Transcriptional trans-acting proteins of the promoter elements found in the long terminal repeats (LTR) of HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1 and HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 2. The tax (trans-activator x; x is undefined) proteins act by binding to enhancer elements in the LTR.
A strain of PRIMATE T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1 isolated from mature T4 cells in patients with T-lymphoproliferation malignancies. It causes adult T-cell leukemia (LEUKEMIA-LYMPHOMA, T-CELL, ACUTE, HTLV-I-ASSOCIATED), T-cell lymphoma (LYMPHOMA, T-CELL), and is involved in mycosis fungoides, SEZARY SYNDROME and tropical spastic paraparesis (PARAPARESIS, TROPICAL SPASTIC).
Tax on the net income of an individual, organization, or business.
Status not subject to taxation; as the income of a philanthropic organization. Tax-exempt organizations may also qualify to receive tax-deductible donations if they are considered to be nonprofit corporations under Section 501(c)3 of the United States Internal Revenue Code.
Productive or purposeful activities.
DNA sequences that form the coding region for at least three proteins which regulate the expression of HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1 and HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 2. The proteins are p21(x), p27(rex), and p40(tax). The tax (trans-activator x) and rex (regulator x) genes are part of pX but are in overlapping reading frames. X was the original designation for the sequences or region (at that time of unknown function) in the long open reading frame (lor) which is now called pX.
A strain of PRIMATE T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 2 that can transform normal T-lymphocytes and can replicate in both T- and B-cell lines. The virus is related to but distinct from HTLV-1.
Physiological or psychological effects of periods of work which may be fixed or flexible such as flexitime, work shifts, and rotating shifts.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Assessment of physiological capacities in relation to job requirements. It is usually done by measuring certain physiological (e.g., circulatory and respiratory) variables during a gradually increasing workload until specific limitations occur with respect to those variables.
Resumption of normal work routine following a hiatus or period of absence due to injury, disability, or other reasons.
Aggressive T-Cell malignancy with adult onset, caused by HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1. It is endemic in Japan, the Caribbean basin, Southeastern United States, Hawaii, and parts of Central and South America and sub-Saharan Africa.
Processes that stimulate the GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION of a gene or set of genes.
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
A CELL LINE derived from human T-CELL LEUKEMIA and used to determine the mechanism of differential susceptibility to anti-cancer drugs and radiation.
A protein that has been shown to function as a calcium-regulated transcription factor as well as a substrate for depolarization-activated CALCIUM-CALMODULIN-DEPENDENT PROTEIN KINASES. This protein functions to integrate both calcium and cAMP signals.
The type species of DELTARETROVIRUS that causes a form of bovine lymphosarcoma (ENZOOTIC BOVINE LEUKOSIS) or persistent lymphocytosis.
Any of the processes by which cytoplasmic factors influence the differential control of gene action in viruses.
Nucleotide sequences repeated on both the 5' and 3' ends of a sequence under consideration. For example, the hallmarks of a transposon are that it is flanked by inverted repeats on each end and the inverted repeats are flanked by direct repeats. The Delta element of Ty retrotransposons and LTRs (long terminal repeats) are examples of this concept.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.
Ubiquitous, inducible, nuclear transcriptional activator that binds to enhancer elements in many different cell types and is activated by pathogenic stimuli. The NF-kappa B complex is a heterodimer composed of two DNA-binding subunits: NF-kappa B1 and relA.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
The area within the CELL NUCLEUS.
The biosynthesis of RNA carried out on a template of DNA. The biosynthesis of DNA from an RNA template is called REVERSE TRANSCRIPTION.
DNA sequences which are recognized (directly or indirectly) and bound by a DNA-dependent RNA polymerase during the initiation of transcription. Highly conserved sequences within the promoter include the Pribnow box in bacteria and the TATA BOX in eukaryotes.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.
A malignant disease of the T-LYMPHOCYTES in the bone marrow, thymus, and/or blood.
Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.
An inheritable change in cells manifested by changes in cell division and growth and alterations in cell surface properties. It is induced by infection with a transforming virus.
The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.
Lymphocytes responsible for cell-mediated immunity. Two types have been identified - cytotoxic (T-LYMPHOCYTES, CYTOTOXIC) and helper T-lymphocytes (T-LYMPHOCYTES, HELPER-INDUCER). They are formed when lymphocytes circulate through the THYMUS GLAND and differentiate to thymocytes. When exposed to an antigen, they divide rapidly and produce large numbers of new T cells sensitized to that antigen.
Substances and products derived from NICOTIANA TABACUM.
The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.
Post-transcriptional regulatory proteins required for the accumulation of mRNAs that encode the gag and env gene products in HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1 and HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 2. The rex (regulator x; x is undefined) products act by binding to elements in the LONG TERMINAL REPEAT.
Place or physical location of work or employment.
Eukaryotic cell line obtained in a quiescent or stationary phase which undergoes conversion to a state of unregulated growth in culture, resembling an in vitro tumor. It occurs spontaneously or through interaction with viruses, oncogenes, radiation, or drugs/chemicals.
A subacute paralytic myeloneuropathy occurring endemically in tropical areas such as the Caribbean, Colombia, India, and Africa, as well as in the southwestern region of Japan; associated with infection by HUMAN T-CELL LEUKEMIA VIRUS I. Clinical manifestations include a slowly progressive spastic weakness of the legs, increased reflexes, Babinski signs, incontinence, and loss of vibratory and position sensation. On pathologic examination inflammatory, demyelination, and necrotic lesions may be found in the spinal cord. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1239)
Drinkable liquids containing ETHANOL.
An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.
The total amount of work to be performed by an individual, a department, or other group of workers in a period of time.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
Antigens associated with HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1.
System of recording financial transactions.
Sequences of DNA or RNA that occur in multiple copies. There are several types: INTERSPERSED REPETITIVE SEQUENCES are copies of transposable elements (DNA TRANSPOSABLE ELEMENTS or RETROELEMENTS) dispersed throughout the genome. TERMINAL REPEAT SEQUENCES flank both ends of another sequence, for example, the long terminal repeats (LTRs) on RETROVIRUSES. Variations may be direct repeats, those occurring in the same direction, or inverted repeats, those opposite to each other in direction. TANDEM REPEAT SEQUENCES are copies which lie adjacent to each other, direct or inverted (INVERTED REPEAT SEQUENCES).
The level of governmental organization and function below that of the national or country-wide government.
The uptake of naked or purified DNA by CELLS, usually meaning the process as it occurs in eukaryotic cells. It is analogous to bacterial transformation (TRANSFORMATION, BACTERIAL) and both are routinely employed in GENE TRANSFER TECHNIQUES.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.
Proteins which bind to DNA. The family includes proteins which bind to both double- and single-stranded DNA and also includes specific DNA binding proteins in serum which can be used as markers for malignant diseases.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.
The application of mathematical formulas and statistical techniques to the testing and quantifying of economic theories and the solution of economic problems.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
The first continuously cultured human malignant CELL LINE, derived from the cervical carcinoma of Henrietta Lacks. These cells are used for VIRUS CULTIVATION and antitumor drug screening assays.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
Diffusible gene products that act on homologous or heterologous molecules of viral or cellular DNA to regulate the expression of proteins.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control (induction or repression) of gene action at the level of transcription or translation.
The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.
A process whereby representatives of a particular interest group attempt to influence governmental decision makers to accept the policy desires of the lobbying organization.
Proteins found in any species of bacterium.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in water. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.
An absence from work permitted because of illness or the number of days per year for which an employer agrees to pay employees who are sick. (Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)
Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.
The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.
Personal satisfaction relative to the work situation.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.
Proteins found in the nucleus of a cell. Do not confuse with NUCLEOPROTEINS which are proteins conjugated with nucleic acids, that are not necessarily present in the nucleus.
A protein serine-threonine kinase that catalyzes the PHOSPHORYLATION of I KAPPA B PROTEINS. This enzyme also activates the transcription factor NF-KAPPA B and is composed of alpha and beta catalytic subunits, which are protein kinases and gamma, a regulatory subunit.
A member of the p300-CBP transcription factor family that was initially identified as a binding partner for CAMP RESPONSE ELEMENT-BINDING PROTEIN. Mutations in CREB-binding protein are associated with RUBINSTEIN-TAYBI SYNDROME.
Recombinant proteins produced by the GENETIC TRANSLATION of fused genes formed by the combination of NUCLEIC ACID REGULATORY SEQUENCES of one or more genes with the protein coding sequences of one or more genes.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Within a eukaryotic cell, a membrane-limited body which contains chromosomes and one or more nucleoli (CELL NUCLEOLUS). The nuclear membrane consists of a double unit-type membrane which is perforated by a number of pores; the outermost membrane is continuous with the ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM. A cell may contain more than one nucleus. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Statistical models of the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services, as well as of financial considerations. For the application of statistics to the testing and quantifying of economic theories MODELS, ECONOMETRIC is available.
Ratio of output to effort, or the ratio of effort produced to energy expended.
Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.
Private, not-for-profit hospitals that are autonomous, self-established, and self-supported.
Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.
Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
An activating transcription factor that regulates expression of a variety of genes including C-JUN GENES and TRANSFORMING GROWTH FACTOR BETA2.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
A large superfamily of transcription factors that contain a region rich in BASIC AMINO ACID residues followed by a LEUCINE ZIPPER domain.
The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.
Extrachromosomal, usually CIRCULAR DNA molecules that are self-replicating and transferable from one organism to another. They are found in a variety of bacterial, archaeal, fungal, algal, and plant species. They are used in GENETIC ENGINEERING as CLONING VECTORS.
Contamination of bodies of water (such as LAKES; RIVERS; SEAS; and GROUNDWATER.)
The selection, appointing, and scheduling of personnel.
A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
Activating transcription factors were originally identified as DNA-BINDING PROTEINS that interact with early promoters from ADENOVIRUSES. They are a family of basic leucine zipper transcription factors that bind to the consensus site TGACGTCA of the cyclic AMP response element, and are closely related to CYCLIC AMP-RESPONSIVE DNA-BINDING PROTEIN.
The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
The complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out in a specific political unit.
The phenotypic manifestation of a gene or genes by the processes of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION and GENETIC TRANSLATION.
Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.
Duplex DNA sequences in eukaryotic chromosomes, corresponding to the genome of a virus, that are transmitted from one cell generation to the next without causing lysis of the host. Proviruses are often associated with neoplastic cell transformation and are key features of retrovirus biology.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)
Identification of proteins or peptides that have been electrophoretically separated by blot transferring from the electrophoresis gel to strips of nitrocellulose paper, followed by labeling with antibody probes.
Infections caused by the HTLV or BLV deltaretroviruses. They include human T-cell leukemia-lymphoma (LEUKEMIA-LYMPHOMA, T-CELL, ACUTE, HTLV-I-ASSOCIATED).
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement.
The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Cis-acting DNA sequences which can increase transcription of genes. Enhancers can usually function in either orientation and at various distances from a promoter.
The level of protein structure in which combinations of secondary protein structures (alpha helices, beta sheets, loop regions, and motifs) pack together to form folded shapes called domains. Disulfide bridges between cysteines in two different parts of the polypeptide chain along with other interactions between the chains play a role in the formation and stabilization of tertiary structure. Small proteins usually consist of only one domain but larger proteins may contain a number of domains connected by segments of polypeptide chain which lack regular secondary structure.
A species of the genus SACCHAROMYCES, family Saccharomycetaceae, order Saccharomycetales, known as "baker's" or "brewer's" yeast. The dried form is used as a dietary supplement.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
A species of DELTARETROVIRUS that includes the strains SIMIAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 3 and HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 3.
Genes whose expression is easily detectable and therefore used to study promoter activity at many positions in a target genome. In recombinant DNA technology, these genes may be attached to a promoter region of interest.
Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.
The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.
Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
The measurement of magnetic fields over the head generated by electric currents in the brain. As in any electrical conductor, electric fields in the brain are accompanied by orthogonal magnetic fields. The measurement of these fields provides information about the localization of brain activity which is complementary to that provided by ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY. Magnetoencephalography may be used alone or together with electroencephalography, for measurement of spontaneous or evoked activity, and for research or clinical purposes.
Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.
A member of the p300-CBP transcription factors that was originally identified as a binding partner for ADENOVIRUS E1A PROTEINS.
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
A family of transcription factors found primarily in PLANTS that bind to the G-box DNA sequence CACGTG or to a consensus sequence CANNTG.
Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.
A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).
Elimination of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS; PESTICIDES and other waste using living organisms, usually involving intervention of environmental or sanitation engineers.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
Cells grown in vitro from neoplastic tissue. If they can be established as a TUMOR CELL LINE, they can be propagated in cell culture indefinitely.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
An enzyme that catalyzes the acetylation of chloramphenicol to yield chloramphenicol 3-acetate. Since chloramphenicol 3-acetate does not bind to bacterial ribosomes and is not an inhibitor of peptidyltransferase, the enzyme is responsible for the naturally occurring chloramphenicol resistance in bacteria. The enzyme, for which variants are known, is found in both gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria. EC 2.3.1.28.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
A type of POST-TRANSLATIONAL PROTEIN MODIFICATION by SMALL UBIQUITIN-RELATED MODIFIER PROTEINS (also known as SUMO proteins).
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
A family of histone acetyltransferases that is structurally-related to CREB-BINDING PROTEIN and to E1A-ASSOCIATED P300 PROTEIN. They function as transcriptional coactivators by bridging between DNA-binding TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS and the basal transcription machinery. They also modify transcription factors and CHROMATIN through ACETYLATION.
A transcription factor that takes part in the NF-kappa-B complex by interacting with NF-KAPPA B P50 SUBUNIT or NF-KAPPA B P52 SUBUNIT. It regulates GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION that is involved in immune and inflammatory responses.
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
A strain of PRIMATE T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 2, closely related to the human HTLV-1 virus. The clinical, hematological, and histopathological characteristics of the disease in STLV-infected monkeys are very similar to those of human adult T-cell leukemia. Subgroups include the African green monkey subtype (STLV-I-AGM), for which the nucleotide sequence is 95% homologous with that of HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1, and the Asian rhesus macaque subtype (STLV-I-MM), for which the nucleotide sequence is 90% homologous with that of HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1.
Payment by individuals or their family for health care services which are not covered by a third-party payer, either insurance or medical assistance.
Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.
Organizations comprising wage and salary workers in health-related fields for the purpose of improving their status and conditions. The concept includes labor union activities toward providing health services to members.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.
Organic compounds that generally contain an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) group. Twenty alpha-amino acids are the subunits which are polymerized to form proteins.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
Methods of creating machines and devices.
The introduction of a phosphoryl group into a compound through the formation of an ester bond between the compound and a phosphorus moiety.
The act of ligating UBIQUITINS to PROTEINS to form ubiquitin-protein ligase complexes to label proteins for transport to the PROTEASOME ENDOPEPTIDASE COMPLEX where proteolysis occurs.
Progressive restriction of the developmental potential and increasing specialization of function that leads to the formation of specialized cells, tissues, and organs.
Control which is exerted by the more stable organizations of society, such as established institutions and the law. They are ordinarily embodied in definite codes, usually written.
