The application of methods designed to reduce the risk of harm associated with certain behaviors without reduction in frequency of those behaviors. The risk-associated behaviors include ongoing and active addictive behaviors.
Productive or purposeful activities.
Physiological or psychological effects of periods of work which may be fixed or flexible such as flexitime, work shifts, and rotating shifts.
Assessment of physiological capacities in relation to job requirements. It is usually done by measuring certain physiological (e.g., circulatory and respiratory) variables during a gradually increasing workload until specific limitations occur with respect to those variables.
Behavior in which persons hurt or harm themselves without the motive of suicide or of sexual deviation.
Resumption of normal work routine following a hiatus or period of absence due to injury, disability, or other reasons.
Errors or mistakes committed by health professionals which result in harm to the patient. They include errors in diagnosis (DIAGNOSTIC ERRORS), errors in the administration of drugs and other medications (MEDICATION ERRORS), errors in the performance of surgical procedures, in the use of other types of therapy, in the use of equipment, and in the interpretation of laboratory findings. Medical errors are differentiated from MALPRACTICE in that the former are regarded as honest mistakes or accidents while the latter is the result of negligence, reprehensible ignorance, or criminal intent.
Organized services for exchange of sterile needles and syringes used for injections as a potential means of reducing the transmission of infectious diseases.
A plant genus of the family ARALIACEAE. Ciwujia extract, which is prepared from plants of this genus, contains ciwujianosides and is used to enhance PHYSICAL ENDURANCE.
Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.
The development of systems to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences in an institutional setting. The concept includes prevention or reduction of adverse events or incidents involving employees, patients, or facilities. Examples include plans to reduce injuries from falls or plans for fire safety to promote a safe institutional environment.
Errors in prescribing, dispensing, or administering medication with the result that the patient fails to receive the correct drug or the indicated proper drug dosage.
Efforts to reduce risk, to address and reduce incidents and accidents that may negatively impact healthcare consumers.
The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.
A measure of PATIENT SAFETY considering errors or mistakes which result in harm to the patient. They include errors in the administration of drugs and other medications (MEDICATION ERRORS), errors in the performance of procedures or the use of other types of therapy, in the use of equipment, and in the interpretation of laboratory findings and preventable accidents involving patients.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Abuse, overuse, or misuse of a substance by its injection into a vein.
Place or physical location of work or employment.
Drinkable liquids containing ETHANOL.
Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
Duties that are based in ETHICS, rather than in law.
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Human experimentation that is not intended to benefit the subjects on whom it is performed. Phase I drug studies (CLINICAL TRIALS, PHASE I AS TOPIC) and research involving healthy volunteers are examples of nontherapeutic human experimentation.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Disorders related to or resulting from abuse or mis-use of alcohol.
The total amount of work to be performed by an individual, a department, or other group of workers in a period of time.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Self-directing freedom and especially moral independence. An ethical principle holds that the autonomy of persons ought to be respected. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Agents of the law charged with the responsibility of maintaining and enforcing law and order among the citizenry.
Organized efforts to insure obedience to the laws of a community.
Drugs obtained and often manufactured illegally for the subjective effects they are said to produce. They are often distributed in urban areas, but are also available in suburban and rural areas, and tend to be grossly impure and may cause unexpected toxicity.
Powdered or cut pieces of leaves of NICOTIANA TABACUM which are inhaled through the nose, chewed, or stored in cheek pouches. It includes any product of tobacco that is not smoked.
The process of minimizing risk to an organization by developing systems to identify and analyze potential hazards to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences, and by attempting to handle events and incidents which do occur in such a manner that their effect and cost are minimized. Effective risk management has its greatest benefits in application to insurance in order to avert or minimize financial liability. (From Slee & Slee: Health care terms, 2d ed)
The aggregate business enterprise of agriculture, manufacture, and distribution related to tobacco and tobacco-derived products.
Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.
Any adverse condition in a patient occurring as the result of treatment by a physician, surgeon, or other health professional, especially infections acquired by a patient during the course of treatment.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Interference with the FREEDOM or PERSONAL AUTONOMY of another person, with justifications referring to the promotion of the person's good or the prevention of harm to the person. (from Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 1995); more generally, not allowing a person to make decisions on his or her own behalf.
An absence from work permitted because of illness or the number of days per year for which an employer agrees to pay employees who are sick. (Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)
The state or quality of being kind, charitable, or beneficial. (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). The ethical principle of BENEFICENCE requires producing net benefit over harm. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
Disorders that result from the intended use of PHARMACEUTICAL PREPARATIONS. Included in this heading are a broad variety of chemically-induced adverse conditions due to toxicity, DRUG INTERACTIONS, and metabolic effects of pharmaceuticals.
Personal satisfaction relative to the work situation.
Control of drug and narcotic use by international agreement, or by institutional systems for handling prescribed drugs. This includes regulations concerned with the manufacturing, dispensing, approval (DRUG APPROVAL), and marketing of drugs.
Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
An acute brain syndrome which results from the excessive ingestion of ETHANOL or ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.
In current usage, approximately equivalent to personality. The sum of the relatively fixed personality traits and habitual modes of response of an individual.
Disorders related to substance abuse.
Predisposition to react to one's environment in a certain way; usually refers to mood changes.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
Overall systems, traditional or automated, to provide medication to patients in hospitals. Elements of the system are: handling the physician's order, transcription of the order by nurse and/or pharmacist, filling the medication order, transfer to the nursing unit, and administration to the patient.
It is the study of social phenomena which characterize the learned, shared, and transmitted social activities of particular ethnic groups with focus on the causes, consequences, and complexities of human social and cultural variability.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
Revealing of information, by oral or written communication.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.
Activity involved in transfer of goods from producer to consumer or in the exchange of services.
A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
The act of deceiving or the fact of being deceived.
A philosophically coherent set of propositions (for example, utilitarianism) which attempts to provide general norms for the guidance and evaluation of moral conduct. (from Beauchamp and Childress, Principles of Biomedical Ethics, 4th ed)
Communication services provided by a person or a machine to record and relay the message from the caller.
The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.
