Encyclopedias as Topic
A plant species of the family VISCACEAE, order Santalales, subclass Rosidae. This is the traditional mistletoe of literature and Christmas. Members contain viscotoxin (5 kDa basic polypeptides related to thionins), beta-galactoside- and N-acetyl-D-galactosamine-specific lectin II (60 kDa), and polysaccharides. Mistletoe lectin I is a type 2 ribosome-inactivating protein. Commercial extracts include Plenosol, Eurixor, Helixor Isorel, Iscador, and NSC 635089 (ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENTS, PHYTOGENIC).
Cause of Death
Great Lakes Region
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
Use of wood stoves and risk of cancers of the upper aero-digestive tract: a case-control study. (1/933)BACKGROUND: Incidence rates for cancers of the upper aero-digestive tract in Southern Brazil are among the highest in the world. A case-control study was designed to identify the main risk factors for carcinomas of mouth, pharynx, and larynx in the region. We tested the hypothesis of whether use of wood stoves is associated with these cancers. METHODS: Information on known and potential risk factors was obtained from interviews with 784 cases and 1568 non-cancer controls. We estimated the effect of use of wood stove by conditional logistic regression, with adjustment for smoking, alcohol consumption and for other sociodemographic and dietary variables chosen as empirical confounders based on a change-in-estimate criterion. RESULTS: After extensive adjustment for all the empirical confounders the odds ratio (OR) for all upper aero-digestive tract cancers was 2.68 (95% confidence interval [CI] : 2.2-3.3). Increased risks were also seen in site-specific analyses for mouth (OR = 2.73; 95% CI: 1.8-4.2), pharyngeal (OR = 3.82; 95% CI: 2.0-7.4), and laryngeal carcinomas (OR = 2.34; 95% CI: 1.2-4.7). Significant risk elevations remained for each of the three anatomic sites and for all sites combined even after we purposefully biased the analyses towards the null hypothesis by adjusting the effect of wood stove use only for positive empirical confounders. CONCLUSIONS: The association of use of wood stoves with cancers of the upper aero-digestive tract is genuine and unlikely to result from insufficient control of confounding. Due to its high prevalence, use of wood stoves may be linked to as many as 30% of all cancers occurring in the region. (+info)
Effects of 2 low-fat stanol ester-containing margarines on serum cholesterol concentrations as part of a low-fat diet in hypercholesterolemic subjects. (2/933)BACKGROUND: Full-fat sitostanol ester-containing margarine reduces serum total and LDL cholesterol, but the effect of plant stanol ester-containing margarine as part of a low-fat, low-cholesterol diet has not been studied. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the cholesterol-lowering effects of 2 novel, low-fat stanol ester-containing margarines as part of a low-fat diet recommended for hypercholesterolemic subjects. DESIGN: In a parallel, double-blind study, 55 hypercholesterolemic subjects were randomly assigned after a 4-wk high-fat diet (baseline) to 3 low-fat margarine groups: wood stanol ester-containing margarine (WSEM), vegetable oil stanol ester-containing margarine (VOSEM), and control margarine (no stanol esters). The groups consumed the margarines for 8 wk as part of a diet resembling that of the National Cholesterol Education Program's Step II diet. The daily mean total stanol intake was 2.31 and 2.16 g in the WSEM and VOSEM groups, respectively. RESULTS: During the experimental period, the reduction in serum total cholesterol was 10.6% (P < 0.001) and 8.1% (P < 0.05) greater and in LDL cholesterol was 13.7% (P < 0.01) and 8.6% (P = 0.072) greater in the WSEM and VOSEM groups, respectively, than in the control group. Serum campesterol concentrations decreased 34.5% and 41.3% (P < 0.001) in the WSEM and VOSEM groups, respectively. Serum HDL cholesterol, sitostanol, campestanol, beta-carotene, and fat-soluble vitamin concentrations did not change significantly from baseline. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that the low-fat, plant stanol ester-containing margarines are effective cholesterol-lowering products in hypercholesterolemic subjects when used as part of a low-fat, low-cholesterol diet. They offer an additional, clinically significant reduction in serum cholesterol concentrations to that obtained with a low-fat diet alone. (+info)
Toxicity of combustion products from burning polymers: development and evaluation of methods. (3/933)Laboratory and room-scale experiments were conducted with natural and synthetic polymers: cotton, paper, wood, wool, acetate, acrylic, nylon, and urethane. Smoke and off-gases from single materials were generated in a dual-compartment 110-liter exposure chamber. Multicomponent, composite fuel loads were burned within a 100 m(3) facility subdivided into rooms. In chamber experiments, mortality depended on the amount of material burned, i.e., fuel consumption (FC). Conventional dose (FC)/mortality curves were obtained, and the amount of fuel required to produce 50% mortality (FC(50)) was calculated. With simple flame ignition, cotton was the only material that produced smoke concentrations lethal to rats; FC(50) values for cotton ranged from 2 g to 9 g, depending on the configuration of the cotton sample burned. When supplemental conductive heat was added to flame ignition, the following FC(50) values were obtained; nylon, 7 g; acrylic, 8 g; newsprint, 9 g; cotton, 10 g; and wood, 11 g. Mortality resulting from any given material depended upon the specific conditions employed for its thermal decomposition. Toxicity of off-gasses from pyrolysis of phosphorus-containing trimethylol propane-polyurethane foams was markedly decreased by addition of a flame ignition source. Further studies are needed to determine the possible relevance of single-material laboratory scale smoke toxicity experiments. Room-scale burns were conducted to assess the relative contributions of single materials to toxicity of smoke produced by a multicomponent self-perpetuating fire. Preliminary results suggest that this approach permits a realistic evaluation of the contribution of single materials to the toxicity of smoke from residential fires. (+info)
Determinants of exposure to inhalable particulate, wood dust, resin acids, and monoterpenes in a lumber mill environment. (4/933)In a lumber mill in the northern inland region of British Columbia, Canada, we measured inhalable particulate, resin acid, and monoterpene exposures, and estimated wood dust exposures. Potential determinants of exposure were documented concurrently, including weather conditions, tree species, wood conditions, jobs, tasks, equipment used, and certain control measures. Over 220 personal samples were taken for each contaminant. Geometric mean concentrations were 0.98 mg/m3 for inhalable particulate, 0.49 mg/m3 for estimated wood dust, 8.04 micrograms/m3 for total resin acids, and 1.11 mg/m3 for total monoterpenes. Multiple regression models for all contaminants indicated that spruce and pine produced higher exposures than alpine fir or mixed tree species, cleaning up sawdust increased exposures, and personnel enclosure was an effective means of reducing exposures. Sawing wood in the primary breakdown areas of the mill was the main contributor to monoterpene exposures, so exposures were highest for the barker operator, the head rig operator, the canter operator, the board edgers, and a roving utility worker in the sawmill, and lowest in the planer mills (after kiln drying of the lumber) and yard. Cleaning up sawdust, planing kiln-dried lumber, and driving mobile equipment in the yard substantially increased exposures to both inhalable particulate and estimated wood dust. Jobs at the front end of the sawmill where primary breakdown of the logs takes place had lower exposures. Resin acid exposures followed a similar pattern, except that yard driving jobs did not increase exposures. (+info)
Biomass cooking fuels and prevalence of tuberculosis in India. (5/933)OBJECTIVES: To examine the relation between use of biomass cooking fuels (wood or dung) and prevalence of active tuberculosis in India. METHODS: The analysis is based on 260,162 persons age 20 and over in India's 1992-93 National Family Health Survey. Logistic regression is used to estimate the effects of biomass fuel use on prevalence of active tuberculosis, as reported by household heads, after controlling for a number of potentially confounding variables. RESULTS: Persons living in households that primarily use biomass for cooking fuel have substantially higher prevalence of active tuberculosis than persons living in households that use cleaner fuels (odds ratio [OR] = 3.56; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.82-4. 50). This effect is reduced somewhat when availability of a separate kitchen, house type, indoor crowding, age, gender, urban or rural residence, education, religion, caste or tribe, and geographic region are statistically controlled (OR = 2.58; 95% CI = 1.98-3.37). Fuel type also has a large effect when the analysis is done separately for men (OR = 2.46; 95% CI = 1.79-3.39) and women (OR = 2. 74; 95% CI = 1.86-4.05) and separately for urban areas (OR = 2.29; 95% CI = 1.61-3.23) and rural areas (OR = 2.65; 95% CI = 1.74-4.03). The analysis also indicates that, among persons age 20 years and over, 51% of the prevalence of active tuberculosis is attributable to cooking smoke. CONCLUSIONS: Results strongly suggest that use of biomass fuels for cooking substantially increases the risk of tuberculosis in India. (+info)
A field comparison of inhalable and thoracic size selective sampling techniques. (6/933)We measured inhalable, thoracic, and so-called "total" wood dust exposure in British Columbia lumber mill workers. Particle-size selective sampling was conducted using the GSP and Seven hole inhalable samplers, the PEM thoracic sampler and the 37-mm closed-face cassette "total" sampler. All measurements were full-shift personal samples, obtained from randomly selected workers. We obtained intersampler comparison data for the following pairs of instruments: GSP and 37-mm sampler; GSP and seven-hole sampler (SHS); and PEM and 37-mm sampler. The intersampler measurement ratios were estimated as: GSP/37-mm sampler = 4.2; GSP/SHS = 1.7; and PEM/37-mm sampler = 1.6. The GSP/37-mm sampler ratio is consistent with previously reported findings, while PEM/37-mm sampler and GSP/SHS ratios were both larger than expected. We found that in all comparisons, the measurement ratio had significant variability that was greatest at low ambient dust concentrations. Although it was not possible to attribute the source of the variability to specific sampler types, we concluded that the GSP sampler might be susceptible to "projectile" particles not normally aspirated, and may be vulnerable to direct aspiration of dust from accidentally contacted surfaces. The PEM was designed for environmental monitoring, and it is possible that it is unsuited to the higher particulate concentrations found in some occupational settings. Disparities among inhalable sampling techniques such as that between GSP and SHS should be investigated further in light of the proposed adoption of the inhalable method as an industrial standard. (+info)
Spectroscopic properties of oxidation species generated in the lignin of wood fibers by a laccase catalyzed treatment: electronic hole state migration and stabilization in the lignin matrix. (7/933)A laccase catalyzed oxidative treatment of wood pulp fibers has been found to induce unusual modifications of these fibers that are qualitatively different from those encountered when more severely degraded fibers are subjected to similar enzymatically catalyzed oxidative treatments. These results suggest that the physical/conformational state of the lignin of wood fibers determines which oxidation pathways dominate in a given oxidative treatment, leading to different lignin modifications depending on both the chemical and the physical structure of the lignin polymer. Spectroscopic measurements (ESR, IR, UV-Vis and fluorescence) show that the laccase treatment results in the formation of two different species in the dried fibers: one is interpreted as chemically transformed (via oxygen) lignin products, and the other as initial oxidation radicals which have gained stabilization against transformation into the first mentioned products via a migration mechanism. It is argued that these initial radicals may likely be cation radical (or hole state) parts in lignin. The migration mechanism is identified with site-to-site transfer or 'hopping' via electron transfer and it is postulated that this mechanism 'carries' cation radical parts of the lignin, produced at the surface of the fiber, into parts of the lignin where chemical transformation pathways are suppressed due to the lignin conformational state. The possible existence of such a migration mechanism, the relative dominance of which should depend sensitively on the polymer conformational state, may have implications for the biogeneration and biodegradation of lignin as well as for oxidative treatments of non-natural conjugated polymers. (+info)
Neuroimaging of a wooden foreign body retained for 5 months in the temporalis muscle following penetrating trauma with a chopstick--case report. (8/933)A 48-year-old female was stabbed by her husband with a chopstick made of wood in the left temporal region during a quarrel. She suffered laceration of the left temporal scalp. At initial examination, she concealed the assault with a chopstick. Radiography showed no abnormality, so the wound was sutured. One month after the injury, a painless subcutaneous mass appeared in the left temporal region which grew rapidly for 3 months. She was then admitted to our department. Computed tomography (CT) on admission showed a hyperdense area at the center of the mass. This area was hypointense on both T1- and T2-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) images. Temporalis muscle tumor with accompanying central necrosis, old hematoma, and inflammatory granuloma was considered. The mass was totally resected for cosmetic purposes and was found to be wooden foreign body granuloma. High density on CT and hypointensity on both T1- and T2-weighted MR images are characteristic of a chronically retained wooden foreign body in the living body and are useful for detecting wooden foreign bodies in the chronic granulomatous phase. (+info)
Novice Woodworking - A Easy Manual | Cool Woodworking Plans
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Copper Azole Wood Preservatives Market Research Report Now Available at Research Corridor | Prismcoalition
Research Corridor has published a new research study titled Copper Azole Wood Preservatives Market - Growth, Share, Opportunities, Competitive Analysis and Forecast, 2017 - 2025. The Copper Azole Wood Preservatives market report studies current as well as future aspects of the Copper Azole Wood Preservatives Market based upon factors such as market dynamics, key ongoing trends and segmentation analysis. Apart from the above elements, the Copper Azole Wood Preservatives Market research report provides a 360-degree view of the Copper Azole Wood Preservatives industry with geographic segmentation, statistical forecast and the competitive landscape.. Browse the complete report at http://www.researchcorridor.com/copper-azole-wood-preservatives-market/. Geographically, the Copper Azole Wood Preservatives Market report comprises dedicated sections centering on the regional market revenue and trends. The Copper Azole Wood Preservatives market has been segmented on the basis of geographic regions into ...
