The use of wings or wing-like appendages to remain aloft and move through the air.
Proteins that originate from insect species belonging to the genus DROSOPHILA. The proteins from the most intensely studied species of Drosophila, DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER, are the subject of much interest in the area of MORPHOGENESIS and development.
A genus of small, two-winged flies containing approximately 900 described species. These organisms are the most extensively studied of all genera from the standpoint of genetics and cytology.
Slender-bodies diurnal insects having large, broad wings often strikingly colored and patterned.
An inactive stage between the larval and adult stages in the life cycle of insects.
A species of fruit fly much used in genetics because of the large size of its chromosomes.
A proto-oncogene protein and member of the Wnt family of proteins. It is expressed in the caudal MIDBRAIN and is essential for proper development of the entire mid-/hindbrain region.
The functional hereditary units of INSECTS.
Hollow sacs of cells in LARVA that form adult structures in insects during BIOLOGICAL METAMORPHOSIS.
An order of insects comprising three suborders: Anisoptera, Zygoptera, and Anisozygoptera. They consist of dragonflies and damselflies.
Proteins found in any species of insect.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action during the developmental stages of an organism.
The development of anatomical structures to create the form of a single- or multi-cell organism. Morphogenesis provides form changes of a part, parts, or the whole organism.
The processes occurring in early development that direct morphogenesis. They specify the body plan ensuring that cells will proceed to differentiate, grow, and diversify in size and shape at the correct relative positions. Included are axial patterning, segmentation, compartment specification, limb position, organ boundary patterning, blood vessel patterning, etc.
Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
Coloration or discoloration of a part by a pigment.
The class Insecta, in the phylum ARTHROPODA, whose members are characterized by division into three parts: head, thorax, and abdomen. They are the dominant group of animals on earth; several hundred thousand different kinds having been described. Three orders, HEMIPTERA; DIPTERA; and SIPHONAPTERA; are of medical interest in that they cause disease in humans and animals. (From Borror et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p1)
Cell surface receptors for invertebrate peptide hormones or neuropeptides.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
Software application for retrieving, presenting and traversing information resources on the World Wide Web.
Paired respiratory organs of fishes and some amphibians that are analogous to lungs. They are richly supplied with blood vessels by which oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged directly with the environment.
Islands lying between southeastern North America and northern South America, enclosing the Caribbean Sea. They comprise the Greater Antilles (CUBA; DOMINICAN REPUBLIC; HAITI; JAMAICA; and PUERTO RICO), the Lesser Antilles (ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA and the other Leeward Islands, BARBADOS; MARTINIQUE and the other Windward Islands, NETHERLANDS ANTILLES; VIRGIN ISLANDS OF THE UNITED STATES, BRITISH VIRGINI ISLANDS, and the islands north of Venezuela which include TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO), and the BAHAMAS. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1330)
Failing to prevent death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy by the withdrawal or withholding of life-prolonging treatment.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
An island in the Lesser Antilles, one of the Windward Islands. Its capital is Fort-de-France. It was discovered by Columbus in 1502 and from its settlement in 1635 by the French it passed into and out of Dutch and British hands. It was made a French overseas department in 1946. One account of the name tells of native women on the shore calling "Madinina" as Columbus approached the island. The meaning was never discovered but was entered on early charts as Martinique, influenced by the name of St. Martin. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p734 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p339)
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
A genus of gram-negative, strictly aerobic, non-spore forming rods. Soil and water are regarded as the natural habitat. They are sometimes isolated from a hospital environment and humans.
The mechanical process of cooling.
A specified list of terms with a fixed and unalterable meaning, and from which a selection is made when CATALOGING; ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING; or searching BOOKS; JOURNALS AS TOPIC; and other documents. The control is intended to avoid the scattering of related subjects under different headings (SUBJECT HEADINGS). The list may be altered or extended only by the publisher or issuing agency. (From Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed, p163)
A genus of gram-positive, spherical bacteria found in soils and fresh water, and frequently on the skin of man and other animals.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Disorders of verbal and nonverbal communication caused by receptive or expressive LANGUAGE DISORDERS, cognitive dysfunction (e.g., MENTAL RETARDATION), psychiatric conditions, and HEARING DISORDERS.
Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts and supports biomedical research and research training on normal mechanisms as well as diseases and disorders of hearing, balance, smell, taste, voice, speech, and language. It was established in 1988.
Acquired or developmental conditions marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or generate spoken forms of language.
NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.
Difficulty and/or pain in PHONATION or speaking.
Platforms that provide the ability and tools to create and publish information accessed via the INTERNET. Generally these platforms have three characteristics with content user generated, high degree of interaction between creator and viewer, and easily integrated with other sites.
Recording of visual and sometimes sound signals on magnetic tape.
The dioptric adjustment of the EYE (to attain maximal sharpness of retinal imagery for an object of regard) referring to the ability, to the mechanism, or to the process. Ocular accommodation is the effecting of refractive changes by changes in the shape of the CRYSTALLINE LENS. Loosely, it refers to ocular adjustments for VISION, OCULAR at various distances. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
The grafting or inserting of a prosthetic device of alloplastic material into the oral tissue beneath the mucosal or periosteal layer or within the bone. Its purpose is to provide support and retention to a partial or complete denture.
The storing or preserving of video signals for television to be played back later via a transmitter or receiver. Recordings may be made on magnetic tape or discs (VIDEODISC RECORDING).
Official records of individual deaths including the cause of death certified by a physician, and any other required identifying information.
A hollow part of the alveolar process of the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE where each tooth fits and is attached via the periodontal ligament.
A family of proteins that share a domain with a four transmembrane-helix architecture referred to as the MARVEL domain. The MARVEL domain proteins play important role in vesicular trafficking and in the formation of TIGHT JUNCTIONS.
A tight junction-associated MARVEL protein that may play a role in separating the endolymphatic and perilymphatic spaces of the ORGAN OF CORTI. Defects in the gene that codes for MARVELD2 protein are a cause of deafness autosomal recessive type 49.
Articles of food which are derived by a process of manufacture from any portion of carcasses of any animal used for food (e.g., head cheese, sausage, scrapple).
Food that has been prepared and stored in a way to prevent spoilage.
An epithelial cell line derived from a kidney of a normal adult female dog.

Insect evolution: Redesigning the fruitfly. (1/2562)

Homeotic mutations in Drosophila can result in dramatic phenotypes that suggest the possibility for rapid morphological evolution, but dissection of the genetic pathway downstream of Ultrabithorax is beginning to reveal how wing morphology may have evolved by more gradual transformations.  (+info)

Ultrabithorax function in butterfly wings and the evolution of insect wing patterns. (2/2562)

BACKGROUND: . The morphological and functional evolution of appendages has played a critical role in animal evolution, but the developmental genetic mechanisms underlying appendage diversity are not understood. Given that homologous appendage development is controlled by the same Hox gene in different organisms, and that Hox genes are transcription factors, diversity may evolve from changes in the regulation of Hox target genes. Two impediments to understanding the role of Hox genes in morphological evolution have been the limited number of organisms in which Hox gene function can be studied and the paucity of known Hox-regulated target genes. We have therefore analyzed a butterfly homeotic mutant 'Hindsight', in which portions of the ventral hindwing pattern are transformed to ventral forewing identity, and we have compared the regulation of target genes by the Ultrabithorax (Ubx) gene product in Lepidopteran and Dipteran hindwings. RESULTS: . We show that Ubx gene expression is lost from patches of cells in developing Hindsight hindwings, correlating with changes in wing pigmentation, color pattern elements, and scale morphology. We use this mutant to study how regulation of target genes by Ubx protein differs between species. We find that several Ubx-regulated genes in the Drosophila haltere are not repressed by Ubx in butterfly hindwings, but that Distal-less (Dll) expression is regulated by Ubx in a unique manner in butterflies. CONCLUSIONS: . The morphological diversification of insect hindwings has involved the acquisition of different sets of target genes by Ubx in different lineages. Changes in Hox-regulated target gene sets are, in general, likely to underlie the morphological divergence of homologous structures between animals.  (+info)

Control of growth and differentiation by Drosophila RasGAP, a homolog of p120 Ras-GTPase-activating protein. (3/2562)

Mammalian Ras GTPase-activating protein (GAP), p120 Ras-GAP, has been implicated as both a downregulator and effector of Ras proteins, but its precise role in Ras-mediated signal transduction pathways is unclear. To begin a genetic analysis of the role of p120 Ras-GAP we identified a homolog from the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster through its ability to complement the sterility of a Schizosaccharomyces pombe (fission yeast) gap1 mutant strain. Like its mammalian homolog, Drosophila RasGAP stimulated the intrinsic GTPase activity of normal mammalian H-Ras but not that of the oncogenic Val12 mutant. RasGAP was tyrosine phosphorylated in embryos and its Src homology 2 (SH2) domains could bind in vitro to a small number of tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins expressed at various developmental stages. Ectopic expression of RasGAP in the wing imaginal disc reduced the size of the adult wing by up to 45% and suppressed ectopic wing vein formation caused by expression of activated forms of Breathless and Heartless, two Drosophila receptor tyrosine kinases of the fibroblast growth factor receptor family. The in vivo effects of RasGAP overexpression required intact SH2 domains, indicating that intracellular localization of RasGAP through SH2-phosphotyrosine interactions is important for its activity. These results show that RasGAP can function as an inhibitor of signaling pathways mediated by Ras and receptor tyrosine kinases in vivo. Genetic interactions, however, suggested a Ras-independent role for RasGAP in the regulation of growth. The system described here should enable genetic screens to be performed to identify regulators and effectors of p120 Ras-GAP.  (+info)

p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase can be involved in transforming growth factor beta superfamily signal transduction in Drosophila wing morphogenesis. (4/2562)

p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38) has been extensively studied as a stress-responsive kinase, but its role in development remains unknown. The fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, has two p38 genes, D-p38a and D-p38b. To elucidate the developmental function of the Drosophila p38's, we used various genetic and pharmacological manipulations to interfere with their functions: expression of a dominant-negative form of D-p38b, expression of antisense D-p38b RNA, reduction of the D-p38 gene dosage, and treatment with the p38 inhibitor SB203580. Expression of a dominant-negative D-p38b in the wing imaginal disc caused a decapentaplegic (dpp)-like phenotype and enhanced the phenotype of a dpp mutant. Dpp is a secretory ligand belonging to the transforming growth factor beta superfamily which triggers various morphogenetic processes through interaction with the receptor Thick veins (Tkv). Inhibition of D-p38b function also caused the suppression of the wing phenotype induced by constitutively active Tkv (TkvCA). Mosaic analysis revealed that D-p38b regulates the Tkv-dependent transcription of the optomotor-blind (omb) gene in non-Dpp-producing cells, indicating that the site of D-p38b action is downstream of Tkv. Furthermore, forced expression of TkvCA induced an increase in the phosphorylated active form(s) of D-p38(s). These results demonstrate that p38, in addition to its role as a transducer of emergency stress signaling, may function to modulate Dpp signaling.  (+info)

Embryonal feather growth in the chicken. (5/2562)

Prenatal feather growth development in the chicken was studied in 7 body regions in HH stages 27-45, using direct measurements, specific histological and immunohistochemical methods, and scanning electron microscopy. The results from measurements of absolute length values, and, particularly, growth rate development in each HH stage revealed a distinct phase of most intensive growth in HH stage 40-41, which was preceded by feather follicle insertion and accompanied by the occurrence of alpha-keratins in barbule cells. Specific regional evaluation demonstrated that growth in the feather follicles of abdominal skin generally showed the slowest progression from absolute values and that in the feather filaments of the developing wings the most rapid progression occurred during HH stage 40-41 from growth rate values.  (+info)

Role of the Bicoid-related homeodomain factor Pitx1 in specifying hindlimb morphogenesis and pituitary development. (6/2562)

Pitx1 is a Bicoid-related homeodomain factor that exhibits preferential expression in the hindlimb, as well as expression in the developing anterior pituitary gland and first branchial arch. Here, we report that Pitx1 gene-deleted mice exhibit striking abnormalities in morphogenesis and growth of the hindlimb, resulting in a limb that exhibits structural changes in tibia and fibula as well as patterning alterations in patella and proximal tarsus, to more closely resemble the corresponding forelimb structures. Deletion of the Pitx1 locus results in decreased distal expression of the hindlimb-specific marker, the T-box factor, Tbx4. On the basis of similar expression patterns in chick, targeted misexpression of chick Pitx1 in the developing wing bud causes the resulting limb to assume altered digit number and morphogenesis, with Tbx4 induction. We hypothesize that Pitx1 serves to critically modulate morphogenesis, growth, and potential patterning of a specific hindlimb region, serving as a component of the morphological and growth distinctions in forelimb and hindlimb identity. Pitx1 gene-deleted mice also exhibit reciprocal abnormalities of two ventral and one dorsal anterior pituitary cell types, presumably on the basis of its synergistic functions with other transcription factors, and defects in the derivatives of the first branchial arch, including cleft palate, suggesting a proliferative defect in these organs analogous to that observed in the hindlimb.  (+info)

Telomere loss in somatic cells of Drosophila causes cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. (7/2562)

Checkpoint mechanisms that respond to DNA damage in the mitotic cell cycle are necessary to maintain the fidelity of chromosome transmission. These mechanisms must be able to distinguish the normal telomeres of linear chromosomes from double-strand break damage. However, on several occasions, Drosophila chromosomes that lack their normal telomeric DNA have been recovered, raising the issue of whether Drosophila is able to distinguish telomeric termini from nontelomeric breaks. We used site-specific recombination on a dispensable chromosome to induce the formation of a dicentric chromosome and an acentric, telomere-bearing, chromosome fragment in somatic cells of Drosophila melanogaster. The acentric fragment is lost when cells divide and the dicentric breaks, transmitting a chromosome that has lost a telomere to each daughter cell. In the eye imaginal disc, cells with a newly broken chromosome initially experience mitotic arrest and then undergo apoptosis when cells are induced to divide as the eye differentiates. Therefore, Drosophila cells can detect and respond to a single broken chromosome. It follows that transmissible chromosomes lacking normal telomeric DNA nonetheless must possess functional telomeres. We conclude that Drosophila telomeres can be established and maintained by a mechanism that does not rely on the terminal DNA sequence.  (+info)