Discontinuation of the habit of smoking, the inhaling and exhaling of tobacco smoke.
The philosophy or code pertaining to what is ideal in human character and conduct. Also, the field of study dealing with the principles of morality.
Persons who are enrolled in research studies or who are otherwise the subjects of research.
In civil law a cause of action which alleges that a defendant has wrongfully caused a child to be born.
A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.
Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.
The moral obligations governing the conduct of research. Used for discussions of research ethics as a general topic.
Ratio of output to effort, or the ratio of effort produced to energy expended.
Beverages consumed as stimulants and tonics. They usually contain a combination of CAFFEINE with other substances such as herbal supplements; VITAMINS; AMINO ACIDS; and sugar or sugar derivatives.
Governmental levies on property, inheritance, gifts, etc.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
The act of injuring one's own body to the extent of cutting off or permanently destroying a limb or other essential part of a body.
Systems developed for collecting reports from government agencies, manufacturers, hospitals, physicians, and other sources on adverse drug reactions.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
The rights of individuals to act and make decisions without external constraints.
The use of humans as investigational subjects.
The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.
Written or other literary works whose subject matter is medical or about the profession of medicine and related areas.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Committees established to review interim data and efficacy outcomes in clinical trials. The findings of these committees are used in deciding whether a trial should be continued as designed, changed, or terminated. Government regulations regarding federally-funded research involving human subjects (the "Common Rule") require (45 CFR 46.111) that research ethics committees reviewing large-scale clinical trials monitor the data collected using a mechanism such as a data monitoring committee. FDA regulations (21 CFR 50.24) require that such committees be established to monitor studies conducted in emergency settings.
The selection, appointing, and scheduling of personnel.
Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.
Payment, or other means of making amends, for a wrong or injury.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.
People who engage in occupational sexual behavior in exchange for economic rewards or other extrinsic considerations.
The interactions between physician and patient.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.
Truthful revelation of information, specifically when the information disclosed is likely to be psychologically painful ("bad news") to the recipient (e.g., revelation to a patient or a patient's family of the patient's DIAGNOSIS or PROGNOSIS) or embarrassing to the teller (e.g., revelation of medical errors).
Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.
Situations affecting a significant number of people, that are believed to be sources of difficulty or threaten the stability of the community, and that require programs of amelioration.
The use of systematic methods of ethical examination, such as CASUISTRY or ETHICAL THEORY, in reasoning about moral problems.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.
Promotion and protection of the rights of patients, frequently through a legal process.
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
The act of killing oneself.
A province of Canada on the Pacific coast. Its capital is Victoria. The name given in 1858 derives from the Columbia River which was named by the American captain Robert Gray for his ship Columbia which in turn was named for Columbus. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p178 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p81-2)
Failure of a professional person, a physician or lawyer, to render proper services through reprehensible ignorance or negligence or through criminal intent, especially when injury or loss follows. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The unsuccessful attempt to kill oneself.
Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.
Instruments used for injecting or withdrawing fluids. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
Drinking an excessive amount of ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES in a short period of time.
The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Behavior-response patterns that characterize the individual.
Medical treatment for opioid dependence using a substitute opiate such as METHADONE or BUPRENORPHINE.
Usage of a single needle among two or more people for injecting drugs. Needle sharing is a high-risk behavior for contracting infectious disease.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
Fundamental claims of patients, as expressed in statutes, declarations, or generally accepted moral principles. (Bioethics Thesaurus) The term is used for discussions of patient rights as a group of many rights, as in a hospital's posting of a list of patient rights.
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
Identifies, for study and analysis, important issues and problems that relate to health and medicine. The Institute initiates and conducts studies of national policy and planning for health care and health-related education and research; it also responds to requests from the federal government and other agencies for studies and advice.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.
Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
Tobacco used to the detriment of a person's health or social functioning. Tobacco dependence is included.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
Diseases of the muscles and their associated ligaments and other connective tissue and of the bones and cartilage viewed collectively.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.
The reciprocal interaction of physicians and nurses.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
Mathematical or statistical procedures used as aids in making a decision. They are frequently used in medical decision-making.
A group of islands in the southwest Pacific. Its capital is Wellington. It was discovered by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1642 and circumnavigated by Cook in 1769. Colonized in 1840 by the New Zealand Company, it became a British crown colony in 1840 until 1907 when colonial status was terminated. New Zealand is a partly anglicized form of the original Dutch name Nieuw Zeeland, new sea land, possibly with reference to the Dutch province of Zeeland. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p842 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p378)
Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.
Women who are engaged in gainful activities usually outside the home.
The analysis of an activity, procedure, method, technique, or business to determine what must be accomplished and how the necessary operations may best be accomplished.
The formal process of obtaining a complete and accurate list of each patient's current home medications including name, dosage, frequency, and route of administration, and comparing admission, transfer, and/or discharge medication orders to that list. The reconciliation is done to avoid medication errors.
Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
Decisions for determining and guiding present and future objectives from among alternatives.
Beliefs and values shared by all members of the organization. These shared values, which are subject to change, are reflected in the day to day management of the organization.
The process of discovering or asserting an objective or intrinsic relation between two objects or concepts; a faculty or power that enables a person to make judgments; the process of bringing to light and asserting the implicit meaning of a concept; a critical evaluation of a person or situation.
Contamination of the air by tobacco smoke.
The use of force or intimidation to obtain compliance.
The science of designing, building or equipping mechanical devices or artificial environments to the anthropometric, physiological, or psychological requirements of the people who will use them.
Health services for college and university students usually provided by the educational institution.
Incorrect diagnoses after clinical examination or technical diagnostic procedures.
Penal institutions, or places of confinement for war prisoners.
Methods to identify and characterize cancer in the early stages of disease and predict tumor behavior.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.
The intrinsic moral worth ascribed to a living being. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Disorders related or resulting from abuse or mis-use of opioids.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.
A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.
Individuals licensed to practice medicine.
The legal authority or formal permission from authorities to carry on certain activities which by law or regulation require such permission. It may be applied to licensure of institutions as well as individuals.