Maniatis D, Saint André L, Temmerman M, Malhi Y, Beeckman H (2011). The potential of using xylarium wood samples for wood...
Abstract: Wood specific gravity (WSG) is an important biometric variable for aboveground biomass calculations in tropical forests. Sampling a sufficient number of trees in remote tropical forests to represent the species and size distribution of a forest to generate information on WSG can be logistically challenging. Several thousands of wood samples exist in xylaria around the world that are easily accessible to researchers. We propose the use of wood samples held in xylaria as a valid and overlooked option. Due to the nature of xylarium samples, determining wood volume to calculate WSG presents several challenges. A description and assessment is provided of five different methods to measure wood sample volume: two solid displacement methods and three liquid displacement methods (hydrostatic methods). Two methods were specifically developed for this paper: the use of laboratory parafilm to wrap the wood samples for the hydrostatic method and two glass microbeads devices for the solid displacement
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Basic Information about Residential Wood Heaters | Controlling Air Pollution from Residential Wood Heaters | US EPA
Smoke from residential wood heaters contains fine particle pollution, also known as fine particulate matter or PM2.5, along with other pollutants including carbon monoxide, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), black carbon, and air toxics, such as benzene. Residential wood smoke can increase particle pollution to levels that pose serious health concerns, and in some areas constitutes a significant portion of the fine particle pollution problem.. The fine particles in smoke - also called fine particle pollution or PM2.5 - can get deep into the lungs, harming the lungs, blood vessels and heart. People with heart, vascular or lung disease, older adults and children are the most at risk. Learn more about the health effects of PM2.5. Top of Page. ...
PDF] Pulmonary changes on HRCT scans in nonsmoking females with COPD due to wood smoke exposure * - Semantic Scholar
OBJECTIVE To identify and characterize alterations seen on HRCT scans in nonsmoking females with COPD due to wood smoke exposure. METHODS We evaluated 42 nonsmoking females diagnosed with wood smoke-related COPD and 31 nonsmoking controls with no history of wood smoke exposure or pulmonary disease. The participants completed a questionnaire regarding demographic data, symptoms, and environmental exposure. All of the participants underwent spirometry and HRCT of the chest. The COPD and control groups were adjusted for age (23 patients each). RESULTS Most of the patients in the study group were diagnosed with mild to moderate COPD (83.3%). The most common findings on HRCT scans in the COPD group were bronchial wall thickening, bronchiectasis, mosaic perfusion pattern, parenchymal bands, tree-in-bud pattern, and laminar atelectasis (p | 0.001 vs. the control group for all). The alterations were generally mild and not extensive. There was a positive association between bronchial wall thickening and hour
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Eco Office File Base - Made with PureBond Formaldehyde Free Plywood | Ana White
Id say the most intimidating thing about working with plywood is knowing how to cut it. You want to be very careful, because plywood has a wood grain, and if your pieces arent cut correctly, youll end up with mis matched wood grains. And then of course theres taking into account the width of a saw blade, and understanding that a saw blade doesnt cut corners . . .. So follow this plywood cutout as shown above. You can ask your Home Depot to make the rip cuts and then take the strips home - thats what I do to fit everything in my car. Start by ripping 22 off of the plywood. From this piece, you will cut yoru top, bottom and sides. Then from the remaining piece, cut 15 1/4 off of it, approximately 26 wide, as shown in the diagram. You will cut your drawer faces from these pieces. Finally, rip the remaining plywood piece into one 11 1/2 wide strip and two 6 wide strips. If you are using plywood for the footer and not 1x2s, rip the remaining scrap into a 1 1/2 wide strip.. Cut out all ...
Inhalable wood dust: Risk assessment of Occupational exposure - Iranian Journal of Health Sciences
Background and Purpose: Wood dust have been approved as a harmful and carcinogenic agent for humans. This study aimed to evaluate risk assessment of Workers' exposure to inhalable wood dust among 100 workers in 25 furniture manufacturing workshops in one of the northern cities in Iran. Materials and Methods: NIOSH0501 method ...
Thermal, crystallization, and dynamic rheological behavior of wood particle/HDPE composites: Effect of removal of wood cell...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Thermal, crystallization, and dynamic rheological behavior of wood particle/HDPE composites. T2 - Effect of removal of wood cell wall composition. AU - Ou, Rongxian. AU - Xie, Yanjun. AU - Wang, Qingwen. AU - Sui, Shujuan. AU - Wolcott, Michael P. PY - 2014/6/5. Y1 - 2014/6/5. N2 - This study investigated the effect of removal of wood cell wall composition on thermal, crystallization, and dynamic rheological behavior of the resulting high density polyethylene (HDPE) composites. Four types of wood particle (WP) with different compositions: native wood flour (WF), hemicellulose-removed wood particle (HR), lignin-removed wood particle (holocellulose, HC), and both hemicellulose and lignin removed particle (α-cellulose, αC) were prepared and compounded with HDPE using extruder, both with and without maleated polyethylene (MAPE). Results show that removal of the hemicellulose improved the thermal stability of composites, while removal of the lignin facilitated thermal decomposition. ...
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STORRE: Wood smoke exposure, poverty and impaired lung function in Malawian adults
BACKGROUND: Household air pollution from burning biomass fuel is increasingly recognised as a major global health concern. Biomass smoke is associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Asian and Central American countries, but there are few data from Africa. METHODS: We hypothesised that reported wood smoke as compared to charcoal smoke exposure would be associated with a reduction in forced expiratory volume in 1 second in Malawian adults. Volunteers from urban and rural locations performed spirometry and completed a questionnaire assessing lifestyle, including smoke exposure and symptoms. RESULTS: In total, 374 adults were recruited; 61% were female; 160 cooked using charcoal and 174 used wood. Individuals who used wood as their main domestic fuel had significantly worse lung function than those who used charcoal. Significant factors associated with impaired lung function in the multivariate model were age, sex, height, wood smoke exposure, poverty, smoking and previous ...
College of Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources // U.S. Northern Region Woody Biomass Assessment Featured on Journal of...
An assessment of the regional physical availability of woody biomass as an energy feedstock in the U.S. Northern Region conducted by MU Department of Forestry and US Forest Service researchers is the central article featured in the May issue of the Journal of Forestry. The article highlights the potential of woody biomass to produce power in combination with conservation goals. It also stresses the limitations of woody biomass energy utilization stemming from its spatial dispersion and low energy density. Wood energy currently accounts for about 22% of the renewable energy generated in the US. Findings from this assessment indicate that a maximum of 19% of current coal-based electricity consumption in the Northern Region could potentially be produced with woody biomass from timberland without jeopardizing the forest resource.. The article titled Regional Assessment of Woody Biomass Physical Availability as an Energy Feedstock for Combined Combustion in the US Northern Region authored by ...
PILOT WOOD PRESERVATIVE & PILOT AEROSOL | Metro Forex PVT. LTD Bharuch
Pilot is Indias first colorless (clear, transparent) high power wood preservative liquid which is ready to use solution which can be applied on any type of wood like plywood, teak wood, sesame, rose wood, Raw Timber wood etc. Pilot is a stainless wood preservative having a typical phenolic CNSL (Cashew Nut Shell Liquid) fragrance.. Composition. Cashew Nut Shell Liquid (Herbal) CNSL (Clear, Transparent) 20 & balance solvents QS.. How to use? White ants (Termite) leaves a threadlike line on the wooden surface. Therefore first apply Pilot thoroughly on the thread type line and other affected parts. Scrape the surface with sharp knife and repeat the process after a week. Pilot penetrates 4mm to 6mm deep inside the wooden surface.. Brush, Swab and Spray treatment: You can use this treatment on new plywood or furniture. Apply Pilot generously in 2 or 3 coats at minimum 12 hours intervals.. Injecting Pilot for powder falling problem: Whenever there is such a problem, holes are naturally formed ...
EPA Proposes Rules to Limit Formaldehyde in Wood Products. - Verdant Law
Last week, EPA released two new proposed rules to set and certify formaldehyde emissions standards in wood products. EPA developed the rules to implement the Formaldehyde Standards for Composite Wood Products Act (the Act), which added Title VI to the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). The proposed rules would apply to domestic and imported hardwood plywood, medium-density fiberboard, particleboard, and finished goods - such as furniture - containing such products.. The emissions standards are established by the Act and match the limits already in place in California for wood products sold in the state. EPAs proposed rules are designed to align with Californias program, but differ in how laminated products are defined and regulated. The proposal exempts laminated products in which a wood veneer is attached to a compliant and certified platform using a [no-added formaldehyde-based] resin.. The first proposed rule [PDF] requires that all wood products made in or imported into the U.S. be ...
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Forests | Free Full-Text | Variation in Trembling Aspen and White Spruce Wood Quality Grown in Mixed and Single Species Stands...
The Canadian boreal forest is largely represented by mixed wood forests of white spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss) and trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx). In this study, a total of 300 trees originating from three sites composed of trembling aspen and white spruce with varying compositions were investigated for wood quality traits: one site was composed mainly of aspen, one mainly of spruce and a third was a mixed site. Four wood quality traits were examined: wood density, microfibril angle (MFA), fibre characteristics, and cell wall chemistry. Social classes were also determined for each site in an attempt to provide a more in-depth comparison. Wood density showed little variation among sites for both species, with only significant differences occurring between social classes. The aspen site showed statistically lower MFAs than the aspen from the mixed site, however, no differences were observed when comparing spruce. Fibre characteristics were higher in the pure species sites for both
Materials | Free Full-Text | Effect of Thermal Treatment of Veneer on Formaldehyde Emission of Poplar Plywood | Notes
A large amount of poplar plywood is now being imported into Japan from China, and as a result, formaldehyde emitted from this plywood represents an undesirable chemical that must be controlled using a chemical catching agent. The aim of this study is to find an approach to reduce the formaldehyde emission of poplar plywood using thermal treatment without employing any chemicals. The experimental results obtained show that heating veneer sheets in the temperature range of 150 °C to 170 °C effectively reduced the formaldehyde emission of plywood, without diminishing the mechanical properties of the veneer. By applying Langmuirs theory and Hailwood-Horrobin theory to the adsorption isotherm obtained in this study, the relationship between the formaldehyde emission of plywood and the adsorption properties of veneer as a material is discussed. When veneer sheets were heated in the temperature range of 150 °C to 170 °C, the amount of hydrated water (monomolecular layer) decreased slightly and that of
Characterization of gas-phase organics using proton transfer reaction time-of-flight mass spectrometry: fresh and aged...
Organic gases emitted during the flaming phase of residential wood combustion are characterized individually and by functionality using proton transfer reaction time-of-flight mass spectrometry. The evolution of the organic gases is monitored during photochemical aging. Primary gaseous emissions are dominated by oxygenated species (e.g., acetic acid, acetaldehyde, phenol and methanol), many of which have deleterious health effects and play an important role in atmospheric processes such as secondary organic aerosol formation and ozone production. Residential wood combustion emissions differ considerably from open biomass burning in both absolute magnitude and relative composition. Ratios of acetonitrile, a potential biomass burning marker, to CO are considerably lower (∼ 0.09 pptv ppbv-1) than those observed in air masses influenced by open burning (∼ 1-2 pptv ppbv-1), which may make differentiation from background levels difficult, even in regions heavily impacted by residential wood ...
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High-density plywood | Article about high-density plywood by The Free Dictionary
Looking for high-density plywood? Find out information about high-density plywood. Plywood made from resin-impregnated veneer and formed with heat at pressures of 500 lb per sq in. or more; usually density is at least twice that of normal... Explanation of high-density plywood
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Estimating impacts of wood combustion on ambient levels of PAHs is challenging. In this study effect of residential wood combustion on the benzo[a]pyrene concentrations in the air of Helsinki metropolitan area was studied, using ambient air measurements, emission estimates and dispersion modeling. Combining all this information enabled a quantitative characterization of the influence of residential wood combustion, which was found to be the main local source and more important than for PM2.5 ...
