Women: Human females as cultural, psychological, sociological, political, and economic entities.Women's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.Pregnant Women: Human females who are pregnant, as cultural, psychological, or sociological entities.Battered Women: Women who are physically and mentally abused over an extended period, usually by a husband or other dominant male figure. Characteristics of the battered woman syndrome are helplessness, constant fear, and a perceived inability to escape. (From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 3d ed)Women's Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Women's Rights: The rights of women to equal status pertaining to social, economic, and educational opportunities afforded by society.Postmenopause: The physiological period following the MENOPAUSE, the permanent cessation of the menstrual life.Women, Working: Women who are engaged in gainful activities usually outside the home.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Physicians, Women: Women licensed to practice medicine.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Pregnancy Complications, Infectious: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Menopause: The last menstrual period. Permanent cessation of menses (MENSTRUATION) is usually defined after 6 to 12 months of AMENORRHEA in a woman over 45 years of age. In the United States, menopause generally occurs in women between 48 and 55 years of age.United StatesParity: The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.Premenopause: The period before MENOPAUSE. In premenopausal women, the climacteric transition from full sexual maturity to cessation of ovarian cycle takes place between the age of late thirty and early fifty.Pregnancy Outcome: Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Prenatal Care: Care provided the pregnant woman in order to prevent complications, and decrease the incidence of maternal and prenatal mortality.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Vaginal Smears: Collection of pooled secretions of the posterior vaginal fornix for cytologic examination.Uterine Cervical Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the UTERINE CERVIX.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Postpartum Period: In females, the period that is shortly after giving birth (PARTURITION).Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Mammography: Radiographic examination of the breast.Infertility, Female: Diminished or absent ability of a female to achieve conception.Vagina: The genital canal in the female, extending from the UTERUS to the VULVA. (Stedman, 25th ed)Sex Characteristics: Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A complex disorder characterized by infertility, HIRSUTISM; OBESITY; and various menstrual disturbances such as OLIGOMENORRHEA; AMENORRHEA; ANOVULATION. Polycystic ovary syndrome is usually associated with bilateral enlarged ovaries studded with atretic follicles, not with cysts. The term, polycystic ovary, is misleading.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Cervix Uteri: The neck portion of the UTERUS between the lower isthmus and the VAGINA forming the cervical canal.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.HIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Menstruation: The periodic shedding of the ENDOMETRIUM and associated menstrual bleeding in the MENSTRUAL CYCLE of humans and primates. Menstruation is due to the decline in circulating PROGESTERONE, and occurs at the late LUTEAL PHASE when LUTEOLYSIS of the CORPUS LUTEUM takes place.Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal: Metabolic disorder associated with fractures of the femoral neck, vertebrae, and distal forearm. It occurs commonly in women within 15-20 years after menopause, and is caused by factors associated with menopause including estrogen deficiency.Contraceptives, Oral: Compounds, usually hormonal, taken orally in order to block ovulation and prevent the occurrence of pregnancy. The hormones are generally estrogen or progesterone or both.Pregnancy Trimester, Third: The last third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 29th through the 42nd completed week (197 to 294 days) of gestation.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Spouse Abuse: Deliberate severe and repeated injury to one domestic partner by the other.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Pre-Eclampsia: A complication of PREGNANCY, characterized by a complex of symptoms including maternal HYPERTENSION and PROTEINURIA with or without pathological EDEMA. Symptoms may range between mild and severe. Pre-eclampsia usually occurs after the 20th week of gestation, but may develop before this time in the presence of trophoblastic disease.Abortion, Spontaneous: Expulsion of the product of FERTILIZATION before completing the term of GESTATION and without deliberate interference.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Papanicolaou Test: Cytological preparation of cells collected from a mucosal surface and stained with Papanicolaou stain.Papillomavirus Infections: Neoplasms of the skin and mucous membranes caused by papillomaviruses. They are usually benign but some have a high risk for malignant progression.Delivery, Obstetric: Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Abortion, Induced: Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)Bone Density: The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.Contraception: Prevention of CONCEPTION by blocking fertility temporarily, or permanently (STERILIZATION, REPRODUCTIVE). Common means of reversible contraception include NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING METHODS; CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS; or CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES.Cesarean Section: Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical: The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from one generation to another. It includes transmission in utero or intrapartum by exposure to blood and secretions, and postpartum exposure via breastfeeding.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Confidence Intervals: A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.Endometriosis: A condition in which functional endometrial tissue is present outside the UTERUS. It is often confined to the PELVIS involving the OVARY, the ligaments, cul-de-sac, and the uterovesical peritoneum.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and a cardiovascular disease. The disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION and it may or may not have a deleterious effect on the pregnant woman or FETUS.Estrogens: Compounds that interact with ESTROGEN RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of ESTRADIOL. Estrogens stimulate the female reproductive organs, and the development of secondary female SEX CHARACTERISTICS. Estrogenic chemicals include natural, synthetic, steroidal, or non-steroidal compounds.Hispanic Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.Marital Status: A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Contraceptive Agents, Female: Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in females. Use for female contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.Diabetes, Gestational: Diabetes mellitus induced by PREGNANCY but resolved at the end of pregnancy. It does not include previously diagnosed diabetics who become pregnant (PREGNANCY IN DIABETICS). Gestational diabetes usually develops in late pregnancy when insulin antagonistic hormones peaks leading to INSULIN RESISTANCE; GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; and HYPERGLYCEMIA.Marriage: The social institution involving legal and/or religious sanction whereby individuals are joined together.Contraception Behavior: Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.SwedenPerimenopause: The transitional period before and after MENOPAUSE. Perimenopausal symptoms are associated with irregular MENSTRUAL CYCLE and widely fluctuated hormone levels. They may appear 6 years before menopause and subside 2 to 5 years after menopause.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Vaginosis, Bacterial: Polymicrobial, nonspecific vaginitis associated with positive cultures of Gardnerella vaginalis and other anaerobic organisms and a decrease in lactobacilli. It remains unclear whether the initial pathogenic event is caused by the growth of anaerobes or a primary decrease in lactobacilli.Proportional Hazards Models: Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Menstruation Disturbances: Variations of menstruation which may be indicative of disease.Estradiol: The 17-beta-isomer of estradiol, an aromatized C18 steroid with hydroxyl group at 3-beta- and 17-beta-position. Estradiol-17-beta is the most potent form of mammalian estrogenic steroids.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Pregnancy Complications, Parasitic: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and parasitic diseases. The parasitic infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.Maternal Age: The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.Family Planning Services: Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.Pregnancy Trimester, Second: The middle third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 15th through the 28th completed week (99 to 196 days) of gestation.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Anthropometry: The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia: A malignancy arising in uterine cervical epithelium and confined thereto, representing a continuum of histological changes ranging from well-differentiated CIN 1 (formerly, mild dysplasia) to severe dysplasia/carcinoma in situ, CIN 3. The lesion arises at the squamocolumnar cell junction at the transformation zone of the endocervical canal, with a variable tendency to develop invasive epidermoid carcinoma, a tendency that is enhanced by concomitant human papillomaviral infection. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Hot Flashes: A sudden, temporary sensation of heat predominantly experienced by some women during MENOPAUSE. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Aging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Breast Feeding: The nursing of an infant at the breast.Puerperal Disorders: Disorders or diseases associated with PUERPERIUM, the six-to-eight-week period immediately after PARTURITION in humans.Maternal Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.Contraceptives, Oral, Hormonal: Oral contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to hormonal preparations.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Climacteric: Physiologic period, characterized by endocrine, somatic, and psychic changes with the termination of ovarian function in the female. It may also accompany the normal diminution of sexual activity in the male.Parturition: The process of giving birth to one or more offspring.Cardiovascular Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.Pregnancy Trimesters: The three approximately equal periods of a normal human PREGNANCY. Each trimester is about three months or 13 to 14 weeks in duration depending on the designation of the first day of gestation.CaliforniaEarly Detection of Cancer: Methods to identify and characterize cancer in the early stages of disease and predict tumor behavior.Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Urinary Incontinence: Involuntary loss of URINE, such as leaking of urine. It is a symptom of various underlying pathological processes. Major types of incontinence include URINARY URGE INCONTINENCE and URINARY STRESS INCONTINENCE.Uterine Hemorrhage: Bleeding from blood vessels in the UTERUS, sometimes manifested as vaginal bleeding.Postnatal Care: The care provided to women and their NEWBORNS for the first few months following CHILDBIRTH.Amenorrhea: Absence of menstruation.Pregnancy Trimester, First: The beginning third of a human PREGNANCY, from the first day of the last normal menstrual period (MENSTRUATION) through the completion of 14 weeks (98 days) of gestation.Body Composition: The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.Papillomaviridae: A family of small, non-enveloped DNA viruses infecting birds and most mammals, especially humans. They are grouped into multiple genera, but the viruses are highly host-species specific and tissue-restricted. They are commonly divided into hundreds of papillomavirus "types", each with specific gene function and gene control regions, despite sequence homology. Human papillomaviruses are found in the genera ALPHAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; BETAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; GAMMAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; and MUPAPILLOMAVIRUS.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.JapanChina: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Preconception Care: An organized and comprehensive program of health care that identifies and reduces a woman's reproductive risks before conception through risk assessment, health promotion, and interventions. Preconception care programs may be designed to include the male partner in providing counseling and educational information in preparation for fatherhood, such as genetic counseling and testing, financial and family planning, etc. This concept is different from PRENATAL CARE, which occurs during pregnancy.Absorptiometry, Photon: A noninvasive method for assessing BODY COMPOSITION. It is based on the differential absorption of X-RAYS (or GAMMA RAYS) by different tissues such as bone, fat and other soft tissues. The source of (X-ray or gamma-ray) photon beam is generated either from radioisotopes such as GADOLINIUM 153, IODINE 125, or Americanium 241 which emit GAMMA RAYS in the appropriate range; or from an X-ray tube which produces X-RAYS in the desired range. It is primarily used for quantitating BONE MINERAL CONTENT, especially for the diagnosis of OSTEOPOROSIS, and also in measuring BONE MINERALIZATION.Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Diseases due to or propagated by sexual contact.Dietary Supplements: Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.Gravidity: The number of pregnancies, complete or incomplete, experienced by a female. It is different from PARITY, which is the number of offspring borne. (From Stedman, 26th ed)Pregnancy, High-Risk: Pregnancy in which the mother and/or FETUS are at greater than normal risk of MORBIDITY or MORTALITY. Causes include inadequate PRENATAL CARE, previous obstetrical history (ABORTION, SPONTANEOUS), pre-existing maternal disease, pregnancy-induced disease (GESTATIONAL HYPERTENSION), and MULTIPLE PREGNANCY, as well as advanced maternal age above 35.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Registries: The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.Maternal Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the mother.Reproductive Behavior: Human behavior or decision related to REPRODUCTION.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.IndiaPregnancy Complications, Hematologic: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and a blood disease (HEMATOLOGIC DISEASES) which involves BLOOD CELLS or COAGULATION FACTORS. The hematologic disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION and it may or may not have a deleterious effect on the pregnant woman or FETUS.Great BritainPrognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Fertility: The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.Genital Diseases, Female: Pathological processes involving the female reproductive tract (GENITALIA, FEMALE).Reproductive History: An important aggregate factor in epidemiological studies of women's health. The concept usually includes the number and timing of pregnancies and their outcomes, the incidence of breast feeding, and may include age of menarche and menopause, regularity of menstruation, fertility, gynecological or obstetric problems, or contraceptive usage.Dyspareunia: Recurrent genital pain occurring during, before, or after SEXUAL INTERCOURSE in either the male or the female.Chlamydia Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus CHLAMYDIA.Estrogens, Conjugated (USP): A pharmaceutical preparation containing a mixture of water-soluble, conjugated estrogens derived wholly or in part from URINE of pregnant mares or synthetically from ESTRONE and EQUILIN. It contains a sodium-salt mixture of estrone sulfate (52-62%) and equilin sulfate (22-30%) with a total of the two between 80-88%. Other concomitant conjugates include 17-alpha-dihydroequilin, 17-alpha-estradiol, and 17-beta-dihydroequilin. The potency of the preparation is expressed in terms of an equivalent quantity of sodium estrone sulfate.Obstetric Labor, Premature: Onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR before term (TERM BIRTH) but usually after the FETUS has become viable. In humans, it occurs sometime during the 29th through 38th week of PREGNANCY. TOCOLYSIS inhibits premature labor and can prevent the BIRTH of premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE).Progestins: Compounds that interact with PROGESTERONE RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of PROGESTERONE. Primary actions of progestins, including natural and synthetic steroids, are on the UTERUS and the MAMMARY GLAND in preparation for and in maintenance of PREGNANCY.Osteoporosis: Reduction of bone mass without alteration in the composition of bone, leading to fractures. Primary osteoporosis can be of two major types: postmenopausal osteoporosis (OSTEOPOROSIS, POSTMENOPAUSAL) and age-related or senile osteoporosis.Gender Identity: A person's concept of self as being male and masculine or female and feminine, or ambivalent, based in part on physical characteristics, parental responses, and psychological and social pressures. It is the internal experience of gender role.Domestic Violence: Deliberate, often repetitive physical, verbal, and/or other types of abuse by one or more members against others of a household.Ovarian Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the OVARY. These neoplasms can be benign or malignant. They are classified according to the tissue of origin, such as the surface EPITHELIUM, the stromal endocrine cells, and the totipotent GERM CELLS.Midwifery: The practice of assisting women in childbirth.NorwaySeverity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Uterine Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the UTERUS.Follicular Phase: The period of the MENSTRUAL CYCLE representing follicular growth, increase in ovarian estrogen (ESTROGENS) production, and epithelial proliferation of the ENDOMETRIUM. Follicular phase begins with the onset of MENSTRUATION and ends with OVULATION.Overweight: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".Endometrium: The mucous membrane lining of the uterine cavity that is hormonally responsive during the MENSTRUAL CYCLE and PREGNANCY. The endometrium undergoes cyclic changes that characterize MENSTRUATION. After successful FERTILIZATION, it serves to sustain the developing embryo.Nutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.Colposcopy: The examination, therapy or surgery of the cervix and vagina by means of a specially designed endoscope introduced vaginally.Labor, Obstetric: The repetitive uterine contraction during childbirth which is associated with the progressive dilation of the uterine cervix (CERVIX UTERI). Successful labor results in the expulsion of the FETUS and PLACENTA. Obstetric labor can be spontaneous or induced (LABOR, INDUCED).Asian Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Birth Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Sterilization, Reproductive: Procedures to block or remove all or part of the genital tract for the purpose of rendering individuals sterile, incapable of reproduction. Surgical sterilization procedures are the most commonly used. There are also sterilization procedures involving chemical or physical means.Sex Offenses: Any violation of established legal or moral codes in respect to sexual behavior.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Patient Compliance: Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.Fertilization in Vitro: An assisted reproductive technique that includes the direct handling and manipulation of oocytes and sperm to achieve fertilization in vitro.HIV Seropositivity: Development of neutralizing antibodies in individuals who have been exposed to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/HTLV-III/LAV).South Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.Uterine Cervical Diseases: Pathological processes of the UTERINE CERVIX.Vaginal Diseases: Pathological processes of the VAGINA.Hirsutism: A condition observed in WOMEN and CHILDREN when there is excess coarse body hair of an adult male distribution pattern, such as facial and chest areas. It is the result of elevated ANDROGENS from the OVARIES, the ADRENAL GLANDS, or exogenous sources. The concept does not include HYPERTRICHOSIS, which is an androgen-independent excessive hair growth.Homosexuality, Female: Sexual attraction or relationship between females.Milk, HumanReproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: A spectrum of inflammation involving the female upper genital tract and the supporting tissues. It is usually caused by an ascending infection of organisms from the endocervix. Infection may be confined to the uterus (ENDOMETRITIS), the FALLOPIAN TUBES; (SALPINGITIS); the ovaries (OOPHORITIS), the supporting ligaments (PARAMETRITIS), or may involve several of the above uterine appendages. Such inflammation can lead to functional impairment and infertility.BrazilAsian Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.Premenstrual Syndrome: A combination of distressing physical, psychologic, or behavioral changes that occur during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. Symptoms of PMS are diverse (such as pain, water-retention, anxiety, cravings, and depression) and they diminish markedly 2 or 3 days after the initiation of menses.Intrauterine Devices: Contraceptive devices placed high in the uterine fundus.Infertility: Inability to reproduce after a specified period of unprotected intercourse. Reproductive sterility is permanent infertility.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Interpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.DenmarkWeight Gain: Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.