Conduct and synthesis of systematic research comparing interventions and strategies to prevent, diagnose, treat, and monitor health conditions. The purpose of this research is to inform patients, providers, and decision-makers, responding to their expressed needs, about which interventions are most effective for which patients under specific circumstances. (hhs.gov/recovery/programs/cer/draftdefinition.html accessed 6/12/2009)
The internal individual struggle resulting from incompatible or opposing needs, drives, or external and internal demands. In group interactions, competitive or opposing action of incompatibles: antagonistic state or action (as of divergent ideas, interests, or persons). (from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
Planning, organizing, and administering all activities related to personnel.
Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
A state in southeastern Australia, the southernmost state. Its capital is Melbourne. It was discovered in 1770 by Captain Cook and first settled by immigrants from Tasmania. In 1851 it was separated from New South Wales as a separate colony. Self-government was introduced in 1851; it became a state in 1901. It was named for Queen Victoria in 1851. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1295 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, p574)
Patient involvement in the decision-making process in matters pertaining to health.
Diagnostic, therapeutic, and investigative procedures prescribed and performed by health professionals, the results of which do not justify the benefits or hazards and costs to the patient.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
The informal or formal organization of a group of people based on a network of personal relationships which is influenced by the size and composition, etc., of the group.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Personnel who provide nursing service to patients in a hospital.
Hospital department responsible for the receiving, storing, and distribution of pharmaceutical supplies.
Rekart, Michael L (2005). "Sex-work harm reduction". The Lancet. 366 (9503): 2123-2134. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(05)67732-x. PMID ... Poverty works both as a cause and an effect of sex work. Sex workers as a whole are a vulnerable population due to obstacles ... sex work risk environments in Phnom Penh, Cambodia". Harm Reduction Journal. 8: 30. doi:10.1186/1477-7517-8-30. ISSN 1477-7517 ... Sex workers work in a variety of settings and are often open to exploitation, harassment, and physical and sexual abuse from ...
"Global State of Harm Reduction 2010" (PDF). International Harm Reduction Association. Retrieved 26 March 2012. Small, D.; ... They have emphasized that the correct message to be derived from their 1997 study can be read in the title of their work: " ... Harm Reduction Journal. 7: 1. doi:10.1186/1477-7517-7-1. PMC 2806876. PMID 20047690. "Needle Exchange FAQs". Ontario Harm ... Accordingly, harm reduction based health care centers, also known as targeted health care outlet or low-threshold health care ...
"Therapy or Injury? Your Tax Dollars at Work". Science-Based Medicine. Retrieved 8 August 2016. Online Editors (8 August 2016 ... Gorski, David (July 1, 2016). "What's the harm? Cupping edition". Respectful Insolence. Science-Based Medicine. Retrieved 8 ... there is insufficient evidence it has any health benefits and there are some risks of harm, especially from wet cupping and ... ", "a celebrity fad", and "gibberish", and observed that there is no evidence that cupping works any better than a placebo. ...
Harm Dotinga; Shabtai Rosenne; Erik Jaap Molenaar; Alex G. Oude Elferink (2003). Rosenne's the World Court: What it is and how ... it Works. United Nations Publications. p. 212. ISBN 90-04-13816-1. "Nigeria hands Bakassi to Cameroon". BBC News. 14 August ...
Works by Jean-Jacques Rousseau at Project Gutenberg Works by or about Jean-Jacques Rousseau at Internet Archive "Rousseau, Jean ... "When all the seamen were almost frozen to death...he caught no harm...He is one of the most robust men I have ever known," Hume ... The noblest work in education is to make a reasoning man, and we expect to train a young child by making him reason! This is ... Rousseau saw Plutarch's work as another kind of novel-the noble actions of heroes-and he would act out the deeds of the ...
And he could feel their magic working; Keeping him from harm; Away to some place mystical and warm; His lucky charm" clearly ... He says that this theme, "That's an important part of my work. I'm a believer in the power of the imagination in ordinary human ... Near the border, he encounters an elderly stranger who allows him to work through his internal struggle. O'Brien is given the ... Literary Critic David Wyatt points out that O'Brien's novel is similar to the works of Wilfred Owen, Stephen Crane, George ...
Dermatopathologists work in close association with clinical dermatologists, with many possessing further clinical training in ... Dermatopathology (from Greek δέρμα, derma, "skin"; πάθος, pathos, "fate, harm"; and -λογία, -logia) is a joint subspecialty of ...
The organisation now works as a lobby group. Cannabis Is Safer Than Alcohol (CISTA) was a political party founded in 2015. In ... CISTA is for harm reduction. The party was deregistered by the Electoral Commission on 3 November 2016. As of 2016, the Liberal ... The party is seen as a follow up to the Québécois Bloc pot, in order to work at the federal level. There are also other party ... The LCA de-registered itself as a political party, and continues to work as a pressure group. The party drew inspiration from ...
How does it work? Can it cause permanent harm?". Philadelphia Inquirer. Philadelphia. Retrieved 2020-09-10. Block, Eliana (2020 ... His research work has covered a wide area, including advancements in solar energy (as head of the Center for the Study of ... He has also worked to increase public awareness and appreciation of science, and has been quoted in news articles and ... He has also worked extensively with the Minnesota Supercomputing Institute. Cramer has received several awards for teaching and ...
Working memory has a limited capacity, and when solving mathematical problems, a large portion of this capacity is dedicated to ... Harms, William. "When People Worry about Math, the Brain Feels the Pain." UChicago News. The University of Chicago, 31 Oct. ... Thus parity will take more work to overcome mathematical anxiety and this is one reason why women in mathematics are role ... Curtain-Phillips, M. Math Attack: How to Reduce Math Anxiety in the Classroom, at Work and in Everyday Personal Use. (Atlanta: ...
Harms became an illustrator and puppet designer, learning her craft working with Bil Baird and then working as a designer and ... In 1975, Harms designed costumes for the pilot The Muppet Show: Sex and Violence and in 1977 she worked on Emmet Otter's Jug- ... After her marriage, Appel changed her professional name to Marianne Harms. Soon, she went to work for Jim Henson and became one ... She was also known under the professional name of Marianne Harms as a puppet designer. She painted murals for the Works ...