Specific amino acid sequences present in the primary amino acid sequence of proteins which mediate their export from the CELL NUCLEUS. They are rich in hydrophobic residues, such as LEUCINE and ISOLEUCINE.
Any of the processes by which cytoplasmic or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in bacteria.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Diseases of the muscles and their associated ligaments and other connective tissue and of the bones and cartilage viewed collectively.
Process of generating a genetic MUTATION. It may occur spontaneously or be induced by MUTAGENS.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.
The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.
Women who are engaged in gainful activities usually outside the home.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
Proteins obtained from foods. They are the main source of the ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.
Decisions for determining and guiding present and future objectives from among alternatives.
Kohn, Peter (28 October 2009). "Nina Bassat Honoured For Communal Work". The Australian Jewish News. Retrieved 12 December 2015 ... Harvey, Claire (12 April 2001). "Holocaust Victims Fear Tax on Payout". The Australian. Retrieved 11 December 2015 - via ... Newspaper Source - EBSCOhost. ...
Taxes and extra-market means again discouraged local textile production. Working conditions were brutal, especially in the ... Often Ibn Manzur names his source then quotes from it. Therefore, if the reader recognizes the name of Ibn Manzur's source, a ... Their workers had poor working conditions: low wages, child labour, and 18-hour work days. Richard Arkwright created a textile ... and British restrictions on Indian cotton imports transformed India from the source of textiles to a source of raw cotton. ...
The profits are taxed at 20% rate. Value Added Tax (VAT) rate is 18%. All works, goods, services provided and taxable imports ... Otherwise, it should be taxed at the source of payment without subtracting its expenses. Gains, which arise from revaluation of ... corporate tax, value added tax, excise tax, property tax, land tax, road tax, mineral royalty tax and simplified tax. Taxes of ... state taxes, taxes of autonomy republic and local (municipal) taxes. State taxes include the following: personal income tax, ...
... increases the working hours of teachers; and cuts a property tax by 15%.[deprecated source] 11 June 2013 - The Greek parliament ... 21 December 2013 - A bill on the Single Property Tax and the auction of houses is approved by a majority of 152 deputies in the ... "Greece imposes property tax in bid to avoid default". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 August 2013. "Greece adopts austerity bill ... Measures include: a freeze in pensions; an increase in VAT from 19% to 21%; rises in taxes on fuel, cigarettes, and alcohol; ...
PhD work beyond this may be unfunded or funded from other sources. A very small number of scientific studentships are sometimes ... tax-free). RTPs are paid for a duration of 3 years, while a 6-month extension is usually possible upon citing delays out of the ... The doctoral candidate's work should be presented in a dissertation or thesis prepared under the supervision of a tutor or ... After two or two and a half years, it is expected that the research work of the doctoral candidate be submitted in the form of ...
The Hartwell Paper advocates funding this work by low hypothecated (dedicated) carbon taxes. It opens discussion on how to ... The source of economic growth and value-adding activities-increasingly relies on knowledge. The significance of knowledge grows ... This calls for very substantially increased investment in innovation in noncarbon energy sources in order to diversify energy ...
3,000,000 Work Fund for Capital." Washington Post. July 14, 1933. "Street Work Will Advance On Tax Funds." Washington Post. ... The Memorial Drive work, however, received funding from other sources, which allowed paving of it to move forward. Arlington ... The concrete work and most of the granite work on the western superstructure was also nearly complete. As this work progressed ... Funds no longer came solely from general tax revenue, either. Road work could now be paid for by federal fuel taxes. On ...
This ceiling on the property tax made new sources on tax revenue necessary. Martin proposed a sales tax as a short term, stop- ... He recommended a $10,000,000 bond issue which was to be used to fund employment on minor public works projects. The Legislature ... gap measure; he believed that this sales tax would ultimately be replaced by a form of business and occupation tax. The ... His platform was based on providing unemployment relief and tax reform; he vowed "to return the state government to the service ...
Tax rates increased on average 5-10%/year for city taxes and 3-8%/year for provincial taxes. The increase in taxes was a source ... He described the work as "awful and not the best use of tax dollars". The sculpture was sited along Airport Trail and drivers ... Nenshi disfavors property tax as being archaic and unable to effectively collect revenue for capital civil works such as ... He favors a mixture of sources such as business taxes. Nenshi states that currently only the province have the authority to ...
The chief sources of income were octroi (Rs. 1,30,000) and water rate (Rs. 22,000); and the chief heads of expenditure were ... 15,000), public works (Rs. 13,000), and education (Rs. 18,000). The income of the cantonment fund in 1903-4 was Rs. 43,000, and ... general administration and collection of taxes (Rs. 39,000), public safety (Rs. 7,400), water-supply and drainage (RS. 22,000 ... From the date of its foundation (1768), its manufactures-ornamented silks, silver- and gold-work, and lacquered ware-have been ...
Income is taxed at 25 per cent less 5 per cent taxes withheld at source. Taxation in Iran generates particular unease among ... Foreign nationals working in Iran are also subject to the same income tax based on their salary. Non-resident individuals are ... regulate tax exemptions and prevent tax evasion. The government can increase its tax revenues 2.5 times by enacting tax reforms ... Apart from the 25 per cent corporation tax and the 0.3 per cent Chamber of Commerce tax no more taxes will be payable by the ...
Some works of Tusi show that he was influenced by precedent jurists like Sallar Deylami. The influence of Shaykh Tusi continued ... Of the four authoritative sources of the Shiites, two are written by Shaykh Tusi. These two basic reference books are: Tahdhib ... These roles were: collecting and distributing the religious taxes and organizing the Friday prayers. According to some scholars ... It was between the ages of twenty and thirty that he started writing some of his earlier works. By the time he was forty-two, ...
Works will start on June 2021 and are scheduled to be completed by the end of 2023. See source Wikidata query and sources. ... There are also taxis available to any destination on the island. Transport in Greece http://www.greekhelicopters.gr/helos/wp- ... Works will include a new terminal of 12.000m2, an extended runway of 1799m, a new control tower and other facilities. ... financed both the construction of the first phase of the terminal and the infrastructure works for the new airport. On November ...
"Tax free bikes for work through the Government's Green Transport Initiative". Cyclescheme.[non-primary source needed] Broekaert ... The United Kingdom has a tax break scheme (IR 176) that allows employees to buy a new bicycle tax free to use for commuting. In ... "Wilbur Wright Working in the Bicycle Shop". World Digital Library. 1897. Retrieved 22 July 2013. Norcliffe 2001, p. 23. ... These are toothed and work much the same as a chain-popular with commuters and long distance cyclists they require little ...
The major source of city income is through a sales tax. The office of Public Works oversees city infrastructure, water and ... The museum has worked to collect and preserve equipment used of mining in the Black Hills and hosts a one-stamp gold mill. ... Business Tax "Education in South Dakota , District State Wide Profiles". Archived from the original on 2007-05-12. Retrieved ... Hill City has increasingly become the arts community of the Black Hills, and is the home to the Warrior's Work gallery, which ...
The king instituted a tax to fund construction. The funds, however, were diverted to charity rather than to building work. The ... This source was first used by the Romans, who built a dam and an aqueduct there. In 1571, Francisco de Holanda proposed using ... Work was mostly on the upstream end, to collect more water. The system comprised, in total, 58,135 metres (36.123 mi) of under ... The project was paid for by a special sales tax on beef, olive oil, wine, and other products. Water was in scarce supply even ...
The first program that ever really worked was the investment tax credit." With the unprecedented growth in historic ... Sources credit this coming together of forces in support of historic preservation, and Longsworth especially. Arthur P. Ziegler ... With improved incentives for historic preservation in the form of tax credits and other programs, the focus of urban projects ... Preservation Action proved instrumental in the passage of various laws and amendments, including the Tax Reform Act of 1976. ...
Urine was so important to the fulling business that it was taxed. Stale urine, known as wash, was a source of ammonium salts ... In Roman times, fulling was conducted by slaves working the cloth while ankle deep in tubs of human urine. ...
The second proposal are the surveys related to the policy of subsidies, such as the SISBEN; a strategy that works through home ... The first is the tax information, where each inhabitant income are reported. In the current model, there are people who live in ... 98% of households in stratum 6 is in these quintiles). Although nowadays there are more reliable sources to determine capacity ...
Foreign-source income is not taxable in Malaysia. Over 50 year olds can work part-time (maximum 20 hours a week) subject to ... gained from bank fixed deposit is tax exempted Parents can join under a long-term visa Participants are not allowed to work or ... Therefore, this tax incentive will be terminated effective from 1 January 2018. However, Ministry of Finance will give special ... Tax exemption is given to remittance of offshore pension fund into Malaysia. ...
Sources Tax Assessor's Plat 34; Chapter 17.40 and 17.80 of the Codified Ordinances of the City of Newport. "DEATH OF A RICH ... Among the American paintings bequeathed to the Society that hung at Chepstow were works by George Harvey, Fitz Hugh Lane and ...
"Japan to cut corporate tax rate to 29.74 percent in two stages: sources". Reuters. Retrieved 27 December 2015. "Shinzo Abe: ... Abe has favored short-term working visas for migrant workers to "work and raise incomes for a limited period of time, and then ... who favored a policy of greater fiscal consolidation through taxes. Abe dismissed the chairman of the LDP's tax panel Takeshi ... Abe declared the tax deal to be "the best possible result" of the negotiations. At the 2016 election to the House of ...
In accordance with law, all toll rates include a 12% value-added tax. Source: Toll Regulatory Board Philippine expressway ... Mercurio, Richmond (September 13, 2019). "NLEX starts P1.6 B SFEX works". The Philippine Star. Lazaro, Ramon Efren (March 19, ... network List of expressways in the Philippines "Road and Bridge Inventory". Department of Public Works and Highway. Retrieved ...
Sources identified Lynch as one of the two women. A lifelong resident of New York, Lynch was raised in a working-class ... The IRS filed a $580,666 tax lien against PLA/NY in August 2010 due to unpaid federal payroll taxes. An additional tax lien for ... Before forming PLA/NY, Lynch worked for Senate Democrats and members of Congress. From there, she became the communications ... "Top Albany Lobbying Firm, Patricia Lynch & Associates, Hit With New Federal Tax Lien". nydailynews.com. "Patricia Lynch ...
The community is a group of open-source researchers and developers working to advance mass-capacity object storage. CORTX open- ... In 2000, Seagate incorporated in the Cayman Islands in order to reduce income taxes. In 2000, the company was taken private by ... The Wharton Work/Life Roundtable, A Division of the Wharton Work/Life Integration Project, University of Pennsylvania. ... In September 2020, Seagate announced it had entered the object-storage business and introduced CORTX, an open-source object ...
Twenty people work at the airport, which is five minutes from Storslett. Free parking, taxis and car rental is available. ... See source Wikidata query and sources. "ENSR - Sørkjosen" (PDF). Avinor. Retrieved 9 April 2012.[permanent dead link] " ...
... as part of the city council Love approved a transition from the agriculture tax to municipal tax. She worked with other city ... Love also supported tax cuts, cuts to foreign aid, and tort reform.[better source needed] Love supported the March 2015 budget ... While working as a flight attendant in 1998, she moved to Utah as part of her work. She also wanted to be closer to a temple ... She has promoted the work of the libertarian Cato Institute. Love supports cutting the Earned Income Tax Credit in half and ...
A central source of income to the church were from taxes gathered in kind and in cash. A good of portion went to Rome or ... Those farmers who migrated to the city were often forced to pay a fixed payment or to make up for this payment by working in a ... Contemporary sources reveal that in large parts of Albania, the village population had fallen to the status of serfdom. An ... In an effort to find additional means of finance, especially in times of war, the central authority imposed high taxes on the ...
Citizens, especially skilled workers, were sometimes made to both pay ordinary taxes and work for the state. If called to work ... In the Maurya and post-Maurya time period, forced labor had become a regular source of income for the state. Epigraphic ... commuted taxing their inhabitants with obligations in the form of labor for public works, or let them pay a fee or tax to avoid ... The state benefited from the use of the labour for farming and infrastructure, by high income taxes on those who found work ...
The gallery features works of art created by local artists. There is also a variety of gifts available for purchase such as ... "Branch Office Locations Archived April 4, 2008, at the Wayback Machine." Harris County Tax Office. Retrieved October 13, 2008. ... Source: personal memories of her friends and Baytown Sun articles January 26, 2003 and 03/01/2004) ... Steel manufacturing in Baytown began in 1970 when United States Steel opened the Texas Works near the city. The plant was ...
Their arguments were that Asians and Chinese took jobs away from white men, worked for "substandard" wages, lowered working ... Source: ILO[5] Trade unions by country[edit]. Australia[edit]. The Australian labour movement generally sought to end child ... reduce taxes and balance budgets. Legislation was introduced in many jurisdictions reversing union collective bargaining rights ... Work, Management and Welfare in Scandinavia. Stockholm: SNS (pp. 155-160) *^ "Trade Union Density" OECD. Accessed: 06 October ...
One source for this was when, as a very young boy, he would hear his father, grandfather, and cowboys give out loud cries when ... We sure not tryin' to take credit for swingin' it." Speaking of Milt Brown and himself working with songs done by Jimmie Davis ... to managers later revealed to be dishonest left Wills in desperate financial straits with heavy debts to the IRS for back taxes ... Actor Clint Eastwood recalled seeing Wills when he was 18 or 19 (1948 or 1949) and working at a pulp mill in Springfield, ...
The 10th-century scholar Biruni, in his work Kitab al-Tafhim li Awa'il Sina'at al-Tanjim, provides a description of the ... Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. ( ... Rostami, Hoda (17 March 2007). "Yek Jahan Noruz (meaning: Worldwide Nowruz)". Saman (Publication of Iranian National Tax ... see p12: "In connection to calendar reform, another work Nowruz-nama is attributed to Khayyam but the attribution is not ...
Main source: Automating Inequality: How High-Tech Tools Profile, Police, and Punish the Poor, Ch. 2 [117][page needed] ... "Making Medicaid Work" (PDF). www.policymattersohio.org.. *^ "Pregnant Illegal Aliens Overwhelming Emergency Medicaid". Newsmax. ... Several political factors influence the cost and eligibility of tax-funded health care, according to a study conducted by ... This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain. ...
Steve Lumbley, who worked for Tilton's ministry in 1991 when the original Primetime Live investigation took place, told a ... other sources put the total fundraising time during episodes of Success-N-Life closer to 68 percent.[11] Some of Tilton's ... 24 million per year tax-free.[22] ... who knew Ole Anthony from her work as a religion reporter at ... Ole Anthony, a Dallas-based minister whose Trinity Foundation church works with the homeless and the poor on the east side of ...
JEL: K34 - Tax Law. JEL: K35 - Personal Bankruptcy Law. JEL: K39 - Outros. JEL: K4 - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and ... JEL: Q42 - Alternative Energy Sources. JEL: Q43 - Energy and the Macroeconomy. JEL: Q48 - Government Policy. JEL: Q49 - Outros ... JEL: J2 - Time Allocation, Work Behavior, e Employment Determinação e Creação; Capital humano ... JEL: H25 - Business Taxes and Subsidies. JEL: H26 - Evasão fiscal. JEL: H27 - Outras fontes de receitas. JEL: H29 - Outros. JEL ...