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Mild alkaline treatment activates spruce wood for enzymatic processing : A possible stage in bio-refinery processes
The three main components of wood, namely, cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin, can be used in various areas. However, since lignin covalently crosslinks with wood polysaccharides creating networks that is an obstacle for extraction, direct extraction of different wood components in high yield is not an easy matter. One potential approach to overcome such obstacles is to treat the wood with specific enzymes that degrade the networks by specific catalysis. However, the structure of wood is so compact that the penetration of the wood fibers by large enzyme molecules is hindered. Thus, the pretreatment of wood prior to the application of enzymes is necessary, for opening the structure.. One pretreatment method that was performed in this thesis is based on kraft pulping, which is a well-established and industrialized technique. For untreated wood, the wood fibers cannot be attacked by the enzymes. A relatively mild pretreatment was sufficient for wood polysaccharides hydrolyzed by a culture ...
APA Member Products Exempt as U.S. EPA Amends Formaldehyde Rule - APA - The Engineered Wood Association
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agencys final amended formaldehyde rules are now official. Structural plywood, oriented strand board (OSB) and other structural engineered wood products remain exempt from the EPA TSCA Title VI rules on formaldehyde emissions from composite wood products. The exemption includes all structural wood products manufactured with moisture resistant adhesives for construction and industrial applications, such as structural plywood, OSB, wood I-joists, laminated veneer lumber and glued-laminated timber. These products are manufactured using low emitting, moisture-resistant adhesives, per the applicable product standards and building codes that govern them.. Products marked with the APA Mark of Quality are exempt from the regulation because the APA trademark is used only on structural engineered wood products and not on particleboard, medium density fiberboard (MDF) or decorative hardwood plywood regulated by the EPA rules. In instances where unmarked structural ...
Brevet US7838446 - Wood enhancement agent treated engineered wood products - Google Brevets
A wood enhancement agent treated engineered wood product. The wood enhancement agent typically includes at least one of a preservative, a water repellant, a fungicide, an insecticide, a stabilizing agent, wax, an ultra-violet light inhibitor, and combinations thereof, and may also include an antioxidant. The wood enhancement agent is incorporated into the engineered wood product during a billet making process or after forming the billet. The wood enhancement agent may be applied simultaneously with a bonding agent or at a later time, for example applied to a scrim log mat during a pre-press process or inside a steam press chamber. Alternatively, the wood enhancement agent may be applied to a warm billet after steam press, or to a reheated billet, by dipping, spraying, or flood coating the billet, or by diffusion, vacuum impregnation, pressure, or a combination thereof.
Pressure-treated Wood: Pressure-treated Wood - Arsenic and Old Decks - HealthyHouseInstitute.com
Pressure-treated wood impregnated with chromated copper arsenate (CCA) - often with a greenish tint - was widely used for decks and porches prior to its being discontinued for residential use in 2003-2004. Since treated wood has a long lifespan, there is still plenty of CCA pressure-treated wood surrounding residences, prompting caution due to its arsenic content. Pressure-treated wood impregnated with chromated copper arsenate (CCA) - often with a greenish tint - was widely used for decks and porches prior to its being discontinued for residential use in 2003-2004. Since treated wood has a long lifespan, there is still plenty of CCA pressure-treated wood surrounding residences, prompting caution due to its arsenic content.
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Wood Resources LLC to sell Southeast operations to Boise Cascade - Boise Cascade
SHELTON, Wash. and BOISE, Idaho (July 19, 2013) - Wood Resources LLC today announced that it has entered into an agreement to sell its Southeast operations, which include Chester Wood Products and Moncure Plywood, to Boise Cascade Company (NYSE: BCC), a leading wood products manufacturer and building materials distributor in North America. The sale is expected to be completed in the third quarter.. Chester Wood Products, based in Chester, South Carolina, produces softwood plywood panels and veneer for a variety of end markets. Moncure Plywood, based in Moncure, North Carolina, is a flexible specialty plywood mill that produces both hardwood and softwood panels.. We believe Boise Cascade will continue the progress that Wood Resources has made with our Chester and Moncure operations. In addition, we are pleased that our employees will become associates of a well-respected organization like Boise Cascade, said Richard Yarbrough, Chairman of Wood Resources. At the same time, we look forward to ...
The effects of balsam woolly aphid infestations on wood anatomy of true firs
Three species of true firs in the Pacific Northwest--Abies gran-dis, grand fir; A. amabilis, Pacific silver fir; and A. lasiocarpa, subalpine fir--are severely damaged or killed by an imported insect pest, the balsam woolly aphid (Chermes (Adelges) piceae Ratz.), Infestations of this insect cause abnormalities in the wood and, in some cases, result in death of the tree. Wood samples were collected from five infested and five noninfested trees of each of the three species. Cross, radial, and tangential sections were taken from the wood samples, and samples were also macerated to separate the cells. Measurements were made of four anatomical characteristics: cell wall thickness, cell width, fibril angle, and tracheid length. Measurements were made of wood that was produced before infestation of the tree, wood of the same tree that was produced after infestation, and wood of noninfested trees. Wood produced after infestation in all three species is like compression wood in that the percentage of ...
Drywood Termites - a Homeowners Nightmare - Affordable Pest
Termites. They are every homeowners biggest fear. While subterranean termites can cause more damage to a structure more quickly, drywood termites can be just as dangerous to a building. These little insects can do some serious harm to a building before you are even aware that you have an infestation. So, when you discover a drywood termite infestation, take immediate extermination measures.. All About Drywood Termites. Drywood termites distinguish themselves from subterranean termites in quite a few ways. The most obvious is that they do not need moisture and soil to survive. Instead of making their nests in the ground, drywood termites prefer structural wood found above ground. They love to attack wooden fences, window frames, outdoor furniture, and door frames. Drywood termites are also only found in the hottest climates in the most southern part of the United States, while subterranean termites can be found in most US states.. Since drywood termite nests are built completely inside wood, it ...
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Genome, transcriptome, and secretome analysis of wood decay fungus Postia placenta supports unique mechanisms of lignocellulose...
Genome, transcriptome, and secretome analysis of wood decay fungus Postia placenta supports unique mechanisms of lignocellulose ...
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Genetic variation and relationships to growth traits for microfibril angle, wood density and modulus of elasticity in a Picea...
Genetic variation in wood density, microfibril angle (MFA), wood stiffness (MOE), height, diameter and volume was investigated in a 26-year-old Norway spruce [(Picea abies (L.) Karst.] clonal trial in southern Sweden. Wood quality measurements were performed on 10 mm increment cores using SilviScan. For MFA, mean values of annual rings showed the highest value (30Â°) at ring 2 counting from the pith, followed by a steep decrease and a gradual stabilization around ring 12 at approximately 14Â°. MOE showed a monotonic increase from 5 GPa to 14 GPa when moving from pith to bark. High broad-sense heritability values were found for wood density (0.48), MFA (0.41) and MOE (0.50). All growth traits displayed heritability values of similar magnitudes as reported in earlier studies. The generally high age-age correlations between different sections of the wood cores suggested that early selection for wood quality traits would be successful. Owing to unfavorable genetic correlations between volume and ...
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Wood Degradation by Thermotolerant and Thermophilic Fungi for Sustainable Heat Production - Treeware
The use of renewable biomass for production of heat and electricity plays an important role in the circular economy. Degradation of wood biomass to produce heat is a clean and novel process proposed as an alternative to wood burning, and could be used for various heating applications. So far, wood degradation has mostly been studied at ambient temperatures. However, the process needs to occur at elevated temperatures (40-55 °C) to produce useable heat. Our objective was to study wood degradation at elevated temperatures for its potential application on heat production. Two (a thermotolerant and a thermophilic) fungi with different degradation strategies were chosen: lignin-degrading Phanerochaete chrysosporium and cellulose-degrading Chaetomium thermophilum. Each fungus was inoculated on nonsterile and sterile birch woodblocks to, respectively, study their wood degradation activity with and without natural biota (i.e., microorganisms naturally present in wood). The highest wood decay rates were ...
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Time-scale dynamics of proteome and transcriptome of the white-rot fungus Phlebia radiata : growth on spruce wood and decay...
The white-rot Agaricomycetes species Phlebia radiata is an efficient wood-decaying fungus degrading all wood components, including cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin. We cultivated P. radiata in solid state cultures on spruce wood, and extended the experiment to 6 weeks to gain more knowledge on the time-scale dynamics of protein expression upon growth and wood decay. Total proteome and transcriptome of P. radiata were analyzed by peptide LC-MS/MS and RNA sequencing at specific time points to study the enzymatic machinery on the fungus natural growth substrate. According to proteomics analyses, several CAZy oxidoreductase class-II peroxidases with glyoxal and alcohol oxidases were the most abundant proteins produced on wood together with enzymes important for cellulose utilization, such as GH7 and GH6 cellobiohydrolases. Transcriptome additionally displayed expression of multiple AA9 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases indicative of oxidative cleavage of wood carbohydrate polymers. Large differences
Better Adhesives Mean Stronger, Cheaper Wood Products | US Forest Service
Scientists test how well a piece of plywood or product will perform in a real-life situation by putting the product through several wet-dry cycles to mimic outdoor conditions. Wood swells when wet and contracts when dry, testing the strength of the wood-adhesive bond. While changes like these are visible to the naked eye, observing these changes at smaller scales requires advanced imaging tools, such as X-ray computed tomography, X-ray fluorescence microscopy, and small angle neutron scattering to study the way the adhesive flows into air spaces in the wood structure, then enters cell walls, especially beneath the woods surface.. Researchers found that smaller adhesive molecules are more effective than larger molecules at entering the cell walls and minimizing the effects of moisture on the properties of the wood nearest the bond line. Additionally, research results have helped scientists identify the most important interactions between adhesive and nanoscale cell wall structures for creating ...
How To Build A Shed With The Right Woodworking Tools ~ store
The first thing to figure out is why you would like to have a woodworking shed in your garden. Would you like to have it since you need somewhere to place all your garden tools or would you like to put your golf equipment there? Do you plan to hide there to relax from time to time when youre tired and need some private time or would you like to let your puppies play there ?. There are many possible reasons why you would like to have a woodworking shed and no reason is better than the other one. They are all very understandable and as long as you plan your work before you do anything you will most likely become very happy with this new small building in your garden.. The second thing you need to figure out is where you would like to place the woodworking shed. Is there a perfect spot in the garden where it would be suitable to place it? There are some things you should remember when youre trying to decide where it should be placed. The first thing to keep in mind is that you need to build it in ...
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Global Glycerol Esters of Wood Rosins Market to Reflect a Holistic Expansion During the Assessment Period 2017-2027 | Apr 25,...
Press Release issued Apr 25, 2019: Glycerol ester of wood rosin forms with complex mixture of tri- and diglycerol esters of resin acids extracted from wood rosin. Glycerol ester of wood rosin manifest with esterification of pale wood rosin with food grade glycerol. The only rosin is processed by the solvent extraction of aged pine stumps and subsequent a liquid-liquid solvent refining process. The solvent is composed of approximately 90% resin acids and 10% neutrals (non-acidic compounds). Apart from being stabilizer, glycerol ester of wood rosin also helps oil to remain in suspension when blended with water. With increase in usage of glycerol ester of wood rosin in various commodities will eventually fuel the demand of glycerol ester of wood rosin and thus glycerol ester of wood rosin market can be expected to grow with a healthy CAGR over the forecast period.
Structural changes to aspen wood lignin during autohydrolysis pretreatment :: BioResources
Structural Changes to Aspen Wood Lignin during Autohydrolysis Pretreatment. Peng Wang,a Yingjuan Fu,a,* Zhiyong Shao,a Fengshan Zhang,b and Menghua Qin a,b,c,*. Aspen wood was subjected to autohydrolysis as a pre-treatment to characterize the structural changes occurring in lignin fractions during the pre-treatment process. Milled wood lignin (MWL) was isolated from both the native aspen wood and hydrolyzed wood chips, and its structural features were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), quantitative 13C, two-dimensional heteronuclear single quantum coherence (2D HSQC), and 31P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopies, gel permeation chromatography/multi-angle laser light scattering (GPC-MALLS), and thermal analysis. The lignin remaining in the hydrolyzed wood chips revealed more phenolic OH groups, fewer aliphatic OH groups, higher syringyl/guaiacyl ratios (S/G), higher molecular weights, and narrower polydispersities than the native lignin of aspen wood. The inter-unit ...