"John Francis Xavier O'Conor, Facts about bookworms: their history in literature and work in libraries (New York: Francis P. ... Their droppings can also harm books. German cockroach American cockroach Oriental cockroach Smokybrown cockroach Australian ... Paper that is slightly ragged at the edges is usually the work of silverfish. Firebrat Silverfish Chelifer cancroides ...
His work was put on hiatus as a hearing was called for to decide whether Webb should continue. In court, Judge Michael Toomin ... "mass public ridicule and harm" and arguing he should not be made to reimburse the city for the cost of the investigation. On ... According to the brothers' attorney, they knew Smollett from working on the show and had also spent time with him at a gym. The ... Smollett hired attorney Mark Geragos in addition to Chicago-based attorneys Todd Pugh and Victor Henderson to work on his legal ...
Voelkel, Norbert F.; Gomez-Arroyo, Jose; Abbate, Antonio; Bogaard, Harm J. (2013-01-01). "Mechanisms of right heart failure-A ... calcium channel blockers are used but only work in few cases and according to NICE are not recommended for use at all. ... and Blood Institute Working Group on Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms of Right Heart Failure". Circulation. 114 (17): 1883- ... work in progress and a plea for failure prevention". Pulmonary Circulation. 3 (1): 137-143. doi:10.4103/2045-8932.109957. ISSN ...
Criminalization of sex work also may foster the underground market for sex work and enable sex trafficking. Difficult political ... ISBN 978-92-2-130310-7. OCLC 932422315.CS1 maint: others (link) Napier-Moore, Rebecca (2017). Protected or put in harm's way? ... The work or services may include anything from bonded or forced labour to commercial sexual exploitation. The arrangement may ... This form of coercion works to recruit and initiate the victim into the life of a sex worker, while also reinforcing a "trauma ...
He is not a trained counselor, and working with the grieving is very tricky. The potential for harm is tremendous." Surgical ... Henry reportedly welcomes skepticism about his work: "I am content with people asking questions," he told the Fresno Bee. Henry ... but it only works because he has such great support. Besides the celebrities he interviews, Henry seems to have the full- ...
A brief summary of the work. Harms, Daniel (1998). The Encyclopedia Cthulhiana (2nd ed.). Oakland, CA: Chaosium. ISBN 1-56882- ... Fictitious works are denoted by F; real-life works by R. Author. The person or character credited as the author of the work. ... Authors of nonfictional works are real people. If the author is fictitious, the name of the writer who created the work appears ... Many fictional works of arcane literature appear in H. P. Lovecraft's cycle of interconnected works often known as the Cthulhu ...
The species was first formally described by German botanist Hermann August Theodore Harms, in 1915 from a specimen collected by ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Y. L. Nene (1980). Vrinda Krumble (ed.). Proceedings of the International Works on ... "Cajanus kerstingii Harms". African Plant Database. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques & South African National Biodiversity ... "Cajanus kerstingii Harms". Tropicos. Retrieved December 7, 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Chris Geerling (1985 ...
Harms, Paul W.; Harms, Kelly L.; Moore, Patrick S.; DeCaprio, James A.; Nghiem, Paul; Wong, Michael K. K.; Brownell, Isaac; ... a sentinel lymph node biopsy as well as other imaging is recommended as a part of the staging work-up needed to determine ... Paulson, Kelly G.; Park, Song Youn; Vandeven, Natalie A.; Lachance, Kristina; Thomas, Hannah; Chapuis, Aude G.; Harms, Kelly L ... International Workshop on Merkel Cell Carcinoma Research (IWMCC) Working, Group. (4 October 2018). "The biology and treatment ...
p. 2. ISBN 978-0-691-13129-0. Harms, Richard J.; et al. (November 1994), "HST FOS spectroscopy of M87: Evidence for a disk of ... Schödel, R.; Genzel, R. (2006), Alfaro, Emilio Javier; Perez, Enrique; Franco, José (eds.), How does the Galaxy work?: A ...
Alexander the coppersmith did me much harm. May the Lord repay him according to his works. "Alexander the coppersmith" or "the ... There are charges that it is the work of an anonymous follower, after Paul's death in the first century AD. This chapter ...
Use during pregnancy may harm the baby. Vinorelbine is in the vinca alkaloid family of medications. It is believed to work by ...
Patterns I and II are poorly written works that were an overambitious, pretentious effort to reduce hypnotism to a magic of ... "Can NLP help or harm your business?". Industrial and Commercial Training. 38 (1): 12-17. doi:10.1108/00197850610645990. Ingalls ... More recently (circa 1997), Bandler has claimed, "NLP is based on finding out what works and formalizing it. In order to ... Scientific reviews state that NLP is based on outdated metaphors of how the brain works that are inconsistent with current ...
The decriminalization of sex work is the removal of criminal penalties for sex work. In most countries, sex work, the ... Hughes, Donna M. (February 1999). "Legalizing prostitution will not stop the harm". Making the Harm Visible, Global Sexual ... All countries should work toward decriminalization of sex work and elimination of the unjust application of non-criminal laws ... fair work hours and safe and clean working conditions, controlling where brothels may operate and dissociating prostitution ...
It works by blocking the function of DNA polymerase. Cytarabine was patented in 1960 and approved for medical use in 1969. It ... Use during pregnancy may harm the baby. Cytarabine is in the antimetabolite and nucleoside analog families of medication. ...
You will not harm a helpless lady." She gave them food to appease their hunger, and they left, robbing, destroying other ... Feeling the need of a chapel and school buildings for successfully carrying on this work, she visited her home in the U.S. and ... The work spread on all sides. Mexicans themselves, after obtaining some knowledge of the Bible, would organize "societies" for ... "A Good Work in Mexico". Newspapers.com. Bellows Falls, Vermont: Vermont Chronicle. 29 November 1859. p. 2. Retrieved 9 ...