Working class characters[edit]. *Frede "Fede" ("Fatty") Hansen (born 1893) - Benny Hansen - A good-hearted painter. He's a ... He enters a shady tax-evading deal with both the house's owner and Jørgen Varnæs, who buys the farm on behalf of Mads, in ... Musse Skjold-Hansen - Birthe Backhausen Wife of Viggo and source of Viggo's economic resources. She is Nouveau riche through ... Stein, who works in her husband's bank, from the Nazi Jew-hunt, her character changes into a brave woman of action that starts ...
In Japan, sake has long been taxed by the national government. In 1898, this tax brought in about ¥5 million out of a total of ... Sources. *Bamforth CW. (2005) "Sake". Food, Fermentation and Micro-organisms. Blackwell Science: Oxford, UK: 143-153. ... The work of both writers was widely disseminated throughout Europe at the beginning of the 19th century.[9] ... At the time, sake still made up an astonishing 30% of Japan's tax revenue. Since home-brewed sake is tax-free sake, the logic ...
Find sources: "Dennis Kucinich" - news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (February 2018) (Learn how and when to remove ... Uri Friedman (August 31, 2011). Al Jazeera Says Kucinich Worked With Qaddafis, Kucinich Denies Archived September 14, 2011, at ... He criticized a tax referendum proposed by Voinovich in 1980, which voters eventually approved. He also struggled to find ... Please help by adding reliable sources. Contentious material about living persons that is unsourced or poorly sourced must be ...
The Edwin Smith Papyrus dating back to 1600 BCE is an early work on surgery, while the Ebers Papyrus dating back to 1500 BCE is ... According to some sources, an emphasis on internal structures is implied.[21] In North America, specialists in internal ... This welfare system the church funded through collecting taxes on a large scale and possessing large farmlands and estates. The ... In general, resident work hours in medicine are less than those in surgery, averaging about 60 hours per week in the US. This ...
This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced ... This means that the three years of work from 2018 onwards will cost at least €900 million.[63] The total cost of the airport ... "BER benötigt wohl noch mehr Steuergeld" [BER likely to leech even more tax payer money].. ... One source with the TÜV stated, "What the airport ordered was sufficient for a circus tent, but [if power fails] not for the ...
In addition, such laws may reduce health care costs,[3] improve work productivity, and lower the overall cost of labour in the ... Along with tax measures, cessation measures, and education, smoking bans are viewed by public health experts as an important ... This source contains quotations from the legislation, which is in the public domain. ... Using sales and tobacco tax data from 216 cities and counties over 11 years, the researchers projected that seven of the states ...
"The Works of Jonathan Edwards, Volume Two". The Life And Diary of The Rev. David Brainerd. Calvin College: Christian Classics ... Prince Paul von Thurn und Taxis (1843-1879), former aide-de-camp of King Ludwig II ... Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. ( ... Arline Greenbaum Feynman, the first wife of physicist Richard Feynman, died from tuberculosis while her husband was working on ...
This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced ... Department for Work and Pensions. March 2006. Retrieved 2006-07-16.. *^ Clark, Dave (15 July 2011). "Mr". Retrieved 15 July ... Government expenditure per person, which is higher (both in gross terms and relative to tax revenues), in the North than the ... Some sources claim it exists but also that it is even expanding. For example, a report in 2001 found that North East England, ...
Its setup was described as follows by The New York Times the city provides vacant sites, forgives real-estate taxes on the ... In 1939, the Works Progress Administration Guide to New York City[14] wrote: .mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden; ... Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. ( ... the change in population from mostly working class Italians and Jewish residents to residents of Puerto Rican and African ...
... is regarded as a precursor of both Expressionism and Cubism, while his personality and works were a source of ... was a merchant and tax collector. Nothing is known about his mother or his first wife, also Greek.[7] El Greco's older brother ... El Greco's personality and work were a source of inspiration for poet Rainer Maria Rilke. One set of Rilke's poems (Himmelfahrt ... Notable work. El Expolio (1577-1579). The Assumption of the Virgin (1577-1579). The Burial of the Count of Orgaz (1586-1588). ...
This article relies too much on references to primary sources. Please improve this by adding secondary or tertiary sources. ( ... Jude also works closely with Le Bonheur Children's Medical Center, also located in downtown Memphis. St. Jude patients needing ... tax-exempt organization by the Internal Revenue Service.[2] St. Jude treats infants, children, teens, and young adults up to ... Jude come from many sources, including government grants and insurance recoveries, but the principal source of funding (75% ...
Work-family balance[edit]. Main articles: Work-family conflict, Double burden, and Work-life balance ... In P.A. Keller & L.G. Ritt (Eds.), Innovations in clinical practice: A source book, Vol. 5 (pp. 331-338). Sarasota, FL: ... Caruso, C. (2009). NIOSH OHP activities: Training products for workers who are assigned to shift work or work long work hours. ... a b c d e f g h i Schonfeld, I.S., & Chang, C.-H. (2017). Occupational health psychology: Work, stress, and health. New York, ...
The Super Insulated House; A working guide for owner-builders, architects, carpenters and contractors. Fairbanks: That New ... Second hand source: Energy conservation. Cellulose vs fiberglass. The Colorado Study, archive-backup ... In 1977, following a particularly severe winter, a tax credit was given for homeowners who installed insulation. ... Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. ( ...
The Law Concerning the General Sales Tax in 2005 also set the tax rate on khat at 20% of its retail price.[62] ... This section needs more medical references for verification or relies too heavily on primary sources. Please review the ... an 11th-century work on pharmacy and materia medica written by Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī, a Persian scientist and biologist. Unaware ... Source Nationella operativa avdelningen.[81]. The drug was prohibited in Sweden in 1989, without research.[65] In 2007, it was ...
Find sources: "Culture of Bengal" - news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (October 2016) (Learn how and when to remove ... These include the works of Atisa and Tilopa.[2] Medieval Hindu philosophy featured the works of Chaitanya. ... The metered-cabs are mostly of the brand "Ambassador" manufactured by Hindustan Motors (now out of production). These taxis are ... The works of ancient philosophers from Bengal have been preserved at libraries in Tibet, China and Central Asia. ...
Student life[change , change source]. Students' Union, JCR and MCR[change , change source]. The Cambridge University Students' ... "How the University Works - The Regent House". University of Cambridge. Retrieved 2 January 2013.. ... when King Henry III of England gave to the people there the right to teach students and lower taxes. A letter from Pope Gregory ... Central administration[change , change source]. Chancellor and Vice-Chancellor[change , change source]. The head of the ...
In his 1798 work An Essay on the Principle of Population, the British scholar Thomas Malthus incorrectly predicted that ... Starting in AD 2, the Han Dynasty of ancient China kept consistent family registers in order to properly assess the poll taxes ... An approximation based on figures from different sources as listed at the US Census Bureau's Total Midyear Population for the ... Proceedings of the United Nations Technical Working Group on Long-Range Population Projections. New York: United Nations: ...
As wealthy Chinese merchants and investors served as a source of tax revenue and political interests of the Nguyen officials.[ ... Many would then work as butchers and tailors and then venture into confectionery. Many Chinese also worked as money lenders, ... 2012). Sources of Vietnamese Tradition. Introduction to Asian Civilizations. Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-13862-8 ... They formed a new group of people in Vietnamese society and worked for the Nguyễn government.[97] Both Khmer and Vietnamese ...
The new Constitution reserves 25% of state and municipal taxes and 18% of federal taxes for education.[88] ... In general, Brazilians trace their origins from five sources: Europeans, Amerindians, Africans, Levantines, and East Asians.[1] ... Most of them were attracted to work in the coffee plantations in the state of São Paulo. Today there are an estimated 15 ... In this work we analyzed the information content of 28 ancestry-informative SNPs into multiplexed panels using three parental ...
This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced ... A third and earlier work, The Devil's Discus (1964), is also available in Thai and English. The latter two books are banned in ... is exempt from taxes.[168][170] ... Works. *HM King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand. The Story of ... Find sources: "Bhumibol Adulyadej" - news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (June 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this ...
Aside from medical help, various sources provide information, rehabilitation, education, and work and social integration. ... Methanol is commonly found in methylated spirits, denatured ethyl alcohol, to avoid paying taxes on selling ethanol intended ... The work is explicitly incongruous, ending with the comment Did you ever see such a sight in your life, As three blind mice? ... The work posits that [those] who best Bear [God]'s mild yoke, they serve him best. ...
They were drafted for work in mines, on plantations, as porters, and on public projects as part of their tax responsibility. ... This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced ... Find sources: "Ivory Coast" - news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (September 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this ... Find sources: "Ivory Coast" - news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (April 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this ...
The headquarters of W H Smith, with Smiths News, is near the School Library Association, west of the MINI works in Upper ... Weymouth and Portland has the highest council tax in England. West Somerset has the lowest average full-time pay at £287; West ... Coal mining in the Mendips was an important source of wealth while quarrying also took place. ... Herschel then built a 20-ft reflecting telescope and invented the star count, working out that the Milky Way is a disc, which ...
... central government employees have been asked to work from home till April 4. ... Tax officials working to facilitate tax payments for taxpayers: Source. To contain the COVID-19 outbreak, just like the private ... [email protected]@[email protected][email protected]@[email protected]!~!,news,economy,policy,tax-officials-working-to-facilitate-tax-payments-for-taxpayers-source- ... [email protected]@[email protected][email protected]@[email protected]!~!,news,economy,policy,tax-officials-working-to-facilitate-tax-payments-for-taxpayers-source- ...
16, 2010, Sink wrote: Career politician Bill McCollum said tax cuts dont work. Thats just plain wrong -- wrong for ... A Republican candidate against tax cuts would be like President Barack Obama being against hope, right? But thats the ... Sources:. The News Service of Florida, Candidates differ some on tax breaks, Feb. 15. 2010 ... Sink says McCollum said tax cuts dont work. By Amy Sherman on Wednesday, February 24th, 2010 at 7:37 p.m. ...
Learn about the carbon tax and how a carbon tax can lower emissions. ... A carbon tax is one of two market-based options that focus on lowering harmful emissions. ... If all fuel types were taxed equally by weight or volume, there would be no incentive to use cleaner sources like natural gas ... Instead of taxing consumers, Quebec will tax the middlemen -- energy and oil companies. Even though the tax is toward the top ...
Learn about LLC taxes and find out if forming a LLC is right for your business. ... LLC taxes apply if you form a limited liability company. ... In some cases, this person may be exempt from the tax [source: ... The LLC then files an 1120S tax return (U.S. Income Tax Return for an S Corporation) [sources: BizFilings, Dahl]. ... Tax law requires they make quarterly estimated-tax payments to the IRS and their state. Quarterly self-employment taxes to ...
Nonresident aliens must file federal income tax forms, but with their own special exemptions. Learn more about nonresident ... Resident aliens are taxed on both U.S. income and income from foreign sources, and file the same 1040 income tax return as U.S ... U.S. citizens and residents have up to three years to file a late tax return and still claim refunds and tax credits [source: ... The IRS also welcomes the tax dollars of foreigners living and working in the U.S. For tax purposes, the IRS distinguishes ...
... is a concept in which tax is collected at the very source of your income. So, lets simplify TDS and understand its mechanism. ... TAX PLANNING TAX PLANNING Plan your taxes in advance and save money, explore our articles to know how to do that efficiently. ... It widens the tax reach.. *Tax gets collected and deposited to the credit of the Government automatically which reduces the tax ... TDS stands for tax deducted at source. It is based on the principle that you pay as you earn. To reduce the chances of any ...
San Diego Source is San Diego�s only information company reporting and providing hourly and daily business news, data and ... New retirement board works to defend tax-exempt status. The citys new retirement board will be faced with a difficult question ... Two reports outline sources of pensions deficit. San Diego City Employees Retirement System Board President Frederick W. ... Though unsure when the city might be able to work with Wall Street again, San Diego Mayor Dick Murphy laid out a plan to ask ...
Source: EPI analysis of Burman et al. (2016), and of data from NYSE Market Data Factbook, NASDAQ Monthly Market Summary, ... Report , Budget, Taxes, and Public Investment A financial transaction tax would help ensure Wall Street works for Main Street ... Securities Transaction Taxes: Lessons from International Experience. National Bureau of Economic Research, Working Paper No. ... When pre-tax trading costs are very low, even a modest (say, 0.34 percent) FTT can increase total post-tax trading costs ...
The State of State (and Local) Tax Policy*State and Local Revenues*What are the sources of revenue for state governments? ... What is the TCJA repatriation tax and how does it work?. *What is the TCJA base erosion and anti-abuse tax and how does it work ... The Tax Reform Act of 2014: Fixing Our Broken Tax Code So That It Works for American Families and Job Creators, House Ways and ... Tax Incentives for Economic Development*What is the new markets tax credit, and how does it work? ...
Employer-paid premiums for health insurance are exempt from federal income and payroll taxes. Additionally, the portion of ... State (and Local) Taxes*State and Local Revenues*What are the sources of revenue for state governments? ... Key Elements of the U.S. Tax System*Individual Income Tax*Whats the difference between tax deductions and tax credits? ... The Tax Reform Act of 2014: Fixing Our Broken Tax Code So That It Works for American Families and Job Creators, House Ways and ...
... a first ever investigation of metro area transportation spending by the Environmental Working Group found that commuters in 176 ... metropolitan areas paid a total of $20 billion more in federal gas taxes than they received in federal highway trust fund money ... Source: Environmental Working Group. Compiled from U.S. DOT data and U.S. Census 2000 data. ... The tax is paid by consumers in the form of gasoline prices that include the cost of the tax (GAO 2002, FHWA 1996). ...
The 2017 tax brackets will tell you what kind of tax bill to expect for the income you earn in 2017. They can help in your ... Source: Data from IRS.gov.. How the tax schedule works. If you're single and assuming that your taxable income of $92,000 ... While your $92,000 income has you in the 28% tax bracket, it's not all taxed at a flat 28%. If it were, your tax bill ... will be taxed at 28% ($28). Add up those four tax bites and you'll arrive at your total tax due, $18,741.75. ...
Supply chain and sourcing effectiveness. *IT effectiveness. *Tax efficiency. Support of breakthrough improvements: we work with ... In so doing, we play a critical role in building a better working world for our people, for our clients and for our communities ... EY is a global leader in assurance, consulting, strategy and transactions, and tax services. The insights and quality services ... tax, or other professional advice. Please refer to your advisors for specific advice. ...
Sources give differing completion dates. The Fitzwilliam (2012) page says the building was completed in March 2002 while the ... Lesego Motsumi, Minister of Works and Transport, reported that "the project had a time delay of 544 days which resulted in an ... "Department of Taxes and Attorney Generals Chambers Building". Emporis. Archived from the original on 24 July 2012. Retrieved ... The Department of Taxes and Attorney Generals Chambers Building (sometimes shortened to Attorney Generals Chambers Building) ...
