Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Pregnancy Outcome: Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.Pregnancy Complications: Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.Pregnancy, Animal: The process of bearing developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero in non-human mammals, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Pregnancy, Ectopic: A potentially life-threatening condition in which EMBRYO IMPLANTATION occurs outside the cavity of the UTERUS. Most ectopic pregnancies (>96%) occur in the FALLOPIAN TUBES, known as TUBAL PREGNANCY. They can be in other locations, such as UTERINE CERVIX; OVARY; and abdominal cavity (PREGNANCY, ABDOMINAL).Pregnancy Trimester, First: The beginning third of a human PREGNANCY, from the first day of the last normal menstrual period (MENSTRUATION) through the completion of 14 weeks (98 days) of gestation.Pregnancy Trimester, Third: The last third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 29th through the 42nd completed week (197 to 294 days) of gestation.Women's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.Women: Human females as cultural, psychological, sociological, political, and economic entities.Pregnancy Rate: The ratio of the number of conceptions (CONCEPTION) including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; and fetal losses, to the mean number of females of reproductive age in a population during a set time period.Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and a cardiovascular disease. The disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION and it may or may not have a deleterious effect on the pregnant woman or FETUS.Pregnancy Trimesters: The three approximately equal periods of a normal human PREGNANCY. Each trimester is about three months or 13 to 14 weeks in duration depending on the designation of the first day of gestation.Pregnancy Tests: Tests to determine whether or not an individual is pregnant.Pregnancy, Multiple: The condition of carrying two or more FETUSES simultaneously.Pregnancy Complications, Infectious: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.Pregnancy Trimester, Second: The middle third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 15th through the 28th completed week (99 to 196 days) of gestation.Pregnancy in Diabetics: The state of PREGNANCY in women with DIABETES MELLITUS. This does not include either symptomatic diabetes or GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE induced by pregnancy (DIABETES, GESTATIONAL) which resolves at the end of pregnancy.Pregnancy, Tubal: The most common (>96%) type of ectopic pregnancy in which the extrauterine EMBRYO IMPLANTATION occurs in the FALLOPIAN TUBE, usually in the ampullary region where FERTILIZATION takes place.Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and NEOPLASMS. The neoplastic disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.Abortion, Spontaneous: Expulsion of the product of FERTILIZATION before completing the term of GESTATION and without deliberate interference.Pregnancy in Adolescence: Pregnancy in human adolescent females under the age of 19.Pregnancy, High-Risk: Pregnancy in which the mother and/or FETUS are at greater than normal risk of MORBIDITY or MORTALITY. Causes include inadequate PRENATAL CARE, previous obstetrical history (ABORTION, SPONTANEOUS), pre-existing maternal disease, pregnancy-induced disease (GESTATIONAL HYPERTENSION), and MULTIPLE PREGNANCY, as well as advanced maternal age above 35.Pregnant Women: Human females who are pregnant, as cultural, psychological, or sociological entities.Pregnancy, Unplanned: Unintended accidental pregnancy, including pregnancy resulting from failed contraceptive measures.Pregnancy Proteins: Proteins produced by organs of the mother or the PLACENTA during PREGNANCY. These proteins may be pregnancy-specific (present only during pregnancy) or pregnancy-associated (present during pregnancy or under other conditions such as hormone therapy or certain malignancies.)Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Pregnancy Complications, Hematologic: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and a blood disease (HEMATOLOGIC DISEASES) which involves BLOOD CELLS or COAGULATION FACTORS. The hematologic disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION and it may or may not have a deleterious effect on the pregnant woman or FETUS.Pre-Eclampsia: A complication of PREGNANCY, characterized by a complex of symptoms including maternal HYPERTENSION and PROTEINURIA with or without pathological EDEMA. Symptoms may range between mild and severe. Pre-eclampsia usually occurs after the 20th week of gestation, but may develop before this time in the presence of trophoblastic disease.Pregnancy, Unwanted: Pregnancy, usually accidental, that is not desired by the parent or parents.Gestational Age: The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.Prenatal Care: Care provided the pregnant woman in order to prevent complications, and decrease the incidence of maternal and prenatal mortality.Parity: The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.Abortion, Induced: Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)Placenta: A highly vascularized mammalian fetal-maternal organ and major site of transport of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products. It includes a fetal portion (CHORIONIC VILLI) derived from TROPHOBLASTS and a maternal portion (DECIDUA) derived from the uterine ENDOMETRIUM. The placenta produces an array of steroid, protein and peptide hormones (PLACENTAL HORMONES).Pregnancy Complications, Parasitic: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and parasitic diseases. The parasitic infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.Pregnancy, Prolonged: A term used to describe pregnancies that exceed the upper limit of a normal gestational period. In humans, a prolonged pregnancy is defined as one that extends beyond 42 weeks (294 days) after the first day of the last menstrual period (MENSTRUATION), or birth with gestational age of 41 weeks or more.Battered Women: Women who are physically and mentally abused over an extended period, usually by a husband or other dominant male figure. Characteristics of the battered woman syndrome are helplessness, constant fear, and a perceived inability to escape. (From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 3d ed)Pregnancy, Twin: The condition of carrying TWINS simultaneously.Uterus: The hollow thick-walled muscular organ in the female PELVIS. It consists of the fundus (the body) which is the site of EMBRYO IMPLANTATION and FETAL DEVELOPMENT. Beyond the isthmus at the perineal end of fundus, is CERVIX UTERI (the neck) opening into VAGINA. Beyond the isthmi at the upper abdominal end of fundus, are the FALLOPIAN TUBES.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Fetal Death: Death of the developing young in utero. BIRTH of a dead FETUS is STILLBIRTH.