How it works is not entirely clear as of 2019. Lenalidomide was approved for medical use in the United States in 2005. It is on ... Use during pregnancy may harm the baby. The dose may need to be adjusted in people with kidney problems. It has a chemical ... How thalidomide works against cancer". Science. 343 (6168): 256-7. doi:10.1126/science.1249543. PMC 4084783. PMID 24436409. " ...
Use during pregnancy may harm the baby. Docetaxel is in the taxane family of medications. It works by disrupting the normal ... following from the discoveries of Pierre Potier at CNRS at Gif-sur-Yvette during his work on improvements to the production of ...
Use during pregnancy may harm the baby. It works by inhibiting protein synthesis in bacteria. Tetracycline was patented in 1953 ... Quote:] Laboratory Work May Lead to Manufacture of Non-Toxic Antibiotic Drugs US patent 2734018, Minieri, Pasquale Paul; Sokol ... Benjamin Duggar, working under Yellapragada Subbarow at Lederle Laboratories, discovered the first tetracycline antibiotic, ...
Use during pregnancy may harm the baby. Plazomicin works by decreasing the ability of bacteria to make protein. Plazomicin was ...
Dyk said, "The Mayo/Alice framework works well when the abstract idea or law of nature in question is well known and ... And patent challengers, empowered by convincing PR spin and misdirection about harm to patients, have found all too sympathetic ...
NBC, Donald Trump and Mark Burnett Want to Help America Get Back to Work with New Version of Popular Original Series "The ...
The pesticide must not harm the listed endangered and threatened animals and habitats. To be sure this program is implemented, ... In some cases, manufacturers choose to conduct addition work to satisfy requirements for peer-reviewed literature, as was the ... "a reasonable certainty of no harm" from the exposure to the residue whether directly from the consumption of such food or from ... amended FIFRA to require all older pesticides to cause no harm to infants, children, and sensitive individuals within " ...
A 2016 systematic review found potential harm to treating to targets lower than 140 mmHg,[112] and a subsequent review in 2019 ... How it works". World Journal of Clinical Cases. 3 (6): 504-9. doi:10.12998/wjcc.v3.i6.504. PMC 4468896. PMID 26090370.. ... Despite guidelines recommending that intensive blood sugar control be based on balancing immediate harms with long-term ... "Benefits and harms of lower blood pressure treatment targets: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised placebo- ...
Their arguments were that Asians and Chinese took jobs away from white men, worked for "substandard" wages, lowered working ... and the unlawfulness of discrimination liable to cause harm to non-unionized employees."[71] ... Work, Management and Welfare in Scandinavia. Stockholm: SNS (pp. 155-160) *^ "Trade Union Density" OECD. Accessed: 06 October ... reduce the hours in a work week, provide public education for children, and bring other benefits to working class families.[13] ...
After working on several more movies, she suffered delayed shock over her husband's death and had a nervous breakdown. During ... Ultimately, the scandals caused no harm to Astor's career, which was actually revitalized because of the custody fight and the ... She was happy to work again, but her happiness soon ended. On January 2, 1930, while filming sequences for the Fox movie Such ... She admitted to alcoholism as far back as the 1930s, but it had never interfered with her work schedule or performance. She hit ...
c) Nocebo effect - an individual is convinced that standard treatment will not work, and that alternative therapies will work. ... Edzard), Ernst, E. (2018-01-11). More harm than good? : the moral maze of complementary and alternative medicine. Smith, Kevin ... medicine that works and medicine that may or may not work... speculation, and testimonials do not substitute for evidence."[12] ... How alternative therapies "work": a) Misinterpreted natural course - the individual gets better without treatment. b) Placebo ...
Fox News said that McIntyre "who also worked at the IPCC and submitted notes to the Science and Technology Committee for its ... because Jones believed that they planned to harm the UAE or setback climate science by drawing scientists into disputes, ... has long been under attack by those who doubt global warming, particularly after his work was referenced in a series of leaked ... "a resource where the public can go to see what actual scientists working in the field have to say about the latest issues."[8] ...
... fetal harm has not been seen in the second and third trimesters.[150] Nevertheless, since rare harms from topical retinoids are ... They work by killing C. acnes and reducing inflammation.[20][82][90] Although multiple guidelines call for healthcare providers ... They work by decreasing the production of androgen hormones by the ovaries and by decreasing the free and hence biologically ... as they have little systemic absorption and are therefore unlikely to harm a developing fetus.[150] Highly recommended ...
They sometimes also work to eliminate the longer wait time females often face by creating a ratio of more female toilets than ... Theories that claim sex-separation was implemented to place women at a disadvantage, may actually harm women because they erase ... Many victims in the workplace were afraid to press charges for fear of losing work.[1]:251-52, 287 ... Ancient evidence, including art-work, confirms widespread use of sex-separation (or sex segregation), especially in multi-use ...
More recently, modern works of science fiction such as those by Philip K. Dick and William Gibson and films such as Blade ... arguing that it harms the environment and alienates people; proponents of ideologies such as transhumanism and techno- ... Eventually, the working of metals led to the discovery of alloys such as bronze and brass (about 4000 BCE). The first uses of ... as in Foucault's work on technologies of the self (techniques de soi). ...
The Edwin Smith Papyrus dating back to 1600 BCE is an early work on surgery, while the Ebers Papyrus dating back to 1500 BCE is ... non-maleficence - "first, do no harm" (primum non-nocere).. *respect for persons - the patient (and the person treating the ... In general, resident work hours in medicine are less than those in surgery, averaging about 60 hours per week in the US. This ... The personnel that work in these medical laboratory departments are technically trained staff who do not hold medical degrees, ...
And why would we continue trying to re-work a "rule" we know doesn't work well, especially on WP? [It might work okay at, for ... There is no harm at all in retaining "WP:" shortcuts and you have yet to show that there is. What you have shown is that you ... I wholly support that as the draft to work from. - SMcCandlish ☏ ¢ ,ʌⱷ҅ᴥⱷʌ, 16:13, 11 December 2017 (UTC). *A WP:POSS on both ... And, yes, "the US city of" works in some contexts. - SMcCandlish ☏ ¢ ,ʌⱷ҅ᴥⱷʌ, 20:46, 16 December 2017 (UTC). I have no real ...