Potential explanations for the educational gradient in coronary heart disease: a population-based case-control study of Swedish women. (1/615)

OBJECTIVES: This study examined the association between educational attainment and coronary heart disease (CHD) and the factors that may explain this association. METHODS: This population-based case-control study included 292 women with CHD who were 65 years or younger and 292 age-matched controls. RESULTS: Compared with the adjusted odds ratio for CHD associated with college education, the age-adjusted odds ratio associated with mandatory education (< or = 9 years) was 1.87 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.23, 2.84) and the odds ratio for high school education was 1.35 (95% CI = 0.81, 2.25) (P for trend < .01). The odds ratio for mandatory education was reduced by 82%, to 1.16 (95% CI = 0.69, 2.09), after adjustment for psychosocial stress, unhealthy lifestyle patterns, hemostatic factors, hypertension, and lipids. CONCLUSIONS: Much of the increased risk of CHD in women with low education appears to be linked to psychosocial stress and lifestyle factors. Hemostatic factors, lipids, and hypertension also contribute to a lesser extent. These factors may be considered in strategies geared to reducing socioeconomic inequalities in cardiovascular health.  (+info)

Is whole grain intake associated with reduced total and cause-specific death rates in older women? The Iowa Women's Health Study. (2/615)

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine whether nutrient-rich whole grains reduce mortality risk. METHODS: The study included 38,740 Iowa women, aged 55 to 69 years. A food frequency questionnaire was used to obtain data on grain intake. RESULTS: Median whole grain intake quintiles ranged from a median of 0.2 to more than 3 servings per day. Women with higher intakes had healthier lifestyles and less baseline disease. The total death rate decreased in increasing quintiles, and the pattern repeated for cancer, cardiovascular disease, and other causes combined. Adjusted for lifestyle and baseline disease, the relative hazard rate ratio for total death was about 0.85 in daily consumers of whole grain. Findings persisted in strata of baseline healthy and diseased and were not explained by dietary fiber. Rates of total mortality, but not cardiovascular disease mortality, were higher among frequent consumers of refined grain. CONCLUSIONS: Total mortality risk was inversely associated with whole grain intake and positively associated with refined grain intake. Refined grains contributed more than 20% of energy intake, and whole grains contributed 1%. Substitution of whole for refined grain may reduce chronic disease risk in the United States.  (+info)

Lead and hypertension in a sample of middle-aged women. (3/615)

OBJECTIVES: The role of lead exposure as a risk factor for hypertension is less well defined among women than among men. This case-control study assessed the relation of blood and bone lead concentrations to hypertension in women. METHODS: Cases and controls were a subsample of women from the Nurses' Health Study. Hypertension was defined as a physician diagnosis of hypertension between 1988 and 1994 or measured systolic blood pressure > or = 140 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure > or = 90 mm Hg. RESULTS: Mean (SD) blood lead concentration was 0.15 (0.11) mumol/L; mean tibia and patella lead concentrations by K-x-ray fluorescence were 13.3 (9.0) and 17.3 (11.1) micrograms/g, respectively. After adjustment for potentially confounding factors, an increase from the 10th to the 90th percentile of patella lead values (25 micrograms/g) was associated with approximately 2-fold (95% confidence interval = 1.1, 3.2) increased risk of hypertension. There was no association between hypertension and either blood or tibia lead concentrations. CONCLUSIONS: These findings support a potentially important role for low-level lead exposure as a risk factor for hypertension among non-occupationally exposed women.  (+info)

Mildly dyskaryotic smear results: does it matter what women know? (4/615)

BACKGROUND: As of 1992, all women in the UK who have a first mildly dyskaryotic cervical smear are placed under surveillance for 6 months rather than being referred for immediate colposcopy. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to explore the relationship between anxiety and understanding about mild dyskaryotic, and to propose and discuss a method of analysing free text comments written by participants in studies based on structured questionnaires. METHODS: The freely scripted text of 236 women who had completed a questionnaire as part of a randomized controlled trial to assess the impact of an educational package was analysed. Randomization group status was concealed. Texts expressing similar views were grouped together and categorized. A matrix was drawn up to encompass the categories, and the comments were reallocated accordingly. RESULTS: Examination of the free text revealed two dimensions, concern and knowledge. There were no differences with respect to the apparent level of concern between the two randomization groups. However, comments from the intervention group were significantly more likely to have been classified as expressing good or vague knowledge than those from women in the control group. CONCLUSION: Although the educational intervention improved women's knowledge about the meaning of an abnormal smear result, this better knowledge was not correlated with less anxiety about the result. The free text analysis was a useful supplement to the main trial questionnaires. It demonstrated the existence of a range of understanding about cervical dyskaryosis, of anxieties relating to the receipt of such a result and the degree of interest women showed in acquiring further information.  (+info)

Women patients' preferences for female or male GPs. (5/615)

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate general preferences to see a male or female GP either some or all of the time, and specific preferences to see a female primary health care (PHC) worker for individual health issues; to compare these preferences with reported consultation behaviour; and to explore women's evaluations of the quality of PHC services in relation to their preferences and consultation behaviour. METHOD: Results are reported on 881 women aged 16-65 years who had consulted their GP in the previous 6 months. Logistical regression analysis was undertaken to evaluate whether a general preference to see another woman is more important than specific women's health issues in determining why some women regularly choose to consult a female GP. RESULTS: General preference was 2.6 times more important than specific health issues in predicting choice of a female GP in a mixed-sex practice. Nearly a half (49.1 %) of women attending male-only practices stated that they wanted to see a female GP in at least some circumstances, compared with 63.8% of women in mixed-sex practices. In total, 65.5% of the sample stated that there was at least one specific health issue for which they would only want to be seen by a woman PHC worker. The most positive evaluations of the quality of GP services were made by women normally seeing a male GP in mixed-sex practices and the least positive evaluations were given by women in male-only GP practices CONCLUSIONS: In order to meet women's expressed preferences, every GP practice should have at least one female GP available at least some of the time and every GP practice should employ a female PHC worker.  (+info)

Participation in breast cancer susceptibility testing protocols: influence of recruitment source, altruism, and family involvement on women's decisions. (6/615)

OBJECTIVES: We offered education, counseling, and family-based BRCA1/2 testing to women at increased risk of breast cancer and assessed (a) their reasons for participating and (b) whether source of recruitment, desire to help research (altruism), and the need to communicate with their affected relative about testing distinguish those who did and those who did not complete each phase of our protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We sent invitations to 403 women who had completed a questionnaire on BRCA1/2 testing, 178 of whom were considered high risk because they had more than one relative on the same side of the family with early-onset breast cancer. RESULTS: Among the 132 high-risk respondents from the mid-Atlantic states (where testing was offered), 36% (n = 47) were interested in counseling. Those who actually attended counseling were more likely to have some college education, a higher perceived risk of breast cancer, and a greater fear of stigma and were less likely to have a daughter than those who did not attend. The reasons for attending that were rated "very important" were to learn about the test (80%), to have the test (43%), and to help research (38%). High-risk women were eligible for testing only if their affected relative was willing to be tested and tested positive. After the session, 83% intended to ask their affected relative to be tested, but only half of the affected relatives actually came for pretest counseling. The proportion of participants who ultimately involved an affected relative was 2.5 times higher among women from a clinical population (25%) than among those from a registry population (10%); in this latter population, an altruistic desire to help research was a greater motivator for participation than interest in being tested. CONCLUSIONS: Source of recruitment influences both motivations to attend education and counseling and actual testing behavior. These results have implications for interpretation of findings from studies in research settings as well as for informed consent and decision-making in the context of family-based testing.  (+info)

Older women's illness representations of cancer: a qualitative study. (7/615)

This paper investigates the role of illness representations in older women's utilization of cancer screening. Older women's own beliefs, or illness representations, of cancer and cancer screening in relation to breast cancer and cervical cancer were explored using relatively unstructured, face-to-face interviews. Twenty women aged between 45 and 70 were interviewed, half of whom were regular screeners and half under-screeners. A comparison of the illness representations of the screeners with the under-screeners indicates some differences regarding cancer in general, and substantial differences regarding the treatment and cure of cancer. The screeners expressed less concern about cancer and gave more positive examples of the successful treatment of cancer. The under-screeners were more likely to express cynicism about the medical profession, to indicate that a person would have symptoms if they had cancer, that they would not want most of the treatment available for cancer, that screening is more important for younger women and that the use of alternative therapies negates the need for cancer screening. Few differences emerged between the two groups regarding the causes of cancer.  (+info)

Gender difference in management of epilepsy-what women are hearing. (8/615)