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Fertilization in Vitro: An assisted reproductive technique that includes the direct handling and manipulation of oocytes and sperm to achieve fertilization in vitro.Infertility, Female: Diminished or absent ability of a female to achieve conception.Ultrasonography, Prenatal: The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.Embryo Implantation: Endometrial implantation of EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN at the BLASTOCYST stage.Pregnancy, Abdominal: A type of ectopic pregnancy in which the EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN implants in the ABDOMINAL CAVITY instead of in the ENDOMETRIUM of the UTERUS.Embryo Transfer: The transfer of mammalian embryos from an in vivo or in vitro environment to a suitable host to improve pregnancy or gestational outcome in human or animal. In human fertility treatment programs, preimplantation embryos ranging from the 4-cell stage to the blastocyst stage are transferred to the uterine cavity between 3-5 days after FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.Cesarean Section: Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.Birth Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Maternal Age: The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.Pregnancy Maintenance: Physiological mechanisms that sustain the state of PREGNANCY.Maternal-Fetal Exchange: Exchange of substances between the maternal blood and the fetal blood at the PLACENTA via PLACENTAL CIRCULATION. The placental barrier excludes microbial or viral transmission.Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects: The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.Women's Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Women's Rights: The rights of women to equal status pertaining to social, economic, and educational opportunities afforded by society.Diabetes, Gestational: Diabetes mellitus induced by PREGNANCY but resolved at the end of pregnancy. It does not include previously diagnosed diabetics who become pregnant (PREGNANCY IN DIABETICS). Gestational diabetes usually develops in late pregnancy when insulin antagonistic hormones peaks leading to INSULIN RESISTANCE; GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; and HYPERGLYCEMIA.Delivery, Obstetric: Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.Progesterone: The major progestational steroid that is secreted primarily by the CORPUS LUTEUM and the PLACENTA. Progesterone acts on the UTERUS, the MAMMARY GLANDS and the BRAIN. It is required in EMBRYO IMPLANTATION; PREGNANCY maintenance, and the development of mammary tissue for MILK production. Progesterone, converted from PREGNENOLONE, also serves as an intermediate in the biosynthesis of GONADAL STEROID HORMONES and adrenal CORTICOSTEROIDS.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Labor, Obstetric: The repetitive uterine contraction during childbirth which is associated with the progressive dilation of the uterine cervix (CERVIX UTERI). Successful labor results in the expulsion of the FETUS and PLACENTA. Obstetric labor can be spontaneous or induced (LABOR, INDUCED).Obstetric Labor, Premature: Onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR before term (TERM BIRTH) but usually after the FETUS has become viable. In humans, it occurs sometime during the 29th through 38th week of PREGNANCY. TOCOLYSIS inhibits premature labor and can prevent the BIRTH of premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE).Women, Working: Women who are engaged in gainful activities usually outside the home.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Lactation: The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Fetal Growth Retardation: The failure of a FETUS to attain its expected FETAL GROWTH at any GESTATIONAL AGE.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Puerperal Disorders: Disorders or diseases associated with PUERPERIUM, the six-to-eight-week period immediately after PARTURITION in humans.Pregnancy Reduction, Multifetal: Selective abortion of one or more embryos or fetuses in a multiple gestation pregnancy. The usual goal is to improve the outcome for the remaining embryos or fetuses.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Postmenopause: The physiological period following the MENOPAUSE, the permanent cessation of the menstrual life.Prenatal Diagnosis: Determination of the nature of a pathological condition or disease in the postimplantation EMBRYO; FETUS; or pregnant female before birth.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Congenital Abnormalities: Malformations of organs or body parts during development in utero.Preconception Care: An organized and comprehensive program of health care that identifies and reduces a woman's reproductive risks before conception through risk assessment, health promotion, and interventions. Preconception care programs may be designed to include the male partner in providing counseling and educational information in preparation for fatherhood, such as genetic counseling and testing, financial and family planning, etc. This concept is different from PRENATAL CARE, which occurs during pregnancy.Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced: A condition in pregnant women with elevated systolic (>140 mm Hg) and diastolic (>90 mm Hg) blood pressure on at least two occasions 6 h apart. HYPERTENSION complicates 8-10% of all pregnancies, generally after 20 weeks of gestation. Gestational hypertension can be divided into several broad categories according to the complexity and associated symptoms, such as EDEMA; PROTEINURIA; SEIZURES; abnormalities in BLOOD COAGULATION and liver functions.Fertility: The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.Contraception: Prevention of CONCEPTION by blocking fertility temporarily, or permanently (STERILIZATION, REPRODUCTIVE). Common means of reversible contraception include NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING METHODS; CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS; or CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES.Maternal Exposure: Exposure of the female parent, human or animal, to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals that may affect offspring. It includes pre-conception maternal exposure.Endometrium: The mucous membrane lining of the uterine cavity that is hormonally responsive during the MENSTRUAL CYCLE and PREGNANCY. The endometrium undergoes cyclic changes that characterize MENSTRUATION. After successful FERTILIZATION, it serves to sustain the developing embryo.United StatesFetal Development: Morphological and physiological development of FETUSES.Fetus: The unborn young of a viviparous mammal, in the postembryonic period, after the major structures have been outlined. In humans, the unborn young from the end of the eighth week after CONCEPTION until BIRTH, as distinguished from the earlier EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Gravidity: The number of pregnancies, complete or incomplete, experienced by a female. It is different from PARITY, which is the number of offspring borne. (From Stedman, 26th ed)Parturition: The process of giving birth to one or more offspring.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Chorionic Gonadotropin: A gonadotropic glycoprotein hormone produced primarily by the PLACENTA. Similar to the pituitary LUTEINIZING HORMONE in structure and function, chorionic gonadotropin is involved in maintaining the CORPUS LUTEUM during pregnancy. CG consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is virtually identical to the alpha subunits of the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH, and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity (CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN, BETA SUBUNIT, HUMAN).Infertility: Inability to reproduce after a specified period of unprotected intercourse. Reproductive sterility is permanent infertility.Abortion, Therapeutic: Abortion induced to save the life or health of a pregnant woman. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Premature Birth: CHILDBIRTH before 37 weeks of PREGNANCY (259 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period, or 245 days after FERTILIZATION).Twins: Two individuals derived from two FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother. Twins are either monozygotic (TWINS, MONOZYGOTIC) or dizygotic (TWINS, DIZYGOTIC).Decidua: The hormone-responsive glandular layer of ENDOMETRIUM that sloughs off at each menstrual flow (decidua menstrualis) or at the termination of pregnancy. During pregnancy, the thickest part of the decidua forms the maternal portion of the PLACENTA, thus named decidua placentalis. The thin portion of the decidua covering the rest of the embryo is the decidua capsularis.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Abnormalities, Drug-Induced: Congenital abnormalities caused by medicinal substances or drugs of abuse given to or taken by the mother, or to which she is inadvertently exposed during the manufacture of such substances. The concept excludes abnormalities resulting from exposure to non-medicinal chemicals in the environment.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Cervix Uteri: The neck portion of the UTERUS between the lower isthmus and the VAGINA forming the cervical canal.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Stillbirth: The event that a FETUS is born dead or stillborn.Fetal Diseases: Pathophysiological conditions of the FETUS in the UTERUS. Some fetal diseases may be treated with FETAL THERAPIES.Physicians, Women: Women licensed to practice medicine.Contraception Behavior: Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.Reproductive Techniques, Assisted: Clinical and laboratory techniques used to enhance fertility in humans and animals.Trophoblasts: Cells lining the outside of the BLASTOCYST. After binding to the ENDOMETRIUM, trophoblasts develop into two distinct layers, an inner layer of mononuclear cytotrophoblasts and an outer layer of continuous multinuclear cytoplasm, the syncytiotrophoblasts, which form the early fetal-maternal interface (PLACENTA).Uterine Hemorrhage: Bleeding from blood vessels in the UTERUS, sometimes manifested as vaginal bleeding.Estradiol: The 17-beta-isomer of estradiol, an aromatized C18 steroid with hydroxyl group at 3-beta- and 17-beta-position. Estradiol-17-beta is the most potent form of mammalian estrogenic steroids.Placenta Diseases: Pathological processes or abnormal functions of the PLACENTA.Ovulation Induction: Techniques for the artifical induction of ovulation, the rupture of the follicle and release of the ovum.Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic: An assisted fertilization technique consisting of the microinjection of a single viable sperm into an extracted ovum. It is used principally to overcome low sperm count, low sperm motility, inability of sperm to penetrate the egg, or other conditions related to male infertility (INFERTILITY, MALE).Vagina: The genital canal in the female, extending from the UTERUS to the VULVA. (Stedman, 25th ed)Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical: The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from one generation to another. It includes transmission in utero or intrapartum by exposure to blood and secretions, and postpartum exposure via breastfeeding.Insemination, Artificial: Artificial introduction of SEMEN or SPERMATOZOA into the VAGINA to facilitate FERTILIZATION.Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Menopause: The last menstrual period. Permanent cessation of menses (MENSTRUATION) is usually defined after 6 to 12 months of AMENORRHEA in a woman over 45 years of age. In the United States, menopause generally occurs in women between 48 and 55 years of age.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Menstruation: The periodic shedding of the ENDOMETRIUM and associated menstrual bleeding in the MENSTRUAL CYCLE of humans and primates. Menstruation is due to the decline in circulating PROGESTERONE, and occurs at the late LUTEAL PHASE when LUTEOLYSIS of the CORPUS LUTEUM takes place.Family Planning Services: Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Live Birth: The event that a FETUS is born alive with heartbeats or RESPIRATION regardless of GESTATIONAL AGE. Such liveborn is called a newborn infant (INFANT, NEWBORN).Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Abortion, Habitual: Three or more consecutive spontaneous abortions.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal: Non-steroidal chemical compounds with abortifacient activity.Maternal Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the mother.Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutrition of a mother which affects the health of the FETUS and INFANT as well as herself.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Chorionic Gonadotropin, beta Subunit, Human: The beta subunit of human CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN. Its structure is similar to the beta subunit of LUTEINIZING HORMONE, except for the additional 30 amino acids at the carboxy end with the associated carbohydrate residues. HCG-beta is used as a diagnostic marker for early detection of pregnancy, spontaneous abortion (ABORTION, SPONTANEOUS); ECTOPIC PREGNANCY; HYDATIDIFORM MOLE; CHORIOCARCINOMA; or DOWN SYNDROME.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Infant, Low Birth Weight: An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Premenopause: The period before MENOPAUSE. In premenopausal women, the climacteric transition from full sexual maturity to cessation of ovarian cycle takes place between the age of late thirty and early fifty.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Amniotic Fluid: A clear, yellowish liquid that envelopes the FETUS inside the sac of AMNION. In the first trimester, it is likely a transudate of maternal or fetal plasma. In the second trimester, amniotic fluid derives primarily from fetal lung and kidney. Cells or substances in this fluid can be removed for prenatal diagnostic tests (AMNIOCENTESIS).Contraceptives, Oral: Compounds, usually hormonal, taken orally in order to block ovulation and prevent the occurrence of pregnancy. The hormones are generally estrogen or progesterone or both.Breast Feeding: The nursing of an infant at the breast.Infant, Small for Gestational Age: An infant having a birth weight lower than expected for its gestational age.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Prenatal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutrition of FEMALE during PREGNANCY.Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A complex disorder characterized by infertility, HIRSUTISM; OBESITY; and various menstrual disturbances such as OLIGOMENORRHEA; AMENORRHEA; ANOVULATION. Polycystic ovary syndrome is usually associated with bilateral enlarged ovaries studded with atretic follicles, not with cysts. The term, polycystic ovary, is misleading.Placental Circulation: The circulation of BLOOD, of both the mother and the FETUS, through the PLACENTA.