Transducing the Dpp morphogen gradient in the wing of Drosophila: regulation of Dpp targets by brinker. (8/2562)

Dpp, a TGFbeta, organizes pattern in the Drosophila wing by acting as a graded morphogen, activating different targets above distinct threshold concentrations. Like other TGFbetas, Dpp appears to induce transcription directly via activation of a SMAD, Mad. However, here we demonstrate that Dpp can also control gene expression indirectly by downregulating the expression of the brinker gene, which encodes a putative transcription factor that functions to repress Dpp targets. The medial-to-lateral Dpp gradient along the anterior-posterior axis is complemented by a lateral-to-medial gradient of Brinker, and the presence of these two opposing gradients may function to allow cells to detect small differences in Dpp concentration and respond by activating different target genes.  (+info)

This is a collaborative project between the Phenotypic Evolution Lab and the Animal Flight Lab.. Damselflies of the genus Calopteryx are highly aerial creatures that depend on their flight capabilities for hunting, territory defense, courtship displays, mating success and predator avoidance. All these requirements put selective pressure on wing morphology, although potentially in opposing directions. While we have a good conceptual understanding of the consequences of wing shape on flight performance, few studies have shown a direct link between wing morphology, flight performance and individual fitness and survival in the field.. Our study system comprises of two sympatric damselfly species: Calopteryx splendens, and C. virgofor which previous studies suggest differential selection pressure on wing morphology by avian predators. We use geometric morphometric methods to analyze variations in wing morphology, both between and within the species, and combine these data with flight performance ...
Wing sweep differentially influenced aerodynamic performance on a per unit area basis (i.e. CV and CH). During emulated flapping, extended wings outperformed swept wings in both CV and CV:CH, whereas during emulated gliding, swept wings outperformed extended wings in CV and matched performance in CV:CH. These results provide insight into the relationship between wing posture and aerodynamic performance in raptors.. In emulated flapping flight, angular velocity of the rotating wing causes the wing tips to move more quickly than the wing roots. As aerodynamic forces vary with the square of local velocity, longer wings produce exponentially greater forces. Furthermore, local flow conditions (as indicated in the coefficients) likely change according to wing posture, and may influence aerodynamic forces. In flapping flight, extended wings had 23.1% higher CV than swept wings. Thus, in flapping, the 68% increase in peak FV from swept to extended posture is likely driven by the additive positive ...
Type Wings are non-deploying force provider wings which supply combat ready VFA, VAQ, VAW, HSC or HSM squadrons or Fleet Logistics Support (VRC) detachments to Carrier Air Wings, or combat ready VAQ, VP, HM, HSC, HSM squadrons or detachments for expeditionary land based or shipboard (non-aircraft carrier) detachment deployments. Functional Wings operate land based aircraft such as those of Fleet Logistics Support, Patrol and Reconnaissance or Strategic Communications Squadrons.. Type and Functional Wings are not assigned Tail Codes except for the Navy Reserves Tactical Support Wing which retains the code AF from its former existence as Carrier Air Wing Reserve TWENTY and Electronic Attack Wing, U.S. Pacific Fleet (VAQWINGPAC) which adopted the code NL from the disestablished CVW-15 for use by the wings land based expeditionary squadrons only. Type Wing squadrons which deploy as a part of a Carrier Air Wing wear the tail code of that Carrier Air Wing. Type Wing squadrons which do not ...
Author: gemi Update of /cvs/extras/rpms/wings/FC-5 In directory cvs-int.fedora.redhat.com:/tmp/cvs-serv23789/FC-5 Modified Files: wings.spec Log Message: split off povray plug-in Index: wings.spec =================================================================== RCS file: /cvs/extras/rpms/wings/FC-5/wings.spec,v retrieving revision 1.4 retrieving revision 1.5 diff -u -r1.4 -r1.5 --- wings.spec 8 Jun 2006 07:56:24 -0000 1.4 +++ wings.spec 10 Dec 2006 10:58:48 -0000 1.5 @@ -1,6 +1,6 @@ Name: wings Version: 0.98.32b -Release: 8%{?dist} +Release: 10%{?dist} Summary: 3D Subdivision Modeler Group: Applications/Multimedia @@ -32,6 +32,16 @@ Documentation for Wings 3D. +%package povray +Group: Applications/Multimedia +Summary: Povray import/export plug-in for Wings 3D +Requires: %{name} = %{version}-%{release} + +%description povray +Povray import/export plug-in for Wings 3D. +Install this only if povray is actually installed. + + %prep %setup -q cp %{SOURCE1} . @@ -127,15 +137,33 @@ %{_libdir}/wings ...
νgW is a homozygous lethal mutation killing embryos prior to formation of the syncitial blastoderm. In heterozygous condition it causes duplications of the posterior wing, ranging from very small duplications of the axillary cord and alar lobe to large duplications including much of the wing blade and the posterior row of bristles. No anterior margin structures are ever observed. The thorax is sometimes slightly abnormal, but rarely shows large duplications. The size of the wing is related to the number of pattern elements deleted or duplicated.. Heterozygous νgW flies also show homoeosis of the haltere to wing. This occurs in the capitellum, where wing blade is observed, but no wing margin structures are found. As with the bithorax (bx) mutation which transforms anterior haltere to anterior wing this aspect of the phenotype is repressed by the Contrabithorax (Cbx) mutation. The transformed haltere discs show more growth than wild-type haltere discs.. Flies heterozygous for νgW also show a ...
Butterfly wing color patterns emerge as the result of a regular arrangement of scales produced by epithelial scale cells at the pupal stage. These color patterns and scale arrangements are coordinated throughout the wing. However, the mechanism by which the development of scale cells is controlled across the entire wing remains elusive. In the present study, we used pupal wings of the blue pansy butterfly, Junonia orithya, which has distinct eyespots, to examine the possible involvement of Ca2+ waves in wing development. Here, we demonstrate that the developing pupal wing tissue of the blue pansy butterfly displayed spontaneous low-frequency Ca2+ waves in vivo that propagated slowly over long distances. Some waves appeared to be released from the immediate peripheries of the prospective eyespot and discal spot, though it was often difficult to identify the specific origins of these waves. Physical damage, which is known to induce ectopic eyespots, led to the radiation of Ca2+ waves from the immediate
The Drosophila Vestigial protein has been shown to play an essential role in the regulation of cell proliferation and differentiation within the developing wing imaginal disc. Cell-specific expression of vg is controlled by two separate transcriptional enhancers. The boundary enhancer controls expression in cells near the dorsoventral (DV) boundary and is regulated by the Notch signal transduction pathway, while the quadrant enhancer responds to the Decapentaplegic and Wingless morphogen gradients emanating from cells near the anteroposterior (AP) and DV boundaries, respectively. MAD-dependent activation of the vestigial quadrant enhancer results in broad expression throughout the wing pouch but is excluded from cells near the DV boundary. This has previously been thought to be due to direct repression by a signal from the DV boundary; however, we show that this exclusion of quadrant enhancer-dependent expression from the DV boundary is due to the absence of an additional essential activator in ...
Decapentaplegic (Dpp) is one of the best characterized morphogens, required for dorso-ventral patterning of the Drosophila embryo and for anterior-posterior (A/P) patterning of the wing imaginal disc. In the larval wing pouch, the Dpp target gene optomotor-blind (omb) is generally assumed to be expressed in a step function above a certain threshold of Dpp signaling activity. We show that the transcription factor Omb forms, in fact, a symmetrical gradient on both sides of the A/P compartment boundary. Disruptions of the Omb gradient lead to a re-organization of the epithelial cytoskeleton and to a retraction of cells toward the basal membrane suggesting that the Omb gradient is required for correct epithelial morphology. Moreover, by analysing the shape of omb gain- and loss-of-function clones, we find that Omb promotes cell sorting along the A/P axis in a concentration-dependent manner. Our findings show that Omb distribution in the wing imaginal disc is described by a gradient rather than a step
The stable states for loss-of-function or ectopic mutant clones affecting the second signaling process have been computed using constraint programming (see materials and methods). Table 1 gives the stable states for each perturbation considered.. In the simulation of a N− clone in the dorsal (flanking and boundary) cells, the wild-type stable state is lost (mutant 1 in Table 1), in agreement with the margin nicks observed in N− clones abutting the wing margin (de Celis and García-Bellido 1994; Micchelli et al. 1997).. wg− mutant discs and large clones reaching the boundary produce notches of the wing margin (Couso et al. 1994). Simulation of this genotype also results in a mutant phenotype (mutant 2 in Table 1).. Simulation of a ct− mutant disc does not lead to the wild-type stable state, but rather to an ectopic upregulation of the N ligands in boundary cells (mutant 3 in Table 1). This agrees with observations in ct− mutant discs, where there are margin nicks in the wing and ectopic ...
During flapping flight, insect wings accelerate masses of air, generating the forces necessary to support the insects weight and to perform complex maneuvers. At the same time, these ultralight airfoils (generally only 0.5-5% of body mass; Ellington, 1984b) must withstand the forces imposed upon them by the surrounding air, as well as the inertial forces caused by accelerating and decelerating their own mass up to several hundred times per second.. Insect wings perform these roles extremely successfully, despite the fact that they are largely passive structures, with no muscular control past the wing base (Wootton, 1992). Although they are strengthened by a network of tubular veins, the wings of many species deform noticeably during flight, especially during slow flight and hovering (Willmott and Ellington, 1997a). These dynamic changes in the three-dimensional shape of wings could potentially affect many aspects of force production, yet few models of insect flight have successfully ...
Insect wings are outgrowths of the insect exoskeleton. They are found on the second and third thoracic segments (the mesothorax and metathorax), and the two pairs are often referred to as the forewings and hindwings, respectively, though a few winged insects lack hindwings, even rudiments. Insect wings do not constitute appendages in technical parlance, as insect only have one pair of appendages per body segment. The wings are strengthened by a number of longitudinal veins, which often have cross-connections that form closed cells in the membrane (extreme examples include Odonata and Neuroptera). The patterns resulting from the fusion and cross-connection of the wing veins are often diagnostic for different evolutionary lineages and can be used for identification to the family or even genus level in many orders of insects. Fully functional wings are present only in the adult stage, after the last molt. The one exception is the order Ephemeroptera, in which the penultimate instar (also called ...
The wing imaginal disc of Drosophila melanogaster is a prominent experimental system for research on control of cell growth, proliferation and death, as well as on pattern formation and morphogenesis during organogenesis. The precise genetic methodology applicable in this system has facilitated conceptual advances of fundamental importance for developmental biology. Experimental accessibility and versatility would gain further if long term development of wing imaginal discs could be studied also in vitro. For example, culture systems would allow live imaging with maximal temporal and spatial resolution. However, as clearly demonstrated here, standard culture methods result in a rapid cell proliferation arrest within hours of cultivation of dissected wing imaginal discs. Analysis with established markers for cells in S- and M phase, as well as with RGB cell cycle tracker, a novel reporter transgene, revealed that in vitro cultivation interferes with cell cycle progression throughout interphase ...
We used the UAS-GAL4 system (Brand and Perrimon, 1993) to drive expression of diβ in the wing. The expression of diβ in the whole wing pouch by using the GAL4 line CY2 (Queenan et al., 1997) produced a blister in the adult wing. Whereas this phenotype strongly resembles that of loss of integrin function, suggesting that expression of diβ in the wing was causing a dominant-negative effect (Fig. 2B), wing blistering may also result from a gain of integrin function (Baker et al., 2002). To confirm whether diβ was indeed inhibiting integrin function, we analysed whether the wing blister observed upon diβ overexpression was sensitive to mutations in the βPS subunit. If diβ was behaving as a dominant negative chimera, then reducing the endogenous integrin activity should enhance the effects of diβ overexpression. Since null mutants of the gene encoding the βPS integrin subunit (myospheroid, mys) are lethal, we used two hypomorphic homozygous viable alleles, mysB43 (Fig. 2A) (Jannuzi et al., ...
FOR every quantitative trait some set of genomic sites can yield mutational variation. The full distribution of potential effects is unknowable, since it is a function of all possible modifications; but any mutational screen can help to identify quantitative trait loci (QTL). Here we report the provisional identification of 11 loci affecting wing shape in Drosophila melanogaster, based on effects produced with high frequency by random P-element insertions.. Wing shape is the third morphological trait in Drosophila to be mapped for natural QTL (Weber et al. 1999), after bristle number (Long et al. 1995) and features of male genitalia (Liu et al. 1996). Studies of natural genetic variation in wing shape in D. melanogaster find evidence of numerous small, mainly additive effects (Weber et al. 1999, 2001), which are largely independent of sex and body size (Weber 1990; Birdsall et al. 2000; Zimmerman et al. 2000) and sometimes act in small regions of the wing (Weber 1992).. Common natural alleles ...
Background Quantitative differences between individuals stem from a combination of genetic and environmental factors, with the heritable variation being shaped by evolutionary forces. Drosophila wing shape has emerged as an attractive system for genetic dissection of multi-dimensional traits. We utilize several experimental genetic methods to validation of the contribution of several polymorphisms in the Epidermal growth factor receptor (Egfr) gene to wing shape and size, that were previously mapped in populations of Drosophila melanogaster from North Carolina (NC) and California (CA). This re-evaluation utilized different genetic testcrosses to generate heterozygous individuals with a variety of genetic backgrounds as well as sampling of new alleles from Kenyan stocks. Results Only one variant, in the Egfr promoter, had replicable effects in all new experiments. However, expanded genotyping of the initial sample of inbred lines rendered the association non-significant in the CA population, ...