The problem they are addressing is that individuals cant, regardless of whether they are writing open source or proprietary ... Corporations developing open source tools can already get the write-offs. ... have developed a proposal they call the Open Source Tax Credit. The idea is that corporations can write-off their work ... An open source tax credit?. Corporations developing open source tools can already get the write-offs. The problem they are ...
Exploring the Relationship between Environmentally Related Taxes and Inequality in Income Sources: An Empirical Cross-country ... The OECD will draw on its multidisciplinary expertise, data, and tools - along with our ground-breaking work on climate finance ... empirical analysis of the macroeconomic relationship between environmentally related taxes and inequality in income sources. ... The analysis also investigates whether this relationship differs between countries which have implemented environmental tax ...
... the government is now said to be instead considering removing tax relief on pension contributions for the highest earners. How ... After the furious debate about a possible mansion tax yesterday, ... Source: ONS How pension taxes work. I asked Richard Murphy, the ... taxing pensions] and the truth is as with a lot of the taxes on high earners, when we try to tax them, what were trying to tax ... Tax avoidance. Murphy also said that by removing tax relief for higher earners, it could cut down on tax avoidance. He said: If ...
Proponents of soda taxes cite the success of tobacco taxes worldwide when explaining why they think a soda tax will work to ... Harford, Tim (16 March 2016). "The Budgets sugar tax is half-baked". Financial Times. "The Nutrition Source: Sugary Drinks". ... Meat tax Fat tax Tobacco tax Pigovian tax Sin tax Liquid Candy List of countries by Body Mass Index (BMI) Sugary Drinks Portion ... Tax design approaches include direct taxes on the product and indirect taxes. Indirect taxes include import/export taxes on ...
Source: Yahoo More from NBER. In addition to working papers, the NBER disseminates affiliates latest findings through a range ... The Long-Term Effects of Californias 2004 Paid Family Leave Act on Womens Careers: Evidence from U.S. Tax Data Martha J. ... This work was generously supported by the National Science Foundation (1757063), the Center for Equitable Growth, and the NICHD ... This paper uses IRS tax data to evaluate the short- and long-term effects of Californias 2004 Paid Family Leave Act (PFLA) on ...
I work for the Government (and read Slashdot during work). We host everything that works at:. www.gifttutoring.org ... Werent we all told that works by the federal government automatically fall into the public domain (except classified works) ... A lot of that knowledge is open source, but it hasnt always been easy to access. Today, DARPA has responded to requests from ... DARPA Publishes Tons of Open Source Code, Data 39 Posted by Soulskill on Wednesday February 05, 2014 @08:13AM. from the roll- ...
... along with paving and sidewalk work in South Bend. Construction is scheduled for summer 2018. Project was awarded to Rognlins ... Funding Source. Amount ($ in thousands). 2003 Gas Tax (Nickel Funding). $0. 2005 Gas Tax (TPA). $0. ... US 101 - SR 6 intersection improvements and drainage work. Project news. *The roundabout project will be combined with drainage ... Home » Projects » US101 » SR6IntersectionAndDrainage » US 101 - SR 6 intersection improvements and drainage work ...
... and learn which state taxes apply based on business type. ... Understand the tax implications of running a small business in ... Investopedia requires writers to use primary sources to support their work. These include white papers, government data, ... California imposes three types of income taxes on businesses: a corporate tax, a franchise tax, and an alternative minimum tax ... Corporate Tax A corporate tax is tax on the profits of a corporation that generate revenue for a government. ...
Learn about two strategies hedge funds use to minimize their tax liabilities. Read why some hedge funds are in the reinsurance ... Investopedia requires writers to use primary sources to support their work. These include white papers, government data, ... Funds are also able to avoid paying taxes by sending profits to reinsurers offshore to Bermuda, where they grow tax-free and ... The profits from the hedge fund investments grow without any tax liability. Taxes are only owed once the investors sell their ...
European Commission details digital tax proposals Three percent interim tax in the works. ...
Organization: Sustainable Sources. *Reply-To: [email protected] (Judy Kew). *Resent-From: [email protected] ... Tax dollars at work: AIDS Bioengineering on trial.. *To: [email protected] ... A tax deductible fund is being established through the Cleveland Plain Dealer, (216) 999-4659; Samuel W Black, Curator for ... Tax dollars at work: AIDS Bioengineering on trial. t -- http://www.greenbuilder.com modem: 512.288.3903 -- Green Building ...
As part of the recent free turbo tax giveaway I asked what your biggest frustration is when it comes ... Income taxes can make us all a little crazy at times! ... Working multiple jobs. *Multiple sources of income. Below is an ... Who can blame them? We all work hard for our money and dont want to pay more taxes than necessary. With such a complex tax ... Really Income taxes make me crazy ,reason why because i dosent have much knowledge about tax and about tax payment.This is my ...
"Tax free bikes for work through the Governments Green Transport Initiative". Cyclescheme.. [non-primary source needed] ... The United Kingdom has a tax break scheme (IR 176) that allows employees to buy a new bicycle tax free to use for commuting.[63 ... Husted Harper, Ida (1898). The life and work of Susan B. Anthony: including public addresses, her own letters and many from her ... Sources. *. Herlihy, David V. (2004). Bicycle: The History. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-12047-9. .. ...
Using a customized tax receipt calculator, you can find out exactly how the federal government spent each penny of your 2013 ... The National Priorities Project has done the work for you: ... The National Priorities Project (NPP) has done the work for you ... Source: National Priorities Project). Millions of Americans file their federal income tax returns by April 15 each year with no ... Income taxes paid by individuals account for 46 percent of all federal tax revenues, which are projected to be $3.34 trillion ...
The paper evaluates several potential income and consumption-based tax reforms in this context. Copyright Springer Science + ... including the desire to tax economic rents earned by foreign and domestic firms, the desire to take advantage of any treasury ... the need for a backstop to the personal income tax and various political concerns. ... capital income in a small open economy that faces a highly elastic supply of internationally mobile capital and increasing tax ...
Source: John Conroy , Business Spectator , 19 March 2014 , www.businessspectator.com.au This article is the work of the source ... Waubras tax deductions to be blown away? Credit: John Conroy , Business Spectator , 19 March 2014 , www.businessspectator.com. ... The declaration comes after another health promotion charity gave up its eligibility for tax deductible donations in the wake ... last year lodged a written complaint with both the Australian Charities and Not for Profits Commissioner and the Australian Tax ...
  • tax-officials-working-to-facilitate-tax-payments-for-taxpayers-source-5092991.html! (moneycontrol.com)
  • The government is working to ease the taxpayers by giving various reliefs on compliance and regulatory measures. (moneycontrol.com)
  • These directives of CBDT must be seen in the same spirit where the field officers and staff of I-T department while working from home have been asked to get in touch with taxpayers as facilitators to assist them to perform their tax related obligations," a government source said. (moneycontrol.com)
  • Facilitating and guiding taxpayers desirous of making tax payments, making sure that salaries and wages are paid timely to regular employees/contractual staff of income tax department without any delay or compilation of report of work already being done by the officers of the department cannot be termed as insensitive towards anybody," the source said. (moneycontrol.com)
  • Because the exclusion of premiums for employer-sponsored insurance (ESI) reduces taxable income, it is worth more to taxpayers in higher tax brackets than to those in lower brackets. (taxpolicycenter.org)
  • Replacing the ESI exclusion with a tax credit would equalize tax benefits across taxpayers in different tax brackets, as well as between those who get their insurance through their employers and those who obtain coverage from other sources. (taxpolicycenter.org)
  • Taxpayers in an estimated 158 metropolitan areas received 90 cents or less for each dollar they paid in gas taxes. (ewg.org)
  • Some PAYE taxpayers have other sources of income. (citizensinformation.ie)
  • According to the Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration, over 4,500 taxpayers have been victimized since October 2013, handing over some $23 million to the fraudsters. (finra.org)
  • As the IRS makes clear , it never calls taxpayers and demands that they wire or send money-instead the IRS sends a written notification of any tax due through the U.S. mail. (finra.org)
  • Most taxpayers will get more money back than they will pay in carbon taxes. (globalnews.ca)
  • 49% (45% +4% for annual incomes above €250,000 for single taxpayers or above €500,000 for married couples) [20] + social security and social contribution taxes at various rates, for example 17,2 % for capital gains, interests and dividends. (wikipedia.org)
  • That projected $20 billion "loss" belongs in the hands of taxpayers, who today face the highest peacetime tax burden ever. (cato.org)
  • Taxpayers may qualify for the EITC even if they didn't make enough money to require filing a tax return. (brighthub.com)
  • Obama assured his constituents that he would "recoup every last penny for American taxpayers" by taking back, in the form of taxes on the banks, the wealth that households have been forced to transfer to the coffers of the instigators of the financial crisis. (commondreams.org)
  • Nearly half of American taxpayers are somewhat or very dependent on receiving a tax refund from the IRS. (kptv.com)
  • Older taxpayers (those 65 or older) have been allowed to keep the 7.5% threshold through the 2016 tax year. (fool.com)
  • Sink's campaign also cited a Nov. 5, 2000, South Florida Sun-Sentinel article in which McCollum, then a U.S. Senate candidate, discussed tax cuts. (politifact.com)
  • In a transcript of a McCollum speech printed in the Florida Times-Union on July 31, 2000, McCollum said that Congress could "not only cut taxes, but restructure the tax code. (politifact.com)
  • According to an order issued by the Union Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, heads of department (HoDs) have been asked to ensure that 50 percent of Group B and C employees are required to attend office every day, and the remaining 50% staff should be instructed to work from home. (moneycontrol.com)
  • Taxing the rich: could pensions be taxed? (theguardian.com)
  • How would taxing pensions work? (theguardian.com)
  • But the description of what the government is considering is to remove tax relief on pension contributions for people earning above £150,000, rather than increasing taxes on pensions pots. (theguardian.com)
  • I asked Richard Murphy , the anti-poverty campaigner, accountant and tax expert, to explain how taxes on pensions currently work. (theguardian.com)
  • You can use PAYE Services or the Jobs and Pensions service from Revenue to manage your tax if you are a PAYE taxpayer. (citizensinformation.ie)
  • More information is available in the pensions tax: changes to administration of relief at source tax information and impact note. (cipp.org.uk)
  • Work and pensions secretary Alan Johnson said he would make a "quick decision" on the future of the system which was designed to simplify calculations and improve enforcement of child maintenance claims. (communitycare.co.uk)
  • Work and pensions secretary Alan Johnson announced the departure of Doug Smith as he told MPs of the CSA's "horrendous" problems. (communitycare.co.uk)
  • The economic spokesman for the opposition Social Democrats, Thomas Östros, repeats their call for pensions to be taxed under the same scale as salaries, and points to a poll commissioned by the party where 90 percent of those surveyed agreed with that position. (sverigesradio.se)
  • Carbon tax is one of two major market-based options to lower emissions, the other being cap-and-trade schemes . (howstuffworks.com)
  • While cap-and-trade seems to have won over most politicians, many economists and consumers prefer carbon tax for its simplicity and impartiality. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Carbon tax is a form of pollution tax. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Carbon tax also makes alternative energy more cost-competitive with cheaper, polluting fuels like coal, natural gas and oil. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Carbon tax is based on the economic principle of negative externalities . (howstuffworks.com)
  • Proponents of a carbon tax believe that the price of fossil fuels should account for these societal costs. (howstuffworks.com)
  • We'll learn all about the benefits of a carbon tax in the next section. (howstuffworks.com)
  • The primary purpose of carbon tax is to lower greenhouse-gas emissions. (howstuffworks.com)
  • And since carbon tax sets a definite price on carbon, there is a guaranteed return on expensive efficiency investments. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Carbon tax also encourages alternative energy by making it cost-competitive with cheaper fuels. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Many fans of carbon tax believe in progressive tax-shifting. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Economists like carbon tax for its predictability. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Carbon tax is stable. (howstuffworks.com)
  • It's also easier for people to understand carbon tax. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Carbon tax seems straightforward enough, but how is the rate actually determined? (howstuffworks.com)
  • Proponents of a carbon tax want to encourage the use of efficient fuels. (howstuffworks.com)
  • What is a carbon tax? (taxpolicycenter.org)
  • The federal government's carbon tax comes into effect Monday in New Brunswick, Ontario, Manitoba and Saskatchewan. (globalnews.ca)
  • The federal carbon tax is now in effect in Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario and New Brunswick. (globalnews.ca)
  • Many Canadians are confused about the carbon tax and how it will affect them. (globalnews.ca)
  • A carbon tax is a levy applied to fossil fuels based on how much carbon dioxide they release when burned. (globalnews.ca)
  • The federal carbon tax will raise the price of coal more than the price of natural gas. (globalnews.ca)
  • The carbon tax doesn't apply to hydroelectricity and other energy sources that don't release any carbon pollution. (globalnews.ca)
  • In 2018, all provinces satisfied the federal government's conditions except for Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario and New Brunswick, where the federal "backstop" carbon tax is being applied. (globalnews.ca)
  • Although the federal carbon tax is being applied in only those four provinces as of April 1, 2019, residents of other provinces are also paying an equivalent tax - and in some cases have already been doing so for many years. (globalnews.ca)
  • The average household cost from the federal carbon tax will range from $200 per year in New Brunswick to $400 in Saskatchewan, which relies more on coal to generate electricity. (globalnews.ca)
  • Residents of Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario and New Brunswick are eligible for a carbon tax credit, starting with the 2018 tax year. (globalnews.ca)
  • The federal government has committed to returning all carbon tax revenues to the province from which it is collected. (globalnews.ca)
  • Is a carbon tax Canada's best option to help the environment? (globalnews.ca)
  • Advocates have offered dozens of proposals for global taxes, but two have gained special attention: a tax on the carbon content of commercial fuels (often called a Carbon Tax), as a means to stop global warming, and a currency transaction tax (often referred to as a Tobin Tax), to reduce speculation and global economic instability. (globalpolicy.org)
  • DeSantis: No. Voted against any potential carbon tax as negatively impacting economy. (ontheissues.org)
  • DeSantis: No. Voted against any potential carbon tax as negatively impacting economy, voted against greenhouse gas emission standards, & to cut EPA funding. (ontheissues.org)
  • S upport for a carbon tax has become the height of fashion among some on the right, and an express pass to "strange new respect" from the left. (nationalaffairs.com)
  • Simply put, the carbon tax is a shell game. (nationalaffairs.com)
  • If we grabbed the wrists of carbon-tax advocates and demanded they turn over the shells all at once, we would find there was never a marble to begin with. (nationalaffairs.com)
  • Implementing a US Carbon Tax , a book released on Earth Day by the American Enterprise Institute, the Brookings Institution, the International Monetary Fund, and Resources for the Future, provides a particularly transparent example. (nationalaffairs.com)
  • A "carbon tax" helps the environment, and a "carbon tax" has manageable economic effects - but the two are not at all the same tax. (nationalaffairs.com)
  • Even stipulating that the conclusions of the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) are flawless and that the political process would not distort a hypothetical policy proposal (two very big assumptions, to be sure), a carbon tax is not good policy. (nationalaffairs.com)