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Vaginal Smears: Collection of pooled secretions of the posterior vaginal fornix for cytologic examination.Uterine Cervical Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the UTERINE CERVIX.European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.HIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Abortion, Threatened: UTERINE BLEEDING from a GESTATION of less than 20 weeks without any CERVICAL DILATATION. It is characterized by vaginal bleeding, lower back discomfort, or midline pelvic cramping and a risk factor for MISCARRIAGE.Birth Rate: The number of births in a given population per year or other unit of time.Dietary Supplements: Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Sex Characteristics: Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.Maternal Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.Contraceptive Agents, Female: Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in females. Use for female contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.Pregnancy Tests, Immunologic: Methods of detecting pregnancy by examining the levels of human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) in plasma or urine.Weight Gain: Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Hydatidiform Mole: Trophoblastic hyperplasia associated with normal gestation, or molar pregnancy. It is characterized by the swelling of the CHORIONIC VILLI and elevated human CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN. Hydatidiform moles or molar pregnancy may be categorized as complete or partial based on their gross morphology, histopathology, and karyotype.Myometrium: The smooth muscle coat of the uterus, which forms the main mass of the organ.Marital Status: A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.Oocyte Donation: Transfer of preovulatory oocytes from donor to a suitable host. Oocytes are collected, fertilized in vitro, and transferred to a host that can be human or animal.Abortion, Legal: Termination of pregnancy under conditions allowed under local laws. (POPLINE Thesaurus, 1991)Estrogens: Compounds that interact with ESTROGEN RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of ESTRADIOL. Estrogens stimulate the female reproductive organs, and the development of secondary female SEX CHARACTERISTICS. Estrogenic chemicals include natural, synthetic, steroidal, or non-steroidal compounds.Amniocentesis: Percutaneous transabdominal puncture of the uterus during pregnancy to obtain amniotic fluid. It is commonly used for fetal karyotype determination in order to diagnose abnormal fetal conditions.Postpartum Period: In females, the period that is shortly after giving birth (PARTURITION).Hyperemesis Gravidarum: Intractable VOMITING that develops in early PREGNANCY and persists. This can lead to DEHYDRATION and WEIGHT LOSS.Reproductive Techniques: Methods pertaining to the generation of new individuals, including techniques used in selective BREEDING, cloning (CLONING, ORGANISM), and assisted reproduction (REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, ASSISTED).Abortifacient Agents: Chemical substances that interrupt pregnancy after implantation.Reproductive Behavior: Human behavior or decision related to REPRODUCTION.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Uterine Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the UTERUS.Spouse Abuse: Deliberate severe and repeated injury to one domestic partner by the other.Estriol: A hydroxylated metabolite of ESTRADIOL or ESTRONE that has a hydroxyl group at C3, 16-alpha, and 17-beta position. Estriol is a major urinary estrogen. During PREGNANCY, a large amount of estriol is produced by the PLACENTA. Isomers with inversion of the hydroxyl group or groups are called epiestriol.Triplets: Three individuals derived from three FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother.Uterine Artery: A branch arising from the internal iliac artery in females, that supplies blood to the uterus.Postnatal Care: The care provided to women and their NEWBORNS for the first few months following CHILDBIRTH.Confidence Intervals: A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.Eclampsia: Onset of HYPERREFLEXIA; SEIZURES; or COMA in a previously diagnosed pre-eclamptic patient (PRE-ECLAMPSIA).Maternal Mortality: Maternal deaths resulting from complications of pregnancy and childbirth in a given population.Fetal Macrosomia: A condition of fetal overgrowth leading to a large-for-gestational-age FETUS. It is defined as BIRTH WEIGHT greater than 4,000 grams or above the 90th percentile for population and sex-specific growth curves. It is commonly seen in GESTATIONAL DIABETES; PROLONGED PREGNANCY; and pregnancies complicated by pre-existing diabetes mellitus.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Fetal Blood: Blood of the fetus. Exchange of nutrients and waste between the fetal and maternal blood occurs via the PLACENTA. The cord blood is blood contained in the umbilical vessels (UMBILICAL CORD) at the time of delivery.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Mammography: Radiographic examination of the breast.Placentation: The development of the PLACENTA, a highly vascularized mammalian fetal-maternal organ and major site of transport of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products between mother and FETUS. The process begins at FERTILIZATION, through the development of CYTOTROPHOBLASTS and SYNCYTIOTROPHOBLASTS, the formation of CHORIONIC VILLI, to the progressive increase in BLOOD VESSELS to support the growing fetus.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Reproductive History: An important aggregate factor in epidemiological studies of women's health. The concept usually includes the number and timing of pregnancies and their outcomes, the incidence of breast feeding, and may include age of menarche and menopause, regularity of menstruation, fertility, gynecological or obstetric problems, or contraceptive usage.Intrauterine Devices: Contraceptive devices placed high in the uterine fundus.Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Administration, Intravaginal: The insertion of drugs into the vagina to treat local infections, neoplasms, or to induce labor. The dosage forms may include medicated pessaries, irrigation fluids, and suppositories.Chorionic Villi: The threadlike, vascular projections of the chorion. Chorionic villi may be free or embedded within the DECIDUA forming the site for exchange of substances between fetal and maternal blood (PLACENTA).Folic Acid: A member of the vitamin B family that stimulates the hematopoietic system. It is present in the liver and kidney and is found in mushrooms, spinach, yeast, green leaves, and grasses (POACEAE). Folic acid is used in the treatment and prevention of folate deficiencies and megaloblastic anemia.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.SwedenLinear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Follicle Stimulating Hormone: A major gonadotropin secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Follicle-stimulating hormone stimulates GAMETOGENESIS and the supporting cells such as the ovarian GRANULOSA CELLS, the testicular SERTOLI CELLS, and LEYDIG CELLS. FSH consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is common in the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH, and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
The female's pregnancy lasts for 202 days.[24] By contrast, the North American beaver, which is comparable in size, has a ... he approaches the female and uses a spray of his urine on the female. Only a few drops touch the female, but the chemical ... Female porcupines are solitary for most of the year except during the fall when breeding season begins. At this time, they ... Female porcupines provide all the maternal care. For the first two weeks, the young rely on their mother for sustenance. After ...