From Pro-Line:. Pro-Lines new Pre-Cut Air Force 2 HD 6.5″ Wing is ready to attack the track! The Air Force 2 HD Wing was designed with the latest in CAD technology to meet extreme performance and durability specifications. Huge radiuses on the wing corners prevent cracks from starting and allow air to flow smoothly over the wing for incredible performance. The Air Force 2 HD wing is made from medium thickness polycarbonate for maximum strength while still being lightweight. Extra tire clearance has been built into the wing to reduce tire rub as much as possible during racing. The AF2 HD wing comes pre-cut so all you must do is mount and go! Get your Pre-Cut Air Force 2 HD Wing now!. Features:. ...
Background: Natural environments fluctuate and all organisms experience some degree of environmental variance. Global climate models predict increasing environmental variance in the future. Yet we do not fully understand how environmental variation affects performance traits. Questions: Does temperature fluctuation during development affect adult size and wing shape in Drosophila melanogaster? If so, are the effects predictable? Do they depend on heterozygosity? Do fluctuations in developmental temperature affect adult physiological performance at high temperature? Methods: We tested the effect of one fluctuating (21 degrees C/29 degrees C) and several constant (21 degrees C, 23 degrees C, 25 degrees C, 27 degrees C, 29 degrees C) developmental temperature regimes on three wing morphometric traits (wing length, wing width, and wing shape) in an experiment using three inbred lines of D. melanogaster and their first-generation hybrids. We also tested the effect of fluctuating and constant ...
Boeing. has completed destructive testing on a full-scale composite wing box of the 787 Dreamliner as part of the new commercial aircrafts certification process. Successful completion of the wing box destruction test marks a major step forward in highlighting the innovation on the 787, said Mark Jenks, vice-president of 787 development. In addition to determining the strength of the structure, the test helps us verify the analytical methods we have used to calculate the loads the structure will have to carry. The wing box (pictured below) is a cantilevered beam that carries the wing to the fuselage and supports leading and trailing-edge devices, control surfaces, engines and landing gear. The test piece represents a portion of the wing section that begins at about the centre of the airplane and stops at approximately one-half of the span of the wing, or approximately 15.2m. The piece measures around 5.5m at its widest point. The upper and lower surface panels and the spars of the wing are ...
Wing deformations are a distinctive, and therefore presumably important, characteristic of insect flight. In spite of this, there are few good measurements of how the wings deform during flapping. Detailed quantitative measurements of the local three-dimensional shape of static insect wings reveal an exquisitely complex architecture (e.g. Wootton et al. 2000; Sudo et al. 2005), which is important in determining the aerodynamic properties of the wings under steady conditions (e.g. Rees 1975; Okamoto et al. 1996; Kesel 2000). However, it is not known how such static measurements relate to the shape of the wing in flapping flight, when dynamic structural, muscular, aerodynamic and inertial forces come into play (Combes & Daniel 2001, 2003a,b). At a global level, significant spanwise twist and camber have been observed qualitatively in many insects (e.g. locusts: Jensen 1956, Baker & Cooter 1979, Wortmann & Zarnack 1993; hawkmoths: Willmott & Ellington 1997; butterflies: Wootton 1993; crane flies, ...
The use of twin clones has allowed us to get a detailed insight in how ordered cell proliferation generates the shape and size of the growing wing disk. The interface between the twin clones reveals the topological position of the mother cell of both clones. It follows that for daughter single clones the mother cell is topologically located in its center. Interfaces appear everywhere in the adult wing but with shape, extent, and positions that are wing sector and initiation age specific. Frequencies and position specificities correspond to the developmentally changing location of clusters of cells in the G2 stage of the cell cycle, when the cells are sensitive to induced mitotic recombination (5, 9). Mitotic spindle orientations in the planar axis of the wing epithelium are random, but postmitotic cells allocate preferentially along the x or y axis of the wing blade (24). The shape of interfaces reflects the main orientations of successive clonal cell divisions. The fact that twin clones are of ...
The genetic basis of wing development has been well characterised for model insect species, but remains poorly understood in phylogenetically divergent, non-model taxa. Wing-polymorphic insect species potentially provide ideal systems for unravelling the genetic basis of secondary wing reduction. Stoneflies (Plecoptera) represent an anciently derived insect assemblage for which the genetic basis of wing polymorphism remains unclear. We undertake quantitative RNA-seq of sympatric full-winged versus vestigial-winged nymphs of a widespread wing-dimorphic New Zealand stonefly, Zelandoperla fenestrata, to identify genes potentially involved in wing development and secondary wing loss. Our analysis reveals substantial differential expression of wing-development genes between full-winged versus vestigial-winged stonefly ecotypes. Specifically, of 23 clusters showing significant similarity to Drosophila wing development-related genes and their pea aphid orthologues, nine were significantly upregulated in full
HPros AKG Acoustics, JBL Professional and Lexicon named official 2010 P&E Wing SponsorsSANTA MONICA, Calif. (July 20, 2010) †The Producers & Engineers Wing® of The Recording Academy® announces a sponsorship agreement with the Harman Professional Group (HPro)s leading audio brands AKG® Acoustics, JBL Professional and Lexicon. As official P&E Wing sponsors, AKG Acoustics, JBL Professional and Lexicon will participate in a variety of activities throughout the year, including being the title sponsor of high-profile regional Academy Chapter events, having a presence on the P&E Wing section of the recently launched GRAMMY365 member Web site and serving as a participating member of the P&E Wing Manufacturers Council.We are very pleased that Harman has chosen to have AKG, JBL and Lexicon work closely with The Producers & Engineers Wing this coming year, stated Maureen Droney. JBL Professional has partnered successfully with the P&E Wing for the last few years and, together with AKG ...
Naomi Pierce and PhD candidate, Richard Childers teamed with researchers at Columbia University to examine the wings of Lepidoptera. Butterfly wings contain a matrix of living cells whose function requires appropriate temperatures. However, given their small thermal capacity, wings can overheat rapidly in the sun. The team analyzed wings across a wide range of simulated environmental conditions and found regions containing living cells are maintained at cooler temperatures.
The focus of this research proposal is the investigation of the aeroelastic effects of a flexible lift augmentation system (LAS) wing. This research involves characterization of the forced vibration response of a wing appendage used to augment short field take off and landing (STOL) operations. Although flutter theory is now well understood, the LAS presents the complications of a highly deformable airfoil shape as well as larger structural damping values compared to metal wings. The proposed research will involve derivation of the equations of motion aided by experimental data from nodal excitation of the wing; stiffness and rigidity modeling from static wing loading and collection of flight test data to characterize the potential flow around the membrane wing. The knowledge gained from this research will be of critical importance in assuring the safety of flight by identifying the critical flutter speeds, as well as establishing a good basis for the structural design of future lift augmentation
Last Judgement, Right Wing of The Triptych Canvas Paintings for sale. Shop your favorite Last Judgement, Right Wing of The Triptych Canvas Paintings at payable price. Click to see last judgement, right wing of the triptych paintings and frames from thousands of available designs.
When making hot wings, I like to deviate in two distinct ways from the standard way of cooking the wings. After seasoning the wings with salt, pepper, onion powder, garlic powder, and paprika, I line them on a baking rack over a baking sheet and back them in a 375® oven for 30-40 minutes, flipping them over around 15 to 20 minutes into the baking. While the wings are baking, I mix three different hot sauces (regular, chipotle and green jalapeno) with a tablespoon of butter and cook on the stove until well combined. I never measure how much of each I put into the sauce, but Ive ordered them based on which one has the most to which has the least amount added to make the sauce delicious. If i had to guesstimate a ratio, I would say 80% regular, 15% chipotle and 5% green jalapeno. Once the wings have cooked through, I basted them in the sauce at least 2-3 times and baked for an additional 5 minutes between each basting. Each time you make them, these wings taste different every time I make ...
When youre a wing lover, some wings stay in your memory for a while as being exceptional. A few years ago I went to the Sunset Grill & Tap and I still remembered those wings. They had a particularly sweet taste that was reminiscent of fresh peppers and other flavors. So I was anxious to try them again while in Boston last Saturday for a little day trip to the New England Aquarium. The Sunset is best known for its formidable beer selection - 112 on tap and 100s more in bottles. A beer lovers dream come true. But the food is pretty impressive too. Especially the wings…. These are great wings. A little nontraditional in their recipe, but hot, saucy, spicy, and perfectly cooked. The wings are average size and cooked to an ideal doneness and crispiness. Theres also a good serving of them as well. However, its the sauce that makes the difference here. The sauce is thick and flavorful. Theres a lot more going on in here than margarine and Red Hot. Theres flecks of peppers visible in the sauce ...
Lepidopteran insects present a complex organization of appendages which develop by various mechanisms. In the mulberry silkworm, Bombyx mori a pair of meso- and meta-thoracic discs located on either side in the larvae gives rise to the corresponding fore- and hind-wings of the adult. These discs do not experience massive cell rearrangements during metamorphosis and display the adult wing vein pattern. We have analysed wing development in B. mori by two approaches, viz., expression of patterning genes in larval wing discs, and regulatory capacities of larval discs following explantation or perturbation. Expression of Nubbin is seen all over the presumptive wing blade domains unlike in Drosophila, where it is confined to the hinge and the wing pouch. Excision of meso- and meta-thoracic discs during the larval stages resulted in emergence of adult moths lacking the corresponding wings without any loss of thoracic tissues suggesting independent origin of wing and thoracic primordia. The expression ...
Ingredients: 4 POUNDS chicken wings split sections (not the tips) - app 2 dozen large wings 2 tablespoons Chili Powder 2 tablespoons Cajun Seasoning 1 tablespoon granulated onion 1 tablespoon granulated garlic 1/2 teaspoon salt 1/2 teaspoon black pepper Blue Cheese Dip: 1/2 cup mayonnaise 1/2 cup sour cream 1/2 teaspoon Tabasco 1 tablespoon minced garlic 1 tablespoon lemon juice 1 cup blue cheese 1 tablespoon red wine vinegar 1 teaspoon salt For Wings: 1. Toss all ingredients together in a bowl and mix well. 2. Place chicken wings on a rack with pan in single layer and bake at 350 degrees for 40 minutes. 3. Remove from oven and allow wings to cool slightly before serving. For Bleu Cheese Dipping Sauce: 1. Combine all ingredients for Blue Cheese Dipping Sauce in a small bowl and serve with chicken wings. Yields 8 Appetizer Portions. Recipe Compliments of Chef Patrick Mould.
The results of the research were startling. Other free-flying creatures, including other types of insects, lack the unique type of mechanism observed, so the wing design of the butterfly was totally unexpected. During an upward stroke, the optimized design of the flexible wings produces a specialized cavity that creates an air-filled pocket. As the wings continue to compress, the air is forced out like a jet engine, propelling the butterfly forward. The downward wing stroke has yet another purpose: stabilizing the flight pattern and keeping the butterfly in the air. Not only does this mechanism allow for efficient flight, but it also allows for rapid takeoff when the butterfly needs to escape a predator ...
The results of the research were startling. Other free-flying creatures, including other types of insects, lack the unique type of mechanism observed, so the wing design of the butterfly was totally unexpected. During an upward stroke, the optimized design of the flexible wings produces a specialized cavity that creates an air-filled pocket. As the wings continue to compress, the air is forced out like a jet engine, propelling the butterfly forward. The downward wing stroke has yet another purpose: stabilizing the flight pattern and keeping the butterfly in the air. Not only does this mechanism allow for efficient flight, but it also allows for rapid takeoff when the butterfly needs to escape a predator ...
I have this at my house in eastern Oregon. It has a long slender body with a large thorax, reminiscent of a dragonfly, but its wings are huge. Two pairs, the upper pair overlap completely on the lower pair, and form a tent over its body. The wings resemble clear butterfly or moth wings. I dont think its a lace wing, as the wings are too wide, not slender like all the pictures Ive seen. So, anyone willing to help ...
Drosophila multiple wing hairs protein: a GBD-FH3 domain-containing protein that functions both prior to and after wing hair initiation; RefSeq NM_138238.1; NP_612082.1
Quail Wings 24 pk. Biological materials. Shipping to US addresses only. Instructions: Attach the wing to dog dummy. Do not let dog chew on wing. If wings get wet, air dry. Wings contain no preservatives. Packaged in the USA. $32.99.
The transparency of Greta otos wings results from the combination of several properties: wing material has a low absorption of visible light, there is low scattering of the light that passes through the wings, and there is low reflection of the light impinging on the wings surface.[10] The latter occurs for a broad range of incident wavelengths, covering the entire visible spectrum, and all incidence angles. This broadband and omnidirectional anti-reflection property originates from nanopillars standing on the wings surface which ensures a gradient of refractive index between the incident medium, air, and the wings membrane.[8] These nanopillars, non-periodically arranged on the wings surface, possess a high aspect ratio (defined as height divided by radius), where the radii are below the wavelengths of the visible light. Additionally, they feature a random height and width distribution, which is directly responsible for the smooth refractive index gradient and thereby for the broadband and ...