  • By reviewing the capacity of a carbon tax to tackle the threat of climate change, its potential economic efficiency in doing so, its fiscal characteristics, and the variety of purely political arguments made in its favor, we can see the winning strategy is to walk quickly away from the table. (nationalaffairs.com)
  • The effectiveness of a carbon tax, as a matter of environmental policy, would therefore depend not only on how it would directly alter the trajectory of American emissions, but also on its ability to affect global emissions by driving globally applicable technological innovation or by influencing the behavior of foreign governments. (nationalaffairs.com)
  • On each of these dimensions, the carbon tax fails. (nationalaffairs.com)
  • In the absence of such an agreement, the only route to lower global emissions runs through technological innovation that makes low-carbon fuels cheaper than conventional ones, but a carbon tax is poorly tailored to achieve that objective as well. (nationalaffairs.com)
  • For those serious about climate change, a carbon tax is not the answer. (nationalaffairs.com)
  • To their credit, carbon-tax supporters rarely claim that their proposals have the potential to deliver on U.S. emissions goals. (nationalaffairs.com)
  • This document explains the changes to how you review your tax in 2020 under PAYE modernisation. (citizensinformation.ie)
  • If you file a tax return, then your 2018-19 self-assessment must be done by 31 January 2020. (which.co.uk)
  • Chapter 4, "Carbon Taxes to Achieve Emissions Targets," studies carbon taxes that would cut U.S. emissions in half by 2050 and finds an average price of $35 per ton of carbon dioxide (CO2) in 2020, rising to $163 in the final year. (nationalaffairs.com)
  • Consider a worker in the 15 percent income-tax bracket who also faces a payroll tax of 15.3 percent (7.65 percent paid by the employer and 7.65 percent paid by the employee). (taxpolicycenter.org)
  • In contrast, the after-tax cost of a $1,000 premium for a worker in the 25 percent income tax bracket is just $626 ($1,000 minus $374). (taxpolicycenter.org)
  • Note that the effective marginal tax rates (28.1 percent for the worker in the 15 percent income-tax bracket and 37.4 percent for the worker in 25 percent income-tax bracket) are less than the sum of the income tax and payroll tax rates (30.3 percent and 40.3 percent, respectively) because those rates are applied to compensation after the employer's share of payroll taxes has been deducted. (taxpolicycenter.org)
  • Those in the £100,000 to £150,000 tax bracket make pension contributions of about £1.7 billion a year. (theguardian.com)
  • [5] For example, a low-income person in the 15-percent bracket receives an income-tax subsidy of 15 cents for every dollar of employer-provided health insurance, whereas a high-income individual in the 35-percent bracket receives a subsidy of 35 cents on the dollar. (cbpp.org)
  • If you're in the 25% tax bracket, you avoid being taxed on that $5,000 and save $1,250. (fool.com)
  • If you have $10,000 in deductions and are in the 33% tax bracket, you can save $3,300! (fool.com)
  • A similar effect occurs when people move into a higher tax bracket as their income goes up. (politifact.com)
  • The ESI exclusion cost the federal government an estimated $260 billion in income and payroll taxes in 2017 making it the single largest tax expenditure. (taxpolicycenter.org)
  • Here, then, are the income tax bracketsfor 2017. (foxbusiness.com)
  • Note that they apply to income earned in the 2017 tax year for the return you'll prepare in 2018. (foxbusiness.com)
  • That's what you can expect for 2017 when it comes to your income tax. (foxbusiness.com)
  • The measure will have effect for the tax year 2017 to 2018 and later tax years. (cipp.org.uk)
  • The Internal Revenue Service reminds employers that the due date for filing Forms W-2, the Wage and Tax Statement for their employees for calendar year 2016, is now Jan, 31, 2017. (kptv.com)
  • As of today (June 1, 2017), we've been talking about open source for exactly 19 years, 3 months and 23 days. (linuxjournal.com)
  • Advocates such as national medical associations and the World Health Organization promote the tax as an example of Pigovian taxation, aimed to discourage unhealthy diets and offset the growing economic costs of obesity. (wikipedia.org)
  • California businesses may be subject to double taxation since certain loopholes available elsewhere do not exist, so CA businesses must pay both state and federal tax. (investopedia.com)
  • The federal government considers it double taxation to tax both the business owners on the pass-through income and the business itself, so it taxes only the business owners at personal income tax rates. (investopedia.com)
  • Depending on several factors, including the net income of a pass-through entity and the amount of personal income derived from the business by its owners, this double taxation imposed by California can as much as double a small business owner's tax burden. (investopedia.com)
  • Under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, funds must hold assets for longer than three years or face taxation. (investopedia.com)
  • This paper examines the taxation of capital income in a small open economy that faces a highly elastic supply of internationally mobile capital and increasing tax competition. (repec.org)
  • The analysis considers a wide variety of additional factors that affect the determination of capital income taxation policy, including the desire to tax economic rents earned by foreign and domestic firms, the desire to take advantage of any treasury transfer effects, the role played by transfer pricing and other financial accounting manipulations by foreign multinationals, the need for a backstop to the personal income tax and various political concerns. (repec.org)
  • Taxation of Asset Income in the Presence of a World Securites Market ," NBER Working Papers 1994, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc. (repec.org)
  • [4] Soon after, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) published two major reports on global taxation [5] and in 1980 the Brandt Commission issued an important, widely-read report that reviewed a number of global tax proposals. (globalpolicy.org)
  • [1] According to the Joint Committee on Taxation, it reduced federal tax collections by $246 billion in 2007 - $145 billion in income taxes and $101 billion in payroll taxes. (cbpp.org)
  • To rebut the Sink claim, McCollum's campaign provided us with a few articles quoting him in favor of tax cuts. (politifact.com)
  • it issued a news release Dec. 29, 2009, stating that McCollum has repeatedly voted in favor of tax cuts for the wealthy. (politifact.com)
  • By contrast, McCollum's campaign cited many other votes that McCollum took in favor of tax cuts, including votes to eliminate the marriage tax penalty and the estate tax. (politifact.com)
  • I am in favor of tax cuts to encourage and give incentives for the quicker development of these new kinds of technologies and let me say again, Detroit is raring to go on that. (issues2000.org)
  • This tax rate is a flat 8.84%, which is higher than average in the U.S., and it applies to net taxable income from business activity in California. (investopedia.com)
  • The exclusion of employer-provided health insurance from taxable income is considered a "tax expenditure" or "tax subsidy" because it is an exception to the usual rule that all compensation is counted as taxable income. (cbpp.org)
  • If an employer pays all or part of a worker's insurance premiums, those payments are excluded from the worker's taxable income for purposes of both income and payroll taxes. (cbpp.org)
  • Earned income is all the taxable income you earn from home or work. (brighthub.com)
  • These deductions can reduce your taxable income -- and, therefore, the tax you'll have to pay. (fool.com)
  • However, as they may have no taxable income, they cannot claim tax relief on the monthly contributions. (rte.ie)
  • Targeted tax cuts are just a liberal's fancy way of saying they want government to decide who gets the money,' McCollum told a handful of supporters at a Punta Gorda retirement community. (politifact.com)
  • Additionally, high-wage workers are more likely to be constrained by contribution limits for retirement accounts and use HSAs as an additional means of tax-preferred saving. (taxpolicycenter.org)
  • In addition to working papers , the NBER disseminates affiliates' latest findings through a range of free periodicals - the NBER Reporter , the NBER Digest , the Bulletin on Retirement and Disability , and the Bulletin on Health - as well as online conference reports , video lectures , and interviews . (nber.org)
  • Additionally, my husband has an easy W-2 situation but I had multiple jobs and freelancing positions this year in addition to being a student and things have just gone CRAZY tax-wise especially with saving for retirement and getting married halfway through the year and our deductions changing then! (moneysmartlife.com)
  • Learn about how different income sources are taxed in retirement, and use our handy calculator to work out how much you'd have to pay. (which.co.uk)
  • The amendment to Social Security passed by Congress more than three decades ago will see the retirement age increase to 67 years for those born in 1960 in the coming years, but no additional retirement age increases are currently in the works on Capitol Hill. (foxbusiness.com)
  • The availability of a tax-free lump sum from the pension fund at retirement age of up to 25% of the fund to a maximum of € 200,000. (rte.ie)
  • An employee who works for a company but does not have a pension arrangement can start a Personal Pension Plan, a Personal Retirement Savings Account (PRSA). (rte.ie)
  • What is tax retirement? (answers.com)
  • They're not the 2016 brackets that apply to the tax return you'll be preparing in a few months. (foxbusiness.com)
  • A well-designed financial transaction tax (FTT)-a small levy placed on the sale of stocks, bonds, derivatives, and other investments-would be an efficient and progressive way to generate tax revenues. (epi.org)
  • And net revenues (including offsets from reduced income, payroll and capital gains taxes, and increased borrowing costs) would likely be substantially higher than some other recent estimates indicate. (epi.org)
  • Through generating tax revenues, decreasing the fees Americans pay on their investments, and shrinking unproductive parts of the financial sector, an FTT would help Wall Street work for Main Street. (epi.org)
  • Government revenues from these taxes sometimes are put towards improving public health services, however this is not always the case. (wikipedia.org)
  • Income taxes paid by individuals account for 46 percent of all federal tax revenues, which are projected to be $3.34 trillion in 2015. (truthout.org)
  • Taxes on certain pesticides and chemical fertilizers can mobilize fiscal revenues while mitigating the negative effects associated with pesticide/fertilizers application and promoting sustainable agriculture practices. (undp.org)
  • The city is not expected to receive any new property tax revenues in 2009, unless commissioners agree to raise the mill levy. (ljworld.com)
  • In 1977 the Washington-based Brookings Institution convened a number of meetings on the subject and that same year a UN conference referred to global taxes as a possible source of revenues to combat desertification. (globalpolicy.org)
  • Limiting the tax exclusion for employer-sponsored health insurance could provide significant revenues for health reform without eroding employer-sponsored insurance or causing other undesirable side effects - if the cap and the rest of the health reform legislation are well designed and contain several key features that past proposals have lacked. (cbpp.org)
  • The CPA program was intended to cover the costs of state programs so that counties could reserve more of their property tax revenues for programs specific to the needs of their home communities. (crookstontimes.com)
  • Stevens County is a good example of a fiscally conservative county that has seen 86% of its CPA revenues disappear since 2005, due to reduced funding and a distribution formula that doesn't work anymore. (crookstontimes.com)
  • This would mean that some of the tax burden would shift away from federal income tax and state sales tax. (howstuffworks.com)
  • [1] These examples assume that workers bear the full burden of employer payroll taxes. (taxpolicycenter.org)
  • it is a tax that is the burden of regular people and they don't really care if taxes are hard on working families. (slashdot.org)
  • Does it really take more than about 15 seconds of examination to tell that it is a huge increase in the tax burden on the poor, as well? (slashdot.org)
  • It is not intended to represent the true tax burden to either the corporation or the individual in the listed country. (wikipedia.org)
  • The concern of storefront retailers for fairness is understandable, but it would make more sense to simplify and reduce the existing tax burden than to extend today's regulations to online sellers. (cato.org)
  • The report, released Thursday, however, offers other solutions, including raising and indexing the minimum wage, strengthening the state's unemployment system and reducing reliance on sales and property taxes, shifting the burden to income and estate levies. (theday.com)
  • So if I decide to pay £5,000, I actually pay £4,000 and and get topped up 20% in tax relief. (theguardian.com)
  • If all fuel types were taxed equally by weight or volume, there would be no incentive to use cleaner sources like natural gas over dirtier, cheaper ones like coal. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Mike Brewer, one of the report's authors , said more working parents face means testing to withdraw benefits or tax credits as their earnings rise and this reduces their incentive to seek pay rises or work longer hours. (communitycare.co.uk)
  • By reducing the after-tax price of health insurance, the exclusion provides an incentive for employers and individuals to select more generous or costly coverage than they otherwise would purchase. (cbpp.org)
  • This means that there is always an incentive to work, and people who work are always better off than they would be if they didn't work. (theglobeandmail.com)
  • Many LLC owners are self-employed, so no taxes are withheld from their income. (howstuffworks.com)
  • A summary of how self-employed people are taxed. (citizensinformation.ie)
  • The self-employment taxes calculator will help you to figure out how much you owe in taxes for being self-employed. (mortgageloan.com)
  • As a result of the boom in small businesses, more and more individuals are taxed as self-employed. (mortgageloan.com)
  • If you are self-employed, operate a farm, or are an employee of a church, then you may be responsible for paying your own employment taxes. (mortgageloan.com)
  • What is SECA (Self Employed Contributions Act Tax)? (mortgageloan.com)
  • In that article, he criticized Obama's proposal for a tax credit for businesses that hire new workers. (politifact.com)
  • The exclusion of premiums lowers most workers' tax bills and thus reduces their after-tax cost of coverage. (taxpolicycenter.org)
  • Vestas Wind Systems A/S's threat to fire 1,600 workers in the U.S. undermines President Barack Obama's goal of creating green jobs and adds to pressure on Congress to extend a tax credit that the industry relies on. (wind-watch.org)
  • Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) remain the most common work-related health problem in the European Union and workers in all sectors and occupations can be affected. (europa.eu)
  • Public health workers in other states, including Ohio, Oregon, California and Georgia, have also contracted the coronavirus, and in some cases even worked throughout their sickness to address the ongoing pandemic. (nbcwashington.com)
  • CTR survey data for similar worksites in the area suggests establishing telework programs at all four worksites could double the number of workers who don't commute at least one day of their work week by. (wa.gov)
  • Workers participating in a Section 125 ("cafeteria") plan may also pay their share of insurance premiums on a tax-free basis. (cbpp.org)
  • Why don't low-income workers try to work more hours or strive for a promotion? (politifact.com)
  • This incentivizes and rewards poor parents who work more, and therefore it actually decreases the marginal tax rate for many low-income workers. (politifact.com)
  • Because an LLC's profits and losses are run through the owners' tax returns, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) calls LLCs pass-through entities . (howstuffworks.com)
  • Coming along later, the Open Source Elections Technology Foundation (OSET) had to wait six years for it, after an initial denial by the Internal Revenue Service. (linuxjournal.com)
  • According to the report's analysis of tax return data from the Internal Revenue Service and the state Department of Revenue Services, income among the top 1 percent of Connecticut earners has soared to account for 28 percent of all individual income in the state, up from 17 percent two decades ago. (theday.com)
  • Exempt organizations are still required to remit amounts withheld from employees wages for federal income tax, Social Security and Medicare, as well as other taxes. (gao.gov)
  • For the 25 cases investigated GAO found abusive and potentially criminal activity, including repeated failure to remit payroll taxes withheld from employees. (gao.gov)
  • But the fact that no tax is withheld does not mean that the payments are tax-free. (answers.com)
  • Thus, for example, if the employer increases compensation by $1,000, cash wages only increase by $929 [calculated as $1,000 / (1+employer payroll tax rate)], because the employer would have to pay additional employer payroll taxes of $71. (taxpolicycenter.org)