However, the dance doesn't work for some reason. Knowing that it won't work again, Omega Shenron lets them try one more time. ... Nuova says that he doesn't harm innocent and helpless people. As they continue to fight, a beam comes out of nowhere and hits ... Goku figures out how to defeat the giant worm monsters, and the three make short work of them. The Para Para brothers then ... She says that she's working on something that will help him. While she's preparing the device, Vegeta reminisces about Goku in ...
In addition, such laws may reduce health care costs,[3] improve work productivity, and lower the overall cost of labour in the ... "Lawyer: smoking ban may harm patients". 3 News NZ. 20 May 2013. Archived from the original on 3 July 2013.. ... Typically, such arguments are based upon an interpretation of John Stuart Mill's harm principle which perceives smoke-free laws ... However, a 2006 review by the U.S. Surgeon General found that smoking restrictions were unlikely to harm businesses in practice ...
This includes construction, landscaping, forestry, brush clearing, land surveying, farming, railroad work, oil field work, ... picaridin is odorless and is less likely to irritate the skin or harm fabric or plastics.[138] Repellents with higher ... Carl Lennhoff, who worked at the Karolinska Institute in Sweden, believed many skin conditions were caused by spirochetes. In ... In 1949, Nils Thyresson, who also worked at the Karolinska Institute, was the first to treat ACA with penicillin.[248] In the ...
... physical therapists work alongside and cooperate with mainstream medicine, and osteopathic medicine in the U.S. has merged with ... review evaluating maintenance chiropractic care found that spinal manipulation is routinely associated with considerable harm ... hard work, competition, and advertisement, aligning themselves with the common man against intellectuals and trusts, among ... "Can chiropractors and evidence-based manual therapists work together? an opinion from a veteran chiropractor" (PDF). J Man ...
The ability to work in two planes is important for orthopedic and spinal surgery and can reduce operating times by eliminating ... "First do no harm - The impact of financial incentives on dental X-rays". Journal of Health Economics. 58 (March 2018): 1-9. ... These devices are made of discrete pixelated detectors known as thin-film transistors (TFT) which can either work indirectly by ... Biplanar Fluoroscopy works the same as single plane fluoroscopy except displaying two planes at the same time. ...
The aerodynamic concept worked, in that the car produced plenty of downforce without increasing drag which allowed the cars to ... bodywork that would allow a large supply of air to reach the rear wing undisturbed and create more downforce without harming ... Italian driver Elio de Angelis who had joined Brabham after six years with Lotus, was the first driver to die in a works ... He said that the car would have worked better had the BMW been a more compact V6 rather than a straight-4. ...
These days, with the aid of CAD or modelling platforms, the work is now much faster, and this can act also as a tool for ... The regulatory authorities recognize different classes of medical devices based on their potential for harm if misused, design ... The ASTM F04.15.17 task group is working on several new standards that involve designing implants for cleaning, selection and ... reducing safeguards that facilitate the reporting and timely recall of flawed medical software that could harm patients". ...
Work and sport. Traditionally the Standard Poodle, the largest of the breed, was a retriever or gun dog, used in particular for ... should slowly reveal a warm and personable disposition once the dog realizes the new person is trustworthy and means no harm. ... Hunting and working dogs were typically of the standard variety, though some reports suggest that smaller varieties such as the ... This is very important when working the dog in a contest as well as an environment with guns: a trained poodle will not scare ...
... and that the courts can at least partially redress the harm by order of the court.[6] Further, cases cannot be brought to court ... Part of Our Children's Trust's inspiration was from Oposa's work in the Philippines. Since 2011, Our Children's Trust has been ... The government also argued that the pre-trial discovery phase would cause the government harm due to the volume of data and ... rights by encouraging and allowing activities that significantly harmed their right to life and liberty, and sought the ...
They worked on average five days per week, although nearly 10% reported that they worked seven days a week. ... Because child sexual exploitation is driven by demand it is "crucial to raise the perceptions of consumers about the harm that ... Further, even if some of the children trafficked for other forms of work are subsequently sexually abused at work, this does ... "International Social Work. 48 (2).. *^ a b Daniel Campagna; Donald Poffenberger (1988). The sexual trafficking in children: an ...
"High heels row: Petition for work dress code law rejected". BBC News. 21 April 2017. Retrieved 21 April 2017.. ... though whether this translates to comparable health harms is not known.[22] ... The Philippines forbade companies from mandating that female employees wear high heels at work in September 2017.[44] ... High heels at work are necessary, says Japan's labour minister The Guardian, 2019 ...
Field work related to mark-recapture[edit]. Typically a researcher visits a study area and uses traps to capture a group of ... If the chosen identifier harms the organism, then its behavior might become irregular. ...
Work-family balance[edit]. Main articles: Work-family conflict, Double burden, and Work-life balance ... Abusive supervision is the extent to which a supervisor engages in a pattern of behavior that harms subordinates.[96][97] ... Caruso, C. (2009). NIOSH OHP activities: Training products for workers who are assigned to shift work or work long work hours. ... a b c d e f g h i Schonfeld, I.S., & Chang, C.-H. (2017). Occupational health psychology: Work, stress, and health. New York, ...
In humans, the middle ear works as an impedance equalizer between the outside air's low impedance and the cochlear fluid's high ... Advanced military sonar harms whales. Sonar interferes with the basic biological functions of whales-such as feeding and mating ... The program also included training them to carry equipment and material to divers working underwater by holding cameras in ...
For names of various art works, see Class Action (disambiguation).. A class action, also known as a class action lawsuit, class ... The rules require consumer associations to represent an adequate number of affected parties who have suffered the same harm. ... Businesses targeted by class actions for inflicting massive aggregate harm have sought ways to avoid class actions altogether. ... one particular case works as an opt-out class action for damages. This is the case when defendants can identify and compensate ...