Whereas the timing of the wake capture force is constant, its magnitude and direction depend on the phase relationship between rotation and translation (Fig. 4, A and B). If rotation precedes stroke reversal, the wing intercepts its own wake so as to generate positive lift. If rotation is delayed until the start of the downstroke, then the flow intercepts the wing at an angle that produces negative lift. With symmetrical rotation, the wing has a 90° angle of attack at the midpoint of stroke reversal and produces no lift (but high drag) if stopped at the end of the upstroke. Figure 4B also shows that the peak velocities in the near wake are much greater when rotation is advanced relative to stroke reversal. This result is expected because the rotational circulation generated at the end of the previous half-stroke is greater under these conditions, resulting in stronger vorticity shed within the wake. Collectively, the combined effect of wake strength and the starting angle of attack explains ...
IPC ablation produced small-sized adults of normal proportion (fig. S3). Examination of adult wings revealed reductions in both cell size and number after IPC ablation. [Wing phenotypes are shown in (fig. S3).] Under the strongest condition of IPC ablation, mean wing size was reduced to 61% of normal, whereas wing cell number and size were reduced to 72% and 85% of normal, respectively (Fig. 1B). Under a less severe regimen of IPC ablation, mean wing size was reduced to 74% of normal, with reductions in cell number and size to 81% and 91% of normal, respectively (Fig. 1B). As in larval growth, the dilp2 transgene effectively reversed the effects of IPC ablation on wing growth and, in fact, caused a slight overgrowth effect (Fig. 1B), possibly due to the 20% lengthening of developmental time that allowed more growth. The overall reduction in cell size and number after IPC ablation is similar to that in DInR (1) and IRS1-4 mutants (4). This, together with our observation that brain IPC-derived ...
Author Summary Morphogens are signaling molecules that trigger specific responses in cells in a concentration-dependent manner. The formation of morphogen gradients is essential for the patterning of tissues and organs. Decapentaplegic (Dpp) is the Drosophila homolog of the bone morphogenic proteins in vertebrates and forms a morphogen gradient along the anterior-posterior axis of the Drosophila wing imaginal disc, a single-cell layered epithelium. Dpp determines the growth and final size of the wing disc and serves as an ideal model system to study gradient formation. Despite extensive studies the mechanism by which morphogen gradients are established remains controversial. In the case of Dpp two mechanisms have been postulated, namely extracellular diffusion and receptor-mediated transcytosis. In the first model Dpp is suggested to move by diffusion through the extracellular matrix of a tissue, whereas in the latter model Dpp is transported through the cells by receptor-mediated uptake and re
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Mature male Calopteryx japonica damselflies have dark-blue wings, due to darkly coloured wing membranes and blue reflecting veins. The membranes contain a high melanin concentration and the veins have a multilayer of melanin and chitin. Female and immature C. japonica damselflies have brown wings. We have determined the refractive index of melanin by comparing the differently pigmented wing membranes and applying Jamin-Lebedeff interference microscopy. Together with the previously measured refractive index of chitin the blue, structural colour of the male wing veins could be quantitatively explained by an optical multilayer model. The obtained melanin refractive index data will be useful in optical studies on melanized tissues, especially where melanin is concentrated in layers, thus causing iridescence.
Www. Concen. Cc] Master Wong Wing chun tutorial. Torrent (6jGe). The Conspiracy Central Bittorrent Tracker! http: tracker. Concen. Cc.Polska Akademia Sztuki Samoobrony Combat Wing Chun. From the Central Railway Station, in direction Falenica quarter (one should leave out near Honbu Dojo). Najwybitniejsi wietnamscy mistrzowie stylu vinh xuan (wing chun kung-fu).Serwis i naprawa central alarmowych i kontroli dostępu, sterowań pieca. oficjalny klub wing tsun kung fu w Gorzowie Wielkopolskim zaprasza na zajęcia.13 maja 2008 otworzona została pierwsza szkoła Wing Tsun Kung Fu. Wing Tsun Kung Fu to system walki (samoobrony) wymyślony 300 lat temu w Chinach między.Musisz się zalogować, aby uzyskać pełne informacje o tej szkole. Central College [15], vte. Brak ocen. International Wing Chun Academy [3], vte.152. 2 miles, Bujinkan Central London Dojo, London, Martial Arts, Ninjutsu, Jiu Jitsu. Buy the Wing Chun Dummy Freestanding-Portable-Weatherproof.Founder and Moderator-Wing Chun Kuen ...
National Chicken Wing Day is fast approaching and on July 29th and there is no better place to celebrate than at Anchor Bar, the birthplace of the Original Buffalo Wing (Pictured: Teriyaki Sesame Wings). Since 1964, Anchor Bar has been serving up their signature Buffalo wings that Teressa Bellisimo created on a whim. After her son Domenic and friends stopped by looking for a late night snack, Teressa took chicken wings, usually meant for the stock pot, fried them up, and coated them with a now famous special sauce to create the one and only Buffalo Wing.. As a result of that night, in 1977 Buffalo Mayor, Stan Makowski, proclaimed July 29th as National Chicken Wing Day. ...
Research Focus: Because of a large gap in the fossil record, a debate on the origin of insect wings has roared on for more than 200 years between two competing hypotheses: tergal or pleural origin. Recent molecular evidence has provided support for a dual-origin of insect wings. I aim to investigate the contribution of two distinct wing serial homologs to ectopic wing formation in the red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum, to further inform the dual-origin hypothesis of insect wings. Tribolium castaneum is an emerging model system which has been shown to bare two distinct wing serial homologs on the wingless first thoracic segment (T1), one tergal and one pleural, maintained in the ancestral state by the Hox gene Sex combs reduced (Scr). Partial disruption of Scr function reveals that both of these distinct wing serial homologs contribute to the formation of the ectopic wing that subsequently develops on T1. I utilized FAIRE-seq to chemically isolate and sequence potential enhancers for the wing ...
Research Focus: Because of a large gap in the fossil record, a debate on the origin of insect wings has roared on for more than 200 years between two competing hypotheses: tergal or pleural origin. Recent molecular evidence has provided support for a dual-origin of insect wings. I aim to investigate the contribution of two distinct wing serial homologs to ectopic wing formation in the red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum, to further inform the dual-origin hypothesis of insect wings. Tribolium castaneum is an emerging model system which has been shown to bare two distinct wing serial homologs on the wingless first thoracic segment (T1), one tergal and one pleural, maintained in the ancestral state by the Hox gene Sex combs reduced (Scr). Partial disruption of Scr function reveals that both of these distinct wing serial homologs contribute to the formation of the ectopic wing that subsequently develops on T1. I utilized FAIRE-seq to chemically isolate and sequence potential enhancers for the wing ...
Monarch butterflies who have dark orange wings fly further than those with light orange wings, a new study has revealed.. Previous work has shown that monarch colouring is intended to warn their predators about their bitter taste and toxicity, and that migratory butterflies are darker coloured than non-migratory ones, suggesting an association between darker colour and increased fitness.. The current work, led by Andrew Davis of the University of Georgia, provides further evidence for this association.. The researchers tested 121 captive monarchs in an apparatus called a tethered flight mill, where they can quantify butterfly flight speed, duration, and distance, and found that those with darker orange wings overall flew longer distances than those with lighter wings.. Butterfly researchers dont often look closely at colour variation between individuals of the same species. The results of this project will pave the way for a new line of inquiry into the significance of butterfly wing colour, ...
The evolution of the haltere has provided flies with the capacity to monitor inertial forces separate from the aerodynamic forces produced by the wings. However, only two insect orders, Diptera and Strepsiptera, possess such structures [14]. The vast majority of insects instead possess the antecedent structures of halteres: an additional pair of wings. Thus, how most flying insects collect information about their body dynamics through mechanosensory structures is a long-standing problem in insect flight control. Although recent evidence suggests that the antennae of the hawkmoth Manduca sexta detect Coriolis forces and aid the animal in maintaining flight stability [15-18], the use of antennae as putative inertial sensors does not preclude other structures from serving a similar role.. Since halteres are evolutionarily derived from wings, the wings of all insects might be capable of providing information about body rotations. Indeed, recent electrophysiological and behavioural evidence suggests ...
Seasonal polyphenism demonstrates an organisms ability to respond to predictable environmental variation with alternative phenotypes, each presumably better suited to its respective environment. However, the molecular mechanisms linking environmental variation to alternative phenotypes via shifts in development remain relatively unknown. Here we investigate temporal gene expression variation in the seasonally polyphenic butterfly Bicyclus anynana. This species shows drastic changes in eyespot size depending on the temperature experienced during larval development. The wet season form (larvae reared over 24 degrees C) has large ventral wing eyespots while the dry season form (larvae reared under 19 degrees C) has much smaller eyespots. We compared the expression of three proteins, Notch, Engrailed, and Distal-less, in the future eyespot centers of the two forms to determine if eyespot size variation is associated with heterochronic shifts in the onset of their expression. For two of these ...
SWD is polyphagous, meaning it feeds on many different host plants, including most thin-skinned fruits. Its a gross sight: a little white maggot writhing on an otherwise-pristine strawberry. The first of the spotted wing drosophila (SWD) susceptible crops will be strawberries, followed by cherries, blueberries, blackberries, fall raspberries, and grapes. Both lay eggs in fruit, and then maggots hatch inside the fruit. Spotted Wing Drosophila in Ontario. Spotted wing drosophila infestation of California strawberries and raspberries: economic analysis of potential revenue losses and control costs. We have had our first spotted wing drosophila (SWD) detection for 2016. SWD is a threat that requires monitoring and producers should be prepared to manage it as needed. This is the first of the spotted wing drosophila (SWD) susceptible crops, which also include blueberries, blackberries, raspberries, cherries, and grapes. It was first detected in California in 2008 and in Michigan in 2010. Drosophila ...
In our study, we investigated if and how proprioceptive feedback influences the rhythm of the myogenic wing beat oscillator. We concentrated on mechanosensory input from the halteres - specialized „gyroscopic sensory organs of flies. The halteres are known to activate the motor neurons of miniscule steering muscles, which in turn modulate the motion of the wings. In our experiments [2], tethered flying fruit flies (Drosophila melanogaster) were vibrated by a piezoelectric actuator to stimulate the haltere mechanosensory pathways. We used a laser Doppler interferometer to measure the vibrations of the tether resulting from the superposition of the piezo-delivered stimulus and the flys wing beat. We determined the phase relationship between the wing motion and the mechanical stimulus in each wing stroke and applied an automated synchrogram analysis [3] to detect entrainment and higher-order synchronization. The flies synchronized with the stimulus for specific ranges of stimulus amplitude and ...
The butterfly wing can seemingly thank two specific genes for the intricate and colorful patterns that adorn it and help it mate and survive.
The rich, shimmering colors of some butterfly wings are produced not by pigments, but by a special geometric formation of cells, a new study suggests.
Abstract The infrared (ATR-FTIR) and Raman spectroscopy was used for the structural characterization of honeybee wings. Protein, chitin, and lipid characteristic spectral features were detected using both methods. The protein secondary structure was predominantly composed of the β-sheet molecular conformation with β-turns or coil contributions. The vibration modes of the side-chain aromatic amino acid residues (tyrosine, phenylalanine, tryptophan) occurred in the wing spectra. The results of discriminant analysis showed that the infrared spectroscopy of the wing in combination with a multivariate analysis seemed promising for a resolution of the chemical structure of the wings based on lipid, proteins, and chitin content.
The Fairy Wings collection of lavenders has been bred in Australia for their compact habits, highly fragrant foliage and free flowering traits. Easy to care for, dry tolerant with outstanding performance under Australian conditions. The striking radiant pink coloured flowers are set just above the fragrant foliage making it a stunning and ideal choice for containers, gardens and courtyards/decks. They can be equally stunning planted en masse to make a colour statement. Plant Fairy Wings Radiance to add a little magic to your garden. LOOK! out for the other enchanting colours within the range, Fairy Wings Spellbound and Fairy Wings Whimsical. ...
The Fairy Wings collection of lavenders has been bred in Australia for their compact habits, highly fragrant foliage and free flowering traits. Easy to care for, dry tolerant with outstanding performance under Australian conditions. The strikingly pale blush coloured flowers are set just above the fragrant foliage making it a stunning and ideal choice for containers, gardens and courtyards/decks. They can be equally stunning planted en masse to make a colour statement. Plant Fairy Wings Whimsical to add a little magic to your garden. LOOK! out for the other enchanting colours within the range, Fairy Wings Spellbound and Fairy Wings Radiance. ...
To make the marinade, in a very large baking dish mix together the vegetable oil, molasses, honey and allspice. Season well with salt and pepper, and add the sliced garlic.. Add the chicken wings, making sure every single wing is covered with the marinade. Cover and chill for at least 6 hours before roasting, but preferably overnight.. Bring the chicken out of the fridge and up to room temperature while the oven is heating to 200C. Spoon any run off marinade back over the chicken, and roast the wings for 20-25 mins skin side up.. After the first 10 mins, take the chicken out of the oven and baste the wings. The marinade should gradually start to thicken. Do this again after another 5 mins; the chicken should be brown and glossy when it is ready to come out of the oven. ...
What to watch for: Examples of fake/reproduction Wings Forum members, I am starting this thread as a reference for collectors of all levels, as a place to post pictures and give tips on reproduction wings, Please post! I will get this one started myself, with a current wing I pulled from eBay. Th...