This study reports the results of a questionnaire survey of female members of the British Epilepsy Association (BEA). The women were asked about their concerns about their epilepsy with respect to being female, and, in particular, asked about the information they had been given on important topics such as contraception and pregnancy. A questionnaire was sent to 6000 BEA female members of whom 1855 (31%) replied. Forty-six percent of the women (mainly aged between 26 and 45) stated that they currently used some form of contraception. The most frequently used method was the condom (34%). Twenty-two percent of the women using contraception were taking the oral contraceptive pill whilst a further 4% were using a hormonal contraceptive injection. Fifty-one percent of the women aged between 16 and 55 claimed not to have received any advice about possible interactions between contraception and antiepileptic drug therapy. With regards to pregnancy, 34% claimed they had not received any advice and 25% had not discussed pregnancy with anyone. The women planning to have children over the subsequent 2 years received the greatest amount of advice about epilepsy and pregnancy, although 20% still claimed not to have received any information. Thirty-four percent of the women in the study stated that they were either menopausal or post-menopausal. Twenty-nine percent of women who had taken hormone replacement therapy in the past reported an increase in seizure frequency compared with 18% amongst current users. This survey has shown that women with epilepsy want, and need, more information and counselling about issues relating to contraception, pregnancy and the menopause.  (+info)