Papua New Guinea exports of wood and articles of wood, wood charcoal to China - 1998-2012 Data | 2020 Forecast
Papua New Guinea exports of wood and articles of wood, wood charcoal to China was US$167.73 Million during 2012, according to the United Nations COMTRADE database on international trade. Papua New Guinea exports of wood and articles of wood, wood charcoal to China - data, historical chart and statistics - was last updated on October of 2020.
Early Notice: Brouwers Cafe Hosts Big Wood on December 2nd! - Beer Blotter: Seattle Based. World Focused.
Big Wood is coming. Dont say we didnt warn you.. There is no secret that we are utterly obsessed with Brouwers Cafes Big Wood beer festival. Last year, we launched this site in the midst of Big Wood 2009. This year, we are giving you a 3 week heads up.. Big Wood will be held on December 2, 2010. If I remember correctly (but I might stand corrected), Big Wood begins in the afternoon, sometime around 4 PM. The event is officially one day, but the beers will pour for several days afterwards.. What is Big Wood? Guess. Big Wood showcases wood-aged beers on more than 40 taps. Typically, you will see a plethora of massive scale beers pouring, including some of the most complex beers you will ever taste.. Last year - Hair of the Dog dominated. From beer nerds to beer newbs, Hair of the Dog shocked and awed the crowd. Alan Sprints delivered Fred from the Wood, Michael (Flemish Red), Matt (Bottleworks 10th Anniversary) and BOB (a barrel-aged lambic). Read our review of the event by following this ...
Wood Cockroach - Whats That Bug?
This is a male Wood Cockroach, and it will not infest your home, but they are attracted to lights. We suspect it is a Pennsylvania Wood Cockroach, Parcoblatta pennsylvanica, based on this BugGuide image. According to the Colonial Pest Control Blog: You may have already figured out that you are more likely to be visited by wood roaches if you live in a wooded area. These cockroaches are common in woods where they feed on decaying organic matter. Around homes, wood roaches can sometimes be found in gutters, potted plants, under cedar shake or other wood siding, or in firewood. Wood cockroaches are seldom seen except during their mating season which lasts from late May into June in our area. ...
Woody Biomass Renewable Energy for Washington State? - UW School of Forest Resources, April 2010
Responding to growing interest in the use of woody biomass as a clean, carbon-neutral and renewable energy source, SFR last year produced a policy report for the Washington State Legislature, Wood to Energy in Washington: Imperatives, opportunities and obstacles to progress. The report indentified three imperatives driving energy policy decisions: climate change mitigation, energy independence and sustainability. Now Washingtons resource-dependent communities are eying woody biomass as a means to improve the economics of managing forestlands and to help revive the areas forest products industry. Green energy production from woody biomass-is it the answer? Well, maybe, says John Calhoun, Director of the Olympic Natural Resources Center (ONRC) in Forks, Wash., one of SFRs interdisciplinary research and education centers. ONRC is currently devoting a considerable portion of its research resources to help answer this question. In January 2009, ONRC was asked by the Clallam County Economic ...
Poplar wood formation - Open access publications in the SLU publication database
Genotypical effects on wood formation in aspen (Populus tremula x tremuloides) have been studied at morphological, ultrastructural and micro-distributional levels. To characterize transgenically in-duced modifications, light-, fluorescence-, UV-, scanning- and transmission electron microscopy have been applied complement-ed by immunolabeling, histochemistry, multivariate statistics and image analysis. Tension wood formation in aspen has also been studied with a focus on xyloglucan micro-distribution. To perform quantitative screeing of wood immunofluorescenc, a novel image analysis protocol was developed and applied. The protocol performs immuno-signal isolation to calculate labeling ra-tio, termed coverage. Coverage is proportional to epitope avail-ability, in relation to immunoprobe performance. The protocol was shown to perform favorably compared to operator supervised analysis and quantification. Morphological characterization of the twelve genotypes showed significant modifications only for ...
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Wood Lamps Market To Witness Enhanced Applications In Tinea Capitis Detection, Acne Detection & Industrial Testing Till 2022 |...
https://www.millioninsights.com/industry-reports/wood-lamps-market. A woods lamp examination is performed in a dark room, letting the woods light to glow directly on the affected area of the patients skin for some time and looking for any alterations in fluorescence or color. The woods lamp test is done to detect some skin infections such as fungal infections, bacterial infections, skin coloring changes and ectoparasites infections. In this test there are no risks. However, looking directly into the ultraviolet (UV) light should be avoided.. The factors that play an important role in the growth of wood lamps market are wood lamps being lightweight & compact, with low power consumption, robust design, non-glare glass lens, diagnostic support and cuff for investigations without an external light source. Based on product type, the wood lamps market is classified as high pressure mercury lamp, fluorescence low pressure, and metal halide and so on.. Based on product, the wood lamps market is ...
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Beetles (Coleoptera) occurring in decaying birch (Betula spp.) wood in the Kampinos National Park
The composition and structure of beetle clusters living in rotting birch wood in Kampinos National Park was investigated. Photoeclectors were used to remove beetles from collected wood samples. Ten different research plots, each corresponding to a different forest type, were sampled every month over a 1-year period. A collection of 3256 beetles from 37 families comprising 206 species was amassed during the study. The collected beetles were divided into trophic families, species rareness, and constancy and site fidelity classes. At the more fertile sites, species only able to live on highly-decayed wood were collected (F3), also species facultatively able to live on either dying trees or decaying wood (F1), species that do not live on decayed wood (F0) and other rare species. Trophic group of carnivores (Z) provided most species on more fertile sites. At coniferous forest sites, as well as mixed deciduous forest sites, most individuals collected belonged to mycophagous and myxomycophagous trophic ...
View source for Wood Handbook: Wood as an Engineering Material - Appropedia: The sustainability wiki
Chapter 2: Structure of Wood== [[Image:Cross section white oak tree trunk.png,thumb,Fig 1: Cross section of a white oak tree trunk]] The fibrous nature of wood strongly influences how it is used. Specifically, wood is composed mostly of hollow, elongate, spindle-shaped cells that are arranged parallel to each other along the trunk of a tree. When lumber is cut from the tree, the characteristics of these fibrous cells and their arrangement affects such properties as strength and shrinkage, as well as grain and pattern of wood. ,br> A brief description of some elements of anatomical structure are given in this chapter. ,br> Figure 1 shows the cross section of a white oak tree trunk. The labels represent: A, Cambium layer Imicroscopic) is inside inner bark and forms wood and bark cells. B, Inner bark is moist. soft, and contains living tissue. Carries prepared food from leaves to all growing parts of tree. C, Outer bark containing corky layers is composed of dry dead tissue. Gives general ...
Effectiveness of a worksite intervention to reduce an occupational exposure: The Minnesota wood dust study<...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effectiveness of a worksite intervention to reduce an occupational exposure. T2 - The Minnesota wood dust study. AU - Lazovich, De Ann. AU - Parker, David L.. AU - Brosseau, Lisa M.. AU - Milton, F. Thomas. AU - Dugan, Siobhan K.. AU - Pan, Wei. AU - Hock, Lynette. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2002/9. Y1 - 2002/9. N2 - Objectives. This study assessed the effectiveness of an intervention to reduce wood dust, a carcinogen, by approximately 26% in small woodworking businesses. Methods. We randomized 48 businesses to an intervention (written recommendations, technical assistance, and worker training) or comparison (written recommendations alone) condition. Changes from baseline in dust concentration, dust control methods, and worker behavior were compared between the groups 1 year later. Results. At follow-up, workers in intervention relative to comparison businesses reported greater awareness, increases in stage of readiness, and ...
Thermal properties of wood reacted with a phosphorus pentoxide-amine system | Treesearch
The objective of this research was to improve the fire-retardant properties of wood in one treatment using a phosphorus pentoxide-amine system. Phosphorus pentoxide and 16 amines including alkyl, halophenyl, and phenyl amines were compounded in N,N-dimethylformamide and the resulting solutions containing phosphoramides were reacted with wood. The characteristics of phosphoramide-reacted wood were analyzed by FTIR, energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, and elemental analysis. Fire retardancy of phosphoramide-reacted woods was evaluated by DSC and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). DSC demonstrated that the modification can lower the onset of an endotherm and decrease the heat of combustion and heat flow. TGA showed that most of the phosphoramide-reacted woods had higher char yields than that of wood impregnated with diammonium phosphate. ...
Wood storks feed on small to medium-sized fish, crayfish, amphibians, and reptiles. Their hunting technique is unique as they will move their partially opened bill through water, snapping up prey when the prey comes in contact with the bill.. The wood stork is the only species of stork that breeds in the U.S. Wood storks are very social in nesting habitats, as they are often seen nesting in large colonies of 100-500 nests. Colonies in South Florida form late November to early March, while wood storks in Central and North Florida form colonies from February to March (Florida Natural Areas Inventory 2001). After copulation, males begin gathering twigs for constructing nests (Coulter et al. 1999). Wood stork nests are primarily built in trees that stand in water (U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service 1999). In Florida, wood storks are capable of laying eggs from October to June (Rodgers 1990). Females lay a single clutch of two to five eggs per season (U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service 1999). The average ...
Build Wood Fired Sauna Kits DIY childs wooden workbench plans | wiry45oha
How to Build wood fired sauna kits PDF Download blueprints shed plans pdf online wood fired sauna kits wood fired sauna kits wood fired sauna kits CLICK HERE FOR DETAILS wood fired sauna kits Step 0 Wood Burning Sauna DIY. How to Build Your have Sauna with a pre trend sauna kit is a specialty…
Malissa Wood, MD - Cardiology
Malissa J. Wood, MD, is co-director of the Corrigan Womens Heart Health Program at the Massachusetts General Hospital Heart Center and associate professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School.. Dr. Wood received her medical degree from the University of Missouri-Kansas City. She completed both her Internal Medicine and Cardiology training at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston where she served as Chief Medical Resident. Dr. Wood is a clinical cardiologist and staff physician in the Cardiac Ultrasound Laboratory at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston.. Dr. Woods clinical practice is primarily devoted to the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease in women. Dr. Wood currently serves as the Co-Director of the Massachusetts General Hospital Heart Center Corrigan Womens Health Program and is the principal investigator of the Happy Heart Trial, a primary prevention in low income women study designed to improve the cardiovascular health of high risk women.. Dr. Wood has authored ...
Woods Prairie Cemetery Index
The information on this site is taken from the bookWoods Prairie Cemetery. The history of Woods Prairie Cemetery goes back to the very beginning of the settlement of Texas. Zadock Woods came to Texas in 1823 and went back to Tray Missouri in 1824 and brought his family back to what would become Fayette County, Texas. He was married to Minerva Cottle and they had 5 children who came to Texas with them. Minerva, Montreville, Norman B., Henry Gonzales and Leander. He built a fort at Woods Prairie in 1828 on his son Montrevilles land. It was the settlers protection against the still marauding Indians. The last Indian threat was the Battle of Plum Creek in 1840. The next threat was from Mexico. Many of the men from Woods Prairie joined a company to fight the Mexicans had invaded Texas. Zadock Woods was an old man but joined anyway.He and 35 others were killed in the Dawson Creek Massacre. They were later buried on Monument Hill. TEXT OF THE DAWSON MASSACRE Occurred in this vicinity on September 18, ...
alaska wood wasp sting
Once the Horntail feels it, they will start dying. In this method, the harmful or dusty material directly can be thrown into the infected area or hole. By clicking the â Submitâ button, I authorize Orkin to contact me about their services at this number using an auto dialer. Wood wasps do not sting, but they may cause other problems for the homeowner. alaska wood wasp sting The suborder name Symphyta derives from the Greek word symphyton, meaning grown together, referring to the groups distinctive lack of a wasp waist between prostomium and peristomium. Other Names: Wood wasps. The larvae emerge into an adult wood wasp by chewing wood. There are many sprays as well as some liquid products which as like the stomach poison for wood wasps. Firstly completely inspect the area, and after each method, check the area which is still untreated and treat it until no horntails left. Then this method will be the best choice for those desperate persons. Wasps/now Identified As A Big Old Hornet - Page ...
Into The Woods, a supernatural fanfic | FanFiction
Into The Woods. Co-written by sendintheclowns and gidgetgal9. Summary- Dean needs a break from his little brother and Sam needs an activity to call his own. John reluctantly lets his youngest venture on a camping trip that should be safe now that hed cleared the woods of evil. Or did he?. A/N: Written for the Summer of Sam prompt challenge. Based on pinkphoenix1985s prompt.. Pre-series- teenage Sam manages to get permission from John to go on a school camping trip. An excited Sam is delighted to get to do normal for once. Unfortunately, for Sam, it just so happens to be the year in so many X of years and the season in which the legendary campsite creature/monster comes out of hibernation to hunt for victims.. Into the woods. Without delay,. But careful not. To lose the way.. Into the woods,. Who knows what may. Be lurking on the journey?. Into the woods. To get the thing. That makes it worth. The journeying.. Into the woods- Lyrics to the musical, Into The Woods.. John approached the screen ...
