Women: Human females as cultural, psychological, sociological, political, and economic entities.Women's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.Work: Productive or purposeful activities.Pregnant Women: Human females who are pregnant, as cultural, psychological, or sociological entities.Battered Women: Women who are physically and mentally abused over an extended period, usually by a husband or other dominant male figure. Characteristics of the battered woman syndrome are helplessness, constant fear, and a perceived inability to escape. (From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 3d ed)Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Women's Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.Women's Rights: The rights of women to equal status pertaining to social, economic, and educational opportunities afforded by society.Women, Working: Women who are engaged in gainful activities usually outside the home.Postmenopause: The physiological period following the MENOPAUSE, the permanent cessation of the menstrual life.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Physicians, Women: Women licensed to practice medicine.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.United StatesPregnancy Complications, Infectious: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.Work Schedule Tolerance: Physiological or psychological effects of periods of work which may be fixed or flexible such as flexitime, work shifts, and rotating shifts.Menopause: The last menstrual period. Permanent cessation of menses (MENSTRUATION) is usually defined after 6 to 12 months of AMENORRHEA in a woman over 45 years of age. In the United States, menopause generally occurs in women between 48 and 55 years of age.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Parity: The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.Pregnancy Outcome: Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.Premenopause: The period before MENOPAUSE. In premenopausal women, the climacteric transition from full sexual maturity to cessation of ovarian cycle takes place between the age of late thirty and early fifty.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Work Capacity Evaluation: Assessment of physiological capacities in relation to job requirements. It is usually done by measuring certain physiological (e.g., circulatory and respiratory) variables during a gradually increasing workload until specific limitations occur with respect to those variables.Prenatal Care: Care provided the pregnant woman in order to prevent complications, and decrease the incidence of maternal and prenatal mortality.Vaginal Smears: Collection of pooled secretions of the posterior vaginal fornix for cytologic examination.Uterine Cervical Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the UTERINE CERVIX.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Postpartum Period: In females, the period that is shortly after giving birth (PARTURITION).Return to Work: Resumption of normal work routine following a hiatus or period of absence due to injury, disability, or other reasons.Mammography: Radiographic examination of the breast.Infertility, Female: Diminished or absent ability of a female to achieve conception.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Sex Characteristics: Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Vagina: The genital canal in the female, extending from the UTERUS to the VULVA. (Stedman, 25th ed)European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Employment: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.HIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A complex disorder characterized by infertility, HIRSUTISM; OBESITY; and various menstrual disturbances such as OLIGOMENORRHEA; AMENORRHEA; ANOVULATION. Polycystic ovary syndrome is usually associated with bilateral enlarged ovaries studded with atretic follicles, not with cysts. The term, polycystic ovary, is misleading.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Cervix Uteri: The neck portion of the UTERUS between the lower isthmus and the VAGINA forming the cervical canal.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal: Metabolic disorder associated with fractures of the femoral neck, vertebrae, and distal forearm. It occurs commonly in women within 15-20 years after menopause, and is caused by factors associated with menopause including estrogen deficiency.Contraceptives, Oral: Compounds, usually hormonal, taken orally in order to block ovulation and prevent the occurrence of pregnancy. The hormones are generally estrogen or progesterone or both.Pregnancy Trimester, Third: The last third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 29th through the 42nd completed week (197 to 294 days) of gestation.Menstruation: The periodic shedding of the ENDOMETRIUM and associated menstrual bleeding in the MENSTRUAL CYCLE of humans and primates. Menstruation is due to the decline in circulating PROGESTERONE, and occurs at the late LUTEAL PHASE when LUTEOLYSIS of the CORPUS LUTEUM takes place.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Spouse Abuse: Deliberate severe and repeated injury to one domestic partner by the other.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Abortion, Spontaneous: Expulsion of the product of FERTILIZATION before completing the term of GESTATION and without deliberate interference.SwedenPre-Eclampsia: A complication of PREGNANCY, characterized by a complex of symptoms including maternal HYPERTENSION and PROTEINURIA with or without pathological EDEMA. Symptoms may range between mild and severe. Pre-eclampsia usually occurs after the 20th week of gestation, but may develop before this time in the presence of trophoblastic disease.Papillomavirus Infections: Neoplasms of the skin and mucous membranes caused by papillomaviruses. They are usually benign but some have a high risk for malignant progression.Delivery, Obstetric: Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.Papanicolaou Test: Cytological preparation of cells collected from a mucosal surface and stained with Papanicolaou stain.Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Abortion, Induced: Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)Bone Density: The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Contraception: Prevention of CONCEPTION by blocking fertility temporarily, or permanently (STERILIZATION, REPRODUCTIVE). Common means of reversible contraception include NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING METHODS; CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS; or CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES.Confidence Intervals: A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Cesarean Section: Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical: The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from one generation to another. It includes transmission in utero or intrapartum by exposure to blood and secretions, and postpartum exposure via breastfeeding.Marital Status: A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.Hispanic Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.Marriage: The social institution involving legal and/or religious sanction whereby individuals are joined together.Estrogens: Compounds that interact with ESTROGEN RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of ESTRADIOL. Estrogens stimulate the female reproductive organs, and the development of secondary female SEX CHARACTERISTICS. Estrogenic chemicals include natural, synthetic, steroidal, or non-steroidal compounds.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Endometriosis: A condition in which functional endometrial tissue is present outside the UTERUS. It is often confined to the PELVIS involving the OVARY, the ligaments, cul-de-sac, and the uterovesical peritoneum.Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and a cardiovascular disease. The disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION and it may or may not have a deleterious effect on the pregnant woman or FETUS.Contraceptive Agents, Female: Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in females. Use for female contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Aging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Diabetes, Gestational: Diabetes mellitus induced by PREGNANCY but resolved at the end of pregnancy. It does not include previously diagnosed diabetics who become pregnant (PREGNANCY IN DIABETICS). Gestational diabetes usually develops in late pregnancy when insulin antagonistic hormones peaks leading to INSULIN RESISTANCE; GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; and HYPERGLYCEMIA.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Proportional Hazards Models: Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Workplace: Place or physical location of work or employment.Contraception Behavior: Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Menstruation Disturbances: Variations of menstruation which may be indicative of disease.Perimenopause: The transitional period before and after MENOPAUSE. Perimenopausal symptoms are associated with irregular MENSTRUAL CYCLE and widely fluctuated hormone levels. They may appear 6 years before menopause and subside 2 to 5 years after menopause.Estradiol: The 17-beta-isomer of estradiol, an aromatized C18 steroid with hydroxyl group at 3-beta- and 17-beta-position. Estradiol-17-beta is the most potent form of mammalian estrogenic steroids.Workload: The total amount of work to be performed by an individual, a department, or other group of workers in a period of time.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Great BritainJapanVaginosis, Bacterial: Polymicrobial, nonspecific vaginitis associated with positive cultures of Gardnerella vaginalis and other anaerobic organisms and a decrease in lactobacilli. It remains unclear whether the initial pathogenic event is caused by the growth of anaerobes or a primary decrease in lactobacilli.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Anthropometry: The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.Maternal Age: The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.Pregnancy Complications, Parasitic: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and parasitic diseases. The parasitic infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.Family Planning Services: Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.Cardiovascular Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.Pregnancy Trimester, Second: The middle third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 15th through the 28th completed week (99 to 196 days) of gestation.Breast Feeding: The nursing of an infant at the breast.Occupations: Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.Maternal Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia: A malignancy arising in uterine cervical epithelium and confined thereto, representing a continuum of histological changes ranging from well-differentiated CIN 1 (formerly, mild dysplasia) to severe dysplasia/carcinoma in situ, CIN 3. The lesion arises at the squamocolumnar cell junction at the transformation zone of the endocervical canal, with a variable tendency to develop invasive epidermoid carcinoma, a tendency that is enhanced by concomitant human papillomaviral infection. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.Hot Flashes: A sudden, temporary sensation of heat predominantly experienced by some women during MENOPAUSE. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Puerperal Disorders: Disorders or diseases associated with PUERPERIUM, the six-to-eight-week period immediately after PARTURITION in humans.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Parturition: The process of giving birth to one or more offspring.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Contraceptives, Oral, Hormonal: Oral contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to hormonal preparations.NorwayClimacteric: Physiologic period, characterized by endocrine, somatic, and psychic changes with the termination of ovarian function in the female. It may also accompany the normal diminution of sexual activity in the male.Early Detection of Cancer: Methods to identify and characterize cancer in the early stages of disease and predict tumor behavior.Pregnancy Trimesters: The three approximately equal periods of a normal human PREGNANCY. Each trimester is about three months or 13 to 14 weeks in duration depending on the designation of the first day of gestation.Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Urinary Incontinence: Involuntary loss of URINE, such as leaking of urine. It is a symptom of various underlying pathological processes. Major types of incontinence include URINARY URGE INCONTINENCE and URINARY STRESS INCONTINENCE.CaliforniaSexually Transmitted Diseases: Diseases due to or propagated by sexual contact.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Postnatal Care: The care provided to women and their NEWBORNS for the first few months following CHILDBIRTH.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Body Composition: The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.Uterine Hemorrhage: Bleeding from blood vessels in the UTERUS, sometimes manifested as vaginal bleeding.IndiaPregnancy Trimester, First: The beginning third of a human PREGNANCY, from the first day of the last normal menstrual period (MENSTRUATION) through the completion of 14 weeks (98 days) of gestation.Papillomaviridae: A family of small, non-enveloped DNA viruses infecting birds and most mammals, especially humans. They are grouped into multiple genera, but the viruses are highly host-species specific and tissue-restricted. They are commonly divided into hundreds of papillomavirus "types", each with specific gene function and gene control regions, despite sequence homology. Human papillomaviruses are found in the genera ALPHAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; BETAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; GAMMAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; and MUPAPILLOMAVIRUS.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Dietary Supplements: Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.Amenorrhea: Absence of menstruation.Registries: The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Absorptiometry, Photon: A noninvasive method for assessing BODY COMPOSITION. It is based on the differential absorption of X-RAYS (or GAMMA RAYS) by different tissues such as bone, fat and other soft tissues. The source of (X-ray or gamma-ray) photon beam is generated either from radioisotopes such as GADOLINIUM 153, IODINE 125, or Americanium 241 which emit GAMMA RAYS in the appropriate range; or from an X-ray tube which produces X-RAYS in the desired range. It is primarily used for quantitating BONE MINERAL CONTENT, especially for the diagnosis of OSTEOPOROSIS, and also in measuring BONE MINERALIZATION.BrazilFertility: The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.Interpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.Preconception Care: An organized and comprehensive program of health care that identifies and reduces a woman's reproductive risks before conception through risk assessment, health promotion, and interventions. Preconception care programs may be designed to include the male partner in providing counseling and educational information in preparation for fatherhood, such as genetic counseling and testing, financial and family planning, etc. This concept is different from PRENATAL CARE, which occurs during pregnancy.Maternal Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the mother.Gender Identity: A person's concept of self as being male and masculine or female and feminine, or ambivalent, based in part on physical characteristics, parental responses, and psychological and social pressures. It is the internal experience of gender role.DenmarkGravidity: The number of pregnancies, complete or incomplete, experienced by a female. It is different from PARITY, which is the number of offspring borne. (From Stedman, 26th ed)FinlandQualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)Reproductive Behavior: Human behavior or decision related to REPRODUCTION.Pregnancy, High-Risk: Pregnancy in which the mother and/or FETUS are at greater than normal risk of MORBIDITY or MORTALITY. Causes include inadequate PRENATAL CARE, previous obstetrical history (ABORTION, SPONTANEOUS), pre-existing maternal disease, pregnancy-induced disease (GESTATIONAL HYPERTENSION), and MULTIPLE PREGNANCY, as well as advanced maternal age above 35.Sick Leave: An absence from work permitted because of illness or the number of days per year for which an employer agrees to pay employees who are sick. (Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)Job Satisfaction: Personal satisfaction relative to the work situation.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Midwifery: The practice of assisting women in childbirth.Pregnancy Complications, Hematologic: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and a blood disease (HEMATOLOGIC DISEASES) which involves BLOOD CELLS or COAGULATION FACTORS. The hematologic disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION and it may or may not have a deleterious effect on the pregnant woman or FETUS.Genital Diseases, Female: Pathological processes involving the female reproductive tract (GENITALIA, FEMALE).Obstetric Labor, Premature: Onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR before term (TERM BIRTH) but usually after the FETUS has become viable. In humans, it occurs sometime during the 29th through 38th week of PREGNANCY. TOCOLYSIS inhibits premature labor and can prevent the BIRTH of premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE).Chlamydia Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus CHLAMYDIA.Ovarian Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the OVARY. These neoplasms can be benign or malignant. They are classified according to the tissue of origin, such as the surface EPITHELIUM, the stromal endocrine cells, and the totipotent GERM CELLS.Reproductive History: An important aggregate factor in epidemiological studies of women's health. The concept usually includes the number and timing of pregnancies and their outcomes, the incidence of breast feeding, and may include age of menarche and menopause, regularity of menstruation, fertility, gynecological or obstetric problems, or contraceptive usage.Domestic Violence: Deliberate, often repetitive physical, verbal, and/or other types of abuse by one or more members against others of a household.Dyspareunia: Recurrent genital pain occurring during, before, or after SEXUAL INTERCOURSE in either the male or the female.Patient Compliance: Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.Osteoporosis: Reduction of bone mass without alteration in the composition of bone, leading to fractures. Primary osteoporosis can be of two major types: postmenopausal osteoporosis (OSTEOPOROSIS, POSTMENOPAUSAL) and age-related or senile osteoporosis.Progestins: Compounds that interact with PROGESTERONE RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of PROGESTERONE. Primary actions of progestins, including natural and synthetic steroids, are on the UTERUS and the MAMMARY GLAND in preparation for and in maintenance of PREGNANCY.Focus Groups: A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Estrogens, Conjugated (USP): A pharmaceutical preparation containing a mixture of water-soluble, conjugated estrogens derived wholly or in part from URINE of pregnant mares or synthetically from ESTRONE and EQUILIN. It contains a sodium-salt mixture of estrone sulfate (52-62%) and equilin sulfate (22-30%) with a total of the two between 80-88%. Other concomitant conjugates include 17-alpha-dihydroequilin, 17-alpha-estradiol, and 17-beta-dihydroequilin. The potency of the preparation is expressed in terms of an equivalent quantity of sodium estrone sulfate.Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Overweight: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".Uterine Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the UTERUS.Sex Offenses: Any violation of established legal or moral codes in respect to sexual behavior.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.South Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.Follicular Phase: The period of the MENSTRUAL CYCLE representing follicular growth, increase in ovarian estrogen (ESTROGENS) production, and epithelial proliferation of the ENDOMETRIUM. Follicular phase begins with the onset of MENSTRUATION and ends with OVULATION.Asian Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent.Labor, Obstetric: The repetitive uterine contraction during childbirth which is associated with the progressive dilation of the uterine cervix (CERVIX UTERI). Successful labor results in the expulsion of the FETUS and PLACENTA. Obstetric labor can be spontaneous or induced (LABOR, INDUCED).Endometrium: The mucous membrane lining of the uterine cavity that is hormonally responsive during the MENSTRUAL CYCLE and PREGNANCY. The endometrium undergoes cyclic changes that characterize MENSTRUATION. After successful FERTILIZATION, it serves to sustain the developing embryo.
"Women's work". Distillations. 3 (1): 6-11. Retrieved 28 July 2017. Norcliffe, Glen. The Ride to Modernity: The Bicycle in ... It gives women a feeling of freedom and self-reliance. I stand and rejoice every time I see a woman ride by on a wheel...the ... In Europe, cycling to work continued to be common until the end of the 1950s. Today many people ride bikes to work for a ... People have been riding bicycles to work since the initial bicycle heyday of the 1890s. According to the website Bike to Work, ...
Women's work?: American schoolteachers, 1650-1920. Chicago: University of Chicago Press (2001), 9 Tolley, Kimberley. ... They were usually taught by women and were often located in the home of the teacher. Dame schools were first mentioned in ... For a small fee, women, often housewives or widows, offered to take in children to whom she would teach a little writing, ... These women received "tuition" in coin, home industries, alcohol, baked goods and other valuables. Teaching materials generally ...
Women's Work' in America," in Alison Prentice And Marjorie R. Theobald, eds. Women Who Taught: Perspectives on the History of ... The CWA used "work study" programs to fund students, both male and female. The National Youth Administration (NYA), a semi- ... By 1840, the female academies succeeded in producing a cultivated, well-read female elite ready for their roles as wives and ... This was the first free school and first retreat center for young women. It was the first school to teach free women of color, ...
Her best-known work is a 1902 bust of educator Booker T. Washington commissioned by the Tuskegee Institute. She produced bas- ... Albert, Helen Horton (October 2, 1941). "We Women". Asbury Park Press. Asbury Park, New Jersey. p. 15. Retrieved July 31, 2017 ... "Bronze Work". Granite, Marble and Bronze. A. M. Hunt. 24 (12): 35. December 1914. Retrieved July 31, 2017 - via Google Books. ... Usher received the Bronze Medal at the 1895 Atlanta Exposition, and her work was also awarded at the 1915 Panama-Pacific ...
Sarah Morris (February 16, 2012). "Women's work , Comment is free , guardian.co.uk". Guardian. Retrieved November 28, 2012. ... A year later, she became the first woman to take charge of the Spanish Ministry of Defense. Chacón was born in Esplugues de ... She became the first female Minister of Defence in Spain, which, together with the fact that she was seven months pregnant at ... "Carme Chacón, Spain's first female defence minister, dies". The Guardian. Associated Press. 10 April 2017. Retrieved 11 April ...
Timeline of women's rights (other than voting) Victorian dress reform Roberts, Jacob (2017). "Women's work". Distillations. 3 ( ... I think it has done more to emancipate women than anything else in the world. I stand and rejoice every time I see a woman ride ... One individual from the time period watching female cyclists remarked, "It is hard to believe, that they were the same women ... Bicycle riding also necessitated more practical clothing for women and led to significant changes to female attire in society. ...