  • Thank you for your nominations for the 2020 Women in Open Source Award. (redhat.com)
  • Megan Byrd-Sanicki, manager of research and operations at the Open Source Program Office at Google, and Netha Hussain, Ph.D. candidate in Clinical Neuroscience at the University of Gothenburg, are the winners of the 2020 Women in Open Source Award. (redhat.com)
  • Netha won the 2020 Academic Award for openly sharing her medical knowledge and increasing the number of topics relevant to women and contributions by women on Wikipedia. (redhat.com)
  • HIV diagnoses decreased 23% among women overall from 2010 to 2017. (cdc.gov)
  • In 2017, there were 4,006 deaths among women with diagnosed HIV in the US and dependent areas. (cdc.gov)
  • Methods Our cohort study is based on nationwide Danish health registries, comprising all women with an embryo transfer during 1 January 1994 through 30 June 2017. (bmj.com)
  • In 2017, the CEDAW Committee , marking 25th anniversary of its General Recommendation No. 19 , further elaborated international standards on gender-based violence against women in its General Recommendation No. 35 . (ohchr.org)
  • When the statistics focus on cancer incidence and death in a single gender for example, on female breast cancer or male prostate cancer the numbers are per 100,000 persons of that gender. (cancer.gov)
  • Although women in industrialised countries have narrowed the gender gap in life expectancy and now live longer than men, in many areas of health they experience earlier and more severe disease with poorer outcomes. (wikipedia.org)
  • As history progressed and women demanded their right to equality of opportunity and protection, the United Nations convened once again to expand the ideas enshrined within the UDHR with specific recognition of gender-based denials of basic human rights. (stanford.edu)
  • Everywhere around the world, women-in comparison to their male counterparts-face compounded conditions of human suffering based solely on their status as women: where there are already limited opportunities to access food, water, education, and social services, women face even more circumscribed access based on their gender. (stanford.edu)
  • She said they were working to recruit more women via workshops, but her words seemed unlikely to help the GOP close its gender gap in Congress any time soon. (thedailybeast.com)
  • United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women) was established in July 2010 by the General Assembly (res. (itu.int)
  • 64/289) to improve the coordination and coherence of gender equality and empowerment of women, and promote more effective gender mainstreaming across the UN system. (itu.int)
  • It consolidated the work of four UN gender entities: the UN Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM), the Division for the Advancement of Women, the Office of the Special Adviser on Gender Issues, and the UN International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women. (itu.int)
  • It has an additional role of leading, coordinating and promoting the accountability of the UN system in its work on gender equality and the empowerment of women. (itu.int)
  • Participants believed that many seemingly gender-neutral programs failed to ensure equality in the level and types of assistance provided to both men and women. (dol.gov)
  • We conclude by discussing policies that have the potential to increase gender equality in the workplace and mitigate the considerable conflicts faced by many women as they seek to balance work and family. (nber.org)
  • The Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women defines "violence against women" as "any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life. (ohchr.org)
  • It has taken decades of struggle by the women's rights movement to persuade the international community to view gender-based violence against women as a human rights concern and not just as a private matter in which the State should not interfere. (ohchr.org)
  • The then Commission on Human Rights condemned gender-based violence for the first time in 1994 and the same year appointed a Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences . (ohchr.org)
  • In General Recommendation No. 35 , the CEDAW Committee recognized that the prohibition of gender-based violence against women has evolved into a principle of customary international law, binding all States. (ohchr.org)
  • Framing gender-based violence against women as a human rights violation implies an important conceptual shift. (ohchr.org)
  • Preventing and addressing gender-based violence against women is therefore not a charitable act. (ohchr.org)
  • It is a legal and moral obligation requiring legislative, administrative and institutional measures and reforms and the eradication of gender stereotypes which condone or perpetuate gender-based violence against women and underpin the structural inequality of women with men. (ohchr.org)
  • During Women in Medicine Month, we measure how far we have traveled toward gender equality in medicine-and yet how distant that destination remains. (ama-assn.org)
  • Today, a mosque can't tell a woman of color she has to sit separately because of her race, but it can banish her to a corner, as most do, because of her gender. (thedailybeast.com)
  • The essays in Killing Women: The Visual Culture of Gender and Violence find important connections in the ways that women are portrayed in relation to violence, whether they are murder victims or killers. (jhu.edu)
  • While it is a hard truth that there is never an untimely moment to think and write about gender and violence, this collection comes at a moment in history when women suicide bombers appear on the front. (jhu.edu)
  • The long-term outcome of angioplasty or stenting however, is similar in men and women, and should not be withheld due to gender. (medicinenet.com)
  • This book describes the experience of physical disability through detailed interviews with women of different ages, races and socio- economic backgrounds, and explores the impact of gender on the process of being or becoming disabled. (springer.com)
  • The purpose of the list is to foster discussion about the interconnections between feminism, gender or women and international relations, world politics or global politics. (angelfire.com)
  • In it, Sarachild read about the cultural restraints on women, how society fosters the idea of what a woman should do, how gender roles are not inherent but learned. (usatoday.com)
  • I know it's unfair to base this on their gender, but my opinion has been formed by watching female stand-ups in the past. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • While law and medical schools have nearly reached gender parity, M.B.A. programs admit only about 30% women annually. (forbes.com)
  • Business schools are missing the perfect opportunity to offer female professionals something they didn't receive as undergrads: gender-specific leadership training. (forbes.com)
  • This is where gender-specific leadership training could help fill the gap through transparent round-table discussions or a female executive speaker series and by connecting students with consulting opportunities with local nonprofits that support the advancement of women and girls. (forbes.com)
  • Though HIV diagnoses a among women b have declined in recent years, more than 7,000 women received an HIV diagnosis in the United States (US) and dependent areas c in 2018. (cdc.gov)
  • 2018 also marks 100 years since women were first given the vote in the UK. (sheffield.ac.uk)
  • It's time to reclaim the history of feminism as a history of difficult women. (penguin.co.uk)
  • Difficult Women is a well-researched, lively overview of the history of modern feminism. (penguin.co.uk)
  • Witty, thoroughly researched and intelligently argued, Lewis's book turns received thinking on feminism on its head: history, like women, is always more interesting when it's difficult. (penguin.co.uk)
  • Even Germaine Greer, the figurehead of feminism, once said that women aren't as funny as men. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • To introduce fresh perspectives and foster broad conversation, the Boisi Center has asked three scholars with wide-ranging expertise in history, religion and culture to discuss the state of women--and feminism--in the United States today. (bc.edu)
  • Women empowerment has its own benefits but one of the major ones is that fact that it leads to reduction in crime rates and atrocities specially against women. (google.com)
  • Social empowerment of women is also more important as they are considered as stabilising factors of society at large. (google.com)
  • To contribute towards the women socio-economic empowerment through training, support of income generating activities and lobbying and advocating on their behalf. (idealist.org)
  • Within the Communion and beyond, we recognise that the empowerment of women and men to live and work in just relationship requires a transformation among individuals and in all our communities. (anglicancommunion.org)
  • In preparation for the meeting, an on-line discussion on "information and communication technologies and their impact on and use as an instrument for the advancement and empowerment of women" was held from 17 June to 19 July 2002. (un.org)
  • The low level of education and confidence leads to low level achievement and advancement motivation among women folk to engage in business operations and running a business concern. (google.com)
  • A cohort of 1981 women not accompanied by dependent children who used homeless shelters in Toronto in 1995 was observed for death over a mean of 2.6 years. (cmaj.ca)
  • The 1995 UN World Conference on Women held in Beijing reaffirmed the conclusions of the Vienna Conference, listing violence against women as one of the critical areas of concern. (ohchr.org)
  • First Lady Astronaut Trainees (FLATs), seven women who once aspired to fly into space, pose at the Kennedy Space Center near the Space Shuttle Discovery poised for liftoff on the first flight of 1995. (pbs.org)
  • The investigators assessed data from the Black Women's Health Study , a long-term, prospective follow-up study of 59,000 black women across the United States since 1995. (bu.edu)
  • Stress, social support, and emotional distress in a community sample of pregnant women. (springer.com)
  • Pregnant women need more iodine to maintain enough stores. (daa.asn.au)
  • Pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers with higher needs need to pay special attention to this nutrient. (daa.asn.au)
  • In pregnant women who have chlamydia or acquire chlamydia while they're pregnant, chlamydia can be passed to the infant during vaginal childbirth . (webmd.com)
  • In a newborn infant , chlamydia can cause eye infections ( conjunctivitis ) and it can also cause pneumonia , which is why we really encourage all pregnant women to be tested for chlamydia and treated if they're positive. (webmd.com)
  • CDC recommends special precautions for pregnant women to protect themselves from Zika virus infection. (cdc.gov)
  • Before travel to other areas with risk of Zika (as indicated by purple areas on the Zika map), pregnant women should talk to a healthcare provider and carefully consider the potential risks of Zika and other infectious diseases. (cdc.gov)
  • Routine testing is not recommended for pregnant women exposed to these areas who do not have symptoms. (cdc.gov)
  • Police officer Barry Goodwin soon arrived and awkwardly walked over to the line of women-in his socks, because he couldn't enter the mosque in shoes-to search for the organizers. (thedailybeast.com)
  • Sex-segregated residential centers: The women veterans expressed a desire for sex-segregated residential centers staffed by qualified individuals who are sensitive to the female veteran culture. (dol.gov)
  • The average number of female CEOs in cannabis is close to the abysmally low national average. (newsweek.com)
  • In experimental data, assertive, loud women who act as CEOs are rated more poorly than equally assertive, loud men. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • The American Heart Association's signature women's initiative, Go Red for Women, is a comprehensive platform designed to increase women's heart health awareness and serve as a catalyst for change to improve the lives of women globally. (goredforwomen.org)
  • According to data by the World Health Organization, one third of women globally experience violence at least once in their lifetime. (ohchr.org)
  • Globally, women earn less than men and shoulder more of the household responsibilities. (nielsen.com)
  • Thinking globally and acting locally', IAWN brings the perspectives of women and raises issues affecting them to the Communion's attention, and strengthens friendship and solidarity among Anglican women across the world. (anglicancommunion.org)
  • Despite this, breast cancer remains the commonest cancer in women in developed countries, and is one of the more important chronic diseases of women, while cervical cancer remains one of the commonest cancers in developing countries, associated with human papilloma virus (HPV), an important sexually transmitted disease . (wikipedia.org)
  • Women have been benefiting from early detection of cervical cancer from their annual pap smear for decades. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • 4. The financial institutions also discourage women on the grounds of belief that they can at any time leave business and resume their life as a housewife again. (google.com)