Wood sanicles | definition of wood sanicles by Medical dictionary
Looking for online definition of wood sanicles in the Medical Dictionary? wood sanicles explanation free. What is wood sanicles? Meaning of wood sanicles medical term. What does wood sanicles mean?
CDC - NIOSH Publications and Products - Control of Wood Dust From Orbital Hand Sanders (96-126)
Orbital hand sanders are extensively used in woodworking processes. The dust from these sanders is generally not controlled although some are equipped with dust removal capabilities. However, even the sanders having dust removal do not effectively control the wood dust generated by the sanding operation. Therefore, a new control approach was developed. A Dust Control Plenum was designed and tested on an orbital sander.(See ILLUSTRATION) The plenum fits between the sanding pad and the sander body and has a series of exhaust slots along its edges. An exhaust connection on the top of the sander pad connects the plenum with a vacuum source. Laboratory tests show that the plenum reduces wood dust emissions by approximately 90 percent. The plenum does not interfere with the operators activities, requires no special maintenance, is inexpensive to operate, and can be used on any sander, pneumatically or electrically powered. This dust control device is not currently commercially available. Call NIOSH ...
Heritability and phenotypic and genetic correlations of coastal Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) wood quality traits
Ukrainetz, N.K.; Kang, K.-Young; Aitken, S.N.; Stoehr, M.; Mansfield, S.D., 2008: Heritability and phenotypic and genetic correlations of coastal Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) wood quality traits
Woodworking Adhesives - Cyanoacrylate Glue | Woodworkers Hardware
Visit Woodworkers Hardware for high quality woodworking adhesives for small to large projects. Order online today for next day shipping!
Coyne, Joshua G., Scott L. Summers, Brady Williams, and David a. Wood. 2010. "Accounting Program Research Rankings by Topical ...
Wood". Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange for California Floristics. University of California. Retrieved 2021-04-23. " ... Species Dichelostemma congestum (Sm.) Kunth - ookow - Canada (BC), United States (WA OR CA) Dichelostemma ida-maia (Alph.Wood) ... Alph.Wood - blue dicks - has been moved to Dipterostemon capitatus. Cultivars Dichelostemma 'Pink Diamond' - probably D. ida- ...
Wood! [B:] So, why do witches burn? [Villager:] 'Cos they're made of wood? [B:] Good! ... So; how do we tell if she is made of ... B:] Does wood sink in water? [Vs:] No, it floats! Throw her into the pond! Yaa! [B:] What also floats in water? [Vs:] Bread! ... So, logically... [V:] If she weighs the same as a duck, she's made of wood... [B:] and therefore... [V:] a witch! In 2015, a ... wood? [V:] Build a bridge out of 'er! [B:] Ah, but can you not also make bridges out of stone? [Vs:] Oh yeah. [ ...
... wood; Hood Museum of Art (USA) Efe-gelede mask; early 20th century AD; wood, indigo & white pigments; Krannert Art Museum ( ... Crafts and Architecture Yoruban and Akan Art in Wood and Metal, Lakeview Museum of Arts and Sciences For spirits and kings: ...
Classical guitar accessories
Liikanen's Classical Guitar Knee Support: made in Finland, wood. Suction Support: Made in Canada, wood. Suction cup style ... Wood or plastic models. Guitar Efel: Made in Czech Republic. endorsed by Štěpán Rak. Suction cup based. Plastic. Gitano: Made ... Wood. Cumberland Acoustic Armrest for Guitar QT armrest (Qualey-Traudt Armrest), made in Germany. Liikanen Classical Guitar ... Armrest, made in Finland John Pearse wood armrests, made in the USA Rasgueo-Rest: Ergonomically designed, adjustable Guitar arm ...
ISBN 978-0-19-503914-6. Wood. p. 141. Wood. p. 141-142. Chernow, Ron (2010). Washington: A Life. New York: Penguin Press. p. ... Wood, Gordon S. (2009). Empire of Liberty: A History of the Early Republic, 1789-1815. New York: Oxford University Press. p. ... Wood. p. 145. Chambers, William Nisbet, ed. (1972). The First Party System. Banning, Lance. The Jeffersonian Persuasion: ... Wood, The American Revolution, p. 100 "Democratic-Republican Party". Encyclopædia Britannica. July 20, 1998. Retrieved August ...
70; Wood. El. Juris, 103; Morgan's Vade Mecum, Pref. 10; 3 Co. Lit. note, 96, 17, a; 6 N. A. Rev. 74; 3 T.R. 51, 64, 631; ...
Wood. This was a popular material during the Georgian and Victorian era, and almost certainly before, in Great Britain and ... Some could be very ornate, although few survive beyond 50-100 years due to natural decomposition or termites and other wood ...
Energy in Ireland
Wood is used by households that rely on solid fuels for home heating. It is used in open fireplaces, stoves and biomass boilers ... "Solid Fuels , Solid Fuel Heating Ireland". Wood. Department of Communications, Energy and Natural Resources. 2015. Retrieved 25 ... the Department worked closely with the Department of Agriculture in terms of the potential of sustainable wood biomass for ... Tursillagh Slieve Rushen Lendrum's Bridge Callagheen Hunter's Hill Slieve Divena Tappaghan Mountain Lough Hill Balloo Wood ...
Most African artworks are wood sculptures, probably because wood is a very widespread material. Jewelry is a popular art form ... wood; height: 68.9 cm (271⁄8 in.); Metropolitan Museum of Art Stool; possibly late 19th to early 20th century; wood & pigment; ... wood with iron staples; by Nupe people; Hood Museum of Art (Hanover, New Hampshire, USA) Headdress; early 1900s; wood, antelope ... wood; by Lumbo people; Indianapolis Museum of Art (USA) Mask; early 20th century; wood, raffia & color pigments; by Yaka people ...
As a major wood carving factory in Taiwan, the factory employed more than 100 craftsmen to produce wood handicrafts during peak ... He used wood, metal, rocks, and other cheap sculpting materials, and he strived to participate in sculpting competitions in ... A single piece of unprocessed high-end wood costs more than US$30,000 at that time. However, since the security system was not ... He wanted him to continue producing wood sculptures, so that he could at least have a steady income. His father had no choice ...
Nancy Elizabeth Prophet
Her polychromed wood head Discontent reflected what she described as "a long emotional experience, of restlessness, of gnawing ... "Negro Head, before 1927." Wood. Collections. RISD Museum. Access Date 8 July 2014 Nancy Elizabeth Prophet at Find a Grave ... made of wood, and identifiable with a long hat. One of Prophet's finest surviving works dates to this period: Negro Head, a ...
Open syllable lengthening
It only occasionally applied to the high vowels /i/ and /u/: Old English wudu > Middle English /woːd/ > "wood"; Old English ...
British Symphony Orchestra discography
When Wood banned the practice in the Queen's Hall orchestra in 1904, forty disgruntled players left en masse to found the LSO. ... Wood's last previous recording was of Brandenburg 6 in June 1930. The final recording listed here was made about a week after ... Wood. 16 June 1932, unnamed location. [Mx] CAX 6441/2. Columbia (UK) L1994, DX475 Percy Grainger: Molly on the Shore and Mock ... Wood. 16 October 1932, Central Hall, Westminster. [Mx] CAX 6443-2, CAX 6444-1. Columbia (UK) LX 200. This table is sortable if ...
Wood; Watton (1946). Detour: The Story of Oflag IV C. United Kingdom: Red Cross & Falcon Press. Letters Bruce, Dominic (5 ... Bruce eventually hid the tools in the wood shavings in his mattress. Knowing the tools were now safe they could pick their ... Wood, Conrad (13 September 1996). "Chrisp, John 'Bosun'(Oral history)(Catalogue number 16843)"". iwm.org.uk. Imperial War ... Wood & Watton (1946), quoted in Clay (2014, p. 71) Reid (2015), p. 149. Bruce (1999). Windle (2006). Keleny (2013). Tunstall ( ...
South Tombs Cemetery, Amarna
wood. Horizontal bands give short prayers and she asks to receive offerings; the side panels preserve mourning figures. There ... or more rarely a coffin made of wood, pottery, or mud. In one instance a wooden coffin was found inside a mud-brick vault. No ... decorated coffins appear to be anthropoid though many are in a fragile condition due to the disintegration of the wood, either ...
Wood. Retrieved November 23, 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Rain Noe (March 3, 2015). "Tools that Change the Way ...
Kakum National Park
"Mahogany , wood". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2019-05-18. "Kakum and the Assin Attandanso Reserves, Ghana". www.fcghana. ...
Ojibway Prairie Complex
Wood. Retrieved 26 August 2020.. ...
Wood, B.; Lonergan, N. (2008). "The hominin fossil record: taxa, grades and clades" (PDF). J. Anat. 212 (4): 354-376. doi: ... Wood; Richmond, B. G. (2000). "Human evolution: taxonomy and paleobiology". Journal of Anatomy. 197 (Pt 1): 19-60. doi:10.1046/ ... A homininan, following a suggestion by Wood and Richmond (2000), would be a member of the subtribe Hominina of the tribe ... B. Wood (2010). "Reconstructing human evolution: Achievements, challenges, and opportunities". Proceedings of the National ...
Maine South High School
11 concert with international recording artist Mark Wood ... Wood ... will work with Maine South and middle school students ... as part of his "Electrify Your Strings" music education program ... Wood owns and operates Wood Violins[dead link] Tucker, ... In 2009 and 2011, violinist Mark Wood taught a series of workshops to the members of the school orchestra in preparation for a ...
Helmet mask (ndoli jowei) for Sande society; late 19th-early 20th century; wood; 39.4 x 23.5 x 26 cm (151⁄2 x 91⁄4 x 101⁄4 in ... The Mande-speaking peoples of the same region make pieces of wood with broad, flat surfaces and arms and legs are shaped like ... Most African sculpture was historically in wood and other organic materials that have not survived from earlier than at most a ... In addition, Chiwara can be either male or female Poro mask; 19th-mid-20th century; wood, horns, raffia fiber, cotton cloth, ...
doi:10.1016/S0361-3682(02)00022-3. Coyne, Joshua G., Scott L. Summers, Brady Williams, and David a. Wood. 2010. "Accounting ...
Wood. Retrieved 2017-02-23. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) London Medical Gazette: Or, Journal of Practical Medicine. ...
wood'). kee siao - (From Hokkien) To go mad. Usually, this phrase is used in the context of scolding people. keling kia - (From ... was so blind to foul play from the opposing team by refusing to penalize them that he might as well have been a block of wood ...
High Seat (Lake District)
Wood. The memorial consists of two upright stones, one bearing a round plate inscribed 'In memory of J Litt who died March 9, ...
Ragnall Mac Gilla Muire
Wood, H; Langman, AE; Griffith, MC, eds. (n.d.). Calendar of the Justiciary Rolls or Proceedings of the Court of the Justiciar ... 495-498; Wood; Langman; Griffith (n.d.) pp. 185-188. Hand (1967) pp. 210-211; Calendar of the Patent Rolls (1893) p. 78; ... 23-24; Wood; Langman; Griffith (n.d.) pp. 186-187; Bugge (1900) pp. 329-330; Phillipps (1857) pp. 496-497. Hand (1967) p. 212. ... 492, 495-496; Wood; Langman; Griffith (n.d.) p. 186. Downham (2005). Barry (2005). Downham (2013). Downham (2013) pp. 158-159; ...
Barn the Spoon
"See the wood for the trees: Robin Wood and Barn the Spoon do dinner at Craft". Wallpaper. Time Inc. Retrieved 22 April 2017. ... "Wood". Stepney City Farm. Retrieved 22 February 2017. "Spon A Guide to Spoon Carving and the New Wood Culture". Penguin books. ... He is also founder of the Green Wood Guild, a collective of green wood carvers who run carving workshops and owns a spoon shop ... In 2016 Carder and Robin Wood joined Stevie Parle during London Craft Week to explore wood-fired cooking and how dining from ...
Historia Plantarum (Theophrastus book)
Theophrastus describes the wood of different trees, the effects of climate on wood, of knots and 'coiling' in timber and other ... He asserts that Tamarisk wood from Greece is weak, but from the Arabian island of Tylos it is as strong as kermes-oak. The wood ... The strongest and most attractive wood is smooth, without knots. In Syria, terebinth wood is dark and close-grained, ... The wood of palms is light and soft like cork-oak, but is tougher and less brittle, so it is good for carving images. Timber ...