Agnes Amy Bulley; Margaret Whitley (1894). Women's Work. Methuen. Elizabeth Crawford (2 September 2003). The Women's Suffrage ... Women's Work with Margaret Whitley, (1894) The political evolution of women, Westminster Review, (1890) Edwin Waugh, the ... In 1894 she and Margaret Whitley published "Women's Work". In 1907 she married Joseph Brooke who had been her dead sister ... She wrote about women's rights and the growth of "white blouse" employment. Bulley was born in New Brighton near Wrexham in ...
"Sarah Price". Women's Work. Retrieved 2017-11-19. "Sarah Frances Price" (PDF). University of North Carolina Chapel Press. ... In 1897, she published her best known work, Fern Collectors Handbook and Herbarium. Four species are named after her, Apios ...
Canary, Krisserin (5 October 2016). "Woman of the Week: Liana Aghajania". women.work. Retrieved 23 February 2017. "Liana ... Aghajanian's work has appeared in The New York Times, BBC, The Guardian, Newsweek, Foreign Policy and Al Jazeera America. She ...
Women's Work. The first 20,000 Years, p.135.Norton & Company, New York. ISBN 0-393-31348-4 William L. Brown III, "Some Thoughts ... Although the woman's chemise was a closely related garment to the man's, it is the man's garment that became the modern shirt. ... Camisole - woman's undershirt with narrow straps, or a similar garment worn alone (often with bra). Also referred to as a cami ... 1890-1920) a woman's tailored shirt (also called a "tailored waist") cut like a man's dress shirt; in contemporary usage, a ...
Willard, Frances E (1883). Woman and Temperance: Or, The Work and Workers of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union. Hartford, ... Her name was visible in the earliest days of women's temperance work in Maine, and she became treasurer of the Maine Woman's ... Stevens, Lillian M. N. (November 1908). "The Work of the National Woman's Christian Temperance Union". Annals of the American ... Perlmann, Joel; Margo, Robert A (2001). Women's Work?: American Schoolteachers, 1650-1920. Chicago: University of Chicago Press ...
"Women's Work". 239 Days in America; a social media documentary. Retrieved June 20, 2015. Caitlin Shayda Jones; Jonathan Menon ( ... The work was renewed with greater intensity during the Great Depression but he was in his 60s already and died soon after. Some ... I have no fault to find with the differing conclusions of other truth-lovers, and am ready to work with them all as occasion ... "A society woman". The Sun. Chanute, Kansas. 22 Nov 1896. p. 6. Retrieved June 2, 2015. "Mrs. Alice Ives Breed…". The Washington ...
Roberts, Jacob (2017). "Women's work". Distillations. 3 (1): 6-11. Retrieved 28 July 2017. Pearson (1988), p. 27 "Wimbledon - ... The field in the women's archery event consisted only of British women, but without the best archer of the era, Alice Legh. Dod ... The sport of women's field hockey was still rather young when Dod took up the game in 1897. She was one of the founding members ... Apart from entering women's tournaments, Dod sometimes also played and won matches against men (who usually played with a ...
"Women's work". Distillations. 3 (1): 6-11. Retrieved 28 July 2017. "A History of the Sports Bra". Women's Adventure Magazine. ... Her research has shown that younger women's breasts experience more up and down motion whereas older women (45+) experience ... and women with larger breasts need an encapsulation-type sports bra. The work of Scurr has criticised this belief and has shown ... When a woman performs an activity which requires her to lift her arms above the shoulders, the frame is strained because it is ...
... women migrants; right to health; adequate standard of living; decent work; right to education; right to information; monitoring ... Leaders of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, UN Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women, UN Office on ... "UNHCR and Caribbean partners work to raise awareness of "invisible" refugees". UNHCR. Retrieved 2016-11-16. "UNHCR discuss ... on the rule of law work conducted by the High Commissioner for Refugees. History of the United Nations - UK Government site " ...
... women's work; the Democratic Party; and the restoration of Liberty Hall, the Kenan homestead in Kenansville, Duplin County, N.C ... There are letters from students at Chowan Female Institute, Warrenton Female College, Baltimore Female College, and the ... Religious papers include reports, trial documents, sermons, essays (most written by a woman), circuit class books, and marriage ... remarks about the women Beavans courted; and memoranda regarding ordnance, mess accounts, and finances. Also included are a ...
Majority of the working women in Beighton are employed in the Education, Health and Social work in 2011 rather than being in ... "Women's Work". BBC History. BBC. Retrieved 17 April 2016. "National Statistics Socio-economic Classification". Neighbourhood ... The earliest work is from the 13th century but the rest of the church seems to be of 14th century date. All Saints is a small ... Between males and females in 1881 there was a large contrast between the occupation field. Males tended to do the more manual ...
This women's creativity is labor-intensive yet devalued as this women's work, where it becomes invisible and described as non- ... "women's work". Parker examines the belief of women and embroidery as both feminine and natural, and the appearance of natural ... rather than what they contribute to the overall work of art. Sewing had always been considered women's work, of which was often ... The context in which these women worked, varying greatly because of class, race, and gender, juxtaposed with contemporary work ...
ISBN 978-0-674-13953-4. Quinzio, Jeri (2009). "Women's Work". Of sugar and snow: a history of ice cream making. California ... "the simple little inexpensive conveniences that work themselves into every day use", giving examples, of utensils that were ...
"Women's Work". Las Vegas Free Press. Library of Congress. August 12, 1892. Retrieved January 10, 2017. "Woman Aids Y.W.C.A". ... In 2016, the statue was taken down for the first restoration work since its erection, which is to be undertaken by Andrzej ... Israel, Herbert M. (June 12, 1933). "Famous Milwaukee Women". Wisconsin News. Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Retrieved January 10, 2017 ... for affordable housing for working women. She also purchased a $10,000 pipe organ (equivalent to $0.2 million in 2016) for the ...
Екатерина Калинина Tatianis Retrieved 4 October 2013 Grace Hutchins (1934). Women who work. New York: International Publishers ...
"Giant Women". Roadside America. 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-19. Kabar, Kim (January-February 2012). "Men at Work". Westways. ... The oversized fibreglass men, women and dinosaurs began as a sideline. The first of the figures, a Paul Bunyan holding an ...
In C. Warren and S. Hancock (Eds.) White women's work. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing. Fasching-Varner, K.J. (2016 ... In his own work, Fasching-Vanrer has found that teachers in high-needs areas tend to look across areas of difference as a means ... Fasching-Varner's work links considerations of critical race theory and culturally responsive pedagogy, with an emphasis on the ... Finally, Tim Wise, author of White Like Me: Reflections on Race from a Privileged Son, says of Fasching-Varner's work that "All ...
"Women at Work". Afro-American. ,access-date= requires ,url= (help) Davis, Thomas (2005). Sacred Work: Planned Parenthood and ... Nellie Louise Young (June 7, 1907 - September 22, 1997) was the first African American woman licensed to practice medicine in ... N. Louise Young, 90, physician was first black woman to practice in Md". tribunedigital-baltimoresun. Retrieved 2017-06-30. ... after she was not accepted to the Provident Hospital in Baltimore due to the lack of housing accommodations for women. After ...
"Women and Work". Tate. Retrieved 1 February 2014. "BP Spotlight: Women & Work". Tate Britain. Retrieved 1 February 2014. ... Her work was included in the exhibition ''Issue: Social Strategies by Women Artists'', curated by Lucy R. Lippard, at the ... Between 1973 and 1975 she collaborated with artists Kay Hunt and Mary Kelly to conduct a study of women's work in a metal box ... She founded the London Women's Liberation Art Group in 1970. A 1971 exhibition of her work that was closed by the police ...
a b c Christiane Harzig, "The Role of German Women in the German-American Working-Class Movement in Late Nineteenth-Century New ... See: Christiane Harzig, "The Role of German Women in the German-American Working-Class Movement in Late Nineteenth-Century New ... They worked in close harmony with the Labour Movement and were concerned with the spiritual and social objective of the human ... Florence Tager, "A Radical Culture for Children of the Working Class: The Young Socialists' Magazine, 1908-1920," Curriculum ...
... two scientists who championed an overlooked protein and a pioneering researcher who helped advance the careers of other women. ... Since then, she gives talks about how to encourage more women in science and is also being recognized for her work as a mentor ... Lasker Awards Given for Work in Genetics, Anesthesia and Promoting Women in Science. The coveted prize was awarded to a ... who in addition to doing groundbreaking work in RNA biology, paved the way for a new generation of female scientists. ...
Women & Work is the ninth studio album released by punk/alt-country band Lucero. All tracks written by Ben Nichols. Jurek, Thom ... Women & Work at AllMusic. Retrieved 2014-05-13. "Lucero - 1372 Overton Park". Punknews.org. Retrieved 2014-05-13. ...
Womens work or womans work is a term used to indicate work that is believed to be exclusively the domain of women and ... The term "womens work" may indicate a role with children as defined by nature in that only women are biologically capable of ... Among some people, mens work is considered to be the opposite of "womens work" and thus does not include activities within ... "Womens work" may also refer to roles related to housekeeping such as: cooking, sewing, ironing, and cleaning. It may also ...