  • She adds that this is a tactic men have used for years to discourage women from entering the political fray. (un.org)
  • Throughout Women's History Month, Kroger is highlighting the impact and influence women have across its business through celebratory events and empowering women through storytelling. (prnewswire.com)
  • Their stories underscore Afghanistan's unequivocal focus on empowering women and ensuring that they participate in society as partners. (worldbank.org)
  • Prevalence of psychiatric disorders and associated risk factors in women during their postpartum period: A major public health problem and global comparison. (springer.com)
  • Positive postpartum depression screening practices and subsequent mental health treatment for low-income women in Western countries: A systematic literature review. (springer.com)
  • Among homeless people, single men, single women and women accompanied by children tend to have different health problems. (cmaj.ca)
  • In this study, we focus on homeless single women, who tend to have more health problems than homeless women accompanied by children. (cmaj.ca)
  • My hope is that anyone involved in women's health will read her story and revisit the way we treat women and their health concerns in our culture. (hachettebookgroup.com)
  • Compelling and impressively, Norman's narrative not only offers an unsparing look at the historically and culturally fraught relationship between women and their doctors, it also reveals how, in the quest for answers and good health, women must still fight a patriarchal medical establishment to be heard. (hachettebookgroup.com)
  • It's about all women making a commitment to stand together with Go Red and taking charge of their own heart health as well as the health of those they can't bear to live without. (goredforwomen.org)
  • The study, published in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives , included 1,548 African American women participating in research to learn more about the development of uterine fibroids, a condition that disproportionately affects African American women. (msu.edu)
  • Upson said she hopes to conduct further research following women from when they start using DMPA until after they stop using it to further assess the drug's potentially adverse health effects. (msu.edu)
  • Women's health refers to the health of women, which differs from that of men in many unique ways. (wikipedia.org)
  • These differences are further exacerbated in developing countries where women, whose health includes both their risks and experiences, are further disadvantaged. (wikipedia.org)
  • Women have long been disadvantaged in many respects such as social and economic power which restricts their access to the necessities of life including health care , and the greater the level of disadvantage, such as in developing countries, the greater adverse impact on health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other important health issues for women include cardiovascular disease, depression , dementia , osteoporosis and anemia . (wikipedia.org)
  • Subjects included children's views of women, women's mental health, single women, women in sports and a profile of 57 women Alcan smelter employees at Kitimat, British Columbia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The conference, called "Growing Numbers, Growing Force," addressed three main concerns: ensuring adequate income, health concerns of older women, and quality of life and the impact of aging. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 1980s, OWL formed a planning group with the National Women's Health Network, the American Association of University Women, the National Black Women's Health Project and other organizations to establish a women's agenda for health care reform. (wikipedia.org)
  • NEW ORLEANS (AP) - A federal appeals court ruled Monday that Texas and Louisiana can cut off Medicaid funding to Planned Parenthood clinics - a move supported by opponents of legal abortion, but opposed by advocates who said it affects a variety of non-abortion health services for low-income women. (ap.org)
  • The Harborview Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology will continue to be a leading health care provider for underserved women in Seattle/King County, and for women from the WWAMI region with severe acute obstetric or gynecologic trauma. (washington.edu)
  • Our goal is to collaborate with community and global partners to support innovative service, teaching and research that serves our patient populations and focuses on the health of women - thus providing the foundation for a cohesive family unit and a successful social structure within our community and our world. (washington.edu)
  • Women have unique health issues. (medlineplus.gov)
  • And some of the health issues that affect both men and women can affect women differently. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Women and men also have many of the same health problems. (medlineplus.gov)
  • What Health Issues or Conditions Affect Women Differently than Men? (medlineplus.gov)
  • What Health Issues or Conditions Are Specific to Women Only? (medlineplus.gov)
  • Corporations with more women on boards have larger profit margins , and communities with women in political leadership positions across the globe have invested more in water, road, sanitation, education, and health care. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • The Women's Health Center is designed for the special gynecological needs of women of all ages. (nyc.gov)
  • WISEWOMAN is a program designed to help low-income, under- or uninsured 40- to 64-year-old women reduce their risk for heart disease and improve their overall health. (healthfinder.gov)
  • Find out what services are available to women veterans, how to access benefits and services, mental health support, and more. (healthfinder.gov)
  • African-American women can take charge of their personal health and seek the health care they need. (healthfinder.gov)
  • Women of every age, race/ethnicity, and background need to be mindful of caring for their health. (ca.gov)
  • They even offer a free newsletter about women s health that can be sent directly to an E-mail address. (merlot.org)
  • The findings, reported in the Journal of Women's Health , don't change the fact that women - on the whole - are smaller and less powerful than men. (wired.com)
  • Postpartum depression is a mental health condition that affects women after giving birth. (familydoctor.org)
  • Now, the largest study yet of lupus among black women, co-led by a Boston University School of Public Health researcher, has uncovered findings consistent with these previous studies in other populations. (bu.edu)
  • The results of the study were similar to those seen in research with white women from the Nurses' Health Study, says the study's other co-first author, Medha Barbhaiya of the Hospital for Special Surgery, in New York City. (bu.edu)
  • Conclusions for Practice Many women experiencing clinically-significant levels of distress did not disclose their symptoms of PPMD. (springer.com)
  • You know, like how hysteria is anything that ails a woman, but the same symptoms do not equate hysteria in a man. (hachettebookgroup.com)
  • It is imperative that women learn the warning signs and symptoms of heart disease and stroke, see a doctor regularly, and learn their family history. (goredforwomen.org)
  • Compared with men, women are less likely to recognize and act upon the symptoms of a heart attack. (harvard.edu)
  • But while some women experience multiple symptoms, others don't experience any. (drugwatch.com)
  • Women should talk to their doctor if they notice any of these signs, because they may be symptoms of other medical conditions. (drugwatch.com)
  • Most chlamydia infections in both men and women have no symptoms. (webmd.com)
  • In women, symptoms can include vaginal discharge , and perhaps some slight bleeding or spotting after sex. (webmd.com)
  • We recommend that all sexually active women aged 25 and under get tested every year for chlamydia, whether or not they have symptoms. (webmd.com)
  • Women are more likely than men to have atypical heart attack symptoms such as neck and shoulder pain , abdominal pain , nausea , vomiting , fatigue , and shortness of breath . (medicinenet.com)
  • Silent heart attacks (heart attacks with little or no symptoms) are more common among women than among men. (medicinenet.com)
  • Because of the atypical nature of symptoms and the occasional difficulties in diagnosing heart attacks in women, women are less likely to receive aggressive thrombolytic therapy or coronary angioplasty , and are more likely to receive it later than men. (medicinenet.com)
  • For more, please read the Heart Attack Symptoms - Different In Women! (medicinenet.com)
  • Mrs. Richards was the first woman in America accepted to any school of science and technology, and the first American woman to obtain a degree in chemistry , which she earned from Vassar College in 1870. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chimes of Change and Hours: Views of Older Women in Twentieth-century America by Audrey Borenstein. (wikipedia.org)
  • On March 10, UNHCR, CGRS, and Tahirih Justice Center co-hosted a training on Representing Women from Central America: Leveraging International Law to Strengthen Asylum Claims . (unhcr.org)
  • On Sept. 7, 1968, a group of women, maybe 200 in all, from across the country, converged on Atlantic City in New Jersey to protest the 42nd Miss America pageant. (usatoday.com)
  • Fifty years later, two women who had been on opposite sides of the protest, activist and writer Kathie Sarachild and Judith Ford, crowned Miss America 1969 that night, can look back on what happened and still feel the excitement and the fear, and they can see how it changed their lives. (usatoday.com)
  • The result is that many women leave business school without a clear sense of how to fit into corporate America. (forbes.com)
  • In the general population, mortality rates among younger women are one-third to one-half those among younger men. (cmaj.ca)
  • For younger women, there is now a recommendation for a three-part vaccine (Gardasil) that may protect against two of the many forms of the high-risk strains of HPV. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Most women diagnosed with breast cancer are over 50, but younger women can also get breast cancer. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Patterns of mortality among homeless men have been investigated, but less attention has been given to mortality rates among homeless women. (cmaj.ca)
  • We also compare our results with those of other published studies of homeless women and with data for women in the general population. (cmaj.ca)
  • In addition, we analyzed data from published studies of mortality rates among homeless women in 6 other cities (Montreal, Copenhagen, Boston, New York, Philadelphia and Brighton, UK). (cmaj.ca)
  • In Toronto, mortality rates were 515 per 100 000 person-years among homeless women 18-44 years of age and 438 per 100 000 person-years among those 45-64 years of age. (cmaj.ca)
  • Homeless women 18-44 years of age were 10 times more likely to die than women in the general population of Toronto. (cmaj.ca)
  • In studies from a total of 7 cities, the risk of death among homeless women was greater than that among women in the general population by a factor of 4.6 to 31.2 in the younger age group and 1.0 to 2.0 in the older age group. (cmaj.ca)
  • In 6 of the 7 cities, the mortality rates among younger homeless women and younger homeless men were not significantly different. (cmaj.ca)
  • In contrast, in 4 of the 6 cities, the mortality rates were significantly lower among older homeless women than among older homeless men. (cmaj.ca)
  • Excess mortality is far greater among homeless women under age 45 years than among older homeless women. (cmaj.ca)
  • Mortality rates among younger homeless women often approach or equal those of younger homeless men. (cmaj.ca)
  • Efforts to reduce deaths of homeless women should focus on those under age 45. (cmaj.ca)
  • 22 , 23 Whether this survival advantage is attenuated or lost altogether among homeless women is an important question, because the underlying mechanisms (e.g., addictions leading to drug overdose, or depression leading to suicide) might be amenable to targeted intervention. (cmaj.ca)
  • We therefore conducted this study to determine whether homeless women lose the survival advantage associated with being female. (cmaj.ca)
  • The Homeless Women Veterans Listening Sessions Report summarizes the information and viewpoints gathered from homeless women veterans and the service providers that assist them. (dol.gov)
  • Childcare, housing, and programs for female veterans with children : Homeless women veterans are often separated from and lose custody of their children. (dol.gov)
  • HOUSTON (AP) - The U.S. government has agreed temporarily not to deport detained immigrant women who have alleged being abused by a rural Georgia gynecologist, according to court papers filed Tuesday. (ap.org)
  • For example, the prevalence of substance abuse is lower among homeless single women than among homeless single men, but the rate of major depression is higher. (cmaj.ca)