Hugh McCann (1998). The Works of Agency: On Human Action, Will, and Freedom. Cornell University Press. ISBN 978-0-8014-8583-1. ... including those that harmed others.[222] Again, this cannot be taken to mean that belief in determinism is to blame; these are ... In his work Pragmatism, he wrote that "instinct and utility between them can safely be trusted to carry on the social business ... Rudolf Steiner, who collaborated in a complete edition of Arthur Schopenhauer's work,[130] wrote The Philosophy of Freedom, ...
"Khat:Social harms and legislation" (PDF). Retrieved 26 March 2015.. *^ a b c d e Brug af khat blandt dansk-somaliere - ... an 11th-century work on pharmacy and materia medica written by Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī, a Persian scientist and biologist. Unaware ... Khat was ranked 17th in dependence, 20th in physical harm, and 20th in social harm.[21] ... "Khat: A review of its potential harms to the individual and communities in the UK" (PDF). Advisory Council on the Misuse of ...
But shift work doesnt just make your sleepy; it can cause other healt ... www.healthcentral.com/slideshow/shift-work-can-harm-your-health. Sleep Disorders. Shift Work Can Harm Your Health. Kristina ... If you work overnight, wear sunglasses on the way home and keep your home darkened as well. Lastly, try to head to sleep within ... When you work shifts, your bodys circadian rhythm gets off track. This is the process that controls when you awake and when ...
According to a new study, people who work more than 10 hours a day are about 60 percent more likely to develop heart disease or ... If youve been saying for years that long hours at work are killing you, forward this article to your boss--it might literally ... Working overtime may harm the heart, study says. By Sarah Klein, Health.com. ... Compared to people who worked seven hours a day, those who worked 10 to 12 hours a day had a 56 percent increased risk of heart ...
Eating nutritionally insipid food and trying to make up for it by taking supplements that appear to be doing more harm than ... She is a sustainability expert and author whose work has been published by the New York Times and National Geographic, among ... As potential benefits and harms of supplement use continue to be studied, some studies have found associations between excess ... that they can do harm. (See related stories below.) ...
First-year doctors-in-training reported that working five extra-long shifts of 24 hours or more at a time without rest per ... "Intern Work Hours May Increase Risk Of Errors That Harm Patients." Medical News Today. MediLexicon, Intl., 17 Dec. 2006. Web. ... This study shows that the long shifts worked by interns are bad for patient safety, as they are more likely to cause harm that ... Backing, C. (2006, December 17). "Intern Work Hours May Increase Risk Of Errors That Harm Patients." Medical News Today. ...
As states like Wisconsin get ready for Medicaid work requirements theres concern over how many could lose health coverage and ... For now, the work requirements will still go into effect. In Kentucky, people up to age 64 have to work - not only those who ... Arkansas was the first to implement work requirements. As of March 1, 15 states have federal approval for work requirements or ... Tony Evers said last year that he might remove Wisconsins work requirement, and a ruling on Thursday raised the prospect that ...
A new analysis looks at two ways employees may try to regulate their emotions at work: surface acting and deep acting. Surface ... Faking Emotions at Work May Do More Harm Than Good. By Traci Pedersen Associate News Editor ... Pedersen, T. (2020). Faking Emotions at Work May Do More Harm Than Good. Psych Central. Retrieved on July 13, 2020, from https ... Home » News » Faking Emotions at Work May Do More Harm Than Good ...
However, not knowing the proper way to work out might do more harm than good. ... Improper way of working out may do more harm than good. *Download PDF Copy ... However, not knowing the proper way to work out might do more harm than good. ... Liberman suggests working with a personal trainer for a few weight lifting sessions to help develop good form for your wrists ...
Heavy Lifting, Shift Work Could Harm Womens Fertility, Study Shows. Posted 3:40 PM, February 7, 2017, by CNN Wire, Updated at ... "Shift work is not a biologically good way to work," said Sutcliffe. "So what does this study mean? If trying to optimize ... People who worked nights or rotating shifts in the new study also saw a reduction in the number of mature eggs. ... Shift work has been proven to have a range of negative consequences on health, including increased risk of heart disease and ...
... ... Teaching you how to work on a computer with no harm for your ... Ive been working on a computer for the last 10 years daily and observed a 50% eyesight drop during this time. After the recent ... Repetitive strain injury of wrists and scoliosis is what you can if sitting wrong and not taking breaks in your typing work. ... Headache, fatigue, dry eyes and blurred vision can be also caused by a long uninterrupted work on a computer - its called a ...
... these hazards so that you can take steps to avoid them or minimize the damage.These common work hazards may be doing more harm ... These Work Hazards May be Harming Your Health. by Tamara Vlahovic May 28, 2019. ... damagedangerousElectricalHarmHazardshealthLaserphotocopiersPrintersSittingspillsSunlightworkworkplace ... These common work hazards may be doing more harm to your health than you realize. ...
Work by the Institute for Work & Health (IWH) helped to shape the new WSIB narcotics strategy. IWH Scientist Dr. Andrea Furlan ... And her work in the field of opioid use and chronic pain made her a much sought-after subject-matter expert. ... Institute for Work & Health. We are an independent, not-for-profit organization. Our mission is to promote, protect and improve ... In its report 2012-2016 Strategic Plan: Measuring Results: Q1 2013, which focused on return-to-work and recovery outcomes, the ...
Aiming for zero harm through training and communication Skip to content. Back to Practical tools and guidance on dangerous ... https://osha.europa.eu/en/tools-and-publications/publications/aiming-zero-harm-through-training-and-communication ...
Guilt and Shame Proneness: The Role of Work Meaning and Perceived Unethicality of No Harm No Foul Behavior Among Private Sector ... This present study hypothesized that meaningful work and perceived unethicality of no harm no foul behavior (NHNF) can predict ... The Role of Work Meaning and Perceived Unethicality of No Harm No Foul Behavior Among Private Sector Employees (November 30, ... Corruption can be minimized by improving work meaning. The underlying assumption is that both meaning and morality make up "a ...
... dark side to working at agencies: their long hours culture. ... Work hard? Yes. Work stupid? No," Bilboul says.. Indeed, ... Most people get sick before they realise their work pattern is harming them. Advertising may be a rewarding, engaging and ... Most people have to get sick before they realise their work pattern is harming them." ... Many have ended up working longer hours at home. A lack of physical separation from work or the decompression of the commute ...