Francine D. Blau and Anne E. Winkler, "Women, Work, and Family," Oxford Handbook of Women and the Economy, Susan L. Averett, ... Women, Work, and Family. Francine D. Blau, Anne E. Winkler. NBER Working Paper No. 23644. Issued in August 2017, Revised in ... This chapter focuses on women, work, and family, with a particular focus on differences by educational attainment. First, we ... gender equality in the workplace and mitigate the considerable conflicts faced by many women as they seek to balance work and ...
Womens Work. Women delegates, dressed in dazzling saris, sarongs, and boubous, have gained new authority in global population ... "I was born by the roadside, to a farming family where women would wake up early and work 18 hours a day, fetching water, ... "There is one thing that seems to work-if women are given jobs in the cash economy," says Abernethy, whose maverick position has ... Yet women are never targeted in economic development and planning." One of the most vocal of the new group of women is Bisi ...
Its striking enough that a woman would appear so boldly in such a poster in a city where women still do not appear in public ... and it treats women as property. In such a place, how much difference can a few female politicians really make? Many Afghans ... And still every 30 minutes an Afghan woman dies in childbirth. ... One woman had lost 17 members of her family. These women were ... Womens Work. By ELIZABETH RUBIN. OCT. 9, 2005. Continue reading the main story Share This Page Continue reading the main story ...
Secular Women Work creates a safe space for women and celebrates our work within the secular movement. #swwork #whyicame ... These are tweets from attendees about their reasons for attending the Secular Women Work conference and their experiences there ... Another fabulous day at the Secular Women Work Conference. Thank you @SecWomenWork pic.twitter.com/epSS4c1fZO ... Part of a panel on lobbying for a group called "Secular Women Work". pic.twitter.com/EIKUhxejKl ...
Women face gender discrimination throughout our careers. It doesnt have to derail our ambitions - but how do we prepare to ... or taking on many other issues we encounter at work. So HBR staffers Amy Bernstein, Amy Gallo, and Emily Caulfield are ... Listen to Women at Work now.. Listen to Women at Work in full in the Spotify app ... Women at Work. By Harvard Business Review. Women face gender discrimination throughout our careers. It doesnt have to derail ...
We asked women to write us with their thoughts on Women, Money, Work, and Housing, and they had a lot to say. We have stories ... tells us how we women can. get rich quick!. The Tantalizing World of Phone Sex. Joyce Ventimiglia gives the inside scoop on ... of what women think about working with men, what theyve had to do to make some money, their thoughts on the rising cost of ...
... and NIOSH research in areas of particular concern to women. ... This fact sheet contains information on working women, the ... Stress at work is a growing problem for all workers, including women. In one survey 60% of employed women cited stress as their ... Women who work in nontraditional employment settings may also face specific types of stressors. For instance, they may be ... Sixty percent of women age 16 and over were either employed or looking for work in 1999. ...
The Return to Work and Womens Employment Decisions. Nicole Maestas. NBER Working Paper No. 24429. Issued in March 2018. NBER ... But because women tend to marry older men, this means many married women retire at younger ages than their husbands. This fact ... I find evidence that the returns to additional work beyond mid-life are greater for married women than for married men. The ... Bulletin on Health including Archive of Lists of Affiliates Work in Medical and Other Journals with Pre-Publication ...
Based on interviews with 127 successful working women, over half of them women of color, What Works for Women at Work presents ... Once a year or so, a study or trend piece comes out about why women are bad to work for, about nasty female co-workers, about ... Up-beat, pragmatic, and chock full of advice, What Works for Women at Work is an indispensable guide for working women. ... An essential resource for any working woman, What Works for Women at Work is a comprehensive and insightful guide for mastering ...
Reuters Health) - - Women with infertility unrelated to a common hormonal disorder may have more options when they try in-vitro ... doctors have often implanted more than one fresh embryo in women because of concerns that a frozen transfer may not work as ... and her colleagues also found that women with high levels of the female hormone progesterone might be better off receiving a ... Reuters Health) - - Women with infertility unrelated to a common hormonal disorder may have more options when they try in-vitro ...
Title: Women@Work November/December 2014, Author: Times Union Magazines, Name: Women@Work November/December 2014, Length: 60 ... Women@Work November/December 2014. The Capital Region Women@Work community is an innovative support network of women who hold ... THE WOMEN AGAINST MS LUNCHEON sponsored by Women@Work magazine will be held Friday, Nov. 7, at the Wolferts Roost Country Club ... I was one of only a few women directors in the history of my company; and the only woman director who had been pregnant at work ...
Buy Skechers for Work Womens Slip Resistant Clog and other Industrial & Construction at Amazon.com. Our wide selection is ... 42 in Clothing, Shoes & Jewelry , Uniforms, Work & Safety , Shoes * #164 in Clothing, Shoes & Jewelry , Women , Shops , ... 4 in Clothing, Shoes & Jewelry , Women , Shoes , Work & Safety , Industrial & Construction * # ... Work Steel Toe footwear has been independently tested and certified to meet or exceed the ASTM F2413-2011. I/75 C/75standards ...
... disappointment and realisation that ones best work comes out of struggle.So in times where we cant even walk busy streets at ... My work on topics like menstruation and body shaming began out of sheer need, ... so then why is there a disparity in the way we treat our women. If we dont alter our Goddesses why do we do it to our women, ... woman. A woman who appears, behaves and carries herself in a certain acceptable manner. We are also a culture that celebrates ...
Cite this: New Work on Endocrine-Disruptor Cost to Womens Health - Medscape - Mar 24, 2016. ... "Im delighted that we were finally able to complete the work by looking at female reproductive conditions," Dr Trasande noted. ... Adding to the Evidence Base on Costs of EDCs and Female Disease ... New Work on Endocrine-Disruptor Cost to Womens Health. Liam ... This work was supported by The Endocrine Society, John Merck Fund, Broad Reach Foundation, and Oak Foundation. The authors have ...
... works for women by treating androgenetic alopecia. Womens Rogaine Foam, manufactured specifically for use by women, is FDA- ... Do women experience the same Rogaine side effects as men?. A: Women and men who use Rogaine can experience the same side ... How do you apply Rogaine for women?. A: Apply Rogaine for women by applying the prescribed amount to a dry scalp, allowing it ... What is a good hair loss treatment for women?. A: According to WebMD, hair loss treatments for women include minoxidil (Rogaine ...
Find work dresses, blazers, skirts, pants, shirts, sweaters, suits, shoes, accessories and more! ... Shop Womens Wear-To-Work Clothing at J.Crew. ... Weve got everything you need to make your work outfits work ... Think thoughtfully tailored womens suits that are amazingly flattering and easy to move around in (for those times when you ... Our Wear-to-Work Shop is where youll find our stylish-yet-professional business clothes, with plenty of options for everyone ...
When Inspiration Meets Action Ive been to numerous womens leadership and womens empowerment conferences over the years -- ... Teach, honor and defend other women at work. Women are often their own worst enemies at work... be brave and generous to one ... Reset how you see yourselves at work, because it isnt just about the work. The delivery of the work is just as important as ... "Only when women wield power in sufficient numbers will we create a society that genuinely works for all women. That will be a ...
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Light Work was founded as an artist-run non-profit organization in 1973.. Our mission is to provide direct support to artists ... Light Work offers basic subscriptions to Contact Sheet as well as book and print level subscriptions, in which you can select a ... Light Work Lab offers members a the highest quality printing and scanning equipment, black-and-white darkroom, a lighting ... Due to COVID-19, Light Work has closed to the public until further notice. We continue to closely monitor the situation with ...
Women with heart disease may not benefit as much as men with heart disease from taking cholesterol-lowering drugs, a new ... home/cholesterol center/ cholesterol a-z list/ statins may work better in men than in women article ... "For most women, the evidence just is not there for statins.". She says at-risk women derive more benefit from making lifestyle ... "We suggest that statins work just as well in women as in men," they conclude. ...
The Hidden Fight over Womens Work and organizer with the National Womens Liberation. ... Birth Strike & hidden fight over womens work 7 Apr, 2019 06:45 ... US women, in response, have gone on a "birth strike." Joining ... Yet they refuse to acknowledge the reality of womens reproductive labor by providing adequate child care, family leave, health ...
Brazilian women work for free. Thats one way of picturing the gender-based pay discrimination that haunts Brazilian businesses ... Women´s Work for Free in Brazil. César Muñoz Senior Researcher, Brazil @_Cesar_Munoz ... Heres another way to picture it: If women were paid the same monthly salary as men, they could work until October 6 and take ... From October 7 until the end of the year, Brazilian women work for free. Thats one way of picturing the gender-based pay ...