  • While the severity of the situation of women's rights varies a great deal within each camp, the prevalence of traditions that perpetuate violence against women and deny basic human services is troubling. (stanford.edu)
  • Yet, the figures on prevalence of violence against women are alarming. (ohchr.org)
  • As women, we tend to put others ahead of ourselves. (goredforwomen.org)
  • This is in part because women tend to seek medical care later than men, and in part because diagnosing heart attacks in women can sometimes be more difficult than diagnosing heart attacks in men. (medicinenet.com)
  • According to statistics, men tend to find other men funny, while women prefer jokes told by other women. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Some even ban women altogether. (thedailybeast.com)
  • Instead, the findings of a joint study from a decade ago, Women and the M.B.A.: Gateway to Opportunity , hold true today: Women feel significantly less welcome than men in the business school environment and more often report difficulty having their point heard or perceptions that their point was altogether dismissed. (forbes.com)
  • The ideal residential center would accommodate women with children by offering housing for children of all ages, 24-hour daycare services, support groups for mothers, and special programs for female veterans with young children. (dol.gov)
  • Examines the lives of four women (one from each of the countries) and how they and other women in their countries are adapting to the change from their traditional roles as wives and mothers to working women and community leaders. (hawaii.edu)
  • Largely a vocal genre, women's music practitioners commonly write autobiographical lyrics that feature a range of women's relationships with women-as mothers, grandmothers, daughters, friends, lovers, and workers. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Conclusions The chance of a live birth was significantly reduced in women with rheumatoid arthritis receiving ART treatment, relative to women without rheumatoid arthritis, and our result suggested that the problem was related to an impaired chance of embryo implantation. (bmj.com)
  • In short, female talents are being significantly underutilized to the detriment of firms, governments and society. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Israeli filmmakers Shosh Shlam and Hilla Medalia have had films air on international television as well as here in the U.S. on HBO, MTV, Sundance, and PBS (Medalia has received four Emmy nominations and won a Peabody Award), and both women studied in the United States. (pbs.org)
  • It's striking enough that a woman would appear so boldly in such a poster in a city where women still do not appear in public without a burka -- more striking still that she was wrapped in a shawl made from the green, black and red of the Afghan flag. (nytimes.com)
  • And still every 30 minutes an Afghan woman dies in childbirth. (nytimes.com)
  • The image of Afghan women is easily reduced to stereotypes. (nytimes.com)
  • By launching small-scale enterprises and micro-green houses, hundreds of Afghan women can now earn a living and support their family. (worldbank.org)
  • The burqa has been introduced by Islamic culture, norms, and values for women to cover their bodies and their face in order to protect them from evil eyes and most importantly from men that were not supposed to see her. (answers.com)
  • She binds her booty with some rope, heaves it onto her back, and joins the traffic of women who can be seen most days of the week treading the roads into Addis, their bodies bent beneath their bundles. (motherjones.com)
  • This sensible, forthright personal history of the women who fought for the vote, for equal pay, for women to have control over their bodies, is a breath of fresh air in a feminist climate too often bogged down in petty spats over ideas of privilege and virtue signalling. (penguin.co.uk)
  • It's just the presence of the bodies, being present and supporting all women. (newyorker.com)
  • Female soldiers have long fought off perceptions that their bodies just aren't equipped to handle the rigors of training and warfare. (wired.com)
  • A new study by military researchers found that many assumptions about female bodies are 'astoundingly wrong. (wired.com)
  • Besides issues relating to their bodies and their private lives, African female politicians, most of the time, begin their career in politics later in life, and start from a position of disadvantage of having to balance family and work. (un.org)
  • And society needs to perceive women as equals to men, be it in the workplace, on the playing field, at school, or in elected office. (thepetitionsite.com)
  • Kroger is again celebrating International Women's Day by illuminating its downtown Cincinnati headquarters with the Venus symbol, displaying its commitment to uplifting women in the workplace. (prnewswire.com)
  • KR ) invites customers and associates to celebrate Women's History Month through a collection of inspiring experiences and stories, uplifting women in the company and across its communities and supply chain. (prnewswire.com)
  • Kroger visits the Fair Trade Certified Sorwathe Tea Estate in Rwanda for Women's History Month to meet the inspiring women behind its Simple Truth Organic Chai and Simple Truth Earl Grey Black Tea. (prnewswire.com)
  • In celebration of Women's History Month (every March), we focus on great recent documentaries about great women, all who forged their own path in times and places where that wasn't expected or encouraged, especially for a woman. (pbs.org)
  • As Women's History Month continues, we're shining the spotlight on women activists who faced down injustice, pioneered paths for other women and girls, or have fought heroically trying to save the world. (pbs.org)
  • The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved DMPA for birth control in 1992, and one in five sexually active women in the United States have used it. (msu.edu)
  • Methods A sample of predominantly white, middle class, partnered, adult women from an urban area in the southeast United States ( n = 211) within 3 years postpartum participated in an online survey including the Perceived Barriers to Treatment Scale, the Maternity Social Support Scale, the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scales-21, and items querying PPMD disclosure. (springer.com)
  • Women 35 years or older with recurrent anovulation, women younger than 35 years with risk factors for endometrial cancer, and women with excessive bleeding unresponsive to medical therapy should undergo endometrial biopsy. (aafp.org)
  • Male subjects and non-pregnant, non-nursing female subjects 18-50 years of age with a clinical diagnosis of androgenetic alopecia. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Then it goes into the reproductive years where there are birth control pills , or PMDD, or a new specialty created last year called female sexual dysfunction," she says. (webmd.com)
  • Years later, in a famous speech delivered to the UN 4th World Conference on Women in Beijing, Hillary Rodham Clinton captured this sentiment perfectly: "If there is one message that echoes forth from this conference, let it be that human rights are women's rights and women's rights are human rights once and for all. (stanford.edu)
  • People have kidded me over the years… I've had a lot of key personnel who have been women. (thedailybeast.com)
  • The participants in this study were 17 recreationally trained women who had completed resistance training (free weight and/or machine) at least one time a week for the last two years, but never within a periodized training program. (unm.edu)
  • The details of the case are appalling but, sadly, not unique: Canadians, for example, need only think of the as-yet unsolved case of sixty-three women who have gone missing from Vancouver's Downtown Eastside over the last twenty years 2 . (jhu.edu)
  • The risk gradually decreases back down to the same risk of nonsmoking women after several years of not smoking. (medicinenet.com)
  • When we talk about the early years of cinema, there is no separating "the history of women in film" from "the history of film. (pbs.org)
  • I've been doing a fair bit of reading over the last couple of years about Wikipedia culture and especially how it relates to the under-representation of women both as editors and as subjects of articles. (scienceblogs.com)
  • For years there has been a theory that women aren't funny - not just to men, but at all. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • To test my narrow-minded views, I went along to a women-only stand-up night in London , the first in a number of heats run by comedy group Funny Women - which this year celebrates 10 years as an advocate of female talent - to see if some first-time comics could make me laugh. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • What's more, Catalyst's recently released report, "Pipeline's Broken Promise," found women M.B.A. students are more likely to start their first post-M.B.A. job at a lower level than men, even after taking into account equivalent number of years of experience, industry and global region. (forbes.com)
  • Analysis of parenchymal density on mammograms in 1353 women 25-79 years old. (jamanetwork.com)
  • As the risk of breast cancer increases with age, all women who are 50 to 70 years old are invited for breast cancer screening every three years. (www.nhs.uk)
  • What are some patterns you've noticed over the years about women at work, and things they could be doing better to advance their careers? (experian.com)
  • It is important for women to know their HIV status so they can take medicine to treat HIV if they have the virus. (cdc.gov)
  • But he was quick to say it's just a coincidence that he tends to have women in important staff positions. (thedailybeast.com)
  • She shares why this STD is so risky for women, and offers important advice on how to avoid getting infected. (webmd.com)
  • Her story as a member of the District Administration is a very important one and is quoted verbatim in an effort to honour all the women of Intaf who were in this vital role. (freewebs.com)
  • Recognizing the power that women already possess is an important but insufficient step forward. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Monroe Gallery of Photography, 112 Don Gaspar, is pleased to announce 'Women Who Shot The 20th Century', an extensive survey of more than 50 photographs which examines the unique contribution of important women photographers of the 20th Century. (prweb.com)
  • 10. To what extent do you think it is important to have female coaches and leaders in general? (google.com)
  • 11. To what extent do you think it is important to have female coaches for female athletes? (google.com)
  • The identification of risk factors for lupus is especially important for black women because of their high risk of lupus," says study co-first author Yvette Cozier , associate professor of epidemiology and a Slone Epidemiology Center faculty member. (bu.edu)
  • In a behavioral survey pdf icon [PDF - 922 KB] of heterosexual women at increased risk for HIV, 93% of HIV-negative women reported having vaginal sex without a condom in the previous year, and 26% reported having anal sex without a condom. (cdc.gov)
  • This means that women have a higher risk for getting HIV during vaginal or anal sex than their sex partners. (cdc.gov)
  • Throughout history, thousands of women have fought against regimes they perceived as oppressive, either with the pen, the podium, or their own fists. (history.com)
  • Feminism's success is down to complicated, contradictory, imperfect women, who fought each other as well as fighting for equal rights. (penguin.co.uk)
  • A survey by the Council on American Islamic Relations showed that two of three mosques in 2000 required women to pray in a separate area, up from one of two in 1994. (thedailybeast.com)
  • The extent to which inadequate provision for disability makes a woman dependent is also examined, as is the way in which women with disabilities have been rendered invisible. (springer.com)
  • Unfortunately, acknowledging the roles of women in support of men has led many to assume that women are ill-suited to or not interested in positions of formal power. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • The show examines how clothes do and don't reveal the changing roles of women over the past two centuries. (npr.org)
  • In the Anglican Communion we are committed to ensuring that our churches become a living witness to our belief that women and men are equally made in the image of God. (anglicancommunion.org)
  • Major political parties rarely nominate women for elected positions during primaries because of the belief that women stand a slim chance of winning against men. (un.org)
  • Because some women may be unaware of their male partner's risk factors for HIV (such as injection drug use or having sex with men), they may not use protection (like condoms or medicine to prevent HIV). (cdc.gov)