Gestation period is 180 days. One young is born per pregnancy. The fawn weighs between 1.6 and 2.4 kg (3.5 and 5.3 lb). Bates's ... Females are friendlier with each other and sometimes live in small groups. They bark when fleeing. Most pygmy antelope mate at ... Male antelope are generously bigger than females. Bates pigmy antelope is native to tropical Central Africa. The range is ...
The current AI for potassium for women and men ages 14 and up is 4700 mg. AI for pregnancy equals 4700 mg/day. AI for lactation ... For people ages 15 and older the AI is set at 3,500 mg/day. AIs for pregnancy is 3,500 mg/day, for lactation 4,000 mg/day. For ... Adult women in the United States consume on average half the AI, for men two-thirds. For all adults, fewer than 5% exceed the ... For infants 0-6 months 400 mg, 6-12 months 700 mg, 1-13 years increasing from 3000 to 4500 mg/day. As for safety, the IOM also ...
About 70% of women and men do not have symptoms when infected. When symptoms do occur they typically begin 5 to 28 days after ... Caution should be used in pregnancy, especially in the first trimester. Sexual partners, even if they have no symptoms, should ... Women living with HIV infection have better cure rates if treated for 7 days rather than with one dose. Topical treatments are ... In the United States there are about 2 million women affected. It occurs more often in women than men. Trichomonas vaginalis ...
Crime and pregnancy. Love is. Even if it last a day, or last fifty years Love is- says Pujía. In the Love Series, men and women ... In the sculpture "Man - Woman" has been played by the union of two figures, a supposedly female and the other male, which is ... In some of his works man and woman are not embracing each other, or do not face each in its entirety, but the only figure is ... His themes are women, couples, children, dancers. An opening in "Art Gallery" coincided with the birthday of his wife. "I asked ...
For women and men ages 10 and older the PRIs are set at 11 and 13 mg/day, respectively. PRI for pregnancy is 11 mg/day, for ... RDA for pregnancy is 15 mg/day. RDA for lactation is 19 mg/day. For infants up to 12 months the Adequate Intake (AI) is 4-5 mg/ ... The current EAR for vitamin E for women and men ages 14 and up is 12 mg/day. The RDA is 15 mg/day. RDAs are higher than EARs so ... day. For children ages 1-13 years the RDA increases with age from 6 to 11 mg/day. As for safety, the IOM sets Tolerable upper ...
For women and men over age 18 the Adequate Intake (AI) is set at 4.0 μg/day. AI for pregnancy is 4.5 μg/day, for lactation 5.0 ... RDA for pregnancy equals 2.6 μg/day. RDA for lactation equals 2.8 μg/day. For infants up to 12 months the Adequate Intake (AI) ... The current EAR for vitamin B12 for women and men ages 14 and up is 2.0 μg/day; the RDA is 2.4 μg/day. RDAs are higher than ... For children aged 1-17 years the AIs increase with age from 1.5 to 3.5 μg/day. These AIs are higher than the U.S. RDAs. The ...
"Why Many Women Are Returning to This Old-School Pregnancy and Birth Tradition". Verily. Retrieved 2018-01-23. Stateline (2017- ... In North America, training generally takes the form of a two- to three-day seminar, and some experience with childbirth. ... Raphael derived the term from modern Greek (δούλα, doúla, "servant-woman"), as told to her by an elderly Greek woman, Raphael ... suggesting options or supporting the woman's decisions to a medical team). Doulas may also be involved during pregnancy and ...
The gestation/pregnancy of a female is 18 days.[6] The litter sizes are usually one to two offspring a year.[5] The offspring ... Here it will sleep and usually lives in groups of one male, 2 females, and offspring.[5] ...
A blastocyst would be implanted five to six days after the eggs had been fertilized. After five or six days it is much easier ... More hCG is secreted in a multiple pregnancy. Blood tests of hCG can also be used to check for abnormal pregnancies. In vitro ... HCG can be measured in both the blood and urine to determine if a woman is pregnant. ... After about 1 day (5-6 days post-fertilization), which is the time usually required to reach the uterus, the blastocyst begins ...
... some females are receptive by 30 to 40 days. The earliest recorded pregnancy was at 38 days. These rats have been noted as one ... Females bear two to several litters per year depending on latitude and local weather. Females mate within 24 hours of giving ... They are weaned in 10 to 15 days and reach minimum adult size by about 41 days. Some male hispid cotton rats are sexually ... and by an adult female was 250.9 feet (76.4 m). In Texas male hispid cotton rats also had larger home ranges than females. Home ...
For women and men over age 18 the Adequate Intake (AI) is set at 70 μg/day. AI for pregnancy is 70 μg/day, for lactation 70 μg/ ... The current AIs for adult women and men ages 19 and up are 90 and 120 μg/day, respectively. AI for pregnancy is 90 μg/day. AI ... For infants up to 12 months the AI is 2-2.5 μg/day For children ages 1-18 years the AI increases with age from 30 to 75 μg/day ... Blood clotting (coagulation) studies in humans using 45 mg per day of vitamin K2 (as MK-4) and even up to 135 mg per day (45 mg ...