  • Next we examine key challenges faced by mothers as they seek to combine motherhood and paid work: workforce interruptions associated with childbearing, the impact of home and family responsibilities, and constraints posed by workplace culture. (nber.org)
  • We conclude by discussing policies that have the potential to increase gender equality in the workplace and mitigate the considerable conflicts faced by many women as they seek to balance work and family. (nber.org)
  • There's no workplace orientation session about narrowing the wage gap, standing up to interrupting male colleagues, or taking on many other issues we encounter at work. (spotify.com)
  • As the only federal agency mandated to conduct research to prevent injuries and illnesses in the workplace, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has an expanding research program to address the occupational safety and health needs of working women. (cdc.gov)
  • Other factors, such as sexual harassment and work and family balance issues, may also be stressors for women in the workplace. (cdc.gov)
  • NIOSH is conducting studies to identify workplace factors that are particularly stressful to women, and potential prevention measures. (cdc.gov)
  • Homicide Homicide is the leading cause of injury death for women in the workplace. (cdc.gov)
  • Homicide accounts for 40% of all workplace death among female workers. (cdc.gov)
  • Over 25% of female victims of workplace homicide are assaulted by people they know (coworkers, customers, spouses, or friends). (cdc.gov)
  • Domestic violence incidents that spill into the workplace account for 16% of female victims of job-related homicides. (cdc.gov)
  • Authored by Joan C. Williams, one of the nation's most-cited experts on women and work, and her daughter, writer Rachel Dempsey, this unique book offers a multi-generational perspective into the realities of today's workplace. (jhu.edu)
  • Based on interviews with 127 successful working women, over half of them women of color, What Works for Women at Work presents a toolkit for getting ahead in today's workplace. (jhu.edu)
  • A new La Trobe-led report shows menopausal women fear age-based discrimination in the workplace and face a glaring lack of menopause-specific support. (edu.au)
  • What's been more difficult, though, says Bramblette, is having to work twice as hard as her colleagues to overcome the stigma of being large in the workplace. (refinery29.com)
  • Without protection laws in place, unfairness exists at every step of the employment process, and as with many issues in the workplace, it can be worse for women. (refinery29.com)
  • this week's piece looking at women's progress in the workplace, Kolhatkar's story misses something pretty basic: it's not a question of whether men or women should be in charge of Wall Street, or anywhere else for that matter. (newsweek.com)
  • On the website, workplace issues earn top billing on a page entitled "Fighting for Women," and pay equity is first among them. (womensenews.org)
  • But a new study suggests that those countries rate worse than the rest of Europe when it comes to workplace stress among professional women. (sciencemag.org)
  • Earlier, I would have encouraged women to be more participative, vocal, visible and aggressive in the workplace, but I no longer believe they need to mimic the opposite gender. (livemint.com)
  • In other words, the system that has given rise to these powerful men is the same one that continues to oppress women in the workplace, preventing any true change from taking shape. (refinery29.com)
  • The issue is bigger than the graphic details of how a few men have done wrong by hundreds and hundreds of women in the workplace. (refinery29.com)
  • Ninety percent of countries have at least one law restricting women in the workplace. (france24.com)
  • The difficulties faced by Yayi and Ann in entering the labour force and at the workplace are not only unique to them, but sadly is the reality for many women across the globe. (ipsnews.net)
  • With over 58% of U.S. women in the labor force [i] , the workplace must be considered when looking at women's overall health. (cdc.gov)
  • Additionally, women face different workplace health challenges than men partly because men and women tend to have different kinds of jobs. (cdc.gov)
  • While workplace exposures can affect both male and female reproduction, issues related to reproduction and pregnancy are of particular concern to women. (cdc.gov)
  • Below you will find summaries, with links to more research, of some hazards faced by women in the workplace as well as links to industry-specific research from NIOSH that relates to women. (cdc.gov)
  • Still, in 2011, homicides accounted for 26% of work-related deaths in women - it is the second leading cause of injury death for women in the workplace. (cdc.gov)
  • Female and male economic participation rates reflect society's education levels, workplace conditions and cultural attitudes outside the office. (pwc.com)
  • As the only federal agency mandated to conduct research to prevent injuries and illnesses in the workplace, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has an expanding research program to address the occupational safety and health needs of working women: the hazards they may face, and NIOSH research in areas of particular concern to women. (ehstoday.com)
  • ACDP outreach activities enable the staff to give the information where the women are: in the streets, in their workplace, in their homes. (ippf.org)
  • For many working women, economic security also encompasses health issues, including workplace benefits such as insurance coverage, paid sick leave, and paid family leave. (kff.org)
  • This information will assist organisations in the provision of workplace policies and procedures that help support working women in this age group. (edu.au)
  • It then follows with a number of sections that asks questions about your workplace environment, enjoyment and engagement at work, some women's health questions and some questions about your general physical and mental health and personal well-being. (edu.au)
  • It has traditionally been one of the most male-dominated specialties in medicine, so the conversations about workplace changes that could encourage women to choose and to stay in surgical careers are just getting started. (scienceblog.com)
  • And, if the workplace can't be flexible, the surgical field will lose a lot of talented women. (scienceblog.com)
  • The term "women's work" may indicate a role with children as defined by nature in that only women are biologically capable of performing them: pregnancy, childbirth, and breastfeeding. (wikipedia.org)
  • Whereas in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), freezing and thawing embryos before implantation offers a better chance of pregnancy and birth, in women without this condition thawed embryos and are no better or worse than fresh embryos, researchers in China and Vietnam have found. (reuters.com)
  • They write: "Although it is highly appropriate to focus on these extremely important uterine tract health deficits, [polycystic ovary syndrome], infertility, and pregnancy complications also affect a considerable number of women, have major cost implications, and are increasingly linked to EDC exposures. (medscape.com)
  • With a note from their doctor, surrogates can also receive some money for lost work-related income during pregnancy. (nationalpost.com)
  • Her areas of interest include preconception health, conception, fertility, the emotional implications of miscarriage and stillbirth, relationships during pregnancy, modern motherhood, juggling work and family, work-life balance issues, how to get off the stress treadmill, and other issues of concern to today's generation of parents. (womenshealthmatters.ca)
  • Our study suggests that women who are planning pregnancy should be cognizant of the potential negative impacts that non-day shift and heavy lifting could have on their reproductive health," said Lidia Mínguez-Alarcón, a research fellow in the Department of Environmental Health and lead author of the study, in a statement. (fox40.com)
  • I can only hope that these women look at the big picture before planning a pregnancy based solely on getting a hall pass from having to go to work every day. (cafemom.com)
  • This week the team from Down to Earth explores some of the factors halting half the world's population while considering new avenues for female empowerment, from Pakistan to Tanzania and here in France. (france24.com)
  • Women's economic empowerment is about transforming the world of work, which is still very patriarchal and treats the equal voice, participation and leadership of women as an anomaly, tokenism, compartment or add on. (ipsnews.net)
  • To accelerate the move to a planet 50/50 in women's economic empowerment and work will require a transformation of both the public and private sector environments and world of work they create for women and also how they change it to make it a women's space of productive and fulfilling work. (ipsnews.net)
  • The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, together with the Addis Ababa Action Agenda (on financing for development), position gender equality and the empowerment of women as critical and essential drivers for sustainable development. (ipsnews.net)
  • The upcoming 61st session of the Commission on the Status of Women (CSW61) will consider "Women's Economic Empowerment in The Changing World of Work", as its priority theme providing the international community the opportunity to define concrete, practical and action-oriented recommendations to overcome the structural barriers to gender equality, gender-based discrimination and violence against women at work. (ipsnews.net)
  • Our Women in Work Index is a weighted average of five measures that reflect female economic empowerment, including the equality of earnings, the ability of women to access employment opportunities and job security. (pwc.com)
  • Mrs Obama, 54, who was in London to promote her memoir Becoming, and Meghan are said to have discussed female empowerment and boosting education for girls in what a friend has described as a 'long private audience' . (thesun.co.uk)
  • NIOSH conducts both basic research and population-based studies to learn whether women may be at risk for reproductive health hazards related to their work environment. (cdc.gov)
  • NIOSH and the University of Cincinnati are assessing the effects of jet fuel exposure on the reproductive health of female Air Force personnel. (cdc.gov)
  • Using the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), I find evidence that the returns to additional work beyond mid-life are greater for married women than for married men. (nber.org)
  • Reuters Health) - - Women with infertility unrelated to a common hormonal disorder may have more options when they try in-vitro fertilization, two large new studies show. (reuters.com)
  • Exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) is responsible for a substantial proportion of cases of the two most common female reproductive tract disorders, fibroids and endometriosis, at a huge public-health cost, European Union data reveal. (medscape.com)
  • The new analysis demonstrates that EDCs, which are found in pesticides, cosmetics, toys, and food containers, cause reproductive health problems in hundreds of thousands of women a year, at an overall cost approaching €1.4 billion ($1.5 billion). (medscape.com)
  • However, senior author Leonardo Trasande, MD, MPP, associate professor of pediatrics, environmental medicine & population health at NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, warns that this is but a fraction of the overall female reproductive disease burden linked to these chemicals. (medscape.com)