  • Open label study to assess safety, tolerability, and efficacy of ATI-50002 in male and female subjects with androgenetic alopecia. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • This is an open-label study designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of ATI-50002 Topical Solution in male and female subjects with androgenetic alopecia. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • 2. Financial institutions like banks also perceive investment in the business run by women to be a higher risk compared to male loonies because of the skepticism related to their entrepreneurship abilities. (google.com)
  • 11. Achievement motivation of the women folk is found less compared to male members. (google.com)
  • We may then be especially drawn to this particular romanticized, erotically charged, semipornographic idea of female submission at a moment in history when male dominance is shakier than it has ever been. (newsweek.com)
  • Unless a mature female cat is spayed early (prior to attaining puberty) or kept housed in a strictly indoors environment well away from male cats, it is very likely that she will become pregnant at some stage in her life. (amazonaws.com)
  • S tereotypes of male commitmentphobia abound in every sphere of popular culture, from Hugh Grant movies to reality shows like The Bachelor , but in this city, at least, more and more women are doing the breaking up. (nymag.com)
  • Women began to join INTAF in the mid 1970s as cadet District Officers and were deployed to DCs stations as were their male counterparts. (freewebs.com)
  • The 144,000 firstfruits virgins fulfill roles of authority, for they are closest to Christ, who can be either male or female. (telus.net)
  • male and female he created them. (anglicancommunion.org)
  • The study of women in the history of photography has lagged far behind that of male photographers. (prweb.com)
  • As a woman my admission might seem disloyal but I feel duty-bound to say it: I prefer male comedians. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • That pattern is repeated in London, the training ground for many future comic stars, where there is only one female comedian for every four male performers. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • So, are male and female soldiers essentially the same? (wired.com)
  • What's the best way to maneuver through a male-female power struggle? (forbes.com)
  • Female M.B.A.s are also paid an average salary of about $4,600 less than their male classmates. (forbes.com)
  • Around the world, one in three women has been the victim of violence or abuse or coerced into sex. (thepetitionsite.com)
  • The not just unfair but disgraceful and harmful way we treat women around the world affects all of us. (thepetitionsite.com)
  • By advocating for women's rights around the world, we can contribute to a sea change in our culture and improve the way that we think about women and girls and the ways we prepare for their futures. (thepetitionsite.com)
  • Your support of the petitions below will create a better life for girls and women around the world. (thepetitionsite.com)
  • Across the world women are making positive gains day by day. (sheffield.ac.uk)
  • Women have proven themselves to be as capable as men all over the world and this should also be one of the main aims of upliftment of model villages. (google.com)
  • We are constantly looking for opportunities to develop ourselves, just like any other women around the world. (oracle.com)
  • There is growing awareness of the nature and impact of violence against women around the world. (ohchr.org)
  • Indeed, when the photographers who traveled the world for the project in these pages asked women what they hoped for their futures, some barely understood the question. (motherjones.com)
  • Science Wide Open: Children's Books about Women in Science When children ask questions, their whole world becomes their experiment Kids ask a LOT of questions. (scienceblogs.com)
  • There are about 43 million women in the world-wide Communion with a vast diversity of experience and gifts. (anglicancommunion.org)
  • One year after an estimated two million women marched across the United States, supporters lined up in hundreds of cities around the world for 2018's revamped iteration. (newyorker.com)
  • It's a very symbolic march for women all over the world," she said, through a translator. (newyorker.com)
  • Call it female intuition, but it's a more pragmatic way of looking at the world, without the gambler mentality. (kiplinger.com)
  • And their presence on the battlefield shows that American women didn't just keep the home fires burning in World War II , one of the first major wars in which women actively played a part. (chicagotribune.com)
  • As the world celebrates International Women's Day on March 8, we want to shine a light on a few of the female leaders who shape, inspire and grow Experian. (experian.com)
  • Nashville's Thistle Farms is no ordinary business -- it's a nonprofit staffed by women who have survived addiction, sexual abuse or trafficking. (pbs.org)
  • LOS ANGELES (AP) - The prestigious University of California system has reached a proposed $73 million settlement with seven women who accused a former gynecologist of sexual abuse. (ap.org)
  • At the annual awards event, women in Hollywood drew attention to sexual misconduct and abuse. (newyorker.com)
  • These include both men and women whose immune systems are suppressed from HIV or medication for transplant, and those who participate in anal sex, have multiple sexual partners, or have a history of HPV. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Women facing sexual harassment must call the men's bluff, says Ms. Mabona. (un.org)
  • It was a time when few women were allowed to serve side by side with men, and sexual harrassment hadn't made its way into America's vocabulary even if it did exist. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Up to 14 percent of women experience irregular or excessively heavy menstrual bleeding. (aafp.org)
  • About 25 percent of people living with HIV infection in the United States are women. (healthfinder.gov)
  • The study, published in the American College of Rheumatology's journal Arthritis Care & Research , found the risk of lupus increased the more a woman smoked, while women who drank four or more alcoholic drinks per week saw a 57 percent decrease in lupus risk compared to women who did not drink alcohol. (bu.edu)
  • But the bulk of the women were behind the lines, Campbell said, about 70 percent of them in clerical, administrative and communications roles that included intelligence work. (chicagotribune.com)
  • In support of this mission and the Secretary of Labor's vision for Fiscal Year 2010 and beyond - Good Jobs for Everyone - the WB seeks to help women veterans who are homeless find gainful employment as a critical step to uplifting them to financial stability. (dol.gov)
  • The listening session participants consisted of 75 women veterans who are currently homeless, three women who had recently secured permanent housing, and 86 providers serving this population. (dol.gov)
  • The women veterans ranged in age from mid-20s to early 60s, with the majority in their 40s and 50s, and represented diverse ethnic (African-American 47%, Caucasian 42%, Latino 7%, and Other 4%) and educational (high school to master's degree) backgrounds. (dol.gov)
  • The top priorities of the women veterans were achieving independence, finding permanent housing, obtaining education/training and employment, meeting their financial obligations, as well as fulfilling their parental responsibilities. (dol.gov)
  • We asked a few women veterans one question and one question only: What are things only women who've served in the military would understand? (pbs.org)
  • In a study external icon , only 20% of women who reported anal sex also reported having an HIV test. (cdc.gov)
  • The anal pap test is similar to the cervical pap test for women. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • The National Cancer Institute estimated that 5,260 patients would be diagnosed with anal cancer in 2010, and that 720 men and women would die of the disease. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Comprehensive legal frameworks and specific institutions and policies have been put in place to promote women's rights, prevent and protect women from violence. (ohchr.org)
  • Considerable efforts are still required to promote women's and girls' autonomy and choice and to ensure the realization of the right of women and girls to a life free from violence. (ohchr.org)
  • 21 Low socioeconomic status is strongly associated with shorter life expectancy, but within every socioeconomic stratum women have a longer life expectancy than men do. (cmaj.ca)
  • Kroger also welcomes everyone to travel to the fields of the Sorwathe Tea Estate through a mobile virtual reality experience to explore a day in the life of the women behind Simple Truth tea, who are accomplishing firsts in their families and cultivating change in their communities. (prnewswire.com)
  • The same year, the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action recognized that the elimination of violence against women in public and private life is a human rights obligation . (ohchr.org)
  • These women include Zenebu Tulu, whose first year of life in the Ethiopian hamlet of Moulo was marked by a clitoridectomy. (motherjones.com)
  • With that in mind, we asked colo-rectal surgeons Dr. Alex Jenny Ky-Miyasaka (of New York's Mount Sinai Hospital) and Dr. Kelly Garrett (of New York Presbyterian Hospital) for their opinions on the current lack of evaluation guidelines, and what this means for women at our time of life. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • This is just one example of so many areas of life where women in Saudi Arabia have their human rights and their agency denied. (rferl.org)
  • When a woman has a depressive disorder, it interferes with daily life and normal functioning, and causes pain for both the woman with the disorder and those who care about her. (slideshare.net)
  • She is the author of Good Wives: Image and Reality in the Lives of Women in Early New England, 1650-1750 (1982) and A Midwife's Tale: The Life of Martha Ballard Based on Her Diary, 1785-1812 (1990) which won the Pulitzer Prize for History in 1991 and became the basis of a PBS documentary. (bc.edu)
  • 5. Married women have to make a fine balance between business and home. (google.com)
  • The victim is still will not tolerate any chimney to Female Viagra Without A Prescription siding nullify such as it to you still make was previously quoted from sent by the Female Viagra Without A Prescription are entirely their own. (fortiscreativemedia.com)
  • Women sometimes need a little more hand-holding, or they need their friends to help them make a decision. (thedailybeast.com)
  • To make matters worse, if a guy like Tony isn't overaggressive, women are quick to reject him. (nymag.com)
  • Women's clothing is designed to make women comfortable, presentable, and fashionable. (answers.com)
  • Well-behaved women don't make history: difficult women do. (penguin.co.uk)
  • That's because trust is at the epicenter of the decisions that women-and all consumers-make. (nielsen.com)
  • Female comedians just don't make me laugh. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • In such a place, how much difference can a few female politicians really make? (nytimes.com)
  • What's more, these groups fund scholarships for women and hold information sessions and events on and offline to make the case for investing in an M.B.A. (forbes.com)
  • By some measures, extremely well: women now make up the majority of the American workforce, graduate from college at higher rates than men, and are taking unprecedented leadership roles in business, media, politics and law. (bc.edu)
  • Her most recent book is Well-behaved Women Seldom Make History (2007). (bc.edu)
  • Last week Yale hosted the Women in Africa Leadership for Strategic Impact Forum . (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Saudi Arabian authorities must not arrest licensed women drivers who choose to drive, and must grant them the same driving privileges as men,' Philip Luther, Amnesty International's Deputy Director for the Middle East and North Africa, is quoted as saying in the watchdog group's statement released to coincide with 'Women2Drive. (rferl.org)
  • Abby Norman writes powerfully about her experience living with endometriosis and presents research on the disease and the history of women who were brushed off by medical professionals. (hachettebookgroup.com)
  • In the second lecture, Mrs B Aishwarya, Lt. Commander, talked about her experiences as part of a six-member all-female team in the Indian Navy, which made history by circumnavigating the globe in eight months, on board the boat INSV Tarini. (rsc.org)
  • Women, especially those with a history of MST and domestic violence, report feeling more secure and comfortable in a female-only environment. (dol.gov)
  • Drawing on archival research and interviews, Difficult Women is a funny, fearless and sometimes shocking narrative history, which shows why the feminist movement has succeeded - and what it should do next. (penguin.co.uk)
  • Sarachild studied history, attending Radcliffe College at Harvard University, where she was the only woman on the editorial board of the Harvard Crimson , the daily student newspaper. (usatoday.com)
  • D'Ann Campbell, a history professor at Austin Peay State University, has written books about the role of women in combat. (chicagotribune.com)