Work participation among low-income adults potentially subject to Medicaid work requirements. Worked fewer than 80 hours in at ... Working Harder or Finding It Harder to Work: Demographic Trends in Annual Work Hours Show an Increasingly Fractured Workforce. ... As long as out-of-pocket work expenses do not exceed earnings, working always provides more income than not working for a ... Why punitive work-hours tests in SNAP and Medicaid would harm workers and do nothing to raise employment Report • By Josh ...
Now he has a wife and five-year-old son, and works as a peer educator in Kabul, a job that he loves. As harm reduction advocate ... Rejaeys harm reduction work has been a realization of a dream, as he too once struggled with homelessness and problematic drug ... Peer Work and Psycho-social Support. Afghanistans harm reduction workers face many challenges, but naloxone provision has been ... But despite his impressive CV, having worked in harm reduction since 2008, Rejaey said he was "banned" from CCM membership in ...
A study has found that how well children do at school is not affected if their mother returns to work in their first year of ... Child development not harmed by mothers return to work Katy Morton. Thursday, June 13, 2013 ... A study has found that how well children do at school is not affected if their mother returns to work in their first year of ...
Why working out on a weight machine could be harming you Fixed resistance equipment can be found in most gyms worldwide... but ... Or if you were to go for a run, your body works as an integrated system that mobilizes all your joints in your structure in ... The ideal way to work on developing a good posture would be in a standing position, allowing the body to achieve an optimal ... Your nervous system would not work to activate your deep abdominal muscles (core) if it is not challenged to. ...
Recommends including womens health services in harm reduction programs and ensuring confidentiality. ... Womens Health and Harm Reduction: Communities Working Together to Save Lives Oct 12, 2007 * Women ... Title: Womens Health and Harm Reduction: Communities Working Together to Save Lives. Publication date 2007-10-12. Publication ... www.issuelab.org/resource/women-s-health-and-harm-reduction-communities-working-together-to-save-lives.html. Resource provided ...
Youth & Harm Reduction: Working with Marginalized Youth Who Use Drugs. Toronto, Ontario. July 7, 2010 ... Topics include harm reduction, current substance use and related harms/risks, community issues, mental health and trauma, ...
... to document that they work or engage in other work activities (e.g., job training or volunteer work) for at least 80 hours per ... Taking Away Medicaid for Not Meeting Work Requirements Harms People With Substance Use Disorders. March 14, 2019 ... Taking Away Medicaid for Not Meeting Work Requirements Harms People with Mental Health Conditions ... Taking Away Medicaid for Not Meeting Work Requirements Harms People with Mental Health Conditions ...
Addiction Services through Peer Work - Thursday, 8 November 2018 at Lakeside Church, Guelph, ON. Find event and ticket ... The Power of Peer Support: Strengthening Harm Reduction & Addiction Services through Peer Work at Lakeside Church 7654 ... The Power of Peer Support: Strengthening Harm Reduction & Addiction Services through Peer Work. ... The Power of Peer Support: Strengthening Harm Reduction & Addiction Service.... by Wellington Guelph Drug Strategy ...
We Have One Earth: Researchers Work To Boost Farm Production Without Causing More Harm By Amy Mayer ... Amy worked as an independent producer for many years and also previously had stints as weekend news host and reporter at WFCR ... Amys work has earned awards from SPJ, the Alaska Press Club and the Massachusetts/Rhode Island AP. Her stories have aired on ... Moorman, who works for the Agricultural Research Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture in Ames, Iowa, has been looking ...
What are the challenges that face a psychotherapist working with self-harm or eating disorders? Introduction In this essay I ... "What are the challenges that face a psychotherapist working with self-harm or eating disorders?". Introduction. In this essay I ... What Are the Challenges That Face a Psychotherapist Working with Self-Harm or Eating Disorders. *Submitted by: melpha ... Self-harm can be said to be the act of self-inflicting physical attacks on the body (Gardner, 2001). In self-harming, the ...
... ... News Epidural simulator: Working with medical colleagues to improve the patient experience and reduce risk of harm ...
Is a world without accidents, diseases or harm at work possible? "Yes" says the first ever global prevention campaign that was ... ISSA launches global campaign for zero accidents, diseases and harm at work. BusinessFeatured ... ISSA launches global campaign for zero accidents, diseases and harm at work. ... Lars Hoffmann, Head of Safety at Siemens adds "Everyone should be able to rely on a safe working environment at all times so ...
Sex Work is Work - Research has shown that when people who earn their income through sex work can work without fear of police ... Harm reduction and an AIDS-free generation, sex work research, and sustainable development goals . . . Were reading about the ... Harm Reduction and the Global HIV Epidemic - Looking at access to health and harm reduction services in five countries where ... "work" aspect of sex work helps make responses to health and legal needs more relevant and less likely to lead to unintended ...
AALAS - FELASA working group on harm-benefit analysis of animal studies * AALAS - FELASA working group on health monitoring of ... Current concepts of Harm-Benefit Analysis of Animal Experiments - Report from the AALAS-FELASA Working Group on Harm-Benefit ... AALAS - FELASA working group on harm-benefit analysis of animal studies. Synopsis. The ethical evaluation of research projects ... FELASA-AALAS Working Group on Health Monitoring for Fish in Research * FELASA - AALAS working group on the transport of ...
The Natural Resources Defense Council works to safeguard the earth - its people, its plants and animals, and the natural ... New England Ocean Monument Has Not Harmed Commercial Fishing. July 25, 2018 Brad Sewell ... The argument that doing so is causing economic harm should be put behind us. ... was causing any meaningful economic harm to the fishing industry, and the agency purposefully decided not to disclose this fact ...
The Natural Resources Defense Council works to safeguard the earth - its people, its plants and animals, and the natural ... EVIDENCE SHOWING HARM TO WHALES WITHHELD BY BUSH ADMINISTRATION June 01, 2005 ... NEW YORK (June 1, 2005) -- The Bush administration is withholding a large quantity of evidence about severe harm caused to ...

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