  • She says at-risk women derive more benefit from making lifestyle changes to improve their heart health, such as not smoking , eating a healthy diet , and getting regular exercise . (medicinenet.com)
  • Gutierrez agrees that addressing lifestyle is critical for women with heart disease, as is controlling diabetes , high blood pressure , and other health conditions that can lead to heart attack and stroke . (medicinenet.com)
  • The research looks at the mobility constraints experienced by girls and how a lack of access to means of transport hampers their access to paid work, health services, and schooling. (eldis.org)
  • The critical factors that most influence whether older women will become or stay poor during the retirement years are marital status (divorced, widowed or never married are negatives), employment (having a job is a plus) and health (good health is a major benefit). (aarp.org)
  • Only those who remained married, continued to work, or remained in good health maintained relatively low rates of poverty. (aarp.org)
  • In an effort to appeal to women voters, Democratic candidate Al Gore is showcasing his work on a variety of issues from pay equity to health care, from child care to the right to choose abortion. (womensenews.org)
  • Gore says his health care plan recognizes that 60 percent of Medicare beneficiaries are women, whose incomes are an average 40 percent lower than men's. (womensenews.org)
  • Many health care challenges affect women disproportionately-they have higher prescription drug costs and health care costs than men, they tend to live longer and they have lower incomes," according to a Gore policy paper. (womensenews.org)
  • While employment has had positive effects for women and for their families, working mothers of young children continue to face specific health risks. (cdc.gov)
  • Women are susceptible to the same health risks as men related to poor job quality and working long hours. (cdc.gov)
  • However, women continue to spend more time than do men on housework and child care in the family, and face additional health risks associated with combining these family demands with employment. (cdc.gov)
  • With more than half of all mothers of infants returning to work within the first three months postpartum, understanding women's postpartum health requires an examination of both family factors and work factors, as well as the work-family interface. (cdc.gov)
  • The study , which was published earlier this month in the International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health , compared gender inequality across Europe as measured by perceived exposure to "work-related psychosocial hazards. (sciencemag.org)
  • To help health care workers, midwives, social workers and parents, Breast Feeding: Pro viding support for the challenges women face, provides a handy compendium of direct insights and practical advice. (routledge.com)
  • We are one of the leading publishers in social work, covering all fields, from child and family social work, to mental health and clinical social work, to disability studies, to health and society and public policy. (routledge.com)
  • In addition to the economic burden on society, long-term sick leave has significant negative consequences on the women themselves, both health-wise and economically. (eurekalert.org)
  • A combination of garden therapy and coaching strengthened the participants' physical and mental health, and led to the women reporting improved vitality and social capabilities. (eurekalert.org)
  • The project included women between 21 and 62 that had received economic support from 1 up to 10 years, and whose physical and mental health were deemed poor. (eurekalert.org)
  • Achieving these targets would have a multiplier effect across all other development areas, including ensuring equal access to decent work and full and productive employment (SDG 8), ending poverty (SDG-1), food security (SDG-2), universal health (SDG-3), quality education (SDG-4) and reducing inequalities (SDG-10). (ipsnews.net)
  • More information is available on the NIOSH topic page Women's Safety and Health Issues at Work . (cdc.gov)
  • The proposed guidelines should be useful to occupational health practitioners in the evaluation and redesign of lifting tasks and to clinicians in advising patients about manual lifting restrictions at work. (cdc.gov)
  • When family and work demands collide, the resulting stress can lead to the physical and mental health problems described above. (cdc.gov)
  • Though the underlying cause is not known and more research is needed to further verify the findings, the team at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health believes that women in their reproductive years may need to consider this when trying to conceive. (fox40.com)
  • Women who experienced high stress and low satisfaction were more likely to have negative views of the functioning of the health care system. (nih.gov)
  • 5 As women entered the workforce, they did so primarily in the lower-paid female-dominated sectors of the economy - personal services, clerical, health, education, welfare, and sales. (jhu.edu)
  • The institute is conducting or sponsoring research in a number of areas related to the health of working women. (ehstoday.com)
  • Many of the women we work with have no health insurance, as such they cannot benefit from the free tests at maternity hospitals. (ippf.org)
  • Hatixhe has witnessed a growing interest in women regarding their reproductive health in recent years. (ippf.org)
  • As a nurse with long experience in the health sector, I have received many thanks from patients, but the hugs we get from these women are heartfelt. (ippf.org)
  • Women are paying much more than men for individual health insurance coverage. (workitmom.com)
  • In most households, women are the managers of their families' health, as illustrated clearly in Figure 1 , which is based on data from a recent national Kaiser survey of women and men about their health care experiences. (kff.org)
  • Caring for children's health has tangible economic consequences, especially for women. (kff.org)
  • So called "fringe benefits" such as paid leave and health insurance can help employees meet their personal and family health care needs while also fulfilling their work responsibilities. (kff.org)
  • A public policy response that addresses women's economic security and "balance" with health, family, and work issues has been elusive. (kff.org)
  • The Women at Work survey will provide valuable information regarding the unique health and work related challenges and issues faced by working women in midlife and older. (edu.au)
  • Data from the Women at Work survey will help us understand the specific health and work related issues and challenges experienced by women over 40. (edu.au)
  • For example, do certain aspects of women's health impact on their engagement at work? (edu.au)
  • There is a Sustainable Development Goal on gender equality (Goal 5) which seeks to 'Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls' and sets out global targets to address many of the remaining obstacles to gender inequality. (ipsnews.net)
  • Also, in 2001 when most women in this study were in retirement, the poverty rate was three times higher for African-American women (42 percent) than for white women (14 percent). (aarp.org)
  • An internal company memo regarding Tehran flights says female flight attendants would be required to wear the uniform's long-sleeved jacket and trousers, rather than a knee-length dress on board. (rferl.org)
  • Findings from the 'Women, work and the menopause' study, involving researchers from La Trobe, Monash and Yale Universities, offer a unique insight into the physical and emotional life stresses and opportunities facing many women in this growing workforce demographic. (edu.au)
  • Researchers say the findings suggest a "hidden history" of gruelling manual labour performed by women that stretched across millennia. (cam.ac.uk)
  • The ILM study backs up the findings of a controversial report last month by London School of Economics researcher Dr Catherine Hakim, which said many women do not want careers, but aspire to having a successful husband and a family. (dailymail.co.uk)
  • However, reports that describe the overall findings of the Women at Work survey will be available for download once they have been completed. (edu.au)
  • The world is a better place for women and girls in 2016 than even a decade ago. (france24.com)
  • During the 2016-2017 over 3,000 women received healthcare services from the clinic. (ippf.org)
  • When women are surrogate mothers: is that work? (nationalpost.com)
  • Sleep may also suffer, with research showing that youngsters whose mothers work shifts get up to one and a half hours less sleep a week than children of stay-at-home mothers. (dailymail.co.uk)
  • Dr Gwozdz said: 'If high-quality childcare means that children have access to nutritious diets and physical activity outside their home and if this childcare is available to all working families, then it should not matter for child development whether mothers work or not. (dailymail.co.uk)
  • In this FreeBook, you'll discover why breast feeding is so important to mother and baby, the factors that can influence a mother (including pressures from friends/family and understanding and space in the work place),advice on baby-led feeding, the implications on breast feeding for new mothers with depression and the extra support women who've experienced a traumatic birth might require. (routledge.com)
  • A well-known French philosopher and leading feminist has pointed out that mothers, including those in Australia, should be women first and mothers second. (medindia.net)
  • In lab tests on mice, he and his colleagues discovered that one of the company's existing compounds, propofol, seemed to work as well as thiopentone but wore off quickly, without the hangover effect of the earlier drug. (nytimes.com)
  • Dr. Vuong, of the University of Medicine and Pharmacy at Ho Chi Minh City, and her colleagues also found that women with high levels of the female hormone progesterone might be better off receiving a thawed frozen embryo. (reuters.com)
  • The certification will allow this group of men and women to get a jump on being employable anywhere in the restaurant or food management industry and keep themselves and their colleagues safe. (cbc.ca)
  • The suit filed by associate director Lauren Bonner describes the company as a "testosterone-fueled 'boys' club,'" and outlines a number of alleged incidents in which women were targeted by male colleagues who disparaged their abilities and talked negatively about their bodies, The Times said, citing details from the lawsuit. (businessinsider.com)
  • Increasing female workers' pay to be on par with that of their male colleagues would increase total female earnings by an estimated CA$92 billion. (pwc.com)
  • To get an accurate picture of the work and life experiences of their colleagues, Troppmann and the study team sent questionnaires to all U.S. surgeons who were board-certified in 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000 and 2004. (scienceblog.com)
  • These doctors aren't immune to the guilt of many working women, though high incomes make it easier to afford nannies, baby sitters, housekeepers, spacious homes and take-out meals. (pjstar.com)
  • In such a place, how much difference can a few female politicians really make? (nytimes.com)
  • We have stories of what women think about working with men, what they've had to do to make some money, their thoughts on the rising cost of living oh, and, of course, that pesky 76 cents an hour issue. (ibiblio.org)
  • Long story short: We've got everything you need to make your work outfits work. (jcrew.com)