  • Cash wages and most other forms of compensation are counted as income for purposes of income and payroll taxes. (cbpp.org)
  • Connecticut has seen working-class wages stagnate, and more of its residents live in poverty today than 50 years ago. (theday.com)
  • Also, there are two widely used programs, the Earned Income Tax Credit and the Child Tax Credit, that actually increase benefits for very low-income individuals the more money that they make for their first $10,000 in wages. (politifact.com)
  • The article also stated that all three candidates "vowed to steer clear from tax increases" and "supported delaying a sharp increase in the state's unemployment compensation tax that businesses now face paying on April 1. (politifact.com)
  • Large metropolitan areas that were net winners in gas tax expenditures were able to limit increases in congestion far more effectively. (ewg.org)
  • Chris White, DARPA program manager, said, "Making our open source catalog available increases the number of experts who can help quickly develop relevant software for the government. (slashdot.org)
  • The tax increases the cost of fossil fuels in order to reduce consumption, thus lowering Canada's carbon emissions. (globalnews.ca)
  • The tax credit either reduces an individual's tax bill or increases their refund by the same amount. (globalnews.ca)
  • A tax on pesticides and fertilizers can correct certain market failures -e.g. the failure to incorporate in the price of the pesticide/fertilizer its social and environmental costs-and forestall increases in the use of the most harmful pesticides and fertilizers. (undp.org)
  • If Congress does not act by the end of the month, 160 million Americans will see tax increases, millions more will lose their unemployment benefits, and seniors across the Nation will have access to their doctors put at risk by cuts to Medicare payments. (votesmart.org)
  • They avoided large property tax increases by conserving spending, deferring county improvement projects, and spent reserves they had set aside for unforeseen developments. (crookstontimes.com)
  • A Republican candidate against tax cuts would be like President Barack Obama being against hope, right? (politifact.com)
  • On her Facebook page Feb. 16, 2010, Sink wrote: "Career politician Bill McCollum said tax cuts don't work. (politifact.com)
  • he was opposed to the Democrat's "targeted cuts," but he appears to have supported an across-the-board tax cut favored by Republicans. (politifact.com)
  • To get a more complete picture of McCollum's position, we also looked at his votes on various tax cuts. (politifact.com)
  • His record shows that, contrary to Sink's claim, he voted for tax cuts several times. (politifact.com)
  • Sink's campaign provided two examples of when McCollum voted against tax cuts in the 1990s, but they were party-line votes that indicate he was voting with other Republicans in opposition to a Democratic proposal. (politifact.com)
  • So based on the news articles and our examination of McCollum's voting record, it's clear that he has often supported tax cuts -- particularly Republican proposals. (politifact.com)
  • Although McCollum did say he was opposed to "targeted" (read: Democratic) tax cuts, he has spoken and voted in favor of them many other times, particularly the across-the-board proposals favored by Republicans. (politifact.com)
  • The Trump administration's Tax Cuts and Jobs Act made some changes to the carried interest rule. (investopedia.com)
  • The production tax credit is incredibly vital to the U.S. market," Jacob Pedersen, an analyst at Sydbank A/S who correctly predicted the scale of the Vestas cuts, said in a phone interview from Aabenraa, Denmark. (wind-watch.org)
  • But he points out that wage-earners have still received much larger tax cuts than pensioners. (sverigesradio.se)
  • During this webinar, we discuss the major elements of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act and their effect on municipal finance, including municipal bond supply and demand, and relative value relationship of municipals to other instruments. (pnc.com)
  • has created a calculator to show you how much tax you'll pay in the 2019-20 tax year if you take your whole pot, or a chunk of it as a lump sum, with a mind to taking other lump sums in future. (which.co.uk)
  • Property owners say redevelopment of the former Source Mall in Westbury has been delayed until 2019, and at least one tenant says an initial promise of a lease has been revoked. (newsday.com)
  • Lesso Home New York Market will open in 2019,' said Katelyn Yannie of Manhattan-based 5WPR, a public relations firm working with Lesso Home. (newsday.com)
  • You'll probably hear a few legislators suggest a tax on carbon -- or sometimes more broadly, a tax on the emissions of fossil fuels. (howstuffworks.com)
  • But before the word 'tax' sets off alarm bells, consider the effect of combusted fossil fuels on the environment. (howstuffworks.com)
  • The tax charges a fee on fossil fuels based on how much carbon they emit when burned (more on that later). (howstuffworks.com)
  • What tax incentives encourage energy production from fossil fuels? (taxpolicycenter.org)
  • The tax is regressive since consumers on lower incomes will be more negatively impacted by higher prices than consumers on higher incomes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Additionally, traditional corporations, or C corporations , that do not earn positive net incomes and are thus not subject to the corporate tax must pay the franchise tax instead. (investopedia.com)
  • 47.475% which includes 45% income tax and 5.5% solidarity surcharge based on the total tax bill for incomes above €256,304. (wikipedia.org)
  • The entry tax rate is 14% for incomes exceeding the basic annual threshold of €9,000. (wikipedia.org)
  • The 24 per-cent of tax units with incomes over $75,000 in 2004 received almost half of the benefits of the exclusion, while the 27 per-cent of tax units with incomes under $20,000 received just 6 percent of the benefits (see Figure 1). (cbpp.org)
  • The tax exclusion is worth less to those with low and moderate incomes for three reasons: (1) they are less likely to have jobs that offer health insurance, (2) if offered employer-sponsored insurance, they are less likely to participate (because many cannot afford to pay their share of the premium), and (3) they are in lower tax brackets and thus receive a smaller tax bene-fit from the exclusion. (cbpp.org)
  • Without the $25.5 million appropriation necessary to trigger the new formula change, which is supported by each of the state's 87 counties, the counties mentioned above and others across the state will be staring down significant pressures to increase property taxes this year on farmers, small businesses and elderly rural residents on fixed incomes. (crookstontimes.com)
  • A Feb. 15, 2010, Newsmax article quotes McCollum saying, "We need to reduce the capital gains tax" and that he wants to reduce the corporate tax rate. (politifact.com)
  • The more you earn in ECI, the higher your effective tax rate will be. (howstuffworks.com)
  • That capital gains tax rate is also 30 percent. (howstuffworks.com)
  • The marginal rate reflects what your next dollar of income would be taxed at, while the effective rate reflects the rate you'll pay on all your income. (foxbusiness.com)
  • Taxing the rich: 50p rate or mansion tax? (theguardian.com)
  • Yesterday, Reality check attempted to assess the relative merits of 50p tax rate on people earning above £150,000 compared with a mansions tax after Vince Cable suggested that the Liberal Democrats were negotiating a switch. (theguardian.com)
  • There are two forms of tax relief: one is at source and one at higher rate. (theguardian.com)
  • If I'm higher rate tax payer then I put that payment into my tax return and as a result I get tax relief at 40% so I get another 1k of tax saving. (theguardian.com)
  • But if you were liable to higher rate taxes when you earned it, you are likely to pay basic rate when you receive it. (theguardian.com)
  • Most taxes on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are set volumetrically (i.e., with a constant rate per unit volume), and that "only three SSB taxes worldwide are proportional to sugar content. (wikipedia.org)
  • Corporations are not subject to the state's franchise tax, but they are subject to the alternative minimum tax (AMT) of 6.65%, which limits the effectiveness of a business writing off expenses against income to lower its corporate tax rate. (investopedia.com)
  • Pretty much everywhere I lived where there is a use tax, it only applies if the place where you have originally purchased the item didn't tax you on that purchase, or taxed you at a lower rate. (slashdot.org)
  • The design of the tax entails the definition of the tax base , the tax rate , the point of application and the revenue allocation. (undp.org)
  • In the case of Denmark, the initial tax rate applied was 3 per cent over the wholesale price ( tax base ). (undp.org)
  • This will ensure HMRC can advise administrators of the correct rate of tax relief to apply to members' contributions following the introduction of the Scottish rate of income tax. (cipp.org.uk)
  • The quoted income tax rate is, except where noted, the top rate of tax: most jurisdictions have lower rate of taxes for low levels of income. (wikipedia.org)
  • Businesses involved in oil and gas operations face a 35 percent tax rate. (cnbc.com)
  • If YOUR 25% is larger than € 200,000 the balance can be taken at 20% tax rate. (rte.ie)
  • Foreign students like Ueta are exempt from certain taxes as they're considered nonresident aliens. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Nonresident aliens only pay taxes on U.S. income and are exempt in some cases from Social Security and Medicare contributions. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Contributions made by employers are exempt from federal income and payroll taxes, and account owners can deduct their contributions from income subject to federal income taxes. (taxpolicycenter.org)
  • Employer-paid premiums for health insurance are exempt from federal income and payroll taxes. (taxpolicycenter.org)
  • Some income earned by artists, writers, sculptors and painters in Ireland from the sale of their work may be exempt from income tax. (citizensinformation.ie)
  • This is the accessible text file for GAO report number GAO-07-563 entitled 'Tax Compliance: Thousands of Organizations Exempt from Federal Income Tax Owe $1 Billion in Payroll and Other Taxes' which was released on July 24, 2007. (gao.gov)
  • and (3) exempt organizations with unpaid federal taxes received direct grants from certain federal agencies. (gao.gov)
  • GAO reviewed unpaid taxes and exempt organization data from IRS and selected 25 case studies for audit and investigation. (gao.gov)
  • In its oral comments on a draft of this report, IRS noted several actions it is taking to enhance exempt organizations tax compliance. (gao.gov)
  • What GAO Found: Nearly 55,000 exempt organizations had almost $1 billion in unpaid federal taxes as of September 30, 2006. (gao.gov)
  • The $1 billion figure is understated because some exempt organizations have understated tax liabilities or did not file tax returns. (gao.gov)
  • GAO selected 25 exempt organizations for investigation based primarily on amount of tax debt and number of periods delinquent. (gao.gov)
  • Despite repeatedly abusing the federal tax system, these entities continued to retain their exempt status. (gao.gov)
  • IRS does not have the authority to revoke an organization s exempt status because of unpaid federal taxes. (gao.gov)
  • Those include 501(c)(4) and 501(c)(6), which are alternative tax-exempt status recognitions. (linuxjournal.com)
  • The directive to tax officials, including field officers/staff, to work from home during lockdown should not be seen as a 'coercive action', a government official said. (moneycontrol.com)
  • To contain the COVID-19 outbreak, just like the private sector, central government employees have been asked to work from home till April 4. (moneycontrol.com)
  • The government sets a price per ton on carbon, then translates it into a tax on electricity , natural gas or oil . (howstuffworks.com)
  • The building, located in the Government Enclave on Nelson Mandela Drive in Gaborone, is home to the Botswana Department of Taxes and the Attorney General's Chambers. (wikipedia.org)
  • After the furious debate about a possible mansion tax yesterday, the government is now said to be instead considering removing tax relief on pension contributions for the highest earners. (theguardian.com)
  • Instead, the Government is examining new curbs on the tax relief given to higher earners, particularly those earning more than £150,000 a year. (theguardian.com)
  • Sales tax (indirect tax) is paid by the person consuming the item at the time of purchase and collected by the government from the seller. (wikipedia.org)
  • I work for the Government (and read Slashdot during work). (slashdot.org)
  • The federal government doesn't make it easy to find out where your tax money goes . (truthout.org)
  • Using a customized tax receipt calculator, you can find out exactly how the federal government spent each penny of your 2013 taxes. (truthout.org)
  • If the enlightened German government added a green tax, then the power companies should provide electricity for free. (reason.com)
  • Income and sales taxes exist to raise money for government services like health care and education. (globalnews.ca)
  • Sigel admits to not paying an estimated amount of $348,000 in taxes on $1 million of income between 2003 and 2005, but the government believes he also failed to pay taxes before 2003. (vibe.com)
  • In the 1950s and 1960s, global taxes receded from view, a casualty of the Cold War and fervent opposition from the United States government and many large companies. (globalpolicy.org)
  • Primary sources of funding for Government recurrent expenditure comprise taxes and user fees. (icn.ch)
  • Genetic Alliance's work is supported by a blend of funding from government grants and contracts, industry and corporate support, individual donations, and fees generated by services and events. (geneticalliance.org)
  • The Swedish center-right government has repeated recent promises to lower income taxes for pensioners. (sverigesradio.se)
  • Some of the countries are well-known tax havens, while others have managed to use natural resources to fund government expenses. (cnbc.com)
  • Last year, reports surfaced that the government was considering a value-added tax in an attempt to broaden its revenue base and reduce its non-hydrocarbon deficit, which was equivalent to 17 percent of the country's GDP in 2011. (cnbc.com)
  • Income from tobacco sales and taxes are major sources of government revenue in China. (cnn.com)
  • Previous GAO work identified numerous government contractors, Medicare providers, and charities participating in the Combined Federal Campaign (CFC) with billions in unpaid federal taxes. (gao.gov)
  • The critical tactic, understood by America's rebellious colonists, is to refuse government new sources of revenue. (cato.org)
  • Their impact has been so great in part because they have developed relatively free of the government regulations and taxes that routinely hobble other businesses. (cato.org)
  • For anyone that needs to file taxes, it's important to know what qualifies as earned income because it's subject to being taxed by the government. (brighthub.com)
  • As both an concept and a practice, open source is embedded in technology, business, culture, government-you name it. (linuxjournal.com)
  • This one's not Tax Day-related, but it does involve the federal government. (nbcsandiego.com)
  • Source: India Healthcare Tourism, a government of India portal. (indiatimes.com)
  • Increased taxes on sweetened products have been suggested to promote companies to re-formulate their product in order to keep consumer costs affordable by decreasing use of the taxed ingredient (i.e., sugar) in their product. (wikipedia.org)
  • The tax base for a specific sub-set or the totality of pesticides/fertilizers can be established on the sales value, dosage, weight of active ingredient or the environmental impact of a product. (undp.org)
  • This tax subsidy partly explains why most American families have health insurance coverage through employers. (taxpolicycenter.org)
  • Note, too, that the open-ended nature of the tax subsidy has likely increased health care costs by encouraging the purchase of more comprehensive health insurance policies with lower cost sharing or with less tightly managed care. (taxpolicycenter.org)
  • The OECD will draw on its multidisciplinary expertise, data, and tools - along with our ground-breaking work on climate finance, fossil fuel subsidy reform, measuring effective carbon prices, and policy alignment for a low-carbon economy - to deliver timely and evidence-based insights for this project, which has four main objectives. (oecd.org)
  • In fact, the employer tax exclusion is the largest single subsidy in the tax code. (cbpp.org)
  • Keep reading to find out what kinds of tax breaks and exemptions are available to nonresident aliens, and to find out how much foreign athletes pay in taxes. (howstuffworks.com)
  • In practice, HSAs are most attractive to higher-income individuals because the tax exemptions associated with contributions, account earnings, and withdrawals are of greater value for higher income-tax brackets. (taxpolicycenter.org)
  • Given the complexities associated with achieving exemptions from federal income tax, open source software organizations may have to begin reassessing their business models. (linuxjournal.com)
  • States such as Kentucky offer homestead exemptions for people over 65 that shield elderly property owners from higher taxes. (pewtrusts.org)
  • These individuals enjoy the premium cost savings associated with HDHPs, as well as the HSA tax benefits, without fear of eventually paying a high deductible. (taxpolicycenter.org)