Women with PMS may be able to take medication only on the days when symptoms are expected to occur. Although intermittent ... A woman's pattern of symptoms may change over time. Symptoms do not occur during pregnancy or following menopause. Diagnosis ... Women who reported its symptoms were often told it was "all in their head". Woman's reproductive organs were thought to have ... This class of medication may cause PMS-related symptoms in some women, and may reduce physical symptoms in other women. They do ...
Each estrus bout lasts for one or two days. In a study, the blood serum of female addax was analyzed through immunoassay to ... Estrous cycle duration was of about 33 days. During pregnancy, ultrasonography showed the uterine horns as coiled. The maximum ... Gestation period lasts 257-270 days (about 9 months). Females may lie or stand during the delivery, during which one calf is ... Addax form herds of five to 20 members, consisting of both males and females. They are led by the oldest female. Due to its ...
These cysts don't prevent or threaten a resulting pregnancy. Women on birth control pills usually do not form these cysts; in ... This pain disappears within a few days of the rupture. Rarely, it may cause the ovary to twist around the ovarian ligament and ... "Photos of the Ovaries". Women's Health Information. Archived from the original on March 21, 2007. Corpus Luteum Cyst Women ... If a pregnancy doesn't occur, the corpus luteum usually breaks down and disappears. It may, however, fill with fluid or blood, ...
Leprosy usually worsens in women during pregnancy and delivery. Married patients usually could not bring up babies, and ... Leprosy in earlier days has been associated with scabies, and this has been pointed out by Kensuke Mitsuda. There were many ... There were 45 cases of interrupted pregnancy between 1950 and 1959. Namonaki Hoshi Tachiyo (To stars which have no names)(1985 ...
"Pregnancy-first day of the last menstrual period". meteor.aihw.gov.au. "Estimated Date of Delivery (EDD) Pregnancy Calculator ... To save a woman's life To preserve a woman's physical health To preserve a woman's mental health In cases of rape or incest ... if the pregnancy endangers the life of the woman, if the fetus is not viable, if the pregnancy resulted from rape) with 22 ... Abortion is allowed only in cases of risk to the life or health of the woman, when the pregnancy is a result of a criminal act ...
... concluded in 2010 that caffeine consumption is safe up to 200 mg per day in pregnant women. For women who breastfeed, are ... Evidence of a risk during pregnancy is equivocal; some authorities recommend that pregnant women limit consumption to the ... High doses of caffeine (750 to 1200 mg/day spread throughout the day) have been shown to produce complete tolerance to some, ... This amounts to one serving of a caffeinated beverage for every person every day. Some Seventh-day Adventists, Church of God ( ...
The current AIs for manganese for women and men ages 19 and up are 1.8 and 2.3 mg/day, respectively. AI for pregnancy is 2.0 mg ... AIs for pregnancy and lactation is 3.0 mg/day. For children ages 1-14 years the AIs increase with age from 0.5 to 2.0 mg/day. ... For children ages 1-18 years the AI increases with age from 1.2 to 2.2 mg/day for males, to 1.6 mg/day for females. As for ... 54Mn with a half-life of 312.3 days, and 52Mn with a half-life of 5.591 days. All of the remaining radioactive isotopes have ...
A male trails after a female for a few days. After mating, they return to their solitary lives. Females reach sexual maturity ... Mating is usually from June to August and pregnancy lasts for 6-7 months. Thus, wild females usually give birth between ... As solitary animals, Formosan black bears do not stay in fixed shelters, except for females during their breeding period. The ... They are primarily active during the day in the spring and summer; and increasingly active at night in the fall/winter when ...
The day Allen isolated pure progestin (later named by him progesterone) was a very significant day in his life. "... The ... 1 Considerable space has been devoted to the world-changing, female hormone progesterone. But little has been written about its ... Co-Discoverer who named the universal pregnancy maintaining hormone progesterone. ... He contributed original papers on the histology and physiology of the female reproductive organs, bringing him many national ...
Abed's journal is discovered to have been tracking the three women's menstrual cycles so that he knows the best days to talk to ... They discover a pregnancy test in Shirley's bag; she claims that she rekindled her relationship with her ex-husband over Labor ... Day weekend, but Abed points out that his charts show that she was last ovulating during Halloween. Shirley and Britta get into ...
The Philippine tarsier's pregnancy or gestation period lasts about 6 months. The female's estrous cycle lasts 25-28 days. ... The female gives birth to one offspring per gestation. The infant is born with hair and with its eyes open. The females carry ... allowing for a density of 16 male and 41 female tarsiers per 100 ha. While both male and female tarsiers are solitary animals, ... a behaviour observed in females on adult males, as well as in females on their offspring. ...
Diestrus lasts approximately 56 to 58 days in a pregnant female, and 60 to 100 days in a non-pregnant female. During both of ... It is only during estrus that copulation will result in pregnancy. During proestrus and estrus, females may have a clear to ... Canine sperm can live for 10 to 11 days in the uterine tubes (fallopian tubes) so if a female is bred 10 days before the ... When a male canine is interested in mounting a female, he will sniff the female's vulva. If the female is unreceptive, she may ...
For women and men ages 15 and older the PRIs are set at 650 and 750 μg/day, respectively. PRI for pregnancy is 700 μg/day, for ... However, liver toxicities can occur at levels as low as 15,000 IU (4500 micrograms) per day to 1.4 million IU per day, with an ... For children ages 1-14 years the PRIs increase with age from 250 to 600 μg/day. These PRIs are similar to the U.S. RDAs. The ... Signs of toxicity may occur with long-term consumption of vitamin A at doses of 25,000-33,000 IU per day. Excessive vitamin A ...