  • Candidates elected to Congress and the presidency in this year´s election should act to make equal pay for equal work a reality in Brazil. (hrw.org)
  • But as behavior economist Judy Rosener told me, "We spend hundreds of millions of dollars trying to make women act like men and men act like women! (newsweek.com)
  • I am proud to have been part of this important chapter in League history, and I am confident that the League will continue its work to make American democracy as good as the ideals on which the country was founded. (lwv.org)
  • People forget that women make up half the workforce. (medindia.net)
  • Will automation improve work for women - or make it worse? (mckinsey.com)
  • Women will need to make far more significant transitions compared to men and may find it more difficult to capture new opportunities because of the persistent barriers they face, write Anu Madgavkar, Mekala Krishnan, and Kweilin Ellingrud in Harvard Business Review . (mckinsey.com)
  • But, as a result of that displacement, women will need to make far more significant transitions compared to men and may find it more difficult to capture new opportunities because of the persistent barriers they face. (mckinsey.com)
  • Women either make or influence 70% of purchasing decisions in the home. (homeenergy.org)
  • When she started practicing law, Ann Green, CEO of ANZ Lao, was asked to make coffee or pick up dry cleaning (by men and women), simply because she was a young woman. (ipsnews.net)
  • Our Renova Professional Slip-On work shoes are designed to deliver all-day comfort and anti-fatigue support to those who make their living helping others while on their feet all day. (timberland.com)
  • WE relentlessly pursue equity for women in the workforce by effecting policy change, expanding access to educational opportunities , and advocating for f air and inclusive workplaces to make the world a better place for us all. (womenemployed.org)
  • The average man in Canada's workforce make 19% more than the average Canadian woman. (pwc.com)
  • ISLAMABAD: It is a general perception in Pakistan that uneducated people do not allow women to work and girls should be provided education to make them an effective part of society. (dawn.com)
  • Judging from our blog and sales metrics, women make up the largest group of recent entries into the diet. (marksdailyapple.com)
  • Think thoughtfully tailored women's suits that are amazingly flattering and easy to move around in (for those times when you find yourself literally running to your next meeting), wear-to-work dresses that will enable to you look pulled together in 30 seconds or less and business attire -friendly shoes, jewelry and handbags. (jcrew.com)
  • The heavier the lifting or moving of objects the women reported doing in their jobs, the lower the number of antral follicles and mature egg: Women reporting heavy lifting and moving had 8.8% fewer total eggs and 14.1% fewer mature eggs compared with women who never lifted or moved heavy objects at work. (fox40.com)
  • Fewer women than men have ambitions to reach middle management, department head, general management or director level. (dailymail.co.uk)
  • Significantly more women than men specialized in breast surgery and fewer women than men specialized in vascular surgery. (scienceblog.com)
  • The team of researchers studied more than 470 women having fertility treatment and compared the physical demands and schedules of their jobs against four biomarkers - genes or characteristics in the body - known to be linked to their ability to reproduce, also called fecundity. (fox40.com)
  • The Cambridge scientists say this has resulted in the systematic underestimation of the nature and scale of the physical demands borne by women in prehistory. (cam.ac.uk)
  • The professions are also all of a nature that demands work uniforms in the form of protective clothing. (lensculture.com)
  • But because women tend to marry older men, this means many married women retire at younger ages than their husbands. (nber.org)
  • She says that for most younger women, the risks of taking statins probably outweigh the benefits. (medicinenet.com)
  • What about younger generations of women. (aarp.org)
  • While marriage for older women has been crucial in protecting themselves against poverty, marriage is not likely to play an important role for younger women who have very different marital histories - high rates of divorce, re-marriage or never being married. (aarp.org)
  • Younger women are more likely to have continuous work experience compared to the older generation in this study, most of whom left work when their children were young but returned to work as their children grew older. (aarp.org)
  • With a continuous work record, younger women are likely to have higher income from Social Security and pensions. (aarp.org)
  • Looking forward, I would say to younger women workers: learn your history, and don't take your rights for granted because they can be taken away. (thestar.com)
  • Stress at work is a growing problem for all workers, including women. (cdc.gov)
  • In one survey 60% of employed women cited stress as their number one problem at work. (cdc.gov)
  • Women generally have more work-related cases of carpal tunnel syndrome, tendonitis, respiratory diseases, infectious diseases, and anxiety and stress disorders. (cdc.gov)
  • Balancing work and family tasks can put additional stress on women, who in many families still take primary responsibility for childcare and eldercare. (cdc.gov)
  • As a result, the opportunity cost of retirement-in terms of foregone potential earnings and accruals to Social Security wealth-may be larger for married women than for their husbands. (nber.org)
  • Since earnings during retirement protect women from poverty, it is critical for policy makers to examine the extent and kinds of barriers facing older women workers. (aarp.org)
  • Women are organized into nine birth cohorts, five schooling groups, and each year of age from 25 to 60 years and their weekly and annual work hours, their annual work weeks, their employment-population ratio, and their real average hourly earnings tabulated. (repec.org)
  • When a woman gets education and training beyond high school, she increases her earnings and expands her opportunities. (womenemployed.org)
  • Closing this wage gap will not only deliver a significant increase in overall female labour earnings, but it will also benefit Canada's economy. (pwc.com)
  • We consider the potential increase to total female earnings from completely closing the gender wage gap such that the average annual earnings for women is equal to the average annual earnings for men. (pwc.com)
  • This allows us to calculate the average male and female earnings from data on total male and female earnings. (pwc.com)
  • 1 In September 2014, the U.S. Census Bureau released national statistics on poverty and income, reporting that 16% of women live below the poverty line and that median earnings for women are only 78% of men's earnings, a gap that has persisted for several years. (kff.org)
  • This fact sheet contains information on working women, the hazards they may face, and NIOSH research in areas of particular concern to women. (cdc.gov)
  • When comparing the situation of managers and professionals across Europe, women in Scandinavia led all other regions in exposure to all three types of work-related psychosocial hazards. (sciencemag.org)
  • Across Europe, women were more exposed than men to almost all types of psychosocial hazards. (sciencemag.org)
  • In this interpretation, women in other regions encounter those hazards less frequently because they less often hold jobs traditionally held by men. (sciencemag.org)
  • We must keep in mind that susceptibility to hazards can be different for men and women. (cdc.gov)
  • NIOSH has an expanding research program that addresses the hazards faced by working women. (ehstoday.com)
  • Companies that have men and women in leadership positions have a higher return on their investments, and recent research from the London Business School suggests that productivity levels go up when men and women work in tandem-in part because gender parity counters the idea of group think, or the frequency of like-minded groups to defend ideas that may be ill conceived. (newsweek.com)
  • If women act on the prescriptions in these pages and men begin to understand the deep culturally embedded biases and assumptions. (jhu.edu)
  • Although there is a growing interest in personalized medicine, we still lack high-quality data on the largest group of patients in practice -- women," she wrote. (medicinenet.com)
  • Looking beyond these texts, Juliana Flinn reveals how women practice, interpret, and shape their own Catholicism on Pollap Atoll, part of Chuuk State in the Federated States of Micronesia. (worldcat.org)
  • The survey included a range of questions related to practice type, number of years in surgery, marital status, children, child care and work schedules. (scienceblog.com)
  • Redberg tells WebMD that since women tend to have a low risk for heart disease until they reach their mid-70s, it makes sense that they might not benefit as much as men do from statins. (medicinenet.com)
  • ILM chief executive Penny de Valk said: 'Women managers tend to lack self-belief and confidence at work compared with men. (dailymail.co.uk)
  • In the "men's work" world, service station attendants are 91 percent male, have few if any educational credentials and earn $11.62 per hour. (pbs.org)
  • Although the costs associated with EDC-related fibroids and endometriosis are high, the researchers believe that they are just the "tip of the iceberg" in terms of the overall burden of female reproductive problems associated with EDC exposure. (medscape.com)
  • However, like men, women who had previous cardiovascular disease such as a heart attack , angina , or stoke and took a statin had a lower risk for a second heart attack , so the drugs do have clear benefits for women with heart disease , researchers say. (medicinenet.com)
  • They contend that the researchers failed to include relevant studies that would have shown a clear survival benefit associated with statin use in women with heart disease. (medicinenet.com)
  • Researchers conducted a three-decade long study involving over 2,100 women and found no evidence that using copper IUD contraception increased the pain that women felt during their periods. (medindia.net)
  • Researchers have come up with a new model to predict the final menstrual period in women. (medindia.net)
  • Women surgeons, however, are far more likely to postpone having children or to not have children at all and would prefer more flexibility in their work schedules, a national survey conducted by UC Davis researchers has found. (scienceblog.com)
  • The papers, published in The New England Journal of Medicine, are "good news for women seeking in-vitro fertilization," said Dr. Lan Vuong, chief author of the Vietnamese study. (reuters.com)
  • It will come as welcome news to ambitious career women. (dailymail.co.uk)
  • But on Tuesday, the participants of a news conference were informed that about 50 per cent of women, who graduated from medical colleges, never worked. (dawn.com)
  • Pakistan Medical and Dental Council (PMDC) president Prof Dr Masood Hameed told the news conference that female medical students occupied the general merit seats in public sector medical colleges and got subsidy but after completing their education they never started their professional career. (dawn.com)
  • Finally, it shows that productive work within households consists of market work, typically by men, and a good deal of subsistence work and domestic work performed by women. (umn.edu)