  • The declaration comes after another health promotion charity gave up its eligibility for tax deductible donations in the wake of an official verdict that it made dubious health claims. (wind-watch.org)
  • If you liked this article, how about showing your appreciation with a tax-deductible donation of $5 to support our work? (emagazine.com)
  • Help get others' heads out of the sand by making a secure tax-deductible donation to EarthTalk Inc., the 501(c)3 behind Emagazine.com, the syndicated EarthTalk Q&A column and Sea Change Radio. (emagazine.com)
  • EarthTalk, a California-based 501(c)3 non-profit organization, survives on your donations , so please consider making a tax-deductible contribution today! (emagazine.com)
  • To make up for this, the employer side is tax deductible. (mortgageloan.com)
  • You can make a tax-deductible donation at any time. (geneticalliance.org)
  • Yes, except for the portions of the checks that represent a return of after-tax employee contributions, qualified Roth IRA and Roth 401k distributions, and return of after-tax (non-deductible) traditional IRA contributions. (answers.com)
  • In this case, you may choose to have the nontaxable combat pay included in your earned income for the earned income tax credit (EITC), which may increase-or decrease-your EITC. (brighthub.com)
  • Instead, county health officer Dr. Ernest Carter said in a statement they were heartbroken over the loss of a valued employee who had worked there since 2001. (nbcwashington.com)
  • This report contains a review of possible sources for the Australian Bureau of Statistics' (ABS) internal migration estimates for the period 2001-2006. (abs.gov.au)
  • It is an update of Demography Working Paper 96/1 - Evaluation of Administrative Data Sources for Use in Quarterly Estimation of Interstate Migration Between 1996 and 2001 by Tricia Cook. (abs.gov.au)
  • Over time, the ABS has used a number of administrative data sources to estimate quarterly interstate migration, including electoral roll registrations, family allowance payments and, for 1996-2001, Health Insurance Commission (Medicare) data supplemented by Defence Force data. (abs.gov.au)
  • Plan your taxes in advance and save money, explore our articles to know how to do that efficiently. (aegonlife.com)
  • Answer If either your employer bought the disability policy, or you purchased it with PRE-tax money (thru payroll deduction perhaps), then I believe disability benefits … are taxable at ordinary income tax rates. (answers.com)
  • It is taxed like ordinary income. (answers.com)
  • Robin Claremont is Director of Development and Communications at National Priorities Project, whose mission is to make the federal budget accessible so Americans can fight for a budget that works for all of us. (truthout.org)
  • Most working-age Americans and their dependents receive health coverage through their employer. (cbpp.org)
  • The survey of 3,000 Americans and commissioned by H&R Block also found that if a tax refund was delayed, the biggest concern for one in four respondents would be not having enough money to meet required financial commitments like rent and bills. (kptv.com)
  • If you're like the many millions of Americans who pay for healthcare, you might want to learn more about our tax laws, as you may be able to claim a deduction for medical expenses, lowering your tax bill and saving a lot of money. (fool.com)
  • Tax-credit legislation for venture and angel investors has been cleaned up to make it more closely follow the original intent. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Denmark, Finland, France, Hungary have already passed legislation taxing foods rich in fat and sugar. (oecd.org)
  • Further, any income earned on the funds in an HSA accrues tax-free, and withdrawals for qualifying medical expenses are not taxed. (taxpolicycenter.org)
  • Having to shell out a lot of money for healthcare isn't any fun -- but there's a silver lining: You may be able to save hundreds or thousands of tax dollars by deducting medical expenses. (fool.com)
  • One of the many kinds of deductions that we can take when preparing our tax returns is a deduction for medical expenses. (fool.com)
  • While some tax deductions have few limits, the deduction for medical expenses has a big one: You can only deduct the portion of your qualifying medical expenses that exceed 10% of your adjusted gross income (AGI). (fool.com)
  • Thus, if your AGI is $60,000 and you have $6,000 or less in qualifying medical expenses, you'll get no tax relief. (fool.com)
  • A final point to keep in mind is that some states charge LLCs an annual tax on earned income that's in addition to the income tax you pay on your personal return. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Instead, each owner will pay a portion of the LLC's taxes on her personal income tax return. (howstuffworks.com)
  • The only way a nonresident can file jointly is if they are married to a U.S. citizen or resident, at which point they would file a regular tax return. (howstuffworks.com)
  • The income they receive from the fund is taxed as a return on investment as opposed to a salary or compensation for services rendered. (investopedia.com)
  • With such a complex tax code I bet there are lots of people that file their tax return each year wondering if they've missed a deduction and overpaid. (moneysmartlife.com)
  • Many times the complexity in your tax return comes from some form of life change. (moneysmartlife.com)
  • The Effects of Taxes and Rates of Return on Foreign Direct Investment in the United States ," National Tax Journal , National Tax Association, vol. 41(1), pages 109-121, March. (repec.org)
  • If you don't get the tax credit, the return on investment is lower. (wind-watch.org)
  • Tax on pension-pot withdrawals will be deducted at source, via the pay-as-you-earn (PAYE) system rather than through a self-assessment tax return. (which.co.uk)
  • When pension scheme administrators reclaim tax relief using relief at source, the draft regulations require scheme administrators to submit the annual return of individual information within 3 months of the end of the year of assessment. (cipp.org.uk)
  • In addition, those that do not make enough to need to file a tax return may still qualify for the earned income tax credit. (brighthub.com)
  • Learning what earned income is will help you not only save money and possibly qualify for the tax credit, but it is also necessary to properly file your tax return. (brighthub.com)
  • When the EITC is greater than the amount owed on your federal tax return, a refund results. (brighthub.com)
  • The IRS website has forms and information about filing a tax return. (brighthub.com)
  • You will have to calculate the taxes and pay them when you file your tax return at the end of the year. (answers.com)
  • Note that should you decide to leave some of your business' profits in the bank at the end of the year (e.g., to cover future expenses or for growth), you'll still have to pay income tax on that money. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Withdrawals used for nonqualifying expenses are subject to income tax and an additional 20 percent penalty. (taxpolicycenter.org)
  • This policy intervention is an effort to decrease obesity and the health impacts related to being overweight, however the medical evidence supporting the benefits of a sugar tax on health is of very low certainty. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some of these benefits are taxed. (citizensinformation.ie)
  • This document provides information on how such benefits are taxed. (citizensinformation.ie)
  • People are living longer than ever these days, which means boosting the FRA -- the point at which you become entitled to 100% of your Social Security benefits -- could encourage seniors to wait to file for benefits, or better yet, to work even longer. (foxbusiness.com)
  • Families need unemployment benefits and a payroll tax cut to put food on their tables and to keep roofs over their heads. (votesmart.org)
  • Let's extend the payroll tax cut, unemployment benefits, and the Medicare doc fix today. (votesmart.org)
  • Although, there is no individual income or capital gains taxes in Oman, citizens must contribute 6.5 percent of their monthly salary for social security benefits. (cnbc.com)
  • Indexing payroll tax rates would maintain scheduled benefit levels but reduce the ratio of benefits to contributions for younger cohorts. (gao.gov)
  • The range of designs, prices, rationales, and claimed benefits varies so widely - even within many individual arguments for the tax - that assessing the actual validity of most discrete proposals becomes nearly impossible. (nationalaffairs.com)
  • A good rule of thumb is: If YOU haven't paid taxes on the premiums, you're going to pay taxes on the benefits. (answers.com)
  • If people work and make more money, they lose more in benefits than they would earn in salary. (politifact.com)
  • If (low-income) people work and make more money, they lose more in benefits than they would earn in salary,' Rubio wrote in the book, released Jan. 13. (politifact.com)
  • Economists look at these changes in benefits and tax rates in terms of their impact on every additional dollar earned. (politifact.com)
  • When the impact is high, and a large chunk of the amount of every additional dollar earned goes to taxes or to offset a decrease in benefits, it can affect people's desire to work more, said the Congressional Budget Office, the chief fiscal scorekeeper for lawmakers. (politifact.com)
  • Others levy an annual LLC fee (aka a franchise tax, registration fee or renewal fee), typically about $100. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Some day, an international political authority will levy global taxes, but at present a robust authority of this kind, with sufficient accountability and enforcement powers, does not exist. (globalpolicy.org)
  • So initially, national governments must levy such taxes as part of an international tax agreement. (globalpolicy.org)
  • But a belt can only be tightened so far, and this year the board reluctantly implemented a nearly 8 percent levy increase on property tax payers. (crookstontimes.com)
  • Tax law requires they make quarterly estimated-tax payments to the IRS and their state. (howstuffworks.com)
  • The one exception to the self-employment tax rule comes if a member of a multi-owner LLC is merely an investor who doesn't provide any services or make any decisions. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Support of breakthrough improvements: we work with your teams to make your operational strategies a reality and provide lasting value. (ey.com)
  • Considering the state also has a very high cost of living , the tax treatment of small businesses in California can make it difficult for an entrepreneur to get his venture off the ground. (investopedia.com)
  • Income taxes can make us all a little crazy at times! (moneysmartlife.com)
  • Really Income taxes make me crazy ,reason why because i dosen't have much knowledge about tax and about tax payment.This is my biggest frustration to file my taxes. (moneysmartlife.com)
  • and corporate income taxes paid by businesses, which make up 13.5 percent. (truthout.org)
  • Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile , click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments. (repec.org)
  • Most states make Necessities tax free, so the poor are not hurt. (slashdot.org)
  • You can also withdraw up to a quarter of your pension's value as a one-off tax-free lump sum, but if you do you won't be able to make any more tax-free withdrawals in future. (which.co.uk)
  • You can pursue a long-held ambition and make it a huge success with plenty hard work and some good luck. (mortgageloan.com)
  • The level of tax is different depending on what type of self-employment you are engaged in, so make sure you put your information in the appropriate field on the calculator. (mortgageloan.com)
  • We use this information to make the website work as well as possible and improve our services. (ons.gov.uk)
  • What followed was a deliberate (though barely coordinated) effort by many geeks (including yours truly and this magazine) to make open source a thing. (linuxjournal.com)
  • The problem with carbon taxes is not a function of what you make of climate science or of Congress. (nationalaffairs.com)
  • This is perhaps one of our favorite Tax Day deals because they still make you work for it. (nbcsandiego.com)
  • I make that commitment with humility because we ve got a lot of work to do economically in this country to bring about a more just and fair economy. (issues2000.org)
  • And don't forget about all the money raised by the tax. (howstuffworks.com)
  • The good news is that if you qualify as a nonresident alien, the IRS only wants to collect income tax on money that you made in the United States. (howstuffworks.com)
  • As Congress prepares to reauthorize a six-year transportation bill worth close to $300 billion, a first ever investigation of metro area transportation spending by the Environmental Working Group found that commuters in 176 metropolitan areas paid a total of $20 billion more in federal gas taxes than they received in federal highway trust fund money for both transit and highways from 1998 through 2003. (ewg.org)
  • The top money losers were drivers in Los Angeles/Riverside, where there was an estimated $1.16 billion shortfall in federal highway trust fund expenditures compared to gas taxes paid during the six years examined. (ewg.org)
  • Commuters in Dallas/Fort Worth were the second biggest losers with an estimated six year shortfall of about $1.1 billion, followed by Phoenix at an estimated $904 million, Atlanta at $787 million, and Detroit/Ann Arbor with an estimated $639 million disparity between gas taxes paid and federal highway trust fund money spent in the metro area. (ewg.org)
  • After all, if you get some consulting income or freelance work because of your open source development efforts, having a corporation would let you shield that money from taxes, making your time a cost of doing business. (zdnet.com)
  • How would it work and could it raise more money? (theguardian.com)
  • The amount of both VAT and sales tax are directly proportional to the amount of money paid for an item and do not consider the volume of food or drink. (wikipedia.org)
  • We all work hard for our money and don't want to pay more taxes than necessary. (moneysmartlife.com)
  • Look up your tax receipt right now - is your money going where you think it should? (truthout.org)
  • It is only the well-off wasting their money on luxury, non-needed goods that pay the sales tax. (slashdot.org)
  • Most of the new money is expected from a modest increase in sales tax collections. (ljworld.com)
  • Instead of generating revenue from personal income, the country, which has the world's seventh-largest crude oil and natural gas reserves, is dependent on money from oil companies that pay up to 55 percent in corporate taxes. (cnbc.com)
  • He denies accusations of money laundering and tax evasion. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Tax advocates like Cowell and Leavitt argue fairness, but the real issue is money. (cato.org)
  • Any money that derives from investments or sources other than active work are considered "unearned. (brighthub.com)
  • You can work out with your adviser the amount of money on a monthly basis you will need to keep you in the luxury you have become accustomed to when you retire. (rte.ie)
  • If it was purchased with after tax money, usually not taxable. (answers.com)
  • In so doing, we play a critical role in building a better working world for our people, for our clients and for our communities. (ey.com)
  • It would involve removing tax relief on pension contributions from people earning over £150,000 a year. (theguardian.com)
  • Several people were worried that they might be overlooking a tax credit that they qualified for or not taking advantage of a deduction. (moneysmartlife.com)
  • Continuing the tax credit is needed to avoid the boom and bust cycles of the past in the U.S., where the wind industry employs more than 75,000 people, according to the American Wind Energy Association, a lobby group. (wind-watch.org)
  • I mean, they talk all the time about lowering taxes, but the subtext is always that they want to lower taxes on rich people. (slashdot.org)
  • Of course, many people don't do this - as it would land you with a huge tax bill. (which.co.uk)
  • Provide tax incentives for companies to hire & train homeless people who want to work. (ontheissues.org)
  • Carbon taxes encourage people to find ways to conserve energy by taking public transit instead of driving, for example. (globalnews.ca)
  • Mack worked in the county's sexually transmitted diseases program, where one of her jobs was to tell people the results of their tests for infections like HIV, gonorrhea and syphilis. (nbcwashington.com)
  • Detectives have questioned about 10 people who worked on Mr Sarkozy's campaign, according to a legal source. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • How do these figures compare to what working people have lost? (commondreams.org)
  • People over 65 spend less, which translates into lower sales- and use-tax collections. (pewtrusts.org)
  • He passed a law to move people from welfare to work, slashed the rolls by eighty percent. (issues2000.org)
  • What is the new markets tax credit, and how does it work? (taxpolicycenter.org)
  • Making the credit refundable would extend that benefit to those whose tax liability falls below the value of the credit. (taxpolicycenter.org)
  • An open source tax credit? (zdnet.com)
  • John Irons and Carl Malamud (right), both fellows at the liberal Center for American Progress think tank, have developed a proposal they call the Open Source Tax Credit . (zdnet.com)
  • The world's biggest maker of wind turbines said yesterday it will probably reduce its staff beyond the 2,335 posts it's eliminating worldwide if the U.S. doesn't renew the so-called Production Tax Credit, which expires at the end of this year. (wind-watch.org)