Courts these days are making policy-based decisions, untethered from any rule of law, aimed at killing patents they don't like. ... According to the patent, fetal DNA is from 0.39% of the sample (the lowest concentration measured in early pregnancy), to as ... a paternally inherited nucleic acid of fetal origin performed on a maternal serum or plasma sample from a pregnant female, ...
The Duchess of Cambridges pregnancy has turned a little known medical condition into a much talked about topic. Channel 4 News ... Some pregnant women, like the Duchess of Cambridge, experience severe nausea and vomiting which continues throughout pregnancy. ... Symptoms include prolonged and severe nausea and vomiting (around 20 times a day), as well as dehydration. It can also lead to ... Kates pregnancy: what is hyperemesis gravidarum?. The Duchess of Cambridges pregnancy has turned a little known medical ...
... its actually a sign of a healthy pregnancy. But if your symptoms are particularly severe and impact on day-to-day life, it may ... HG usually starts at around 4-7 weeks and then eases off at 14-16 weeks, but some women experience it throughout pregnancy. ... What if your morning sickness was so severe it had you vomiting 30 times a day, caused internal bleeding, and made you drop two ... Women who work part time are almost four times more likely to have progressed their...read more ...
What is abdominal pregnancy? Meaning of abdominal pregnancy as a legal term. What does abdominal pregnancy mean in law? ... Definition of abdominal pregnancy in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. ... To our knowledge this is the first report of advanced abdominal pregnancy in HIV-positive women.. Advanced abdominal pregnancy ... The matter was represented to the judge, who respited the execution, and on the 11th day of July she was safely delivered of a ...
For a small percentage of these women, their morning sickness is far from just a normal part of pregnancy. If your morning ... Typically, 3 out of 4 women will experience some degree of morning sickness with pregnancy. ... Most affected women have numerous episodes of vomiting throughout the day with few if any symptom-free periods, especially ... 3 out of 4 women will experience some degree of morning sickness with pregnancy. For a small percentage of these women, their " ...
A 46-year-old women who thought she couldnt have children became a first time mother just one day after discovering she was ... Widow, 46, gives birth one day after discovering her pregnancy - I thought I couldnt have babies. ... "I couldnt see the baby until the next day because of my surgery but when I did see him for the first time he was covered in ... Nor did her periods stop - usually a the telltale sign of pregnancy - although she says they became lighter and more erratic ...
The total number of deaths of women worldwide caused by childbirth or complications during pregnancy fell by 34% between 1990 ... Popular in: Pregnancy / Obstetrics. * Which fruits should you eat during pregnancy? * What to expect at 5 days past ovulation ( ... "Pregnancy Related Deaths Drop 34% Globally, But Still 1000 Women Die Each Day." Medical News Today. MediLexicon, Intl., 15 Sep ... That means reaching women in rural areas and poorer households, women from ethnic minorities and indigenous groups, and women ...
After a hysterectomy for a rare cervical cancer caused by the drug her mother took during pregnancy, Judith Helfand turned the ... Woman, Sterile From Moms Pregnancy Drug at 25, Gets Mothers Day Miracle Baby. Judith Helfand documents moms use of toxic ... DES was first manufactured in a laboratory in 1938 and was widely given to women for five decades to prevent pregnancy problems ... "I had planned on the film coming out on Mothers Day and was dreading a motherless day." ...
... pregnancy due date errors youtube, chances of pregnancy 21 days after period due, symptoms of pregnancy 2 months after giving ... what to eat during pregnancy of first month quotes, pregnant symptoms shortness of breath quiz, ... Chances of pregnancy 21 days after period due,jual maternity clothes jakarta,ivf pregnancy 8 week scan video - You Shoud Know. ... A 2007 study of over 1,000 pregnant women found that women who reported consuming 200 mg or more of caffeine per day ...
She is selling her urine for $30 a pop to be used for a positive pregnancy test. ... A woman in Jacksonville, Florida, discovered a very unusual way to make money. ... She is selling her urine for $30 a pop to be used for a positive pregnancy test. The woman is 6 months pregnant, so pregnancy ... Grants For Women , Women Grants and Scholarships Grants, scholarships, financial aid, and more for women and girls all around ...
PREGNANCY BLUES. Mums-to-be suffering with loneliness & anxiety due to Covid restrictions ... Woman is first to die after getting reinfected with coronavirus 59 days after first infection. ... Two days after beginning the treatment, and 59 days after the start of her first Covid symptoms, she once again developed ... A woman in the Netherlands had been receving chemotherpay when she contracted the virus for the second time Credit: Getty - ...
Womans Day content brought to you by Now to Love ... We take a look at the pregnancy style of expectant model ... Model maternity! Chrissy Teigens pregnancy style. This is going to be one stylish pregnancy! ... Chrissy announced her pregnancy on Instagram wearing a very casual look, consisting of a pair of denim shorts, a white tank top ... Pregnancy & BirthIt was a very big surprise for us: Jesinta Franklin confirms shes expecting her second baby with husband ...
Researchers have adviced pregnant women to consume Vitamin D supplements during pregnancy as it is considered safe as well as ... Researchers have adviced pregnant women to consume Vitamin D supplements during pregnancy as it is considered safe as well as ... Pregnant Women Should Ideally Consume 4,000 IU Vitamin D a Day. by Savitha C Muppala on May 4, 2010 at 11:26 PM Women Health ... The greatest effects were seen among women taking 4,000 IU of vitamin D per day. Therefore, the researchers recommend this ...