Frederick Vincent Theobald
Wood. Fantham, H. B., J. W. W. Stephens and F. V. Theobald (1920). The Animal Parasites of Man. New York. W. Wood. Massee, G. ...
Willow Wood Assisted Living - 16 Photos - Fort Lauderdale
42 reviews plus photos and pricing for Willow Wood Assisted Living in Fort Lauderdale, FL. Find and compare nearby assisted ... About Willow Wood Willow Wood provides a full range of choices for todays seniors. Choosing a senior living community ... Come visit with us and see why over 300 residents call Willow Wood "home". Map of Willow Wood ... I like the Willow Wood the best, but the other facility was closer to my mom. In my opinion, I thought the Willow Wood had the ...
Wood wool - Wikipedia
... "wood wool diapers" or "sanitary wood wool sheets". European "wood wool" was known in America in the late nineteenth century as ... Wood wool, known primarily as excelsior in North America, is a product made of wood slivers cut from logs. It is mainly used ... A different product was once known as "wood wool," as well as "pine needle-wool," or "pine wood-wool." According to E. ... In the beginning of the 20th century wood wool was used as a raw material for producing wood wool panels in Europe, especially ...
Wood quail - Wikipedia
Starred wood quail. Odontophorus stellatus. Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, and Peru. Spotted wood quail. Odontophorus guttatus. ... Chestnut wood quail. Odontophorus hyperythrus. Colombia. Dark-backed wood quail. Odontophorus melanonotus. Colombia and Ecuador ... Black-breasted wood quail. Odontophorus leucolaemus. Costa Rica and Panama Stripe-faced wood quail. Odontophorus balliviani. ... Rufous-fronted wood quail. Odontophorus erythrops. Colombia and Ecuador Black-fronted wood quail. Odontophorus atrifrons. ...
Fireproofing Wood Buildings
An inexpensive way of fire proofing wood using sodium silicate, and fireproofing asphalt shingles using Portland cement ... If wood is coated with sodium silicate solution the wood will no longer support combustion even after it dries. This procedure ... The latter tends to insulate the wood from the flames heat. The net result is that the wood can not support combustion.. There ... Another good way of fire proofing wood is to glue aluminum foil to it with solvated, fibrated asphalt. This prevents the wood ...
App Store: Wood Puzzler
Wood Puzzler». Загрузите и используйте «Wood Puzzler» на Apple TV. ... Wood Puzzler is great for preschoolers in their early learning, cognitive abilities, motor skills and brain development. It ... Do you want your children to learn the alphabet and have fun? Wood Puzzler focuses on the alphabet using spelling, ... pronunciation and vocabulary with beautiful original artwork, all in a series of cheerful wood puzzle games. FEATURES:. · Its ...
CISDOC - Wood dust
Susan Wood | ScienceBlogs
Wood | Encyclopedia.com
wood, botanically, the xylem tissue that forms the bulk of the stem of a woody plant. Xylem conducts sap upward from the roots ... 6:14), cedar wood (Ezra 3:7; et al.), acacia wood (Ex. 38:1, et al.), juniper wood (בְּרוֹשׁ; i Kings 6:34), almug wood (i ... out of the wood (or woods) out of danger or difficulty.get wood vulgar slang have an erection. knock on wood said in order to ... Wood. See also 319. PLANTS ; 401. TREES hylephobia an intense dislike for wood.. hylomania a mania for wood.. joinery the skill ...
Wood-Warblers | Audubon
Bill short, or of moderate length, rather slender, somewhat conical, considerably broader than high at the base, gradually compressed toward the end; upper mandible with its dorsal outline straight until near the end, the point very narrow, the notches very slight; lower mandible with the angle rather short and narrow, the dorsal line straight, the edges somewhat involute, the tip acute. Head moderate, ovate; neck short; body rather slender. Feet of moderate length; tarsus longer than the middle toe, slender, much compressed, with eight anterior scutella, of which the upper are blended; toes rather small, or of moderate size, hind toe proportionally stout, outer adherent for a short way at the base; claws moderate, much compressed, arched, acute. Plumage generally soft and blended. Wings of moderate length. Tail of moderate length, of twelve feathers. Tongue of moderate length, sagittate, tapering. OEsophagus of moderate width, without dilatation; proventriculus bulbiform; stomach of moderate ...
Area SnowFall - Wynn Wood HOA
Nick Wood on Apple Music
Mystery surrounds Natalie Wood's death
Authorities amended Woods death certificate on Aug. 1, 2012 to reflect some of the lingering questions about how the actress ... A new report shows coroners officials amended Natalie Woods death certificate based on unanswered questions about bruises on ... This photo released by the Los Angeles County Registrar/County Clerk shows page 2 of actress Natalie Woods death certificate. ... to how Wood ended up in the water while on a yacht with husband Robert Wagner and actor and co-star Christopher Walken. (AP ...
Wood made denser and stronger
... opening up the possibility of applications in engineering for which natural wood is too weak. ... An improved method for compressing wood substantially increases its strength and stiffness, ... Figure 1 , A process for densifying wood. Natural wood contains pores formed from the remains of parallel, tube-like cells, the ... By making wood porous, trees partially sacrifice the materials strength. One answer is that wood is multifunctional, and so ...
Wood - Wikipedia
... fuel Pulpwood Sawdust Thermally modified wood Tinder Wood drying Wood economy Wood-plastic composite Wood preservation Wood ... the transition from spring wood to summer wood is gradual, while in the narrow rings the spring wood passes into summer wood ... Wood properties: Bamboo properties: It is common to classify wood as either softwood or hardwood. The wood from conifers (e.g. ... Wood may also refer to other plant materials with comparable properties, and to material engineered from wood, or wood chips or ...
Wood Under Pressure | TreeHugger
Wood Under Pressure. The shady Japanese Cedar, or Sugi, has long been a symbol of that islands cultural and religious ... Because of the woods softness however, Sugi has never been considered suitable for construction or furniture. This has led to ... This leads to stronger wood with denser grain patterns, a unique material that Mari used to create a set of furniture that ... After Japanese furniture company Hida Sangyo developed a compression process for Sugi wood, Mari was asked to design a set of ...
Russia traditional wood structures1 - English
Russia traditional wood_structures1 * 1. Lake Onega is the second largest lake in Europe, it covers 3,757 square miles and has ... 6. The two 18th-century woodenchurches, and an octagonal clocktower, also in wood and built in1862 are unusual constructions,in ... PowerPoint byThe churches are made of wood Jack Crosswithout a single nail ...
Non-wood forest products
... (NWFPs) are goods of biological origin other than wood, derived from forests, other wooded land and ... Russia has since banned logging of Korean pines and for the most part stopped the loss of good quality pine wood to China. But ... Enrico Vidale is an international consultant on the NWFP Supply Chain and affiliated with the "Not Only Wood" Studio. For more ... Responses ranged from the mundane ("I really enjoy being in the woods") to reverence ("the closest thing Ive ever experienced ...
Non-Wood News 7
Non-Wood News is compiled by Laura Russo and Tina Etherington, Wood and Non-Wood Products Utilization Branch (FOPW) of the FAO ... Non-wood forest products (NWFP) are goods of biological origin other than wood, derived from forests, other wooded land and ... NON-WOOD NEWS - FOPW. FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla. 00100 Rome, Italy. E-mail: non-wood[email protected] www.fao.org/ ... Non-Wood News 7 AN INFORMATION BULLETIN ON NON-WOOD FOREST PRODUCTS. March 2000. EDITORIAL ...
Olive Wood Characteristics | eHow
Olive wood is hard, heavy and strong with a high overall density. It has a straight grain with a fine texture, says the Wood ... Olive wood is not easy to dry. The wood is oily and dense, and material obtained from the trees branches is prone to warping. ... The wood contains brown streaks that contrast attractively with the lighter yellow streaks of the sapwood. Olive wood takes ... According to The Wood Explorer website, general carving requires sharp cutting edges, and the wood should be well seasoned ...
Wood's metal | alloy | Britannica
... the alloy Woods metal, which melts at 70° C, is obtained. See also amalgam; ferroalloy; intermetallic compound. ... Other articles where Woods metal is discussed: alloy: …alloy with cadmium, ... alloy with cadmium, the alloy Woods metal, which melts at 70° C, is obtained. See also amalgam; ferroalloy; intermetallic ...
Wood family - Chicago Tribune
Kerry Wood, wife Sarah and children Justin and Katie stop for a picture on the red carpet for the Organic School Project ... Kerry Wood, wife Sarah and children Justin and Katie stop for a picture on the red carpet for the Organic School Project ... Kerry Wood, wife Sarah and children Justin and Katie stop for a picture on the red carpet for the Organic School Project ... Kerry Wood, wife Sarah and children Justin and Katie stop for a picture on the red carpet for the Organic School Project ...
Suppliers wood pellets france
... suppliers wood pellets france, free woodworking plans small bookcase, fine woodworking schools ontario, diy wooden truck bed ... Make natural wood canes. Wooden jewelry armoire plans. Wood gear clock designs. Lowes diy wood projects. Wooden letter holder ... Suppliers wood pellets france,wood headboards designs,outside gazebo plans - Reviews. The final release of wood pellet buyers ... Wood arbor ideas, how to start wood carving uk,plans for outdoor wood burner. ...
The wood recycling industry
... of the UKs waste wood is getting recycled. This figure, along with the number of companies involved, is expected to rise. ... The Wood Recyclers Association (WRA) has calculated that almost 2.8 million tonnes (60%) ... Exposure to wood dust. Wood recycling involves loading waste wood into a chipping machine by shovel or grabber then ... The wood recycling industry. The Wood Recyclers Association (WRA) has calculated that almost 2.8 million tonnes (60%) of the ...
Safety - Wood Research Laboratory
The Wood Research Lab is an intricate part of the department sharing the top academic education courses for sustainable ... Once there use the Purdue log in and open the The Wood Research Lab group. Then you will need to join The Wood Research Lab ... Students, staff, and faculty must be safety trained to use the Wood Research Lab (WRL). We use a website called OpenPassport ...
Japanese Wood Joint Techniques
Wood Storage Shed Ideas, Wood Tool Chest Plans, Beginning Woodworking With Hand Tools, glider furniture plans, Steering ... Japanese Wood Joint Techniques,Primary School Woodwork Projects,Build Wine Rack Insert,Green Egg Grill Stand Plans - Plans ... Wood Pen Blanks Sale Wooden Kitchen Countertops Diy Rocking Cradle Woodworking Plans Dresser Plans Using Kreg Jig Antique Wood ... Bench-tool system woodworking plan free Plywood Playhouse Plan Antique Spice Cabinet Plans Custom Wood Carvers Craft With Wood ...
Wood-Feeding Termites | SpringerLink
Termites originated from wood-feeding cockroaches and are dominant members of the saproxylic insect community in many tropical ... Ulyshen MD (2016) Wood decomposition as influenced by invertebrates. Biol Rev 91:70-85PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Wood TG, Sands WA (1978) The role of termites in ecosystems. In: Brian MV (ed) Production ecology of ants and termites. ... Wood TG (1976) The role of termites (Isoptera) in decomposition processes. In: Anderson JM, MacFadyen A (eds) The role of ...
Your organisation may have to display a number of posters. For example, if you have been rated at a number of premises and also at provider level, you will need to display posters at each premises, as well as a provider poster.. Check the other CQC webpages for your organisation (such as for any other premises you have) to find all the posters you need to display.. Youll find more information about displaying posters in our detailed guidance.. ...
Wood, T.M., Wherry, S.A., Carter, J.L., Kuwabara, J.S., Simon, N.S., and Rounds, S.A., 2013, Technical evaluation of a total ... Wood, T.M. and Rounds, S.A., 1998, Using CE-QUAL-W2 to assess the effect of reduced phosphorus loads on chlorophyll a and ... Wherry, Susan A.; Wood, Tamara M.; Moritz, Hans R.; Duffy, Keith B. Attribution: Oregon Water Science Center, Water Resources ... Wherry, S.A., Wood, T.M., Moritz, H.R., and Duffy, K.B., 2019, Assessment of Columbia and Willamette River flood stage on the ...
Wood engineering - German Gurfinkel - Google Books
allowable load allowable stresses angle of load ASTM bending bolt clear wood CN CN column compression parallel connection ... books.google.comhttps://books.google.com/books/about/Wood_engineering.html?id=vu1RAAAAMAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareWood ... strength properties stringers Table tensile tensile stress tests thickness Timber tion trusses values vertical width wood beams ... 0 Reviewshttps://books.google.com/books/about/Wood_engineering.html?id=vu1RAAAAMAAJ ...