The Service Hi is a quintessential wings+horns silhouette. It is a military inspired hybrid sneaker/boot constructed with durable pebbled deer leather, a rippled rubber sole for superior grip, as well as a full leather lining. The shoe is completed with waxed tonal laces. Wear it with (as pictured): wings+horns Sherpa Wool Overcoat, wings+horns Grey Premium Jersey LS Shirt, wings+horns Olive Westpoint Chinos. * Made in Italy * 100% Deer leather * Spot clean, or take to professional * Fits true to size * Please refer to size guide for laid flat measurements. Note that variances may occur between pieces depending on product generation, materials etc. Please contact us with any questions.
Wing Time Medium Buffalo Wing Sauce - After beginning in 1999 with 25 of our favorite fiery products, we now offer over 300 hot sauces, salsa, barbecue & wing sauce, spicy condiments & snacks, collectables, capsaicin extracts, jerk seasoning, spices & rubs and gift packs. Our sauces are divided into hot, hotter and hottest to assist you in selecting the perfect sizzling pepper sauce. When shopping with us youll get friendly service, reasonable prices and secure online ordering.
Coco Cream and Smoked Fish Wing Bean Stew-The wing bean is a climbing herbaceous legume and although all parts of the plant are edible, it is grown mostly for its green pods and beans. Wing bean seeds (or WBS) have a nutritional value similar to that of soybeans containing about 30-32% of protein and 16% of oil. They are also high in phosphorus, calcium, magnesium, iron and B-vitamins. It was also found WBS have hypotensive properties and may contribute to the cardio-vascular health due to high content of monounsaturated oleic acid. Wing beans are relatively hard to cook and just like soybeans they should be heat treated to eliminate any anti-nutritional factors like the trypsin inhibitor which hampers digestion. By presoaking the beans in a soda & salt solution this may reduce the cooking time.
Bat wing for cartilage or tragus piercings. This cute bat wing ring is a must-have to complete your curated ear look! Available in steel or gold. The barbell measures 16 gauge, 1/4 (6mm), long and is 316L surgical steel. Sold by piece (1).
1. (n.) One of the two anterior limbs of a bird, pterodactyl, or bat. They correspond to the arms of man, and are usually modified for flight, but in the case of a few species of birds, as the ostrich, auk, etc., the wings are used only as an assistance in running or swimming.. 2. (n.) Any similar member or instrument used for the purpose of flying.. 3. (n.) One of the two pairs of upper thoracic appendages of most hexapod insects. They are broad, fanlike organs formed of a double membrane and strengthened by chitinous veins or nervures.. 4. (n.) One of the large pectoral fins of the flying fishes.. 5. (n.) Passage by flying; flight; as, to take wing.. 6. (n.) Motive or instrument of flight; means of flight or of rapid motion.. 7. (n.) Anything which agitates the air as a wing does, or which is put in wing-like motion by the action of the air, as a fan or vane for winnowing grain, the vane or sail of a windmill, etc.. 8. (n.) An ornament worn on the shoulder; a small epaulet or shoulder ...
Philadelphia PA (SPX) Oct 16, 2012 - The colors of a butterflys wings are unusually bright and beautiful and are the result of an unusual trait; the way they reflect light is fundamentally different from how color works most of the ti
The experimental study of structural vibration has always been the focus for researchers to understand and to control the many vibration phenomena encountered in practice. Methods of vibration testing include shaker testing and impact hammer testing. This project focuses on vibration analysis of the A4 aircraft wing structure by impact hammer testing. Prior to testing, initial preparation and measures were be taken to improve the accuracy of the experiment. Analysis was carried out on frequency response functions (FRFs) and mode shapes of the wing structure were determined. This study would form the basis for the experimental results to be compared with mathematical model and finite element analysis (FEM) for modal validation ...
Butterfly wings may rank among the most delicate structures in nature, but they have given researchers powerful inspiration for new technology that doubles production of hydrogen gas - a green fuel of the future - from water and sunlight.. The researchers presented their findings in San Diego on March 26 at the American Chemical Societys (ACS) 243rd National Meeting & Exposition.. Tongxiang Fan, Ph.D., who reported on the use of two swallowtail butterflies - Troides aeacus (Heng-chun birdwing butterfly) and Papilio helenus Linnaeus (Red Helen) - as models, explained that finding renewable sources of energy is one of the great global challenges of the 21st century. One promising technology involves producing clean-burning hydrogen fuel from sunlight and water. It can be done in devices that use sunlight to kick up the activity of catalysts that split water into its components, hydrogen and oxygen. Better solar collectors are the key to making the technology practical, and Fans team turned to ...
Abstract: Dragonfly wings, which consist of the veins and membranes, are highly specialized flight organs adapted to cope with the individual flight behavior of each dragonfly. Therefore, it is important and necessary from a bionic view that the investigation on microstructure of elements how to affect their mechanical behaviors. In this study, we focus on effects of microstructure on mechanical characteristics of dragonfly wing vein. These results indicate that the microstructure of vein is a complex sandwich structure due to being obviously superior to one typical material, which consists of chitin shell and protein meat with some fibrils. This sandwich structure can be subjected to the rather greater bending loading and torsional deformation based on the von Mises stress and flexural deformation analysis of finite element method (FEM). They assist us to understand and design the new high strength-to-weight ratio of composite materials or structure. Accepted by Composites Science and ...
Irregularity of the size and distribution of nanostructures on the surface of the butterfly wing causes low reflection of light at all view angles. (Photo: Radwanul Hasan Siddique, KIT). For research into this so far unstudied phenomenon, the scientists examined glasswings by scanning electron microscopy. Earlier studies revealed that regular pillar-like nanostructures are responsible for the low reflections of other animals. The scientists now also found nanopillars on the butterfly wings. In contrast to previous findings, however, they are arranged irregularly and feature a random height. Typical height of the pillars varies between 400 and 600 nanometers, the distance of the pillars ranges between 100 and 140 nanometers. This corresponds to about one thousandth of a human hair.. In simulations, the researchers mathematically modeled this irregularity of the nanopillars in height and arrangement. They found that the calculated reflected amount of light exactly corresponds to the observed ...
Subtle differences in the small crystal structures responsible for the varied patterns of color in butterfly wings could lead to new material coatings
Purchase Soft Fabric Butterfly Wings Shawl Fairy Ladies Nymph Pixie Costume Accessory Multicolor from Shenzhen Wanweile Network Tech on OpenSky. Share and compare all Home.
Marian Blanca Ramírez from the CSIC in Spain has been studying the effects of LRRK2, a protein associated with Parkinsons disease, on cell motility. A Travelling Fellowship from Journal of Cell Science allowed her to spend time in Prof Maddy Parsons lab at Kings College London, learning new cell migration assays and analysing fibroblasts cultured from individuals with Parkinsons. Read more on her story here. Where could your research take you? The deadline to apply for the current round of Travelling Fellowships is 23rd Feburary 2018. Apply now!. ...
1929: Wings. Wings will forever have its place guaranteed in cinematic history due to the fact that it won the inaugural Best Picture Oscar for the 1927-28 award (a two-year eligibility period was used for the first six years of the ceremony). But this thrilling epic about a love triangle during World War I - for over 80 years, the only silent film to win Best Picture - merits wider recognition.. From its archetypal Hollywood melodrama, to its dazzling depiction of dogfights, and a standout performance from Clara Bow as the plucky nurse Mary, the 144-minute runtime glides by.. ...
2008 Honda Gold Wing® Airbag Reviews, Prices and Specs. Get the latest Honda Gold Wing® Airbag reviews, and 2008 Honda Gold Wing® Airbag prices and specifications.
Find detailed fat information for Chicken Wings including Popular Chicken Wings Serving Sizes and Cooking Variations of Chicken Wings.
One of the first vitreo-retinal specialists in Southwest Florida, Dr. Wing specializes in clinical research and the treatment of macular degeneration, diabetic eye disease and other vitreo-retinal problems. He earned his M.D. degree in 1975 from Tufts University School of Medicine in Boston. He completed Fellowship training at Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary of Harvard Medical School, and studied with Charles L. Schepens, M.D., founder of The Schepens Eye Research Institute, an affiliate of Harvard Medical School.. Dr. Wing has practiced at Retina Consultants of Southwest Florida since 1982, and is an Adjunct Associate Clinical Scientist at The Schepens Eye Research Institute, an affiliate of Harvard Medical School. He also is the Medical Director of the National Ophthalmic Research Institute (NORI), and past president of The Schepens International Society, in addition to his medical practice.. Dr. Wing is a Fellow of the American College of Surgeons, a member of the American Society of ...
See: Answer-RC Answer-RC have introduced a 1-piece carbon fibre wing brace for HB Racing buggy and truggy. Cut from from lightweight 5mm carbon fibre, this 1-piece brace links the wing attachments and offers more stiffen. The 1-piece carbon fibre wing brace comes with 2 x M3 countersunk washers and 2 x M3 x 12mm coungtersunk […]. ...
Buffalo Wild Wings is a restaurant chain that serves fried chicken wings with the same name. The nutritional information for Buffalo Wild Wings doesnt...
With its big,speckled angel-wing-shaped leaves atop juicy stems, the angel wing begonia (Begoniaceae) is a favorite indoor plant. If conditions are right, angel wing begonia will reward you with clusters of delicate, pink blooms that hang from the plant on slender stems. Angel wing begonia is a cinch to propagate, ...
Areas of specialty: Joint Replacement, Foot and Ankle. Dr. Wing was born and raised on Vancouver Island. He pursued his medical degree and orthopaedic residency at the University of British Columbia. He trained in Foot and Ankle Surgery in Vancouver, Seattle and the Mayo Clinic in Scottsdale, Arizona. In 2001, Dr. Wing jointed the foot and ankle surgical specialists at St. Pauls Hospital. He specializes in post-traumatic reconstruction of the foot. Dr. Wing is a Clinical Assistant Professor at The University of British Columbia.. ...
Find out Buffalo Wings Foods Nutrition information, calculate the calories in your favourite Buffalo Wings food. Get Full Nutrition Data for the most popular foods from Buffalo Wings with RecipeOfHealth.
Brooklyn, NY (SafetyAlerts) - The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) today reported that Tai Wing Hong Importer Inc. is recalling Wing Kee Lung brand Dried Lotus Root, packaged in 6-ounce flexible plastic bags, because the product contained undeclared sulfites.. About 50 cases were distributed in New York, Maryland, Pennsylvania and other undetermined areas.. This Class I recall was initiated by Tai Wing Hong Importer Inc., by allergy alert and letter November 30, 1999. This is the first public notice issued by the FDA. The FDA has stated that the company has completed all required recall procedures.. Questions concerning this recall may be directed to the FDA at 1-888-INFO-FDA ...
The A-36A differed from previous Mustang versions in having a set of hydraulically-operated perforated door-type dive brakes mounted at approximately mid-chord on both the upper and lower wing surfaces outboard of the wing guns. The brakes were normally recessed into the wings, but were opened to 90&37; by a hydraulic jack to hold diving speeds down to 250 mph. A rack was fitted under each wing for a 500# bombs, a 75-gallon drop tank, or smoke-curtain equipment. It carried six .50 machine guns (two in lower fuselage nose, four in wings); however, the two nose guns were often omitted in service. Wing guns were closer to the main landing gear strut in order to minimize stress during taxi and take-off. Engine was the 1325hp Allison V-1710-87 (F21R). With the bombs, range and service ceiling were 550 miles and 25,100. The first A-36A flew on Sep 21, 1942 and deliveries were completed by the following March to the 27th and 86th Fighter Bomber Groups (FBG) based in Sicily and Italy. They initially ...
Aarons CC, David All Group, Althouse, The American Princess, AtlanticBlog, Bad Example, The Captains Journal, Conservative Grapevine, Dispatches from Blogblivion, Blonde Sagacity, Bookworm Room, Lorie Byrd, Dr. Melissa Clouthier, Argghhhh!, Ed Driscoll, Eckernet, Fraters Libertas, Free Will, GayPatriot, Ghost of a Flea, GOPUSA Northeast, GOPUSA Northeast, The Hedgehog Report, IMAO, Inoperable Terran, Inside Larrys Head, JackLewis, Keith Burgess-Jackson, Liberty Pundit, Likelihood of Success, Moonbattery, mountaineer musings, Musings, Newmarks Door, Newsbeat1, The Nose On Your Face, Pal2pal, Peaktalk, The Pink Flamingo Bar & Grill, PoliPundit, Rachel Lucas, Right Wing Rocker, Matt Sanchez, Don Singleton, Slobokans Site Of Schtuff, The Smallest Minority, Solomonia, dcthornton.com, Trying To Grok, Jeff Gannon - A Voice of the New Media. The bloggers were asked to select answers to the following questions (because some bloggers skipped particular questions, gave answers that werent listed, or ...
The variable eggfly butterfly mimics the high contrast black and white wing coloration of three poisonous species of friar butterfly.
The forelimb of the flightless emu is a vestigial structure, with greatly reduced wing elements and digit loss. To explore the molecular and cellular mechanisms associated with the evolution of vestigial wings and loss of flight in the emu, key limb patterning genes were examined in developing embryos. Limb development was compared in emu versus chicken embryos. Immunostaining for cell proliferation markers was used to analyze growth of the emu forelimb and hindlimb buds. Expression patterns of limb patterning genes were studied, using whole-mount in situ hybridization (for mRNA localization) and RNA-seq (for mRNA expression levels). The forelimb of the emu embryo showed heterochronic development compared to that in the chicken, with the forelimb bud being retarded in its development. Early outgrowth of the emu forelimb bud is characterized by a lower level of cell proliferation compared the hindlimb bud, as assessed by PH3 immunostaining. In contrast, there were no obvious differences in apoptosis in
"Wing". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute. "Wreay". UK Flag Registry. The Flag Institute. "Wroxton". UK Flag Registry. The ...
"Evworld Feature: Giving The New Beetle Wings:Vw , Rogers , Beetle , Wing , Drag , Porsche , Volkswagen , Thiokol , Utah , Fuel ... A rear spoiler usually comes standard in most sports vehicles and resembles the shape of a raised wing in the rear of the ...