Every day nearly thousand women die in childbirth or from avertable complications concerning pregnancy, humanitarian group ... Every day nearly thousand women die in childbirth or from avertable complications concerning pregnancy, humanitarian group ... Doctors Without Borders: 1,000 Women Die Per Day in Childbirth. by Nancy Needhima on March 9, 2012 at 2:42 PM Women Health News ... responsible for womens health at MSF in a statement to mark International Womens Day. ...
... but when it comes to her second pregnancy, shes in the same boat as many expectant moms of more than one. ... Follow us on Instagram, Facebook, and Twitter for nonstop inspiration delivered fresh to your feed, every day. ... What can women do to feel more comfortable in their second (and subsequent) pregnancies? For one, Haley recommends shaping up ... During pregnancy, Ross says women should prioritize exercises that make them feel good. "We look to more exercises that help ...
... more and more women are finding themselves pregnant with twins. ... As more women wait to start their families or turn to ... Florida couple weds in hospital days before wifes cancer death * 4 Vietnam War veteran donates life-saving kidney to fellow US ... Pregnancy. Having twins? 11 tips for a healthy pregnancy. By Julie Revelant ... As more women wait to start their families or turn to infertility treatments, more and more women are finding themselves ...
National observance of Pregnancy and Infant Loss Awareness Month offers us the opportunity to increase our understanding of the ... approximately a million pregnancies in the U.S. end in miscarriage, stillbirth or the death of the newborn child. ... PRESIDENTIAL PROCLAMATION OCTOBER Pregnancy and Infant Loss Awareness Month Each year, ... Pregnancy and Infant Loss Remembrance Day. Posted on October 15, 2011. by Rebecca Carney - One Womans Perspective ...
Women who are pregnant and breastfeeding require additional amounts of certain nutrients. Most health care practitioners ... Three glasses of milk each day can help maintain your calcium levels during pregnancy. Photo Credit: AlbinaTiplyashina/iStock/ ... Calcium Loss During Pregnancy","url":"https:\/\/www.livestrong.com\/article\/417590-women-calcium-loss-during-pregnancy\/"," ... ":"[calcium loss pregnancy,calcium needs pregnancy,calcium during pregnancy]"} Get the latest tips on diet, ...
Kate Middleton has served up some serious style during her third pregnancy. On Thursday morning, the 36-year-old proved she ... Man earns nickname of Permit Model for interrupting black womens photo shoot. Yahoo Lifestyle ... What Tiara Will Princess Eugenie Wear on Her Wedding Day?. Marie Claire ... Kate Middleton has served up some serious style during her third pregnancy. On Thursday morning, the 36-year-old proved she ...
... and medical experts said Thursday that its possible she displayed no outward signs that workers who cared for her every day ... A doctor examined an Arizona woman in a vegetative state nearly nine months before she gave birth but did not find that she was ... Expert: Woman in vegetative state may not have shown signs of pregnancy. ... A doctor examined an Arizona woman in a vegetative state nearly nine months before she gave birth but did not find that she was ...
When a Texas woman learned she had a type of cancer with a very high death rate among African-Americans, she decided to take ... Cancer patient says pregnancy helped save her life. * News. West Memphis woman mourns after her brother was shot and killed. ... Woman chronicles her battle with stomach cancer up until her last day. Posted 1:26 pm, March 23, 2017, by Tribune Media Wire ... Twist Of Fate: Woman Ends Up With Same Dog She Had To Give Up As A Child. ...
CDC urges every woman who could become pregnant to get 400 micrograms (400 mcg) of folic acid every day. ... These birth defects of the brain and spine happen in the first few weeks of pregnancy, often before a woman finds out that she ... Folic Acid: All Women, Every Day. You might think that you can get all the folic acid and other vitamins you need from the food ... One easy way a woman can be sure she is getting enough folic acid is to take a vitamin that has folic acid in it every day. ...
They noted, however, that men have even higher rates of accidents than pregnant women ... She was diagnosed with Stage 4 cancer on Mothers Day. Now, 15 years later, this mom is still fighting.. Her experience ... the women had a baseline accident rate of about 4.55 serious crashes per every 1,000 women. During pregnancy, that went up to ... Women more likely to get in a serious car crash during second trimester of pregnancy: study. The researchers believe fatigue ...
CDC urges women to take 400 mcg of folic acid every day, starting at least one month before getting pregnant, to help prevent ... Women of reproductive age need 400 mcg of folic acid every day. *All women of reproductive age should get 400 mcg of folic acid ... Major birth defects of the babys brain or spine occur very early in pregnancy (3-4 weeks after conception), before most women ... Every woman of reproductive age needs to get folic acid every day, whether she is planning to get pregnant or not, to help make ...
The latest, uh, must-have appears to be positive pregnancy test results. Women across the country are selling -- and buying -- ... Federal judge blocks 2nd Kentucky abortion law within days. * Trending. Cadburys parent company is hiring chocolate tasters. ... Women selling positive pregnancy tests on Craigslist. Posted 6:38 am, September 4, 2013, by CNN Wire ... Women across the country are selling - and buying - them on Craigslist.. One post from Buffalo, New York, sums up the appeal ...
Dear Women! - Take Care Of Your Heart During Pregnancy. 6 days ago ... or even the most beautiful bad hair days, its always a good time. Speaking of bad hair days, have you ever had one? I suppose ... 5 DIY Treatments For Bad Hair Day Emergencies. Diana Adams 0 9 years ago ... I did that one day, and they still bit the ever-loving shit out me. But hey, at least I smelled really good. ...
  • This sign is not visible during the early months of pregnancy, and by art in the disposition of the dress and the use of stays, it may be concealed for a much longer period. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • It's caused by excess production of chronic gonadotrophin (hCG) - a hormone produced by your body to help your uterus to support a baby during pregnancy. (workingmums.co.uk)
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