  • By the late 1970s British feminists routinely referred to the 'burden of care' that seemed to fall automatically to women as the emotional centres of households and called for a rethinking of caring within the home and beyond. (jhu.edu)
  • The authors found evidence that, given the obstacles women face to advance in the financial sector, those who overcome them are uniquely qualified and driven, and that is a boon for companies. (hrw.org)
  • "work shoes and Women Gold" we found 4 items! (zappos.com)
  • We found 22 such jobs, and of the 23.5 million workers in these jobs, 81 percent - 19 million - are women. (pbs.org)
  • "2 and SKECHERS Work Women Black Shoes" we found 2 items! (zappos.com)
  • The women who attended this session found a place to let down their guard and share personal experiences. (homeenergy.org)
  • The lust of the hunt is found in the seductive beauty of Crump's work. (austinchronicle.com)
  • The research, published Monday in the journal Occupational and Environmental Medicine, also found that working antisocial hours (in the evenings or night) or rotating shifts, may also impact female fertility. (fox40.com)
  • Here are three women who abandoned the need to be perfect, cut back financially and found ways to live lives in line with what is most important to them. (retailmenot.com)
  • Only 30 per cent of women under the age of 30 said they expect to become senior managers, it found - compared with 45 per cent of men. (dailymail.co.uk)
  • But women appeared to be far more confident when it comes to starting their own companies, the survey found. (dailymail.co.uk)
  • It found more young women than men are looking to start and run their own business. (dailymail.co.uk)
  • Mallika Dutt found help in her work to end violence against women. (csmonitor.com)
  • Gore supported the Violence Against Women Prevention Act that strengthened penalties for domestic abuse and increased funding for battered women's shelters and other programs to fight violence against women. (womensenews.org)
  • Violence against women became a story line on three popular Bollywood soap operas. (csmonitor.com)
  • More than four decades later, Dr. Steitz has her own lab at Yale University and her work has led to several breakthroughs in the understanding of RNA, a type of molecule that carries out many tasks in the cell, such as helping to read the information in our genes. (nytimes.com)
  • It also shows the widespread sexual distribution of labour in the sense of involving the influence of social stereotypes in the allocation of tasks between males and females. (umn.edu)
  • Female farmers are often responsible for the most burdensome agricultural tasks. (thechicagocouncil.org)
  • This story shifts the question from "what do we do to keep women safe" to "what are companies doing to protect their employees and stop systematic abuse and its trickle-down effects? (refinery29.com)
  • About half of the people of Sub-Saharan Africa live below the poverty line, and 80 per cent of them are women. (eldis.org)
  • More than half of women workers have experienced period pain that has affected their ability to work. (medindia.net)
  • Almost half of the women in these jobs (about 8 million) live in or near poverty. (pbs.org)
  • In Britain, half of all women in senior positions are child-free and a lot more have nominal families with a single child. (medindia.net)
  • For 2-4 half-days per week, for 14 weeks, the women together with the rehabilitation personnel worked with such things as mental exercises, reflective therapy, physical activities and practical gardening. (eurekalert.org)
  • Only half of women participate in the labour force compared to three quarters of men, and in most developing countries it is as low as 25 percent. (ipsnews.net)
  • Although half of all new HIV infections occur in women and girls, enrolment of both cisgender and transgender women in clinical trials and basic research studies has been limited. (aidsmap.com)
  • Women are half the U.S. labor force, and we are breadwinners or co-breadwinners for two-thirds of families. (womenemployed.org)
  • Half of women managers said they have a high level of confidence, against 70 per cent of men. (dailymail.co.uk)
  • Regardless of the explanation, the study makes it clear that even in Europe's most progressive areas there is still work to do before women will be truly equal in higher occupational roles. (sciencemag.org)
  • However, she says that there is a considerable number of women in rural areas that face difficulties in accessing healthcare, and some that cannot access it at all. (ippf.org)
  • The term may be pejorative, when applied to men performing roles which are largely designated for women. (wikipedia.org)
  • Women's work" may also refer to roles in raising children particularly within the home: diaper changing and related hygiene, toilet training, bathing, clothing, feeding, monitoring, and education with regard to personal care. (wikipedia.org)
  • Women's work" may also refer to roles related to housekeeping such as: cooking, sewing, ironing, and cleaning. (wikipedia.org)
  • Oracle, like many other large multinationals who get it, from Xerox to UPS, have invested heavily in developing women for leadership roles. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • the categories reflected not just geography but also work protection policies and traditional gender roles. (sciencemag.org)
  • The reality is that women play multiple roles outside the office and are often not able to participate at work the same way a man can. (livemint.com)
  • The issues of household work, paid employment, and women's social roles as carers were combined in the crucible of the Women's Liberation Movement (WLM) as activists sought to challenge women's status theoretically and politically. (jhu.edu)
  • It is particularly used with regard to work that a mother or wife will perform within a family and household. (wikipedia.org)
  • The effect of job quality on depressive symptomatology was mediated by work-family conflict, while other work-family variables had direct effects on depressive symptomatology. (cdc.gov)
  • B P Dakshayani, group director - flight dynamics group, S Padmasree, Anatta Sonney, head - LEO & Interplanetary Orbit Dynamics Section of Flight Dynamics, all from the Isro Satellite Centre shared their work experience and how they manage family and work successfully. (indiatimes.com)
  • Participant women entrepreneurs posed some questions, including some on managing family and work, how cooperative men were and about working conditions. (indiatimes.com)
  • This Provincial Life By Brianna Snyder/Women@Work Jeannette Liebers grew up in a boisterous Italian family, whose love for food rubbed off in a big way. (timesunion.com)
  • Every woman-no matter her background or her situation-is able to get the education and training she needs for the family-sustaining job she wants. (womenemployed.org)
  • This briefing explores the impact of automation on women and work in developing countries, considering global targets on valuing unpaid care, rights to economic resources, and access and use of information and communication technologies. (eldis.org)
  • These were surely war-propaganda photos showing how hard all American people-even young women-were working to defeat tyranny. (freerepublic.com)
  • A young woman employee of North American Aviation, Incorporated, working over the landing gear mechanism of a P-51 fighter plane, Inglewood, California. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Sara, like all women whose wombs are missing, dysfunctional or were cancerous and had to be removed at a young age, cannot naturally conceive and give birth to a child . (yahoo.com)
  • Work with local community organizations to find young smart talent that looks different. (homeenergy.org)
  • Young Finnish photographer Joel Gräfnings is working on a series of photographs focusing on women who work in male-dominated environments. (lensculture.com)
  • While more young, female doctors are entering surgery residencies, short-term numbers aren't likely to change, as surgery-training programs and fellowships last longer after medical school. (pjstar.com)
  • After an earlier study by the Chinese team showed that frozen embryos were better for women with PCOS, "a lot of people jumped to the conclusion that we should always do frozen. (reuters.com)
  • The study concludes that there is no benefit of statins on stroke and all causes of mortality in women. (medicinenet.com)
  • Banks with more women on their boards perform better and are better prepared financially for a possible crisis, a recent International Monetary Fund study of 800 banks worldwide showed. (hrw.org)
  • More than 800 women aged over 40 and working in the university sector took part in the study. (edu.au)
  • The study, which was based on data from the Fourth European Working Conditions Survey carried out in 2005, analyzed the responses of more than 12,400 women and 15,000 men in 28 countries across Europe. (sciencemag.org)
  • An even greater difference existed for mental and social factors: when compared to a normal index value of 50, the women in the study averaged 19, a value, which according to Eva Lidén is extremely low. (eurekalert.org)
  • The new data on PrEP in men and women were keenly anticipated because another study of PrEP in women, FEM-PrEP , had closed recently after finding zero efficacy for Truvada , and it had been theorised that oral PrEP might not work for women because drug concentrations in the genital tract were too low. (aidsmap.com)
  • The Partners study compared tenofovir and tenofovir/FTC ( Truvada ) versus placebo as PrEP in serodiscordant couples (one person HIV-positive, one negative) in Kenya and Uganda, while the TDF2 study compared Truvada versus placebo in heterosexual men and women in Botswana. (aidsmap.com)
  • In the Partners PrEP study, the HIV-negative partner was female in 38% of the 4758 couples. (aidsmap.com)
  • Unadjusted figures in the TDF2 study at first suggested there might be some difference in efficacy between men and women. (aidsmap.com)
  • In this study, 45% of the 1200 participants were women. (aidsmap.com)
  • and that viral rebound (the rise of the viral load to above the level where standard tests can detect it) takes longer in women on average when treatment is interrupted in a research study. (aidsmap.com)
  • The first study to compare ancient and living female bones shows that women from early agricultural eras had stronger arms than the rowers of Cambridge University's famously competitive boat club. (cam.ac.uk)
  • A new study comparing the bones of Central European women that lived during the first 6,000 years of farming with those of modern athletes has shown that the average prehistoric agricultural woman had stronger upper arms than living female rowing champions. (cam.ac.uk)
  • This is the first study to actually compare prehistoric female bones to those of living women," said Dr Alison Macintosh, lead author of the study published today in the journal Science Advances . (cam.ac.uk)
  • The study, part of the European Research Council-funded ADaPt (Adaption, Dispersals and Phenotype) Project , used a small CT scanner in Cambridge's PAVE laboratory to analyse the arm (humerus) and leg (tibia) bones of living women who engage in a range of physical activity: from runners, rowers and footballers to those with more sedentary lifestyles. (cam.ac.uk)
  • The Neolithic women analysed in the study (from 7400-7000 years ago) had similar leg bone strength to modern rowers, but their arm bones were 11-16% stronger for their size than the rowers, and almost 30% stronger than typical Cambridge students. (cam.ac.uk)
  • The study - "Women Surgeons in the New Millennium" - was funded by the American College of Surgeons and the Association of Women Surgeons. (scienceblog.com)