More than five months later, Park returned with his third EP, The W, with the title track "Wing" on May 26, 2020. Park Jihoon ... 컴백' 박지훈 "두 개의 자아 담은 'Wing', 절제된 다크함 표현"". hankyung.com (in Korean). May 26, 2020. Retrieved June 3, 2020. "Park Jihoon KBS Cool ... "Wing". Gaon Chart (in Korean). Retrieved November 16, 2020. "Gotcha". Gaon Chart (in Korean). Retrieved November 16, 2020. "박지훈 ...
Wing. Fauna Europaea A. M. Hutson, D. M. Ackland and L. N. Kidd (1980) Diptera - Nematocera. Mycetophilidae (Bolitophilinae, ...
External images For terms see Morphology of Diptera Wing length 6-9·5 mm. Elongated body. Lunula yellow with a black mark above ... Facial knob or more black; wing. Alula triangular. Tergite 2 usually with small elongate yellow marks, or small triangular ...
The wing is a move in waltz and other Standard dances. Both partners take a step forward, and then the lady walks in a half- ...
Shick SM, Wing RR, Klem ML, McGuire MT, Hill JO, Seagle H; Wing; Klem; McGuire; Hill; Seagle (April 1998). "Persons successful ...
"Wing". CageMatch. July 11, 1993. Retrieved June 4, 2017. Dark Angelita (January 17, 2014). "NJPW/CMLL: Resultados " ...
Seven ships in the port damaged and one sunk (3. wing). Two destroyers engaged the Battle of Odessa (1914) at 6:30 am. They ... He opened fire on shore batteries on Sevastapol, at 6h 30 (2. wing). The Breslau reached the Black Sea port of Theodosia ... On 28 October, the Ottoman fleet reorganised in four combat wings. Each one went to separate locations along the Russian coast ... On 29 October (1. wing), Souchon was on his preferred warship, the Goeben. Several destroyers accompanied him. ...
The earliest representations of Chinese immortals, dating from the Han Dynasty, portray them flying with feathery wings or ... wing"). Two linguistic hypotheses for the etymology of xian involve Arabic and Sino-Tibetan languages. Wu and Davis (1935:224) ...
"Phones , Wing". WingAlpha.com. Retrieved 2019-08-01. "Plans". WingAlpha.com. Retrieved 2019-07-02. "What if I hit my data limit ... "Wing Everything You Should Know Before Subscribing". BestMVNO.com. Retrieved 2019-07-02. "Do you offer business plans and ... "International Coverage , Wing". WingAlpha.com. Retrieved 2019-08-01. "Xfinity Mobile Everything You Should Know Before ...
... although gluggi was more commonly used in Old Norse wing vængr (="a wing") wrong rangr (="crooked, wry, wrong") Lists of ... "Wing". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 13 July 2010. "Wrong". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 24 July 2010. ...
Wing. Sculpture for the Phoenix Architectural Competition, 'Function and Form 1991'. Hans Christian Andersen Prize. Every year ... The sculpture was erected despite exacerbated resistance from the right wing and sections of the government. The Minister of ...
The 119th Fighter Wing's F-16As (15 aircraft) were reaching the end of their operational life and would retire. In Jan 2007, ... The 178th Attack Squadron (178 ATKS) is a unit of the North Dakota Air National Guard 119th Wing located at Fargo Air National ... 98-99 Groh, p. 136 Groh, p. 158 Newton & Senning, p. 645 "How the "Happy Hooligans" got their name". 119th Wing. 16 April 2008 ... Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings, Lineage & Honors Histories 1947-1977. Washington, DC: Office of Air ...
Subsidiary structures were built on both sides of the central axis including wing-room, dining room and bedroom. Wing-room. ...
As the fighter wing headed north, it passed Woensdrecht airfield. The aerodrome was home to 132 Wing and its five Spitfire ... In April 1945 Freytag served with Jagdgeschwader 51 (JG 51-Fighter Wing 51) and Jagdgeschwader 7 (JG 7-Fighter Wing 7), where ... Hungary using the 47th Bomb Wing and 55th Bomb Wing. The B-24 Freytag claimed was his 100th victory. In the summer, II./JG 77 ... 145 Wing RAF was missed completely and considering the large number of targets the destruction was light; just 12 Spitfires ...
A4-173 - DHC-4 on static display at the Queensland Air Museum in Caloundra, Queensland (fitted with the wings and tail off A4- ... "Fixed Wing". United States Army Aviation Museum. Archived from the original on 22 December 2016. Retrieved 9 December 2016. " ... This airframe was previously operated by the 37th Transport Wing.[citation needed] T.9-25 - C-7A on static display at the Museo ... Abu Dhabi/ United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi Defence Forces Air Wing - Abu Dhabi operated five Caribou. United Arab Emirates Air ...
Cross-wing Wing attached to a main or original house block, its axis at right angles to the original block, and often gabled. ... Wing 1. A lateral part or projection of a building or structure such as a wing wall. 2. A subordinate part of a building ... "Wing" def. 9. a. Oxford English Dictionary Second Edition on CD-ROM (v. 4.0) © Oxford University Press 2009 Ching, Francis D.K ... Pavilion A free standing structure near the main building or an ending structure on building wings. Pedestal (also Plinth) The ...
Betsy Wing. University of Minnesota Press. p. 47. ISBN 0-8166-3526-9. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Pendle, Karyn ( ... The English translation, published 1988, is by Betsy Wing, with a foreword by Susan McClary. Aida La Bohème Carmen Les Contes ...
Walsh, A. P.; Haaland, S.; Forsyth, C.; Keesee, A. M.; Kissinger, J.; Li, K.; Runov, A.; Soucek, J.; Walsh, B. M.; Wing, S.; ...
Horton, Rachel Avery; Wing, Steve; Marshall, Stephen W.; Brownley, Kimberly A. (2009-11-01). "Malodor as a Trigger of Stress ... Wing, S; Wolf, S (2017-03-01). "Intensive livestock operations, health, and quality of life among eastern North Carolina ...
Ip, Wing; Gautier, Daniel; Owen, Tobias (April 16, 2004). The genesis of Cassini-Huygens. Titan - from Discovery to Encounter: ...
1899 Wing warping Wing warping consists of the twisting motion of the wings of an aircraft to produce lateral control. The ... who was the first to use the aileron as an integral part of the wing structure in place of wing warping in 1908. 1899 Flash- ... the Wright brothers incorporated wing warping on their 1899 glider that used ropes to pull on the wings. Later on, the young ... The concept of wing warping is attributed to Wilbur Wright who in 1899, came up with the idea and with the conclusion that the ...
"Problems About Airports" (PDF). Wing Tips. 7 (2). Civil Aviation Historical Society. QANTAS. 1968. Retrieved 12 April 2016. " ...
Wing's father. Benjamin Yuen as Martin, Ting Chun Ping (丁俊平), legal adviser at Lik Chi Ko. During Power's hospitalization he ... The revelation was heartbreaking to Siu-Kat as she loved her God-father and his family; both Wing-Yan and Sai-Kau kneel and ... Secretly, Eason and Sai Kau Yip (her subordinate, god-father, and father to Wing-Yan) started to look into the case for her and ... One year later, Eason has married Wing-Yan (the two always had feelings for each other throughout the story) and Yuet-San ...
"X - Wing". X, the moonshot factory. "Paving the path to 5G: Optimizing commercial LTE networks for drone communication [video ... Also, projects such as Facebook Aquila, cell-on-wheels and wings (COW-W), Google SKYBENDER, Nokia F-Cell, Huawei Digital Sky ... Amazon Air and Google's project Wing initiatives are prominent examples of cellular-connected UAVs use cases. In recent years, ...
"Wing Commander Jimmy Dell". The Times. April 3, 2008. Archived from the original on May 17, 2008. Retrieved December 31, 2018 ... "Howard Wing". Sports Reference. Archived from the original on February 24, 2020. Retrieved December 31, 2018. "Princess Al- ... "Ann Baumgartner Carl, 43-W-5". Wings Across America. Retrieved December 31, 2018. "S-a dus și Custof". ProSport.ro (in Romanian ... Jimmy Dell, 83, British Wing Commander and test pilot. Ronald Dick, 76, British Royal Air Force officer. Thierry Gilardi, 49, ...
Mirabelli, M. C.; Wing, S.; Marshall, S. W.; Wilcosky, T. C. (2006). "Asthma Symptoms Among Adolescents Who Attend Public ... Schinasi, Leah; Horton, Rachel Avery; Guidry, Virginia T.; Wing, Steve; Marshall, Stephen W.; Morland, Kimberly B. (2011). "Air ...
D. Wing; A. Yourtchenko (April 2012). "Happy Eyeballs: Success with Dual-Stack Hosts". tools.ietf.org. IETF. Khademi, Naeem; ...
Marnee Losurdo (October 6, 2017). "403rd Wing evacuates aircraft, continues Tropical Storm Nate missions". 403rd Wing. Archived ... Aircraft of the Air Force Reserve Command's 403d Wing were evacuated from Keesler Air Force Base, Mississippi, as a ...
Since WinG used the DIB format, it was possible to mix original GDI API calls and WinG calls. WinG would also perform a ... WinG fixed two problems. The first problem that WinG fixed was that Windows 3.x did not support creating Device Contexts (DCs) ... Microsoft announced WinG at the 1994 Game Developers Conference, demonstrating it with a port by id Software of Doom. WinG was ... WinG DLLs were sometimes distributed with an application, at which point it merely became a matter of copying the files wing. ...
Green Wing at Channel 4 Green Wing at the British Film Institute Green Wing at IMDb Green Wing at British Comedy Guide. ... Green Wings title is said to have come from a small plastic green man with wings that was in executive producer Peter ... Hopefully, it will be some kind of spin-off from Green Wing." In 2009, Pile and most of the writing team behind Green Wing ... Green Wing Series 1 DVD, Behind The Scenes featurette. Green Wing Series 1 DVD, Audio Commentary, Episode 2. Featuring Stephen ...
Wing Chun terms. References[edit]. *^ Concepts, Steve Creel, Wing Chun. "About Wing Chun Kung Fu". Wing Chun Concepts. ... "Wing Chun Forms".. *^ "WING CHUN CONCEPTS: Siu Nim Tao". Wing Chun Concepts. 2017-09-23. Archived from the original on 2017-09- ... "the Wing Chun Archive. Retrieved 2013-02-10.. *^ Jim Fung (2009-02-23). "Wing Chun Stance". International wing Chun academy. ... "Sifu Och Wing Chun. 2016-09-07. Retrieved 2017-03-08.. *^ "Rediscovering the Roots of Wing Chun". Kung Fu Magazine. Retrieved ...
American business confidence in the world economy has surged, adding to an uptick in overall optimism as U.S. tax cuts and looser regulation improve the outlook for domestic growth, according to a new study," Vince Golle reports for Bloomberg. "The survey also showed 89 percent were confident in the U.S. economys prospects this year, up from 80 percent in 2017 and 39 percent in 2016. Some 70 percent said the reduction in tax rates would benefit their companies," Golle notes.. Click here to read more.. ...
6510th Test Wing emblem. The 412th Test Wing (412 TW) is a wing of the United States Air Force, assigned to the Air Force Test ... It is also the host wing for Edwards Air Force Base, Calif. - the 2nd largest base in the Air Force. The wing oversees base day ... Consolidated with the 6510th Test Wing as the 6510th Test Wing on 1 October 1992[2] ... AFMC replaced the 4-digit AFSC 6510th Test Wing on 2 October 1992 by reactivating the 412th Test Wing, which assumed the ...
The wing operated until February 1992, when the 100th Air Refueling Wing (USAFE) assumed the wings responsibilities. ... 306th Bomb Wing. The 306th at MacDill converted to B-47s in November 1951 and in 1953 became the first operational B-47 Wing. ... In September 1966 the wing deployed to Andersen AFB, Guam and to Kadena AFB, Okinawa. The 306th Bombardment Wing was at McCoy ... The 306th replaced the 4047th Strategic Wing, initially constituted in 1961. The Wing continued its primary mission, ...
... distribution and control of Spotted Wing Drosophila ...
Wing Commander Arthur Gill, who has died aged 100, was one of the few survivors from his squadron after the Japanese overran ... Wing Commander Arthur Gill, who has died aged 100, was one of the few survivors from his squadron after the Japanese overran ... Wing Commander Arthur Gill, born February 24 1916, died March 4 2016 ...
Vertebrate wings are modifications of the forelimbs. In birds the fingers are reduced and the forearm is lengthened. The ... Wing,, in zoology, one of the paired structures by means of which certain animals propel themselves in the air. ... primary flight feathers on the distal portion of the wing create ... insect: Wings and flight. Insect wings develop as paired ... Adaptations include the high-speed wings of swallows and the slotted, soaring wings of vultures. The wings of penguins, which ...
It acts as a primary elevator of the wing in upstroke. [Manual of Ornithology: Avian Structure and Function, by Proctor and ... supracoracoideus muscle of wing. Go to external page http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0011605 Copy ... http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/02/Wing_Muscles%2C_color.svg ...
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... a wing is like a spoiler, only bigger. The purpose of a wing is to provide downforce, which makes the car stick to the road ... Wing shell Zool., wing case of an insect. -- Wing stroke, the stroke or sweep of a wing. -- Wing transom Naut., the uppermost ... Wing (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Winged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Winging.] 1. To furnish with wings; to enable to fly, or to move with ... Under the wing, ∨ wings, of, under the care or protection of. -- Wing and wing Naut., with sails hauled out on either side; -- ...
The phylogeny of Odonata cannot be estimated separately from the evolution of the odonate wing. A variety of wing-vein naming ... A few authors (eg Lemsche, 1940; La Greca, 1980; Matsuda, 1981) have suggested that the wings and hence wing veins of Odonata ... Origin of the insect wing and wing articulation from the arthropodan leg. Can. J. Zool. 61: 1618-1669. ... The other wing vein naming systems referred to above each assume an origin of wings from fixed paranota (Mueller, 1873-75; ...
Lorna Wing, född 7 oktober 1928 i Gillingham, Kent, död 6 juni 2014, var en brittisk läkare, psykiater och forskare inom ... Wing är idag förmodligen mest känd som författare till artikeln Aspergers Syndrome: a Clinical Account (1981) där hon ... Wing, L. (1980). Childhood Autism and Social Class: a Question of Selection?, British Journal of Psychiatry, 137, pp. 410-417. ... Wing myntade begreppet symtomtriad som är ett försök att beskriva vad som är gemensamt för alla personer som oavsett ...
In a later article we will certainly look at the advantages of not clipping a birds wings. Learn how to clip a birds wings. ... Two very opposite opinions wing clip or not. This article isnt meant to lean toward one side or the other. ... Do not cut the wing, just the feather shaft next to the wing. Cut along the wing each long flight feather where the shaft meets ... If it is the first wing clipping watch him closely, he does not know he cannot fly.. Wings will grow back. Keep an close watch ...
After its critically acclaimed freshman season, the Emmy® Award-winning series The West Wing returned for a behind-the- ... After its critically acclaimed freshman season, the Emmy® Award-winning series The West Wing returned for a behind-the-scenes ... After its critically acclaimed freshman season, the Emmy® Award-winning series The West Wing returned for a behind-the-scenes ...
Wing: After I got my Ph.D. from MIT, I went to the University of Southern California for two years and then joined Carnegie ... Wing: Moving from academia to industry is a huge change for me, but moving to Microsoft Research is not, since it supports a ... Wing: I am no stranger to Microsoft, and vice versa.. Personally, Ive had a longstanding relationship with Microsoft Research ... Wing: I like to talk about three drivers of computing: technology, societal, and science. Lets start with a few technology ...