  • The last time the production tax credit, or PTC, was allowed to expire, at the end of 2003, U.S. annual wind installations declined, to 397 megawatts in 2004 from 1,670 megawatts the previous year, according to AWEA data. (wind-watch.org)
  • The "Vestas announcement shows the danger to U.S. manufacturing jobs if Congress waits any longer to extend the production tax credit," she said. (wind-watch.org)
  • Engel said that the tax credit ensured that the wind sector "got going" in the U.S., and that its expiration will hurt the turbine maker's clients. (wind-watch.org)
  • I know states will get you on something large like an automobile because you have to get a title, BUT you also DIDN'T owe sales tax in the state you purchased the car, (but that state forces the dealer to collect on all sales) so they often credit the paid tax and you pay the difference so it's not double dipping. (slashdot.org)
  • Expand the Earned Income Tax Credit. (ontheissues.org)
  • As president, I would expand the earned income tax credit. (ontheissues.org)
  • Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC)? (brighthub.com)
  • The EITC is a refundable tax credit for low to moderate income individuals and families that work. (brighthub.com)
  • "Earned Income Tax Credit" gives more information on the EITC. (brighthub.com)
  • One version works like a refundable tax credit. (theglobeandmail.com)
  • The IRS is required to hold refunds for returns claiming the earned income tax credit (EITC) and additional child tax credit (ACTC) u. (kptv.com)
  • Employer programs and incentives reduce peak-period commutes by offering employee bicycle parking and showers, ridematching services, subsidized transit passes, and flexible work scheduling. (wa.gov)
  • The criteria on what drinks are taxed may not include equally bad substitutes like fruit juice, energy-dense snacks and biscuits. (wikipedia.org)
  • A number of bills have been put forward in Congress to institute an FTT, most recently the Inclusive Prosperity Act introduced by Rep. Keith Ellison (D-Minn.). Rep. Ellison's bill would tax the sale of stocks at 0.5 percent, bonds (with maturity over 60 days) at 0.1 percent, and derivatives and other investments at 0.005 percent. (epi.org)
  • The lower-wage worker's resulting combined income and payroll tax would be 30.3 percent of $929 or $281. (taxpolicycenter.org)
  • Three percent 'interim' tax in the works. (bit-tech.net)
  • Both venture and angel investors can apply for tax credits of 25 percent of their investments in pre-qualified Wisconsin companies. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Romney says he'll only release two years of tax returns, and says he doesn't remember if he's ever paid less than he did in 2010 , 13.9 percent. (theatlantic.com)
  • But, there are some countries where you can be 100 percent certain that you don't have to pay income tax. (cnbc.com)
  • The U.A.E. charges a 30 percent tax on alcohol, and an additional 50 percent sales tax on alcohol sold in Dubai. (cnbc.com)
  • Other indirect taxes include a 5 percent charge on imported goods. (cnbc.com)
  • A majority of ACEC members voted to support extension by five years of the existing moratorium on new state taxes on the Internet, and elimination of the 3 percent federal excise tax on telephone services. (cato.org)
  • No new contributions to MSAs could be made after 2007, except for individuals who previously made contributions to an MSA or who work for employers that had already established MSAs. (taxpolicycenter.org)
  • Top earners are at risk of losing generous tax breaks on their pension contributions after David Cameron and Nick Clegg agreed a truce over the so-called mansion tax. (theguardian.com)
  • The latest available data [pdf] on those paying pension contributions, split by tax band, relates to the tax year 2009-10. (theguardian.com)
  • I have estimated maybe 10% of those would have been prevented by the cap on annual contributions of £50,000 in work to be published shortly, leaving net contributions now of maybe £2.8 billion, all likely to enjoy 50% tax relief. (theguardian.com)
  • Halving tax relief on these contributions would raise another £342 million a year assuming no behavioural change. (theguardian.com)
  • Increase the income tax deduction on individual contributions made to charities that help the poor and homeless. (ontheissues.org)
  • The Commission favored taxes on international trade, and its report concluded that " a system of universal and automatic contributions would help to establish the principle of global responsibility, and would be a step toward co-management of the world economy. (globalpolicy.org)
  • the LLC itself doesn't pay federal or state income taxes. (howstuffworks.com)
  • California imposes higher-than-average state income taxes on business and personal income . (investopedia.com)
  • California imposes three types of income taxes on businesses: a corporate tax , a franchise tax , and an alternative minimum tax . (investopedia.com)
  • The Philadelphia native, to be sentenced in November 2011, was found guilty yesterday (August 9) for failing to file income taxes for three years. (vibe.com)
  • Ever since the coalition took power four and a half years ago, it has successively lowered income taxes for wage-earners, specifically excluding students and pensioners. (sverigesradio.se)
  • Personal income taxes are a huge source of revenue for governments globally, and the debate on taxes has been a hot-button issue in recent elections in the U.S. and Europe. (cnbc.com)
  • As such, they do not have to pay federal income taxes. (gao.gov)
  • dwheeler.com] has a longer list of software released by US governments (federal, state, or local) as open source software. (slashdot.org)
  • I'm sure it's incomplete, but it shows that US governments do release open source software. (slashdot.org)
  • That has drawn fire from state governments facing budget shortfalls and from traditional brick-and-mortar retailers, who say online sellers essentially give customers an automatic discount when they don't collect taxes. (slashdot.org)
  • In many countries, and particularly in developing countries, governments are more likely to subsidize fertilizer production or consumption to increase productivity in agriculture rather than to tax them. (undp.org)
  • Governments must work with the food and beverage industry, medical practices, schools and community groups to promote healthy life-styles. (oecd.org)
  • Quarterly self-employment taxes to cover Medicare and Social Security must also be paid. (howstuffworks.com)
  • FICA is the law requiring employers deduct payroll tax from their employees' paychecks, which is then contributed to Social Security and Medicare funding. (mortgageloan.com)
  • Medicare data remains the best administrative data source available for preparing postcensal internal migration estimates. (abs.gov.au)
  • The purpose in defining these ideal characteristics is to create criteria against which Medicare data and alternative data sources can be evaluated. (abs.gov.au)
  • With stable tax policy the wind industry can grow to nearly 100,000 American jobs in the next four years and support 500,000 American jobs by 2030. (wind-watch.org)
  • About 1,500 of these entities each had over $100,000 in federal tax debts with some owing tens of millions of dollars. (gao.gov)
  • It worked, and Miami Beach has become a model for cities around the world confronting climate change. (ontheissues.org)
  • I hope that Secretary Clinton would join me if we are serious about climate change, about imposing a tax on carbon on the fossil fuel industry and making massive investments in energy efficiency and sustainable energy. (commondreams.org)
  • While debating in Miami-the U.S. city arguably most threatened by rising sea levels caused by the warming of the planet-Wednesday night, presidential candidate Bernie Sanders challenged Democratic rival Hillary Clinton to strengthen her positions on climate change by joining him in a call for a tax on carbon and a total ban on fracking nationwide. (commondreams.org)
  • Supposedly, the tax is at once a free-market economist's efficient approach to combatting climate change, a savvy fiscal reform for promoting economic growth, and a statesman-like grand bargain poised to break through the political gridlock. (nationalaffairs.com)
  • There are various steps to be taken when changing job, particularly in relation to tax, social insurance (PRSI) and pension. (citizensinformation.ie)
  • In fact, you'd need to cash in a pension worth £415,000 to buy a £288,000 supercar, paying enough tax to buy the Treasury a Porsche (£126,000). (which.co.uk)
  • How much tax do I pay on a pension lump sum? (which.co.uk)
  • Why have I paid emergency tax on my pension? (which.co.uk)
  • In fact, close on 50% of the working population currently have no pension plan in place at all. (rte.ie)
  • You have retired and your gross pension check is 91000 you are getting a job with a security firm and want to know if you have to pay ss taxes from the seurity job? (answers.com)
  • Some economists proposed that taxes or fees on use of these resources could help manage and preserve the world's atmosphere, land and oceans. (globalpolicy.org)
  • However, if your company is involved in a passive business (e.g., rental activity), no self-employment taxes need to be paid. (howstuffworks.com)
  • If his employer-paid insurance premium is $1,000, his taxes are $281 less than they would be if the $1,000 was paid as taxable compensation. (taxpolicycenter.org)
  • sixty-nine metro areas got back less than two thirds of what their drivers paid in gas taxes. (ewg.org)
  • This paper uses IRS tax data to evaluate the short- and long-term effects of California's 2004 Paid Family Leave Act (PFLA) on women's careers. (nber.org)
  • These mothers were 18 percentage points more likely to use paid leave but otherwise identical to multiple comparison groups in pre-birth demographic, marital, and work characteristics. (nber.org)
  • VAT (value added tax) is the most common type of tax and is also added on at the time of purchase, at an amount that is dependent on the value paid for the item. (wikipedia.org)
  • One major tax planning strategy for hedge funds is to use carried interest from a hedge fund to the general partners for performance fees paid to hedge fund managers. (investopedia.com)
  • I had already paid sales tax on the goods that I had bought in Texas. (slashdot.org)
  • Smaller merchandise falls under personal property because you paid the legal tax at point of purchase and own the product. (slashdot.org)
  • SECA tax, established in 1954, is paid according to a person's net earnings from self-employment. (mortgageloan.com)
  • Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid says he heard from a Bain investor who heard that Mitt Romney paid exactly zero taxes for 10 years, Reid tells The Huffington Post's Sam Stein and Ryan Grim . (theatlantic.com)
  • His campaign denies the insinuations of President Obama's campaign that Romney paid no taxes at some point. (theatlantic.com)
  • Some have theorized that Romney might have paid no taxes in 2009 , though there's a solid bit of counter-evidence to that claim. (theatlantic.com)
  • Then the IRS will automatically classify it as a multi-member LLC, or partnership, for federal income tax purposes. (howstuffworks.com)
  • How Could We Improve the Federal Tax System? (taxpolicycenter.org)
  • A citizen's guide to the fascinating (though often complex) elements of the federal Tax System. (taxpolicycenter.org)
  • These disparities at the local level have received relatively little consideration on Capitol Hill although many members of Congress are fighting to ensure that states receive federal transportation funds equivalent to what the states contribute in gas taxes. (ewg.org)
  • Businesses formed using these designations avoid federal income tax because the income they earn passes through to the business owners. (investopedia.com)
  • The alternative minimum tax of 6.65% is based on federal AMT rules and applies to C corporations and LLCs that elect to be treated as corporations. (investopedia.com)
  • The IRS impersonation scam is back, perfectly timed to coincide with the October 15 deadline for anyone who filed a federal tax extension last April. (finra.org)
  • Students must complete the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) in order to be eligible for, and receive, an actual financial aid award that includes Federal grant, loan, or work-study assistance. (umuc.edu)
  • Replace the federal income tax with a national sales tax? (cato.org)
  • Actually, the Illinois law was a required follow-up to the 1996 federal welfare reform law worked out by President Clinton and the Republican Congress. (issues2000.org)
  • Then he recounted how a Bain Capital investor called him a month ago and said, "Harry, he didn't pay any taxes for 10 years. (theatlantic.com)
  • He didn't pay taxes for 10 years! (theatlantic.com)
  • The proposed taxes would apply to financial institutions with more than $50 billion in assets and would extract about $90 billion from them over ten years. (commondreams.org)
  • He said the company would renew the taxis every three years. (albawaba.com)
  • A little over 10 years ago, the state consolidated several property tax aid programs into one general aid program called County Program Aid (CPA), and instituted a formula for distribution. (crookstontimes.com)
  • It can help to cast an eye on upcoming income tax brackets, too, so that you have an idea of what to expect. (foxbusiness.com)
  • This is a list of the maximum potential tax rates around Europe for certain income brackets. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because the feds tax the two types of nonresident income at different rates. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Effectively connected income is taxed at the same graduated income tax rates that U.S. citizens pay. (howstuffworks.com)
  • The tax was refined over time with differentiated tax rates: for example, the tax was increased to 54 per cent for insecticides in the 1990s before the system was reformed in 2013. (undp.org)
  • Some countries also have lower rates of corporation tax for smaller companies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Are states willing to eliminate some taxes entirely, cut tax rates or accept constitutional tax limitations? (cato.org)
  • Rural counties work hard to keep property tax rates affordable, while providing services to keep the county working. (crookstontimes.com)
  • The amount of taxes each member pays is generally in proportion to her interest in the business. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Instead, the U.S. has a progressive tax system that taxes your early dollars a relatively small amount. (foxbusiness.com)
  • The study argued that such volumetric taxes "are poorly targeted to the actual health harms from SSBs," and suggested taxing the amount of sugar in beverages, rather than the volume of liquid accompanying the sugar. (wikipedia.org)
  • Demand that you pay taxes and not allow you to question or appeal the amount that you owe. (finra.org)
  • The tax structures differ: Sweden adopted a simple tax scheme where a fixed amount is charged per kilogram of active substance. (undp.org)
  • If you derive income from other sources in addition to Social Security it may become taxable if your modified adjusted gross income exceeds the "base" amount for your filing status. (answers.com)
  • Ticket-issuer Balraj Singh in the court said he could not identify conductor Gurdeep Singh and driver Sukhwinder Singh, claiming that he had never worked for Orbit Aviation bus company and was an employee of Dabwali Bus Transport. (hindustantimes.com)
  • Though she didn't work on COVID-19, she was among the 100 staffers deemed essential during the pandemic out of the more than 500-employee health department. (nbcwashington.com)
  • [4] Third, employee compensation in the form of employment-based health insurance receives preferential tax treatment. (cbpp.org)
  • It's important to note that FDAP is not the same as a capital gains tax. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Non-U.S. citizens only have to pay capital gains tax on the sale of stock and other capital assets if they reside in the U.S. for 183 days or more during the tax year. (howstuffworks.com)
  • To further confuse things, there's a completely separate capital gains tax for the sale of real property by a foreigner, regardless of his or her status as a resident or nonresident alien. (howstuffworks.com)
  • There are, after all, actions you can take throughout the year that can shrink your tax bill come April -- such as selling losing stocks to offset taxable capital gains. (foxbusiness.com)
  • It has no personal income or capital gains taxes. (cnbc.com)
  • An FBI investigation is focusing on why current and former city officials gave potentially lucrative legal work to a top Democratic donor and resisted a judge's efforts to seek competitive bids for the work. (overlawyered.com)
  • Limiting the reach of grabby and greedy public officials gives citizens more options where to live, work and shop. (cato.org)
  • Once granted, such taxes will never be voluntarily surrendered by public officials. (cato.org)
  • High taxes, combined with the onerous business regulations for which California is also known, have led many business owners in the 21st century to flee the state for places they perceive as more friendly operating grounds, such as Texas and Florida. (investopedia.com)
  • Such taxes will necessarily complement regulations and standards on chemical and toxic content (e.g. nitrogen and phosphorous in fertilizers). (undp.org)
  • The draft regulations also require administrators to submit the annual claim within 3 months of the end of the tax year of assessment and will also introduce a process change and interest charge for excess relief claims. (cipp.org.uk)
  • The medical tax deduction can be quite powerful. (fool.com)