2017Species2016FibersDucksDecompositionLigninSoftwoodRemoving wood stainsStainChemically-treatedPellet stovesMaterialGrain2019ConstructionsStoveDenserMainContentProductsPrimarilySponsaMoistureLumberSugi1979FungalCelluloseVeneer1981DegradationBirdsProtectiveMakeDuckDustBirch19912002Wood'sTavernSapwoodUltraviolet lightVarnishCubicForestsHardwoodBurn WoodHardnessDominantStructuralVaporsSodiumConsumeParasitesScientistFungiMadeSourcePhrasesTypically19861988SandpaperLighter
- The majority of species, including the relatively widespread spotted wood quail have never had their nests described. (wikipedia.org)
- All wood quail species have been adversely affected by hunting and, in particular, rampant deforestation . (wikipedia.org)
- The wood of different species of trees varies considerably in weight, strength, and appearance. (encyclopedia.com)
- Wood can be dated by carbon dating and in some species by dendrochronology to determine when a wooden object was created. (wikipedia.org)
- NWFPs and similar terms such as "minor", "secondary" and "non-timber" forest products (NTFPs) have emerged as umbrella expressions for the vast array of both animal and plant products other than wood derived from forests or forest tree species. (fao.org)
- The main issues to take into consideration are moisture content and wood species used in the process, making manufacturing a process of finding the right "recipe" for production conditions rather than a technological upgrade. (amazonaws.com)
- With an average price of $276 per ton as of November, pellets can be found for as low as $176 per ton, or as high as $600 per ton in the Northern U.S. Problems such as self-heating of the pellets while being stored, cooling of big volumes of pellets in the manufacturing process, utilization of local wood species with different properties that may affect production parameters and throughputs. (amazonaws.com)
- The quality, condensation and crumbling of pellets while being transported as well as pellets from mixed species and wood waste must be managed. (amazonaws.com)
- the carrier species is the wood tick, Dermacentor andersoni , which is widely distributed in the adult form on large mammals, particularly cattle and sheep. (britannica.com)
- Although the majority of previous reports suggest that many wood-feeding insects overcome the lignin barrier by feeding on predegraded wood ( 11 ) or through exosymbiotic relationships with wood-degrading fungi ( 12 , 13 ), there are species of insects that feed on the inner wood of living, healthy trees. (pnas.org)
- What species of tree has the wood with the highest temperature to burn of all wood? (answers.com)
- 1. Wood filler composition which provides exceptional performance on soft and hard species of wood, which is easily spreadable, resists shrinking on drying and cracking, stains superbly, is highly water resistant, can be sanded easily and which has excellent adhesion to wood, metal and paint, said composition having a viscosity of 120,000 to 250,000 cps. (google.com)
- Instead, the scientists found that biotic or living factors, like interactions between different species of fungi, were critical in predicting the rate of wood decay. (yaledailynews.com)
- In the Big Wood River and on the Soldier Creek Stapp Preserve (TNC), this species occurred mainly in riffles and, to a lesser extent in the latter site, beaver dam pools, where the fishes may have been trapped in unfavourable habitat (Merkley and Griffith 1992). (iucnredlist.org)
- In November 2015, Dynegy said it plans to retire the Wood River Power Station in mid-2016. (sourcewatch.org)
- Wood wool fibers can be compressed and when the pressure is removed they resume their initial volume. (wikipedia.org)
- The width of wood wool fibers varies from 1.5 to 20 mm, while their length is usually around 500 mm (depending on the production process). (wikipedia.org)
- When these fibers are bonded with cement or magnesite , bonded wood wool boards are produced. (wikipedia.org)
- The wood changes appearance to a gray mottled efflorescence when the silica precipitates out between the fibers and on the surface. (angelfire.com)
- The goal is allow the copper to penetrate deep into the wood fibers and stay there. (ehow.com)
- Liquid wood is a tough, thermoplastic substance that is prepared from a mix of natural fibers and lignin known by the trade name of Arboform. (brighthub.com)
- Newly gained expertise has considerably improved the sealing of wood fibers, and the unpleasant odours have been eliminated significantly. (brighthub.com)
- Come watch the Wood Ducks play with your group of 20 or more! (milb.com)
- Located along the Ouachita River at the Louisiana-Arkansas border, the Upper Ouachita NWR provides a seasonal haven for tens of thousands of migratory ducks and geese, including mallards, pintails, wood ducks and snow geese, which visit the refuge every year for resting, foraging and breeding. (fws.gov)
- Wood ducks are common year-round in the Southeastern United States and during summer and autumn throughout the Eastern United States and Canada. (fws.gov)
- Wood ducks breed in most states east of the Rocky Mountains and throughout the Pacific Northwest, but they migrate from northern states and provinces to southern areas during early fall. (fws.gov)
- Not listed, low concern - Although breeding population estimates are not available for wood ducks based on breeding surveys, perhaps as many as 3 million breeding pairs exist across North America. (fws.gov)
- Wood ducks nest primarily in tree cavities, which are hollow areas in living and dead trees. (fws.gov)
- Wood ducks in a tree at Anahuac National Wildlife Refuge. (fws.gov)
- During summer and fall, wood ducks feed on a variety of seeds, invertebrates, and plants in shallow areas of lakes and wetlands. (fws.gov)
- Wood ducks at Lake Isom National Wildlife Refuge. (fws.gov)
- It can be discarded similarly as wood, through decomposition or incineration. (brighthub.com)
- By contrast, scientists have overlooked dead wood decomposition because it is harder to analyze. (yaledailynews.com)
- Research shows that wood does not respond in the same way soil does, as the decomposition rate does not necessarily increase as temperature increases. (yaledailynews.com)
- The purpose of the research, Maynard said, is to inquire into why there is more variability of decomposition in wood. (yaledailynews.com)
- The researchers found that abiotic factors largely had no effect on the wood decomposition rate. (yaledailynews.com)
- The fungi's primary concern is surviving against the overgrowth of their neighbors, so the interactions between fungi are much more effective in predicting wood decomposition than the small changes in the climate the researchers applied. (yaledailynews.com)
- Covey referred to previous research that concluded that climate fails to predict the wood decomposition rate and said the correlation between the two in other research may be a statistical artifact - an example of the ecological fallacy, in which a person arrives at completely different conclusions when data are aggregated on the wrong scale. (yaledailynews.com)
- Natural wood contains pores formed from the remains of parallel, tube-like cells, the walls of which contain cellulose, along with biopolymers known as lignin and hemicelluloses. (nature.com)
- 2 treated natural wood with a mixture of sodium hydroxide and sodium sulfite, which partly removed the lignin and hemicelluloses. (nature.com)
- These walls also contain lignin and hemicelluloses, and form hollow wood fibres. (nature.com)
- The ingredients of wood, namely lignin, hemicellulose, and cellulose are separated during the manufacturing process of paper. (brighthub.com)
- These results transform our understanding of lignin degradation by wood-feeding insects. (pnas.org)
- Herein, we show chemical changes in lignin upon passage of undegraded wood through two wood-feeding insect gut systems, one that naturally feeds on living healthy trees and a second that typically feeds on dead wood. (pnas.org)
- In undegraded wood, the predominant products from TMAH thermochemolysis are typically 3,4-dimethoxybenzldehyde (G4) from guaiacyl (G) lignin ( Fig. 1 ) and 3,4,5-trimethoxybenzaldehyde (S4) from syringyl (S) lignin. (pnas.org)
- their wood is called softwood. (encyclopedia.com)
- Pellet size varies from one-fourth to one-third inches (6 to 8 millimeters) diameter and 1 to 1.5 inches (38 millimeters) in length, with a bulk density that is usually about 40 pounds per cubic feet (about two to three times the wood density of softwood). (amazonaws.com)
- There are different types of wood: softwood and hardwood. (wikihow.com)
Removing wood stains1
- This specification guidance on removing wood stains from concrete using a hypochlorite solution. (gsa.gov)
- Also it is possible that a wood stain might work also for appearance. (angelfire.com)
-  If your piece has wood stain on it, consider leaving the stain on. (wikihow.com)
- Wood stain poisoning occurs when someone swallows these substances. (medlineplus.gov)
- Below are symptoms of wood stain poisoning in different parts of the body. (medlineplus.gov)
- If the wood stain is on the skin or in the eyes, flush with lots of water for at least 15 minutes. (medlineplus.gov)
- If the person swallowed the wood stain, give them water or milk right away, if a provider tells you to do so. (medlineplus.gov)
- How well someone does depends on how much wood stain wasswallowed and how quickly treatment is received. (medlineplus.gov)
- Many fillers claim to be stainable, but none accept stain exactly like the surrounding wood. (woodcraft.com)
- Residential wood heaters, which include wood and pellet stoves, hydronic heaters and forced-air furnaces, can contribute significantly to particulate air pollution which may pose serious health concerns. (epa.gov)
- our posts on wood and pellet stoves continue to be among the most popular we have ever published. (treehugger.com)
- It is mainly used in packaging, for cooling pads in home evaporative cooling systems known as swamp coolers , for erosion control mats, and as a raw material for the production of other products such as bonded wood wool boards. (wikipedia.org)
- a material used in the production of cement-bonded wood wool boards . (wikipedia.org)
- Plywood , made of thin layers of wood glued so that the grains alternate in direction, makes an especially strong construction material. (encyclopedia.com)
- The resulting material was about 3 times as dense as natural wood, and about 11 times as stiff and strong - making it potentially useful for high-strength engineering applications. (nature.com)
- The resulting stable material is too dense to float on water, but the authors report that its stiffness and strength have both increased impressively, by a factor of about 11 compared with untreated wood. (nature.com)
- Natural wood contains a multitude of parallel, tube-like cells, the walls of which constitute the major part of the material. (nature.com)
- Wood may also refer to other plant materials with comparable properties, and to material engineered from wood, or wood chips or fiber. (wikipedia.org)
- Wood has been used for thousands of years for fuel, as a construction material, for making tools and weapons, furniture and paper. (wikipedia.org)
- People have used wood for thousands of years for many purposes, including as a fuel or as a construction material for making houses, tools, weapons, furniture, packaging, artworks, and paper. (wikipedia.org)
- This leads to stronger wood with denser grain patterns, a unique material that Mari used to create a set of furniture that plays with traditional Japanese furniture techniques. (treehugger.com)
- Due to its rich color and appearance, olive wood is a particularly sought-after material for use in decorative items. (ehow.com)
- The wood is oily and dense, and material obtained from the tree's branches is prone to warping. (ehow.com)
- The offered wood pellet buyers base (raw material: wood waste) continues the bases for 2010 and 2009. (amazonaws.com)
- This provides new ways to divert wood waste from reaching landfills as well as to increase overall profit through an integral and more efficient use of the raw material. (amazonaws.com)
- Past efforts aimed at replacing the phenolic material in wood adhesives by tannins of various origins have been extensive throughout the world, with research activity normally paralleling the price of phenol. (springer.com)
- Wood Science and Technology publishes original scientific research results and review papers covering the entire field of wood material science, wood components and wood based products. (springer.com)
- I'll always prefer working with wood over metal and plastic, because wood is such a forgiving material. (core77.com)
- It has a straight grain with a fine texture, says the Wood Zone website. (ehow.com)
- The high density and interlocked grain of olive wood makes it difficult to cut. (ehow.com)
- This will help even out the wood grain and make it easier for the tools to glide across it. (wikihow.com)
- Do all of the lines that run perpendicular to the wood grain first, then do the lines that run parallel to the grain. (wikihow.com)
- Sand the wood along the grain to avoid scratching it. (wikihow.com)
- April 2, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- CertainTeed Corporation today announced that it has purchased Norton Industries' wood ceilings business. (prnewswire.com)
- hundred full-scale tests were conducted to evaluate the design parameters associated with various wood crib constructions. (cdc.gov)
- Known constructions using wood date back ten thousand years. (wikipedia.org)
- 6. The two 18th-century woodenchurches, and an octagonal clocktower, also in wood and built in1862 are unusual constructions,in which carpenters created abold visionary architecture,perpetuate an ancient model ofparish space and are in harmonywith the surrounding landscape. (slideshare.net)
- If you need to heat, burn the wood in a stove, fireplace, or fire pit with tinder or kindling instead. (wikihow.com)
- How could you get the best temperature and length of burn on a cylinder wood stove? (answers.com)
- Is it safe to burn wood with varnish in a wood stove? (answers.com)
- What wood to burn on a wood stove? (answers.com)
- Can you burn wood from a Catalpa tree in a wood stove? (answers.com)
- What wood can be burnt in a wood-burning stove? (answers.com)
- You CAN burn any wood in a wood-burning stove, however the BEST wood to burn is dry wood from a dead tree. (answers.com)