Taking wing with Apache 2. A new and flexible framework. By Nick Kew 6 Feb 2007 at 13:14 ...
Argentina Wing Shooting - Argentina duck dove and goose hunting - Duration: 4:23. GageOutdoor 30,783 views ... Argentina Dove & Pigeon Wing shooting-. Duck Hunting with "Diego Guerineau" part-1 & 2. To book your next adventure please ... Argentina Promo Video Las Beatas with Southern WIng Outfitters - Duration: 11:29. splberg1 4,785 views ... Duck Hunt Argentina with Southern Wing Outfitters part-2 - Duration: 8:22. splberg1 55,859 views ...
Entering its fifth season with a total of 24 Emmys, The West Wing begins as the President - and the nation - faces the ... Entering its fifth season with a total of 24 Emmys, The West Wing begins as the President - and the nation - faces the ... Potential judicial nominees visit the West Wing offices and are interviewed--some serving only as decoys to confuse the press. ... Potential judicial nominees visit the West Wing offices and are interviewed--some serving only as decoys to confuse the press. ...
This site is also protected by an SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate thats been signed by the U.S. government. The https:// means all transmitted data is encrypted - in other words, any information or browsing history that you provide is transmitted securely.. ...
HK Central 永安集團大廈 Wing On House light box 中銀集團 Bank of China 砵甸乍街 Pottinger Street Carpark space Dec-2011.jpg 2,592 × 1,936; ... Media in category "Wing On House". The following 8 files are in this category, out of 8 total. ... Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Wing_On_House&oldid=191131697" ...
Human Beings can Eat 200 wings in a half an hour. Others, 36 hot dogs on 10 minutes. Science explains how, but not why. - Faye ... The excesses of Wing Bowl may have their roots in the most basic human evolutionary impulses. (File photo from Wing Bowl 19 in ... who won the Wing Bowl in 2004 with 167 wings. Her resumé includes other victories in which she ate 42 soft tacos in 11 minutes ... Wing Bowl as Medical, Evolutionary Marvel Updated: January 30, 2012 - 7:41 AM EST * ...
... and garlic to make this sweet and spicy sauce to be drizzled on wings! ... Reduce a mixture of buffalo wing sauce, fig jam, bourbon, soy sauce, ... Back to Figgy Bourbon Wing Sauce All Reviews for Figgy Bourbon Wing Sauce. ... Combine buffalo wing sauce, fig jam, bourbon, soy sauce, and garlic in a saucepan. Bring to a boil, stirring often. Reduce heat ...
... manages to keep her appetite under control for three whole minutes before informing the camera shes off to eat some wings, her ... manages to keep her appetite under control for three whole minutes before informing the camera shes off to eat some wings, her ...
... this spicy orange chicken wing sauce will give you an alternative to going out for your favorite spicy orange chicken dish. ... The best wing sauce I have EVER tried or made. I use it on drumsticks wings chicken tenders everything! Thanks. Read More ... Make sure the sauce you've made and chicken wings are both hot when you mix together. No regrets here, and no wings are ... Make sure the sauce you've made and chicken wings are both hot when you mix together. No regrets here, and no wings are ...
The left-wing weekly Marianne, which called Sarkozy a thug on its cover earlier this month, ran a poll in its current issue ... Sarkozy Is Courting Right-Wing Extremists. By Christopher Dickey On 8/17/10 at 2:30 PM EDT. ... And since Sarkozys remarks in Grenoble, left-wing commentators have been quick to draw analogies with the one government that ... Other polls show that Sarkozys right-wing shock treatment might actually pay off with the French public. One survey conducted ...
Shop CafePress for Wing Water Bottles. Find great designs on high quality durable Stainless Steel Water Bottles and Sport ... The West Wing Yo Yo Ma Stainless Water Bottle 1.0L $14.95 ... 307th Strategic Wing.p Stainless Water Bottle 1.0L $14.95. $ ... Shop our wide variety of Wing Water Bottles to express your personality and shrink your environmental footprint. People always ...
My 8 year old budgies wing has been drooping since Monday, sometimes seeming severe and other times seeming normal. It also ... Broken Wing? chelive514 What does a broken wing look like? My 8 year old budgies wing has been drooping since Monday, ... Broken Wing?. What does a broken wing look like? My 8 year old budgies wing has been drooping since Monday, sometimes seeming ... I examined her wing and it doesnt seem to be crooked or have any points sticking out, just awkward and droopy. Is it a sprain ...
  • Sign up to receive West Wing Reads! (whitehouse.gov)
  • After its critically acclaimed freshman season, the Emmy® Award-winning series The West Wing returned for a behind-the-scenes look at another year in the life of the eclectic group of frenzied staffers in the Oval Office. (apple.com)
  • The most recent "West Wing Week" follows the Vice President to Guatemala as part of a five day, four country tour of Latin America, Monday's White House Summit on Working Families, Tuesday's President's Cup and Wednesday's NASCAR Day, and a look at a 'letter from Rebekah' the President received and his Thursday trip to meet her in Minnesota. (adweek.com)
  • Discuss The West Wing on our TV talk forum! (rottentomatoes.com)
  • The absence of a Marine sentry outside the West Wing on Monday raised questions about whether President Biden was keeping the schedule publicly outlined by his aides. (yahoo.com)
  • A sure way to tell if the president is inside the Oval Office is if the spit-shined Marine is at the post, opening the door to the West Wing. (yahoo.com)
  • Taking its name from the Copenhagen castle that's the seat of government, Borgen plays like a more astringent version of The West Wing , a show it clearly borrows from and improves on. (npr.org)
  • They correspond to the arms of man, and are usually modified for flight, but in the case of a few species of birds, as the ostrich, auk, etc., the wings are used only as an assistance in running or swimming. (everything2.com)
  • Birds' wings are pectoral appendages that are basically the same in skeletal structure as the forelimbs of all higher vertebrates, including the human arm. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The ostrich's vestigial wings are used for balance in running, and the wings of aquatic birds such as the penguin and the puffin are flipperlike for underwater swimming. (encyclopedia.com)
  • wings In biology, specialized organs for flight that are possessed by most birds, many insects, and certain mammals and reptiles. (encyclopedia.com)
  • As birds swing their wings upward, the feathers separate like window blinds to let air through, which prevents the lift-reducing currents that the bats experienced, the researchers say. (scientificamerican.com)
  • All seven birds returned to Under My Wing with the organization's founder, Paula Ashfield. (care2.com)
  • In addition, Under My Wing had to install a water heater, alarm system and additional plumbing to filter well water for the birds to drink and bathe. (care2.com)
  • The other major goal is to have the organization approved by FEMA so Under My Wing can accept exotic birds that are displaced after a federal emergency or natural disaster. (care2.com)
  • The first use of the word was for the foremost limbs of birds , but has been extended to include the wings of insects , bats , and pterosaurs , as well as human-made devices. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Today's birds also have fused finger bones at the tips of their wings, which corresponds to the claws at the end of dinosaurs' front limbs. (howstuffworks.com)
  • The venation of the wings of the Odonata. (tolweb.org)
  • The number, kind, and venation of the wings are bases for classification. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Clipping a bird's wings the first time is not easy. (bellaonline.com)
  • If you are afraid to pull out the blood feather, you should not be trimming the bird's wings. (bellaonline.com)
  • The main inner part of the bird's wing is like an airplane wing, concave below and convex above, and supplies lift. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Easy and delicious, this spicy orange chicken wing sauce will give you an alternative to going out for your favorite spicy orange chicken dish. (allrecipes.com)
  • Wings are a game-day staple, but aim to please the whole crowd with three different flavors this year: spicy, teriyaki and honey glazed. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • Spicy chicken wings, chicken fry iced tea, crispy oriental chicken wings, teriyaki chicken wings and hot chicken wings recipes will surely prove my statement. (streetdirectory.com)
  • These roasted (rather than deep-fried) Buffalo-style chicken wings are smothered in a spicy green jalapeño sauce, which is pureed with pickled jalapeños for an extra hit of puckery flavor. (foodandwine.com)
  • Nothing's better with a platter of spicy wings-Buffalo or not-than beer. (foodandwine.com)
  • Black and white pepper have an intense, delicious heat that, in tandem with coarse salt, makes a crisp, spicy coating for chicken wings. (foodandwine.com)
  • They've got to be made with the slightly thick, spicy but not blow-your-head-off, super vinegary stuff in the style of the original Frank's (you don't want to make Buffalo wings with say, Tabasco, for example). (seriouseats.com)
  • Most insects have two pair of wings, although flies use only the first pair and beetles only the second. (britannica.com)
  • Matsuda, 1981) have suggested that the wings and hence wing veins of Odonata are not homologous with those of other insects. (tolweb.org)
  • If this is correct (and it has yet to be tested) one implication for the history of wing venation would be that the expanded hind field of Anisoptera is secondarily derived and veins in that region of the wing are not homologous with the veins found in other insects. (tolweb.org)
  • The phylogenetic origin and the nature of the wings of insects according to the paranotal theory. (tolweb.org)
  • The origin of wings and venational types in insects. (tolweb.org)
  • Insects' wings are not modified limbs but special lateral outgrowths of the cuticle of the thorax comprising a light membrane strengthened by thick-walled veins. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Insects may have one or two pairs of veined or membranous wings. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Insects dominate the world, and their wings allow them to do this. (wired.com)
  • The quest of insects to achieve total world domination is wing-powered. (wired.com)
  • Insects, the only invertebrates that have learned how to fly, use their wings as key assets in their global colonization. (wired.com)
  • Do a Crow Wing County, Minnesota Genealogy Place-name search for these and other records in the FamilySearch Catalog (For instructions see, FamilySearch Catalog Place-name Search ). (familysearch.org)
  • So on a wing and a prayer the Ashfields' began a search that eventually led them to the animal friendly city of Wantage, New Jersey and a foreclosed home on 10 ½ acres. (care2.com)
  • Alex St. John, one of the creators of DirectX, said in a 2000 interview that, WinG was a technology being built by Chris Hecker in the research group, and at the time it was one of the small Microsoft Skunkworks projects, very low profile and off-the-wall. (wikipedia.org)
  • In March 2016, when the Twitter user @fabranquinho predicted that right-wing militias in Brazil might "Ukrainize"-that is, radicalize a nascent protest movement against left-wing President Dilma Rousseff in order to provoke government repression, which would then spur further protest-he seemed to introduce Twitter a neologism that would soon spread. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • You can substitute the buffalo wing sauce with 1 cup of your favorite hot sauce and 1/2 cup melted margarine. (allrecipes.com)
  • Pair these buffalo wings with a tasty blue cheese dipping sauce for an extra kick. (goodhousekeeping.com)
  • Pour over the buffalo sauce and turn the wings in the sauce to coat. (goodhousekeeping.com)
  • Dip each wing in soy sauce mixture, then roll in corn flakes and onion. (streetdirectory.com)
  • Those wing dishes, boneless or traditional, are offered with seven sauce or dry rub options with garnishes to match. (lafayettetravel.com)
  • limoncello-marinated chicken wings with pepperoni sauce (pepperoni! (foodandwine.com)
  • These crispy chicken wings get their heat from Sriracha, the Thai hot sauce that chef Michael Symon says is his favorite in the world. (foodandwine.com)
  • These wings get their flavor from plenty of spices and seasonings-think smoked paprika, dried garlic, salt, and dried onion-along with red hot sauce and melted hot pepper jelly. (foodandwine.com)
  • The basic components of Buffalo wing sauce are hot sauce and butter. (seriouseats.com)
  • Frank's, Texas Pete's, and Crystal are the three biggest contenders in this style, and though harder to find in stores, the self-proclaimed birthplace of wings, Anchor Bar , makes a bottled wing sauce as well (despite the fact that their original recipe was based on Frank's). (seriouseats.com)
  • When doing preliminary research, we quickly learned that most brands produce both a regular hot sauce and a bottled "Buffalo Sauce," intended to go straight onto the wings, no mixing with butter required. (seriouseats.com)
  • Just about all of them did better than any sauce from the "Buffalo Wing Sauce" category. (seriouseats.com)
  • We made sure the sauce saturated the wing skins, practically dripping, so you could really taste the sauce. (seriouseats.com)
  • As for the "Buffalo Wing Sauce" category, the biggest issue was fake butter taste. (seriouseats.com)
  • A classic Buffalo wing sauce that will have you stacking up the wing bones like Jenga pieces in no time. (seriouseats.com)
  • Bats, the only mammals capable of true flight, have wings formed of a flight membrane stretched over slender, elongated arm and hand bones. (britannica.com)
  • To get a grip on bat wings, a Swedish-led team blew foggy wind across two small bats as they hovered in midair, lapping from a source of nectar [ see image below ]. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Laser pulses shined into the vapor exposed the size and speed of vortices swirling around the bats' wings, which in turn revealed the forces they produced [ see image at right ]. (scientificamerican.com)
  • At slow wind speeds, the bats whipped their wings back and forth, tracing a horizontal figure 8 with their wingtips. (scientificamerican.com)
  • At higher wind speeds, the bats tilted their wings up and flapped more vertically [ click to watch a brief video of a bat flapping its wings ]. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Furthermore, wings in nature also have added immeasurably to human joy, whether the elaborate colors and patterns of butterfly wings, or the sound production utilizing wings in crickets and grasshoppers , or the acrobat twisting and turning of bats, and the soaring of eagles -all adding to the beauty and wonder of nature for people. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • The Tillyard (1917) version of this system implied Zygoptera is sister to Anisoptera but reconciled wing vein patterns across the suborders by giving different names to veins in the same position on the wing. (tolweb.org)
  • It is difficult to see how further progress in odonate higher phylogeny can be made, at least on the basis of morphological characters, without greater agreement on the identity of wing veins across the odonatoid orders and suborders. (tolweb.org)
