside of the workplace, that's a very important area of integration for us. (eweek.com)
  • Organisations located in the same locally delimited area are thus covered by the rules on shared workplaces. (lu.se)
  • Navigate civility in the workplace, and learn how you can turn discord into dialogue and conflict into opportunity. (shrm.org)
  • Nothing beats being a union member, but if you are looking for particular guidance on a workplace issue have a look at our workplace guidance. (tuc.org.uk)
  • Can Asian organizations embrace experimentation and balance to create a distinct workplace identity? (gensler.com)
  • When Work Works is a national project that shares research results on what makes an effective and flexible workplace with the business community. (prweb.com)
  • Workplace menopause: The impact menopause symptoms can have on attendance and performance in the workplace. (wikipedia.org)
  • The development of new communication technologies has led to the development of the virtual workplace and remote work. (wikipedia.org)
  • Developer documentation to help you build custom integrations for your company on Workplace, or third-party integrations that many companies can use. (facebook.com)
  • Workplace, launched at a special media event in London Oct. 10, already has been in daily use for months by more than 100,000 people in several different multinational companies, including Starbucks, Club Med and Royal Bank of Scotland. (eweek.com)
  • A bill providing tax credits to Wisconsin companies with workplace wellness programs is getting revamped. (wpr.org)
  • Those workplaces which have already been treated with sound-absorbing material will help to create conditions which will allow the screen or barrier to perform to its maximum potential, since in these cases the direct noise is likely to be the dominant source. (hse.gov.uk)
  • Masterson said, "It is important that workers be screened regularly for these conditions in the workplace or through a healthcare provider, so interventions can occur. (medscape.com)
  • The documents in this section are technical and are intended for an audience of Workplace developers. (facebook.com)
  • For example, users of Workplace will be able to pull photos, videos and documents from their corporate Box accounts directly into their Facebook news feed, chat or group interactions using a couple of clicks. (eweek.com)
  • Build a custom connector to provision and deactivate accounts for the people in your Workplace community. (facebook.com)
  • But when it crossed my screen that this is "Freedom From Workplace Bullies Week," I jumped at the chance to write about the devastating mental and physical harm that a bad boss - or co-worker - can wreak. (wbur.org)
  • Workplace employee factors leading to job promotion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Workplace morale: Workplace events play a large part in changing employee morale, such as heavy layoffs, the cancellation of overtime, canceling benefits programs, and the lack of union representation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Emerging workplace issues, critical news, trends and analysis. (shrm.org)
  • Make your voice heard on public policy issues impacting the workplace. (shrm.org)
  • Webhooks enable integrations to subscribe to events in Workplace and receive updates in real time. (facebook.com)
  • Designed and delivered by HR experts to empower you with the knowledge and tools you need to drive lasting change in the workplace. (shrm.org)
  • Our experience in the workplace is one of the factors determining our overall well-being. (who.int)
  • Even though this was a go ahead business on the face of it, some of the founders had rather less go-ahead ideas of what's acceptable in the workplace. (trainingzone.co.uk)
  • Learn about building custom integrations for your Workplace community or third party integrations that can be installed on multiple communities. (facebook.com)
  • Learn about the basics of building integrations for Workplace. (facebook.com)
  • It wasn't public (until now), but for the past couple of years as Facebook has started to ramp up their Workplace efforts, we got engaged with them pretty early on," Levie said. (eweek.com)
  • If you're looking to improve harmony in your workplace, start here and you won't go far wrong. (trainingzone.co.uk)
  • Yet today's Asian workplaces still tend to adopt a common, western narrative, resulting in mostly open plan workspaces combining workstations, offices, and conference rooms. (gensler.com)