- This article is designed to provide you with basic information on wood stove safety, including tips on installation, venting, chimneys, operation, and maintenance. (nationwide.com)
- All operating wood stoves and furnaces require specific minimum distances or clearance between the bottom, top, sides, front and back of the stove and all combustible materials. (nationwide.com)
- The chimney for a wood burning stove must be masonry or UL-listed, and factory built. (nationwide.com)
- Never, under any circumstances, should an unlined, single brick chimney be used for a wood stove. (nationwide.com)
- These may be used for a wood stove after carefully checking for cracked mortar or loose or missing brick. (nationwide.com)
- A wood burning stove should never be connected to a wood stove flue which vents an oil burner. (nationwide.com)
- Venting the stove is the most important part of the wood-burning system. (nationwide.com)
- Scientists have tried to devise processes that make wood denser, to obtain materials suitable for high-strength applications, but with limited success. (nature.com)
- It is becoming harder for us to keep Non-Wood News to a reasonable size while still trying to report on some of the main developments (events, publications of interest, new projects, emerging research topics) as well as giving our readers an opportunity to see their contributions included and shared - that "networking" role which we consider so important. (fao.org)
- In the UK there are specifications for dimensions, pH, moisture content and freedom from dust and small pieces, set by British Standard BS 2548 for wood wool for general packaging purposes. (wikipedia.org)
- The conditions are ripe for a massive increase in the production of wood pellets in the U.S. Based on the principle of densification of dried wood chips and sawdust, pellets offer better and more uniform heating properties per unit volume due to their low moisture content. (amazonaws.com)
- However, the lower content of sulfur in liquid wood makes it safer for use. (brighthub.com)
- Moisture content can influence this, as well as the type of wood that is being burned. (answers.com)
- The content below has been tagged with the term "Wood Duck. (fws.gov)
- Finally, wood wool can be dyed to produce a variety of colored products. (wikipedia.org)
- Non-wood forest products (NWFPs) are goods of biological origin other than wood, derived from forests, other wooded land and trees outside forests. (fao.org)
- Non-Wood N ews is compiled by Laura Russo and Tina Etherington , Wood and Non-Wood Products Utilization Branch (FOPW) of the FAO Forest Products Division. (fao.org)
- Non-wood forest products (NWFP) are goods of biological origin other than wood, derived from forests, other wooded land and trees outside forests. (fao.org)
- Non-timber forest products (NTFP), another term frequently used to cover this vast array of animal and plant products, also includes small wood and fuelwood. (fao.org)
- Adrian Pirraglia is a PhD candidate of wood products at North Carolina State University, Ronalds Gonzalez is a PhD candidate of paper science and engineering at NCSU, Daniel Saloni is an assistant professor in the Department of Wood and Paper Science at NCSU and Jeff Wright is an adjunct faculty member at NCSU. (amazonaws.com)
- There have been a number of serious fires that have occurred at sites involved in the storage, treatment and handling of wood and wood based products. (hse.gov.uk)
- Wood education provides training in designing wood based products. (excite.com)
- Wood education covers both the technical skills required to cut and design wood, as well as the artistic skills needed to develop aesthetically pleasing products. (excite.com)
- physical, mechanical and chemical characterization and relevant methodological developments, and microbiological degradation of wood and wood based products are reported. (springer.com)
- The Norton acquisition enhances our wood ceilings and walls portfolio with a strong lineup of products that complement our custom wood designs from Decoustics,' said Seth Walton , General Manager, CertainTeed Specialties and Vice President, Commercial Markets. (prnewswire.com)
- Wood stains are products used for wood finishing. (medlineplus.gov)
- Liquid wood is not prepared from the trees, but it is produced from the paper industry waste products. (brighthub.com)
- Wood wool, known primarily as excelsior in North America,  is a product made of wood slivers cut from logs. (wikipedia.org)
- Buildings like the European Neolithic long house were made primarily of wood. (wikipedia.org)
- With the exception of the use of "wattle" tannins for both thermosetting and cold-setting wood adhesives primarily in South Africa, success has been limited. (springer.com)
- That began when Clayton Ferrell into their midst and selected one Aix sponsa -- a wood duck. (fws.gov)
- Due to its high volume and large surface area, wood wool can be used for applications where water or moisture retention is necessary. (wikipedia.org)
-  Wood-wool processing may involve drying to reduce moisture  in compliance with local requirements, as in the UK. (wikipedia.org)
- This inner wood (the heartwood, as opposed to the functional sapwood) is valued for outdoor construction because of its resistance to moisture and to decay-producing organisms. (encyclopedia.com)
- Freshly cut wood contains much moisture and tends to warp and split as it dries. (encyclopedia.com)
- How it necessarily burns is subject to how much moisture is actually in the wood. (answers.com)
- Pressure-treated wood is lumber that has had a preservative forced into it under pressure. (encyclopedia.com)
- The small size of olive trees makes olive wood lumber rare and expensive. (ehow.com)
- According to the Architecturals website, olive wood is rarely sold or available as lumber. (ehow.com)
- When it is sold, olive wood lumber is normally very expensive and cut into small pieces. (ehow.com)
- More recent attempts (during the past 5 years) carried out in the United States to develop cold-setting wood adhesives for end-jointing and laminating lumber for structural applications requiring exterior glueline quality indicate substantial promise for the use of conifer tree barks as partial substitutes for resorcinol. (springer.com)
- After Japanese furniture company Hida Sangyo developed a compression process for Sugi wood, Mari was asked to design a set of furniture made from the wood. (treehugger.com)
- Johnsgard, "The American Wood Quails Odontophorus " World Pheasant Association Journal 4 (1979), pp. 93-99. (wikipedia.org)
- It therefore seems likely that the authors' chemical treatment modifies and strengthens the cellulose-based composite that makes up cell walls in wood. (nature.com)
- Many cellulose-based materials swell undesirably when they come into contact with water, but Song and colleagues report that water swelling of their densified wood is tolerably small. (nature.com)
- The rarer decorative woods may be cut in thin layers and glued to other wood structures (see veneer ). (encyclopedia.com)
- By the summer of 1981, Natalie Wood was one of film's most beloved stars. (popularmechanics.com)
- This is a soft-rot fungus that may be contributing to wood degradation. (pnas.org)
- The wood quails are birds in the genus Odontophorus of the New World quail family, which are residents in forests in the Americas . (wikipedia.org)
- The best chance of seeing wood quail is at dawn or dusk, when they may feed at the side of a road or on a forest track in family groups up to 12 birds. (wikipedia.org)
- Wood quail are 22-30 cm long, dumpy, short-tailed, stout-billed partridge-like birds with a bushy crest. (wikipedia.org)
- Check out the beautiful work by NY based artist, Ann Wood, who makes cute birds and animals out of fabric, as well dioramas, paintings, and portraits. (makezine.com)
- The Blacker-Wood Library of Zoology and Ornithology was originally founded in 1920 by Dr. Casey Wood, an ophthalmologist whose interest in comparative ophthalmology led to research into the eyes of birds, and a broader interest in birds in general. (mcgill.ca)
- Copper sulfate treatments, while effective at penetrating wood and protecting against mold and, to some extent, weather wear, are not the most efficient protective solutions available. (ehow.com)
- The authors' method starts by treating wood blocks with sodium hydroxide and sodium sulfite, a chemical process similar to the method used to pulp wood to make paper. (nature.com)
- The wood is often used to make small items, such as ornamental knife handles and jewelry boxes. (ehow.com)
- Use hot glue and wood dowels to make a fruit basket in just a few hours. (lowes.com)
- Wood started his career as an amateur with Newcastle United, though he failed to make a first team appearance and moved to Darlington in 1949. (wikipedia.org)
- Brush away the wood slither, then make the next cut to complete the V-shape. (wikihow.com)
- Unless you have experience with traditional boatbuilding or making traditional Japanese sake cups, you may not realize you can join two pieces of wood together--with no glue or sealant--in such a way as to make the joint watertight. (core77.com)
- Make sure the wood feels smooth to the touch before you try burning it. (wikihow.com)
- In 2015, EPA strengthened the clean air standards for residential wood heaters to make heaters significantly cleaner and improve air quality in communities where people burn wood for heat. (epa.gov)
- How can we help you Make Wood Work? (woodcraft.com)
- Nestled north of the White Mountains of New Hampshire is a small hobby kennel known as Wood Duck. (angelfire.com)
- Wood Duck has one to two litters a year and tries to produce pups of correct type and temperament suited for conformation, obedience and hunt work but mostly as family and personal companions. (angelfire.com)
- A wood duck heads skyward after banding as Bill Ross watches. (fws.gov)
- Wood Duck", an acrylic rendition by 13 year-old Amber Dong, was chosen as the Best of Show in the 2015 Georgia Junior Duck Stamp Contest. (fws.gov)
- Five judges unanimously selected her acrylic rendition of a wood duck out of 532 total entries as the Georgia Best of Show. (fws.gov)
- A wood duck at Lake Woodruff National Wildlife Refuge. (fws.gov)
- It describes the health hazards of wood dust, explains how to evaluate and control wood dust hazards and highlights the need for medical supervision. (ilo.org)
- Includes a list of recognized occupational diseases caused by wood dust. (ilo.org)
- This produces high levels of wood dust and employee exposure levels can potentially be very high. (hse.gov.uk)
- Woods like pine, aspen, basswood, and birch are the best choices for beginning pyrographers. (wikihow.com)
- In 1991 approximately 3.5 billion cubic meters of wood were harvested. (wikipedia.org)
- Raymond Ernest Wood (11 June 1931 - 7 July 2002) was an English professional footballer who played as a goalkeeper. (wikipedia.org)
- Young viewers who become interested in Ed Wood through this film might learn that Wood's career ended in assorted forms of pornographic media and chronic alcoholism. (commonsensemedia.org)
- Wood Tavern is nestled into a charming neighborhood shopping district on bustling College Avenue. (opentable.com)
- The wood contains brown streaks that contrast attractively with the lighter yellow streaks of the sapwood. (ehow.com)
- There is also a technique of using aluminum foil for wood and Portland cement additives for protecting asphalt roof shingles against fire and ultraviolet light discussed. (angelfire.com)
- Once you have some experience in cutting and design, wood education will focus on varnish and polish. (excite.com)
- Song and colleagues then compress the blocks at temperatures of about 100 °C. This removes most of the pores in the wood, and increases its density from 0.43 grams per cubic centimetre to 1.3 g cm −3 . (nature.com)
- Our forests are extremely valuable as a source of wood, for recreation, and to help cool the atmosphere (see this site ). (angelfire.com)
- A. glabripennis is a wood-feeding cerambycid beetle that develops in the inner wood of a wide range of hardwood trees ( 14 ), feeding on living intact wood. (pnas.org)
- The hardness and strength of the wood is increased. (angelfire.com)
- Termites originated from wood-feeding cockroaches and are dominant members of the saproxylic insect community in many tropical and subtropical biomes. (springer.com)
- Wood is a porous and fibrous structural tissue found in the stems and roots of trees and other woody plants. (wikipedia.org)
- Does the wood burn or the vapors? (answers.com)
- If wood is coated with sodium silicate solution the wood will no longer support combustion even after it dries. (angelfire.com)
- charcoal is made by burning or heating wood in insufficient air to consume it. (encyclopedia.com)
- If treated correctly and protected against parasites, olive wood furniture should last a long time. (ehow.com)
- Christopher Walken and Natalie Wood in character as scientist Michael Brace and his wife, Karen Brace. (popularmechanics.com)
- A recent collaboration by researchers at Yale and other institutions sheds light on how fungi decay wood. (yaledailynews.com)
- Contrary to the traditional scientific understanding, researchers discovered that the mere knowledge of abiotic, or nonliving, conditions is insufficient to predict how fungi will decay wood. (yaledailynews.com)
- The U.S South has the ability to supply pellets for the European market at a competitive price because of enhanced production capacity due to a sustainable wood source from plantations. (amazonaws.com)
- Source: Idaho Fish and Game, http://fishandgame.idaho.gov/ifwis/cwcs/pdf/Wood%20River%20Sculpin.pdf. (iucnredlist.org)
- Wood timbers used in saltwater must typically be fully coated in a copper sheath to repel the corrosive water, while other treatments exist that offer better protection and longevity at a higher price. (ehow.com)
- H. Bucksh, Dictionary of Wood and Woodworking Practice (2 vol., 1986). (encyclopedia.com)
- The Blacker-Wood Library of Biology was formed in 1988 with the merger of the Blacker-Wood Library of Zoology and the Botany-Genetics Library. (mcgill.ca)
- Sand the wood flat with 320-grit sandpaper. (wikihow.com)
- The densified wood is still lighter than metallic materials, so its stiffness and strength open up the potential for many engineering applications. (nature.com)