  • The authors gathered an unprecedentedly large array of two-dimensional data on the relative positions at which fly-wing veins intersect at points called landmark coordinates ( Fig. 1 ). (nature.com)
  • The wing veins of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster intersect (red) at positions termed landmark coordinates. (nature.com)
  • The insect's circulatory system nourished these protruding lobes, and became the veins we now see in insect wings. (wired.com)
  • Wing , in zoology, one of the paired structures by means of which certain animals propel themselves in the air. (britannica.com)
  • This gallery explores some of the amazing facets of insect wings that propel them through their highly successful lives. (wired.com)
  • This means that a significantly smaller thrust force can be applied to propel the wing through the air in order to obtain a specified lift. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • The chicken wings are delicious, and the sauces are great. (foursquare.com)
  • There are signature sauces for the wings, and each portion comes atop a base dish of your choosing with garnishes tailored to transform ordinary chicken wings from appetizer into craft entree. (lafayettetravel.com)
  • But there are also plenty of other sauces and rubs to try, whether you're baking your wings, frying them, or even grilling them. (foodandwine.com)
  • Truthfully though, don't bother with the Wing Sauces. (seriouseats.com)
  • The wing operated until February 1992, when the 100th Air Refueling Wing (USAFE) assumed the wing's responsibilities. (globalsecurity.org)
  • Masaki, S. and T. Sugahara (1992) Photoperiodic control of larval development and wing form in Modicogryllus sp. (springer.com)
  • 1857-- Crow Wing County was created 23 May 1857 from Ramsey County. (familysearch.org)
  • For a brief history of how Crow Wing County was named, click here , then select Crow Wing County. (familysearch.org)
  • Local histories are available for Crow Wing County, Minnesota Genealogy. (familysearch.org)
  • Civil War veteran burials in Crow Wing County. (familysearch.org)
  • Service men in Crow Wing County, Minnesota Genealogy served in various regiments. (familysearch.org)
  • Insect wings are formed of folds of integument. (britannica.com)
  • The Riek and Kukalova-Peck (1984), and the Trueman (1993) systems each suppose that insect wings originated as primitively moveable appendages associated with precoxal leg segments. (tolweb.org)
  • The two wings on a side are usually moved together, but in the dragonfly they work independently. (britannica.com)
  • The Comstock and Needham (1898) wing vein naming system, still widely used by dragonfly workers in the United States, implies that the common ancestor of modern Odonata was anisopteran and that the zygopteran venation is arrived at by reduction. (tolweb.org)
  • Dragonfly wings, like those seen above, are stiff and heavily veined, representing an early kind of wing, entomologists believe. (wired.com)
  • In fixed-wing aircraft there are usually two main wings fixed on opposite sides of the fuselage. (everything2.com)
  • The primary flight feathers on the distal portion of the wing create most of the propelling force in flight, while on the less mobile upper wing the secondaries provide the greater portion of the lift. (britannica.com)
  • The wings of penguins, which lack primary flight feathers, are used only for swimming. (britannica.com)
  • In the wing of a bird the long quill feathers are in series. (everything2.com)
  • Some people will advise you to cut the feathers of only one wing. (bellaonline.com)
  • First, examine the wing carefully for new growth feathers. (bellaonline.com)
  • Bird bones are specialized for strength and lightness, and the wing bones are further modified to act as a sturdy anchor for the wing feathers and for the powerful muscles and tendons necessary for flight. (encyclopedia.com)
  • A mobile "thumb," bearing one or more feathers called alulae that lie along the front edge of the wing, can also be lifted to direct airstreams over the wing when its angle is too great (as in climbing) for the air to flow smoothly around it. (encyclopedia.com)
  • There is much variation in the size, shape, and strength of wings and in the number and arrangement of their feathers. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Wing är idag förmodligen mest känd som författare till artikeln Asperger's Syndrome: a Clinical Account (1981) där hon populariserar österrikaren Hans Aspergers forskning och introducerar termen Aspergers syndrom . (wikipedia.org)
  • Previous studies of pterosaur wings had shown that each membrane contains a single layer of closely packed structural fibers unique to pterosaurs called actinofibrils. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • In general, he said, the new find shows that pterosaur wings are "much more complex than we thought. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • The researchers also previously estimated the standing genetic variation by analysing the wing-vein similarity between relatives in nearly 17,000 wings from a single natural population of Drosophila melanogaster from Florida 5 . (nature.com)
  • Identify each feather and cut the feather shaft as close to the wing as possible. (bellaonline.com)
  • A break in the radius and/or ulna (between the wrist and elbow) may not be noticeable because the bird can still hold the wing close to the body. (medhelp.org)
  • As it disappears, its close relative the Blue-winged Warbler has been advancing north. (audubon.org)
  • The 412th Test Wing plans, conducts, analyzes, and reports on all flight and ground testing of aircraft, weapons systems, software and components as well as modeling and simulation for the USAF. (wikipedia.org)
  • The 306th Bombardment Wing was at McCoy AFB Florida in 1972, with the B-52D aircraft of the 367th Bomber Squadron were based at McCoy. (globalsecurity.org)
  • Smaller wings are typically placed near the tail, but may be absent in certain kinds of aircraft. (everything2.com)
  • ALBUQUERQUE, N.M. (AP) - A Dallas-bound flight made an emergency landing at Albuquerque International Sunport, sending panicked passengers leaping from a wing onto the tarmac after crew members screamed at them to get away from the aircraft, passengers and officials said. (yahoo.com)
  • The prime contractor for supplying automation tools to the Airbus plant in Broughton, UK, which is assembling the wings of what will be the world's largest commercial aircraft-the A380-is Electroimpact Inc. (Mukilteo, WA). (sme.org)
  • When the Airbus A380 takes wing in 2005, it will be the largest commercial aircraft in the world-and the only twin-deck, four-aisle jet in the air. (sme.org)
  • This is, after all, an amphibious aircraft, fitted with wing floats and gear that retract to facilitate water landings. (aopa.org)
  • In the case of an aircraft wing, pressure regions turn the passing flow of air downward towards the ground. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • These pressure regions exert an equal and opposite force on the wing, called lift, that supports the aircraft in the air. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • In interviews with executives from three different technology suppliers working with Commercial Aircraft Corp of China (Comac) CMAFC.UL to develop passenger jets, Reuters has learned that various tests over the past two years have identified flaws in the ARJ21's wings, wiring and computer systems. (reuters.com)
  • Defining the flippers' shapes as triangular, swept pointed or swept rounded, the team used computer simulations of the fluid flows around the flippers and found that sweptback flippers generate lift like modern delta wing aircraft. (redorbit.com)
  • Masaki, S. and E. Seno (1990) Effect of selection on wing dimorphism in the ground cricket Dianemobius fascipes (Walker). (springer.com)
  • WING (1410 AM) is a commercial radio station in Dayton, Ohio operating with 5,000 watts along with studios, offices and transmitter located on David Road in Kettering. (wikipedia.org)
  • WING operates at 5,000 watts around the clock. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chef Tim Wood avoids the deep fryer and opts to broil or grill his chicken wings, which turns them super-crispy. (foodandwine.com)
  • These sticky, crispy chicken wings have a nice kick, thanks to a simple chile-garlic glaze. (foodandwine.com)
  • Wild defenseman Clayton Stoner (4) is checked into the boards by Detroit Red Wings right wing Mikael Samuelsson (37), of Sweden, during the first period of an NHL hockey game, Sunday, Feb. 17, 2013, in St. Paul. (bostonherald.com)
  • Dany Heatley, Zucker and Torrey Mitchell all scored in the second period to rally Minnesota over the Detroit Red Wings 3-2 on Sunday night. (bostonherald.com)
  • Structures with the same purpose as wings, but designed to operate in liquid media, are generally called fins or hydroplanes, with hydrodynamics as the governing science. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Researchers used an X-ray scattering technique to image the wings from two groups of butterflies - the lycaenid and papilionid families - in 3-D. They found the wings contain tiny structures called gyroids that diffract sunlight like a crystal. (livescience.com)
  • Bennett has been critical of the organization along with other right-wing politicians who accuse the group of damaging Israel's image abroad and putting soldiers and officials at risk of prosecution for alleged war crimes. (ynetnews.com)
  • Matan Peleg, CEO of the right-wing organization Im Tirtzu, who supported the bill echoed Bennett's remarks. (ynetnews.com)
  • Under My Wing is the only no-kill exotic bird rescue organization in the area. (care2.com)
  • Tara A. Ellis, President and CEO of FeedMore WNY, the hunger-relief organization formed by the merger of the Food Bank of WNY and Meals on Wheels for WNY, said she is thrilled to work with other food banks across the United States to turn America's Greatest Chicken Wing Party into a nationwide fundraiser. (milb.com)
  • mute swan Mute swan ( Cygnus olor ) spreading its wings. (britannica.com)
  • The rich, shimmering colors of some butterfly wings are produced not by pigments, but by a special geometric formation of cells, a new study suggests. (livescience.com)
  • As prior studies had found, the animals rotated their shoulders 180 degrees on the backswing so that the undersides of their membranous wings were turned face up. (scientificamerican.com)
  • His chain, formerly World of Wings, has since expanded its menu. (cnn.com)
  • McDonald's has added wings to its menu at 500 restaurants near Chicago, and there are rumors the company will roll them out nationwide later this year. (cnn.com)
  • They found that changes in the wing-vein patterns evolve very slowly, given the amount of variation that is produced by mutations. (nature.com)
  • If there's a break, the wing will have to be wrapped correctly to support it until the bones heal. (medhelp.org)
  • That's when the pair came to the attention of Under My Wing Avian Refuge. (care2.com)
  • My very first day on my very first job as a construction worker, my foreman looked at me and said 'When you get your first paycheck, ditch that cheap shit on your feet and get yourself a pair of Red Wings. (reddit.com)
  • This is the first time a wing membrane like this has been reported before," said paleozoologist Eberhard Frey at the State Natural History Museum in Karlsruhe, Germany, who did not participate in this study. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Researchers have pinpointed the forces generated by the flapping of bat wings, including an odd upside-down wing stroke that seems to help the furry fliers hover languidly. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Some mosquitoes match their wing beats when courting, so the researchers decided to see whether this held true for the Aedes aegypti by exposing tethered males and females to one another, he said. (redorbit.com)
  • Now researchers in San Diego have been able to regenerate wings in chicken embryos, which can't normally grow new limbs. (technologyreview.com)
  • Release the external lock and retract needle completely by sliding the hub within wing sheath, encapsulating the entire needle length while applying hemostatic pressure at the puncture site. (proz.com)
  • The purpose of a wing is to provide downforce , which makes the car stick to the road better at high speed . (everything2.com)
  • A common use of wings is in flight , using forward motion to create vertical lift, but wings are also used to produce downforce holding racing cars on the ground. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Their wings can be protective shells, musical instruments (grasshoppers), camouflage, signals to recognize each other, a means of attracting mates or warning predators, even tools to fly. (wired.com)
  • We chose this type of cross to prove if wild or vestigial wings were dominant among fruit flies. (tolweb.org)
  • In a few hours, the wings are expanded, the abdomen rounds and the color darkens, turning the flies into the final adult stage. (tolweb.org)
  • Wild type flies have fully open wings and there bodies are normal. (tolweb.org)
  • Vestigial type flies have wings that are crumpled and unopen but the body of the fly is still normal. (tolweb.org)
  • Add in the chicken wings and toss thoroughly to coat. (goodhousekeeping.com)
  • Just make sure to bring it to room temperature before you toss it with the wings. (foodandwine.com)
  • As B-52s replaced B-47s the 306th Bombardment Wing was inactivated at MacDill AFB and activated at McCoy AFB, Florida in April 1963, as a B-52 and KC-135 unit. (globalsecurity.org)
  • There were wing shortage scares in 2009, 2010 and 2013, usually around the Super Bowl in early February. (cnn.com)
  • For a brief moment during the Super Bowl this year, the wing even became the most valuable part of the bird (by the pound). (cnn.com)
  • In car terminology , a wing is like a spoiler , only bigger. (everything2.com)
  • Many right-wing conservatives would declare that all who are not born-again will suffer the final abortion in Hell. (spectacle.org)
  • It also trembles on occasion, but she stretches and preens both of her wings and does not seem to be in any serious pain. (medhelp.org)
  • Make sure you add these spices to both sides of the wings, and oven bake these babies. (allrecipes.com)
  • From an evolutionary perspective, Wing Bowl, despite its Animal House atmosphere, highlights something uniquely human: The discipline on display here may represent part of what sets our species apart from other animals in our artistic and technological achievements. (philly.com)
  • Analysis of wing variation within and between fly species reveals an unexpectedly slow evolutionary rate. (nature.com)
  • They used these data to address the relationship between wing-vein variations caused by newly arising mutations, those due to differences between species and those caused by standing genetic variation, which occurs within a species owing to the existence of different versions (alleles) of a gene. (nature.com)
  • The wing-vein variation between different species was measured by Houle et al . (nature.com)
  • A method to regrow damaged wings in chicken embryos could shed light on how to regenerate limbs in other species-including humans. (technologyreview.com)
  • 詠春拳 ), usually called Wing Chun (詠春), is a concept-based traditional Southern Chinese Kung fu ( wushu ) style and a form of self-defense , that requires quick arm movements and strong legs to defeat opponents. (wikipedia.org)